Surgery For an Ovarian Cyst – How Will You Go Through the Surgery?

You may undergo a surgery to remove  cysts  larger than 5 centimeters in diameter. The majorities of ovarian  cysts  are benign and are functional  cysts , which mean they usually occur as the result of normal processes within the ovaries.

Surgical operation for an ovarian  cyst  is not a solution for ovarian  cyst  and this is not a guarantee that you will never have an ovarian  cyst  again. This is just a last resort to get rid of the extreme pain of an ovarian  cyst , which has gained a big size because of being ignored. A Doctor generally recommend removing an ovarian  cyst  only if the  cyst  is large, solid, has an irregular shape or could be cancerous. It has more possibilities to be removed if it is twisted or ruptured and is causing extreme pain. Older patients with ovarian  cysts  are more likely to need to have them removed since the likelihood of having a cancerous  cyst  increases with age.

A thorough physical examination is needed, before undergoing an ovarian  cyst  removal. Your doctor will need your medical history, and he will review any current medications that you may be going through. Your doctor will then order routine tests of blood and urine, as well as request that X-rays and CT scan of the abdomen will be done. So that he can confirm the diagnosis of your ovarian  cyst  and various positions to proceed for operation.

Your surgeon will either opt for a laparoscopic surgery or an open surgery to remove your ovarian  cyst . This generally depends on the state of the  cyst  and the views of the patient. However in some cases, where the  cyst  is large, there may not be an option and open surgery is needed.

Laparoscopic surgery involves a thin tube. This tube is inserted through a small incision in your lower abdomen. The tube helps to locate an ovarian  cyst  and with the help of this information, your surgeon will take steps to remove the  cyst .

If you had a large ovarian  cyst  and your doctor had advised to remove it, then a surgery under general anesthesia may be needed. You may suffer from some pain in the abdomen after surgery. You may also experience such complications as infection or bleeding. It is important to understand that recurrence of ovarian  cysts  is possible. In a few rare cases, the patient may also experience infertility and blood clots.

If during the surgical operation of your ovarian  cyst , no ovarian cancer is detected, then it is highly unlikely that there may be some other complications. You may be back to normal in a week or two after the surgery. However if ovarian cancer is found, the patient may need surgery to remove either one or both of the ovaries. After this procedure a treatment program for the ovarian cancer would need to be started.
The best approach to treat an ovarian  cyst  or even PCOS ” POLYCYSTIC Ovarian  Cyst ” is the Natural treatment called the Holistic Approach for Ovarian  Cyst .

When your ovarian  cyst  is removed by a surgery, then you should look out that these symptoms do not occur to you, symptoms like excessive pain, abdominal swelling, bleeding, or something like fever or chills, nausea, shortness of breath, vomiting, or any other unusual thing. If you find any thing like that you should immediately consult your doctor. And just like any other surgery, surgical removal of an ovarian  cyst  requires some time to recover and you have to monitor for any complications.

Thrush – Symptoms and Cures

 Thrush  is caused by a yeast infection known as Candida Albicans that can occur in the mouth and vaginas of women. It can also occur in men and children as well. Babies are especially prone to  thrush  and can get this infection if breast fed. This yeast infection can be spread back and forth from the babies mouth and mother’ breast. Knowing the causes, symptoms and treatments can be helpful in preventing and/or reducing  thrush  infections.

Causes of Yeast Infection.

The yeast bacteria that causes  thrush , is present in the body, along with other bacteria that keep the yeast bacteria from growing. Antibiotics used to treat infections, often kill the bacteria that help prevent yeast infections from growing. People who take antibiotics frequently, or whose immune systems are compromised are more likely to get frequent yeast infections.

Symptoms of  Thrush  and Yeast Infection.

Symptoms of an oral  thrush  may start with the roof of your mouth and cheeks looking redder than normal. As the infection grows these red spots will appear as clusters of raised red patches. Your tongue could and often does form a white film that when scraped off can bleed.

Symptoms of vaginal  thrush  may begin with vaginal itching following by burning when you urinate and finally there will be a discolored discharge. Most douches and other methods used to clean the vagina will aggravate the symptoms of vaginal  thrush .

