How to Solve the Illegal Drug Problem

Use of illegal drugs is a big problem that has a very simple solution. It is a simple matter of eliminating the profit motive. The only reason people are involved in drugs is because of the profit potential. If there were no profit in producing, smuggling, and selling illegal drugs there would be no problem. The simple, and only, solution is to remove the profit!

For a very long time governments have been trying to solve the problem by arresting drug producers, smugglers, sellers, and users. This approach has not worked and will never work as long as the profit motive is so great that people will risk arrest to make big money. Trying to prevent drug production, smuggling, and selling is a hopeless approach that only increases the number of people in jail. It does not decrease the drug problem!

The U.S. government is always complaining that countries like Columbia and Afghanistan are not doing enough to prevent the growing of drug related crops. The government also complains that countries don’t do enough prevent the smuggling of drugs into the United States. Trying to stop the growing and smuggling of drugs will never work. As long as the profit rewards are great people will figure out a way to produce and smuggle drugs. This also applies to the production and selling of lab produced drugs. All the efforts of the government for many years have proven that you can not solve the problem by trying to prohibit the problem. Probation was not successful for alcohol and it will not be successful for drugs.

It is not that the bureaucrats, politicians, and experts don’t know that probation will not work, they know but it is in their best interest to promote a bad approach. Politicians campaign for more drug enforcement and harsher punishment for offenders because that is what the majority of the voters believe is the right approach. The majority of the voters believe it is the right approach because that is what politicians and law enforcement people keep promoting.

Drug enforcement is big business and those involved don’t want their empires to be decreased in size or eliminated. This is a different side of the profit motivation. There are tens of thousands of federal, state, and local government employees that owe their good paying jobs to the fight against drugs. Our prison system is a big benefactor. A large percentage of prisoners are in prison because of drugs. In addition to the prison employees, the contractors that built prisons and the many companies that contract with prisons would not be happy to see the drug problem solved.

When someone talks about decriminalizing drugs most people visualize rampant use of drugs and Amsterdam style drug cafes on every corner. It would be foolhardy to decriminalize drugs without a plan. It would also be foolhardy to think that the use of drugs could be completely eliminated. Drugs are little different that alcohol. Both are addictive mind altering chemicals and their abuse is a problem. I would prefer that there would be zero consumption of both drugs and alcohol but that is not realistic. Therefore, we need to figure out how to create a situation that makes their use acceptable.

Elimination of the profit motive by decriminalizing drugs needs to be the first step. Determining how drugs would be distributed needs to be part of this step. Exactly how this is done is not as important as the fact that it is done. The most obvious would be to distribute them with the same controls currently used for alcohol. We have got to get over the attitude that drugs should not be used because they are bad. Alcohol and tobacco products should not be used because they are bad but we have accepted that their use can not be prohibited so we have a system for controlling their distribution. Drugs are not good but they are no worse than alcohol and tobacco so the same approach could be used to control drugs.

Drug abuse counseling and treatment must be the second step. Just like alcoholics, most drug abusers would rather not have an abuse problem. Because the drug issue has been approached wrong for so many years there is a huge drug abuse problem. If only a fraction of what is being spent today on the drug problem would be spent on drug abuse counseling and treatment a huge improvement would be realized.

Many fear that the decriminalization of drugs would make them more easily available and increase their use by children. Anyone that watches the news on TV or reads the newspaper should know that drugs are very easy to get by both adults and children. Now drug pushers give drugs to kids so they will get hooked and then buy the drugs from the pusher. We don’t have alcohol pushers that give alcohol to kids to get them hooked because there is no profit motive. Remove the profit motive for drugs and the drug pushers will go away.

The June 2011 Global Commission on Drug Policy report states that the “global war on drugs has failed, with devastating consequences for individuals and societies around the world.” The first sentence of their recommendation reads, “End the criminalization, marginalization and stigmatization of people who use drugs but who do no harm to others.”

Chinese Herbal Medicines – Advantages and Disadvantages

The intake of Chinese herbal medicines is mainly done in three ways. A patient can take them as tablets, as decoctions or as a granule powder. Chinese herbal medicines have their advantages and disadvantages.

One of the advantages is that Chinese herbal medicines have been used and perfected for thousands of years. This is very encouraging since the occurrence of errors while using them is quite rare once the right procedures are followed. Another advantage is that they have energizing properties and life prolonging properties. This makes them usable even for people who are not sick since they have life prolonging capabilities. Another advantage is that the whole concept of traditional Chinese herbal medicines advocates for a more wholesome body recovery. Traditional methods of healing emphasize mostly on taking of the body as an organic being with wholesome integration of the body, mind and soul for a healthy balanced life.

Many people prefer Chinese herbal medicines due to the financial benefits of using them. They are very affordable as compared to going to modern hospitals. There is also the aspect that doctors in the modern hospitals are more money oriented and don’t give the best care to the patients. Traditional doctors are however very gentle and patient with their patients. On the other hand do have disadvantages. These include the fact that due to the high fiber content, they are likely to cause stomach disorders. The traditional methods also lack modern facilities that greatly make the treatment of patients easier, such as the use of anesthetic in the operation of patients and x-ray machines, to detect breakages of bones.

