Bronchitis In Pregnancy – Facts To Help You Deal With It

Pregnancy is an exciting moment for the would-be parents; a moment of great significance. It is the culmination of the love of a man and woman have for each other. It also means that another individual is about to come into this world.

Pregnant women should take good care of themselves. Remember it is not just yourself your are taking care of; you are also taking care of your unborn baby. The immune system of an expecting mother is weakened, and therefore, she becomes susceptible to a myriad medical problems.

Usually, pregnant women suffer from colds and coughs. This is dangerous because colds and coughs can lead to more serious conditions such as bronchitis. Therefore, a pregnant woman must take special care to see that she does not catch a cold.

Bronchitis is a condition characterized by inflammation of the bronchioles. Its symptoms are similar to those of common cold. Keep away from conditions that might give you a cold if you are pregnant.

Simple Ways to Prevent Bronchitis

To avoid contracting bronchitis, you need to avoid catching its symptoms. Put simply, it means that your simply can not and should not catch a cold, and here is what you should do in order to avoid catching colds and coughs

Wash your hands as much and as often as possible. If you have to travel to a place where washrooms are not available, carry a hand sanitizer or alcohol.

Maintain cleanliness in and around your house. Things that you have to touch, especially, should be very clean. Invest in some germ-killing disinfectants and use them while cleaning your house.

Avoid people who have colds and coughs. In your present condition, you are highly susceptible to colds and coughs, and it is not advisable for you to interact with individuals suffering from a cold or cough.

How Does Bronchitis Impact a Pregnant Woman?

Bronchitis can affect a pregnant woman is several ways.

A persistent cough is one of the symptoms of bronchitis. While it does your harm your baby, it can cause a lot of discomfort and annoyance to you.

Another symptom of bronchitis is a mild fever. According to medical studies, women who acquire a temperature higher than 38.9 degrees Celsius may give birth to a defective baby. So, if you get a high fever, it might impact your baby in adverse ways.

Symptoms such as cold, throat pain, and chest pain cause a great deal of annoyance to the pregnant woman; however, if checked at the right time, these symptoms will not cause any harm to your baby.

Steps to be Taken if You Notice Symptoms of Bronchitis

If you have observed the symptoms of bronchitis in yourself, you need to take precautionary measures to prevent the condition from becoming chronic. You also need to ensure that you do not suffer the discomforts that bronchitis can bring to a pregnant woman.

Drink plenty of non-caffeine liquors because this eases mucus secretion. It is highly advisable for pregnant women suffering from bronchitis to drink plenty of water, fresh fruit juice, and soups.

Place a humidifier in your house; this will help you if you are suffering from cold.

Use saline drops to prevent stuffiness in your nose.

Take a warm shower daily. Studies have shown that a warm shower not only clears mucus but also requires stuffiness in the nose.

Take plenty of rest. Relaxation is of utmost important.

Visit your obstetrician or gynecologist and talk to him or her about your condition.

Medicines for Bronchitis

It is not possible to avoid medications even when you are pregnant. Medicines help you manage and control your condition better. Commonly, pregnant women with colds and allergies are treated with decongestants. Plenty of expectorants and cough suppressants are available to help pregnant women escape from the discomfort caused by coughing.

Before taking any of these drugs, however, remember to talk to your doctor. This way you can protect yourself and your unborn child.

5 Ways To Decode Back Pain

1: Radiating pain in your arm and leg

Cause : Radiating pain can be a result of poor posture or sedentary lifestyle causing the muscles around the spinal to become weak. This leads to increase in the pressure on the spine and theby on the disks (present in between two vertebrae) causing some pressure on the nerves leading to the radiating pain.

Treatment : Correcting the posture and performing spinal muscle strengthening exercises.

2: Periodic flare-ups of lower back or neck pain

Cause : You could suffer from recurrent symptoms in cases where the root cause of the pain is not corrected. This pain could initially start by traveling down the limbs and would sometimes give a tingling sensation that feels like pins and needles in the limb. In some cases you could also feel that the affected limb is weaker and heavier than the unaffected one.

Treatment : Correcting your posture, avoid staying in one post for a long time, taking frequent breaks, spinal muscle strengthening

3: If your walking pattern has changed

Cause : This might be a symptom of one of your disks slipping out of your vertebral column. A common indicator of this is when your gait is stowed and crooked (tending to one side), which happens because your spine is unable to bear weight on one side. The severe muscle weakness caused due to increased pressure on the nerves leads to muscle weakness and a condition called foot drop, which makes you drag your feet when you walk. Another reason could be sciatica or obesity.

Treatment : If you are going through severe pain, altered sensation in the legs, motor fatigue, difficulty in walking with or without back pain then you must visit your doctor.

4: If you have headache and dizziness

Cause : As people over the globe have become increasingly dependent on electronic gadgets, back pain has become a common problem. Habits like pinning the phone between your shoulder and ear while you multitask is an instinctive move and it puts a lot of pressure on your neck. Poor posture especially when who bend your head forward to use your phone leads to the degeneration of the upper cervical spine – both these are the most common causes for mechanical headache and dizziness. Apart from that dizziness could also be due to various other conditions like benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (disorder occurring in the inner ear), low blood pressure etc.