 Thrush  Treatments.

There are a variety of treatments for  thrush . Some work better than others for different individuals. Doctors most always recommend anti fungal topical creams for the treatment of  thrush , and while these can reduce symptoms, they often have side effects, and many times are quite expensive. There are many home remedies that work to fight  thrush  and are generally less expensive and have little or no side effects.

The first thing you will notice with oral  thrush  is that eating can be painful. In order to recover from this infection, you need all the vitamins and minerals you can get to fortify your immune system. For that reason, you need to make sure that you drink plenty of water to prevent dehydration, and to eat regularly, even if you have to choose soft foods or beverages such as Ensure, that can give you some of the vitamins and minerals you need. Chicken and seafood soup are especially helpful when eating is difficult.

One of the best natural remedies for  thrush  is yogurt. Yogurt contains bacteria that antibiotics have robbed from your body, and that your body needs to fight yeast infections. Taking yogurt both internally by eating it and by using it topically can help eliminate your yeast infection. To use it as a topical treatment for oral  thrush  simply rub it on the roof of your mouth, both the top and under your tongue and your cheeks. For vaginal  thrush  coat a tampon with yogurt and insert it as you normally would.

Along with eating yogurt and using it topically, drinking two glasses of buttermilk a day will add additional necessary bacteria to your immune system, helping you to fight the  thrush  inside and out. Other home treatments include: combining half a cup of apple cider vinegar with half a cup of water and rinsing your mouth every three hours, for oral  thrush  and dousing with either a mild vinegar or baking soda douche for vaginal  thrush .

An alternative mouth wash can be made using one teaspoon of Rosemary and 1 teaspoon of sage in a cup of boiling water let cool and rinse your mouth every 30 minutes. Some individuals may benefit from a combination of home remedies and over the counter topical solutions. If symptoms of  thrush  persist or seem to get worse contact your doctor immediately.

Prevention, the best medicine.

The best treatment for  thrush  is to prevent it in the first place. You can do this by eating immune strengthening foods, getting plenty of exercise and rest and avoiding stress whenever possible. A diet of immune strengthening foods includes a diet rich in green leafy vegetables, broccoli, cauliflower, and orange and red vegetables such as tomatoes, sweet potatoes and carrots. Spices such as garlic, ginger and turmeric should be used liberally as should citrus fruits, strawberries, blueberries and raspberries.

There are times however, when even the best prevention does not work. At these times it is best to begin treatment for your yeast infection at the first sign of  thrush  symptoms, this may stop the infection in it’s tracks before it becomes a full blown and painful infection.

Hepatitis C- Basic Information

Hepatitis is the medical term for a condition that has as a result the inflammation of your liver. In most of the hepatitis cases, the inflammation is caused by an infection. The other reasons that can lead to hepatitis are alcohol abuse, different types of medication, poisons and even other diseases. There are different types of hepatitis, one of them being hepatitis C. This particular type of hepatitis is caused by the hepatitis C virus.

Here are some very important facts to remember when suffering form hepatitis C:

– if the inflammation caused by the hepatitis C virus is not reversed in time, it can lead to chronic hepatitis; in turn chronic hepatitis can lead to chronic disease of the liver, that can go as far as liver failure or death;

– if other hepatitis treatments did not work and you find yourself in the situation of a liver failure, the only thing left to do is a liver transplant;

– an astonishing number of almost eighty percent of the people that suffer from hepatitis C also develop the chronic hepatitis C form;

Nowadays, hepatitis C has become a very serious threat worldwide. In some countries, like the United States Of America, at the top of the causes that lead to liver damage is hepatitis C. The hepatitis C virus is very spread and many Americans are victims. The hepatitis C virus is also the reason for about twenty percent of the acute hepatitis and more than fifty percent of the cirrhosis cases are believed to be caused by the hepatitis C virus. There are many people that have antibodies for the hepatitis C virus, thing that means that they were exposed to this hepatitis virus once in their lives.

The hepatitis C virus is very contagious and is mostly transmitted through blood products or blood. Contaminated needles are a very big part of infection with hepatitis C. People who use drugs intravenous and use dirty needles are very much at risk of developing hepatitis C. Blood transfusions are also a risk factor when hepatitis C is concerned. Nowadays, there is a test that is done to see if the blood that will be given to another person is infected with the hepatitis C virus.

