60-Inch Plasma TV – LG 60PK950 – Review


Just before a major sporting event is a great time to buy a new large screen high-definition plasma TV. The LG 60PK950 60″ TV arrived at my door for the 2010 World Cup. I needed to replace a Phillips 60″ TV which arrived for the 2006 World Cup. The LG is my second HDTV but first plasma HDTV. I had not seen it in the store; I’d just seen the advertising and read some reviews. The best price I found was at the Sears online store. I am writing this review as an owner who has used it every day for a few months. It’s a fairly long review because it’s a fairly expensive TV. Buyers may benefit from reading as much as possible to make an informed decision.

First Impression

My first thought after turning on the TV: “Wow, people look so lifelike – like they are in my living room!”


It’s called a 60″ television, but that refers to the diagonal length. The actual size is about 55″ x 34.” The “frame” or trim all around the TV is black. It is not equally wide all the way round; it’s about 1.5″ on the sides and top but about 3″ at the bottom.


It is extremely thin at only about 3″ deep. That’s pretty impressive for a TV this large. It was a huge improvement from my 60″ Phillips which is about 2′ deep! It is therefore perfect for mounting on a wall, but the wall mount kit does not come with the TV. There is a set of sockets on the side as well as the back so you can neatly mount it and discretely hide wires.


Although the LG 60″ is very thin, it is very heavy. It really needs two people to move it. Two delivery men set it up for me quickly when it arrived. The large plasma screen is completely protected by a sheet of glass about 1/8″ thick. I first put the TV on a table but after only a few days there was a permanent dip in the middle because it’s so heavy.

Viewing Angles

Instead of permanently mounting it on a wall, I decided to use the stand that came with it. I wanted the option to adjust the angle to view the TV squarely from two different positions in my living room: straight in front (from an armchair) and off to one side (from a couch). The range of movement for the stand is limited to about 30 degrees but that was good enough for me. As you would expect with a plasma, the LG looks good from any angle. This makes it ideal for a large viewing audience in a bar or at home. It was a big upgrade from my Phillips when looking at it from the side, because the brightness and contrast remain the same instead of dropping much lower.


LG thinks its Protective Skin Glass (TM) is a big deal judging by how big those words are on the cardboard box in which it is packed. The surface is very shiny like glass so there’s a lot of glare and reflection if you watch the TV during the day. The payoff presumably is you don’t have to worry about damaging the plasma because it is always behind thick glass like a rare artifact in a museum. But you could buy good curtains to reduce the glare.


LG makes a few different 60″ TVs with the difference being contrast. I got this one because it offers more contrast. It costs more but not a lot more. I considered the contrast ratio of 3,000,000:1 but decided to get the 5,000,000:1. However, now I’m not sure if I’ve really seen the benefit of the extra contrast. It may only be noticeable for certain movies or programs.


The saturation of the color is beautiful. I immediately noticed the richness of the reds beyond anything I’d ever previously seen on a television. I didn’t notice any color problems nor any tonal defects. Nothing was too dark, too light, or lacking sufficient contrast.

Custom Color

You can change the color temperature quite easily from the Picture wizard. You move the sliders from 0 to 100. But there aren’t the amount of custom color controls for the level of precision you might expect for a high-end plasma TV.


There is a huge difference in screen quality between the different Picture options (Game, Off, Cinema, etc.), so you should test them all out when you first get it. What looks normal on one setting completely blows out the highlights in another setting. People’s skin tone gets really bright, unnatural, and weird.


There are several picture ratios: 16:9, Just Scan, Set by Program, 4:3, Zoom and Cinema Zoom. The picture quality with Zoom of course is worse but it looked okay for HDTV programming; however it is not very good for non-HDTV shows. Zoom can look better than stretching because at least the proportions of the picture are more natural, even though everything gets cropped.

Unforgiving Quality

You may not notice people with bad skin until you get a plasma TV like the LG 60PK950. It is extremely unforgiving. Back when plasma was in its infancy, some famous women were reportedly upset with the new technology. Makeup artists had to pick up the slack, but they don’t cover everything. The sheer screen size of 60″ makes it difficult to miss acne scars, moles, bad shaving, etc. The screen gives them an unflattering sort of 3D look. Closeups can be shocking.

Freeze Frame

When you freeze a frame the good news is it doesn’t quickly dim, black out, or start a screensaver like some plasma TVs. This lets you enjoy the frame as a picture for a while like it’s a beautiful painting in your living room. But after a few minutes, the LG will automatically lower the contrast. It’s not a huge drop to barely visible levels. Thus you need to be careful about pausing to avoid the plasma screen getting burn damage.


Overall the sound quality is okay, but I didn’t find it to be impressive like the picture. The bass could be stronger; even at the maximum setting of 100, I wanted a deeper bass. Some buyers will definitely want to use their own sound system with this TV. Be sure to test different sound settings from the Options menu when you first get it, especially Clear Voice, which eliminates a lot of background noise. I noticed the improvement immediately and made it the permanent setting.


When you hit the Mute button on the remote, there’s a quick oversized graphic on the TV to confirm it, which really isn’t necessary. The Mute message lingers too long, but at least it doesn’t keep the word “Mute” on the screen all the time like an old 60″ Phillips! When it’s on Mute and you hit the remote to lower the volume, it immediately cancels the mute, which isn’t ideal when you’d set the volume high, and want to lower it without waking up the neighbors. Mute should be independent of the Volume Up/Down settings. Even when you have it on Mute and change the picture setting (e.g., from Cinema to Sport), for some weird reason it also cancels mute. That’s a design flaw.

Intelligent Sensor

I thought there must be something wrong with my new TV when I first got it, because the brightness kept changing every few minutes while I was watching soccer matches at the World Cup. I had started watching the games before reading the entire manual. But before I called Technical Support, I went online and discovered it was the “Intelligent Sensor.” I hadn’t realized Intelligent Sensor was the default setting. This technology adjusts the brightness depending on the light level in the room or what it thinks is the ideal setting. I found this clever idea rather annoying and turned it off. It’s a bit jarring and distracting. LG needs to figure out how to make brightness levels transition gradually so you don’t notice the shift.

