What is Sudden Sensorineural Hearing Loss?

Sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SSHL) is defined as a hearing loss of at least 30 decibels at three connected frequencies. The symptom may occur quickly or within three days period. In 90% of all cases, the condition affects only one ear. The severity of hearing loss varies from one patient to another. This type of hearing loss is more surround than conductive hearing loss, and it usually affects only certain vacancies. Even when wearing a hearing aid the person affected by sensorineural hearing loss may still have great difficulty in hearing certain sounds.

Causes of Sudden Sensorineural Hearing Loss:

Although there are 100 possible causes of sudden deafness but only 10 to 15 percent of patients with SSHL know what caused their loss. Some of the possible causes include bacterial (eg meningitis and syphilis) and viral (eg mumps, cytomegalovirus, or varicella) infection, circulatory problems, inner ear problem like relation to disorder such as Meneire's disease, neoplastic, traumatic, metabolic, neurological causes such as multiple sclerosis, Trauma such as head injury, immunologic disease such as Cogan's syndrome, toxic causes such as snake bite, ototoxic drugs, and other unknown causes.

Diagnosis of Sudden Sensorineural Hearing Loss:

Evaluation usually begins with careful study of patient's history and by physical examination looking for potential infectious causes and exposure to ototoxic drugs. In essence, SHL is diagnosed by documenting a recent decline in hearing. This generally requires an audiogram. Blood samples are also taken for detecting presence of other disease such as syphilis, Lyme disease, and circulatory disorder.

Treatment of Sudden Sensorineural Hearing Loss:

Due to lack of definite cause of sudden hearing loss its treatment is controversial. Over the years its treatment included systemic steroids, antiviral medications, vasodilators, carbogen therapy, either (alone or combination) or no treatment at all.

Where to Find Low Cost Dental Insurance

It is extremely beneficial to the health of our gums and teeth to regularly visit a dentist for check-ups and cleanings; however, finding a low cost dental insurance plan can be a difficult task for some, making it impossible to cover costly repairs and medications needed for infections and other problems.

It is necessary to spend a considerable amount of time investigating the different each dental coverage plan available in order to find the one best suited to your dental needs and budget. A carefully selected dental plan will end up saving you more money in the long run.

You will know which dental plan policy suits you best if you are familiar with your dental needs and pick your plan accordingly. As examples, if you are single and live alone, you will probably benefit most from an individual dental plan; or if you require special dental work, a plan focused on these procedures is your best bet.

Most individual dental plans are less expensive than other kinds, but usually only suit single people without any children since these dental plans only cover a single policy holder and not any family members, including kids. For those who do have families with children, it is pretty important to have different dental coverage that will take care of their biannual cleanings. Some family dental insurance plans also assist with the high cost of braces.

Similar to the individual dental insurance plan, families can find low cost dental insurance if they are knowledgeable of their present and future needs. The fact that you have children and whether they’ll need braces are just a couple of the several factors to consider.

It is possible that you may obtain low cost dental insurance through your employer, though each company varies in terms of whether they offer a plan and what the plan includes. If you already have a health plan through your job, go through the paperwork that outlines the included benefits; more often than not, some kind of dental coverage will be listed. If a group package is available and you have yet to buy into it, you should really consider doing so because group benefits packages offer some of the lowest cost dental insurance plans.

If all of the above options for obtaining dental insurance are still too expensive for your budget, you can try checking with your local government to see what kind of assistance is offered to low income families in terms of health and dental insurance. It is very possible that you may qualify for a type of discounted or even free insurance.

There is one other option you can try if you still can’t find an affordable dental plan and that is to see if your dentist will let you make monthly payments instead of paying for the expensive services all at once. When it comes to dental emergencies, this can be all it takes to be able to afford the required services. Consult the internet for more in depth information about low cost dental insurance.

Body Building – Is Your Workout Routine Hurting Your Health?

It is common for people to think that they will become buff immediately when they build their muscles. Well, unfortunately it's just not that easy. Working out requires a great deal of patience and determination.

The unfortunate thing is that those same people are willing to risk their health to become fit. They will spend huge amounts of money to dissolve the extra fat they have on their body miraculously in just days. Why will not they just learn how to work on their muscles instead of doing a risky step like that?

Bulking up is fairly easy. And starting that task is effortless. All you need to do is to begin with regular exercises, like jogging around a park and running on the treadmill.

After getting used to those exercises, begin with basic workouts. You can do crunches, dips, lunges, pull-ups, and push-ups. You have no excuse to do that since you can do it at home anytime you want.

The next step when learning body building is to be consistent. This is where many people fail. And unfortunately, body building will be impossible for you once you fail on this part.

However, if you could get past that step, it is now the time for you to get serious. You can buy body building DVDs, and watch them. You must do that to learn how to workout more effectively and how you can burn the evil fat within you further.

On the other hand, you can visit the nearest gym in your neighborhood. After that, you must register as a member. Then, look for an instructor who will guide you on how to advance your workout.

