Cure Tiredness – When Dehydration Symptoms Cause Tiredness

Tiredness is something that plagues us all at times, and it is hard to know if your tiredness is excessive or normal. Regardless of its extent, there are quite a few simple things one can do to cure tiredness with minimal effort and just slight lifestyle changes. Dehydration symptoms are often a factor in tiredness. “If you become dehydrated, you reduce your blood volume so your heart’s got to work harder to pump the same volume around,” says Dr Trent Watson, spokesman for the Dietitians’ Association of Australia. Here are a few ways to promote health and alertness, reduce fatigue, and remain hydrated.

Dehydration Symptoms

Dehydration symptoms may include headaches, muscle cramps, visual impairment and lowered blood pressure or hypotension. Even dizziness and fainting can be dehydration symptoms and in extreme cases delirium and unconsciousness have been known to become present. Of course, dehydration that isn’t addressed can eventually cause death.

It only takes a 2% loss of one’s normal water volume in the body to start experiencing dehydration symptoms. Thirst is the first thing people usually notice. Dry skin and constipation are additional early warning signs. What’s more, athletes may experience a reduction in athletic performance when they are dehydrated.

Symptoms can become more severe if the initial dehydration isn’t addressed. What happens is that your respiration and heart rates start to increase in order to compensate for the negative effects of dehydration on the body. Decreased sweating can cause the body temperature to rise. Because of this additional strain on the body, dehydration often gives the feeling of tiredness as another symptom.

Senior citizens have a particularly common occurrence of dehydration because they begin to lose the ability to feel thirst after the age of 50. This often leads to more extreme dehydration symptoms and hospitalization which may have been avoided if they had simply increased their fluid intake despite the fact that they didn’t feel thirsty.

Cure Tiredness: Water Provides Energy

Dehydration causes tiredness, but a glass of water revitalizes the body. When you feel thirsty, it indicates that you are already dehydrated and need a refill. Dehydration can lead to muscle weakness, dizziness and lethargy. Dehydration Studies show that just 2% water loss affects mental functioning.

To stay hydrated, it is important to sip water throughout the day. Additionally, cold water hydrates fastest. Choose water instead of soft drinks or even sports drinks which are acidic and often don’t offer the body what they promise. Even an inactive person in a temperate climate may lose approximately 2.5 liters of water in an average day because of normal sweat and urination. One should also be drinking more water if they are physically active or in a hotter climate.

Most people don’t know that they can often cure tiredness just by adding more water intake to their daily routine. This is particularly true in high temperature environments or where physical activity is present, but it is true in any person’s life. 3 o’clock sleepies at work can usually be avoided simply by drinking a full glass of water after lunch and again if tiredness is starting to creep into your afternoon. Instead, people often reach for caffeinated beverages such as soda or coffee to get through their afternoon, and they don’t understand that they may be further agitating their dehydration symptoms, including fatigue. Drinking water beyond the needs of the body entails little risk when done in moderation, since your kidneys will remove excess water through urine.

If improving your fluid intake does not cure tiredness, there are a number of other things which may be causing your fatigue including stress, anxiety, anemia and other mental and physical conditions. You may want to consult a doctor, herbalist, or consider adding an herbal or vitamin supplement to your daily diet.

Alternative Treatment For Pancreatic Cancer

Pancreatic cancer is one of the most difficult cancers to treat using conventional Western Medicine. That is where an alternative treatment for pancreatic cancer comes in. Pancreatic cancer is hard to treat because it has very few symptoms before it spreads to other parts of the body. This is because pancreatic cancer is usually a very aggressive. By the time it is detected, it is often too late for conventional Western medicine to do anything other than to prolong life a few months.

To understand pancreatic cancer, first we have to understand what the pancreas does (most people don’t have a clue). The pancreas makes enzymes that end up helping us digest our cooked food. We need this help because cooked food has no more live enzymes present. One of the enzymes the pancreas produces is called trypsin. This enzyme eats holes in the walls of cancer tumors so that white blood cells can enter the cancer tumor and destroy it, (by the way, we all have cancer cells; if our immune system is in good shape and we have trypsin available, our body’s destroy the cancer) so if we’re eating a lot of cooked foods, we have little or no enzyme protection against cancer tumors because we’re using all of our trypsin to digest our food. If our immune system is also in bad shape, then we have no more defenses left!

Of course, the pancreas also produces the insulin which breaks down the glucose our bodies generate from our food. In diabetes, the pancreas either produces an insufficient amount of insulin or none at all, so diabetics have to take in a supplemental supply of insulin.

So what is an alternative treatment for pancreatic cancer? Believe it or not, it all started back in the time of Hippocrates, the father of modern medicine. Hippocrates said that his cure for cancer was garlic and onions. At first look, this might seem ridiculous, but we have to dig deeper into why this would be true.

An important insight came in 1924 when Nobel Prize winner Dr. Otto Warburg wrote in a paper than cancer cannot survive in the presence of oxygen. It just so happens that garlic and onions both belong to a small group of foods that are naturally alkaline (have oxygen present), so Hippocrates may not have known why it worked, but he was right about his method working.

One of the traits that all cancer patients have in common is that their bodily fluids have an acidic ph. This is important because an acidic liquid tends to expel oxygen. An alkaline fluid tends to hold on to oxygen. An alternative treatment for pancreatic cancer and any other kind of cancer is to alkalize the body. This can be done by eating foods that are either outright alkaline or foods that become alkaline after being processed by the body. Since most foods are acidic, it may be necessary to also ingest an alkaline supplement like calcium.

