Driza Bone Coat

With the popularity of all things Australian, you’ve probably heard of the Driza Bone Coat.

What you may not have heard about are the many benefits of this coat, and why so many people are sold on it for cold and wet weather protection.

The Drizabone coat first came about in 1898 (yes, it’s more than 100 years old!), when two enterprising sailors designed a coat made of used canvas sail cloth. The two sailors covered their coats with a mixture of oils and discovered that they were particularly good for bad weather wear, keeping the wearer warm and dry even in the worst of conditions. The oils on the cloth made water shed off the coat!

Word spread about these wonderful coats and they became very popular among sailors and others who needed strong protection from the elements.

Today the Drizabone coat is available to us in the United States, where it has also become very popular among people who work outside. It has been updated with a fantail to allow cowboys and others who work outside to have expanded range of motion. The coat includes straps to allow the wearer to strap his legs to the coat, and even a cape, which forces rain and snow to shed. There are snaps around the collar to attach a hood, optional.

Interestingly, Americans call this type of coat a “duster,” and Australians refer to is as a “drover’s” coat.

And yes, the coat is still famous for its ability to keep the wearer warm and dry even in the worst of weather conditions, due to its waxed oilskin fabric.

For example, my husband’s long Drizabone is about 17 years old, and he still wears it when working cattle. We live in the north woods of Minnesota and Troy has worn his coat in snowstorms, sleet, rain, hail, mud, and every combination of same, and has come home swearing by his Drizabone. We’ve repainted the coat with the wax/oil mixture from Drizabone a few times, and had no complaints. This coat does everything it promises to do!

The coat comes in several styles and lengths, and is available for both men and women. The two most sought-after styles are the hip length and long coats. Prices range from $200 for a hip length coat to $260 for a long coat.

If you’re looking for a coat that will keep you warm and dry even in the worst weather conditions, you’ll want to try the Driza bone!

Arthritis & Rheumatism

There is a difference between arthritis and rheumatism. Inflammatory pain from joint(s) is arthritis; and from tissues around the joints such as tendon, liagament, muscle or bone is rheumatism. These conditions have long been considered to be chronic, degenerative and incurable. Standard medical treatment consists of aspirin, corticosteroidsand other non-steroidal anti-flammatory drugs which alleviate pain. Unfortunately, long term use of these drugs cause side effects like risk of liver and kidney damage, and they exacerbate cartilage breakdown and inhibit the body’s natural repair mechanisms.

There are now several natural substances that may just change all these. While these natural substance sometimes takes lone to show results, but in the long run, they may be just as effective as conventional treatments without the side effects.

Glucosamine & Chondroitin : Both glucosamine sulfate and chondroitin sulfate belong to a class of compounds called glycosaminoglycans. Glucosamine furnishes the basic building block of mucopolysaccharides which is the integral components of synovial fluid that form the framework of bones, cartilage, nails, hair and skin. Increased amounts of glucosamine stimulates the activity of specialised cells called chondrocytes. These cells then build the framework of bone cartilage with mucopolysaccharides.

Chondroitin sulfate acts as bait, attracting fluid into the weblike cartilage that covers the bones of the joint. The fluid attracted into the cartilage provides shock absorption for surrounding bones and supplies nutrients to the cartilage, thus supporting its regeneration and growth. Joint cartilage does not possess a blood supply, so its nutritional needs must be met by the fluid surrounding the joint.

Supplemental sources of glucosamine is available in 3 forms : sulfate, hydrochloride and n-acetyl, but glucosamine sulfate has been studied the most. Chondroitin is available in animal tissues such as gristles around joints. Chondroitin works synergistically with glucosamine to prevent premature breakdown of cartilage and stimulate production of new cartilage.

MSM (mehylsulfonylmethane) : This has become popular as a pain reliever for those suffering from arthritis.

MSM is a highly bioavailable source of sulfur, which is one of the prevalent minerals in the body’s physical structure, including protein, collagen, glucosamine, hair, skin and nails. MSM is also the basis of many essential biochemicals and important enzymatic functions. MSM helps to ease inflammation and pain associated with arthritis. Sulfur makes cells more permeable which allows fluid and nutrients to flow more freely through the cell wall, removing toxins in the cell, reducing pain and inflammation and promoting tissue healing.

Besides relief of joint and muscle pain, allegy, parasitic and other inflammatory conditions also respond well to the addition of MSM.

CM (cetyl myristoleate) : It has 3 function capacities. It lubricates joints and muscles, making them soft and pliable. It also acts as an immune system modulator. This may be the reason it has been found to be effective in managing autoimmune diseases such as rheumatiod arthritis, systemic lupus and multiple sclerosis. It mediates inflammatory processes.

