Pirate Riddles

There are many games kids can play for events, birthdays and at family gatherings. One of the best games is Pirate Riddles. This is a form of a treasure hunt game. Although there are many variations to pirate themes, there is bound to be a pirate treasure hunt that can please any age group of children.

There is one game that I, as a mother of a ten year old, did for my son’s birthday. It was an extremely successful game and all of the kids loved it and had fun.

To do this game, you will need a printer. Go online and make copies of the same pirate map for all of the children. Once the maps have been printed out, make cut outs for the names of the “towns” or “shores” that are landmarked on the pirate ship. Each child that is to play is the amount of print outs of the towns and or shores that is on the map. (For example, ten children are playing. That means ten each of the towns and sites of the landmarked areas on the main pirate map are to be made up). Place a dual copy of each site of the map with an adult who is willing to assist in the game at strategic areas of the home or park. On the back of each landmark print out for the children, are clues to the next landmark on the main map. Each of these clues is to include one or two pirate riddles that will go with the clue to the next site or area of the main map. When the planning ahead of time for the game has been done, placing where the fake landmarks are and clues that have been written on the backs of each printout, designate each child to a Character of a pirate movie. For example, the birthday boy was the captain of his ship. The rest of the children were other characters of the ship, such as cabin boy, Lady Esmeralda, captain’s foreman and so forth, until each child has a main character. Print out those characters to give to each separate child.

When each child comes to the landmarked site which is from the main pirate map, an adult is to give that child the new clue marked with their special character so as to not get anyone mixed up. They are to receive the next clue and a small prize for each clue landmark they figure out. At the end of the game, the birthday boy then had one extra clue, to find with everyone’s help the main treasure box that the pirate loot was hidden. (The chest can contain candy, fake gold coins and necklaces). Play one last game within a pirate riddles game of treasure hunt, Huckle Buckle Bean Stalk. When the children are searching for the main pirate chest, use hot or cold signals (hot being near the loot, cold being far from the loot and warm being close but not quite near), for the children to find that last big treasure chest. In the end the children will have both pirate loot and lots of fun!

How Many People Die an Hour Smoking?

Recently, the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) embarked on a major 50 state anti-smoking effort. The thrust of the program is to enhance public education and to develop a national anti-smoking policy. Simply stated, the goal is to reduce the death count (and related illnesses) from smoking in the United States. Currently some 444,000 people die annually from direct and indirect tobacco diseases.

Men still dominate the statistics with about 270,000 fatalities per year (averaged between 2000 and 2004); female deaths totaled 174,000 during the same period.

This means that during an average 10-year period, nearly 4.5 million people in the U.S. alone will die prematurely due to the use of cigarettes.

Results globally are equally staggering. According to a study led by researchers at the University of Queensland and the Harvard School of Public Health, around 5 million people died from smoking-related causes in 2000. Men were even more likely than women to succumb to smoking-related diseases. In developing countries, for example, more than 80 percent of deaths were among men.

While these numbers are impressive, consider adjusting them to an hourly time frame. Using an average of 365.25 days per year (incorporating leap years), an average year has 8766 hours. This means that almost 51 people die due to smoking every hour in the U.S. That’s about one person every minute.

Globally, the smoking-related death toll is around 570 people per hour or almost 10 people per minute.

Smoking does more than kill, however. Statistics amassed by the American Cancer Society (ACS) and others show that smoking brings along many other negatives (e.g., reduced quality of life, shortened life spans, loss of productivity, increased sick days, greater risk of heart and lung disease and increased risks associated with pregnancy and childhood illnesses).

In fact, in 2000, the CDC estimates that about 8.6 million people were suffering from at least one chronic disease due to current or former smoking. Many of these people were actually suffering from more than one smoking-related condition – chronic bronchitis, emphysema, heart attacks, strokes, and cancer.

Thus, the efforts to curtail smoking are based on a solid health footing.

But, the CDC anti-smoking effort provides other insight into smoking across the U.S. Using a “smoking prevalence” index (the percentage of people in each state who have smoked at least 100 cigarettes in their lifetime and currently smoke regularly), the CDC found that the region from the Great Lakes to the Mississippi-Alabama Gulf Coast and from the Appalachians to the Mississippi River fared the worst. West Virginia topped the scales at 26.5 percent. But, Indiana (26 percent), Kentucky (25.2 percent), Missouri (25 percent) and Oklahoma (24.7 percent) led the Nation. Utah (9.3 percent) and California (14 percent) had the lowest smoking incidence.

Many of the lowest smoking states used one or more of the stop/prevent smoking strategies that the CDC has outlined in the past. These include increasing the price of tobacco products, enacting and enforcing smoke-free laws, curtailing tobacco advertising and promotion, enacting anti-smoking media campaigns, limiting access to tobacco products and encouraging and offering assistance to smokers to quit.

Further testimony to reducing cigarette use is linked to groups that promote nonsmoking as part of their religion. Mormons and Seventh-day Adventists have much lower rates of lung and other smoking-related cancers than most other groups

Quitting pays generous dividends, too. The CDC notes that the risk of developing most smoking illnesses lowers the longer one quits and younger one is when they do quit. In fact, people who stop smoking at younger ages gain the greatest benefits. Quitting by age 35 eliminates 90% of the risk due to tobacco use. Still, as the CDC notes, “The argument that ‘it is too late to quit smoking because the damage is already done,’ is not true.”

The message is clear – smoking is hazardous to your life; quitting (or never starting) is better for you, your loved ones, your friends and your co-workers.

The Importance of Hand Grip Testing

In order to become a Sheriff or Police Officer, applicants undergo a hand grip strength test using a hand dynamometer and must exceed a minimum score in both dominant and non-dominant hand.

Recent studies have shown that grip strength is a good predictor for identifying populations at higher risk for heart disease and stroke.