Treatment : Visiting a physical therapist is a must if you get headaches and dizziness to find out whether it is mechanical or non-mechanical.

5: Upper back pain

Cause : Upper back pain can develop due to poor posture, chronic muscle tension and degenerative spinal in the elderly. Poor posture is a common cause of upper back pain, particularly if you sit in front of a computer all day. Upper back pain may also develop from an unrelated condition like acid reflux or cardic issues. This can also be due to muscular irritation (myofascial pain) or joint dysfunction.

Treatment : Taking breaks from your desk at regular intervals and stretching is important in order to address the pain.

Laser Eye Surgery Risks: Flap Dislocation After LASIK

Although it is the most prevalent of laser eye surgeries, LASIK has its share of complications. The post-operative complication rate is estimated from 3% to 6%. LASIK eye surgery involves cutting a flap of the corneal tissue with a hinge being left at one end of the flap. The flap is then folded back to reveal the stroma, the middle section of the cornea. After reshaping the corneal tissue with the aid of a high precision laser, typically the excimer laser, the flap is repositioned so as to remain in place by natural adhesion until it heals completely.

The LASIK procedure entitles certain flap complications. Among the post-operative flap complications, a slipped flap is one of the most common. The corneal flap created during the operation may inadvertently detach the rest of the cornea. It is imperative that the patient goes home and sleeps after surgery so as to let the flap heal, since the chances of flap dislocation are the greatest immediately after the surgery.

Other types of flap complications include folds in flaps and undesired epithelial in-growth. Post-operative folds in flap typically necessitate repositioning of the flap. Flap related problems are relatively common when it comes to LASIK complications. But they rarely lead to a permanent visual acuity loss. Moreover, the occurrence of flap complications reductions with increased surgeon experience. An expert LASIK surgeon, wielding superlative equipment, is far less likely to commit an error during the surgery.

Since LASIK entails the removal of a part of the corneal tissue, the cornea becomes thinner as a result of the procedure. Myopic shifts at extreme altitudes have been attributable to this thinning of the corneal surface. LASIK technology has advanced in leaps and bounds, with much advanced and risk free procedures available today. Owing to this, the chances of flap complications are rather minuscule. Moreover, there is not a large body of comprehensive evidence so as to assert the chances of any long-term flap complications due to LASIK.

In summary, LASIK is a viable and safe procedure when it comes to correcting a variety of refractive errors. Furthermore, whatever small flap complications may arise can be rectified with ease.

Finding a LASIK surgery that you are confident about will be able to give you more information about the risks of laser eye surgery.

Skull Fractures and Other Head Injuries

Head injuries caused by a variety of different things can be permanently harmful and even fatal. Although we have progressed mightily in the field of medicine and medical diagnostics, certain aspects of the brain still puzzle doctors. Thus, skull fractures and other types of head injuries are often serious and unable to be completely healed.

There are many things that can cause head injuries. Dangerous conditions can lead to damage, such as icy sidewalks, bad driving weather, and slippery floors. Additionally, negligence on behalf of those around us can lead to injuries. For example, if you work at a construction site, someone may improperly utilize the equipment, which can end up hurting you. Lastly, product defects such as a faulty bike helmet can contribute to head injury if you crash.

One frightening head injury is a skull fraction. We rely on our skulls to protect our brains from both nerve damage and infections. There are four basic types of skull breaks, which include:

Linear skull fractures – these are the most common type of break. It is fairly straightforward and often allows you to return to normal activity in several days. Basically, the bone breaks, but it is so slight that the skull itself does not move.

Diastatic skull fractures – these breaks occur along the lines of the sutures of our head. When we are babies, the skull is divided into several plates that fuse with age along lines called sutures. A diastatic fraction basically widens these lines of fusion.

Depressed skull fractures – as the name implies, part of the skull is pressed into the brain like a sink hole. This often requires surgery to get fixed.

Basilar skull fractures – a basilar fracture is the most dangerous type of injury. It is a break that occurs at the base of the skull, which can often result in a tear of the lining of the brain covering. Thus, people with this type of break often need hospital observation to help make sure that nothing goes seriously wrong.

Several other types of head injury classifications exist as well. First, you may just get a scrape or bruise, called a contusion. There are several more serious types of injuries, including concussions and several types of intracranial hematomas. All of these are potentially life-threatening.

If you or someone you know has suffered from a skull fracture or another head injury as a result of personal injury, you should consult the advice of an experienced lawyer to help you fight for your rights. To find a personal injury attorney in your area, check out the Legal City Attorney Search Directory today.

Give More Bones to Your Spinal Instrumentation Coding

Spinal instrumentation is a method of keeping the spinal stiff after spinal fusion surgery. It is used to treat the deformities of the spinal referring to birth defects, fractures, scoliosis, spinal diseases, and other injuries. When the spine no longer maintains its normal shape, and nerve damage occurs, different kinds of instrumentation (made of metal / titanium) are inserted into the spine. The instrumentation is typically comprised of pedicure screws, rods, plates, intervertebral cages, hooks and rods.

Guidelines in spinal instrumental coding: New techniques and technologies for spinal instrumentation are moving faster than codes can keep up. What's more, procedures come in a variety of configurations, which are often puzzling. While coding, these procedures could prove to be tricky. In a nutshell, unique coding guidelines and billing requirements for spinal instrumentation test the knowledge of even the most experienced neurosurgery coders.

