Heart Disorders and Diseases That Kill

Cardiopathy is another name for heart disease or disorders affecting the heart and is the leading cause of death in the United States, England and Canada. There are many different types of disorders of the heart which we will discuss.

Coronary Heart Disease is the malfunction of circulation to the coronary muscle and surrounding tissues of the heart. It is a disease of the artery caused by a buildup of plaque along the walls of the artery. Symptoms of this disease include chest pain and heart attack.

Cardiomyophathy is a disease of the heart muscle and leads to the deterioration of this muscle. Arrhythmia and sudden death are the risks of this disorder.

Cardiovascular Disease is any number of specific disorders of the heart or its blood supply system. Known causes of this disease include hypertension, diabetes, hyperhomocysteinemia (which is a condition characterized by high levels of amino acids in the system where deficiencies of folic acid and vitamin B12 can lead to the high levels of homocystein in the blood) and hypercholesterolemia (which is also a condition of the blood usually presenting high levels of cholesterol in the blood and is a metabolic derangement, not a disease, but is caused by cardiovascular disease).

Ischaemic Heart Disease is a condition of the heart which reduces the supply of blood to organs of the body.

Heart Failure is a condition that results from functional or structural disorders in the heart which impedes the process of pumping the blood throughout the entire body.

Hypertensive Heart Disease is a condition caused by high blood pressure.

Inflammatory Heart Disease is the result of inflammation of the heart and surrounding tissues of the heart.

Do Vampires Really Exist?

Vampires are as old as time…

They are everywhere, in books, movies, art, and the real world. Vampire stories and vampire history has always been collectively branched with the vampire myth and folklore.

Pale white skin, blood smelling breath, and red eyes are the most recognized image of a vampire worldwide but do vampires really exist? Nowadays, we often hear of the words “real life vampires” and “modern day vampires”. Most characterize these people as “lifestylers”, “goth”, and “punk” but what they don’t realize is most of these folks are indeed real vampires!

Most vampires drink blood but they aren’t out on a drinking spree and more often than not, vampires require very few ounces of blood to satisfy that hunger. The uninformed, ridicule this practice and often misconceive it as works of evil or think of the person as a freak or psychopath.

Over the years, you may have seen news reports of blood triggered killings, these crimes were mostly committed by vampires who didn’t really understand their true nature and unstable people who thought they were vampires, claiming that the killing was mandated by the devil or a voice. Such killings can never be blamed to real vampires or the vampire community as most of the time they were triggered by factors other than vampirism.

Not all vampires drink blood. The purpose of drinking blood is to acquire “chi” or life force from the blood. Vampires who drink blood do not drink blood to show people that it’s cool or something, blood drinking is very different to smoking. It is an innate desire, hunger if you must call it! Vampires who drink blood are called blood feeders or Sanguinarians in the vampire world.

Please be aware that by vampires, I do not refer to Blood Dracula or some “Joe” who claims he’s a 400 year old undead. As far as I’m concerned, the undead never existed but oddly it has been feared for centuries.

Another type of vampires is what they call “Psi” or Psychic vampires. They do not drink blood but they do acquire chi in various psychic forms. Have you had an experience of feeling really, really drained after talking or standing in front of a person for quite a while? Hmm… such an irresponsible vampire!

Vampires exist and they are much more like you, only with very special needs and with very special abilities.

Fangs aren’t much of a requisite, there are people who are born with a pair of fangs but you can’t really say who’s who just by the looks. True, vampires grow old slower than the average person, especially if they are well nourished and if they are aware of their being a vampire that helps them address their special needs.

Vampires are people who either lack the ability to produce or maintain chi or what we call life energy and blood is the ultimate source of chi as it powers life. Again, responsible drinking practices are observed, at least most of the time. Most blood feeders have their own donors which range from close friends to life partners, and drinking your own blood doesn’t make any sense. There are some misinformed young people who think blood drinking is cool and so they go drinking each other’s blood. Sanitary practices are always observed by responsible vampires, blood drinking is a very sensitive matter and the risks of infections are everywhere. If you don’t feel the need to, please don’t drink blood just so other people will think you’re cool or something. Just leave it to real life vampires who really needs to.

Again, vampires exist but they are far from what the media or fiction have inculcated in your mind. Vampires are people who, in most of the ways, are just like you. They study and earn a living, some of them are popular, others are not and if they’re really into you, no garlic or crucifix will ever put them away!

But don’t worry, vampires are just as dangerous and gentle as an average person.

Is Female Hair Loss Permanent and Irreversible?

Women who experience hair loss often worry that the results will be permanent and that they may soon become completely bald. Fortunately this is rarely the case. The most common hair loss disorders that affect women can often be improved or reversed. It is only when the follicle is damaged or no longer alive that the condition is permanent.

Telogen Effluvium

Telogen effluvium does not damage or destroy follicles. Although the shedding may become severe, the hair within the follicle is always replaced. If excessive shedding is short-lived the hair growth cycle will return to normal within six months. When the condition is long-lasting, recurrent, or episodic there may be noticeable thinning and a dramatic decrease in volume, as the new growth will not be able to keep up with the loss. Telogen effluvium is caused by an internal imbalance. Indentifying and correcting the imbalance will help restore the hair growth cycle.

Alopecia Areata

With alopecia areata the follicles lay dormant but remain alive. The hair that falls out is not immediately replaced. Instead the follicles remain empty until they receive the signal to once again produce hair. Re-activation can occur at anytime. The longer the follicle is inactive and the more extensive the disease, the more difficult re-growth may be, but the potential always remains. Some persons with this condition have experienced regrowth even after ten years of no growth. Advanced forms of this condition can cause total baldness of scalp or entire body. Because this is an autoimmune disorder, therapy would involve balancing and supporting immune system, as well as using topical agents such as essential oils to stimulate new growth.