There are also other causes of infection withe the hepatitis C virus, but they are less common. The hepatitis C virus can be passed down from mother to infant or through sexual intercourse.

Primary Biliary Cirrhosis

Primary biliary cirrhosis affects women more often than men and is a progressive disease that inflames the tiny bile ducts within the liver causing damage that ultimately destroys them. Bile is produced in the liver and flows through these bile ducts into the region of the gallbladder and aids in digestion.

When these bile based ducts become destroyed, it causes this bile to become backed up into the liver and causes damage to the tissues of the liver replacing the healthy tissue with scar tissue that causes the impairment of liver functioning.

When primary biliary cirrhosis is diagnosed in the early stages, treatment can be given to delay its progression, however, the disease will still continue to slowly progress eventually causing the liver to become permanently damaged by scar tissue and eventually cease functioning.

Causes and Symptoms of Primary Biliary Cirrhosis

What exactly causes primary biliary cirrhosis is unknown; however, researchers and medical experts believe it is most likely associated with an autoimmune based condition in which the immunity of an individual malfunctions in such a way as it begins attacking the body’s healthy tissues and the bile ducts in patients with primary biliary cirrhosis.

This disease has also been known to run in families where a parent or even a sibling has also suffered from this disorder; therefore, it may also be an inherited disease making certain individuals more prone to developing this condition.

Typically, symptoms do not occur in the early stages of primary biliary cirrhosis and it is often not diagnosed until an individual has had routine blood tests that have shown a problem with liver functioning.

When symptoms do occur with this condition the primary signs are fatigue with an overall general feeling of tiredness, and the skin becomes very itchy in certain areas and causes a darkening of the skin in those areas that have been scratched. Other symptoms that may occur include dryness in the eyes and mouth and the condition of jaundice which causes a yellowing of the skin and the whites of the eyes.

Complications of Primary Biliary Cirrhosis

Primary biliary cirrhosis is progressive disease that eventually causes significant damage to the liver causing other health complications that can include osteoporosis which is a condition that causes the bones to become fragile and break easily, portal hypertension that causes pressure to build within the portal vein, maldigestion that is caused by the inability of the intestinal track to absorb fats and vitamins that are fat-soluble that can result in diarrhea and weight loss, edema which is swelling that typically occurs in the legs and ankles due to the build up of excess fluids, easy bleeding due to a lack of protein being produced by the liver that is needed for clotting, and numerous other conditions and diseases that are associated with serious liver disease.

Treatment of Primary Biliary Cirrhosis

In the early stages of this disease, treatment typically consists of controlling the signs and symptoms and includes vitamin supplements, calcium supplements, and prescription medications to relieve itching.

While there is no cure or treatment that can stop the progression of this disease, there is a drug available called “Ursodiol” that has been approved by the FDA and has proven effect in slowing down or delaying its progression, hence, also slowing down the progression of damage being done to the liver delaying liver failure.

Verifying Results in Geometry Using Calculus

The Formulas used in Geometry are as follows:

Area of a triangle = 0.5 * base * height

Circumference of a circle = 2 * pi * r

Area of a circle = pi * r * r

Let us verify each of these using calculus, first let us verify the area of a triangle.

Let us take a scalene triangle ABC let us draw a straight line from one of the vertexes to the opposite side, so that it meets the opposite side at right angles to the base. In essence we have divided the original triangle into two right angled triangles.

Let us derive an expression for the area of a triangle using the equation of the straight line as Y = m * X + C.; First, let us define the area of the triangle as the sum of two areas enclosed by the two sides of the triangle, the altitude and the base. The altitude cuts the base into two pieces.

Let us take a scalene triangle whose altitude is 5 and base is 10. Let the point of intersection of the altitude with the base be the origin or (0,0). If the three vertexes are A,B and C respectively, then if the point of intersection of the altitude from point A and the line BC is at D, then the co-ordinates of the point A are (0.5), point B is (4,0) and point C is (-6,0). The length of the three sides are BC = 10; AC = sqrt(61) approximately equal to 7.8 and AB = sqrt(41) approximately equal to 6.4.