Calcium is definitely alkaline and has many other benefits to the body. All calcium is good, but coral calcium is the best. Its calcium is ionized so its absorption rate by the body is 100%. If marine grade coral calcium is used; it’s even better because it also has up to 80 types of microbes that will help with digestion in the small intestine. It also has half as much magnesium as calcium. This ratio of calcium to magnesium is necessary to prevent the calcium from causing constipation.

To facilitate the absorption of calcium it’s necessary to also take Vitamin D. In their book, “The Calcium Factor” Dr. Carl Reich and Robert Barefoot recommend at least 5,000 I.U.s per day of Vitamin D along with six capsules of coral calcium to treat pancreatic or any other kind of cancer.

Another way to raise alkaline levels in the body is by using cesium chloride. It has a very high ph (14) and its molecules are very large, therefore its molecules get trapped inside the cells making them alkaline. This creates an environment where the cancer can’t survive. Cesium is very caustic so it should only be used under a doctor’s supervision.

Western medicine tends to ignore the acidity problem because Western medicine is focused more on immediate treatments for a disease rather than the cause of the disease. A lot of people have no sign of cancer after being treated with chemo and radiation therapy. What doctors don’t talk about is that most of these people have cancer again within five years because the cause of the cancer hasn’t been addressed.

If you do have pancreatic cancer, remember that chemo and radiation therapy are only treatments, not preventions of a cause. If you ask people that have survived more than five years after having pancreatic cancer, you may find that they have “cleaned up” their life and they’ve changed their diet so that ends up being more alkaline. They have alkalized their bodies and used an alternative treatment for pancreatic cancer and didn’t even know it.

I live in a suburb of Portland, OR. I first got interested in alternative medicine in 1994 after I suffered a major stroke. My doctors told me that I would improve a little on my own during the first six months, but after that there would be very little improvement. They also said that there was nothing they could do. At this point I became very disillusioned with Western medicine and started studying the alternatives.

3 Types of Medical Mobility Equipment

Although most people like to think that they will always be able to move under their own power without any assistance, the truth is that many people will need to rely on medical mobility equipment at some point in their lives. Some people simply have problems getting around due to their age, while others might suffer a debilitating accident that leaves them handicapped. Fortunately, there is no shortage of medical mobility equipment available to those who need it. It’s even evolved quite a bit over the years and become more convenient and comfortable than it has been in the past.

There are many different kinds of mobility equipment available, and most of it can be customized to suit an individual’s needs. Here are just a few kinds of equipment that are commonly used by people with physical disabilities.


The first thing that comes to mind when people imagine medical mobility equipment, a wheelchair is simply a chair with wheels that is intended as a replacement for walking. The simplest chairs need to be pushed manually either by a second person or by the individual in the chair. These chairs have large rear wheels that can be easily grasped and moved from the chair itself, giving individuals the ability to move themselves with their arms. Other models include power chairs that are moved by an electric motor and manipulated via special navigational controls. These chars are often very easy to control even if the user has significantly impaired motor functions.


Scooters are similar to power wheelchairs in that they are motorized and designed for those who have limited mobility. The biggest difference between a scooter and a motorized wheelchair is the design. While motorized wheelchairs are designed to look like traditional wheelchairs, scooters are built to resemble motorized vehicles. They are ideal not just for those with limited mobility, but limited stamina due to advanced age or illness.

Walkers and Canes

Those who are still relatively mobile and independent can usually get around well with a good walker or cane. Walkers and canes range from simple and lightweight to heavy wheeled devices designed to support a person with very limited strength. They are available in many different styles, colors and sizes, and like other mobility devices they can be customized to fit an individual’s needs.

Few people like to imagine themselves needing mobility equipment to get around and live independently, but today’s modern devices are very versatile and much more convenient than those developed years ago. A doctor can help patients determine not only if medical mobility equipment can help them, but they can develop an ideal system and device to cater to their individual needs.

5 Keys to Building a Strong Determination

I saw him sitting on an evergreen branch outside my window as the Saturday morning sunrise lit up the new-fallen snow as it would a carpet sprinkled with sparkling jewels.

He seemed so tiny and alone, a silhouette against the dazzling eastern sky. As the sun rose higher, I could see he was a small snowbird, obviously apart from his fellows who usually assemble and play in groups. Joyfully, they flit about upon the snow, find pieces of grain, and huddle together for warmth.

Watching him brought memories of a time when I felt very small and alone…

It was my first college year of clinical practice as a student therapist. I had to write and turn in reports

on each patient I worked with in the University clinic.

As children, we often shuttered when a teacher returned our reports with a few big red marks signaling our errors. However, Dr. Wilson, a man who I will always remember and admire, returned my clinical reports. He gave my first reports so many red marks that they looked like they had the measles!

One day, he said, “To write well, you need to read a lot and write a lot – and when you see these red marks, know that they are there because I believe in you. You won’t need to make these mistakes again. Just pay attention to them!”

I began to pay attention to each error, one by one, and one by one, the red marks grew fewer. This experience fortified my determination and strengthened my courage in what I could accomplish.

How can we keep our determination strong down each pathway of achievement we travel? Here are some valuable ideas to think about…

1. Think with purpose; keep your heart and mind focused on the end goal you want to achieve.

2. Take three valuable actions suggested by Paul J. Meyer who wrote, “Construct your determination with sustained effort, controlled attention, and concentrated energy.”