Androgenetic Alopecia

Androgenetic alopecia is also known as female pattern baldness. This condition does not cause true baldness and does not cause actual shedding of hair. Instead of falling out, certain hairs (mostly on top area of head) progressively become thinner due to follicle shrinkage. The thinner hairs provide less scalp coverage. This is a slow and gradual process. It does not become as severe or extensive as male pattern baldness. With this condition some follicles may eventually close up especially if there was an early onset, allowing the process to continue and progress for a longer length of time. Reducing inflammation, keep body fit and healthy and keeping follicles nourished and energized can help inhibit the progression.

Cicatricial Alopecia

Cicatricial alopecia, also known as scarring alopecia is the one category of hair loss that causes permanent balding. There are many different conditions within this category. Altogether these conditions account for only approximately three percent of all hair loss cases. The loss is permanent because the follicle is destroyed and replaced with scar tissue. The scarring is not visible on the scalp because it is below the surface. A scalp biopsy is the most accurate way to verify if scarring has occurred.

Some of the disorders within this category include discoid lupus, lichen planopilaris, frontal fibrosing alopecia, pseudopelade, etc. This condition can also occur due to external injury to the scalp from using harsh chemicals that burn the scalp, severe trichotillomania, or other injuries.

Skull Base Tumors: Treatment Options

Head and neck tumors touching or even extending through the skull base require intervention by a multidisciplinary team of skull base surgeons, head and neck surgeons, neuroradiologists, and oncologists. Many tumors previously considered inoperable can now be treated using endoscopic and microsurgical techniques, which markedly reduce mortality and morbidity rates. Tumors forming in the orbit, paranasal sinuses, and base of the skull on which the brain sits, rest in sensitive areas that demand expertise and skill to avoid serious damage and disfiguring scars.

Generally, surgery poses the greatest benefits for patients with skull base tumors, especially for benign lesions. Often, physicians treat malignant tumors with a combination of surgery, radiotherapy, and chemotherapy. Radiation, including radiosurgery or brachytherapy, helps preserve a patient’s basic mental and motor functions over longer intervals than does standard radiotherapy. Physicians generally reserve chemotherapy for patients with inoperable tumors. Many postoperative patients require a period of rehabilitation therapy due to the sensitive nature of these tumors.

Serious skull base cancers often necessitate surgical removal, but the presence of critical neurovascular structures often limits surgical options. Specialized surgeons must identify and preserve these vital structures and often embrace multiple surgical approaches, such as transcranial-subtemporal, transochlear, anterior transpetrosal, tranmaxillary, and postauricular incisions. Should surgery prove initially impossible, a combination of radiation and chemotherapy may allow a surgeon to intervene at a later time.

Due to the complex relationships of these tumors to important brain and vascular structures, surgeons experienced in skull base approaches and techniques invariably have the best reported results.

Banish Cold Sores in 3 Steps Review – How to Get Rid of Cold Sores Fast

Do you want to know how to get rid of cold sores fast? Currently, all the medicines that have been developed to fight cold sores have some side effects, and are not very useful in fighting the condition. I know because I am an ex-sufferer of the cold sores problem, and I was told by my doctor that my condition is very difficult to cure. Luckily, I did not give up my search for a cure and found the Banish Cold Sores guide to be very effective in treating this problem.

1. How Does The Banish Cold Sores System Work?

This system consists of 3 simple and all natural steps that have helped me stopped my cold sore outbreaks completely. These steps will introduce fighting agents into your body that can be used to kill the HSV1 virus that is causing your cold sore outbreaks. Within days after applying the steps, my condition got better and finally healed after about a week!

This guide will also teach you many useful facts and statistics about cold sores which will help you understand this condition better. With a better understanding of the problem, you will know how to fight it and how not to make the cold sores worse.

2. Using Aromatherapy to Speed Up The Recovery Process

Another method that practitioners claim to work is to use aromatherapy. This involves applying essential oils like tea tree, lemon balm, rose and bergamot etc. to speed up the recovery process. Even though I have not tried this method personally, I have heard many good testimonials about it.

3. Relieving Stress to Reduce Cold Sore Outbreaks

Stress may be the reason for your outbreaks. You should exercise regularly to boost your body’s immune system and reduce the amount of stress that you are feeling. This can decrease the number of outbreaks you experience.

The Pneumonia

Clinical Presentation:

The respiratory tract is the most typical site of infection by pathogenic microorganisms. Pneumonia accounts for 1.2 million hospitalizations every year in the United States, with an estimated 58,000 deaths. Pneumonia, together with influenza, is the leading cause of death from an infectious illness within the United States.

Diagnosis and management of pneumonia need knowledge of host risk elements, potential infectious agents, and environmental exposures. Pneumonia is an infection from the lung tissue caused by a number of different bacteria, viruses, parasites, and fungi, resulting in inflammation of the lung parenchyma and accumulation of an inflammatory exudate within the airways.

Infection usually begins in the alveoli, with secondary spread towards the interstitium, resulting in consolidation and impaired gas exchange. Infection can also extend towards the pleural space, causing pleurisy (inflammation of the pleura, characterized by pain on inspiration). The exudative response from the pleura to pneumonia is termed parapneumonic effusion, which itself can become infected and develop into frank pus (empyema).

Etiology:

Despite technologic advances in diagnosis, a particular causative agent isn’t identified in as numerous as 50% of instances of community-acquired pneumonia. Even in instances in which a microbiologic diagnosis is made, there’s generally a delay of several days before the pathogen can be identified and antibiotic susceptibility determined.

