Alopecia and Hair Replacement For African Americans

Hair loss can be devastating, whether you are male or female, regardless of race or ethnicity. Typical hair loss among men crosses the boundaries of race and culture. However, African American hair poses a particular set of challenges with regard to hair loss. Hair replacement clinics across the country note that while black men seem to suffer the same sort of male pattern baldness and challenges as Caucasian men, African American men and women seem to suffer a higher percentage of problems with hair loss for a variety other, culturally specific reasons. Hair replacement solutions to African American hair loss can be equally complex.

Every year, thousands of men and women of African descent struggle to resolve issues that have left them with receding hairlines and patchy balding spots. Many of these causes are due to hairstyling techniques that have become part of the African American culture, such as:

o Traction Alopecia – caused by braiding too tightly, long term use of corn-rows or tight pig tails in hair. This causes a constant tug on the root of the hair which eventually not only pulls it out, but can cause scarring on the scalp.

o Use of Chemical relaxers that contain lye (the same ingredient used in products like Draino) can actually cause chemical burns on the skin. Even the more natural relaxers use chemicals harsh enough to cause a burn.

o Use of hot combs or irons on the hair too close to the scalp, causing burns and scarring.

o Bleach-again, a harsh chemical not intended to come in contact with the delicate skin of the scalp.

What many people don’t realize is that all of these procedures can, if done improperly, cause permanent hair loss due to scarring of the scalp. Once hair follicles are scarred, there is no resurrecting them. That hair is gone for good. Hair regrowing products like Propecia and Minoxidil will not regrow hair here.

Hair replacement experts understand the emotional toll this kind of loss can take on somebody suffering from hair loss. Not only does hair loss cause embarrassment, the self-esteem can take a nose dive as well. Janelle, a twenty-four year old African American woman, noticed that her hair had begun to recede around her hairline. She had worn pig tails as a child and as an adult, had begun chemically relaxing her hair. To save money, she decided to do it at home. The chemicals burned her scalp. Alarmed, Janelle discovered several bald patches the size of a half dollar on her crown. She saw her doctor and learned that Traction Alopecia was responsible for her hair loss around her hairline, and chemical burns were responsible for the now permanent hair loss on her crown. He sent her to a hair replacement specialist.

Janelle was dealing with three problems: Bald patches on the scalp and a receding hairline; but more importantly, her biggest problem was the toll the hair loss took on her self-esteem and emotional well-being. She considered surgical hair replacement, but this is a complex issue when it comes to black hair. Why?

o The cost is prohibitively high. And quite often, if simply doesn’t work. Hair does not regrow in the density required.

o The formation of keloid tissue. Keloid scarring is a condition to which black skin is often prone. While skin on the scalp rarely forms keloid scar tissue, the skin on the forehead and face often will. So if a receding hairline is the issue, often surgical transplantation is not an option on black skin.

o Grafting is tricky – Black hair is curly not only above the skin but below, at the root as well. So the grafting of individual hairs is complex and often impossible.

In the end, she found an expert who specialized in high end hair replacement systems to restore her hair to it original state. Using breathable lace mesh and hand tied hairs, the hair replacement specialist matched Janelle’s hair with real hair, then filled in the missing spots and her hairline with several hair systems to extend her hairline. The new hair blended in flawlessly with Janelle’s own hair.

This hair system was not cheap either. A high end hair system that is virtually undetectable costs somewhere around $2500. But let’s face it, nothing good is ever cheap. Nor was the hair system without maintenance. She had to adjust the color monthly and occasionally have new hair tied to replace hair that routinely shed from the hair system. But in the end, she couldn’t be happier with her full head of hair. Restoring her hair has, made her less self-conscious and given her back her confidence. It’s hard to put a price tag on that. Every year, hair replacement experts help thousands of people just like Janelle reclaim their lives with the help of hair replacement systems.

There are other hair replacement options available to those with spotty hair loss like Janelle. Hair extensions made with clips are temporary or removable hair systems that don’t require glue to be fixed to the scalp. These are also made with high quality human hair in China and can blend invisibly with your own hair. If you have experienced hair loss and are looking for options, study hair replacement systems on the internet. Look for hair systems that are virtually undetectable, made of human hair, and have local clinics available for custom fitting.

The Best Hair Loss Treatments Are All Natural Products

Few things knock a man’s self esteem back like going bald. When you begin noticing the telltale signs of thinning hair, it may seem as though it’s already too late to do much about it. Nothing could be further from the truth, though. In fact, you can certainly fight back against going bald by investigating and searching for the best  hair   loss  treatment. Doing that is easier said than done, but with patience and willingness to try new things you can undoubtedly find the thing that’s right for you. The quickest way to get there is by trying a product that’s working wonders for many men: natural  hair   loss  treatments.

Regain Your Hair – And Your Self Esteem

There’s no question about it: many men consider their hair to be an important part of their self image and self esteem. When it starts falling out, men can feel their youth slipping through their fingers. If you feel like this, don’t despair. You just need to track down the best  hair   loss  treatment, which many men have already determined to be the type that are all natural. Without a prescription or any negative side effects, they can go to work for you by putting your male pattern baldness to an end once and for all.