In professional sports, hand grip strength is a predictor of many forms of muscular strength – including both upper/lower body strength and muscular endurance.

The how to measure hand strength accurately is important in all of these examples. One important element in achieving accurate results when measuring hand grip strength is a strict adherence to testing protocols. The other element that is crucial when measuring hand grip strength is choosing the best hand dynamometer.

When looking for a hand dynamometer for our physical therapy clinic we had some parameters in mind. We wanted a hand dynamometer that was:

  1. Easy to use and read results
  2. Had applicable software capabilities to store results and create comparisons
  3. Had WiFi capability in order to use in any area of the clinic

When researching we found that the MicroFET 2 met all of our criteria and we use it across a diverse set of physical therapy populations.

Some of the therapy populations the MicroFET 2 can be used for are:

  • Stroke patients: Studies have shown that hand strength is a good indicator of arm function. Using a hand dynamometer, we’re able to find a baseline and track progress.
  • Rheumatoid Arthritis: Rheumatoid Arthritis is a disease associated with functional anomalies of the hands and a consequent reduction in muscular strength. As with stroke patients, it’s important to establish a baseline of strength and track treatment progress.
  • Heart Disease: A study, Effects of Isometric Exercise on Cardiac Performance, published in the American Heart Association Journals, found that measuring hand strength while a patient performs an isometric exercise (sustained handgrip) provides an evaluation of left ventricular reserve.
  • Carpal Tunnel: Grip strength can be dramatically reduced by Carpal Tunnel Syndrome and testing can help confirm diagnosis. After a patient has had carpal tunnel surgery, it’s important to evaluate hand grip strength in order to asses and accurately track progress in physical therapy.
  • Thoracic Outlet Syndrome: When patients are experiencing symptoms associated with Thoracic Outlet Syndrome, it’s important to test using a hand grip strength test to evaluate the hands for evidence of muscular atrophy and weakness.

When evaluating hand grip strength, it’s important to have a reliable tool that helps not only test but track results. The MicroFET 2 is one of those tools that are invaluable when it comes to diagnosing, treating and tracking progress in physical therapy. For patients also, knowing they’ve made progress is vital to their continued compliance and commitment to treatment. The accurate test results and progress details provided by the MicroFET 2 keep patients and practitioners on the same page.

Modern Physical Therapy Choices Include Infrared Body Wraps

Did you know there are many choices for the type of treatment you receive in physical therapy? Not only do you have a choice of which physical therapist to see, you can also opt for a number of newer treatments that can quickly make you feel great again. Here’s what you need to know about modern physical therapy and which therapist to choose.

The Need for Physical Therapy is Increasing

You may have noticed that the number of physical therapy facilities is growing by leaps and bounds. That’s no accident; Americans are participating more in sports and other physical activities and more often injuring themselves. In fact, the Bureau of Labor Statistics is forecasting that the number of physical therapy practices will grow by almost a third over the course of the next three years. And while they used to be found mainly in hospital settings, many physical therapists now work out of their own offices, providing more flexible hours and services.

Today’s typical patient is a weekend warrior; someone with a desk job during the week who overdoes it on the weekend either playing sports or working around the house. Professional athletes and senior citizens with joint and/or back pain are also frequently referred to physical therapists. But did you know that even common ailments, such as a lack of balance or knee pain, can also be helped by physical therapy?

Who Should You See?

If you rely only on the recommendation of your physician, you could incur extra charges. This is because many doctors refer patients to physical therapists who practice in a physician-owned center. Is this a conflict of interest? Definitely! Not only do their services usually cost more, patients are limited by the types of therapies offered in these clinics.

Prior restrictions on this type of practice, known as “Stark” laws, were reversed in 2007. Although doctors claim this helps them provide better overall care for their patients, it doesn’t always result in the injured receiving the best physical therapy for the value.

If you have been injured and physical therapy is ordered to help you recover, it’s important to know you have a choice. All you need is a prescription.

What Type of Therapy Can You Expect?

Physical therapy is efficacious for a variety of ailments and there are just as many treatments available as there are types of injuries. These can range from simple exercises and stretching routines to more sophisticated, machinery-driven treatments for muscle rehab.

One of the newest forms of physical therapy involves a far infrared ray (FIR) body wrap system. Through the use of FIR directly on the affected parts of the body, patients get almost immediate and often long-lasting relief for a number of ailments. The gentle infrared heat, which is topically applied through a wrap, relaxes the body while loosening stiff joints while improving circulation. It is often used prior to therapeutic exercise to loosen and prepare the joints, or after therapy, to relieve muscle aches and pains.

When you are injured or your aches and pains don’t go away within a week or so, you may need physical therapy to regain total health. Remember that you have a choice when it comes to practitioners and you have a choice when it comes to the type of therapy involved. Ask your physical therapist if he or she incorporates an infrared body wrap known for its safe healing properties.

Causes of Groundwater Pollution

The risk of groundwater pollution is increasing both from the disposal of water materials and from the widespread use by industry and agriculture of potentially polluting chemicals in the environment.

Groundwater pollution can occur either as discrete, point sources (e.g. from landfills), or from the wider, more diffuse use of chemicals, such as the application to and fertilizers and pesticides and the deposition of airborne pollutants in heavily industrialized regions.

Changes in groundwater quality may result from direct or indirect anthropogenic activities. Direct influence occurs as a result of the introduction of natural or artificial substances derived from human activities into groundwater. Indirect influences are those changes in groundwater quality caused by human interference with hydrological, physical and biochemical processes, but without the addition of substances.

The main contaminants of groundwater are heavy metals, organics chemicals, fertilizers, bacteria and viruses. The enormous range of contaminants encounter in groundwater reflects the wide range of human economic activities in the world. The major activities generating contaminants are associated with agricultural, mining, industrial and domestic sectors.

