Brain Injury Lawyer Answering Your Questions

Brain injuries are caused by traumatic as well as non-traumatic causes. An Expert lawyer, in the course of his practice, can represent clients who suffered brain injury by either of the two causes. A lot of clients when they see their attorney for the first time have a lot of questions about brain injury lawsuit and here are some answers to those questions:

1. What is the most common cause of traumatic brain injury?

Motor vehicle accidents account for the majority of this type of cases, followed closely by head injuries due to falls and sports related injury. In cases of car accidents, it is common to sustain a direct trauma to the brain, when the head strikes for example a steering wheel. Although the impact may not cause a fracture to the skill the force of incident can cause bruising of the brain, known as a contusion or internal bleeding (hemorrhage). Professional lawyers who handle car accident cases in their every day practice have seen the devastating effects of injury on their clients, sustained in vehicular accidents, especially if the collision was with a large vehicle such as bus or truck; the client was thrown through a windshield, or struck to the ground from his motorcycle. In these cases having protective equipment such as helmets, air bags, wearing seat belts may not only prevent the person from being seriously injured, but may also save his life.

2. What is Cerebral Palsy?

Cerebral Palsy is a serious injury often caused during labor and delivery due to some type of trauma to the brain. Unfortunately, many cerebral palsy cases are due to medical malpractice, which likely took place during the birthing process through the negligent acts or omissions of the obstetrician or members of the hospital staff. Here are some ways the infant may sustain a brain injury leading to cerebral palsy due to physician’s negligence:

a. Failure to perform a timely and indicated c-section

b. Failure to timely relieve umbilical cord pressure

c. Forceful use of vacuum or forceps to take the baby out

d. Overprescribing of Pitocin, drug used to induce labor

A Professional lawyer is experienced in recognizing signs of fetal distress and by reviewing the medical records documenting infant’s birth can determine if the physician failed to take some necessary step to assure a safe birth of a child.

3. What are some non-traumatic ways a brain injury can be sustained?

In the field of personal injury two most common causes a Professional lawyer litigates are carbon monoxide poisoning and lead poisoning. Both are examples of how a non-traumatic brain injury can come about and both, unfortunately, involve injuries to young children. The typical defendant in this type of brain injury lawsuit will be a landlord, who failed to properly maintain, inspect and timely repair the premises where the child lived with his family. A lot of these cases occur in poorer neighborhoods or in neighborhoods with large immigrant population, where landlords, in order to maximize their profits, fail to keep the property up to the acceptable standards, causing it to fall into disrepair. It can occur when a young child eats the peeling paint off the wall or the faulty heater emits carbon monoxide, poisoning the apartment’s inhabitants.

An Expert lawyer can help the family understand their rights of recovery against the building owner, as well as sue for medical and hospital expenses necessitated by the injury to their child.

Autoimmune Disorders – How to Treat

An autoimmune disorder is a state when the immune system of the body gets overly active and destroys the healthy body tissues, causing extreme complications in the body that includes excessive muscular pain, severe illness, etc. Today there are many medical remedies to prevent this disorder, but presently many people prefer alternative medicine option as a conventional medicine, which at times may bring certain side effects as well.

Eating a healthy diet that includes food that is rich with antioxidant contents is good for this purpose. So, it is advisable to include lots of fruits and vegetables in your daily diet. Low fat dairy products, lean meats and healthy grains can also be taken. Adding to this, you can also get into yoga rather than hitting out the gym. This will keep you away from straining your body while improving the overall fitness. Along with yoga, make sure you also practice meditation. It will soothe your mind and body, which may further give you better relief from the autoimmune disorder.

Apart from all these, you can even try out a Tai Chi course. Tai Chi helps in increasing the power of the immune system and therefore you can attain faster results. Several health information guides have mentioned the effectiveness of Tai Chi for healing autoimmune disorders.

Going the herbal way can be also be very effective in this regard. Herbs like sarsaparilla and yarrow detoxifies the bloodstream and supplies anti-inflammation ingredients to the muscles and joints. For reducing stiffness and pain in the muscles, yucca can be used as well. Those who have autoimmune disorders of the skin, they can use yucca and mix it with shampoo and use it to get results.

What Causes Pain in Lower Left Side of the Back?

Many people in this country suffer from pain in lower left side of back.

Because the pain is only on one side of the back, many doctors have trouble finding the actual cause. Many people go through years of endless visits to the doctor and the hospital, expensive rounds of testing, dangerous drugs, and treatments that do nothing to cure the problem.

However, if you know the true causes of pain in lower left side of back, you can avoid going through these trials by choosing a treatment that addresses the true root of your spinal problems.

Irritable Bowel Syndrome and Other Intestinal Problems

Pain in left lower side of back may be caused by problems with your gastrointestinal system, including sensitivities to certain foods or other bowel problems.

If your pain only occurs after eating certain foods and is accompanied by other symptoms such as diarrhea and vomiting, this inflammation may be the cause of your problems. However, there are other causes of bowel problems. Many people have intestinal problems accompanied by pain in left lower side of back because of a muscle imbalance. If this is the case, these problems can be resolved by muscle balance therapy.

Kidney Stones

It is easy to tell if the pain in lower left side of back is caused by this common problem. Usually, the pain will be accompanied by other symptoms such as problems urinating and blood in the urine. Luckily, most doctors test for this problem routinely through urinalysis, and it also shows up during MRI’s and other imaging techniques.