No Cure For Baldness

Despite years of study, there has never been any proof or sign of a cure for baldness. That doesn’t mean there isn’t hope, though. Natural supplements are the best  hair   loss  treatment precisely because it is based on the latest scientific research. Their oral supplement goes after the 5AR enzyme, a huge part of what causes an increase in the levels of DHT, or dihydrotestosterone. If you’ve done any research at all, then you know that DHT is the culprit behind male pattern baldness. They really are the best treatment for the  loss  of  hair  and you should order it right away.

Get On Board With Best  Hair   Loss  Treatment

Trying to find the best  hair   loss  treatment can be tedious. It can also cost you hundreds – or even thousands – of dollars and waste a lot of your precious time. Don’t spend another second or dollar on your quest for the best  hair   loss  treatment. Cut to the chase and order Procerin today. Within a very short period of time, you’ll begin noticing the amazing benefits. The self confidence that you’d waved goodbye to when your hair started thinning will return with a vengeance, after all. For more information on Procerin and how it can help you, visit

Itchy (Prurisy) Ears

One of the more common problems I see in my practice is that of itchy ears. The patient would have, by the time they present, tried all sorts of remedies including the dangerous practice of using ears buds, match sticks and a miscellany of other harmful instruments to rid the ear of the itch.

The causes commonly arise from the external ear, and less commonly from the middle ear.

External ear causes

1. Eczema: There are various types of eczema. It can be allergic dermatitis. These patients may have a history of allergies such as asthma or hay fever. It can be in the form of irritating or contact dermatitis: a reaction to products such as shampoos or oils when these come into contact with the skin of the external canal. Ear piercing may lead to eczema if the patient reacts to certain metals, such as nickel, in the ear ring.

2. Infections: eczema can lead to infections of the external ear. This is referred to as otitis externa, and can be caused by bacterial, fungal or viral agents.

Bacterial Otits externa is typically caused by streptococcus and staphylococci bacteria. Very rarely is pseudomonas responsible. It typically presents with itching, and later pain, associated with a purulent ear discharge. The skin of the ear is reddened and thickened. Sometimes the ear canal will be completely stenosed, and with the ear drum barely visible. Hearing might also be affected.

Treatment: entails the use of antibiotic ear drops. The ear must be kept dry since moisture exacerbates the infection. Analgesics are often necessary.

Fungal otitis externa is less common than the bacterial variety. The commonest fungal agent will be candida albicans, and to a lesser extent aspergillus negri. The symptoms will be similar to bacterial otitis externa. Clinical examination will reveal the presence of fungal spores in the external ear canal.

Treatment: consists of the use of topical anti-fungal agents.

Viral otitis externa: are also uncommon and may follow an upper respiratory tract infection. Bell’s palsy and shingles are often associated with inflammation of the external canal due to blisters forming along the track of the Facial nerve.

3. Impacted wax (cerumen accumulation)

Wax is normally produced by the wax glands that situated in the external canal. Wax or cerumen provides a protective function to the ear.

Because of the outward movement in which the ear sheds its skin, wax normally makes its way to the external opening of the ear where it falls out. But there are some people who are genetically overproducers of wax (producing more wax than the ear can remove), leading to impaction in the external ear canal. This wax may either be hard or soft. The other cause of wax impaction is the use of ear-buds, which tend to push the wax deep into the ear canal. Symptoms of ear impaction include itching, pain, and even deafness.


A variety of oils are used to soften the hard wax. Suctioning and irrigation of the ear are also used. Instrumental removal with a curette is also common.

For genetic overproducers recurrences are common.

Middle ear causes

Otitis media is a common cause of itching in ear. The build-up of fluid in the middle ear causes the ear to itch, and this may later change to pain. Also, this can happen with the rupture of the eardrum and the discharge constantly making the external ear wet.

Treatment consists of dealing with the underlying condition.


“Itchy ears” is a relatively common presenting symptom. Often the diagnosis is easy to make, and the treatment simple. Undiagnosed and poorly treated conditions can however lead to serious complications

Alternative Treatment For Psoriasis – Detoxification

An alternative treatment for psoriasis is detoxification. This treatment may just be the solution that you need to keep your skin disorder under control. According to naturopathic doctors, treating psoriasis helps by treating your liver. Psoriasis has been linked to the presence of several microbial byproducts in the blood. These signs point to an abnormal function of the liver. Your liver is supposed to be responsible for filtering and detoxifying the blood. With microbial byproducts found in the blood, it is an indication that your liver is either overloaded with excessive levels of these toxins or that there is a reduction in its detoxification abilities.

Psoriasis, which means “to itch” in greek, is a chronic ailment whereby your skin forms red lesions that develop into scales or patches all over. These red eruptions make the skin itch leaving marks. The intensity of your skin disorder is likely to differ from that of another person. Intensity levels range from a massive outbreak to as mild as just a few patches. Psoriasis is an autoimmune disorder. It is usually genetic but is not infectious or contagious. Although it appears that there is no particular cure for this disease, there are some things that you can do to reduce the level of your itch.

