All About Massage

Brief History of Massage

Massage may be the oldest and simplest form of medical care. Egyptian tomb paintings show people being massaged. Massage has been practiced continually since ancient times in Eastern cultures. It was one of the principal methods of relieving pain for Greek and Roman physicians. Julius Caesar was said to have been given a daily massage to treat neuralgia (nerve pain). In the 5th Century B.C., the father of Western medicine, Hippocrates wrote in the book The Physician Must Be Experienced In Many Things, “but assuredly in rubbing… for rubbing can bind a joint that is too loose, and loosen a joint that is too rigid.”

Massage lost some of its value and prestige with the unsavory image created by “massage parlors.” This image is fading as people gain the understanding that massage can relieve disease as well as aid in relaxation. As more people learn about the benefits of massage and it’s relation to disease, the more acceptable it will become.

Massage is now used in intensive care units, for children, elderly people, babies in incubators, and patients with cancer, AIDS, heart attacks, or strokes. Most American hospices have some kind of bodywork therapy available, and it is frequently offered in health centers, drug treatment clinics, and pain clinics.

Common Types of Massage

Massage therapists can specialize in more than 80 different types of massage, called modalities. Swedish massage, deep-tissue massage, reflexology, acupressure (similar to acupuncture but without needles), sports massage, and neuromuscular massage are just a few of the many approaches to massage therapy. Most massage therapists specialize in several modalities, which require different techniques. Some use exaggerated strokes covering the length of a body part (such as the leg), while others use quick, percussion-like strokes with a cupped or closed hand. A massage can be as long as 2 to 3 hours or as short as 5 or 10 minutes. Usually, the type of massage given depends on the client’s needs and physical condition. For example, therapists may use special techniques for elderly clients that they would not use for athletes, and they would use approaches for clients with injuries that would not be appropriate for clients seeking relaxation. Also, some forms of massage are given solely to one type of client; for example, prenatal massage and infant massage are given to pregnant women and new mothers, respectively.

Benefits of Massage

Massage therapy is the practice of using touch to manipulate the soft-tissue and muscles of the body. It is performed for a variety of reasons, including treating painful ailments, decompressing tired and overworked muscles, reducing stress, rehabilitating sports injuries, and promoting general health. Clients often seek massage for its medical benefit and for relaxation purposes, and there is a wide range of massage treatments available.

Massage therapy has many benefits, from increasing circulation and immunity to reducing pain from disease and injury. Massage therapy releases the “feel good” hormones, enabling the client to relax and de-stress. If clients fail to keep stress in check, it can lead to disease and can worsen conditions that already exist.

Massage is beneficial to everyone; from premature infants to the elderly. Massage helps infants to thrive and grow; helps children with a variety of medical, physical and emotional problems; and helps relieve the pain of the people who are dying.

When Massage is Contraindicated

Massage therapy can help almost any health condition, but there are certain situations where massage can make the condition worse (also called contraindications). If the person is suffering from a fever, or infection of any kind, massage will make the person feel worse. Also, if the person is intoxicated by alcohol or drugs, massage is not warranted for the same reason. If the person has advanced disease, he/she will need written permission from his/her primary care provider stating that the massage will be beneficial and not make the disease worse. Recent injury or surgeries (less than four weeks) generally also require written permission from the primary care physician before the therapist can continue.

Laws governing Massage

Forty-two states and the District of Columbia and four Canadian provinces have passed laws regulating massage and bodywork – either through registration, licensure, or certification. In those states and provinces that regulate massage therapists also require the therapist to carry liability insurance, which carries its own set of rules of conduct. States generally require that the massage therapist to have graduated from a massage therapy school, typically having a minimum of 250 to 500 hours of education. Education typically involves learning several modalities, anatomy/physiology, pathology, business, ethics and on-the-job training; either through the school clinic or on the student’s own time. Liability insurance protects the therapist in the event the client is injured in the process of the massage or has a reaction to a product being used by the therapist. Laws also regulate certain protocols during the massage, such as proper draping and confidentiality of client records.

What Massage Is and Is Not

Most states that regulate massage require that the Massage Therapist must drape the client at all times, only undraping the current area being worked on. Massage Therapists holding liability insurance are held to a set of conduct and ethics that must be followed at all times. Not following these rules or those set by the state can result in disciplinary action being taken against the massage therapist. Massage therapy can be used for either relaxation or to relieve stress or lessen the effects of disease or injury on the body. Massage therapy in considered a CAM – Complimentary and Alternative Medicine and most massage therapists work in conjunction with other healthcare providers. Massage therapists may work with Chiropractors, Physical Therapists, Occupational Therapists, nurses and physicians of all specialties.

Massage therapists cannot practice medicine, Physical Therapy or Chiropractic work unless they already licensed in any of those areas. Massage Therapists do not diagnose, can only treat, and cannot cure illness. Massage is not sexual in nature and the genitals and anal area must be draped at all times. If the massage therapist believes the client is beyond their scope of practice (knowledge), then s/he must refer that client to someone else who is more qualified.

Chlamydia – Its Effects and Symptoms!

