Everyone Has Herpes Viruses

Overview of the Nine Types of Herpes Viruses Found in Humans

1. Herpes simplex virus Type 1 (HSV-1)

Fever blisters and cold sores of the face, mouth, and lips are the most common symptoms of HSV-1 outbreaks. Also known as Human Herpes Virus-1 (HHV-1).

Surprisingly, most infections with this virus occur by two years of age via breaks in the skin barrier around the mouth or elsewhere on the body. While HSV-1 is thought of as the cold sore virus and HSV-2 (see below) is thought of as the genital herpes virus, distinctions between them often fail. It is well documented in the medical literature, although not yet widely publicized, that the virus released from a cold sore can easily transfer via oral-genital contact to establish a genital herpes infection in another individual.

Besides causing cold sores and possibly spreading to the genital region, HSV-1 has also been linked with the development of serious neurological diseases such as Alzheimer’s disease, Bell’s palsy and trigeminal neuralgia. Recent research also shows that co-infection by HSV-1 and HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) can enhance the activity of both viruses in patients who have AIDS and non-genital herpes lesions.

HSV-1 infects at least 50% of people worldwide.

2. Herpes simplex virus Type 2 (HSV-2)

Also called Human Herpes Virus-2 (HHV-2). This type is the usual cause of genital herpes, which is classified as a sexually transmitted disease. HSV-2 reached epidemic status in the 1980s and 1990s, mostly because of its increased incidence among teenagers. In the world of virus classification, HSV-2 and HSV-1 are nearly indistinguishable except for their different clinical symptoms. However, even these differences are inconsistent, since both types of herpes simplex can cause oral and genital herpes outbreaks.

3. Herpes zoster virus (HZV)

Also called Varicella zoster virus (VZV) and Human Herpes Virus-3 (HHV-3). Chickenpox results from a first time infection by HZV. When this virus recurs later in a person’s life, it causes shingles. As the average age of our population increases, more and more people are suffering recurring bouts of post herpetic neuralgia (nerve pain) as a result of shingles. This herpes virus is considered to be the most infectious of the known herpes viruses. Greater than 90% of the population is infected.

HZV has been linked to the autoimmune disease called lupus. Furthermore, HZV outbreaks, which are now epidemic among people with AIDS, are often the earliest indicator of HIV infection.

4. Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)

Also called Human Herpes Virus-4 (HHV-4). The major cause of infectious mononucleosis (“kissing disease”), EBV may also be the leading culprit in causing Chronic Fatigue Syndrome and other disorders of the immune system. EBV has also been linked with lupus, lymphomas, and other cancers. This virus is now considered to be quite damaging and mutagenic (causes genetic mutations) in the body.

Around 75% of the population will test positive for EBV.

5. Cytomegalovirus (CMV)

Also called Human Herpes Virus-5 (HHV-5). CMV can cause mononucleosis and hepatitis and it can also be sexually transmitted. Recent research suggests that CMV has a role, in conjunction with other types of viruses, in turning on cancer genes.

The occurrence of CMV is strongly correlated with vascular diseases such as coronary artery disease and atherosclerosis. Even though it is generally asymptomatic, CMV may turn out to be a key factor in the development and progression of heart and blood vessel disease, one of the leading killers in all developed nations.

CMV infects about 60% of adults, but is even more common among homosexual men and is associated with AIDS.

6. Human Herpes Virus-6

7. Human Herpes Virus-7

8. Human Herpes Virus-8

9. Human Herpes Virus-9

(HHV-6, HHV-7, HHV-8, and HHV-9, respectively)

All HHVs are associated with disorders of the immune system, especially AIDS. HHV-8 is also called Kaposi’s sarcoma associated human herpes virus (KSHV), which causes a type of skin cancer that occurs most often in people with AIDS.

The recent discovery of new HHVs in people with AIDS suggests that there are more herpes viruses to be discovered. Indeed, new types of these herpes viruses are probably evolving every year. HHV-6 and HHV-7, both found in about 90% of the population, are two closely related viruses that are relatively new discoveries and are considered to be “universal” herpes viruses.

Infection with HHV-6 during childhood causes “roseola infantum,” a.k.a. “sixth disease.” HHV-6 has recently been linked with the development of multiple sclerosis.

Chiropractic Adjustments For Spine And Extremity Pain

Chiropractic adjustment is a proven method of care designed to optimize the function of the nervous system. During a manual adjustment, the chiropractor uses his or her hands and the patient’s own body weight to adjust specific joints and relieve stress on the nerves.

Chiropractic adjustments usually are performed on the spinal areas, back or neck, however, the extremities may also be successfully adjusted. During the manipulation, patients are positioned in a variety of methods so that the chiropractor may perform the bone and joint manipulation with the minimum amount of force.

The chiropractor carefully bends and twists and administers gentle thrusts against specific joints that require attention. Many patients hear popping or cracking sounds during their adjustments. These noises are completely normal and do not indicate injury. They represent nitrogen gas bubbles being released from inside the lubricating fluid of the joint. The amount of noise does not have anything to do with the effectiveness of the manipulation.

The manual adjustment technique is designed to properly align the bones of the spine and extremities and to alleviate any pinching or irritation of the nerves. Manual adjustment may improve range and quality of movement throughout the body, decrease stress and tension, and increase vitality while improving overall health.

Chiropractic adjustments have been shown to be safe, effective, and cost much less than the surgical alternatives. They are often performed in conjunction with additional treatments such as physical therapy, electrical stimulation (TENS Units), spinal decompression therapy, and potentially pain management with medications or interventional procedures by pain doctors.

How To Cope With Mental Illness

Any mental illness is a concern, no matter how docile or severe the effects on the sufferer are, however many people who have developed mental problems throughout their lives go on to live fairly normal and successful lives.