Naturopathic doctors say that the inflammation of the skin, red irruptions, scales and flakes on the skin which cause itching are clear signs of toxins. An alternative treatment for psoriasis namely detoxification, should help to remove harmful toxins and poisons from your liver and body. There are in fact many ways to detoxify for psoriasis and you may wish to adopt a combination where appropriate:

o Detox diet. To detoxify for psoriasis, a dedicated detox diet program that helps you to cleanse your liver will help. Consult a naturopathic doctor for this. He should be able to advise you on how to go about with a liver and a body cleanse. Do take note that women who are pregnant should not go on a detox diet nor consider any form of detoxification during their pregnancy. Also, if you are taking any conventional medications, get your doctor’s advice before going on a detox diet.

In all situations, a healthy and balanced diet is a must. You should not consume food or drinks that will aggravate your disease. Avoid caffeine, such as coffee or strong tea. Herbal tea is also recommended for psoriasis. Spicy food and alcohol should be restricted. Refrain from red meat, shellfish and tropical fruits.

o Herbal supplements. There are many types of herbal supplements for detoxification of your liver. These herbal supplements help enhance your immunity system and can prevent the psoriasis from recurring. Peony Red, Moutan, Lithospermum, Millettia, Salvia, Carthamus, Sophora (root), Rehmannia Raw, Gardenia, Isatis Root, and Smilax are some of the herbs used in psoriasis tablets.

o Homeopathy. Homeopathy is an alternative treatment that has been effective for many types of diseases. For a homeopathic remedy for detoxification, you will need to consult a practitioner who has specialised knowledge.

o Hydra detox system. Hydra detox system is a machine by which you soak or immerse your feet, for approximately half an hour, in water. The machine helps to remove the harmful toxins through the pores of your feet. It is a new age method for detoxification of psoriasis and can be included as part of your overall treatment plan to become well.

o Reduce stress levels. Psoriasis like most other diseases is worsened by stress. Stress increases the toxins in your body, thus resulting in negative effects on your health and skin. You should try these suggestions for alleviating stress levels: meditation, yoga and sleeping well. Getting rid of stress helps to rebalance your system to a healthier and stronger state.

The King’s Speech 2010

What Worked?

Public speech probably makes the list for top 10 worst fears of practically everybody. For people with speech impediments, that fear grows teeth. For a king with a speech impediment, that fear turns into a monstrous wall. In the King’s Speech, Director Tom Hooper weaves the story of Bertie/King George VI and his problem of dealing with his stammer. A dialogue-driven period piece about a stuttering King-to-be seems like a film tailor-made for the elite elderly, but the team involved makes it an enjoyable, inspiring ride.

Coated in muted colors, the tint of the film matches the low-self esteem of Bertie, as well as the way he is silenced by his stammer and resides in the shadows of his family. Hooper captures the perspective of Bertie rather well, closing tight on his quivering lips or taking the camera low for an ants-eye view of the colossal audience. Everything about the direction works well, and enhances the mood of the film.

Colin Firth playing Bertie/George VI is achingly genuine, as we constantly see him bursting with frustration because of his verbal shackles. Despite his harrowing speech impediment, his warm-heart beams, especially when he interacts with Lionel Logue, played amazingly by Geoffrey Rush. We feel for Bertie, as he is trapped by his lack of voice and we feel his determination as he is climbing out of a dark hole. We even see the envy in his eyes when he watches footage of Hitler rousing up a crowd through his oratory talent. Firth gives a thoroughly magnificent performance, and it’s equally matched by Rush’s performance as Lionel Logue. Logue is an eccentric, brash and rather clever speech therapist. He becomes a trigger for Bertie’s confidence, and guides him as a friend and a teacher. The chemistry of both is the heart of the film. Helena Bonham Carter also gives a touching performance as Queen Elizabeth, feeling Bertie’s pain and standing by him to see thing through it.

This is a character driven piece, and not once does the film get swept up in the major historical moments; rather, it keeps the story intimate to Bertie’s problem and realistic triumph over it. The film is about a man trying to be the best version of himself that he can possibly be, and the start of that is getting over his speech impediment. If he can successfully deliver a speech to his people, he can lead them through the horrors of WWII.

Potential Drawbacks:

Despite all the praise this film has received, it does not leave a lasting impression. There’s nothing special or memorable enough about the film that will preserve it as a true classic. What helps the film may also hinder it: sometimes it is too intimate. For example, the speech King George VI finally gives is not very engaging because the film audience is not concentrating on the words being said, only how they’re being said.

For those who do not enjoy dialogue driven films, this film is probably not for you.

Venetian Architecture and Interior Design

The City of Venice, Italy

Venetian architecture comes from Venice, a city in northeastern Italy which is made up of 118 small islands separated by canals and all linked by a series of bridges. Venice was named for the ancient Veneti people who inhabited this region in the 10th century BC. The city itself was founded between the 5th and 6th century by wealthy inhabitants from the mainland who were fleeing the barbarian invasions.

History of Venetian Design

Venice was the birthplace of unique architectural styles due to the necessity of building homes above the many canals. The buildings were set on closely spaced wooden piles made from the trunks of alder trees. Venetian architecture was influenced by the Gothic style along with Byzantine and Ottoman influences. Some of the more famous Venetian architects were Baldassarre Longhena, who designed many churches in the Baroque style during the 17th century and Carlo Scarpa, a 20th century architect who created many designs of landscapes, gardens and buildings not only in Italy but throughout the world.