Subsequently, you must research about dietary supplements you can consume to make your muscles grow faster. But before you do that, you must visit your doctor or dietician first. Ask them if the dietary supplements that you will consume may initiate allergic reactions in your body.

As a bonus, you could try to enroll in self-defense classes. Self-defense classes can provide your body more flexibility, stamina, and strength. And of course, you will know how to defend yourself, and how to use your strength to your advantage when dealing with people who may try to harm you.

That is how simple body building can be. As long as you have the patience and determination, you can rest assured that learning how to do body building your muscles will benefit you a lot. So as early as now, start giving your body the exercise it needs.

I've prepared some powerful body building and fitness secrets for you below, enjoy!

The Health Benefits of Listening to Music

“If music is the medicine of the soul let it play on”, so said a playwright. I think the made the statement because probably he got some relieve from music. Music has some strange healing ability. Read on, you will understand the picture I’m trying to paint.

Research has shown that stress can be handled by music. Music enters into the brain cells thus affecting the human brain. Medical scientists have proven that a person that is stressed out can actually listen to some kind of music and become well. How? The researchers said that since stress comes as a result of life events such as starting a new family, starting a new business, starting a new job, and relocating to a new place, one can actually listen to good music and feel good because as stress touches the human mind negatively so good music also touches the human mind positively. Music helps you to forget the stressful life events and remember the momentous events that once happened in your life.

Depression is a disease caused by so many factors including stress, alcoholic addiction, drug abuse or addiction, smoking, social problems such as unemployment, family crisis, divorce, conflict, and imprisonment. Depression is also caused by economic problems such as poverty, and failure in business. Depression is characterized by weakness, headache, confusion, and loss of concentration. Good music makes one to remember happy moments or good days; if you play music about love it makes you feel like falling in love again though you have had several heartbreaks. And such good feeling makes you healthy.

Anxiety is another health problem that can be controlled by music. Anxiety is a side effect of some major health problems such as cancer of the liver and cancer of the breast. Good music makes you feel relaxed and eliminates the pains inherited from these diseases. It removes every factor responsible for anxiety and makes you feel all right.

Cool good music helps to control your breathing and heart rate. Poor breathing rate could be as a result of lung problems such as common cold, tuberculosis, and pneumonia. Good music helps to calm down the cells and tissues that make up the lungs thereby bringing down the patient’s breathing and heart rate to normal.

Good music can send you to sleep. And you need to know that sleep puts your body in a healthy condition. Sleep takes away the effects of stress, depression and anxiety from a person.

You don’t have to underrate the power of good music. It performs unimaginable wonders. I think music should be classified as one of the wonders of the world. It is a universal language spoken by everyone across the world.

Play good music when you feel unhealthy and it will certainly ease off some of those nasty pains.

Medical Marijuana – A Life Savior

Medical marijuana is proved to have certain valuable medical properties, which are witnessed and documented. Just to name a few of them, there are: improvement in patients that suffer nausea and vomiting, raise of appetite in patients that undergo chemotherapy or suffer AIDS, it also reduces intraocular pressure and possesses general pain relieving properties. Some studies as well confirmed marijuana to have benefits for a vast range of medical conditions, from disseminate sclerosis to depression and similar conditions. Synthetic THC (THC is the main active component of marijuana) is also available as a prescription drug, known as Marinol.

Marijuana effectively helps in a wide range of medical conditions and diseases, including muscle spasms, glaucoma, Alzheimer’s disease, Parkinson’s disease, AIDS, HIV, diabetes, chronic pains, nausea, insomnia, seizure disorders, appetite loss, medium pains, spasticity, brain cancer, and lung cancer. Globally accepted by the medicinal society as an alternative treatment for patients, who suffer from a broad range of chronic diseases and medical conditions, medical has truly become one of a few treatments that are really effective. Of course, each patient has to first get a marijuana card.

Medical marijuana is most often used as an illegal substance or a recreational drug in other words, in a lot of developed nations. Medicinal researches have displayed that the THC (tetrahydrocannabinol) – marijuana’s main active component – supplies essential medical benefits in a lot of patients. Voters of Arizona and California considered these benefits substantial and have approved regulations that allow the use of medical marijuana by any patient that has a medical marijuana card.

In order to be taken through marijuana treatment, each patient has to be approved for and issued a marijuana card by a trusted doctor that has a marijuana license. After this patients are permitted to go through medical marijuana treatment. If a patient doesn’t want to have troubles, they should register marijuana card of their own. One of the significant issues of being a marijuana card holder is that a patient is granted full legal protection of marijuana regulations and laws. Obtaining a medical card might be a tough thing to do, since it demands a reference from a physician that has a medical marijuana license. Make certain to visit one of your local medical marijuana dispensaries and proceed with the registration of your own marijuana card. But don’t forget to contact the Department of Health of your state to verify which papers you need to bring along with you for your MMJ card registration.