Lower Back Problems

This is the most common cause of pain in lower left side of back. These back problems may range from misalignment, a herniated disc, or any other several different disorders. Regardless of the exact diagnosis, the cause is usually the same: a muscle imbalance. Just as a muscle imbalance can cause gastrointestinal problems, it can also cause spinal problems. When you treat this muscle imbalance, you will be eliminating the cause of pain in lower left side of back and therefore getting rid of the pain itself.

Muscle Imbalances

Many people misunderstand the role of muscles in the human body. They do not just aid in movement; they also provide a vital support for organs and bones. If your muscles are out of balance, even slightly, this will cause any number of physiological problems, all of which can then cause lower left back pain. Doctors tend to treat this pain with drugs, surgeries, and therapies that work with the back itself. Only by curing the muscle imbalance you can rid yourself of pain in lower left side of back for good.

Curing Muscle Imbalance

Luckily, a muscle imbalance can be treated with a simple, inexpensive, and flexible treatment, freeing you forever of all of these painful symptoms, including pain in lower left side of back. This treatment, called muscle balance therapy, is offered by a program known as “Lose the Back Pain”, which will help you determine the muscle imbalance causing your pain and treat it in a customizable program that you can do in the privacy of your own home. If you have pain in lower left side of back, you owe it to yourself and your family to reclaim your healthy, active, pain-free life by trying this innovative, effective, and affordable program.

Titanium and Jet Engines

Owing to their strength, resistance to corrosion and their ability to withstand high temperatures without getting deformed, titanium alloys are used to make critical parts of aircraft, rockets and missiles among others. One important application of this metallic material is in the manufacture of jet engines.

The jet engine is the lifeblood of today’s modern jet. It moves the aircraft forward and powers many of the jet’s other systems. It works by drawing in air while the jet is moving, compressing it and mixing it with fuel. The heated fuel produces a gas which is ejected, causing the aircraft to move forward at great speed.

Although initially designed in 1921, it was not until 1942 that the first American jet engine was made. Today’s engines weigh over 10,000 pounds and produce over 100,000 pounds of thrust. Because a standard jet engine may have as many as 25,000 parts, it takes about two years to assemble and a testing period of five years before it is actually used commercially. A large part of that is made of titanium.

Over 65 percent of all titanium metal produced is incorporated into the construction of aircraft frames and engines. When Lockheed first produced the SR-71 ‘Blackbird’ in the early 1960’s, 85 percent of the plane was constructed from titanium that was smuggled in from the former Soviet Union. That set the pace for many other commercial and military aircraft construction. Anywhere between 18 and 146 metric tons of titanium is used in the manufacture of most aircraft today. This is especially important in the construction of jet engines which features rotors, hydraulics, nacelles and compressor blades. Almost 50 percent of all alloys used in aircraft parts utilize the titanium alloy 6AL-4v.

To suck in large amounts of air, the jet engine has a large spinning fan with titanium blades. These blades not only increase the engine’s efficiency but reduce noise. Other titanium-made components are the compressor and combustion chamber.

As David Harris of describes, “The intake fan at the front of the engine must be extremely strong so that it doesn’t fracture when large birds and other debris are sucked into its blades.”

Jet engines are made to withstand great temperatures, pressures and the stress associated with both. The middle compressor of these engines are made of aluminum but once the air and fuel mixture reaches the high pressure and high temperature section, the combustor, its chamber and turbine blades are constructed from nickel and titanium alloys. The most intense heat of the engine is felt here.

Harris continues, “Often, both the combustion chamber and the turbine receive special ceramic coatings that better enable them to resist heat. The inner duct of the exhaust system is crafted from titanium while the outer exhaust duct is made from composites – synthetic fibers held together with resins.”

Amazing, isn’t it? So the next time you see a jet, think about titanium – a space age metal that has a thousand and one uses.

Is Black Pepper Good For You?

Black pepper has been used for thousands of years and although this may not appear pertinent to the question “Is black pepper good for you?” we should perhaps remember that some clinical trials of natural substances are speeded up because they have been consumed for centuries without any (or hardly any) reported deaths.

Black, white and green peppercorns all cone from the same plant Piper nigrum with black pepper being the dried whole unripe fruit of the plant and white pepper being the ripe fruit with the outer skin removed. People tend to prefer the taste of black pepper to white and there are far fewer culinary disasters due to the overuse of black as opposed to white pepper.

The oil from black pepper has been given to patients who have suffered strokes to inhale so that they can swallow better. Alzheimer’s sufferers have also been given it to inhale with beneficial results reported, although more trials are needed to ascertain how this works precisely. Other studies have shown that the oil when inhaled has improved withdrawal symptoms in people who are trying to stop smoking cigarettes.

Black pepper has anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties, and so helps to prevent the risks of cancers. It also may have anti-microbial properties, and it contains vanadium which is being researched for its potential benefits in improving insulin sensitivity and blood sugar levels in people with Type -2 diabetes.

Both black and white pepper can be applied directly onto the skin as a counter-irritant to scabies and for the relief of neuralgia. In the Asian subcontinent the black variety is used in food for those with weak stomachs who have digestive disorders, as it is thought to increase the flow of digestive juices. However it can cause dyspepsia (upset stomach) in some people. It has also been used in the treatment of bronchitis and cancer. Modern medical studies have found that black pepper may protect against colon cancer, but there is the possibility that it may on the other hand promote cancer of the liver. It is also believed that there might be a link between ingestion of black pepper and esophageal cancer.

Inhalation of the pepper (not the oil) can result in respiratory irritation, oedema (swelling), respiratory arrest, severe anoxia and even death-so don’t inhale it.

