Headaches "Cause and Effect"

Headaches are a commonly occurring condition in today’s society. Nearly every one of us has suffered from some type of a headache in one form or another. This article will focus on how to differentiate one headache from another and some of their common causes.

The most commonly occurring headache is the “tension” or “muscular” variety. This type of headache presents itself as increased tightness across the apex of the skull. The necks anatomy is important with this type of headache. The neck is composed of 7 vertebrae and 8 pairs of nerves. The neck has a normal curvature called a lordosis. This curvature’s purpose is to help absorb shock from the activities of everyday life. A common finding in most people is a loss of this normal curvature or a straightening of the neck. This straightening of the neck leads to muscular imbalances between the muscles on the front and back of the neck. This in turn increases the likelihood of   nerves  becoming irritated and  pinched .

The most common causes of tension headaches are poor sleeping and working posture, the two areas in which most of us spend a majority of our day. In terms of sleeping posture, the ideal positions for sleeping are either on the side or on the back. Stomach sleeping and sleeping with your arms above your head tucked under your pillow is highly discouraged as it places the entire spine in a stressed and strained position. Other tips for sleeping include the proper height and number of pillows. Too many or too few pillows can cause excessive strain on the neck region. A contoured pillow is ideal as it keeps the neck’s curvature in its proper position.

Most of the people in today’s workforce sit in front of a computer everyday. If an individual is working day in and day out with faulty mechanics eventually they will develop what’s called an RSI or “repetitive stress injury”. A common example of an RSI is carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS). Carpal tunnel syndrome is nothing more than a  pinched   nerve  in the hand. This same type of repetitive injury can occur anywhere in the body including the neck and head.  Pinched   nerves  in this area can be a prime source for tension headaches. This is why an ergonomic assessment of one’s workstation is essential in helping injuries from occurring and or reoccurring.

As I do with all of my patients, I tell them that when you’re doing anything in life you want to put your body in its strongest and most advantageous position possible. When you’re sitting at a computer the biggest rule of thumb is to keep all your bodies’ joint angles at 90 degrees. This includes keeping your elbows at your sides while typing or using the computer mouse, being careful not to over extend the arms. Set up your desk chair so that both your knees and hip joints are at 90 degrees. The position of your hips and knees will be dictated by your chair height and distance from your desk.

Migraine headaches are often very debilitating. Many things including sensitivities to light, various scents, and or noise can trigger migraines. The trigger of the migraine has little to do with the inherent imbalances that the body may be under. I associate the migraine headache with imbalances in the organ systems of the body. The main organ that may be involved is the liver. The liver itself is the filter of the body. The liver filters out all of the toxins in the body, much like the air filter in your car. If the liver gets congested with toxins then a back up can occur. The body can have adverse reactions from this scenario, migraine headaches being a very common one. One of the remedies for this is a detoxification program that helps detoxify and rejuvenate the liver.

Food allergies, more commonly food sensitivities, are other common causes for migraines. A food allergy is very different from food sensitivities. A food allergy is much easier to detect. In some cases, there is a potential fatal consequence that the person can have from this type of allergy. These people have to find out what they are allergic to and stay away from the offending food. Specific blood tests can help determine if these allergies exist.

On the other hand, certain food sensitivities are much harder to detect and have a totally different affect on the body. In many instances the individual can crave the offending food even more. This reaction in the body, although more subtle, can be a more chronic irritation over time. Some of the more common foods found to be irritants are dairy, chocolate and refined foods (in a general sense).

Overall there are other types of headaches that exist. This article looked at two commonly occurring types of headache. The “tension” or “muscular” headaches are considered primarily a mechanical problem with the neck and its associated muscles and nerves. Migraine headaches are considered organic in nature or can be viewed as a potential nutritional problem. Regardless of the type of headache the goals of care are the same; they include finding the source of the headache and fixing it through chiropractic manipulation, nutritional therapies or exercise rehabilitation. Lastly, finding out what caused the headache in the first place is equally important. The basic premise here is to look at the things that people do on a daily basis. This includes sleeping posture, working ergonomics, and diet. Making these types of changes will wind up helping not only headaches but also health in general.

Baby Girl Labial Adhesion


What is happening inside my baby’s body?

