Autumn in a Soup Thermos

I am one of those people who anticipate with glee the clear crisp autumn mornings. Give me gloomy gray clouds with a slight rainy mist moving over the blooms of spring and two things will immediately happen: the closet will resemble an end-of-summer department store clearance rack as the fall wardrobe takes over, and the stove top will brim with comfort food. And of all the politically incorrect comfort dishes bursting from my flour-dusted and grease-stained mid-1950’s edition Betty Crocker cookbook, my favorite fall cuisine would have to be soup.

Soup (the creamier, the better!) transports me to my grade school days, wearing my little red jumper dress, where upon twisting the plastic cap on my Partridge Family thermos I am rewarded with a whiff of mom’s Slumgullion soup. To this day I’d lay bets that the smell of that soup wafting on a stiff fall afternoon breeze brought my test scores up at least twenty percent.

Once a week mom would magically create a soup our huge pot she jokingly called “the cauldron.” and the resulting aroma that would seep into every corner and crevice of our home wasn’t of this world. Like the cartoons of the day, I could imagine my feet being lifted off the ground, nose sniffing the air, as I floated toward the simmering taste of heaven coming from the kitchen.

Mom had many names for her consommé concoctions; Italian Delight, Everything but the Kitchen Sink, or my favorite: Slumgullion Soup. And I loved every slurp, despite the outrageous names. When I grew older, and asked mom for the recipes to her incredible soups, she let me in on The Big Secret: every one of her soups was made from leftovers. They weren’t exactly recipes, she stammered, a little embarrassed at the thought. How could she not have recipes for her incredible gourmet soups?

I couldn’t fathom that these bowls of bliss which I so closely connected with my wonder years weren’t going to be passed down for future generations. I was almost incensed until I realized that while they may not have been pulled from the pages of a gourmet magazine or from hand-scrawled notes long-stored in great grandma’s recipe trunk, these soups were put together out of a combination of financial necessity and love. I know that now.

Just last night I peeked in the fridge and pawed through the cupboards pulling out the left over ground beef, some broth, an assortment of canned vegetables, and the ubiquitous jar of spaghetti sauce. I made my (mom’s, really) Minestrone Mumbo for my husband, my parents, and my daughters. It tasted just like those old school days. Mom smiled, “You got this out of great grandma’s secret recipe trunk, didn’t you?”

“Sure did Mom, just like you did.”

Minestrone Mumbo

(Serves six)

1 lb. ground beef

4 potatoes (diced)

1 can of corn with liquid

1 can of green beans drained

½ to ¾ bag of shell noodles (any noodle will do)

1 cup of fresh vegetables (zucchini is what I prefer)

6 tsps, or cubes of beef bouillon

1 jar of red spaghetti sauce

Salt and pepper to taste

Instructions: Brown the ground beef in pan and drain out fat. Salt and pepper the meat.

Boil the potatoes in water until soft. Once potatoes are soft, drain out enough water so that the potatoes are just covered.

Adjust stove temperature to medium and add drained ground beef. Make sure the water is at a small boil and add your dry noodles. Cook until noodles are tender.

Add can of corn with juice, can of green beans drained, any other vegetable you would like, and 6 tsps or cubes of beef bouillon, then simmer. Taste to make sure there is enough beef flavor from the bouillon. (Sometimes it can need more or less bouillon; it just depends on the day, so make sure to taste.

At this point, pour in the jar of spaghetti and bring the pot back up to a simmer. (This soup can also be made with chicken and chicken broth instead of beef broth, and Alfredo sauce in place of red sauce. It’s great with a little bit of Parmesan cheese and cornbread, or French rolls. You’ll probably even have leftovers to pour into the school Thermos, as well.

7 Keys to Giving Constructive Criticism

Regardless of how constructive criticism of another person is meant to be, most people, when criticized in any way, are put on the defensive the second they feel as though they have done something wrong. Combine this natural defensiveness with the constructive criticism being given in the context of one’s work, and the potential for the “criticized” person to be left feeling beaten up increases dramatically. To minimize this potential and maximize the effectiveness of any difficult communication, it is helpful to think about what is being said not as criticism, but rather full and complete communication! Full and complete communication leaves no room for reading between any proverbial lines, and it provides the space to speak what is on our minds in a respectful and constructive way. Constructive criticism, how it is received, and its overall effectiveness can hinge on that one single factor.

Keys to Giving Constructive Criticism:

  1. Before addressing the issue for which you want to give “constructive” criticism, ask permission to speak straight about what you see. Establish a good time to talk privately, and when talking privately say, for example, “I noticed that you had a difficult time with that transaction, and I’d like to help you refine your technique. Is it okay with you if I show you how you could improve your process?” By asking permission, you dismantle the automatic defensive reaction that we all have to criticism and open the door to full and complete communication.
  2. After you have established permission to speak to the heart of the issue, address what you see from your own experiences. For example: “I remember when I was working on a similar project several years ago and this same thing happened to me. This is how I handled it…” By creating this type of relatedness, you come across in the manner that your criticism is intended, and that is constructively versus critically!
  3. When providing constructive criticism, full and complete communication requires you to speak so that others can actually understand what it is that you are communicating. In other words, speak into the listening of others. We have all been victim of enough miscommunication to know that every individual listens and filters what is being said in different ways. Therefore, as the person giving criticism or communicating in any way, it is your responsibility to make sure that you communicate in such a way that the intended receiver actually understands what it is that’s being communicated.
  4. Once you have spoken the information that you had permission to share, be open to discussing further what you are communicating. Encourage questions and go so far as to ask the receiver to tell you, in their own words, what they got out of what you said. In doing so, you have the opportunity to make sure that what you said was not misinterpreted in any way.
  5. Don’t leave people feeling made wrong. Emphasize that mistakes or the need to tweak how we approach something are part of how we learn, and what is important is that they learn from the constructive criticism in order to avoid the same mistake in the future.
  6. Provide the person you are communicating with another opportunity to speak regarding what they got from your input. Your goal is to always communicate fully and completely, leaving no room for misinterpretation, reading between the lines, or leaving people in a place where they don’t understand the intent of the original communication.
  7. Finally, always acknowledge and thank the person you are talking with for allowing you to contribute to them.

