What is Infantile Autism?

The autistic disorder is a life lasting neurological disorder involving also the childhood disintegrative disorder, Asperger disorder, Rett disorder and the pervasive development disorder. Autism is registered as one of the five pervasive development disorders and is usually diagnosed around the age of three.

The most important pathological changes caused by autism are communication difficulties, impaired social interaction and restrictive activities; children with autism have generally repetitive activities and interests and most of the other actions specific to children their age represent no real interest to them.

Children suffering from autism are more susceptive to developing epilepsy; they have different degrees of mental retardation and show abnormal responses to different sensor stimulations like light or sound. Some of these patients show an aggressive behavior especially with self-injuring tendencies such as beating themselves or head banging.

One third of the autistic children have proven an almost normal IQ level for their age and many of them are even able to respond with own actions to the environment. Some of the patients can show their own emotions and affection towards persons around them; some of the sick persons can only be measured as autistic like, with autistic tendencies or with an autism spectrum. The disease is normally cataloged as a high-functioning or a low-functioning autism.

Children with a high function of autism show almost normal behavior but may present language and interaction difficulties. They will initiate a conversation favorite subject in spite of the effort the others do to train them into a talk. They talk incessantly about one particular subject and ignore the other attempts of talking.

Autistic patients require a life-long care and treatment as there is no actual cure for the disorder. If an early intervention is initiated, some of them may even be able to learn or function in a productive way. The neurological disease called autism is known to affect 1-2 children in about 1000 births. Today, one and a half million persons in the USA suffer from different forms of autistic disorder. The disease tends to affect four times more boys than girls, and according to the latest studies the occurrence of autism has shown an about 10-17% increase every year.

The actual cause of autism has not yet been revealed but a disruption in the fetal brain during the intra uterine development is believed to contribute to the disorder. Patients seem to have problems in the brain function but also abnormalities in several brain sections. This abnormal brain changes may have been triggered by viral infections, metabolic disorders, environmental or genetic factors. Some of the risk factors may have acted during pregnancy or during the child delivery. Also a group of genes believed to be involved in the apparition of autism has been detected.

Intensive scientific research is made to determine the exact role the measles-mumps-rubella vaccine may have in the occurrence of autism. Cholesterol seems to play an important role as many of the patients have low cholesterol levels in their blood.

Answers About Diabetes

Many Americans think you are only susceptible to diabetes if you eat a lot of sweets. While the consumption of sweets or sugar-laden foods certainly won’t help you decrease your risk, it is not the only cause of the disease. There are many factors that can put you at risk, and it is important to understand how the disease works as well.

Diabetes mellitus is a disease that prevents your body from properly using the energy from the food you eat. Insulin is a naturally occurring hormone that helps the body use glucose for energy. Glucose (sugar) provides the energy your body needs for daily activities. When glucose enters your cells, the level of glucose in your bloodstream decreases. Without insulin, glucose cannot get into the body’s cells for use as energy. This increases the levels of glucose in your blood. Too much glucose in the blood is called “high blood sugar” or diabetes.

Type 1 Diabetes
Type I diabetes occurs because the insulin-producing cells (called beta cells) of the pancreas are damaged. People with type I diabetes produce little or no insulin, so glucose cannot get into the body’s cells for use as energy. This causes blood glucose to rise.

Type II Diabetes
Unlike people with type I diabetes, people with type II diabetes, produce insulin. However, the insulin produced is either not enough or doesn’t work properly in the body; this causes blood glucose to rise. Type II diabetes is most common in people over age 40 who are overweight. Some people with type II diabetes can manage it by controlling their weight, watching their diet and exercising regularly. Others may also need to take an oral glucose-lowering medication or insulin injections.

Gestational Diabetes
Gestational diabetes is a high blood glucose level that is discovered during pregnancy. Usually, blood glucose levels return to normal after childbirth. However, women who have had gestational diabetes have an increased risk of developing type II diabetes later in life. The symptoms of diabetes are often sudden and severe. Although the causes of diabetes are unknown, the following risk factors may increase your chance of developing diabetes. If a parent or sibling in your family has diabetes, your risk of developing diabetes is increased. Having hypertension (high blood pressure), or abnormal blood cholesterol or triglyceride levels can put you at a greater risk as well. Your risk of developing diabetes increases progressively as you get older. Your risk of developing diabetes increases if you are a smoker. You are also more susceptible to diabetes if you have a history of gestational diabetes (developing diabetes during pregnancy) or delivery of babies over nine pounds. If you suddenly experience symptoms of increased thirst, frequent urination or unexplained weight loss, you already be in the process of developing diabetes.

There are people who have a normal fasting blood glucose reading, but their blood glucose rapidly rises as they eat. These people may have glucose intolerance. If their blood glucose levels are high enough, they may be considered to have diabetes.

You hold the keys to managing your diabetes by planning what you eat and following a balanced meal plan, exercising regularly, and monitoring your blood glucose and blood pressure levels.

Taking on Obesity in America

Battling obesity in America is no easy endeavor. When I became involved in the battle against obesity in America, I knew that the diagnosis was devastating and the prognosis was dire. I knew that there were a number of obstacles that I would be facing in implementing a program comprehensive enough to effectively engage the epidemic of obesity in America. The battle against obesity in America has to be fought on multitudinous fronts.

