Obesity Surgery – What is it, and Can it Help Me?

The price that comes with having obesity surgery may be high, but the price of not having it could be even higher. The health problems that accompany being overweight could ultimately be more costly than an operation that could save your life.

What It Is?

The most common obesity surgery type is gastric bypass, which reduces your available food intake by making your stomach smaller. The bypass is done by attaching the small intestine to the smaller stomach, which ultimately bypasses the duodenum and extends to the first part of the jejunum. This will decrease nutrient absorption, and control how much you eat by curbing your appetite and helping you lose weight in a healthy way.

Discerning Candidacy

Are you eligible for this procedure? You probably already know if you have seen your doctor about losing weight. Generally, if you’re at a high disease risk or have some type of serious condition, you are most likely a candidate for obesity surgery. Also, if your body mass index (or BMI) is considered to be exceptionally high or you have been considered obese for over 5 years, your doctor may recommend a gastric bypass.

Usually, patients under 18 are advised to continue trying to lose weight on their own, but in some cases, teen obesity cannot be corrected with regular diet and exercise. Once a patient reaches the age of 18, they may become eligible if he or she was previously denied. Patients as old as 65 are eligible as well.

Risks of the Procedure

Obesity surgery comes with many possibilities of complications, as does any operation. It is best to know what they are and be prepared for how to deal with them should they happen to you. You surgeon should explain these risks to you as part of your pre-operational consultation.

One of the more common risks is infection, and it will more than likely be at the point of incision. Another possible problem is a pulmonary embolism, which is a blocking of the blood-flow in the lung area. Peritonitis, or a leak of fluid into other parts of the body that originates from the stomach, is not so common anymore because of the extra precautions doctors take, but it is a possibility.

Staples sometimes loosen, but this is an easy fix. A risk involving the link between the stomach and intestines becoming much smaller is stomal stenosis. Lastly, dumping syndrome may occur if the food you eat begins to move too quickly through your digestive system.

Knowing your level of eligibility can help you to decide if it’s time to have obesity surgery. This could be your second chance to get healthy and stay healthy.

Natural Treatment For Pain After Gallbladder Surgery

You had gallbladder surgery (cholecystectomy) because you were experiencing pain under your ribs in the right upper part of your stomach. You were told that laparoscopic surgery is relatively fast and simple, ambulatory, less invasive and risky, and a more cosmetically acceptable operation. This is correct. In Latin “cholecyst” means gallbladder, “ectomy” means removal and it is now the most common abdominal surgery performed in the U.S. Over 750,000 such operations are performed annually.

You were told that the gallbladder exists only as a storage container for bile and that it is not an important organ and that everyone can live without one. You were told that after gallbladder removal your pain would stop and you would not have any digestive discomfort.

This is not exactly correct because, according to current medical literature, cholecystectomy does not relieve gallbladder pain in 10% to 33% of people and medical statistics show that approximately 20% of people without gallbladders continue to have symptoms such as gas, bloating, abdominal pain and cramps, heartburn, constipation or diarrhea, fatty food intolerance, etc. Symptoms after cholecystectomy may persist for many months, or even years. The medical term for this is postcholecystectomy syndrome.

The possibility of these symptoms remaining after surgery does not depend on the talent of the surgeon or the quality of the medical equipment used; by the way, these are excellent in most cases. Pain and indigestion often continues even after the removal of the gallbladder. Understanding the functions of both the gallbladder and bile may give us a clue about what needs to be done to minimize the symptoms after gallbladder surgery.

The liver produces bile, a thick, bitter tasting fluid, in a network of ducts, which move the bile into the duodenum (first part of the small intestine). The common bile duct merges into the pancreatic duct, which releases pancreatic juices. The mixture of bile and pancreatic juices go through the muscle valve that manages release of these fluids from the liver, gallbladder, and pancreas into the small intestine. This strategic valve is called the Sphincter of Oddi.

When the gallbladder squeezes out bile, the Sphincter of Oddi opens. When this sphincter is closed the bile is redirected into the gallbladder that then expands like a balloon; the gallbladder has a buffer function to prevent the increasing pressure inside the bile ducts. Branches of nerves, which surround the gallbladder and digestive hormones, regulate this very complicated partnership. After surgery, this buffer function is lost and along with it the proper regulation of the sphincter of Oddi. Almost 20 percent of patients after cholecystectomy can suffer from sphincter of Oddi dysfunction. Spasms of this valve cause high pressure in the bile duct resulting in pain and enlargement of bile ducts.

In a healthy person, bile travels from the liver into the gallbladder. In the gallbladder, bile is concentrated for digesting fats. Bile consists of water, bicarbonate, minerals, soluble bile acids, bile pigments, cholesterol, and lecithin. In addition, human being eliminates through bile the different fat-soluble toxic substances, such as heavy metals, poisonous chemicals, medications, etc.

Bile is an alkaline fluid with a pH in the 7.0-8.0 range. Maintaining this range is critical because acidic changes and lessening pH create an increase and concentration of the insoluble, very aggressive bile acids. These extremely irritated, corroded substances, as concentrated detergents, cause gallbladder inflammation and gallbladder stones.