Ultimately, criticism is nothing more than an opportunity to learn and grow inside of our jobs, relationships, and in the world as a whole, which is not always easy to see. So, whether criticism is seen as a critical or constructive is ultimately up to the person on the receiving end. However, as someone giving criticism, you have the opportunity to set the stage and ensure that what you have to say is given and taken in the best light possible.

Barley and Barley Allergies

Of the main cereal crops (wheat, barley, oats and rye), barley is probably the least commonly used in day-to-day food. It is often used to make beer and whiskey.

As a food, barley is most often used in soups and stews. In Asia, is boiled to make barley water, a popular drink which is ideal for hot weather.

Barley can grow in cold conditions, which is why it is a staple crop in Tibet (they also grow wheat there, so if you are allergic to wheat, Tibet is not actually a perfect destination for you).

Barley is a flavorful, tasty, chewy grain. It can be cooked like rice and served on the side with meat and vegetable dishes, much like rice.

Health Risks

Barley contains gluten and must be avoided if you are celiac or allergic to barley.

If you are allergic to wheat, you may still be able to eat barley (I do).

If you have just discovered that you are allergic to wheat, it is best to eliminate barley from your diet for several months, then re-introduce it to see if it causes you trouble or not.

Health Benefits

Barley is a good source of fiber, selenium, phosphorus, copper and manganese.

Barley Relatives

Barley is a grass. Besides being related to your lawn and bamboo, grass is also related to the following food crops because they too are grasses:


Maize (Corn)







Further Notes

Barley is really in a lot of places one might not suspect. While it is very commonly found in beer or whiskey, and that is kind of known, it is also very commonly found in everyday foods like bread, cereal, cookies, etc.

The main reason for this is that most flour that you buy in the grocery store, lists malted barley flour as one of the main ingredients. Because of FDA requirements on labeling, companies are not necessarily required to specifically list that the flour they used to make their bread contains malted barley flour. Nor do most labels tell you that malt is made from barley (always), and/or corn.

I find barley in almost as many things as I find wheat in. Although I can’t seem to find anything on it right now, when I first started researching barley, I was finding that dextrose and maltodextrin are sometimes derived from barley (most often from corn, maize, rice, etc) as well. Those are two sweeteners that are in everything.

Gout Treatment – Mayo Clinic

If you are unhappy with the care you are getting from your doctors, don’t assume you have no alternatives. If you go online and search under gout treatment, Mayo  Clinic  will be one of the sites recommended. Once at the site you will be able to read everything you need to know about the causes, treatments, preventative measures, and possibilities for cures. You will also be able to look for the  clinic , or cooperating hospital in the Mayo Health System that is closest to you.

The reputation of the Mayo  Clinic  is well known. Putting yourself in their care gives you access to the best medical knowledge, technology, experience, and hope that you can find. The dignity, kindness, and respect you will receive, gives you the confidence to keep working at recovery. Any survey that tells the best places to go for excellent health care will have Mayo in the top five.

For gout treatment, Mayo  Clinic  will recommend a combination of medications, diet, and preventatives; depending, of course, on the individual. The goal is to treat the acute attacks, reduce the risk of complications, and prevent future attacks. Some of the drugs recommended may be:

– Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs

– Colchisine, for those who cannot take the NSAIDs

– Corticosteroid medications, the most common of which is prednisone… administered either in pill form or injected into the joint. Because of the many side effects, this treatment is usually given when the other two don’t work.

To prevent complications for gout treatment, Mayo  Clinic  may suggest xanthine oxidase inhibitors, such as allopurinal and febuxostat, which limit the uric acid that you produce in your body, or

Probenecid, which is taken to improve the function of your kidneys. Of course, your own general health, the severity of your gout, and any other conditions you have will determine what kind of treatment you need.

5 Ways to Prevent Gum Disease

When it comes to maintaining your oral health, it is important to be aware of the methods and ways that can help prevent gum disease. It is a silent disease which affects almost 75 to 95 percent of adults and can cause various serious health concerns. Gum diseases or periodontal disease is basically caused by plaque and tartar build-up along the gum line. Plaque is a thick and sticky film of bacteria that accumulates in the mouth and gradually destroys the teeth supporting tissues, leading to serious gum problems such as gingivitis and periodontis. In this article, I will describe how one can prevent periodontal disease by opting for some easy and promising preventive ways.

1. Practice Good Dental Hygiene

Thoroughly brush and floss your teeth at least twice a day. It is also advised to brush your teeth after eating meals. This will prevent plaque build-up and oral infections. You should use soft-bristled toothbrush and change it every three to four months. Flossing and inter dental cleaning can help remove food particles between the teeth and under the gum line. An electric toothbrush can be used to remove the tartar and plaque. Make sure the toothpastes and mouth wash you use contain fluoride as it can prevent tooth decay, making them strong and healthy. Moreover, a dental pick can also be used to clean the food particles and plaque from between teeth.

