Alice in Wonderland Costume for Kids

Preparing your kids for the Halloween can become very nerve wracking, all the more when you realize that you hardly have the time to make one from scratch. A ready to wear costume is your best answer. But with the many choices out there, choosing the right one could be another minor problem. Do you feel that you’re running out of ideas to make this Halloween extra special for your child? Do you feel that the costumes that you find for sale have become too outrageous for your little girl to wear when she goes trick or treating? Well, an Alice in Wonderland Costume for Kids could be just the right one for your precious one. Alice in Wonderland as a classic fairy tale character straight out of Lewis Caroll’s literary masterpiece is a regular favorite for little girls of all ages and of all time.

Beautiful Alice in Wonderland Costume Ideas

You can use the traditional Alice in Wonderland costume for kids and turn it into your own adaptation of how you imagine or want your little Alice to look like this Halloween. Apply simple make-up on your kid and highlight her cheeks with a rosy hued blush on, light blue eye shadow on her lids to make her eyes look bigger, and pale pink lip gloss on her lips to make her look more fresh and adorable. You can also have your Alice in Wonderland bring around a small clear bottle labeled with “Drink Me” as an added prop for her look, along with the long blond wig. There are many other versions of Alice in Wonderland costume for kids. One is the classic straight from the book version. Another that you could choose to use this Halloween is the Disney animated cartoon version of your childhood. And yet another option is Tim Burton’s Alice in Wonderland latest movie version that is played by beautiful actress Mia Wasikowska. The third option is a modernized and revamped version wherein we find a more grown-up Alice wearing a more updated look. Even with this newer concept, you can still turn this into an Alice in Wonderland costume for kids. And all you need is just a bit more imagination and maybe a pinch of sense of humor to go beyond the usual to come up with your own version that will surely be unforgettable for both you and your little girl. Talk it out with your daughter since she might have her own description of the lovable character and in the process, you can make her fantasies come true.

What you need for the Alice in Wonderland Costume for Kids

  1. Pale blue dress with short puff sleeves
  2. Small white apron with lace trimmings on the edges
  3. White stockings
  4. Long white satin ribbon for the hair
  5. Hypoallergenic make-up for children
  6. Plain black Mary Jane Shoes
  7. One small bottle with cork filled with colored water and labeled with “Drink Me”
  8. One long blond wig

You don’t have to torture yourself needlessly. There are a lot of costume ideas for kids that you can buy off the rack. Although some may think that buying costumes will be like cheating the fun out of the festivities, it just gives you more time to enjoy and bond with your kids.

How To Cure A Fever Blister Fast

Fever blisters, also known as cold sores, herpes labialis and herpes simplex 1 are more common than you may think. It’s estimated that nearly 80 percent of the population has the herpes simplex 1 virus. I unfortunately am one of them. Like most people it is contracted at a young age from parent or relative with the virus. And as you may know, once the virus is in you, it’s in you forever. You can only hope it stays dormant and for most it does but every now and then it rears it’s ugly head and creates a week of hell for you. The question everyone wants to know when they have an occurrence is, how to cure a fever blister fast. I think I may have finally found my answer to that.

I have tried everything in the past and one thing is for sure, if you don’t start treatment at the earliest signs of a fever blister coming on you might as well not treat it at all. This is especially true for prescription medications like Valtrex and Acyclovir. But even those have failed me in the past, and there is nothing worse than waiting out the painful and embarrassing one to two weeks that a fever blister takes to run its course. I’ve tried Lysine and natural raw honey, but I swear as someone who is studying to be a pharmacist and a long time natural health care researcher, it’s clear the herpes labialis virus is one tough bastard. However I have reason to believe that I finally found my secret weapon that answers the question of how to cure a fever blister fast.

It turns out the best way to cure a fever blister doesn’t require expensive medicine at all. The folks responsible for Cold Sore Free Forever have a brilliant guide on not only how to cure a fever blister fast but how to never get another cold sore again. I used their product out of desperation one day and following their guide my fever blister was gone in under 3 days, and I haven’t had another one since. This was over 18 months ago. The only reason I tried their product was because they offered a 60 day money back guarantee and it was available immediately as a digital download. They claim that following their guide will result in no more cold sores ever. I can’t really verify this as it has only been 18 months (far from ever) but so far so good, and i was usually good for about two cold sores a year. Of course they would always come at the worst time, a run in with the ex or first day of school/work.

This product has worked great for me, better than any meds or other natural remedies, maybe it can do the same for you, probably worth a shot as I know how devastating it can be to the ego to walk around with big red blister on your lip. I’ve put a link to a more comprehensive review on my site below. If you’re looking for how to cure a fever blister fast, check out the links below. Cheers.

How To Cope With Mental Illness

Any  mental   illness  is a concern, no matter how docile or severe the effects on the sufferer are, however many people who have developed  mental  problems throughout their lives go on to live fairly normal and successful lives.

Just because you have a mental disorder such as paranoid schizophrenia or split personality disorder, there is no reason why you can’t still enjoy a quality life. In this article there are several pieces of information on how to cope with  mental   illness , as verified and supported by doctors and psychologists.

1. Talk To People Who Has Overcome  Mental   Illness 

When I say ‘overcome  mental   illness ‘, it doesn’t mean they have fully cured their  mental  problem, it simply means they are now able to control it and not have it affect their lives in a large, negative manner. It is very rare to fully recover from a mental disorder, but overcoming and controlling the mental problem, is almost as good.

