Mast Cell Tumors in Dogs – Know Your Dog's Lumps and Bumps

Canine mast cell tumors are among the most common tumors in dogs and are the most common type of skin cancer found in dogs. I did not realize this until I experienced it first hand with my dog, and started doing extensive research on the topic.

My dog ​​had a really small lump on her head. At first it did not grow at all, so I did not think much about it. All of a sudden it started getting bigger and doing so fairly quickly. That's when I decided to take her in to the vet to have it looked at.

The vet did a fine-needle aspirate, and to my dismay, it came back as a mast cell tumor. Fortunately other tests showed that it had not metastasized. So we quickly got her in for surgery to remove it. When she was under, they did a full body check and found 2 others on her body. When she was done, she looked like Frankenstein, but the cancer had not spread beyond the tumors!

Mast cells are part of the immune system and found through the body. They release chemicals such as heparin, histamine, and proteolytic enzymes when needed to aid with inflammation and allergies. A canine mast cell tumor is a mass of these cancerous mast cells.

Although the cancerous aspect of mast cells is of concern, it's actually the chemicals that are released from them that are the greater concern. When released in normal amounts, these chemicals are vital to normal body function. However, when released in excess, these chemicals are very dangerous, causing:

  • gastrointestinal ulceration (open sores)
  • internal bleeding
  • intestinal allergies

These tumors can have varying appearance. They can look like a raised pink lump, a soft subcutaneous lump, an ulcerated skin mass, and a soft nodule often mistaken for lipoma, which is what I thought my dog ​​had.

As with my dog, several mast cell tumors can develop. They each act independently of the other. So, one could be very slow growing and fairly innocent, while another could be very aggressive.

Unfortunately, the only way to diagnose a canine mast cell tumor is by a needle aspirate. If it is determined that it is a mast cell tumor, than a biopsy will be done to determine the grade of tumor, which then determines the course of treatment. There are 3 grades of canine mast cell tumors. Grade 1 and a less advanced grade 2 treatment is to surgically remove the tumor. With more advanced grade 2 and grade 3, radiation and / or chemotherapy is the recommended treatment.

I have gotten benign cysts in the past, and I chalked that up to what my dog ​​had. Do not make the same mistake I did. I was a basket case waiting for the results to show if it had metastasized or not. The whole time I was thinking that by waiting I increased her risk of a spreading cancer. NOT a good feeling to have!

Do routine checks on your dog so you will know what is normal and not normal. If you feel something, take your dog in and have your vet look at it and diagnose it properly. This article is not meant to scare anyone, dogs are very prone to tears and bumps and there are several out there that are completely benign. It's just nice to be better informed when making decisions for your fur kids.

What is Pneumonia?

Pneumonia is an infection caused by viruses, bacteria, and fungi which affects the human lungs. Pneumonia is a contagious disease and it can spread in the air. By breathing other healthy people bring the germ into their lungs and most of them develop the illness. Sometimes there appear epidemics inside small collections.

In healthy individuals, the body is fighting with the bacteria to stop it infect the lungs. This response to the germ activity is called inflammation. An inflammation can occur in the alveoli and makes them fill with fluid, and so the lungs do not function properly any more, they do not give oxygen to the blood or take carbon dioxide from it like they use to do. This causes the breathing problems you have during pneumonia. Other symptoms given by pneumonia are: fever, muscle aches, chest pain, and fatigue.

Symptoms like these can be given also by other diseases like acute bronchitis and only a thoracic X-ray can tell them apart.

Streptococcus pneumoniae is one of the most frequent bacterium that leads to pneumonia. Other bacteria involved in the turn up of pneumonia are: Haemophilus influenzae, Chlamydia trachomatis, Mycoplasma pneumoniae, and Legionella pneumophila.

Pneumonia can be used from the air, if you inhale small particles of infected sputum or saliva from other people, or if the air conditioner was not cleaned properly. One can get pneumonia easier then other if it has a weakened immune system.

Doctors have classified pneumonia in two types: typical and atypical.
The typical pneumonia gives high grade fever, chills, and cough with yellow or greenish sputum, breathing problems, fatigue, and chest pains.

The atypical pneumonia gives you milder symptoms then the typical one and generally occurs if you have suffered from other illnesses during the last few weeks: low grade fewer, fatigue, abdominal pain, headaches, joint pain.

Pneumonia generally occurs at those who have a weakened immune system, like children, old people and those who have other diseases (HIV, organ transplanted people, cancer, chemotherapy). Smoking, drinking alcohol, working in cold places are also factors of risk.

A check up is indicated when you have some of these symptoms, so that the doctor could fast apply the necessary treatment and spare you from other complications that may occur if you leave pneumonia untreated. Hospitalizing is necessary when you have severe symptoms of pneumonia and so, a drastic treatment must be applied, with bed rest, antibiotic drugs in order to cure the disease faster.

Buy Pleurisy Root For Pain, Inflammation and Other Benefits

Pleurisy Root – Butterfly Weed

Asclepias tuberosa

Asclepiadaceae (milkweed family)

Both the family and genus of this stunning herb are named for the Greek god of medicine, Asldepios. The species name, tuberosa , means "full of swellings or knobs" and describes the enlarged root system characteristic of this plant. The milkweed family is noted for both toxic and healing properties. The distinguishing feature of many members of this family is a milky sap that oozes out when plant parts are broken.

Each of the two hundred or so species of perennial herbs in this family, mostly native to North America and Africa, draws most butterflies and some hummingbirds to their blossoms, as well as many other insect pollinators. Some very distinct species are found throughout the Americas, and many of these make beautiful additions to the herb garden.

Also known as Choctaw root, Indian paintbrush, and orange swallowwort, pleurisy root will grow up to three feet tall from its stout, woody root-stock. This herb prospers in dry, sandy earth and grows naturally from southern Ontario through New England south to Florida and west to Texas, Arizona, and Colorado. Its lance-shaped leaves crowd along a slightly hairy stalk. Clusters of showy bright yellow-orange flowers bloom from May through September in most of these areas. The vibrant flowers draw many butterflies for the nectar.