These three points do form a triangle as AB + BC > AC; AC + BC > AB; AC + AB > BC. Also as the three sides of the triangle are not equal the triangle is scalene.

The area of this triangle is 0.5 * base *height = 0.5 * 10 * 5 = 25 sq units.

Let us verify this using integral calculus.

The slope of the side AB is -tan(ABD) or -tan(ABC) which is equal to -1.25. The equation of the line AB is Y = 5 – 1.25X. Similarly the equation of the line AC is Y= 5X/6 + 5. Let us integrate both these expressions between appropriate limits.

Area enclosed by the line AB is integral(Ydx) between x = 0 and x = 4.

Integral(Ydx) is nothing but 5X – 1.25 * X * X /2. Between limits the area is 20 – 10 = 10.

Similarly area enclosed by the line AC and the origin is Integral(5x/6 + 5)dx which is equal to 5*X*X/12 + 5*X. The limits of the integration are 0 to -6 which evaluates to 15 -30 or -15. Taking the absolute value the sum of both the areas is 15 + 10 which is equal to 25. This readily tallies with the analytical expression for area of the triangle which evaluates to 25 sq units.

Let us derive the expression for circumference of a circle. If one considers a small sector of area d(theta). The area of the sector would be r * sin(d(theta)). This can be approximated to r* d(theta) for small values of d(theta). If one integrates this expression between 0 and 2 * pi, this works out to be 2 * pi * r. This expression amounts to the well known expression for circumference of a circle.

Similarly let us proceed to evaluate the expression for Area of circle. Let us compute the length of the arc enclosed by a small angle (theta). Circumference is nothing but r * d(theta). Area of the sector can be approximated to the area of a triangle as 0.5 * r * r * * d(theta). Integrating the expression 0.5 * r * r * d(theta) between 0 and 2 * pi, evaluates to pi * r * r which tallies with the expression for the area of the triangle.

Cat Vomiting Causes and Cures

Cat  vomiting  causes are many and varied but in fact, cats often regurgitate undigested food which hasn’t actually reached the stomach. Real  vomiting  is the ejection of the stomach contents, often preceded by salivating, retching and the contraction of the abdominal muscles.

Cat  vomiting  causes can be related to eating or to illness.

In the case of eating related cat  vomiting  causes the cat may have just eaten too fast. Alternatively, a change of diet can cause  vomiting  as can food which has gone off or which just isn’t suitable for cats.

More seriously, the cat may have developed an allergy or intolerance to certain types of food but even more dangerous is the ingestion of some kind of poison, which incidentally includes aspirin, or some sort of foreign object like a piece of bone or part of a toy.

If a cat has worms it can also cause  vomiting  as can a fur ball which is a hard ball of the cats own fur which collects in the stomach due to the cat grooming itself.

There are a huge number of cat  vomiting  causes relating to conditions and diseases. Some of the more common are diabetes, gastritis, heat stroke, an over active thyroid, liver or kidney disease, pancreatitis, feline enteritis or some sort of infection.

If the cat’s  vomit  contains large quantities of undigested food then the cat has probably just eaten too fast but do watch out for repeat occurrences. A sort of coughing retch which produces either nothing much or a sausage shape is probably caused by a fur ball. On close inspection, the sausage shape may prove to be the fur ball, so you needn’t worry further. If the fur ball hasn’t appeared then try treating your cat with kitty malt or fur ball treats but if the symptoms continue, take the cat to the vet. If it is a seriously large fur ball which won’t pass one way or the other, he may treat the cat with liquid paraffin which, while unpleasant, is very effective.

If you have any reason to believe that your can has eaten something poisonous which can range from actual poison put down by neighbours for rats, some plant seeds or drugs intended for humans, then go straight to the vet. Don’t delay as the longer the poison has to invade the cat’s system, the more likely it is to be fatal.

If your cat  vomits  frequently or displays other symptoms such as diarrhoea, weight loss or lethargy, then go to the vet. If you can take a sample or the  vomit  and/or faeces, it will be helpful as the vet can get it analysed. It will also be helpful to tell the vet about any change of diet or other habits and anything else you can think of which may aid diagnosis.