I am the eternal optimist, so when someone asks me can the battle against obesity be won? The answer is always a confident and astounding “yes”! This does not, in any way, imply that the victory is imminent. It simply means that it is possible. The success of this campaign depends greatly on the ability to educate the nation as a whole as to the seriousness of this epidemic and to the proper way of engaging this disease.

The stigmatic impression that the word “obesity” carries in America, in itself, creates problems. People are easily offended by the word and it has been grouped in the same category with the word “fat”, therefore attempting to discuss the issue in depth can create some friction and resistance.

Helping Americans as a whole understand the disease has great value. I believe that ignorance of the disease and its potency creates a false sense of wellbeing amongst the masses. In surveying the populace in general, the consensus would be that obesity is currently considered more of a pulchritudinous issue. Most people still view obesity as an aesthetic issue rather than a serious health issue. Getting people to understand that Obesity is positioning itself to be the number one killer in America, would be a great victory in itself.

Understanding the primary factors that are prevalent in perpetuating the exponential spread of this disease is also important. Looking at socioeconomic influences and how they can be counteracted is extremely important in getting a handle on the situation. When we view the numbers and realize the vast majority of Americans that are obese fall within certain social boundaries, including race and education levels, we become acquainted with the environmental influence aspect of the disease. These “demographic” components must be targeted in order for the campaign to be effective.

The catch phrase “lifestyle change” has taken flight and it is often used in correspondence with the remedy for obesity. I feel that it is extremely important that this phrase be clearly defined so that it can be properly applied. Making a lifestyle change can be broad in nature, but it is still extremely specific in application. First one must be willing to adjust culturally influenced habits that are contributing to the presence of the disease. This means adjusting dietary intake. Which includes what is consumed, when, how much, and how often. Lifestyle change also includes moving from sedentary lifestyles to more active lifestyles. One of the most powerful culprits in the existence of obesity is a lack of activity.

I also believe that it is paramount that there be unification of the efforts in this conflict. A great deal more can be accomplished when everyone is working toward a common cause with a common focus. There has to be definiteness of purpose and a specificity in the approach.

Another issue that has to be given immense consideration is the disparity in the ranks of obesity of those that fall below the poverty line. Why is this important? Because they are the least informed on the matter and the least capable of shouldering the financial burden that comes with battling the disease or the greater financial responsibility of battling the medical repercussions of this disease.

The health and fitness industries have to come together to develop programs that are effective and accessible to the masses.

Yes, the battle against obesity is daunting and it can seem overwhelmingly impossible; however, a well devised and exceptionally executed plan can be highly effective in engaging this deadly epidemic with favorable results.

Animal Rights – How We Treat Animals Reflects Who We Are

From a purely biological perspective, no creature inherently has rights beyond that which it has the power to impose. What is able to survive does, what cannot does not. But our world is not just biology. It is ethics as well. “Might makes right” cannot be the operating paradigm in a world where freedom, compassion, humanity, and love are desired. Nor are we removed from consideration of the rights of other creatures just because we are paying somebody else to create drugs, scent a deodorant, or raise our food.

Humans with the ability to use their technology to affect and control the world so widely and deeply are constantly faced with ethical choices. Modern life is not a matter of mere survival as it was when we were in the wild. It is an opportunity to develop and grow as introspective, sensitive, and ethical people. For example, walking in the woods requires no rules, but driving in traffic does. Drinking from a stream is not a problem, but damming the stream and flooding thousands of acres is. Breaking down brush with our hands to make a lean-to for shelter is one thing, but denuding the planet with machines is quite another. Hunting animals in the wild for food using only ingenuity, strength, and speed is a matter totally unlike wiping out whole populations with rifles (for ‘sport’) or with our urban encroachment. Farming animals to feed a swelling population is necessary, but denying them any form of natural or decent life, or subjecting them to abuse or cruelty is not a right we can claim.

Living in the wild would present few ethical choices. Causes and philosophy have a way of taking a back seat when life is consumed with day-to-day survival. But an advanced society with almost limitless technological capabilities is another matter. Our ability now to practically cage and control every creature on the planet and virtually destroy the Earth’s life-supporting environment on an Earth-wide scale requires choices and ethical responsibility.

The first choice to be made, it would seem, is whether we wish to survive here long term or not. Assuming the answer is yes, we must take fiduciary responsibility for the planet and its web of life. But it does not end there, as some humane and green movements would seem to argue. In order to survive we must also take the lives of the plant and animal food we consume. That is a reality we face, and, assuming we wish to survive, it is not a matter of ethics. On the other hand, our management and behavior toward other living things-including our food-do present moral choices. It also creates a mood, if you will, setting the tone for how we treat one another. If we find it easy to treat life with insensitivity, it is a small step to treat one another the same way. If we extend care, compassion, and decency out toward the rest of the world, we are far more likely to treat fellow humans similarly.

Killing animals or plants for fun or just because we have the power to do so is neither rational nor ethical. It is a form of psychopathic behavior that threatens the web of life upon which we depend and desensitizes us to the value of all life.

People who take joy in the pain, suffering, and death of other creatures, or justify it because of dollars to be made, threaten civilization itself. It is not that great a leap for those who behave in this way to extend similar insensitivity to humans. Would we rather live next door to someone who creates habitat for wild creatures in their yard and live-captures house mice to set them free outdoors, or someone who stomps on any bug they see, chains their dog to a stake in the yard, yahoos about shooting songbirds from their window with a pellet gun, and hunts for trophies leaving carcasses to rot? It is not a coincidence that serial killers often have a history of torturing and killing animals (1).