3. Remember the wisdom from an Indian proverb that reads, “Life is not a continuum of pleasant choices, but of inevitable problems that call for strength, determination, and hard work.” Use obstacles as learning tools and stepping stones to reach what you envision.

4. Choose your ideal pathway based on your values, make a firm commitment to excellence, and take

responsibility for your choices.

5. Most of all, realize that the Creator gave you some very special gifts that no one can use exactly like you can use them. If you haven’t discovered those gifts, look closely at the activities that seem to light a fire in your soul. You will be very close to some amazing discoveries…

…My little friend waited in the evergreen branch for a while. Soon, several more snowbirds landed at the base of the tree. He gleefully joined them, and off they went to enjoy the morning.

That reminds me of a sixth key in building and maintaining determination: Have patience in all things.

Do what you can now, even if you must wait for your efforts to bring results. Then return your thoughts to your purpose, and you will attract many others of like “feather” to help guide you along the way!

Avoid Long-Term Issues By Treating Your Car Accident Knee Injuries

Concussions, neck injury and back injury are the most common damages we associate with a person in a car accident. However, if you overlook for too long, injuries that looked insignificant and less painful at first may turn out to cause a permanent disability. One of these ‘minor’ areas is the knee, which ironically, is also one of the most complex joints in a human body. Therefore, if your knee hurts after a car accident, do not delay visiting a doctor for knee injury and getting a thorough checkup.

Common Knee Injuries from a Car Accident

A knee has an intricate combination of several cartilages, bones, ligaments and muscles. As a result, even a low impact collision can disrupt this complex system, and pose a serious threat to health and activity. Here are some common types of knee injuries that can happen from a car accident:

Knee Strains

Knee strains are the most common knee injury that happen when a leg twists unexpectedly. This sudden movement makes the muscles or tendons around the knee stretch and experience prolonged bouts of pain. If the discomfort does not go away in a week, consult a doctor before it results in a dysfunction.

Knee Bursitis

A bursa is a fluid-filled sac that is present around every joint in the body, including knees. There are two bursas in the knee – one below the knee-joint, and the other above the kneecap. They act as shock absorbers that minimize any friction between tissues in the knee. When a car accident infects or inflames a bursa, it results in an acute and extended pain.

Dashboard Knee

A dashboard knee takes place when the knee has a direct, strong impact with the dashboard during a car accident. This can result in tears of the meniscus, thus acutely damaging these shock-absorbing cartilages present inside the knee. If left untreated, the meniscus cartilages can turn gradually dysfunctional with growing age.

Knee Joint Dislocations

Although rare, knee-joint dislocations can badly impair every anatomical component present inside a knee, including the nerves and the blood vessels. In this scenario, the impact forcefully moves the kneecap away from its natural place. As a result, the damage is extremely painful and it requires immediate treatment or surgery.

Knee fractures are also common car accident injuries, when an immensely strong impact to the knee cracks the kneecap. If you are suffering from osteoporosis, the tibia bone in the knee can also sustain some serious damages. Treating knee injuries that occur on a minor scale often involves pain medication and physical therapy. Injuries that involve ligament tears, bone fractures or dislocation need extensive therapy or surgery.

Do not hesitate to call for medical help on the spot of a car crash. If you are experiencing weakness in your knee after a car accident, immediately contact an online doctor for knee injury who can help you treat it while you are waiting for an ambulance. Just stay calm and help caregivers bring your knee back to health.

God Help The Child – Toni Morrison

This book is another insightful Toni Morrison masterpiece. From the beginning, the reader is entranced by the narrative. The novel is a symphony, a poem and a thesis wrapped in one. It is a book about lives-young lives-and the painful history behind them. It is about dislocation, torment, and mending-about endings and beginnings. Once gain the terrain of Professor Morrison’s story is strewn with the bodies of children.

God Help The Child, is about two young beings wading through the swamp of their childhood misadventures. Lula Ann Bridewell, the main protagonist, was an unlovable child to her mother, Sweetness, because of how dark she was. Midnight Black, Sudanese Black, is how the mother saw her. Sweetness was so enraged at her daughter’s color that once she held a blanket over her face and pressed. She even thought of giving her away to an orphanage.

Sweetness’s obsession with color was brought about by the world around her. In it, color gave one respect, privilege and bestowed a decent life. The darker one’s skin, the grimmer and bleaker the canvas of one’s life. Their color is like an affliction they have to suffer and humiliation stalks them like an implacable enemy. Even Lula Ann’s father, Louis, could not bring himself to love his Tar black child. He never even touched her. “We had three good years,” Sweetness tells us, “but when she was born, he blamed me and treated Lula Ann like she was a stranger, more than that, an enemy.” When his wife told Louis that the child’s blackness must be from his side of the family, he left.

But, Lula Ann Bridewell grew up to be a beautiful woman and a senior executive at a cosmetics company. Toni Morrison gives us a heroine who attains beauty and success in spite of her appearance (in the same way the author did in her field). Her complexion, the source of her parents’ shame, was the foundation of her success.

The kindest meaning of her name Lula is the Arabic definition which means a pearl. And what a beautiful gem she became, with beauty that turned heads wherever she went. She recovers her life by shedding her name-she jettisons the Lula Ann, and only becomes Bride. Years later her boyfriend, Booker-another victim of a tormented childhood, walks out on her. An old wound was cut open. She had consummately dealt with her family’ rejection, but Booker’s flight from her life almost drove her mad.

