Learning About the Down Syndrome Disability

Down syndrome is the most common developmental disability in the US. A Down syndrome baby is noticeable by the small ears, small head, small eyes, slightly upturned nose, flat facial features and round head. They will require more time developing, learning to breast feed, rolling over, walking, talking and dressing themselves. However, parents of babies with Down syndrome often say, if given the choice, they wouldn’t change a thing and that raising their unique child was one of the greatest things they could have done with their lives.

When learning about Down syndrome, you will discover there is a build-up of additional genetic material on the 21st chromosome. Doctors aren’t 100% sure what causes this abnormality, but they do know that parental age increases the risk. Eighty percent of Down syndrome babies are born to parents under 35, which is probably because more people in that age bracket are having children.

Statistically speaking, a 25-year-old woman has a 1/3,000 chance of having a baby with Down syndrome, while a 35-year-old-woman has 1/365 odds of having a Down syndrome baby. By 45 years of age, her baby has a 1/30 chance of having downs! It is very rarely passed down genetically and it is estimated that only 3-4% of all downs cases are caused from inherited translocation of genetic material, while the rest appear to be caused by random, abnormal chromosomal activity.

There are some common medical conditions that people with this chromosomal disorder may face. Half of Down syndrome babies are born with heart defects and increased susceptibility to illnesses. Often, they are born with a hearing impairment or poor vision, and will likely encounter a speech impediment, sleep apnea or chronic ear infections later down the road. As a parent, you’ll need to find a trusted, specialized, medical practitioner. You may find local resources through the National Down Syndrome Society at “Ndss”.

A support net is waiting for you; one mouse-click away. You can meet with other parents who have already gone through raising a child with Down syndrome. You can learn coping and teaching techniques or find an inspirational book that fills your heart with joy. Your life will be forever changed when any baby enters your life and you find that love can help you overcome anything. By participating in one of the many local community programs, you’ll find greater strength.

Job Interviews And Stuttering

Job interviews can be nerve-wrecking for a lot people and with the anxiety levels high, people tend to fumble up their interviews. Even the most confident of people can be caught unawares with the sort of questions that the employers come up with. While nervousness is normal with most people, the level of nervousness and anxiety will be at an all time high for stutterers trying out a job interview. This is because many employers prefer non stutterers to stutterers because they do not trust the efficiency of a stutterer. While some jobs genuinely cannot have stutterers because of the nature of the job, some employers deny stutterers the job for no apparent reason.

Stutterers have a disadvantage when it comes to proving their talents but it must also be understood by them that many famous people have proved merit despite the stuttering problem. This must encourage the stutterers to try their best before giving up on something. Though it is understandable that stutterers get jittery right before the interviews, it is necessary that they keep their cool to perform well in the interviews. This prevents them from worsening their problem of stuttering and helps them in facing the interview better. Confidence in themselves and their ability must be developed before the interview so that they do not falter in their approach to the interview.

Another thing that the stutterers have to do in an interview is to inform the employers of their disability so that it doesn’t look like they are hiding their negatives from the employers. It also puts the stutterers in good light to employers that they are able to understand their setbacks and make amendments accordingly. Also, confessing to stuttering makes the stutterer more confident as they do not have the fear that their disability will be found out and also makes relieves the employer of the misconception that the candidate is extremely nervous.

Although stutterers tend to accept their disability upfront in interviews, there are some employers who resist from selecting them because of their disability. This attitude must change and employers must realize that stutterers have the same potential and are capable enough like other candidates. Selecting jobs must be based on merit and not on their disabilities unless the job requires heavy talking. Some countries also allow reservations for severe stutterers and this must be provided to them if they are considered disabled in any way.

Adult Stuttering Treatment

Adult stuttering can cause a great deal of stress to the affected person. Although the exact cause of stuttering is still unknown, researches have proposed several factors that could influence one’s susceptibility to stuttering.

These factors range from psychological problems like low self-esteem to physiological problems like genetics and neurological abnormalities. Since by far most stutterers recover spontaneously at a very young age, stuttering in adults is not very common. Recent research shows that only 0.73%, or one in 135 adults, exhibit a certain degree of stuttering. To this small group of people, stuttering can however be a distracting, frustrating and even downright debilitating disorder.

Treating adult stuttering

As any speech pathologist can tell you, a medicinal cure for stuttering does not exist. Although this is not exactly good news, don not let this prevent you from trying out therapeutic treatments like speech therapy. Speech therapy is often prescribed to adult stutterers and it produces mixed results. For some, the exercises and motivational aspects prove life-changing, whilst other experience little to no improvement at all. To produce optimal results, it is therefore extremely important that you find the right therapist and construct a proper treatment plan with him or her.

