Functional Ovarian Cyst – Types and Risks

Read on to know all about functional ovarian  cyst  and understand it better

To release an egg, the ovary’s covering gets ruptured at the time of ovulation which soon gets healed while the cells inside the ovary develop a structure that is clinically termed as corpus luteum. Progesterone, which is a hormone that is responsible for preparing the lining cells of the uterus for the arrival of the fertilized egg, is made by the corpus luteum. In every woman the corpus leteum is active – however she needs to be having her monthly periods. However inside this corpus luteum, fluids can be produced by the cells, and this can lead to  cyst  formation. Such  cysts  are quite small (like a marble), but sometimes the amount of fluid can be quite a bit, and this is when it becomes big. However luckily, similar to follicular  cysts , the ones that are formed by the corpus luteum do not remain for more than some weeks. Both the  cysts  of the corpus luteum and the follicular  cysts  are together known as functional  cysts .

Functional ovarian  cyst  -causes

Functional ovarian  cyst  usually form on account of minor changes in the fashion the ovary makes in releasing the egg. However, functional ovarian  cysts  are found in two distinct types or forms, namely, (a) Follicular  cyst  that occurs when a sac in the ovary fails to release the egg, while the sac swells up with the fluid, and (b) Luteal  cyst  that occurs when the sac releases the egg and then re-seals and gets filled up with fluid.

The symptoms of functional ovarian  cyst 

The symptoms of the  cyst  tend to vary a lot and this depends on what its size is. Though the symptoms tend to be different from one female to another, but the most common ones are pain on the day 2 or 3 of the menstrual period, the menstrual cycle starting late, and also bleeding from the vagina even when she is not having her periods. Sometimes the female will also experience a feeling of nausea and vomiting. Often she will also complain of pain after sex or while having intercourse. The symptoms may either indicate a ruptured  cyst  or a twisted  cyst .

Functional ovarian  cyst  – diagnosis & treatment

Functional ovarian  cysts  are diagnosed by making use of pelvic ultrasound as well as by laparoscopic method. While both the process can detect the presence of fluid in the  cyst , the attending doctor carries out the process of rechecking after the patient has completed sevarl menstrual circles. The  cyst  mostly goes away by that time. The process may be hurried up if a holistic approach is used as a part of the treatment. If the bleeding becomes excessive, the doctor might advice the use of ‘Birth control’ pills, so that ovulation is stopped. This might also lead to the prevention of formation of a new functional ovarian  cyst . In the mean time, the holistic approach should be strictly continued thus ensuring that the functional ovarian  cyst  can be removed painlessly and fast.

Why holistic approach

Since conventional medications used for functional ovarian  cysts  address only the symptoms and not the disease condition, holistic approach focuses on its removal through a natural process, ensuring no recurrence. It emphasizes on regularization of dietary habits, improvisation of immune system, physical and mental fitness, and many such aspects. No one can escape the fast life of today. All of us agree that this life bring with it lots of comforts. However, at the same time, it also brings stress that is invoked through an improper sleep, pressure or anxiety, emotional issues in the daily routine of yours, and many such factors.

Why ovarian  cysts  happen

The factors that have been discussed above can lead to PCOS and ovarian  cyst  – this is what the researchers will tell you. The  cysts  can happen when the natural immunity of the body is not working properly, there is an increase in the blood sugar levels, and also from anovulatory cycles. The use of birth control pills can affect the normal functioning of the ovary and so can the foods that have xenobiotics as it affects the metabolism. Prescription drugs too affect the menstrual cycle in a negative way – this happens because how the way the hypothalamus works gets modified.

What happens when the immune system is disturbed?

The natural immunity may get disturbed from many factors such as toxins that build up in the body over time (such as heavy metals, chemicals, bacteria, viruses and parasites), stress, nutritional deficiency, antibiotics and steroids. Because of these reasons the body becomes weak and exposed to the risks. When this happens, the body is unable to eliminate the toxins and control the hormones.

Functional ovarian  cyst  – the risks

While functional ovarian  cysts  pose very little or no risk to life, they may prove hazardous when they refuse to go. Laparoscopic removal may then be required for their removal along with the same holistic approach so that they do not reappear after a few months. Holistic approach works wonders for ovarian  cyst  and prepares the body in such a way that the illnesses and disease remain far away from it. Ovarian  cysts  can be avoided if the holistic approach is followed, as the above mentioned intricacies are the root causes of functional ovarian  cyst . The holistic approach works so well because in it, the body is treated as a whole. This approach gives best results because the root causes of the disease are many. So all the causes need to be identified and treated, otherwise the  cyst  will make a comeback, which is often the case.