Creatures raised for food should not be treated as nothing more than production units, confined so as to never see the light of day, and then be handled and slaughtered inhumanely. They should be raised kindly in a free and open environment where they might enjoy the life they have. Arguably hunting should be reserved for the singular purpose of obtaining food, not for the pleasure of killing. If there is opportunity to show compassion, why not take it rather than abuse and exploit just because we have the power to do so?

Scientists and much of the public justify animal experimentation as necessary in order to find disease cures, test toxins, check mascara safety, and so on. I am reminded of an experience in a toxicology class. The lesson for the day was to show how topical products could be screened for safety. For a demonstration, the professor held a rabbit by the nap and put some drops of a chemical in the rabbit’s eye. The rabbit squealed and struggled in pain. It was a miserable thing to see. As days went by we were shown the progression of the caustic chemical on the rabbit’s cornea. The extreme ulceration that resulted was grotesque and the pain the rabbit was enduring was gut wrenching. To this day I remember vividly and regret that I paid tuition for this needless cruelty-although to show any reaction at the time risked being viewed as unscientific and emotional, a definite no-no in medical schools.

The lesson to be learned from this pathetic display of human insensitivity was that noxious chemicals will ulcerate and dissolve eyes. How profound. There wasn’t a student in the class that could not have guessed the outcome before the macabre demonstration was done. The real takeaway was that life could be treated with disregard. If we wanted to be good doctors we needed to suck it up, put aside silly compassion and bravely mutilate life for the sake of the greater good of medicine.

Torture aside, such experimentation is unnecessary and really quite embarrassingly sloppy science. Those who participate in it become desensitized to suffering, lose compassion, and learn to hone the skill of obtuse justification. Medical experimentation upon animals is unnecessary because every species reacts to toxins, drugs, and even surgery differently. For that matter, every individual is different biochemically. What might be true for one goose is not for a gander. So a scientific result from a lab in which thousands of mice, dogs, or monkeys are tortured does not give certainty about an effect in humans or in other species. Biological differences skew all results (2).

Aspirin causes birth defects in rats but not in humans. Humans and guinea pigs require vitamin C in the diet but most other creatures manufacture it themselves. An opium dose that will kill a human is harmless in dogs and chicks. Allylisothiocyanate will cause cancer in the male rat, but may not in the female, or in mice. Penicillin will kill a guinea pig but potentially save the life of a person. Most drugs, nutrients, and toxins have a reverse effect: a benefit at one level is a danger at another. Measuring such things is near impossible (3). Even kindness in the lab can alter results as demonstrated by atherosclerosis (the heart attack factor) being reduced by as much as 60% in rabbits that are handled, compared to those ignored (4).

The point is that nobody knows all the variables when conducting such research. They can only control for some, guess at all the others, and then make an extrapolation, a huge leap in faith timed precisely to occur before the budget runs out. This is the reason drugs go through years of FDA trials at a cost of 360 million dollars, and then can kill and maim when introduced to the population.

Nevertheless, such heartless experimentation proceeds in the name of science and the promise of cures. It’s a shame. Using a little logic, or other laboratory tools such as tissue culture techniques, could as well have led to the same conclusions gained from animal experimentation. For example, researchers used 24,000 mice to prove that 2-acetylaminofluorene was carcinogenic. Based on genetic context logic, you or I could have told them the result without caging or torturing one mouse. Why would a synthetic chemical such as this not be harmful?

What is most frustrating is that the result of all the animal experimentation is not cures. Rather, there are hundreds of thousands of maimed and killed humans who bought into the faulty science of such ‘proven’ drugs. Animal research brings us drugs with side effects, dependencies, prescription errors, cross-reactions, and removal of symptoms while the cause of the disease continues. Animal experimentation is a bad idea at its start and a tragic disaster in practice.

The popular idea is that our environment, including all of its creatures, is a mere resource for our exploitation. That is irrational if long-term human welfare is to matter and denies that humans have a higher purpose than might makes right.

(1) Relationship between Animal Abuse and Human Violence. Oxford Centre for Animal Ethics, 2007. Retrieved from the World Wide Web: http://www.oxfordanimalethics.com.

(2) Gawrylewski, Andrea, ‘The Trouble with Animal Models: Trials and Error’, The Scientist 21-7 (2007), 45-51.

(3) Qureshi, B. The reverse effect. Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine, 83 (1990), 131-132.

(4) Rowland, D. The Nutritional Bypass: Reverse Atherosclerosis Without Surgery. Parry Sound: Rowland Publications, 1995.

Natural Diaper Rash Remedies

Ouch! Few things are more uncomfortable than baby’s diaper  rash . Almost all babies have at least one case of  rash  during their diapering years. Using a natural remedy may be best for baby’s delicate diaper area. Here are a few tips:

Let baby air out

Taking off the diaper and allowing baby to lie naked on a towel or blanket as often as possible may clear up  rash . Or pin on a cloth diaper loosely so air can circulate.

Clean baby with water and cloth wipes

Commercial baby wipes contain chemicals and perfumes that can irritate baby’s skin, predisposing him to  rash  or making an existing one worse. Cleaning baby with water and cloth wipes (or using a mild natural soapy solution for messy changes) is preferable.

