Facial Exercises For Bell’s Palsy – 3 Short Facts

Facial exercises for Bell’s Palsy are thought to help regain control of the effected facial muscles. According to Wikipedia, “Bell’s palsy is a paralysis of cranial nerve VII (the facial nerve) resulting in inability to control facial muscles on the affected side.” The facial exercises for Bell’s Palsy are very similar to the facial exercise for a face lift and the facial exercise routine is simple, quick, and shows fast results. (Within 7 days).

When you do an exercise with Bell’s Palsy, remember to take it easy and slow and don’t push it. Slow and deliberate movements will offer better and faster results. Here are the three facts I promised you:

* Facial muscle exercises may improve muscle tone and help the facial nerve recover.

* Do the exercises for 15 or 20 minutes several times a day.

* Massaging your forehead, cheeks, and lips with oil or cream may also help.

One last thing; before attempting any exercises for the face print a map of the facial muscles in order to familiarize yourself with the muscles you will be working. Don’t forget to be patient and work the muscles gently. The idea is to regain motion and for the motion to be balanced on each side, the good side with the affected side. Don’t force the muscles to the point that the two sides are pulling against each other. Do your facial exercises in the mirror so that you can see them working and you can concentrate on the muscles being worked. One more thing, don’t just watch the muscles you are working but feel them as well. Become familiar with your face.

Get ‘Er Done

“It’s a Problem When It’s a Problem”

Anticipating a problem before it exists is an excellent way to avoid unnecessary expense and business interruption. Truly, “a stitch in time saves nine,” but you need balance.

There is an undeniable advantage to being first to market, and that advantage can be lost if you are buried in ‘analysis paralysis’.

“If you see ten troubles coming down the road, you can be sure that nine will run into the ditch before they reach you.” Calvin Coolidge.

Larry the Cable Guy understands business: “Get ‘er done.”

If you have the core parts ready to launch a business initiative, go ahead and launch it. The feedback you receive from early adopters will be enlightening. In addition, you’ll earn revenue faster, and build more support for the initiative within your organization as a result.

Also, you might learn that features or functionality you thought were needed, actually aren’t. That will save money and result in providing something that delivers what your customers actually want instead of what you thought they wanted.

“Don’t overbuild”

If you think of the marketplace as a battlefield, you send the Marines in first to seize control. They sleep on the ground and eat out of cans.

Support staff like engineers, architects, cooks and accountants all show up later to build the buildings and create the permanent infrastructure once the immediate objectives have been reached.

Both types of staff are equally important. Do you have them both in your organization?

If the answer is “No”, you may be missing opportunities to beat your competition to market and lose out on the benefits of being first to market.

Abdominal Massage

This form of massage is beneficial in constipation. It stimulates the peristalsis of the small intestines, tones up the muscles of the abdomen walls and mechanically eliminates the contents of both large and small intestines. Abdominal massage should not be done in general, femoral,

inguinal and umbilical   hernia , inflammation of the uterus, bladder, ovaries and fallopian tubes, kidney stones, bladder or gall bladder, ulcers of the stomach and intestines, and pregnancy.

Abdominal massage should not be done after a heavy meal, but after two hours or so. The

bladder should be emptied before the massage. The patient is made to lie on his back with his

knees drawn up. This enable the abdomen wall to relax. The masseur should stand at the right

side of the patient and use his finger tips for friction round the umbilical region from right to left.

He should likewise alternatively knead the walls and roll with both hands, making deep and firm

pressure. He should knead with the hand and finger tips and keep clear of any wound or tender

places. He should later take up massaging of the larger intestines.

The manipulation of the large intestine should begin on the right side. Keep it going upwards and

across the transverse colon and move right down on the left side to the signoid flexure and

rectum. Circular kneading should be done with the help of the three middle fingers. At the same

time press into the contents of the abdomen, following the course of the larger colon with a

crawling motion. Keep kneading by means of a few circular movements in one spot with the help

of finger tips. Keep moving the fingers a little further along. Knead repeatedly. Use knuckles of

the hand to make deep pressure along the large colon, moving the hands along after each

pressure.

Once the kneading of the abdomen isover, follow up by tapotement with both hands cupped or

use the knuckles of the hand. Vibration may also be employed. The patient could also be asked

to do some gymnastic exercises for strengthening the walls of the abdomen. Since blood

pressure increases during abdominal manipulation, patients with hypertension should avoid

abdominal massage. Massage should also be avoided in cases where there has been recent

bleeding in the lungs, the stomach or the brain.

Complications of Celiac Disease

Too much gluten intake will lead to a serious health issue. There is a disease characterized by the rapid damage of intestinal lining within the small intestine because of too much gluten intake. At some point, it is very beneficial for us to know the complications of developing the Celiac disease so that we will be armed with adequate knowledge on the things that we can or we cannot do.

Since it is already established that too much gluten intake will lead to the celiac disease, we have to guard ourselves from Gluten.. However, given that you have already developed this digestive disorder, you should also know the possible complications along with the disease.

This article will discuss the possible complications of the Celiac disease if left untreated. This article will be beneficial to any of us who are vigilant with health and be educated with the complications from a simple digestive disorder such as the Celiac disease. A person with the disease is most likely to develop Osteoporosis. Since the person diagnosed with the disorder has difficulty absorbing calcium and Vitamin D, which aids bone development and strength, is will eventually lead to weaker bones and even fracture.

At some point, Osteoporosis is the worse complication if the body will lack huge amount of calcium and remains untreated.Another complication of the disease is infertility or miscarriage. Several hormonal imbalances result from the disease and might lead to sexual disability and miscarriage.Birth defects among babies can also be a manifestation of a mother having the disease since there will be lesser intake of folic acid among mothers.

This can manifest by poor development of the spinal parts resulted from lack of nutrients essential for the development process.If worse comes to worst, although it is a rare scenario, the Celiac disease might lead to intestinal cancer. If the disease remains untreated over time, and there has been an excessive damage within the small intestine, there is a possibility to have cancer cells developed therein. Although this is a rare possibility, we should take this into consideration since most cancer cells are evolving fast.

There are other diseases that might arise side by side with the celiac disease. People who have the disease is most like to have other health issues such as thyroid diseases, high risk of developing Diabetes, specifically the Type 1 Diabetes, Lupus, and Rheumatoid Arthritis. These are just some of the common complications for developing Celiac disease.These are just some things that we have to know in order to guard ourselves against too much intake of gluten. If you try to analyze the cause of these common complications, it all boils down to one thing.