If a person were to buy traditional medicines and accidentally the treatment did not work well or rather caused more harm to the patient, they would not be compensated and would not have anyone to complain to. The lack of working standards of recognition thus hinders the patients from trusting the traditional Chinese herbal medicines. A patient willing to use traditional Chinese herbal medicines may find it very difficult to know the legitimate and efficient medicines. This is because different specialists use different methods of administering the medicines and even use different quantities in mixing of the medicines. There is therefore no basic standard of measurement when it comes to these medicines. The herbs making the traditional herbal medicines also grow in different part of china and under very different conditions. This may be a major factor in causing the difference in the contents of herbs having the same names.

Injections – How Much is an ml, cc, IU?

In many countries, steroids are legal and even can be purchased over the counter. As a results many of these injectable anabolics are administered by the user. Below is information aiding in the conversion of such drugs. This article does not endorse the use of illegal drugs.

I. U.= international unit. This is a unit used to measure the activity (that is, the effect) of many vitamins and drugs. For each substance to which this unit applies, there is an international agreement specifying the biological effect expected with a dose of 1 IU. Other quantities of the substance are then expressed as multiples of this standard. This also means that this measurment is not based on sheer volume or weight of the substance, but rather the effect.

ml = milliliter. This is a VOLUME measurement. it is 1/1000 of a liter. when talking about water or similar liquids, it is equivalent to one cubic centimeter.

cc = cubic centimeter. This is also a VOLUME measurement. Most syringes measure their capacity in cc’s. If you have a 5cc syringe, it will hold ~5ml of liquid in it.

mg = milligram. This is a WEIGHT measurement. It is 1/1000 of a gram. the amount of chemical substance is often measured in milligrams. For injectable solutions, this will be reported as a concentration of weight to volume, such as mg/ml (milligrams per milliliter). In the case of orally administered substances, the weight of chemical is labeled, athough the actual weight of the pill/capsule may be much higher, because of the use of filler substances. This means that a small pill may be much more potent than a large pill, so don’t judge a pill based on its size, but the actual amount of substance for which it is labeled as.

mcg = microgram = 1/1000 of a mg (milligram) There are one thousand micrograms in one milligram.

Conversion factors:

1000 mcg (microgram) = 1 mg (milligram)

1000 mg (milligram) = 1 g (gram)

1000 g (gram) = 1 kg (kilogram)

1000 ml (milliliter) = 1 liter

1ml (water) = 1cc (water)

1ml (oil) ~ 1cc (oil) (~ denotes approximately equal to)

Examples putting it all together

Say a user has some Drug XYX from two different companies. One is ‘XYX-300’ from QV, and one from BM which is ‘XYZ-100’. Both of these are XYZ DRUG, but they have different concentrations. What this means is….

for the XYZ-300:

if you take 1 ml (one milliliter) of this solution, it will take up ~1cc (one cubic centimeter) of space in the syringe. There will be 300mg (three hundred milligrams) of XYZ in this dosage.

for the XYZ-100:

if you take 1 ml (one milliliter) of this solution, it will take up ~1cc (one cubic centimeter) of space in the syringe. There will be 100mg (one hundred milligrams) of XYZ in this dosage.

If you put the syringes side by side, they appear the exact same, so what is the difference? the XYZ-300 has a concentration of 300mg/ml, while the XYZ-100 only has a concentration of 100mg/ml. This means that the syringe with XYZ-300 has three times (3x) the amount of DRUG XYZ in the same exact volume as the syringe with XYZ-100.

Arterial Insufficiency Ulcers

Perhaps you are like many health care professionals, and find it difficult to differentiate between venous and arterial ulcers. If so, the following article should help you to learn how to recognize and treat arterial ulcers, also known as ischemic ulcers.

What is an arterial ulcer?

Arterial ulcers are ulcers that occur as a result of a complete or partial blockage of the arteries. Another term for this is arterial insufficiency. Arterial insufficiency occurs as a result of peripheral arterial disease (PAD) and causes decreased perfusion to the tissues distal to an arterial plaque formation.

What causes arterial ulcers?

Arterial ulcers are caused by inadequate circulation, which in turn is caused by arterial insufficiency. The hands and feet most often suffer the consequences of arterial insufficiency. Ulcers may form just at or below the ankle, between the toes, or around bony prominences.

What are the risk factors for the development of arterial ulcers?

There are several health conditions that may place your patient at risk for the development of this type of ulcer, including diabetes, high blood pressure, smoking, obesity, sedentary lifestyle, family history, hyperhomocysteinemia, hypertriglyceridemia, hyperuricemia, and stress. These types of ulcers are more common as a person ages (60’s to 80’s) but may occur earlier in patients with diabetes.

Arterial ulcers are often precipitated by trauma, and a simple bump or scrape to an extremity may be the initial cause. Once formed, these ulcers are slow to heal due to the lack of oxygen and nutrients as a result of PAD.

What are the signs and symptoms of arterial ulcers?