Transport Of Contaminants In Groundwater

The subsurface movement of contaminants is influenced by the moisture content of the unsaturated zone and the volume of groundwater flow in the saturated zone below the water table width of which are determined by climatic and topographic parameters.

The fundamental physical processes controlling the transport of non-reactive contaminants are advection and hydrodynamic dispersion. Advection is the component of solute movement attributed to transport by the flowing groundwater Hydrodynamic dispersion occurs as a result of mechanical mixing and molecular diffusion.

The significance of the dispersive processes is to decrease the contaminant concentration with distance from the source. The idea of homogeneous aquifer in which the hydrogeological properties do not vary in space is a simplification of the real situation in nature. Heterogeneities within the aquifer lithology will create pattern of solute movement considerably different from that predicted by the theory for homogeneous material.

Reactive substances behave similarly to non-reactive substances, but can also undergoes change in concentration resulting from chemical reactions that take place either in the aqueous phase or as a result of adsorption of the solute to the solid matrix of the rock. The chemical and biochemical reactions that can alter contaminant concentrations in groundwater are acid-based reactions solution precipitation reactions, oxidation reduction reactions ion pairing of complexation microbiological processes and radioactive decay, adsorption attenuates, or retards a dissolved contaminant in groundwater.

The processes of advection, dispersion and retardation all influence the pattern of contaminant distribution away from the pollution source. If a pollution sources contains multiple solutes and occurs within a heterogeneous aquifer than there will be a number of contaminant fronts and the morphology of the

resulting plume will be very complex indeed. Consequently prediction of the pollution front will be very difficult.

In fractured media, aquifer properties are spacially variable and are controlled by the orientation and frequency of fractures. Information relating to contaminant migration in fractured rocks is limited. A common approach in field investigations is to treat the problem as if it were a granular medium. When contaminant concentration between the mobile groundwater in the fracture and the static water in the adjacent rock matrix. Under this condition, part of the contaminant mass will migrate by molecular diffusion from the fracture into the matrix, so effectively removing it from the flowing groundwater.

7 Secrets to Grow Taller Naturally and Increase Height – Exposed

If you want to grow taller naturally then you have to pay attention to some secrets. Lack of information and communication often makes a person miss the opportunity to gain height. There is a general tendency to assume that height is determined by hereditary factor. And his tendency results in a missed opportunity to attain the maximum potential height increase.

The smarter folks browse through the Internet to gain access to all these height growth techniques and make maximum use of the amazing techniques. However for a common user of computer and Internet, the available information becomes too much. The purpose of this article is to present to you all the key secrets to grow taller naturally in this article.

1) The most important factor for height growth is a hormone in your body that fuels growth. This is a vital ingredient for growing taller for boys and girls who have not yet attained puberty. Having proper balanced diet and some exercises can enhance production of this hormone. This hormone is known as the human growth hormone (HGH).

2) Having a balanced diet along with supplements that provide calcium can help in strong and long bones. You very well know that calcium is extremely important for bones. This is a key factor for height increase that people ignore.

3) Maintaining proper body weight can help you grow taller naturally and increase height. Obesity will put excess pressure on the bones and compress them. So maintain an optimum body weight based on your age and present height.

4) High intensity exercises like sprinting, rope skipping and weight lifting can help to increase height. These exercises cause micro fracture of bones. And micro fractured bones heal extremely fast and help in adding height.

5) Posture correction and elongation of spinal disks can add few inches of height very easily. This can be achieved by performing yoga and other stretching exercises that help in posture correction and spine elongation. Regular practice will help you increase height fast.

6) It is also possible to grow taller naturally by increasing the length of your knee bones and thighbones. These bones can be elongated by application of weights to the ankle. Alternately cycling with weights attached to the ankle can also help. However these two bones can only contribute moderately in terms of height increase.

7) The most important factor that can really enhance the process to grow taller naturally and increase height is proper rest and sleep. It is only when you rest properly your body actually grows. This is a fact that not many studious boys and girls realize.

Knee Arthritis Treatment

What you need to know about arthritis of the knee.

The most common form of arthritis in the knee:

The most active type of arthritis in the knee is osteoarthritis. This is where the disease causes a gradual deterioration of the cartilage in the joint, resulting in swelling, sometimes excruciating pain and loss of mobility.

The most likely affected:

Most at risk are women over 50 who are overweight. A hereditary link also seems to be a factor, plus men or women who have experienced fracture to the bone near the joint, a ligament injury or a meniscus tear.

Symptoms associated with knee arthritis:

There is no typical progression of pain as this disease worsens. Weather can play a key factor so cold symptoms can be particularly difficultly in winter months, while summer days can be remarkably easy on the knees but that doesn’t mean the arthritis is in remission.

Time is the key factor in measuring its progress along with constant monitoring through x-rays and blood tests.

Most reported symptoms:

  • Bow legs or knock-knees.
  • Discomfort when active.
  • Restricted movement.
  • Joint inflammation.
  • A sensation which feels like the joint might “pop out”.

There are three ways to treat knee arthritis, you can treat the symptoms, have surgery or you can treat the cause – which ideally will fix if not put the disease in to remission.

Treatments for the symptoms of arthritis in the knee:

First things first and that’s to go and get a physical examination and an x-ray. A second evaluation is also not a bad idea also as early stages of osteoarthritis can often go undiagnosed.

Each case should be valued on its own merit, so do not interpret this article as a definitive guide for treating arthritis in this region, it merely serves to highlight the practices that patients and practitioners generally follow today.


You won’t find this endorsed on About.com but acupuncture has to be one of the fastest and more effective methods for acute and serious cases of osteoarthritis, yet it can still be practiced on less damaged joints.