Like the jilted Florentina Ariza in Marquez’s Love in the time of Cholera, she embarks on random relationships. Bride eventually sets out to find Booker in a pilgrimage that takes her to the woods of northern California. The reader never quite knows where reality ends and fantasy begins in Bride’s travels. Her body is changing in ways only she can see, shrinking and becoming hairless as if she is regressing back to girlhood.

Booker doesn’t fare well in his life. The loss and pain of his childhood continue to stalk him. In rejecting Bride, he is escaping from the demons that drove him away from home. As in Songs of Solomon, escape is a major theme in the book. Perhaps this is flight, not the geographical type as the author states, but flight from the wounding of their childhood-an odyssey of the soul. The book has a beautiful end with the two lovers surrendering to each other-not without Bride breaking a bottle on Booker’s head.

One wonders as they sail away if the two young lovers will indeed find the happiness that had eluded them all their lives. At the end of the Marquez’s Love in the time of Cholera, as the boat reaches its final destination, Fermina Daza sees people she knows and understandably seeks to avoid them. One hopes that Morrison’s maimed lovers will not cling to their past hurt and sorrow, or rewrite the old painful themes of their lives. One hopes that the presence of one in the other’s life will cause them to find joy, and release them from the choke hold of childhood misery.

There are ancillary characters that help move the story along and even give it strength. There is Sofia Huxley, the white teacher that Bride as a schoolgirl accused of molestation. There is Brooklyn, her assistant, and friend, also reeling from the travails of a difficult childhood. But, at the very heart of the story is Lula Ann Bridewell-the little hurt black girl who made good.

God Help the Child is a magnificent achievement by Toni Morrison. It is a compelling narrative that elegantly delves beyond superficial emotions and deftly describes the horror that adults wreak on children. It’s about their struggles, conflicts, and in the God Help the Child, their survival. This novel is an incredible celebration of literature- a gem that will be read and re-read for many years. Professor Toni Morrison has to be one of the most important writers of the last century.

How Body pH Can Affect Your Energy Levels


In order to accomplish all the many millions of complex functions that occur over the course of the day, your body has to be able to communicate with itself… all the way down to the cellular level. And do you know how it does this? Through pulses of electricity. That’s right, electricity.

Your body operates on an electro magnetic current. Believe it or not, all of the organs in your body emit these fields of electrical current. In fact, nerve signals are nothing more than electrical charges.

What creates this electrical power in your body is a very fine balance that exists in your bio chemistry. And of all the systems in your body that depend on this delicate, bio chemical balance, one of the most important is your blood stream. This is where pH comes into play. But what is pH?


PH is a scale that measures how acidic or alkaline a substance is. The scale ranges from 1 to 14 with 1 being very acid, 7 neutral and 14 very alkaline.

So what does pH have to do with you and your blood? Well, the pH of your blood is extremely important. The ideal pH level for your blood is right around 7.35 and your body goes to enormous lengths to maintain this level.

Why? Because if your blood pH were to vary 1 or 2 points in either direction, it would change the electrical chemistry in your body, there would be no electrical power and in short order you would drop dead. As you can see, maintaining the right pH level in your blood is pretty important!!

With this in mind a good way to avoid upsetting this delicate bio chemical balance would be to take a look at those things that can compromise the maintenance of the ideal pH level in your body. And what is the main culprit in this case? The answer is the creation of acid in your body.

Before we look at what causes acid, here’s a graphic example to give you an idea of what can happen in the blood when your pH drops to less than ideal. Red blood cells are how oxygen is transported to all the cells in your body.

As red blood cells move into the tiny, little, capillaries, the space they have to move through gets pretty small. In fact, the diameter of the capillaries gets so small that the red blood cells sometimes have to pass through these capillaries one red blood cell at a time!

Because of this, and because it’s important for the red blood cells to be able to flow easily and quickly through your body, they have a mechanism that allows them to remain separate from each other. This mechanism comes in the form of the outside of healthy red blood cells having a negative charge. This causes them to stay apart from each other, sort of like when you try to push the negative ends of two magnets together. They resist each other and stay apart.

Unfortunately, acid interferes with this very important mechanism in a pretty frightening way. Acid actually strips away the negative charge from red blood cells. The result is that your red blood cells then tend to clump together and not flow as easily. This makes it much more difficult for them to flow easily through the bloodstream.

But it also makes it harder for them to move freely through those small capillaries. This means less oxygen gets to your cells. Acid also weakens the red blood cells and they begin to die. And guess what they release into your system when they die? More acid.

I could describe a whole list of processes that occur when your system becomes and remains acid but I think you get the idea. The point is that aside from the acid that is secreted into your stomach to aid digestion, acid in your body is bad. Really bad.

In regard to producing energy in the body, here’s an easy question for you. What do you think happens to a person’s energy level if over time their system becomes more and more acid, their biochemical balance is disrupted and their red blood cells can’t deliver oxygen and nutrients as efficiently to all their cells? The answer is simple. Their energy level drops. Dramatically.

Are you beginning to get the picture here as to the importance of pH in your body? Good. Now let’s take a quick look at what causes acidity in your body and then look at steps you can take to get your body pH back to an ideal level.