Bromelain : This enzyme is a mainstay for treating muscle injuries, but its anti-inflammatory actions also ease arthritic pain. Bromelain breaks down scar tissue, reduces water retention and blocks inflammation.

Bamboosil : This is well known for its high content in silica which helps support and remineralises the bones.

Antioxidants : These are nutrients that stabilise free radials. Free radicals are highly unstable molecules that attack tissues, including joint tissues. Antioxidants prevent free-radical induced tissue damage and resulting inflammation.

Antioxiadnts include OPCs (oligomeric proanthocyanidins), vitamins A, C, E, Zinc, Selemium, etc.

Essential Fatty Acids : The joint inflammation is regulated in large part by essential fatty acids omega-3 and omega-6. While omega-3 fatty acids prevent the production of pro-inflammatory prostaglandin E2 (PGE2), omega-6 fatty acids help produce the beneficial prostaglandin E1 (PGE1). A balance intake of both omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids is necessary.

While many of the supplements mentioned above are beneficial in easing the pain and inflammation often associated with arthritis or rheumatism, their most important role lies in preventing these conditions. Neither arthritis nor rheumatism is inevitable. Daily supplementation of essential nutrients, as well as regular exercise and a healthy diet are integral to overall bone, joint and ligaments health.

Writing the Short Story: How to Write a Gripping Ending to a Story

“Have you thought of an ending?”

“Yes, several, and all are dark and unpleasant.”

“Oh, that won’t do! Books ought to have good endings. How would this do: and they all settled down and lived together happily ever after?”

“It will do well, if it ever came to that.”

“Ah! And where will they live? That’s what I often wonder.”

J. R.R. Tolkien, The Fellowship of the Ring.

When it comes to creative writing, it is the ending of a story that is one of the most difficult parts of the writing process for me. When the final line has been written, or typed, and there is nothing else for the characters to do, and victory has been won and the antagonist vanquished – I shed a tear. You may think me to be melodramatic, but I have just finished my first novel. And I feel a sense of satisfaction tinged with sadness.

But all stories have to end sometimes, don’t they? So when it comes to your literary masterpiece, the question needs to be asked “Have you thought of an ending?” (Tolkien).

Like the beginning of a story, there are many ways to end a piece of fiction. You can choose to end your story with a satisfying conclusion – with all the loose ends neatly tied up. Most of us enjoy this type of ending. The neat and tidy ending is so popular because, unlike real life, a story can provide us with a guaranteed resolution of conflict. We can have our desired happy ending and everyone lives ‘happily every after’.

But for those of us who choose to defy traditional storytelling techniques, there is the option of a ‘surprise ending’ or a ‘open ending’. By daring to be different we can ultimately leave the reader desiring more. So let us go a step further and explore the different ways that you can craft your ending so as to stamp an indelible impression on your reader’s mind. Here are five ways to write a gripping ending to a story.

The circular ending.

This type of ending is when the story concludes with a mirror image of the beginning. It is a circular journey where the characters return to the same scene at the beginning of the story, but they have learned some valuable lessons. They may look or still be dressed the same but they have been transformed on the inside.

The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe by C. S. Lewis is one of the best examples I can think of. Although the children do not enter Narnia in the first paragraph, but in first couple of pages, the ending mirrors this section of the story. As in the beginning, the children tumble out of the wardrobe and are met again by the sound of the footsteps of Mrs Macready and her guests in the hallway.

The surprise ending.

Kate Chopin’s ‘The Story of an Hour’ is a great example of a surprise ending. In the beginning, Mrs Mallard is notified that her husband has died in a tragic train accident. The majority of the narrative focuses on Mrs Mallard’s conflicting emotions over her husband’s sudden demise, and reveals some interesting revelations about his abusive nature.

As her ‘streams of consciousness’ show her dramatic shift from the grief-stricken widow to a woman who has discovered the guilty pleasure of an overwhelming revelation that she is now free from her husband’s suffocating control, there is a clever twist at the end. Brently Mallard was well and truly alive, and seeing him at the bottom of the stairs, not only fatally shocks his wife, but it shocked me as well. This kind of ending is not everyone’s ideal ending, but Chopin’s ironic and tragic twist contributed to the overall tragic mood of the story.

The ‘open’ ending.

Daphne Du Maurier’s novel The House on the Strand is one of the best examples of an ‘open’ ending I have ever read. Although I am a fan of defying traditional narrative expectations, I initially was quite disappointed by her choice of ending. I really wanted to know what happened to the main character, Dick Young, who had become addicted to a drug that enabled him to travel back in time to the fourteenth-century in Kilmarch, Cornwall.