This is a very important point. Concentrated, aggressive acidic bile collected in the gallbladder is the cause of almost all gallbladder problems. The gallbladder is where the initial damage starts. After gallbladder removal, the aggressive, acidic, liver bile creates injury of the bile ducts, pancreatic duct, sphincter of Oddi and the duodenum causing inflammation, spasms, and ulcers.

Sphincter of Oddi dysfunction leads to spasm of this valve; therefore, aggressive, acidic bile irritates the pancreatic and bile ducts. In turn, it can cause pain and burning sensations in the upper right or left abdominal area. In the case of Sphincter of Oddi dysfunction, this valve may open at the wrong period when there is no food in the duodenum. At this time, aggressive, acidic, liver bile burns and corrodes the intestinal walls. Jerky, spasmodic contractions of the duodenal walls regurgitate the concentrated bile acids in the stomach and or the esophagus causing persistent heartburn, stomach inflammation, gastritis, ulcers, and eventually cancer.

When acidic bile with these aggressive, insoluble bile acids moves down through the intestines, they cause chronic diarrhea and increase the risk of colorectal cancer.

Once the bile has become acidic, it loses its natural ability to promote digestion of fats, which can lead to the intolerance of fatty foods and a deficiency of essential fatty acids and fat-soluble vitamins. It can cause people without gallbladders to experience uncomfortable symptoms in other parts of the body.

Another condition that can occur after gallbladder surgery is dysbiosis (Candida-yeast overgrowth, Small Intestine Bacterial Overgrowth; SIBO). The eating habits and lifestyle choices that led to the surgery often remain after gallbladder surgery. Sugar, fried and processed foods, and alcohol coupled with a sedentary life style, environmental chemicals, and some medications negatively affect intestinal bacteria. Overgrowth of Candida-yeast can cause damage in the digestive, nervous, and hormonal systems and neuropathic pain of the inner organs.

There are various reasons for the pain resulting after gallbladder surgery and a holistic approach with a focus on the root cause is necessary in order to treat these problems. Natural, non-drug treatment for pain has to be complex and can include various alternative healing methods. Some of them are:

– Customized healing diet

– Drinking healing mineral water prepared from genuine Karlovy Vary thermal spring salt

– Herbal and nutritional supplementation

– Acupuncture

– European whole body cleansing, colon hydrotherapy

– Restoration of friendly intestinal flora

– Abdominal massage

– Relaxation, medical hypnosis, custom hypnosis CD, and more

This natural treatment makes liver bile alkaline and liquid. It also can help with spasms or looseness of the sphincter of Oddi; sphincter of Oddi dysfunction, irritation of the bile ducts and bile reflux. Alkalinity of the bile and pancreatic juices promotes proper digestion and alleviates pain. It can restore the balance between beneficial bacteria and opportunistic infection (harmful bacteria, yeast, parasites), can decrease pain, cramps, gas, heartburn, and diarrhea.

Surgery to remove the gallbladder has been a common procedure since the 19th century. Since that time, European doctors have used medical diets, herbs, massage, and healing mineral water for treatment of the complications after this surgery. Drinking healing mineral water has been very popular in Europe by patients after gallbladder removal. The most well known is mineral water from the thermal spring in the small Czech town Karlovy Vary. European doctors recommended drinking this water either from the thermal spring or preparing it at home from genuine Karlovy Vary thermal spring salt.

Medical research supports the therapeutic action of the Karlovy Vary healing mineral water. European doctors consider that drinking this mineral water is beneficial for numerous liver, pancreatic, and intestinal disorders. It alkalinizes the body’s fluids, improves digestion, and alleviates abdominal pain, spasms, diarrhea and heartburn.

Acupuncture is another non-drug alternative method of treating problems after gallbladder surgery. Few people know that acupuncture can be very useful in digestive disorders, abdominal pain, and chronic diarrhea. Many medical articles from countries where acupuncture treatment is widely used and my personal experience confirm that acupuncture can alleviate the pain in postcholecystectomy syndrome.

All abdominal surgeries cause adhesions that restrict movement of the intestinal organs. Gentle, professional abdominal massage can reduce the pain and open passages.

Finally, the postcholecystectomy syndrome can manifest even in the many years after surgery and it is not easy to diagnose and treat. Therefore, safe and effective, natural, non-drug methods of alternative medicine may be used alone or in combination with conventional medicine to reduce pain and digestive abnormalities.

Self-treatment is risky; the goal is to find a knowledgeable, licensed practitioner.

The information contained here is presented for educational, informational purposes only. It is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease. This information is not to be used to replace the services or instructions of a physician or qualified health care practitioner.

Ovulation Calculator

Ovulation occurs when one or more mature eggs are released from one of your ovaries, pushed down through the fallopian tubes and are available to be fertilized. This is the fertile time of your menstrual cycle. The uterine wall will be thick, prepared for a fertilization that could happen at this stage. The shedding of unfertilized eggs and the uterine wall is the time of menstruation. During each menstrual cycle about 15 to 20 eggs mature inside ovaries. Of these the ripest egg is released for fertilization. Which ovary releases the egg is fairly random.

When egg and sperm meet in the fallopian tube before the eggs dies, you become pregnant. An egg dies off after 24hrs of ovulation. To become pregnant, can sometimes be harder than you think. There are many factors, which decides ovulation. A menstrual cycle can happen without an ovulation and vice versa. If you are trying to get conceived it is important that you write your first and last dates of your menstrual cycle.