By talking to someone who has passed the worst stages of their  mental   illness  and are able to live with a high quality of life, you should be able to understand the steps they have taken to reach that place of  mental  peace. You should be able to find out how they’ve done it. Even if you don’t learn any practical information from them, the sheer motivational factor will be enough of a reward for your troubles.

For people who suffer from mental problems, thinking about ever living a normal life can seem impossible and it’s the last thing they will think can happen. In terms of coping, talking to someone who truly understands your experiences can help a lot. As much as friends and family can sympathize with you, the empathy and experience you can gain from someone else who suffers from a  mental   illness  can be invaluable.

2. Make Sure You Are Receiving Treatment

Unlike many physical ailments, a  mental  disorder will not get better with time, instead any  mental   illness  left untreated will become gradually worse and worse. Treatment comes in various forms, from medicinal treatments such as taking a course of drugs, to something like counselling or weekly sessions with a psychologist.

Normally sufferers of a mental disorder will undergo a regime of a variety of treatments, they will receive medical treatments to reduce the severity of symptoms, and then receive mental treatment through counselling to help with the long term recovery process.

As with most disorders, the earlier that the patient receives treatment, the more effective it will be in the long run. And the longer the  mental   illness  is allowed to develop, the worser it will get and it can go from a controllable  mental   illness , to a ruiner of lives.

3. Take Your Own Time

When someone suffers with mental health issues, it can often seem like the right thing to do is jump back to ‘normal’ life, regardless of your mental health concerns. This can work in very rare circumstances, but in most cases this course of action can cause a detrimental effect to the sufferer.

There isn’t a set amount of time that will cure a mental disorder, each patient’s experience is unique to them, and therefore the time it will take them to recover changes from one person to another. Anyone suffering from a mental health problem should take their time, do things at their own pace, mental health issues are very delicate, doing something too soon could have an extremely significant impact on the sufferer.

Before taking any large steps with a mental disorder, you should always talk to professionals or people with experience before going through with it. Something like going to shops alone can seem like an easy step for someone in recovery, but the experience of of someone else can prevent you from making a bad decision that could harm your own recovery.


Whilst a  mental  disorder can negatively affect someone’s life, it can act as much as a gift as it is a curse, many people have been extremely successful because of their supposed  illness . People such as Kim Peek who was the inspiration for the 1988 film Rainman, who whilst having a massively debilitating  mental  problem, had an extraordinary memory due to his  mental  disorder, that made him a global star and an inspiration for many suffers of  mental   illnesses .

How to Relieve Headache & Migraine Pain While Pregnant

Pregnancy is three trimesters on a big hormonal roller coaster. For some women, these changes in hormones can bring blessed relief from migraines, especially in the second and third trimester. But for others, the hormonal fluctuations of pregnancy can be the trigger that causes migraines. So what’s a woman to do to find headache relief pregnant? Is there help? Yes! You have a range of options. But before trying any of them, see your doctor to discuss which option is right for you and your baby. Also, if your migraine headache is accompanied by fever, blurred vision, lasts for hours or returns often, see your physician immediately.

The first and easiest thing you can do to prevent a migraine headache while pregnant is to avoid migraine triggers. The most common triggers are caffeine, chocolate, foods containing monosodium glutamate, cheeses and processed meats. A healthy, balanced diet during pregnancy is achievable even when avoiding these foods. If chocolate is a mandatory food group in your pregnancy, you can give yourself a chocolate trial to see if it is the culprit. If it isn’t…INDULGE!

The second thing you can do is RELAX! Slow down for a few minutes every day and take a break from the pressures of your life. Lying down in a quiet room and deep breathing can do wonders to bring stress levels down. If this is your first pregnancy, take advantage of this time while you don’t have other children to care for…let others do for you, and say YES to all offers of help.

Regular exercise has been proven effective in migraine relief. Exercise is not only an excellent tension reducer, but it also increases blood circulation and oxygenation in the body, helps rid your body of toxins, helps you sleep better and boosts endomorphins, your body’s natural pain fighters, among other things. Thirty minutes of moderate exercise daily can go a long way towards long term relief from migraine pain. Do it all in one shot, or break it up into smaller 10 minute segments, whichever works best for your schedule.

Many alternative or natural options can offer migraine headache relief pregnant. There are a number of medicine free options that can be very effective in relieving migraine pain. Massage and/or aroma-therapy are two great medication-free options. Essential oils including lavender, sandalwood and peppermint are an especially effective headache cure and can be diluted in water (5 drops in a basin of water) and applied on a compress to the neck, or used in a massage oil. Massage to the feet or the web of skin between the thumb and first finger are effective pressure points for headache pain relief.

Alternating hot and cold compresses relieves migraine pain in many women. For some, plunging ones hands into a basin of hot water is helpful. Others find relief from a cloth-wrapped ice pack placed directly on the site of the pain, or to the back of the neck. Hot packs placed on the stomach or back can also divert blood flow from the head and offer relief.