If the vet can’t immediately identify the cat  vomiting  causes then he may want to carry out blood tests, x-rays or ultrasound. In the meantime, he may prescribe a broad spectrum antibiotic in case there is an infection.

Whatever the cat  vomiting  causes, don’t let it go on too long before seeing a vet; unfortunately your cat can’t tell you what’s wrong so it’s better to be safe than sorry.

Food Safety Tips You Can Do at Home to Minimize the Risk of Food Poisoning

Food Preparation Safety


Always refrigerate perishable food within 2 hours.

Refrigerate within 1 hour when the temperature is above 90F.

At home, place meat, poultry, and seafood in the refrigerator immediately.

Freeze poultry and ground meat that won’t be used in 1 or 2 days; freeze other meat within 4 to 5 days.

Defrost Safely

Completely defrost meat and poultry before grilling so it cooks more evenly.

Use the refrigerator for slow, safe thawing or thaw sealed packages in cold water.

You can microwave to defrost if the food will be placed immediately on the grill.

Safe Food Preparation

To prevent food borne illness, don’t use the same platter and utensils for raw and cooked meat and poultry. Harmful bacteria present in raw meat and poultry and their juices can contaminate safely cooked food.

Only use knives and cutting utensils for one thing, either for meat or for vegetables. Thereafter, the utensils should be thoroughly washed.

NEVER place the grilled meat back on the dish or board on which the raw meat was placed, as this has blood and juices from the raw meat.

NEVER use knives or dishes that have been used for the raw meat for the grilled meat, too.

Clean all counters and cooking surfaces, with hot soapy water before use.

Clean all cutting boards with hot soapy water before use.

Avoid using the same plate for raw and cooked food.

Marinade in the refrigerator and discard the marinade immediately after use.

Use a separate brush one for marinating and another for basting cooked meat.


Marinate food in the refrigerator, not on the counter.

Discard the marinade immediately after use.

If some of the marinade is to be used as a sauce on the cooked food, reserve a portion of the marinade before putting raw meat and poultry in it. However, if the marinade used on raw meat or poultry is to be reused, make sure to let it come to a boil first to destroy any harmful bacteria.

Safe Food Handling

Keep all raw and cooked food separate and keep it “wrapped and refrigerated”.

Use separate BBQ utensils when handling raw and cooked food.

Make sure frozen meat is thoroughly thawed (unless otherwise stated) before cooking and do not refreeze once thawed.

Safe Cooking

Cook thoroughly. Cook food to a safe minimum internal temperature to destroy harmful bacteria. The only way to be sure foods are cooked to a high enough temperature to kill harmful bacteria is to use an accurate digital instant-read thermometer. Thermometer use to ensure proper cooking temperature is especially important for those who cook or serve ground beef patties to people most at risk for food borne. Those most at risk include young children, the elderly, and those with compromised immune systems.

Unless you are in a big hurry or you like for your meat to be dry, do not press on it. You will just be squeezing out all those wonderful juices. Additionally, squeezing the juices on the coals and crating smoke is not healthy.

Meat and poultry cooked on a grill often browns very fast on the outside. Make sure the meat is thoroughly cooked before serving. Only large whole pieces of meat may be a bit pinkish inside. Sliced or smaller pieces of meat should be well done.

Ground meat, because of the grinding process is typically more exposed to harmful pathogens. Hamburgers made of ground beef should reach 160ºF. Color is not a reliable indicator that ground beef patties have been cooked to a temperature high enough to kill harmful bacteria such as E. coli O157:H7. Eating a pink or red ground beef patty without first verifying that the safe temperature of 160ºF has been reached is a significant risk factor for food borne illness. When a ground beef patty is cooked to 160ºF throughout, it can be safe and juicy, regardless of color.

Beef, veal, and lamb steaks, roasts and chops can be cooked to 145ºF.

All cuts of pork should reach 160ºF

All poultry should reach a minimum of 165ºF

All cuts of pork should be cooked to 160ºF throughout.

Keep Hot Food Hot

After cooking meat and poultry on the grill, keep it hot until served – at 140ºF or warmer.