Calculating the fertility period can be confusing. There are many ovulation calculator techniques and free websites are also available, which can help you. Online ovulation calculator is like weekly calendar pregnancy, in that you have to enter information regarding the menstrual cycle to estimate the ovulation period. You must enter the first day of the last menstrual cycle and the duration of the cycle or the length of the cycle in order to find the peak fertility period. These online ovulation calculators are really wonderful and helpful to those who are trying to get conceived.

Without performing a pregnancy test you cannot absolutely confirm whether you are pregnant. But there are certain signs; like missing a period can make you suspect that you are pregnant. There are pregnancy test kits available in the market, which helps you to find out whether you are pregnant. These test kits are reliable tools to determine your pregnancy at a quite early stage. All pregnancy tests work by finding traces of female hormone HCG in your body. This hormone is produced by the placenta, which starts growing in the walls of uterus. But as the egg that has been fertilized attach to the uterus after seven days after conception, level of HCG are too small before that time. For this reason it is always better to perform the pregnancy test a day after the missed period. This will reduce the chance of a false negative test result.

Once you get pregnant, it is time you start dreaming about your baby. You can calculate the approximate date of delivery of the child using a due date calculator. A due date calculator will help you to view about the overall development of your pregnancy. In this the date of pregnancy is believed to be the first day of your last menstrual cycle. A baby grows inside mother before birth for about 280 days or 40 weeks. Even though it is seen that only 5-10 percentage of baby’s are born on their due dates, the due date calculator remains as an effective tool in estimating the progress of pregnancy.

Both online ovulation calculator and due date calculator are surely appreciated by expecting parents. Though they provide only approximate ideas, it can be helpful in giving you regular updates.

Coral: An Explanation Without Using the Word Polyp

It’s hard to describe what coral is without using the word  polyp , and it’s right about the time I start using the word  polyp  that I see people’s eyes glaze over.  Polyp . What is this, 10th grade Biology? I’m getting sleepy. Wait. (snap fingers) Come back. I won’t use the word  polyp .

An individual coral is a very tiny animal just a few millimeters in diameter. You said millimeters. Sorry, 1 millimeter is equal to 0.0393700787 inches. That’s math. Stop, I’m getting sleepy, again. Ok. He’s really small. Picture a very small sea anenome. A what? A sea anenome is that wavy tentacle thingy that Nemo lives in.

As our little coral friend grows, he creates a skeleton cup around himself by secreting limestone. Secreting? He builds himself a house, without a roof and he lives inside it for protection. The name “hard coral” comes from the protective “house” that our friend creates for himself, not from the texture of the his body which is soft.

So our little friend stays in his cup “house” and when he gets hungry he sticks his wavy tentacles outside of the “house” and catches particles such as plankton or maybe really small fish. He does this using the stinging cells he has on his tentacles. Because our friend is more of a homebody and isn’t much on travelling, he likes to build his “house” where there is a steady current passing by so the food will be brought to him.

Coral animals like our friend live side by side in colonies. When you look at a hard coral formation, you are looking at a colony of corals or lots of nearly identical limestone “houses.” Side by side, these “houses” form textures and patterns. The pattern’s characteristics are determined by the coral’s species. Some types of coral colonies look only slightly different from each other, while other types, like star coral and brain coral, are unmistakably different.

The colony shape is also influenced by its environment (sunlight, temperature and water movement.) Generally, branching coral, which is coral loosley resembling trees, is found in calmer waters while smooth, covering coral is found in more turbulent waters.

The term coral is usually used in a general sense. So, when someone makes a comment about coral, they are usually referring to an entire colony and not a single animal. Although, it also applies if we were just looking at our little friend and none of his neighbors.

So that’s what coral is. Thank you for staying awake. Thank you for not saying  polyp . You are welcome.  Polyp .

Fibroids – The Common Disease No Woman Wants

In the United States, about 25 percent of all women have been diagnosed with a non-cancerous tumor in their uterus. More commonly referred to as   myomas  or fibroids, these growths are the most common reason for a woman to undergo a hysterectomy in the country. So, what are fibroids?

Definition

Uterine fibroids usually present as rubbery nodules. They start out as irregular cells but grow into masses consist of smooth muscle and connective tissue. Sizes of these fibroids can be as small as peas or as big as a basketball. Some women are diagnosed with just a single  myoma  while others are found to have multiple growths.

Symptoms

To better answer your question, “What are fibroids?”, you will also need to know the common symptoms associated with this condition. Usually, these uterine  myomas  are asymptomatic but some women experience heavier-than-usual menstruation flow or longer menstrual period, menstrual cramps, irregular bleeding, constipation, abdominal bloating, feeling the need to urinate all the time, backache and infertility. Women who miscarry are also checked for the presence of fibroids.

Causes

To date, there is no known single cause for uterine fibroids although health experts have pinpointed several risk factors. You are more likely to have these growths if the women in your family have them. Women of Jewish and African -American decent are also three times more at risk. High estrogen levels are also linked to uterine fibroids as well as previously-diagnosed endometriosis.