The primary cause of an acidic condition in your body is from what you put in your mouth. In other words, what you eat and what you drink. And it isn’t how “acid” something may seem when you eat or drink it. It has to do with what is left over when you digest it.

Specifically, does eating or drinking something leave behind an acid or alkaline “ash”. For example, I don’t know about you but I love seafood. Scallops are one of my favorites. However, when your body digests scallops, it leaves an extremely acid ash. In fact, scallops are one of the most acid foods you can eat.

Unfortunately, a lot of the things most people put in their mouths create an acid ash. These include alcohol, coffee and a lot of flesh protein in your diet. Interestingly enough, stress also tends to create an acid condition in the body.


Fortunately, it is pretty easy to immediately change your pH for the better and make it more alkaline. The first step is to understand which of the foods you are eating and the drinks you are drinking are acid and which are alkaline. Then it’s simply a matter of eliminating some of the more acid foods you are eating and adding in more alkaline foods.

However, before you start, it’s important to get a baseline of what the pH is in your body so that you can see how you are improving or if you need to continue to eliminate more acid foods and add in more alkaline ones.

You can do this by testing the pH of your saliva on a regular basis. This is really simple to do. More details on how to do this are provided on some web pages I have created for you to help you out. A link to these pages is provided below.

In addition to decreasing the amount of acid foods you eat and increasing the amount of alkaline foods you eat, one of the best ways to immediately begin changing your pH is to drink “green drinks”. You can make these by simply adding a powder that is made up of a whole host of vegetables that are highly alkaline to a glass of water. Information on suggested green drink powders to use is included on pages that I have a link to below.


Clicking on the following link will take you to some pages I created that have more information on alkaline and acid foods, how to test your own pH and what to look for in green drinks.

Start taking the steps described above and you may very well find your energy levels increasing over time. Mine certainly have.

– Andy Long

How Much Force Can Our Bones Handle Before They Break

You have known all along that your bones are the strongest part of your body. As they are assigned to give your body a structure, to hold your posture up and to protect your internal organs, your bones have to maintain their strength at all times. Of course, you cannot prevent external and unexpected circumstances from damaging your bones. But as much as you can, you can prevent it from happening.

Probably one of the best ways which you can protect your bones is to know just how much force they are capable of handling before they reach their breaking point. Your bones are really strong. In fact sometimes they are even considered as stronger than steel. But in principle, if you divide your bones by cubic inch sizes each can handle the weight of any object equivalent to 19,000 lbs or approximately 8,626 kilos.

However, considering force requires a different understanding. As most experts say, your bones can handle weight in various ways depending on the force with which they are delivered. The more force you apply to a bone, the easier it is to break it.

In some studies, it was found out that bones can handle about 3,300 Newton of force if thrown into a rib and up to 4,000 Newton if released onto the femur. The ribs can take a smaller amount of force because they are relatively thinner than the femur.

But these are only estimates of the force that can subject you to a fracture. It does not mean that these calculations are the least amount of force that your bones can handle. In fact, they are simply estimates in between because it still depends on the density and strength of your bones. Of course, your bones can handle less than 3,300 Newton of force if they are weaker and with lesser density. Therefore, you have to check first the strength of your bones to prevent overexertion and possible fractures.

It is great to know the estimates of how much force your bones can handle before they reach their breaking point. It is suggested that you consult with your doctor or osteopath first to ensure that your bones are in healthy condition. They may be able to prescribe exercises to maintain bone strength or alert you to possible future conditions that may present problems. Your trusted osteopath is the right person you should talk regarding all bone problems.

Cerebral Palsy Lawsuits

Among the legal cases tackling medical malpractice,  cerebral   palsy  lawsuits are the most common. In a 1993 in a study of medical malpractices,  cerebral   palsy  lawsuits accounted for 60 percent of the total number of medical malpractice lawsuits in the United States.

The United States is one of the countries that have the most number of  cerebral   palsy  lawsuits. Based on 2002 statistical reports, more than 1,000 medical malpractice payments were made due to obstetrics related malpractice. A mean payment of almost $500,000 was made for such cases. In terms of actual payment, it has also been found that there is a median of 5.56 year delay in the issuance of the costs of actual damages.

There may be several allegations associated with  cerebral   palsy  lawsuits. An example is malpractice in the management of pregnancy that led to further damage to the child who was detected to have  cerebral   palsy . Such damages may include excessive blood loss or asphyxia or birth trauma. Another common allegation is delay or failure to perform Caesarian operation because of wrong medical findings related to  cerebral   palsy .

Successful  cerebral   palsy  lawsuits usually involve a great deal of payments made by the accused to the petitioner. In the District of Columbia, the largest medical malpractice related to  cerebral   palsy  cost $24 million. This involves a child who suffered brain damage and  cerebral   palsy  due to the doctor’s failure to respond to an airway obstruction. Another costly case involved $10.8 million paid to the family of a child who suffered from  cerebral   palsy  and mental retardation because of the doctor’s failure to respond to symptoms of a uterine rupture.

Other successful cases have involved millions of dollars. Other causes are mismanaged labor and delivery and failure to respond to signs of placental abruption. Meanwhile, there are also lawsuits filed against medical malpractice lawyers. In one case, a group of lawyers had to pay $2.6 million for failing to get appropriate medical experts to strengthen the case of mismanaged labor resulting to  cerebral   palsy .

There are a number of lawyers who specialize in medical malpractices. They can be contacted to assist in filing  cerebral   palsy  lawsuits. Usually, they offer free initial consultation. Others even offer free online consultation.