Prof Dr Anton Jayasuriya’s methods while often frowned upon in the West, is an art of acupuncture which dates back centuries and is reported to provide instant and permanent relief.

It can reduce the swelling, relieve a patient from pain by up to 80% and provide almost sudden mobility.

Four needles are inserted in to specific stress points – not just points of acupuncture – to a certain depth, then heated till they glow piping red, then gently and swiftly removed one by one.

This practice is repeated 2 to 3 times a day until the swelling has all but disappeared and the pain has relinquished.

Once the course of treatment is complete it is stated to be permanent.

Soothing oils and warming pads are then used by the patient at home to complete the treatment.

Acupuncture does not treat the deterioration of the joint directly, but rather the pain inflammation and lack of movement – the symptoms.

Anti-Inflamatory Prescription Drugs

These have provided the earliest breakthrough in the West for an initial pain release but the effects these have on your body now that they’ve been on the market for more than two decades, are coming to light.

Prolonged usage of theses NSAID’s as they’re known have shown to have a debilitating effect on the liver, kidneys and heart, so before deciding to take a quick fix for the inflammation and pain, make sure you lay out what initial health problems you may have with your doctor so the prescription won’t conflict with your current medication.

Physical Therapy & Relaxation

Physical therapy and controlled periods of relaxation both help strengthen the muscle around the joint, lightening its burden and reducing the stress.

Meditation, sleep and hypnotherapy are all forms of relaxation that can reduce the amount of pain you’re experiencing in your knee and exercise will prevent atrophy of the leg muscles.

Arthritis Surgery

If the disease has simply become unbearable in pain and has left you almost immobile, then surgery today is the last resort.

a) Knee Osteotomy

This is effectively for only young patients who have caught the disease early on and have had a total knee replacement.

b) An Unicompartmental Knee Replacement

Or simply known as a partial knee replacement, this again is for a small surgical replacement of the knee when the disease is limited and this is more common among middle to elderly aged patients.

c) Total Knee Replacement

Now that the joint can no longer function the will be the last resort where a plastic and metal implant is fitted in to the knee.

Treatments to Influence Remission of Arthritis in the Knee

a) Biologically Injected Medications

Cortisone injections which ooze the pain and reduce the swelling are much safer and more beneficial than NSAID’s, and while they won’t influence remission, you can safely take additional joint supplements without any side-effects that can help treat this disease.

b) Joint Supplements and Non-Prescription Treatments

Glucosamine is still lacking in research data, but it is showing signs that it may help the remission process of arthritis in the knee.

Additional non-prescription natural treatments include active compounds found in Capsaicun, Tonkat Ali, Omega 3 Acids and Reishi.

These ingredients not only treat inflammation effectively, they also naturally help block the pain signals being sent from the joint to the brain.

More importantly they assist in rebuilding the cartilage.

Now dry and deteriorated from this disease, these are just some of the ingredients when taken regularly in high concentrations that can help the cartilage function better.

Cod liver oil tablets have for years been used to free up stiff joints for mild arthritis of the knees, but now research over the last decade has given birth to new supplements that not just treat the symptoms but fight it.

Dealing With Information Overload – 5 Quick Tips

There is a term that is used to describe what happens when you do not know how to deal with information overload:   Paralysis  by Analysis. It refers to being so overwhelmed by all of the information you are dealing with that you become unable to act. You spend so much time sifting through the information that nothing actually gets accomplished.

In this era of instant information, learning how to deal with information overload is a necessary skill. It can help you be more creative, more productive, and will also reduce the stress you have to deal with.


The first ting that you will need to do is set up some sort of method to organize the information that you are collecting. The better you are at keeping the information in some sort of organized structure, the easier it will be to use that information when you need it.

For instance, if you are working on a project that involves internet marketing, you can organize information by On-Page SEO, Article Marketing, PPC Campaigns, etc. This will give you a structure that will let you find that information without having to go back through everything you have collected.


Once you have a collection of information you will need to start to assess which pieces of information are most important. If there is information you need that is critical to getting your project under way, it would have a higher priority than the information that will come later.

One Step at a Time

Every large task can be accomplished by breaking it down into smaller pieces. It is like the joke that asks, “How do you eat an elephant?” The answer: “One bite at a time.”

Every piece of information is not going to be relevant to every task. As you begin to break the project down into manageable tasks you will get a clearer idea of what pieces of information you will need at each step. This will help you to further refine your organization of the information, and will help you keep it manageable.

Set a Schedule

The next step is to set a schedule that will allow you to accomplish the tasks you have identified.. As you work on each task you can pull up the relevant information that will help you accomplish that task. Once the task is completed the information can be stored away for later reference if necessary.

Do Not Over Analyze

It is important that you do not over-collect or over-analyze the information you are working with. The good and bad thing about the internet is that there is always more information available. You can use that information as an excuse to continue to gather more info.

Unfortunately that non stop gathering of information will keep you from ever beginning your project. At some point you are going to have be satisfied with the information you have, and then put that information to use. Once you have started the project and you find you need additional information, you can always go back to find what you need.

If you do not learn how to deal with information overload you are going to find yourself under a lot of unnecessary stress. Once you do learn to work with that information in an organized way, you will find your productivity increasing greatly.

Alternative Methods of Treatment – Acupuncture

The interest in alternative medicine is on the rise. Within the list of unconventional therapies, one of them stands out, highlighted by the fact that is one of the most common and most studied method to treat different illnesses.

This therapy is based upon the oriental medicine conception according to which there is a vital energy that circulates throughout the body, called Qi. This energy circulates through specific channels known as meridians that connect all major organs. According to this eastern theory, disease occurs when the qi of the meridian is affected. Acupuncture is the stimulation of certain points to get the desired effect. It’s a procedure that involves fine, long needles that are inserted into the body in specific locations to help relieve the pain. Since its development, this practice has become known worldwide and Western countries are becoming more and more interested in trying out and providing this kind of alternative treatment.