That is the inability of the body to absorb nutrients from the food we eat.to avoid developing other complications that might lead to a more serious illness, make sure that we lessen the intake of gluten in the body. Remember that big things start from small beginning. If we make sure that we are getting the right energy from the food we eat, as well as make sure we are guarding ourselves against possible communicable disease, we can make sure that we will be living a healthy and longer life.

How Lower Back Stretches Can Help Relieve Your Lower Back Pain

There are a number of factors that can cause pain in the lower back. Some of those factors might include a slipped disk, ligament sprain, muscle strain or even joint problems. Most lower back pain usually comes about after over exertion such as improperly lifting heavy loads like furniture, bending over for extended periods of time in the garden or rotating your spine in an awkward way.

Most people think that when they hurt their back it is best to just lay down, rest and not move at all. BUT this might actually slow your healing process according to some Orthopaedic professionals, who recommend doing simple lower back stretches instead. Before you begin stretching your back, here are a few reminders:

  1. Clothes should be comfortable and be loose enough to allow the stretches to be performed without restriction.
  2. Warming up your muscles is imperative and it could be as simple as going for a 5 minute walk or just walking in place.

  3. You should not be feeling any sharp pain when stretching, NEVER force yourself to over extend as you can do damage to your ligaments, back muscles or even cause the your disk can be displaced.

  4. Hold stretching positions NEVER bounce or do sudden movements AND ALWAYS return to the starting position SLOWLY.

  5. Keep abdominal muscles tight throughout the routine.

Two simple back stretching exercises are the cat stretch (or cat arch) and the standing back extension. These stretches are great for back pain relief while at the same time strengthening and realigning the spine.

How To Do Cat Stretch

Begin on all fours (hands and knees). Arch back downwards to the floor slowly while breathing in and moving your chin to the ceiling. Next breathe out moving your chin towards the chest and arching the back upwards to the ceiling. Hold each position for 10 seconds and do 5-10 reps.

How To Do Standing Back Extension

Stand upright with your feet hip-width apart and hands at your sides. Gently bend your upper body backwards from the waist. Go as far back as you comfortably can while look up at the ceiling. Keep pose for a count of 10, then loosen up and slowly return to standing upright. Do 5 reps and gradually add stretches 2 at a time as this routine gets easier.

These back stretches can be done anytime you feel muscle pain in your lower back. Doing them often helps your core muscles to loosen up and prevents lower back pain from reoccurring.

Neurological (Nerve) Pain and Acupuncture

Neurological pain is one of the most difficult kinds of pain for people to tolerate. Nerve pain usually presents as a sharp shooting pain or a constant burning sensation. It will generally present in the same location with each episode and can often be traced by the patient along the nerve pathway. There may also be weakness or impaired function in the affected area and the skin may be either overly sensitive or numb.

Nerve pain can arise from trauma (including surgery), inflammation, stroke, disease, infection, nerve degeneration, and even exposure to toxic chemicals. However, many times the origin of nerve pain is unknown though it does tend to affect the older population more often.

Some of the more common kinds of nerve pain are: trigeminal   neuralgia  (also called Tic Douloureax) which affects the face, sciatica which usually starts in the lower back and runs down the leg, shingles which affects one side of the body, usually in the chest and back and is the after effect of a herpes zoster attack and diabetic neuropathy which often affects the feet. Other potential causes are AIDS or HIV, multiple sclerosis, chemotherapy, alcoholism and amputation.

Not only can the pain from these and other neurological conditions be debilitating in its intensity, pain medications are generally ineffective in treating the discomfort. Fortunately acupuncture; often used with electrical stimulation in treating nerve conditions, is very effective at relieving the pain and restoring normal function. There are several ways this is thought to work, all of which have been carefully researched.

oAcupuncture stimulates the brain to release chemicals (neurotransmitters and ovoids) into the body that reduce sensitivity to pain and normalize the nervous system.

oAcupuncture activates nerve receptors that decrease or “gate-out” (like a gate being closed) pain signals.

oAcupuncture with electrical stimulation interrupts the pain signal allowing the nerve to calm down thereby reducing pain.

o Acupuncture increases the amount of endorphins in the body and focuses them on the affected areas. These natural chemicals reduce inflammation that can cause, or be a result of, nerve pain.

oAcupuncture promotes actual healing by altering the body’s electrical system to allow the transfer of material and electrical energy between normal and injured tissue thereby reducing the amount of recovery time.

The electrical stimulation that is used is not painful and oftentimes patients state it feels very good. It may take several treatments to achieve long lasting results but patients usually feel better after the first treatment. In the case of a degenerative disease complete relief may not be obtainable but the quality of life can be improved by reducing pain, increasing function and slowing the degenerative process. An acupuncture treatment for nerve pain takes about a half an hour from start to finish.

If you, or someone you know, is suffering with nerve pain please consult a licensed acupuncturist so that you, or they, can get the relief they deserve.

Home Remedies For a Sore Throat

Catching cold, or coming down with the flu is pretty common in winter, and its a horrible feeling every time. Having a sore throat is one of the worst feelings for me, and while there are plenty of drugs and pills that actually do a pretty good job of either covering up the discomfort or reducing it in some way, there are also plenty of totally natural remedies and things to help you get better. Here are a few quick and easy thing s to try at home. None of them involve any drugs or weird, potentially dangerous substances, so anyone can safely do it.

1. If you feel like you are coming down with a sore throat (that lumpy sore feeling you often get after a long day outdoors) try gargling with strong salty water. Dissolve 1-2 tsp of salt in a glass of warm water, and gargle it like mouthwash, after you have brushed your teeth. The idea is that the salt kills bacteria in your throat.

2. For sore throats wear a soft scarf to bed and around the house. This helps because the body can more easily fight off infections when temperature is kept close to actual core body temperature. Your neck and throat lose a lot of heat, and even very slightly lowered temperature is better for bacteria to survive in.

3. For a bad sore throat, try eating a small spoon of honey every now and again. It is naturally antibacterial, and naturally soothing as well.

4. Get lots of natural vitamin C. Eat oranges, fresh vegetables, and make yourself lemonade from real lemons. This can be drunk warm or cold, and can be sweetened with a bit of honey.

The easiest way to make the lemon juice is definitely to use a citrus juicer, a handy little gadget that take the hard work out of squeezing lemons and limes.

