3 Simple Eye Exercises to Reverse Myopia

Does age really have anything to do with the deterioration of your eyes? That was the question I asked myself a while ago when I first met my grand-uncle. He was about 75 years old then but never needed a pair of glasses to see. Nor did he suffer from any sort of eye problems like astigmatism or cataract.

As a 20 year old who have worn glasses her whole life, I can’t resist the opportunity to ask him about his secret. Of course, I was skeptical of his answer in the beginning. After all, I was told, over and over again, by optometrists and teachers in my school that improving vision naturally is impossible.

But as I did my own research, the truth is undeniable: Thousands of people improve their vision naturally using a slight-variation of the methods my grand-uncle showed me. The method is called Bate’s Technique. So I bought a course of natural vision improvement and just about 8 months, I no longer need glasses for my daily life!

Now, you must be wondering what the method entails. Let me show you 3 simple, yet effective, eye exercises you can try out and see for yourself:

  1. “Sun” your eyes. Take 10 minutes everyday, close your eyelid and expose it to the gentle early morning sun. Swing your head left to right as you’re doing it.
  2. “Palm” your eyes. Close your eyes with your palm to block out all light. Do not use anything else but your palm.
  3. Reduce the amount of time you wear your glasses or all the eye exercises in the world wouldn’t help. Glasses causes strain and if you continue to wear them, your eye will not “learn” how to see on its own ever again.

3 Simple Eye Exercises to Reverse Myopia

Does age really have anything to do with the deterioration of your eyes? That was the question I asked myself a while ago when I first met my grand-uncle. He was about 75 years old then but never needed a pair of glasses to see. Nor did he suffer from any sort of eye problems like astigmatism or cataract.

As a 20 year old who have worn glasses her whole life, I can’t resist the opportunity to ask him about his secret. Of course, I was skeptical of his answer in the beginning. After all, I was told, over and over again, by optometrists and teachers in my school that improving vision naturally is impossible.

But as I did my own research, the truth is undeniable: Thousands of people improve their vision naturally using a slight-variation of the methods my grand-uncle showed me. The method is called Bate’s Technique. So I bought a course of natural vision improvement and just about 8 months, I no longer need glasses for my daily life!

Now, you must be wondering what the method entails. Let me show you 3 simple, yet effective, eye exercises you can try out and see for yourself:

  1. “Sun” your eyes. Take 10 minutes everyday, close your eyelid and expose it to the gentle early morning sun. Swing your head left to right as you’re doing it.
  2. “Palm” your eyes. Close your eyes with your palm to block out all light. Do not use anything else but your palm.
  3. Reduce the amount of time you wear your glasses or all the eye exercises in the world wouldn’t help. Glasses causes strain and if you continue to wear them, your eye will not “learn” how to see on its own ever again.

Everything You Need to Know About Going to Cosmetology School

If you’re thinking of starting a cosmetology career, you’re going to need to know a few things about starting off your education first.

First of all, understand what cosmetology is. Cosmetologists and other beauty specialists, such as hairstylists, estheticians and manicurists, provide services to help people look and feel their best.

There are many places where one can learn these professions. Some offer comprehensive programs but most are more specific such as: hair design schools, hairdressing schools (women), barber schools (men), make up schools and nail schools. Those who are interested in attending a beauty school should have a good understanding of fashion, art and technical design.

Another thing you’ll need to know is that cosmetologists require a formal education and licensing, while other beauty service jobs may require less formal training. Cosmetologists require licensure, so attending a reputable cosmetology program is necessary to pass the state-administered examination. A cosmetology program can take up to 1600 hours of instruction, though other beauty services may require as few as 300. The difference in hours depends on the type of program. For example, nail technicians require fewer hours than those who are looking to become cosmetologists.

Keep in mind that you want to go to beauty colleges that are accredited by the National Accrediting Commission of Cosmetology Arts and Sciences, to ensure you qualify for licensing. That way, you are much more likely to secure a job immediately upon completing school.

Stay tuned for the next article where we tell you everything you need to know about the cosmetology industry!

Good luck for now!

VBLOC Therapy – A New Weight Loss Study

Researching the two leading types of bariatric surgery for my own personal use I came across an interesting article about VBLOC Therapy. VBLOC Therapy is still in clinical trials, however I think that this type of procedure will appeal to a greater population of people that are suffering with obesity.

Most of us have fears associated with bariatric surgery plus the drastic change that is required with our dietary needs, not to mention the cost of the surgery and care after surgery. There are a few companies that understand that the obese have very few options available and one is EnteroMedic Inc. They are developing a device using neuroblocking technology for the treatment of obesity and gastrointestinal disorders. People that are obese are searching for weight loss treatments that are not so invasive as the lap-band and Gastro-bypass surgeries.

Patients need help, said John Morton, director of Bariatric Surgery and an associate professor at Stanford School of Medicine. Diet and exercise fails 95% of the time.

With VBLOC Therapy there is a device that uses high frequency, low voltage signals sent to implanted leads that were attached to the vagal nerve laparoscopically. It takes under two hours to implant the devise and the leads can stay implanted indefinitely. Wearing an external coil/battery pack, a signal is sent through the body during the daytime and when asleep the signal is turned off. The signal helps the patients feel less hungry, and because the “gastric digestive emptying process” is delayed by the signal, patients have the feeling of being full for long stretches of time.

The clinical trials for the VBLOC implants includes 300 patients around the world. They have been using the VBLOC devise for 12 months with some very positive data. The patients lost 29 percent excess body weight because of reduced calories and the feeling of being full.

This may be another plus for the obese in their search to control their weight and their eating habits.

Baby Boomers – Healthy Diet

Baby Boomers need to eat a healthy diet if they want to be able to enjoy healthy retirement years. Trips to the doctor to monitor and treat diabetes or heart disease are no way to celebrate the freedom that comes from no longer having to punch a clock. Eating a healthy diet is the perfect way to prevent these two diseases that can ruin your lifestyle in your retirement years.

Here’s something to consider: can you remember what you ate this morning, or throughout the day, for that matter? Did you have a healthy diet full of lean proteins, whole grains, fruits and vegetables? Or did you grab a fast cup of coffee and a muffin at the local coffee shop for breakfast? The Standard American Diet (SAD) is a major cause for the increase of disease in America today. America spends more money on finding a cure for cancer than any country in the world, yet generally our Standard American Diet, full of animal fats, unhealthy fats: saturated, hydrogenated fats, low fiber, high processed foods, contribute to the very diseases we are trying to prevent.

Even if you are not American, chances are good that you are not eating a diet that’s recommended for a healthy aging process. Face it, you can’t prevent aging, but there are things you can do to maintain your health as you age. Next to having lots of money, health is a great wealth. Why die prematurely? As a Baby Boomer, you have lots of living yet to do and all the time to do it. Diet is the perfect place to start with changes for healthy senior years. Just take a look at what your diet is doing to you.