Although you could need to put up some additional efforts to become eligible for and acquire your medical card, you shouldn’t be scared of the time the process can take. The physicians will provide you a recommendation if they consider that you really need it for your medical condition. Marijuana can also be an injurious drug, but it can supply tons of benefits if it is employed only, when somebody’s health truly needs it.

Tips On How To Clean Your Ears With Ear Syringe In 5 Clear Steps

Almost anything that is really worth doing needs more than a single step in order to complete. Things with any complexness require a number of steps over a period of time. It's just inherent from the nature of things that significant undertakings usually are not completed overnight. You'll need to be prepared, discover how to undertake it, then stay with it and persevere. Regardless of the project or challenge you tackle, there are not apt to be exceptions to those principles.

However it is not usually that tough really, you are sure to break it into clear individual steps.

Here is how you can clean your ears with ear syringe by merely adhering to 5 easy steps:

– Talk to your doctor if you have frequent and troublesome buildups of ear wax. This will be of critical significance because your doctor will give you advice. Be sure you do not overlook or by-pass this, because you may end up making troublesome mistakes.

– Obtain an ear syringe and buy a special liquid from the drug store. This will be a critical step, so lend it your full attention. This is how to do it the best way, for the best results. Consult with reviews of different ear syringes. The principal reason this will be significant is it will forget anything that is unclear to you.

– Fill the ear syringe with the liquid. The reason why is to prepare for the process. Another reason is to fill correct amount of the liquid.

– Tilt your head back and to the side, allowing the ear to face upward. Specifically, your ear is up.

– Carefully insert the end of the syringe into the ear and squirt a few drops. Also, Fit a cotton-ball into the ear and leave in for a night.

Along at the finish, for those who have followed these steps meticulously, you're likely to succeed and can then take pleasure in the fruits from your success! Receive the rewards and admiration (and envious glances!). You did it therefore you deserve the recognition! It was you that attempted to reach your goal and also you who succeeded! Now enjoy your success!

For those who chose to not follow the steps above, ah well, "C'est la vie". Not everyone succeeds, only those plan for it …

Wound Care for the Elderly – How To Administer First Aid To A Senior Citizen

It is extremely hard work to maintain the health of an elderly member of the family. Often it is an uphill task and one feels frustrated with the lack of response in terms of the health of the aged member. Even with sheer hard work and dedication, if you manage to turn around the situation, there is always some setback with rise of a new health problem. Most of the elders due to their specific physical conditions and especially those with mental or physical disabilities are susceptible to minor injuries. It is therefore, very essential for a caregiver to have basic knowledge of treatment for wounds and small injuries to deal with such situations.

The most common injuries are minor cuts and scrapes which may be the results of small accidents. These cuts and bruises may look harmless and at times, the elders may not even realize their existence. Such minor injuries may become quite serious in case of the elderly, if they are not raised in time. All such minor injuries should be cleaned, disinfected and dressed immediately upon happening. These wound should not be left unattended as infection may set in. It may sound ridiculous; after all, it is only a minor cut or scrape we are talking about. However neglecting to treat the wounds, may cause serious problems later on because, the infection takes place faster in case of older people. Therefore, a caregiver must be extra vigilant and provide first aid to the elders as soon as possible.

The caregiver must attend a basic first aid course in the initial stages. The community colleges offer basic first aid courses that cover the relevant aspects of wound care for the elderly. Some of the course content is usually common sense, but it helps to be imparted practical training by an instructor, so that you can remember it when the need arises. Even if you have taken a first aid course earlier, it is advisable to take a refresher course that is more specific to elder care. These courses will also include training in wound care.

Another important aspect of wound care is ensuring that the individual has been given the preventive shots on schedule. The Tetanus shot is especially important, as tetanus is the most serious infection that can be contracted. A small open wound will help the infection to spread via the bloodstream. Thus, the most important aspect of wound care is prevention of infection.

Wound care is simple enough to learn for any caregiver, and it can be easily managed with a little practice. It is important to be aware of this aspect of elder care, because neglecting it will create problems which may become unmanageable in the future. Timely care of small injuries in the elderly will ensure great dividends in terms of their general well being and health.

Mycobacterium – Tuberculosis and Leprosy – New Problems From Old Diseases

Mycobacteria are abundant in soil and water but are more infamous for the diseases that they can cause. Mycobacterium tuberculosis is perhaps the most well known member of the group and is the bacterium that causes tuberculosis. However, there are other species of mycobacteria, for example Mycobacterium leprae causes leprosy, Mycobacterium bovis causes tuberculosis in cattle, Mycobacterium avium causes disease in immunocompromised people, Mycobacterium bovis Bacille Calmette-Guérin (BCG) is a strain of Mycobacterium bovis used as a vaccine and Mycobacterium smegmatis is a non-pathogenic species used in laboratory research. (Reference: Mycobacterium: Genomics and Molecular Biology ISBN: 978-1-904455-40-0)

About one-third of the world's population is infected with tuberculosis, although the infection is latent because the immune system is usually able to control the Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection. About 10% of infected people become ill with an active form of tuberculosis.