If you still are fighting migraine headache pain after trying the methods mentioned above, check with your doctor, as there are herbs and medications that can be taken safely during pregnancy. Acetaminophen (Tylenol) is the most commonly recommended pain reliever during pregnancy. It is available over the counter and is considered safe to take while pregnant. Never take ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin), naproxen (Aleve) or aspirin without permission from your doctor. These medications are part of the NSAID class and are to be avoided during pregnancy without a doctor’s supervision. At this point there are no preventative migraine medications classified in the lowest risk category for pregnancy. Depending on the severity of your migraines and the impact on your quality of life, however, the benefits of many of these medications may outweigh the risks. Certain narcotics and some preventative drugs such as beta-blockers and anti-depressants can be used during pregnancy under a doctor’s supervision. This is a decision that only you and your doctor can make together based on your own personal risk-benefit ratio.

There are many herbal supplements than have been shown to be safe and effective for preventing, treating or reducing migraine pain. The most common herbs for migraines are peppermint, feverfew, passion flower, gingko, cayenne and butterbur. Like with prescription medication, check with your physician about the safety of using any of these supplements during pregnancy. Being an herb does not automatically guarantee it is safe to take while pregnant. Many of these herbs have strong medicinal qualities and need to be cleared before taking while pregnant.

So what’s the best way to achieve headache relief pregnant? As you can see, there are many remedies and treatment options you can try if you are experiencing migraines or severe headaches while pregnant. Feel free to experiment with food changes or any of the home remedies recommended above on your own, but consult your doctor before trying any medications or herbal treatments. With a little experimentation and luck, you will find the perfect combination of methods to relieve your migraine pain while pregnant and hopefully pamper yourself a little in the process!

Tips for Stopping Dog Itching

It is believed that many dog owners often see their pets scratching here and there but have no idea to stop dog itching. Most people consider dog itching as some kind of natural instincts of it, and some think that may be his dog gets skin allergy which can be cured only by some anti-allergy medicine. However, both of the above ideas are not completely right.

First of all, dog itching is not a natural instinct; it may be due to its skin diseases. Second, the possibility of dog allergies is lower than that of human. So, dog scratching is probably caused by dermatosis. There are many kinds of dog dermatosis but generally it can be divided into the following three common kinds.

  1. Some antimicrobial ointment for external use can stop dog itching if it has mycotic dermatitis. If a dog is infected with mycotic dermatitis, its infected skin will have squame when the inflammation gets worse. Therefore we should examine dog’s ear, face and limbs regularly to confirm whether the itching is caused by this. If so, you can rub antimicrobial ointment on the infected area to cure it.
  2. Acarid can also cause dog scratching itself. If the itching is caused by acarid, the erythema, papules, wheal and even pustule will appear in the infected area. In that case, dog may keep on biting the infected skin or doing self-mutilation. These will result in local hemorrhage. Meanwhile, because of the friction, dog’s temperature will rise and the itching symptoms will be exacerbated. Dog will repeat biting or doing self-mutilation again and again. So once that happens, we should treat our dog timely by taking it to the pet clinic.
  3. Regular de-worming is an effective way to stop dog itching. When we clean the dog we should also do de-worming periodically. In this way we can prevent ectozoa from biting our dogs which can avoid dog scratching. I think it is a good way to prevent itching and is suitable for most people. But if some red dots begin to appear in the dog’s skin, we can apply floral water on the infected skin to stop dog itching.

From my point of view, the above skin diseases are common to us. However, usually we cannot clearly distinguish which skin disease causes the itching. Consequently, we should pay more attention to the dog after using the medicine to see whether the medicine can truly stop dog itching or make it even worse.

Chinese Medicine for Alopecia Areata

Alopecia areata is considered to be an auto-immune condition in which the body’s immune system, specifically the white blood cells, attack the hair follicles, leading to hair loss, which can be on the scalp or elsewhere.

In most cases of alopecia, the hair falls out in small round patches about the size of a quarter. Alopecia areata affects approximately four million Americans of both sexes, and all ages and backgrounds. The effects of alopecia are primarily socially and emotionally disturbing, because of its unpredictable effects on a person’s appearance. It is not life threatening or painful.

There are a number of Chinese herbs that can be beneficial for this condition. Chinese medicine treats the root imbalances in the body that result in alopecia. When the body is brought into balance, symptoms resolve themselves and slowly disappear. There are two patterns in Chinese Medicine that can result in the hair loss symptomatic of alopecia areata. The first is a pattern of Liver and Kidney Yin Deficiency. This means that the energy of the body that normally nourishes the hair follicles is deficient. When herbs are used that nourish Liver and Kidney Yin, hair can start to grow back. The second pattern is that of Toxic Heat in the body. This means that there is an inflammatory condition in the body that is a result of excess acidity from a poor diet, exposure to pollution or other toxins, or an infection. In most people with alopecia areata, these two conditions exist in combination with each other.

It is necessary to reduce inflammation and acidity in the body while nourishing the cooling yin energy of the body that nourishes hair growth.

He Shou Wu, polygonum or Fo-ti, is one herb that can be beneficial for people with alopecia areata. This herb has been used traditionally in China for graying hair and premature hair loss. It is a general tonic for the brain and the body, and can improve the quality of hair growth on the head. It can take three to six months of use to see the full benefits of Fo-ti. The Chinese have also traditionally used this herb as a longevity tonic.

Ligustrum and eclipta are also two Chinese herbs used to nourish hair growth by strengthening the Liver and Kidney Yin energy of the body. Research done in China have shown that these herbs can promote hair growth in people with alopecia areata.