Common milkweed, Asclepias syriaca , has an evenly broad range and grows up to six feet tall. The dense cluster of white to pale pink flowers emits a heavenly fragrance. All plant parts are poisonous except for the very young spears, blossoms, and very young pods. The toxic substances are cardiotonic glycosides. The monarch butterfly, which depends entirely on the milkweeds for food, is protected by these toxins because they render it inedible by predators. Native Americans used these properties to treat heart problems and numerous other health needs.

Horsetail milkweed, A. verticillata , grows to almost three feet tall through the central and eastern United States, and the southern antelope milkweed, A. viridifolia , grows up to five feet tall from Massachusetts to Georgia and west to Arizona and New Mexico. The striking blossoms of these plants, pale green to
whitish gold, make them most appealing for cultivation in the herb garden.

Traditional uses:

Pleurisy root was one of the most important Menomini medicines. They used the roots as wound dressings and for many other remedies, often mixing the roots with other botanicals in particular formulas. Penobscot Indians used them as cold medicines and as a dressing for sores. The Omaha Indians used this plant as one of their sacred medicines in the Shell Society. Special ceremonies accompanied the digging, consecration, and preparation of the roots over a four-day period. Many tribes gathered and steamed the blossoms to eat for food and medicines. This was a special plant for dreaming and magic.

Modern uses:

Pleurisy root is used for pain and inflammations. It is used for tight conditions in the chest. It is used to cough up phlegm and reduce fevers by stimulating sweating. Pleurisy root is also taken for asthma, dysentery and diarrrhea.


Do not take during pregnancy. Vomiting may occur if taken in large doses.

Growth needs and propagation:

Pleurisy root grows well in most soils and propagates readily from seed and root divisions. Follow traditional methods for each.


Cayenne / Chili peppers, blue flag, bayberry, and evening primrose are good companions for pleurisy root.

We are ruled by the examples set for us by all our relationships of the Creator. Our leaders take responsibility for the care and well-being of all the people. They are to see that no one is hungry when others are well-fed, and no one is cold when others are warm. The strong ones are to protect the weak ones, and all are to respect the wisdom and experience of the elders.
– Nanepashemet, the late Wampanoag artist and historian, 1983

How to Lessen the Swelling of Your Piles So They May Heal

Hemorrhoids may have an opportunity to heal for those who can less the swapping for a interval of time. You can lower the need to have surgery for those who attempt these natural natural cures first. Treatment for hemorrhoids and lessening the boiling at home are about identical things. You would probably say you're getting a visit from a personal nurse or old style doctor today.

Some treatments can stain your garments and contain a strong odor, so be careful when you apply the ointments. You might not wish to be round lots of people if you apply the liniment for the first time. One suggestion is Camphor Balm, which has many uses. You might see it marketed for bruises, infection, insect stings, epidermis irritations, and even helps with a cold. You apply by hand on the hemorrhoids, massage it in. It really will have a robust odor but you will really feel the soothing response quickly and it lasts for hours. Wash your fingers quickly because you do not want to get this in the eye, or have it round for youngsters to get in to. Old style ointment may be a better name.

There are some other choices that will not have as strong of a smell. They are usually not expensive so you might want to test them all. If you are inclined to have allergy symptoms or your epidermis is sensitive to some medicines or herbs, be certain you try on a very little spot first. As a second choice attempt for the remedy of hemorrhoids is Witch Hazel. Finding this is as easy as finding Camphor at whichever drug store. The odor should not be near as strong, and the effect will not be as soothing, but worth a try. An astringent is what Which Hazel is. A medicine that reduces or shrinks inflammation of muscle tissue or tissue is named an Astringent. They are also good to reduce scar tissue, treat stretch marks, assist with insect stings, and even acne. The Witch hazel astringent is very safe. It is made from boiling stems of several shrubs. Americans and New England settlers within the US learn about this as a result of the native Indians. Because the way in which it's made it may be thought-about a safe herb.

A third option to reduce infection and cure hemorrhoids is Apple Cider Vinegar, which can also be an astringent. In small portions it can be ingested to aid with digestive problems. You can improve the health of your tissues with ACV, because it provides antioxidants and beta-carotene. For most people all the choices listed here are nontoxic and economic.

Other choices can be found in case you have allergies to these. Moving the blood with by making use of heat and then ice packs will help bruises or swelling. This process will push extra blood to the region for healthy healing. You might try ten minutes of heat and ten minutes with a cold compress or ice wrapped in a towel. Do not burn or freeze your tissue, adding up layers of towels or taking away layers will regulate the temperature. Another method to apply warmth is to sit in a hot bathtub for ten to twenty minutes. A sitz bath is great for hemorrhoids, simply add the minerals when soaking in a warm bath. More reasons for soaking in a sitz bath include genital herpes, prostrate infections or any other infection in the area.

The pharmacy carries cold and hot packs that can be used in a microwave or a freezer. Since they take some time to get hot or frozen you should purchase quite a few and keep some within the freezer at all times. Even a water bottle is likely to be good, just do not burn yourself. | You can find a refillable hot water bottle from the store.} Start by simply using warm water from the faucet, which may be plenty hot. If your case of swelling gets worse or is extremely disturbing, search for medical attention. These are very inexpensive things to try and can be utilized for different injuries, so no cash wasted trying them. For quicker recovery take a look at my Internet site.