Latent tuberculosis infection is when a person is infected with Mycobacterium tuberculosis but does not have symptoms of disease. They are said to be asymptomatic. Active tuberculosis disease is the full-blown disease which, if not treated, will kill half of the patients. One in ten latent infections will progress to active tuberculosis disease. Typical symptoms of an active tuberculosis patient include weakness, fever, chest pain, respiratory insufficiency, fever and cough. Strains of Mycobacterium tuberculosis have become multidrug-resistant making the disease particularly problematic to treat. Treatment includes chemotherapy and a combination of different types of drug. Tuberculosis is spread by infectious organisms produced through coughing by patients with active tuberculosis. The air-borne particles carrying the bacteria can be inhaled by other people.

Leprosy is a disease caused by Mycobacterium leprae , a bacterium related to the species that causes tuberculosis. In medical terms, leprosy is described as a granulomatous disease of the peripheral nerves and mucosa of the upper respiratory tract. Skin lesions are the main visible symptoms. According to the World Health Organization as many as three million people have been disabled due to leprosy. In recent years, leprosy has become a problem in HIV patients using anti-retroviral drugs.

Different species of Mycobacterium cause tuberculosis, leprosy and other illneses. Mycobacterium is a genus of Actinobacteria, given its own family, the Mycobacteriaceae. Much scientific research is being conducted on these microorganisms. In particular much effort is being directed to the understanding of the genome of Mycobacterium with a view to developing and improving strategies for treatment. (Reference: Mycobacterium: Genomics and Molecular Biology ISBN: 978-1-904455-40-0)

Anxiety and Fainting

Fainting is not a common symptom of anxiety. Due to the severity of the symptoms experienced, some people develop a fear that they may faint during an attack. This fear contributes to increased anxiety and worsening symptoms during an attack.

During an anxiety or panic attack, various physiological changes are occurring abruptly. It is these changes that result in the signs and symptoms that are experienced and may contribute to the sensation of feeling faint.

For instance, during an attack, the individual's blood pressure will increase. This can result in a sensation of dizziness or being light headed. It is this sensation that may cause some individuals to feel that they are about to faint.

Most individuals experience rapid breathing, perceived as a sensation of breathlessness, during an attack. In some cases, this perceived breathlessness leads to hyperventilation. This results in an imbalance of oxygen and carbon dioxide within the blood leading to a sensation of being light headed.

Some individuals experience what is known as vasovagal syncope. It is a condition where the sight of an extremely stressful stimulus results in a sudden drop in blood pressure and heart rate. As such, blood flow to the brain is impaired and this causes the person to faint. This condition is common in people with specific phobias.

Some individuals fault during an anxiety attack as their mind's are conditioned to do so. The entire anxiety attack and fear becomes very real for them. When confronted with an attack, they automatically fault as a means to cope with the attack.

Faining during an anxiety attack can be avoided. In patient's who experience the feeling of being light headed and dizzy, controlled breath techniques and distraction techniques will be of utmost benefit. Controlled breathing techniques are also helpful for those people experiencing vasovagal syncope. People who fault during an anxiety attack are purely because they are conditioned to do so must employ distraction techniques to prevent the faining.

It is crucial to address the issue of false associating with anxiety as the very act of fainting can place an individual in danger and predispose them to injury.

Life Insurance: Getting Paid to Live

We go through our entire lives planning, spending time with family and seeking security in some fashion. Typically there are three concerns most people have about their financial situation. We will live too long, die too soon or get too sick or hurt and lose our money because we can not work.

We have confidence that financial planners are doing a great job. Through experience and knowledge they are looking out for their clients. Most Americans take responsibility to spread some of their money out today so so they can afford to live their life to its fullest, long after retirement starts. This is a process a financial planner helps with, to make hard earned money go much further.

A good life insurance agent will make sure that, in the event of a death, one is covered with enough protection for his or her family in the time of emotional need. This can range from just enough to cover expenses to enough to pass down money to grandchildren so they have a great college education and have a solid foot forward in life. We all hope to live a good long life, but things happen to make it a challenging, unpredictable course.

One of the problems we face today, that most financial planners and life insurance agents miss the mark on, is talking about if Americans get too sick or hurt to work. The excuses for this may vary. It's devastating to know that most bankruptcies are due to medical bankruptcies. It is also noted that three-quarters of them had health insurance at the time of the sunset. Is health insurance the problem? Certainly in a few cases health insurance is a problem, but there is more to it than that.

If there was a way to financially protect families if you were to get too sick or hurt to work should not you know? Most Americans are not aware of any products available. Some will immediately shout out "AFLAC," that duck on TV. AFLAC does have financial supplementary products to protect employees if they get sick or hurt. However, for some it is not enough protection.