Chinese wolfberries are also a general body tonic that improve blood circulation to hair follicles of the head. This herb can work well in combination with the herbs listed above.

In order to clear the inflammation and acidity that can trigger alopecia, mint, dandelion, and honeysuckle herbs can be used in combination.

Some supplements that may be of benefit in combination with Chinese herbs include vitamin C, flaxseed oil, and nettle tea. All of these are anti-inflammatory and detoxifying to the body. Eating black beans and black sesame seeds can also be helpful when taken alongside Chinese herbs.

Chinese herbs are a safe, natural, effective, health-promoting way to treat alopecia areata and increase hair growth.

Common Causes of Hair Loss in Teenage Girls

Hair loss among teenage girls is becoming more prevalent, and it is happening at an alarming rate. Girls as young as thirteen are becoming confused and afraid as they find more strands of hair in their brush, on their pillow, in the shower and lying all over the floor. At the same time they are also noticing that there is less on their head.

Looking good and fitting in is especially important for teenage girls. Excessive shedding with a noticeable decrease in volume can be a devastating and scary experience, especially since it isn’t something they ever expected. After all, who ever heard of teenage girls losing their hair for no apparent reason? Until recently it was almost unheard of.

There are several reasons for this sudden increase in teenage hair disorders. Some of the most common causes are as follows:


Hormonal changes are a common cause of hair loss in teens and adults. From the onset of puberty throughout the teenage years, girls experience dramatic hormonal fluctuations. During this time the body needs extra support. Good nutrition, vitamin supplementation, exercise, adequate sleep and ample relaxation will help ease a girl through these hormonal changes.

Teens are known to have bad eating and sleeping habits. They often prefer to spend their time socializing on the computer, leaving little if any time for fresh air and exercise. These bad habits wreak havoc on the hormonal system resulting in hormonal imbalances that can affect the entire system. These imbalances can disrupt the hair growth cycle, causing unhealthy hair growth, thinning and excessive shedding.


Birth control pills are often started during teenage years, creating even more hormonal changes that can affect the hair. This side effect does not happen to every girl who uses the pill. A person will not know how they will be affected until the medication has been in the system for several months.


Many teens are self-conscious about their body and will go to extreme measures to fit into size zero jeans. Extreme dieting including anorexia and bulimia are common causes of unhealthy hair growth and excessive shedding among girls.


In order to control embarrassing acne, teens are often prescribed oral retinol-based acne medication. This is a very potent prescription medication. Oral acne medications can affect hair growth in several ways. By reducing the size of the sebaceous glands, less sebum is produced. Without adequate sebum, hair becomes dry, fragile, weak and more likely to fall out or break off. This medication can also cause several nutritional imbalances that can lead to shedding, thinning or breakage.

Because of the potential side effects, teen girls using this type of medication are required to be on birth control before, during and after the course of treatment-making the possibility of hair loss even greater.


Any medication can cause hair loss, breakage and undesirable texture changes even if it is not listed as a symptom. If the teen is on medication it could be the cause of any changes in her hair.


Hair loss has been reported as a possible result of immunizations. Most reported cases involve female patients.


Pulling hair back in tight styles which is often required for cheerleaders, dance team members, etc. causes sustained pressure on the scalp and follicles. This traction can loosen the hairs from its follicular roots and cause the hair to fall out. Prolonged traction can eventually cause permanent hair loss. Girls who are required to wear these tight hair styles for competition should wear hair loosely the rest of the time and massage affected areas to restore blood circulation.

These are only a few of the many possible causes of hair loss in teenage girls. The hair growth cycle is very sensitive to changes or disturbances, so there could be many possible contributing factors.

Most of these conditions involving teenage girls can usually be improved or reversed once the problem is identified and addressed. Using natural methods such as scalp massage and aromatherapy treatments can stimulate hair growth and minimize hair loss in teenage girls.

About the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel

Cavalier King Charles Spaniel – the name seems to sound ancient and noble, right? It was centuries ago when Toy Spaniels became popular pets, especially pets of the royal family. A Blenheim-coated spaniel was the children’s pet in the household of Charles I thus named King Charles Spaniel.

The early spaniels had longer, pointier snouts and thinner-boned limbs but as time goes by, breeding with breeds such as Pug and Japanese Chin took place. In 1920, a selective breeding of short-snouted Spaniels took place and the result – a dog that resembled the boyhood pet of Charles II of England (Cavalier King Charles) thus named Cavalier King Charles Spaniel.

Considered as one of the toy dog breeds, the standard for the breed requires a height of 12 to 13 inches at the withers, the weight – proportionate to height must be between 13 and 18 pounds. The coat is silky, free from curl with feathering on ears, chest, legs and tail (undocked). There are four recognized colors; Blenheim, Tricolor, Black and Tan, and Ruby with Blenheim as the most common.

Known as “the ultimate lap dog” or the “love sponge of dogs”, Cavalier King Charles Spaniels are highly affectionate tail-wagger little creatures. They are lively, outgoing and eager to please animals, good with children, other dogs and non-canine pets as well. They love people and must not be left alone all day.

Despite their reputation as naturally well-mannered dogs, training is necessary to a Cavalier King Charles Spaniel to teach what is and what is not acceptable behavior. Fortunately, these dogs are intelligent enough to understand what you want thus makes training easier.