Just because you have a mental disorder such as paranoid   schizophrenia  or split personality disorder, there is no reason why you can’t still enjoy a quality life. In this article there are several pieces of information on how to cope with mental illness, as verified and supported by doctors and psychologists.

1. Talk To People Who Has Overcome Mental Illness

When I say ‘overcome mental illness’, it doesn’t mean they have fully cured their mental problem, it simply means they are now able to control it and not have it affect their lives in a large, negative manner. It is very rare to fully recover from a mental disorder, but overcoming and controlling the mental problem, is almost as good.

By talking to someone who has passed the worst stages of their mental illness and are able to live with a high quality of life, you should be able to understand the steps they have taken to reach that place of mental peace. You should be able to find out how they’ve done it. Even if you don’t learn any practical information from them, the sheer motivational factor will be enough of a reward for your troubles.

For people who suffer from mental problems, thinking about ever living a normal life can seem impossible and it’s the last thing they will think can happen. In terms of coping, talking to someone who truly understands your experiences can help a lot. As much as friends and family can sympathize with you, the empathy and experience you can gain from someone else who suffers from a mental illness can be invaluable.

2. Make Sure You Are Receiving Treatment

Unlike many physical ailments, a mental disorder will not get better with time, instead any mental illness left untreated will become gradually worse and worse. Treatment comes in various forms, from medicinal treatments such as taking a course of drugs, to something like counselling or weekly sessions with a psychologist.

Normally sufferers of a mental disorder will undergo a regime of a variety of treatments, they will receive medical treatments to reduce the severity of symptoms, and then receive mental treatment through counselling to help with the long term recovery process.

As with most disorders, the earlier that the patient receives treatment, the more effective it will be in the long run. And the longer the mental illness is allowed to develop, the worser it will get and it can go from a controllable mental illness, to a ruiner of lives.

3. Take Your Own Time

When someone suffers with mental health issues, it can often seem like the right thing to do is jump back to ‘normal’ life, regardless of your mental health concerns. This can work in very rare circumstances, but in most cases this course of action can cause a detrimental effect to the sufferer.

There isn’t a set amount of time that will cure a mental disorder, each patient’s experience is unique to them, and therefore the time it will take them to recover changes from one person to another. Anyone suffering from a mental health problem should take their time, do things at their own pace, mental health issues are very delicate, doing something too soon could have an extremely significant impact on the sufferer.

Before taking any large steps with a mental disorder, you should always talk to professionals or people with experience before going through with it. Something like going to shops alone can seem like an easy step for someone in recovery, but the experience of of someone else can prevent you from making a bad decision that could harm your own recovery.


Whilst a mental disorder can negatively affect someone’s life, it can act as much as a gift as it is a curse, many people have been extremely successful because of their supposed illness. People such as Kim Peek who was the inspiration for the 1988 film Rainman, who whilst having a massively debilitating mental problem, had an extraordinary memory due to his mental disorder, that made him a global star and an inspiration for many suffers of mental illnesses.

Does Mental Illness Cause Violence? 12 Points to Consider

Mental illness does not cause violence.

Mental illness is neither a source nor a cause for aggression, violence, murder and mayhem. The news and entertainment media pairs this “cause-and-effect” rationale to spice up and extend news coverage duration in the case of a mass murder. The media demand immediate answers for each event’s details in the pursuit of increased revenues.

  • The American public frequently and vicariously ‘experience’ violence at the hands of the mentally ill in fictional and real-life dramas in movies and newscasts. The global viewing public receives a steady diet of real-life violence linked to mental illness. The public are conditioned to fear violence that is random, senseless, and unpredictable as being due to mental illness. However, people understand and accept crimes with a clear motive, like robbery. Without a clear motive, a suspect must be mentally ill, right?1
  • A German survey series demonstrated public social distance from the mentally ill increases with each publicized crime, never returning to its original value. Furthermore, there were perceptions of the mentally ill as dangerous and unpredictable.2
  • When a killer is shown to be mentally ill, why is it assumed that his illness causes the crime? U.S. Government officials hurry to address the problem, yet fall victim to the same falsehoods as do the people they represent. Media mischaracterizations of the mentally ill go back at least six decades. How can government pass constructive legislation during this season of national turmoil and ignorance?
  • The headline “Psychotic killer slays 8 people in their beds” is scary. Why? According to The New Oxford Dictionary, “psychosis” is “a severe mental disorder in which thought and emotions are so impaired that contact is lost with external reality.” Does being out of touch with reality cause someone to become violent? No. Obviously, a suspect’s underlying life issues including substance abuse, medications’ side-effects, bullying, abuse, rage and hatred should be investigated instead. These issues often co-exist with mental conditions. Sadly, the most fantastic and lurid of violent cases are “cherry-picked” for public consumption.
  • Substance abuse is the leading indicator for violence. The side-effects of dozens of prescription drugs are just as deadly, and those of psychiatric drugs in particular. For example, a handful of the most popular antidepressant medications carry the side effects of depression and suicide! Psychiatric drugs from the following classes can have debilitating or deadly side-effects: Antidepressants, tranquilizers, antipsychotics and anticonvulsants. Prescription medicines affect both body and brain chemistries.3 Patients who find their moods shifting after taking their medicines must immediately contact their physicians.
  • “Between 2004 and 2011 the FDA’s (Food and Drug Administration) Adverse Events Reporting System for drug side effects logged 12,755 reports of psychiatric medications relating to violence. Among them were 359 homicides, 7,250 incidences of aggression, and 2,795 episodes of mania. There were also 9,310 suicides. Actually the damage is far greater. According to the FDA, fewer than 10 percent of adverse reactions are reported.”5 Yet the fact remains: Mental illness does not cause violence.
  • Are the media qualified to run headlines branding murder suspects “psychotic killers?” No. Can a murder suspect have psychosis? Yes. Can psychosis cause violence or mur­der? No. Can a murder suspect have diabetes? Yes. Can diabetes cause violence or murder? No. Media conclusions are based upon false logic. The answers to these lines of questioning are equally valid. Recently, reporters made the non-threatening condition of Asperger’s Syndrome sound like the cause of a murderous rage within a shooter’s brain. That representation was false.
  • Carefully-chosen “pop” psychologists and psychiatrists – some with their own TV shows – are pitched softball questions by interviewers to buttress sloppy reporting. These “experts” are typically “snake-oil” peddlers: greedy celebrity mental health practitioners who rarely work with patients in clinical settings. They are hired guns who appear in courtrooms to impress juries for the at­torneys who retain them. These doctors resort to street language instead of accurate clinical terms – using ambiguous words like “crazy” – mirror­ing those of the reporter or anchor in order to deferentially make the interviewer seem knowledgeable. The fact is, psychiatry has come a long way “… since 1970, when clinicians were dramatically found to be consis­tently wrong more often than right in predicting violent behavior.”4 Today the verdict is in: Mental illness does not cause violence.
  • Ninety percent of suicides result from the mental disorder of clinical depression and represent an individual’s anger turned inward only, as correctly defined by Dr. Sigmund Freud. The victim is destructive only to himself-not others. A mass murderer suspect who commits suicide is not always depressed. However, the two may co-exist. He usually takes his own life to avoid the certain legal fate that would accompany his terrible deed. He may happen to suffer from one or more mental disorders, but they themselves do not cause the heinous act. It is a happenstance finding uncovered during an investigation.
  • Socioeconomic factors most assuredly come into play when discussing violent tendencies in individuals. Bullying, discrimination, poverty, violent entertainment, favoritism, copycat behavior, repressed hate and anger and all manner of physical, mental and emotional abuse can seethe in an individual until the litany of pain must emerge in one form or another – often as violence. That such an individual may manifest a mental disorder cannot take away the underlying pain, suffering and predictable acting out of one who suffers such issues. Societal stigmatization of the mentally ill is a cruel, misdirected activity.