Venetian Architecture

Venetian architecture is lighter in structure and more graceful than the heavier buildings in other European cities. Every inch of land was considered valuable so architects never added any more weight or size than was necessary to support the building. The most famous design element of Venetian design is the Gothic lancet arch, where the top of the arch is tall and pointed, like a lance. Another design used in the 14th and 15th centuries is a central hall, called a portego, which is a long passageway usually opened with a loggia with Gothic arches.

Colors That Support the Style

Venetian colors were mostly rich colors like dark reds, muted yellows and bright blues. Many colors were muted in tone and during the Renaissance, they were gradually softened to duplicate natural colors. Of course, you cannot talk about Venetian style without mentioning Venetian plaster. The plaster was mixed with marble dust and applied in thin, multiple layers, then polished to a smooth surface. This gives the illusion of depth and texture. Venetian plaster can also be left unpolished which leaves a matte finish that is rough and stone-like.

Venetian Design Elements

The Venetian style was also used to create beautiful interior designs. In fact, some of the best examples of rich, extravagant Rococo designs were found in Venice. Draperies and curtains were made from materials like damask, velvet and silk. Other elements found in Venetian homes were girandole mirrors, colorful chandeliers using Murano glass and precious stones, polished terrazzo flooring, arches with broken pediments over windows and doorways, porcelain figurines and oriental rugs.

Examples of Venetian Architecture

In order to explore the world of Venetian architecture, we will look at some historical examples.

Doge’s Palace – This structure was originally built in 810 in the Venetian Gothic style, was rebuilt and partially reconstructed a number of times. It is now a museum and is a landmark of Venice.

Ca’ d’Ora (golden house) – Also known as Palazzo Santa Sofia, it got its original name from the gilt and polychrome decorations on the outside walls. The architects were a father and son team – Giovanni and Bartolomeo Bon, who also, by the way, worked on the Doge’s Palace.

From My Heart

My dream is to travel and learn about culture, history and design. I hope some day to visit the romantic city of Venice, Italy; to see the things I write about, experience the culture and the warmth of its people. I would love to travel through the tiny canals in a gondola while viewing its beauty, architecture and arts.

If you would like to learn more and see photos of Venetian architecture and design, please visit my blog.

Copyright 2012 Katy Hahn Designs

This article may be reprinted with the following conditions: Must be reprinted in full with no changes, author information in the article must be included and any embedded links must be active.

The Telephone Revolution That Changed the World

In 1876, Bell was the first to receive the U.S. patent award. There were many other inventions that Bell invented. He invented the optical telecommunications, hydrofoils and aeronautics. In 1888, Alexander became one of the founders of the National Geographic Society.

In the 1870s, Alexander Graham Bell created the first device that could transmit speech electronically; it was called the first telegraph. However, Bell had some competition on the invention of the telegraph, (Elisha Gray) that ended up in a legal battle for the patent rights. The telegraph and telephone are both wire-based electrical systems that resulted in an improvement of a better telegraph. When Alexander experimented on electrical signals, the first telegraph was born and it continued on the next 30 years.

When inventing the telegraph, Bell used a musical or harmonic approach as the best choice, that way several notes could travel simultaneously along the same wire if the notes or signals were on the same pitch. By 1874, Alexander’s research improved a great deal that he informed his father-in-law, Gardiner Greene Hubbard, about creating multiple telegraphs. In March of 1875, Alexander Graham Bell met with the director of the Smithsonian Institute, Joseph Henry, who heard Bell’s conversation about the telephone and Joseph Henry approved of the idea. In 1875, Alexander Graham Bell and Thomas Watson got to work on using a device that would transmit speech electronically, which was about to become a reality. Different tones varied the strength of an electrical current in a wire. In order to succeed, they needed a transmitter with a membrane that would be capable of different electrical currents along with a receiver that could reproduce audible frequencies.

On June 2, 1875, Alexander Graham Bell was experimenting on his “harmonic telegraph” and discovered that he could hear sound over the wire which sounded like a twanging clock spring and then he called his partner, Thomas Watson, in the other room of the hotel that they were staying at telling Watson to come over. On March 10, 1876, Alexander Graham Bell created the first telephone that ended the multiple telegraphs. After that, the telephone became a huge success changing the world on how we, as people, communicate electronically through the air waves.

Alexander Graham Bell not only invented the telephone and telegraph, he also invented the photo phone and phonograph. He was a teacher, teaching the hearing impaired. He also founded AT&T, The National Geographic Society, Bell Labs, Bell System, and Aerial Experiment Association. Alexander Graham Bell went to the University Edinburgh, Scotland in (1864 – 1865) and the University London, London England (1868 – 1870).

On August 2, 1922, Alexander Graham Bell died from pernicious anemia at the age of 75 years old.

Four Tips on How to "Behave" on Your Job Interview

You’ve done it. You’ve made it through the resume jungle. And you’ve finally secured an interview with a real live person. Knowing you only have 60 minutes, if you’re lucky, how do you create an impression in the hiring manager’s mind that you’re the right person for the job? How do you answer questions truthfully to represent the real you? And how do you do all this when the hiring manager is asking really lame questions? It easy-if you know how to “behave.”