Diagnosis and Treatment

A simple trip to your gynecologist for a routine pelvic exam can easily uncover the presence of fibroids. If your doctor found your uterus to be enlarged, lumpy or irregularly-shaped, a blood test and Pap smear will be ordered to rule out other health conditions. In most cases, an ultrasound test is performed in order to confirm the presence of these fibroids.

If you are among those women who exhibit no symptoms, your doctor will not recommend any treatment. But if the fibroids are causing heavy bleeding, pain and discomfort and are suspected to be the cause of your inability to conceive, your doctor will recommend either a myomectomy or hysterectomy. Treatment options will also vary depending on your overall health condition and age.

Prognosis

Most women who were found to have asymptomatic uterine fibroids live a normal and healthy life under regular monitoring of their doctors. If the  myoma  grows, the option to have it surgically removed will then be considered. On the other hand, those who chose to undergo myomectomy are likely to repeat the procedure since rate of recurrence is about 40 percent. Shrink Your Fibroids By Up to 86%!

Ruptured Ovarian Cyst

Ruptured Ovarian Cyst

Ovarian cyst affects millions of women around the world. Most of its occurrences are functional and not life-threatening. In fact, most ovarian cyst may just subside by itself and will go away without any presenting symptoms. Problem may arise when the cyst will increase in its size without stopping and will eventually rupture. This is where symptoms may affect a person negatively.

Signs and Symptoms

When these cysts are detected, it is important to know if it is benign or malignant. Benign cysts are observed for a couple of weeks or months to know if it will resolve by itself. When the cyst is accompanied by pain, bleeding, or problems with sexual intercourse, then more aggressive medical intervention might be performed. If the cyst is not detected in its early stage or it is ignored for a very long time, the cyst might rapture that can cause intense pain. This is an emergency situation that should be taken seriously. Prompt medical attention is required.

Diagnosis

A gynecologist is the primary doctor to call to during ruptured ovarian cyst. The first thing that a doctor will do as a patient arrives in the emergency room is to stabilize the patient. Afterwards, general laboratory tests will be ordered. Complete blood test is needed to know the hematocrit level which will indicate blood loss or fluid overload. The WBC count will also be examined to know if there is an active infection. Other blood component such as prothrombin, thromboplastin, and human chorionic growth hormone will be taken into account to establish an accurate diagnosis.

Treatment

Treatment may depend greatly on the severity and extent of the injury inflicted by the ruptured ovarian cyst.

Analgesics – pain can be very excruciating when cyst ruptures. The doctor will then prescribe pain relievers such as acetaminophen and paracetamol. Ibuprofen and other NSAIDs can be prescribed.

Heat therapy – rupture of cyst can cause muscle contraction and cramping. By applying warm compress over the lower abdomen, this may relax muscle and relieve pain.

Hormonal therapy – cyst may be caused by hormonal imbalance and taking in hormonal contraceptives may restore proper production level of involved hormones.

Surgery – generally, cyst will just be observed as long as it does not cause any problem. The doctor will suggest to the patient for an elective surgery to avoid rupture of the cyst.

Cyst is very common in many women. Most cysts, if not symptomatic, will cause anxiety and worry for women. This is the reason that right information and professional advice should be given to these affected people. If there are any indication of ovarian cyst, prompt check-up should be done to avoid complications such as ruptured cysts.

Cirrhosis of the Liver – What is This Condition?

Cirrhosis of the liver comes as a consequence of chronic liver disease in a patient. Certain issues characterize the disease, including medical problems such as the following: liver tissue replacement via fibrosis, scar tissue, nodules that regenerate, and progressive loss of liver function. This topic considers various issues related to the disease, with basic details. However, it is not professional medical advice and is not to be used as a substitute for this. If this condition is suspected, or has been confirmed, talk with a doctor or medical professional rather than attempting to diagnose or treat it by any methods that may be mentioned on this page.

Symptoms of cirrhosis of the liver can vary in different cases of the condition. One potential issue is ascites, which is a problem where fluid accumulates in the peritoneal cavity. Additionally, jaundice can occur. This is a yellowish discoloration that can affect the skin, membranes in the eyes, and other mucous membranes. A general feeling of fatigue is also possible.

The disease can be caused by certain underlying medical conditions. Chronic hepatitis is one of these. Both the B and C forms, in their chronic state, have the potential to lead to this. Autoimmune hepatitis can also cause cirrhosis of the liver.

Use of a liver biopsy in order to make a diagnosis is the common route. Different treatment methods for this condition may be applicable in various cases. Additionally, the underlying causes should be considered, and may also require their own courses of treatment.

Why Study Calculus – The Limit

Calculus does have its limits. Indeed. In order to understand the pun of the first sentence, you need to know that calculus has two key branches: differential and integral. Although the concept of limit belongs to both branches and is an essential component to the understanding and mastery of this kind of math, differential calculus gets its name from the derivative; and such a creature depends entirely on the concept of limit. In fact, the derivative is nothing more than a special kind of limit.

Now what the heck is a limit? If you think of the ordinary definition of limit as some terminal point or boundary that is reached, then you start to get a feel for the concept of the mathematical limit. Although this concept has a formal definition, which if I stated, would probably not make a lot of sense because of the Greek letters and mathematical symbols, the actual idea is not at all hard to understand. In other words, anyone can understand the concept of limit and therefore have a good foundation toward the understanding of the calculus. In order to get this understanding, however, we must first introduce some basic definitions. These are independent variable, dependent variable, and function.

