How to Treat Glaucoma – Some Tips You Need to Know

Glaucoma is the No 2 cause of blindness worldwide after cataracts. Glaucoma attacks the optical nerve and causes chronic and progressive deterioration. The disease is diagnosed by testing eye pressure. While blindness caused by cataracts is generally curable, this is not the case with glaucoma. That is why it is very important to know how to treat Glaucoma.

People who have glaucoma have to undergo lifetime treatment to avoid blindness. Of course, this long treatment will cost a lot of money. Many people can not afford this kind of treatment.

The vision of people with glaucoma usually deteriorates over time due to disruption to the optic nerve as indicated by elevated eye pressure. Glaucoma attacks people 40 years old and over. The disease can be inherited from parents or grandparents.

Using steroids, such as certain eye drops, asthma inhalers and rheumatism or arthritis medicines, can make a person susceptible to the disease. Those with severe cases of myopia and hypermethropia, diabetes mellitus, hypertension or migraine can also develop glaucoma.

To treat Glaucoma can be done through many kinds of ways. Below are some tips that you may practice for Glaucoma treatment.

1. Eye Screening

Regular eye screening is recommended. Prevention is better than cure. Glaucoma screening can prevent blindness.

2. Avoid Stress

Stress is also another cause of Glaucoma. When people are diagnosed they have Glaucoma they feel stressed. Stress just makes Glaucoma worse. Stress also can cause eye strain on the eyes. Avoid stress if you want to cure Glaucoma since stress is useless.

3. Eyesight Vitamins

In fact, you can not find cures for Glaucoma. However, there are a lot of treatments for Glaucoma. Some of those treatments are natural. One of natural ways to treat Glaucoma is called vitamin therapy. Vitamin therapy is a kind of therapy which is intended at restoring eyesight by consuming enough eyesight vitamins. The main vitamins for eyesight consist of vitamin A, vitamin C, and vitamin E.

4. Start Healthy Life

Vitamins and nutrients are very important for your eyes. A balanced diet with lots of fruits and vegetables can restore your eyesight. Regular exercise is also necessary. In other words, healthy eyesight starts from healthy life.

Diabetes and Blindness – Can Diabetes Really Cause Blindness?

There are many myths surrounding diabetes, and it can be hard to determine what is true and what is not. Many patients want to know if diabetes will really make them go blind. The fact is that the disease can certainly cause blindness, and is one of the top causes of blindness among adults. Equally important, however, is the realization that proper testing and eye care can often prevent the condition from occurring.

The vision problem that causes blindness in diabetics is also known as retinopathy. Retinopathy is damage to the eye due to blood flow problems. It causes decreased vision and when left untreated leads to blindness.

When your blood sugar is not well controlled, the blood vessels in the eye become weak. This leaks fluid into the part of the eye responsible for vision. Eventually the blood vessels close off, stopping blood flow to the retina. As the disease progresses, new blood vessels form. These vessels are quite fragile and bleed into the eyes causing severe vision problems and blindness.

Retinopathy occurs in approximately eight percent of patients in the first three years, with statistics rising to one quarter after five years and jumping to eighty percent after approximately fifteen years of being diagnosed with diabetes of any form. These percentages are quite large, but they do not mean that the same percentage of patients will go blind. They point instead to the reasons you should be tested annually for the problem.

When you have your vision checked annually, your eye doctor will be able to catch retinopathy in the early stages. In this stage, the condition is easily treatable. Controlling your blood sugar can also prevent the condition or help delay the onset and progression. It is very important to contact your eye doctor if you experience any vision changes including blurriness or trouble seeing clearly.

Blindness is still considered a side effect of diabetes even though it is preventable. Many patients do not have their vision tested often enough or fail to report symptoms. When you are diagnosed with diabetes, it becomes imperative that you have annual vision tests. When retinopathy is diagnosed early, it can be treated before symptoms become permanent and severe. Your vision is very important to your quality of life. If you are experiencing blurred vision or have not recently had your vision tested, seeking an eye exam is one of the best things you can do for yourself.

Hyperopia – Can Laser Eye Surgery Correct This Condition

Farsightedness and laser eye surgery may not seem to be a good option at first glance. But the success of LASIK has proven that there is finally a surgical technique to correct this vision problem.

What is Hyperopia or farsightedness? It’s a vision problem where persons can see distant objects clearly but experience difficulty in seeing objects close up.

In a normal eye, the light that enters focuses directly on the retina. Those with farsightedness, experience light as focusing behind the retina. This happens when the corneas are flatter, or the eye is shorter.

Is this option: farsightedness and laser eye surgery worth looking into? Yes and a brief explanation of how LASIK and CK works, both recommended surgical techniques for this condition would help you make up your mind.

CK stands for Conductive Keratoplasty and is an FDA approved procedure. In this operation, a small probe, thinner than a strand of human hair, is used to release radiofrequency (RF) energy. The probe goes around in a circular pattern on the outer cornea to shrink small areas of corneal tissue. This circular shrinkage pattern creates a constrictive band (think of the belt tightening the waistline) and increasing the curvature of the cornea.

During the LASIK (Laser-Assisted In Situ Keratomileusis) surgical procedure, the surgeon will fold the flap and remove corneal tissue underneath by the use of the excimer laser. This very precise laser removes very tiny bits of tissue thereby reshaping it. Of the two, which option for farsightedness and laser eye surgery, should you consider?

The advantages OF LASIK are it’s an older technique compared to CK which was just recently approved by FDA in 2002. Operation time is relatively fast, from 15 to 45 seconds on each eye. Improvement in vision is felt within 24 hours.

For CK, improved surgical techniques and technology make has made it a more stable technique. It is also non-invasive, there are no knives, or lasers or instruments inserted into the eyes. So it causes fewer complications. This operation normally takes 15 minutes to perform, and compared to LASIK it will take a week before you see improvement in your vision.