How to Recognize Bronchitis Symptoms

Bronchitis is a very common respiratory condition and it can be occur in anyone, regardless of sex and age. However, the people who are exposed the most to developing forms of bronchitis are smokers, people with other respiratory illnesses or people with weak immunes system. Smokers usually develop chronic bronchitis, a form of disease that needs ongoing treatment. The main factors that are considered to contribute to the occurrence of bronchitis are: smoking, prolonged exposure to irritants (dust, pollen, chemicals, pollutants), immunologic deficiencies, genetic predisposition to developing respiratory conditions (in the case of chronic bronchitis) and infection with viruses and bacteria.

Bronchitis can be either acute or chronic. Acute bronchitis symptoms can be very intense, but they usually ameliorate in a few days. If acute bronchitis is caused by infection with viruses, the illness usually clears on itself, without medical treatment. However, if acute bronchitis symptoms appear to intensify, it is very important to seek the advice of your doctor.

Chronic bronchitis symptoms are usually of moderate intensity, but they are persistent and have a recidivating character. Unlike acute bronchitis, chronic bronchitis is an infectious disease and needs specific, long-term medical treatment. It is very important not to interrupt the treatment prescribed by the doctor even if chronic bronchitis symptoms are considerably ameliorated. If the medical treatment is prematurely stopped, the illness will quickly reoccur and chronic bronchitis symptoms can become even intensify.

General bronchitis symptoms are: cough, wheezing, throat pain, difficulty breathing, chest discomfort and soreness when breathing, fatigue and headache. If these bronchitis symptoms are accompanied by sweating, high fever and nausea, it means that the illness is caused by infection with bacteria. Bronchitis symptoms that might indicate an aggravation of the illness are: severe cough that contains yellowish mucus, spitting blood.

Bronchitis symptoms that reveal the acute character of the illness are: painful cough, chest sourness and pain, painful throat, wheezing, pain in the region of the upper abdomen, difficulty breathing. Bronchitis symptoms that reveal the chronic character of the illness are: persistent cough, cough that produces mucus, mild or moderate fever, shortness of breath, pronounced difficulty breathing (due to obstruction of the respiratory tract with mucus), recidivating chest pain, nausea and headache.

It is very important to pay attention to bronchitis symptoms. Left untreated, both chronic bronchitis and acute bronchitis (when caused by bacteria) can lead to serious complications. However, any form of self-medication is not advised. By taking random left-over medicines you can only cause yourself harm. If bronchitis symptoms ease up in a few days, it is a sign that the illness is caused by airborne irritants or by viruses, in which case no medical treatment is required. However, if you experience an aggravation of bronchitis symptoms, you should see a doctor right away.

If you have bronchitis, the best things you can do before receiving medical assistance are: drink plenty of fluids (especially if you have fever), rest, stay away from irritants (smoke, alcohol vapors, chemicals, astringent substances), maintain a warm temperature in your bedroom and use air humidifiers to keep the air moist.

Carpal Tunnel Syndrome 101

What is Carpal Tunnel Syndrome (CTS)?

In the center of the wrist, there is a space called the carpal tunnel where a major nerve (the median nerve) and nine tendons pass from the forearm into the hand. A very strong ligament forms a roof over the tunnel. When there is swelling in the carpal tunnel, pressure is put on the median nerve, which supplies most of the fingers and thumb with feeling and movement. When pressure becomes great enough to compress the nerve, Carpal Tunnel Syndrome (CTS) may occur.

Causes and Symptoms

The most common causes of CTS are swelling of the lining of a tendon, repetitive use of hands involving activities such as grasping, squeezing or clipping. Other causes include fluid retention during pregnancy, rheumatoid arthritis and bone dislocations or fractures. Symptoms such as pain, numbness and tingling may result, either by itself or in combination on either or both hands. They may also be noticeable while performing daily activities like reading, driving, and doing household chores. A weakening of the grip may become apparent, along with a tendency to drop objects.

Non-surgical Treatments

We suggest the following non-surgical treatment to relieve pressure on the median nerve:

  • Cut down on activities that cause continuous exertion or repetitive use of your hands, or keep the wrist in a neutral position may help reduce the wiring within the carpal tunnel and relieve pressure from the nerve area.
  • Wearing wrist splints at night may relieve the symptoms and accomodate a better night's rest.
  • Anti-inflammatory medication taken orally or injected into the carpal tunnel may help reduce the spelling and relieve symptoms.

Surgical Treatments

When symptoms are severe or do not improve with non-surgical treatments, surgery may be elected to enlarge the carpal tunnel by cutting (releasing) the ligament to allow more room for the median nerve. Endoscopic surgery is now available and this form of surgery shortened the recovery period as compared to open surgery. While individual results vary, most patients return to normal daily activities within days after endoscopic surgery and return to work earlier than those who undergo the open surgery. The Endoscopic surgery procedure is performed using a device called the Carpal Tunnel Release System. It allows the release of the carpal ligament through a small incision at the base of the wrist. Carpal tunnel release has been proven to be a highly successful surgery with excellent results for most patients.

Shoulder Problems – Causes and Treatment For Separated Shoulder

If you experience painful throbbing and tenderness in your shoulders, limitations in shoulder movement, weakness in arms and shoulders, and a swollen shoulder, most likely, you are suffering from shoulder dislocation. Also known as separated shoulder, this can be really painful injury for patients undergoing treatment for such. This is usually caused by a torn ligament due to strenuous activities such as basketball, wrestling, tennis, gymnastics, and other extreme contact sports and exercises.

However, a common misconception is that only people engaged in sports are sentenced to shoulder injuries. The truth is, otherwise placid people may experience similar injuries due to seemlessly harmless day-to-day activities such as reaching for high areas, lifting heavy objects, and other backbreaking tasks that require pushing or pulling.

When bones are removed, one immediately notices a swollen area on top of the shoulder. This is due to the teasing of the ligaments from the joints thatby causing fluid to accumulate in the stretched area. In most cases, the shoulder has to be suctioned first before a surgery is required. Physical therapy is also not possible as this will bring extreme pain to the patient.