People infected with Chlamydia or Gonorrhea, which is an inflammation of the urethritis (in women) and the tip of the penis (in men) can either be with or without the discharge, (clear discharge for Chlamydia and white discharge for gonorrhea) typically associated with these diseases. This inflammation may also be caused by other things such as Trichomonas vaginalis and as such the urethritis infected with Chlamydia tends to be softer than those infected with gonorrhea, where the infected area is covered with what resembles heat bumps, or rashes. Men not only suffer from inflammation of the penis but also swelling of the testicles accompanied by pain and swelling.

Chlamydia does not leave any external scars, but with the swelling that occurs in both the male and female organs they can result in internal injuries that can leave them sterile. Chlamydia does not have any physical signs externally, except for swelling and redness in the affected area of the urethritis and the penis. That is why it is difficult to tell if a person has contracted Chlamydia. Unlike gonorrhea, which has little bumps that look something like a rash or a set of pimples and it is also red and swollen

Because the infections are more internal than external, women who are pregnant and have the Chlamydia virus can infect their new born babies with this disease during childbirth when the baby is in the passage way. The baby can either develop pneumonia or very serious eye problems and also respiratory disorders. Some men and women also suffer from swelling in the rectum accompanied by pain and bleeding or discharge, which is usually associated with having anal sex. Oral sex is another way that this disease can be transmitted to the eyes, which become very swollen and droopy and this can lead to blindness.

There is not much else to describe how Chlamydia looks like, except that it is red swollen and secretes a while substance that looks like (pus/fungi) and it is very painful to the touch. It makes it very uncomfortable to urinate and is painful for some women during sexual intercourse. If you would like to see some of the photos of what Chlamydia looks like you can go on the internet and type in this question and you will get a couple of internet sites that actually have some pictures, although there are not that many, because there is really not much to see because all the damage is internal.

Caravan Insurance – Why Choose Legal Expenses Cover?

One of the biggest gripes from customers about insurance is probably "well they add on all of those expensive add on products that you don’t need" and this is particularly prevalent with motor insurance.

Those experienced caravanners who have caravan insurance, however, will know that there are very few additional covers that can be applied to caravans. The caravan insurance policies are normally "all in one" standard covers with standard protection for fire, lightning, earthquake, storm/flood, theft and attempted theft, accidental damage and malicious acts or vandalism with other covers that the levels vary between insurers.

One example of a caravan insurance add-on however is legal expenses. This type of cover has become very popular in the last few years as society has become more litigious and the suing culture is increasing rapidly.

The base cover under a touring caravan legal expenses policy is for an amount of cover (typically £50,000) and this provides the customer with legal costs to negotiate over the purchase or sale of a caravan and any nuisance or trespass relating to the caravan.

The legal expenses would also typically cover costs to pursue uninsured loss and personal injury claims arising from the use of a caravan against those responsible and contract claims against those providing defective goods or services in connection with the caravan.

Another key feature is legal costs to defend against criminal prosecutions arising from owning caravans and contract claims brought by a person to whom private goods have been sold.

There are always exclusions within policies and legal expenses are no different, there is always an exclusion on incidents arising before the contract of insurance began, as in if you have a pre existing problem this cannot be covered under this insurance.

Most sections of the policy will have limits, such as the amount in dispute must be at a certain level (e.g over £125) and an excess of typically £250 where the customer is liable.

As with all insurance policies it is best to advise the insurer as soon as you become aware that a claim may arise, and this is so that you can get the best possible advice, you are paying for it after all!

The touring caravan legal expenses is the ideal additional policy to add on to your caravan insurance and the cost is typically £10-£15, which is not a lot in comparison to the potential outlay in the event of a legal dispute. It is also important to include this cover as this may not be covered under other policies, as normally your legal expenses is to cover the specific item that you are insuring.

As mentioned above the number of caravan tourer legal expenses taken in the last few years has increased with the demand for legal action, we have all seen the adverts on the television asking if you have had an accident etc and so with this in mind the more protection you get the better!

How to Cure Stuttering

Living with a stutter can be very difficult. If you have a stuttering problem, then you know exactly how it feels. You don’t have any confidence when you speak and you are ashamed to speak out loud. You don’t want people to think that you are less intelligent or that you can’t carry a conversation. All you want is for your stutter to be gone so you can feel normal.

The reason that a lot of people stutter is due to nerves or excitement. If you become nervous during a conversation with someone, chances are your stutter is going to become a lot worse. The more nervous you become, the worse your stutter gets so what can you do to calm your nervous and cure stuttering?

Seeking the assistance of a hypnotist can really help you to overcome your nerves and cure your stuttering. The reason for this is because a hypnotist can retrain your brain to think a different way. He or she can teach you to calm your nerves and not let your stutter control your life for another moment. For a less expensive treatment, yoga is a great cure for stuttering. The reason why yoga is so effective is because it calms your nerves as well. Practicing yoga will help you to become a more balanced person so your stutter won’t be so apparent any longer. Reading out loud and practicing your speech in front of a mirror can also be effective in curing your stutter. Try some of these techniques today to get over your stutter.

Sperm Test – What Are The Frequently Asked Questions?

A doctor usually recommends a sperm test to be carried out when a couple faces some troubles with fertility. It is carried out to check if the sperm cells are present or not after the vasectomy procedure. We all know that fertility issues are more prominent in males as compared to females but the cost of getting this test done is quite cheaper compared to a woman’s fertility test. This is the main reason why health professionals would usually advise couples to check the male partner’s fertility first. There are a number of men who aren’t really comfortable while asking questions about this test. They usually get embarrassed when such a topic comes up.