So, if you want to be on track the next time a spinal instrumentation procedure hits your desk, you'll do well to attend quick and convenient audio conference that will coach you on what you need to know about spinal instrumentation coding. What's more is that you'll walk away with the know-how to determine proper reimbursements and avoid any appropriate payment denials.

Audio conferences will also help you get the low down on spinal anatomy and definition, common types of posterior and anterior instrumentation and how they translate into codes, real life examples of instrumentation coding, new technologies and the latest codes, and so much more.

Neurosurgeons, orthopedic surgeons, coders and billers, office managers and compliance officers, health insurance company claim processors – will all return enriched after attending these audio conferences.

Dealing With a Child Who Has a Physical Disability

Taking care of a child with cerebral palsy

Cerebral palsy (CP) is a condition that causes permanent damage to brain from injuries to an infant caused during pregnancy or at the time of birth.

The severity of disability varies and can result in loss of many abilities. Certain infections, lack of oxygenation to the brain at the time of birth, in-born chemical abnormalities or some other reasons can cause CP. A CP child can not hold his neck properly, walk and use arms and hands as required, and may or may not have problems with learning, understanding and speech, their muscles can be very stiff or soft. Although the problem is non-progressive, symptoms can appear as the child grows.

CP is not a curable condition but regular therapies and surgical treatments can help the child minimize disabilities. Sometimes these treatment methods help overcome difficulties like walking.

A CP child brings lots of difficulties for parents both emotionally and financially. They have a lot of questions regarding the child schooling, bringing up and future care. A sense of helplessness may frustrate parents as they watch there child struggle to achieve milestone.

Parents should make the child secure by giving him love, affection and encouragement. Nature has made our brain such that areas around the injured area can learn the functions of the injured part, therefore such children can benefit from rehabilitation, speech therapy and occupational therapy. It is important for a family to collaborate with rehabilitation team and doctors at the earliest.

The main focus of education should be to improve the motor skills so that child can lead an independent life. It is also important to encourage cognitive, emotional and social development skills that can be done with cooperation of parents, teachers, family, doctors and rehabilitation team.

The Debt Ceiling Compromise: A Closer Examination

With a major debt ceiling violation hot off the presses, what does this mean for America's taxpayers?

Earlier this week, mere days before the deadline, the Republicans struck a deal with the Democrats in Congress and President Barack Obama to raise the statutory ceiling on federal debt and avoid a default that would have been lethal to our economy.

In the aftermath a great tidal wave of rhetorical has swept the nation's media and the consensus seems to be a universal sense of dismay. Conservative and liberal commentators alike seem to be in agreement that the deal reached did everything short of actually helping the country. Permanent months of promises from both sides that the bargain would include combine cuts with revenue-raising tax reforms and contractual benefits such as Medicare and Social Security, no such compromises seems to have emerged.

Rather, the result seems to be a major stop-gap measure, which will be followed by more months of politicizing, debts, and paralysis.

What Does This Mean for Taxpayers?

Ignoring for a moment Speaker Boehner's declaration that a tax hike would now be "impossible," it would seem that higher taxes could soon appear on the horizon. The bill actually lacks any kind of tax reform whateversoever. Specifically, the compromise failed to extend the payroll tax cut passed in 2010. This means that workers could expect to see their pay checks shrink by approximately two percent in January when the additional tax is deducted from their earnings.

At the very least we can expect to see some serious debts over the next few months on a wide range of tax issues as the Democrats continue their efforts to close loopholes in the tax code that benefit the rich and the Republicans remain steadfast in their opposition to any kind of tax increases.

For many Americans, especially retirees and those who rely on Social Security benefits, the cuts are serious cause for concern. Any decrease in federal spending will mean less aid for state and local government, thus making already weak areas even more vulnerable to budget cuts, deficiency, and layoffs.

Perhaps of most direct importance for many Americans is the bill's effect on the dollar. While the resolution of the crisis brought an immediate rally in the dollar, with the US dollar index rising 0.49 percent on Monday, it is not expected to last. Given the continued work necessary to resolve the debt problem, as well as the country's poor economic condition (due in part to the total stagnation of the debt talks) many economists believe the dollar could continue to decline through the end of the year.

Muscle Disorders – Hernias

The muscles of the body enable the body to move. They also help keep tissues and organs in their place within the body. Body muscles are generally firm and taut. However, it is possible for a muscle to become slack and weak. When this happens, tissues can sometimes force their way way or between two muscles and create a bulge. This bulge of soft tissue is called a hernia. Hernias can be found in many parts of the body but they usually occur in the abdominal wall. The main symptom of a hernia is a large lump or swelling. It may build gradually over a period of weeks or form suddenly when exercising or lifting heavy objects. A hernia may also be accompanied by a feeling of tenderness of heaviness. Some hernias, depending upon location, carry a risk of obstruction of strangulation.