Acupuncture treats the body as a whole, and not just the illness itself. Acupuncture does wonders in treating headaches and is highly recommended to be associated with herbs that are known to relieve this kind of pain, herbs such as dandelion and rosemary. Without plants like these, acupuncture might have a temporary effect.

Sessions vary depending on the patient’s situation. Every individual is unique, so the number of sessions, their frequency and duration are set according to each case. While lighter symptoms may disappear even after the first session, it takes more than one to cure severe forms of illnesses. Acupuncture may look painful, but it’s actually not, pain isn’t greater then a mosquito sting. However, if the patient experiences a more intense pain, that means the doctor has found points that are blocked and require immediate attention.

Although it’s a very old procedure, dating around 2,000 B.C., it was not until the 21 century that acupuncture took its place as one of the leading types of alternative medicine.

Acupuncture is risk free and doesn’t have an age limit. It is also recommended for pregnant women, especially if they experience difficulties during pregnancy. The needles however mustn’t be applied on skin areas that are affected by eczema or that are bruised or damaged in any way.

Achieving good results through acupuncture also happens in cosmetics and the aesthetics field: great in facial treatments, rejuvenating the skin tissue, fights against wrinkles, cellulite and stretch marks.

Chinese acupuncture is also recommended in more severe cases like obesity, rheumatism, skin allergies, arthritis, warts, benign and malignant breast nodules, disorders of sexual dynamics – impotence, erection disorders and frigidity infertility, liver diseases, hernias, nerve damage, stress, anxiety, insomnia, depression, low immunity etc.

Acupuncture combined with phototherapy heals any kind of illness.

Acupuncture not only heals and relieves pain, but it’s also a good prevention method, assuring and maintaining a healthy body.

There is a great amount of studies that have been conducted upon the success of acupuncture in treating different health conditions, many of which were concentrated in demonstrating its effectiveness in relieving headaches.

In 2002, the Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine published a clinical observation involving 50 patients with different types of migraines, which were treated through acupuncture applied to the scalp. Findings were amazing, proving that 98% of the patients no longer complained of migraines and had only mild or occasional pain during the six months that followed.

Acupuncture needles are made of copper, silver, gold, platinum. The more noble the metal, the better at achieving accurate information.

Aqua Therapy

Aqua therapy is perhaps the oldest technique of treating the ailments. This form of therapy involves the use of water for comforting pains and treating diseases. The active agent in the treatment of ailments actually being heat and cold and water plays the role of carrier only.

The use of aqua therapy has been found in many ancient civilizations. Egyptians used to take baths with essential oils and flowers, while Romans had shared public baths for their citizens. Hot water springs can improve health by increasing circulation of the body is a long accepted fact. Hippocrates prescribed bathing in spring water for cure. A Dominican monk, Sebastian Kneipp, again revived aqua therapy during the 19th century. Currently, aqua therapy is being used to treat arthritis, burns, spasticity, ankylosing spondylitis, musculoskeletal disorders, spinal cord injuries and stroke patients with paralysis.

Heat and cold treatments are applied through Packings, hot and cold, general and local, sweating and cooling; hot air and steam baths; general baths, of hot water and cold water; sitz, spinal, head and foot baths; bandages – wet and dry; also fomentations and poultices, hot and cold, sinapisms, stupes, rubbings and hot and cold water potations.

The full packing consists of a wet sheet enveloping the body, with several dry blankets packed tightly over it. In an hour or less packings are removed and a general bath administered. The pack is a derivative, sedative, sweat generative and stimulator of cutaneous secretion. There are also local packs for trunk, limbs or head. Hot air baths or saunas, where exposure is provided from twenty minutes up to two hours according to the effect sought, and afterwards followed by a general bath. It establishes the blood to the body surface, reducing internal congestions, is a potent diaphoretic, and, through the extremes of heat and cold, is an effective nervous and vascular stimulant and tonic. Morbid growths and secretions, as also the uraemic, gouty and rheumatic diathesis, are beneficially influenced by it. General baths includes the rain, spray, shower, shallow and plunge, douche, wave and common morning sponge baths. Local baths includes the sitz, douche, spinal, foot and head baths of hot or cold water, singly or in combination, successive or alternate. The application of cold by Leiters tubes is effective for reducing inflammation. Compresses are of two kinds-cooling, of wet material left exposed for evaporation, used in local inflammations and fevers; and heating, of the same, covered with waterproof material, used for short or long periods. Poultices, warm, of bread, linseed, bran are identical in action with the heating bandage.

The warm water decreases pain, muscle guarding, tension and anxiety. The unique characteristics of water include resilience, support and accepting resistance. This uniqueness augments work out and causes a safe environment for progressive therapy. Aqua therapy is Beneficial for Patients Recovering from sports and work related injuries which require rapid rehabilitation, lower end fractures with internal fixation, rheumatic disorders including rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis, and fibromyalgia, lumbar strain, sciatic and degenerative disc disease, post-operative lumbar laminectomy and osteotomy patients etc.

There are many Reasons to use Aqua therapy as it offers Buoyancy, Reduces pain & muscle spasms, increases range of motion, increases repose, increases circulation in the body and affected area, decreases swelling, reduces healing time, improves cardiovascular conditioning, allows freedom of mobility to patients.