Examination of Ocular Nerves and Function

The ocular nerves are the oculomotor nerve, abducens nerve and the trochlear nerve. Examination of these nerves may include: testing for ocular function, the light reflex, the accommodation reflex, Horner’s syndrome, The eyelids examination, ocular movements etc. These are very important examination skills in neurologic investigations.

Testing for ocular function: The pupils are examined for size, shape, equality and position on both sides.

The light reflex: When light is focussed on one eye, there is constriction of both the homolateral (direct light reflex) and the contralateral pupil (indirect or consensual light reflex). The afferent pathway of this reflex is through the optic nerve, and the efferent is through the oculomotor nerve. Each eye should be tested separately.

The accommodation reflex: This is elicited by asking the patient to shift his gaze to some near object after he has relaxed his accommodation by gazing into the distance. The response to be noted is pupillary constriction and convergence of the eyes.

Horner’s sydrome: This is seen in paralysis of sympathetic innervation to the eye. The affected pupil is smaller than its fellow (miosis), but it reacts normally to light and accommodation. There is partial ptosis as a result of paralysis of the tonic elevators of the tarsus (Muller’s muscles). There is absence of sweating (anhydrosis) on the affected side of the face. A mild degree of enophthalmos (sunken eye) may also be noticeable.

The eyelids: The patient is asked to open and close his eyes, without and against resistance. Note the size of the palpebral fissure. Paralysis of the levator palpebrae superioris causes drooping of the upper eyelid (ptosis). Paralysis of upper tarsal muscles causes pseudoptosis, in which there is parital ptosis but the patient can voluntarily raise the eyelid. Partial ptosis is often compensated by the patient by the over-action of the frontalis muscle of the forehead on that side. A narrow palpebral fissure indicates paralysis either of third nerve or sympathetic, whereas a wide palpebral fissure indicates seventh nerve paralysis or sympathetic over-activity.

The ocular movements: This is tested by having the patient move his eyeballs in the six cardinal directions-laterally, medially, upward and laterally, upward and medially, downward and laterally and downward and medially. The lateral rectus moves the eye outwards and the medial rectus inwards. When the eye is turned outwards, the elevator is superior rectus and the depressor is inferior rectus. When the eye is turned inwards, the elevator and depressor are the inferior and superior oblique muscles respectively. In third nerve palsy, there is ptosis, with inability to move the eyeball upward, downward and medially. On lifting the lid passively, the eye is found deviated outwards and slightly downward due to unopposed actions of lateral rectus and superior oblique muscles. In addition, the pupil is dilated and non-reacting (iridoplegia). There is also paralysis of accommodation (cycloplegia) due to parasympathetic involvement. In paralysis of the fourth nerve, the eye is rotated outwards (extorted) with weakness on downward movement, most marked when the eye is of special difficulty in reading or going down stairs, and the head if tilted towards the opposite shoulder. In sixth nerve lesion, the eyeball is deviated inwards due to the unopposed action of the medial rectus.

Common Health Concerns for Your Baby

As a new parent, you will probably obsess over your baby’s health. There are many different problems that can affect babies during their first year of life. Some of these are minor complications and others can be serious causes for concern. Making yourself aware of the various common health concerns for your baby can help put your mind at ease about some of the most commonly seen problems, what they are and how they can be dealt with.


This condition will likely be noticeable within the first few hours of birth and while you and the baby are still in the hospital recovering. Jaundice is a condition that is caused when there is excess billirubin in the blood stream. This substance is created to break down red blood cells that are no longer needed. Babies with jaundice will take on a yellowish appearance in their skin and the whites of their eyes. Normally, this condition is harmless and in light cases is left to go away on its own. The hospital may place your baby under a special light in order to help get rid of the excess billirubin. In rare cases, if there is too much billirubin for too long, it can cause brain damage. This is an extremely rare concern however.

Cradle Cap

Another one of the most prevalent common health concerns for your baby is cradle cap. Many parents become alarmed when they see spots or a substance forming on the top of their child’s head. This is a common problem however and posses no real risk to your baby. This is a thick cakey substance that grows in the baby’s hair. It does not hurt them and will eventually go away on its own. For those who want to get rid of it faster, there are special shampoos that can be used to help get rid of it.


Thrush is a yeast infection that occurs in the mouth and will cause white patches to show up on the tongue and gums. Baby’s immune systems are weak when they are first born and are not prepared to deal with a vast amount of yeast and this can often cause the infection. It is important to not try to rub the white patches away, as this can make them painful. Thrush for the most part is not painful, although it can sometimes cause discomfort when swallowing and may also cause a diaper rash at the same time. A simple oral medication like nystatin will usually be used to get rid thrush.


Colic is one of the most dreaded common health concerns for your baby that many parents will face. It is unknown exactly what causes a baby to be colicky, but babies affected by this problem will usually cry or fuss for hours on end all day long. This problem affects children usually from 3 weeks to 3 months of age. It is worse around 7-8 weeks of age and will usually go away by the time they are four months old. When it begins, many parents mistake its signs, such as tucked in knees and clenched fists as gas or other digestive issues, but colic is not connected with these at all. There are several calming, swaddling and rocking techniques that can be used to soothe a colicky baby, but there are no cures or medications for babies with colic. It is common for parents to become stressed or upset as well, but it is important to maintain a calm tone around the baby as anxiety in their parents will often make the colic worse.