2. Maintain a Healthy Lifestyle

To prevent gum disease, it is critical to maintain a healthy diet. Be sure to avoid foods that contain sugar and starches as well as sugar filled drinks as they can destroy your teeth. In addition, also try to avoid foods such as candies, chocolates, caramels, mints that can stick to your teeth for a longer period of time and cause serious damage to your teeth. Eating a healthy and nutrition-filled diet can boost your immunity and maintain overall well-being.

3. Stay Hydrated

Drinking plenty of water is greatly advised to produce saliva, which has natural ability to kill off the harmful bacteria that can cause periodontal disease.

4. Avoid Conditions that Promote Gum disease

Another useful method to prevent periodontal disease is to avoid all those actions that can increase the risk of developing gingivitis. Smoking is a major contributor to periodontal disease and should be ceased immediately to prevent this serious health concern. As tobacco products can greatly damage your gum tissues. Various health conditions such as diabetes, malnutrition and AIDS also increase the risk of developing gum disease.

5. Visit Your Dentist Regularly

Regular dental check ups and cleaning are important to prevent any kind of dental damage or gum erosion. Your dentist will examine your mouth, teeth and gum and give helpful advices on how to maintain good oral hygiene. Indeed, regular visits to your dentist are important to ensure healthy gum and teeth.

These are some helpful and preventive ways that help you maintain good oral hygiene. Practicing good dental habits will help you prevent different types of gum diseases.

Health Supplements vs Pharmaceuticals

Medicine-whether in the form of  health  supplements or pharmaceuticals-is big business indeed. With profit margins that are nearly four times the average of any other business, the pharmaceutical industry enjoys a top position being amongst the most profitable businesses in the world.

The nutraceutical industry is not far behind offering stiff competition to pharmaceutical counterparts. Research is booming and science-based studies have given successful impetus to the plant-based  health  supplement industry. Some of the more popular botanicals like as Echinacea, gingko biloba, ginseng, garlic, and St. John’s Wort are seeing sales that put them in the same league with many prescription drugs. In fact, so popular is the  health  supplement industry that pharmaceutical giants like Bayer, American Home Products, Johnson and Johnson and Boeheringer-Ingelheim have all begun to sell supplements!

What is the Difference?

There is not much of a difference between nutraceuticals and pharmaceuticals except for the way in which they are regulated in the United States although both are regulated by the U.S. Food and Drugs Administration. Major differences include:

* Pharmaceuticals that are derived from plant proteins for vaccines and medical treatments are not the same as nutraceuticals. The major difference is that pharmaceuticals are designed specifically for medical use under a physician’s supervision, and are subject to Food And Drugs Administration approval.

 Health  supplements do not need medical supervision, nor Food And Drugs Administration approval.

* Pharmaceuticals need prescription from a certified doctor for purchase. The choice of a  health  supplements is up to the individual.  Health  supplements are sold without restrictions at  health  food stores, grocery stores, drug stores, national discount chains, mail-order and Internet.

* There are no strict regulating laws governing  health  supplements. Just about anyone can put together a  health  supplement, notify the Food And Drugs Administration , and put it in the market. In stark contrast, it takes anywhere between 8-12 years for a new drug to be approved by the Food And Drugs Administration . Pharmaceuticals undergo intense regulatory reviews by the Food And Drugs Administration .

* Because of stricter regulations, pharmaceuticals have greater evidence of efficacy and safety. Whereas  health  supplements are based on tradition with insufficient evidence of safety and efficacy. However, this is changing as new research builds up to support the  health  benefits of some of the accepted nutrients. Eg omega 3 fatty acids.

* Pharmaceuticals are patented. Herbs and  health  supplements are not patented and therefore the profits are limited with stiff competition from all kinds of  health  supplement manufacturers.

* Pharmaceuticals spend millions of dollars for research and paperwork for a new therapeutic claim of an established drug all to satisfy Food And Drugs Administration requirements. Food And Drugs Administration requirements for  health  supplements are not at all stringent apart from barring them from making any false  health  claims about their product and adding a disclaimer: “This statement has not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. This product is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any disease.”

* Pharmaceuticals come with various side effects. Known side effects are required to be disclosed on the label. While  health  supplements do not require a listing of side effects, there tends to be fewer cases of side effects associated with the use of  health  supplements.

Complaining about the high cost of traditional medicine and side effects, many people are turning to alternative medicine in the form of  health  supplements. A report by the Hartman Group, a leading market research firm called, “The Wellness Trends in 2002” found that Americans are beginning to place the family and good  health  above the daily routines of life. Among those interviewed many expressed frustration with U.S. healthcare system and wanted more control over their own  health . The report said, “Dietary supplements … (allow) them a way of self-managing their own  health  … giving them a sense of empowerment,” the report states. This is an advantage over pharmaceuticals.According to the Nutrition Business Journal fast growth in the nutraceutical market is seen in weight-loss products.

The demand for such products is growing as you consider the more than 120 million overweight Americans and 17 million diabetics who are looking for supplements that increase metabolism, suppress or satiate appetite, and control blood sugar. Such sectors in the  health  supplement industry have gained footage over pharmaceuticals.In America, 60% of the consumers take some kind of food supplement and 30 to 40% take herbal supplements.  Health  supplements are gaining such credibility that many physicians are recommending them to their patients before prescribing riskier pharmaceuticals. Of the  health  supplement users 95% are satisfied with supplements.In the meanwhile, research is still booming in both industries!  Health  supplement manufacturers continue to unveil groundbreaking products as new evidence supporting the  health  benefits of nutraceuticals emerges.