Thrush Cream

One of the main ways to treat a vagina yeast infection, or vaginal Thrush, is to use Thrush cream. There are many brand names out there so finding the one that works the best without breaking the budget is important. There are also some home remedies that claim to work even better than the creams for Thrush too. First off a lot of women suggest using Sudocrem for the infection but that will do nothing for the Thrush symptoms of the infection. That cream is more for dry skin and rashes which won’t help a fungal infection at all.

What Thrush cream is the best?

Caneston is one of the best vagina Thrush creams that are available on the market today. It has been a thriving product for over 35 years simply because it helps to not only get rid of the Thrush symptoms but clear up the entire infection. Plus, a lot of the new creams will even help prevent the infection from returning too. Caneston works fast and is easily applied to the infection area so you do not have to spend a lot of time worrying about it.

One of the natural remedies they say will clear up a vaginal yeast infection and the symptoms is natural yogurt! Sugar and additive free yogurt applied to the area is said to work exactly like the creams that are for sale at the store. It may not be the most pleasant thing to think about or do but thousands of women have claimed it actually worked so sometimes you just have to do it. The yogurt is more useful of a way to prevent it from returning however.

There are numerous natural ways to clear up your Thrush and the symptoms that are much cheaper than buying those Thrush creams. Wouldn’t you like to know all of the secret and tips to treating Thrush and preventing it? Thrush cream can easily be purchased over the counter so if the ways we show you do not work then you can try them out. However, in almost all cases these secretes and tips have cleared up thousands of women’s Thrush symptoms.

A lot of the thrush creams available can have some side effects too which natural remedies will not do. Itching, redness, soreness and burning have all been reported as side effects to a lot of the Thrush creams out there. Thrush is not something anyone wants to be infected with but unfortunately it does happen. The Candida fungus is better known as yeast and it can caused infections called Thrush in different areas of the body. There can be quite a few Thrush causes so it may be impossible to stay clear of all of them but knowing them could help you identify any Symptoms of Thrush you may experience later down the road. Tons of things like medications, illnesses, and foods can cause Thrush so be aware of what you put into and on your body at all times.

Hepatitis ABC

It’s important to know your Hepatitis ABC risk. Hepatitis AB or C is another silent but deadly killer. May 19th marked world Hepatitis day. That’s right, Hepatitis has its own “world day”! There are millions of individuals infected with Hepatitis. Public awareness is one of the most important factors in fighting the disease. President Obama spoke on world hepatitis day. He stated that “Millions of Americans are infected by viral Hepatitis, and too many do not know that they are infected”. With a disease that millions are affected by there is certainly little knowledge amongst average person.

Hepatitis A is a liver infection that ultimately affects an individuals liver function. Individuals typically contract Hepatitis A through contaminated food or drink. An individual may also contract the disease by being in contact with a person who already has the disease. Though serious, if the case is mild enough an individual could recover with no treatment. Hand washing and general good hygiene is the best way to avoid Hepatitis A. However, vaccines are available for individuals who have more severe cases. Symptoms of Hepatitis A include fatigue, nausea, fever, itching, muscle pain and jaundice as well as abdominal pain.

Hepatitis B, has some similarities to Hepatitis A as they both affect liver function. Most adults who contract Hepatitis B stand a good chance of full recovery. However, infants and children are more likely to experience more difficulties with the disease. There is no cure for Hepatitis B but there is a vaccine that can prevent it. Symptoms include abdominal pain, dark urine, weakness, loss of appetite and jaundice. Common ways to contract the disease include sexual contact (which includes an infected partners saliva entering your body), needle sharing and infected pregnant women have been known to pass the disease on to their child during childbirth. Some complications include: Liver inflammation, which can lead to liver scarring. Liver scarring can affect the liver’s ability to function, Liver cancer and Kidney problems, which may ultimately lead to kidney failure.

Hepatitis C, is similar to both A and C in that it attacks the liver. Hepatitis C is considered the most serious of all. It could lead to chronic liver disease and is one of the most common reasons individuals need liver transplants. Symptoms include fever, muscle and joint pain, fatigue and nausea. An individual may contract Hepatitis C by blood transfusions (generally this issue was prior to 1992 before there were viable test to detect contaminated blood), needle sharing and sexual contact (although considered rare).

It is important to note that treatment is not always necessary. Although a physician should determine it, slight liver abnormalities may not require treatment (though it is likely that an individual be required to routinely follow up to monitor liver function). However, if an individual must receive treatment it may include antiviral medications intended to expel the virus from the individual’s body. Several medications over a period of several weeks could help an individual to gain control. However, the physician may determine that another round of medication is necessary.