Black pepper has been approved in foodstuffs by the US Food and Drink Administration in the Generally Regarded as Safe (GRAS) category. Using it as a medicine is not to be recommended. However, using it in food should not cause a problem. Inhaling it would seem to be a rather strange thing to do and given the results, best avoided.

If you use this pepper in the usual way then you should not have any worries. In the traditional forms of medicine in the Indian subcontinent it is not used when frying food, only in sauces and stews, or sprinkled over salads. Red chillies are used for medicinal purposes rather than other types of pepper, and these have recently been in the news, because it would seem that they inhibit the growth of cancerous kidney cells. Black pepper should be taken in moderation; it would not be advisable to chew on handfuls of peppercorns. Use it in food for its taste and flavour as it has been used for thousands of years and unless you are taking cholinergic agonists, cyclosporine, digoxin, propranolol, rifampin or theophylline you will be fine. If you are taking any of these drugs, ask your health care provider about any concerns you have. Remember that it is not a medicine, but a condiment and use it as such.

How to Get Rid of Sore Throat in Less Than 24 Hours – A Safe, Natural Home Remedy

First of all we need to know what causes a sore throat???

A sore throat can be caused by:

1. Common viruses, and even the viruses that cause mononucleosis (mono) and the flu, can cause a sore throat. Some viruses can also produce blisters in the mouth and throat (“aphthous stomatitis”).

2. After treatment with antibiotics, chemotherapy, or other immune-compromising medications may be due to Candida, commonly known as “thrush.”

3. Sinus drainage (post nasal drip) may cause a sore throat.

4. It can also be caused by bacteria. The two most common bacteria are Streptococcus (which causes strep throat) and Arcanobacterium haemolyticum. Arcanobacterium causes sore throats mainly in young adults and is sometimes associated with a fine red rash.

However more than 90% of the time it is caused by a virus(see #1 above). These viruses are highly contagious and spread quickly, especially in winter. The body builds antibodies that destroy the virus,however the process may take a week or two. So it it very important that you take action fast. You see I had sore throat before and I know it is one of the most painful feeling you can imagine. Just to think that you can’t even swallow you saliva without feeling like a rock is forcing its way down your throat, literally. And the funny thing is you never knew you had so much saliva- you get the picture? I know you do.

Oftentimes this condition is one of the first symptoms of our body’s fight against the common cold or flu which maybe due to the change of temperature, exposure to cold, or just by drinking some beverage that is extremely cold.

So How Do You Know If You Have A Sore Throat?

How To Detect If You Really Have This Condition: If you have problems like: read area in your throat, or pain when you swallow, cough, and for children, diarrhea, you definitely have a sore throat. More other symptoms may include redness all around one’ s mouth.

There are many ways of helping the body in dealing with infections. Home remedies for sore throat are various and they include many aspects: diet, natural antiseptics, natural analgesics or natural antibacterial cures. Used appropriately, home remedies for strep throat can speed up the process of healing by fighting bacteria and by stimulating the immune system of the body.

24 Hour Safe Natural Home Remedy

1. Warm one cup of water and add half tea spoon of salt. Be sure that the water is not too hot to burn you. Mix out the salt until it is almost dissolved.

2. Rinse your mouth and gargle your throat with the salt water solution in the same way you would with a mouth wash. Do this 3 – 4 times.

3. Another effective remedy to end you problem in 24 hours is mango bark. You can mix a small amount with water and gargle several times.

Tinnitus Treatment – The Options Available and the Best Cure

What can be as difficult and equally complicated as getting into a war against wind mill? Well, finding a permanent tinnitus treatment can be equally tricky and problematic. Similar to the nature of shingles, most medications provide an interim respite from tinnitus, but fail to come up with a permanent solution. However, if a holistic approach is adopted for treating tinnitus, patients can indeed hope to make a complete recovery. Symptoms of tinnitus include painful sensations in the ear, along with a discharge from the area (in addition to the customary ringing noises). If these symptoms actually manifest themselves, it is highly advisable to arrange a session with an ENT specialist, so that suitable corrective measures may be adopted. The factors listed above are not, however, diseases in themselves.

If medical experts indeed diagnose tinnitus as the chief culprit that is resulting in these symptoms that cause great distress to the patients, they suggest various methods of treatment accordingly. Given below are some of the common modes of tackling tinnitus related problems.

The Options Available For Tinnitus Treatment

o The powerful yet short-lived relief provided by medicines sold over the counter (OTC). Harmful side effects are a disturbing feature of these drugs,

o Generating ‘white noises’ and other alternative resonances, in order to distract the patients’ minds. Specially made masking tools and instruments are used for this purpose,

o The respite obtained by practicing ways to relax the body. The relief however is nothing more than illusory,

o Medicines with herbal ingredients, which are generally found to be of very little practical benefit,

o The relief obtained from homeopathic medicines. However, patients cannot hope for a complete cure with this

o The rather inconsequential tinnitus remedies that can supposedly be prepared at home.

Keeping in view the overall welfare and health of the person, it can safely be concluded that they should ideally stay away from these medications. These drugs are associated with many health hazards, including headaches, constipation and irregularities in the discharge of bowels, among others. Indeed, these side effects can take a far more serious turn than the usual ringing noises generated by tinnitus. However, at times, these noises cross all levels of endurance and the person is forced to opt for these OTC drugs.