At the end of novel, Young is back in the safety of his home and under the expert care of the resident doctor. But whilst on the phone to his wife, he suddenly looses consciousness, and this is where the novel concludes. Du Maurier had left me high and dry and I was devastated. I wanted to know what happened to Dick, did he die? Did he return to the past? So many questions and absolutely no answers.

But in hindsight, Du Maurier’s ‘open’ ending was another example of clever writing. She had provided me with an opportunity to dream up my own ending. As the passive reader, she was giving me some narrative power and inviting me to write my own conclusion and to be the ultimate decider of Dick Young’s fate.

The trick ending.

‘An Occurrence at Owl Creek Bridge’ by Ambrose Bierce is a good example of a trick ending. At the beginning of the story a man is being hanged. Bierce then proceeds to provide quite a densely packed narrative about the man’s supposed dramatic escape. But it is not until the man reaches his home and family that we are told that, “Peyton Farquhar was dead; his body, with a broken neck, swung gently from side to side beneath the timbers of the Owl Creek bridge”.

In writing this story, Bierce had drawn upon the idea that moments before death a person can be subject to hallucinations, and he uses this to trick us into believing that Peyton had cleverly escaped his death sentence. With his trick ending, Bierce reveals that Peyton had only imagined that he had successfully cheated death!

The summary ending.

This technique is used a lot in filmmaking. At the end of film, the audience is shown a written summary about the final outcomes for each of the characters – they get married, they succeed in business, etc. As in films, this choice of ending for a work of fiction provides a feel-good ending for the reader. The hero or heroine are victorious, the villains are punished and justice is served.

I have provided you with just a few choices for the ending of your story. But whichever one you decide to choose, your purpose must always be to leave a lingering impression or a dynamic image in the reader’s mind. As writers we have the power to entertain and inspire the reader, but to also challenge their literary expectations.

Happy writing!

GERD Symptoms

Gastroesophageal reflux disease, also known as GERD, affects millions of people. Its symptoms are very common and are generally left undiagnosed in most patients. The most common symptom of this disease is persistent heartburn. Just about everybody has experienced heartburn at some point, usually after they eat. However, if a person is suffering from heartburn more than once a week, this may be an indication of a much more serious condition.

Not everyone with GERD experiences heartburn. There are other symptoms that they need to look for. Symptoms such as vomiting of bitter acid, bitter taste in the mouth, difficulty in swallowing, and chest pain are also results of GERD. In some cases acid is regurgitated into the lungs, causing wheezing, and dry cough. Other symptoms include bad breath, sore throat, and dissolved enamel of the teeth. This happens when the acid is refluxed into the throat and reaches the mouth.

The most common symptoms in younger patients are vomiting and coughing. In some infants who suffer from GERD, weight development is a concern. They may not gain the appropriate amount of weight, and development may be slower than normal. Also respiratory problems may occur. Asthma and pneumonia could develop among young patients. If the child already suffers from asthma, GERD could worsen the symptoms.

These symptoms by themselves are very common. However, if a person persistently experiences these symptoms, they may be suffering from a much more serious condition, and should seek medical assistance. Many people experience heartburn, or sour taste in the mouth. These instances are not considered GERD. But if they experience these symptoms more than once a week, it may be GERD.

GERD sufferers can lead normal lives. It all depends on getting proper treatment, which starts with recognizing the symptoms and getting appropriate treatment.

Bone Loss – A Serious Effect Of Menopause

Throughout our life, the body maintains a balance between bone loss and bone formation. Bone loss becomes a major part of the life of every woman after she reaches her menopause. The reason behind this loss of bone mass is due to the fact that in menopause- the ovaries stop producing the estrogen, which is necessary for keeping the bones strong.

It is often seen that this problem in women can increase rapidly during their perimenopause stage when the period becomes irregular and the estrogen level starts to drop rapidly. This can lead to serious medical conditions such as osteoporosis and osteopenia.

Therefore, it becomes absolutely necessary for women to take care of their bone health in the early part of their life so that they do not suffer from bone loss related diseases later on in life. The women who are especially prone to this problem are those who have a family history of osteoporosis and those who have thin or small frame. It has also been seen that women of Asian origin and those who are white have higher chances of getting affected by bone loss as an after effect of menopause. Those who have a history of taking steroids such as cortisone are also prone to this disease. It is also related to lifestyle and therefore, if you are smoking or drinking too much and have a diet that is low in calcium and Vitamin D, then you should be careful from now on. Otherwise it might lead to bone loss disease.