Why do I believe mental illness does not cause violence?

  • Violence seen in the mentally ill is due to external factors, real or perceived threats, situations or related physical health factors. One respected mental health professional states “… patients discharged from psychiatric facilities who did not abuse alcohol and ille­gal drugs had a rate of violence no different than that of their neighbors in the community. Signifi­cantly, this contradicts one of central perceptions of mental illness within society today. Unless drugs or alcohol are involved, people with mental disorders do not pose any more threat to the community than anyone else. This finding cannot be emphasized enough.”6 Mental illness does not provoke or cause violence.
  • The “Psychiatrist’s Bible,” DSM-IV, (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders), indi­cates no link between mental illness and violence within its pages. A look through its detailed index fails to turn up the words “aggression,” “violence,” “murder,” or “homicide.” Neither are these terms found in the handbook’s “Diagnostic Index.” Nor are any of these terms listed as symptoms for any of the mental disorders found within the text. Violence is not a symptom of mental illness or a result of mental illness.
  • The media’s deceptive pairing of words like “psychotic” and “killer” are either misleading or untrue in the absence of mental health professionals’ determinations following full examination of suspects.
  • One-in-four Americans now manifests some degree of mental illness during any year, as told by actress Glen Close, founder and chairperson for BringChange2Mind, an organization devoted to ending stigma targeting the mentally ill. If only 10 percent of Americans were seriously mentally ill, then wouldn’t resultant violent crime be rampant? Where are these one-in-four “violent” mentally ill Americans? Where are all of their violent crimes? What about the nearly six million known cases of manic-depression (bipolar disorder) across America, 83% of which are classified as severe? Why aren’t these tortured souls grabbing the daily headlines? Do the math. A single newspaper could not contain the stories of havoc they would wreak upon society if the accusations made against them were true. Mental illness does not cause violence.
  • Mental disorders are biological in origin, as are cancer, heart disease and diabetes. The only difference is that symptoms are external behaviors rather than the internal evidence provided by laboratory test results, surgery and imaging. Do any other biologically-caused illnesses cause violence? No. A mentally ill person’s behaviors are odd and quirky but they fall short of violent or dangerous behavior. Mental illness is not a character flaw, moral weakness, or a result of sinful living, weak-mindedness or self-pity. Mental illness does not cause violence.
  • It is shameful that in such an “enlightened” society, with all of its unprecedented amount of information available 24/7 from multitudes of verifiable sources, that this basic issue is still debated. If a mentally ill person is violent, he or she is responding to external threats and situations that create anger and violence as would anyone else. Could pure evil residing in a person’s heart cause violence and murder, whether mentally ill or not? This belief is rare in any society blinded by moral relativism and situational ethics. Mental illness does not cause violence.
  • Twice as many women as men suffer clinical depression. Men and women suffer other mental disorders in equal numbers. Therefore, there are more mentally ill women than men. Why are mass murderers and serial killers mostly young males? Where are all of the mentally ill females committing heinous violence and murders? Mental illness does not cause violence.
  • My first-hand experience with co-patients demonstrates that, just as there are happy and mean drunks, there are also happy and mean mood disorder patients. However, meanness does not always translate into physical violence. These behaviors stem from individual personality and character traits in both cases. Mental illness does not cause violence.
  • Empirically-speaking and having resided within several mental health facilities, I found all of them as serene as public libraries. My co-patients were not drugged to make them more manageable. The peaceful environment was maintained to achieve the needed healing and progress in patient cognition and emotions. Despite various crises suffered by co-patients within a facility, the only violent behaviors are caused by illegal substance withdrawals or severe reactions to medications’ side-effects. No armed officers or employees work on these units. Psych techs and aides are there to intervene in the event an argument occurs, as would happen among any other group of confined strangers. The media have created a false image of both standard mental hospital and general hospital behavioral unit atmospheres as being disruptive, mean-spirited and violent.
  • The World Health Organization (WHO) reports more than 25% of Americans suffer some form of mental illness during any given year. Medco Health Services states 20% of Americans take psychiatric drugs – a 22% rise since 2001. The number of Americans receiving federal disability payments for mental health issues doubled between 1987 and 2007.
  • In light of these facts, why has the U.S. murder rate decreased by nearly 50% between 1991 and 2009? Why are the U.S. violent crime levels of assault, robbery, rape and murder at their lowest levels since 1963? One can only conclude that, unlike the false mental illness-to-violence media rant, there is a clear disconnect between the opposing trends in mental health and violence. May truth prevail:

Mental illness is not to blame for violence; it is not a predictor of violence; it simply does not cause violence.