Middle aged spread is a kind term for abdominal fat. When we become 40 years old, it’s like a switch gets thrown in our metabolism and the fat begins to slowly build in the midsection. The distribution of fat is different from that in our younger bodies. Instead of being under the kind, it begins to pack in around our internal organs and interferes with their function. This is how this adipose tissue contributes to heart disease. If you eat a diet high in salt, you can hurt your kidneys and other organs. Remember, you are what you eat. Do you really need all that phosphoric acid that is an included ingredient to fizzy drinks? It dissolves your bones. Aren’t you going to need those later on? What we Baby Boomers need is not a “DIET”, but a change in life style.

A diet is only a temporary fix and, even if some weight is lost, it can all come back when the diet is stopped. We fall so easily back into old habits. Only a more or less permanent lifestyle change can effect the needed reversal of metabolism that builds this killer mid section fat. A perfect Baby Boomer’s diet would control portion size while insuring that more of the good stuff and less of the bad is eaten. If you are nuts about ice cream, don’t deprive yourself, but try changing to a low fat ice cream and eat less of it. If you love steak, make sure you take only a portion the size of the palm of your hand and cut off the fat. In a restaurant, you can ask for a box to take home the extra. Many restaurants now offer a senior menu which features smaller portions and prices. It’s time to shift mental gears and start eating for life.

Here’s a suggestion. If you divide your daily menu into 50 percent good carbohydrates, 25 percent lean proteins and 25 percent fats, you can come close to a well balanced diet. Carbohydrates should mainly come from fruits and vegetables. Proteins can come from beans, tofu and other plant sources. Only a third of the protein needs to come from lean meat. Fats should be “good” fats such as from olive oil, nuts or oily fish. Poly and mono saturated fats are best.

If you can figure out how to fit your diet into this profile, you will be making a lifestyle change that will help you live a longer with greater health and wellness. Baby Boomers often spend lives of excess and sooner is better than later to fix the problems in our diet that might be killing us prematurely or ruining our fun as we age.

Lipotropic Injections – How Effective are Lipotropics Shots For Weight Loss – My Story

First, what exactly are lipotropics?

They are substances that help dissolve or break down fat so that it can removed from your body through your waste.

How do lipotropic injections help you get rid of fat?

They stimulate the creation of lecithin in your liver. This helps to make the cholesterol in your body more liquid and this decreases cholesterol in your blood.

They thwart the buildup of fats in your liver. If your liver is fatty then your liver function will be slow moving and so will your metabolism.

They boost your immunity to illness through causing the production of antibodies that eat up viruses and infections.

Individual lipotropics such as choline, inositol and methionine help metabolize your fat, reduce liver fat and help protect your kidneys.

But let’s get to the important question you might be wondering about..

Do lipotropics injections effectively help you lose weight?

I did an experiment because I wanted to boost my metabolism and lose some stubborn pounds.

I had read numerous positive testimonials from successful dieters who had used lipotropics to gain an edge in losing weight.

So I got started with the injections.

I followed a healthy diet where I simply restricted my calories – nothing fancy. I eat whatever I want as long as I stay within my caloric allotment for the day. I try to eat healthy food every day…but I don’t always succeed. Overall I stick with my food plan and jot down everything I eat every day.

So after getting the shots for 6 weeks and following a healthy diet I lost quite a bit of weight.

We are talking a loss of over 15 pounds!

And these were those nagging pounds I could not get rid of before – you know, those last pounds that hang on like crazy glue to your body and don’t want to let go.

Let me just say that I have dieted in the past and the difference with getting these injections was huge!

1 – I have more energy after I get a B12 and lipotropic injection.

I love the extra energy I get. It improves my mood and gives me the extra oomph I need to get my exercise workouts in several times a week.

2- I am seeing greater weight loss on the scale.

The steady weight loss encourages me to continue my healthy diet and stick with this plan. It is a huge boost of motivation having the extra help from the lipotropics in my weight loss battle.

First Aid Measures For Sulfuric Acid Accidents

One day I was given the task to make a report on a certain chemical called H2SO4. I was totally dumbfounded as I had no idea what it is and what I should research about it. In fact, I did not even have an idea how to buy sulfuric acid since I do not use it in my everyday life. Or so I thought.

For starters, I tried to find what this H2SO4 really is. Well, a simple researching in the internet told me that the chemical is commonly known as sulfuric acid. And, as my research grew more intensive, I found out a lot about the acid that made me realize its benefits to some industries.

It is actually used in some industries that help produce some of the basic necessities that we use in our everyday lives. For one, the chemical is used in agriculture to produce fertilizers that can be used in crop production. An example of these fertilizers is phosphate fertilizers. The chemical is also an important ingredient in making detergents and other household cleaning products. It is also used in other industries that make steel, industrial explosives, iron, lead acid batteries and dyes.

However, amidst all of these uses, sulphuric acid is feared for its hazardous effects. At first I also felt worried because of the fact that it is widely produced. However, I found out that the chemical can only become dangerous if proper precautions are not met in its handling, storage and disposal. Yet, sometimes, accidents do happen. So what should be done in case such emergencies occur? To ease my apprehensions, I decided to include in my research the measures that can be done when emergencies involving sulfuric acid occur.

The chemical has three entry points in the body: the eyes, the skin and the respiratory system. Depending on which entry point is affected, the safety mechanisms also vary.

If the chemical gets to the eyes, the patient should flush the eyes with water right away. This should be done continuously within thirty minutes, alternately lifting the lower eyelid and the upper eyelid. Then, after this is done, one should go to a medical professional for the necessary medications.

If the chemical gets in contact with the skin, the most appropriate thing to do would be to immediately take off the clothing that also came into contact with H2SO4. Make sure that while removing the piece of clothing, the patient does not affect other areas to avoid more damage. Then, wash the affected area with mild soap and water continuously for twenty minutes. Afterwards, get medical attention for further treatment.

If the chemical gets inside the body through the respiratory system, get the patient out of the place where he or she has inhaled the acid. Make the patient stay in a place where there is plenty of fresh air. If the patient has stopped breathing, give the patient rescue breathing. A CPR would also be needed if the patient’s heart stops beating. In giving these first aid measures, make sure that you know what you are doing to avoid further complications. If you are successful with your first aid measures, bring the patient to the medical clinic or hospital where he or she could be given professional care. Once the chemical affects the respiratory system, there is possibility for pulmonary edema. However, the symptoms usually become evident hours later. That is why the patient should be monitored for forty-eight hours.

Such measures mentioned above will only be necessary if there have been lapses during the use of sulphuric acid. This should be avoided at all times in order to prevent accidents that may cause the lives of a lot of people.

Overall, H2S04 is a very useful chemical. This I found out in my short encounter with sulfuric acid. However, because of some people’s carelessness in handling the product, it becomes highly dangerous. Let us not make our faults become the reason why the acid becomes notorious than it already is.