Life insurance in general should be called death insurance, because there are no benefits paid until someone dies. However, more and more people are surviving a major illness. This is cause for great concern and we all should be planning for this. Most Americans insure things that are important to them such as their car, home and life. They forget that they should insure their number one asset, which is the ability to work. This is why leveraging a qualifying life insurance plan that pays out in the event someone is critically ill or disabled, is critical. The policy will still pay a death benefit, like all life insurance policies. However, this type of life insurance also gives a 'living' benefit.

In conclusion: Disability insurance can be hard to qualify for due to income, especially if you are a small business owner. Disability also has tougher underwriting guidelines depending on the occupation. Long Term Care Insurance is expensive and you may never need it. Of course we never know if we will need it and that's why we buy insurance. Now you can leverage your money if you need it, today if you get sick or tomorrow for your family.

Recent Outbreak of Measles in The US: Prevention and Treatment

A recent multi-State outbreak of measles in the United States has infected over a 100 people from 14 States, from the 1st of January 2015 to 31st January, 2015. As per investigations, this outbreak is believed to have a beginning from initial exposure at Disney California Adventure Park in Anaheim, California. 42 cases have been linked to this outbreak in California, which includes five Disney employees.

Rubeola, commonly known as Measles, is a virus that mostly infects children and infants, but is not uncommon in adults. There is a blood test to diagnose the Measles, but usually the initial symptoms are enough for a qualified medical practitioner to confirm the onset of measles. This includes a runny nose, inflamed eyes, fever (as high at 104 degrees Fahrenheit in severe cases), sore throat, and dry cough. Two of the most predominant symptoms are the characteristic rash (that usually appears on the face and behind the ears at first, and then gradually spreads over the torso and thighs and then the feet) and Koplik's spots (redness on the inner lining of the cheek with white spots having bluish-white centers). Severe cases of measles can be fatal. Almost 100,000 fatalities are reported annually, most of which are of children under the age of 5 years.

Measles is a contagious, airborne disease that affects the immune system, respiratory system and skin. A person with measures can spread the virus during the communicable period of eight days which initiates 4 days before the rash appears and ends 4 days after the rash is visible. An effective way to prevent the spread of measles once it is known that you or a family member is infected is to isolate the infected individual (s) during this period.

Medical advisors suggest that vaccination is the most effective prevention. The MMR Vaccine, which is a measles-containing vaccine, and is injected in two doses (consult your specialist for further guidelines regarding dosage), is 99% effective in preventing spread of the virus.

While there is no treatment which effectively cures measles once an individual is infected, fever reducers such as ibuprofen (easily available over-the-counter) can be taken to relieve the high temperature that enterprises measles. Antibiotics are prescribed if a bacterial infection (ear infection, pneumonia etc.) develops alongside measles. Furthermore, Vitamin A supplements are reportedly said to be helpful in several cases of measles as they visibly reduce symptoms.

Although measles has been practically eliminated from the United States by the introduction of vaccines in 1963, it still is a common disease in other parts of the globe, such as areas in Europe, Asia, the Pacific, and Africa. International travel is one of the prime reasons for the earthquake of measles outbreaks in the United States. It is advised that particularly before international travel, even more so when traveling to developing countries, all individuals should check with their doctors regarding the need to be vaccinated against measles.

Information on Tetanus

Tetanus is a potentially fatal disease: it acts very quickly and often kills before the body's natural primary response can take place. There are about 1million cases of tetanus a year with between 300,000-500,000deaths. It is a global problem because tetanus spores, which cause the infection, are everywhere. However, due to vaccination programs, tetanus is rare in the UK with only about 10 cases a year; the main problems are encountered in developing countries where vaccinations may be too expensive and equipment may not be properly sterilized.

Tetanus is caused by gram positive, obligate anaerobic bacteria: Clostridium tetani which affects skeletal muscles. "Gram positive" means that the bacteria has a thick cell wall, while "disclose anaerobe" means that the bacterium can not survive in the presence of oxygen and survive using anaerobic respiration (without oxygen). The bacterium releases a neurotoxin called tetanospasmin which binds irreversibly to neurons; These are nerve cells that carry waves of electrical activity, known as nerve impulses. When the toxin binds to the neurone it prevails the inhibitory of the motor reflex response to sensory stimuli. The motor reflex response is a rapid response to a stimulus, for example the knee jerk is a motor reflex response to tapping a specific nerve, and in this case it takes us from falling over. Although the toxin stops the nerve from suppressing the movement once the stimuli has gone so the movement continues as a muscle spasm which is characteristic of tetanus.


  • Bacterium Clostridium tetani.
  • Contamination of a puncture wound, eg: a piercing.
  • Ear infections as bacteria may enter through ear.
  • Using unsterile equipment in surgery or other similar invasive procedures such as tattooing and body piercing.

Tetanus is associated with rust which is a little misleading. You are not infected by the rust itself it's just that rust is a rough surface which makes a very good habitat for the endospores of C.tetani. Therefore if you suffer a puncture wound from a rusty object such as a nail, endospores might be delivered into the wound and then you become infected. Endospores are non-metabolizing structures that metabolize and cause infection once they are in an adequate environment. Since this bacterium is an obligate anaerobe it can not live in the presence of oxygen, but a puncture wound is a good environment because it is a low oxygen environment.