A vaginal skin tag is a small piece of skin that appears to be protruding from the vagina. The skin can look swollen and red, or it can look the same as the skin elsewhere on the body. A vaginal skin tag is often discovered with a diaper change: suddenly a piece of tissue seems to appear that wasn’t there before.

Vaginal skin tags are normal. The skin is often sensitive to maternal hormones during fetal development, so the tag grows rapidly while the baby is in the womb. Once the baby is delivered, the maternal estrogen slowly leaves the baby’s body. As this happens, the skin tag usually shrinks down until it is nearly – or entirely invisible.

What can I do?

Routine care should be taken while cleaning during diaper changes. The skin tag is no more sensitive than the rest of the genital area. When cleaning, you do not need to wipe more carefully here than anywhere else.

When does my doctor need to be involved?

Your doctor needs only to be involved if the skin tag bleeds. This is very rare and usually occurs only when the skin is irritated with overly vigorous cleaning.

What tests need to be done, and what do the results mean?

No tests are done with skin tags.

What are the treatments?

Almost all vaginal skin tags disappear with time. There are no creams or ointments for vaginal skin tags, no special medicines to make them shrink down faster. If a prominent tag remains for several years, then you may choose to have it removed surgically for cosmetic purposes.

What are the possible complications?

The only complications of vaginal skin tags are irritation and bleeding due to excessive rubbing or cleaning. This is uncommon and goes away when the vigorous cleaning stops.

LABIAL ADHESIONS (Birth-12 Months)

What is happening inside my baby’s body?

The inner and outer lips of the vagina are called the labia. While they form as two separate pieces during fetal development, they can attach at their ends prior to delivery. Occasionally they stick together too much. When the inner lips are joined together in this manner, it is known as a labial adhesion.

It is estimated that between one-quarter and one-third of all girls are born with some degree of labial adhesion. Most are minor – extending only a millimetre or two – and often go unnoticed by both parents and doctors. The larger adhesions can extend from the back part of the vagina, near the anus, all the way up toward the clitoris.

The adhesions are usually caused by inflammation or irritation of the labia. The surface becomes sticky and a small scar forms. Girls can have labial adhesions at birth, but it is much more common for them to appear between three months and six years of age.

Most labial adhesions disappear on their own over time. Hormones such as estrogen help to dissolve the adhesions, so a girl going through puberty will often notice that the adhesion has resolved on its own.

What Can I do?

If you notice an adhesion, then bring it to the attention of your doctor. There is very little you can (or need to) do to care for the adhesion, short of applying cream if a doctor prescribes it.

When does my doctor need to be involved?

Most labial adhesions do not require medical attention. However, if the adhesion is large, covering the majority of the vaginal opening, then there is an increased risk of infection or bleeding. Your doctor should be involved anytime infection or bleeding occurs.

What tests need to be done, and what do the results mean?

Tests are done only if there is a suspicion that the urine is infected. Large adhesions can cause urine infections by providing a place for urine to pool inside the vagina. Stagnant urine, just like any other stagnant fluid, is more likely to breed infection. Think of the still pond at the park covered with pond scum as opposed to clean flowing water in a stream.

If a urinary tract infection (UTI) is suspected, then your doctor will order a urinalysis and a urine culture. If the urinalysis shows signs of infection, or if the urine culture grows bacteria, then a UTI is present. A UTI must be treated with antibiotics.

What are the treatments?

Labial adhesions can be treated with direct application of an estrogen cream. Because hormones help to dissolve the adhesions, locally applied estrogen works quickly and easily. If the adhesion returns, then the estrogen is reapplied. Estrogen creams are typically used only when the adhesion is significant enough to cause potential bleeding or infection.

What are the possible complications?

Labial adhesions are known to recur even after several rounds of treatment with cream. Repeated use of estrogen cream can result in a change of the pigmentation (colour) of part of the labia. Given the location of the tissue, the loss of pigmentation is generally not considered a significant side effect.

If a UTI occurs, the UTI itself can cause fever, burning with urination, foul-smelling urine, and frequent urination.

Symptoms of Gallbladder Disease

It is important to know the symptoms of gallbladder disease because you can easily be confusing your symptoms with acid reflux or heartburn. Therefore by treating it as that and not as gallbladder disease you will not be getting any relief.

What is the difference between heartburn and gallbladder disease?