1 Heather Stuart. “Violence and mental illness: an overview.” World Psychiatry (Journal). June 2003

2 Angermeyer and Matschinger. Germany.

3 Sari Harrar. “Medicines that affect your mood.” Humana Active Outlook, March 2013, p.10.

4 Monahan & Steadman. 1994.

5 Julian Whitaker, M.D. School Shootings: Evil or Drug-Induced Behavior? Health & Healing. February 2013. Vol. 23, No. 2. pp. 1-5

6 John M. Grohol, Psy. D. Psych Central, Dispelling the Myth of Violence and Mental Illness. 2004.

Migraine – Just a Bad Headache?

While it is true that there is no real cure for migraine, there are a number of ways that can help prevent attacks from happening as well as help affected individuals cope with its debilitating effects if it does happen.

First, an individual should not ignore migraine and dismiss it as “just a bad headache”. Do not ignore migraine, since it is a real medical condition not unlike asthma or diabetes. Acknowledging it as a real disease will encourage you and your loved ones to seek effective treatment.

Next, consult a physician. They may have stopgap measures in the form of medicines that will help keep you functional even with migraine attacks, for example, the new treatment called “triptans” will relieve pain from migraine as well as minimize their sensitivity to light and sound.

Do not hide your migraine from co-workers and colleagues. This is an important matter since a lot of people tend to neglect educating their co-workers and employers about their condition, resulting in said people not giving them proper treatment during migraine attacks.

Lastly, always pay attention to migraine’s effects on your personal and professional life. If the migraine attacks are so intense that they have started impacting your work performance, or have caused you to treat family members in less acceptable ways, it may be time to seek professional help since it is obvious that your migraine is currently not under control. Tell your doctor everything and allow him to help you come up with a treatment plan.

Androgenetic Alopecia

Androgenetic  alopecia  a.k.a. male pattern baldness is the most common cause of hair loss among men and women. The only difference lies in the pattern of hair loss. The condition is called male pattern baldness in the case of men, and female pattern baldness in the case of women. androgenetic  alopecia  definition in a nutshell.

Male and female pattern hair loss

In men, androgenetic  alopecia  causes hair loss in a well-defined pattern. The process starts above both the temples. Gradually the hairline recedes to form a characteristic “M” shape. Hair loss is also witnessed at the crown (near the head top), often resulting in either partial or complete baldness.

In the case of hair loss in women hair becomes thinner all over the head. However, the hairline does not recede. Total baldness caused by the disease among women is rare.

Causes of male androgenetic  alopecia ?

Androgen can be called the root cause of male androgenetic  alopecia . It is a generic term referring to any natural or synthetic compound (usually a steroid hormone) stimulating or controlling the development and maintenance of masculine characteristics in vertebrates by binding to androgen receptors. The latter is an intracellular steroid receptor specifically binding the two types of androgens – testosterone and dihydrotestosterone (DHT).

This receptor binding allows the androgens to stimulate and regulate the development and maintenance of masculine characteristics in vertebrates. Male androgenetic  alopecia  is caused by androgenetic function and androgen receptors are at the centre of androgenetic functions.

Genetic factors in androgenetic  alopecia 

Androgenetic  alopecia  is influenced by genetic factors. People with a strong predisposition to the disease start balding in their teens. Those with a weak predisposition may start balding in their 60s or 70s.

Less than 15 per cent of men have little or no baldness by the age of 70. As per research, several genes that one inherits from both of his parents play a role in this disease. Paternal hair loss reportedly correlates with  alopecia  possibility in sons. On the other hand, androgen receptors (AR) – that can correlate with baldness – are X chromosome linked.

B12 Hair Loss Vitamin – The Key To Hair Growth

All over the globe, hair loss has been a very common and familiar problem of people nowadays. And it has always been a query if diet could really affect hair loss and other hair conditions. But because of the fact that nutrients are transferred to our hair through blood circulation, it indicates the deficiency of important vitamins in our body. Moreover, hair loss vitamin is indeed essential in having a healthy hair and avoiding hair loss. A balanced diet is essential in providing sufficient amounts of nutrients, vitamins and minerals to every part of our body. Without proper nutrition, it can result to hair loss. Now what could be the best source of vitamins for the hair that could, if by any chance, act as a hair growth spell? Consequently, hair loss can be managed by taking in dietary supplements, like vitamins, minerals and especially vitamin B12 which is also known as Cobalamin. Normally, people who suffer from hair loss have vitamin B12 deficiency. B12 hair loss vitamin is available almost everywhere nowadays that are being recommended by leading dermatologists and hair-care doctors to supplement the necessary amount of vitamin B12 in our body.

There are several forms of B12. Methylcobalamin is a biologically active coenzyme form of Vitamin B12. It comes in a sublingual tablet and is body friendly. It does not require complicated metabolic steps in order to get it flowing in your bloodstreams, you just have to take it as it is. Cyanocobalamin is an inactive form of vitamin B12. It is synthetic and requires several metabolic processes to having it working for the body but nonetheless, it is the easiest form of vitamin B12 to be found in the market. Hydroxycobalamin is a non-active form of Vitamin B12 and could be commonly used via injections. Adenosylcobalamin is also a biologically active coenzyme form of Vitamin B12. It only comes with a prescription and usually taken through injections.