The disease is common in areas with hot, damp climates that have soil rich in organic matter, or places where soil is treated with manure. This is because the spores of C.tetani are widely distributed in the intestines of animals such as horses, rats, sheep, cattle, dogs and chickens, and therefore are present in manure. Spores can also be found on skin surfaces and in contaminated heroin.

The incubation period for tetanus is usually between 3 and 21 days, so it may be a while before you are aware that you are infected, especially if the site of contamination was a small cut that you were severely aware of, such as a thorn prick . The further from the central nervous system the contaminated wound is the longer the incubation period. However, the shorter the incubation period the higher the chance of death. Usually symptoms are present after 8 days and they last between 4-6weeks.


  • Firstly muscle spasms occur near the wound
  • Muscle spasm spread to the jaw making it difficult to swallow or open your mouth, hence the name lockjaw
  • Muscle spasms spread to the face, neck, chest, stomach wall, arms and legs.
  • Sensitivity to touch
  • High fever
  • Sore throat
  • Rapid heart beat
  • General tiredness and weakness
  • Sweating
  • Can not pass urine
  • Difficulty with breathing due to chest muscle spasms and lockjaw
  • Headache
  • Bleeding into the bowels
  • Diarrhoea

Direct causes of death include :

  • Blood poisoning
  • Suffocation
  • Cardiac arrest (heart attack)
  • Kidney failure
  • Exhaustion.


  • Development of pneumonia and other infections
  • Fractures of long bones due to severe muscle contractions
  • Spinal compression fractures
  • Breathing problems
  • Coma.

People who are most at risk are:

  • Over 60s as the vaccine was introduced in the 1960s so they may not be properly immunized
  • People who are not immunized or have not had the full vaccination course (tetanus occurs almost exclusively in people who are unvaccinated or inadequately immunized.)
  • Those who live in poverty where vaccines may not be available or medical treatment is not adequate and equipment is not properly sterilized.
  • Intravenous drug users.

There are four different types of tetanus:

  1. Local Tetanus. This is a persistent contraction of the muscles in the same areas as the infected wound. This form is generally mild, but also uncommon.
  2. Cephalic Tetanus. This is a rare form which involves cranial nerves especially in the facial area affecting expressions, breathing and swallowing. It can affect adults with head injuries or children with ear infections as the bacteria enter through the ear.
  3. Generalised Tetanus. This is the most common form accounting for about 80% of cases. The first sign is lockjaw (trismus) and facial spasms (risus sadonicus) followed by a stiff neck, difficulty in swallowing and rigidity in the pectoral and calf muscles. Spasms occur frequently and last several minutes shaping the body into a characteristic posture of an arched and rigid back called opisthotonos. The spasms last for 3-4 weeks and it can take months for a complete recovery.
  4. Neonatal Tetanus. This is generalized tetanus that occurs in newborn infants. They are infected because they have not obtained passive immunity from their mother because she was not immunized. It occurs through the infection of the unhealed umbilical stump, especially if it is cut by unsterilized equipment. Also in some countries it is traditional to put manure on the umbilical stump which can lead to infection. In developing countries this form is responsible for 14% of neonatal deaths but it is rare in developed countries.

You can do blood tests for tetanus but it takes a number of weeks for the body's antibodies to appear in the blood and since tetanus can act quite quickly waiting for blood test results takes too long; a diagnosis is often made on clinical basis. This can usually be diagnosed by the characteristic lockjaw and prolonged muscle contractions of skeletal muscle fibers. Also a spatula test can be done which involves touching the pharynx, which is at the back of the mouth, with a soft-tipped, sterile instrument and observing the results. If there is an involuntary contracting of the jaw, making the person bite down on the spatula then the test is positive and the person has tetanus. A negative result would be a normal gag reflex reaction as the person tries to repel the foreign object from their mouth.


If you suspect that you might be at risk to tetanus you should seek medical help immediately. The wound should be washed clean to remove any dirt and foreign particles from the wound. If it is a particularly dirty or severe wound then dead and infected tissue may be removed by surgery debridement (this involves cutting away the dead tissue).

In mild cases:

Antibiotics such as metronidazole can be prescribed to fight the anaerobic bacteria. It reduces the number of bacteria present but it has no effect on the toxin that the bacteria produce. If metronidazole is not available penicillin may be prescribed but it is not as effective. If you are not sure when you had your last tetanus vaccine or have not had a complete course of immunisation then you may be given a booster shot, however this will not prevent potential fatal cases of tetanus as it takes up to 2 weeks to develop tetanus antibodies to fight the bacteria. Diazepam, also known as valium, can be given as a muscle relaxant.