There are several signs and symptoms which should prompt the diagnosis of arterial ulcer. Some of these symptoms are:

– Cool or cold skin

– Reduced or absent pulse in the affected extremity

– Shiny, tight, dry skin

– Skin may be hairless

– Toenails thickened and brittle

– Ulcers small and circular in appearance

–   Wound  edges smooth

 Wound  base is pale in colour

– Minimal fluid drainage (unless  wound  is infected)

How do I assess arterial ulcers?

Doppler ultrasound may be needed to assess pulses as they may be absent or diminished in the affected limb. You will note that the patient’s skin will feel cool to the touch, worsening as you move down the limb. The patient may experience pain at rest or during ambulation.

Pain at rest is caused by diminished blood flow to the toes or foot that may be relieved somewhat when the foot is placed in the dependent position. When the patient elevates the limb above heart level, the foot may become pale; the leg will appear reddened or dusky when the leg is in the dependent position. Edema may or may not be present, depending on whether the patient positions the leg in a dependent position for comfort.

How are arterial ulcers treated?

Affected limbs should not be elevated. At rest, the limb should remain in a neutral position. Patients should be encouraged to walk. Patients with arterial ulcers should not have their limbs compressed with stockings or bandages.

There are some medications (Trental and Pletal) that may help to increase blood flow in patients with PAD. Patients with chronic heart failure may be unable to take Pletal. Data to support the use of such drugs is not widely available.

Complete occlusion of a vessel may require vascular surgery.

 Wound  care in arterial ulcers

There are several principles that should be adhered to when caring for arterial ulcers:

– Assess the  wound  daily for appearance, drainage, increase in size, signs of infection, and moistness

– Document  wound  appearance and size frequently

– Assess blood flow frequently

– Manage pain appropriately

– Cleanse  wounds  with normal saline or another non-cytotoxic cleanser

– Moisturize the skin of the affected limb frequently

– Choose the right dressing for the  wound  in its current state-hydrocolloids, hydrogels, foams, and calcium alginates may be acceptable choices

– Ensure adequate nutritional status

– Be alert to signs of infection and treat aggressively-obtain a  wound  culture when in doubt as to whether infection is present. The  wound  should be cleansed with normal saline prior to culturing the  wound .

VigRX Contains All Natural Safe Ingedients

Did you realize that VigRX does NOT contain Yohimbe?

VigRX is the best that historic remedies and advanced

remedies have to offer! The VigRX formula is THE greatest

herbal supplement for penis improvement . And it does not

contain the controversial Yohimbe!

Why not Yohimbe? “Why not,” you inquire? Yohimbe is among

the most talked about subject matters in the herbal

supplement arena these days. But what a good number of

individuals don’t realize is that ‘organic’ does not

necessarily stand for ‘weak’. As it happens, Yohimbe may

have strong, even potentially unsafe side effects, and needs

to be monitored by a doctor in order to be considered not

dangerous. What does this indicate? That penile improvement

and libido formulas that contain Yohimbe could potentially

be dangerous to your physical condition!

Its not entirely the wonder-drug some would have you think.

Although it is effectual when the measure is exactly

accurate, the chances of falling behind that stretch are

somewhat high. Take too few, and you’ll get no effect. Take

too much and look out – find the facts below! With no

supervision of your doctor this herb may be risky to utilize

.

Background & Applications Yohimbe is in reality a large

plant included in the forests of West Africa. The bark of

this large plant includes the yohimbine, the active element.

Utilized in olden times to cure fevers,   leprosy , and coughs,

but is also utilized as an aphrodisiac and healing for

erectile dysfunction.

What are the perils? Although numerous individuals may take

yohimbe not including difficulties, everyone with low blood

pressure, diabetes, or heart, liver, or kidney disorder

should stay away from it. Hence, it must be stayed away from

by everyone who finds the side effects difficult to deal

with.

The managements of Canada, Australia, Norway, and Finland

have forbidden the exchange of Yohimbe owing to its

potential to be very unsafe.

What is the choice? There are a few substances that result

in EQUIVALENT SEXUAL ENHANCEMENTS AS YOHIMBE, but not

including the side effects! VigRX stop impotence,

strengthens libido, and gives you more durable erections,

but not including any physical condition hazards at all!

For example, VigRX includes Epimedium leaf extract, availed

of for more than two thousand years as a sexual and

reproductive tonic, and performs in multiple ways to boost

erection capability, size, and fullness.

Epimedium includes a flavonoid dubbed icariin. Icariin is a

“cGMP-specific PDE5 inhibitor” exactly like one included in

the prescription medications Viagra, Cialis and Levitra. A

research at the University of Peking in China (where

Epimedium is raised naturally) learned that this inhibitor

may be developed into an effective oral healing for erectile

difficulties.

But VigRX includes a variety of powerful herbals utilized

for sexual improvement . VigRX also includes Catuaba Bark

Extract, Asian Ginseng Root, Ginko Biloba, and Cuscuta Seed

Extract, which are all effective herbs utilized productively

for hundred of years to enhance sexual energy and

performance.

What is the lesson here? VigRX is one of the most effective,

and SAFEST penile improvement formulas acknowledged by man!