Which of these two options for farsightedness and laser eye surgery techniques is the best for you? Do some preliminary research, and make it an in-depth research on each option. Ask your optometrist, which eye surgeon, she or he believes you should see. In the initial consultation, you’ll find out which procedure works for you.

What’s worth remembering is you free yourself from using contacts or eyeglasses. There is a cure for farsightedness and laser eye surgery is it!

Cure Nearsightedness and Severe Astigmatism Naturally – Here Are the Facts

Cure Nearsightedness And Severe Astigmatism Fact 1

Your vision is getting worse everyday. Your eye is like any other part of your body. If you put the wrong kind of stress on it, it will start to lose its ability to perform as it used to. Whether you have astigmatism or your vision is 20/20, as you get older, your vision gets worse and that’s why most people who visit the eye doctor regularly keep leaving with a prescription that’s higher than the last time. What most people don’t realize is that their vision can get better through proper eye exercises and exercise techniques. Once you start taking care of your eyes naturally, with some exercise, you’ll start to notice a gradual improvement in your vision.

Cure Nearsightedness And Severe Astigmatism Fact 2

Your eye doctor will usually not tell you about natural cure for that can enhance your vision. Optometrists and opticians are in the business of bad eyesight. Sure, every once in a while the occasional customer comes in wanting the newest style of glasses or shades. However, a doctor’s bottom line depends on the prescriptions they fill out. Doctors know your eyesight can be improved naturally but then they would lose a customer forever. Then there are other doctors who just do not believe in natural cures at all. In this case, you can to take charge and help yourself see better.

Cure Nearsightedness And Severe Astigmatism Fact 3

You can improve your eyesight within days if you know the right techniques. All it takes are the proper exercises to make your vision dramatically better. Some people see faster results than others and there are many people who have been able to drop their glasses or contacts once and for all after trying natural remedies to cure their vision.

What Causes Nearsightedness And How You Can Reverse It Naturally

There is a tenet in ancient yoga that states that if a body part is placed in a certain position for a long period of time, that it will get used to being that way, and eventually it will remain that way.

In light of the above, consider that when you read books, or are at the computer for long periods of time, your eye muscles contract in order to focus at a near distance. It works like this: to focus on nearby objects, the eye muscles must contract, lengthening the eyeball to see better at a close distance. To focus more on distant objects, the eye muscles must relax, and the eyeball shortens in order to see better at a far distance.

If you do these activities (reading books, working in front of a computer, etc) for long periods of time, and very regularly, then eventually your eyes will get used to focusing only at near distances, the eye muscles will get used to being in a state of contraction, and your far vision will start to deteriorate and become blurry.

Understand that evolution designed your eyes to focus and both near AND far distances. Primitive man had to hunt and be able to see clearly at far distances, but modern man spends a lot of time indoors with artificial lighting and focusing predominantly at near distances. That is why there is now widespread myopia and more and more people who need glasses. Because people do not use their eyes the way evolution designed them to.

The good news is that nearsightedness can be reversed. What you need to do is start using your eyes, without your glasses, and focus more at far distances. Going for a walk outdoors and looking at distant scenery is a good way to improve your eyes ability to see at a distance. There are also specific eye exercises you can do that loosen the tension and relax your eye muscles so that you can regain your ability to see at far distances.

Understand that everyone is meant to be able to see clearly at all distances, this is what is normal and natural. Wearing glasses isn’t a natural state. Moreover, wearing glasses perpetuates the problem because it makes your eyes get used to seeing imperfectly.

There are many principles of natural eyesight improvement. If you understand and apply these principles then there is no reason why you too can’t improve your eyesight.

Erections During Sleep – What Do They Mean?

If a man has ever awakened and found himself experiencing an erection, he might wonder if it were a normal response. Not only is it normal, but it’s a sign that the reproductive system and the male hormones are healthy. Doctors and researchers believe that nocturnal erections are due to chemical changes in the brain at night, and may even serve a purpose for improving penis health by improving the blood flow of oxygen and penis-specific vitamins and minerals to the tissues. When a man doesn’t experience nighttime erections at all is when he should be concerned, though without visiting a doctor for tests this is hard to determine.

Penis Health

Men might not notice it while they are sleeping, but it is common to experience anywhere between 1 and 7 erections during one night’s sleep. Achieving nighttime erections is a strong indicator that the penis, testes and nervous system are currently healthy. When a man goes to his doctor with problems concerning erectile function, often one of the main questions the doctor will want to know is whether or not the man experiences erections at night during sleep. The answer determines whether or not erectile dysfunction is physiological, or psychological. If a man does notice that when he wakes up, he frequently has an erection, then there is a good chance that his penis health is fine, and the problem may be emotional or psychological in nature.

Why Do the Erections Occur?

Scientists and doctors do not yet understand why men experience nocturnal erections. They do however have several theories on the subject. According to a study published in “The Journal of Endocrinology”, brain cells known as noradrenergic cells, in charge of actively inhibiting the arousal response in men, switches off during REM sleep. Testosterone levels also appear to play a part in the action, as men with low testosterone levels experience fewer nocturnal erections than men with high testosterone levels. More simply, chemical and hormonal changes at night-time cause erections to occur spontaneously during specific sleep cycles. Other theories suggest that night-time erections occur in order to prevent a full bladder from voiding during sleep. The University of Maryland Medical Center suggest that the purpose of nocturnal erections is to increase the flow of oxygen to the penis during nighttime, to protect overall penis health.