Power Consumption

The LG is wise and modern in the number of options it provides users to reduce energy. Plasma TVs can use a tremendous amount of energy, but the LG offers several different settings, including: Minimum, Medium, Maximum, and Off. You can quickly change the power level from the remote using the green energy button at the top left corner. The lower the setting, the less bright the picture. Depending on what you are used to seeing, you may be perfectly content with a lower level. It was similar to my old TV’s brightness and contrast levels. But even if you are used to more brightness and contrast, you might find you can get used to a lower setting after a while. One of the best features is it lets you completely turn off the screen in three seconds, which I find is perfect when I want to listen to music broadcast over cable. It saves the screen and saves energy.


Although it’s thin don’t think for a minute it will stay cool. It radiates heat on normal settings fairly quickly like a portable heater. I noticed the room temperature difference in the summer. But you can easily reduce the heat by lowering the power level as noted above.


The remote is too cheaply designed for a high-end plasma TV. It’s not the best companion. You would expect more from LG–an expensive TV deserves a high-quality remote. The button positions are not very intuitive and the remote’s edges are slightly sharp. It does have a backlighting button, but it shuts off automatically too quickly.

Power Consumption

The LG is wise and modern in the number of options it provides users to reduce energy. Plasma TVs can use a tremendous amount of energy, but the LG offers several different settings, including: Minimum, Medium, Maximum, and Off. You can quickly change the power level from the remote using the green energy button at the top left corner. The lower the setting, the less bright the picture. Depending on what you are used to seeing, you may be perfectly content with a lower level. It was similar to my old TV’s brightness and contrast levels. But even if you are used to more brightness and contrast, you might find you can get used to a lower setting after a while. One of the best features is it lets you completely turn off the screen in three seconds, which I find is perfect when I want to listen to music broadcast over cable. It saves the screen and saves energy.


Although it’s thin don’t think for a minute it will stay cool. It radiates heat on normal settings fairly quickly like a portable heater. I noticed the room temperature difference in the summer. But you can easily reduce the heat by lowering the power level as noted above.


The remote is too cheaply designed for a high-end plasma TV. It’s not the best companion. You would expect more from LG–an expensive TV deserves a high-quality remote. The button positions are not very intuitive and the remote’s edges are slightly sharp. It does have a backlighting button, but it shuts off automatically too quickly.

Slide Show

There are a few USB ports for standard memory sticks. The ports on the side of the TV are easiest to use. The picture quality of the slide show is surprisingly gorgeous. A half-decent photo off a modern digital camera shows up on the plasma screen at the same quality level as HD programs. The resolution is so high you can easily read text on clear images. You can adjust the slide show speed to Slow, Medium, or Fast. You can also change the setting to Full Screen. It lets you start the slide show from any image; just use the arrow keys to scan through the thumbnails and then hit Enter.

YouTube and Picasa

The 60PK950 lets you watch YouTube videos and see Picasa pictures. Just hit the NetCast button on the remote.

Viewing Distance

First-time large screen TV buyers should be aware that distance can make a big difference. There are charts online which tell you the best distance for the screen size. I’ve tested different distances and notice that a program can be much more absorbing, not to mention better to see, when you’re closer to the screen. This is not just because of the distance but also the clarity of the picture and the degree to which it fills your field of vision. You should certainly consider the issue of distance before you permanently mount the plasma on a wall. One chart says 94″ (just less than 8′) is the optimal distance for a 60″ TV with 1080i. I usually watch from 12′ away and don’t feel the need to move closer.

Quirks and problems

Slide show

The picture load speed is dependent on image size. Smaller file sizes load quickly and larger files slowly. That’s fine if all files are about the same size, but not very good when they vary. Each slide should appear at the same speed no matter what file size. When you turn off the slide show and cycle pictures individually, it gives you too much information (file name, date, dimensions, and size). Users don’t want that unless they’re on a computer. The file management info disappears automatically after a few seconds, but it shouldn’t appear in the first place. The default slide show speed setting is Fast; it should be Medium. After you watch a slide show, and turn the TV off, but then return to the slide show, you see it has saved your place so you can start up right where you left off, but it reset your slide show speed. The pause button on the remote doesn’t pause slide shows.

Music format

The LG lets you play music from your USB drive just like it lets you view pictures, so I tried to play some of my m4a files that were in my iTunes folder. But it wouldn’t accept them. It may only accept mp3 files.

Static line

The top or bottom of the TV occasionally shows a line of “static.” It is similar to what you sometimes see on old VCR video recordings. I didn’t see this on my previous HDTV, so I assume it’s only on the LG. It’s annoying but fortunately it’s rare; I’ve only seen it about once a week. Sometimes it’s just a single commercial; but at other times it’s an entire program. When I want to see the program, I’ll zoom in to cut off the top edge. It seems LG didn’t crop the top properly, or the video editors of some shows or commercials didn’t do complete cropping, and the Plasma isn’t forgiving. Either way, it shouldn’t be there.

Odd delays

The startup is a little odd. After you click the remote to turn the power on, you hear a quick click, but then there’s a delay of about six seconds before you see anything on the screen. There’s also a delay when you try to turn it off; the screen goes blank quickly, but the click comes about ten seconds later. Don’t be tempted to click the power button again thinking you didn’t hit it hard enough the first time.

Red light

When the TV is off, a thin red light four inches wide appears at the bottom right of the screen. When you turn it on, that red light disappears, and a thin blue light appears under the center of the TV. It goes off after a few seconds. I think both lights are unnecessary, as is the indulgent LG logo that appears under the center of the TV at the bottom.

Accidental hit

If you accidentally hit the TV button (top right, just below the light button) while you’re set up with a cable box, it blares static noise! Accessories First-time HDTV buyers should be aware that besides the actual TV there are related product and service upgrades which may be necessary immediately, or they will soon enough want to get them.

HDTV Terminal

A regular old cable box that you’ve had for years that was manufactured before HDTV probably won’t be capable of providing HDTV programming. I had to upgrade to a new box. Call your cable provider to find out what you need and the prices. Some boxes you can rent; others you can buy.

HDTV Channels

If you didn’t already have HDTV channels with your cable provider, you’ll need to order them. They are an additional monthly expense. Fortunately a lot more programs are now available on HDTV compared to just a few years ago. Viewing non-HDTV programs on this large plasma is sometimes worse than viewing them on a small old TV. The picture looks blurred and it’s difficult to watch. Some providers offer a set of HD channels.