Use natural detergents for diaper laundry

Residues left in commercial detergents may be harsh, drying baby’s skin. Switch to a natural detergent and do a double rinse.

Change baby frequently

For a time, go on hyper alert and change baby’s diaper quickly each time it gets soiled. Urine and fecal matter can burn baby’s skin and cause painful  rash . This is especially true as baby begins eating solid foods. Breastfed babies generally have fewer episodes of  rash . If you’re bottlefeeding and baby’s  rash  is persistent, talk to your Pediatrician about changing the formula.

Try a diaper change

In addition to changing baby frequently, try using a different kind of diaper altogether. Some babies who experienced chronic  rash  with disposables will do much better with cloth diapers. Or at least switch to perfume free, natural disposables like the ones made by Seventh Generation, Tushies, MotherNature or Nature Boy & Girl.

Treat thrush (yeast infection)

Thrush is a common cause of diaper  rash . Following the above tips will help, but if it persists, talk to your Pediatrician. S/he may recommend an antifungal medication safe for baby. You can also try Gentian Violet, available at many drugstores. Ask your Doctor for recommendations. A baking soda wash (one Tablespoon dissolved in a half cup of water) may help also. Pat it on baby’s bum with cotton balls after each change.

Acidophilus is safe for babies and can help combat yeast, especially a  rash  that may appear after baby has taken antibiotics. Ask a health care provider to recommend a brand and dose.

Use a bottom balm

Try a diaper  rash  cream made from natural ingredients to help form a barrier, keeping waste away from baby’s skin. Look for calendula, Vitamin E and evening primrose oil in the list of ingredients. Burt’s Bees and Weleda are excellent brands.

Talk to your Doctor

Persistent  rash  (especially if it’s a “bulls eye” around the baby’s bottom) can be a symptom of food allergy. Your Doctor may recommend an elimination diet to help you find the culprit. Often babies outgrow their sensitivities at around age 3 and you might be able to reintroduce the food then.

Sore Penis After Sex – Tips for Easing the Sting

Research suggests that an average sex session lasts between 3 and 13 minutes. That might not seem like very long, but an amazing amount of activity can take place in this space of time, and the bumping, friction and bending can leave the penis feeling bruised and sore. While time is the best medicine when it comes to healing an overused penis, there are some effective penis care steps men can take to soothe the pain before the next encounter.

Choose the Proper Underwear

Friction-based injuries can be quite painful, and when the penis is sore, it needs space to breathe. Synthetic underwear may not provide sufficient breathability, and manmade fibers may stick to sore skin. Cotton underwear, on the other hand, does breathe, and it doesn’t tend to adhere to wounds. Supportive cotton underwear may not be the sexiest choice available, but when it comes to easing a sore penis, it might be just the right option.

Avoid Perfumes and Synthetic Cleansers

Sore skin can be highly sensitive, and exposing the penis to harsh cleansers or perfumed lotions when the skin is already distressed can lead to further irritation. Using a very mild soap that contains no perfumes is a good bet, and deodorants and fragrances should be kept at a distance until the penis skin has had a chance to heal.

Take a Break

No matter how sore the equipment might be, the temptation to get right back in the action can be hard to resist. However, although the immediate pleasure may reduce the experience of pain in the moment, repeated rubbing on sore skin can create a setback, causing healing to take even longer. Even condoms may not provide enough protection when skin is raw and sore, so it’s best to wait until the skin has had a chance to recover before jumping back in the saddle.

Refine the Technique

Taking the time to come up with a new approach and adding some new techniques to the bedroom repertoire can be a good way to avoid soreness in the future. With a few tweaks, the sex could be even better and a lot less painful. Some ideas to consider include:

  • Using lubricants – dry sex can lead to intense friction and increased pain.
  • Increasing foreplay time. Giving a partner a little extra attention can go a long way toward stimulating her natural lubricants, which can lead to more comfortable sex for both partners.
  • Going slow and steady. Moving at a very fast pace with abrupt movements can lead to intense pain. In fact, men who make quick movements while using intense force could actually rupture the penis. Slow, deliberate movements are safer, and they’re less likely to result in pain.
  • Checking condom size. A tight condom can actually increase friction, rather than reducing the burn.
  • Trying a new pose. The brain often ignores signals of pain during sex, but there may be moments when men find that they’re bent in strange positions or thrusting at an awkward angle. When this happens, a time-out is in order, as those moments of bliss could lead to pain down the line. Men who have felt pain in a specific position might need to avoid that pose in the future.

Lean on Vitamins

Natural vitamins and emollients can do wonders to help skin heal, and there’s no prescription needed for this kind of assistance. A high-quality penis health cream (health professionals recommend Man1 Man Oil) contains vitamins that are essential for penis health, and these products are designed to be absorbed right into the skin to keep it vibrant and healthy. Products should never be applied to open sores, of course, but a penis health crème could be just the thing for skin that’s just a little chafed and sore, and in time, the added nutrition could keep future damage from taking place.

What is Psoriasis and How to Treat it

What is Psoriasis?

Psoriasis is a disease which affects the skin and joints and commonly causes red scaly patches to appear on the skin. The scaly patches are areas of inflammation and excessive skin production. Psoriasis can cause pain, itching, burning and emotional distress. It affects both sexes equally and can occur at any age, although it most commonly appears for the first time between the ages of 15 and 25.