You should be aware that speech therapy is in no way a cheap and fast road to success. Before a treatment plan can be constructed, the speech pathologist will need to do a thorough evaluation of your individual case of stuttering. Such an evaluation can be quite expensive ($300-$500), so make sure you contact your speech pathologist about his or her charges first. Once you start therapy, make sure you set realistic goals for yourself: don’t expect to be stutter-free in a matter of weeks – or months for that matter. Set reasonable but challenging goals and work towards achieving them one-by-one. Reward yourself for each goal you accomplish, so you stay properly motivated and don’t bail out once the going gets tough.

Tonsils and Adenoids: Should They Be Removed?

Dr. Jack Paradise, of the University of Pittsburgh, reports that surgically removing tonsils and adenoids has little, if any, effect in preventing recurrences of ear infections. Doctors still remove more than 400,000 tonsils each year.

Tonsils and adenoids are lymphatic tissue. Tonsils should never be removed before age four, because prior to age four they are a major supplier of the cells and proteins that help to protect you from being infected with viruses and bacteria. However after that, the tonsils and adenoids are less important in protecting you from infections and removing them does not appear to cause harm. Dr. Paradise followed 461 children who had recurrent ear infections. Those who had had their tonsils and adenoids removed were just as likely to suffer recurrences.

An editorial in the Journal of the American Medical Association recommends preventing recurrent ear infections with environmental control from filth, mold and dust mites, episodic antibiotics, childhood immunizations, ear tubes and “selected removal of adenoids” when all else fails. Fluid produced in the middle ear flows down the eustachian tube into the mouth, where the child swallows it without even knowing about it. Children have such small eustachian tubes that they are blocked, causing fluid to accumulate in their ears. Taking the antibiotic, erythromycin, may help clear fluid from a child’s ear just by stimulating the cilia to sweep out the accumulated fluid.

Since the eustachian tube enlarges as a child grows, the tube usually opens by itself in time and it is rarely necessary to perform surgery. However, if the doctor feels that fluid in the drum can interfere with a child’s hearing or school work or that permanent damage in possible, it is reasonable to relieve this pressure by punching a hole in the ear drum and inserting a tube to keep it open.

The main reasons to remove tonsils are blockage of the flow of air to a child’s lungs and when an abscess forms. Even then, doctors can often avoid surgery because tonsils reach their maximum size at ages eight to ten, and then become smaller with each passing year. However, tonsils are usually removed when a child has sleep apnea, a condition in which he stops breathing intermittently during sleep, severe snoring or significant difficulty swallowing.

Doctors now have a rapid strep test to help them diagnose and treat strep throat infections while the child is still in the office. Surgery is now safer than ever with newer equipment such as electrocauteries that can remove tonsils without causing bleeding.

Sinus Infections, Sinus Problems And Asthma

For some reason or other more than 50% of people with asthma also have sinus symptoms or nasal symptoms of some kind. Oftentimes the symptoms are of an allergic nature and can be triggered by mold, animal dander, pests, pollen or dampness. If you have chronic inflammation in your nasal passages due to sinus problems this can trigger symptoms of asthma. It’s unknown just how asthma can be triggered by sinus infections or sinus problems and scientists are still working on it. What causes asthma is one of the mysteries or puzzles that affect many sinus and asthma sufferers.

One possibility is that something in the diet is causing both the sinus and asthma symptoms, in other words – from the same food source. People on vegan diets experience less sinus problems. One possibility is that the postnasal drip (the sinus drainage that goes down the back of your throat) drains into the lower airway leading to increased inflammation and hyper-reactivity. Asthma can be aggravated if the nasal obstruction causes you to breathe through your mouth. This can cause a loss of heat and moisture into the lower airways.

Until scientists determine what exactly the connection is between asthma and asthma attacks and sinusitis, sinus infections and sinus problems you want to make sure and do everything you can to control or eliminate the sinus problems. By doing so you can be in a good position to control and manage 50% of the asthma problems just by eliminating known causes of sinus problems and sinus infections.

By managing the sinus problems you should be able to experience less asthma attacks and may actually come up with the reason you’re having the asthma and sinus issues, especially by changing your diet – say to a raw food diet or raw vegan diet. That would be eliminating milk, which has long been suspect and meat, grains (which can cause celiac disease – the gluten in wheat, spelt, barley, rye, kamut and others) and wheat is the most allergic food there is. And there are other highly allergic foods to consider.

People have cured themselves of asthma; it doesn’t necessarily have to be a life sentence. Many kids have outgrown it. If you start today on working on getting rid of all the causes of sinus problems in your life you may just stop the asthma for good. Sinus medications are not the answer and may interfere with any inhalers or asthma medications you may be taking. Antibiotics are no longer routinely prescribed since most sinus infections are caused by fungi or mold and not bacteria. There are good natural home remedies for sinus infections that work.

Got A Runny Nose? Stop Chasing it Around!