“Behave” is a reference to the interviewing technique called behavioral interviewing. For years, behavioral interviewing techniques have helped hiring authorities discover the best candidates for their jobs. Now, using the knowledge of behavior interviewing, you can put your best foot forward during the job interview process. But first, a little background on behavioral interviewing.

Behavioral Interviewing

Behavioral interviewing is based on the premise that the best predictor of future behavior is past behavior. Managers ask questions based on the needs of the job and try to elicit specific examples of previous similar experience in order to project how the interviewee will perform in their position. Questions typically begin with phrases such as, “Tell me about a time when you…” or “Give me an example of how you…”

While the behavioral interviewing technique is extremely valuable, not all hiring managers know of or use the technique. But the good news is, whether you’re interviewing with a manager using behavioral interviewing techniques or a manager who is using less productive interview questions, you will be well advised to follow the points below.

These points are not about getting the job at any cost. That would be a disservice to you and to the employer. You absolutely need to be your authentic self when you interview. But, there is a way to paint a picture of yourself using past behaviors that will more faithfully portray who you are and how you work and create an image in the hiring managers mind about what it would look like to have you on their team.

Tip #1 – Use specific examples

Whether you’re asked a behavioral interviewing question or asked a non-behavioral interviewing, answer the question using specific examples.

o Give example of the projects you completed. If the project had a name, tell the interviewer the name of the project and give further explanation if the project name doesn’t adequately explain what the project was about.

o Provide details about what you actually did, especially if the project was a group assignment. Avoid using the word “we” so often that the hiring manager wonders if “you” actually did anything yourself on the project or merely coasted along on the coat tails of the other group members.

o Talk about what happened on the project-the good, the bad and the ugly. When things go well, life is great for all of us. But the reality is, life doesn’t always work out as we want and employers need to know how you handle circumstances when things go wrong. They want to know how you’ve resolved problems in the past so that they can ascertain if your style will work for them in the future.

o Describe the results. Successful managers are results oriented managers. They want to hear about the end results and what you learned. When you use examples, even if you’re not asked for them, you illustrate in concrete terms what you’ve done and how you’ve done it. The image you create helps that hiring manager envision you in the role he or she is trying to fill. That hiring manager is going to feel better about you as a candidate because you’ve given specific examples. They may not be able to put their finger on why, but they are going to like you better than another candidate who only gave general, generic answers.

Tip # 2 – Be honest

Simple advice? Yes. You will never go wrong being honest. Don’t answer the way you think the hiring manager wants you to answer. Answer with your experience and factors that are important to you. If how you solve problems and how you handle issues when things go wrong doesn’t work in the hiring manager’s company culture, you’re both better off knowing that up front and not taking that job. Trust me, there will be another company that is a good cultural fit for you. You want to hold out for finding that right fit. The right fit with the right company will lead to a better, more productive work experience for you and your employer.

Tip #3 – Prepare

Go through your career and make a list of your work history and the successes you’ve had. Rack your brain and come up with various examples. Remember the problems you had and how you overcame those obstacles. Look for examples of what you did well, of what you were proud of. Look specifically for examples that will appeal to the hiring manager in the industry that you are applying for. Invest time in remembering what you did and how you did it. The time invested will be well worth the effort when you present yourself competently and professional to that hiring manager.

Tip # 4 – Practice, practice, practice

Interviewing is a skill like any other skill. The more you do it, the more comfortable you’ll be in your own skin. Practice with people in your network. If you are attending support groups for job seekers, practice with someone else who is looking for a job. (Be sure to give them a copy of this article before you start.) Practice with friend or colleague. Ask a family member to help. Find a family friend who hires people and ask them to practice with you. Imagining what you will say is very different from actually saying it out loud. You need to hear questions asked and practice answering them aloud. Better to stumble over your words in a practice scenario and rethink how you want to say them than to stammer through the experience in front of the hiring manager.

How to Communicate Effectively with Difficult and Challenging Personalities

In an ideal world, employees, colleagues, and bosses would coexist with the most difficult and challenging personalities. However, we know that the ideal world can elude the most well intended among us. Knowledge gained from having tested the communications styles of more than 2,000 professionals in seven countries, is intended to provide helpful hints when communicating face-to-face with challenging personalities – inside or outside of the work environment. Knowing how to adjust your communications style will improve your ability to communicate effectively with difficult people.

Researchers, articulating the importance of personality and its influence on how people communicate, stress that every individual develops a primacy in one of four major behavioral functions: Controller, Analyzer, Supporter, or Promoter. Individuals tend to get along better with those whose communication style is similar to their own. Conversely, we have the most difficult time communicating and relating with someone who is in the exact opposite quadrant as ours. If you know your own communication style and the style of the other person, you are much better equipped to communicate in a manner that seems more open and trustworthy to the other person. As communication barriers start to fall, your ability to relate is enhanced because you are more in-sync with each other.

The study of the four personality types is not an attempt to “pigeon hole” anyone into a specific quadrant, but rather to provide information that will assist a person to align his or her communication with the communication style of the other person. The goal, then, is to assist us to be on the same “wave length” as the other person. The following will help you recognize each of these communications styles and assist you to present your message so that it will be acceptable to the other person.