The symptoms in both cases are vary similar but there is a way to tell if it is just simply stomach acid or a more serious problem with your gallbladder. You can tell it is more then just heartburn if you are experiencing the symptoms daily or frequently.

Heartburn should only occur now and then when you have had a heavy meal. But gallbladder symptoms will be present almost after every meal and even at night as well. So if these symptoms are persistent then you most likely have a gallbladder problem.

What is causing gallbladder pain?

Your gallbladder is located right under your liver. What it does is store the bile which is used to digest fat. If you have been following a high cholesterol diet gallstones can start to form which is basically solid clumps of cholesterol. These gallstones cause pains similar to those of heartburn.

What are the symptoms of gallbladder disease?

Some of the most common symptoms associated with gallbladder problems is:

– Pain in your chest

– Pain similar to heartburn

– Vomiting

– Nausea

– Pains become worse after eating

– Pain in your abdomen or sometimes all the way around to your back

How to Choose First Birthday Presents

A child’s first birthday is undoubtedly cause for celebration, even though we all know that first birthday parties are as much a celebration for the parents as they are for the birthday babe! Still, getting a fantastic first birthday present for a niece, nephew, a friend’s baby or even your own, should be a pleasure in itself, and not something to get in a muddle over.

First birthday presents can be a little tricky to buy sometimes, as you find yourself pondering over the cuddly toys or the foil balloons in the local supermarket, wondering if grandma has already bought them. It’s also hard to choose something that the parents will appreciate, as every parent has their own idea about what they want their kids to play with, especially when they’re babies.

Luckily there are great alternatives to the usual high street toys and gifts, and all you have to do is get online and click a few buttons to use the power of the Internet. The very best online children’s gift stores have a great range of options that include innovative and educational toys that every parent will love. Timeless classic toys made to high standards are a thoughtful gift for any child, and parents will appreciate gifts that have genuine quality.

One of the best new online concepts for children’s gifts and toys is gift bundles, which are the perfect choice for the indecisive shopper, especially when you don’t have time to get down to the shops. There are some extremely well-crafted options available, with some delightful first birthday gift ideas brought together in beautifully presented gift hampers and boxes.

Children’s gift hampers take the difficulty out of choosing the right balance of gifts, wrapping them up nicely and handing them over, because everything can be handled by the supplier. The benefit of buying online is that you can have a beautiful hand-wrapped first birthday gift sent directly to the parents, ideal for friends and family members that have moved away.

Another benefit of buying pre-packaged children’s gift hampers for a baby’s first birthday is that they are often themed, a nice touch that makes the whole package come together as something special. A lovely collection of Peter Rabbit soft toys or Paddington Bear themed gifts is a nice thing to keep as the child grows up, and presents further ideas to add the collection on subsequent birthdays.

Trapped Nerve – Signs, Symptoms and Treatment

A trapped nerve, also known as a pinched nerve, is the result of pressure caused by the surrounding soft tissue (tendons, ligaments, muscles, bone and cartilage). As a result, the nerve is prevented from performing its natural function, thus causing symptoms such as pain, numbness, tingling and weakness. The pressure can also result in inflammation of the nerve.

A trapped nerve originating from the spine can cause referred pain to areas such as your arms, hand, legs and feet. For instance, sciatica can be a result of a pinched nerve due to a disc herniation in your spine. In other instances, a trapped nerve along the sacral plexus (group of nerve fibers that exit the sacral bone) can also cause sciatic pain. Occasionally, some people will have sciatica due to a pinched nerve within the piriformis muscle (muscle in the buttocks). As you can see, there can be many factors which can cause a nerve to be trapped. The way to accurately diagnose the cause of your pain is through examining your signs and symptoms.

Trapped nerve signs and symptoms include:

1. Any numbness (lack of sensation), tingling, or weakness along the body part where the nerve runs through.

2. Sensations of “pins and needles” in the affected area.

3. Sharp or burning pain sensation

Here is a list of common causes for a trapped nerve:

1. Accident, Injury, Trauma

2. Degenerative Disc Disease (DDD)

3. Tumor

4. Canal Stenosis

5. Disc Herniation

6. Overuse Injuries/Repetitive Stress Injuries

7. Poor Posture

8. Obesity

9. Osteoarthritis

10. Osteoporotic fractures

Generally, there is no permanent damage if a nerve is trapped for a short duration. However, if the trapped nerve is untreated and the pressure continues, the result can be chronic pain and possible permanent nerve damage. Many people will recover from the effects of a pinched nerve within days or weeks with proper rest and conservative treatment. Stopping any activities that can cause or aggravate the nerve compression is essential to a full recovery. In some instances, it may be necessary to wear a brace or splint to immobilize the area, such as in carpal tunnel syndrome.