Loss of Nocturnal Erections

If a man doesn’t experience nighttime erections, it may be a sign that he needs to visit his doctor. Loss of erections during sleep can mean many different things, but the possibilities include depression, hypogonadism, pituitary gland problems, low testosterone levels, nerve damage, prostate surgery, and more. Nocturnal erections tend to begin in deep REM sleep, so it’s not always easy to know if a man is experiencing them in the night or not. To get around this problem, doctors can fit a device around the penis which will record how many erections occur during a single night’s sleep. In a study published in “The Journal of Urology”, researchers from Germany using such a device found that before prostate surgery 93% of men experienced normal nocturnal erections. After prostate surgery, 0% of men experienced any nocturnal erections at all. if lack of nocturnal erections coincides with erectile problems, it is important to visit your doctor and get a diagnosis.

Health Crèmes

Penis health Crèmes are topical products that provide active ingredients directly to the connective tissues, nerves, blood vessels and skin of the penis. Specialist formulas (most professionals recommend Man1Man Oil) contain vitamin E and C for male hormone balance, alpha lipoic acid for nerve health and regeneration, L-arginine for erectile function, and shea nut butter for skin health and integrity. Use to moisturize and heal skin damaged from dry rubbing at night, support healthy hormone and nerve responses, and improve symptoms of erectile dysfunction by feeding nutrients directly to the local tissues.

3 Basic Cosmetology Skills Required in the Field

Cosmetology skills are very important when it comes to choosing a career in cosmetology. There are some basic skills you need to keep in mind while going for a cosmetology career. In this article we shall discuss some important cosmetology skills.

Clean the Palette

Cosmetology is just like painting. The face is the canvas and the makeup is the medium with which you express yourself on the canvas. It is important for the canvas to be clean in order for the work of art to be precise. Therefore it never hurts to invest in a good cleanser. A lot of times we cleanse around the face but forget the neck.

But the neck is as important an area as the face for the make up to take proper effect. The ideal way is to work the face wash in a circular motion round your neck and face. This helps to get rid of the dead skin. The face not only becomes clean but also smooth and clear.

After this, the next step is the use of a toner. This helps to restore the Ph balance of the face. If there was any residue left, the toner helps to get rid of that too. The last step in the daily face care ritual is to use a moisturizer. But you have to choose a moisturizer that suits your skin type.

A wrong moisturizer can very well close your pores and cause discomfort. The mark of a good moisturizer is made by the fact that it has at the minimum 15 SPF and also does not hamper the skin’s breathing. This helps in two ways. Firstly, it protects the skin from harmful UV rays. Secondly, it ensures that the foundation of your make up does not crack up.

Apply Bare Minimum Make Up

There are certain ways to applying makeup. A lot of expensive products in various parts of your face does not necessarily mean good make up. It has been seen that sometimes people will use a lot of foundation and concealer all over the place. This is not a right way to apply makeup.

Concealer should be applied in minute quantities around the under-eye portion. There is a method to do this.

Look up, use the ring finger to apply it on your under eye but in a rolling way. The correct way to apply foundation is to use foundation brush. This will also make sure that the foundation is applied in an even manner all over the place.

The foundation application should be started in the middle of the face and slowly blended towards the edges. A small quantity is enough. Some translucent powder can be used to complete the base. To apply this powder some large fluffy brush should be used.

Applicators are Difficult to Use!

Blushes and eye shadows often come with some applicators. But they are very difficult to use. So it is better not to use these applicators. The problem with the applicators in the eye shadow pack is that they create unwanted and hard lines. This is not where it ends however. They also crease and crack.

Rather it is better to use bristled brushes. The cosmetology skills use several different kinds of brushes. Fluff brushes, definer brushes, angled brushes, blending brushes and shading brushes are only some of the main kinds of brushes used in cosmetology skills.

Psychodynamic Family Therapy

Psychoanalysis is a therapeutic approach preferred by followers of the Freudian school of thought (circa 1900’s) that sees clients as psychologically ill through unconscious conflict within the mind. Freud based his approach on individual clinical case studies, which fail to be empirically tested due to the impossibility of replication. This means that the treatment of clients is an act of faith based on experience of individual therapists own experience.

The conflict that Freud wrote of was the mind’s ability to protect itself from harm by creating strategies that Freud named defence mechanisms. These mechanisms prevent conscious awareness of traumatic experience from the past in childhood that could cause distress to the client. These defence mechanisms often displayed themselves as maladaptive behaviour and presented themselves in therapy as symptomlogy of biological defects, such as twitching, nervousness and at its worst hysteria (panic attacks).

Freud believed that through the technique of free-association a patient could reinact mentally the past traumas and so through insight could come to terms with the past event. This meant that the client would be free of the syptomolgy and change their behaviour to more suitable strategies for coping with stress.

Freud’s original ideas where based on his theory of child development that led to a model of the mind in which the person’s mental processes where divided into three parts. The first to develop was the “ID”; Freud saw this as the fundamental drive that was innate within all babies. From this stage the baby would explore its world orally to begin with and as it became more dextrous and language developed would move through various exploritry devices such as anal, phallic, latent and genital. More importantly from a therapy point of view each stage represented a maturing of the mind through socialization. This Freud saw as the development of the “Super-Ego” that part of the mind that took on board the beliefs and values of those around us. Parents instilled moral ideals such as right from wrong, consequences, so building up a reaction to guilt. Later teachers would socialize children through what has become known as the hidden-curriculum, the idea being that school taught the value of timekeeping, discipline and the work ethic. Later peer groups would influence and modify this belief system into adult maturity. The final part was that of the “Ego” which Freud saw as testing reality and refereeing between the “Id and the Super Ego” where the two parts of the mind would be in conflict over the Id’s desire for gratification and the Super-ego’s desire for regulation and rule following.