Controller – The controller is a doer and often the driving force within an organization. This person leads others. He is characterized by emphasis on action and results. This person thrives on getting things done here and now. Just as the alpha dog must lead the pack, the controller must be first and must lead. Because he places high standards on himself and others, he is likely to be seen as constructively impatient and tireless.

When communicating or when working with the typical controller, be prepared to move fast and to be tested. Expect the controller to argue, interrupt, disagree, raise his voice, and challenge your thoughts. Keep in mind that this behavior is not an attack on you. The controller’s communications is not personal; it is just the way he or she is.

Analyzer – He is characterized by analysis, details, logic, and systematic inquiry, and being a bit stiff. This person functions in a steady, tenacious manner, finding great satisfaction in identifying a problem, weighing options carefully, and testing them to determine the best possible solution. The analyzer is of great value as a logical thinker who provides objectivity to a complex problem. Don’t expect him to be the life of the party, but he will show up on time!

When communicating with or when working with analyzers, be well organized, have details lined up, and plan each meeting carefully. Speak slowly as he processes information more carefully than most. Pause as you speak and ask questions to make sure you are both on the same page of your topic of discussion. One of the surest means for creating a communication barrier with the analyzer is to generalize. Remember: think specifics when communicating with the analyzer.

Supporter – A concern for people dominates the thinking and behavior of the supporter style. He is often sought out for his ability to empathize and for his patience with others during a time of crisis. An understanding listener, he can identify change in ways that reduce conflicting forces and increase the likelihood of cooperation and teamwork. A weakness among supporters is their tendency to become emotional, which may be viewed as a substitution for taking action. Of the four personality types, the supporter is the most likely to flinch – to back away – in a time of conflict.

Effective communication with the supporter is best achieved through an informal, open and personalized approach. Maintain ample physical space between yourself and the supporter type. While you can be enthusiastic, even somewhat aggressive when communicating with the controller, the supporter will balk at signs of aggressive communications.

Promoter – The big picture person has just arrived. The promoter style is characterized by heavy

emphasis on ideas, innovation, concepts, and long-range thinking. The promoter will challenge you – not because she is hostile – but because she has learned the value of constant probing to uncover new ideas.

A fast and deep thinker, she questions herself and others. She is not inclined to take things for granted. The promoter is seen as a leader and a visionary capable of seeing new possibilities that others do not sense. This is a person with a strong ego who can come across as “superior” and can be condescending in her communications. Quick thinking and a quick wit are characteristics of the promoter.

When communicating with the promoter, probe for her ideas and concepts. Ask questions of this person. Because so much of this individual’s ego is invested in what she does and how she does it, communicate your awareness of her ideas, plans, and most of all, her vision. Promoters love to talk about their plans. Let them have at it. Sit back and absorb.

Do you know your style and the styles of those with whom you are trying to communicate? Engage them knowing communications styles and when you do – your relationship with the challenging personality will change for the better.

How To Choose A Hospital?

Getting proper medical considerations is the expectation of all people to achieve fitness and health. You certainly want a comfortable healing facility isn’t it? Like most people, good hospital facilities participate in the healing process of patients. Additionally, if you have health insurance, you should know the hospital or dispensaries where medical treatment will be carried out as a reference. Sometimes all that is written in the insurance regulation is not in accordance with what you imagine in actual fact. Make sure the hospital has facilities in accordance with what you expect.

You should consider this thing before choosing a hospital:

– Whether the hospital getting a positive response from many people in every age? What if compared with other healing facilities located in the same area?

– Whether the doctors who work at the hospital have considerable experience in dealing with patients? Choosing a hospital facility is an important choice. Tragically, not all hospitals have a facility which allows you to smile because you are not satisfied with the service.

The quality benchmarks of the hospital facilities can be controlled by the reputation of hospital workers and condition of equipment in general. A few hospital facilities offer a complete packet of centers of excellence whereas different hospital might just offer lower packets. I also found that treatment service programs and health protection programs also have established a healing center as a center of excellence by considering the criteria established by the hospital.

Whether the waiting room is a boring place? Or make your stress? The answer depends on what facilities can be obtained from the waiting room. So, if you’re in the waiting room of a hospital for awaiting the results of the doctor’s diagnosis, you can assess about the completeness of the system, and you can make it as one of the considerations of your satisfaction ratings. You can discover what the healing facility offers for adult or kid groups. There may be adult/kids play groups. You can also retrieve information and assessments from people concerning the hospital.

Do you require hospitalization? Before you take this important decision, remember this thing there are great and there are awful facilities. Good hospital provides adequate facilities for hospitalization. You can rest comfortably during the healing period without being distracted from the unnecessary commotion. Usually there are hospitalizations rooms with the different classes, and with the different cost of that have been adjusted. If you use the insurance, make sure the inpatient facility had been covered in your insurance, and make sure that you really require hospitalization.

Every year, a large number of health facilities in the world to undergo an audit of the hospital facilities, including doctors. The audit is conducted to ensure technical and non technical functions of the hospital complies with the standards that have been set. Of course, this is a positive program because with this audit, the hospital can provide the maximum service to the society. Shockingly, no healing facility is perfect, but in the end you must choose one, which is best for you.