Hospitals in Jos, Nigeria

Jos is the foremost city in the middle of Nigeria and is the capital of Plateau state. Jos is a city with high population density. In former times, it was a renowned commercial and mining center. The city is located at an altitude of 4062 feet above sea level and so Jos enjoys a pleasant temperate climate with lesser temperature, making it a desirable location. In general the health care sector in Jos is in a developing phase and only a few hospitals here provide medical service of international standard. There are good hospitals in both private and public sectors. These hospitals offer service of English speaking staff.

This is a brief overview of some of the better hospitals in Jos.

ECWA Evangel Hospital

The leading modern hospital in Jos is ECWA Evangel Hospital which is located in the heart of the city. This 150-bed general hospital in private sector was established by SIM in 1959, but at present is operated by Evangelical Churches Winning All (ECWA). The hospital is now affiliated to Bingham University. It is officially the Bingham University Teaching Hospital since 2009 but everyone still calls it Evangel Hospital including their website. Today this technically advanced hospital with all modern medical amenities and state-of-the-art medical equipment offers effective and comprehensive diagnostic, medical and surgical service at an affordable cost to patients.

Patients will find this service oriented center provides a warm and caring environment where every patient is offered is treated by knowledgeable doctors and experienced nurses. ECWA Evangel Hospital has extensive care in all major branches including internal medicine, pediatrics, surgery, ophthalmology, ENT, obstetrics and gynecology and has been adding many new specialized areas in to their medical service.

The hospital has established Spring of Life center which offers comprehensive HIV/ AIDS care. This is a famous medical education and research center too and their general practice training program started in 1982 has gained wide reputation. Evangel Hospital is also an approved center for Pan African Academy of Christian Surgeons (PAACS) and trains general practitioners from foreign countries also visit this center. Tel: +234-73-452-697

Jos University Teaching Hospital

Jos University Teaching Hospital is another sought after hospital and a leading teaching hospital In Jos. This 550 bed referral hospital offers high quality health care in all major departments at an affordable cost. This teaching hospital managed by the state government. JUTH has a separate physiotherapy center and modern pharmacy as well as blood bank facilities. The hospital offers a wide range of primary, secondary, and tertiary medical care to the people employing a dedicated team of doctors and supporting staff. JUTH is the famous medical training and research institution in the Plateau State of Nigeria which offers postgraduate level medical training. Their School of Nursing also attracts many students. Tel: 073-455038 or 454172

Adoose Specialist Hospital

Adoose Specialist Hospital is a modern hospital in Jos, located at 25, Ibrahim Dasuki Street, Jos North, Plateau State. The hospital is well known for its state of the art facilities, modern diagnostic and surgical equipment, excellent service of eminent doctors and patient- centric approach. Adoose Hospital has well equipped departments in various disciplines like medicine, ENT, gynecology, surgery, pediatrics, ophthalmology, radiology, neurology etc. The other facilities Adoose Specialist Hospital offers include medical Intensive Care Unit with specialties in neuro-surgery, pediatrics, neonatal and cardiac. It also has a round the clock pharmacy, telemedicine service and a 24/7 pediatric emergency room. Major health insurance plans are accepted.

Adoose Specialist Hospital is a prominent member of the Medical Council of Nigeria. The day and night emergency service with all modern facility is another important feature of this hospital including its air ambulance service with the latest cardiac life support systems serviced by emergency medical teams, in association with Global Air Rescue, a well known group in Africa. Tel: 073 458691

Bio-Feedback Technology Offers Exciting Breakthrough to healing Physical and Emotional Dysfunctions

Some days are more exciting than others. A few days ago, I met with a distributor of an extraordinary feedback tool that has changed the way we look at natural healing methods.

The QXCI/SCIO bio-feedback machine runs a scan through your entire body, looking for viruses, fungi and other problems from A to Z–a total of 92,000 areas are checked in a matter of minutes. Using quantum physics, the basis of the QXCI/SCIO technology is the transmission of 65 million tiny electron-magnetic signals into the body, many times per second. These pulses map the body and its organs and reveal abnormalities. The signals feed back to the QXCI/SCIO machine and without the person even being aware of any effect or any sensation, the machine calculates a mathematical model based on the voltage, amperage and resistance of the body.

Like other bio-feedback machines, connectors are strapped to your body and the computer runs the scan. After my scan, the machine came up with several issues, not unknown to me, but I was surprised they showed up. The machine came up with three separate readings for thyroid and recommendations for treatment. I thought I had those issues well treated–but the machine said more work needed to be done. One issue I had not expected to have reported was a mouth sore–I didn’t have one, so I thought, and the cynic in me left feeling slightly triumphant. The next morning, sure enough, a mouth sore was in my right cheek–just as the machine had indicated. Wow! I was shocked. How could this machine detect something that hadn’t appeared?

Detection is based on quantum physics (energy). The energy in one’s body changes, whenever, something is ‘brewing’ or in full bloom. The mouth sore was ‘brewing’ but had not erupted yet. Unfortunately, although forewarned, I didn’t forearm. The machine suggests and tests for the suitability of homeopathic remedies. It also works with the person’s unconscious and subconscious. How can that be, you might exclaim. Quantum physics (energy) is the answer. Your unconscious/subconscious thoughts are energy and the machine can detect the energy of anger, sadness, panic, anxiety, etc.

The machine reveals if your hydration is sufficient. Mine is not and I know that–and the machine detected that my hydration is low. The machine also detects the presence of worms, viruses, bacteria, toxins, and fungi.

The machine can treat the issue through energy impulses radiating into the area. My left hip rotates slightly due to an injury sustained when I was 10-years-old. I faithfully work with a chiropractor to keep the hip in the proper position, but the muscle in the hip and lower back area is sensitive to moving from sitting to standing. After a few minutes of treatment the sensitivity disappeared. With that I was a believer and advocate. I am such an advocate, I bought a machine and I am taking training and will add the QXCI/SCIO machine to my ‘bag of professional tricks,’ along with hypnosis and regression effective May 1, 2006. To date there are 18,000 machines in use worldwide.

After twenty years of research, Professor William Nelson invented the QXCI/SCIO machine. It is the first of its kind to use a Double Blind approach. By dealing on a subconscious level, only the system is aware of the thousands of items being tested. Neither the operator nor the person being tested can influence the scan. In less than five minutes, this non-invasive scanning process can screen the following.

o Food Sensitivities

o Nutritional Deficiencies

o Spinal/Cranial Sacral

o Dental/TMJ

o Adrenal Function

o Environmental Factors

o Hormone Levels

o Mental Energy

o Organ Function

o Hydration/Oxygenation

o Acid/Alkaline Balance

o Toxicities–exposure to excess chemicals, heavy metals, mercury

o Trauma (damage)–includes physical, psychological, emotional, spiritual

o Pathogens–bacteria, fungi, viruses, parasites

o Homeopathic Therapy

o Allergy Testing & Desensitization

o Meridian Therapy/Electro-Acupuncture

o Chakra Balancing

o Weight-Loss Remedy

o Risk Profile Analysis

o Anti-Aging Remedy

o Emotional Release

o Auto-Frequency Remedy

o Color Remedy

o Electrodermal Screening

Born in the U.S. and currently living in Budapest, Hungry, Professor William Nelson, is a world renowned scientist and former Apollo project engineer. In 1970, when Apollo experienced navigation problems, he had the vision and skills to calculate the mathematics to reprogram the gyros and Apollo landed safely. His expertise includes: Quantum Biology, Energetic Medicine, Homeopathy, Holistic Healing and Naturopathy.