Use VigRX! If you are seeking out a not dangerous,

non-prescription supplement for penis improvement and

improving libido, look into VigRX. There is no need to run

the risk of anguish from side effects from any drugs or

supplement, particularly when there are more reliable, more

effectual treatments on hand.

Look into VigRX, and you won’t be dissatisfied!

How To Avoid Anorexia Nervosa

The purpose of this writing is to keep you or anyone you know from dying from extreme anorexia nervosa. It is a guide to help you recognize the symptoms and stages of the disorder and seek help yourself or intervene with someone you know if you suspect the disorder is at work.

The earlier you recognize it, the better the chances of recovery. The symptoms and stages, of course, vary with the individual. The following information is given simply as a general guideline to assist one in realizing what is happening. Stage 1 might be suspected if a couch potato type suddenly seems obsessed with exercise. Of course exercise in its own right is a good thing.

The key word here is “obsessed”. If one suddenly goes from being the couch potato to vigorous exercise for several hours a day, every day, something unusual is happening. Stage 2 is suggested if the same individual also becomes more obsessed with the exercise regimen, coupled with unusual focus on food and eating habits – i.e. when was my last meal? Exactly what did I eat? The target is to eat only enough to function while losing weight dramatically. A gaunt, pale face and exaggerated circles under the eyes will develop as this regime continues.

Stage 4 may be a more private behavior and difficult for family and friends to witness. While some anorexics follow this behavior in public, many keep this symptom private. The anorexic becomes obsessed with the image in the mirror. Are ribs or other bones showing? Frequent or constant checking becomes common.

Stage 5 is the point that it becomes crucial for someone to recognize the anorexia and seek treatment quickly. If not arrested by this point, the downward spiral whirls faster and the anorexia is becoming literally life threatening. By now the sufferer is probably unable to do anything about it without help. The individual is having fainting episodes and counting the days he or she can go without eating before fainting occurs. Stage 6 finds the sufferer fainting more frequently, possibly bleeding from the nose, and with virtually no energy.

Observers cannot miss the incredibly thin bodies at this stage. There remains almost no tissue between the skin and the protruding bones. It is impossible to overstate the importance of keeping an eye out to your own exercise and eating habits, and those of your family and friends. If you suspect the killer disorder anorexia nervosa has set in, your intervention may be the only thing between life and death. Don’t hesitate to act in time!

Cancer Remission: What Is It Exactly?

Many people seem to have a distorted and incorrect definition of the word “remission,” as it is used in relation to cancer patients. Most commonly people seem to believe that going into remission means that the patient is successfully treated and safe.

However, according to the American Cancer Society, cancer remission is a “period of time when the cancer is responding to treatment or is under control. In a complete cancer remission, all the signs and symptoms of the disease disappear…Complete cancer remissions may continue for several years and be considered cures.”

So, someone who goes into cancer remission is not showing signs or symptoms of the cancer. It doesn’t matter how many cancer cells are still going strong and growing in the body of the patient, for any time frame that it isn’t causing “signs and symptoms,” the patient is said to be in remission.

Oddly enough, there isn’t much discussion in the advertisements for traditional cancer treatments regarding the extension in the length of life for the patient. And there aren’t many discussions about the quality of life for the patient.

These two concepts are not factored in when talking about “cancer remission” in a patient.Typically speaking, cancer remission refers to shrinkage in the size of a tumor or to the change in some of the tumor markers. Tumor markers are substances, usually proteins, which are produced by the body in response to cancerous growth or tissues. However, a lot of the markers are also found in non-cancerous conditions so they aren’t really a good diagnostic tool for cancer.

Traditional cancer therapies are successful in shrinking tumors and reducing tumor markers. For this reason, cancer remission is used as the indication of “successful” cancer treatment.

Cancer remission doesn’t necessarily mean the patient doesn’t die. For example, a patient is said to have been successfully treated for cancer if the therapies put them into remission, even if they die from pneumonia. Despite the fact that the pneumonia was only fatal because of the cancer therapies, because cancer remission existed, it was successful treatment.

To most people, no treatment that still results in death should be considered successful. However, when it comes to cancer remission, that’s exactly what can happen when they pursue only traditional cancer treatment options.

Visit www.alternative-health-ebooks.com for more information and free articles. This article is available for reprint for your website and newsletter, provided that you maintain its copyright integrity and include the signature tag.

Cognitive Training – A Positive Approach to Learning Disabilities

Our children are under enormous pressure to perform in school based on predetermined benchmarks or goals. The comparison of a child with the majority of his or her peers seems a necessary evil in the school system – to determine success or failure. Students are considered successful when their grades and performance are on the same level or above that of their contemporaries. It would be wonderful if there was more wiggle room and children could work at their own pace, some slower and some faster, but in most school settings this is seldom possible. Teachers must give grade students based on majority performance. Those who fall short of these established guidelines are labeled slow learners or learning disabled. Thousands of parents each year are told their child has a learning problem or disability; although, the majority of these children will test normal or above normal on IQ tests.