Symptoms are nonspecific and do not reliably differentiate the various causes of pneumonia. Therefore, knowledge of one of the most common etiologic organisms is crucial in determining rational empiric antibiotic regimens. Bacterial causes of community pneumonia vary by comorbid illness and severity of pulmonary infection S pneumoniae may be the most typical organism isolated in community-acquired pneumonia in both immunocompetent and immunocompromised people.

A number of additional organisms require special consideration in specific hosts or simply because of public wellness significance. Understanding and identifying affected person chance factors (eg, smoking, HIV infection) and host defense mechanisms (cough reflex, cell-mediated immunity) focuses attention on the most likely etiologic agents, guides empiric therapy, and suggests possible interventions to reduce further chance.

For instance, sufferers who have suffered strokes and have impaired ability to protect their airways are at risk for aspirating oropharyngeal secretions. Precautions for example avoiding thin liquids in these patients might reduce the chance of future lung infections. Likewise, an HIV-infected affected person with a low CD4 lymphocyte count is at chance for pneumocystic pneumonia and should be given prophylactic antibiotics.

Pathogenesis:

Even though pneumonia is really a relatively common illness, it occurs infrequently in immunocompetent people. This can be attributed towards the effectiveness of host defenses, such as anatomic barriers and cleansing mechanisms within the nasopharynx and upper airways and local humoral and cellular factors within the alveoli.

Normal lungs are sterile below the very first major bronchial divisions. Pulmonary pathogens reach the lungs by one of four routes: (1) direct inhalation of infectious respiratory droplets, (2) aspiration of oropharyngeal contents, (three) direct spread along the mucosal membrane surface from the upper towards the lower respiratory system, and (4) hematogenous spread.

Incoming air with suspended particulate matter is subjected to turbulence within the nasal passages and then to abrupt changes in direction as the airstream is diverted through the pharynx and along the branches from the tracheobronchial tree. Particles larger than 10 mm are trapped within the nose or pharynx;

those with diameters of 2-9 mm are deposited about the mucociliary blanket; only smaller particles achieve the alveoli. M tuberculosis and Legionella pneumophila are examples of bacteria that are deposited directly within the lower airways through inhalation of small airborne particles.

Bacteria trapped in the upper airways can colonize the oropharynx and subsequently be transported into the lungs either by “microaspiration” or by overt aspiration via an open epiglottis (eg, in sufferers who lose consciousness after excessive alcohol intake).

The respiratory epithelium has unique properties for fighting off infection. Epithelial cells are covered with beating cilia blanketed by a layer of mucus. Every cell has about 200 cilia that beat up to 500 times/min, moving the mucus layer upward toward the larynx. The mucus itself contains antimicrobial compounds such as lysozyme and secretory IgA antibodies.

Chronic cigarette smokers have decreased mucociliary clearance secondary to damage of cilia and should, therefore, rely a lot more heavily on the cough reflex to clear aspirated material, excess secretions, and foreign bodies. Bacteria that achieve the terminal bronchioles, alveolar ducts, and alveoli are inactivated primarily by alveolar macrophages and neutrophils.

Opsonization from the microorganism by complement and antibodies enhances phagocytosis by these cells. Impairment at any level of host defenses increases the chance of developing pneumonia. Children with cystic fibrosis have defective ciliary activity and are prone to develop recurrent sinopulmonary infections, particularly with S aureus and P aeruginosa.

Sufferers with neutropenia, whether acquired or congenital, are also susceptible to lung infections with gram-negative bacteria and fungi. Antigenic stimulation of T cells leads towards the production of lymphokines that activate macrophages with enhanced bactericidal activity. HIV-infected sufferers have depleted CD4 T lymphocyte counts and are pre-disposed to a variety of bacterial (including mycobacterial) and fungal infections.

Clinical Manifestations:

Most patients with pneumonia have fever, cough, tachypnea, tachycardia, and an infiltrate on chest x-ray film. Extrapulmonary manifestations that might supply clues to the etiologic agents consist of pharyngitis (Chlamydia pneumoniae), erythema nodosum rash (fungal and mycobacterial infections), and diarrhea (Legionella).

The following questions aid in guiding empiric therapy for a affected person who presents with signs or symptoms consistent with pneumonia: (1) Is this pneumonia community acquired or healthcare acquired (eg, hospital, nursing house)? (2) Is this affected person immunocompromised (HIV infected, a transplant recipient)? (three) Is this affected person an injection drug user?

(4) Has this patient had a recent alteration in consciousness (suggestive of aspiration)? (5) Are the symptoms acute (days) or chronic (weeks to months)? (6) Has this patient lived in or traveled through geographic areas associated with particular endemic infections (histoplasmosis, coccidioidomycosis)?

(7) Has this affected person had recent zoonotic exposures related to pulmonary infections (psittacosis, Q fever)? (8) Could this affected person have a contagious infection of public wellness significance (tuberculosis)? (9) Could this patient’s pulmonary virus be associated with a common source exposure (Legionella or influenza outbreak)?

Choosing How To Keep Seafood Cold When Shipping In Foam Coolers

The most popular way to ship a few pounds or so of seafood across long distances (from state to state or even across country) is to utilize 1 1/2 inch to 2 inch thick foam shipping coolers (recyclable) coupled with either dry ice or gel packs for keeping the contents cold long enough to reach the destination while still thoroughly fresh and ready to prepare.

This arrangement is economical and proven reliable, plus the higher quality foam shipping coolers used for this purpose tend to be constructed for reuse, being generally leak resistant and well-formed. Also, gel packs are reusable, whereas dry ice evaporates into its original gaseous state.