Passive immunisation with anti-tetanospasmin immunoglobulin is vital. Immunoglobulins are antibodies and form part of the body's immune response. In this case the immunoglobulin used is an antitoxin which means it blocks the toxins released by bacteria. The antibodies are taken from blood donors who have recently been vaccinated against tetanus and inserted into a vein or muscle (intravenously or intramuscular injections). These provide immediate protection, although they are only temporary because it is a form of artificial passive immunity and the body's own immune cells have not produced the antibodies so memory cells are not made therefore if there is a second exposure then the body will still have to make its own antibodies which take time. Also the body regards the donated antibodies as foreign and they are removed from the circulation and destroyed in the liver and spleen.

In several cases:

This must be treated in an intensive care unit in hospital. Injecting immunoglobulins is important as it increases clinical improvement from 4 to 35%. Maintain an open airway is vital; in some cases a tracheostomy is performed which involves creating a hole in the neck through to the windpipe and inserting a tube in to allow you to keep breathing freely although your mouth or throat may be blocked higher up, you may be supported on mechanical ventilation for 3-4weeks. In very severe cases the patient may have to be paralysed and supported on mechanical ventilation.

Magnesium can be given as intravenous injection as this prevents muscle spasms, diazepam may also be given as it is a muscle relaxant.

Proper nutrition is required: 3500-4000 calories are needed every day with at least 150g of protein a day. The amount must be so high because of the increased metabolic strain caused by the increased muscle activity of spasms. It can often be given in liquid form through tubes directly into the stomach or through a drip into a vein.


The best prevention against tetanus is proper immunisation as tetanus occurs almost exclusively in people who are unvaccinated or inadequately immunized. In the UK the vaccination is included in children's vaccination programs and is part of the combined diphtheria / tetanus / polio / haemophilus influenza b vaccine. For adults and teenagers it is included in the tetanus / diphtheria / polio vaccine. The vaccination course involves 5 doses of vaccinations: the primary course is given as 3 separate doses each month apart, usually it is given to babies, starting when they are two months old, but it can be given to adults as well. In children the fourth dose is given three years after their primary course, in adults it is administrated ten years after the primary course. Finally the fifth dose is given ten years after the fourth. The primary course provides protection for a number of years while the fourth and fifth doses maintain this protection and should last a life-time. Vaccinations inject a small amount of dead or harmless bacteria into the blood, which the body recognizes as foreign. The body's immune system then produces antibodies to destroy these foreign particles and at the same time memory cells are made so that if there is a second exposure (if you actually were infected by tetanus) your immune response would be much quicker and more effective. After the vaccine it is normal to feel promptly unwell with symptoms including mild headache, aching muscles and mild fever which last a few days. You should not have the vaccine if you already have an illness causing a fever or if your last tetanus vaccination caused a severe reaction although this is very rare. It is safe to have the vaccine if you are pregnant or breastfeeding feeding.

The Chicken Pox Vaccine and Shingles – What is the Link?

The chicken pox vaccine, which was first approved by the Food and Drug Administration in 2005, is growing in popularity and is becoming more widely used as part of the regular vaccination schedule for children across the country. There are, however, a few red flags related to the chicken pox vaccine and shingles that have drawn people's attention to this new vaccination.

Chickenpox, or the varicella-zoster virus, is a very common virus found mostly in children. However, if it is possible to experience symptoms (usually worse) as an adult. Although rarely deadly, a few children or adults may experience complications with chickenpox. Most, however, simply get a blistery rash that is itchy.

Scientists are hoping to eradicate this virus through the chickenpox vaccine. Although it is not a cure, it is typically given to children at age 1 and again between the ages of 4 and 6 to reduce the likelihood of contracting the virus. If a person does get the chickenpox after vaccination, it is usually a much milder version.

Adults who have never had chickenpox can also receive the vaccine at any point in time, along with the booster after 28 months of the initial shot.

One way the chicken pox vaccine and shingles are related is that once a person has had the chickenpox or the vaccine, the virus lies dormant in the body. Many people experience a second outbreak, in the form of shingles, as it becomes active after many years (although it is possible for children to have shingles, it is very rare.).

Not everyone will get shingles, and it is not known what causes the virus becomes active in some people in not others. However, some people fear that the complete elimination of chickenpox will spawn an increased number of cases of shingle. This is where the tie between the chicken pox vaccine and shingles comes in to play.

Usually a person's body continues to build up an immunity to the dormant zoster virus as it comes in contact with the virus through life. If no one is carrying the natural form of the virus and no one has chickenpox, the body no longer builds up this defense. The chicken pox vaccine and shingles are related in that the increase in number of vaccines may result in an increased number of patients with shingle.

Some doctors and scientists feel that the connection between the chicken pox vaccine and shingles is a more positive one. Follow-up studies seem to indicate that people who have received the chickenpox vaccine are less like to acquire shingles later on in life. If this holds true, we would see a dramatic decrease in the number of shingles patients as the number of vaccinations increases.

Only time will reveal the real connection between the chicken pox vaccine and shingles. Let's hope that the latter case is the one that prevails.