Rhinorrhea is a general term that means different things to different people. Basically, anyone that has runny nose will also have a stuffy nose and excess mucus production that may run down everywhere, including the back of the throat. Mucus can be thin clear white or, in most cases, thick yellow or green. It is annoying and it disturbs regular breath. It can also cause sleeping disorders as a result of difficulty in breathing, or coughing.

Depending on the cause, rhinorrea may last a few weeks or a few days. If the cause is not treated, it will reoccur. Most common causes are virus infections like the simple cold, allergic rinitis or nasal polyposis. Some other factors can include medicines with a runny nose as a side effect, dust, irritative chemicals and a dry environment. If these nasal situations are treated, Rhinorrhea disapears.

Unless you find out what causes your nose to run and treat it, you will continue chasing it. However you can relieve the symptoms by following these simple steps:

Always remember that your nose and its nasal membranes are very sensitive. Many blood vessels exist near the surface. So don’t blow your nose too hard because this can cause a nosebleed. Your Nose is also an entrance for microbes and viruses to your body. Its warm environment is ideal for their growth and spreading. Keep your nose clean and avoid picking with dirty fingers.

Blow your nose gently to a one use clean tissue only. Blow each nostril separately. Don’t blow both nostrils together. This causes blocked wind to enter the ear and cause barotraumas. Additionally, mucus can be transferred there carrying the infection.

Increase air humidity. A Dry environment will further irritate the nose. You can use a vaporizer or a humidifier. Eucalyptus steam inhalation can help make mucus thinner thus removed easier by blowing.

Use saline nasal sprays to relieve your stuffy nose. These spays cause the swollen tissues in the nose, that produce and hold the mucus, to shrink. Thus, Mucus gets thinner and is easily blown away. Be very careful with these sprays though, overdose can lead to further irritation and even more problems. Do not overuse nasal sprays, they are harmfull for the nasal membranes.

Drink plenty of fluids that will hydrate your organism and tone your respiratory system. Staying hydrated keeps your postnasal mucus thin and easier to blow away.

Check to see if your rhinorrhea is caused when you are near feathers, animal hair, dust, pollen, certain flowers plants or trees. That is an indication that you suffer from allergic rhinitis. Take precautions like avoiding animal hair, keeping your house free of dust and using cotton pillows and quilts. Avoid all sorts of irritants such us smoke and chemicals.

Treat your runny nose with care. Relieve from symptoms and discover the cause of your rhinorrhea. Follow those steps and you won’t need to chase your nose around anymore.

Atrophy Treatment

Atrophy is a condition defined as wasting of muscle, which is a decrease in muscle mass. Atrophy is of many types, but the most common types of atrophy are vaginal atrophy and multiple system atrophy.

Vaginal atrophy

Vaginal atrophy is defined as the inflammation and thinning of the vaginal walls due to a reduced level of estrogen. Vaginal atrophy mostly occurs after menopause, but it can also occur during breast-feeding or at any other time when there is reduction in the estrogen level of the body. Vaginal atrophy makes sexual act painful for many women. In addition, healthy genital function is closely associated with healthy urinary system function. Treatments for vaginal atrophy are accessible. Decreased estrogen levels do result in changes to the body, but it does not mean that the victim has to live with the discomfort correlate with vaginal atrophy.

Following are the usual vaginal and urinary signs and symptoms;

  • Vaginal dryness
  • Vaginal burning
  • Burning with urination
  • Urgency with urination
  • More urinary tract infections
  • Mild bleeding after intercourse
  • Unpleasantness with intercourse
  • Shortening and tightening of the vaginal canal

Multiple System Atrophy

Multiple system atrophy is infrequent. It is a continuous nervous system disorder that disturbs many areas of the brain and nervous system. Multiple system atrophy substantially damages the body’s systems that regulate the blood pressure, bladder function, heart rate. People who are suffering from this condition also have symptoms like Parkinson’s disease involving tremor, balance problems and rigidity. Multiple system atrophy also frequently affects the brain’s coordination and balance center, which is the cerebellum and may be misunderstand for other cerebellar conditions like those occurring on the basis of genetics. Dissimilar to many other neurodegenerative disorders, multiple system atrophy usually does not disturb thinking and memory.

Treatment options

Moderate symptoms of vaginal atrophy may be relieved by the use of an over-the-counter moisturizer. If symptoms are irritating, however, oral estrogen or either topical vaginal is a capable in relieving from vaginal dryness and itchiness, and enhancing vaginal elasticity. Vaginal estrogen has the benefit of being effective at lower doses and restricting the overall exposure to estrogen. Estrogen rubbed to the vagina can result in estrogen entering in the blood, but the quantity is least. The victim should observe obvious improvements after couple of weeks of estrogen therapy. Some severe symptoms may be required a long time to resolve. If the victim has history of breast cancer then oral estrogen therapy usually is not prescribed as it might promote cancer cell growth, particularly if the breast cancer was hormonally sensitive. Whether low-dose vaginal estrogen is secure for breast cancer survivors, it is not known whether even a small enhancement in the level of estrogen circulating in the blood may enhance the risk of the cancer coming back. The victim should be chosen non hormonal treatments like moisturizers and lubricants.