Keep cooked meats hot by setting them to the side of the grill rack, not directly over the coals where they could overcook.

At home, the cooked meat can be kept hot in a warm oven (approximately 200ºF), in a chafing dish or slow cooker, or on a warming tray.

Serving the Food

When taking food off the grill, use a clean platter. Don’t put cooked food on the same platter that held raw meat or poultry. Any harmful bacteria present in the raw meat juices could contaminate safely cooked food. In hot weather (above 90ºF), food should never sit out for more than 1 hour.


When reheating fully cooked meats like hot dogs, grill to 165ºF or until steaming hot.


Refrigerate any leftovers promptly in shallow containers.

Discard any food left out more than 2 hours (1 hour if temperatures are above 90ºF).

Food Storage

Keep meat and poultry refrigerated until ready to use.

Only take out the meat and poultry that will immediately be placed on the grill.

Store the meat on an even tray and only take the meat out of the refrigerator when the barbecue is ready.

If a large portion of meat is to be used, try to take out only the amount that fits on the grill and grill the rest later.

Meat and poultry can be marinated for several hours or days to tenderize or add flavor.

The Warning Signs Of A Gastric Ulcer

A gastric  ulcer  occurs when there has been a break in the protective lining of the stomach which leads to further erosion of both the lining of the stomach and the intestines. Such erosion will result in a raw, open and painful sore occurring in the stomach lining.

Gastric  Ulcers  are caused when there is an imbalance between the amount of stomach acid the body is secreting and an enzyme called Pepsin and the natural defenses of the stomach lining (known as mucosal). There is a spiral shaped bacteria living in the acid environment of the stomach (Heliobacter Pylori Bacterium) which can also cause gastric  ulcers . Whilst both obesity and smoking along with the excessive use of anti-inflammatory drugs (such as aspirin) will also increase the risk of someone developing gastric  ulcers .

There are certain warning signs that you should look for to know if you have a gastric  ulcer  or not.

One of the primary symptoms felt by someone with a gastric  ulcer  is a gnawing or burning pain in the upper middle stomach or just below the breastbone which will last from 30 minutes to sometimes over 3 hours. Unfortunately a large number of people mistake this kind of pain for heartburn because it is so similar, whilst others just mistake it as hunger pains.

For some people the pain caused by a gastric  ulcer  will wake them up during the night and for others it may come on immediately after they have eaten or meal or it may occur some 2 to 3 hours later on. For some patients the pain caused by the  ulcer  can be relieved by food or milk, whilst others will avoid eating as they often associate the pain they feel with eating.

Although the pain of a duodenal  ulcer  can often be relieved by food, for those suffering from gastric  ulcers  the pain is usually increased after they have had food. For some patients they have found that a delay in eating will only cause the pain from a gastric  ulcer  to be more severe and certainly from research carried out it is more likely that these people are suffering a duodenal  ulcer  rather than a gastric one.

As previously mentioned along with the pain the other signs and symptoms of a gastric  ulcer  will include weight loss, nausea, vomiting, and appetite loss, pain relief after drinking milk, eating food or taking antacids, tiredness as well as the abdomen becoming bloated. However, if your  ulcer  begins to bleed you may notice that your stools have become tarry and foul smelling and you may also begin to vomit blood.

Yet there are some signs and symptoms which are relating to gastric  ulcers  that people sometimes confuse as heartburn instead, and these are indigestion or feeling hungry. But there are such signs and symptoms as the pain that may be felt after eating which make it easier to diagnose if some has a gastric  ulcer  or not.

Difference Between Indigestion and Heartburn

Acid reflux, heartburn and indigestion are for a good many people considered the same condition. If you ask people on the street how often he has heartburn and indigestion they will often reply with “aren’t they the same thing?” The truth is they are very different in nature. Severe indigestion may lead to heartburn but heartburn cannot cause indigestion. The symptoms and root cause of indigestion are similar and many of the treatment options for both indigestion and heartburn are the same.