Natural Flu Remedies

People always ask me what my favorite cure for the flu is and how to treat the flu naturally. It’s really good to know there are natural home remedies to keep us healthy and help us get well when sick. Here are some of my favorite things to keep in our home “medicine cabinet”…

  1. White willow bark (contains Salicylic acid, a similar compound to aspirin) to help ease headache and fever
  2. Echinacea, which was used for 400 years by Native Americans to treat infections and wounds and as a general “cure-all.” Historically it was used for scarlet fever, syphilis, malaria, blood poisoning, and diphtheria. German research has shown it to have antiviral and immune enhancing qualities.
  3. Garlic capsules – garlic contains allicin, similar compound to penicillin.
  4. Tea tree oil – use externally – replaced penicillin during WWII in Australia.

You’ve probably heard it said, “Starve a cold, feed a fever.” This generally mis-quoted saying really is, “Starve a cold lest you feed a fever.” This means when you have a cold or flu symptoms, one of the best things you can do is to fast on water, juices or vegetable broth in order to cleanse the body and “starve your cold or flu.”

An excellent start is to drink vegetable juices and herbal teas with plenty of warm fluids throughout the day. Avoid fruit juice containing sugar or high fructose corn syrup. Dilute juice with water, and be sure to drink plain water in between. Best fluids to consume are warm water or herbal tea either plain or with a little lemon juice and honey.

Beyond the “germ theory,” natural hygiene teaches that viruses and bacteria cannot survive in a body when cells and tissue are clean. With this philosophy we might begin to consider a cold or the flu as an opportunity to cleanse. The body is simply saying, “Let’s clean house!”

To cleans the system, we want to be sure the intestinal tract is moving well, and consider adding flaxseed meal to the diet. Naturally grown flaxseed is available in supermarkets these days especially in the specialty food section. Once ground into flaxseed meal, keep in the refrigerator. Add this to juices or shakes, 1-2 teaspoons per day, or sprinkle over a light meal such as salad or rice and vegetables.

Cleansing, flushing the system with plenty of fluids, eating lighter fare such as fresh fruit and veggies, and staying off dairy products (which can be congesting) are important. Dairy products are the natural food for an infant of a species, but once we are adults they can be very mucous forming, and contribute to conditions in which a cold or flu can start. When fighting sickness, we want to decrease congestion in any way we possible, so minimizing dairy products is essential.

Lightening up our diet, cleansing, getting plenty of fluids, making sure that the intestinal tract is being cleaned out are all basic lifestyle habits that will help prevent getting sick, and help us get well when cold or flu occurs. When these lifestyle habits are followed, you’ll be amazed at how often you can stay well when others are sick around you. These lifestyle practices create an essential foundation for wellness. We can then add herbal remedies, fresh air, sunshine and plenty of rest to accelerate the process of getting and staying well from colds and flu.

Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) During Adolescent Years

In our society today, it is routine when a child is born to begin testing for certain illnesses that could be devastating to development. Doctors have set a routine schedule for growth and development to be evaluated and encourage parents to have children immunized against diseases. Prevention is a buzz word used repeatedly in clinics and hospitals, however, when applied to Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS), testing and evaluation is not done until adulthood when the condition is out of control and complications have already begun. Testing and evaluation for PCOS during the adolescent years should be used to prevent devastating complications from PCOS.

Do women know what they have is treatable, and if not treated could lead to devastating disease? There are many women that suffer with the daily complications associated with untreated PCOS. For many women testing is not being accomplished. Because in reality, PCOS women do not even know that there is anything that can be done for the symptoms, and continue to suffer. According to the American Association of Clinical Endocrinologist (AACE):

PCOS is the most common   metabolic   disorder  of reproductive-age women in the United States, is generally known as a reproductive disorder but is also associated with life-threatening medical illnesses. In the U.S., six million reproductive-age women are affected with the syndrome. (“Fact Sheet”)

PCOS was discovered before computers were invented and yet [2005] there’s still no evaluation for PCOS during adolescence, when the symptoms first start to develop. The symptoms associated with PCOS were first reported by Irving Stein and Michael Leventhal in 1935 (9). Women with menstrual problems who had large ovaries because of multiple cysts [classical symptoms] were diagnosed with Stein-Leventhal syndrome. Due to more research these symptoms have become just a subset of a more encompassing syndrome called PCOS. Many people in the medical profession simple call it PCO, because the symptoms will vary in individuals.

The statistics show that no one person has all of the same symptoms, but doctors should be able to make educated guesses and send women in form testing much earlier than during adulthood (11). By the time some women are treated the complications due to lack of treatment have set in, and some women become infertile, overweight, and have depression. In Living with PCOS, Angela Boss states:

Although the age of onset for PCOS symptoms varies, most women with PCOS can think back to their teenage years and remember a point in time when they started feeling “different” and wondering if something was wrong with them. (1)

Signs and symptoms of PCOS include irregular menses, no menses, infrequent menses, central obesity, excessive body hair growth in male distribution pattern, acne, cysts on ovaries, and infertility (2). Abnormal test results such as elevated levels of male hormones, lower female hormones, fasting insulin abnormalities and reduced levels of sex hormone (8).

Another abnormal test, in PCOS that should be evaluated as part of a routine screening for the adolescent, is a cholesterol test. There is a new test being used in the process of evaluating cholesterol (4). The VAP (Vertical Auto Profile) helps to evaluate cholesterol and there seems to be certain factors of cholesterol elevated only in female with PCOS (12). As more studies are conducted to validate this information, this may prove a definitive test for PCOS patients (4). Most parents become very concerned when medication is involved and want some kind of proof there is something medically wrong before starting treatment. Without the VAP test many parents may not take the doctors word, just based on symptoms, their child has PCOS and will need to take medication for treatment. The medication would be used to treat PCOS and Insulin Resistance (IR).

IR the over production of insulin, is one of the more severe, but treatable syndrome associated with PCOS (10). Acanthosis Nigricans (velvety thickening hyperpigmentation of the skin; brown spots) may be present at nape of neck, axillae, area beneath breast and exposed areas (elbows, knuckles) a sign of insulin resistance (2). However, this is also one of the signs used by the doctor to diagnose PCOS. Research has been conducted to determine whether or not IR causes PCOS or whether PCOS cause IR. The debate is similar to the question of which came first the chicken or the egg. “Insulin resistance if not treated can lead to glucose intolerance or type 2 diabetes mellitus” (2). The treatment must be started as soon as possible to avoid complications. In order for treatment to start the condition must be diagnosed.