Owners or soon to be owners must look after this breed’s health for they are prone to genetic defects such as mitral valve disease and syringomyelia, both can be very severe and very common. Other diseases common to this breed are episodic falling, hip dysplasia, keratoconjunctivitis sicca, luxating patella, primary secretory   otitis  media and deafness.

City dwellers may also want to consider this breed since Cavaliers can do well in apartment life and a small yard and indoor active will be enough.

A Quiet Hairdryer

After spending many years hairdressing, haircutting and blow drying the hair, I am sure my hearing is not what it was. Deafness must be rife, not only within my industry but in other industries that produce “White noise”. If you know of any ways that I can reduce this background or white noise, please let me know.

I do not know what the exact figures are, but the decibel noise level of my professional hairdryer must be very high, as it omits a high whistling sound, this is because of the fan speed in the hairdryer, I have even been reduced to try and use ear plugs to block out the background noise or any high frequencies in a vain attempt to keep the hearing I have.

The noise of the hairdryer, together with the radio or cd players in the salon, and people chatting, create a white noise level that creates a wall of noise and must be damaging to my hearing.

I find that I now miss parts of conversations if there is any background noise. Over the years I have learned to compensate for my lack of hearing, when I talk to clients, I instinctively know when to nod in agreement, say, Oh in a far off way, or to give that quizzical look, it amazes me sometimes that a client thinks I can hear every word they are saying with all the noise that is created in the salon environment.

I am sure I am not on my own in the quest for a silent hairdryer, so if you have created a silent hairdryer or know of one please, please contact me with the details, as I would love to buy one.

Expressing Yourself Through Collocation

People communicate with each other to convey what they want to express to other people. Most often, communication is through verbal form where two or more people exchange words and ideas.

However, other people also communicate through sign language, especially those who are deaf mutes.

In communicating, there are people who are very fluent in the English language. Others also talk fluently in languages that they are accustomed to.

But focusing about the English language, there are understandably a lot of things that a person has to learn in order to communicate fluently to their friends or loved ones.

In school, our English teachers have been teaching us grammar and the correct use of words. And one area that teachers teach in school is collocation.

Collocation is the combination of two or more words which give a completely different meaning unlike when these words are used separately. One example of these words is fast food. When used separately, fast means quick while food means meal. But when put together, fast food means food that are easily available in restaurants which are given to the customers right after ordering, unlike at home when you still have to prepare the ingredients and cook them before eating, which often take about a few hours depending on the food that you cook.

Collocations have different types. It may be a combination of verb and noun, noun and verb, adverb and adjective, adjective and noun, noun and noun, or verb and adverb.

Example of a collocation with a combination of an adjective and a noun is excruciating pain.

Another example is commits suicide, which is a combination of a verb and a noun.

Completely satisfied is another example of collocation, which is a combination of adverb and adjective.

Other examples of collocations are extremely happy, highly sophisticated, crystal clear, cosmetic surgery, strong tea, powerful computers, etc.

Collocations can be modified such as when you say write effectively, it can also be written as effective writing which give two different meanings.

Using collocations often give the person a chance to express themselves as this often allows them to invent words that they think best suits their feelings and expressions. This is because collocations are mostly compositional.

Some people say collocation is an interesting area to teach and learn. However, teaching collocation needs extensive knowledge since combining different words may not be easy and the words combined may not give the exact meaning.

If you want to learn more about collocation, you need to read books related to this. There are also available dictionaries on collocation.

Communicating through the use of collocations is far more interesting for an emotionally-sensitive person than an ordinary teacher as this allows that person to learn to express his feelings through words.

Alcohol Addiction and Brain Adaptation – The Long Term Impact on the Brain

Alcoholism has a devastating effect on our society. Nearly 130 million Americans have been exposed to it in the family. Untreated addiction costs the US $400 billion a year. That’s six times the cost of treating heart disease and diabetes — and four times the cost of cancer. Not surprising, 40 percent of all traffic fatalities involve alcohol. But did you know more than half of all homicides and domestic violence incidents are alcohol-related?

Of all the ways alcohol affects the world, the most profound is alcohol’s impact on the human brain. Repeated alcohol consumption causes negative and long-lasting changes in the brain’s tiny nerve cells, or neurons. In order to understand exactly how alcohol impacts our brains, let’s start at the beginning: on the day you were born. By this time, your brain had already grown about 100 billion neurons. Neurons are living, growing cells in a vast and evolving network of electrical activity in the brain. Neurons are not fixed like electric wiring. Almost every neuron is constantly changing its function by adapting to bodily demands, sensations, and environmental stimuli.

Each individual neuron in the brain takes in new information and communicates with the other neurons to make sense of it. The transmission of information, from one neuron to another, happens at lightning speed. A neuron can send a signal, reset itself, and send another signal up to 400 times a second. In fact, all the sights, sounds, smells, touch, and other sensations that are experienced by a baby help its brain to create new neural connections. By adulthood, the total number of connections between neurons amounts to 100 trillion.

Connections between neurons are dynamic and change over time. New connections are formed and old ones disappear. The brain’s ”wiring” is, therefore, developed and shaped by life experience. Information coming in through your eyes, ears, and other senses are captured, and your neural connections can change in a split-second, forming new ones. These connections continue to grow and evolve well into adult life.