A List Of The Most Popular OTC Drugs Used For Tinnitus Treatment:

o Botulinum toxin chemicals,

o Drugs like Melatonin,

o Different varieties of Tricyclics,

o Setraline compounds,

o Propranolol and/or Clonazepam,

o Lignocaine medications,

o Medications with Acamprostrate,

o Carbazepine and such other medicines, and

o Etidronate and/or Sodium fluoride.

Contrary to these rather harmful OTC medications, the tinnitus masking tools that try to give some relief to the affected people do not come with side effects. They work indirectly and make use of white noises and music bands. The types of sound effects used can range from the melodious patter of waterfalls, the swirl of water moving in a Jacuzzi, or the sounds generated from heights of about 40,000 feet, from the cockpits of a jet airplane. All these sounds are available in a pre-recorded CD, and can easily divert the attention of the distressed tinnitus patients. In fact, well known, famous musical tracks can act as equally effective ‘white noise’ as well, due to their interesting and beautiful tunes. However, these techniques of treating tinnitus only put a lid on the agony that can be caused by the disease, and do not cure the illness. All that can be achieved is a convenient way to avoid the full burden of the effects of the illness.

To combat tinnitus, it has to be ensured that the head and the neck of the affected person are receiving adequate blood. Herbal remedies are found to be particularly effective in this. Taking an example, the Ginkgo Biloba is noted for its ability to facilitate proper blood circulation in the human head and neck regions and thus it is often prescribed. Sesame seeds, which were first used by doctors of the Orient for treating tinnitus, have now gained favor among the medical experts in the US as well. Significant benefits are to be had, if tinnitus patients make it a habit to consume a combination of Black Cohosh and Ginkgo everyday in the morning on an empty stomach.

The Periwinkle herb is held in high regard as a useful medicinal plant. This herb yields a compound called Vincamine. The Vincamine compound has been a long-standing ingredient of the treatment procedures of health hazards like tinnitus and Ménière’s syndrome, among German medical practitioners. This chemical needs to be consumed only in its prescribed dosage volumes (thrice everyday, and 25 milligrams per day). Adequate care should be taken to prevent accidental overdoses, since that can result in the blood pressure falling sharply, leading to serious medical consequences.

In order to keep a suitable check on the irritation and agony that tinnitus can give rise to, plant products, such as seeds of the sunflower plant, Mistletoe Tea and the Passion flower are often made use of. When applied on a regular basis, these treatment regimes can also help in smoother circulation of blood in the head and neck of a tinnitus patient.

Also, one must not turn a blind eye to the highly useful medical product made in China, which is also known as the San-huang-hsin-tang. This formulation reduces the effects of the tinnitus disease by using a mixture of Coptis and Rhubarb components.

Coming to the homeopathic treatments, the general opinion is far from unanimous as to whether they actually yield the desired advantages. The Materia Medicas contains an exhaustive list of the probable symptoms of tinnitus, apart from the most prominent one (i.e., a never-ending ringing sensation to the ear). The sheer volume of these symptoms makes the creation of an effective homeopathic medicine, with the ideal composition, an extremely tough task. Moreover, these methods of treating need to take care of the unique body compositions of the patients, and hence, can vary from person to person.

The fact remains that, most or all, of the traditional methods to treat tinnitus try to tackle only the symptoms of the illness. They do not try to drive away the root causes from the body. The root causes of tinnitus can also be several, with they, and there are many triggers as well. All this makes tinnitus a rather complicated illness, and its causes must not be ignored. The holistic methods of tinnitus treatment, on the other hand, consider the entire body as a single functioning system, and then identify the factors that cause tinnitus. Once these factors are eradicated, the symptoms of the disease disappear as well, providing a complete cure. Not surprisingly, these holistic measures have been found to be greatly successful in helping patients get out of tinnitus.

Crested Gecko Health: Keeping Your Crested Gecko Fit and Healthy

Crested gecko health: Keeping your crested gecko fit and health

Crested geckos are some of the easiest reptiles to keep as pets, providing that a few very simple rules are followed.

  • Crested geckos require a nutrient and calcium rich balanced diet, in order for them to grow properly and live a long and healthy life.
  • They also require a temperature gradient in order for them to thermo-regulate and better digest the nutrients in their food.
  • They also require plenty of space to move around, and being arboreal tree dwellers they also require a lot of climbing branches / perches.

The most common health problems that occur in cresties in captivity are usually a result of one of the above not being offered, or not being offered to the correct standard.

Below you will find an insight into the most common of these problems and ways to ensure that they are prevented.

MBD: Metabolic Bone Disease in crested geckos:

Metabolic bone disease in geckos is most often caused due to a lack of the correct nutrients being provided in their diets.

Metabolic bone disease is a deficiency of calcium, which results in the gecko utilising the calcium reserves from its own body and skeleton to supplement this lack in calcium.

By using the reserves of calcium in its own body, the gecko’s skeleton is ‘warped’ and misshapen due to the bones becoming very weak and pliable.

This often results in permanent disfigurement of the gecko, especially in the form of bumps, twists and dips in the spine and a rotating of the hips, causing the tail to flop or jut-out at an unusual angle.

Metabolic bone disease can also cause a weakening of the jaw, resulting in the gecko finding eating much more difficult.

The jaw is often too weak for the gecko to close it itself, and the jaw remains permanently open.

Due to the weakening of the bones, MBD can also at its worst result in numerous broken bones.

A gecko with MBD finds it more difficult to climb, and often lose the ‘stickiness’ on their feet and tail. If a gecko with MBD falls from a height, broken bones are usually the result.

Metabolic bone disease in its latter stages is a horrific sight to witness, and the gecko is twisted and contorted out of recognition.