The diagnosis of PCOS is a hard thing to get from many Physicians. The reason, as stated before, is because symptoms vary from person to person and many physicians are still following the classical symptoms and do not know how to treat this syndrome. The Mayoclinic states, “Management of PCOS focusing on each woman’s main concern, such as infertility, hirsutism, acne or obesity”, this is how most doctors today are treating this syndrome. My daughter, Alizza, experienced this first hand when she could not loose weight no matter what she ate or how hard she exercised. While in one doctor’s office the doctor told Alizza all she had to do was exercise more, eat less and see someone for her depression. Alizza was very depressed and had no self-esteem due to being overweight. She felt the doctor’s recommendation was not the answer and began doing research. She was fortunate to find a doctor that knows about PCOS and how to treat it. As my daughter experienced most women with PCOS have been made to suffer and think that the symptoms were in their head or it was just how they were made and they would have to live with the symptoms.

As more and more studies have been done, there is a plethora of information that is available to the medical community and women. The AACE in conjunction with the Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome Association (PCOSA) is trying to educate doctors and women of all ages in an awareness campaign (2). Most of the sites on the internet have conferences schedule, and public forums to educate people about PCOS. The Associate Press has picked up on PCOS and reported: Doctors often fail to connect the disparate symptoms. There are also stories of how PCOS is affecting women like “Hidden Fertility  Disorder  can lead to Diabetes” (7). In an effort to educate medical providers the AACE provided this Position Statement:

The physician should no longer regard these women as merely having annoying cosmetic complaints, or primarily suffering from infertility, but as having potential  metabolic   disorders  that may be associated with type 2 diabetes mellitus and cardiovascular events. (2)

Education of the physicians and women is needed to make early diagnosis a reality. Before someone can be treated for a disease they have to know that there is a treatment available to them. With the education that the AACE has started there is a better chance of treating PCOS during the adolescent years.

Doctor Foley, a pediatrician specializing in adolescent gynecological problems, stated in our interview, “Adolescence with abnormal periods should be evaluated for PCOS.” When asked why this evaluation would be important, Doctor Foley had several reasons. Early treatment of PCOS will prevent complication later on in life. There has been an increase in the number of adult onset diabetes in younger and younger children. Weight gain puts them at risk for diabetes, and heart disease. It also has a big impact on self image, which is extremely important in the developing child. We also know that PCOS effects neurotransmitters of the brain and can cause depression.

The last reason for treating PCOS during adolescences was quite a unique philosophy. Until our interview I had not even thought about the implications. According to Doctor Foley adolescent having PCOS have higher levels of testosterone. This high level of testosterone causes females to feel more masculine. The other symptom that most will have is no periods or very irregular periods. Which coupled with high levels of testosterone, could make a girl feel like she is not very feminine. “Insulin resistance (IR) almost always goes hand in hand with PCOS, and girls that have IR will have problems with weight gain, and difficulty losing weight” (10). Put all of this together and Doctor Foley feels this could lead girls to lean toward and alternate life style of Homosexuality:

Girls come in and have made statements like, “I don’t feel right”, and “I don’t look like the other girls, and “I don’t feel like a girl”. Part of this is because the hormone levels are not in a normal range. This is due to the PCOS and IR. After treating the PCOS the girls have returned to state that they feel much more like a normal girl now, because they are now having periods and their testosterone level is within a normal range.

Studies have confirmed the prevalence of PCOS in adolescence. In Doctor Mahin Hashemipour study he concluded PCOS is a common endocrine disorder in adolescents. Adolescents with a mother, or sister that has PCOS and symptoms of PCOS should be evaluated for this syndrome in order to prevent its potential complications (6).

The treatment of PCOS does vary from one doctor to another. The newer philosophy is to focus on the root cause of PCOS. “Many of these new therapies are designed to lower insulin levels and, thus reduce production of testosterone” (3). Doctor Foley agrees with this newer approach however she feels emphasis needs to be placed on the nutritional side of the treatment. Treatment with medication aimed at lowering insulin levels and changing eating habits have shown to eliminate most of the symptoms of PCOS and IR.

The role of hereditary factors in the development of PCOS, its associated  metabolic  abnormalities and the use of insulin-sensitizing agents in the treatment of PCOS is currently being research at the University of Chicago by Doctor David Ehrmann and his team. Metformin is an insulin lowing drug. It has been approved by the FDA for diabetes, but is not yet FDA-approved for use in treatment of PCOS. These studies will help to find out if metformin does help in lowing insulin production in the PCOS patient. Doctor Glueck studies have found:

During adolescence and childbearing years, before the advent of Metformin therapy, treatment of PCOS was directed (with only modest success) at the presenting clinical feature. Metformin, a safe and effective, widely available, oral medicine increases the effectiveness of insulin at the peripheral cell level, reduces hyperinsulinemia, and reduces hyperandrogengenemia in turn, thus correcting this biochemical domino effect by correcting it at the source.

Doctor Foley currently uses metformin in treating PCOS, and has found dramatic results in her patients and those of her husband, Doctor Steven Foley a Board Certified Gynecologist. Doctor Foley and her husband treat patients with a combination of metformin and nutritional therapy. After a diagnosis of PCOS the patient is scheduled to see a nutritionist for an hour appointment. During my daughter’s evaluation the nutritionist explained that a diet restricting the amount of carbohydrate to 30-50 grams a day, and increasing the amount of protein to 80-100 grams a day, will help to lower insulin levels. As Doctor Foley stated, “It’s a life style change that will be with you the rest of your life.” If the diagnosis of PCOS was made during the adolescent years this life style change could begin sooner and help reduce the risk of long-term complications much earlier. It would also be easier for younger women to adjust to this new lifestyle than when they are much older and set in their ways.

Most women report one or more of the symptoms to their doctor, but unless the doctor has been trained to recognize the symptoms and relate them to each other, many women will suffer until their symptoms worsen, or they develop more symptoms. “Irregular or heavy periods may signal the condition in adolescence, or PCOS may become apparent later when a woman has difficulty becoming pregnant” (8).