There are some preventative measures that can you can take. For example, maintain a healthy body weight, limit activities that are repetitive in work and maintain good posture. There are also stretches and rehabilitation exercises that are specifically designed to alleviate the pain from a trapped nerve. Your doctor may prescribe pain medication or use a corticosteroid injection to minimize the pain and inflammation. For those who want a more natural approach to treating the trapped nerve, there are also alternatives such as acupuncture, chiropractic and physical therapy that have provided some people with relief.

In general, if a trapped nerve shows no signs of improvement or progressively becomes worse after three months of conservative treatment, surgery may be required. The type of surgery would depend on the location of the pinched nerve. For instance, the different kinds of surgery can involve removal of portions of a herniated disc, nerve release, removing ligament structures or taking out bone spurs. Each trapped nerve case requires a specific surgical procedure.

How to Look For a Good Baby Sleeping Bag

Babies have the habit to change their position and posture while sleeping which can prove harmful for the infant. Hence these bags help monitoring their sleep pattern. Since babies are at a tender age where they cannot express themselves it is important for parents to take care of their infants and provide them with warmth and sufficient care. But one has to be careful while choosing the right kind of sleeping bag for their babies.

Baby sleeping bag should be of extremely good quality since babies have a very sensitive skin and are prone to rashes which might be infectious. Material should be given utmost importance since the baby has to sleep in the bag for eight to ten hours all through the night. One should be careful not to use a stuffed baby bag during the summer season since the extra cotton layer can make the baby feel too warm and hence uncomfortable.

The right size is also very important and so the baby needs to be taken along while choosing the sleeping bag. If the bag is not of the right size there are chances that the baby might fatally suffocate itself. If parents choose branded sleeping bags they can be assured of the quality and also of the perfect size. Hence there’s no harm spending a little extra money for your baby’s well being. Cotton is supposed to be one of the most used materials while making the supply and it is recommended worldwide.

There are many of brands of baby sleeping bag that are famous for its fine quality. Many brands are known for its quality and also for its style quotient. They keep the babies at the optimum temperature all through the night and also prevent them from slipping since it always stays in place. It is in the recent times that baby sleeping bags have become a phenomenon in the United Kingdom. Since parents are convinced of getting a peaceful night’s sleep in the presence of the sleeping bags they are choosing them as an option for their babies.

They can also be organic and are made of the finest organic cotton for a snug slumber for your baby. These bags also come handy while parents are travelling and want their babies to remain comfortable throughout the travel. Hence if you love your babies and want a wonderful sleeping experience for them.

Diaper Rash – How to Solve It

Diaper rash symptoms vary hugely. A rash can look minor, but turn out to be severe, or the other way around. The best way to help prevent a bad rash is to change your babies diaper often. Mothers often have anxiety or feel like they are doing something wrong when they see their baby is uncomfortable, but often they have done nothing wrong. The skin of a baby is very delicate and can easily have problems occur, it is easy to become inflamed and can quickly turn into diaper rash or something else.

Treatments all depend upon what type and how bad the diaper rash is. If the skin is just slightly swollen you generally do not have to worry and can treat this from your house. However, when the rash becomes worse and gets to the severe point make sure to take your baby to the doctor or pediatrician right away!

The best way to help prevent baby rash is to learn the symptoms and causes of it. A key to this is to shorten the length of time before changes. Treat the baby bottoms fast and make sure to always clean the baby bottom right away. Make sure you are constantly cleaning the baby bottom and this should help to reduce the baby rash risks. Eventually almost all babies will go through a painful diaper rash, the best way to help solve them is to make sure to learn more about how to take care of them, learn what causes the rash, incorporating ways to minimize the issues of rash and the best way to heal a diaper rash. In order to get the products you need to help your baby with rash purchase dekor diaper refills to hold more of your babies dirty diapers!