In younger and crested gecko breeding females it is extra important to supplement feeding properly. Hatchlings put a lot of calcium into bone growth, and breeding females use an extraordinary amount of calcium when producing eggs.

Providing a healthy, nutrient rich and balanced gecko diet is the most foolproof way to help prevent your crested gecko developing MBD.

Preventing gecko Metabolic Bone Disease in crested geckos:

  • Gut load live food prior to feeding making them more nutritious
  • Dust live food with nutrient powders, Calcium, and/or Calcium D3
  • Provide a good meal replacement gecko diet powder
  • UVB light can also help to prevent MBD, as it helps the gecko to absorb and utilise the calcium in its diet more efficiently
  • Too much phosphorous in a diet can prevent calcium being absorbed. Avoid foods with high phosphorus content.

Floppy tail syndrome: FTS in crested geckos

Floppy tail syndrome in geckos is when the gecko’s tail literally flops in an abnormal direction. It is most noticeable when the gecko is laying upside-down, flat against the side of its enclosure, at which point the tail usually flops down over its head or at a jaunty angle.

A healthy gecko tail would rest against the glass in its natural position.

It is thought that Floppy tail syndrome results mainly from a captive environment as cresties in the wild would rarely come across a surface as flat, smooth and vertical as an enclosure wall.

It is believed that this flat surface is what can contribute to FTS in crested geckos, as laying on this vertical surface for extended periods of time results in the tail ‘flopping’ over due to gravity, and weakens the muscles at the tails base.

At its worst, floppy tail syndrome is believed to be able to twist the pelvis of the gecko, predominantly due to the excessive weight put on the pelvic area when the tail flops to the side.

Due to this it is not advised to breed a female crested gecko with FTS, as she could well encounter problems trying to pass the eggs.

Although no concrete evidence is available, it can be assumed that providing plenty of climbing and hiding places for your gecko could help to prevent them from sleeping on the enclosure walls.

However it is still not fully understood whether this is the actual underlying cause of FTS. Many believe it could be a genetic deformity, and as such it could be passed from parents to their young although at the minute this seems unlikely.

Heat Stress in Crested Geckos

Heat Stress in crested geckos is the number one killer of these usually very hardy and easy to care for reptiles.

Crested geckos will begin to show stress if kept at temperatures above 28C for prolonged periods of time.

It is much easier to maintain your crested gecko enclosure at temperatures closer to around 25C than to risk over exposure to higher temperatures.

That being said you can allow parts of your enclosure to reach 28C – for example directly below the basking bulb – so long as your pet gecko can choose to move into a cooler area if they wish.

Higher temperatures only become a deadly problem when your gecko is forced to endure them constantly or for long periods of time without the option to cool down.

Research has shown that crested gecko exposed to temperatures of 30C without being able to cool down, can and will very likely die within an hour.

Young/small geckos are even more prone to heat stress so it is best to always allow them the choice to move to the cooler end of their temperature range.

Cleaning your crested gecko vivarium:

Keeping your gecko enclosure clean will help to prevent illnesses linked with bad hygiene, bacteria and moulds.

The crested gecko tank / enclosure will periodically need a thorough clean when it becomes dirty.

I find it easiest to spot-clean the enclosures every day or two, removing uneaten food and excrement and wiping the sides of the enclosure with damp paper towel.

There are numerous reptile-safe disinfectants available now and these can be diluted with water to ensure a safe environment for your gecko after cleaning and you can use newspaper to clean up smears and streaks on glass enclosures.

It is advised to do a thorough complete clean of the enclosure and all of its contents once in a while. I tend to do a big clean out every month to help stop any unwanted bacteria building up.

With regular cleaning and upkeep your crested gecko enclosure should not create an unwanted odour or create mould/bacteria.

Choosing a healthy crested gecko:

A healthy gecko:

• Will have clean and clear nose and eyes. Eyes will be bright and shiny and will not be sunken into the head.

• Will not have layers of retained shed skin stuck at its extremities. Healthy geckos shed in a few hours and shed should not remain much longer than this.

• Will not be dehydrated: Dehydrated geckos will have loose skin, sunken eyes and will be somewhat lethargic. Dehydration often results in the gecko looking thin in comparison to a well hydrated gecko.

• Will be alert when handled, a unhealthy animal will be limp and possibly shaky in your hand and will show little to no interest or reaction in being handled

• Should have a plump, straight tail that can ‘grasp’ onto objects. A good test of this is if the gecko wraps its tail around your finger.

• Should have almost Velcro like feet. If the gecko is failing to stick/climb – this can be a sign of MBD or retained shed.

Diabetes Medications

 Diabetes  medications are attempted when normal diabetic diet, weight loss and exercise fail to bring blood sugar to a normal range. They include oral drugs and hypodermal injections. Medication usually starts when the average blood glucose levels are greater than 150 mg/dl (8 mol).  Diabetes  medications work effectively when they are combined with exercise and diet. Oral drugs are the most common form of medication. There are many sites on the Internet that offer online  diabetes  medications.

There are mainly three classes of  diabetes  medications. The first class medication makes the body more sensitive to the insulin secreted by the body f (e.g.: thiazolidinediones and actose.) The second class stimulates the beta cells of pancreas to release more insulin (e.g.: sulfonylurea and meglitinides.) The third class blocks the breakdown of carbohydrates (e.g.: alpha-glycosidase inhibitors and meglitol.)