At present there is no screening that is done until a woman see a doctor for treatment of her symptoms. If early diagnosis and treatment of PCOS can help reduce the risk of long-term complications in six million women, then why is there no screening during adolescence? Testing and evaluation for PCOS during the adolescent years should be used to prevent devastating complications from PCOS.

Works Cited

1. Boss, Angela, Evelina Weidman Sterling, and Richard Legro. “Adolescent Females.” Living with PCOS. Omaha: Addicus, 2001.

2. Cobin, Rhonda, et al. “American Association of Clinical Endocrinologist Position Statement on  Metabolic  and Cardiovascular Consequences of Polycystic Ovary Syndrome.” American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists. Oct. 2004. 10 Apr. 2005 [http://www.aace.com/pub/pcos2004/index.php]

3. Ehrmann, David, et al. “Treatment Options.” The University of Chicago Center for Polycystic Ovary Syndrome. n.d. 10 Apr. 2005

http://centerforpcos.bsd.uchicago.edu/Treatment_options/treatment_options.html.

4. Foley, Deborah. Pediatrician Advanced Gynecology Prof. LLC. Personal Interview. 15 Mar. 2005. 719-633-8773.

5. Glueck, C.J. “Metformin: The Treatment of Choice in Polycystic Ovary Syndrome.” Health Alliance on line. Scientific Update 5 Sept. 2000. 7 Apr. 2005

6. Hashemipour, Mahin, et al. “Prevalence of Polycystic Ovary Syndrome in Girls Aged 14-18 Years in Isfahan, Iran.” Hormone Research :2004, Vol. 62 Issue 6, p278, 5p. Article. EBSCOhost. Front Range Comm College, Westminster Lib. 10 Feb. 2005 http://rpa.westminster.lib.co.us/rpa/webauth.exe.

7. “Hidden fertility disorder can lead to diabetes.” The Associated Press. 11 Oct. 2004. 11 Feb. 2005 http://msnbc.msn.com/id/6227116 .

8. Hunter, Melissa and James Sterrett. “Polycystic Ovary Syndrome: It’s Not Just Infertility.” The American Academy of Family Physicians 62 (2000): 1079-88. 22 Mar. 2005 http://www.aafp.org/afp/20000901/1079.html

9. Marrinan, Greg. “Polycystic Ovarian Disease (Stein-Leventhal Syndrome).” Emedicine. 30 Aug, 2002. 22 Feb. 2005 http://www.emedicine.com/radio/topic565.htm

10. Pick, Marcelle. “Insulin Resistance in Women.” Women to Women on line. n.d. 9 Apr. 2005 [http://www.womentowomen.com/LIBinsulinresistance.asp]

11. “Polycystic Ovary Syndrome.” Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research. 14 Nov. 2003. 2 Feb. 2005 http://www.mayoclinic.com/invoke.cfm?id=DS00423

12. “The VAP Test: An Emerging Standard of Care in Cholesterol Risk Assessment.” Medco Forum. 8 (2001): 36. 29 Apr. 2005

http://www.atherotech.com/information/default.asp?section=aa&location=1

Recommended Foods for Diabetes

Brewer’s Yeast

Brewer’s yeast is a wonder food. It is rich in traces of mineral chromium. This mineral helps the pancreas produce more insulin. It is one of the best supports for normal handling of sugar by the body. According to an article by Dr. Richard J. Doisy and others, which appeared in the Medical World News, Brewer’s yeast has lowered the insulin requirements of many diabetes patients.

Broccoli

Broccoli, a close relation of the cauliflower, has long been a popular food in Europe. This vegetable has proved to be an effective anti-diabetic food. It is rich source of chromium, a trace mineral that seems to lower blood sugar. This trace mineral regulates blood sugar, thereby often reducing the medication and insulin needs of diabetes. In cases of mild diabetes, chromium may prevent the onset of the full-fledged disease. If a person’s glucose tolerance is on border, chromium can help control it. Even low blood sugar levels can be brought to normal with chromium.

Curd

Curd injects friendly bacteria in to the digestive system that stimulate the pancreas. It also washes the pancreas of its acids and wastes. These cleansing actions enable the pancreas to perform much better and thereby help in the production of insulin.

Garlic

In scientific trials garlic and its constituents have been found to lower blood sugar in diabetes. This vegetable is rich in potassium, which effectively replaces the large quantities of potassium lost in the urine of diabetics. It also contains zinc and sulphur, which are constituents of insulin. Some authorities believe that low levels of zinc may be one of the factors responsible for the onset of diabetes. Garlic also contains manganese, a deficiency of which can contribute towards diabetes.

Garlic constituents appear to act by blocking the inactivation of insulin in the liver. The result is higher blood insulin levels and lower blood sugar.

Garlic has other benefits for diabetes besides lowering blood sugar. It prevents arteriosclerosis, which is a common complication of diabetes and relieves body paid. Diabetics can take the equivalent of one or two cloves of garlic a day in any form they like, either raw or cooked in food or as capsules. Garlic milk, prepared by adding four cloves of crushed garlic to 110 ml of milk, is one good way of taking garlic. The best way, however, is to chew raw garlic thoroughly first thing in the morning.

Bengal Gram

Bengal gram, also known as chickpea, is a widely used important component of Indian diet. It is a valuable anti-diabetic food. Experiments have shown that the oral ingestion of the water extract of Bengal gram increases the utilization of glucose in diabetics as well as normal people. In a study conducted at Central Food Technological Research Institute in Mysore, the requirement of insulin of chronic diabetes patients decreased from 40 units a day to 20 units, when kept on a diet which included liberal supplements of Bengal gram extract.

Diabetic patients who are on a restricted diet, which does not severely limit the intake of carbohydrates but includes liberal amounts of Bengal gram extract, have shown considerable improvement in their fasting blood sugar levels, glucose tolerance, urinary excretion of sugar and general condition.

Bitter Gourd

The bitter gourd is a common vegetable cultivated extensively. It has excellent medicinal virtues. This vegetable has been used as fold medicine for diabetes from ancient times. Research has established that it contains insulin like principle designated as plant-insulin, which has been found beneficial in lowering blood and urine sugar levels.

Bitter gourd is thus and effective anti-diabetic food and should be included liberally in the diet of a diabetic.

Juice of three or four bitter gourds taken every morning on an empty stomach has been found more effective than eating fruits. The seeds of bitter gourd can be powdered and added to regular meals. A decoction prepared by boiling chopped bitter gourd is water is equally effective, as is its dry powder mixed with liquid foods.