One of the most common types of hernias is a hiatus hernia. In the body there is a sheet of muscles that separate the chest from the abdomen. When a hernia occurs in this muscle wall it is called a hiatus hernia. Another hernia that occurs in the abdominal wall is a paraumbilical hernia. The hernia develops in the muscles of the abdominal wall that surround the navel. The bulge appears as though it is at the navel. Women are more likely than men to have this type hernia. The bulge from an epigastric hernia will show up somewhere along the line between the navel and the breastbone. This type is more common in men. The bulge is small but it can be painful and may cause indigestion. Overweight women who have had a large number of children may develop a femoral hernia. This occurs in the groin. An Inguinal hernia also develops in the groin however the risks of strangulation or obstruction are low with this type of hernia. Any lump, bulge or swilling on your body should be examined by a physician. If the diagnosis is a hernia, surgery will probably be recommended, as hernias tend to gradually worsen over time. Also if the hernia is of the type that carries a risk of strangulation or obstruction, hernia repair will avoid emergency surgery at a later date. The operation to repair a hernia is known as a herniorrhaphy. The patient is given either a local or general anesthetic. Then the surgeon makes a small incision over the bulge and pushes the tissues back into place. Once this is accomplished, the muscles are sewn firmly together. The surgery usually takes about an hour.

The area where the surgery was performed will be painful and painkillers are usually needed. The patient is encouraged to walk on either the day or day after the surgery. The length of the stay in the hospital depends upon the type of hernia that is being repaired.

Convalescence from the surgery may require from one to six weeks, again depending upon the type of hernia. However, all patients will be advised to avoid heavy lifting for approximately twelve weeks.

Imaging Analysis and Operative Treatment of Diaphyseal Fractures

Imaging Analysis of Diaphyseal Fractures

Fractures are one of the most common indications for an imaging examination. However, such evaluation covers a broad range of indications, from initial fracture diagnosis, analysis of fracture fragment displacement and alignment, detection of predisposing lytic lesions, assessment of fraction alignment after closed reduction, assessment of alignment and hardware complications after open reduction, evaluation of potential infection, and assessment of healing. Each radiographic modality, including radiography, computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and bone scintigraphy has its own unique role in each aspect of fracture assessment.

Radiography is the mainstay in fraction analysis at any stage. It provides an overall assessment of fracture morphology and provides insight into all potential features of a fraction as it evolves over time. Radiographic analysis requires at least two views for proper assessment, as fractures not seen on one view may be glaringly identical on another view. Additionally, different views afford different perspectives on fracture analysis, thereby permitting the physician to better detect such complications as displaced fragments, minor bone destruction, malunion, or hardware failure. However, as radiographic analysis invariably superimposes anatomy in the generation of an image, this modality suffers when more detailed and accurate assessment is required.

CT images are identified by rotating an x-ray tube and an opposing detector quickly around a patient. The x-ray tube is designed to emit a very narrow x-ray beam that passes through the patient and is picked up by the detector. The x-ray beam continuously emits as it encircles the patient and the detector measures differences in x-ray absorption (attenuation). The image is then computed mathematically back. Protocols are designed for specific anatomic locations to maximize image quality and minimize patient dose. Musculoskeletal applications typically use narrows 1 to 3 mm collimation to improve image quality and spatial resolution, especially in small body parts such as the hands or feet. Larger body parts are often scanned with larger collimation of 3 to 5 mm. Once the helical data set is obtained, images can be reconstructed in any plane, usually axial, sagittal, and coronal. Reconstruction parameters significantly influence the final image quality. Finally, filtering algorithms are applied to the data set to maximize resolution of bone or soft tissue depending upon clinical interest. Compared to radiography, CT provides a more detailed and therefore more diagnostically sensitive and specific examination.

Bone scintigraphy is an effective modality in the detection of occult fractures. It is a highly sensitive modality, but lacks specificity. It uses a radioactive isotope that is rapidly taken up into bone that is metabolically active. A normal bone scan effectively eliminates the possibility of fracture. However, a positive bone scan could reflect fracture, infection, tumor, or arthritis. Clinical and radiographic data are used to refine the scintigraphic findings. Additionally, scintigraphy may be used to estimate fracture healing since the degree of uptake will diminish over time as bone turnover at a fracture site returns to normal as healing progresses.

MRI also plays an important role in the assessment of fractures. MRI is exquisitely sensitive to the detection of bone marrow edema, an invariable finding in the setting of a fraction. However, MR may not readily differiate bone contusions from true cortical fractures, especially in the case of avulsion injuries and small chip fractures. These fracture fragments are better delineated with CT. MRI also provides important data concerning concomitant soft tissue injury which is often more important a finding than the fraction itself. In the post-operative setting when metallic hardware is often present to stabilize the fraction, MRI continues to play a role. Use of metal artifact reduction sequences (MARS) significantly limits the distorting effects of metallic hardware on the magnetic field and allows imaging of soft tissues and potential complications in close proximity to hardware.

Operative Treatment of Diaphyseal Fractures

Diaphyseal (long bone) fractures are a common sequellae of traumatic events. These fractures, occurring in the femur, tibia, fibula, humerus, radius, ulna, and long bones of the hands and feet, may be secondary to either direct or indirect forces. Direct trauma often results in open fractures. Indirect rotational forces may result in spiral or spiral wedge diaphyse fractures with a large surface of bone contact that aids healing. Additionally, these forces often result in less soft tissue and periosteal damage, promoting good healing. Bending forces result in oblique wedge fractures. The degree of trauma in these fractures is usually more significant resulting in a larger amount of damage to soft tissues and periosteum that inhibits healing. Direct forces upon the diaphysis result in a spectrum of fracture patterns including transverse fractures, fragmented wedge fractures, and complex fractures. The forces causing these fractures are often quite large and result in extensive soft tissue damage. These fractures are the most difficult to heal. The determination of fraction type predicts the degree of underlying potential soft tissue damage and provides a guideline for determining the timing of surgery as well as reduction and fixation technique with the ultimate goal of restoration of bone length as well as axial and rotational alignment with respect to the flanking joints.