Since Freud’s death in 1939 the neo-Freudians have modified his methods and differing schools of thought have honed and developed psychoanalysis in many different directions. This has meant that modern psychoanalysis may present itself in many forms. Followers of Freud such as Jung, Adler, Horney, Fromm and many others all have contributed particular insights into the therapeutic process. Also since Freud’s time the work of Piaget, Vortgotsky and Klein have shed light into the developing world of the child and given differing aspects of conflict that may arise from early childhood. Later modern research such as conducted by Bowlby, Ruttter and Ainsworth brought into sharp focus the treatment of children by adults and the environment have a vast shaping influence over the child’s eventual behaviour.

It is impossible to explore all the differing types of psychoanalysis in this short essay however on of the most influential and clinically acceptable styles is that of Eric Bern who developed Transactional Analysis. TA was developed on the back of Freudian therapy but was an attempt to demystify the process of analysis by ridding itself of the language problems such as using Latin terms or Greek and Egyptian mythology used by Freudians to explain its concepts. Eric Berne substituted the idea of the ID, EGO & SUPEREGO with the PARENT, ADULT & CHILD, this being more readily understood by the layperson. However unlike Freudian theory TA became much more in-depth and groundbreaking in its insightfulness towards human behaviour.

In all psychoanalytical therapy it is primarily aimed at the individual and the individuals problems of behaviour and ability to cope in the present environment. The success of individual therapy is in debate. Eysenck in the 1960’s published a damning report of the effectiveness of different types of approach to mental health and concluded that there was no supporting evidence that psychotherapy was any more effective than time. Eysenck was effectively saying that you were just as likely to recover with time passing than intervention. He also showed that in-patient statistics supported psychiatry as a more effective treatment for most patients. It has recently come to light that Eysenck exaggerated his figures to prove a point and that in fact the outcomes for psychiatry where not supported by evidence and in most cases people did have better outcomes through a session of psychoanalytical treatments.

From individual therapy came the idea of Group therapy in that clients could benefit from interacting with those that they could identify with as being similar in suffering to themselves. The best group therapy is usually that which brings together people with similar problems areas. Identifying with others helped to stop the belief system of aloneness, isolation and feelings of “am I the only one”. From these beginnings the idea of bringing the family together to help an individual within the unit could be of a therapeutic benefit.

Family therapy is not based on any particular personality theory or school of thought. In itself it is an approach to problems in that the family is viewed as the patient and all are treated together. The idea is that the individual is a product of their environment and that to produce change the environment needs to be altered to benefit all the members of the family.

Unlike individual therapy Family therapy looks initially for the family power structure and improving communications and understanding between the members of the family. Most therapist try to increase individual understanding of each other and the ability for each member of the family to grow and be accepting of differentiation. Most families start of by scapegoating a particular member of the family as the central cause of the upsets and disharmony within the unit. R. D. Laing and Esterson (1964) discovered through their research into the effect of family in producing Schizophrenic children, that the family dynamics where directly responsible for the outcomes experienced by the individual members. In Laing’s eyes the family was responsible for the identification of the scapegoat and then an atmosphere of blaming everything that went wrong on that target member relieved the other family members of responsibility for their own actions.

Family therapy developed from the work of Ludwig von Bertalanffy (1956) from his theory of General Systems. This sees man as autonomous, creative organism living in an open system i.e. the family. Behaviour is regulated by the family and is seen in Gestalt terms as being part of a whole system of which the individual is but a part. Each individual then must contribute to the whole family in order for it to function successfully. Bertalanffy stressed communication between members as the fundamental system to improving relationships and to stop the system of scapegoating. The purpose of the family therapy is to help the individuals emerge from the whole by becoming separate persons moving from an undifferentiated wholeness to a differentiated individual.

Unlike psychoanalysis, family therapy often involves two therapists. One acts as mediator between the members and initiates subject discussion and guidance, while the other acts as an observer. It is very difficult to note everything that is going on in body language and asides when four or more family members are all speaking and trying to communicate their scenario of what is going wrong within the family unit. The second therapist can look objectively at both what the family members are contributing and also how their colleague is influencing and interacting within the group. Through this technique over many sessions the family dynamics emerge and conflicts and resolutions can be obtained to the satisfaction of all the members of the family in crisis.

One particular theory of family therapy was proposed by George Kelly (1955) called “Personal Construct Theory.” Kelly believed that a people are constantly changing and developing and that to understand someone we have to try and find out how that person makes sense of the world. Kelly believed that people act as scientists constantly evaluating the world and applying attributions to explain and understand the actions of others. Kelly’s contribution to family therapy was that by individual psychoanalysis with members of a family you could ask each one their impression of how the others think and relate to them and what the other family members think of each other. From this approach the family create model of their world and construct relationships based on this fundamental postulate that individual members anticipate what the other members will do in any situation and therefore act accordingly towards them. It was Kelly’s hypothesis that by understanding the individual analysis that family constructs and so interaction could be better understood. In therapeutic terms this meant a more in-depth insight into relationships and how others perceived the family environment.

From Kelly’s and others work it is possible in both psychoanalysis and family therapy to see alliances, dyads and triads within the family system. Alliances explain conflict when for example father and mother allow the son to stay out late but not the daughter. A dyad exists between the father and mother against the daughter and a triad if the son also agrees with the parents. However these dynamics can change. Mother may sympathise with the daughter’s plights and may have an alliance between the daughter against the Father’s wishes. The son may align himself to the daughter against the father and mother and so form two dyads in conflict. This system helps us to understand the problems and interaction within the family unit on a therapeutic level.

The effect of both psychoanalysis and family therapy are not diametrically opposed but act as complimentary to each other as a form of support depending on the needs of the client and their presenting problems. The therapist in both situations needs to be aware of their limitations in the work to be achieved and the goals set by both the individual and family members. Both methods require a high level of theoretical understanding and the ability to be flexible in the approach taken. Critically the therapist should always remember to clearly define the aims and objectives of their chosen therapy and the reasons and acceptability of the clients to that particular approach.