Therapeutic Rehabilitation Programs

Rehabilitation is the process of restoration of lost capabilities or a treatment used to heal a person’s body. It helps individuals with physical, mental, cognitive or sensory disabilities to become self-sufficient and productive. Therapeutic rehabilitation programs are aimed at helping people with disabilities respond to social and personal challenges, plan careers and engage in meaningful employment.

Therapeutic rehabilitation programs are highly individualized treatments consisting of therapeutic exercises, manual therapeutic techniques and guidelines for progressive return to their prior level of activity. Patient education and home exercise instruction are used to promote long term results. These rehabilitation programs are not the same for every patient. They change according to the patient’s physical and mental conditions, age of the patient, level of disability and more.

To increase independence and expedite recovery, usually individual therapeutic programs based on occupational therapy, physical therapy, pain management, podiatry, dietetics, consultative medical service, neurology, chiropractic care and speech and language pathology are used. Acupuncture, orthotics and massage can also be used as therapies for rehabilitation programs. These programs are also supplemented with group sessions, home programs and community reintegration activities. Exercises such as stretching, strengthening and cardiovascular exercises also constitute an important part of therapeutic rehabilitation programs.

Therapeutic rehabilitation programs are helpful to persons suffering from acute or chronic pain, brain injury, musculoskeletal and balance disorders, brain tumor, spinal cord injury, botox, orthopedic and athletic injuries, arthritis, work injuries, vertigo and for those who are victims of automobile accidents. Treatment of mental shocks and psychological disorders are equally important, and therapeutic rehabilitation programs concentrate on this aspect also. Through intensive and comprehensive treatment plans, therapeutic rehabilitation programs can help patients recover even from attitudinal disabilities.

Detailed diagnosis is necessary before starting rehabilitation. The equipments used in various therapeutic rehabilitation programs include paraffin wax, shoulder wheel, theratubing, rocker and wobble boards, physioballs, therabands, walker bars, treadmill, stair stepper, cycles for lower and upper body parts, and resistive weight machines. However, experienced personnel with licensed rehabilitation assistants are necessary for giving patients full support physically and mentally until they become capable of handling their day to day activities independently.

The Benefits Of A Walk-In Clinic

Walk-in clinics provide convenient medical treatment for patients who do not have access to a hospital. Unlike traditional doctor’s offices, walk-in clinics have extended hours of service, and just as its name implies, you can visit them without an appointment or a referral. Not feeling well or the sudden onset of sickness may require that you visit a doctor on a moments notice.

A walk-in clinic is available for such needs, when you want to be taken care of without the long waits at an ER or when your primary care physician is not available. The doctors at a walk-in clinic can provide the same medical attention and care you would expect from an established treatment facility. The primary function of a walk-in treatment center is to treat its patients without the aggravating wait times commonly seen in hospital ERs and individual doctor’s offices.

Although your regular doctor may be able to give you the utmost personalized service, a walk-in clinic strives to do the same when your primary physician is not available for you. The benefit of walk-in treatment centers is that they are typically open every day of the year, for the most common medical needs. An appointment is unnecessary, and patients can typically be seen and treated in less than an hour.

This is significantly less than the time spent just waiting in most hospitals or other medical facilities. Of course, when one visits a walk-in clinic, they can expect to be treated with respect and concern for their individual needs while attending to the medical care required. The medical team at a walk-in clinic will make sure that the utmost attention is provided to their patients whenever it is necessary, all while giving the benefits of minimal wait times and no appointments necessary.

The focus of a walk-in treatment center is to enhance the quality of life for all of its patients in the community where it is located. Whether it is attending to an infant or an elderly patient, by treating a wide scope of clients, a walk-in clinic relays genuine attention to its entire neighborhood community. By striving to provide nurturing and promising treatment, they become a beacon of medical care whenever you need it. The ability to provide continuity of healthcare is an important goal of walk-in clinics.

The primary reasons for visiting a walk-in facility are its ease of accessibility, fast turnaround times for minor medical issues, and the fact that they are often open whenever necessary. Another advantage of getting treatment at a walk-in clinic is the ability of getting follow up attention with the staff.

Everyone knows the difficulty of getting follow up care from the same physician at a large hospital after a visit to its ER; it is just too departmentalized to be able to provide such personal care. At walk-in clinics, it is possible to make follow up appointments or request to see the doctor who took care of you previously, so that they are aware of your medical history and needs.

Dell Diagnostics

Not everyone is a computer whiz out there but this should not stop you from running Dells Simple Diagnostic Tools. It’s easy to use and you will be glad you did.

When to use Dell Diagnostics? Use the Dell Diagnostic tools when you Dell and Only (Dell) computer starts to act up. Such as boot up errors or your computer blue screening on you.

How do I access the Dell Diagnostic Tools? All Dell computers have diagnostic tools preloaded on them in a separate partition of the hard drive. To access the Diagnostic tools press F12 when you first turn on the computer and see the Dell screen. This option can be F2 and F9 as well on some models. You may need to reboot a few times to get into it. Once in the menu you have several options. I would recommend running the advanced tests. This can take a good 40 minutes boot it’s a good test for the majority of components installed in the system.

What do I do if it found an error? Well that all depends on what the error is. Write down the error code and what the error is if one was given. If your computer is under warranty still then call Dell up and depending on what your warranty plan is they will guide you the rest of the way. If your computer is not under warranty the best advice I can give is call a few computer repair shops and get there opinion.

What to do if no issue was found? Just because no hardware issue was found does not mean it’s not hardware. Chances are it is not and that’s a good think because you will probably save some money now. Most likely it is software related. Try doing a system restore.

Interesting Facts About Becoming A Pharmacy Technician

A pharmacy technician is an assistant to a licensed pharmacist who provides mediation and other health related products to patients. The technician usually counts tablets and applies labels to the prescription bottles, but is responsible for retrieving patient information and verifying that the instructions concerning dosage is accurate. After completing the order a technician may also maintain patient profiles, fill out insurance claims, stock and do inventory of both prescription and over-the-counter medications.

The educational requirements for this type of technician include a one semester course, which is a four credit course that meets one evening each week. MATH 050 is required with at least a 2.0 average, or you may attain a math level 4. It is recommended that you complete Pharmacology (AHCC 110).