Finally, individuals who experience any pf the previously mentioned symptoms should seek the advice of a physician immediately. Early detection is key when it comes to most diseases but especially Hepatitis A, B or C. Hepatitis that is able to linger with no diagnosis or treatment may lead to liver transplants or even death. It is impossible for the average individual to determine whether he or she has Hepatitis A, B or C. However, upon noticing changes in an individuals body that include a combination of weakness, fever, muscle and joint pain, tenderness in the liver region, itching and/or jaundice (yellowing of skin or eyes) an individual should contact his or her physician and inform him of the symptoms. Individuals should always research his or her symptoms and should never be afraid to address their concerns immediately. As with all disease, early detection is key to recovery and maintenance.

Stay tuned and stay informed!

Can Viral Hepatitis Cause Cirrhosis Of The Liver?

If you’re curious about whether viral hepatitis might lead to  cirrhosis  of the liver, then you may wish to check out this article for some details on the topic. There is no one answer that covers every type of viral hepatitis, as there are multiple types of the infection, and some can lead to it while others do not appear to do so.

Before going any further, please take into consideration the fact that I’m not a doctor and anything you find on this page is not meant to be used in place of medical advice. It is not intended to be taken as such advice, either. If you’d like that type of information about any medical issue, then please talk with someone who has the qualifications to offer it. On the other hand, if all that you are looking for is related to general details, then feel free to go right ahead. Nothing on this page is meant to pertain to any person’s specific situation.

The B and C forms of hepatitis may lead to  cirrhosis  of the liver. These issues are known, for short, as HBV and HCV, respectively. The V stands for virus.

One other thing to consider is that not even every kind of HBV or HCV might lead to  cirrhosis . For instance, the acute stage of the diseases does not do so. It is when these illnesses are chronic that they have the potential to lead to this kind of liver scarring (along with the other issues brought on with  cirrhosis ). Infections by these viruses do not always lead to chronic conditions.

Why Study Calculus?

As part of a subcategory within my “Why Study Math” series, I am pleased to introduce a new group or articles that will touch upon some of the higher branches of mathematics. The purpose of these writings will be to introduce people-particularly the lay person-to some of the more advanced reaches of this subject. Many people unfortunately never get to glimpse the fascinating beauty of the higher realms of mathematics such as the  Calculus , and far too many are under the mistaken belief that this field is only reserved for the so called erudite and genius crowd. Not so I say. Give me a chance and I will be happy to accommodate you.

The end result of mathematics, I firmly believe, is to clarify not mystify. This notwithstanding, the very nature of what mathematics is often trying to explain is so complicated that easy and clear methods are insufficient. In order to tackle something as complex as an explanation of the DNA double helix, for example, or the instantaneous rates of change among quantities like temperature against time in a rate of cooling experiment, ordinary arithmetic simply will not suffice. In fact, one of the inventors of the  Calculus , Sir Isaac Newton, in order to solve the problems he was working on, had no choice but to devise a higher branch of mathematics because of the insufficiencies of the existing ones. But then again, this is the driving force among all new inventions and discoveries.

The  Calculus  is a branch of mathematics that deals with things like limits, derivatives, and integrals, and these topics all hinge upon the idea of infinitesimal quantities and infinity. Because  calculus  relies heavily on the lower branch of mathematics called algebra, it is often referred to in my articles as “glorified” algebra. Truly if you want to learn  calculus , and you already have a good handle on algebra, then you will find yourself comfortable with this more advanced subject. One of the many beauties of the  calculus  is that it works very well in the real world, describing all kinds of physical and natural phenomena and solving all kinds of practical problems.

As I launch this new series of articles, I will be talking about these interesting applications of  calculus  to the real world. Without getting too technical, we will explore a diverse range of topics that the  calculus  has opened to us. From the calculation of irregularly shaped areas to finding the maximum profit that a business can earn according to a specified law, we will enter an exotic realm of the universe where things like infinity and 0 take on a whole new role. So stay tuned and read on…

Dog Vomiting

New canine owners are often alarmed over dog vomiting, but those of us who have owned dogs for some time know that this is rarely cause for concern. It’s fairly easy to tell if your dog is really sick or simply reacting to a hairball from terrorizing the cat all morning.

Dogs are able to throw up easier than humans and most other mammals. You know this if you have had the experience of walking your dog when he stops to eat a fresh patch of grass, throws up, wags his tail, and proceeds on the walk.

It is suggested that this unique ability is a defense mechanism to the dog’s scavenger nature.