Other tips for choosing a good hospital for you are based on the type of disease that you are suffering. For example, public hospitals have a wider range than the specialist hospitals, such as cardiovascular hospital, lung hospital, or child hospital. Most specialists get to be specialists in light of the fact that they need to help those patients in need of healing. At the point when done appropriately, patient satisfaction survey is a vital procedure that helps heal centers and their specialists guarantee reliability, brilliant patient treatment. As a patient, you can also provide input to the hospital by completing the form satisfaction survey, it will provide objective feedback to improve services. There are various hospitals with varying costs, but make sure you choose a hospital that is appropriate to your need.


A  doctor  is a person, especially a physician, dentist or veterinarian trained in the healing arts and licensed to practice medicine. A physician has earned the highest academic degree awarded by a university. When referring to a physician, one usually prefaces the last name by “ doctor .” It is a title well earned, as medical school is notoriously difficult and laborious to complete successfully. Most people who enter med school never finish. This is an intentional facet of the system, which is designed so that only the best can survive in the health profession as a  doctor .

The Hippocratial standards. It is taken by newly graduated physicians to observe the ethical standards of their profession, specifically to seek to preserve life. This principle is based on a dedication to serving the interest of the patient. Altruism contributes to the trust that is central to the physician-patient relationship. Market forces, societal pressures, and administrative exigencies must not compromise this principle.

The best primary care  doctors  (the  doctors  you see for check-ups and referrals) are obviously competent and compassionate. Primary care  doctors  can be a family physician, a gynecologist (for a woman) and a pediatrician for children. This  doctor  will coordinate your medical history and refer you to a specialist if necessary.

The best way to find a  doctor  is by family and friend referrals or the yellow pages for possible names to research. There are also referral services available at many hospitals. Call your local hospital and ask if they have a  doctor’s  referral service.

Bio Helps Showcase Career Info

If you’re a job-seeker or a rising leader seeking your next choice opportunity, you’ve probably updated your resume and have prepared a well-targeted cover letter in preparation for your job search. Have you considered crafting a biography as well?

A professional biography, or bio, varying anywhere from one paragraph to one page, is a great way to showcase your career information in a crisp and concise way. Although traditionally crafted primarily for executive-level candidates, they have been growing in popularity across a broader spectrum of job seekers during this tight job market, where networking has played such a vital role in securing a new position.

Yes, resumes are a key component to your ultimate goal of landing your next job. However, resumes are best utilized when you are applying for a specific position. After all, that’s the purpose of a resume – to articulate your background, skills, abilities and credentials with the expectation of securing an interview.

Depending on your career background and aspirations, the following are a few reasons to seriously consider incorporating a bio into your job-search strategy:

It delivers a summary of your brand

A bio is designed as a brief yet powerful narrative of your career that can help diverse members of your target audience (such as managers, recruiters and networking contacts) to quickly grasp your value proposition and personal brand. A bio is a career-management version of a product value proposition statement – where you are the product.

It’s appealing

Because a bio is more succinct than a resume, this works to your benefit. When networking today, who has time to read a detailed resume? Written in the third person (for example, Mr. John Doe), and without the rigid structure of a resume, a bio is easily readable and lends itself toward a relaxed, conversational atmosphere. A bio gives you an opportunity to explain a bit about yourself in a disarming, effortless format.

It’s not intimidating

During a networking or exploratory conversation, your networking partner may equate receiving a resume with an application for a position that is nonexistent at the time. Contrary to the purpose of the meeting, such a tactic may result in having your contact recoil, because he cannot fulfill your expectation for employment. The resources and connections you were hoping to gain from the conversation may vaporize. A bio is far less intimidating and is also a great leave-behind document – especially for networking meetings and events.

It offers flexibility

Resumes may be dense with details, which can lead to information overload for some readers. A professional bio, on the other hand, employs a softer tone that is easy on the eyes while still delivering a compelling story.

As a general rule, the more senior-level and strategic the contact, the more likely your bio will capably suffice for networking or introductory purposes. In any event, depending on the position being pursued, seriously consider a bio as part of your job search strategy – not to replace your resume, but to complement it. Feel free to Google “sample professional bios” for examples.

Physical Therapy Rehabilitation

Victims of accidents or patients suffering from debilitating conditions have to be rehabilitated to help them function in day-to-day life. Physical therapy is required to help them regain mobility, acquire flexibility, and achieve balance and coordination. Very often, they have to be taught to walk again.

Physiatrists are doctors who engage in physical  rehabilitation . They are trained to treat disorders that affect the function of a patient and often succeed in bringing about miraculous recoveries where modern medicine alone may not. Through a combination of medication, exercises, and rehabilitative training, physiatrists help a patient improve daily function.

Conditions treated through rehabilitative therapy include permanent disabilities caused by accidents, strokes, brain injuries, spinal cord injuries, musculoskeletal disorders, and neuromuscular disorders. Such conditions usually have no cure, and  rehabilitation  is required to help the patient function optimally within the constraints of his disease.  Rehabilitation  involves identifying a patient’s residual capabilities and strengths and working on them to help make his daily life easier. It relies not just on physical therapy but on other factors such a motivation, environment, and the attitude and assistance of caregivers.