A relationship of trust has to be achieved in therapy and this is doubly hard to do when confronted by hostile family members who may feel intimidated by being in therapy in the first place. Being able to integrate with one person through empathy is a skill needed by the therapist and in family therapy this means of course trying to empathise with four or more people without appearing bias to one member over another. The danger of transference exists at a more complex level in the family therapy. The therapist may be seen as a threat to parental dominance by becoming the new parent. The main aim of either therapy is to bring the client or clients to a conflict free environment and not to create new conflicts along the way.

Much modern therapy is of course short-term in duration and in itself creates problems. Economically all therapy can be expensive and therapist should be aware of the economic conflicts involved, even to the point of the family blaming one member for the expense of therapy. By its very nature therapy can in many instances only guide the individual or family on to the path of resolution and so should concentrate on those skills needed by the clients to achieve this goal as early as possible during therapy. This will enable the clients to continue therapy on their own by following laid down strategies for dealing with future conflict. Teaching Eric Berne’s “Game Theory” can help clients to recognise for themselves when what they say or do is not what they really mean but a psychological game based in childhood as a way of resolving problems that is no longer affective in adulthood.

“What ever method the therapist uses or the client responds too both psychoanalysis, in its many forms and family therapy can help to resolve conscious and unconscious conflict.


Berne, E (1964) Games People Play, Pgs. 1/37

Berne, E (1970) Sex in Human Loving, Pgs93/96

Kennedy, E (1973) On Becoming a Counsellor Pg 221

Bion, W.R. (1961) Experiences in Groups Pg 11

Fromm, E. (1973) The Anatomy of Human Destructiveness Pg 291

Rycroft, C (1985) Psychoanalysis and Behaviour Pgs 58, 128, 147.

Mitchell, J (1986) The Selected Melanie Klein Pgs57, 84.

Laing, RD & Esterson, A (1964) Sanity, Madness and the Family Pgs 1/15

Christensen/Wagner/Halliday (2001) Instant Notes Psychology Pgs.236

REA’s Problem Solver in Psychology Pgs600/601

Thompson. B (1984) Unit 8 Social Psychology D307 Open University Pgs9-19

Diabetes Food List – Healthy Eating for Type 2 Diabetes

What is a diabetes food list?

Being diagnosed with type 2 diabetes is a life-changing event. One of the main challenges is making changes in your diet.

One of the first questions that almost every patient diagnosed with type 2 diabetes asks is “What am I supposed to eat now?”

What you eat is a very important part of maintaining blood sugars in the target range. If a type 2 diabetic has no idea what to eat, being able to control blood sugar levels will be near impossible.

The goal in treating type 2 diabetes successfully is to make lifestyle changes.

My strategy when explaining diet is to keep it simple.

Your mindset should be one of adapting changes that enhance your lifestyle. Find something that works well for you.

There are a lot of websites out there on the Internet touting one diet or another. Some even speak about being able to “reverse type 2 diabetes.”

Recently, the American Diabetes Association made some changes that make it easier for a newly diagnosed diabetic to get into action.

Do diabetes food lists really work?

In the past there was a lot of talk about ‘diabetes food lists’. Diabetes food lists were thought of as restrictive. It’s not likely that a patient is going to follow such a diet for a long time.

The fact is that the foods on a diabetes food list will work for anyone who is committed to a healthy lifestyle.

A diabetes food list helps people living with diabetes understand foods that help maintain the blood sugars within the target range. They will also help to reduce hyperglycemia.

There is a ton of information out there about what makes up a diabetes food list. It’s OK to follow these. But I recommend just using them as a guideline that will help you to adapt healthy food choices.

Here are some of the current recommendations on how to eat healthy while living with type 2 diabetes:

Create your plate

The American Diabetes Association recently did away with the diabetes food pyramid and adapted the “create your plate.” This is a strategy that makes it less overwhelming for someone just diagnosed with type 2 diabetes to get straight into action planning healthy meals.

So here are the steps to create a plate:

  • Take a standard sized dinner plate.
  • Divide it into three sections. Start by dividing in half. Then divide one of the halves in two. There you have three sections. Since it is divided into three sections, one section will be larger.
  • On the larger section of the plate, place you non-starchy vegetables such as broccoli, greens, lettuce, spinach, cucumbers, tomatoes etc.
  • On one of the smaller sections, place your starchy foods like rice (preferably brown rice), grains, corn, pasta, beans etc.
  • On the other small section place a serving of meat or a meat substitute such as turkey, chicken, fish etc.
  • On the side you may add an 8 oz. serving of milk. Or if you are lactose intolerant like a number of adults are, you can have some almond, soy or coconut milk. Water also works just fine.
  • Then a small serving of fruit. Preferably fresh fruit.

You have created your plate

Carbohydrate Counting

One of the important strategies for a person living with type 2 diabetes is to know the amount of sugars they are eating. This will help to reduce the complication of hyperglycemia.

Up till the mid 1990s, carbohydrates were touted as being bad for anyone with diabetes. Now we know that to not entirely be the case. Naturally everything, including carbohydrates, must be eaten in moderation.

A great tool is carbohydrate counting or “carb counting” as it is popularly called.

The strategy is to round up the total amount of carbohydrates that you are allowed in a day. And divide this equally among your meals – including snacks.

One of the advantages of carbohydrate counting is that it reduces the tendency for the blood sugar levels to fluctuate. This helps to prevent huge swings in insulin levels that could lead to fluctuations in blood sugar levels.

If you plan to use carbohydrate counting exclusively, then you may need the assistance of a nutritionist. They will help to customize a meal plan for you.