Topical estrogen

Vaginal estrogen therapy consists of several forms because they all seem to act similarly well, so the victim and the doctor can decide which one is appropriately.

Vaginal estrogen cream

Victim applies this cream directly into the vagina with the help of an applicator, usually use at bedtime. Doctor will guide that how much cream to use and how often to apply, commonly one time in a day for the first few weeks and then two or three times a week thereafter. Even though creams may offer more prompt relief than do other forms of vaginal estrogen.

Vaginal estrogen ring

It is also known as estring. It is a soft, movable ring, which is interjected into the upper part of the vagina by the victim or the doctor. The ring secretes a consistent dose of estrogen the ring needs to be replaced after three months.

Vaginal estrogen tablet

It is also known as Vagifem. Victim can use a disposable applicator to place a tablet of vaginal estrogen in the vagina. Doctor will guide how often to use the tablet usually doctor prescribed to use it daily for the first two weeks and then twice a week.

Oral estrogen therapy

If vaginal dryness is correlated with some other symptoms of menopause like mild or severe hot flashes, doctor may prescribe estrogen pills, or estrogen gel, or an estrogen ring of higher dose along with a progestin. Progestin is generally given as a pill, but conjunction estrogen-progestin patches also are accessible. Victim should talk to doctor to decide if hormone treatment is an option and which treatment is appropriate for the condition.

Cataracts in Dogs – Signs, Symptoms and Solutions

Because cataracts in dogs are a common problem, let’s take a look at several types of cataracts, their causes, and what you can do about them.

What Are Cataracts?

The lens in your dog’s eye focuses light onto the retina at the back of his eye, allowing him to see clearly. Cataracts occur when the normally transparent lens becomes cloudy.

Simply put, any spot on the lens that’s opaque (meaning you can’t see through it), regardless of size, is a cataract. It can affect one or both eyes, causing partial or complete blindness, and it can develop in a matter of days, months or years.

The most noticeable cataract symptom is a white or cloudy look to a dog’s eye, sometimes with what’s described as a “crushed ice” appearance. You may be able to actually see the spot, or it may only be visible with an ophthalmoscope.

Types of Cataracts in Dogs

Canine cataracts are generally classified as one of four types:

* Congenital cataracts (present at birth) make up the majority of cases. Symptoms can appear in puppies as young as 5 weeks old. The cataracts may develop quickly in just weeks, or slowly over years, and can occur in one or both eyes.

* Developmental cataracts are those that develop early in life. They can either be inherited or caused by problems such as diabetes, nutritional deficiencies, toxins or infection.

* Senile cataracts are found in dogs over six years of age, though they actually occur much less frequently in older dogs than in older humans.

* Traumatic cataracts develop as the result of an automobile accident, or penetration of a thorn, shotgun pellet, or any other object that damages the lens.

Treating Canine Cataracts

Different types of cataracts require different types of treatment. A small cataract that doesn’t affect your dog’s vision may not pose a threat, at least for now. But a more mature cataract may require aggressive treatment. Discuss the situation and your options with your vet, who may refer you to a canine ophthalmologist.

When cataracts are caused by diabetes, they can often be treated successfully with eye drops. But most other cases require surgery.

The good news is that cataract surgery for dogs is almost always successful, though it can be rather costly. That’s because the procedure and equipment used for your dog are very similar to those used for cataract surgery in people.

Most dogs experience little or no pain after surgery, and can usually go home the same day. You’ll need to follow all caregiving instructions carefully in order to ensure your pooch’s full recovery.

Various complications can arise following surgery: inflammation, excessive scar tissue, glaucoma, retinal detachment, or bleeding. Your vet will discuss the details with you, and explain what to watch for to minimize such occurrences.

How Will Cataracts Affect My Dog?

It’s important to keep a couple of things in mind. First of all, having a cataract doesn’t automatically mean surgery is required. Don’t panic–talk to your vet.

Secondly, even when cataracts in dogs result in complete blindness despite all efforts, animals are able to adapt much better than people. Your dog can still have a good quality of life. And he’ll learn to navigate through your house quite easily–as long as you don’t rearrange the furniture too often!

Can People With Glaucoma Wear Contact Lenses?

Glaucoma is an eye condition in which one’s optic nerve is damaged and destroyed over time. Most commonly, glaucoma can be attributed to increased eye pressure as a result of drainage blockage. Other causes of glaucoma include poor blood supply to the optic nerve fibers, weak nerve structure, or a deficiency in the nerve fibers.