How to Organize Baby Keepsake Albums

If you take the time to organize your keepsake album, you will find that things are a lot neater and also a lot easier to find when you are looking for something in particular. Most parents keep an awful lot of things from their child’s first year. There are so many things that you will want to remember when the child is older and making a keepsake book is one of the best ways to hold on to these memories for a lifetime. Take the following steps in order to get some organization when it comes to your child’s memories.

First of all, you should take the time to look at everything that you have. When you look through everything, not only will it bring back a lot of memories, but it will also give you the chance to relive your child’s infancy. The first step to getting organized is to know everything that you have. Once you have an idea of all of the fun and enjoyable keepsakes that you have held on to, you will have the opportunity to find out what you want to keep and what is really less important. Sometimes, at the time things may seem very important, but when you take a look back later on down the road it does not seem as significant. Make sure that you take some time to go through everything in order to find out what you really want to keep forever and what you can get rid of. Sorting things will make organization a lot easier.

Once you are sure of everything that you want to keep, you should take the time to sort them out in chronological order. This will help you to be able to walk through your child’s memories in order, which will be much more fulfilling. This is especially important when making an album. Whether you are keeping special cards, photos or even gifts that have a lot of sentimental value, you should always sort them through.

Placing your photos throughout your baby keepsake albums is one of the first things that you will do once things are sorted through. This will help you to actually tell a story of your child’s childhood. What an experience to go through this later. Once you have done this, you will want to keep up with the small keepsakes in some sort of keepsake box. This will help to ensure that they are kept up with and not damaged.

Behavior Problems That Will Be Faced With a 2 Year Old

First off why am I qualified to write on this subject? My qualifications are simply this. I’m a middle aged adult that has raised six children, also have got the opportunity to be a major influence in the raising of 13 grandchildren, and many nieces and nephews. Now I don’t claim to know it all by any means, but I do have some experience.

In my experience I have found that every child is different. I have fond there are four key things to always remember. Consistency and patience. In my opinion every child needs and deserves plenty of both, and lets not forget the most important things either. They all need to be shown Love, and acceptance.

Now back to all children being different. How does consistency and patience work? You need to first learn each child individually. Find out how he or she thinks and responds to different things. This will take time and lots of patience. Now that you know how this child ticks remember to be constant. No is always No. Not (NO!, no, or I’ll let that slide this time.) The word No should be used sparingly yet firmly. Don’t cry wolf with this word. As you can see these two steps are not easy ones, but ones I think are important..

Love and acceptance. Always make time for both. You need to say I love you as well as show it. Ways of showing “I love you” can and will vary a lot. A few examples: tousling of their hair, butterfly kisses, Eskimo kisses, a soft touch on their nose, nudge on the shoulder, a simple high-five in the air. There are many ways. I’m sure you have some of your own. When showing “I love yous” make sure it is something your child likes and responds favorably to. Saying and showing “I love yous” needs to be done often and sincerely. This is “very” necessary for your child’s self esteem.

Now on to “bad behaviors and different ideas about discipline.” Which form of discipline is best? Good question. Many people would have you think that there idea is the Right and only way. Again it is my belief that you need to know your child. Discipline varies. Behaviors vary as well. There are those that believe that you need to baby proof your house. I am not among those. My reason for that is, “Though your house should be a safe heaven, it is also a learning place.” The room where your toddler is allowed to play unattended, (their room for example) needs to be toddler proofed for sure. As for the rest of the house I would not. This is why. The grandparent’s house isn’t child proof is it? What about your friend’s place? Okay maybe that one is but, how about your church, the store and many other places your toddler goes? The rest of the house needs to be a training place for your child to learn the way it is in the rest of the world. This give them a place to learn the word No. To throw their fits in private. This is where YOU learn what makes your child tick. This is where you as a parent get to learn what works best for you and your child. Remember consistency and patience? This is where YOU make it work.

Once you learn what works for you and your child, that’s when things get nicer in public places. That’s when people say how well behaved your child is. That’s when you can be proud of your child in public.

How To Pick Bed Linen For Infants

Looking after a baby is not an easy take for any person. You will also be faced with the task of choosing the most appropriate bedding for them. Perhaps you want old style sheets or newer designs. With infant bedding, there are a wide range of colors and designs that can upset them or make them uneasy. Here are some things that you need to think about when buying bedding for a baby. Remember, an infant depends on you for their safety.