Bitter gourd is rich in all essential vitamins and minerals especially vitamins A, B1, B2, C and iron. Its regular use, therefore, prevents many complications associated with diabetes including hypertension, eye complications, neuritis and the defective metabolism of carbohydrates.

Black Gram

Black gram is a highly prized pulse in India. It is an anti diabetic food. Germinated black gram taken with half a cup of fresh bitter gourd juice, forms and effective remedy for treating mild types of diabetes. It should be taken once a day, for three to four months, with a restricted intake of carbohydrates.

In severe diabetes, regular use of this combination is an effective complement to other treatments. It is also a useful health food for preventing complications due to malnutrition in diabetes. Milk prepared by grinding sprouted whole black gram is also recommended for diabetics.

Groundnut

Groundnuts are valuable in diabetes. Eating a handful of groundnuts daily by diabetics will not only prevent malnutrition, particularly the deficiency of niacin, but also checks the development of vascular complications.

For diabetes information, diabetes diet, diabetes treatment, diabetes causes visit www.diabetesmellitus-information.com

Obesity – Cause and Herbal Treatments

Though people face health hazards all over the world from time to time,  obesity  is posing a much larger problem to human health currently as compared with the past. In a few countries like America, it tops the charts as health related problems are concerned. The problem has become so critical that almost two-thirds of the adults in the American population are overweight. Not only this, almost one-third are even obese.

 Obesity : What Does It Stand For?

Being obese – stands for being excessively fat. It indicates that an individual’s weight is greater by 20-30% than the ideal weight of a person of that specific age, height and gender.

Apart from making an individual unattractive,  obesity  threatens human health with even graver consequences. Quite a few of these are diabetes, high blood pressure, kidney problems, cardiovascular diseases, stroke cancer, gallstones etc. If a medical professional, especially a dietician is consulted, he/she would add a large number of problems resulting due to  obesity  to this list.

As if that is not enough, an obese person usually cannot walk in a comfortable manner. Because of the overweight of the body, the knee joints experience a heavy stress while walking. It may and often does result into arthritis.

What Causes  Obesity ?

Poor Lifestyle

The lifestyle followed by people in most of the modern societies focuses on less of the physical activity and more of ordering the servants or relying upon the electronic equipments to finish the daily tasks. Technology provides us computers to duplicate information rather than our having to write it, with online libraries we don’t have to visit one or walk down to one, with online shopping we are not required to visit the market, at home the washing machine, electronic toaster, highly improved irons and in short- every facility takes away the burden to labor for anything at all. It has made people lethargic. Moreover, they shun exercise. The result:  obesity .

Unhealthy Diet

As people are not required to labor physically, their bodies burn very little amount of calories resulting into their getting fatter day by day. Moreover, people consume diets rich in fats, oils, carbohydrates and cholesterol. But when the calories are not burnt, they become even fatter.

 Obesity : Effects

Low or almost no physical activity and a higher intake of diets rich in cholesterol, fats and carbohydrates damage the muscles of the heart and the blood vessels. As a result, blood circulation system in the body gets highly effected. Apart from high blood pressure, the risk for stroke is greatly increased. There can be other heart related problems as well.

Apart from heart diseases,  obesity  also causes sleep apnea. Patients suffering from sleep apnea may stop breathing during sleep. As if that is not enough, both men and women must keep a check over their waist size. Women with their waist size greater than thirty five and men with a size greater than forty may experience health troubles.

 Obesity : Prevention is Better Than Cure

Play Safe

Use herbal appetite suppressants to control overeating. Suppressants such as Hoodia Gordonji are quite effective to control over eating and hence, the body weight. It raises the metabolic levels, suppresses the appetite and is good for the overall health of the human body. Moreover, as you eat less, you do not have to switch to a fad diet and still you lose weight. So, it is a wonderful idea in itself. You go on consuming the same type of diet you were enjoying earlier. Only the quantity will be reduced.

Stick To a Regular Routine

The problem is not that people do not know how to fight  obesity  or in the first place, to prevent it altogether. The actual problem is that they do not stick to their routine. The majority of the people know that regular exercises can control or even reduce weight. They do exercise, but only for a few days. After that, they give up and get back to the previous routines. Same is the case with diets.

A Few More Tips to Overcome  Obesity  Before It Overcomes You!

Now, here are a few more tips to say a big good buy to this foe of yours called  obesity . Use these herbs. ‘Aloe Vera’ cleanses the digestive tract and as a result, improves digestion. ‘Astralgus’ boosts energy. It even satisfies urge for eating sweets. ‘Bee Pollen’ is also there. It activates metabolism. Like Astralgus, it also satisfies the people with a sweet tooth. ‘Ephedra’ (also known as Huang) is a weight loss supplement. It is also an appetite suppressant and increases metabolism. ‘Kelp’ improves metabolism. ‘Licorice’ satisfies those who have a sweet tooth.

If you stick to healthy diets that do not consist of cholesterol, fats and sugars beyond a limit, consume lots of fruits and vegetables and exercise regularly, you will keep  obesity  at bay.

Herbal Cures: Bed Sores

The basic concept of classical homeopathy is based on the knowledge that drugs cure similar diseases, as they can cause symptoms when used on healthy people. In therapy and diagnostics, homeopathy is usually systematic and involves not only the disease-related symptoms and changes, but all the striking features of the disease patients as a whole, of spirit, soul and body.

Also known as pressure sores, decubitus ulcers, and trophic ulcers, bedsores develop where the skin endures unrelieved external pressure. Those who are paralyzed, unconscious, or immobile and anyone confined to a bed or wheelchair for long periods of time are most susceptible. Herbal remedies with antiinflammatory properties are effective against them.

The sores occur most commonly on the buttocks, as well as on the shoulders, elbows, lower back, hips, knees, ankles, and heels. They begin as red, tender patches of skin that slowly thicken and swell. Blisters and openings in the skin are common. Ongoing pressure prevents the sores from healing and invites infection. Severe bedsores, which always require medical attention, can expose the bone and may require surgery and skin grafting.

Because bedsores are difficult to treat, prevention is the best medicine. To minimize pressure in any one place, the patient’s position should be changed every two hours. Pressure areas should be washed and dried carefully-sponge gently and use a small amount of soap. (Wet skin, especially if caused by incontinence, is prone to infection.) Padding beds with wool blankets can help relieve pressure.