Primarily, this vitamin B12 contains cobalt and a member of the vitamin B-complex family. It is solely produced by microorganisms such as bacteria, moulds, yeast, and some algae and could be found primarily in meat, eggs and dairy products. However, there are occasions when the body loses the ability to absorb necessary nutrients from the food. In cases like that, additional supplements (e.g. B12 hair loss vitamin) of these vital nutrients should be taken for the body to have the necessary amount. B12 hair loss vitamin could be taken in the form of oral supplements or through injections. For a hair growth spell effect, you need 2 micrograms of vitamin B12 a day. It is inexpensive, safe and reliable. But along with the B12 hair loss vitamin, you have to carefully watch your diet as well and avoid junk foods as much you can. Too much sugar and salt in the body can definitely promote hair loss. It could also be helpful to use a complete vitamin B supplement

We do not need to pray for a hair growth spell miracle in order to stop hair loss, vitamins such as the B12 hair loss vitamin has benefits you’ll find most fulfilling when taken. DHT (di-hydro testosterone), which slows down the growth of hair and has dreadful effects on hair follicles, can be hindered in production with hair vitamin intakes. B12 hair loss vitamin also nourishes the scalp and heals the scalp thus promoting hair growth. And since vitamins regenerate damaged hair follicles, it will definitely trigger hair growth as well.

Basset Hound Dog Breed

Although we are unable to identify the exact time period in history when the Bassett Hound was created, some historians have noted that the first mention of this type of dog was found during 16th-century text that made mention to short-legged dogs used for badger hunting.

We also know that comparable dwarf breeds that had short legs were used during the ancient times, but it is very difficult to focus in on exactly when and why the Bassett Hound was intentionally bred.

The word “Basset” is French and is derivative from bas, which means “dwarf”. We know that short-legged dogs were normally used for slow paced hunting during the French Revolution. History of this dog breed indicates a much clearer snap shot after French Revolution.

During this time period that Basset Hounds became a whole lot more common as a hunting companion. Many Hunters needed a dog that was intelligent enough with its scent ability to hunt prey and at the same time was slow enough so that they could be followed and hunted with guns. This is where this animal received its small dwarf-like body; it became the perfect hunting formula for these needs.

Ultimately, there are four different variations of the short-legged kind were created. One of these variations is know as the Basset Artesien Normand. The Basset Artesien Normand is what closely resembles today’s Basset Hound. In the late 1800s and then again around 1930, crosses were developed with Bloodhounds to bring up their size. The first Bassett Hounds were sent to England and the United States during the late 1800s.


You will discover that the Bassett Hound is one of the most calm and relaxed dog breeds alive today. They are very good-natured with nearly every other animal and human they come into contact with. The Basset is enormously suited for kids and is well behaved even in the company of other strange dogs. Even though these dogs are considered high in affection levels and friendliness, do not underestimate its watchdog capabilities. In addition, these Hounds made great watchdogs.

Taking Care Of A Basset Hound

Basset Hounds need a dose of daily exercise, but not an over dose. One or two walks each day on the leash around your blog will suit just fine. But, like any animal, it is always good for extra playtime and games when possible. Bassett Hounds should sleep indoors with the family during the evening. During the day, having these dogs should have access to an enclosed yard. There’s no need for that much grooming. Just a little brushing and bath times throughout the week will be fine. Also, make note that these dogs tend to drool frequently.

Health Information

Basset Hounds have a life around 9 and 12 years, sometimes they live longer, it all depends on their health. Big health concerns are ectropion, vWD, CHD, gastric torsion, OCD, thrombopathy, otitis externa, and elbow dysplasia. Minor health problems may include patellar luxation. Obesity is a common issue with these animals when owners overfeed them. Make sure that you place caution on how much food you provide.

The History of the ‘Moonlight’ Sonata

The first movement of Beethoven’s opus 27 no. 2 C# minor sonata was very popular in Beethoven’s day, to the point of exasperating the composer himself, who remarked to Czerny, ‘They are always talking about the C# minor sonata surely I’ve written better things.’ Nearly two hundred years later, it still remains the most popular and downloaded piece of ‘classical’ music.

The title Moonlight Sonata actually didn’t come about until several years after Beethoven’s death. In 1836, German music critic, Ludwig Rellstab wrote that the sonata reminded him of the reflected moonlight off Lake Lucerne. Since then, Moonlight Sonata has remained the “official” unofficial title of the sonata.

‘Sonata quasi una fantasia’ is the title Beethoven gave his fourteenth sonata. Unlike the formal Sonata form of the classical period, Fantasia commonly describes a free-form classical musical piece. Marking the beginning of Beethoven’s second stylistic period, opus 27 no. 2 does not follow the traditional sonata form. Beethoven additionally uses traditional musical mourning devices called Trauermusik, in a very untraditional way. Trauermusik consists of Lament Bass, repetitive accompaniment figures, and chant. Other famous examples of chant are Mozart’s Masonic Funeral Music and the Requium. Dotted monotone anacrusis permeate the first movement reminiscent of the tolling of funeral bells, recall the previous piano sonata Opus 26, Marcia sulla morte de’un eroe, which anticipates Chopin’s opus 35 Bb sonata’s famous ‘Marche Funebre’ and later the main theme of Beethoven’s ‘Eroica’ Symphony’s ‘Marcia Funebre’. What changes in Beethoven’s life led to these transformations in his music?

In 1800-1802 Ludwig van Beethoven experienced devastating internal turmoil in trying to come to terms with his hearing loss. To the outside world, his life seemed to be ideal, with his success as a virtuoso pianist and as a successful, sought after composer in Vienna. He gradually began to withdraw from society and friends, however, as he felt it would be detrimental to his successful career as a musician if people found out he was going deaf. People felt he was being misanthropic, yet it was quite the opposite. Beethoven lived in a great deal of solitude and loneliness due to his impending and eventual complete deafness, which would eventually have a profound effect on his spiritual and creative growth as a composer and a musician. The years of 1800-1802 were a transformative period in Beethoven’s life, and marked the beginning of his second stylistic period. As Beethoven’s outer hearing deteriorated, his inner hearing continued to grow.