Aqua therapy is the best alternative for certain types of patients who cannot withstand other types of physical therapies; aqua therapy can provide distinct advantages. Aqua therapy motivates individuals to choose swimming or water exercise as a lifetime sport for maintaining general health and fitness. Often traditional physical therapy is delayed because patients cannot tolerate weight-bearing activities. The use of aqua therapy enables the therapist to activate their patient’s activities of daily living in the shortest time period possible. Use of aqua therapy as a high velocity work out can help build muscle endurance and strength, cardiovascular health, coordination and endurance. Resistance of water is 5 to 45 times greater than resistance of air, depending on the speed of movement. This fact offer water as a natural and immediately adaptable weigh training mechanism. The unique properties of water enable heart to work more efficiently. Thus, maintaining a lower blood pressure and better circulation of blood.

1967 GTO For Sale

The Pontiac division of General Motors introduced the GTO (Gran Turismo Omologato) in 1964. The GTO survived a relatively brief but eventful span that included 11 model years and 3 vehicle generations. GM did eventually manage to re-launch the Pontiac GTO in 2004 through Holden, an Australian subsidiary, but that amounted to an uninspired three-year period that failed to capture the public’s imagination.

The original 1964 GTO was an option package on the Pontiac LeMans, available as either a convertible, hardtop coupe, or a 2-door coupe. The Tempest line, which included the GTO, was restyled for 1965 so that the car was longer and produced more power. In 1966, the intermediate line underwent a redesign again. Pontiac gave the Tempest the Coke-bottle body shape that was sweeping the American automotive landscape at the time.

The 1967 GTO for sale marked the final model year of that first generation, and this important because the differences between the first and second generations would be dramatic. The following year the Pontiac GTO would adopt the A-body that would serve as the basis for other notable GM muscle cars, such as the Chevrolet Chevelle and El Camino. GM would also use a variation of the A-body as the basis for the Monte Carlo introduced in 1970.

The 1967 GTO for sale came available in three body styles. Pontiac sold 65,000+ hardtops, 9,500+ convertibles, and 7,000+ sport coupes. Visually, Pontiac made the 1967 GTO for sale distinct from its predecessors by replacing the louver-covered taillights with eight separate taillights, four on each side. In addition, the grille now contained chrome, Pontiac had moved the GTO emblems to the chrome rocker panels, and Rally II wheels with colored lug nuts were available as an option.

The 1967 GTO for sale also underwent mechanical changes that stood it apart. Pontiac replaced the Tri-Power carburetion system with an all-new four-barrel Rochester Quadrajet carburetor. The 389 V8 that was available the three previous years got a wider cylinder bore so that the   displacement  was now 400 cubic-inches (6.6 L). This new engine was available in three configurations: economy, standard, and high output.

The economy edition used a two-barrel carburetor instead of the Rochester Quadrajet, which limited it to 255 horsepower and 397 pound-feet of torque at 4400 rpm. The standard version of the engine, which did use the Rochester Quadrajet, produced 335 horsepower at 5000 rpm and 441 pound-feet at 3400 rpm. The high output engine traded a minute amount of torque for a great deal of power. It hammered out 360 horsepower at 5100 rpm and 438 pound-feet of torque at 3600 rpm.

Emission controls are present on the engines of GTOs that GM sold in California. In addition, like all vehicles at that time, the GTO received new safety equipment, which a recent federal law had mandated. This new equipment included four-way emergency flashers, an energy-absorbing steering wheel and steering column, a padded instrumentation panel, and non-protruding control knobs.

In addition, Pontiac replaced the two-speed automatic transmission with the TH-400, a three-speed Turbo-Hydramatic transmission. This new transmission included the Hurst Performance Dual-Gate shifter, which allowed for either automatic or manual shifting. Front disc brakes were available as an option for the first time.

Like all cars of this time, the Pontiac GTO is prone to rust, so the enthusiast in the market for a 1964 GTO for sale should pay particular attention to this aspect. However, purchasing a GTO at or around $10,000 will likely involve purchasing a GTO that requires substantial bodywork.

Find The Cause Of The Sciatica

Sciatica is a type of   neuralgia  where the sciatic nerve is damaged or affected, which can result in a deep pain down the leg as well as weakness, numbing or tingling. It can often be very uncomfortable as well as very painful and because it involves the nerves, it makes it very difficult to treat. Sciatica and  neuralgia  are often considered symptoms of a cause and it’s the sciatica causes that need to be looked at in order to treat it.

Because the sciatic nerve is the largest nerve in the body – running from the bottom of the spine, through the hip, knee and to the ankle – it can be affected by any number of things. Sciatica causes can therefore range and while pain caused by sciatica may be easy to treat with anti-inflammatory drugs and painkillers, these causes need to be looked at in order to achieve long term relief.

Sciatica causes can include a condition called pirformis syndrome. This is when the piriformis muscle which is located deep in the hip socket is too tight or is very tense and puts intense pressure on the sciatica nerve which runs through it. It is sometimes said to be choking the sciatic nerve and affects it, which is what causes the deep and intense pain sometimes felt deep in the hip socket.

Spondylolisthesis is when one vertebra has slipped in the back so that it is resting on another vertebra. This can cause inflammation and stress on the back as well as the surrounding muscles, which in turn puts pressure on the sciatic nerve. Spondylolisthesis is one of the many sciatica causes which involve a back problem.

Spinal stenosis refers to the narrowing of the canal in which the spinal cord runs. This is one of the sciatica causes which affect the back, again putting enormous pressure on the sciatic nerve. A physician would need to look at and diagnose this as the cause very carefully.

Sciatica causes from the back can also include a slipped disk or a herniated disk which can be as a result of a number of things, including a sports injury or pulling the muscle in an irregular movement. When a disk has herniated it pushes on the muscle, which can cause a lot of inflammation and stress on the area, which affects the sciatic nerve.

Tumours, osteoporosis, diabetes and even pregnancy can also be on the list of sciatica causes.