Today more than seven million Americans suffer with psoriasis. Recent studies show that there may be an ethnic link. It seems that psoriasis is most common in Caucasians, slightly less in African Americans and far less common among Asians and Native Americans.

Psoriasis is not contagious. You can not catch psoriasis from another person or give it to someone by touching them, and you can’t spread it to other parts of your body.

What Causes Psoriasis?

The cause of psoriasis is not fully understood. Recent research indicates that it is likely a disorder of the immune system in which the excessive reproduction of skin cells is secondary to factors produced by the immune system.

Scientists now think that, in psoriasis, an abnormal immune system causes activity by T cells in the skin. Normally, T cells help protect the body against infection and disease, but in the case of psoriasis, they mistakenly attack skin cells instead. The body then produces other immune system responses, leading to swelling and rapid production of skin cells.

In areas affected by psoriasis, there seems to be a rapid increase in the speed at which skin cells are replaced. Skin usually takes about 28 days to mature and shed, but in areas affected by psoriasis it only takes three or four days. The dead cells build up on the skin, forming thick, flaky patches called plaques.

It is not known what initiates the activation of the T cells.

Several factors are thought to aggravate psoriasis: Infections, Diseases that weaken the immune system, Stress, Certain medications, Smoking, Certain chemicals, Severe sunburn…

Psoriasis treatment

Today, there are many different treatments available to help control psoriasis.

No single treatment works for everyone. The goal is to find a treatment that works the best with the fewest side effects. One of the first principles of psoriasis treatment is to not create anything worse than the disease.

There are three basic types of treatments for psoriasis:

  • Topical treatment (medicated ointments or creams applied to the skin)
  • Phototherapy (UVB, PUVA and lasers)
  • Systemic (medications taken into the body by pill or injection)

Alternative Psoriasis treatments

The use of alternative psoriasis treatments are becoming more common as more and more people choose to treat their condition in more nontraditional ways. They have become tired of finding a traditional therapy that works, or may be concerned about the side effects many of those therapies produce.

Alternative psoriasis treatments are in most cases perfectly safe and include:

Acupuncture, Ayurveda, Manipulation Treatment, Osteopathy, Climatotherapy, Diet, Dietary Supplements, Homeopathy, Water Therapies (Balneotherapy, Heliotherapy, Phytotherapy, Thalassotherapy), Traditional Chinese Medicine Treatments, Meditation and Relaxation, Herbology, Hypnosis, Moisturizing Products, Magnets, Epsom salt, Neem oil, Fasting…

Fingernail Fungus Home Remedy

One of the most commonly dreaded condition is having a nail fungus. Fingernail fungus is a very common infection that affects the nails, either the fingernails or the toenails, sometimes both. The fungus enters the skin when injured and resides in the nail and/or between the nails and the nail bed. The nail bed is where the nail meets the skin.

Q: How can I tell if my fingernails and toenails are harboring fungi?

A: It’s actually very easy to determine if you are suffering from this pesky condition. The most common symptom of a fingernail fungus is the change in color of your nails. Usually, the infected nails turn yellow or light brown. If you notice coarseness on the surface of your nails or if they have become a little flaky, then you can be sure that you have fingernail fungus.

Q: My feet smell bad all the time and sometimes the toenails itch but not really on the surface. I can’t really scratch it as the itch seems to be coming from under the nail.

A: The itch is actually coming from the nail bed which is also infected together with the actual nail. The foul odor you smell is caused by the bacteria that has also grown on your feet. These are all micro-organisms and because they’re very little, you cannot see them, which makes the conditions hard to totally cure.

Q: Are there any cures for this condition?

A: Doctors have prescribed medications such as Lamisil and Sporanox. Unfortunately, the FDA declared that these two poses great risk to the liver. You can try fingernail fungus home remedies such as baking soda, vinegar, and Vicks VapoRub. These are all commonly used remedies although no scientific studies have proven their effectiveness.

Q: How can baking soda help eliminate fingernail fungus?

A: The infection cannot be eliminated. A brand new nail has to grow in order to get rid of the fungus residing in the infected nail. If you are willing to take out your infected nail, then do so. Baking soda contains sodium bicarbonate which is an Alkali metal. Alkali reacts with bodily acids and releases carbon dioxide gas. This gas hinders the growth of fungus. Baking soda has been known to cure dandruff as well, which is also caused by a fungal infection.

The effectiveness of a fingernail fungal home remedy, as with any other topical creams created for fungal problems, depends largely on the frequency of use and not on the quantity of the remedy applied on the affected area. Prevention is the key when dealing with fungal problems such as nail fungi. Regular maintenance of the nails shall help in keeping fungi at bay.

Allergies and Allergy Treatment

Allergies are becoming more common today, and the medical professionals aren’t sure why this is so. Most people aren’t affected by allergies, allergies are an abnormal immune system reactions to things that are typically harmless to most people.

Food allergies are most common in infants and often disappear as a child gets older. There could be a marked improvement when a child received the proper allergy treatment. This improvement is noticed in their behavior as far as school is concerned. There can be hidden or delayed reactions to allergies and this makes it more difficult to identify as the symptoms may not appear until anything form two hours to five days and can range from unexplained fatigue to physical pain. Often migraine headache suffers are also people who suffer from allergies.