However, alcohol consumption, and its physical effects such as intoxication and sleepiness, actually disrupts communication between neurons in the brain. Since alcohol is a depressant, it slows down activity in many parts of the brain. The neurons in affected areas control muscles, resulting in relaxation and a lack of coordination. The neurons in affected areas also control speech, causing words to slur and become increasingly imprecise. Similarly, affected neurons control autonomic bodily functions, and heart rate and breathing become impaired.

But, what happens physiologically inside the brain when we drink alcohol? Why do we feel good so quickly after consumption? Well, the pleasure we feel from alcohol, as well as food and sex, comes from the release of the natural brain chemical dopamine. We depend on our brain’s ability to release dopamine in order to experience pleasure from basic human needs like the sight, smell, or taste of food. That experience, no matter how brief, is stored in the hippocampus section of the brain. The same physiological sensations occur when we are sexually aroused and even when we see or smell an attractive mate. Alcohol, in particular, produces very large and rapid surges of dopamine, and the brain responds by reducing its normal dopamine activity.

When you begin to drink, at first the brain gets intoxicated rapidly. It releases a fair amount of dopamine, a natural feel-good chemical, to fight the poison in alcohol. So, it is actually the dopamine that makes you feel good, not the alcohol. Repeated drinking increases the total volume of dopamine released over time. Eventually the brain compensates by lowering its own natural production to combat the effects of alcohol. That is why, over time, it takes more and more drinks to create the same intoxication. The brain malfunctions when it adapts to constantly higher levels of dopamine that are artificially produced by alcohol.

The moment you stop drinking, a void of dopamine is created and a craving ensues. Then, the brain creates a debilitating mood to urge you to drink – in order to raise the dopamine level again. The fastest way to get it back up to its new ”normal” is to drink alcohol. Once this brain malfunction occurs, all activities are affected: from feelings and behaviors to decisions and relationships. This explains why those who abuse alcohol are twice as likely to be divorced than those who do not.

Repeated alcohol consumption causes long-lasting changes in the brain’s neurons. Scientists call this change ”neuroadaptation.” This means that neurons have adapted to drinking, as if it were normal. Let’s say, for example, you start to drink regularly at 6 pm every evening. At first the brain begins to defend against this chemical, since it considers alcohol a poison. It warns you of its effect by causing intoxication, nausea, hangover, and other symptoms. However, as you keep drinking regularly, the brain compensates, allowing you to drink more by producing a stronger tolerance. At this point the neurons get adapted to your drinking patterns.

Now, let’s say you suddenly decide that you are not going to drink tonight at 6 pm. The adapted brain, which now believes alcohol is a normal part of life, will send various signals to remind you it’s time to drink as the clock approaches 6 pm. These signals come in the form of mild to severe withdrawal symptoms, such as irritation, agitation, cravings, and urges. In short, you have basically trained your brain to crave alcohol. (Later, you will learn how re-training the brain is the clear path to recovery.)

At this point one is alcohol-dependent, which is rooted in a change in brain chemistry. Advanced technology — such as Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI), diffusion tensor imaging (DTI), positron emission tomography (PET), and electrophysiological brain mapping — indicate that alcohol addiction is less of a behavior problem, and more of a brain malfunction caused by repeated poisoning of the brain.

For years, scientists believed the number of neurons in the adult brain was fixed early in life. If brain damage occurred, new neurons could not be created. Later researchers found new ones are indeed generated in adulthood — a process called “neurogenesis.” New learning ensues, allowing electrical signals to travel along neural pathways more readily. This inherent capacity to change is termed ”plasticity.”

This ability to grow new neurons and form new connections was demonstrated in experiments like the one conducted by Doctors Avi Karni and Leslie Ungerleider at the National Institutes of Mental Health. They had subjects perform a simple finger-tapping exercise — and identified the areas of the brain involved with MRI brain scans. Subjects practiced this motor task daily, gradually becoming faster and more proficient. After four weeks, new brain scans revealed the region of the brain involved in this task had actually expanded. This indicated regular practice and repetition of the task had recruited new nerve cells — and changed the original neural connections.

This finding is the basis for a new scientific hypothesis: inner transformation begins with ”learning” (new neural input), which gradually replaces our ”negative conditioning” (present neural circuitry). The end result is ”positive conditioning” (or new neural circuitry) that directs new emotions and behavior. Hence, the concept of ”re-wiring” the brain for lasting change is a very real and distinct probability.

Alcohol addiction involves the same neural pathways as early memory and learning. So the addictive process weakens all that the brain knew before. Effective recovery involves the reversal of this process. This is a dynamic, comprehensive process that involves what scientists call ”re-training” of the brain — or neuroplasticity. More information on neuroplasticity and its success can be found on the NIFAR website.

Alcohol addiction is truly progressive. In time, it generally gets worse, not better. The behavior patterns associated with alcohol abuse cross all social boundaries, affecting both genders, every ethnic group, and people in every tax bracket. Therefore, new methods to combat this widespread disorder must be used to help those who are suffering. In the process, we will alleviate the massive financial strain of untreated addiction on our healthcare system, which now exceeds $400 Billion a year in America.

How Life Coaches Can Learn From the Movie The King’s Speech

I’m a big fan of using movies and their prevalent themes to demonstrate valuable lessons we can integrate into our own lives. The King’s Speech is one I refer to often. This remarkable movie stars Geoffrey Rush (Shine, Quills) as Lionel Logue, Helena Bonham Carter (Alice in Wonderland, Great Expectations) as Queen Elizabeth II, and Colin Firth (Pride and Prejudice, Love Actually) as Albert, “Bertie”, the Duke of York, the stammering noble who would come to stir the confidence of a war-torn nation as King George VI.