If you are in the age group of 65 and above or you are having irregular menstrual cycle, or you have your ovaries removed surgically, then also you might have the risk of suffering from this menopause related condition.

For preventing the bone loss you need to know beforehand, whether you are suffering from the disease. Visit your doctor and go through the DXA scan, which is a bone density test. This will give you the exact bone density of your body especially of those areas which are prone to this problem. The areas include spine, hip and forearms.

If you are a woman who is 65 or above in age should go for this test even if you are not suffering from any bone related disease. If you are a post menopausal woman who is Asian or white or take steroids or have lifestyle related problems, then also you need to go for the DXA scan. If you are a post menopausal woman with fractures then also you should go for the test.

Mockingjay Pin – Hunger Games

To kill for a mockingjay?

In the post-apocalyptic saga The Hunger Games, actress Jennifer Lawrence sets the silver screen ablaze as Katniss Everdeen, “the girl on fire.” Everdeen is chosen as one of 24 “tributes,” children who fight to the death in a yearly tradition run by the feared totalitarian Capitol government and broadcast to the citizens of futuristic America. The colorful, flamboyant clothes worn by the elite Capitol citizens speak loudly to their wealth and power. The Hunger Games tributes are even inspired to copy their style – not for the mere sake of looking fabulous, but in an effort to be liked by those watching the games who might help them survive.

Real-world audiences haven’t seemed to notice the fancy wardrobes as much as the tiny mockingjay pin worn by Everdeen throughout the film. A symbol of District 12, her home and the poorest of the Capitol-ruled townships, the mockingjay pin features the fictional bird holding an arrow and encompassed by a disc. The pin’s designer, Dana Schneider, took the image from the front of the first book of the original Hunger Games trilogy. Replicas are popping up everywhere from eBay to Amazon, in varying forms of accuracy and quality. Schenider herself has even been asked to produce the pin on her Etsy website, where she sells her other jewelry, but says she respects the copyright purchased by the film’s producers.

The unstoppable rush to own such a pin is not only an expression of the fan’s love for the film and book. In winning the Hunger Games, Katniss succeeds in playing by some of her own rules. She brings more hope to the nation than the Capitol leaders would like to allow, reigniting the idea that a revolution to overcome their grip is yet possible. The way in which Katniss so subversively stands up for personal freedom has had both conservative- and liberal-minded individuals telling press that the story speaks to their personal beliefs. The pin captures all of this as a visual statement of what is right and just.

That such a small pin from a humble background could become an icon that displaces the possessions of the film’s richest characters is a wonder. It is usually diamonds and gold that impress and are coveted, but the Hunger Games turned that norm on its head for a moment. The mockingjay pin reminds us that the simplest of pieces can be the most powerful.

Mud Packs

The nature cure practitioners at present are making increasing use of moistened earth in the treatment of diseases. The use of mud packs has been found highly beneficial and effective in the treatment of chronic inflammation caused by internal diseases, bruises, sprains, boils, and

wounds. This mode of treatment is normally adopted in conjunction with a proper scheme of dietary and other natural therapies.

The advantage of mud treatment is that it is able to retain moisture and coolness for longer

periods than cold water packs or compresses. The cold moisture in the mud packs relaxes the

pores of the skin, draws the blood into the surface, relieves inner congestion and pain, promotes

heat radiation and elimination of morbid matter.

A mud pack isprepared with clay obtained from about ten cms. below the surface of the earth,

after ensuring that it does not contain any impurities such as compost or pebbles. The clay is

then made into a smooth paste with warm water. This is allowed to cool and then spread on a

strip of cloth, the size of which may vary according to requirements. The dimensions of the pack

meant for application on the abdomen are generally 20 cms. X 10 cm.X 2.5 cm. for adults.

Mud packs have been found to be a valuable treatment of diseases relating to general weakness

or nervous disorders. It can also bring down fever and is beneficial in the treatment of scarlet

fever, measles and influenza. The mud pack is prescribed for swellings, eye and ear troubles,

gout, rheumatism, stomach troubles, kidney and liver malfunctions, diptheria,   neuralgia , sexual

disorders, headache, toothache and general aches and pains. The mud bandage, after being

placed on the body, should be covered with flannel or other protective material. The pack is

applied for 10 to 30 minutes.

As the abdomen is the seat of most diseases, mud pack applied to this part of the body can cure

many disorders including all forms of indigestion affecting the stomach and bowels. It is most

effective in decreasing the external heat and breaking up the morbid matter. It also aids the

inactivity of labour pains and for this purpose, the pack may be renewed every hour or two.