Allergy Symptoms

The most common form of allergies are hay fever, eczema, asthma and food. Food allergies can present themselves as irritation and swelling of the throat, digestive problems and in some rare cases anaphylactic (allergic) shock. More common symptoms of food allergies involve the skin and appear as hives, rashes, eczema and itching. Food allergies can also cause vomiting and diarrhea.

Food allergies and food intolerance are often confused. Intolerance to lactose or MSG can cause similar symptoms to an allergic reaction. While food allergies can be serious, by simply eliminating these foods from the diet, there may be no need for medication or allergy treatments.

Allergy Reactions

Reactions often vary, this can be in the strength and ranges from very mild to sometimes fatal. There can be a reaction on the skin if there is an allergen, which is normally encountered in the airways or in food. With the life threatening allergy reactions, a person may be unable to breathe, this could cause a drop in blood that would be dangerous, causing the blood flow to decrease and rob the brain, lungs and heart of this vital supply. Severe cases of food allergies can happen by the person simply coming in contact with the food in question.

Allergy Treatments

There is ongoing research by doctors and scientists to understand allergies and in doing so provide better allergy treatments. Your doctor will test you to make sure that you have an allergy and find out which allergens are causing your symptoms. It is advisable to contact your doctor when the allergy outbreak occurs, so he can provide the best allergy treatment for you. That sinus headache you get could be a migraine and allergy treatments are helping migraine sufferers.

Allergies have become more common today, one theory by a leading allergy specialist is as he says “too clean”, the fact that we live in such clean environments and as allergies are an abnormal response by our immune system, our immune systems are not building up the immunity our bodies need to protect us.

The majority of things that cause an allergic reaction and require allergy treatment are not obviously harmful and those who are not allergic will have no problems.

Natural Remedy For Treating Insomnia, Irritability and Low Confidence

Due to excess work load, men and women generally face problems of insomnia, irritability, lack of concentration and low confidence. These problems may affect their career growth as well as personal life so they must be carefully taken care of. This article discusses how aromatherapy can be helpful in treating insomnia, lack of concentration and low confidence. Just read this article and you will find a list of essential oils helpful in these conditions.

1. Irritability/lack of concentration – You can use any of the below oils in your bath. Or try using them for steam inhalation. You can also inhale them neat (particularly rosemary and neroli) for quick relief. Or use them in a burner or vaporizer.

These oils can help you in improving concentration:

o Chamomile

o Lavender

o Marjoram

o Neroli

o Rose

o Vetivert

o Rosemary

2. Lack of confidence – You can inhale any of the below oils for a quick uplift. Or use them in your bath. You can also use them in a burner or vaporizer.

These oils can help you in treating low confidence:

o Rosemary

o Neroli

o Petigrain

o Jasmine

3. Insomnia – You can use 10 drops of any of the below oils in your bath and soak well.

Or for massage use 12 drops in 4 fl oz (100 ml) of carrier oil. You can also inhale the oil neat and sprinkle a few drops on your pillow.

Chamomile is one of the most sedative oils and you could also try using in it a burner and drinking chamomile tea before you go to bed.

These oils can help you in treating insomnia:

o Chamomile

o Sandalwood

o Ylang-ylang

o Patchouli

o Neroli

o Marjoram

Improve your life the natural way with aromatherapy and discover the magical healing properties of oils and essences to cure these common problems.

Disclaimer: This article is not meant to provide health advice and is for general information only. Always seek the insights of a qualified health professional before embarking on any health program.

Depression – Depression Facts and Antidepressant Medications

UNDERSTANDING  DEPRESSION 

 Depression  :caused by an imbalance of brain chemicals, along with other factors. Like any serious medical condition,  depression  needs to be treated. The fact is that any one can get dression.

How  depression  affect the brain:

Many things can trigger debilitating  depression . Feelings of  depression  are caused by a chemical change that affects how the brain functions.

A normally functioning brain is a giant messaging system that controls everything from your heartbeat, to walking, to your emotions. The brain is made up of billions of nerve cells called neurons. These neurons send and receive messages from the rest of your body, using brain chemicals called neurotransmitters.

These brain chemicals–in varying amounts–are responsible for our emotional state.  Depression  happens when these chemical messages aren’t delivered correctly between brain cells, disrupting communication.

The good news is that there are many forms of treatment that can help you cope with  depression , including medications that can strengthen weak signals by raising the levels of certain neurotransmitters, or by improving the neurons’ ability to process signals. This ensures that the brain’s vital messages are delivered–loud and clear.

Treating  Depression :

medication and psychotherapy, or “talk therapy”, the standard treatments for  depression .

Antidepressant Medications:

 Depression  is not a normal part of life, regardless of your age, sex, or health status.The good news is that  depression  is very treatable. Most patients, even those with severe  depression , show improvement after they seek treatment. Your doctor will prescribe treatment based on the pattern of your  depression , its severity, persistence of symptoms, and history.Most effective antidepressant medications are WELLBUTRIN XL ® and PAXIL CR (TM).

If your doctor prescribes antidepressant therapy, give it time. It may take four weeks or more before you notice a change in your mood, and possibly longer before you feel the full benefits of medication.Your doctor will decide how long you need to stay on antidepressants. Following your doctor’s directions is critical to your treatment success.