NOTE: Do NOT use a cheap, easily breakable foam cooler typically purchased from department stores. They are NOT constructed for the kind of heavy-duty pounding expected of quality foam shipping coolers!

Gel Packs For Shipping Seafood

Gel packs (also known as PCMs, gel ice, and blue ice) are sturdy packs of ‘liquid feel’ gel refrigerant chemicals that freeze at 32 degrees Fahrenheit (0 degrees Celsius) like water, only when they get warm again they don’t melt all over the place because they are in sealed packs, completely reusable as long as the packs are not punctured or contaminated. You’ll want to consider packing enough gel packs to match the weight of your seafood – or maybe a bit more than that.

Dry Ice For Frozen Items

As a frozen gas (carbon dioxide), dry ice evaporates (sublimates) at a rate of about 5 to 10 pounds during a 24 hour period, so you have to plan for how much you’re going to need depending on whether you are doing an overnight or 2-day shipping (or longer). Obviously, shipping charges are going to get higher because of the increased weight per day, yet the effectiveness of dry ice makes it very popular. Sublimation starts immediately upon purchase, so if you’re not doing your packing while standing in a walk-in freezer or cold storage, then you definitely need to be quick about it. There are special labeling rules for dry ice packages, so be sure to ask your shipping provider.

When you pack your foam shipping cooler, it’s best to do so in a cold environment such as a walk-in freezer, or as close to cold as you can get. That way, your container is already cooled and your refrigerants and seafood are not in contact with heat. The closer your contents are to preferred temperatures before packing, the better your end result.

That said, the next question is…

“Should I Use Dry Ice Or Should I Go With Gel Packs?”

Well, that depends on the type of seafood and whether it’s still alive when you ship it and if you want it still living when it gets to the delivery point.

Let’s say you’ve just come in from a fun deep-sea fishing charter on a boat with a live well full of tasty red snapper, mahi-mahi (dolphin fish), trigger fish, or tuna. Perhaps you’ve been vacationing along the coast and decided to pick up a few pounds or so of lobster or other seafood at a local shop. In either case, you may want to enjoy some of that delicious fare when you get back home (or make it so that friends or relatives can enjoy it), which means you will need to ship that seafood in an expeditious manner with the least amount of expense that gets the desired result of a fresh arrival.

Do You Want Live Seafood To Arrive Alive?

In the case of live seafood such as freshly caught lobsters, you don’t want to use a refrigerant (or an amount of refrigerant) that will freeze them to death or cause them a degree of shock that results in their demise. To maintain the temperatures and conditions necessary to keep lobsters, mud bugs (crawfish) and such alive during expedited shipping, avoid the use of dry ice and go with the gel packs.

Do You Want Your Seafood To Remain Frozen?

Best to pre-freeze your contents in that case, but if you haven’t the time or resources, ensure to package so that you’ve enough refrigerant to lower the temperature enough to do the job for you, maintaining a proper temperature range during the entire shipping trip.

Dry ice is excellent at keeping seafood frozen, but you can effectively do the same thing by pre-freezing the appropriate number and weight of gel packs. The advantage of gel packs is that they are reusable.

If you do not want your goods to be frozen, you can adjust the amount of refrigerant, shipping time, or how much insulation you place between the refrigerant and seafood. As an example, some people will place unfrozen gel packs as a barrier between their seafood and the frozen gel packs. That way, the frozen gel packs cool the unfrozen ones which in turn chill the seafood itself.

So, in your shipping plan, take into consideration the time frame (overnight, 2-day, or longer), shipping charges incurred due to weight (you’ll need more dry ice which may increase your package volume causing you to purchase a larger foam shipping cooler, cardboard container box, etc.), and whether you want your contents frozen, cold, or merely chilled. These things will determine whether you use dry ice or gel packs and how much of either when shipping seafood in foam coolers across long distances.

Eczema and Homeopathy

Is this eczema resolved or is it suppressed? This is an important distinction that is not considered in modern medicine. In homeopathy, however, it is a critical one. Homeopathy approaches health from a different position than modern medicine. It sees the use of drugs as a serious impairment on the well being of the human.

When a drug, such as cortisone or other creams, is applied, the pathology still remains. Only the outer experience or appearance is addressed. However, the disease not only remains, but is driven deeper into the essence of the person. In other words, the illness isn’t cured; it becomes subterranean.

On a practical level, what does this mean? Well, it is no mystery that eczema and asthma are keenly connected. They are both pathology of epithelial cells that are exposed to outside elements. Hence, the skin and lungs are not only similar, but are representations of each other. So, when cortisone, or the like, is applied to the skin, the eczema recedes after time and lung issues, such as asthma, bronchitis, etc. often appear. This means that when we suppress an illness on the skin that is undeniably uncomfortable, we’re trading it for a disease of the lungs that can be life threatening. The trade is a less serious illness for a more sobering one. Not a sound choice.

In the world of homeopathy with its proven laws of health, the homeopath works to assist the person’s ability to resolve the illness with a gentle stimulus from the remedy. Instead of slamming the sufferer with a new more potent illness, the remedy gently nudges the sufferer’s ability to resolve the pathology on her own.

Consider the woman who had been suffering from eczema that included cracking of the skin, relentless itching at night and inability to use her hands for her daily work. The reason she chose homeopathy was because it had worked so well for her children and husband for other illnesses. This eruption wasn’t resolved in very short order. In fact, it took months. However, during that period of time, other areas of discomfort were also resolved.