If you have any questions in regard to this test, then this article is tailor made for you. It will offer you some great frequently asked questions that will help you in undergoing this test with absolutely no fear.

What quantity of semen is required for the sperm test?

The health clinic would usually need a man to offer around one half to a teaspoonful of semen. If you offer less than this amount of quantity then it means that there are few sperm on it. If there is more semen then it means that the concentration is diluted.

What about the special preparations required for getting a sample?

It is quite essential for a male to offer the right amount of sample. This is why if you are needed to have a sperm test on a specific date, make sure that you don’t ejaculate for about 2 to 4 days before the date.

What are the common symptoms that are considered in the sperm sample?

First of all, the doctors check the number of sperm cells that are found in your semen. It is observed whether they are normal sized or not. It is an important consideration for determining fertility.

What are the causes of low motility of living sperm cells?

Genital inflammation or infection of the prostate gland can cause a lot of problems for you and one of them is low motility. This sperm test allows you to get a complete picture regarding your issue.

How is the sample collected?

Your semen sample is usually tested within 1 hour after ejaculation. Most of the laboratories need men to do it on the bathroom in order to ensure the freshness. Sometimes, the doctor offers a condom for collecting semen. They usually offer a lubricated condom.

So, this was all about the frequently asked questions in regard to a sperm test. You need to read all these questions and answers if you want to know more about this test. However, for a more detailed view you can talk to your doctor carefully and ask him everything about the test. Without proper help and guidance, you should never go for this test as it is a very complex procedure. Internet too is a great source for information on this topic. If you have any queries then you can surf the net.

The Most Common Disability Among Children

Have you ever wanted to know what made up 75% of all at-birth  disabilities ? Well, it is a condition known as hip dysplasia, commonly referred to as just DDH. DDH, although it is not talked about much is actually a very common condition. My daughter had this when she was born and it was discovered when she was about 6 months old.

There are a couple of things that can correct DDH such as the use of a brace or surgery with a spica cast. Our daughter, unfortunately, had to have the surgery to correct her situation. She is now 2 and a half years old and still undergoing different types of treatments as her hip slowly creates a proper hip socket for itself and moves into the correct position.

She spent about six months in a cast, known as a spica cast. The thing is basically a body cast made up of plaster. It covered both legs, went all the way to the ankles and then up to just below her chest. Being so young, I think she was able to adjust very quickly. Unfortunately, it is always hard on the parents. This is why we have decided to create our own website specifically about this type of condition that parents have to go through so often.

When we first found out about a spica cast, we only received a two page pamphlet on it. We had no idea how to take care of it, how to change her diaper with it on, what she would be capable of doing or anything. It was a very scary experience.

Joint Pain Causes

Some people may experience mild joint pain from minor injury; however, the pain can often by subsided simply by resting. That being said, there are others who have joint pain for various reasons such as infections, autoimmune diseases, inflammatory conditions and degenerative diseases.

Injury-related joint pain:

Chronic joint pain can be due to a traumatic injury in the past. Some people may even experience continuous joint pain because of an injury for the rest of their lives. Some injuries that can cause pain in the joints are:

Severe bruising

Dislocation or separation of a joint

Sprain of a ligament

Overuse of the joint or repetitive movement of a certain joint

Tearing of ligaments or cartilage

These can all be related to some sort of sports injury, but this is not necessarily the case, as other non sport related injuries may also cause severe joint pain.

Infectious cause of joint pain:

Many people who experience joint pain may also have an infectious disease that causes their pain. These can include diseases such as:

Hepatitis – an inflammation of the liver

Influenza – This can include common flu or other viruses such as H1N1

Lyme disease – an inflammatory disease that is caused by tick bites

Measles – a contagious illness, that is easily spread and caused by a virus

Mumps – a contagious disease that will cause an inflammation of the salivary glands

Osteomyelitis – a chronic and severe bone infection

Rubella (German measles) – a contagious infection which is characterized by a rash on the skin

Septic or infectious arthritis – an inflammation of a joint caused by a bacterial infection

Syphilis – an sexually transmitted infection caused by the bacteria Treponema Pallidum

Joint Pain Causes

Degenerative, inflammatory and autoimmune-related joint pain:

Certain degenerative, inflammatory and autoimmune conditions may cause severe joint pain. The people who have the following conditions will normally experience chronic and severe joint pain. These conditions include:

Ankylosing spondylitis – an inflammation of joints that are between the spinal bones and between the spine and pelvis

Bursitis – an inflammation of the bursa which is the fluid-filled sack found between the tendon and the bone. This condition may be acute, but can also be chronic

Fibromyalgia – a chronic condition that causes pain, rigidity, and tenderness in joints, muscles, tendons, and other soft tissues.

Gout – a kind of arthritis caused by a uric acid build-up in the joints. Two types of gout exist: acute gout, which often affects one joint; and chronic gout which is repeated episodes of pain and inflammation in more than one joint

Osteoarthritis – The most common joint disorder that has symptoms such as pain and stiffness in the joints

Psoriasis – is a skin condition that normally causes skin redness and irritation but is also known to cause joint pain

Rheumatic fever – an inflammatory disease that could develop after being infected with bacteria such as strep throat and scarlet fever.