Blu-Ray Player

A regular DVD player won’t give the quality of Blu-Ray. Blu-Ray is HD and the perfect partner for HDTV. I have a Sony Blu-Ray player and it’s fantastic for watching the famous BBC nature series.

HDTV Video Recorder

A regular DVD recorder or VCR won’t look very good on the 60PK950 even if you record a show that was broadcast in HD. One option is a PVR (Personal Video Recorder) or equivalent; it is a hard drive which records HD programs in HD so when you play them back you see them in crystal clear HD.


My LG wasn’t grounded. It’s annoying when you get a brand new large high-definition plasma TV, expecting a perfect visual experience, only to see faint purple bands rising all the time from the bottom to the top of the screen! And the bonus is a background hum. This isn’t a defect by LG. It’s a common TV grounding problem. There are different ways to solve it. One is to get your cable provider to ground the TV; another way is to buy a cheap Dayton VIT-1 Isolation Transformer from Parts Express, which reduces the problem by 80%. There’s another trick to deal with the last 20% of the A/V imperfections.


LG says you have to keep the huge cardboard box it comes in for the first month in case you need to return it, so make sure you have enough storage space. The box is a lot bigger than the 60″ TV.


The LG 60PK950 60″ TV is a very impressive piece of technology. It had the Wow Factor when I first tried it, and I still love the TV a few months later. The picture is very sharp and the sound is okay. The remote isn’t great and there are occasional annoying issues, but you easily forget them when you are enjoying a rich visual experience. Sporting events look spectacular and nature programs are stunning. Cartoon graphics are very sharp. Movies are out of this world. Everybody in the family can thoroughly enjoy the LG 60PK950 60″ TV.

Common Speech Disorders in Children

As children begin to speak and learn language, there may be a variety of disorders or conditions which could hinder them along the way. It’s important to become familiar with some of the most common, so that you know what you may expect, or what type of action should be taken. Here’s a guide to some of the most common speech disorders in children.

  • Childhood Apraxia of Speech: This is motor speech disorder in which the brain has difficulty planning and sequencing movement of the articulators, and can result in difficulty producing sounds, syllables and words. The child may be able to internally process what he or she wanted to say, but may struggle to physically coordinate the movements to produce speech.
  • Stuttering: Stuttering is quite common, but can range greatly in terms of severity. An evaluation of an individual’s stuttering pattern would take into account family history, concomitant speech or language disorders, the presence of avoidance behaviors or secondary behaviors (e.g., grimacing, blinking), evaluation of the nature of the speaker’s disfluencies, and the speaker’s own views of his or her stuttering and how it affects his or her life.
  • Receptive-Expressive Language Impairment: An expressive language disorder relates to problems with a child getting his or her message across to others, while a receptive disorder relates to issues understanding an incoming message. Jointly a mixed receptive-expressive language disorder would have symptoms of both conditions.
  • Language-Based Learning Disabilities: This refers to a potentially wide range of different conditions, which hinder a child’s ability with age-appropriate reading, spelling and writing. Due to the relationship between spoken and written language, children with language-based learning disabilities may present with challenges with spoken language as well.
  • Phonological Disorder: A phonological disorder is a condition which affects a person’s ability to discriminate among and produce patterns of sounds. That means entire types of sounds may be omitted, or replaced with other entire types of sounds, i.e., replacing hard /k/ sounds with /t/ sounds, even though the child may be able to physically produce the /k/ and /t/ sounds in isolation.
  • Articulation Disorder: An articulation disorder is a type of speech-sound disorder, which relates to problems producing speech sounds. As such, certain sounds may be incorrectly substituted or omitted, or even added, to words.

By no means is this a comprehensive collection of speech disorders in children, but it does include a number of common conditions. Hopefully you’ve been able to gain new insight into terminology you may have previously heard of, but were unaware about what the real implications were.

If your child has been diagnosed with a speech disorder, or you believe he or she may have one, it’s important to receive an evaluation from a certified pediatric speech pathologist.

Knowing The 7 Reasons Why People Buy Will Increase Your Sales

Tony Robbins says people are motivated by only 2 things – Avoiding Pain and Seeking Pleasure.

And you’ve likely heard that people make buying decisions emotionally – and then justify them logically.

But did you know the 7 reasons why people buy?

Knowing these 7 Reasons Why People Buy Will Increase Your Sales!

If you can keep these 7 reasons top of mind for your business, you’ll be much more effective with your advertising efforts and in helping to solve the problems your customer is facing – making them much more willing purchasers.

People generally make buying decisions for one of these 7 reasons:

  • Make Money
  • Save Money
  • Save Time
  • Save Effort
  • Improve Health
  • Increase Pleasure
  • Eliminate Pain

As you can see, the last 2 could encompass the entire list, but for the purpose of this article let’s break them down and take a closer look.

1) Make Money – Who doesn’t want to make more money? With the possible exception of those who’ve been raised to believe that having money is evil (which is just plain wrong), I can’t imagine there are many people who don’t want more money. If you have a product or service that can legitimately help people make more money in an honest, ethical and legal way, then it’s your duty to find a way to introduce it to as many people as possible.

2) Save Money – Saving money is something I’ve always prided myself at being able to do. I started reading David Bach’s Finish Rich books back in my 20’s. I never was a latte drinker, but his “Latte a Day” formula was very popular for introducing the idea that your small daily purchases are costing you in a big way. Show people how to save some money on things they do everyday and you have yourself a winning formula. Just ask David Bach.

3) Save Time – Time. Everyone needs more of it. It’s the one thing on the planet you can’t get more of. Once it’s gone, it’s gone! People are constantly on the look-out for new ideas on how to save time, from fast food (yuck!) to quick oil changes and done for you services. Anything that saves someone time is likely to get their attention.

4) Save Effort – This one is similar to the time saver idea, although somethings just take as long as they take, and there isn’t a way to shorten the time involved. There is often though a way to do it better with less effort. Think of the snow blower instead of the shovel, or better yet, the Snow Blower Shovel! OK, maybe that one’s a bad idea. When I think of this category I think of things that are often “convergent” or bringing things together. ie. The camera in the smart phone. Instead of having to carry around both a camera and a phone, you now only need the phone. What other “save effort” ideas do you have? Leave a comment below.