Beethoven sought treatment in the village of Heilgenstadt in the late spring of 1802 until October of that year. Full of despair over the unsuccessful treatment, he considered ending his life. In a famous letter known as the Heilgenstadt Testament written to his brothers, he wrote “Thanks… to my art I did not end my life by suicide.”

Over and over in Beethoven’s music themes of victory over tragedy abound. In the internal struggle he faced, although his music showed the greatest despair and sorrow, it always transcended into triumphant victory. With that same inner struggle, Beethoven learned to transcend deafness and still be victorious in creating greater and greater masterpieces. During the late 1790s, Beethoven’s music began to show changes, as well as enlargement of form. After the Heilgenstadt Testament, Beethoven expressed dissatisfaction with his compositions and according to Czerny was “determined to take a new path.” [1] The changes included strong links between sonata movements, intensified drama, harmonic instability, motivic elements affecting the larger form, twelve measure structures, registral gaps, recitative and pedal effects.

This sonata could be interpreted as Beethoven beginning to come to terms with his impending eventual deafness. The mourning and loss of the Adagio Sostenuto with its modal changes, dissonances, rhythms and chants representative of Trauermusik followed by the rage of the stormy third movement, were his way of expressing how he felt about this affliction of deafness while writing the most extraordinary music and not being able to hear it.

Beethoven would live most of his life in a great deal of loneliness and despair with most of his life devoted to the development of his art and creativity. As this sonata was written towards the beginning of his second stylistic period many masterpieces would follow the ‘Sonata Quasi Una Fantasia’.

Jamila Sahar

[1] Timothy Jones, BEETHOVEN The “Moonlight” and other Sonatas, Op 27 and Op 31, p. 15

All Words Are Pegs

“All words are ideas to hang pegs on.” -Aesop

I love words.

I love that a combination of printed letters, together, form a word that holds much meaning. I am always careful to pick my words, intending them to say exactly what I mean for them.

Lewis Carroll wrote, in Through the Looking-Glass and What Alice Found There:

“When I use a word,” Humpty Dumpty said, in rather a scornful tone, “it means just what I choose it to mean- neither more nor less.”

“The question is,” said Alice, “whether you can make words mean so many different things.”

“The question is,” said Humpty Dumpty, “which is to be master-that’s all.”

How true this is for me! No more, no less. It is not the quantity of words that I love. It is their precise meaning. “Words should be weighed and not counted” (Yiddish Saying). It is that the simplest choice of a word can so entirely change what you mean to say. This love affair with language has caused me, often, to think carefully before I speak. Weren’t we told to do that growing up? I mull over my word options as if they were delicious delicacies. My mind thrills in the choices just as my mouth salivates with the aroma of something yummy. I mean what I say.

Unfortunately for me, words are not so carefully tended or admired by all. Many people speak with such carelessness that words spew forth as shallow as a baby’s wading pool. Empty. Void. Meaningless. This is the greatest tragic use of the word, tossed out in all vanity and selfishness. The speaker has forgotten that words are not just for them… but for the listener as well. “The more the words, the less the meaning, and what does that prophet anyone?” said the most wise man of all time, King Solomon (Ecclesiastes 6:11).

How I have often wished that I could go around communicating in whatever language piqued my fancy! To make up sentences using a variety of languages would be divine! For example, I want to insert any one of the four Greek words for “love” in place of my English variant. How wonderful to use a word that specifically points to the kind of love I feel, rather than grouping them all into one sad and lonely utterance. How fantastic it would be to say, “I sure Phileo chips and salsa!” Then I could more appropriately say, “I eros you,” to my wonderful husband. Different loves.

Actually, I have a small confession. We use multiple languages in our house. We all speak, on varying levels, Spanish, English, Sign Language, and much smaller portions of Hebrew, Italian, French, and a couple others. We use them to say what we mean. It’s marvelous. A guest in our home may overhear (or, in the case of Sign Language, see) us communicating affection in any given language at any given time. My three-year old has caught on and begun to create his own language and words to best express his thoughts and feelings. (On that note, I think most toddlers create language as they too, having been “mute” as babies for so long, enjoy expressing themselves in so many ways.)

Mark Twain said it best, “The difference between the almost right word and the right word is really a large matter-’tis the difference between the lightning bug and the lightning.”

I will conclude this little dedication to the word with a “word” of caution. Many people have been hurt by words. Many have been so hurt that, sadly, words hold little value because the action behind them proved to be truer. I have experienced this loss of assurance in words handed to me as well. I have come to the realization that it is not the word that is false, but the heart of the person wielding it. Thus, I have chosen to be a person whose words speak their intention, speak the truth of my heart, so that my deeds are in accordance.

Nathaniel Hawthorne summed it up well when he said, “Words-so innocent and powerless as they are, as standing in a dictionary, how potent for good and evil they become, in the hands of one who knows how to combine them!”

May we choose to be people of profound integrity, honoring the gift of language that we have been given, being good ambassadors of our endowment of verbal understandings, and self-controlled enough to employ them at the best possible time in the best possible way. “A word out of season may mar a whole life” (Greek Saying).

Adhesives for Lace Wigs – A Word Of Caution

The daily use of lace wig adhesives on the skin has not been officially studied for long-term health hazards but it should be known that a small percentage of people are sensitive to the chemicals found in various lace wig adhesive products. It is also possible that using these products yearly on a daily basis could have some negative short and long-term effect on any users health. Until proper scientific studies have been conducted, every consumer uses these products at their own risk.