The skills you need are the ability to remain alert, constantly observant, well organized, responsible and completely dedicated. You must be able to take instruction and directions with ease, and have no issues with the pharmacist checking and approving your work. You must be able to work without constantly being instructed as to what you are supposed to be doing at any given time. You should be a good team player so the Rx will continue to run smoothly and efficiently.

Median hourly wages, for this type of employment position, are currently between $10 to $16 an hour. The lowest has been $9.27, while the highest is as much as $18.98 hourly. The highest 10% of students averaged $14.26 an hour. Along with these wages there are other benefits such as possible health insurance coverage for you and the rest of your immediate family, participating in a retirement program and other possible options which make this pay range even more attractive.

The employment outlook for this career is expected to continue to increase as both younger generations continue to age, and new generations are being born every day. There are more drugs being prescribed for patients each year and those patients must have their medications renewed regularly. There is little possibility that human beings will suddenly stop having children, and therefore there will always be a need for people who want a career in the pharmacy profession.

Having a job as a pharmacy technician can mean having a regular income, medical insurance coverage for you and your immediate family, a retirement account and other possible company benefits. If you are interested in a career and are good with people and very detail oriented, you may want to click the link below to find out more information.

Medication Treatment of Hypertension – Which Drugs are Best?

Drugs used in the treatment of hypertension include thiazide diuretics, beta blockers, angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors, and calcium channel blockers. The newer ACE inhibitors and calcium channel blockers were promoted as being better for the treatment of hypertension than the older thiazide diuretics and beta blockers, however this was mostly marketing hype since the newer drugs were on patent and made more money for the drug companies. However the studies showed that, at least compared to thiazide diuretics, the newer drugs weren’t as good, even they cost much more.

Thiazide diuretic drugs work for hypertension by increasing urine output and decreasing the volume of fluid in your circulation, which they achieve by increasing sodium excretion from the kidney, which drags water along with it. Examples include hydrochlorothiazide (Esidrix, Hydrodiuril, Microzide) and chlorthalidone (Hygroton). Thiazides promote calcium retention and prevent bone loss and fractures. However, they can negatively interact with an extensive list of medications, which are listed in the Physicians Desk Reference.

Their main problem is that they cause is frequent urination, which is inconvenient to say the least. They can also be associated with a loss of potassium Low serum potassium, or hypokalemia, is a potentially fatal condition, that can be associated with symptoms of muscle weakness, confusion, dizziness that can lead to falls, and heart arrhythmias. For people with a healthy diet, this is not a problem. You can also possible to take potassium supplements by mouth every day, to avoid the problem of potassium depletion with diuretics. A sub-category of these drugs, the so-called thiazide-like diuretic indapamide (Lozol) can cause life-threatening drops of sodium in the blood. In 1992 the Australian authorities reported 164 cases of this potentially life threatening condition, which is associated with confusion, lethargy, nausea, vomiting, dizziness, loss of appetite, fatigue, fainting, sleepiness, and possible convulsions. Since it doesn’t work better than hydrochlorothiazide, and is potentially dangerous, it should not be used.

ACE inhibitors are one of the newest types of hypertension drugs. They act on the renin-angiotensin system that regulates blood pressure and kidney function. Normally, the molecule angiotensin I is converted to angiotensin II by the angiotensin-converting enzyme. Angiotensin II is a potent vasoconstrictor that makes your blood vessels close down. By blocking the angiotensin-converting enzyme, you make the blood vessels relax, decreasing blood pressure. Examples of this type of drug include lisinopril (Prinivil), enalapril (Vasotec), ramipril (Altace), benazepril (Lotensin), fosinopril (Monopril), and captopril (Capoten). Side effects of ACE inhibitors include headache, flushing, diarrhea, rash, and more rarely dizziness, heart failure or stroke. One of the most annoying side effects is a dry persistent cough. Angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs), like valsartan (Diovan), irbesartan (Avapro), olmesartan (Benicar), candesartan (Atacand), and losartan (Cozaar; Hyzaar when combined with hydrochlorothiazide) act on the angiotensin receptor to block its effects, thereby reducing blood pressure. Side effects include dizziness, diarrhea, rash, and more rarely anxiety, muscle pains, upper respiratory track infection, low blood pressure or elevations in potassium.

Calcium channel blockers act on the lining of the blood vessels. When these channels let calcium in, the blood vessels constrict. By blocking the calcium channels, these drugs cause the vessels to relax, as a result blood pressure goes down. Examples of this type of drug include amlodipine (Norvasc), verapamil (Calan), nifedipine (Procardia, Adalat), and diltiazem (Tiazac). Side effects include constipation, dizziness, headache, nausea, and more rarely low blood pressure, heart failure or arrhythmias.

Calcium channel blockers have not been found to prevent heart attacks better than diuretics (ALLHAT 2002; Black et al 2003; Brown et al 2000; Hansson et al 2000). In fact, one study showed that calcium channel blockers (nifedipine) did not prevent heart attacks or chest pain (angina) any better than a placebo, or sugar pill (Poole-Wilson et al 2004). A meta analysis of all studies combined showed that treatment with calcium channel blockers did not improve mortality more than a placebo, although ACE inhibitors did (BPLTTC. 2000). Another meta analysis found that treatment with calcium channel blockers when compared to other medication treatments for high blood pressure was associated with a relative 26% increase in heart attacks, 25% increase in heart failure, and 10% increase in major cardiovascular events (Pahor et al 2000). Furthermore, for women calcium channel blockers increased the risk of heart attack or stroke by 18% (Poole-Wilson et al 2004). Calcium channel blockers have been found to increase the risk of heart failure relative to other antihypertension drugs in several studies,(Black et al 2003; BPLTTC. 2000; Pahor et al 2000; Pepine et al 2003) overall by about 20% (BPLTTC 2003). In spite of this, one of the calcium channel blockers, amlodipine, continues to be a blockbuster drug, with 2 billion dollars a year in sales reported in 2003, a year after the troubling reports of heart failure with calcium channel blockers was published.

In the NIH-sponsored Antihypertensive and Lipid Lowering Treatment to Prevent Heart Attack Trial (ALLHAT). In ALLHAT, the largest study of antihypertensive medications ever performed, different types of antihypertensive treatments were compared in 33,357 patients with high blood pressure and one other risk factor for heart disease were randomly assigned to the “old” drug chlorthalidone (diuretic), or the “new” drugs amlodipine (calcium channel blocker), or lisinopril (ACE inhibitor). Rates of fatal and nonfatal heart attacks were essentially the same between the three treatments (ALLHAT 2002). There was a 38% increase in heart failure with amlodipine compared to chlorthalidone. For lisinopril there were increased rates of total cardiovascular disease outcomes (10%), stroke (15%) and heart failure (19%) compared to chlorthalidone.

Since the time of ALLHAT other studies have not shown that ACE inhibitors and calcium channel blockers work better than diuretics, even though they cost more. And like ALLHAT, some of these studies show cause for concern.