You will need to look at the bedding closely to see if it is tight fitting or not. You really want to be careful because babies have a tendency to get wrapped up in sheets like mummies. They can die from suffocation if they don’t get out quickly. This makes it really important to make sure that things are secure and not too loose while they are alone. Unfortunately, the smaller things can be the most dangerous. But that is not to say that bigger items won’t be harmful.

Many people use too much soap when washing their babies bedding when only a little is best. Even a small amount of soap residue on baby clothing can cause rashes or other skin irritation problems. You don’t need to go as far as dry cleaning their bedding since a gentle wash should do the trick.

If the bedding uses fabric prints, that can also cause problems. These types of designs can rub off and the chemicals can get in to your babies blood stream. Infants also like to chew on things and this makes it even worse because it is absorbed much quicker. Many babies across the country have passed away due to chemical poisoning from printed labels.

A high thread count for infant bedding is the best way to go. Regular bedding is much to hard on their skin. This is a common reason why babies will cry inside their crib. The small amount of money you spend on their bedding may save you a lot of headaches.

Baby Whisperer – Tracy Hogg

The Baby Whisperer is a nickname that was given to Tracy Hogg, a British nurse. Tracy made a name for herself as a baby ‘expert’ in the US state of California where she gave advice to many Hollywood stars and cared for more than 5,000 babies. Some of her famous clients were: Jamie Lee Curtis, Calista Flockhart and Jodie Foster. Her fee for 3 weeks as a maternity nurse was more than $15,000.

The nickname was given to Tracy by a Hollywood film producer after the movie the ‘Horse Whisperer’ which was about a race trainer who could communicate with animals. Tracy was said to have a gift when it came to communicating with babies and it was noted that she was able to soothe prickly newborns and their anxious parents. Her message was respect for a baby’s individuality and she believed it was important to have a continual dialogue with a baby.

Tracy’s claim to fame was that she was able to get babies on to a routine and have them sleeping through the night after only 3 weeks. Her approach is a simple one and many critics have said that it was really just common sense. She uses acronyms to describe her approaches such as EASY (Eating, Activity and Sleeping for the baby; the Y stands for time for yourself). She did not favour sleeping with your baby and was quite political on issues such as breast vs. formula. Although Tracy was a lactation consultant I have found that some of information and advice she gave on breastfeeding was inaccurate.

Coming from a family of 9 children, Tracy went on to have two daughters of her own. Tracy died on November 25, 2004 in England of Melanoma. She was 44 years old.

The books Tracy has co written with journalist Melinda Blau are:

  • Secrets of the Baby Whisperer: How to Calm, Connect, and Communicate with Your Baby
  • Secrets of the Baby Whisperer for Toddlers
  • The Baby Whisperer Solves All Your Problems: Sleeping, Feeding, and Behavior–Beyond the Basics from Infancy Through Toddlerhood

Finding Cheap Boys Clothing

Buying clothes for your boys can get pretty expensive. You will need to buy new clothes every time they grow up a little more. A lot of people aren’t aware that they can get cheap boys clothing, if they only knew where to find it.

Spring cleaning surprises families. There are cartons upon cartons of clothes that haven’t been worn for years. Where do you think all those garments end up? Yes, they all go the various charity organizations.

This cycle goes on until the same clothes get faded and torn. Therefore, the best places to go to find cheap boys clothing are charity shops, swaps, garage sales and online stores.

Charity shops get regular donations of boys clothing due to their limited lifespan. The problem is people are aware of this. Therefore, the number of clothes donated would sometimes equal the number of people coming in to shop. The best means of getting the best pieces is to check the shop regularly. If you don’t have the time to do so, befriend a sales lady so that you would have a person in the inside to give you updates.

Community swaps are one of those places where you can get clothes you can use and dispose of those no longer usable to you and your family. There is a small fee imposed on all participants and some rules to follow; but what are those small details compared to the great deals you can find?

Used boys clothing is also found in garage sales. The good thing about garage sales is that you are free to bargain. Choose a bunch of clothes then tell the seller how much you are willing to pay for all of them. Chances are the seller would give them to you at a price you’re willing to pay.

Check online auctions like eBay for great finds. Also, never underestimate the power of local advertisements on newspapers. These are only a few reliable sources of cheap boys clothing.