5) Improve Health – This is a big one. Probably a multi-billion dollar industry right there just in products and services designed to help people improve their health – not including the entire medical profession! Nearly everyone is dealing with a health issue of one sort or another. Whether it’s simply wanting to lose weight, or gain weight, grow hair, remove hair, get fit, learn to swim – you name it there’s a demand for it. New products are being created and released daily, and they always seem to have a market for them. Hopefully if you’re in this industry you have a legitimately helpful product and you’re not just selling snake oil to make a buck. Fortunately there are a ton of great products out there and if you have one, there’s a huge market for it too.

6) Increase Pleasure – If you thought the last category was big, this one is huge! As I mentioned earlier this reason covers a lot of the list by itself, although I’ll touch on why it’s such a big motivator. Let’s face it, people are simple. We all want pretty much the same things. To be loved, to have more time for ourselves, to enjoy nice things, to travel and explore etc. So if you have a product that can provide one of those core desires for me in a way that I can take advantage of it simply, and easily I’m IN! The challenge with conveying this to the market is that far too often people don’t even know what they want. If you ask the average person on the street what they want, they’ll stammer and stutter and won’t be able to give you a clear answer. The trick for you as a business owner is to find a way to convey what your product or service offers in a way that people say “Hey, I WANT that!”

7) Eliminate Pain – This may be the biggest motivator of them all. While people will go to great lengths to Increase Pleasure and all of the other reasons to buy listed above, they’ll do almost anything to eliminate pain. Just think for a second about your own life. If you had a massive, pounding headache and someone came to you with a surefire cure, wouldn’t you pay just about any reasonable amount for it if it made your headache go away?

Now that you know all 7 of the reasons people buy, what can you do with them?

My suggestion is to look for the ways you can incorporate these motivations into the messages you use to sell your product or service. The key is to talk about the specific way your offer does one of the above things in a way the prospect can relate to in his or her life situation.

And what’s the best way to do that?

Facts tell – Stories sell!

People relate to stories, especially if they can see themselves in the story you tell. If they can imagine what you’re describing as something they’re going through or have experienced, then you’ve got them engaged in your message. If you just list a bunch of features your offer provides, they’ll maybe scan it over and dismiss it. Look for ways to tell more stories in your marketing and you’ll find a whole new client base hungry for what you offer.

Let me know that you found this article helpful. Leave me a comment below and share it with your friends.

How to Arrest Stuttering in Young Children

Stuttering in kids is usually hard to notice, especially for children within the age of 2 and 5 years. At this stage, the kid experiences different patterns of speech; it is also within this stage that developmental stuttering begins. The challenge is that it is hard to notice as kids are seen as still amateur to speak fluently. However, you need to put up some measures to be sure he is not having a developmental stuttering! If it turns out to be that the child is having a developmental stuttering, do not panic or be in a haste to take him to a therapist; try some of the tips in this article to see if the child will outgrow it. When you have tried your best and it persists, you can then invite a professional to take over. Let’s get through the tips!

• Get the Child Some Talking and Singing Toys

At this point there is no need to panic; just start the training process by getting the child some talking and singing toys to play with. When you get these toys, try to make him play with them and also try to make him talk or echo sounds coming out from the toys. The idea is that the kid will want to mimic the toys as they talk and this will help to increase his urge of wanting to speak. Make this a habit; it will be an advantage for the child.

• Register the Child with a Trusted Kids Forum or Network

You can also extend the training by registering the child with a trusted kids forum or network. This step is suggesting the avoidance of kid isolation. One of the major factors that increase stuttering tendencies in kids is their inability to socialize with other children from their tender age. Apart from enrolling the child into a school, you can also go further by exposing him to other kids where he can feel free to play and run around; this step will help to sharpen the child’s mind and thinking. Do not allow your child to stay alone or in doors more often except for hours that requires him to sleep. The child will develop the urge to speak when he plays or moves around with other children. Remember, isolation as factor plays a major role in the lives of children, break this factor while he is still tender and you will see him grow to become a public speaker!

• Teach Him to Sing

In addition to what your child will learn, you can also use your spare time to teach him how to sing. Singing is a mystery attached to stuttering that when a stutterer sings, talks to himself or reads aloud, he tends to do it fluently without any break in words or speech disorder. Teaching your child how to sing from his tender age will help him build or develop-self confidence which he will use to stand the odds of life and even his prevailing speech challenges.

Okay! Now is the time to act. You have tried all the techniques and his stutter is still at large, you can now hire or take him to a professional speech therapist. However, make sure the speech therapist is knowledgeable and understands what it takes to control and manage stuttering.

Constipation – How To Cure It And Find Relief

Constipation is one of the toughest, most embarrassing things that most of us have to go through at some point. Many even suffer from chronic constipation. It can be extremely frustrating to have trouble going, and the effect takes its toll on the rest of your day. Did you know that you can cure your constipation naturally without the use of laxatives or other drugs?

Constipation can be cured naturally by adjusting a few things in your life. Just by changing your diet a little, or your activities, you can cure your constipation and prevent it from returning. Here are a few tips that have helped me in the past to get rid of my constipation.

Water. Water is huge. Your body is made up of over 70% water. Water is essential in every function your body does. Most importantly though, water cleanses your body and removes toxins. This includes waste product. If you find yourself suffering from constipation, start drinking several glasses of water each and every day. This will help to get things moving.

Fiber is the next biggest thing when you can’t go. Fiber helps keep things flowing in your digestive tract. If you find yourself suffering from chronic constipation, add fiber into your diet. Try eating bran cereals and more fruits and vegetables. A high-fiber diet will put your digestive tract on track for easy going.

Exercise is something many of us overlook in our busy days. People think exercise is what makes you really strong and really athletic, but exercise is important for many other things. Exercise helps strengthen the every day functions of our bodies like digestion. Getting outside and getting some regular exercise will help to regulate your digestive system.

How To Become A Pharmacist

Many students these days are pursuing a career in pharmacy. And I can’t blame them. Some advantages of becoming a pharmacist are:

1) Starting salary can be anywhere from $75,000 to $150,000 depending on location and need

2) A pharmacist’s work schedules are flexible. You can work 7 on and 7 off, work during the evenings or work the usual 9-5 job

3) You will come out with less debt compared to other health professional schools.

4) You can become a fully-fledge licensed pharmacist in your early 20s and do not have to complete a residency

5) You won’t have to deal with blood

There are many other advantages to becoming a pharmacist. Above are just a handful of them.