Rheumatoid Arthritis – a chronic disease that causes inflammation of the joints as well as the tissues surrounding it

Sjogren Syndrome – an autoimmune disorder that often accompanies other autoimmune disorder like rheumatoid arthritis and lupus. It is characterized by dry eyes and mouth but can also cause joint pain

Systemic Lupus erythematosus – a chronic autoimmune disorder that can affect the skin, joints, kidneys, as well as other organs

Tendinitis – characterized by the swelling and irritation of tendons which joins the muscle to the bone. Tendon degeneration will often be present with tendinitis.

Other Joint Pain Causes:

There are also a few other causes that are not part of the above categories, these are:

Bone cancer



Paget’s disease

As you can see, there are many different causes of pain. Sometimes, the actual cause can be hard to pin-point resulting in untreated joint pain. Although it is important to continue testing with a doctor to find the exact cause, there are some supplements, such as Flexcin, that can be taken in the meantime. These supplements will help ease the pain and in some cases make it go away completely.

Cauda Equina

Cauda Equina Syndrome Compensation

It is very common for people to suffer with lower back pain or sciatica. Usually, the symptoms can be alleviated with rest, physiotherapy, pain relief, or minimally invasive procedures. However, in some cases it is possible that lower back pain could be indicative of something much more serious.

What is Cauda Equina Syndrome?

The spinal cord is encased in the spinal canal. The Cauda Equina is a group of nerves at the base of the spinal cord which reach down into the pelvis. It has the appearance of a horse’s tail hence its name. These nerves control movement and pelvic organs including bowel, bladder and sexual function.

This type of injury is caused when the spinal canal compresses the nerve bundle, damaging it.

What are the causes?

It can be caused by a number of different problems including:

•Injury to the back or   spinal  cord such as a  fracture 

•Slipped disc


•Spinal Tumour


•Severe bony disease of the spine

•Spinal anaesthesia such as a lumbar puncture or spinal tap

•Congenital abnormality of the spine

What are the symptoms?

The condition can be very difficult to diagnose as the symptoms may appear very similar to other conditions such as sciatica and may vary in intensity, sometimes developing slowly over time.

The most common symptoms of Cauda Equina Syndrome include:

•Lower back pain


•Muscle weakness of the legs

•Numbness in the legs

•Sensory disturbances

•Acute or chronic radiating pain

•Numbness in perineal area (near to your bottom)

•Bowel and/or bladder dysfunction

•Sexual dysfunction

Cauda Equina Syndrome can be very serious. Immediate medical intervention is required to avoid serious injury. Misdiagnosis or inadequate treatment could result in permanent debilitating disability such as paraplegia.

A failure to diagnose Cauda Equina Syndrome can give rise to the grounds required for bringing a compensation claim. Urgent surgical treatment is often required to restore bladder and bowel function and prevent further deterioration and neurological damage. The urgent provision and cost of treatment can be funded by responsible insurers who are responsible for paying a claim for damages.

Cauda Equina Syndrome Treatment

Where Cauda Equina Syndrome is suspected the patient should be treated as a medical emergency. Usually urgent surgery is required to decompress the nerves.

Other treatment options include prescribing antibiotics where the condition is caused by infection, or providing anti inflammatory medication or steroids to reduce the swelling.

MRI and CT Scans can be used to diagnose Cauda Equina Syndrome.

Some experts believe that in order for a patient to make a full recovery they must receive treatment with 24-48 hours of displaying symptoms. If the condition is left untreated for a long period of time, significantly higher levels of damage can be caused to the individual.

Compensation for mishandled symptoms of Cauda Equina Syndrome is often considerable and for example, can result from:

•Failure to adequately diagnose

•Failure to treat or provide the correct treatment

•Negligent surgical treatment

•Failure to recognise post-operative complications

If you feel that you have suffered loss or injury due to negligent treatment and you wish to pursue a compensation claim then you should contact a specialist clinical negligence lawyer for further advice.

Electric Meters

Electric meters are used for measuring the amount or quantity of electricity consumed in factories and houses. What electric meters actually measure is the electric energy that passes through the circuit. for direct current the energy is A = V.I.t,. In alternating current supply systems, only watt-hour meters are used.

Older meters like the electrolitic meter, used to be used for alternating current only and is now obsolete, but its mode of function is still of some interest. It consists of a cathode, an electrolyte and a scale. There is a separator at the top, and a scale is at the bottom of the meter. A closed glass vessel contains an electrolyte consisting of a solution of mercury salt. Some of the consumers current flows through this electrolyte. At the cathode a quantity of mercury is deposited. The mercury collects in the bottom part of the vessel. The scale is graduated in kWh. The mercury is then retrieved and returned to the top of the compartment.

Another older type of meter, is the motor-type meter, which is a small direct current motor. There is a disc of aluminum which is mounted within the field of a permanent magnet. The aluminum disc contains three coils, which are supplied with a current from a commutator consisting of three sectors. The current supplied to the coils is proportional to the to the total current passing through the consumer installation. Another type of electric motor meter is the induction meter and can still be seen in use today. The induction meter has no commutators and there are two electromagnets. The coil of one of these is energised by the consumer current and the other coil is connected to the consumer voltage. The interaction of the two coils produces a moving magnetic field, which induces eddy currents in the aluminum rotor disc.