After eating the leg of the dining room table or the flip-flop that couldn’t be resisted, their body realizes that it was not edible so it reacts by throwing up. While there are unfortunate circumstances where dogs end up with a blockage from something they ate, these occurrences would be a lot more common if dog vomiting wasn’t such an easy and natural reaction.

That being said, there are also times when the vomiting is a symptom of an illness or some type of underlying disease.

Reasons for Vomiting

If a dog only throws up a frothy, yellowish fluid, he could have acute gastritis, peritonitis, pancreatitis, an intestinal obstruction or some other type of stomach problem. However, there are dogs that simply have tummy trouble that do this once daily like clockwork. Even if you think there is no cause for concern and that your dog is healthy, this still warrants a trip to the vet.

Dogs will often vomit due to stress, worms, motion sickness, eating too fast, overeating or eating something indigestible. It should be noted that if you have a dog that devours their food for too fast, there are pace bowls that will slow them down.

Vomiting can be a symptom of a serious condition as well, such as kidney or liver failure, distemper, ulcers, parvovirus, peritonitis, cancer, diabetes, intestinal obstruction, poisoning, acute gastritis and severe food allergies.

Does it Warrant a Vet Visit?

The majority of the time, vomiting is nothing to get panicked over. If you actually knew how often your dog throws up, you would probably be quite surprised. However, if the vomiting is accompanied by other symptoms, it should be treated like an emergency. Some of these include:

  • Vomiting several times a day
  • Blood in vomit, generally looks like coffee grounds
  • Projective vomiting
  • Lethargy
  • Diarrhea
  • Abdominal bloating

It is important to understand that dogs can get dehydrated very quickly if they are vomiting a lot, especially puppies. Be on the lookout for changes in weight or behavior, and be prepared to supply the vet with this information.

Treatment

A bland diet will help settle the stomach. Plain rice and chicken breast is often recommended, but if the vet thinks that there may be a small blockage that needs to be passed, bread and pumpkin may be encouraged to stimulate digestion. If dog vomiting is due to something more serious, permanent dietary changes, medication or other treatment options may be necessary.

Some Tips for Preventing Food Poisoning

Food poisoning is one thing that people often worry about when eating food at a restaurant, especially if they have not eaten there before. While food poisoning is widely regarded as something that comes from food in a restaurant, or somewhere else outside of the home, keep in mind that food prepared within your own home can cause this problem as well. One benefit, though, is the greater degree of control you can have over the food prepared in your kitchen.

To reduce the risk of food poisoning, one must understand how the food poisoning process works. Coming down with a food-borne illness is a direct result of digesting food that has viruses, bacteria, and even parasites, which have developed on the food over time. While harmful bacteria and other “germs” are common in virtually any environment, a healthy immune system usually protects the body from becoming ill. When you introduce tainted food directly into the body, however, it becomes harder to combat.

Coming down with a food-borne illness typically leads to symptoms such as diarrhea, nausea, and even vomiting. Food poisoning symptoms can appear either within a few hours or can take up to a few days to manifest; any timeline will greatly depend on the food that was digested, as well as how your body handles it. With that said, here are a few safety precautions that one must take in order to avoid this type of poisoning:

Know the Risky Foods

If you cannot control the foods that are handed to you such as dishes at a restaurant, you must know which kinds of foods that can cause this sort of poisoning. Food such as undercooked meats, raw produce, and even seafood are notorious for carrying viruses and parasites. Avoiding these dishes altogether can reduce your risk of food poisoning a great deal, but may be considered an unreasonable precaution for meat eaters. It is important to consider both your appetite for risk along with your literal appetite when making choices. However, if you ever feel your food is undercooked, never be afraid to send it back.

Always Wash your Hands and Food Contact Surfaces

Before serving any type of food at home, always make sure that you wash your hands properly and with antibacterial hand soap. You should wash both before and during preparation, especially after handling raw meat, fish, and poultry. Not washing your hands between handing raw meat and lettuce used in a salad, for example, can easily cross contaminate the salad. You also need to sanitize cutting boards, countertops, pans, utensils, and other surfaces that encounter food.

Use a Thermometer

When preparing and cooking items such as meats, use a meat thermometer to ensure that the inside of the meat is at an appropriate temperature. When cooking foods such as fish and chicken, the temperature should always be higher than 140 to 160 degrees Fahrenheit. By reaching these temperatures, you will kill the vast majority of live bacteria or parasites.

Always Chill Food

The longest that raw meats should stay out of a refrigerator is two hours. It is best to either thaw your meats in the microwave, or let them sit in the refrigerator until they are ready to be cooked. When thawing food at room temperatures, be sure to set it down on a plate away from any other types of food and make sure that it does not touch the countertop.