If it is not physically possible to bring the injured person immediately to a hospital, first aid can be administrated by allowing the person to lie straight on a flat surface and apply ice packs to the injured arm. If the injury is not that immune, the injured person may recover easily and physical pain will gradually decrease as long as the injured person also takes pain relief medication.

However, in severe cases, shoulder X-rays are necessary for doctors to determine the extent of damage caused on the arm. From there, orthopedic doctors will know the correct treatment for the patient. It may take time for the injury to heal especially if surgery and rehabilitation are required, but with the use of braces, further damage to the shoulder area can be avoided.

There are a lot of shoulder pads and braces available for treatment of these kinds of injuries and understanding the kind of injury the patient has will greatly help in choosing the appropriate brace for the patient.

How to Respond to a Femur Fracture

I have received numerous questions about the length of time it takes for a femur fraction to heal. Now this involves many facets of the fracture itself. Depending on the type of fraction and exact location, age of the patient, etc … will no doubt play a huge factor.

Femur fractures can be stubborn when it comes to healing and if you have multiple fractures. Most will heal as planned but there will always seem to be one or two areas that seem to take their time in healing properly.

Back when I had suffered my femur fracture in 1973 there was a simple pinning completed, multiple surgeries due to vascular problems after breaking the bone in nine different locations, then spending four months in a body cast.

The femur being the longest and strongest bone and the body usually is broken from a trauma accident. It takes a great deal of force to break this bone and will also cause damage to the surrounding tissue. The femur is surrounded by a powerful muscle group known as the quadriceps and hamstrings. If the femur is completely fractured the muscles will force the fracture site to shift causing a portion of the femur to lacerate surrounding tissue and or blood vessels. again, this will all depend on the severity of the fraction.

Once repaired by the orthopedic doctor, give the bone time to heal. Once it is cured and you can place your full body weight on the leg you can begin a strengthening program while weight bearing. If there are weight bearing precautions on the affected leg you can do a host of other exercises such as quad sets,, straight leg raises, abduction and adduction exercises.

Your patience will be tested during the healing process but if not properly damaged the injury can give you problems for years to come.

It took me almost a full year to get over my fracture and develop the strength in the thigh needed to carry my weight and walk properly with a walker or cane.

Monitor your diet carefully obtaining plenty of protein and calcium in the diet for bone and muscle re-building and strengthening. Keep a positive you will increase attitude to this injury and plan on bouncing back stronger then you were in the past.

Remember as the good book says in time "all things will be past"

Spastic Diplegia – Symptoms and Treatment

One form of spastic cerebral palsy is known as spastic diplegia. This form is sometimes called Little's Disease and affects the movement of the upper or lower half of the body. Like other types of cerebral palsy, it is caused by damage to the brain. In many cases it is unknown how the damage was caused and it is there at birth.

Yet there are circumstances in which cerebral palsy is obtained after birth because of medical malpractice during the labor and delivery. Some known causes of cerebral palsy include lack of oxygen, infections to the baby or the mother that could have been preceded or other brain injuries like Hematoma that occurred during a complicated labor.

Families of a child that has spastic cerebral palsy can talk to a lawyer and take action to be compensated for medical costs when their child's condition is caused by medical malpractice. Have your case looked at by a professional lawyer who deals with cerebral palsy cases right away.

Symptoms of Spastic Displegia

There are different symptoms which may vary from child to child and depend on how severe the condition is. However, there are some common characteristics, such as their muscle tone is tight because of this their muscles are contracted permanently. This is called hypertonia and it not only affects the limbs of the upper part of the body it also affects the legs.

A child may display the following symptoms:

* Muscle spasms that can not be controlled

* Joints do not have much range of motion

* Speaking and walking is hard

* Muscles are tight

* Irregular movements on the upper or lower parts of the body

* Delays in development (ie: walking)

If your child displays any of the above signs, they need to be seen by a physician. Tests such as MRI, EEG, and CT scans will be run to determine whether your child has this form of cerebral palsy.

Treatment Options

Because there is no cure for spastic diplegia there are many treatments patients go through. Some common treatments are:

* Physical therapy it helps keep their muscles flexible and more range inn motion

* Medications such as Botox, to decrease muscle spasticity

* Surgery to control muscle spasticity

* Technology that helps individuals in mobility such as wheelchairs

These treatments not only help with spastic cerebral palsy, they help with the other types of spastic cerebral palsy such as spastic hemiplegia, spastic quadriplegia, and others

Does Your Child Have Spastic Diplegia?

It is possible you have a legal claim if there was medical malpractice or neglect that contributed to the condition of your child. Not every case is allowed compensation but if your child suffered from some of the following you may want to contact a lawyer. If you had a baby by C-section or the doctor had to use vacuum forceps, if your baby had severe jaundice, or had seizures after birth, even if your baby had an infection and was treated.

The Disease Rabies in Cats

Feline Rabies is a serious disease that is caused by the notorious Rabies virus that is responsible for the condition in numerous outdoor animals as well as humans. Transmission is usually through bite of an infected animal and the incubation period normally lasts for a few weeks, although sometimes it may extend to months. Once the symptoms develop, however, there is no cure and the disease in invariably fatal. It is therefore important to be aware of this potentially lethal condition that can easily develop in indoor / outdoor pets.

Even as some regions of the world, including Australia, New Zealand, the British Isles and parts of Scandinavia are free from this deadly virus, Rabies continues to prevail in most places. It is in fact endemic in certain countries. This is large due to the widespread presence of the virus in local wildlife around most urban and rural population centers. Animals like foxes, coyotes, feral dogs and cats, skunks, wolves and bats carry the Rabies virus and are frequently the vectors of this illness when it transmits to our house cats, usually through a bite. Once the virus enters the bloodstream it moves to spinal cord and travels across the nervous system to attack brain and cause drastic neurological and behavioral changes in the infected feline.