However, new clothes can also be purchased relatively cheap too. It depends on when you buy them. One of the main reasons why new apparel is expensive is because they respond to an immediate need. Therefore, they cost less if you purchase them out of season. Practice buying winter clothes on summer months and vice versa.

Moreover, there’s nothing wrong with on-off articles. Last season’s designs are not too out-of-style. Such boys clothing become cheaper as they get older.

With the right attitude and technique, there is no reason why you cannot land on great deals for your boy’s clothes.

Baby Strollers – A Brief Overview

Baby strollers are helpful to get an infant, toddler or child from one place to another without having to hold them all the time. If you are shopping or sightseeing, there are times when you need to keep your hands free. If you are trying to carry a baby, a handbag, parcels and perhaps a diaper bag.

The purpose of a stroller for your child is to make transportation for the youngster easier and making everything easier for you. The stroller will have pockets and holders in which to tuck all the needed paraphernalia that a baby requires. Your hands are free to push the stroller or to check out the quality of a potential purchase.

When choosing a stroller, you should look for durability. The metal or plastic parts will receive a lot of wear. The weight of the child is increasing. The child also has an increasing range of movement. The larger and more active child will try to crawl out of the stroller. There are parts that move such as the wheels and the sunshade, if any. The parts that move must be able to withstand repeated positional changes.

Strollers come in various styles. There are light weight versions that are easily folded up and put into a car. Some strollers are designed to be used in very rough terrain. A stroller might have a tricycle style with three wheels, It is more common to have four wheels.

The stroller design allows enough room to hold a growing child. The upper portion usually has a shade that can be raised or lowered at will. The design might be convertible so that the basket portion can be used as a baby carrier or a car seat. There are strollers that are designed with a bar handle for pushing and others are lighter weight so as to be steered rather than pushed.

Various parts on the stroller are adjustable. They usually fold somewhat flat for storage or transport. There may be a hood or bonnet that can be moved to provide shade as required for the baby. Some strollers are designed so that the back can be moved into a reclining position so that the child can nap.

Baby strollers are an almost essential piece of baby paraphernalia. Temperature control is easier when the baby is not held next to the body at all times, especially in warmer climates. A stroller provides a way to include a toddler in outings without carrying or holding him constantly.

Biting the Breast that Feeds You

If you nurse for any length of time, sooner or later, you’re going to get bitten. Biting occurs from many reasons. Learning why a baby bites and learning to recognise when a baby is likely to bite can save a nursing mother quite a bit of pain.

The most likely time for biting to occur is during the first year, usually around the time when a child is teething. Just about all teething toddlers will experience a degree of discomfort when teething begins and for some it can be quite a painful process. Just about all babies try to alleviate the discomfort by chewing down on something; your nipple is no exception. The first instinct of many nursing mothers is to pull the child away, however you’ll ease the pain on your nipple if you pull your child close to you and gently insert your finder into the corner of your baby’s mouth to release the suction. Say ‘No’ to your baby in a firm but calm voice and then – if not too painful – continue feeding. If your child bites again, repeat the procedure but suspend feeding for several minutes. Just saying ‘no’ is usually enough to stop most babies from biting again. Between feeds, give your child a carrot or teething ring to chew down on. Patting your nipple dry and applying modified lanolin will help sooth your sore nipple.

Some babies let their mothers know they’ve had enough milk by biting. This is more noticeable when mothers are breastfeeding multiple babies. The problem usually arises because a mother is holding on to both for the same length of time. One child may finish sooner than the other and wants to be released and so, bites. Mothers tend to hold on to both babies because they lack a free arm to detach one of the babies. Mothers that are breastfeeding more than one child should experiment nursing in different positions, leaving one hand free, to be able to break suction and avoid being bitten.

Babies learn about their world through play. Some will take this play to your breast. If your baby is biting you because of play then you should do as above; first release your child and then tell them ‘no’ and explain that they’ve hurt you. You should judge how severe you should admonish your child; don’t be too severe as your baby may not want to suck your nipple again but is important that you teach your child that your breasts are not to be played with.