Now, how can you become a pharmacist?

If you are in high school and are interested in pharmacy school, I recommend that you take a look at a few 0-6 years program schools. This program works this way. The high school student applies into this program. As long as the students get the minimum grade point average (GPA) and SAT scores they should be able to get into the program. An interview may be required at some schools, so please check with each individual school. After 2 years of pre-requisite coursework with high marks, the student then proceed into the pharmacy school, where they complete either 3 or 4 years of pharmacy school coursework. Once completed, the student can opt to a 1 year residency or could go out and practice pharmacy immediately.

The shortest 0-6 years program school is University of the Pacific’s (UOP) School of Pharmacy located in Stockton, CA. They offer a program that is as short as 5 years.

Below are some schools that offer 0-6 year programs:

Albany College of Pharmacy, Duquesne University, Florida A & M University, Hampton University Massachusetts – Boston, Northeastern University, Ohio Northern University, Philadelphia, Rutgers University, St. John’s University, St. Louis College of Pharmacy, University of Connecticut, University of Findlay, University of Missouri at Kansas City, University of Rhode Island, University of Texas at Austin, University of the Pacific and University of Pittsburgh

Now if you are a college student or non-traditional student, the road to becoming a pharmacist is similar to a high school student. Basically, you’ll need to complete the pharmacy school requirements, take the Pharmacy College Admissions Test (PCAT – if appropriate) and apply to the pharmacy school of your choice. There are many roadblocks that a student who are applying to pharmacy school may face. These questions include: How do I prepare myself to apply to pharmacy school? What should I major in? What extracurricular activities should I be involved in? Do I need to graduate with a bachelor’s degree? Etc.

How To Get Into Pharmacy School ebook will show you how one student got into the pharmacy school of his choice within 4 short months after applying.

After graduating from pharmacy school, the student is now a fully-fledged pharmacist and only after becoming licensed, by taking the required test for the state the student is interested in practicing in, then he or she can begin working as a pharmacist.

As a pharmacist, you must renew your licensure every 2 years. This licensure process requires the pharmacist to take 30 units of Continuing Education (CE) classes either online or by signing up for a class. Other than this, the pharmacist can enjoy his or her career in the field of pharmacy.

Hazardous Drugs – Highly Toxic

There are numbers of  drugs  available in market and are frequently used by different healthcare organizations. It is not mandatory that every  drug  is hazardous in nature. There are certain criteria that distinguishes between hazardous and non-hazardous characters of  drugs . Although these criteria are not well standardized but are implemented in every healthcare units.

Pharmaceutical professionals have introduced a list that includes the factors to measure the toxicity of  drugs . Hazardous  drugs  are those that possess certain characteristics like teratogenicity, carcinogenicity and genotoxicity. Genotoxicity means any alteration in genetic material of living beings. Cancer inducing agents are called carcinogens and any noxious agent having the capability to cause disorders on fetal development are called teratogens.

Hazardous  drugs  also possess the ability to cause respiratory and reproductive disorders, chromosomal aberrations, infertility, leukemia and even cancer.  Drugs  having organotoxicity character that can lead to minor health effects like eye and skin irritation, eye sight problems, respiratory disorders, infections and allergies also comes under this list.

Chemotherapy, a treatment for cancer uses hazardous  drugs . These  drugs  can save number of lives when used as medicines and can cause harmful effects when exposed. Various  drug  preparation methods also include antiviral and immunosuppressive agents that have numerous side effects when used for treatment of patients. All these harmful chemicals impose short term as well as long term health effects on mankind.

While handling these perilous  drugs , proper care should be taken. Any negligence can cause vital disorders to professionals engaged in various  drug  related activities. Immediate preventives should be taken if accidentally exposed to these  drugs . Safety measures and guidelines must be properly implemented to minimize the risks of exposures and save the mankind from these disastrous  drugs .

Hemorrhoids Medicine – Medicine For Hemorrhoids

People who are suffering from hemorrhoids can get relief by using hemorrhoids  medicines  that can be bought from various sources. Hemorrhoids are caused when there is an inflammation and swelling on the cushions of the tissues in the anal canal. These are caused when there is excessive pressure exerted on the veins in these tissues. The blood then fills up the veins and will cause these veins to swell up.

Not all types of hemorrhoids are painful especially the internal hemorrhoid. These are the types of hemorrhoid that does not exhibit obvious symptoms.

Since not all individuals can determine the symptoms, only those who can experience some pain and discomfort are the ones who seek immediate medical attention. These pains can determine the types and stages of hemorrhoids that are to be consulted to the medical professionals.

There are hemorrhoids  medicines  that are readily available in the market and can be purchased over the counter. The medications differ from the types that will address your condition. Individuals with mild hemorrhoids can be treated by making certain adjustments on their diet and lifestyle and by also taking up some hemorrhoid  medicines . By taking in proper diet and water intake, the fiber from these foods and the water will help in easing up the discomfort of hemorrhoids by softening the stool that makes the condition worse.

Some individuals that suffer from hemorrhoids would choose stool softeners to improve their stool consistency. The stool that will cause strains in the veins will be eliminated when these dietary changes are followed. For those individuals who have hemorrhoids by being overweight, the method on how to prevent hemorrhoids from happening is to lose weight by exercising.

The pain that is caused by the hemorrhoid as well as the itching and discomfort it creates is treated by using hemorrhoid  medicines  that can be chosen from a wide variety of options to choose from. There are also creams that can be applied to the rectal area which can ease pain and itching. There are also pads that are available to be used as a cushion between your butt and the chair. This prevents the infected area from making it worse due to scratches and pressure.

When hemorrhoids become worse and severe, there are also other treatments that are recommended. This can be done through non surgical and surgical procedures. Rubber band ligation is one of the procedures that are recommended by medical professionals. Rubber band ligation is done by cutting off the circulation of the blood to the affected area by tying it with rubber bands. This will cause the hemorrhoids to shrink.

However if the hemorrhoids are severe and large enough, surgery is then required to remove the hemorrhoid out of the body.

Crossroads of Life

We either get bitter or better due to things that happen to us in life. We can learn from our mistakes and failures or we can blame others and keep repeating the same things. The choice is all ours.