As I mentioned above, many of the studies involved a comparison of “old” and “new” drugs, showing no difference in heart attacks and strokes for the two types of drugs. For the old drugs the studies often lumped together atenolol and a diuretic. However as I will explain later in more detail atenolol is probably not a very good drug, so these studies may have hid the fact that diuretics are better! In any case they show that there is no reason to spend more money on the new drugs. Follow along now while I spell out some of those studies.

For instance, in the NORdic DILtiazem (NORDIL) study, (Hansson et al 2000) which compared diltiazem (calcium channel blocker) to diuretics and/or beta blockers in 10,881 patients from Norway and Sweden, there were no differences in rates of fatal or non-fatal heart. Other studies which showed essentially identical rates of heart attack or stroke included The Controlled ONset Verapamil INvestigation of Cardiovascular End points (CONVINCE) Trial, a study of 16,602 patients who received verapamil (calcium channel blocker), or atenolol (beta blocker)/hydrochlorothiazide (diuretic) (Black et al 2003). The INternational VErapamil trandolapril STudy (INVEST), which compared the calcium channel blocker verapamil to the beta blocker atenolol in 22,576 patients (Pepine et al 2003). The Swedish Trial in Old Patients with Hypertension 2 (STOP-2) (Hansson et al 1999a) study, which randomised 6614 patients age 70-84 to either “new” drugs like calcium channel blockers or ACE inhibitors, or “old” drugs diuretics and beta blockers, and the CAptopril Prevention Project (CAPPP) as study of captopril (ACE inhibitor) versus diuretics and/or beta blocker in 10,985 patients (Hansson et al 1999b).

Not only was it difficult to show that the new drugs were better than the old (the marketing goal that drove the design of the studies), it wasn’t easy to show that taking the drugs was better than doing nothing. For instance, in the ACTION Study (A Coronary disease Trial Investigating Outcome with Nifedipine), 7665 patients with stable angina received the calcium channel blocker nifedipine or placebo in a randomized trial (Poole-Wilson et al 2004). There was no difference in a combined measure of fatal and non-fatal heart attack or stroke, revascularization, or heart failure. Death from heart disease was equal in the groups, and there was a 16% increase in non-cardiac deaths with nifedipine that was not statistically significant. Women on nifedipine had an 18% increase in this measure of cardiac events, although the difference was not statistically significant. In the Heart Outcomes Prevention Evaluation (HOPE) Study, 9297 patients at high risk for heart disease were randomized to the ACE inhibitor ramipril or placebo in addition to their usual treatment (HOPE 2000). A fatal or non-fatal heart attack or stroke was seen in 14.0% of the ramipril patients compared to 17.8% on placebo, a difference that was statistically significant. In the Prevention of Events with Angiotensin Converting Enzyme Inhibition (PEACE) Trial, a study of 8290 patients with heart disease, the addition of the ACE inhibitor Trandolapril had no effect on reducing heart attacks and coronary revascularization procedures compared to a placebo (PEACE 2004). These results led to an editorial called “ACE inhibitors in Patients with Stable Heart Disease-may they rest in Peace?”

The Valsartan Antihypertensive Long term Use Evaluation (VALUE) study compared the ARB valsartan to the calcium channel blocker amlodipine in 15,245 patients over age 50 with high blood pressure and a high risk of heart disease (Julius et al 2004). The study found no difference between the two drugs in fatal and non-fatal heart attacks and other cardiac events. More non-fatal heart attacks were seen with valsartan, but there was also less development of diabetes. This study led to an editorial called “Is there Value in Value?”

When new drugs were compared to diuretics alone, their performance was worse. For instance, the Multicenter Isradipine Diuretic Atherosclerosis Study (MIDAS) compared the calcium channel blocker isradipine to the diuretic chlorthalidone in 883 patients with high blood pressure. Twenty five patients on isradipine had a major cardiovascular event (heart attack, stroke, heart failure, death or angina) compared to 14 on diuretic, a difference which was statistically significant (Borhani et al 1996). In the International Nifedipine GITS Study: Intervention as a Goal in Hypertension Treatment (INSIGHT) study (Brown et al 2000) 6321 patients aged 55-80 with hypertension and one risk factor for heart disease were randomly assigned to nifedipine or co-amilozide (hydrochlorothiazide+amiloride, both diuretics). In the nifedipine group, 200 had cardiovascular death, heart attack, heart failure or stroke (combined) versus 182 in the diuretic group, which was not statistically significant. The nifedipine group did have significantly more fatal heart attacks (16 versus 5) and non-fatal heart failure (24 versus 11).

Dr. Bruce Psaty and colleagues from the University of Washington in Seattle looked at all of the data from trials that had been published up to 2003. Overall they found that diuretics were superior to all other treatments (Psaty et al 2003). Compared to placebo diuretics reduced the risk of heart disease by 21%, heart failure by 49%, stroke by 29% and total mortality by 10% (all significant). Diuretics compared to calcium channel blockers had 6% fewer cardiovascular disease events and 26% less heart failure; compared to ACE inhibitors there was 12% less heart failure, 6% less cardiovascular disease events and 14% less stroke. Diuretics compared to beta blockers had 11% less cardiovascular disease events. All treatments were similar in their ability to lower blood pressure. The authors concluded that diuretics (but not beta blockers, as was the recommendation at the time) should be the first line of treatment for high blood pressure.

Most of the studies of antihypertensive medications have been done in men. In the only study focused on women, 30,219 women with hypertension without heart disease were assessed for the relationship between anti-hypertensive therapy and outcome. Use of calcium channel blockers compared to diuretic was associated with a 55% increased risk of cardiovascular death, diuretic plus calcium channel blocker was associated with an 85% increased risk of cardiovascular death compared to diuretic plus beta-blocker. The risk increased to 2.16 when women with diabetes were excluded (Bhatt et al 2006; Wassertheil-Smoller et al 2004).

The alpha-blockers block the alpha noradrenergic receptor in the heart and blood vessels, and include doxazosin (Cardura), prazosin (Minipress) and terazosin (Hytrin). A related drug called Labetalol (Normodyne) blocks both alpha and beta-receptors. The Antihypertensive and Lipid Lowering Treatment to Prevent Heart Attack Trial (ALLHAT) Study showed that the alpha blocker Cardura doubled the risk of heart failure and increased the risk of stroke and all cardiovascular disease when compared to diuretic. This led to the study being stopped early; the authors of ALLHAT concluded that alpha-blockers should not be used in the treatment of hypertension (Davis 2000). Based on this I believe that there is no role for alpha-blockers in the treatment of patients with hypertension.

What is the bottom line for the treatment of hypertension? First things first. Cut sodium from your diet. That means making your own dinner whenever possible, since processed, canned and frozen foods are full of sodium, as food meals. Exercise by moderate walking for 30 minutes three times a week. Try stress reduction or meditation. Stop smoking. Do not drink alcohol in excessive amounts.