Diaphyseal fracture fixation is difficult to accomplish using nonoperative means such as plaster casting or traction. Such conservative treatment may result in angular deformity, nonunion, shortening, and stiffness of the adjunct joints. Operative treatment of diaphyseal fractures using either internal or external fixation usually produces better functional results. The goal of fracture fixation is not anatomic reduction and rigid fixation, but rather adequate reduction and stable fixation. Anatomic reduction often leads to excessive periosteal and soft tissue damage while rigid fixation prevents small amounts of motion at the fracture site. Both impair healing and may lead to nonunion.

Operative diaphyseal fracture techniques include intramedullary nailing, plating, and external fixation. Any reduction maneuver should be chosen to both be effective at fracture stabilization and as minimally invasive as possible to preserve blood supply, soft tissue and periosteal integrity. Intramedullary nails are internal splints that bridge a fraction by traveling down the internal shaft of the bone. They allow early weight bearing as well as micro motion at the fracture site, promoting callous formation and bone healing. Distal or proximal interlocking screws are often used to minimizeize rotational movement. Plating involves the use of fenestrated metal plates and threaded screws for fracture fixation. These are applied to the surface of the shaft of bone and are commonly used when diaphyseal fractures extend into the metaphysis. Often a single interfragmentary lag screw will be placed across the fraction in addition to screws anchoring the stabilizing plate. Conventional plates work by pressing the plate against the surface cortex of bone. These results in crushing of the undering periosteum and compromising blood supply to the fracture. An improvement over conventional plating, locked compression plates do not compress the bone surface. In these plates, the locking head screws engage the bone and plate separately, providing a space between the plate and the bone while simultaneously stabilizing the fraction. This promises better healing. Finally, when soft tissue damage is extensive, external fixation techniques may be performed. Because these devices are external, fracture healing may be delayed and there is an increased risk of infection or device loosing. In general, external fixation is a bridge to internal fixation once soft tissue damage has cured.


Imaging plays a central role in fracture treatment at all stages of the healing process. Radiography provides an overall assessment of fracture morphology and potential complications. CT adds an excellent bone detail, providing detailed assessment of fragment alignment and callous formation to indicate degree of healing. MRI aids in the detection of nondisplaced or incomplete fractures that are not detectable with radiography or CT. Additionally, MRI provides detailed assessment of soft tissues surrounding a fracture that may also guide therapy. Current research revolves around combining new devices and surgical approaches to further enhance adequate reduction and stable fixation while minimizing invasiveness and tissue damage, thereby leading to a more successful output and more rapid and complete return to normal function.

The Buzz is All About Mini-Motorcycles

Pocket bikes are miniature motorcycles – powered, for the most part, by oil- and gas-burning engines similar to those used in chain saws, weed whackers or other small motorized tools – and they look just like the real thing.

The snaziest models cost thousands and are made in Italy, but the ones that are selling by the container load run from $ 200 to $ 500. They come from China, among other places, and are getting snapped up by eager teenagers and, in some cases, not-so-teenagers.

At Broadtek LLC, a South San Francisco firm that imports them, the cardboard cartons containing the small bikes are stacked to the ceiling of a tall warehouse and are quickly going out the door to eager customers.

In Walnut Creek, Eric Rahin, owner of Sonic Scooterz, says he's selling them in droves – "from college students to people in their late 50s.

Manufacturers say the bikes are provided to be used only on closed race tracks, private roads or any other place where there are no public traffic laws and, more important, no big cars or trucks to run into you. Many buyers follow that advice.

But now you see some of these new pocket bikes zinging in and out of parking lots, up and down residential streets and, occasionally into the side of a car. And therein lies the rub.

"It's very difficult for a driver (of a car) to see one on those bikes, because of their low height," said San Francisco police Lt. Kitt Crenshaw. "We've had several accidents in the last few weeks, and people went to the hospital."

The pocket bikes have a top speed of about 35 mph, but can be souped up to go faster. They evolved from tiny but highly sophisticated racing bikes that campaign on European race tracks and are sometimes used as training vehicles for Grand Prix motorcycle racers.

The bikes are faithful imitations of popular normal-size street motorcycles, which, for marketing reasons, are faithful imitations of pure race bikes, down to the disk brakes, handlebars, chain drives, twist-grip throttles and electronic ignition.

The little bikes weigh about 50 pounds, stand about a foot and a half high and can easily be put in the trunk of a car. They have tiny engines – 47cc or 49cc displacement, less than 1 / 20th the size of a big motorcycle. And they are enticing.

"It's a fun little thing to ride," said Matt Damon, a 21-year-old salesman in a Martinez pet store. "It's a whole lot cheaper than a $ 6,000 or $ 7,000 big bike. and burns less gas. "

But Damon did admit, "I took it for a ride down the street and got pulled over. The officer was kind of nice about it. But I got a ticket."