Once a physician has been consulted, many of the sciatica causes can be treated quite easily. Often a physical therapist can help to recommend stretches and exercises that will strengthen the surrounding muscles and take pressure off the sciatic nerve. For example, if the cause is piriformis syndrome, exercises to loosen the muscle can help loosen pressure on the sciatic nerve. Massaging can also help with this. Strengthening the surrounding gluteal muscles will also strengthen the area relieving pressure. Exercising, losing weight and keeping the back strong can also help in cases of a slipped or herniated disk. These are all examples of how physical therapy can help to target sciatic causes.

However, sometimes it is just rest that is needed as well as ice packs or heat packs on the inflamed area, especially if the sciatic cause is spinal stenosis. If muscles or nerves are affected by a sports injury, this may also be the case.

In the most extreme cases, sciatica causes are treated with surgery. A surgical procedure may be required for a doctor to physically help what ever the cause of the sciatica is.

It is crucially important to identify the sciatica causes in order to locate the problem and target it. This will help to alleviate the problem hopefully permanently.

Sore Throat Prevention and Cure With Natural Remedies

What are some symptoms and how long does it last?

A sore throat can last between three to seven days for most people. Most people will have no difficulty in identifying when a throat is sore. Symptoms include:

  • Pain – It can vary from annoying to severe pain even when swallowing saliva. The pain can feel like it is spread out over the entire back of the throat or just on one spot or even one side.
  • Scratchy feeling – A discomfort that can be felt when you swallow food.
  • Feeling of dryness – Although not painful, it feels like your throat is dry, like from dehydration.
  • A lump in the throat

Since most cases are caused by a virus, people may also experience an ear ache, a swollen glands, post nasal drip, mild fever or a cough.

What are some of the best home remedies for treating a sore throat?

Here is a list of home remedies that would help with providing relief for a sore throat

  • Drink water. Lot of it. We recommend 8 glasses (240 mL) daily.
  • Make a lukewarm salt water gargle and rinse several times daily.
  • Rest will allow your body to repair itself.
  • Use a humidifier to add moisture to the room.
  • Stop smoking. Tobacco smoke is irritating to the throat.
  • Avoid spicy food and eat light nutritious meals
  • Avoid deep-fried foods as they are known to irritate the throat further.

What can I do to prevent a sore throat?

Avoiding the germs and keeping your body at maximum health is one of the best way to prevent getting a sore throat from the cold and flu virus.

Wash hands often to avoid spreading the virus or bacteria. Use your own kitchen utensil such as forks and knives. Keep a suitable distance from those who have signs and symptoms of the cold or flu. Keep your immune system and body at top shape by getting enough rest. Quit smoking Eat nutritious meals consisting of fruits and vegetables.

Top five natural remedies that are recommended for treating a sore throat.

There are many natural remedies you can use to treat a sore throat. The top five would be zinc lozenges, echinacea, vitamin C, sage mouthwash and slippery elm lozenges.

Zinc Lozenge – Zinc lozenges have been shown in scientific studies to give relief from a scratchy and sore throat from the cold virus.

Echinacea – This herb is known to boost the immune system to allow our body to fight off the germs better. Studies show that it shortens the infection and allow your body to recover faster.

Vitamin C – This essential vitamin is very well known for preventing and curing the common cold. Vitamin C is also needed for maintaining the health of the skin and is useful for treating a sore throat.

Sage – Mouthwash containing sage is effective for treating a sore throat. It is used in Europe extensively to treat mouth and throat irritation and discomfort.

Slippery Elm – Lozenges containing slippery elm helps by soothing and protecting it.

White On Tonsil Points

If you’ve noticed pus or something hard and white colored on your tonsils and a weird feeling within the back of your throat, it’s a pretty good possibility you’ve got some thing known as tonsil stones. Here are quite a few insights and info to hopefully teach you a bit. This normally occurs in or around your tonsil areas so this is where you should give attention to or look at.

Tonsils are filled with crevices where bacteria along with other stuff, which includes dead cells and mucus, can turn out to be trapped material. When this happens, the debris can become concentrated in white formations that happen in the pockets. Tonsils are little flaps of tissue located on either side of one’s throat, just past the back of your tongue. The tonsils hold plenty of crevices where bacteria, dead cells and mucous may be able to hide. The tonsils are formed as a natural protection mechanism that kicks in since some thing is out of balance. Oftentimes you might notice something like white bumps on tonsils that just doesn’t seem like it belongs.

Mouth odor as a result of an infected tonsils or tonsillitis is particularly distinctive from the normal causes of poor breath. Rinsing your mouth out and not consuming within an hour of going to bed will greatly reduce the tonsil stones ability to miraculously appear. Two key reasons for bad breath are bacteria and decaying food particles.A cough with no particular cause, poor breath along with a feel that some thing has stuck your throat are the irritating symptoms of a tonsil abscess. Sore throat, bacteria and presence of sulphur could possibly be the reason for it. These majestic throat pearls will stay until they turn into heavy sufficient to break free and swallowed or expelled from the mouth. The tonsils and throat are incredibly delicate, and could be damaged or inflamed very easily.

Bad breath is caused by odor producing bacteria in the mouth. Bad breath, like the stink of bad eggs is the early indicator of tonsil stones. Bad breath is among the main symptoms that let other know that tonsil stones are present in them. Tonsillectomy for tonsil stones is said to be a surgical process meant to remove tonsils. Tonsillectomy not only can result in quite a few health problems later but also doesn’t come at a cheaper price. A tonsillectomy is a severe surgery which is not cheap — and the older you get the much more risk there’s in acquiring one. Hence tonsillectomy just isn’t needed as well as the troubles related to tonsils might be deal effectively with the aid of home remedies and natural remedies itself.

Tips for Using Ayurveda Herbs to Control Diabetes

Diabetes and Ayurveda – Herbs and Tips

Diabetes is a commonly increasing disorder of the modern world and is hitting epidemic proportions. According to William Herman director of the University of Michigan’s Center for Diabetes Translational Research and a consultant to the World Health Organization, diabetes really is an epidemic, both in the U.S. and globally. According to recent studies, WHO estimates that nearly 350 million people worldwide have the condition.