If these changes fail to lower your blood pressure, you may need medication. Work with your doctor to find out what works best for you. You may need to be started on the standard and least expensive treatment, diuretics. They work better than the newer drugs, based on the research I outlined earlier, and they have fewer side effects overall than the newer medications. This is especially true if you are African-American. You should definitely not take an ACE inhibitor or calcium channel blocker if you are not taking a diuretic.

Alpha-blockers should not be taken under any circumstances. These drugs seem to cause more heart problems than conventional diuretic treatments. Potassium sparing diuretics are dangerous and should be avoided.

If your blood pressure is not controlled with a diuretic, you may need to add another medication. This means going to a beta blocker, ACE inhibitor or calcium channel blocker. I do not recommend atenolol; you can use another beta blocker like metoprolol. Women should not take a calcium channel blocker. ACE inhibitors or ARB drugs can help whites with left ventricular (heart pump) failure.

ALLHAT (2002): Major outcomes in high-risk hypertensive patients randomized to angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor or calcium channel blocker vs diuretic: The Antihypertensive and lipid-lowering treatment to prevent heart attack trial (ALLHAT). Journal of the American Medical Association 288:2981-2997.

Bhatt D, Fox KAa, Hacke W, et al (2006): Clopidogrel and aspirin versus aspirin alone for the prevention of atherothrombotic events. New England Journal of Medicine 354:1706-1717.

Black HR, Elliott WJ, Grandits G, et al (2003): Principal results of the Controlled Onset Verapamil Investigation of Cardiovascular End Points (CONVINCE) Trial. Journal of the American Medical Association 289:2073-2082.

Borhani N, Mercuir M, Borhani PA, et al (1996): Final outcome results of the Multicenter Isradipine Diuretic Atherosclerosis Study (MIDAS): A randomized controlled trial. Journal of the American Medical Association 276:785-791.

BPLTTC (2003): Blood Pressure Lowering Treatment Trialists’ Collaboration. Effects of different blood-pressure-lowering regimens on major cardiovascular events: results of prospectively-designed overviews of randomised trials. Lancet 362:1527-1535.

BPLTTC. (2000): Blood Pressure Lowering Treatment Trialists Collaboration. Effects of ACE inhibitors, calcium antagonists, and other blood-pressure-lowering drugs: results of prospectively designed overviews of randomised trials. Lancet 355:1955-1964.

Brown MJ, Palmer CR, Castaigne A, et al (2000): Morbidity and mortality in patients randomised to double-blind treatment with long-acting calcium-channel blocker or diuretic in the International Nifedipine GITS study: Intervention as a Goal in Hypertension Treatment (INSIGHT). Lancet 356:366-372.

Davis BR (2000): Major cardiovascular events in hypertensive patients randomized to doxazosin ver chlorthalidone: The Antihypertensive and Lipid-Lowering Treatment to Prevent Heart Attack Trial (ALLHAT). Journal of the American Medical Association 283:1967-1975.

Hansson L, Hedner T, Lund-Johansen P, et al (2000): Randomised trial of effects of calcium antagonists compared with diuretics and beta blockers on cardiovascular morbidity and mortality in hypertension: the Nordic Diltiazem (NORDIL) study. Lancet 356:359-365.

Hansson L, Lindholm LH, Ekborn T, et al (1999a): Randomised trial of old and new antihypertensive drugs in elderly patients: cardiovascular mortality and morbidity the Swedish Trial in Old Patients with Hypertension-2 study. Lancet 354:1751-1756.

Hansson L, Lindholm LH, Niskanen L, et al (1999b): Effect of angiotensin-converting-enzyme inhibition compared with conventional therapy on cardiovascular morbidity and mortality in hypertension: the Captropril Prevention Project (CAPPP) randomised trial. Lancet 353:611-616.

HOPE (2000): Effects of an angiotensin-converting-enzyme inhibitor, ramipril, on cardiovascular events in high-risk patients. The Heart Outcomes Prevention Evaluation Study Investigators. New England Journal of Medicine 342:145-153.

Julius S, Kjeldsen SE, Weber B, et al (2004): Outcomes in hypertensive patients at high cardiovascular risk treated with regimens based on valsartan or amlodipine: the VALUE randomised trial. Lancet 363:2022-2031.

Pahor M, Psaty BM, Alderman MH, et al (2000): Health outcomes associated with calcium antagonists compared with other first-line antihypertensive therapies: a meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials. Lancet 356:1949-1954.

PEACE (2004): The PEACE Trial Investigators. Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme inhibition in stable coronary artery disease. New England Journal of Medicine 351:2058-2068.

Pepine CJ, Handberg EM, Cooper-DeHoff RM, et al (2003): A calcium antagonist vs a non-calcium antagonist hypertension treatment strategy for patients with coronary artery disease: The International Verapamil-Trandolapril Study (INVEST): A randomized controlled trial. Journal of the American Medical Association 21:2805-2816.

Poole-Wilson PA, Lubsen J, Kirwan B-A, et al (2004): Effect of long-acting nifedipine on mortality and cardiovascular morbidity in patients with stable angina requiring treatment (ACTION): randomised controlled trial. Lancet 364:849-857.

Psaty BM, Lumley T, Furberg CD, et al (2003): Health outcomes associated with various antihypertensive therapies used as first-line agents: A network meta-analysis. Journal of the American Medical Association 289:2534-2544.

Wassertheil-Smoller S, Psaty B, Greenland P, et al (2004): Association between cardiovascular outcomes and antihypertension drug treatment in older women. Journal of the American Medical Association 292:2849-2859.

Vitamins – Facts You May Not Know About Fat Soluble Vitamins

Vitamins are vital in human nutrition but for the most part cannot be manufactured by your body. Therefore, you have to get vitamins from a healthy diet. Vitamins actually work as essential co-factors for properly regulating your body’s metabolic reactions and biochemical processes.

When your diet is deficient in vitamins, many biological functions are disrupted, resulting in suboptimal health as well as a wide variety of disease conditions specifically related to nutrient imbalances. Vitamins are classified as fat soluble and water soluble. This means they are dissolved and stored in either the fatty tissues of your body or the water tissues.

Water soluble vitamins, vitamin C and B complexes, are easily excreted by your body through the urine. They cannot be stored in your body for future use and require daily intake for maximal health.

Fat Soluble Vitamins

Fat-soluble vitamins are stored in the reserves of fatty body tissues and can therefore be drawn upon when they are not obtained daily from the diet. This makes them very available for a period of time even if your diet becomes extremely deficient. Ultimately, however, the reserve of fat soluble vitamins can be depleted and will need to be replenished from your diet. Because these fat soluble vitamins are not easily excreted by your body, excessive intake of fat-soluble vitamins can cause toxicity. The fat-soluble vitamins are vitamins A, D, E, and K.