The mud pack is also helpful as an alternate treatment. The area under treatment is first given

fomentation for five to 10 minutes until it is well heated. Mud is then applied directly to the skin

for five to 15 minutes, depending upon the reaction required.

Hot and cold applications are useful in relieving chronic pains, intestinal cramps and lumbago.

Alternate application helps to relieve discomfort caused by flatulence and intestinal obstructions.

It is also helpful in amoebiasis, colitis, enteritis and other inflammatory conditions of bacterial


Acid Reflux Sore Throat – Causes and Prevention

Suffering From Acid Reflux Sore Throat Is An Extremely Painful Condition.

It is believed that on an average, 1 out of every 10 adults experience a bout of acid reflux approximately once per week. When the condition is left untreated, stomach acids tends to cause burning sensation and severe problems affecting the throat. It can also lead to many severe issues, such as throat ulcers and in some worst cases, esophageal cancer.

Causes of Acid Reflux Sore Throat

When acid reflux occurs, stomach acids react with the food particles. As a reaction, the acids and food are pushed upwards from the stomach, leading into the esophagus, and often reaching the mouth or throat. Due to low pH balance, the stomach acids start irritating the tissues present in the throat and esophagus. This could occur for many reasons, which includes esophageal sphincter failure or a Hiatus hernia.

Poor food habits could also be one of the probable cases of acid reflux, coinciding with genetic predisposition and/or other medical disorders. Sore throat usually results from worse conditions of acid reflux. Although it is not a painful condition, it worsens in the mornings as lying down tends to make it easier for the stomach acids to come up to the esophagus.

Acid Reflux Sore Throat and Heartburn

It is not necessary that acid reflux will be combined with the symptoms of heartburn. It is often surprising when the symptoms of acid reflux sore throat occur without the sensation of heartburn. It is also likely that patients will not experience any stomach or chest discomfort, but still experience some irritation of larynx or throat as a result of acid reflux.

How to Prevent the Condition

In order to prevent acid reflux sore throat, it is very important to make changes to the diet and food habits. Avoid all those foods that can contribute to the condition, such as garlic, tomatoes, onions, spicy foods, chocolates, fried foods, citrus foods, alcohol, caffeine and peppermint. Acid-friendly alkaline diet should be taken to neutralize the stomach acids and feel better.

Gargling has been identified as a best solution for this condition. Gargling with salt water in the morning can prevent the effects of sore throat caused by acid reflux. The concentration of salt should be higher for best result.

Do not sleep flat on the back. The ideal position is to maintain a gravity of 5″ to prevent the stomach acids from reaching the throat.

Change your diet timing and habits. Try to have small meals, divided into 6 portions, every 2-3 hours. You should have an early dinner; at least 2 hours prior to your bed time. This is the ideal time to have dinner.

Take necessary medications to prevent the condition. If you have experienced the condition before, you must have your prescription always ready for immediate medication. Tell your doctor about the condition you are experiencing and always having drugs, such as h2 blockers and antacid at hand to control stomach acids. Always ask the doctor about all necessary medications that could be helpful in controlling or preventing the condition. Because it is difficult to predict when the condition will occur, it is necessary to have the medications ready at hand for unforeseen situations.

The Course of Treatment

Acid reflux sore throat symptoms are treated by a group of drugs called antacids. It is one of the most commonly used groups of drugs that is readily available over-the-counter. If you have been experiencing multiple occasions of heartburn that does not respond to over-the-counter medications, it would be necessary to consult your doctor for some stronger medications and drugs. Sore throat, though a common problem, requires longer treatments and stronger medications.

While h2 blockers are an important group of medications used, proton pump inhibitors are also given to heal chronic esophageal damage.

Restore Your Immune System With Chinese Herbs

Chinese herbs can protect the immune system to increase disease resistance.

Researchers have discovered that a class of Chinese herbs known as ‘Immune Restoratives’ strengthen and maintain the health of the immune system. A Chinese herbal medicine containing the scientifically proven herb Astragalus, blended with seven other potent immune restorative herbs (Atractylodes, Schizandra, Reishi, Codonopsis, Eleuthro, Ligustrum and Liquorice), represents a medical breakthrough in the treatment of immune system depletion and depression.

Evidence demonstrates that these herbs are powerful biological response modifiers (BRM), which increase the immune system’s capacity to recover from infection, overcome disease and restore health. They achieve this by enhancing production of defensive white blood cells including phagocytes, leukocytes and lymphocytes, providing antibacterial and anti-viral action, increasing red blood cells and haemoglobin, stimulating hormones such as interferon, promoting release of protective proteins called immunoglobulins, reducing inflammation, improving detoxification and increasing the adaptive function of adrenal cortex to resist stress.