If you have been diagnosed with glaucoma, you are likely to already be experiencing vision problems. You may have already been prescribed corrective lenses. If you are new to wearing glasses, or even if you’ve worn glasses for a lifetime, you may wonder if you’re eligible to wear contact lenses.

The Good News

Over the past 40 years, corrective contact lenses have seen tremendous improvements. Because of this, almost anyone can use contacts to correct their vision – including many people who suffer from glaucoma. Today’s contact lenses come in both hard lens and soft lens forms.

– Hard (Rigid) Lenses

Modern rigid lenses allow oxygen to pass through them in order to reach the eye. This newer version of the hard lens is generally tolerated well, even by some people with glaucoma. New developments in rigid lenses include a bifocal feature, which provides correction for both nearsightedness and farsightedness. If you think rigid lenses might be a viable option for you, it is very important that you consult with a contact lens specialist. When you see the contact lens specialist to determine if rigid lenses are right for you, make sure to mention that you have been diagnosed with glaucoma.

– Soft Lenses

Soft contact lenses have become enormously popular because of their comfortable fit. In many cases, soft prescription contact lenses can also be worn for extended periods of time. Soft contact lenses have also been worn by many glaucoma patients with little to no consequence whatsoever. Again, it is important to note that if you think soft contact lenses may be appropriate for you, it is crucial that you see an ophthalmologist that specializes in contact lenses and/or glaucoma first.

The Bad News

Topical eye treatments are the most common form of medication used in the early stages of glaucoma. What does this mean? Two words: eye drops. Most doctors will prescribe several types of eye drops to treat glaucoma. You will likely be applying eye drops every single day or as much as several times a day. Unfortunately, skipping one or more doses can cause further damage to the optic nerve. What does this mean to potential users of corrective contact lenses?


Before you start using prescription contact lenses, be sure to find out if the medication contained in your eye drops can possibly interact with the contact lenses. The most common interaction that can take place is that the preservative in some glaucoma eye drops can be absorbed into certain types of lenses, leading to intolerance of contact lenses. The best way to ward off the risk of harmful interaction is to keep your contact lens specialist apprised of your glaucoma diagnosis and treatment.

In conclusion, corrective contact lenses are a great option for people who need vision problems such as nearsightedness, farsightedness or astigmatism corrected. Even people who have been diagnosed with glaucoma may be able to experience the freedom and comfort that prescription contact lenses offer. The key to wearing contact lenses when you have been diagnosed with glaucoma is to discuss any possible problems or any interactions your glaucoma treatment may have with the lenses with your contact lens specialist.

Moonblindness Or ERU – The Story of One Horse’s Cure

When my husband’s gentle gray gelding was diagnosed with Equine Recurring Uveitis (ERU) also known as Moonblindness, I panicked. ERU is the number one cause of blindness in horses.


In February of 2008 Clover’s left eye was closed and weeping. I called my vet, Dr. Susan Mende, D.V.M. of Wolf Creek Equine in Lothian, Maryland.

She treated the eye with atropine and a steroid. The eye healed within a week.

But Clover’s right eye flared up twelve weeks later, and he tested positive for leptospirosis. After two more outbreaks in quick succession, my vet delivered the awful diagnosis. The handsome 17 year old had ERU. Without quick and drastic intervention he would go suddenly and completely blind.

Symptoms of ERU & Difficulty of Diagnosis

The initial signs of the disease are inconspicuous: a weeping and swollen eye, often left to heal itself.

In bad cases ERU recurs in short succession, sometimes affecting both eyes. The gaps between our horse’s outbreaks lessened from 12 weeks to 11 weeks to 9 weeks, and affected alternate eyes.

Luckily my vet saw the pattern early. Many horses are only examined after a long series of recurring flare-ups, dramatically lessening the chances of saving their sight.

Causes of ERU

The causes of Equine Recurring Uveitis are not known for sure, but recent research indicates the culprit is the leptospirus bacterium. Among carriers of leptospirus are mice and infected pets, according to Barbara Fenner, a specialist at the Chirurgischen TierKlinik in Munich, in her article “Schreckgespenst Mondblindheit” (Moonblindness, the Frightening Ghost).

She writes that it’s thought the bacterium itself doesn’t cause the outbreak. The body appears to have an allergic reaction against the protein of the leptospirus, causing an auto-immune reaction within the vitreous fluid of the eye.

Available Treatments

What could be done to save Double Clover’s sight?


Dr. Mende told be about cyclosporine. Applied topically in the case of human uveitis, it penetrates the cornea and treats the disease. Unfortunately cyclosporine cannot penetrate the equine cornea.

She told me about two vets, Drs Brian Gilger and Janice Allen, at North Carolina State University College of Veterinary Medicine who surgically insert a slow releasing implant of cyclosporine into the vitreous fluid of the eye. They can also remove the diseased fluid, filling the eye with a fresh, healthy replacement.

The operation is usually successful and the implants last for two to four years.