Laser Treatment For Rosacea – Is it Effective?

Laser treatment for rosacea is a great way to treat the symptoms of the condition. It not only gets rid of the uneven skin tone and blushing, but it rejuvenates the skin so it looks and feels soft. Most people will see a significant improvement on their first visit, with additional improvements and benefits occurring with additional visits. Laser Treatment for rosacea can take years of damage off of the surface of the skin, helping to reverse damage and improve the appearance.

Laser treatment for rosacea will greatly reduce the redness and appearance of blood vessels that are common with rosacea. For people that have “tried it all”, laser treatment for rosacea might be the answer they are looking for. With a new appearance, people that have suffered from rosacea for years can face their day with renewed confidence and a better self-image.

The exact cause for rosacea is not known, making it extremely hard to treat. There are antibiotics, suggested diets and facial regimens that can keep a person guessing and spending unnecessary money and time on products that do not work. Or, in some cases, people that suffer from rosacea have finally found products that work and are able to keep the breakouts down to a minimum, but there is damage from years of having the condition.

When the damage becomes extremely noticeable, people spend additional money on products that will get rid of the damage or provide extra coverage to hide it under make-up. Using laser treatment for rosacea symptoms can be more expensive up front, but there is no guessing or wondering, or even waiting for results. The results are usually evident from the first treatment and in many cases can be considered permanent, depending on the procedure.

While treatments can get expensive, there may be payment plans available and prices can be double-checked to get the best price possible. People that are pursuing this type of treatment should also be aware of practical information, like how much experience a doctor has in doing this procedure, what the side effects are, if any, whether or not personal insurance will cover a cosmetic treatment, how many treatments may be necessary to get the result the person is searching for and what are the necessary precautions to take after the procedure to maintain the health of the skin.

There are a few different lasers that can be used to treat rosacea. The lasers used include the ND:YAG, the KTP laser, the CO2 and the pulsed-dye laser. Many times, patients are concerned with the amount of pain and recovery time for these procedures, but there is only a minor discomfort when the laser is being used, like a slight stinging sensation.

For the people that are tired of throwing good money away, laser treatment for rosacea can be more cost-effective and affordable in the long run. Laser treatment offers a permanent solution that creams and lotions do not usually provide, with lasting results that are apparent every time the person looks in the mirror.

Go Kart Engine Repair – Ignition System Diagnostics and Repair Part 1

Go Kart Engine Diagnostics: Solid State Ignition Failure Detection

I have had a couple of times where I had some dramatic failures occur on my go kart engines. One time I had a chain snap and the chain made a ferocious clunk and then fell off the go kart. The funny thing is that the engine kept running, and I had to shut it off.

I replaced the chain and ran into a peculiar problem. The engine would not start.

This is where most of us, with NO engine experience just throw up our hands and kick the go kart and go away. Then we throw it in the back of the pickup and bring it over to “Smokin Joes Lawnmower Repair.” There we spend about $200 to have the engine fixed.

I am here to tell you forget about going to “Smokin Joes.

First of all a basic understanding of ignition systems is required. (I am assuming that you understand the Otto Cycle or 4 cycle engine theory, so I will dispense with that SnoozeVille explanation)

Ignition systems are basically partial generators. The flywheel has a magnet, and the Magneto has a coil of wire in it.

The theory behind electric current is that when a wire (a simple wire ) is passed through a magnetic field that an electric current is induced into the wire.

And conversely, when a wire is induced with an electric current it gives off a magnetic field.

The Magneto (the device that the spark plug wire comes out of) has a coil of wire in it plus a core of iron to attract or concentrate the magnetic flux lines into the wire.

The wire then gets an instantaneous jump in electricity as the magnetic field in the flywheel passes by it. The sudden increase in electricity is concentrated as high voltage which is released as a spark in the spark plug.

The timing, or the firing of the electricity to the spark plug is regulated by circuitry. This particular circuitry is activated by a small magnetic sensing switch (which looks like a small cylinder of steel tucked in with the coil). When the magnet passes by the magnetic field activates the switch. The switch then releases the coil energy into the spark plug.

The spark plug is nothing more than a glorified jumping bridge for electricity. We all are familiar with this static discharge when we scrub our feet against the floor and the reach out and touch somebody. A spark jumps when we get close, like .125 inches and closer.

The design of the spark plug is to keep the electricity isolated up to the bridge. Once the electricity from behind shoves real hard, it forces the electrons in front to jump. Kind of like getting pushed off of a bridge.

So the white part of the spark plug is non-conductive and an insulator. The metal part is isolated from the rest of the spark plug and only becomes integral when spark completes the circuit or jumps across the gap.

Obviously, sparks cause the right concentration of Oxygen and Combustible gases or even dust, to ignite. Ignition is the excited state of electrons jumping from one molecule to another. This excited state releases heat and light: we call that flame or ionized gas.

Next time we will discuss how to trouble shoot the ignition system so that you do not have to pay Smokin Joes what you just have learned…and will learn.

Skills Of A Compound Pharmacist Are Needed

With such various people in the world that have personal necessities and needs, everyone do not react the same to all sort of medicinal drug. Most of the people have particular conditions that keep them of eating medicine using conventional manufactured pharmaceutics. The type of medicine needed by a specific patient is sometimes not manufactured by conventional medicine companies and a patient may require the drug using a different method than conventionally ordered. When this occurs a pharmacist must utilize his compounding skills to set the medicine in a usable form to fulfill the particular individual patient requirements and here we need the skills of a compound pharmacist. Pharmacy compounding is as an ethical drug is custom made by a pharmacist.