Research proves this Astragalus herb formula can restore a healthy immune system and speed up recovery from colds and flu,   tonsillitis , bronchitis, glandular fever, Ross River virus and post-viral fatigue syndrome. This formula can help strengthen the immune system during surgery, chemotherapy, radiotherapy and for chronic hepatitis and HIV/AIDS sufferers. It also assists with recovery from childhood illnesses, post-operatively and following physical trauma. For sports people and during times of physical stress it helps maintain peak effort, while increasing resistance to infection and enhancing general well-being at all ages.

The profound immune restorative effects from the above Astragalus eight Chinese herb combination are exemplified by the following quote: –

“Physically debilitated from recurrent respiratory infections, I couldn’t maintain my triathlon training program. I am a past Australian Junior Triathlon champion and a member of the current under 23 Australian Triathlete team. Blood tests indicated very low immunity. For 12 months before I started taking the Chinese Immune Tonic I experienced cold and flu-like infections every few weeks, constant swollen glands, extreme exhaustion and incomplete recovery after even the mildest exercise. Within 6 weeks on this medicine I was back training and after 3 months my immunity was normal and I was again in good physical condition.”

In Summary an Immune Restorative formula provides broad immunological support to:

o Restore a weakened immune system at all ages

o Alleviate chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) e.g. after glandular fever

o Increase resistance to infection e.g. cold, flu, middle ear and  tonsillitis 

o Break the cycle of recurrent infections, e.g. cold, flu, middle ear and  tonsillitis 

o Enhance recovery from illness and surgery i.e. during convalescence

o Treat chronic viral and bacterial diseases, e.g. chronic hepatitis

o Provide immune support during chemotherapy and radiotherapy

Constipation – Causes, Symptoms and Treatment!

Constipation is a very common gastrointestinal disorder experienced by most people at some time during their lives. Left untreated, constipation affects nutrient absorption and long term stool formation issues.

Approximately 2-3 % of the population in particular, elderly people suffer from severe and recurrent constipation. If this is the case, then this needs to be taken up with your local doctor. They can provide advice on suitable lifestyle measures and may offer laxatives to restore bowel functionality. Constipation can give rise to some unpleasant and uncomfortable side effects such as haemorrhoids, tearing and ultimately damage to the anus.


Essentially, constipation is caused by large intestine absorbing excessive water from the stool or the bowel walls cannot contract fast enough to pass the stool and waste products fast enough. There are many cause(s) of constipation:

o Typically a low fiber and / or fluid intake are the most common causes of constipation

o Immobility due to a sedentary lifestyle or an individuals motivation levels

o Changes in life or routine such as pregnancy, aging and stress

o Irritable bowel syndrome

o Metabolic disorders- Hypothyroidism, diabetes mellitus, hypercalcaemia and porphyrias

o Medications used for pain control, blood pressure, anti-depressants and iron supplements

o Ignoring the urge to defecate. Children often experience constipation as they hold back bowel movements or simply forget to go to the toilet.

It is rare for constipation to indicate a serious underlying condition such as colorectal cancer. Therefore, it is important that recurrent or severe cases of constipation are assessed by a doctor ASAP.


o Stomach pains and / or visible bloating

o Straining during defecation

o Sporadic passing of hard stools

o Nausea, headache and depression could be potentially linked to constipation

To assist in identifying the root cause your doctor normally asks a lot of questions pertaining to timing, stool features, diet any existing medical conditions. This will be followed by a physical examination of the abdomen, pelvis and rectum. These investigations are particularly important, especially if you’re over 50, recently lost weight, have blood present in your stools or have a family history of colon cancer.


Treatment of constipation largely focuses on treating the underlying cause. You may consider several measures to help treat your problem. These may include:

o Eating a well-balanced diet incorporating plenty of fiber. A dietician will be able to assist Supplements such as Metamucil can have significant side effects such as cramping and gas.

o Drink plenty of fluids

o Regular and moderate exercise. A brisk walk for 30 minutes at least 3 to 4 times per week

o Responding to your body when it tells you it needs to defecate. Delaying can damage and weaken the bowel

o Addressing diseases or conditions that cause constipation

It goes without saying that prevention is better than cure. Employing these lifestyle measures may prevent constipation developing in the first place! If you have severe constipation and the above measures do not help, please don’t hesitate to see your doctor. Prolonged use of laxatives can cause severe damage and lead to ‘lazy bowel syndrome’ where your bowel becomes reliant on them to function properly.