Physical therapy is a very effective method to help children cope with problems ranging from traumatic brain injuries to developmental delays and muscle weakness. Apart from providing relief from pain, physical therapy can also effectively help a child tackle daily activities. A physical therapist will use techniques such as strength training, stretching exercises, balance and coordination activities, electrical stimulation, and ultrasound therapies to help the child resume normal function.

Physical therapists are specially trained and usually function out of hospitals, fitness centers, or  rehabilitation  centers. More than 7,000 physicians specializing in physical medicine and  rehabilitation  are registered with The American Academy of Physical Medicine and  Rehabilitation . Physical therapy associations in various states will be able to provide a list of licensed practitioners in your area.

For millions of people across the world, rehabilitative physical therapy has helped enhance the quality of their lives and taught them to live with dignity again.

Dietary Supplements for Men

Where Do Men Fall Short Nutritionally?

According to studies by the United States Department of Agriculture, men age 30 to 50 should eat 350% more dark green vegetables every day and 150% more fruit per day in order to meet their nutritional needs. In fact, it is fairly common for even well-fed men to have some dietary deficiencies, though usually not severe enough to cause disease. Many men make up for this by taking dietary supplements.

Harvard Medical School conducted a health study of male doctors over 10 years to evaluate levels of vitamins C and E, beta carotene, and other vitamins. Though this study was inconclusive on the need for the average man to take vitamin and mineral supplements, it did conclude that beta carotene supplements can be beneficial to the brain if taken regularly for several years.

Another somewhat surprising finding is that many men do not get enough vitamin D and calcium. There has been so much emphasis on the importance of these for women of all ages that people sometimes forget that men need to get sufficient calcium and vitamin D as well. Osteoporosis is rarer in men than in women, but men can get the disease too. Men who avoid dairy products due to lactose intolerance or attempts to restrict calories could be missing out. Dietary supplements containing calcium can help.

Ensuring the Best Diet Comes First

Most doctors and nutritionists say that getting the recommended vitamins and minerals from foods is the healthiest option because getting the full benefit of these nutrients may depend on interactions between the various components that make up the foods. For example, strawberries are rich not only in vitamin C, but also in other micronutrients that help the vitamin C be absorbed and utilized better.

Because men tend to consume enough in the way of meat to ensure that they get enough iron, and because men do not have the problem of losing iron every month as women of childbearing age do, men usually consume more than adequate amounts of iron to ensure that they do not become anemic. Anemia in men is often caused by problems other than inadequate iron intake.

Supplementation is Sometimes Necessary

Men who have a difficult time having a balanced diet can improve their body’s functioning through dietary supplements, though they should not be thought of as a substitute for having a healthy diet. Men’s supplements should not contain iron, however, because most men get plenty. A daily multivitamin can be a good backstop program for the man who wants to eat well but knows that he sometimes falls short.

How to Come Up With Effective Clinic KPI

There is a truism that goes “anything that cannot be measured is unmanageable”. And it has never been truer today. In a world of fierce competition, every company that runs on profit should measure the effectiveness and success rate of every aspect in the business. This statement holds true also for clinics, hospitals, and other medical facilities. The same strategy that helped manufacturers and common businesses thrive has now become a major business operational tool for the medical industry, particularly for clinic management and customer service evaluation. The use of key performance indicators and metric systems for medical facilities is not for revenue purposes only, but also for clinical standards. Indeed, the use of clinic KPI is fast becoming a standard for medical business operation.

At a glance, one might say that it is easy to measure the performance of a clinic through sanitation and involvement in charity projects. In reality, there is more to just measuring cleanliness and active participation in community works. Government health authorities require clinics to comply with the national standards or accreditation tests. One purpose of clinic key performance indicators then is to see how compliant the clinic is towards obtaining government accreditation. Facilities, which do not have sufficient equipment, will not receive accreditation from the government. The government pursues this so that all clinics will provide the same health care quality across all markets.

And since government health authorities mandate stringent compliance to the accreditation tests, most clinics base and refer their key performance indicators on the accreditation levels. There are also other accrediting bodies, which are independent of the government. They may provide KPI basis for clinics. Either way, clinics should align their services and products satisfactorily to the requirements of the accreditation bodies.

Safety should always be at the top priority of clinics. This is precisely why clinics should provide not only clean but also conducive environment for the patients. There should also be sufficient and well-qualified clinic staff that will attend to the needs of the customers. Safety also covers medical prescription and administration. A sample KPI in this subject may include the evaluation of cases when patients suffer from over dosages. A review of medicine administration, dosaging, and successful treatments, is another possible KPI.

Interviewing present and previous patients may also help provide possible key performance indicators. Even questionnaires, surveys, and evaluation forms are resources that will help clinic managers come up with practical KPIs. Complaints like late administration of drugs or unaccommodating staff may call for a few changes in the clinic.

The clinic manager may also draw possible key performance indicators from the facility itself. Questions like “is there enough space for every patient”; “does the clinic sufficiently allow patient visitors”, “and is the clinic properly ventilated” can provide hints on what the clinic can do to improve its services.

Sales and accounting may be the least metrics that managers can include in the clinic KPI. Nevertheless, clinic managers should give importance to these financial aspects since this is where the blood of clinical operation runs. Clinic operators, therefore, should consider safety, accreditation compliance, and financial administration in order to come up with a balanced, functional, and results-driven scorecard system.