The only problem is the cost: $3,500 at the time of writing. To be paid not only for this operation, but subsequent operations every two to four years over the remaining life of the horse.

I struggled with the daily fear of Clover going suddenly blind, and having to accept that we were unable to afford the only operation that could save our horse’s sight.

Overhearing my lament a local horse show, someone then said the magic words: “A friend’s horse had ERU and homeopathy cured him.”

Finding a Homeopathist

Filled with new hope, I hunted for information on homeopathists and was told about Dr. Joyce Harman who runs a holistic practice Harmany Equine Clinic Ltd in Flint Hill, Virginia.

Dr Mende had only good things to say about Dr. Harman, and I immediately arranged a phone consultation.

The Effects of Stress

Dr. Harman asked whether Clover had experienced any stress in his life?

I reeled off a long list, including: blowing both front tendons: flying from England to the U.S.: blowing a deep digital flexor tendon: regular coughs in the spring: a bout of Lyme’s disease: mild arthritis, and now leptospirosis.

Dr Harman explained that inflammation of the eye pointed to poor liver function, which would also have caused the tendon problems.

The liver’s job is to detoxify, but the stress in Clover’s life had compromised his liver’s ability to perform properly. Over time this had worsened, until the problem had blown up in his eye.

The Treatment

The aim was to remove the inflammation and correct imbalances in his body. Dr. Harman told me he would improve over the next month to three months, but should be treated for six months.

She prescribed Zinc Picolinate, CoQ100. Also a Chinese herbal liver formula called “Tendon/Ligament” as Clover’s gums were a light pink. Had they been red, she would have prescribed Haliotis powder.

Dr. Harman warned me we were treating him rather late after his most recent outbreak, and he may have another flare-up. If so, it would be a mild one. She suggested a treatment of Thuja pills, doubling the CoQ100 and washing the affected eye with euphrasia. In the case of a bad outbreak I should use the above treatment in conjunction with Dr. Mende’s medication.

It was now the first week in October, and Dr. Harman asked that I update her in mid-November.

The Result

On 25th November I sent an ecstatic email to Dr. Harman saying Clover had passed the 10 week mark without a flare-up. He then went 11 weeks, 12 weeks and longer without any ERU symptoms!

On 18th December 2008 his left eye started weeping in a mild outbreak. There was no swelling nor were the eyelids closed, but they were red inside. After consulting with Dr. Mende I applied the steroid cream.

The redness inside the eyelid persisted but Dr. Mende reassured me the eye itself was fine and by the beginning of March the lids had returned to their normal white color.

As of the beginning of May 2010, the big gray has gone without even the slightest symptoms of an ERU outbreak for over twelve months!


If your horse exhibits weeping and puffy eyes, call the vet immediately. The sooner the cause is found the better off your horse will be. And if he has ERU, you can do something to stop this terrible disease!

Dr. Harmann can be reached at http://www.harmanyequine.com

5 Common Eyesight Problems, Its Symptoms and Treatments

Some people are experiencing some problems in their eyesight that can be a hindrance in their performance of various activities. Some of the common eyesight problems include myopia, hyperopia, astigmatism and night vision problems. These problems are evident of wide array of symptoms and a lot of treatments are available to resolve the problem.

Common Eyesight Problems

There is a wide array of vision and eyesight problems that can be a hindrance to the performance of a person in his or her different activities. Weak eyesight is a common problem nowadays. Knowing the symptoms of eyesight problems is of vital importance to do necessary actions while it is still early. Here are some of the common eyesight problems that people commonly suffer with as well as the symptoms and treatment for the eyesight and vision problems:

1.      Myopia (near-sightedness)

One of the common eyesight problems nowadays is myopia or the near-sightedness. In this eyesight problem, you can only see things that are near clearly. This happens because of the elongated shape of our eyeball that causes light to be concentrated directly on our retina rather than just on the surface.

·        Symptoms:People who have myopia often have headaches due to the strain they get when trying to focus on far objects.

·        Treatment:The most common treatment to this problem is wearing eyeglasses and contact lenses and lasik surgery.

2.     Hyperopia (farsightedness)

If in myopia we can only see clearly those objects which is near to us, in hyperopia or farsightedness we can only see far objects clearly. Due to this problem, they get strain very hard when trying to see objects that are within their proximity. In this case, a person with hyperopia has a shorter eyeball making the light to fall behind the retina rather than the surface.

·        Symptoms:A person may experience blurred vision and difficulty in seeing objects in short distances.

·        Treatment:This condition is commonly treated by using corrective lenses. Refractive surgery can also be applied in treating hyperopia.

3.     Astigmatism

In astigmatism, those who have this problem have blurred vision at all distances and headaches. This is because the shape of the eyeball which is more oblong than spherical causes two light points instead of just one to focus on the retina.