A good place to start is between 45-60 grams of carbohydrates per day.

Remember that carbohydrates are in starchy foods like breads, grains and pasta. They are also in fruits and vegetables, milk products.

Reading food labels makes it easier to measure how much carbohydrates you are getting in a meal.

What are Diabetes Super Foods?

The American Diabetes Association has a list of ten super foods that it recommends. I love the way that certain foods get tagged as “super foods.”

Just as I like to point out, these “super foods” should be a part of the diet of anyone looking to live healthy.

The added benefit for a diabetic is that these foods help to give extra nutrients and minerals such as calcium, magnesium, and potassium. In addition they also contain powerful antioxidants.

These super foods help to not only control blood sugar levels. But also maintain the health of the cell membranes.

So here are the top ten super foods that everyone should be eating:

  • Berries of all kinds (blueberries, strawberries, raspberries etc.)
  • Dark leafy vegetables– such as spinach, kale and asparagus
  • Beans– all varieties. Beans are high in fiber and low in glycemic index
  • Fish particularly fish that is rich in omega 3 sources such as salmon, herring, sardines
  • Fat free milk & yoghurt
  • Nuts
  • Tomatoes
  • Sweet potatoes
  • Whole grains that have not been processed
  • Citrus fruits

This is by no means an exhaustive list of all the healthy ways to eat as a diabetic.

It is my hope that this article will answer the question, ‘What am I supposed to eat?’

Weight Loss and Side Effects of CLA

Does Conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) have any bad side effects? Does it work for weight loss? CLA has been sold for many years as a fat loss supplement based on the weight loss and body composition (i.e. losing fat and gaining muscle) changes seen in studies using mice and rats. Does is work in humans? More recently research in humans has shown that it can be used to increase fat loss. In this article we’ll look at some of the benefits of CLA as well as some of the potential side effects. In addition to weight loss studies there have been (and are currently) countless studies looking at the effects of this fatty acid on reducing inflammation, fighting cancer, and in the treatment of other conditions.

Ever since 2007, there has been an increase in use of CLA as a fat burner. This is due to the release of a meta-analysis (basically a review of several scientific studies) published in the May 2007 issue of the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition which concluded that 3.2g/d of CLA can induce moderate weight loss in humans. CLA is an attractive weight loss supplement and many people use conjugated linoleic acid as part of a fat loss supplement stack (i.e. a group of compounds and herbs taken together to maximize effects) because unlike many other weight loss supplements it is not a stimulant and you don’t suffer the nasty side effects of getting the jitters, increased heart rate, or worse – increased blood pressure. This is especially as there are not many effective options for non-stimulant fat burners on the market.

Let’s now look at two more studies that involve people taking supplemental CLA. The first study was again published in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. The researchers found that when people supplemented with 3.2 g/d of CLA (this is generally the recommended dosage for weight loss purposes) they burned more fat and more specifically they burned more fat when they slept!

This is true.

Not only did the subjects that took CLA burned more fat when they slept, the fat they burned was NOT fat they had recently eaten; it was actually stored body fat that they were burning. This study gets even better as the researchers reported that the individuals that took CLA had decreased urinary protein losses. In other words the CLA group had improved protein retention when they slept. These are really interesting findings. If I owned a supplement company that sold large dosages of CLA – my new headline would be “CLA – Scientifically Proven to Burn More Body Fat and Build Muscle while you SLEEP.”

So CLA can work for weight loss but are there any side effects? Again in 2007, another study was published that looked at the effects of CLA on weight loss, this time in obese people. In this study, the participants were given CLA dosages of 0, 3.2, or 6.4 grams/day. At the end of the study the group that received the 6.4 g/d of CLA experienced a significant increase in a compound called C – reactive protein or CRP for short. C – reactive protein is a protein that is released from your liver. It is commonly used in the medical field as a general marker of the level of inflammation in your body – higher CRP means more inflammation.

While there was an increase in CRP, it was truly not clinically significant as CRP levels remained below what is considered normal (Normal CRP levels are 3mg/dL). It is also important to see realize that the people in the study that had increased CRP as a result of taking a CLA supplement were taking 2x the ‘recommended’ dose for weight loss and also that people that obese normally have higher CRP levels (this might have come into play here as well). The group that only took 3.2 grams per day did not have any increase in their CRP levels.

Based on the findings in the studies that I’ve mentioned above and the review of studies from article in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition is seems that 3.2 g/d of CLA can be safely taken to boost weight loss.

The next question that you should ask is…

What do you do with these findings? At the moment not a whole lot… CLA is a nice add-on to a fat loss program but “add-on” is the key word. CLA is perfect for nutrient stacking as combing these effects with a supplement like green tea extract (which has also been shown to boost weight loss), increased non-exercise physical activity, and multiple meals throughout the day will surely boost your fat loss. If you aren’t spot on with your nutrition, training with weights 3x per week, and doing 3 interval sessions per week then don’t waste your time with CLA and focus on the more important things.

First Aid Measures For Contact With Hydrochloric Acid

Hydrochloric acid is a corrosive chemical which can harm you by inhalation (breathing its vapors), by ingestion (swallowing it), or by contact with the skin or eyes. Hydrochloric acid is a colorless or yellow liquid which has a sharp, pungent odor and gives off fumes.

A spill should be responded to by trained personnel following containment and clean up procedures. The primary goal is to protect people, then clear the area, and contain the spill. The proper personal protective equipment should be used and access to the area should be denied. All employees should have regular training in spill control as well as first aid measures to be taken in case of injury. 

Inhalation – Breathing

Prolonged exposure to the mist or vapor from concentrated solutions can cause ulcers and burns in the nose and throat. Breathing these fumes can cause coughing, choking and respiratory difficulty. Severe exposure for just a few minutes may result in a life threatening accumulation of fluid in the lungs (pulmonary edema) and lead to respiratory collapse and death. These severe symptoms may not appear for several hours after exposure.