There was a time not long ago that I had to make this choice. Was I going to continue on the road I was on or was I going to make some major changes? We all face crossroads in our lives; which road to take is a huge decision. For most of my life I had made the same wrong decisions and kept going on the wrong road. I would repeat the wrong choices and kept on making the wrong decisions. However, if we keep doing this there comes a day of decision or a day of reckoning. My day came just like everyone said it would and just like yours will to.

I had to make a choice; would I change or stay the same. This time, with the help of my family, my God, and a few close friends, I made the choice to change. I am still changing. If there had ever been a doubt in my mind if there was a God or whether He cared about me/us; all that changed in the weeks and months that followed. Not only did He enable me to make the changes I knew I needed to make, but He has gone much deeper than that. I am no longer a judgmental, critical, non-caring, unforgiving, religious or selfish person.

Not to say I don’t have my moments, but they are getting fewer and farther between. “What are you trying to say,” you may be asking. Good question. I am saying that there is hope for you too. If you find yourself repeating mistakes and wrong choices; there is still hope for you to break out of that cycle. There are folk that love you, care about you, willing to walk along side you all the way. You are not alone no matter what you are going through right now. If you are facing a major situation today, your fault or not your fault, know that you are not by yourself. Please don’t feel isolated and deserted. God has heard you and is answering you right this very moment. You are going to be better than ever! Don’t give up! You are so close to getting your answer and your victory!

If you want to make the right choices and changes in your life we would love to hear from you; go to http://www.scottwimberly.com and get in touch with us today.

Why Do I Feel Dizzy? – 3 Common Causes

Many people often ask why do I feel dizzy. It is a nasty sensation which can have many causes. Of course, alcohol and certain drugs can be a common reason for this condition, but there are other medical reasons which may need to be looked into by a medical professional. Here are 3 of the most common ones.

Feeling faint

Fainting is also known as syncope. It is a feeling of light headedness and you may feel as though you are about to pass out. In serious cases you can actually faint (lose consciousness) for a brief period of time and if this happens, other problems can occur if you hit the ground or fall on something. It often occurs if you stand up too fast. There are multiple reasons for this happening, including problems with blood pressure, anaemia or low blood sugar levels and can be a common cause for why you feel dizzy.


This is when you feel like you are spinning around, even though you are standing still. It makes you feel extremely unsteady and nauseous, you may even vomit. Lying down can help to alleviate the feeling. Vertigo is normally caused by certain types of conditions with the inner ear. The inner ear is responsible for the body’s balance so any upset here can be a cause for dizziness.

Balance problems or non-vertigo non-syncope

This is the medical term when you have balance problems that don’t fall into the 2 above categories. A general unsteadiness can have many causes, such as brain disorders, illnesses or generally becoming more frail

Feeling dizzy is a common reason for people to visit their doctor. It is not a nice condition to suffer from and medical advice is often needed to determine the answer to your question ‘why do I feel dizzy?’

Cancer Causing Chemicals – How Smoking and Alcohol May Contribute to Skin Cancer

The fact that cigarettes contain cancer causing chemicals is not anything new. For years, cancer experts have been advising the public to kick the habit and decrease their cancer risk. The connection between alcohol and cancer, however, is not as well known. Skin cancer is only one of the many cancers that can be caused from smoking and alcohol use.

Actinic cheilitis is a condition that affects the lips. Affected lips become puffy, dry, cracked, or ulcerated and change color, often to bright red or white. It is considered to be a pre-cancerous condition. In six to ten percent of cases, it develops into squamous cell carcinoma. The condition can affect people of all ages, regardless of sex, but typically strikes men over fifty. Risk increases with age. Actinic cheilitis is caused by a lifetime accumulation of UV damage. Smoking, alcohol, and poor oral hygiene are also believed to increase the risk of this condition.

Research has shown that cigarette smokes contains as much as four thousand chemicals. Of those, over sixty are carcinogens. Every cigarette smoked exposes the skin and other organs in the body to numerous toxic substances that increase the risk of developing cancer.

According to Dr. Jan Nico Bouwes Bavinck, one of the leading researchers in a study on smoking and skin cancer at Leiden University Medical Center in the Netherlands, smoking more than triples the risk of developing squamous cell carcinoma. The study’s data indicated that smoking may inhibit immune system function, leaving skin vulnerable to the cancer causing chemicals found in cigarette smoke.

Smoking reduces available oxygen to the skin. Statistics say that oxygen supply to skin is decreased for close to an hour after smoking for just ten minutes. Skin cells are damaged by the deprivation. Nicotine’s effect of narrowing blood vessels and reducing circulation also damages skin cells. Smoking also thins the skin and interferes with healing.

Experts say that alcohol is the second largest risk factor for oral cancer. While exactly how alcohol functions is unexplained, there are theories. It is believed that the liver damage brought on my alcohol causes cellular changes. These cellular changes may lead to modifications in the tissues of the mouth and throat.

A second theory is that alcohol increases hormone levels. There have been a large number of studies showing the link between increased levels of certain hormones and the incidence of cancer. According to statistics by the American Cancer Society, drinkers are six times more likely to be diagnosed with oral cancers than those who abstain from alcohol use.

When alcohol is combined with smoking, the incidence of cancer is even higher. Cells dehydrated by alcohol are more vulnerable to cigarette’s cancer causing chemicals. According to experts, you can lower your risk of cancers by giving up cigarettes and reducing or stopping alcohol use. It takes approximately ten years for your risk level to return to that of a nonsmoker and nondrinker.

If you think you are safe because you only drink or smoke socially, think again. As few as two drinks a day for men and one drink a day for women is enough to increase your risk. With so many cancer causing chemicals in cigarettes, a single smoke can do damage to the skin and increase your risk of skin cancer.

Disabled Employee Rights Under the ADA and California’s FEHA

The Americans with Disabilities Act applies only to employers with fifteen or more employees. However California’s Fair Employment and Housing Act also prevents discrimination based on a physical disability. FEHA applies to employers with five or more employees.

Employers cannot discriminate based on disability. Employers cannot automatically say we cannot accommodate your request for a modification of the work place. With disability law an employer has affirmative obligations beyond simply not discriminating. The employer must go through an “interactive process” with an employee who is requesting an accommodation due to a covered disability.