Function is one of the most important ideas in all of mathematics. In fact, most of the study of mathematics either directly or indirectly has something to do with the idea of a function. A function is nothing more than a rule, a model, a relationship between two other objects: the independent and dependent variables. The idea of function has a mathematical notation usually written as y = f(x) and read “y equals f of x.” Using this notation, y is called the dependent variable (because its value depends on what we choose for x), and x is called the independent variable.

Functions describe all kinds of things in the real world, from the growth of money at different interest rates, to the speed at which a tsunami moves in the ocean. One of the simplest of all kinds of functions is the linear function, so named because its graph produces a straight line. A linear function like y = 2x just says that whatever value we pick for the independent variable x, we get twice that value for the dependent variable y. For example, if x = 2 then y = 4, and if x = 10, then y = 20.

Now that we have laid this groundwork, we can talk in plain English–I just hate all the mathematical mumbo jumbo–of what a limit means. A limit simply means that as the value of the independent variable gets closer and closer to some value, then the dependent variable gets closer and closer to some other value. For example, if we take the linear function y = 2x just discussed, then as x gets closer and closer to the value of 2, y gets closer and closer to the value 4. At this point, you might be saying, “Okay so what’s the big deal?” Well there are times when the value of x cannot take on the limiting value, which in the example discussed was 2. In other words, we cannot calculate the value of the function when the value of x is equal to 2, yet we can still talk about what happens to the value of the function when x gets very close to the value of 2.

The idea discussed above is what gives us the concept of derivative, which is nothing more than a special limit. From the concept of derivative, all kinds of applications emerge: we can find the maximum and minimum values of functions and find rates at which one quantity is changing with respect to another at some instantaneous point. It is the derivative which permits us to find the dimensions of a rectangle if we wish to have as large an area as possible and it is the derivative that tells us the maximum height that a ball will reach when thrown according to a specific law.

Yes a simple question like “In a special relation called a function between two variables, what happens to the value of the dependent variable when the independent variable gets closer and closer to some specific value?” has spawned all kinds of mathematical discoveries by opening the door to the calculus. Not bad for a single question.

Vomiting in Children

 Vomiting  is usually associated with problems directly involving the stomach or bowel, such as stomach flu or food intolerance, but also can occur in children for other reasons. Some children will  vomit  from a high fever, and others from emotional upsets. Some children have very strong gag reflexes;when they cough it can cause them to gag and than throw up. In these cases, there is nothing wrong with the stomach.

Stomach flu is a common virus infection in young children. Usually the child is listless,especially after  vomiting . The  vomiting  is not caused by coughing and often comes with little warning. At the beginning of a stomach flu (also known as viral gastro-enteritis) the child may  vomit  repeatedly and be unable to keep anything down.After a delay of 6 to 24 hours, diarrhea usually occurs. The  vomiting  is usually over after the first day or so.

It is important to avoid dehydration which is dangerous and can even be fatal. However,the vast majority of children cope with a stomach flu without dehydration or going near a doctor or a hospital.

For most children who are healthy and well-nourished before the flu starts,the risk of serious dehydration depends on excessive loss of fluid rather than a failure to take in fluids.

Any healthy child, even a baby, can safely go for up to 12 hours or more without drinking much, as long as there are no fluids being lost by  vomiting  ,diarrhea or very heavy and continuous sweating.

A child with gastro-enteritis usually cannot keep much fluid down for the first 12 hours or so, but parents should keep offering frequent small sips of flat ginger ale or diluted apple juice (a tbsp. every 15 min to start) and than gradually increase the amount as tolerated. Pediatric authorities recommend giving special ‘rehydration’ fluid for children,which you can buy at any drugstore.

Viral Food Poisoning

Food poisoning is a terrible problem because there is hardly anything that you can do about it besides wait for your symptoms to reside. Food-borne illnesses can be caused by viruses, parasites, and bacteria that come to inhabit improperly handled or prepared food as well as contaminated water. Viral versions of food poisoning can be caused by noroviruses, rotavirus, and hepatitis A.

Noroviruses, often called the “stomach flu,” is a highly contagious food-borne illness that often infects people who live in highly populated areas, such as cruise ships. This is why noroviruses have been called cruise ship illnesses, as well as caliciviruses and Norwalk-like viruses. These are the most common cause of food poisoning in adults.

It typically shows up with the common food poisoning symptoms of abdominal pain, headaches, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and a low fever. Thankfully, this typically goes away in two to three days.

This virus is carried by feces, so shellfish and vegetables that are grown in water that is contaminated with norovirus-carrying feces can they themselves become contaminated.

Rotaviruses are the most common cause of food poisoning in infants and children. It causes vomiting followed by diarrhea and fever which can be moderate to severe. Because the vomiting and diarrhea can quickly cause a child to become dehydrated, which can be dangerous, children that are admitted to the hospital with diarrhea are almost always tested for this disease. Like noroviruses, rotaviruses are transmitted in feces, so food that is grown or prepared with fecal-contaminated water is at risk for carrying the virus.