The remedy chosen for this undeniable transformation was Mezerium. It is specific for eruptions in a “stocking-glove” distribution on hands and feet. It relates to skin that is cracking and even patterned in a geometric fashion. There can also be corresponding pain in the bones. There is a sensitivity to touch with anxiety and irritability as common concomitants.

Until her hands were cleared, the young mother used nothing over the counter or prescribed. The only thing that is acceptable on the skin is from the kitchen. That is, if the skin product can’t fully be eaten, it does not belong on the skin. Lard, unsalted butter, plain yogurt, coconut oil and olive oil are examples of acceptable skin creams. Unpronounceable ingredients don’t belong in or on our body.

All skin difficulties, such as eczema, psoriasis, warts, acne and the like, are outward pathology that represent the inner health of the person. If driven inward, that pathology will become a more profound infirmity. If the eczema is suppressed with drugs of commerce, asthma usually follows.

For true skin and subterranean health, choose homeopathy. It is not superficial or of questionable safety. Indeed, it is the vigor of clear, glowing skin that everyone deserves.

The information provided in this article is for educational purposes only and may not be construed as medical advice. The reader is encouraged to make independent inquires and to seek the advice of a licensed health care provider.

Personal Injury – Dislocated Joints

When an individual suffers a severe blow to one of his or her  joints , he or she may be left with a  dislocated   joint . Unlike a subluxated joint, a joint dislocation is a complete separation between two connected bones.  Dislocated   joints  are often painful and may have long-term effects.

In many cases, individuals suffer dislocations in accidents that occur because of another person’s negligent action. This may include a car wreck, sports injury, slip and fall accident, or some other occurrence that causes an individual to suffer blunt trauma to a joint.

Any  joint  in an individual’s body may become  dislocated . Common  dislocated   joints  include:

  • Shoulders and elbows
  • Knees and ankles
  • Fingers and toes

What is notable about joint dislocations is that ligament damage almost always accompanies the injury. This is because ligaments get stretched beyond their means and may tear or rupture when a joint separates.

Because of the accompanying ligament damage, individuals with dislocations often must undergo surgery to repair the ligaments and any other damage resulting from the dislocation.

When an individual suffers a joint dislocation, he or she should never attempt to realign the joint. Since joints are surrounded by ligaments, tendons, nerves, and muscles, incorrect realignment may lead to further damage, which is often serious.

As such, dislocation victims should seek immediate medical attention and have experienced medical professionals treat their  dislocated   joints .

Since negligence may factor in a joint dislocation, it is important for those affected by dislocation to seek legal counsel to learn whether they may be entitled to financial compensation for their injuries.

Treatment For Shoulder Dislocation Injuries

It is inevitable that with so much arm movement, somehow an injury involving the shoulders can happen. This can be due to a bad fall or simply, with the overuse of the joints near the shoulders. Simple activities such as carrying a heavy bag or extreme exercise or sports activities can lead to shoulder dislocation.

Dislocated shoulder brings extreme pain to the patient, and most often, leaves the patient in anguish for a couple of weeks. What’s worse, the pain a patient experiences can sometimes extend to the arms. Also, patients experience different sensations like tingles and numbness and if the condition worsens, the shoulder looks disfigured than it really is. Sometimes, a noticeable hallowed skin shows or has a swollen appearance.

Treating shoulder injuries entails rehabilitation of the entire arm. During rehabilitation, or what is called closed reduction treatment, doctors would sometimes swing or bend the injured arm to ease muscle contraction and to be able to reposition the arm right away. This can really be painful for the patient, thus, patients are administered pain killers and anti-inflammatory medicines prior to the treatment. In severe shoulder dislocation cases, an operation is the only solution to bring back the dislocated arm and joints together. This is called open reduction treatment.

Regardless of the treatment directed to the patient, doctors will definitely require them to wear braces or slings in order to avoid unnecessary movements on the injured arm. The length of time will primarily depend on the extent of the injury and the treatment applied on the arm. In most cases, continued rehabilitation exercises are needed for the arm to fully gain strength and muscle control until gradually, the pain subsides and the arm is back to normal.

Healing time for shoulder injuries usually takes three to five months. In several cases, former patients experience a repeat of the injury because either they did not complete the whole rehabilitation process or they took treatment and follow up instructions for granted. If this continues to happen, permanent damage to the joints and arms may occur. So, to avoid any forms of inconvenience, patients are advised to continually do some simple exercises and follow out-patient instructions as well.

Hip Fracture Medical Care and Cost

In 2009, there were 220,000 and rising hip fractures in the US. Since getting older is a big risk factor for hip fracture, the aging demographics of the U. S. Population would imply that the amount of people sustaining hip splinters is anticipated to grow noticeably in the approaching decades. Hip fractures merit awfully extensive thought due to their dramatic effects on the working and contentment of old patients.

The likelihood of death down to a hip fracture vs age-matched controls is roughly 15%, but more dramatic are the decrements in function that usually go with this disease. Acute mortality is approximately five percent.

Regardless of enhancements in perioperative medical management, pain-killer strategies, and surgical approaches that have made the fixing of hip fracture safer, functional recovery remains quite poor. Sadly, less than half people who were independent before fracture can walk independently one year after fracture, and a full twenty p. c. become absolutely nonambulatory.