Many children with problems are receiving extra help through tutoring or have been placed in special education classes, as well as, being placed on medication. Often, these remedies are not producing the permanent results that parents and teachers had expected. Time is enemy for these children who are struggling and discouraged. Each day millions of parents are told their child has a learning disability. Learning disabilities usually consist of two or more of the following problems:

lack of attention and concentration
makes careless mistakes
slow finishing work
slow processing speed
long and short-term memory problems
works extra hard to keep up with everyone else
shows signs of depression, discouragement and lack of self-esteem
seem disinterested in school
will not try anymore.
shows signs of Dyslexia, ADD or ADHD

These are only a few of the debilitating problems of a child with a learning disability. The questions about this subject are haunting parents and teachers alike. Why are some children performing below their potential? Why does one child, with the same IQ and background as another, read and comprehend material faster than another; or why does one child make good grades on tests and finishes with time to spare, while another child knows the answers but fails because he or she cannot finish the test within the time limit? Inevitably, these problems get worse with time; with confidence and self-esteem issues mounting with each academic failure.

To be successful in school, a child must be able to learn information swiftly and accurately, and be able to retain and recall the information. In short, a child must process information fast and efficiently. Fully developed cognitive skills are at the core of this ability to process information. Cognitive abilities determine how well we can perform mental, visual, and physical tasks. For example, the amount of time it takes for our eye to scan a line of print in a book, how fast and accurately we comprehend the information we read, how well we can recall information for taking a test, or how well we can follow instructions, are all cognitive related functions. A student may know all the words in a book, but to read fast and comprehend the information requires good cognitive ability. Slow processing can cause a child to fail an assignment even though he or she knows the answers because there is a time limit. Some children lean on good cognitive skills to compensate for poor ones, such as taking copious notes because memory or visualization skills are poor. The ability to follow steps and directions in sequence, problem solving, as well as logic and reasoning skills are all cognitive related skills and abilities.

Much like a weight lifter increases in strength and muscle capacity through weight training; cognitive training increases the brain’s ability and capacity to learn through intense training, in a short period of time. As more and more information is relegated or forced to the subconscious or automatic level of learning through intense training: a child’s learning capacity expands and the ability to absorb information quickly and accurately increases. Visual and mental processing, long and short term memory, visualization and visual memory, concentration, simultaneous and sequential processing, as well as logic and reasoning skills are enhanced and developed through cognitive training.

One-on-one individualized cognitive training yields dramatic and permanent results in a short period of time. Children are able to work at their own pace and the nature of the program produces self-motivation. The competition for the child is in the race to exceed the goal accomplished in the last session. Confidence grows as each session brings a measure of success. Cognitive training is beneficial for any student; but, the results are especially dramatic for children who have a learning disability. Most children will exceed the standard grade norm 2 years or more after training. With faster visual and mental processing speed, enhanced memory and visualization skills, and the other cognitive related skills working at optimum speed; a child can tackle any academic subject and succeed!

How to Treat Crohn’s Disease

Information about Budesonide and Crohns Treatment

Budesonide is one of the glucocorticoid steroids, a class of steroids which takes its name from two facts: they play an important role in the body’s metabolism of glucose; and they are produced in the adrenal cortex. In addition to being naturally-occurring, this important substance is also available in a number of therapeutic preparations. Sold under various brand names, budesonide preparations have been approved for use in treating several health conditions.

Therapeutic Uses

These preparations are most frequently used to treat asthma and allergies with respiratory symptoms, such as hay fever. Nasal polyps (“nasal polyposis”) can be treated (and in some cases prevented) with budesonide. However, it is also used as a Crohns treatment. Crohn’s disease (also called “regional enteritis”) is one form of inflammatory bowel disease (“IBD”). In addition to being used as a Crohns treatment, a new budesonide preparation is being tested to determine its efficacy as a treatment for ulcerative colitis.

Brand Names

AstraZeneca sells budesonide preparations under various brand names. Rhinocort, which is called Rhinosol in Denmark, is AstraZeneca’s budesonide nasal inhalant. The company’s oral budesonide inhalant is sold as Pulmicort (called Budicort in Israel). Symbicort is an AstraZeneca inhalant which combines budesonide with formoterol. The same preparation is sold in Brazil by Eurofarma, under the name Noex.

Budesonide is marketed by Prometheus Laboratories as an enema or a time-release capsule, both of which are called Entocort. The same company also sells Entocort EC, which is an immediate-release budesonide capsule. Budesonide capsules are typically taken in one of two treatment courses: either 9 mg per day for a total of 2 months; or 6 mg per day for a total of 3 months.

Pharmacological Characteristics

Compared to other corticosteroids, the body metabolizes budesonide quickly. When used as a Crohns treatment, the substance is most effective in the ileum and right colon. Prednisolone is also a corticosteroid, but budesonide has a less severe effect on bone density. And, because it has very little impact on pituitary, hypothalamus and adrenal gland function, a patient does not need to gradually decrease the dosage before discontinuing budesonide.