Another fecal-transmitted disease is hepatitis A. Instead of the typical stomach pain and diarrhea caused by food-borne illnesses, hepatitis A can leave you feeling tired. Additionally, you make experience fever and a loss of appetite, followed by the onset of jaundice. Jaundice occurs because hepatitis in an inflammation of the liver, which is in charge of filtering the blood. When the liver is attacked by hepatitis A, it loses its ability to filter the blood as effectively. Thus, a substance called bilirubin can build up in the skin and eyes, making them appear yellowish.

Typically, doctors will try to manage your symptoms and prevent you from becoming dehydrated since there is no one treatment to solve hepatitis A. Generally, you must wait for the illness to subside on its own unless you have other liver conditions.

If you or someone you know has become infected with a food-borne virus, you should hold the negligent party responsible for allowing your food to become contaminated with fecal matter. For more information, talk to a product liability lawyer from Haralson, Miller, Pitt, Feldman & McAnally, P.L.C., today.

Gastric Ulcer in Racehorses

Most recent studies have discovered a much higher incidence of stomach ulceration in performance horses then it was earlier recognized. In spite of the gastric lesions only some of the horses will develop actual stomach  ulcer .

According to clinical and Para clinical studies, older or more time trained horses are more susceptible to make stomach  ulcer . First clinical symptoms are loss of weight, low appetite and bad physical performances.

In order to establish a certain diagnosis, the veterinarian must perform an endoscopy of the horse stomach; the procedure requires a three meter long endoscope.

As forage feeders, horses secrete hydrochloric acid continuously in the wild and with few higher peaks in horse stables; as they usually graze 24 hours a day, the lack of food between meals in captivity can easily lead to ulcerations. The high amount of HCl in the stomach is believed to be causing  ulcer .

While eating, salivary glands secrete bicarbonate-rich saliva which like food itself tends to tamponate the excess of acid. During the lack of food supplies acid levels increase again and harass the gastric mucous membrane produced by mucous glands for protection.

Best managerial solution is to allow the horses a 24 hours access to hay between grain meals. Depending on the season horses are fed in stables with meadow, Lucerne, long stick oat hay, or they are let free to pasture. In spite of the care-takers reservations, full-time access to hay did not disturb the horses’ appetite for grains. This strategy has shown less clinical manifestations of gastric problems and less worries for the owner.

24 hours right to use hay in stables, has also proven a decrease of several problems in the behavior of horses in captivity.

Controlling the use of oral corticosteroids and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs such as phenylbutazone might also be useful as they inhibit the formation of PGE in the stomach. Prostaglandins suppress the production of HCl, increase the blood flow in the mucous layer of the stomach and moderate the secretion of bicarbonate and mucus. Prostaglandins also have the assent to protect the stomach from any kind of physical or chemical aggression.

In first line therapy treatments aspire to reducing the secretion of hydrochloric acid and its effects. Lately only Omeprazole and Ranitidine are accepted by veterinarian associations in treating horses.

Both Omeprazole and Ranitidine are considered to be prohibited before horse racing because of their drug-like properties. Medical treatments containing the two substances may only be made under veterinarian supervision; treatment schedule must always be registered in the stable diary.

Severe GERD Symptoms

Acid reflux disease, also known as GERD (Gastroesophageal reflux disease) is the spilling of gastric contents up into the esophagus. In the early stages of this disease, it can cause heartburn. However, if not treated, severe GERD symptoms will begin to rear their ugly heads.

In addition, these severe symptoms can and do lead to esophageal cancer. Therefore, if possible, it is best to be treated for any heartburn that occurs more than once a week. By doing this, you are then able to prevent a more serious condition from occurring.

Severe GERD Symptoms:

1. Barrett’s esophagus: GERD can eventually lead to what is known as Barrett’s esophagus. This is the most severe of GERD symptoms. Barrett’s esophagus is the result of years of the effects of stomach acid, which is as strong as battery acid. While the stomach is able to tolerate this strong acid, the esophagus is not. The only way to diagnose this is to have an EGD, a test in which the Doctor looks at the esophagus through an endoscope. This leads to inflammation, and extreme cell damage. Because of this cell damage, the cells mutate and become cancerous. It also must be related that cancer caused by this severe GERD symptom leads to death in about 85% of those who get it.

2. Regurgitation is another severe symptom. This occurs when the acidic contents of the stomach not only enter the esophagus but back flows up into the mouth. This can especially happen when you lay down. This symptom can lead to other serious symptoms such as chronic coughing, and choking.

3. Hoarseness is a further severe GERD symptom. This is caused by the damage to the vocal cords by frequent acid reflux into the mouth (regurgitation).

4. This also causes nausea and vomiting after meals. These are the severe symptoms that you must be aware of when you have heartburn.

Medications for heartburn relieve the pain in the beginning of GERD. However, it is important to get periodic check-ups of your esophagus if you continue to have heartburn for several months, especially if the heartburn is more than twice a week and you are over the age of 50. This is especially important for white men because they are most likely to have severe GERD symptoms such as Barrett’s esophagus.

Much discussion has occurred regarding Barrett’s esophagus and how to treat this severe GERD symptom. There are those who suggest watching it and hoping it does not turn cancerous, because it often does not. Then there are those who want to attempt to use new technologies to treat this before it turns cancerous.