Cornstarch and talcum powder- often sprinkled on damp skin and open sores-can help keep skin dry. Other measures include foot and leg exercises, gentle massage, and a vitamin-fortified diet.

Myrrh

To make an astringent and antiseptic tincture, mix 1 part resin of the myrrh shrub with 5 parts 90 percent isopropyl rubbing alcohol. Commercial tinctures are also sold. Test on healthy skin first to make sure further irritation does not occur. Never apply to an open sore.

Aloe vera gel

Carefully slice along the center of the aloe leaf, peel back the edges, and scrape out the gel. The gel is available in most stores, but the anti-inflammatory and antibacterial effect of the fresh gel is much greater.

Arnica

The anti-inflammatory and antiseptic qualities of the flower heads are captured in commercial tinctures and ointments. Apply with a cloth or add to a poultice. Long-term use may cause dermatitis. Do not take internally.

Calendula

Use 1 to 2 teaspoons flowers to make a standard tea (for external use), tincture, or ointment. Apply the steeped tea with a clean cloth. Or use a commercial ointment.

Diaper Rash Cream

Once you have your first baby, you will experience many things that can cause your baby discomfort. Common annoyances include irritation, hungriness and diaper  rash . A baby’s skin is smooth and delicate, but when a diaper is constantly rubbing their skin, it can cause painful infant  rashes .

Most parents know a thing or two about diaper  rashes . Babies will cry and cry until this is resolved, however if it’s not taken care of properly, it could become a serious problem. Diaper  rash  cream is needed as soon as the  rash  starts to form to prevent diaper  rashes .

When your baby gets sores from diaper  rashes , you need to know how to take care of it with the proper baby  rash  treatment. This can be prevented in many ways and one good way is baby  rash  cream. If you use the right diaper cream to reduce the diaper  rash  and the moisture that causes it, you will have a happy baby.

For those of you who want the best for your baby’s skin, then you may want to check into that natural baby skin care product that is sitting on the shelf. Natural baby skin care products do not contain ingredients that are harmful to the skin.

When you want to get the right prevention for your baby  rash , try looking up some tips and cream reviews for your baby online. You will find that some creams that contain certain natural ingredients like oatmeal or aloe, that will help foster smooth and healthy skin. If you use the right natural diaper  rash  cream it will help reduce moisture and prevent the potential of a diaper  rash .

Parents are often puzzled by how to get rid of diaper  rashes . Choosing the right diaper for your baby can increase the chances of preventing  rashes . The  rash  can cause the baby to be cranky and can cause the baby to lose sleep. Diaper  rash  cream can help calm the burning and heal skin within a few days.

It is important to understand that a bad diaper  rash  is very uncomfortable for the baby. When the baby or toddler has a bad diaper  rash , it can feel as if there is a fire inside of the diaper or training pants.

The diaper the baby wears has absorbing materials that helps keep the baby dry or helps you know when they are wet. However, when it comes to wetness, you should always keep the buttock area dry to avoid infants  rashes . Until the baby is potty trained, you will find that using diaper  rash  cream is a great precautionary measure to take.

Washing clothes in detergents that have chemicals that react to a baby’s soft new skin can lead to diaper  rashes  as well. It needs to be taken care of, because if not, the sores can start bleeding and scabbing over. You will need to apply the right diaper  rash  cream that works for your child.

Diaper  rash  cream is small and easy to carry while you travel. If you plan on traveling, then you should bring some cream in order to keep  rash  off of your babies behind. When you travel, your baby has higher chances of baby  rash , because of the problem of sitting in wet diapers. Of course, be sure to check out the all natural products before the non natural ones. Your baby will be glad you did.

10 Ways to Beat Irritability During Perimenopause

What’s really going on when you find yourself snapping at the cat for no real reason, or wildly impatient with the slow checkout girl – more than usual, I mean!!

If you’re in your 40s or early 50s, it might it be menopause. Or it might not. Up to 50 percent of all perimenopausal women experience disturbances in mood, including irritability. In fact, it can be one of the first signs that you are perimenopausal!

Your hormones may be off-balance and cause extra irritability as estrogen levels decline. It could feel like PMS on steroids!! A study involving menopausal and post-menopausal women found that irritability with others was associated with increased levels of Folicule Stimulating Hormone (FSH) and Lutenizing Hormone (LH), hormones that are markers of ovarian aging and menopause.

Being irritable and intolerant with those around you, including your spouse, children and pets has consequences and none of them contribute to personal peace. Expressing irritability can alarm and upset loved ones and make you feel guilty for being miserable to those who don’t deserve such a generous expression of your wrath! And that’s not all, at this time of your life you may examine your past and future and decide to put all your relationships under a microscope to determine whether they’re worth the energy it takes to maintain them.

Irritability symptoms may include:

  • Feeling stressed during a ‘regular’ day
  • Insomnia
  • Feeling ‘on edge’
  • Lasting out in anger or frustration or screaming with rage
  • Less tolerance with people and events
  • Reduced patience
  • Over-reaction to something that wouldn’t have bothered you in the past
  • Irritability is a general symptom with many explanations.
  • Your irritability may have nothing to do with menopause. It could be connected to psychological and lifestyle factors including stress, major life changes, a history of depression or mood disorders, physical inactivity, excess consumption of caffeine, alcohol or drugs, or poor diet.
  • Physical causes can include drug withdrawal or reaction, cancer, headache or migraine, head trauma, anemia, viral infection, diabetes and hypoglycemia.
  • Irritability can be a side-effect of chronic diseases such as hypertension, cardiac disease, diabetes or thyroid disease.
  • Irritability can be caused by caffeine, hunger and poor nutrition.
  • Your irritability may be the result of lack of sleep from another menopause indicator: insomnia.
  • Other menopausal symptoms, such as hot flashes, loss of libido, vaginal dryness, and more, can cause or contribute to irritability.
  • Hormone imbalance yes, but the greater change is occurring in your brain which is rewiring during perimenopause. New growth of the myelin sheath, the coating that insulates nerves and speeds up the connection between nerve cells, is happening in the part of the brain responsible for emotional learning. These changes create greater clarity and help us shift from caring for others to more self-nurturing activities. Hence the irritability when asked to do things (e.g. help with homework, making meals) that you might have done in the past without thinking.
  • Irritability and relationship-housecleaning at mid-life may be the result of reaching the breaking point for tolerating an unsatisfactory relationship that’s gone on for far too long. That’s probably a good thing! It may surprise you to know that many years of simmering, unresolved emotions may also be related to various ‘dis-comforts’ or ‘dis-eases’ in your body. This is what’s known as the ‘mind-body’ connection to disease. Do you have toxic emotions or resentments that are negatively affecting your quality of life? Do you have negative feelings about important people in your life that are overshadowing your good feelings? These feelings need to be resolved – now.