 Diabetes  medications depend on many things such as blood glucose level, blood pressure, insulin production, mode of living, genetic factors and the immune system of patients. Different medications can be taken independently or in combinations. To respond to an oral  diabetes  agent, you must have some insulin making ability.  Diabetes  medications require patient-physician partnerships also. You can experiment by trying more than one type of pill, several combinations of pills or a combination of insulin and a pill.

The most popular of all  diabetes  medications is insulin injection. Insulin is administrated when the average blood glucose level reaches 180 mg/dl. Forty per cent of diabetic patients require insulin injections. Insulin is injected once or twice daily. Some diabetic patients take insulin three or four times daily. Insulin is classified into different types based on the time required to absorb from under the skin to the blood stream.

Oral agents fall into three categories – short acting s, intermediate acting a and long acting s. The oral pills can have some side effects such as nausea, yellowing of skin and vomiting. Never take medication above the prescribed quantity, as it could lead to extended hypoglycemia (low blood sugar). Frequently check your blood glucose level.

Simple Steps to Prevent Childhood Obesity

There are simple factors in every parent’s control that can reduce the chance of childhood obesity. In society today, approximately one in five children will be labeled as obese. Obesity is defined as an excess amount of body fat, measured as a percentage of total body weight. A child is considered obese when their body weight is 20% higher than the average weight of children of the same age. It is imperative that parents realize how their choices impact the chances of their children developing obesity.

The main contributing factors to childhood obesity are lack of physical activity and high calorie intake, as well as the variety of foods consumed. The recent emphasis on technology as well as convenience, high calorie meals have had a detrimental effect on child health. Furthermore, one of the worst physical effects of childhood obesity is the susceptibility to diseases such as diabetes, high cholesterol, and early onset of heart disease.

Obesity has negative effects on emotional health as well. Society today labels those that are obese as lazy or unmotivated. These stigmas contribute to the increasing onset of depression, anxiety, and low self esteem in children. These factors then affect the social health of children as well, as there can be a lack in the development of relationships and acceptance from their peers.

In this technological age, it is easy for children to develop a lack of physical activity. Both computer usages as well as the increase in video gaming systems are the major technological factors in childhood obesity. It is easy for parents to use these as ways to keep their children busy. While there have been recent advancements in gaming that involve total body interaction, the comparison of these games to actual physical activity such as sports or dancing shows a minimal amount of calories burned. The largest impact that parents can have on these factors is managing the amount of time spent on all screens within the home, forcing children to find alternative methods of entertainment.

Parents do have control over several factors that contribute to obesity. The eating habits of children can be controlled, as parents need to resist the urge to provide the quick, convenience meals such as fast food and high-calorie, low nutritional snacks. A higher consumption of fresh fruits, vegetables, lean meats, and whole grains may reduce the risk of obesity in children. Parents should provide healthy beverages to their children as well, such as reduced sugar juices, skim milk, and water, as opposed to high sugar liquids such as carbonated soda pops and sugar-based beverage mixes.

Parents can also provide a variety of physical activities for youngsters. A creative mind can create unique activities that require participation and motion. Some examples of such activities are outdoor play, such as games like tag or hide and seeks, and indoor play such as fort-building, balloon play, or dancing to upbeat music.

A parents control over meal choices, activities, and daily routine may be the solution to the widespread childhood obesity seen within society today.

Prevent Diaper Rash – 10 Ways To Do Away With It

Diaper rash can be caused by a lot of things. It can be brought about by a reaction to the baby’s own stool and urine or the soap used in washing the baby’s diapers. But regardless of what might have really brought on the condition, the fact remains that diaper rash can cause a significant amount of discomfort for you and your baby. To treat diaper rash effectively and to say goodbye to it permanently, read the following tips:

1. Say goodbye to diapers (well, at least temporarily)! What causes diaper rash? The answer? What else but diapers! When your baby’s bottom is sore from all those uncomfortable rashes, it is best to take his or her diapers off frequently. This will prevent the baby’s stool and urine from making contact with the already sore skin and aggravating the condition some more. If you are worried about making a mess once the baby’s diapers are off, you can keep him (or her) on a rubber mat covered with a washable cloth while you air his (or her) bottom.

2. Stay clean and dry. The most effective way to prevent diaper rash or to treat an existing one is to make sure that your baby is always clean and dry. The microorganisms that cause skin infections just love the moist and warm environment under those diapers!

3. Steer clear of commercial baby wipes. Most commercially available baby wipes contain irritating ingredients such as alcohol and other chemicals. These can further irritate the rash. The best way to go is still by using the traditional hypoallergenic soap and water in cleaning up your baby’s bottom.

4. Air it out. When you change your baby’s diapers, make sure that you dry out his (or her) bottom completely with a clean towel. It will also be of great help if you will leave the skin exposed to air for a few minutes before putting on a new diaper.

5. Ointment helps. Using a pediatrician-recommended diaper rash cream or ointment helps create a protective barrier in the skin. Among the most widely prescribed diaper rash creams/ointments are A and D ointment, Diaparene, Desitin and zinc oxide. Be sure to dry the skin before applying these.

6. Powder magic. Dusting the baby’s bottom with powder also helps a lot in protecting your baby’s skin from irritants. Just be careful when you apply powder since it can be a possible health hazard, especially if the baby accidentally inhales it. As a safety precaution, sprinkle a small amount of powder on your hand first before you apply it on your baby’s skin. Go for cornstarch-based powders.

7. Hang them out to dry. Why not try an old wives’ tale trick? It was said that if you hang your baby’s diapers to dry out in the open air, diaper rash can be prevented. Well, there is nothing to lose if you give it a try!