Acid reflux disease can cause several severe GERD symptoms, which can be uncomfortable, or cause more serious health problems. Therefore, it is very important to get proper treatment for acid reflux disease to prevent these potentially fatal severe GERD symptoms.

The Signs and Symptoms of Gallbladder Attack

When there are problems with the functioning of the gallbladder, it is nothing strange the affected person to experience attacks. The attacks usually occur after a heavy meal, after consuming fatty foods, and is frequent in people suffering from diabetes and older people, especially women. In the following few paragraphs, we are going to write more about the signs and symptoms of gallbladder disease.

Gallbladder Attack Signs and Symptoms

The attack usually appears after the patient has had a meal rich in fats late in the evening. At first, it starts like a severe and constant pain in the upper part of the stomach. This painful sensation may spread to the shoulders, or between the shoulder blades, to be exact. There are also additional gall bladder attack symptoms like:

– A pain in the chest, mainly on the right.

– Nausea

– Vomiting

– Bleaching

– Unwanted gasses

– Sensitive gallbladder, painful when touched

– Sitting and walking problems caused by the gallbladder attack pain

– Burping

– Queasiness and others

Reducing the Gallbladder Attack Pain

Because of the intensity of the gallbladder pain, it is necessary to know how to alleviate the pain. Many people lie down on the bed the moment they start feeling the pain. If you feel the pain, put a pillow under your left side to reduce the pressure on the gallbladder. If you don’t feel well or feel nausea, a symptom we have already mentioned, vomiting is recommended. However, you shouldn’t vomit forcefully.

The duration time of the gallbladder attack is different from one case to another and may last from 15 minutes to 15 hours. Immediate medical assistance is needed if fever and chills are noticed during the gallbladder attack. If the symptoms become more intense, symptoms of jaundice may appear. This actually means that the skin and the whites of the eyes become yellow. Painkillers may help you out with the pain in some mild cases.

You can always try to ease the symptoms of the gallbladder attack by using some home remedies like cucumber juice, but the best option which will save you from the pain is gallbladder removal surgery. Because of the pain, a great number of people don’t think twice about the surgery. However, it is always good to be informed and see if there were any health complications after the gallbladder removal surgery in the past. If you can eliminate the symptoms by changing your diet and using medicines and home remedies, then OK. However, of this doesn’t help, don’t be afraid to have a surgery.

The Basics of Rheumatoid Arthritis

According to the Arthritis Foundation, an estimated 67 million Americans will have some form of arthritis by 2030. Arthritis is a general term that refers to a condition that causes inflammation in a joint, which is characterized by redness, warmth, swelling, and pain within the joint.

Specifically, rheumatoid arthritis is a type of chronic arthritis that normally occurs in joints on both sides of the body, such as hands, wrists, or knees. The symmetry of this condition helps to distinguish it from other types of arthritis. In addition to affecting the joints, rheumatoid arthritis may also affect the skin, eyes, lungs, heart, blood, or nerves.

The most common symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis include joint pain and swelling, stiffness, especially in the morning or after sitting for long periods, and fatigue. Affecting about 1 percent of the U.S. population, most people experience joint symptoms which develop gradually over several years. However, for some rheumatoid arthritis can progress rapidly, or it may strike for a limited period of time and then enter a period of remission. Rheumatoid arthritis is two to three times more common in women than in men, but men tend to be more severely affected by the disease.

The exact cause of rheumatoid arthritis is unknown. However, it is believed to be due to a combination of genetic, environmental, and hormonal factors. In patients with rheumatoid arthritis, the immune system is triggered to attack the joints and sometimes the organs. Theories have suggested that a virus or bacteria may alter the immune system, causing it to attack the joints. While research has not been able to determine exactly what role genetics play, some patients do seem to have a genetic or inherited factor that increases their chances of developing rheumatoid arthritis.

Once the immune system is triggered, a patient with rheumatoid arthritis begins to produce inflammatory substances within his or her joints. An increase in the number of cells and the inflammatory substances within the joints cause irritation, a wearing down of the cartilage, and swelling and inflammation in the joint lining. Inflammation within the joint lining causes it to produce excessive joint fluid within the joint.

With the wearing down of cartilage, bones can begin to rub against one another. As the joint lining expands, it can invade or erode into adjacent bone causing bone damage. This also causes the joints to become painful and warm to the touch.

Physicians diagnose rheumatoid arthritis based on a number of factors including:

1. The specific location and symmetry of painful joints, especially in the hands.

2. The presence of joint stiffness in the morning.

3. The presence of bumps and nodules under the skin

4. Results of x-ray tests that suggest rheumatoid arthritis.

5. Positive results of a blood test called the rheumatoid factor.

Recent major studies have indicated the dramatic benefits of early treatment with rheumatoid arthritis medication. Early intensive treatment with a combination of medications offers a chance of remission. In comparison to 20 years ago, studies show that those who have been diagnosed with rheumatoid arthritis today are receiving more aggressive treatment, and require fewer joint replacement surgeries than their predecessors.

“When you begin these treatments early on,” said Eric Matteson, rheumatologist MD, Mayo Clinic, “you are less likely to develop erosive disease in the joints, and less likely to develop other related conditions such as lung disease, vasculitis, and   pericarditis , all of which are major contributors to early mortality in people with rheumatoid arthritis.”