How can you beat irritability? Self-nurturing is the key!

  1. Take time for yourself; either alone or with positive, kind people.
  2. Pursue pleasurable calming hobbies such as beading, knitting, gardening or other activities such as listening to your favorite music, having an Epsom salts bath or change your routine and learn new things by taking a class.
  3. Learn and use stress-reduction techniques including relaxation breathing exercises, yoga, meditation, tai chi, visualization and get more fresh air and sunshine – every day!
  4. Make a commitment to nourish and love yourself by eating healthier foods. Consider the benefits of nutritional cleansing to help you reach your wellness goals! (See my blog “Healthy Affordable Weight Loss Through Nutritional Cleansing” for more information.)
  5. Be sure to get enough B-vitamins, calcium, and magnesium every day.
  6. Keep alcohol and caffeine to a minimum.
  7. Get regular exercise – a universal healing tool – it provides benefits for just about any condition you can name. Hate exercise? Consider getting a top-of-the line rebounder exercise machine – trampoline – so you can ‘hop on’ any time of the day to change your energy and get blood and oxygen flowing to your brain!
  8. Take an honest look at what’s going on in your life and ask yourself if the situation is serving you now. If you had to do it over again, would you? Is it better to let it continue, or have short-term pain for long-term gain? Your answers may help you to decide to renegotiate your relationships with family and friends. This could include changing ‘unwritten contracts’ with your spouse and/or children that have in the past made it OK for them to make last-minute requests that rob you of your down time, or expect that you’ll do all of the cooking or housecleaning. This can be challenging and take time to get everyone in the family on board, but you’ll feel respected and empowered as you stand up for yourself and eventually get your needs met.
  9. Share your life and problem-solve with trusted friends and relatives, or a good therapist. It’s worth being vulnerable with the right people. Try it and see.
  10. Learn and use an easy, simple procedure called Emotional Freedom Techniques (a.k.a. EFT or ‘tapping’) at www.EFTUniverse.com! This amazing procedure helps you release long-standing stress and is a tool for finding greater personal peace. EFT has been used for 20 years by doctors, therapists, coaches and holistic practitioners all over the world! You can learn it in 3 minutes and you can use it on yourself with great success! While some issues require repeated tapping and/or the help of a therapist who will bring objective eyes to your issue, EFT has been known to permanently resolve long-standing physical and emotional symptoms within minutes! When you’re ready to release the root cause of what’s holding you back in one or more aspects of your life, if, you’ve ‘tried everything’ and nothing has helped, you can find permanent relief with EFT to resolve issues of anger, irritation, fear, anxiety, and more. Take a few moments to imagine how it would feel to set down a 50-pound weight you’ve been carrying everywhere for years. That’s how I feel when I let go of garbage from my past and no longer allow it to control what I do now.

There’s no urgency to change most of what goes on in our lives, except for the urgency we give it – usually based on how much we want things to change. You deserve to feel good about yourself and the world around you. The sooner you take the first step that feels right to you, the sooner your life will get back on track. You’ll have shifted the energy and will soon find yourself feeling calmer and more like the eye of the storm than the hurricane!

Different Types of Depression – Six Common Categories

According to common categorization, there are six different types of  depression , which range from relatively mild to severe. Following is a description of each of them.

1. Major (or clinical)  depression 

This type of  depression  is what many people normally know about. This is the classic  depression  or what is often referred to as clinical  depression .

Psychiatrists define major or clinical  depression  as that type of  depression  that dwells on the gloomy end of the spectrum, thus it is likewise referred to as “unipolar  depression .” A person with this type of  depression  gets sad thoughts, unable to control it, stays with being sad for a long period of time and is most likely to hate himself rather than other people for being the way he is.

A person with this type of  depression  needs utmost supervision. He is very likely to inflict harm to himself. Which is why, with clinical  depression , a person must be treated with medications. This is to prevent suicide from happening whenever he falls into self-hate and loathing which is very common to this type of  depression .

2. Dysthymia or Chronic  Depression 

The second of the 6 different types of  depression  is dysthymia more known to many as chronic  depression .

With this type of  depression , a person usually experiences  depression  symptoms way milder than that of major  depression . However, if a person with major depressive episodes experiences the major blues for weeks or months, a person with chronic  depression , on the other hand, feels the blues (although mild) day in and day out for a minimum of two years.

The feeling of hopelessness, sadness, insomnia and having eating disorders are experienced for a long time, as though having those feelings is just part of the daily life, or that sadness is the regular menu of the day. People falling under this type of  depression  sometimes fall into major  depression .

A person with dysthymia or chronic  depression  requires treatment so as to give the person a chance to live a normal life during his depressed state.

3. Bipolar  Depression 

If there is unipolar  depression  there is also bipolar  depression . This condition is characterized by mood swings – someone might be extremely happy one moment and then go into a melancholic state within a short period of time. These states are also referred to as “mania” and “hypomania”, the two opposite poles in mental state – thus the term “bipolar”.

4. Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD)

There are people who get depressed during fall or winter – they have what psychiatrists call seasonal effective disorder (SAD). Whenever a certain season hits, they fall into depressed state, their hormones change and they can’t function well, just like a person in a major  depression . What’s different with people with SAD is that when the  depression  season ends, they get well and function normally again.

Stressors for SAD are not limited to changes in climate. It includes celebrations such as a birthday (his or of someone close to him), Valentine’s Day, Christmas or New Year’s eve.

5. Atypical  Depression 

This type of  depression  makes someone difficult to live with. The sufferer may become hypersensitive emotionally, go into panic attacks, overeat and oversleep. This may prevent him or her from forming a lasting romantic relationship because the symptoms may drive the other person “nuts”. This type of  depression  is mild and can easily be cured compared to other types.

6. Psychotic  Depression 

Of all the different types of  depression , psychotic  depression  is the most severe type. With this type of  depression  a person experiences hallucinations, hears voices and gets delusional. If a person with mild or major type of  depression  goes untreated, he or she may suffer from a psychotic breakdown.