8. A little vinegar might do the trick. Your baby’s urine can be very alkaline in nature that it can irritate and burn the skin as much as an acid can. So, the next time you wash your baby’s diapers, add a little vinegar to your rinse water (about half a cup will do the trick!). This will counterbalance the alkalinity of your baby’s urine and prevent further damage.

9. Throw those plastic pants away! Wearing plastic pants is a big no-no! It tends to keep the moisture locked in and worsen an existing infection. The rule of thumb in treating a diaper rash – let it dry!

10. Make a change. If you have tried almost anything and the rash still does not clear up, try changing your detergent. It might just be the culprit.

However, if you notice that the rashes have become very red, raw or sore looking or if you notice blisters, pus or crusty patches, it is best to have your baby examined by your pediatrician.

Cold Sore Therapy That Works

Many cold sore sufferers want to eliminate them before they begin. Those who often have recurrent fever blisters know that an imminent outbreak is about to happen when they sense that dreaded tingling sensation. Herpes labialis is caused by the herpes simplex virus-1 or HSV-1. At the moment, approximately 80 per cent of North Americans are reported to have this HSV-1 infection. They are usually acquired in early age, and can last throughout the entire person’s lifetime.

The initial infection strikes between six months and 14 years of age when the virus enters the body through the tiny cracks in the skin surface. But after the initial attack, HSV-1 travels along neuron fibres to the facial and cranial nerves along the spinal cord. The virus then turns dormant, or in other words, will hibernate for sometime.

When the viruses become active, this is when they start climbing up the surface of the neurons, then to the skin, which becomes the first lesion outbreak. Sufferers experience painful, tingling, itchy, swelling and numb sensations. Symptoms can also go with fever episodes, muscular pain, and mild headache.

Most common triggers to recurrence are stress, extreme weather changes, illness, diet, trauma to skin surface and hormonal changes. A cold sore outbreak can last for 10-14 days.

A number of creams and gels are available in drugstores and pharmacies. But some specific creams, particularly known as cold sore therapy works on fever blisters as symptoms appear, taking care of the symptoms to ensure assisted healing and cure.

First off is Anbesol Therapy, an ointment for sores which works by temporarily relieving pain caused by the sore. Also, it keeps the fever blisters moisturize and relived form dryness and chapping. The main ingredient of this product is white petrolatum or more commonly known as petroleum jelly. It also contains a minimal amount of benzocaine, or a local and topical anesthetic, which promotes numbing effect, resulting to relief of the pain felt in the cold sore blisters. Camphor, also an ingredient of this cold sore therapy ointment results to soothing effect of the sore. It is recommended to be applied to the blisters for not more than 4 times daily. Children under 2 years old may also require a doctor’s attention before using this cold sore therapy.

Second is Chapstick therapy, a branded over-the-counter treatment. It is designed to help relieve pain and itching associated with cold sores, while moisturizing the skin to prevent it from cracking. Just like Anbesol, Chapstick therapy’s main ingredients are benzocaine, menthol, and camphor. Their therapeutic effects help soothing the pain, easeitchiness, providing antiseptic treatment, and ultimately with white petrolatum, allantoin and aloe vera, and vitamin E promotes moisturizing of the skin surface; resulting to relief from the discomforts of cold sore symptoms.

It is also important to know that some people may be allergic to any of the ingredients of cold sore therapy, thus exacerbation of symptoms may happen. Consult the doctor when this occurs.

Psoriasis Creams – Baths And-Or Showers

If you have recently been diagnosed with  psoriasis , you are probably already consulting with a dermatologist. Your dermatologist will explain for you exactly how you should now go about your skin care.

The two leading topics will likely be moisturizing your skin and bathing yourself. Simply bathing correctly and with appropriate frequency can be a very effective way of dealing with the aching, discomfort and pain that  psoriasis  frequently causes.

Your doctor will probably strongly advise you to not take long showers or baths. You will likely have been told not to bathe in hot water. All bathing should be done as quickly as possible, using lukewarm water. Perhaps you don’t need to bathe or shower daily; that would be good. Daily showers or baths could be harmful to you, damaging your skin by removing oils, letting it dry too much.

When you finish with each shower or bath, just pat yourself dry, making certain to moisturize your skin thoroughly right afterward with  psoriasis  creams to keep the moisture in your skin.

Too many baths or showers can be bad for you. They can dry out your skin significantly if you don’t use proper care and take the correct steps right afterward. Having dry skin can be a worst nightmare for anyone suffering from  psoriasis . Dry skin means itchy skin. And itchy skin can lead directly to yet another  psoriasis  flare-up.

Most Physicians and other health specialists will tell you that short baths or showers are O.K. Taking a bath or shower can help alleviate symptoms of  psoriasis . It can also give your body/skin a lot of the moisture it requires. To keep that benefit you will need to capture and “lock in” that moisture immediately, by applying  psoriasis  creams and skin lotions.

When you dry yourself off, you should avoid the quick rubbing motions you are probably accustomed to. Instead, you want to pat yourself dry, gently drying the excess water remaining on your skin. You don’t need to be totally dry when you moisturize. In fact, a small amount of water should remain there to keep your skin well hydrated. Right after you towel off, apply lotion or cream rapidly before the excess water has a chance to evaporate.

It usually helps if you add oils to your bath water. Use oils like vegetable oil, mineral oil or olive oil. Any of these oils can help soothe your skin and fight off inflammation. Adding in Epsom Salts will also help relieve many  psoriasis  symptoms. And it will help to keep those dry, itchy spots away.