Umbilical Hernias

This can be one of the most alarming common health concerns for your baby, but it is not generally painful and will almost always go away on its own. Sometimes when the baby’s umbilical cord is tied off, they will develop an umbilical hernia that will stick out at times and gets worse when they cry or strain during a bowel movement. When the baby is relaxed, if you push on the belly button lightly, the hernia will usually go back in. These can be scary to look at and can be quite large, but there is no real cause for concern. You can consult a doctor to see if anything more serious is going on, otherwise you will probably be instructed to leave it alone.

Common health concerns for your baby can often put you on edge, but are usually nothing to worry about. Although there are serious problems that can affect new babies, problems like the common ones above are not usually problematic and most of them will go away on their own or require only a simple dose of medicine.

How to Survive Electric Shock Burn Injuries

It is estimated that between 500 and 1,000 people, more often men, die from electric shock each year in the United States. Many of these injuries occur during work-related accidents. The construction industry, manufacturing industry and the electrician trades are the occupations with the highest proportion

How severe an electric shock injury is depends on many factors, such as the duration, the pathway (where the current travels through the body), and the amount and current of the electricity. High-voltage shock generally results in a greater severity of injuries than low-voltage.

As previously mentioned, burns are the most common sequelae of electric shock injuries. Burns may be severe at the point of contact with the electrical source, often the hands, head, and feet. Internal injury to organs may occur along the pathway of the electric shock, causing multiple organ damage. Flame burns can occur if clothes become ignited. Flash burns may occur to large areas of exposed skin when victims of electric shock are nearby when electrical arcing occurs.

Burns as a result of electric shock are a frequent reason for admission to burn units. Burns may be extensive and severe, requiring prolonged treatment and rehabilitation, and resulting in significant disability.

Victims of electric shock are often thrown long distances by the force of the shock, resulting in secondary injuries related to falling or being thrown. Spinal cord injuries, fractures and head injuries may add to the injury burden, complicating burn injuries. Neurological deficits may also occur, and may persist for life, either due to the electric shock itself or due to head injury from falling or being thrown. In addition, it may result in lethal cardiac arrhythmias leading to cardiac arrest. Without proper and immediate interventions, such as CPR and defibrillation, victims in cardiac arrest may not survive.

Unless a victim of cardiac arrest or severe burns, most people who suffer a shock survive their injuries. They may, however, require extensive treatment and hospitalization, as well as rehabilitation. injuries can result in enormous medical bills, in addition to physical and emotional pain and suffering.

If you or a loved one has sustained an injury, it is important for you to know your legal rights. You may be entitled to compensation if the injury occurred as a result of faulty equipment, third-party negligence, unsafe working conditions or other factors. Seeking legal advice protects your rights and ensures that you or your loved one will be taken care of.

Coffee Titans Clash Over Espresso Centric Market

Two loosely allied US coffee giants, Starbucks and Green Mountain Coffee Roasters, started taunting each other over who can project dominance in the espresso home market emerging in North America. In dueling press releases, CEO’s of both giants leveled their espresso centric ambitions publicly on March 9, 2012.

On that date, Seattle, WA based Starbucks revealed its plans for a new home café’ brewing system called Verismo scheduled to debut this fall. This new machine focuses on production of espresso, rather than a traditional American brew made popular by the Keurig k cup system. Green Mountain owns Keurig, and Starbucks has its own stake in k cups sold with the Keurig system. Patents on k cup technology expire later this year leading to a reshuffling by market players.

While there is still a sense of collaboration on the k cup platform, the relationship between the two allies may have been strained by the recent market launch of the new Keurig Vue brewing system that is incompatible with k-type capsules. This shift by Green Mountain has opened a window for Starbucks to make the first move into a new espresso turf. Some potential vulnerabilities of the new Keurig Vue system include a machine price increase to $250, up from around $150 for previous models, and Vue capsule unit cost to $0.75 versus around $0.40 for a k cup.

For many years, US consumers have eyed espresso-based brewers for home café. One of the main buyer obstacles in choosing espresso machines was its price listing well beyond $300. Recent price drops, however, have brought the cost of home espresso machine close to the level of the Vue system. Starbucks sees the same price point for Verismo and is now vying to lead into the nascent espresso market in US.

Eager to defend its dominant position in the coffee single cup business on the very day of the Verismo pronouncement, the Waterbury, VT headquartered Green Mountain, immediately, fueled speculations of coming out with its own semblance of an espresso machine that uses Lavazza espresso capsules. Its public statement did not convey the time for roll out and product details.

Neither openly sparring party has offered specifics of its respective espresso machine design. These open-ended assertions suggest that both products are still in the development phase. Naturally, either camp also wants to keep design and commercial secrets close to the vest.

In the meantime, world food giant Nestle, displayed its Nespresso Zenius, which uses a proprietary espresso disk, in a recent New York trade show. Its market focus is, oddly, on the hospitality industry where their machines are placed in luxurious hotel suites for in-room service.

Posturing over the evolving home espresso market in US may be vital to each coffee behemoth. Consumer views published recently by Mintel, a global supplier of market intelligence, show the growing preference for single servings available in espresso pods by a margin of 55%. Another 35% of those surveyed noted that pod-style machines produce consistent taste each time.