Plan First, Then Take Action

When the Duke of York arrives at Lionel’s office for the first time, he is greeted by a young boy – another of Lionel’s clients – who struggles endearingly through a rehearsed greeting. We see the Duke is obviously moved by this, though he remains silent as the young lad works his way to the final word. Those of us who have witnessed how sweet and tender the Duke is with his own daughters have to wonder if he is thinking of his children, or his own childhood.

Whether this brief exchange is intentionally staged for the sake of the Duke, or simply another exercise with one of his clients, is unknown to the viewer, but Lionel immediately sets the tone for the potential success he can experience if he chooses to work with yet another expert. After all, when that young boy started with Lionel he couldn’t speak a word. Watching Lionel confidently demonstrate the sort of success the Duke can expect, without being boastful or obvious, is a thing of beauty.

Boosting Confidence Requires Confidence

Doubts are bound to happen, for client and coach alike, and we see this happen to Lionel as well. The pressure seems sometimes insurmountable as Lionel comes to realize the great man “Bertie” could become if he ascends to the throne. Yet Lionel remains attentive to the needs of his client first, as a human struggling to exorcise a lifetime of hurt, not as the would-be king who could stir a Nation with his voice.

The lesson to take away from this is Lionel never gives up, and more importantly, never doubts the chance for the Duke’s success. Lionel knows that Bertie can overcome his challenges because he’s worked with others who have been equally bad off, or worse. Each individual moves at their own pace, remain attentive to the journey and have faith you can reach the destination.

6 Coaching Insights to Glean From The King’s Speech

· Set a level playing field– Lionel sets the tone straight away by insisting that meetings take place in his office, and they call one another by familiar first names, no matter how lofty the title or protocol which might demand otherwise. Lionel’s simple comment of “my castle, my rules” demonstrates Bertie will need to step outside his comfort zone to achieve success. When an imbalance of power exists between a coach and client it’s difficult to achieve the necessary environment of comfort and peace.

· There’s no “I” in Team – Bertie’s supportive wife played an equally invaluable role in Bertie’s coaching as Lionel’s sometimes-whacky methods of training. Though Lionel doesn’t reveal the identity of his client to his family, we see that Lionel enjoys his own support circle as well Lionel is committed to Bertie’s success, and works intensively with him, but not at the risk of his own need to grounded, objective, and centered. A good coach recognizes that a strong support system equals a springboard to success and invites these trusted people to be involved in the journey.

· Be Human – No matter one’s levels of degrees, birthright, or status, at the end of the day we are all just people trying to do our best. Lionel and Bertie established a long working relationship built upon mutual trust and acceptance, something which was established early on when Lionel insisted they not only meet in his shabby office, but they also address one another on a first name basis. Even though your clients will seek you out as a source of strength and guidance, it’s important to relate on a level of one person to another, no more, no less.

· Learn From Experience– Nothing worth having ever comes easy. Lionel’s thirty years of experience was the very thing Bertie needed when riddled with the sorts of doubts and flares of temper which are natural to all healing experiences. When most novice coaches would cut and run in the face of verbal abuse and heightened emotion, Lionel provides a blend of tough love and unflappable calm, the likes of which can only come from years of working with others.

· Be Flexible and Innovative – Lionel’s methods of working are kooky, even counter to the suggestions of Bertie’s physician (smoking relaxes the larynx – ha!), but he approaches each task with the comfortable ease of one who knows his stuff. A great coach recognizes that not every client is the same and what works for one may not work for another.

· Take the Risk of an All or Nothing Approach –Perhaps what makes Lionel so admirable is the way in which he engages fully with Bertie. While most individuals in Bertie’s environment bow and supplicate to the Duke in some fashion, Lionel speaks to him as an equal, in sometimes brutally direct terms. The sort of trust required for this sort of difficult communication can only be built over time, through being completely open and authentic.

There is No Substitute for Hard Work

In the course of just a few hours we witness Bertie’s transformation from the stammering Duke Albert, to the poised and eloquent King George VI. The truth of the matter is Lionel and Bertie worked together for a decade before delivering the speech upon which this wonderful movie is based. They also continued to work together as coach and friends for many years after. We often hear that people enter our lives for a season, a reason, or a lifetime. Though your clients seek you for a reason, and may only last a season, be ready to work with them for a lifetime.

Communication in the Workplace – 7 Success Secrets

Communication in the workplace is very important but with so many people involved, all with different personalities and varying levels of understanding, communication can be difficult and misunderstandings can arise.

Workplaces can be hectic places where messages are flying left, right and center: that is prime territory for miscommunication. Try to avoid that by following a few simple guidelines.

How you need to communicate in the workplace varies a little bit according to your job responsibilities. Those differ sometimes in whether you have responsibility for and authority over certain other staff members. It is important to realize that you only have authority in so far as you can get people to follow you. How successfully you get people to do that comes down to communication too!

Communication is vital in any workplace and here are some of the essential ingredients for good communication in the workplace:

1. Give clear instructions

You save time in the long run by taking time to give even simple instructions clearly and make sure they are understood. Leave a pause for people to ask questions or invite them to do so. It is much better if a task is understood from the start rather than you having to go back and do work again because it was done wrongly the first time.