There’s a little more psychology involved when older children bite; they’re usually trying to tell you something. It may be as simple as your child telling you that they want to be weaned. Oftentimes the reasons are more complex. Children can bite you if they are upset or feel hurt in some way. If an older child is biting you for the first time, ask yourself what has changed in your child’s life to make him feel upset. Often the introduction of a new sibling can make a child feel rejected. Jealously is a powerful emotion. Previously a child had its mother’s undivided attention but now finds that they have to share. If your child can talk, try to coax out the problem. Children don’t often give a truthful answer to a direct question so you’re better off guessing what the problem is and asking them if that is the reason why they’re biting. So, don’t ask: Why are you biting? Instead ask: Are you angry with me? A child will usually stop biting after their fear or concern has been aired.

Your child may bite simply to get your attention. Babies want eye contact when they are at the breast and will get upset if they notice mother’s attention is elsewhere. They may feel especially resentful if mother is talking to others; many babies instinctively know that breastfeeding is their special time spent with mother. Biting can usually be eliminated if mother gives her full attention to her child during breastfeeding. Looking at her child also allows a mother to recognise when her child may be about to bite her, thus giving her time to take avoiding action.

Some children also bite if they slip or feel they are about to. Always make sure your baby feels comfortable and secure. Some children also bite when they fall asleep at the breast. If you find this is happening, simply finish feeding before your child falls asleep.

Just about every nursing mother will be bitten at some stage. But most children don’t bite very much and quickly learn to stop; mother’s wouldn’t breastfeed if biting was more than an occasional occurrence. Learning to recognise when your little darling is about to bite and knowing how to deal with a bite are skills that every breastfeeding mother can quickly master.

Best Toddler Friendly Rides at Disneyland

A child needn’t be 5 or older to enjoy Disneyland. Young toddlers can also have a great time in the Happiest Place on Earth. And that includes Disneyland and Disney’s California Adventure Park. Kids under 3 years of age don’t pay for entrance and eat free, so why not take them? It’s best to go during off-peak season to avoid crowds and long lines. In fact, you’ll end up waiting just 5 to 10 minutes for popular rides and be able to walk into most rides.

Toddler Favorites in Disneyland Main Park

The most toddler friendly rides are in Fantasyland. They include King Arthur Carrousel, Casey Jr. Circus Train, Dumbo the Flying Elephant, Mad Tea Party, Pixie Hollow Meet and Greet, Storybook Land Canal Boats, and of course, It’s a Small World. In Critter Country, toddlers will like The Many Adventures of Winnie the Pooh. In Adventureland, there’s the Jungle Cruise and Tarzan’s Treehouse. In Frontierland, there’s the Sailing Ship Columbia, and in New Orleans Square, you can chance it in Pirates of the Caribbean (though there are some pretty dark, loud moments). If you swing by Mickey’s Toontown, you can safely stop in Goofy’s Playhouse, Donal’s Boat, Chip’n Dale Treehouse, Disneyland Railroad, Mickey’s House and Meet Mickey, and Minnie’s House. Don’t forget to stop in Tomorrowland for Finding Nemo Submarine Voyage, and Buzz Lightyear Astro Blasters (toddlers love this one because they can actively participate in the adventure).

Toddler Favorites in Disney’s California Adventure

If you’re in Disney’s California Adventure Park, stop by Paradise Pier and enjoy Golden Zephyr, The Little Mermaid-Ariel’s Undersea Adventure, King Triton’s Carousel, Toy Story Midway Mania and Mickey’s Fun Wheel. Next, you can swing over to A Bug’s Land where your toddler can enjoy Francis’ Ladybug Boogie, Flik’s Flyers, and Heimlich’s Chew Chew Train. Finally, there’s Hollywood Land where toddlers often delight to Monsters, Inc. Mike & Sulley to the Rescue, Turtle Talk with Crush and Sorcerer’s Workshop.

Some General Tips

Get a map of the parks you want to visit and plan your rides ahead of time. If you arrive early at opening time, wait a few minutes to avoid the big rush. Find the Lost Children center and get a sticker for your toddler (put your name and cell phone number on it, so they can instantly call you should you accidentally get separated from your toddler). Use the Fast Pass system often-it can save you hours of waiting in line. Disney’s characters are always walking around the park, so have your camera ready for some cute photos with your toddler. Don’t force your child to go on a ride or take photos with characters that intimidate him/her.

When planning your trip to the Magic Kingdom, consider staying in a vacation home. They offer all the amenities of a home, including a fully equipped kitchen that lets you cook special meals for your toddler.