Check the Expiration Date

Although this may sound obvious, it is crucial that you check the expiration date on the meats that are going to be prepped. All grocery stores and butchers will place a date to use by on all labels. Be sure to glance at these labels before cooking. If the meat has expired, do not gamble and try to cook it – play it safe and toss it out.

By taking basic precautions and using your head, food poisoning can be prevented, especially in your own home. When eating outside of the home, try to avoid raw foods and inspect your meats before consumption. By being more aware of the food you consume, you can decrease your own risk of becoming ill from food poisoning.

Living With Peptic Ulcer

If you are experiencing burning pain or any discomfort in the upper abdomen, pain that may disturb you at your sleep at night, feeling of fullness that you are unable to drink much fluid needed by your body, mild nausea and hunger one to three hours right after having your meal, then you may want to consult your doctor as these are signs and symptoms of having a Peptic  Ulcer .

Peptic  ulcer  is a sore in the lining of our stomach or sometimes in the duodenum which is the first part of our small intestine. The burning sensation may be intermittent that you may be relieved from the pain after few days and feel it again after another week. You may also feel the pain when you get an empty stomach and will go away after you eat. You can get cure for  ulcer  but first you need to know what causes it.

It is said that a certain type of bacterium (Helicobacter pylori) causes peptic  ulcers . Also, intake of NSAIDs or Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs like aspirin and ibuprofen may damage the lining of the stomach. There are also foods that can make the  ulcers  worse but not really causing these  ulcers . Stress can also contribute to worsening of the  ulcers . Intake of too much alcohol can make a great effect in the lining of our stomach. If you think smoking cigarettes or tobacco can cause problem to your lungs only, then you may need to know that it can also affect your stomach lining. Also, exposure to too much radiation may also lead to peptic  ulcer .

But you can still do something to treat and avoid worsening of your peptic  ulcer .

• First of all, lifestyle change is the number one cure for  ulcer . Avoid cigarette smoking and alcohol intake.

• Avoid eating spicy foods and make some time to relax yourself to avoid the stress.

• Do not take NSAIDs and take drugs that will help kill bacterium causing ulcerations in the stomach lining.

• If ulceration still won’t heal, surgery can be very helpful to cure  ulcer . Consult your doctor for more information on treatments for peptic  ulcer .

Chronic Heartburn – Break Free With Chronic Heartburn

Chronic heartburn is one of the problems that millions of people face each day. It is a serious gastric disorder. Most of them do not realize that this is not caused only by the foods you eat. Heartburn occurs when the stomach from the acid travels up into the esophagus. This happens when you lie down immediately after having a meal. Chronic heartburn can cause a lot of discomfort. It can cause chest pains and can never give you a sound sleep.

Some of the foods that can cause heartburn include chocolates, fatty foods, citrus juices, alcohol and fried items. We should have our meals two to three hours before we go to bed. People who skip their meals and overeat later will also experience heartburn. The more you eat the more acid in the stomach gets increased which takes some time to digest the food. It is always good to have small meals each day to reduce the risk of having chronic heartburn. Smokers are also at a high risk of having heartburn. Try to avoid tobacco. Don’t wear tight clothes after eating. This will increase the pressure in the stomach and will push the acid back to the food pipe.

Obesity can also cause chronic heartburn. Exercise daily to reduce the weight. If you have problems when sleeping in the night, keep your head in elevated position to get relief from these symptoms. Avoid spicy foods, tomato sauce, coffee and raw onions as they can cause heartburn. Take measures to avoid the things that cause heartburn. Do not leave it untreated as it can cause serious problems that can damage the esophagus. If your heartburn is simple simply avoid the food if possible. Drink plenty of water when you feel thirsty instead of taking carbonated drinks. Carbohydrates and starch based foods are extremely good.

A cup of green tea every day will reduce heartburn as it reduces the unwanted toxins from the body. It is advisable to consult a doctor if you frequently experience heartburn. Before starting with any type of mediation it is good to get the help of your doctor as he can suggest the right kind of treatment that best suits you. Do not take pain killers to get rid of the pain. A combination of changes to diet and lifestyle and a suitable form of natural cure is the best remedies for chronic heartburn.People mostly go for natural cure as it is the cheapest and the best one. Immediate prevention is not possible for chronic heartburn however a balanced diet can help you to avoid the symptoms that cause the disease.