Side Effects

Budesonide’s side effects are typically milder than those seen with similar medications. They can include the following:

  • Dry mouth
  • Coughing
  • Sore throat
  • Nasal irritation and/or nose bleeds
  • Change in mucus color
  • Dizziness or lightheadedness
  • Muscle cramps
  • Rash
  • Nausea

In rare cases, one or more of the following side effects can occur:

  • Facial swelling
  • Severe acne
  • White areas in the oral cavity
  • Respiratory difficulty
  • Irregular menstruation

The occurrence of any of these side effects should be immediately reported to the patient’s physician. A very small number of children taking budesonide have exhibited behavioral changes.

Potential Drug Interactions and Contraindications

Several drug interactions are possible with budesonide, including interactions with the following medications:

  • Erythromycin
  • Clarithromycin
  • Telithromycin
  • Nefazodone
  • Indinavir
  • Ritonavir
  • Ketoconazole
  • Nelfinavir
  • Itraconazol

Furthermore, budesonide may be contraindicated if you suffer from tuberculosis, hypertension, diabetes, osteoporosis or glaucoma. Before taking budesonide, patients must tell their physicians if they are pregnant or planning to become pregnant. Finally, patients taking budesonide must avoid being near anyone with measles or chicken pox – especially if they have not been immunized against those conditions.

Famous Indian Authors and Their Books

Indian authors have been widely read for their vivid portrayal of the diverse culture and the modern ones owing to their representation of more cross-over, global India. There is Mulk Raj Anand, a pioneer of Anglo-Indian literature to follow for his realistic depiction of lower castes. Then, Arundhati Roy deserves to be read as a Man Booker Prize winner and Salman Rushdie for combining reality and history. A remarkable writer of the post-colonial era is Khushwant Singh who is known for his passionate poetry, secularism and humour. Vikram Seth born in post-colonial times, drew more from his merging experiences of those American, Indian and Chinese. And, V S Naipaul was more inclined towards using the developing countries for his plots which are often cynical.

Given below are few of the selected Indian authors’ books to read online or elsewhere.

A Bend in the River by V S Naipaul

It is the story of Salim, a man of Arab-African descent during the reign of Mobutu Sese Meko in Zaire. Hailing originally from India, Salim is bothered due to the growing unrest in his country of residence. In this edition, the author imagines endemic dislocation in a fictional land of the developing world. He sets his business at a bend in the river while he is at the receiving end of a violent change in the post-colonial era.

A Suitable Boy by Vikram Seth

Set in the post-independence India, this novel narrates the 18-month long story that involves four families. Written by one of the popular Indian authors, it is about a woman, Rupa who is trying to find a suitable boy to get Lata, her younger daughter married. Initially in denial, Lata is forced to choose between her suitors, Haresh, Kabir and Amit. The epic further offers a satirical treatment to the issues hogging the national politics in the aftermath of colonialism.

Midnight’s Children by Salman Rushdie

Saleem Sinai is the protagonist of the story which is in the phase of transition from independence to post-colonialism. The guy is born right at the midnight hour but with telepathic powers and an extremely sensitive nose. Luckily, all children who took birth at that point of time have certain special gifts and Saleem happens to organise them to reflect upon the cultural, political, linguistic and religious issues plaguing the nation at large.

The God of Small Things by Arundhati Roy

It recites the tale of two fraternal twins in 1969 who are only reunited in 1993 after turning 31. The story has caste system and communism at its centre when narrating the childhood of both the siblings whose lives get destroyed due to the laws imposed by the hypocritical society and they are left to pick up the pieces. The incidents that take place in their childhood form the crux of this tale and shape their perspectives.

Train to Pakistan by Khushwant Singh

If the heart-wrenching events during the partition of India have always caught your attention, then this book is to live for. Set in the backdrop of communal tensions, this book has been woven with all the terrible stories you can hear ever from the fictional village, Mano Majra.

Search for Indian authors’ books online and you will find these writings selling like hot cakes on almost every web portal.

How Is Frac Sand Used

What is Fracking?

Fracking is a common, or slang term, for hydraulic fracturing. Hydraulic fracturing involves drilling into the earth to obtain energy rich natural gases from the shale rock below. First, a hole is drilled vertically. Once the shale layer is reached, the drilling is completed horizontally, or parallel with the shale rock layer. High pressured components (water, sand, and other chemical) are pumped in to create fractures in the rock which, in turn, release the natural gases from within.

What is Frac Sand Used For?

High quality Frac Sands must pass a crush test because of the high amounts of pressure it has to withstand. It is a quartz sand that is extremely pure and strong. The stronger the crush factor, the better the sand.

The durability and strength is measured in “K”. The highest quality and purest sands have a crush factor of 8K. The higher the purity and crush factor, the more expensive the product. There are a variety of characteristics that industries look for in high grade, high crush Frac Sand:

  1. It must be a high quality silica sand
  2. It must be the proper grain size for a hydraulic fracturing job (it ranges in size from 0.1mm to over 2mm)
  3. It should be spherical in shape
  4. It is able to resist the crushing forces of the surrounding shale rock.

How It Is Transferred

The stronger the sand grain is, the better it can stand up to the pressure of the fractures that are created. It is transferred down into the drilled well via a high pressured water pump. The pressure builds until the underlying shale layers fracture, and the fractures are filled with water and the Frac Sand granules.