There are three main phases that cats (as well as other rabid animals) go through once the nervous system is under attack and symptomatology appears. First is the prodromal phase. In this stage the cat begins to show signs of abnormal behavior. There is often fever and the felid is observed licking at the site of the bite. Next is the well known furious phase in which the cat becomes erratic and shows signs of aggression, restlessness and hyperactivity. There may be adverse attacks in this stage. These attacks become more frequent in the ensuing paralytic phase. During this stage the disease envelops the peripheral nervous system. There is paralysis of nerves that occurring swallowing of even water. Here is the hydrophobia and drooling of saliva. This is the final stage and its sunset in an indication that death is imminent. Often there is depression and coma just before the poor animal passes away.

The horror of Rabies is amplified by the fact that often it is completely insidious before signs of the disease appear. Therefore it is hard to diagnose and treat effectively. Once the pathology becomes irrelevant, there is very little that may be done to save the cat. Owing to the lethality of the virus, it is a standard practice in many places to euthanize cats that are suspected to be rabid. Posthumous study of the infected animal's brain is the comprehensive test for definitive diagnosis.

It is therefore important to get prompt vaccination for feline Rabies. Even if an unvaccinated cat has been exposed to the virus, it is imperative that the felid be vaccinated immediately. For if the disease has not already spread, there is a chance that your pet may survive!

Everyday Things That Cause Hernias

A hernia is a condition that various individuals are forced to go through. Although it seldom causes pain they do have the ability to turn lethal when they become strangulated. For certain individuals it might be months or years before they realize that they have been going through symptoms of a hernia.

It is critical to recognize how you have the ability to identify it so you can control it and understand what you might do to care for it. One of the strongest causes of a hernia is weight gain. Obesity may make hernias because of the measure of pressure that is being forced on regions of the body.

Another common cause of hernias is heavy lifting. Individuals who have a tendency to lift large and heavy things on a continuous basis must wear the right support so they can avert this problem. Without this support they are forcing too much pressure on weak muscles in their bodies.

Any kind of training may also put pressure on weak muscles and cause humps in particular regions. This strain can be from an unreasonable measure of coughing and training when having a bowel movement. When coughing like this it is best to put a pillow in front of you that will serve to support your belly. In order to slim the training during bowel or urination movements you need to consume a lot of fiber and drinks a great deal of water.

There are other medical conditions such as ascites that is able to make hernia symptoms. This is when a great deal of fluid has backed up in the abdominal cavity. This problem will weaken the muscles in the abdominal wall and increase your risk. It may also be a leading component to hepatitis, congestive heart failure, and liver cancer.

Water May Exist On A Mysterious Metal Worldlet

Asteroids and comets are relics of the distant past – revealing to us the well-kept ancient secrets about how our sun and its family of planets, moons, and smaller objects came into being about 4.6 billion years ago. Our Solar System emerged from the collapse of a reliably weakened region embedded within one of the many beautiful, dark, cold molecular clouds that haunt our Milky Way Galaxy like billowing, undulating phantoms, and these clouds serve as the strange nurseries that cradle sparkling baby stars . There are millions of asteroids, and they are generally considered to be the shattered remnants of planetesimals – rocky and metallic objects that danced around within the primordial solar nebula, never managing to grow large enough to become planets. Most of the known asteroids circle our Sun in the Main Asteroid Belt located between the orbits of Mars and Jupiter – however, other orbital families of asteroids exist that host significant populations, including near-Earth objects (NEOs). In October 2016, a team of astronomers announced that they have discovered possible clues indicating that water exists on the surface of the largest metallic asteroid in our Sun's family.

Named 16 Psyche , the possibly wet metallic worldlet is one of the most massive denizens of the Main Asteroid Belt , measuring 186 miles across and composed of almost pure nickel-iron metal. It is often considered to be the naked core of a planetary embryo – a planetesimal –that was almost , but not completely, blasted into oblivion by catastrophic impacts billions of years ago when our Solar System was young and still in the process of forming .

The planets of our Solar System emerged from a protoplanetary accretion disk at about the same time our baby Star, the Sun was born. Protoplanetary accretion disks can whirl around a baby star for as long as 10 million years, and they feed the developing young star (protostar) a nourishing formula of dust and gas.

Very fine dust particles bounce around within the extremely strict environment of the protoplanetary accretion disk , and they possess a natural "stickiness." The tiny motes of dust easily "glue" themselves to one another when they collide, merging to create ever larger and larger objects – the planetesimals. The motes of "sticky" dust that cling to one another create objects up to several centimeters in size, and these continue to merge together to extremely form the planetesimals – the building-blocks of planets. Plantesimals can reach sizes of 1 kilometer across, or even larger. These primordial planetary building-blocks were an extremely abundantly populated through the entire protoplanetary accretion disk , and it is possible for some planetesimals to linger and survive long enough to remain as tattle-tale remnants of billions of years after a fully developed planetary system – such as our own Solar System – has formed. Asteroids that are members of our own Sun's family of objects are all that is left of the heavy population of planetesimals that were denizens of our primordial Solar System. The asteroids are the tattered remnants of the rocky and metallic planetesimals that merged together to form the quarter of inner rocky terrestrial planets in our Solar System: Mercury, Venus, our Earth, and Mars. Conversely, the dusty, muddy, icy comets are the left overs of the icy planetesimals that contributed to the construction of the four giant outer gaseous planets: Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune.

"Vermin Of The Skies"

The dwarf planet Ceres was the first asteroid to be discovered, and it was originally classified as a major planet. Detected for the first time by Giuseppe Piazzi in 1801, the discovery of Ceres – the largest body inhabiting the Main Asteroid Belt –was soon followed by the discovery of other kindred bodies. The instruments used by astronomers of that era could only resolve these small worldlets as glittering tiny points of light – like stars – and were unable to detect the existence of planetary disks. However, the astronomers were able to distinguish them from stars because of their similar motives. This was the reason why the English astronomer Sir William Herschel proposed that they be designated "asteroids" . The term asteroid was derived from the Greek word for "star-like" or "star-shaped" and "star, planet". During the early second half of the 19th century, the terms asteroid and planet were still used interchangeably.