How to Tell If You Have Genital Herpes

Genital Herpes or HPV (Human Papilloma Virus) is one of the most widely-spread sexually transmitted diseases. This disease is caused by herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) or type 2 (HSV-2). According to a national representative study on sexually transmitted diseases, one out of five adolescents and adults have had herpes in the United States. It is also more common in women perhaps because male to female transmission is more prevalent. Like most sexually transmitted diseases or STDs, herpes only has minimal symptoms such as blisters on or around the genitals or rectum. These blisters would eventually break and leave sores that would last for two to four weeks. The first outbreak is usually the worst, and it will gradually become less severe after a few weeks or months. Herpes has no visible symptoms, but its virus are released from the sores which normally infects the mouth and lips caused by oral-genital or genital-genital contact. When diagnosed with herpes, one has to treat the signs first and avoid sexual contact because the infection could stay in the body indefinitely and can be transmitted unknowingly.

Herpes is transmitted through skin to skin contact and its symptoms can occur within 2 to 20 days. Since these signs are mild or hardly visible, they can be easily mistaken as mere sores or vaginal infection among women. If you experience at least two of the following, it is better to consult a doctor immediately.

– Red and sensitive skin

– Sores or blisters in and around the genital area. In women, these blisters can develop inside the vagina.

– Vaginal and penis discharge

– Burning sensation when urinating caused by infection of the urethra

– Headaches and flu-like symptoms

– Muscle aches, specifically lower back pain

– Fever brought about by the infection in the body

If you are experiencing itching, tingling, numbness, general fatigue and pain the buttocks and lower back, these might be symptoms of herpes. Before the outbreak, skin becomes tender and reddish making it more sensitive and prone to itching. Blisters or tiny red bumps can eventually occur and might look like small fissures or fluid field lesions. During its outbreak, these blisters will become ulcers and when the blister skin breaks, out comes a milky fluid liquid. When the sores turn into scabs, this is the start of the healing process but the infection might still be present and retreat to the nerves. You have to wait until a new skin is formed.

People with poor immune system is very susceptible to this disease as well and herpes infection can become severe. Pregnant women who were not aware that they have contacted herpes can put their babies at a very high risk. Thus, a cesarean delivery is usually performed to pregnant women who are infected with herpes. Herpes can also help spread the HIV virus which causes AIDS by making infected people more susceptible. That is why, upon the first few signs of herpes, you have to seek professional help and avoid sexual contact until the infection is taken care of.

Detecting Kidney Disease: Stage Five

Why is it so important to detect kidney disease in its early stages, even if it’s rather hard to diagnose? Because when you reach Stage 4, you are likely past the point of living without serious medical intervention or even a transplant. And by the time you arrive at Stage 5, you have virtually no other option. There is nothing else to do but plan for a transplant.

In Stage 5, the kidneys have only about 15% of function left – or less. At this point, if left on their own, they would be completely unable to keep the patient alive. Dialysis now becomes very important to filter the blood of impurities the kidneys can’t remove.

Most symptoms are the same as for Stage 4 or earlier, but multiplied considerably. The person experiences the same tendency to hypertension (high blood pressure) because of the inability to expel fluids. And because the heart is working that much harder as a result, the person may suffer   pericarditis , which is an inflammation of the lining around that organ. There would now be very high levels of creatinine and urea, which the kidneys can’t filter out. And susceptibility to infections would also increase.

The inability to absorb calcium or for the kidneys to produce the chemical that stimulates production of red blood cells worsens. And therefore the reduction in bone density and the tendency toward anemia would continue to be a problem. Added to these symptoms would come others that might seem comparatively “minor,” but which could be aggravating. These include difficulty sleeping, shortness of breath, increased itching, or frequent vomiting.

Certain treatments can attempt to bring down blood pressure or reduce anemia, while dietary adjustments may allow more absorption of calcium. But now with such reduced filtering capacity, dialysis is usually the only way to cleanse the bloodstream of impurities. Some patients can survive for a long time with dialysis treatments, though the most common form of dialysis takes several hours, three days a week, and therefore restricts their lifestyle. But for others, dialysis may lose its effectiveness relatively quickly. And the best hope in both cases is for a kidney transplant.

There are usually signs of kidney disease well before things reach Stage 5. To maintain good health and never allow themselves to arrive at this stage, the wisest course for everyone is to have yearly, thorough checkups with detailed blood work, and to investigate even the most nebulous symptoms that might indicate kidney disease.

How To Get Rid Of Cold Sores – Fast!

Does this sound familiar? You have a big night out in a few days and suddenly you feel that tell-tale ‘tingling’ on you lips. Aaaargh! Not a cold sore! Now it’s a downhill trip. First the blisters appear lovingly followed by the ugly scabs.