Diabetes also known as Diabetes Mellitus is a disorder characterized with excess amount of blood sugar or blood glucose, and is due to the lack of the hormone insulin in the body or because the insulin present in the body is inefficient to synthesize glucose and absorb it into the body.

What is diabetes?

Diabetes is a group of metabolic diseases in which the person suffering has high amount of blood glucose or blood sugar, either due to inadequate insulin production in the body or because the body cells do not respond properly to the insulin. Frequent hunger, thirst and urination are common symptoms.

Different types

Diabetes is of three types namely Type 1 Diabetes, An auto immune disease; Type 2 Diabetes the body does not produce enough insulin for proper functioning and Gestational Diabetes seen developing in women during pregnancy. Of these Type 2 is most prevalent and Type 1 least prevalent.

Common Causes

The common causes of diabetes are high blood pressure, high cholesterol, insulin deficiency or insulin resistance. It can be hereditary and also rarely due to pancreas.


The main symptoms are extreme thirst, hunger, blurry vision, polyuria, weight loss, fatigue and frequent urination.

Ayurveda and Diabetes

In Ayurveda diabetes is known as “Prameha”. It is a chronic metabolic disorder, which makes the body unable to utilize proper use of glucose produced, resulting in hyperglycemia (high blood sugar) and glycosuria (sugar in urine). If left unattended, diabetes may lead to heart-attacks, strokes, blindness, nerve damages, amputation of limbs, impotence in men and pruritus (Itching).

Ayurveda has much more scientific information on Diabetes, its symptoms and causes and has some of the oldest records on the disease. According to Ayurveda there are 20 forms of diabetes, 4 due to Vata dosha, 6 due to Pitta and the remaining 10 due to Kapha dosha. Diabetes is mainly a Kapha disorder.

In Ayurvedic view, Diabetes is caused mainly due to the diet increasing the Kapha dosha like sugar, rice, fats, and potatoes, lack of exercise, mental stress and strain and excessive sleep.

Diet planning, is the key factor in controlling diabetes. Proper daily exercise and restricting and reducing over-weight play another role in managing diabetes. Also avoid smoking, sleep during daytime and stress. Practicing Yoga can help in reducing and managing stress and strain.

Ayurvedic Remedies

Some most useful Herbs for the Treatment of Diabetes are

• Bitter Gourd (Momordica charantia)

• Bael (Aegle marmelos)

• Gurmar Leaves (Gymnema sylvestrae)

• Fenugreek (Trigonella foenum graecum)

• Turmeric (Curcuma longa)

• Onion (Allium cepa)

• Nayantatra (Vinca rosa)

• Neem (Azadirachtha indica)

• Garlic (Allium sativum)

• Sagar gota (Ceasalpinia crista)

Few Ayurvedic Tips for Diabetes

1. Bitter gourd is considered the best remedy for diabetes. Consume one teaspoon of bitter gourd juice daily as it reduce blood sugar levels in your blood and urine. Also having bitter gourd cooked in ghee and consuming for a period of three months, brings down diabetes by a significant level.

2. Indian gooseberry is considered to be an effective medicine for treating diabetes. A teaspoon of Indian gooseberry juice mixed with a cup of fresh bitter gourd juice, taken for a period of two months will enable the pancreas to secrete insulin.

3. Tulsi leaves are packed with antioxidants that relieve oxidative stress and have essential oils that help in lowering blood sugar levels in the body. Sugar levels can be kept under control by drinking a glass of water with 10 Tulsi (Holy Basil) leaves, 10 Neem (Azadirachtha indica) leaves and 10 Belpatras (Aegle marmelos) early morning on an empty stomach.

4. Mix and grind seeds of fenugreek, turmeric, and white pepper. Have one teaspoon of this powder with a glass of milk twice daily.

5. Put a cup of water into a copper vessel at night, and drink the water in the morning.

6. Boil 15 fresh mango leaves in a cup of water, leave over night, and drink the filtered water first thing in the morning, as tender mango leaves are very effective to treat diabetes by regulating insulin levels in the blood.

7. Eating a healthy diet that contains vitamins and minerals like fruits such as apples, apricots, and berries, and vegetables like carrots, beet and bitter gourd is essential for keeping your body healthy and in balancing blood sugar levels.

8. Fenugreek seeds consist of fiber useful for controlling diabetes. Soak fenugreek seeds in water overnight and consume early in the morning before breakfast. The seeds can also be powdered and mixed with milk. This can enhance the secretion of glucose-dependent insulin. Repeat this remedy daily for few months to control blood sugar levels.

9. Drinking a cup of green tea on an empty stomach is found to be good for overall health. Green tea has polyphenol content, a strong antioxidant compound that is helpful in reducing the blood sugar insulin level in the body.

10. Also recent studies have found that yogurt and curds may help lower the risk for diabetes.

Dietary treatment

Diet planning is the key remedy to controlling diabetes. Avoid consuming sugary foods such as rice, banana, potato, cereals and high sugar content fruits. Include bitter dishes in every meal, have leafy vegetables, black gram, soy, fish etc.

Include vegetables like Bitter Gourd, string beans, cucumber, onion and garlic, fruits such as Indian gooseberry, Jamul fruit and grapes and grains like Bengal gram and black gram in the diet. Also consume raw vegetables and herbs as they play a key role in stimulating the pancreas and enhancing the insulin production. Go for organic vegetables for better results.

To conclude diabetes is not just the lack of insulin production in the body. It is due to the poor maintenance of the body. Balancing the health of the body and the Doshas can only cure it. For this purpose, having a healthy life style is significant.