Psychotherapy:

Psychotherapy, or “talk therapy”, is one of the most effective ways to treat  depression . Studies have proven that talking to an expert about your condition can help resolve it. While the results are not immediate, you may find that just expressing what you’re feeling can bring some relief.Short-term therapy has become more common and may occur over a period of 10 to 20 weeks.

Types of Psycho therapy:

Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT): can help you identify and change the thought and behavior patterns that contribute to  depression . People who are depressed tend to think negatively, and cognitive behavioral therapy teaches you how to identify and challenge the negative thoughts. This approach is usually done in short-term therapy, and has been found to be particularly helpful for  depression .

Interpersonal therapy: looks at how  depression  can be connected to troubled emotional relationships. Like cognitive-behavioral therapy, interpersonal therapy tends to be a short-term therapy, and has been proven to work well with  depression .

Psychodynamic therapy: links  depression  to traumas and conflicts that happened earlier in your life, especially during childhood. It can be a short-term treatment, although it is often a longer process.

Group therapy: allows you and other people with  depression –or people with the same issues that contributed to your  depression –to meet together with a therapist and share experiences. The approach of the group may be any of the ones listed above.

Phobia of The Dark

Fear of the dark is one of the most common fears during the childhood. While most children grow out of fearing the dark for some of them and for some adults being in darkness is still a nightmare. It is normal to get an occasional chill or weird feeling while walking at night, but when the fear of the darkness starts to interfere with your everyday life you might want to consider whether you suffer from a phobia.

Nyctophobia (a phobia of the dark) is a word derived from the Greek “nyx” (night) and the Greek “phobos” (fear). Nyctophobia is an intense fear, an overwhelming terror accompanied by both physical and emotional symptoms. Physical symptoms include hot or cold flashes, extensive sweating, rapid heartbeat, nausea, trembling, chest or stomach pain. Emotional symptoms include inability to speak or think clearly, a sensation of detachment from reality, feeling of weakness, feeling as though you are about to die and an overwhelming anxiety or panic.

Sufferers of the phobia of the dark are often aware that their fear is irrational, nevertheless facing, or even thinking about facing, the feared situation brings on a panic attack or severe anxiety. They know that there is no actual danger, but feel powerless to control their fear. Phobia often causes embarrassment and social detachment. A sufferer feels lonely with his secret fear and would not talk about it. However, this is a very common, although often unspoken, fear.

A phobia sufferer would avoid darkness at all cost. He or she will find a quick excuse not to go out with his or her friends and sleep at night with all the lights on.

Phobia of the dark may be related to a traumatic childhood experience. It can also escalate as a result of watching too many horror movies. Unlike many other types of fear it is important to remember that there is very little to gain in the way of avoidance. If you have a fear of spiders you can avoid going to a forest. However, with the fear of darkness there is always a night that follows day.

Fear of the dark is usually not fear of darkness itself, but fear of possible or imagined dangers concealed by darkness. A sufferer imagines what would or could happen when in a dark environment. The earlier the fear is addressed the stronger the possibility that the fear can be controlled.

Anxiety Treatment – 5 Effective Strategies to Decrease Anxiety

Number 1: Face your fears. The most common mistake that people make in coping with their  anxiety  is to avoid whatever situation triggers their  anxiety . Although you may feel immediate, intense relief whenever you avoid an  anxiety-provoking  situation, the long-term effect is actually to worsen your  anxiety . Avoidance makes it extremely unlikely that your  anxiety  will ever decrease as long as you continue to avoid the situation.

Number 2: Be in tune with your level of  anxiety . Try to catch your  anxiety  as soon as it starts. You will have a much easier path to feeling better when you intervene at the earliest possible point. For example, at the moment that you find yourself feeling a little bit tense or anxious, see Numbers 3 through 5 below.

Number 3: Know what helps you to relax.Make a list of enjoyable and relaxing activities. The list should be what YOU enjoy and find relaxing. There are endless options – take a walk, listen to music, take a warm shower, sit with your pet, imagine yourself on a warm beach…

Number 4: Regularly practice something on your list. Even if you are not feeling intensely anxious at a particular moment, you can help reduce your overall  anxiety  level by regularly engaging in enjoyable activities (not a bad assignment for homework, right?). Plus, the more comfortable you are with taking time to relax, the more likely you are to actually use your relaxing activities at a time when you feel anxious.

Number 5: Consider learning relaxation techniques. There are many options for relaxation techniques. The key is to do a little research online or at the bookstore. Find a technique that appeals to you. Some types of relaxation include, diaphragmatic breathing (or deep-breathing), meditation, progressive muscle relaxation, and body scanning. Diaphragmatic breathing is one of the simplest techniques that can be used whenever you feel anxious. Remember, like #4 above, you need to practice to make this effective!

Common mistakes:

· Avoiding everything that makes you anxious. For example, think of when you learned to ride a bike. You were probably afraid the first time, but your fear gradually decreased until you mastered it! If you never tried to ride a bike, then you would still be afraid to ride it today and probably more afraid than you were initially. The same strategy applies with  anxiety . With each time you face something that makes you anxious – even just a little bit anxious – your overall  anxiety  will decrease.

· Waiting until you’re anxious before you try to relax. Rather, you should practice relaxing while you are relaxed. Relaxing needs to be a skill that you master before you apply it to your  anxiety  (would you learn to ride a bike on a narrow, bumpy sidewalk?).