Only about 1/3, or up to 40 percent, recover their full activities of daily living to their premorbid state. A major proportion of patients need to modify residency, and about one quarter will then be placed in a retirement home for long term care. Doctors evaluated the time course of recovery in different domains and demonstrated that recovery time was precise to each domain. As an example, depressive symptomatology and upper-extremity function principally recovers in the 1st four months after fracture, while lower-extremity function takes nearer to one year for full recovery to happen. These decrements in function actually have an effect on standard of living for the individual together with a major result on the medical care system. It’s thought that care of patients with hip fracture will cost the medical care system more than $140 billion. yearly by 2040. Prevent falls by identification and treatment of falls risk factors, and impedance of fracture by reducing falls and addressing osteoporosis are definitely the most vital strategies to cut back the morbidity linked with hip fractures. Nonetheless when this fails and the patient does suffer from a hip fracture, other approaches are required. This article focuses on the acute management of the patient with a hip fracture.

Readers are referred to alternative sources for more detailed discussions about longer-term rehab and recovery after hip fracture together with secondary prevention. Often neglected in caring for a patient with hip fracture is a nonoperative management plan, which is composed of immobilization with focused scrutiny to agony control, skin protection, deep vein thrombosis (DVT) prophylaxis, and controlling of pulmonary complications from immobility. Sadly, there are little information comparing nonoperative approaches with surgical approaches to help guide treatment calls. Though often hailed as a rather more effective path to pain alleviation, there isn’t any proof to support that surgery improves pain. Similarly, there aren’t any info on standard of life and carer burden after each approach, though these outcomes are certainly applicable to this population.

A systematic review broadcast in 2008 found some evidence that certain problems, anatomic alignment, and potentially function are all improved with surgical vs nonoperative therapy. but this review noted the info were too puny to draw firm conclusions. So, most authorities feel the first reason to think about a surgical approach over a nonoperative approach is when gain in function is the first target. Nonoperative approaches might be applicable for people with extremely limited life expectancies, those with dreadful comorbid conditions which make surgery discouraging, or people who are confined or just about bedridden before the fracture. Although is not a live or death situation hip surgery can affect the quality of life specially in the elderly.

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Benefits of Wearing Collar Bones

Today’s competitive world demands good look and talent. Presentation is also an important factor. You need to look smart and charming in any corporate area. There are a number of things that need to be taken into considerations. From costume, shoe to accessories, each and everything can play a crucial role in making you attractive and charming. When it comes to men’s shopping, there are a number of options available. Men’s fashion world is full with stylish costumes and accessories.

They add beauty and elegance thereby increasing your confidence level. There are various types of accessories for men. Collar bones or collar stiffeners are quite popular among the fashion conscious men. Though apparently, it may not appear to be an essential part of the men’s fashion wardrobe, but it does play a crucial role in making men smart and look perfect.

Collar bones are considered as one of the popular accessories for men. It helps in maintaining the look and feel of the shirts collar. You can find a wide range of options in the collar stays. Metal collar stiffeners and plastic collar stiffeners fit almost all the major branded shirts. They can also serve as a great gift. You can make your close one feel more special by gifting a collar bone engraved with a line or quote or initials. It is one of the best ways of expressing your love for your near one.

It is not always possible to maintain the collar of the shirt in the right position. It may not be crisp. By using collar bones or collar stays, you can ease this problem. Collar stays or collar bones are the best ways of keeping the collars of the shirt rigid and crisp.

Generally, collar stays have a sleek and stylish look. They can be made of different types of materials, like metal, brass, sterling silver, horn or plastic. Whatever the preference is, customers will get the right kind of collar stiffeners or collars bones.

While buying any item, we consider some issues. Quality is off course an important factor to consider. Apart from that budget also plays a crucial role. While buying collar stays, you don’t need to be tensed about the budget as there are both low ranged and high ranged collar stiffeners or collar bones. Plastic collar stiffener is a great option for the people who have tight budget. Plastic collar bones are not expensive. In comparison to brass and silver collar stays, plastic collar stays are less expensive. The best part is that, they are easy to use and easy to maintain. You will not have to put much effort in inserting the collar stiffener into the collar of the shirt.

Cerebral Palsy Attorney

Parents are hit hard the moment they learn that their child has cerebral palsy. After nine months of expecting the baby’s birth, parents are often devastated when that baby is inflicted by an impairment caused by damage to the brain.

Cerebral palsy is a condition of the brain that affects the control of muscles and movement. It is non-progressive ailment yet often incapacitates the patient. A child with cerebral palsy is often shackled to a wheelchair and required a lifetime of professional medical care. The child’s parents will suffer emotionally and will be forced to carry the heavy burden, both physical and financial.

The financial consequence to a lifelong treatment of cerebral palsy is the most difficult thing to handle by most parents. A rough estimate on the totaled expenses of a lifetime of treatment costs is equivalent to over $500,000. This figure is quite overwhelming, especially when there’s no one to ask help from.

Parents can turn to a cerebral palsy lawyer for legal help. This is especially true when the circumstances that lead to occurrence of it to a child are caused by bad medical practice.

Can You Really Blame Medical Malpractice for Cerebral Palsy?

In the US alone, thousands of babies and young children are diagnosed with cerebral palsy each year. The causes of cerebral palsy are still uncertain, but many evidences from numerous studies have shown that the damage to the brain incurred during and/or after childbirth may result to this.

The incurable cerebral palsy is believed to be caused by brain damage; but the factors that could lead to brain damage are certainly preventable. The hospital administration, the hospital staff, and the medical personnel are all responsible for the safety of both the baby and the mother during the birthing process. A number of measures should be taken by the hospital medical staff to provide protection to all patients.

Some basic precautionary measures are as follows:

  1. Provide adequate oxygen supply to both the mother and the baby during delivery;
  2. Examine the mother and child for any maternal or fetal infections so that diagnosis and treatment can be done immediately;
  3. Prepare to perform a C-section operation to deliver child in case of emergency;
  4. Knowledgeable use of equipment for child delivery; namely, vacuum extraction device and forceps; and,
  5. Detect indications of fetal distress and respond at once.