In 2004, to organize the Pharmacy Compounding Accreditation Board (PCAB) main pharmacy associations united with the U. S. Pharmacopeia. PCAB Accredited compounding pharmacies are needed to have particular educating in methods of compounding. A skilled Compound pharmacist provides flexibility for patients who take their medications changed in some way. Generally, the prescription comes from doctor, only it is the compounding pharmacist who just has the knowledge to produce the right formula, without changing its gains.

Bio-identical hormone replacement therapy (BHRT) also known as bio-identical or natural hormone therapy is basically the use of doses of hormones that have an equal chemical structure as the hormones naturally produces by human body. BHRT is used to cares for the symptoms of menopause, post-menopause and pre-menopause. BHRT is linked with pharmacy compounding, saliva or blood testing and efforts to reach a targeted level of hormones the in body.

Esterone, estradiol and progesterone are the particular hormones used in BHRT, available in FDA approved products and as pharmacy compounded products which have not been sanctioned for use in United States and Canada. Because of the process of compounding Bio-identical hormones may also show surplus risk. Also, the efficacy of saliva testing has not yet been authoritatively proven, and to reach target levels of hormones the long-term effects of using blood testing have not been explored.

Pharmaceutical compounding allows compounding pharmacists and physicians to customize a personalized prescription for the particular requirement of their patient by mixing multiple drugs in. In Canada compounding pharmacies provide many formulations and medications to meet their customers particular demands. Their extremely skilled pharmacists work in collaboration with dentists, physicians, Veterinaries and chiropodists. Vets have to deal with different issues; they help to solve these troubles for animals.

These pharmaceutical obey Canadian Standards intended for Pharmaceutical Compounding. They produce quality compounded preparations for over 35 years. These Compounding Pharmacies in Canada supply the highest level of customer service and good quality products and help Physicians and Patients solve medication problems. There are many veterinary pharmacies in Toronto, specialized in veterinary medicine.

There specialists can fulfill all pharmaceutical demands. Compliance can be bettered with compounding of veterinary medications. Their aim is to aid pet possessors save money on their pet’s prescriptions while still supplying the best medication for pets.

For high-quality health care, Toronto researchers keep making staggering discoveries in most competitive and quickly changing areas of modern health care research. As the risk of cancer increases with the quantity of alcohol took, the City of Toronto help to restrict approach to alcohol. Working with Public Health, the City of Toronto support public exposure of accurate and current info to the public related to the connection between drinking and cancer by: explicitly distinguishing alcohol as a cause of cancer.The skills of a compound pharmacist cover a wide range of things involving this field of work.

Drug Identification

 Drug  identification is necessary if you have found unknown pills in your medicine cabinet or in your child’s room. As misidentifying  drugs  can have serious consequences, making sure you know what narcotics it is you possess is necessary. In the situation of the pills in your child’s room, it can tell you whether or not your children have begun to explore illegal narcotics.

Not all narcotics are illegal. With so many forms of Tylenol, aspirins, and similar painkillers,  drug  identification is required to prevent punishing a child that may not have done anything sinister. Taking the few minutes to find out what kind of pills you have stumbled upon is necessary!

There are several things that you should look for when identifying a over the counter  drug .  Drug  identification is a careful science, requiring a good eye for size, shapes, colors and textures. All of these things need to be researched in order to make a positive identification.

Size and shape are necessary details in  drug  identification. Medications that are professionally manufactured come in standard sizes and shapes depending on what the  drug  is. These are the first thing that you notice when you find a stray capsule. If you are not good at guessing the size of a capsule, find a ruler that measures millimeters, centimeters and inches and measure the width, height and length of the capsule. These numbers can be used to identify them.

Next, the color of the pills can be used to help figure out what they are. As an example, Viagra comes in a very noticeable blue color, which sets it apart from the brown color of standard Advil. Once you have identified the size and shape of your capsule, the color will further hone what the capsule actually is.

Texture is something that can be noted at a look, or by carefully feeling the capsule with your fingertip. While texture is not as necessary as the color, size and shape of the pills, they may give the final clue to have a positive  drug  identification.

If you are lucky, there will be an label on the capsule. This is done by major manufacturers to promote proper identification of pills in case they are mixed with other narcotics with similar size, shapes and colors.

Many illegal narcotics do not follow set size, shapes and colors. If you find a suspicious narcotics that you cannot figure out, you may need to take it to a pharmacist or lab for identification. If you suspect that the capsule is an illegal narcotics, you should contact police immediately.

All Natural Pet Medicines

For those who have pets might it be a dog, a cat or a bird, the health of our beloved pets our primary concern. Taking care of our pets giving the right kind of food, coupled with nutrients and other vitamins to give an added boost to its energy and immune system. However, like any human being, pets do catch colds, headaches, and other illnesses, which might require the aid of a veterinarian. But little do we know that there are all natural pet  medicines  out there that can help your pet to recover from an illness and be cured right away which is the counterpart of natural  medicines  for humans.

There are only a number of veterinarians who provide all natural pet  medicines , since it has not been widely used not like natural  medicine  for humans. Some might even question the veterinarian why he is using such type of  medicine , the common answer? Results are positive, and it can cure your pet. Like any other natural  medicine  that helps us with our illnesses or diseases such natural  medicine  for pets can also do aid our beloved animals at home.

It is not that all natural pet  medicines  will overturn the conventional  medicines  that vets used before and even now. These natural  medicines  will just compliment and even give better results. There will be no more fears of over dosage and side effects of those antibiotics and drugs. It will be safer on the part of your part without the worries of getting worst but with the high percentage of getting cured.