These currents cause the disc to rotate in the direction of motion of the moving field, and the speed of the rotation of the disc, is proportional to the strength of the two magnetic fields. It is also dependent on the on the phase displacement of these fields and therefore upon the power factor. Nowadays most electric meters electronically controlled with the use of various circuits and small computer chips. This enables the meter to record not only electricity consumption but other information as well, like the time and date when the electricity was used, and also help to produce invoices. Electric meters are extremely common, and can be found just about anywhere electricity is consumed. Almost all residencies will have at least one electric meter installed, and this can be of several different types. For example, some meters are manufactured specifically for different residences such as an economy rate meter or a, pay as you go type meter. Pay as you go type of meters refers to electricity purchased in advance. This is achieved by the use of a payment type credit card or payment ‘key’.

The card or key is inserted into a special purpose electronic outlet, and a specified amount is paid for and the information uploaded onto the card or key. The card or ‘key’ is then inserted into the appropriate electric meter, which receives the uploaded information. The most common unit of measurement is the kilowatt hour, and the demand is measured in watts and averaged over a period of time, usually a quarter of an hour.

Massage Movements & Their Effects

Effleurage: this is a movement mainly consisting of “stroking” with the flat of the hand, fingers close together and as far as is practicable, the tips of the fingers turning upwards to avoid protuberances. Effleurage precedes all other movements because of its relaxing effect, this enables the client to get used to the therapists hands, whilst warming up the tissues to be worked on with deeper movements later in the session as well as increasing blood and lymph flow in and out of the area. Effleurage movements are usually made towards the heart, because in addition to the effect of Effleurage on the skin and underlying structures – it helps to speed up the venous and lymph flow. In areas that may need stimulating, fast Effleurage is permissible. There are two types, superficial and deep, used depending on its purpose and according to the underlying structures. This is a great movement for various reasons,

1) Relaxing for both client and therapist

2) Can be applied to any body type

3) To revert back to when you need a moment to think what way treatment should proceed or just a “break”

4) To sweep away toxins after other massage movements

Petrissage is a focused massage movement concentrating on specific muscle groups, releasing toxins that have built up in the muscles. It is an intensely deep massaging movement which aids in the elimination of ‘knots’ and increases blood flow to congested deep muscular tissue. It is often referred to as compression and includes kneading, rolling, wringing and knuckling. It’s done in a rhythmic manner working tissue against tissue, tissue against bone or lifting tissue and compressing them back down. It’s excellent on a sluggish system and beneficial to tight, knotty muscles. It always elicits some form of response from clients. Petrissage is not recommended for thin, frail clients, easily stimulated or vascular skin or very loose skin.

Tapotement also known as percussion is a stimulating manipulation that operates through the response of the nerves. It is performed in a brisk, rhythmic manner, rhythm being important as contact is continually being broken with the skin. These movements include cupping, hacking, slapping and tapping. The vascular reaction to these movements becomes obvious, but needs to be performed correctly as irritation can occur. Refrain from using some of these techniques on very thin clients, bony areas, varicose veins and broken capillaries.

Vibrations : are applied along the nerve path way. They are produced by a rapid contraction and relaxation of muscles of the therapist arms, resulting in fine, quick, trembling movements. Vibrating hand should move constantly. This is beneficial in neuritis and neuralgia after the inflammatory stage is over. It stimulates circulation and glandular activity and nervous plexuses. It also helps in bowel movement.

Physical Effect :

* Pumping – The stroking movements in massage suck fluid through blood vessels and lymph vessels.

* Increased tissue permeability – Deep massage causes the pores in tissue membranes to open, enabling fluids and nutrients to pass through. This helps remove waste products such as lactic acid and encourage the muscles to take up oxygen and nutrients

* Stretching – Massage can stretch tissues that could not be stretched in the usual methods.

* Break down scar tissue – Scar tissue is the result of previous injuries or trauma and can effect muscle, tendons and ligaments. This can lead to inflexible tissues that are prone to injury and pain.

* Improve tissue elasticity – Hard training can make tissues hard and inelastic. Massage helps reverse this by stretching the tissues.

* Opens micro-circulation what massage also does is open or dilate the blood vessels and by stretching them this enables nutrients to pass through more easily.

* Aids desquamation (removal of dead skin)

* Metabolic balance in muscle tone

* Relaxes & refreshes muscles

* Connective tissue pliability & mobility

* Increases joint mobility & flexibility

* Next best thing to exercise

* Tones the skin, making it softer & more supple

* Softens, but does not eliminate, scars

* Warms tissue for deeper movements

* Relaxes large muscles

* Relieves tiredness

Physiological effect :

* Pain reduction – Tension and waste products in muscles can often cause pain. Massage helps reduce this in many ways including releasing the body’s endorphins.

* Relaxation – Muscles relax through heat generated, circulation and stretching.

* Encourages cell renewal

* Clears nerve pathways

* Increases nutrients to all systems through blood & nymph

* Aids removal of metabolic waste products

from all systems through lymph & blood

I Have Lower Back Pain and It Hurts to Sit – Pain Relief

How is your back feeling lately?

Has it driven you to look for pain relief?

1.) Introduction

It is one thing to have an aching back, and it is another to have constant lower back pain that is excruciating and unbearable. It takes the idea of being in pain to a whole different level when that pain continues and even exacerbates when you sit. What are you supposed to do? Stand up all day and night? It is not very likely to happen.

2.) Why Does My Lower Back Hurt When I Sit?