Once the water pump is turned off, the fractures left behind remain propped open by Frac Sand granules. This is why it is called a “proppant“.

Frac Sand Plants

A Frac Sand plant produces the high quality proppant sand implemented during hydraulic fracturing. It is extremely high grade, fine, and exceptionally pure. It is within these plants that smooth, round sand particles are separated from contaminants. Impurities include anything from larger pieces of sand, rough sand granules, and ore contaminants.

Once the sand has been successfully mined and processed, it is sold to a hydraulic fracturing company or sent directly to the Hydraulic Fracturing site.

The Demand For Sand

As the fracking industry has grown, so has the demand for Frac Sand. Therefore, alternative ceramic and metal beads have begun to replace costly, high end sands. One frac job may require thousands of tons of sand. Today, most Frac Sand is mined from the South and Central United States. However, the high demand and popularity of hydraulic fracturing has led many companies to produce alternative, synthetic bauxite beads/proppants.

How to Prevent Stress Fractures

Few injuries have as much negative impact on a runner’s training program than a stress  fracture . The treatment involves the cessation of running for six to eight weeks (12-15 weeks in severe cases) to allow the bone to heal. Stress  fractures  affect elite and recreational runners alike. Women’s marathon record holder Paula Radcliffe has suffered several stress  fractures  throughout her career. I know runners whose marathon times range from 3:20 to 4:40 who have all suffered stress  fractures .

Research studies shed light on the biomechanical factors that increase your predisposition to stress  fractures , the differences between female and male runners that suffer stress  fractures  and a simple exercise.

What is a stress  fracture ?

A stress  fracture  is a partial or incomplete  bone   fracture  caused by repetitive stress. This is in contrast to most  bone   fractures  which are caused by a single severe trauma. Two of the more common stress  fractures  sites for runners are the tibia and metatarsals.

What factors predispose a runner to stress  fractures ?

It was commonly thought that bone density was a primary risk factor. The weaker (less dense) the  bone , the greater the likelihood of the runner suffering a stress  fracture . However, a 2005 German study linked calf muscle fatigue with the increased incidence of metatarsal stress  fracture . The calf muscles absorb force during footstrike thereby limiting the amount of force traveling through the ankle joint. In addition, calf muscles control the movement of the ankle joint. As calf muscles fatigue, both their shock absorption and motion control capability decline, resulting in excessive force and pronation at the ankle joint and foot, thereby increasing metatarsal stress, leading to stress  fracture .

Calf muscles play an important role in the risk reduction of tibial stress  fractures  too. A recent study of women runners conducted at the University of Minnesota concluded that the difference between those women who suffered tibial stress  fractures  and those who didn’t was the size of their calf muscles. Those with larger (i.e. stronger) calf muscles were far less prone to stress  fractures .

Dr. Moira Petit, an Associate Professor of Kinesiology at the University of Minnesota and an author of the study said (as quoted in the NY Times): “It does seem as if strengthening the calf muscles may be a very easy way to reduce  fracture  risk”.

These two studies dovetail nicely, concluding that:

Strengthening your calf muscles and increasing their resistance to fatigue will decrease the risk of both metatarsal and tibial stress  fractures 

Interestingly, in other research conducted by Dr. Petit, the same correlation between calf muscle size and the incidence tibial stress  fractures  does not hold true for male runners.

Another research study at the University of Iowa showed that reducing stride length by 10% reduced the stress on the tibia sufficiently to lower the incidence of stress  fracture . Brent Edwards, the lead author of the study concluded: “If you spend less time in the flight phase of running” – meaning in the air – “you’ll hit the ground with less force.” Although a reduction in stride length means hitting the ground more often over a given distance, this is outweighed by the benefits of lower force upon footstrike.

How to implement these results to reduce your risk of a stress  fracture ?

The results of these studies are good news for runners. Decreasing your risk of suffering a stress  fracture  is well within your control. Of course, other factors such as genetics, training, hormone levels and diet may also affect the stress  fracture  risk. But strengthening a muscle is very easy to address. Achieving enough of an increase in muscle strength (10% – 15%) to decrease stress  fracture  risk can easily be accomplished in a 4-6 week time period. Similarly, consciously shortening your stride is straightforward.

To strengthen your calf muscles and increase their fatigue resistance, perform one-legged standing calf raises. One-legged is more effective than two-legged raises, where the stronger leg will compensate for the weaker one. Equally as important, one-legged raises mimic running, when only one leg is in contact with the ground. Slowly rise up on your toes and sink back slowly so that your heel is below the stair but not at the extreme end of its range of motion. Start with one set of 5 repetitions, gradually working up to 3 sets of 12-15 reps, 3 times per week.

To decrease your stride length by 100%, Mr. Edwards suggests: “10% is about as much as you can shorten your stride without it feeling uncomfortable”. Visiting a biomechanics lab is unnecessary!

All About Cerebral Palsy

What is CEREBRAL PALSY (CP)?

Cerebral Palsy is a term describing a condition where a trauma caused to the brain adversely affects the motor skills of a child. CEREBRAL refers to the BRAIN; and PALSY is “Lack of required muscle control”. Putting it together it is “Lack of muscle coordination caused by trauma to the Brain”.