A mentionable ingredient found in some popular lace wig glue adhesives is Toluene. Toluene is found in gasoline, acrylic paints, varnishes, lacquers, paint thinners, adhesives, glues, rubber cement, airplane glue, and shoe polish. At room temperature, toluene is a colorless, sweet smelling, volatile liquid. According to Scorecard – The Pollution Information Site, by comparison toluene is more hazardous than most chemicals in 2 out of 10 ranking systems.

Inhalation of toluene fumes can be intoxicating, but in larger doses nausea-inducing. Toluene may enter the human system not only through vapor inhalation from the liquid evaporation but also from absorption through the skin. The dangers of this chemical are very serious. According to the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) the short-term effects include: minor nervous system disorders such as fatigue, nausea, weakness, confusion. EPA has also concluded that the long-term effects of toluene has the potential to cause more pronounced nervous disorders such as spasms, tremors, impairment of speech, hearing, vision, memory, coordination; liver and kidney damage. A few notable products that contain this ingredient, so take caution when applying and read the ingredient list.


Latex is also known to be hazardous to some people that wear lace wig adhesives. This form of plastic is found in some lace wig tapes. This may cause concern for individuals that suffer from latex allergies. Mild reactions to latex involve skin redness, rash, hives, or itching. More severe reactions may involve respiratory symptoms such as runny nose, sneezing, itchy eyes, scratchy throat, and asthma (difficult breathing, coughing spells, and wheezing). Rarely, shock may occur; however, a life-threatening reaction is seldom the first sign of latex allergy.

Medically Safe Adhesives

Increasingly becoming more popular with full lace/front lace wig wearers and medically safe is Vapon, contact liquid adhesive and Supertape, which is formulated with a water-based adhesive that is skin and environmentally friendly.

By being educated about the ingredients used in lace wig adhesives and our bodies’ reaction to them, we are preserving our health while maintaining a great look.

Famous Leaders

All the changes that are worth noting are the efforts of many great leaders. Sir Winston Churchill, Martin Luther King Jr., Abraham Lincoln, Mahatma Gandhi, and Margaret Thatcher are some leaders that world has seen.

Sir Winston Churchill was a great historian and statesman. The great leadership skills that he exhibited during wars, has secured him prime place in the British history. He is the best example of how you can overcome shortcomings and acquire a unique place in everyone’s heart.

As seen earlier being a good orator is major skill that is needed by a good leader. But Churchill’s little stammering has not affected his speeches which has gained him recognition in world history. He was a great politician and eminent personality. He has played an important role during the World War II and the resulting post war coalition. He will be remembered for ages for his role as war time prime minister of Britain.

Martin Luther King, Jr. of USA is another best leader the world has seen. He was a strong supporter of civil rights. He led the first Negro nonviolent demonstration. The bus boycott lasted for 382 days but finally the Supreme Court of United States declared the segregation of Negroes on buses as unconstitutional.

During this campaign this great leader was arrested and was abused. His house was bombed but in spite of all these hardships he emerged a leader of supreme quality. He was of age thirty when he received the Nobel Peace Prize and he used the sum won to further the movement of civil rights.

Abraham Lincoln is remembered for his leadership in preservation of Union during the Civil War. He is mainly remembered for the beginning of the struggle to demolish the atrocious slavery in United States.

He had characteristic leadership qualities like good oratory skills, great determination and a solid character. He led a simple life. He made great efforts to learn what is needed for good leadership. He struggled to achieve the skills and knowledge while he worked on splitting rails, on farm, and keeping a store.

Mahatma Gandhi was a simple man, who made extraordinary efforts to support India’s freedom struggle. Mahatma Gandhi helped India to get freedom from British rule. He achieved this goal with his ingenious leadership style know popularly know as non-violence resistance.

He had charisma and character that him the title Mahatma the great soul. He is also known as the father of Indian Nation. He learned and demonstrated good leadership qualities when he was in South Africa for 21 years.

He led a great movement to secure rights for Indian people in South Africa. He used the tactics of civil disobedience to achieve the goals with success.

Margaret Thatcher has also shown very good leadership qualities She was prime minister of UK. She was the first woman who ever became prime minister of UK. She was also the longest serving PM in UK. As a leader she played an elemental role in Irish Hunger strike.

5 Types Of Bosses and How To Deal With Them

Every employee may have one grievance – an impossible or eccentric boss! They have, somehow, become common factors in grumbling employees’ lives. But dealing with them is a professional necessity and it is essential to understand that although they have a common thread joining them together, there are different specialty traits to their eccentric natures.

There are as many types of human characters as there are people and bosses are no exception. Below are some techniques and strategies to deal with them so that your employment is not in danger:

Dealing with Eccentric Bosses

While dealing with bosses it is better that you know that some of the eccentric traits may have brought him to where he is now.

1. The Shouting Boss: The psychology of shouting bosses is that they can get the things done only by shouting. They don’t mind shouting at anyone, anywhere. Although shouting is a sign of impatience, it is also because they want to be recognized on the spot. Satisfying their ego by listening to them calms them down. Further, executing their instructions will get them your respect.

2. The Scheming Boss: He is the most dangerous of them all, always plotting to fire one person or the other. They are highly manipulative while being extremely intelligent, highly motivated and focused. His way to the top is through firing workers which he says is benefiting the company; in reality he is worried about protecting himself and his position. Being honest and acting with extreme care is the best policy when dealing with this type of boss.

3. The Just-A-Minute Boss: He is an impatient man but not rude. He wants everything to be done on the fly. He has many things in his head while talking to you and so may be unable to grasp anything you said. The next day he may surprise you with a ‘you-didn’t-tell-me-this’. These types hardly complete any tasks, so be prepared for big workloads at anytime. Keeping evidence of your communications (possibly through emails), or completing the communication/task on the spot is better.