Police departments in the Bay Area and elsewhere in California have been cracking down on the little two-wheelers, saying they are a major accident waiting to happen. No police agency could come up with information about any deaths caused by pocket bike crashes, but police want them off the public roads before the inevitable hits.

"Their numbers are starting to increase," said Milpitas police officer Jay Johnson, who was assigned by his department to look into the phenomenon and extremely write about it for the weekly Milpitas Post. "Most of the complaints we're getting is that drivers can not see them or there'll be a group of them racing, or they're running stop signs."

For a while, though, until Johnson began studying up on the subject, and the California Highway Patrol sent out a memo clarifying just what is and what is not legal about the bikes, confusion seemed to be paramount.

In fact, it should not be. On many bikes, there's a decal right there on the gas tank that says these things do not conform to "federal motor vehicle safety standards."

After a length consult with the state Vehicle Code and the Department of Motor Vehicles, the CHP explained that the bikes do not meet a number of standards required for all vehicles registered in California – the most telling example being the stipulation that "headlamp height be) between 22 and 54 inches. "

Technical problems aside, it's the safety issue that concerns authorities.

"We're really worried about these things mixing with traffic," said CHP spokesman Steve Kohler. "If you think about it, something that small is difficult to see, when it's mixed in with cars, trucks and buses.

Or, as David Edwards, editor in chief of Cycle World Magazine and a man who puts about 20,000 miles a year on motorcycles, said: "When you get out in city traffic, you'll be at more risk than on a full-size but they only hold (a little) gas, so you will not go too far. And they're not noisy as hell, so at least people will hear you coming if not see you coming. "

Brief Notes on Minerals

Minerals are considered necessary to the nutrition and function of the human body. They are iron, calcium, phosphorus, sulphur, chlorine, sodium, magnesium, iodine, copper, cobalt, manganese, molybdenum and zinc. Collectively they make up 4% to 5% of the body weight. There is enough lime (calcium) in an adult to whitewash a good size basement; enough phosphorus (2 pds) to keep a man in matches for a month; enough iron to make a large nail; enough sodium and chlorine to provide a shaker of table salt.

The mineral elements most likely to be deficient in Indian diet are calcium, iron and iodine. When these three elements are included in appropriate depths in a mixed food from natural sources, the other mineral elements are also normally present.
Calcium and phosphorus are the body's chief framework materials, to keep bone strong and teeth hard and durable. Calcium is essential for blood clotting. It helps to regulate the acid-base balance of the body, the heart beat and the irritability of the neuromuscular system. The best dietary source of calcium is milk. Other sources are turnip, cabbage, lemons, limes, onions, oranges, rhubarb, spinach, garlic, musumbi, grapes, plums, asparagus, cucumber, radishes, carrots, currants, cauliflower, celery etc. Its deficiency causes mental depression, haemorrhages, trembling of hands, deformities, ugly scars, discharges, headache, dizziness, sour body odor, pessimism, lack of courage etc.
Phosphorus plays a complementary role with calcium. Scarcely any of our vital processes take place without phosphorus. It is available in plenty in cabbage, peas, grapes, carrots, pumkins, cucumbers, raisins, corns, okra, parsley etc. Its deficiency may develop neuralgia, impotency, dislike for work, hard wax in ears, insensibility to pain, dislike for opposite sex, jaundice, bronchitis, paralysis, etc.
Iron is concentrated in the haemoglobin of the blood. Deficiency of iron causes anemia, fatigue, low vitality and weakness. It also causes deafness, asthma, neuralgia, swollen ankles, bed wetting, defective vision, menstrual pains, insomnia, uterine tumors etc. The best sources of iron are meats, egg-yolk, spinach, lettuce, pears, plums, okra, dandelion leaves, beet roots, beans, grapes, kale, artichokes, black-berries, collards, leek, peas, gram, radish etc.
Sodium and potassium are another pair of minerals that complement each other's action in the body function. They are heavily concerned with water balance. They are found in table salt and other sources are carrots, spinach, apples, garlic, narangi, beets, carrots, rays, turnips, broccoli, kale, grapes, coconut, pineapple, endive, leek, tomatoes, dandelion, parsley, and artichokes .
Iodine is essential to the functioning of thyroid gland. Deficiency of iodine in the body causes goiter, waving of feet or toes, enlarged glands, excess hunger, neuralgic pains in the heart etc. Good sources of iodine are garlic, carrots, beet roots, narangi, lettuce, pineapple, avocado, potato, chives, onions, broccoli, chard, celery, lettuce, kale, cabbage, tomatoes, asparagus and chervil.

Neck Pain – Muscles – Range Of Motion

You can feel and see the muscle that is most prominent at the front of the neck. This is the sternocleidomastoid muscle. This muscle is usually in pain after an auto accident when stretching occurs to this muscle as the head and moves backward and forward. The head can be abnormally tilted to one side due to spasm. For example, if the right sternocleidomastoid muscle is in spasm, the face and chin will be turned to the left. This is known as torticollis.