During the latter half of the 18th century, Baron Franz Xaver von Zach organized a team of 24 astronomers to go on the hunt for a missing planet that should exist at about 2.8 astronomical units (AU) from our Sun. One AU is equivalent to the average distance between Earth and Sun, which is 93,000,000 miles. The prediction that there should be a planet at 2.8 AU from the Sun was derived from the Titius-Bode law, which was given additional credibility as a result of the discovery of the planet Uranus by William Herschel in 1781, who discovered this giant outer planet at the distance predicted by this law. The quest for the missing planet predicted that it should be located about 30 seconds of arc per hour – which could easily be spotted by observers.

Asteroids, in contrast to comets, are primarily composed of mineral and rock, while comets are mostly dust and ice. Furthermore, asteroids formed closer to the golden light and melting heat of our Star, thus preventing the formation of cometary ice. Asteroids are also distinguished from meteoroids primarily because of their different sizes. While meteoroids sport diameters of less than one meter, asteroids have a diameter greater than one meter. In addition, meteoroids can be composed of either asteroidal or cometary materials.

Only one asteroid, 4 Vesta, which has a relatively reflective (bright) surface, can be seen with the naked human eye – and this only when the night sky above our planet is extremely dark, and when Vesta itself is in a favorable location to be observed. On rare occasions, small asteroids zipping by close to Earth may be seen with the naked eye for one brief shining moment. As of March 2016, the Minor Planet Center had data on over 1.3 million objects dwelling in both the inner and outer regions of our Solar System, out of which they had about 750,000 of them to give them numbered designs. The instruments that astronomers now use to detect asteroids have improved significantly since the discovery of Ceres.

Ceres itself was discovered by accident by Giuseppe Piazzi, who was then director of the observatory of Palermo in Sicily. He detected a new star-like body located in the constellation Taurus, and he kept track of the displacement of this object for several nights. Late in 1801, Carl Friedrich Gauss used these observations to determine the orbit of this mysterious object, which was situated between the planets Mars and Jupiter. Piazzi named the brave new little world after Ceres, who was the Roman goddess of agriculture.

A trio of other asteroids were discovered over the next few years: 2 Pallas, 3 Juno, and 4 Vesta. Vesta was discovered in 1807. After an additional eight years of searches, that came up empty-handed, most astronomers began to think that there were no more asteroids and brave up the chase.

However, Karl Ludwig Hencke did not give up, and he began to hunt for more asteroids in 1830. Fifteen years later, he hit pay dirt with the discovery of the asteroid 5 Astraea – the first new asteroid to be discovered in 38 years. Hencke also discovered 6 Hebe less than two years after his discovery of 5 Astraea. Following close on the heels of Hencke's discoveries, other astronomers again joined in on the hunt and, as a result, at least one new asteroid was discovered every year after that – with the exception of 1945, as a result of World War II.

In 1891, Max Wolf demonstrated how the use of astrophotography could have been used to spot asteroids, which appeared as short streaks on long-exposure photographic plates. This new technique dramatically increased the rate of discovery compared with previously used visual methods. Wolf, himself, discovered 248 asteroids using this technique, beginning with 323 Brucia –only about 300 asteroids had been discovered up to that point. It was finally understood that asteroids are an abundant population, but most astronomers did not want to waste their time with the tiny objects, dismissing them as the "vermin of the skies". Even a century later, only a few thousand asteroids were discovered, numbered, and named.

Water May Exist On A Mysterious Metal Worldlet

The discovery of possible water on the surface of Psyche was announced by University of Arizona (Tucson) researchers to coincide with a presentation at the joint 48th annual meeting of the Division for Planetary Sciences (DPS) of the American Astronomical Society (AAS) and the 11th annual European Planetary Science Congress (EPSC). The meeting was held in October 2016 in Pasadena, California.

Earlier observations of Psyche had revealed no evidence of water on its surface. However, in a paper published in The Astronomical Journal , Dr. Vishnu Reddy argues that new observations derived from NASA's Infrared Telescope Facility show evidence of the existence of volatiles such as water or hydroxyl on Psyche's surface. Dr. Reddy is an assistant professor at the University of Arizona's Lunar and Planetary Laboratory.

Hydroxyl is a free radical composed of one hydrogen atom bound to one oxygen atom. In our own planet's atmosphere, hydroxyl is extremely reactive and it helps eliminate many chemical compounds. Therefore, it is also referred to as the "detergent of the atmosphere."

"We did not expect a metallic asteroid like Psyche to be covered by water and / or hydroxyl," Dr. Reddy told the press at the October 2016 joint meeting of the DPS and EPSC, where he was presenting these results. Dr. Reddy is second author on the paper led by Dr. Driss Takir of the US Geological Survey (USGS) in Flagstaff, Arizona. "Metal-rich asteroids like Psyche are thought to have formed under dry conditions without the presence of water or hydroxyl, so we were puzzled by our observations at first," Dr. Reddy added.

The finds are intriguing in the context of a proposed $ 500 million mission to dispatch a spacecraft to Psyche , which is under review by NASA, as of this writing. Images obtained by a spacecraft in orbit around Psyche may help planetary scientists to distinguish between water and hydroxyl on the asteroid's surface.

Most asteroids fall into two main categories: those rich in silicates, and those rich in carbon and volatiles. Metallic asteroids such as Psyche are extremely rare, making it valuable natural laboratory where scientists can study how planets formed.

While the origin of this water on the surface of Psyche is still a lingering mystery, Dr. Reddy and his team propose two possible mechanisms for its formation. "We think the water we see on Psyche might have been delivered to its surface by carbonaceous asteroids that impected Psyche in the distant past," Dr. Reddy continued to explain to the press at the Planetary Science meeting in Pasadena.