California case law imposes a very broad requirement on employers to search for other vacant positions within their entire organizations after they have determined they cannot reasonably accommodate a disabled employee in his or her prior position. For a multi-state employer, this means checking all other operations for a vacant position, or establishing that during the interactive process the employee was only willing to re-locate within a limited radius. This California rule contrasts with the more lenient federal rule requiring generally that an employer only demonstrate that it “engaged in a good faith effort to identify a position.” The primary obligation relates to California FEHA’S Duty to Engage in an Interactive Process.

Under California FEHA, an employer has a duty to engage in a “timely, good faith, interactive process” to determine effective reasonable accommodations for a person with a known disability. Further, the employer’s obligation extends to employees who do not have an actual disability, but are “regarded as” disabled.

If a person has a disability, California employers must provide a reasonable accommodation, to allow a person to perform the essential functions of their job, as long as it does not cause an undue hardship to the employer. Before an employer addresses these rules, they must start by engaging in an interactive dialog with the employee to see if they have a covered disability.

A covered disability is defined as a physical or mental disability that limits one or more major life activities on a long term basis. The disability “makes the achievement of a major life activity difficult.” Further, if a person does not have a disability currently, but they have a prior history of having a disability, and an employer discriminates on the basis of this perception, the law protects the person. Anyone who is treated or “regarded as” having a disability is covered.

Example: A job applicant who had cancer 10 years ago, is now cancer free, but is told they are not being hired because the employer is worried they will get cancer again. This person is covered under the Americans with Disabilities Act or ADA. This is an example of a “regarded as” claim.

Example: An employer thinks their employee is bi-polar, because some days they work well and other days they just cannot get anything done. Whether this person is or is not bi-polar doesn’t matter under disability discrimination law. An employer who associates job performance within the context of a disability makes that person a qualified person with a disability.

Example: An employee continually takes unscheduled absences and when they are at work they seem tired and spacey. Their work quality is not good. The employee has not mentioned it, but employer is concerned employee has a medical condition that is impacting job performance. What does the employer do? First open up a dialog and talk to the employee about their work performance. Do not start by asking if they have a medical condition. Technically, if the employer believes the employee is not able to perform the essential functions of their job, they may engage in a medical inquiry. However, here that may be premature. The starting point is to open up a dialogue to determine what is going on with the worker. Why are they having difficulty? What can the employer do to help them? This discussion may lead to the employee disclosing a medical condition. From there the employer needs to engage in an interactive dialog and determine if there is a reasonable accommodation that allows the employee to perform the essential functions of their job.

What if the employee states her depression and her recent fatigue is related to a medication adjustment? Can the employer ask for a doctor’s note? The answer is yes. An employer may verify a medical condition and ask for the types of accommodations that may be needed to assist the individual in performing the essential functions of their job.

Can an employer ask this employee to be examined by a doctor chosen by the employer? If the employee is a direct threat to herself or others an employer may request an examination by a doctor chosen by the company. However an employer is encouraged to start with the employee’s doctor. The employee’s doctor can verify the medical condition and what kinds of accommodations are necessary. However, if the employer gets back information that is ambiguous, or does not seem correct, an employer may send their employee to a physician chosen by the company.

It is an employer trap to focus on the actual medical condition itself. The key is to focus on the accommodation and what is necessary for an employer to make an analysis of what accommodations are appropriate. The more an employer focuses on what accommodations the person needs, to do the essential functions of their job, the less likely it is that an employer is going to get into unnecessary detail about what condition the person has. The focus should be what accommodations are necessary or possible to make the employee a functioning employee.

Lesson for Employer: If an employee comes to an employer and says; “I have a medical condition that I need an accommodation for.” The employer needs to get the employees point of view on their medical condition. Once an employer understands the employee’s view, the employer can step back and figure out a compliant strategy. An employer who immediately says, “No, I cannot accommodate you,” risks violating the law and subjecting the company to a disability discrimination based lawsuit. The first step for the employer is to engage in an interactive dialog.

An employer may make a medical inquiry when there is a question about the employee’s ability to perform the essential functions of their job. Further, if an employee poses a direct threat to themselves or others an employer may make a medical inquiry.

In summary employees and employers should work together in a positive and constructive way to deal with disabilities that affect a persons’ ability to work. Employers should not jump to early conclusions, without engaging in the interactive process, and documenting the discussions and offers of accommodation to their employees.

Bitot’s Spots

Diagnosing Bitot’s Spots

The diagnosis of Bitot’s spots will be confirmed by an eye specialist or ophthalmologist. Vitamin A status is measured by tests for retinol, with bloodserum retinol concentrations of 30-60 mg/dl considered in the normal range. Levels that fall below this range indicate Vitamin A deficiency.

Symptoms and Signs of Vitamin A Deficiency

– Dry skin and hair – Increased incidence of ear infection, sinusitis, respiratory infection, urinary infection, and digestive problems – Drying of the cornea with ulceration – xerophthalmia – Inability to gain weight – Nervous disorders – Skin sores – There may be night blindness or a decreased ability for dark adaptation

What Causes Bitot’s Spots?

This condition results from a buildup of keratinized epithelial debris and secretions that can be found in the conjunctiva. These spots are a sign of Vitamin A deficiency and are usually accompanied by night blindness.

Help for Bitot’s Spots

Treating Bitot’s spots first and foremost involves improving the individual’s diet. Regular and adequate intake of foods rich in Vitamin A can reduce symptoms of Bitot’s spots such as night blindness. Other medical conditions such as respiratory tract infections, diarrhea and measles that may be present should also be treated immediately.

Usually, topical antibiotics are administered to prevent secondary bacterial infection. Vitamin A deficiency and the early stages of xerophthalmia can be reversed by administration of a massive dose (200,000 IU or 110 mg of retinol palmitate) orally on two successive days. Children with corneal ulcers should receive vitamin A whether or not a deficiency is suspected.

Natural Remedies for Bitot’s Spots

Natural and holistic treatments can reduce the symptoms associated with Bitot’s spots. Treatments such as herbal and homeopathic remedies are gentle to use, safe and highly effective. Herbs such as Vaccinium myrtillus (bilberry), Aspalathus linearis (Rooibos) and Sutherlandia frutescens support the natural ability of the eye to resist infection and disease.

These herbal ingredients promote the health and strength of eye capillaries, and maintain a healthy supply of blood, oxygen and essential nutrients to the eye – essential for eye health.