Natural & Herbal Treatments For Rubella or Measles

Rubella, or measles is highly-contagious viral infection that is very common in children. The infection causes a fever and rash, and its incubation period generally is between 9 and 11 days.

The initial symptoms of this infection is frequently feeling tired, irritability, fever, runny eyes, aversion to light as well as cold-like symptoms. The usual manifestations of this infection are, a bright red rash which breaks out on the forehead and face and then on the neck and leading down to the feet. The rash usually lasts about three days in each area. This infection is very common during the spring and the winter.

A Very Contagious Infection

Measles is considered as a highly contagious condition,, which spreads via airborne droplets from the nose and from saliva. The infection's incubation period usually takes from fifteen days to three weeks. Rubella is diagnosed from three symptoms: fever, a light rash appearing mainly on the face and neck, then on the rest of the body, and swellings behind the ears and near the nape. The duration and of the illness is generally benign and lasts about a week, which often goes unnoticed.

Although this may be a common illness, generally it does not have serious repercussions except when it happens at the start of pregnancy, where it can cause an abortion or some serious mental deficiency or malformation in the fetus. Women who have not had the disease in their childhood are advised to get vaccinated before they get pregnant.

Herbal Ingredients For Alleviating Measles

– Neem Leaves

These herbs, when placed in the room of an infected person, will act as an antiseptic and also freshens up the air as well. They also aid in preventing the spread of infection.

– Echinacea

This herb is effective for enhancing the immune system and preventing infections. .

– Garlic Oil

Individuals may apply garlic oil to the affected area to prevent the infection from developing.

– Eleutherococcus and Ginseng

These herbs are effective as general tonics for adults, and improve strength and resistance to infections.

– Saffron and Snake Root

Saffron and Snake Root are herbs which help speeding up the healing process. Patients may drink saffron and snake root tea daily.

– Eucalyptus, naiouli, thyme linalol can be given to children. These herbs have potent anti-inflammatory and anti-infection abilities.

Those suffering from measles are also advised to consume food rich in copper. Copper is a mineral that is prevalent in foods like seaweed, almonds, avocado, cocoa, cereals (whole wheat and rice). mushrooms, shellfish, oysters, crustaceans, calf and sheep liver, dried fruit, nuts, fish roe, plums and tea.

You also need to give patients plenty of liquids, in as much as he or she can tolerate, preferably juices, because drinking lots of fluids is important, especially with children.

With high fever and sweating, kids tend to get dehydrated more easily, as they vomit frequently. Ensure that the child stays indoors, and preferably in bed, since getting lots of rest is essential. In addition, by staying in bed and not going out, the child will be able to prevent other persons who are not immunized, from catching this infection, as this is a highly contagious one.

http://primeherbal.com – Prime Herbal

Male Infertility Treatment: What You Can Do To Boost Fertility

The crucible role of child conception lies with both the male and the female and their willingness to start a family together. When their decision and the steps they have taken to become pregnant becomes fruitless after some time, then it may be time to consult the doctor for any fertility issues. Males may still be considered infertile since their active sex life.

Male infertility can be stressful especially when most men pride themselves on their virility. However, male infertility can be traced to factors beyond their control, such as underconded testicles, chromosome defects, other genetic anomalies, measles, pesticide and heavy metal exposure, and other causes they may or may not be aware of.

Male infertility treatment gets better and more target specific as research becomes more thorough and technology becomes more intelligent. Depending on your age, medical history, tolerance to medications and certain male infertility treatments, and your preference, there will certainly be something you can take advantage of to improve your chances of fertility.

One of the more practical ways to start pregnancy is having intercourse every other day. Getting your regular dietary allowances of Vitamin C, B-12, E, zinc, and selenium may improve your sperm quality. Medication and therapies may address sexual interference difficulties, such as premature ejaculation or erectile dysfunction. Hormone treatments may also boost your chances to get your partner pregnant. Surgery can repair an obstructed vas deferens. The more expensive and aggressive male infertility treatments are also called assisted reproductive technology. Artificial insemination, in vitro fertilization, gamete intra-fallopian transfer, and intrauterine insemination are a few treatments that fall under this category.

Every male infertility treatment, whether natural or medical in nature, starts with yourself. Find balance within yourself first by reducing stress and other volatile emotions. It helps to release stress through yoga, meditation, or even contact sports. Although some males are adverse to talking, your partner and someone you trust would not mind talking to you about your feelings. After all, your side of the story matters a lot. If it becomes unbearable, consider going to counseling. Help does not diminish the fact that you are a man. Getting help is the responsible and wise way to avoid bad decisions.

Although there are a lot of treatments available for curing male infertility, it is important to set limits. Thus, financial interest is not your only concern in choosing a treatment, but emotional satisfaction is also a priority. Investing your finances and emotions in getting a baby is not the wisest way of surviving male infertility treatment or any treatment for that matter. Choose the two or three best ways and hope for the best. In the meantime, enjoy your partner and your free time. Time may be hard to find once the baby arrives.