The case can be made that single cup consumers will embrace the espresso brewing process over the regular coffee made from k and Vue type portions. Europeans, especially Italians, know that it requires a high-pressure pump and optimum temperature control to extract the best oils from coffee. This culture is resolute on seeing a top layer of golden crema, or creamy foam, which renders proof of a good extraction of coffee nectar. Keurig devices typically use low-pressure means, which can result in a less complete oil pull out.

While US coffee goliaths duel in speculative terms over who can cross over to the home espresso sector first, HealthCafe, whose relative stature is that of a “david” in home espresso solutions based Northern New Jersey, has a head start. Its sales representatives are calling on retailers across the nation to market the miniBarista S-1600 espresso/cappuccino pod system poised for prompt distribution.

HealthCafe has chosen the pod format in single cup brewing for numerous reasons. One is its inherent ability to filter out an LDL cholesterol inducer called cafestol from the beverage. Another is coffee freshness is preserved longer with nitrogen displacement. Most importantly for consumers, the pod follows the ESE industry standard adhered to by a multitude of pod machine and coffee pod manufactures. Capsules, on the other hand, have little cross-compatibility, none is known to have nitrogen-displaced packaging and none in this class is known to be effective in blocking cafestol.


As we get older, one of the first joints that we feel the early signs of discomfort with are the hip joints. Whether we walk, run, or even the way we sit on the couch and stand up, our hips get the brunt of our body weight. If any person above 30 years of age would take a full body scan right now, most of the “damaging” details can be found on the hip area and the rest of the midsection.

Speaking of body scan, most patients with hip problems undergo a full body scan using CT (Computed Tomography) Scan to detect what is causing the pain and injury to their hips, in hoping to find a remedy on how to fix the problem. However, most patients would opt to undergo an MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging), since partial body scan like such are more affordable and safer, due to CT Scan emitting radiation during the entire process.

Hip MRI are used to assess the internal structure of the hips and hip joints. Doctors initially recommend an X-ray for preliminary diagnosis on hip joint problems. If the report is inconclusive, the physician then needs a further evaluation by ordering the patient to undergo an MRI on the hip, to detect other probable malignancies like tumors, bleeding or swelling.

Hip MRI evaluates your bones, including the upper femur and the pelvic bone nearby; hip cartilage for any fraying, fissures, nerve damages and defects; hip ligaments and tendons for possible undetected injuries; and soft muscle tissues that may have incurred tears, tumors, strains and infections.

During the MRI process, the patient is asked to lie supine on a table, and suggested to stay still for 30 to 60 minutes, as the table is gradually slid into the magnetic tunnel for scanning. Make sure to remove all jewelries, and inform your doctor for any metallic placement in your body, pacemakers, and if pregnant. The entire MRI procedure is painless and easy, although claustrophobic patients may need a medication to sedate and calm them down during the whole “ordeal”.

Completion of a hip MRI may lead to either a reconstructive surgery or as a therapeutic treatment to heal the pain. The MRI can also be used for preventive measures to detect early signs of benign tumors or swellings. Doctors may inform the patients of the results after one business day, due to complexed analysis done by the physicians, together with hundreds of calculations captured from the detailed images or slices of the MRI.

After receiving the news, these patients can now be given the next step on how to remedy their ongoing predicament.

Swedish Massage – Massage Techniques Glossary

The Swedish massage is the basis of all modern massage therapy variations. It is often called Classic Massage. Various techniques used in a Swedish massage don’t sound English and for many of us their meaning is mysterious. Even English terms are hard to understand for many of us.

Effleurage, Petrissage, Tapotement. These are all massage techniques and the origin of these words is French. This article will demystify the meaning of these words for you.

Effleurage is a gentle massage stroke performed with medium to very light pressure in a sliding and gliding motion. It is also called gliding. The stroke has evolved in time, during the initial period of massage development effleurage was a very light stroke. This was necessary to avoid irritation of superficial skin. After the apparition of light massage oils and the spreading of oils on a large scale in the industry, gliding with pressure was possible.

Petrissage is a massage stroke technique that includes kneading, squeezing, or grasping the muscles. The most known is kneading petrissage. The therapist squeezes and pulls the muscle tissue in a similar way to kneading the dough. Historically the Kneading Petrissage was performed on limbs, neck and back. The use of massage oils makes it very difficult to knead the back. As a result, kneading as a back massage technique slowly disappears.

Tapotement is a set of rhythmic percussion movements performed with fingers, fists, palms, or the sides of the hands, (karate chops). Hacking, cupping, fist pounding, and tapotement pincements, (percussion pinching), are all different tapping strokes. Different tapotement moves can have different therapeutic purposes. Therapeutic applications of this kind of massage technique are loosening the mucus of the air passages, relaxation, stimulates muscles.

Friction is a more deep tissue manipulation. Initially this massage technique was performed in such manner that the hands of the therapist were manipulating only the tissue beneath the skin. The surface skin would move with the hand of the therapist like a glove. This would allow great amount of friction to be performed without irritating the surface skin. The modern massage has changed the technique to adapt it to the use of massage oils. A major progress is the apparition of cross-fiber friction technique.

Vibration is a massage stroke performed with a high frequency in a shaking manner. Rocking is a variation of vibration.

Other great massage strokes are:

Nerve strokes” – extremely light strokes for relaxing the patient, (effleurage nerve strokes and tapotement nerve strokes).

Compression is a massage technique used to reach the deep muscles, or to perform reflexology.

Stretching is used to restore the joints their flexibility.

There are other great massage techniques and therapists create new strokes all the time.