·        Symptoms:People with Astigmatism may experience distorted vision at all distances, headache and fatigue as well as some irritation and discomfort in the eye.

·        Treatments:Wearing special contact lenses and eyeglasses and also refractive surgery are the treatments to this problem.

4.    Presbyopia

This is another common eyesight disorder that usually occurs because of old age or aging. The eyes lose its ability to focus on objects and things at a distance causing a blurred vision. Presbyopia commonly occurs to the people who are at the age of forty or above.

·        Symptoms:People suffering of Presbyopia often have a blurred vision of objects near to them.

·        Treatments:Presbyopia is commonly treated by wearing eyeglasses and contact lenses that can correct the vision.

5.    Poor night vision

Poor night vision is common eyesight problem. It may be an early sign of progressive cataracts. Night vision problems or the worst case, the night blindness, may be treatable or could be a sign of a congenital problem such as retinitis pigmentosa or other more serious conditions. It may also be result of vitamin A and zinc deficiency. Other causes are diabetes and too much sunlight exposure.

·        Symptoms:A person with a poor night vision or night blindness has difficulty seeing at night and it takes so much longer for the eyes to adjust in the dark.

·        Treatment:Night blindness can be treated by adding Vitamin A and Zinc in your diet.

Our eyes are plays a very important role in our daily activities. We are at risk of different eyesight problems that can occur because of different circumstances and at various stages in life. Knowing the different eyesight problems will help us in preventing its occurrence.

Eye Exercises to Correct Nearsightedness Naturally

Nearsightedness is the most common vision problem in the world. Besides wearing glasses or contact lenses, or taking Lasik eye surgery, are there any other methods that can correct nearsightedness in a natural way? Millions of people worldwide want to seek the answer. With the development of eye technology and researches, it is shown that eye stress and strain is a main cause of nearsightedness. Then how to reduce eye stress and strain? You are advised to take some eye exercises on a daily basis to relax the stressed eye and eye muscles.

Don’t think these eye exercises will be very complex as it will have a great effect on treating nearsightedness naturally. Just on the contrary, they are very simple. But the most important is you are required to take eye exercises everyday. We must bear in mind that eyesight will not improved in one day, the long-time persistence will be beneficial for your vision improvement.

The following will introduce several common eye exercises, which is very simple to take and has a good advantage of being taken at any time and place if you want to:

First, while sitting and making your whole body relaxed, you can roll your eyes clockwise and blink, then roll your eyes counter-clockwise. Just taking this circle for five times will be ok. Second, you can move a pen and make your eyes focus on the pen to practice our eyes’ focus ability. Put a pen at an arm’s length, and then move it slowly to the nose, during this process, focus your eyes on the moving pen till you can not focus. 10 times of this circle everyday will be good. Third, look in front of the opposite wall, pretending you are writing with your eyes, but make sure not to turn your head. In this exercise, the bigger letter will be better for your eyes. Fourth, this is also taken for practicing our focus ability to make stressed eyes relaxed. You can focus an object nearby for several seconds, and then move your eyes to focus an object at least 150 feet away for another several seconds. Then repeat the exercise for 4 times.

From the above eye exercises, we can see they are very simple and will not take you for long time. In fact, take a few seconds of these eye exercises several times a day will be better for taking long periods of exercise. After a certain time of persistence, I am sure you will notice your eyesight is improving day by day.

Nearsightedness and Farsightedness

Nearsightedness and farsightedness are two of the most common visual ailments. Both of them are vision conditions related to the distance that one can see when they are look at objects. They have the behavioral and the psychological causes of their own. This article is going to explore these two causes for each of them.


It is also known as myopia whose symptom is that the sufferers can not see objects in distance. It is represented by elongating eyeballs which is often the result of focusing on objects close up for a long time. It is common among young people who are studying in school. It is normally caused by the bad learning habits that people assume when it comes to reading and learning.

You will know why when you take a look at the posture that students take in a classroom. They are bending themselves over the book for a long time. I was one of them and didn’t realize that at all until someone took a picture of me while I was reading a book.

Another important cause is to strain our eyes. When children are forced to learn or look at things that they are not interested in, they tend to strain their eyes, trying to focus on it. Doing this for a long time will cause myopia.

Myopia can also be caused by psychological near sight. This means that they fear what is lying ahead of them and would rather not look far into the future.


Farsightedness, otherwise known as presbyopia, is a symptom where the sufferer can only see things in the distance but cannot see things close up at hand. Normally, farsightedness is closely related to age. It will affect one at his or her forties. As we age, our lenses will become solid and lose their ability to focus.

We tend to take the age for granted and rely on glasses.However, the muscles around our eyes can be trained to make it up for the hardened lenses.

Presbyopia is also related to what’ s in our mind. If one fears what is close up at hand and looks forward to what’s far away in the future, this eye ailment can occur. For example, if we kept looking at preparing for the life after retirement, but feared to deal with things at hand, it could turn up in our eyes.