Surprisingly, some people only experience lower back pain when they sit. Their backs do not hurt when they walk or when they stretch out in bed; only upon sitting. Well what causes this? It all has to do with the quantity of stress that your spine has to endure. When a person sits, that stress amount is increased. Moreover, if it is a slouching posture, the stress on the spine increases even more. Add in additional stress from a muscle strain or a herniated disc, and the pain becomes agonizing.

3.) Back Pain Relief

After suffering for a while, the reasons why you are hurting become obsolete, and your only thought is the discovery of a cure for what ails you. There are a few steps you can take to reduce pain in your lower back that occurs from sitting.

First of all, you can be selective about the chairs in which you sit. A high back chair that has arm rests (so you will be less inclined to slouch) can be very helpful and will prop up your entire body. Secondly, when sitting, it is important that you keep your knees and hips positioned at a ninety degree angle; this is the correct angle for proper posture and will help decrease stress on your back.

Unfortunately, working alone, neither of these tips will give you a great deal of relief for lower back pain. One of the best way to alleviate your pain is through the use of a back brace. A brace functions by providing support to the back in a variety of ways.

How a Back Brace Helps

1) Alleviates hurting. Using a brace aids you by reducing lower back pain that causes you to hurt when you sit. In many cases, the support will provide you with some relief immediately by reducing the movement of your spine.

2) Improves back stability. The back brace supports your back by keeping your spine more stable. Not only does this fixed position give your muscles times to heal, but it also retrains your posture to avoid further injuries.

No longer do you have to suffer from intense, lower back pain. There are ways to reduce the aching and enjoy a relatively pain-free, seating experience.

Note: This is health information. Speak to your local, licensed orthotist when it comes to medical advice on braces for your spine.

Do You Suffer From Neurogenic Stuttering

One of the possible causes of stuttering that is being investigated is what is referred to as neurogenic stuttering. In this type of stuttering, it is suggested that the nerves that are related to speech are not responding properly to direction from the brain.

Stuttering is a speech disorder. It can occur in both adults and children. What happens when someone stutters is that the natural flow of spoken words is disrupted by much repetition of parts of words, whole words, or even of phrases. Or instead of repeating sounds, other stutterers prolong sounds in certain parts of words. Either way, the result is stuttering.

Neurogenic stuttering is often accompanied by a rapid blinking of the eyes. The person’s jaw and lips appear tense. They may even experience upper body tremors while trying to get the words out.

Many studies have been conducted to determine both cause and treatment of stuttering. At this point in time, there are no one size fits all answers, but research continues. There is ongoing hope as new treatments and medications are continually being developed.

Sometimes this speech disorder is referred to as stammering, but this is basically the same thing as stuttering, except it may be less severe.

One mystery attached to stuttering or stammering is that when a person talks to themselves, reads aloud or sings, the stuttering often seems to disappear and the stutterer is clearly understood. It is speculated that the areas of the brain handling speech development are different in stutterers from those with normal language development. Further research is focusing in this area.

In the United States, about three million people suffer from this speech problem. First signs are often noticed between the ages of two and six. It’s important to take action once it’s apparent that the child is not outgrowing the stuttering problem. Children who stutter are as intelligent as any other child. But so that they can reach their full potential, provide support and proper speech therapy at a young age, so the problem doesn’t worsen with age.

Don’t despair if you or someone you care about stutters. Some very famous people suffered from stuttering in their childhood and went on to overcome the problem and be very successful as adults. Some well known people who were stutters as children include actors James Earl Jones, and Bruce Willis, as well as singer Carly Simon. They have all been very much in the public eye over the years so you see it is possible to overcome stuttering.

The best case scenario for a stutterer is to be in a supportive atmosphere, surrounded by understanding family and friends. A person who stutters should above and beyond all else be accepted for who they are. With encouragement and speech therapy, hopefully the problem can be helped.

Also remember that researchers are constantly searching for new medications and therapies that can be used to help stutterers. If you or someone you care about, suffers from neurogenic stuttering, these treatments provide new hope of a cure in the near future.

Silent Acid Reflux

Sometimes people do not realize that acid reflux is a problem for them. This may be referred to as silent acid reflux. A prescribed silent acid reflux remedy may be no different from those prescribed for common acid reflux, but diagnosis is sometimes more difficult.

Many people believe that heartburn and acid reflux are synonymous, but in silent acid reflux, heartburn is frequently not a symptom. It may seem strange that a silent acid reflux remedy may be an antacid or other medication to prevent or reduce stomach acid, because most people think of these as heartburn remedies. But, silent acid reflux is caused by the same stomach acid that causes heartburn.

There are two different sets of sphincter muscles that normally allow food and drink to pass into the stomach and prevent stomach acid from backing up into the esophagus. Sometimes the lower set of muscles does not do the job and the stomach acid passes back up into the lower esophagus only. The lower esophagus is less sensitive to the stomach acid than is the upper esophagus, so symptoms of heartburn or those commonly associated with acid reflux may not be present. A set of different symptoms is what usually leads people to seek a doctor’s help and an acid reflux remedy is often prescribed.

The symptoms of silent acid reflux may include hoarseness or trouble talking, particularly in the morning. These symptoms are caused by stomach acid reaching and irritating the voice box. People sometimes have difficulty swallowing or excess mucus in the throat and possibly drainage from the   sinuses . They may feel the need to clear their throats often or cough frequently. Because it is stomach acid that causes the symptoms, an effective silent acid reflux remedy reduces or prevents excess stomach acid.