The trapezius muscle is at the back of the neck. This muscle gives the contour to form the slope of the shoulder. It stretches from the base of the head to the tip of the shoulder. The upper portion of the trapezius is commonly very tender in most people. If one side is more in spasm, you can see the swelling very clearly from the front.
The neck movements include looking down (flexion), looking up (extension), neck rotation and bending or inclining the neck sideways (lateral flexion).

The normal range of motion of the neck: At least 50% of flexion and extension occurs between the occiput of the skull bone and C1 vertebra. This is called the "yes" joint as in nodding the head to agree. The remaining 50% is distributed between the movements occurring between C2-C7 levels. Most of the movements occur at the C5 and C6 vertebral levels.
In the normal situation, you should be able to bend your neck down so that you should be able to touch your chin to your chest.

You should be able to bend your neck upward such that you should be able to directly look at the ceiling above you. All these movements should be able to done without hesitation or halting movements. You must not lean back to perform this motion.
When you rotate the neck as in saying "no" at least 50% of the rotation movements between the C1 and C2 levels which is thus known as the "no" joint. The remaining 50% of the rotation movements occur between C3 to C7. In the normal situation, you should be able to turn your head in such a way that your chin is in line with the shoulder, almost touching the shoulder. You must be careful not to elevate your shoulder to perform this motion.

Bending or inclining the neck sideways, involve all the cervical vertebrae. To perform this motion, the neck has to also rotate. Normally, you should be able to incline the neck sideways for about 45 ° from the midline of the head from the starting point which should be a plane perpendicular to the floor. When you have restriction to perform this motion, you will usually have a tendency to elevate the shoulder.
Difficulties with neck range of motion can occur with fixed deformities from having arthritis in the neck. However, pain and / or discomfort with tightness of the muscles will further restrict the range of motion. Relaxing the muscles of the head and neck is essential to regain the loss in range of motion due to pain and spasm of these muscles.

Getting Rid of Canker Sores Naturally

Canker sores are usually found on the inside of the cheeks and lips. They usually look like a small white circle surrounded by redness. These sores are often painful, especially during eating or drinking. They often go away on their own, but there are some natural remedies for canker sores that help them go away faster.


Aloe Vera is a plant that helps the body in many ways, including speeding up healing of the skin. Studies have shown that most patients who treated their canker sore with aloe vera saw their sore disappear much faster than patients who let the sore go away its own. To treat a sore with aloe vera, one to three tablespoons of juice from an aloe vera plant should be swished around the mouth and then swallowed. This procedure can be repeated three times per day.


Sage is an herb that is generally used in cooking, but it also has medicinal properties. One way to use sage to heal a canker sore is to make a mouthwash to gargle with by steeping about three tablespoons of sage leaves in a pint of water that is boiling. The leaves should steep for approximately 15 minutes before being removed. The cooled mixture should be used for gargling three times each day until the sore has completely disappeared. Another way to use sage to heal a canker sore is to apply a powder made from crushed sage leaves directly on the sore.

Vitamin B

Many people who are plagued with frequent canker sores are deficient in B vitamins such as vitamin B12. Taking a supplement of B vitamins daily speeds the healing process of sores in people that are deficient. Taking the supplement regularly also helps them to avoid getting sores frequently. Other symptoms of B12 deficiency include nervousness, shortness of breath, tingling or numbness in toes and fingers and diarrhea.


Liquid goldenseal also helps canker sores heal fast. It is best to buy goldenseal from a health food store because drugstore varieties are usually too weak to be effective. Liquid goldenseal should be measured into a thimble and them poured into a shot glass. The shot glass should be filled the rest of the way with hot water. Putting this mixture into the mouth and making sure that it gets into the sore will speed healing. The mixture can be left in the mouth for around 20 minutes. It is best not to rinse the mouth afterward. The process may be repeated after every meal as needed.

Alum Powder

Slum powder is one of the most effective natural remedies for canker sores. It is known to heal sores fast and take away the pain during the healing process. The best way to use alum powder on a sore is to pinch a small amount of alum powder with the fingers and place it on the canker sore. The sore will probably burn and sting while the alum powder is applied but it should heal the sore quickly. The mouth should be rinsed a couple of minutes after the powder is applied. This process may be repeated one or two times each day.

How to Stay Healthy During Winters

Staying healthy during winters in a busy world is not the easiest thing to do, yet taking care of yourself is extremely important. Becoming ill can be a big hindrance in giving full attention to your responsibilities. Especially winters are the time that never goes unnoticed health wise.

On average people catch cold one to four times a year, and almost one quarter of them catch flu. Although we are surrounded by viruses and bacteria all year long, yet this is the time when our immune system is most compromised. Therefore, this is the time to take most precautions.

Enlisted are a few tips guaranteed to reduce your risk of exposure to a higher level of infectious agents.

1. Get enough sleep. Sleep disorders or lack of sleep can dramatically weakens your immune system.

2. Good diet is the best immunization. Preservatives, artificial flavors and packages foods fail to give body the required nutrients to fight cold weather. Salads, fruits, vegetables and freshly prepared organic foods are most suitable to feel vibrant and frisky. Try adding citrus fruits like oranges and lemons to your diet intake. Citrus fruits are rich in vitamin C, a key element in boosting your immune system.

3. Multivitamins can play a vital role in keeping you healthy. Have a pill daily to feel fresh and energetic. A body with balanced vitamins and minerals also recuperated quickly.