Vitamin A

Vitamin A was the first vitamin to be discovered and officially named, hence its letter A. Vitamin A is actually a group of nutrients that include retinol, retinal, and the carotenoids. Retinol and retinal are both known as preformed vitamin A and are found in a variety of animal foods, especially liver. Butter, cream, egg yolk, fish oils, and whole and fortified nonfat milk are all good sources of preformed vitamin A.

Carotenoids refer to over 500 substances which naturally occur in fruits and vegetables. Some 50 carotenoids act as precursors to vitamin A, with beta-carotene being the most well-known and most prevalent in foods. Lycopene is another well-studied carotenoid now known for its important role in healing. It is found in abundant levels in tomatoes.

The best food sources of carotenoids are yellow and dark green vegetables, orange fruits, tomatoes, watermelons, and cherries. Orange fruits and green, leafy, and yellow vegetables are all loaded with various precursor carotenoids, particularly beta-carotene, which the body converts to vitamin A.

Vitamin A is important for a wide variety of functions in your body. It supports eyesight, healthy teeth and skin, bone growth, cell differentiation, and tissue repair. Vitamin A also plays an important role in maintaining proper function of the cornea, lungs, mucus membranes, the lining of the gastrointestinal tract, and the bladder and urinary tract. It also acts as an antioxidant which in turn helps prevent inflammation and regulates infectious disease. In addition, it is needed for the production of various anti-tumor compounds in your body, making it a powerful nutrient in the prevention of cancer.

Vitamin A can be depleted in the body by stress and illness as well as alcohol consumption. Alcohol can interfere with vitamin A absorption. A common symptom of vitamin A deficiency is night blindness but can also include sub-optimum bone and tooth formation, eye inflammation, impaired immune response and even weight loss. An unusual condition, keratinosis (hardened pigmented deposits around hair follicles on the body’s upper and lower extremities) is another symptom of vitamin A deficiency.

Carotenoids, those precursor molecules to vitamin A, also act as antioxidants in the body. They are also capable of minimizing the formation of abnormal and precancerous cells, those cells that can over time turn into full-blown cancers. They also prevent age-related vision problems like cataracts and macular degeneration. Some researchers also speculate that carotenoids can improve immune function by stimulating antibodies, lymphocytes, and natural killer as well as T-helper cells – all part of the immune system. Symptoms of carotenoid deficiency can include diminished immune function, increased free radical damage, and increased susceptibility to some cancers and cardiovascular illness.

Vitamin D

Vitamin D occurs in your body in ten different forms, D1- D10. The two most vital forms are D2 and D3. While the best food sources of vitamin D are cod liver and fish liver oils, butter, egg yolk, liver, vitamin D-fortified milk, and oily fish such as herring, mackerel, sardines, and salmon, your body can also manufacture vitamin D in the skin when it comes in contact with the sun’s ultraviolet rays. However, if you live in areas riddled with smog, located in high latitudes with less sunlight year round, are indoors a lot, you may not get adequate exposure to sunlight for optimal vitamin D production. As well, strict vegetarians and vegans may not get adequate vitamin D through the diet. If you fall into any of these categories, you should consider supplementing with at least 2000 IUs of vitamin D.

Vitamin D is intimately intertwined with calcium absorption and regulation in your body. Vitamin D is essential for the absorption of calcium from the food you eat as it moves through the GI tract. In addition, it is necessary for the utilization of calcium and phosphorous once it is absorbed, both of which are integral components of healthy bones and teeth. It supports proper function of the nervous system including the regulation of mood. Vitamin D also maintains cardiovascular health as well as normal blood clotting. Of course, it plays a prominent role in childhood growth.

The symptoms of vitamin D deficiency were initially noted in children. Children with specific skeletal abnormalities (rickets) were found to respond to increased levels of vitamin D. Adults signs of Vitamin D deficiency often manifest as a softening of the bones (osteomalacia) or osteoporosis. Vitamin D deficiency has also been linked to inflammatory conditions, some tumors and even mood disorders like depression. Vitamin D levels can now be detected in the blood. Low levels may require large doses to restore the body’s stores. 5,000 to 10,000 IU per day may be necessary to replenish a deficiency.

Vitamin E

Vitamin E is not a single substance, but actually refers to a group of substances known as tocopherols. The most active form of vitamin E in your body is d-alpha tocopherol, which is also the form that is most prevalent in nature. We get vitamin E in our diet from seed and vegetable oils, especially saffower oil. Wheat germ, wheat germ oil, nuts, green leafy vegetables, whole grains, butter, and egg yolk all contain natural sources of vitamin E.

Vitamin E is a potent antioxidant and works in combination with other antioxidants like vitamin C and selenium to minimize the effects of free radical damage as well as an anti-tumor agent. In addition, it is an important nutrient for the nervous, reproductive, and skeletal systems, as well as for muscle tissue and red blood cells and corpuscles. It’s useful for skin health and can be applied topically for treating burns, wounds, abrasions, lesions and dry skin.

Vitamin K

Vitamin K also occurs in different forms: K1 (phylloquinone) and K2 (menaquinone), both of which occur naturally, and K3 (menadione), a synthetic version. K3, menadione, is twice as active biologically than the natural forms but is only administered to people who have difficulty utilizing the natural forms. Amazingly, in addition to being available from your diet, approximately half of the body’s vitamin K needs are met by the biosynthesis of various bacteria in the intestines. Antibiotics in our food chain or your medical care can deplete the gut of normal levels of healthy bacteria. The lack of healthy bacteria in turn decreases vitamin K. You can restore these healthy bacteria to your GI tract using probiotics (healthy bacteria) which in turn can help restore vitamin K levels. Food rich in vitamin K include dark green leafy vegetables, kelp, alfalfa, egg yolk, yogurt, fish liver oils, and legumes, as well as safflower oil and blackstrap molasses.

Vitamin K’s principle function in the body is to create normal blood clotting, especially in the formation of various proteins involved in the coagulation process. Vitamin K is the one fat soluble vitamin your body is capable of manufacturing. Since the body is able to manufacture its own supply of vitamin K, deficiencies are rare. However, difficulty in absorption in the GI tract, overuse of antibiotics (which destroy healthy intestinal bacteria), and poor liver function or liver disease can create a deficiency state. This can lead to abnormal bleeding or hemorrhaging.

While vitamin K1 and K3 can interfere with the anti-coagulant effect of blood thinners such as coumadin, one form of vitamin K, vitamin K2, doesn’t. This may be due to the active effect of vitamin K1 and K3 in the liver to impact metabolism of these drugs. K2 on the other hand, has a very specific targeted effect on the bones, directing vitamin D into the bone structure for maximal effect.

Vitamins A,E, D and K, the fat soluble vitamins, as well as the carotenoids are important vitamins for your body’s overall health. Eating a diet rich in green leafy vegetables as well as colorful vegetables of the orange variety (sweet potatoes, squash, tomatoes, watermelons and cherries)will supply a lot of your body’s needs. Adding smart supplements will make sure that your body gets all it needs to function at its best.