A recent study suggests that silent acid reflux may be the cause of sleep disturbances in many people. In the study published by the American College of Gastroenterology in October 2005, 26% of the 81 patients who participated in the study suffered from silent acid reflux. This reflux caused periods of wakefulness and symptoms similar to sleep apnea. Even chronic snoring may be a result of silent acid reflux. Remedy recommended included raising the head of the bed, eating the last meal at least three hours before bedtime and avoiding alcohol in the evening. Avoiding tobacco products may also be an effective silent acid reflux remedy.

Silent acid reflux has also been found in children. In these cases, the child refluxes stomach contents and swallows them back down; meaning that the stomach acid can irritate or damage the lining of the esophagus on the way up and on the way down. If you believe that your child is suffering from silent acid reflux, you should consult your pediatrician for diagnosis and an effective acid reflux remedy.

Silent acid reflux that goes untreated for long periods of time may damage the voice box, the vocal cords and the esophagus. So, it is important to seek medical advice and an acid reflux remedy. Lifestyle and dietary changes, along with an effective acid reflux remedy may be all that is needed. If left untreated, surgery may be necessary.

For more information about silent acid reflux and other digestive problems, visit

Disability Insurance – The Often Forgotten Protection

Disability Insurance is often the forgotten protection. Anyone can become sick or hurt. Whether you are employed or a small business owner, you can become sick or hurt, unable to generate an income, and find yourself financially devastated. This type of insurance is designed to protect you from such a dire situation.

According to the Social Security Administration, seventy percent of the private sector work force has no long term disability insurance. Moreover, three in ten workers entering the work force today will become disabled before retiring. Without a doubt, most people own life insurance to provide income for their loved ones in the event of a premature death. However, death due to the big three: hypertension, heart disease, and diabetes have dropped by thirty-two percent. Disabilities due to these conditions are up by fifty-five percent.

How then can disability insurance provide the type of protection you need. The benefits for this type of insurance will help cover monthly living expenses when you are sick or hurt and unable to work. If you are a small business owner, disability insurance will cover your monthly business overhead expenses until you return. This premium is tax-deductible for the small business owner.

Here are some important things to consider when pondering the purchase of disability insurance:

o Age is a primary factor in determining the premium

o Most disability policies are issued for clients between the ages of 18 and 60.

o And, depending on your case, financial documents may be required.

Knowing this ahead of time will make the process move smoothly and satisfactorily.

30 Points, How Science Has Changed Our Lives

If we look life 100 years ago, and compare that with the today’s life, we will notice that Science has dramatically changed human life. With the dawn of the Industrial Revolution in the 18th century, the effect of Science on human life rapidly changed. Today, science has a profound effect on the way we live, largely through technology, the use of scientific knowledge for practical purposes.

Some forms of scientific inventions have changed our lives entirely. For example the refrigerator has played a major role in maintaining public health ever since its invention. The first automobile, dating from the 1880s, made use of many advances in physics, mathematics and engineering; the first electronic computers emerged in the 1940s from simultaneous advances in electronics, physics and mathematics. Today we have extra high- speed super computers with 100 % accuracy.

Science has enormous influence on our lives. It provides the basis of much of modern technology – the tools, materials, techniques, and sources of power that make our lives and work easier. The discoveries of scientists also help to shape our views about ourselves and our place in the universe.

Research in food technology has created new ways of preserving and flavoring what we eat. Research in industrial chemistry has created a vast range of plastics and other synthetic materials, which have thousands of uses in the home and in industry. Synthetic materials are easily formed into complex shapes and can be used to make machines, electrical, and automotive parts, scientific, technical and industrial instruments, decorative objects, containers, packing materials and many other items.

1: The use of science in daily life has helped us a good deal in solving problems, dealing with the maintenance of health, production and preservation of food, construction of houses and providing communication and trans-portational (related to transport) facilities. With the help of Science we have controlled epidemics and much other kind of diseases. Now we know the basic structure of DNA and Genetic Engineering is conducting research to find out the right and correct Gene Therapy to overcome all the diseases.

2: Science has changed the people and their living, life style, food habits, sleeping arrangements, earning methods, the way of communication between people and recreational activities. All kinds of music systems, computer games, electronic video games, DVDs, cinema entertainment and communication have been brought to our door with the help of Science. The life of man was very different from what it used to be 100 years back. Science has given ears to the deaf, eyes to the blind and limbs to the crippled. Science has adequately, energetically and productively advanced, changed, civilized, enhanced and progressed human life. Science has brought sophistication to human life.

In short science has changed, improved, enhanced, modified and refined human life in all ways.

3: Today with the help of Science we can explain what was strange and mysterious for the people of the past. The Science of Genetics opening new doors of understanding the human gene and cell.

4: Now human beings have become more critical and less fearful than our fore-fathers and ancestors.

5: Two hundred years ago death rate among children was very high. In those days seven out of eight babies died before their first birthday. Now with the help of vaccines, medications and proper health care system life expectancy has improved. Now people live longer and safe lives as compared to 200 years ago. Biochemical research is responsible for the antibiotics and vaccinations that protect us from infectious diseases, and for a wide range of other drugs used to defeat specific health problems. As a result, the majority of people on the planet now live longer and healthier lives than ever before.