Everyone in the medical profession knows that failure to abide to these basic safety rules may cause irrevocable damage to the brain of the newborn, which may result to cerebral palsy.

Contact a Cerebral Palsy Lawyer If:

  1. The mother suffered difficulty while in labor and during child delivery.
  2. The mother had an operation by C-section.
  3. The baby was born by normal delivery but with use of forceps and/or vacuum extraction.
  4. The baby needed resuscitation or had a seizure right after birth.
  5. The baby had an infection (viral or bacterial), like meningitis.
  6. The baby had jaundice.
  7. Both the mother and the baby suffered any kind of complications during childbirth.

Clean Needle Technique for Acupuncture

Clean Needle Technique

Infection Control – Practitioner’s Hygiene

Physical cleanliness includes not only adequate hand washing but it also includes such things as wearing clean clothes (i.e. lab coat), long hair being tied back, and nails being kept clean and short. Cuts/abrasions should be covered by and band-aid and/or glove. Do not work with an upper respiratory condition.

Hand Washing –

A practitioner should wash their hands before and after each patient contact. Soap with an antibacterial agent is preferred and strongly recommended. Clean paper towels should be used to dry the hands. When washing your hands, friction and running water are very important to help remove surface germs from the epidermal layer of the skin.

Germ Theory –

If a sterile object touches a non-sterile surface, the object is no longer sterile. All needles must be properly sterilized for needle insertion. The shafts of the needle, especially longer needles, can be stabilized with a sterile cotton ball or sterile gauze. If the needle touches any object (i.e. pants, clothing, bed) or if it is dropped on the floor, the needle is considered contaminated and should not be used. All used alcohol swabs and needle packaging must be disposed of from the clean area. Suction cups that come in contact with the skin require either sterilization or disinfection prior to each use.

Packaging –

All needles that are packaged should be checked for sterilization expiration dates. Any package that is wet, torn or expired is no longer considered sterile.

Types of Sterilization

1. Steam

2. Boiling

3. Dry heat sterilization

4. Chemical sterilization

Disinfection

3 Types of Disinfection

1. Halogen – includes chlorine and

2. Phenol – pure phenol is derived from coal tar

3. Alcohol – two types of alcohol: Isopropyl and Ethyl

Antisepsis

There are 3 types of Antisepsis

1. Iodine

2. Alcohols

3. Hexachlorophenes

Iodine is a popular antiseptic, and it is used in concentrations of 70%-90%. Be careful with using iodine, as it can leave permanent stains on clothing. Isopropyl Alcohol is an effective antiseptic as well. Always keep lids of alcohol bottles closed to keep the 100% concentration. When swiping the skin, the cotton ball or swab should be applied in one fluid wipe. Do not swipe the skin in a back and forth or circular motion. Alcohol should not be applied to mucous membranes or open wounds.

Needle Disposal

All needles must be discarded in proper sharps containers according to Public Health Regulation. Alcohol swabs or cotton balls should be discarded into the trash unless they are completely soaked in blood.

Iatrogenic Complications

1. Forgotten Needle: There have been instances where a practitioner has forgotten to take a needle out. Practitioners should try to keep a needle count. This may reduce the risk of forgotten needles. A forgotten needle could cause possible harm/injury.

2. Broken Needle: Very thin needles (> 34 gauge) are more susceptible to break during insertion. A broken needle with the shaft visible above the skin may be safely removed in a sterile clamp, but if a needle has broken and it is beneath the surface of the skin, it will require a medical referral.

3. Locked or Stuck Needle: Locked or a stuck needle can result from muscle spasms or if the patient moves. The result in a stuck needle because the muscle tissue around the needle spasms and locks the needle in place. When this occurs the needle should never be forcibly removed. You must stop the electro-acupunctoscope and allow the patient to rest. Gently massage the area or meridian of the stuck needle helps with the release of the needle. If the stuck needle is a result of the patient moving, the patient should assume original position then the needle can be taken out.

Pneumothorax

It is one of the most commonly reported complications of Acupuncture in the Medical Literature. A pneumothorax occurs when the surface of the lung is punctured, allowing air to leave from the lung into the pleual cavity. The most common point involved is GB21 and points around the neck and shoulder girdle. The best prevention is the use of correct needle depth and angle.

Blood Vessel

Puncture of small superficial veins is not uncommon. When this occurs, one must apply pressure on the affected site for about one minute. The Practitioner should always inform the patient of a hematoma. Arterial puncture is more serious. You must apply firm pressure for about 3-5 minutes for bleeding of a small artery.

Organ Puncture

All organs are susceptible to being punctured if needled incorrectly. The organs that are more susceptible to being punctured are the bladder, kidneys, enlarged spleen or liver. And the peritoneal cavity. If one is needling lower abdominal points, as the patient to empty their bladder.

Spinal Cord Trauma

Loss of sensation or movement can result from a needle that penetrates the spinal cord.

Neuritis

Inflammation of the nerve can result from needling directly over nerves or from needling using strong electric stimulation. If the nerve is inflamed, the patient could experience numbness, electrical sensation or motor weakness.

Infection

Allergic Dermatitis

Signs and symptoms include redness of skin, an itching/burning sensation, and pain or discomfort at the site of insertion. Acupuncture needles containing nickel and chromium have been known to cause allergic dermatitis.

Miscellaneous Infections

Miscellaneous infections that can occur, include septicemia, osteomylitis, bacterial endocarditis, meningitis and hepatitis. The only methods of prevention for these conditions are the use of sterile needles and identification of high-risk patients.