What is a cold sore? It’s a common illness caused by the herpes simplex virus. Is it contagious? You bet! Its transmitted by close personal contact, so smooching is out of the question while you have the lesion. More than 80 percent of the population have the herpes simplex virus antibodies in their system!

What do you do? Crawl under a rock and hide? Remove all mirrors from your house and work? Why not wear an elastoplast… a really, really big elastoplast! Your self esteem takes a hammering. And guess what… you’ve got 7 – 10 days of this torture to go.

So…How to get rid of cold sores…

  • You could try over the counter medication. These work ok, but you need to start them as soon as you feel the ‘tingling’
  • You could try some home remedies. Slice a tomato and rub it on the sore – I’ve tried this and it has worked, but the cold sores came back.
  • Apply petroleum jelly.
  • Take zinc tablets.
  • Rub on tea tree oil or even ordinary tea bags.
  • Rub aloe vera on the lesion to dry it out.

I have tried some of the above remedies, and some worked, but the lesions reappeared again and again.

What are Normal Cholesterol Readings?

A simple blood test is all it takes to find out if you have a normal cholesterol reading or if you need to make some changes to get it under control. But just what is a normal reading and how do you know if your numbers are to high? There are two schools of thought when it comes to this; one based on the total blood cholesterol levels and the other on the ratio of good to bad cholesterol.

The good, or HDL (high density lipoproteins), is primarily responsible for removing the bad, or LDL (low density lipoproteins) from the blood stream and returning it to the liver where it is removed from the body as waste. High levels of LDL in the blood stream leads to plaque build up in the arteries. Plaque deposits can clog arteries which is a symptom of coronary artery disease. A total blockage can cause a heart attack. If a plaque deposit breaks free as a blood clot it can cause a stroke.

Total cholesterol readings are obtained by combining the total amount of both high density and low density lipoproteins. From this total your doctor can make an informed decision as to whether or not you need to take measures to bring this number down. Another number that your doctor will look at is total LDL cholesterol. This number is important because LDL’s cause the damage that can lead to heart disease.

The breakdown range of total and LDL cholesterol numbers is as follows.

1. Normal Cholesterol Readings – A total level less than 200 mg/dl or LDL level less than 130 mg/dl is considered normal. People in this range have little risk of heart disease or stroke from cholesterol problems.

2. Borderline-High – A total level between 200-239 mg/dl or LDL level between 130-159 mg/dl is considered borderline-high. People who test in this range are recommended to make some lifestyle changes based around a healthy diet and exercise plan to reduce their levels to normal. People in this range usually do not need to be prescribed medications as simple lifestyle changes can usually bring about the desired results.

3. High Cholesterol Reading – Any test returning a total level above 240 mg/dl or LDL level above 160 mg/dl is considered high. People who test at this level must make some serious dietary changes along with starting an exercise program. They will also probably be given a prescription for a cholesterol lowering medication by their doctor.

For those who use the idea that the ratio between good and bad cholesterol is a good way to determine if levels are to high it works like this. Take the total cholesterol reading and divide it by the HDL level. This will give a ratio that if it’s more than 4 then it is time to take steps to lower the overall and LDL cholesterol levels.

If you feel you may not have a normal cholesterol reading then make an appointment with your doctor. A simple blood test is all it takes to determine if it is something you need to be worried about.

Hypnosis and Post Trauma Stress Disorder (PSTD)

Clinical psychology reports of ever increasing problems manifested by the humans in the form of anger and irritability which are part of a number of unhealthy manifestations exhibited by individuals affected by Post Trauma Disorder (PSTD from henceforth). Irrespective of the fact whether it is the result of a single incident trauma-say assault-or sustained torturing-as domestic violence- the consequences are the same in that the affected individuals slip into PTSD. Since many do not come out openly to narrate their experiences because of social stigma and of the fear of reprisal, conservative estimate suggests 20 to 30% of the population in the USA suffers from PTSD. Statistics apart, the syndrome affects the quality of living of people with some even being driven to suicides. In short, the underlying symptoms/causes associated with PSTD must be effectively reduced in order to treat PSTD and it is in this respect hypnosis is considered to be an effective tool.

The essential method by which hypnosis achieves this is through relaxing the affected individuals. But it is perfectly logical for any body to ask as to why hypnosis should be the preferred choice and why not other methods? We would address this issue in this article.

Typically three symptoms, viz, re-experiencing, avoiding reminders of the events and hyper arousal are found to be associated with PSTD.