Showers or baths can help you keep your skin moisturized. This could avoid or relieve some of the pain caused by  psoriasis . You just need to always remember to bathe or shower quickly, keep the water lukewarm, pat (don’t rub) dry and moisturize immediately afterward with  psoriasis  creams.

What is Nail Fungus?

Nail  fungus  is caused by very small organisms infecting one’s finger and toe nails. Generally, nails are very sturdy and can easily defend themselves against any kind of infections. They guard you like a strong fence blocking out all sorts of  fungi  and infections. However, in the case that a  fungus  gets through and is able to infect the nails, the resistant power of the nails works against the infected individual and it gets very hard to handle the infection.

The nail turns out to be a very secure site for the  fungus  to develop and grow causing the infection to spread further, which is why it’s really difficult to get to the infected area and cure the infection. Nail  fungus  requires warm and moist environments to grow and spread. Therefore the possibility of nail  fungus  infecting the toenails is quiet high because the ideal conditions for nail  fungus  to grow, which are warm and moist surroundings, are provided by the use of shoes and socks.

Nail  fungus  is very much different from the athlete’s foot also known as tinea pedis, which mainly infects the skin of the feet, but some times they are found to exist together and can be induced by the same sort of  fungus .

In the initial stages of infection, a whitish or a yellowish spot can be seen around the tip of your toe or finger nail. Your nail gets discolored, becomes thick and degenerate around the edges as the infection spreads further leading to an ugly and possibly agonizing problem. The  fungus  infection may also begin form the base and spread to the edges of the nail causing a red spot and one feels itchy. As the infection spreads through out the nail, the color of the nail changes to yellow-green or yellow-brown and white spots may also appear in some cases. The nail thickens causing pain.

Nail  fungus  can be infectious and flourish especially in places such as shower booths, locker rooms and baths. It may also spread through use of nail filers and cutters. The  fungus  can also be passed on from one nail to another.

What you can do to reduce the possibility of getting a nail  fungus  infection:

One should wash and clean hands on a regular basis. This will prevent one from getting infected. Also washing one’s feet and drying them out regularly along with wearing clean and dry socks and shoes will assist in keeping off the nail  fungus .

It is very hard to cure a infection caused by nail  fungus  and there are good chances of it reoccurring. But many medications are available in the market that can help you to clear up the infection.

One should wash and clean hands on a regular basis. This will prevent one from getting the infection. Also washing one’s feet and drying them out regularly along with wearing clean and dry socks and shoes will assist in keeping off the nail  fungus .

Allergy Tips – Living with Food Allergies

Living with food allergies isn’t as hard as it used to be. With so many people all over the world showing signs of allergies today, many food manufacturers have seen the benefit of offering a variety of food substitutes to help make life (and eating) easier for those with sensitive systems.

While living with food allergies may be easier these days, it can still be quite dangerous, depending on the severity of your symptoms. For some, coming in contact (any contact) with certain food allergens (such as peanuts, or even peanut oil), can make them very sick – or even kill them! So, what are the most common food culprits?

The foods causing the most allergic reactions include:

-All varieties of nuts.

-Seafood, such as shrimp.

-Milk, particularly cow’s milk.




So why can some people handling eating these substances, and others can’t? Food allergies are caused by an immune system gone haywire. Normally, your immune system protects you from all types of germs and diseases by making bacteria-fighting antibodies. People with food allergies have an immune system that treats certain food ingredients as a disease, making your body react to it in a negative way. This is what can cause itchy eyes, and that runny nose in the spring when the pollen is out, or a more severe reaction to the foods you eat.

When you eat something that you are allergic to, the cells of your body release chemicals (including histamine) into the bloodstream to attack it. This can cause your respiratory system, skin and digestive tract to react, either mildly as in the case of a runny nose or upset stomach, or more severely as can happen when your throat restricts and breathing becomes difficult or even impossible.

Other signs you may experience include:

-Tightness in the throat.

-Hoarse voice.


-Tingling of your tongue or lips.




-Stomach pain.


In the most serious cases, a food allergy can cause anaphylaxis (say: ah-nuh-fuh-lak-sis), or a sudden decrease in blood pressure, restricted breathing tubes and a swollen tongue.

Those at risk for this type of severe reaction need to take special precautions when eating and always be prepared for an emergency.

Children often outgrow allergies to milk and eggs as they grow older, but more severe reactions to foods like peanuts, certain kinds of fish, and shrimp often last a lifetime.

Unfortunately for the millions of people who suffer form food allergies, there is no medication to treat it, making prevention a key. Avoiding foods that contain the ingredients that you are allergic to is essential to avoiding an unwelcome and possibly dangerous reaction.

One way to figure out if a food is potentially dangerous for you to eat is to check their labels carefully. The most common food allergens are always listed (sometimes in bold) on the ingredient list.

No matter how hard you try, you may find that you’ve accidentally eaten the wrong thing. Remain calm and follow your emergency plan – which you should create with your doctor beforehand This is especially important if you have a food allergy that can cause anaphylaxis) For serious reactions, people may need to carry a shot of epinephrine with them at all times, often referred to as an Epi-Pen. Of course even after administering this self-treatment, you must always go to the hospital to keep your reaction under control.

Having a food allergy can be a real annoyance, but it is something that you can control by following a few simple tips:

-Read all food labels carefully.

-Avoid eating any foods with unknown ingredients

-Carry an Epi-Pen or antihistamine with you at all times.

-Seek medical help immediately if you notice any reactions to the foods you’ve eaten.