Diabetes Control For a Healthy Lifestyle

 Diabetes  Mellitus is a chronic condition that arises when the pancreas does not produce enough insulin or when the body cannot use the insulin produced effectively. Without insulin, or when it cannot be used effectively, the body does not get the energy it needs from your food. Insulin is a hormone produced by the pancreas, which helps the cells in the body absorb glucose contained in food This condition though chronic can be controlled allowing you to live a healthy lifestyle.

There are two basic forms of  Diabetes . Type 1 requiring insulin for survival and Type 2 which requires insulin for metabolic control. Persons with Type 1  diabetes  do not produce enough insulin and require a daily insulin injection for survival .Type 1 is more common in children adolescents and accounts for 10-15% of all  diabetes . People with Type 2  diabetes  produce insulin but the body is unable to use it effectively. These individuals may require oral hypoglycemic drugs to regulate an abnormally low concentration of glucose in the blood and may eventually need insulin injections.

Another type of  diabetes  is gestational  diabetes  which exists and develops in 2-5% of all pregnancies, but usually disappears when the pregnancy is over. However women who have had gestational  diabetes  are at a greater risk of developing type 2  diabetes  at a later stage of their lives.

For all types of  Diabetes , information on the condition, a controlled diet, physical exercise and looking after your medical needs are all key elements in the management of this condition. Hereunder list a four point plan to a healthy lifestyle.

1) A Balanced Diet- A balanced diet helps control your blood sugar levels and controls your weight. People with  diabetes  have the nutritional needs as anyone else. Consider adding a food supplement to your balance diet as it ensures that your body is nourished properly.

2) Physical Exercise-Exercise helps improves fitness, burns calories, reduces body fat and increases muscle tone. Exercise lowers blood sugar and, like insulin, it helps your body use it blood sugar efficiently.

3) Seek good medical advice and take control of your life – Insulin lowers blood sugar levels. Whether you require blood monitoring and multiple daily insulin injections or oral hypoglycemic drugs, get the right advice for your condition and help your body to help itself.

4) A Healthy Social life- A healthy social life, taking time out to relax with your friends and family is both vital in reducing our stress levels, thus reducing a possible factor to the development of  diabetes 

It is important to achieve the balance of the above plan. Too much or too little can mean that you are no longer in control of your condition. Achieving this balance is a lifetime commitment.  Diabetes  is a life long condition which requires careful control. Use the above information to lead an active healthy life.

Health and Fitness – Obesity

There are different causes of obesity. The immediate cause is imbalance in food consumption. When you consume more usable calories than you discard as waste, there is bound to be excess. Family genes (inheritance) and our environment also contribute to obesity.

Stomach (central) obesity is caused by overeating and a carefree lifestyle. Here people eat and drink as they like without control. Hence the side effect of some drug can cause obesity

stomach obesity has higher risk of heart diseases, diabetes mellitus and hypertension among others

There are difference in the ways that fat are stored in the peoples. In women, the female sex hormone causes fat to be stored in the buttocks, thighs and hips. The sex hormone of men let the fat to be stored in their belly. When women get to menopause, the estrogen produced by their ovaries declines, what happen is that fat migrate from their buttocks, thighs and hips to their waists; but latter, fat is stored in the belly

The people who has pot belly are often classified as those that are well fed in some country or city. They are conspicuous around, in the street, along the road, in the school in the party just name it. Some of these people find themselves in the situation they met themselves, some cause their situation to be as it is, while some do not know why they are in such situation.

Whatsoever situation you find yourself, you want to lose that weight, and a solution to that is at your door step.

The first solution is that you need aerobic exercise, male or a female.

The second solution is that you need a healthy diet that can prevent general obesity These two methods is the genuine way to prevent obesity.

There is a common confusion: that spot exercise, that is, exercising a specific muscle or location of the body can effectively burns fat at the desired location, but this is not true. Spot exercise is beneficial for building specific muscles, but it has little effect on fat in that area of the body, or on the body’s distribution of fat.

There are general view that those that drink a lot of beer develop pot belly. And those that does not drink beer may have little risk of developing it. Finally, the causes of obesity is either constant overeating, hereditary or carelessness.

Managing Stress Successfully

At some point in our lives we will experience stress. If ignored stress can become problematic and cause life to become dull. It can slow you down both in physical and psychological ways. The danger of stress, is that it can contribute to a multitude of ailments and cause chronic diseases. The good news is that, not all stress is negative. In small degree this affliction can can also aid in positive influences. For example, adequate amount can help you to confront challenging situations. The loss of a love one, work related demands, performing your best in sports, and making successful accomplishments are all positive stressors. They are also known as fight-or-flight modes, which will manifest to a person of how to deal with a situation confronting them.