Experiencing is reflected in distressing images, unpalatable memories, night mares and or flashbacks of the event that had occurred in the first place caused the distress to the affected individuals. The physical manifestations of this could be seen in palpitations, shortness of breath and panic attacks.

Avoidance of reminders relate to the event, the people who had perpetrated the act, places or things with which the trauma is associated and the physical symptoms of this could manifest in becoming emotionally constricted, disturbed and or not responding to the environment.

Hyperarousal is associated with physiological symptoms which the individuals suffer in private as manifested in insomnia, impaired concentration and impulsive actions. Anger is the serious physical manifestation seen in such affected persons.

Put together all of them cause negative social, occupational and or interpersonal conflicts in the affected subjects. In addition, anger can lead to many serious ailments as hypertension, myocardial infarction etc. Anger is also seen as a defensive weapon with which the affected individuals are perceived to shelter themselves against the onslaught of emotional disturbances they undergo.

Now as to why hypnotherapy when other therapeutic and non-therapeutic (cognitive therapy) method of treatments (meditation) are available? Several researchers (e.g. Dahlenberg, Novoco, and Landy & Drummond etc) conducted studies to establish the effectiveness of pure therapy to treat anger but were not able to establish a therapeutic relationship in either managing or eliminating anger through therapeutic management alone. The reason attributed to this is in the prevention of emotional processing of fear in exposure treatment the logical inference of which is that the emotional processing of fear must be attempted first. Relaxation techniques and hypnosis which applies such techniques in a holistic manner acquires critical importance here. Many clinical experiments show that when people are relaxed they think more clearly, are equipped better to solver their own problems. Muscle relaxation techniques in particular have been found to be of immense importance because the deep muscle relaxation works favorably on the autonomous nervous system which in turn helps in producing a state of mind with a reduced anxiety. This response resulting out of hypnosis augurs well in handling anger and ensuring a better anger management. Further more imagery techniques used in hypnosis has been found to be very effective in reducing autonomous arousal which again could reduce or prevent the experiencing of anger by the subjects.

While a number of other positive effects of hypnosis could be discussed here in order to be maintain brevity we can conclude that different training methods available and used by trained hypnotists go a long way in inducing progressive relaxation in the subjects which in turn improves sensory awareness, resulting in cognitive relaxation which when combined together can help the patients to get relief from PSTD without to the extent possible resorting to medications which aim at relieving the symptoms and not the underlying causes. To state otherwise, they do not bring in long term relief and hypnosis can do what modern conventional medicines cannot accomplish.

Vital Signs of a Heart Attack

The vital warning signs of a heart attack are:

1. Pain in Chest: The most important indicator of heart attack is pain in the chest. The person could feel slight to sever discomfort in the chest area that could last for a few minutes. It could be accompanied by pain, burning sensation or a feeling of tightness in the chest.

2. Discomfort in the Upper Part of the Body: Sometimes, the pain from the chest could radiate to the upper part of the body. The person may feel mild or intense pain in the back, shoulders, throat, neck, upper stomach and arms.

3. Fatigue: A general feeling of tiredness and exhaustion that extends for longer periods of time. Body fatigue and shortness of breath are the most common symptoms of a possible cardiac arrest, especially in women.

4. Excessive Sweating: Another indicator of heart trouble is sweating in excess even when the person is not actively doing anything. Sometimes women may have night sweats.

5. Gastrointestinal Problems: Mild gastrointestinal (GI) disorders could be an indication of a heart attack. On an average, it has been observed that older people with GI troubles are more susceptible to cardiac problems.

6. Persistent Cough: Continuous wheezing or coughing could indicate that there is something wrong with your body and needs to be checked immediately.

7. Irregular Pulse: When the heart is working itself up trying to circulate blood through your body, it could have an adverse effect on the cardiac muscle. Then its pumping rhythm could go out of tandem. You don’t have to worry about a skipped beat, sudden irregular pulse or rapid heartbeat, but if it happens often and is accompanied by dizziness and shortness of breath, then it definitely needs to be checked by a doctor.

8. Swelling: Another indicator of heart attack is swelling in the abdomen, feet, ankles or legs.This happens because of fluid accumulation in those places.

9. General Body Weakness: The person may feel very lethargic, weak and tired out, especially on the days before the heart attack. So,if a person who enjoys a good health suddenly feels tired and weak for no concrete reason, they should consult a doctor to get the condition checked.

10. Sudden bouts of nausea, vomiting and breaking out in cold sweat

11. Feeling lightheaded or dizzy

12. Some people even feel that something is going to happen or start getting anxious. Don’t put off their fears, especially if they are showing the other warning signs of a heart attack.