Vizu-All Plus is a natural remedy that may help maintain healthy eyes and circulatory health. Vizu-All Plus may also help lessen common problems associated with night vision and eye sensitivity often associated with the normal aging process.

Preventing Bitot’s Spots

In order to prevent Bitot’s spots, there are certain lifestyle changes that need to be adhered to and they include:

– Increase your intake of Vitamin A supplements and beta-carotene

– A protein rich diet is essential and should include meat, liver, eggs, milk, dairy products and vegetables

– Drink fresh carrot juice to prevent or alleviate some eye problems

– Two tablespoons of cod liver oil taken daily is also rich in vitamin A

– Avoid straining your eyes

– Avoid smoke-filled rooms

– Protect your eyes from direct and indirect sunlight

Medical Analysis of Acute Laryngitis

Inflammation of the larynx may result from bacterial or viral infection or inhalation of irritant gases. Unaccustomed overuse of the voice leads to edema of the vocal cords. Laryngitis is characterized by hoarseness and loss of voice. Irritant nonproductive cough may be present. Treatment consists of rest to the voice, steam inhalations, avoidance of smoking, and administration of analgesics and antibodies. In many cases the condition is self-limiting with rest and analgesics.

Laryngeal   paralysis 
 Paralysis  of the vocal cords may be organic or functional. The abductors and the adductors and supplied by the recurrent laryngeal nerves which arise from the vagi. In organic  paralysis  the abductors, the tensors and the adductors are affected in order of sequence. The completely paralyzed vocal cord lies immobile midway between abduction and adduction (cadaveric position). Abductor  paralysis  is always organic in nature and it may be uni- or bilateral. On the other hand pure adductor  paralysis  is always bilateral and it is functional in nature. This is frequently seen in hysteria.

Causes of organic laryngeal  paralysis 
Involvement of the left recurrent laryngeal nerve is common in mediasternal tumors, aortic aneurysm and enlargement of the left atrium occurring in mitrial stenosis. One or other of the recurrent laryngeal nerves may be affected in the neck by enlargement of the cervical lymph nodes, goiter or other surgical causes.  Paralysis  of the vagus occurs in infective polyneuritis, diphtheria, fractures of the base of the skull or space occupying lesions in the posterior fossa. Vagal nuclei are affected in brainstem lesions. These include basilar artery insufficiency, bulbar poliomyelitis, motor neuron disease, syringobulbia and tumors.

Clinical features
Symptoms include hoarseness of voice, cough, alteration in the quality of the cough and dyspnea. Organic  paralysis  is accompanied by cough, whereas hysterical  paralysis  is not. In bilateral abductor  paralysis , the cough is devoid of its explosive phase (“bovine cough”). In unilateral vocal cord  paralysis , the hoarseness and loss of voice may disappear with time, since the opposite vocal cord crosses the midline and restores the vocal aperture. Laryngeal  paralysis  is confirmed by laryngoscopy.

It is symptomatic. Bilateral abductor  paralysis  results in glottis obstruction and it is fatal if the airway is not established by tracheostomy or intubation. Persons with laryngeal  paralysis  should avoid swimming and diving, since they cannot hold breath and, therefore, they run the risk of drowning.

Laryngeal obstruction
Acute laryngeal obstruction may present as a fatal emergency unless relieved in time.
• Foreign bodies may get impacted in the larynx, eg, dentures, large chunks of meat of other foreign bodies, etc. Obstruction by bolus of food is more common in subjects intoxicated with alcohol. This is called “Caf coronary”.
• Angioneurotic edema due to food, inhaled material or insect stings.
• Acute laryngitis and epiglottitis. This is especially common in infants. The organisms include H. Influenzae, pneumococcus or group A streptococcus. Irritant fumes like smoke, noxious chemicals or corrosives cause acute laryngeal edema.
• Chronic progressive obstruction occurs in carcinoma.

Clinical features
Stridor, aphonia and dysnea are the hallmarks of laryngeal obstruction. Acute obstruction in children leads to cyanosis and inspiratory indrawing of the trachea. The movement of a foreign body within the larynx may be palpable during respiratory efforts. When obstruction due to large bolus of food occurs at table, the victim becomes anxious, restless and cyanosed. He tries to cry, but the voice is lost. If the obstruction continues he falls unconscious and death may occur within minutes.

Acute laryngeal obstruction should be suspected when an otherwise healthy individual suddenly becomes choked and cyanotic with loss of voice.

First aid consists of the removal of the foreign body manually or with a pair of tongs. The impacted foreign body can be dislodged by a sudden forcible thud on the chest with the head lowered.

Heimlich Manoeuvre
This effective method is to be learnt by all first aid teams. The patient is hugged from behind with the rescuer’s hands crossing each other over the patient’s epigastrium and the chest is compressed suddenly. This helps in dislodging the obstruction. If this fails, the airway should be made patent by tracheostomy or by inserting a few large-bore hypodermic needles in to the trachea. The patient is transported to hospital for further management. Further management of chronic obstruction depends upon the cause.

Herniated Disc Exercises to Avoid

Initial treatment for a herniated disc requires an adequate rest period followed by targeted and well selected exercises. After and during recovery, the right exercises can speed the healing. However, some people think that working through the pain with the wrong movements makes the condition worse. With this point in mind, it is necessary to understand some of the herniated disc exercises to avoid.

Which Exercises to Avoid With a Herniated Disc

Although resistance training strengthens the lower back, there are nonetheless a few exercises to avoid. In regard to resistance training, correct form is indispensable to alleviate any possibility of further injury. Incorrect form can lead to unwanted strain on the low back.

Bent-over rows, bench presses, leg raises, and dead lifts combined with too much weight are examples of exercises to avoid with a disc herniation. The moves require core strength, which affects the lower back.

If the abdominal muscles are not well developed, this deficit can increase stress on the sciatic nerves. In respect to herniated discs, resistance training can induce further injure and should be avoided. Pain is a warning sign of impending trauma, and a lot of fitness enthusiasts tend to ignore the signs.

Performing the Right Exercises to Prevent Further Injury

It is helpful to decrease the amount of resistance to prevent added harm. Straight-leg dead lifts allow for a stretching effect, which lengthens the spinal column. Additionally, the use of stretching exercises to lengthen the muscles and tendons comprise an added measure against injury.