2. Be constructive, not critical

Supervisors and bosses can all too often become critical. Often people who have tried to organize their work or solve workplace problems themselves have been severely criticized for the solution they have implemented. Is it any wonder then why they do not bother trying to sort anything out again? That is not an efficient way to organize a workplace.

The main trouble with this approach arises because the natural response of someone who is being criticized is to switch off and not listen. Nobody learns anything or moves on in that way.

The other side of the coin is that when employees are empowered to make some decisions themselves, managers get more time to get on with their own job and really progress a business. For this to work, people need to feel safe to explore alternatives, give suggestions and ask questions.

Managers also need to make sure they ask the right questions to inspire their employees and to help them to think through solutions.

3. Let people know the bigger picture

What are you all aiming for? People will work harder and smarter if they know how the work they are doing contributes to an end product.

4. Communicate messages effectively

Workplaces often have many people working there. Messages need to be passed on efficiently through whichever medium: face-face, telephone, e-mail etc.

If you have a message to pass on, make sure you do it accurately, to the right person and in a timely manner. If the message is long type it rather than relying on your memory.

5. Give people freedom to organize some of their work

If people are clear about what needs to be done, they can understand and set a list of priorities for their own work. This keeps people motivated to work hard, but also, it makes them work more efficiently as they know what has to be done and can switch between tasks accordingly. There is no need for them to stop work having hit a snag when they can get on with another project.

6. Make expectations clear

End a conversation with something like:

“Am I right in thinking that you think the project will be completed by the end of today?”

Then if people anticipate a problem, they have the opportunity to tell you if there is going to be a problem with that. That gives you the chance and responsibility to help them.

7. Treat people like individuals

Everyone has different needs and different personalities. Different people will all react well to slightly different approaches. It is good if you can find out what approaches work well for your colleagues and employees; that way, you will get the most out of each interaction and everyone will be happier.

It all comes down to communication skills or lack of them. It is completely your responsibility for making yourself understood no matter how many times you have to try and it is the responsibility of the other person to let you know every time they do not understand something: communication in the workplace relies upon it.

Doctor Locum Agencies

Locum agencies are the agencies that provide locum work to professionals seeking locum work. Locum work is a temporary position where a professional substitutes for another person for a specified time period. Locum doctors work in clinics and hospitals and most of them reach there with the help of doctor locum agencies UK.

Most of the doctor locum agencies have a large number of doctors, locum doctors as well as GP locums. The agencies provide doctors to private sector hospitals and the National Health Service. Doctors too like to take the services of the locum agencies as they offer a higher hourly rate and more work options. The hourly rate varies according to the working hours. The locum work is short term and long term contract work and at times permanent jobs too.

As there is a shortage of doctors in UK, doctors from other countries can contact the doctor locum agencies for locum work. This is not a difficult job as the UK employers proactively recruit foreign doctors. As most of the agencies provide online help to the doctors, they can easily approach doctor locum agency for locum jobs. The doctor agency requires a medical degree from a recognized country and institution along with a twelve month internship in the doctor’s home country. The doctor should have General Medical Council registration, an Ancestry Visa or Right of Abode Certificate and valid EU passport. Additionally the doctor should have police clearance, ionizing radiation certificate and Hepatitis B Immunization.

The doctors who wish to get work from locum agencies should have a proper contract with details about the payment rate and the working hours to avoid any confusion. They should ensure that they have a level of control on contract conditions. They should have a record of their doctor work and doctor locum and keep a proof of all correspondence. The doctor locum should confirm the payment rate with the employee.

The doctor locum agencies provide temporary jobs to doctors. The agency sites also offer CV creator service, career related tips and CV forwarding. The agencies have job database that have UK jobs. The site provides additional information such as medical news, training, exhibitions, courses etc.

Team24 is the site that provides information about healthcare professionals in search of healthcare professionals. Visit the site to find healthcare jobs and healthcare professional for UK and other healthcare resources.

Bio Sculpture Gel

 Bio  Sculpture has created a gel that is applied in the same manner as nail polish but lasts for weeks without fading or chipping. By applying  Bio  Sculpture Varnish you can also easily change the colour of your nails. When the varnish is later removed with a specially formulated non acetone solution, the permanent nail colour is restored to its previous state. The permanent colour is not effected by the non acetone cleanser in the same way as the varnish layer.

 Bio  Sculpture practitioners have all passed a strict examination, to ensure that you achieve a first class finish. Your local practitioner will help you discover the  Bio  Sculpture difference of a healthy nail treatment that is a true pleasure to use.  Bio  Sculpture Gel is a superior product that makes nails beautiful, strong and flexible that will not damage the natural nail.

Here are some key features of  Bio-Sculpture  Gel for nails.

Huge range of over 90 fashionable colours, clear and french, matching varnish is also available for easy home care. There are also a number of gels with different finishes such as glitter.

Promotes strong, flexible and natural looking nails.

Difficult to chip or smudge.

Can be applied to toenails as well.

You can add length to your nails naturally with Gel Extensions.

Removal of the product is quick and easy and causes no damage to the nail.

 Bio-Sculpture  Gel is a one component treatment that promotes and strengthens the natural growth of nails. Leaving the nail flexible and strong our product is cured under a UVA light.