It has been proven that nature has given us what we need from food to water in order to survive and even  medicine  so why used such wonders to aid our beloved pets. With the advent of new technology, it will be much easier to find the best cure out in the jungle, in the Amazon and in the virgin forest as well. All natural pet  medicines  will soon be recognized by animal lovers and will be widely used by many who want nothing but the best cure, effective and harmless for your pets.

Next time your pet has colds or headache; you might consider having all natural pet  medicines  to cure your pet. You never know you will now stick using all natural  medicine  for your pet. Natural  medicine  works best for us humans, it also works for animals as well. All natural is great for our body as well as for our beloved pets who are under our care.

Alternative Medicine – What is Scientific and Proven?

It’s time for conventional medical experts to prove the science behind their medicine by demonstrating successful, nontoxic, and affordable patient outcomes.

It’s time to revisit the scientific method to deal with the complexities of alternative treatments.

The U.S. government has belatedly confirmed a fact that millions of Americans have known personally for decades – acupuncture works. A 12-member panel of “experts” informed the National Institutes of Health (NIH), its sponsor, that acupuncture is “clearly effective” for treating certain conditions, such as fibromyalgia, tennis elbow, pain following dental surgery, nausea during pregnancy, and nausea and vomiting associated with chemotherapy.

The panel was less persuaded that acupuncture is appropriate as the sole treatment for headaches, asthma, addiction, menstrual cramps, and others.

The NIH panel said that, “there are a number of cases” where acupuncture works. Since the treatment has fewer side effects and is less invasive than conventional treatments, “it is time to take it seriously” and “expand its use into conventional medicine.”

These developments are naturally welcome, and the field of alternative medicine should, be pleased with this progressive step.

But underlying the NIH’s endorsement and qualified “legitimization” of acupuncture is a deeper issue that must come to light- the presupposition so ingrained in our society as to be almost invisible to all but the most discerning eyes.

The presupposition is that these “experts” of medicine are entitled and qualified to pass judgment on the scientific and therapeutic merits of alternative medicine modalities.

They are not.

The matter hinges on the definition and scope of the term “scientific.” The news is full of complaints by supposed medical experts that alternative medicine is not “scientific” and not “proven.” Yet we never hear these experts take a moment out from their vituperations to examine the tenets and assumptions of their cherished scientific method to see if they are valid.

Again, they are not.

Medical historian Harris L. Coulter, Ph.D., author of the landmark four-volume history of Western medicine called Divided Legacy, first alerted me to a crucial, though unrecognized, distinction. The question we should ask is whether conventional medicine is scientific. Dr. Coulter argues convincingly that it is not.

Over the last 2,500 years, Western medicine has been divided by a powerful schism between two opposed ways of looking at physiology, health, and healing, says Dr. Coulter. What we now call conventional medicine (or allopathy) was once known as Rationalist medicine; alternative medicine, in Dr. Coulter’s history, was called Empirical medicine. Rationalist medicine is based on reason and prevailing theory, while Empirical medicine is based on observed facts and real life experience – on what works.

Dr. Coulter makes some startling observations based on this distinction. Conventional medicine is alien, both in spirit and structure, to the scientific method of investigation, he says. Its concepts continually change with the latest breakthrough. Yesterday, it was germ theory; today, it’s genetics; tomorrow, who knows?

With each changing fashion in medical thought, conventional medicine has to toss away its now outmoded orthodoxy and impose the new one, until it gets changed again. This is medicine based on abstract theory; the facts of the body must be contorted to conform to these theories or dismissed as irrelevant.

Doctors of this persuasion accept a dogma on faith and impose it on their patients, until it’s proved wrong or dangerous by the next generation. They get carried away by abstract ideas and forget the living patients. As a result, the diagnosis is not directly connected to the remedy; the link is more a matter of guesswork than science. This approach, says Dr. Coulter, is “inherently imprecise, approximate, and unstable-it’s a dogma of authority, not science.” Even if an approach hardly works at all, it’s kept on the books because the theory says it’s good “science.”

On the other hand, practitioners of Empirical, or alternative medicine, do their homework: they study the individual patients; determine all the contributing causes; note all the symptoms; and observe the results of treatment.

Homeopathy and Chinese medicine are prime examples of this approach. Both modalities may be added to because physicians in these fields and other alternative practices constantly seek new information based on their clinical experience.

This is the meaning of empirical: it’s based on experience, then continually tested and refined – but not reinvented or discarded – through the doctor’s daily practice with actual patients. For this reason, homeopathic remedies don’t become outmoded; acupuncture treatment strategies don’t become irrelevant.

Alternative medicine is proven every day in the clinical experience of physicians and patients. It was proven ten years ago and will remain proven ten years from now. According to Dr. Coulter, alternative medicine is more scientific in the truest sense than Western, so-called scientific medicine.

Sadly, what we see far too often in conventional medicine is a drug or procedure “proven” as effective and accepted by the FDA and other authoritative bodies only to be revoked a few years later when it’s been proven to be toxic, malfunctioning, or deadly.

The conceit of conventional medicine and its “science” is that substances and procedures must pass the double-blind study to be proven effective. But is the double-blind method the most appropriate way to be scientific about alternative medicine? It is not.

The guidelines and boundaries of science must be revised to encompass the clinical subtlety and complexity revealed by alternative medicine. As a testing method, the double-blind study examines a single substance or procedure in isolated, controlled conditions and measures results against an inactive or empty procedure or substance (called a placebo) to be sure that no subjective factors get in the way. The approach is based on the assumption that single factors cause and reverse illness, and that these can be studied alone, out of context and in isolation.