4. The Bumbling Boss: This junk head is trying to hide his inadequacies behind big talk and other diversions. Although he is rather harmless, he is neither a good leader nor an inspiring one. Just because he has reached a higher position above you, he might also get a sense of false prestige. Occasionally showing his mistakes in disguise of guarding him and guiding him is your best bet.

5. The Fear Monger: The attrition rate of this boss is high because of the fear and psychosis he creates. No one wants to continue working with him; often he fires them himself before they can quit, because he thinks fear is the only way to motivate employees to work. Changing your job, and fast, is the way to deal with him.

These are just a few of the dominant personality traits that you may find during your career. You need to be aware of them in order to preserve both your job and your sanity!

Bio-Diesel Fuel of the Future

What is  Bio-diesel ?

Well,  Bio-diesel  is the future. Because it is so clean burning and easy to use,  bio-diesel  is the fastest growing and most cost efficient fuel being created today.

 Bio-diesel  is a form of  Bio-fuel  made by ripping apart the fat molecule to release three free fatty acid esters, and a sugar called glycerol.  Bio-diesel  is produced from the fatty acid molecules found in numerous feedstock oils such as plant, animal, and recycled cooking oils. The fundamental chemical reaction process that produces  bio-diesel  is relatively simple and has the potential to be adopted worldwide.

 Bio-diesel  is described as mono-alkyl esters of long-chain fatty acids derived from vegetable oils or animal fats, conforming to ASTM D6751 specifications for use in diesel engines.  Bio-diesel  is a processed fuel derived from biological sources that can be used in diesel vehicles with little or no modification. It is a renewable fuel that can be used instead of diesel fuel, that is made from petroleum.

 Bio-diesel  is most often blended with petroleum diesel in ratios of 2 percent (B2), 5 percent (B5), or 20 percent (B20). A naturally grown, alternative fuel source it is a clean burning alternative fuel, produced from domestically grown, renewable resources.  Bio-diesel  is simple to use, biodegradable, non-toxic, and basically free of sulfur compounds and aromatics.

 Bio-diesel  is the only alternative fuel for motor vehicles to have fully completed the health effects testing requirements of the 1990 Clean Air Act Amendments. And is one of the most rigorously tested alternative fuels on the market.

The CO2 released into the atmosphere when  bio-diesel  is burned is recycled by growing plants, which are later processed into fuel. Tests and demonstrations, have shown that  bio-diesel  is no different from petroleum diesel in terms of engine performance and wear.

 Bio-diesel  is being used across the U.S. in fleets of snowplows, garbage trucks, mail trucks, and military vehicles. In Hawaii all  bio-diesel  is made from used cooking oil collected from restaurants, making it a 100% recycled fuel, and keeping it out of landfills.  Bio-diesel  is also extensively used in Europe, especially Germany and France.

Diesel vehicles are generally the most long lasting reliable vehicles on the road, with most engines lasting over 400,000 miles. The best part of running  Bio  Diesel is that no wars need to be fought over it, it’s entirely domestic, supports farming, it’s totally renewable, often recycled, and it cuts almost all aspects of a diesel vehicle’s emissions by more than 50 to 75%.

In a quest to help keep our air, rivers, streams, lakes and oceans cleaner, not to mention help stop Global Warming, we are attempting to free ourselves from dependency on fossil fuels, and trying to make our planet a better place to live.

Now you know what  bio-diesel  is, and why so many are making the switch to a cheaper less polluting and more efficient way to power our future.

Facts About Rehabilitation

After any injury, surgery or illness, you will go through a process called rehabilitation. This process is where your body gets time to rest, exercise, deal and move on with what has happened. During this process, many of the skills that were lost due to sickness or injury will be relearnt and regained. This helps you to get back to normalcy and actively participate in the society. Rehabilitation is the process of taking a patient from the sick, addicted or injured condition to the recovered state.


1) The rehabilitation procedure follows different patterns, which differs in different centres.

2) Physical therapy: improving mobility, fitness and strength.

3) Speech-language therapy: ameliorate understanding, speaking, writing and reading.

4) Occupational therapy: help with daily routines.

5) Pain treatment.

Every treatment has a different aim and is individualised according to the patient. There are different rehabs for various cases like, drug addiction, ACL, cardiac, pulmonary, etc. rehabilitations.


Physiatry is a physical rehab that is related to management, diagnosis and evaluation of the physical problems and disabilities. The procedures include diagnosis and treatment of every limiting condition. The therapists are specialised in the management and diagnosis of various impairments, especially the neurological disorders. They focus on the development of psychological, occupational, vocational, physical, and social function in patients.


Rehabs focus on counselling too. Through counselling, they try to assist people overcome their addictions or disabilities and live an independent life. Usually, rehab counsellors are placed anywhere like rehabilitation facilities, universities, government agencies, hospitals and private practice. These guides focus on community functions.


Physiotherapy requires interactions between patients, health care professionals, therapists, caregivers, etc. These therapists mostly work along with occupational therapists to help the patient get well and move on. They diagnose and treat people of all age groups who have medical issues. They usually use the previous diagnosis to come to a conclusion of the problem. They give prescriptions, manual therapy, exercises, etc. When necessary, they use imaging studies to examine the problem and provide assistance. Most of the patients who require physiotherapy are those who had an injury and don’t want to lose their mobility. Through this therapy, they acquire fitness and health.


Drug and alcohol addicts undergo detox in a rehab to remove the toxins from their body. This is one of the first steps during rehabilitation. This step involves medications and also counselling therapy. During this process, the drug or alcohol is kept from the patient. It can be a bit hard on the addict, but it helps them overcome their addiction in a better way. Counselling is done to help them know why they started using the drug, and the psychological dependency is dealt with. This helps them make peace with their past so that they can live the present and make a better future.


This is linked with social psychiatry. Its services include the following: medication management, supported employment, coping skills, socialising, etc. It illustrated by cross-field best practices, community models, multiple disabilities, consumer voices, management and evaluation of services, rehabilitation outcomes, etc.