"Our discovery of carbon and water on an asteroid that is not required to have those compounds supports the knowledge that these building blocks of life could have been delivered to our Earth Early in the history of our Solar System," Dr. Reddy noted. Dr. Reddy discovered similar dark, carbonaceous impactors rich in volatiles on the surface of asteroid Vesta by studying images obtained from NASA's Dawn Mission . As an alternative, the hydroxyl could have the product of solar wind interacting with silicate minerals on Psyche's surface.

What Are the Immediate Signs of Sexual Abuse in Children?

Children are allegedly to be the most unlawful victims of sexual abuse. We all have seen various cases of sexual abuse in the form of rape, molestation, assault, and even harassment. And though we try to deny it, it actually becomes relieving to find out that the victim is an adult. But if abuse is carried out against an innocent child, that's another thing.

Sexual abuse is overpoweringly traumatic for such a guilty and fragile mind. Children are born to be vulnerable, that's why they need their parents to be always there by their side until they grow up. They lack the ability to defend themselves and understand their rights. Because of this, they also became very easy targets for sex offenders and pedophiles.

By the time they experience the actual sexual abuse, the negative effects keep coming in. Not only are their bodies subjected to pain, their own lives are also devastated. The level of trauma brought by the abuse will result in different consequences that may not appear immediately. Although we do not realize it, majority of the effects actually appear years after – that's when the survivors reach adulthood. Some of it includes post-traumatic stress disorder, anxiety, drug addiction, and various types of behavioral / emotional problems.

Nonetheless, this does not mean that there are no immediate consequences. In fact, a lot of child victims of sexual abuse may also manifest signs of it right after it took place. Of course, the most obvious sign would be the physical marks and injuries. Many child offenders hurt their victims. Inflicting pain is a show of dominance. It seeks to impede fear to the child – a way of saying that the offender can hurt her if she tries to fight back or resist. Physical pain is a sign of sexual abuse which is responsible for alleviating the overall trauma suffered by the victim.

Another sign of sexual abuse is theappropriate knowledge and behavior of the child towards sex. This can be detected in two ways. The first one happens when the victim starts to become very elusive and withdrawn from other people, even close friends and family. This child suddenly avoids any form of common physical contact with an adult such as holding hands, hugging mom, or sitting at dad's lap. This may be caused by the memory of the abuse. Someone must have laid their hands to the child that the child felt very awkward, or perhaps painful, that she deems any kind of physical contact from other people as similar to it. The second one is a mysterious outburst of knowledge about sex. If you happen to hear your six-year old talk about sex and related issues, then someone may be feeding him information. You have to hope at this point that he has not had physical contact with the offender yet because teaching children about sex is a grooming process used by offenders in order for them to agree on sexual favors in the future.

Furthermore, child victims of sexual abuse will inevitably become confused right after they are abused. Confusion is built around different forms of emotions such as fear, anger, panic, and self-blame. The victim becomes confused for the simple reason that she does not know what actually happened to her. At one instance, fear consumes her, especially when the pain and the wounds are still fresh. She can not get the face of the offender out of her mind. By the time the physical pain subsides, anger soon gets in. Victims naturally become angry not only to the offender, but to those people who they think did not help them. There have been hundreds of cases where survivors became withdrawn to their families because they blamed them for not being there.

Panic happens when victims feel that they should do something about it but they really do not know how to start. While some try to erase and forget the memories, others try to courageously face it. Unfortunately for them, there's a good chance that they will lose hope, and even sanity, that they begin to use drugs and alcohol in order to temporarily wipe off the painful memory. And in no time they are totally fed up in blaming others while the trauma and pain remain within them. This is the period when self-blame takes place. A victim may think of herself as someone who describes it or someone who was born to be abused.

Finally, we come upon the conclusion that sexual abuse does nothing but harm to the victims. Although many have survived the ordinal, there are still a lot out there that need our help in understanding what should be done in order for them to survive as well. Even if the signs we just mentioned are very troubling to know, there is always a way in order to fight them back.

Is Bee Pollen Vegan? That’s A Tough Choice!

Could Bee Pollen, be Vegan?

Every respectable vegan knows that honey is not vegan due to the exploitation of the bees in the process of honey ‘manufacturing’, but is pollen vegan?

Well there is no easy straightforward answer here, as it is a personal choice, based on how you treat and live your veganism. Some vegans are stricter than others, while some are quite relaxed with how they choose to act as a vegan.

Within this article, we shall look at the leading points as to why pollen may or may not be vegan, and why some vegans will use pollen and while other won’t touch it with a large pole.

Let’s first define what a vegan is for those non-vegans reading along:

“Veganism is a way of living which excludes all forms of exploitation of, and cruelty to, the animal kingdom, and includes a reverence for life. It applies to the practice of living on the products of the plant kingdom to the exclusion of flesh, fish, fowl, eggs, honey, animal milk and its derivatives, and encourages the use of alternatives for all commodities derived wholly or in part from animals.”

Donald Watson, 1944

The Arguments For And Against Bee Pollen Being Vegan

As you can see being a vegan involves boycotting all forms of animal exploitation, but you still have to ask is pollen vegan. Since determining whether the harvesting or pollen could be classed as a form of exploitation?

On the one hand, it is because the bees are normally kept strictly for the purpose of fertilizing fruit orchards and are often rented out to fertilize the flowers. Thus, humanity is exploiting the skills of the honey bee, and as such, it makes pollen non-vegan.

Yet, on the other hand, this pollen is a waste product, the bees have not collected it for their own purpose, nor have as humans encouraged or exploited them to collect the pollen. Furthermore, not all apiaries are kept for human necessities; some apiaries are developed for the benefit of the environment. In parts of the world with minimal bees, apiaries are set up to encourage the local flora to grow and flourish, and the pollen from these ventures is incidental, not manufactured.