When nearsightedness and farsightedness occur to us, the first thing that comes into our mind is glasses. This is what irresponsible people do because we are relying our vision on glasses and making the eyes lazy at focusing by themselves.

In stead, we can get started by change our bad habits including the wrong postures. Don’t keep the same posture for a long time. If you have looking at objects close up at hand for an hour, then you may want to look far away at the trees outside. If you have take distant look for a long time, then just grab a newspaper or book and read. Take breaks from time to time. Learn to train your eyes to relax most of the time.

As you can see, nearsightedness and farsightedness can be cured naturally by taking healthy habits of using our eyes. Now it’s your turn to put the tips into practice and finally throw your glasses away.

An Introduction to Cosmetology Careers

Cosmetology careers are careers dedicated to enhancing people’s appearances. Cosmetologists can specialize in hair, nails, makeup and many other aspects of physical beauty. To be a good cosmetologist you have to have artistic talent and vision, but you also have to be a good listener because you’ll want to take your customers’ wishes into account when creating their personal styles. You also should be able to get along well with people. After all, you’ll be working with them at close range for long periods of time, so it can make the work more pleasant if you’re a friendly person.

A cosmetologist can work in a salon or spa, or in a shop. Some cosmetologists work in hospital settings, helping people who are sick or recuperating from major surgery or a serious injury. Others travel around and go into people’s homes. Cosmetologists can work full-time or part-time, and many are self-employed.

There are many different jobs a cosmetologist can do for a client. A short list would include massaging and treating the scalp, as well as doing all kinds of things to a person’s hair: shampooing, cutting, curling, coloring, bleaching, straightening, setting and/or styling. Some cosmetologists specialize in nails, and perform manicures and pedicures. Others perform hair removal, and can get rid of facial hair and unwanted body hair. Some are makeup artists, and can give their customers virtually any look or shading possible. Other cosmetologists are expert wigmakers, and create wigs in virtually any conceivable style, texture or color. Other specializes in skin cleansings.

There are also plenty of positions within the field of cosmetology. For example, you could work for a salon or other establishment for an hourly wage. After a while, you might be able to work your way up to a supervisor’s position at that salon. Or you could pay money to a salon in order to use one of their chairs; under this arrangement you’d get to keep whatever money you earn from customers who sit in that chair. You could also open your own cosmetology store or salon. Or you could buy a franchise store. Or you might get a job as a personal beauty consultant to wealthy individuals. You could work for a cosmetics company, selling their products to salons and other establishments. Eventually, you could even teach at a cosmetology school. A person could try several of these positions over the course of the career, which would help prevent burnout.

Salaries vary widely for cosmetologists. One of the biggest factors in salaries for a cosmetologist is geographic location-many urban cosmetologists make more money than their rural counterparts-as well as years of experience. The best way to increase your odds of making more money is to keep adding to your skill set; learn new techniques and methods all the time. The more things you can do within this field the easier it will be to find work when you’re between jobs, too.

Cognitive Behavior Therapy – The Benefits

Cognitive behavior therapy (CBT), as the name implies, is a combination of two psychological approaches: cognitive and behavioral therapy. Although the two approaches are totally different from each other, they have been combined because psychologists have this common belief that any action is mainly pushed or caused by a thought or cognition.

So for them, it follows that when a person starts to modify the way they think about themselves, their behavior will usually follow through. And this thought – behavior relationship is found to be ideal in helping patients with mood disorders.

As such, cognitive behavior therapy is being widely used to treat clinical depression. Why this method among others you ask? Well it is simply because CBT has the following benefits:

1. It is less intrusive. If you have a mild case of depression for example, you do not really have to subject yourself to medication. Hypnosis and a few sessions with a support group or with a psychologist may even do it for you.

2. Unlike medication, it is not something that you have to maintain or even deal with for long periods of time. When you are already “fixed” you can move on with your life and continue doing the things you love. Plus, if there is a threat of regression, you can always revert back to the treatment to get immediate help.

3. It is perhaps one approach that can make a patient feel good. This is mainly because of the fact that these cognitive behavior therapy sessions basically teach a person with a mood disorder to remove all the negativity in their system and expel any stimuli that does not help them in their life.

4. Finally, cognitive behavior therapy works. Based on current statistics, it was proven that the use of this approach (whether alone or combined with other methods) increases the likelihood of a patient to get better by at least 75%. More than that, people who were subjected to CBT were said to experience long term results.

Those are just four benefits of cognitive behavior therapy. However, it should be noted that no matter how safe it sounds, CBT sessions should still be facilitated by a licensed psychologist. Also, depending on how serious a problem or disorder is, this approach may be combined with other therapies as needed.

Remember, people can and do make recoveries from depression and go on to lead their best lives imaginable. Seek help.