6: After that and up to the age of 12 one used to fall in a prey to diseases like small pox, measles, whooping- cough, scarlet fever and diphtheria. Now Science has defeated these diseases.

7: At a later stage again one was under constant threat of yellow fever, malaria, typhus, cholera, typhoid and influenza. Today we have vaccines and medical aid to cope with these health problems. Further research is underway to find out the causes and treatment of these and other diseases.

8: From one person the disease used to spread among the other people. It is called Epidemics. Now with the help of Vaccines and Medications we have defeated these diseases. But still Science has to do more research and has to fight with other arenas of diseases.

9: Life was uncertain. It was rare to see to somebody thirty years old because due to diseases many people died earlier than the age of thirty. These conditions were prevailing just a short while ago.

10: In everyday life, we have to communicate with different friends and relatives, various official people and for general purposes. And many people to be contacted can be at very far off distances. However, time and distance both have been conquered by Science. Whether we want to communicate or travel, both are possible quickly, briskly and expeditiously.

11: These days there are very little chances of babies catching diseases, because births normally take place in hospitals under the supervision of a team of specialist doctors. Science has invented vaccines for young babies to protect them against future life illnesses.

12: Young people are also given medical treatment in time and these days the man lives for about seventy years.

13: Science and scientific methods have helped in finding out the cause of disease and its prevention.

14: Sanitary condition in the past was deplorable. Now we have better sanitary systems.

15: The city streets were unpaved; there was no proper drainage system. Garbage and other refuse was seen everywhere. Pigs were seen wandering through the streets. People got water from filthy wells. Now filtered mineral water is available to overcome diseases. Solid waste management is not a problem now a days, it is the duty of the city municipal committees to manage and dump it with the latest machinery and equipments

16: Now all these defects have gone. There is cleanliness everywhere. It is illegal to throw garbage into the streets. There is a proper drainage system and new and improved methods for solid waste management as it has been told earlier. There are separate departments that bother about sanitary condition of the towns.

17: A century ago for house hold purposes water was carried from wells outside in buckets. It sometimes proved injurious to human health. Moreover, it was insufficient for the daily needs. But now water filters have become a thing of common usage.

18: Now there is sufficient supply of water in cities. For example Los Angeles gets water through pipes from Colorado River, which is 340 miles away. This water is supplied to Los Angeles after the proper water filtration process.

19: With the help of science there is change in our food also. We get varieties of food. In the past, food could not be preserved. But now the quick freezing methods have made possible preservation possible. Due to modern technologies like dehydration and sterilization there is no chance of food poisoning. We get all kinds of fruits, meats and vegetables. Even those fruits and vegetables which are out of season.

20: Not only our eating habits are changed, but also there are improvements in our houses. Means of transport has also undergone a big improvement and change.

21: Science has also changed our attitudes. Superstitions have been discarded, because there is no scientific basis for them. Now people do not fear cloud thunders.

22: Now people no more believe that diseases are caused by evil spirits.

23: Astrology and fortune- telling have lost popularity as compared to 100 years ago. Nobody now fears black cats, broken mirrors and the number 13. Because science has proved that these kinds of fears are un-scientific and illogical.

24: Science has changed the longstanding false notions of the people, which are not supported by Scientific Facts.

25: Research in the field of science and technology has made people open-minded and cosmopolitan, because the Scientist does not like to travel on the beaten track and he always tries to find out new things, new explorations, new discoveries and new inventions.

26: Science has also brought medical equipments that help to save human life. The kidney dialysis machine facilitates many people to survive kidney diseases that would once have proved fatal, and artificial valves allow sufferers of coronary heart disease to return to active living. Since the 1980s, lasers have been used in the treatment of painful kidney stones. Lasers are used when kidney stones fail to pass through the body after several days, it provides a quick and low-pain way to break up the stone and allow the stones to be easily passed through the body. This technique is called Lithotripsy.

27: Arthroscopic surgery is a technique using fiber optics to probe complex joints such as knee, shoulder, ankle and wrist to evaluate injury. It is a minimally invasive operation to repair a damaged joint; the surgeon examines the joint with an “arthroscopy” while making repairs through a small incision.

28: 200 years ago nobody even knows that human body parts can be replaced or transplanted. Now kidney transplant is widely used to save human lives around the globe. Dr. Christian Bernard first of all invented the method of heart transplant. Eye transplant techniques are used in these days to see again this beautiful world, for those who have lost their eyes. These all are the blessings of Science.

29: Ultra-high-frequency (UHF) waves are allocated for variety of uses, including television, cellular phones, public safety radios, business radios, military aircraft communications, military radar, cordless phones, baby monitors, etc. So, whether someone is watching over-the-air TV, talking on cell phone, having police/fire/ambulance dispatched to an emergency they are experiencing, or having national airspace protected by military aircraft, they all are benefitting from the science that has allowed the use of UHF waves. Even it is used to treat some illnesses.

30: For communication, now we have fixed wire telephones, moveable wireless phone sets, cordless phones, mobile phones, wireless, video conferencing, Internet, Broad Band Internet, E-mail, Social Networks, Satellite Communication and many other ways to communicate. These all are blessings of Science. Today we are better aware of what is happening around the globe due to satellite television channels. The benign and benefits of science for human life are endless.