Swallowing – Ingestion

If swallowed, it can cause corrosive burns to mouth, throat, esophagus and stomach. It causes swallowing difficulty, intense thirst, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and, in severe cases, collapse and death. If a small amount of acid enters the lung during ingestion or aspiration during vomiting, it can cause serious lung damage leading to death.


It irritates the eyes causes burns of the surface of the eye which may result in blindness. Very low concentrations of hydrochloric acid vapors or mist can be immediately irritating, causing redness of the eyes.


Hydrochloric Acid can cause severe irritation and burning of the skin which may result in blistering and permanent scars. Prolonged and repeated exposure to dilute solutions often causes irritation, redness, pain, drying and cracking of the skin.

First Aid Measures

Inhalation – Breathing 

If vapors, mists or sprays have been inhaled, remove the victim to fresh air.

Get medical help IMMEDIATELY! Symptoms of respiratory distress may not appear for up to 48 hours after exposure.

Do not give artificial respiration unless you are sure breathing has stopped.

Start CPR if there is no pulse or breathing but use a pocket mask with a one way valve or proper respiratory device, such as an Ambu bag.

DO NOT use mouth to mouth resuscitation if the victim swallowed or inhaled the acid.

Keep victim warm and quiet.

Swallowing- Ingestion

Call Poison Control and 911 immediately.


Get IMMEDIATE medical help.

The victim should rinse mouth well with large amounts of water and should try to drink at least 1 glass of water to dilute the swallowed acid.

If vomiting occurs, have the victim lean forward with head down to avoid breathing in or choking on vomited material.

If the victim is unconscious, can’t swallow, or is having seizures do not try to give any liquid or induce vomiting.

Eye Exposure

Immediately flush eyes with copious amounts of water.

Hold eyelids open to ensure complete irrigation of the eyes and eyelids.

Do not use any eye drops


An eye wash station should always be nearby wherever this chemical is used.

Skin Contact

Immediately flush exposed areas with large amounts of water and then, if a large area of the body is contaminated or the clothing has been saturated, immediately use a safety shower.

Remove contaminated clothing while in shower.

Flush exposed areas thoroughly with large amounts of water.

Wash contact areas with soap and water.

Keep affected areas of body cool


Clothing should be well washed before re-use

Contaminated shoes should be disposed of.

Planning and regular training for all employees on handling a chemical spill and first aid in case of exposure will improve the response in an emergency.

Hospital Beds For Home Use

So the doctor says you or a loved one needs a hospital bed at home. “No problem,” you say to yourself, “I’ll just go online and buy one.” And then it happens…you become overwhelmed with the choices. And the more features you need the bed to have, the more confusing it gets.

But before you begin looking for that perfect bed, here are a few basics you need to know before you get started:

Hospital Bed or Home Care Bed:

A true hospital bed is just like the ones you see in the hospital. They have a lot of complex features and can cost up to tens of thousands of dollars. However, you may need a bed just like this. And in that case, a great choice is a refurbished unit. Hill-Rom is the gold standard for hospital beds and you can get a refurbished one for under $3000. But each model has unique features suited for different needs.

Now if you do need a traditional hospital bed, you need to consider where it will be in your home. These units are quite large and often won’t fit through doors or make it around tight corners. Some units are not recommended to be used in an upstairs room due to the above average weight.

But if you just need something with rails that has head and foot elevation capabilities, a home care bed is your perfect choice. These beds have the “look” of a traditional bed. Invacare is a popular choice for home care beds.

Electric or Manual:

Here’s another decision you’ll need to make. An electric version is much easier to use. The bed will raise and lower at a touch of a button. But of course the electric models are more expensive. So if you need to save money, a manual bed may be a good choice. But be careful…the caregiver will need to be able to manually crank the bed to raise and lower it. And if you still can’t decide, there are semi-electric versions available as well.

Mattress and Rails:

Some beds come with a mattress and rails and some don’t. This is something you need to be aware of with respect to your budget. Now if the bed does not come with a mattress, you’ll have the opportunity to choose the type of mattress you want.

Air and foam types are most popular. In fact, some of the pricier mattresses can actually help in the prevention of bed sores.

There may be several more things to consider but so many of that depends on your particular situation. The best way to handle having to purchase a hospital bed for home use is to speak with an expert. That way, an expert can identify your particular needs and find the perfect bed for your needs.

It’s too easy to buy the wrong type of bed without help. Don’t do it on your own. Get help and get the right bed.

Doctor, What Kind Of Anti-inflammatory Medicine Should I Take For My Arthritis?

The process of inflammation starts with arachidonic acid which is a key ingredient in cell walls. Arachidonic acid is produced when cells are subjected to stress from aging, trauma, or wear and tear. Arachidonic acid is then converted into prostaglandins which are the primary mediators of inflammation. The process of arachidonic acid conversion to prostaglandins is through two enzyme pathways – cyclooxygenease (COX) or lipoxygenase (LOX).

Cyclooxygenease is an enzyme pathway that has two components. The first is COX 1 and the second is COX-2. COX-1 is responsible for the inflammatory response but also plays a role in helping to protect the stomach from ulcers and promoting normal kidney function. COX-2 also has a large role in the inflammatory response. Traditional anti-inflammatory medicines block both COX-1 and COX-2. Examples include ibuprofen, naproxen, sulindac, indomethicin, nabumatone, etc. By doing this they inhibit inflammation but also make the body vulnerable to certain conditions such as stomach ulcers, high blood pressure, and kidney problems.