If you do not know what is making you feel anxious or cannot imagine facing anything that makes you anxious, then your best option is to consider seeing a mental health professional who will help you work through your  anxiety .

Home Remedies For Insomnia – For A Good Nights Sleep

If you find yourself just like the countless sleep starving men and women all across the globe, then you’re in need of some beneficial home remedies for insomnia. All things considered, using drugs in addition to going to a health care professional will get very costly, regardless if it is for a light condition of insomnia. Home remedies for insomnia and natural sleep aids can be most beneficial for your health.

Thankfully available for you, there already are several excellent home remedies for insomnia in the next paragraphs. It’s unlikely that any worth mentioning methods are drastic or will they expect you to spend lots of cash for products. In reality, there are some things that you can use as natural home remedies for insomnia that may cost you very little or nothing. A couple of quick insomnia recommendations which may make it easier to sleep at night.

1. Lessen Noises: Living beside of a noisy highway, a neighborhood with barking dogs, as well as close to some sort of community facility generating nightly noises, it can be hard to go to sleep. Wall structure and insulation can help, however will not often fix the situation. The average person can’t move or change the structure of their home so they have to use other methods such as running a fan,using some other form of white-noise or the easiest one of all is to put in some ear plugs. A couple of ear plugs will be inexpensive plus they are very efficient for preventing neighboring noises. Place them in before going to bed and you should discover that you now employ a sleeping atmosphere.

2. Try To Get Completely Calm: For anyone who is never calm when attempting to go to sleep at night, you just aren’t getting restful sleep at night. That being said, do everything that you can to help your body unwind prior to going to sleep. This may be just about anything from bathing, playing soothing songs, sexual activity, enjoying an hour or so of television or reading a novel. Whatever you choose to do, make certain there’s no anxiety or deep worrying as opposed to what you experience throughout the day which may be filled with stress, challenge, and pressure, you will need to loosen up as well as soothe our bodies so it sleeps properly through the night. A totally stress-free system & thoughts brings about amazing sleep.

3. Routinely Keep Recurring Patterns of Sleep at Night: This can be the easiest concerning home remedies for insomnia, however apparently one of the most seldom used. When you go to sleep about the same time frame nightly, you happen to be much more comfortable with sleeping during this specific period. In a way, you will be encoding it to notice the fact that “this specific time frame ” will be going to sleep time. Using this coding, you’ll get to sleep shortly after hitting the bed sheets.

Using these tips as home remedies for insomnia will enable you to sleep better through the night. To tell the truth, there may be a pretty good chance after applying these that you ill sleep like a baby. Assuming they do not help out, very well, you can find plenty of additional home remedies for insomnia which you can experiment with.

Summary: If you are not sleeping at night then you need to be finding the root cause of your insomnia and making the needed changes so that you get a good nights sleep each and every night. Your health may depend on you making lifestyle changes.

Signs That It’s Time to See a Podiatry Specialist

From everyday scuff-ups to chronic diseases, here are some situations where it might be useful to consult an expert.

Bunions

Bunions are unsightly bulges at the big toe’s base that are caused when the bone or joint is out of place. If left untreated, they can become more and more irritating and painful, interfering with footwear and leading to greater injury. A podiatry specialist can provide a treatment plan such as wrapping and padding, or in extreme cases, perform surgery to remove the bunion.

Ingrown Toenails

A scarlet toe with a lot of fluid drainage may indicate infection from an ingrown toenail, which is when part of the nail grows into the tissue of the toe. A podiatrist can provide treatment, prescribe antibiotics, and if needed, remove a portion or the entire offending nail.

Athlete’s Foot

Although sometimes treatable with over-the-counter medication, this common fungal infection on the bottom of the feet and/or between the toes can become severely itchy and painful. It causes dry, scaly skin and possibly even oozing cracks. If it refuses to go away, it’s time to see a podiatry specialist. Prescription creams and pills are usually effective though antibiotics may help in certain cases.

Sprains and Strains

Swelling, redness, and pain following a foot or ankle injury are indications that there might be a sprain, stretch, or tear in a ligament or muscle. See a podiatry expert if after three days the pain and swelling have not decreased, and it remains difficult to walk. He or she can make a cast for the particular area of the foot or leg and advise on home care. In severe cases, the podiatrist may have to perform surgery.

Arthritis

Joint pain in the feet or ankles might be caused by arthritis, a catch-all name for ailments that restrict mobility and cause minimal-to-crippling discomfort in the joints. Although most forms of the disease are not curable, a podiatrist can help with foot/ankle arthritis by offering advice on ways to minimize the pain, maximize joint movement, and continue to pursue work and hobbies with as little pain as possible. It’s important to see a specialist when it comes to arthritis. Over time, this condition can change the functionality of the area it affects and cause permanent damage.

Diabetes

People with diabetes are at the top of the list of those who would benefit from regular check-ups with a podiatry specialist. In fact, an annual ankle/foot examination is advised. Diabetes patients suffer from much higher rates of foot problems, ranging from pesky dry skin to amputation. The latter is so common among people with diabetes because they often have peripheral arterial disease, which limits blood flow to the feet, and nerve damage, which limits foot feeling. Together, they’re a deadly combo that allows normally harmless phenomena like ulcers to get severely infected faster and without being noticed until it’s too late.