Ultimately, It’s A Personal Choice

Both the reasons above are valid; it certainly is a personal choice when it comes to deciding, is pollen vegan or not?

Though, for those who are only vegan for the dietary benefits as compared to the ethical quandaries, then pollen can most assuredly be considered vegan in your situation.

This is due to its minimal effect of your calorific intake, more so, pollen is loaded with all those natural enzymes, vitamins and minerals that your diet will be missing since you became a vegan. By taking pollen, you will find all of those minerals and vitamins that you lost out on when you cut meat, eggs and dairy out of your diet.

Overall, I have to, once again reiterate, the answer to ‘is bee pollen vegan?’ Is a decision based upon your strictness as a vegan and adherence to the quote above. However, if you personally decide that pollen is not vegan, then you will lose out on the opportunity to take a natural daily supplement that has more oomph than an energy-drink and multivitamin combined!

With such a limited diet, taking such a powerful supplement as pollen, is a wise move, for those vegans looking to remain as active as possible while still avoiding though high energy non-vegan foods.

Herbal and Ayurvedic Home Remedies For Eye Care

The importance of the eyes to the human beings need not be emphasized. Eyes provide us sight, without which life would lose most of its meaning. But at the same time, eyes are constantly exposed to the external environment. Almost everyone in the world overworks their eyes, due to which several eye problems occur. The list of problems that occur with the eyes is almost infinite. But even then, are we taking adequate care of our eyes? This article provides some valuable tips on care of the eyes.

Some common eye problems are: – Cataract § Conjunctivitis § Glaucoma § Myopia § Stye

Let us see how Ayurveda helps in the prevention and treatment of these eye problems.

Use Herbs for Eye Care

– Aniseed (Pimpinella anisum) Aniseed is especially beneficial in the treatment of cataract. The powder of its seeds is taken in a tablespoon quantity every morning and evening.

– Babul (Acacia arabica) Babul can treat conjunctivitis. A paste of the babul leaves must be applied on the eyes before going to sleep at night. It will lessen the itchiness, wateriness and the redness of the sore eyes.

– Carrot (Daucus carota) Carrot is so beneficial in eye care that its virtues are taught to school students also. Carrots contain beta-carotene, which is the precursor of vitamin A in the body. Vitamin A is responsible for strengthening the eyes and protecting them from night blindness.

– Coriander (Coriandrum sativum) A decoction prepared from coriander can be used as an eyewash for people with conjunctivitis. There will be immediate reduction in the burning, redness and swelling of the eyes.

– Indian Gooseberry (Emblica officinalis) The Indian gooseberry, known as amalaki, is exceptional in treating ocular problems. It can bring relief in both conjunctivitis and glaucoma. Its juice is taken with honey for better effects.

– Indian Sorrel (Oxalis corniculata) The Indian Sorrel has exceptional properties in the treatment of several eye problems. A few drops of the juice of its leaves must be put in the eyes everyday to keep them free from strain. They can also be a good prevention for cataract.

– Marigold (Calendula officinalis) Marigold is taken as a cold infusion for washing eyes that are stressed. This brings a cooling effect to the eyes. It is also effective in cases of conjunctivitis.

– Parsley (Petroselinum crispum) The raw juice of parsley is effective for eye care. It can relieve the eyes of problems such as corneal ulcers, cataracts, weak eyes, conjunctivitis, opthalmia and sluggishness of the pupils.

Dietary Tips for Eye Care

Vitamin A is directly responsible for the strength and power of the eyes. Here, foods that are rich in vitamin A must be taken. Vitamin A is contained in all orange and yellow colored vegetables such as carrots, oranges and pumpkins and in fruits like mangoes, papayas and oranges. Green leafy vegetables such as spinach, coriander and colocasia also contain vitamin A. Among non-vegetarian foods, fish, liver and eggs contain vitamin A. Dairy products also have a fair amount of vitamin A in them.

The risk of cataracts is reduced by including vitamin C in the diet. Foods containing vitamin C such as Indian gooseberry, guava, orange, lemon and tomato, capsicum, cabbage, etc. must be included in the diet.

Ayurvedic Treatments for Eye Problems

The triphala lotion is generally prescribed in case of eye problems. Triphala is a mixture of the two myroblans – belleric and chebula – and the Indian gooseberry. The choorna is soaked in water for half an hour to get the lotion. This lotion is used as an eye-wash three or four times in a day. Triphala lotion has potency to treat eye problems such as cataract and conjunctivitis. Washing the eyes regularly with triphala also keeps them moist and healthy.

Chandrodaya vati is another important Ayurvedic preparation used in eye care. It is made into a paste in water and then applied externally over the eyes. Chandrodaya vati is beneficial in the treatment of allergic conjunctivitis and cataract.

Home Remedies for Common Eye Problems

– Prepare a mixture of equal proportions of aniseed powder and coriander seed powder. Mix it with an equal weight of unrefined sugar. Take it in doses of 12 grams every morning and evening. It is beneficial for people with cataract.

– For people with weak eyesight, taking a mixture of the juices of raw parsley and carrots in a glass amount amount everyday will provide great benefits.

– Mix one part of sugar with three parts of coriander. Grind them into a fine powder and put this mixture in boiling water. Keep it covered for one hour. Then filter it with a clean cloth. Use the filtrate as eye drops. This is an effective treatment for conjunctivitis.

– Immerse almonds in milk and keep them overnight. In the morning, mix this milk with sandalwood. Apply this on the eyelids. This reduces redness of the eyes due to exertion.

– Inhaling the odors of sesame mixed in honey reduces the excess wateriness of the eyes.

– Take two small pieces of cardamom. Grind them and dissolve the powder in milk. Boil the milk and drink it at night. This makes the eyes healthy.