UNDERSTANDING CP

It may be said that CP is a condition caused by injury to the brain or nerves during, before or shortly after the delivery of the child. It may be result of some injury or disease caused during the first three years of childhood.

TYPES OF CEREBRAL PALSY

CP may be classified into four categories:

o Spastic-. Caused due to muscle stiffness which makes reaching or walking difficult.

o Athetoid (or dyskinetic)- Caused due some lack of balance in walking and also muscle tics.

o Ataxic – This includes balance disorder and some difficulty in perception of depth.

o Mixed- Children with mixed CP have both the muscle stiffness of spastic cerebral palsy and lack of balance in movement of athetoid cerebral palsy.

SYMPTOMS

o Delayed developmental milestones

o Persistence of infant like reflexes

o Abnormality of muscle tone

o Abnormality of movements

o Deformities of bone structure.

o Mental retardation

o Seizures

o Problems of speech

CAUSES OF CP

Brain damage any time in the first three years of life may cause acquired CP. Damages such as Brain infection (e.g. Meningitis) and Head injury(such as a fall),and other causes such as genetic disorder, blood clot etc..

CONGENITAL CP occurs at birth. Common Causes are infections during pregnancy, infantile jaundice, Rh incompatibility, shortage of oxygen in brain , trauma to head at the time of labor and delivery, and stroke .Babies with low birth weight have more chances of developing CP.

TREATMENT

At present no cure for CP is available. But a proper and methodical treatment does help to improvement the condition and helps the child to attain his/ her potential. Physical therapy, occupational therapy, medicine, surgery, braces etc are some of the treatment and therapies that may help. An early and continuous treatment of CP may lessen the chances of other disabilities and problems that may be caused by the condition.

PREVENTION

The actual cause of CP may not always be known.

Taking following precautions may help:

o Seek proper prenatal care

o Avoid cigarettes, alcohol, and unnecessary use of drugs during pregnancy

o Testing for measles immunity before pregnancy

o Routine vaccinations of baby

o Preventing head injuries

How-to Succeed Against All Odds

Last year, I won my division at an AAU sanctioned Powerlifting meet (squat, bench press and deadlift). Not bad, considering I have a rare muscle disorder called Periodic   Paralysis . I’m not anything special, but I do know a secret that you can use today to start succeeding against all odds in your own life. It is easy, and I know you can do it too, if you try. (That was a hint!)

With Periodic  Paralysis , the cell membranes leak potassium ions, causing the muscle cells to rapidly and unpredictably drain down and quite working–like the flash in a disposable camera. For me, exercise is a big trigger. My training for this meet consisted entirely of working up to one big single, in one of the main lift, once per week. That’s all I could do, but every week for eight weeks, I would try. (Have you started to figure out the secret?)

On the day of the meet, I didn’t do any warm-up lifts. My opening lift WAS my warm-up! Then I tried something heavier, and on my third attempt, I tried to set a new Personal Record (PR). Only in the squat, did I actually set a new PR, but I tried. (Do you see where I’m coming from?)

At this meet, most of the other guys my size were 50% stronger than me. Thousands of gym rats could have lifted more than I did, and beaten me at this AAU tournament. They never showed up. They weren’t there. They chickened out, didn’t think they were good enough, didn’t come or were afraid to even TRY! So I won! Now, what’s the secret to overcoming great odds and maybe, just maybe coming out a winner? (You already know the answer, don’t you.) You have to try! You have to try.

Defective Medical Devices Lurk in Waiting

Across America, hundreds of people were having hernia surgery and being implanted with a hernia patch. Sounds fairly straightforward, but apparently something went terribly wrong with the Kugel mesh hernia patches. They had a nasty habit of rolling up and wrinkling after being inserted.

The problems with the Kugel mesh hernia patches didn’t start to come to light until 2001 when reports of its failure after implantation started appearing. Some of those noted side effects included bowel obstructions, because the memory coil ring broke, and fistula development. There were other complications as well, such as the patches were folded, shriveled, buckled and curled. Obviously this was not the optimal result hoped for after hernia surgery.

The patch was recalled in 2005 and physicians were asked not to use certain lots. However this time the reason was due to the high risk that part of the plastic component of the patch could break off and cut the patient’s organs or tissues with the potential for a fatal outcome. Many people and their defective drug lawyers wondered why the product hadn’t been recalled prior to 2005. The answer was the company felt they didn’t get that many complaints.

The whole mess escalated into a subsequent Class 1 Food and Drug Administration recall, which is considered to be very serious. These particular patches are used in over 700,000 hernia repair surgeries every year, so if you have any concerns about the hernia repair surgery you may have experienced, or have suffered any serious side effects, make it a point to contact a highly qualified defective medical devices attorney.

Many people don’t realize this kind of a situation may be classified as medical malpractice, particularly if a surgeon used a hernia patch that was in a lot that was recalled. Take your potential case to an experienced lawyer and have it assessed. You may wish to file a defective medical device lawsuit, but you need to consult with your attorney first. Be sure you have your medical records and the lot number of the Kugel hernia patch used and ask about your legal rights.