The double-blind study, although taken without critical examination to be the gold standard of modern science, is actually misleading, even useless, when it is used to study alternative medicine. We know that no single factor causes anything nor is there a “magic bullet” capable of single-handedly reversing conditions. Multiple factors contribute to the emergence of an illness and multiple modalities must work together to produce healing.

Equally important is the understanding that this multiplicity of causes and cures takes place in individual patients, no two of whom are alike in psychology, family medical history, and biochemistry. Two men, both of whom are 35 and have similar flu symptoms, do not necessarily and automatically have the same health condition, nor should they receive the same treatment. They might, but you can’t count on it.

The double-blind method is incapable of accommodating this degree of medical complexity and variation, yet these are physiological facts of life. Any approach claiming to be scientific which has to exclude this much empirical, real-life data from its study is clearly not true science.

In a profound sense, the double-blind method cannot prove alternative medicine is effective because it is not scientific enough. It is not broad and subtle and complex enough to encompass the clinical realities of alternative medicine.

If you depend on the double-blind study to validate alternative medicine, you will end up doubly blind about the reality of medicine.

Listen carefully the next time you hear medical “experts” whining that a substance or method has not been “scientifically” evaluated in a double-blind study and is therefore not yet “proven” effective. They’re just trying to mislead and intimidate you. Ask them how much “scientific” proof underlies using chemotherapy and radiation for cancer or angioplasty for heart disease. The fact is, it’s very little.

Try turning the situation around. Demand of the experts that they scientifically prove the efficacy of some of their cash cows, such as chemotherapy and radiation for cancer, angioplasty and bypass for heart disease, or hysterectomies for uterine problems. The efficacy hasn’t been proven because it can’t be proven.

There is no need whatsoever for practitioners and consumers of alternative medicine to wait like supplicants with hat in hand for the scientific “experts” of conventional medicine to dole out a few condescending scraps of official approval for alternative approaches.

Rather, discerning citizens should be demanding of these experts that they prove the science behind their medicine by demonstrating successful, nontoxic, and affordable patient outcomes. If they can’t, these approaches should be rejected for being unscientific. After all, the proof is in the cure.

Horse Care: How to Use Electrolytes

Horses have a much higher ratio of muscle than humans, meaning their bodies generate more heat in less time. Horse muscle makes up around 40% of a horse’s body mass, compared to only 20% in the average human. The more the muscles contract, the more heat is generated that the body has to deal with. And because horses have a lower skin surface area in proportion to their size than humans, they have a harder time getting rid of body heat.

For horses, the greatest risk of dehydration due to heat actually comes from longer periods of low-intensity work or exercises. Because these exercises are seemingly less intense, neither horses nor their owners notice the gradual but serious dehydration going on. To combat the heat, cool water is important, but since water is a diluter, water alone will further dilute the low bodily electrolyte supply, and will be excreted as urine since the kidneys identify ingested water as an overload. To combat this, a proper use of electrolytes is necessary to maintaining horse health during times of heat and bodily stress.

Pick a Good Electrolyte

In science speak, electrolytes are the ionized parts of living organic matter. In everyday terms, electrolytes are what keep our bodies healthy and running properly. When we (or our horses) exert energy, our body uses up electrolytes, and electrolytes are used up the fastest when a body becomes so heated it sweats. Electrolyte supplements replace those lost in sweating to keep our bodies functioning properly until a proper amount of nutritious food and water can be administered.

When purchasing a supplement, it is important to choose one that mimics the sweat lost by your horse. Find a product with approximately a 1:2:4 potassium:sodium:chloride ratio. This simply means that for every one gram of potassium, there should be two grams of sodium and four grams of chloride. Also, try to avoid fillers as they decrease the efficiency of electrolytes and products without them are more direct.

It is also important to choose a supplement that tastes good. Horses can be picky eaters, and, like children, will not want to ingest bad-tasting medicine.

Identify Signs of Dehydration

Horses whose internal body temperature has increased significantly through short, intense exercises or long, easy to moderate exercises need to be cooled down with water and re-hydrated with electrolytes. While an electrolyte formula should not be used on a daily basis, their use is unmatched after hard work, competitions, or in conjunction with long travel.

An easy way to test dehydration in your horse is by pinching the horse’s skin. If the skin easily snaps back, the horse is well-hydrated. But if the skin slowly sinks back to its original position, the horse needs some special attention.

Administer Electrolytes

Electrolyte supplements come in all shapes and sizes. You can buy bulk options in pellets, powders, or pre-packaged syringes. The type you choose depends on how easily your horse eats or drinks in hot, stressful situations.

Knowing when to administer the electrolytes is essential to your horse’s health and performance. If you anticipate extensively hard or strenuous activities, like competitions or horse hauling, you can start feeding electrolytes to your horse one to two days in advance, during the activity itself, and up to two days after. For slightly less strenuous work, administer a dose to your horse an hour or two before the work begins, and after the work is completed.

In general, horses need anywhere from 30 to 90 grams of electrolytes per hour of strenuous work, depending on their weight and external heat.

Pellets – Pellet electrolytes are mixed directly into your horse’s food supply during a normal feeding. These work well if your horse is not a picky eater, and you are pre-feeding him electrolytes before a large event, travel, or a strenuous day job.

Powders – Powders are more diverse and adaptable than pellets. Powders can be mixed in with feed in the same way pellets are, mixed with something like apple sauce or yogurt, or mixed with water, making a horse sports drink.