4. Do not forget to wash your hands with soap before meals and after using the bathroom. Make it a habit for everyone at home.

5. Exercise. I know how hard it is to get off your couch near the fireplace and convince yourself to jog, but exercise moderately at least thrice or four times a week. It helps generate endorphins. Endorphins strengthen the immune system by increasing production of white blood cells.

6. Avoid coughers and sneezers. Germs are mostly transmitted when the infected person touches his or her eyes, mouth or nose, and then shakes hand with you. Occasionally you'll touch your own nose, or mouth and the infection will be transmitted.

7. Humidify your house. Dry air can be very irritating for the respiratory passage. To do so a humidifier can be used.

8. Last but not least, get a flu shot if necessary after consulting your doctor.

On top of everything keep yourself warm. Wear warm clothing and cover your head and ears when going out.

Good luck and a happy winter.

Best Weight Loss Pills

What are the best weight loss pills? If you are overweight or obese you have definitely asked this question many times. Whatever our excess weight can be, we always want to be slim. And the best weight loss pills have been always sought after.

Let’s think a little on this philosophic question and try to answer it based on what we know about this weight loss aid we can’t refuse of using…

We all know the easiest and safest way to live a slim and healthy life is to: consume healthy foods in a balanced diet regime, exercise and stay physically active, and get a sufficient amount of rest each day. Well, weight loss pills may offer a short cut, it might not always be the best route to take. If we make a decision to take weight loss pills, it is always important to understand how they work. It should be in you best interest to know what you are inserting in your body.

Which are best weight loss pills – prescription or natural?

First, weight loss pills are divided into two major groups – prescribed or over-the-counter diet pills. Do you like to know which are best? Well, consider the following – prescription weight loss pills are clinically tested and proven to work as they claim. If say Xenical claims to block 25% of dietary fats from your meals – those are clinically proven results. And approved by official medical organizations that guarantees drug action according to claims.

But prescription weight loss pills are not the perfect – I would say they are far from it and mostly due to side effects and unnatural chemicals applied. The same Xenical gives you a bunch of “additional benefits” like oily spotting, oily stool, possible nausea, diarrhea and more.

At the same time, prescription weight loss pills are basically used in case of obesity with possible dangers to your health. Their effects, side effects are studied and known, and if there’s no other ways for you to lose weight naturally – probably prescribed drugs are the best weight loss pills to choose.

Weight loss supplements, or over-the-counter or natural weight loss pills, are not the best ones either, due to numerous reasons. Mostly because they don’t back their claims. Have you noticed fantastic or amazing promises to help you lose pounds a day or permanent weight loss results?

The problem is most manufacturers don’t support these claims with clinical studies. You cannot know for sure if you buy some real mix of ingredients proven to burn your fat or increase metabolism, or it’s just placebo.

Another point of concern is natural or herbal ingredients. Natural does not mean safe. Consider this when choosing weight loss pills. Ephedra or ma huang were the most popular fat burner active ingredients and might be considered as best weight loss pills, until FDA found them being extremely dangerous to our nervous system and heart. Several death cases preceded the ephedra ban.

So our advice in choosing natural supplements – the best weight loss pills among over the counter are well known brands that everybody knows and many people use successfully.

Undoubted leader among natural weight loss pills in 2007 is Proactol – acknowledged by health professionals and customers as good and safe weight loss support.

Weight loss pills action types

We can differ weight loss pills by type of action. Here we have several major types like fat burners, appetite suppressants or fat blockers. They can be both prescription and natural weight loss pills.

Fat burners work accordingly to help the body in breaking down the fat, internally. Once released from fat cells, fat enters the blood stream as free acids that are then carried to muscle cells where they are to be burned.

Another, probably the most widespread pills are appetite suppressants. These pills take away the desire to eat and allow you to keep down the fat consumption. Most of prescription drugs are suppressants, like Phentermine, Meridia (sibutramine), Acomplia and several other brands. Appetite suppressants are the oldest type of pills to struggle extra weight, and many people use them successfully.

Their popularity grew even more after Hoodia Gordonii appeared on weight loss market. It’s considered the best natural appetite suppressant that has not been researched thoroughly but showed good efficacy.

Another type of weight loss pills is gaining more popularity due to more safe and healthy effect comparing with others – fat blockers. Among prescription drugs it is Xenical, blocking fat by affecting lipase enzymes responsible for fat absorption. It helped many people lose weight along with good dieting regime, but it’s side effects include abdomen discomfort, diarrhea, and the inability to absorb a lot of important fat-soluble vitamins and other nutrients.

Alli is a lighter version of Xenical with the same side effects and many medical professionals refuse to ally themselves with Alli as best weight loss pill because of moderate efficacy combined with many side effects.

Among natural fat blockers chitosan is widespread ingredient. There are many pills based on chitosan claiming fat blocking effect, but scientific researches proved weak fat blocking capacities of chitosan.

As fat blocker, acting somewhat like Xenical but binding fats directly in the stomach, Proactol now is a leading weight loss pill. It acts safely and helps lose weight steadily and prevent weight gain if we eat fatty meals.

The conclusion is simple – choose well known brands that many people used already and had positive results. There is no perfect weight loss aid – but weight loss pills are popular and one of the reasons is that they do help you lose weight more effectively.