Other Complications or Side Effects

1. Nausea – nausea may be experienced by the patient if strong parasympathetic stimulation occurs during needling. Needles should be withdrawn immediately if nausea or vomiting persist.

2. Normal Side Effects – You will often hear comments such as “I feel light-headed” or “mild disorientation” or “euphoria”. These are all normal side effects of acupuncture. Sometimes the patient may also feel cold with prolonged needle retention (more than 20-30 minutes).

Contraindications to Treatment

People who are under the influence of drugs or alcohol, those with an empty stomach, those who are emotionally unstable or those who have just finished physical exertion should not be treated with acupuncture.

Contraindications of Electro-acupuncture

When using the electro-acupunctoscope, the current should never cross the back or the chest. The two branches of the same electrode should always be on the same side of the patient’s body. Electro-acupuncture is contraindicated during pregnancy and in those patients with any type of cardiac pacemaker.

Pregnancy

Traditional Chinese Medicine recommends against needling during any asymptomatic, normal pregnancy. If there are symptoms, needling specifically towards the symptom is allowed.

Electrical Stimulation & Acupuncture

Waveform/Frequency/Intensity

Specifications for model AWQ-104E

• Pulse Shape: Biphasic Rectangular Wave

• Pulse width: 350 uS at X1, 40us at X10

• Pulse rate (frequency): 1-120Hz at X(1) 10-1200Hz at X(10)

• Wave form: adjustable, dense-disperse, intermittent

• Output current (intensity): 0-18mA (Lo) 0-40mA(Hi)

• Channel: 4

• Point detector

Manipulation

• Make sure that you examine the electro-acupunctoscope before each use.

• Insert the needle (with metal handle) and get Qi sensation

• Make sure all the knobs are turned to zero before hooking the electro-acupunctoscope to the needles.

• Connect the electrical stimulator with needles.

• Turn power on.

• Adjust the electro-acupunctoscope to the appropriate waveforms and frequency

• Adjust the intensity to a comfortable level.

• If intensity “Hi-Lo”switch, or frequency “1-10″switch, or polarity need to be changed, the output intensity (and frequency sometime) should be turned down to zero.

• Treatment should last 15-20min

• Make sure all the knobs to zero before turning off the power and take away the conducting wire.

Notes:

• 2 needles complete a circuit

• Connect negative end to primary point, positive end to secondary point

Waveforms

Dense wave (continuous)

High frequency: 50-100 pulses per second

Function and indications:

Inhibit sensory nerves and motor nerves

Relieve pain, calms the mind, relieve spasm of the muscles

Disperse /Sparse wave (continuous)

Low frequency: 2-5 pulses per second

Function: Induce the contraction of muscles, and enhance the tension of muscle and ligament.

Indication: injury of muscle, ligament and joints.

Dense-disperse wave

Disperse wave and dense wave appear alternately, each last about 1.5 s. Prevent the body’s adaptation

Function:

Relieve pain, improve function of the organs, improve qi and blood circulation, improve nourishment of tissues, reduce inflammation

Indication: Pain, trauma, sprain, arthritis, sciatica, facial paralysis, weakness of muscles, etc.

Intermittent wave

A wave appears on and off rhythmically. Interval: 1.5s

Function: Stimulate the muscles

Indication: Paralysis.

Precautions/Contraindications

• Turn up the intensity of the electro-acupunctscope gradually so we can avoid incidences such as muscle contraction, broken needle and bent needle resulting from increased intensity.

• Number one priority is to keep the patient comfortable at all times.

• Mild stimulation is required when applying electro-acupuncture near the spine and brain stem.

• When applying electro-acupuncture on chest and back area in the region of the heart, do not connect points across two sides of the body to avoid the current passing through the heart.

• Do not apply stimulation in the region of the heart.

• Do not apply stimulation to patients with pacemakers or other electronic implants.

• Use electro-acupuncture cautiously for patients have heart diseases, seizure, and pregnant women.

• Electro-acupuncture should be used cautiously for patients who are aged or weak.

Disease treatment

Advantages

1. Better for nerve related problems

2. Stimulation is more measurable than manual

3. Many points can be stimulated at the same time (manual can stimulate only one at a time)

4. Stimulation can last longer. A typical treatment is usually 20 minutes. If you are stimulating manually, you usually only stimulate for a couple of minutes at the most.

• Points are selected in pairs

• Usually unilaterally

(Pair on same side left or right Do not cross from one side to another as that may interfere with heart action)

Causes of Nausea After Eating

Nausea can be brought on by several reasons. The most common causes for nausea include stomach problems and taking certain medications. Also, there are some people who might feel nauseous after eating food. The reasons for nausea after eating are many.

One of the main reasons for suffering from nausea right after eating is food poisoning. If food is contaminated, then a person will experience nausea. This is especially true after eating seafood and eggs. It can also happen after eating green leafy vegetables.

You can also suffer from nausea if you begin exercising right away after eating food. Therefore, it is advisable to refrain from doing exercise right after eating. Left a few hours go by before you think about getting your workout.

Nausea after eating can also be brought on due to food allergies. There are some people who are allergic certain kinds of food. When they consume this food, the body cannot digest it and this leads to nausea. So, it is best to find out whether you have any food intolerances.

You can also suffer from nausea after eating if you tend to eat your food fast and not chew is sufficiently. In this case, the person will have persistent nausea until the food gets digested. Another reason for nausea right after eating is consuming food that is rich and full of fat.

As you can see, there are several reasons for nausea after food. You need to find out the cause for your nausea. Making certain changes to your lifestyle and eating habits to help eliminate this problem for good. If the nausea is persistent and does not go away, then you should consult a doctor immediately.