However, plenty of data also suggests that even a late diagnosis and treatment of rheumatoid arthritis can be effective. It’s never too early, and never too late,” said Theodore Fields, MD, FACP, clinical director of the Gosden-Robinson Early Arthritis Center at New York’s Hospital for Special Surgery. “There’s plenty of data that even treating late does help.”

How Visits To A Salt Cave Help With Certain Conditions

How Visits To A Salt Cave Helps Symptoms Of Colds, Flu, Ear and Sinus Infections, Sleep Issues and Re-balancing The Body

Allergy:

Long term studies with allergy patients in Russia who reported remarkable improvement over a period of ten years have led to halo therapy being recognized as a certified allergy treatment by the Russian Ministry of Health and other associations in Europe.

Cystic Fibrosis:

According to a study published in the New England Journal of Medicine on the effects of salt therapy on cystic fibrosis patients, “The results of our trial were revolutionary. We saw a sustained improvement in lung function, a major reduction in the number of lung flare-ups, a reduced need for antibiotics to treat flare-ups, and fewer days off school or work due to illness.”

Cold and Flu:

Salt therapy has an immediate remedial affect on the symptoms of colds and flu. Breathing becomes easier as the sole (so-lay) naturally absorbs edema from swollen air passages and thins mucus secretions so that drainage is easier. Relief from the irritation of sticky mucus secretions and debris, as well as the antispasmodic effect produced by calming negative ions, calms and quiets coughs. Equally important is the treatment environment, free from exposure to any external challenges, which gives the immune system the chance to reassert itself in this supportive atmosphere and initiate a healing process. Additionally, the deep cleaning of the sinus cavities and respiratory tract inherent in this type of treatment reduces the toxic load on the immune system, regardless of external exposure. A series of treatments not only helps to relieve and heal a current cold or flu episode, but increases resistance to new infections for months in the future by building up one’s immune system.

Ear and Sinus Infections:

Salt therapy’s ability to reduce edema in passages and cavities not immediately accessible to other means of treatment make it the perfect solution for dealing with ear and sinus infections. The Salt Cave is perfectly safe and comfortable for children as well as adults, and can bring not only relief in the short term, but lasting resistance to recurrence of such infections. In the case of ear infections, the sole (pronounced so-lay) is able to penetrate deep into the internal passages of the ear, reducing inflammation, edema, and bacteria in the eustachian tubes. Relief of edema from swollen tissues widens passages, improving drainage and increasing aeration behind the tympanic membrane, reducing infection in the pockets where bacteria often builds due to collected fluid. Relief from sinus infections is also achieved The negative charge of the air in our cave is literally drawn in to the essentially positively charged environment of inflamed and infected sinus cavities. Relief is achieved quickly as mucus secretions become thinner and are able to drain properly, removing trapped pockets of debris and bacteria. The pure air from the cave also stimulates the immune system, increasing the body’s innate ability to resist further infection as antibacterial and anti-inflammatory properties reduce the current episode. This can significantly reduce the use of antibiotics in chronic sufferers of ear and sinus infections.

Sleep Issues:

The multiple effects of salt therapy on the body enable it to address sleeping issues with a variety of causes. Most basically, snoring and sleep apnea caused by obstructed air passages is relieved. Air passages are opened and widened and spasms of inflamed irritated tissue and smooth muscles are modulated, so restful breathing can be achieved. Many subjects have found relief from sleep apnea previously treated by drugs or sleep machines in a single session, with results improving daily as the series progressed. On a deeper level, the Salt Cave also provides a treatment environment where healing can be begin for an overwhelmed and unbalanced nervous system. Exposure to the excessively positively charged atmosphere of the everyday world can cause an imbalance in our own electromagnetic fields, literally creating an inability to relax from the cellular level up.

The water method of dispersal of salt particles into the salt cave’s environment increases their surface energy, enhancing the salt’s natural negative charge, and increasing its ability to re – balance the body’s PH (acid and alkaline) during the treatment period. The Salt Cave isolates the individual in an environment free from all interference, allowing one to achieve deep relaxation. In this situation, the nervous system is able to reset itself and reassert its natural proper balance. More restful sleep is often achieved after the first session, and with repeated sessions the body can relearn the process of achieving this state independently.

Well Balanced Body:

A healthy and well balanced body has a natural ability to deal with reasonable stress and to regenerate physically and mentally during sleep. Internal and environmental challenges can disrupt the body’s ability to bring itself back into balance, creating a situation where stress and fatigue are constant and cumulative. The Salt Cave isolates the individual in a stress-free environment that provides healing on a variety of levels while allowing the body to reassert its natural healthy balance. The negative charge and high surface energy of sole (pronounced so-lay) empowers the salt particles to penetrate internal airways more deeply, bonding with positive ions and calming and relaxing internal muscles as the nervous system re-balances. The same action is simultaneously performed externally as charged particles coat the skin, reducing chronic hypersensitivity caused by environmental stresses and encouraging cellular regeneration. Antibacterial and anti-inflammatory properties reduce the body’s toxic load, giving relief to an overburdened immune system. Multiple sessions of treatment in this supportive environment reinforce the organism’s natural inclination toward a healthy balanced state, and enhance its ability to achieve it independently.