Drugs that block COX-2 alone also block inflammation. There has been concern that blockade of COX-2 may also have deleterious effects such as elevated blood pressure, reduced kidney function, and possibly an increased tendency for heart attack and stroke. Vioxx was removed from the market after concerns regarding the possibility of an increase in cardiovascular problems related to this drug. Celebrex is the only COX-2 drug that remains on the market. It is currently undergoing extensive trials to further evaluate its safety profile. Interestingly, it appears now that all anti-inflammatory drugs share a similar risk for causing cardiovascular events to occur.

Another important cause of inflammation are Reactive Oxygen Species. These are also known as “oxygen free radicals.” These oxygen free radicals lead to the production of pro-inflammatory proteins.

One medication undergoing clinical trials is a plant-derived anti-inflammatory product called flavocoxid. This medication apparently has effects on COX-1, COX-2, as well as LOX. Clinical data so far has shown that the side-effect profile is significantly lower than that for other anti-inflammatory drugs. Flavocoxid is a blend of phytochemical compounds derived from fruits and vegetables. The advantage is that this compund appears to have many fewer side-effects than currently available prescription non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. Clinical trials are ongoing.

Risks and Benefits of Bioidentical Hormones

Bioidentical hormone replacement therapy (BHRT) provides natural hormone therapy to replace your natural hormones that have diminished with age or to correct a problem in your balance of hormones at any time of your life. While the major bioidenticals used today are estrogen and progesterone, more bioidenticals treatment are being produced as time goes on, such as recent treatments for young adults who get acne around the time of their menses. Bioidenticals have also been used recently with men to replace lost testosterone.

Bioidentical hormone treatment is gaining in popularity because the hormones produced in the lab can be custom made to fit each person’s unique characteristics and needs. In other words, these natural hormones can be “custom-compounded” for each individual, as opposed to synthetic hormones which are made uniformly in bulk. This treatment is also popular because the ingredients in bioidenticals are all natural as opposed to the synthetic hormone replacement chemicals that have been traditionally used.

Despite the positives, Bioidentical hormone replacement is relatively new and carries some risks because the research into its effectiveness has not fully matured. Also, since there is a wide variety in the abilities of bioidentical practitioners and a wide range of ingredients they use, it is not surprising that some problems have been reported. Thus it is important for anyone considering this type of treatment to fully contemplate the risks. How can you be sure this herbal remedy will be as safe as possible for you?

1. First consult with your usual doctor to see if s/he thinks you have any unique problems that would interfere with this remedy and cause problems. Know which natural ingredients will be used in your bioidentical formula beforehand and report and other herbal home remedies and supplements you are taking as well as any recent medical changes or symptoms.

2. Choose a highly experienced bioidentical doctor and a compounder who has a good reputation and a lot of experience – this may be the most vital step since in many areas this form of herbal home remedy is quite new.

3. Consider starting with a bioidentical mixture of natural ingredients that is standardized rather than custom compounded and start with a low dose. You can move to custom compounding later.

Bioidentical hormone replacement therapy has been proven safe but this does not mean that every practitioner is equally good, and every compound is safe. Like many herbal remedies, bioidenticals interact with different people in different ways. Be aware of the risks and potential side effects of bioidenticals, and also know clearly what positive effects you should experience and when. Make sure you have an open line of communication with your hormone replacement practitioner as well as your regular doctor during your treatment.

The Facts About Alcohol Rehab and Drug Rehab Programs

Alcohol rehab and drug rehab centers and programs require a sincere dedication on the part of the addict to make sure that they are successful in their task. Some say that if the person addicted to the substance abuse is dedicated and sincere about wanting to be rehabilitated, that is as much as 50% of the way to the road to recovery. So clearly, finding the right alcohol rehab program or drug rehabilitation center can make all the difference. If you choose the wrong program, your chances for successful treatment are greatly reduced.

Depending on the type of addiction, treatments vary from center to center and from program to program. Alcohol rehab programs will concentrate on various aspects of the addiction, but the focus areas will be different for drug rehabilitation. And even further for drug rehab, there is a difference in treatments depending on whether the drug addiction is prescription drugs or street drugs such as heroin or amphetamines. The rehab center is almost an all-encompassing term for the medical and psychotherapeutic treatments that are used during the rehabilitation process.

The first step in the treatment process is to make an evaluation of the addict. One of the steps here is to determine the addict’s sincerity in wanting to enter the rehab program, which again plays a key ingredient to the success of the program for the individual. A complete profile of the person being treated will be gathered, and one of the many focal points will be the reason for the addiction. Was it related to job stress, marital problems, financial problems, or what? Typically, a person does not start with substance abuse out of a clear blue sky, so part of the profiling is done to determine the reason for it, as well as to work with the family during the rehab process to see if the issues that caused the patient to turn to substance abuse still exist in their life.

Another step in the rehab process will focus on the aspects of withdrawal, whether the withdrawal is from alcohol or drugs. Depending on the severity of the addiction as well as the personality of the patient, the detoxification process can be grueling, although this step is absolutely necessary. The patient’s body has become accustomed to being pacified with the abused substance, and taking away that substance will almost guarantee a reaction. It may not be pleasant but it is a very necessary part.

Since people who are diagnosed with substance abuse are frequently at the point of ignoring other daily necessities, the program will keep a close eye on providing the proper nutrition for the patient, who frequently has nutritional deficiencies. The diet of the patient during the rehab process is one of the important parts of rehab, creating a very balanced a vitamin-rich diet.

If someone you love is addicted to alcohol or drugs, the best thing you can do for them is to encourage them to seek help. Their addiction is going to continue to get worse, and the final outcome without help is bleak. The best thing you can do for them is to convince them that they need the help to kick the habit permanently. Getting them into an alcohol rehab or drug rehab program will be the best thing you could ever do for them.