The pressure from the fight-or-flight “rescuers” can either be positive or negative. Although medications will help to control the symptoms of chronic stress, you can not completely rely on them alone. Conforming to a healthy diet — one which is balance, will control stress. Long term experience of negative stress will result in illnesses, such as heart attack, strokes and many other maladies, including obesity. Everyone have heard the word, but may not understand what truly is stress. But if it creeps up on you unexpectedly you will instantly recognize it. Symptoms of this annoying condition usually affect sleep, and your overall performance. When it is present you constantly feel tired, withdrawn, restless, overwhelmed, and irritable.

A balance diet is one which is complete and without restrictions. This should include a wide assortment of just about every healthy food known. milk, cocoa, black and green tea and even drinking enough water act as de-stressors. Certain supplements such as folic acid, vitamin c, b2, b6, e and magnesium are helpful in stress management. Eat a colorful variety of fruits and vegetables, nuts whole grain, lean protein, and carbohydrates, this will help you to de-stress. Long term effect can cause injury to brain cells, slow digestion, and shut down blood flow to major muscles.

Understanding stress, its implications, being aware when it is present and taking action, will drastically prevent its bothersome effect. Close to 90% of all doctors visits are from symptoms related to stress. These symptoms will worsen any other ailment that may be present. And it is a major contributor of depression, sexual dysfunctions, tooth and gum disease, cancer and ulcers. Beside supplements, eating well, and medications, there are other steps that you can take to stay focus and relax. Incorporate physical activities in your life, meditate on the positive, and keep occupied constantly. Listening to soft music, yoga, deep breathing and reciting daily affirmations are all beneficial. By applying all of the above in times of chronic stress you will well be on your way to a full, joyful and productive life. You will be motivated to renew broken relationships, and continue to enjoy our precious life.

Pupp Pregnancy Rash – What is Pupps and When Will it Go Away

If it’s not difficult enough to deal with abdominal pressure, sleep difficulties and hormonal changes during pregnancy, some women also go through a pupps rash or “pruritic urticarial papules and plaques of pregnancy”. This is a very itchy rash that can appear all of a sudden on your abdomen as well as spread to the thighs and butt area. Some women also will have this on their arms as well.

It occurs in less than one percent of women, but if you are in that group you know how frightening and uncomfortable the pupps rash can be. There are different theories about the causes. Some say it happens more if you are pregnant with a boy. Others say that is due to the distension of the abdominal area. Still others say it’s hormones. Usually it occurs in the last 3 months of pregnancy, but some women will get it earlier. They will not hurt the baby and for most women the rash ends shortly after delivery of the child.

The biggest complaints are the itching, sleep difficulties and self-consciousness about one’s appearance. Some tips are to wear lose clothing, don’t expose yourself to settings where you may perspire and getting a

sprayer from to spray cold water on your body.

A physician can give you a cortisone cream to help ease the itching and most pediatricians say that taking an oral histamine is fine. You will need to check with your own physician. Oatmeal baths are soothing, though temporary. Be careful to avoid scratching as this can result in scarring or a bacterial infection.

There are also home remedies some say were helpful including using pine tar soap, lukewarm showers, baking soda pastes, tea tree oil, flax seed oil and ice packs. Using a relaxation cd or soft music can be helpful as itching often is increased by stress and anxiety. Know that it is temporary and that your baby will be a wonderful joy arriving soon.

A Sore on the Corner of Your Mouth is Often Chelitis

If you have a sore in the corner of your mouth, usually in both sides, you may have Angular Chelitis. This condition is not fatal, nor is it contagious, however the legions in the corner of the mouth can be very uncomfortable. The lips split and ulcerate, often if feels like paper cuts at the corners of the mouth. The legions get crusty and have a whitish hue.

Often sufferers report it is brought on during a cold spell, or during the onset of winter, indicating a weakening of the immune system. This points to the fact that the fungal bacteria may become dormant, but always present. When the immune system weakens temporarily due to the sufferer failing to keep warm, the bacteria get a chance to flair up causing the symptoms.

Chelitis is also linked to a vitamin and mineral deficiency. Particularly a deficiency in iron, which can be found plentiful in red meat.

The typical way a doctor may approach Angular Chelitis is to offer a 1% hydro cortisone prescription. This ointment can also be bought over the counter. However, many sufferers report that this cream has little to no effect. The legions remain and people often give up on trying to cure their condition.

Angular Chelitis often goes away on it’s own, but without the ability to control the symptoms, a sufferer can get an attack 3 to 4 times a year, with some people tolerating the condition on an almost permanent basis. The legions are very difficult to disguise, being right on the face, they can be a source of embarrassment.