Syringes – Pre-packaged syringes are more expensive than pellets or powders, but are very handy, especially for reluctant horses. All you have to do is squirt the contents of the syringe into your horse’s mouth. You can make your own syringe electrolytes by mixing two to three ounces of powder with a paste substance like apple sauce or yogurt and filling a clean syringe with the good-tasting solution.

It is important to never force feed your horse. If your horse is reluctant, focus on cooling him down and getting him to a more comfortable state before trying again.

Tip: Salt Lick

For regular, daily electrolyte intake, make sure your horse has regular access to salt to keep his blood hydration levels up. Low blood levels of sodium leads to overall dehydration, but the issue is usually self-solving if you simply put up a salt lick in your horse’s stall.

While electrolytes are essential for strenuous activity, too many can actually be toxic. Furthermore, only providing your horse with electrolyte-mixed water will advance his dehydration. Your horse should always have access to plain drinking water, and if at all possible, try to mix your horse’s electrolytes into his feed or administer it as a syringe, keeping his drinking water separate. While mild dehydration can be handled and prevented by a horse owner, moderate to severe dehydration requires veterinary attention and possibly intravenous fluids.

Navel Piercing Care

In order for the navel piercing to last as long as possible you should keep the following rules:

· You should not bend for the first couple days.

· A specialist will put over a bandage, which should be removed in 4-5 hours after a puncture.

· For washing you should use only the antibacterial soap, which should contain Triklozan.

· In order to make the healing process faster you should apply salty solution on the wound from time to time. You can pour this solution into a glass and turning it over hold it on your navel or soak a towel with it. Every procedure lasts about 15 minutes. As often you would do this as faster your wound would heal.

· It is necessary to remove all the incrustations appeared, because that would be a place where all bacteria would develop and it would prevent the wound from healing over.

· Use cleaning solutions

· Lavender butter with BP labeling reduces perceptibility and stimulates a healing process. Bash the wound with butter by a wad stick and remove all wastes by a napkin. It is recommended to wear antiseptic compress all the time within the first two weeks. This would help to prevent the wound damage and would protect from an infection.

· Do not wear tight or small cloth and also cloth that would prevent air to pass through it.

· It is mandatory to wipe a puncture spot in case if you sweat, since the sweat prevents the wound healing.

· It is not allowed but rather recommended to get a tan. This would dry your wound a little bit and also will help the organism to produce the vitamin D, which stimulates the healing process.

The main problem of the wound infection is a “playing” with a body jewelry and dirty hands. Do not touch a body jewelry. In order to look at it do not move it but rather use a mirror.

Do not use spirit for a wound treatment since it may injure the wound. Hydrogen peroxide is not good either, since it kills the generated cells. Do not use butters and ointments, which prevent the wound from drying up.

It is forbidden to remove a decoration during the healing period. This way you would get a risk to lose a puncture spot or to damage it when inserting a decoration back.

Bars would be the best decoration until the end of the healing period. The period of healing would stretch if to use navel rings.

Gram-Positive Bacteria – Disease, Health and Probiotics

In microbiology, the visualization of bacteria at the microscopic level is facilitated by the use of stains, which react with components present in some cells but not others. This technique is used to classify bacteria as either Gram-positive or Gram-negative depending on their colour following a specific staining procedure originally developed by Hans Christian Gram. Gram-positive bacteria appear dark blue or violet due to the crystal violet stain following the Gram stain procedure; Gram-negative bacteria, which cannot retain the crystal violet stain, appear red or pink due to the counterstain. Gram-positive bacteria retain the crystal violet due to the amount of peptidoglycan in the cell wall.

Gram-positive bacteria are divided into two main groups: the Actinobacteria and the Firmicutes. The Actinobacteria have a high G+C ratio and include common soil bacteria and some pathogens, such as Mycobacterium and Corynebacterium. Strains of Mycobacterium can cause tuberculosis and   leprosy . Strains of Corynebacterium can cause diphtheria, granulomatous lymphadenitis, pneumonitis, pharyngitis, skin infections, and endocarditis. The Firmicutes have a low G+C content in contrast to the Actinobacteria. Firmicutes can be cocci or rod-shaped forms. Many produce endospores. They are found in various environments and some are important pathogens, for example Bacillus, Listeria, Staphylococcus, and Streptococcus.

In contrast, strains of Lactobacillus are important for health and live Lactobacillus bacteria are constituents of many probiotics. Lactic acid bacteria (LAB) such as Lactobacillus and Bifidobacterium are probiotics that have numerous potential therapeutic properties including anti-inflammatory and anti-cancer activities. Lactococcus is an important organism in the food industry and is used to produce cheese and yoghurts and other fermented foods. Strains of Clostridium are being considered as a means of selectively targeting and destroying cancer cells especially for the treatment of solid tumors.

  • Actinobacteria
    • Actinomyces
    • Arthrobacter
    • Corynebacterium
    • Frankia
    • Micrococcus
    • Micromonospora
    • Mycobacterium
    • Nocardia
    • Propionibacterium
    • Streptomyces
  • Firmicutes
    • Acetobacterium
    • Bacillus
    • Clostridium
    • Enterococcus
    • Erysipelothrix
    • Eubacterium
    • Heliobacterium
    • Heliospirillum
    • Lactobacillus
    • Lactococcus
    • Leuconostoc
    • Listeria
    • Pectinatus
    • Pediococcus
    • Selenomonas
    • Spiroplasma
    • Sporomusa
    • Staphylococcus
    • Streptococcus
    • Megasphaera
    • Mycoplasma
    • Ureaplasma
    • Zymophilus