The major cause of indigestion is of course food. How much you eat and what you eat will trigger an attack of indigestion. Large meals are probably the most common cause of indigestion but even a small meal of spicy or acid food will bring on an attack. Another cause of indigestion can be traced to irregular meals or eating one or two large meals a day. This lack of routine allows acid build up in the stomach with nothing to digest. Eating 4 or 5 smaller meals a day will solve this problem and give you more energy as well. Just be sure to eat them at the same time each day and after about 3 days your body will adjust and expect a meal at that time. Only then will it produce the acid necessary to digest the meal. This will eliminate all the extra stomach acid that was causing you indigestion.

Stress and anxiety associated with meals can also lead to the excess acid production. In this time constraining world with all its pressures it is not all that easy to reduce ones stress. However there are some tricks you can use to help reduce the stress associated with meals. First of all if you are in an office situation do not eat in your office. No matter where you work try to remove yourself from the stressful environment. This can mean a simple walk to another location to get your food. The walk should be made at a leisurely pace and if possible outside in a quiet envrionment. Try not to eat inside a busy restaurant as it can also be a place of stress. Once you get your food do not take it back to the worksite. Find a quiet place to sit down and eat your food in a measured or slow pace. This may be hard at first but a simple technique is to chew each bite of food ten time before swallowing. When you have finished your meal take your time getting back to your office or worksite. You will be surprised at how much this will relieve your indigestion, stress and anxiety. A side benefit to this routine is that you will find that you be able to accomplish your work more efficiently.

Indigestion can also be caused by medications both prescribed and over the counter. Even aspirin can cause stomach distress when taken incorrectly. If you read the label for each medication you will ascertain the best times to take the medicine. Many times you will read “take with food” on the label. Good food eaten properly will buffer the affects of stomach distress associated with medications. If you have any questions you should consult your medical professional.

Indigestion as you can see has many causes. However the good news is that it can be controlled or even eliminated through simple changes in lifestyle. Failure to address the causes of indigestion may lead you to develop a more serious condition like acid reflux, Heartburn or GERD (gastro esophageal reflux disease). Do not ignore you symptoms and address them now before it is too late.

Natural Remedy For Gallstones – Getting Rid of Gallstones

If you are suffering from the pain and discomfort of gallstones, you can however find ways to free yourself up from the discomforts of this particular condition. Keep in mind too that when it comes to health concerns, it is important to go for the natural ones. Of course, you can always find your natural remedy for gallstones.

Before trying to check on the best remedy for gallstones, it is always important to know about it. Learning what cause your gallstones will help you a lot in trying to get rid of it and avoid the things that can make it worst or things that may cause it. Of course, knowledge is always powerful and in the case of staying healthy, you have to be informed on what is best for your body and your health.

Before you think about surgery or other medications that you want to put yourself into just to get rid of gallstones, keep in mind that nature has also its healing wonders and a lot safer for your body as well. Of course, you can get rid of gallstones the non-surgical way.

Olive oil and lemon juice are among nature’s gifts that can relieve you from the pain and discomfort of gallstones. You can also add grapefruit or apple juice in your diet to help flush gallstones out of your system.

Take note that cholesterol forms most of the gallstones in the gallbladder. Thus, if you really want to end your discomfort with gallstones, you have to be disciplined enough to lose weight and maintain a healthy weight.

Take high-fiber diets. High fiber diet that comes from fresh fruits and vegetables is a great way to flush toxins out of your body including gallstones. Regular intake of fresh vegetables and fruits helps a lot in cleansing your body and freeing it from gallstones.

High fiber content in your diet can cleanse your gallbladder from gallstones especially those green vegetables such as fresh parsley and spinach. Whole grains also help in the cleansing and proper functioning of your digestive system.

A mix of grapefruit, lemon and extra virgin oil is also great natural remedy for gallstones. These ingredients help flush gallstones out of your body and can free you from having other unsafe options like surgery.

Of course, prevention is always better than cure. Thus, along with learning some natural remedy for gallstone, it is very much helpful to know what you can do to prevent gallstones. If you are obese, you would most likely be at high risk of developing gallstones. Thus, it is always wise to maintain a healthy weight and be more conscious of what you eat.

A little discipline to maintain a healthy weight would surely make a difference in keeping your body healthy and free from gallstones. Keep in mind too that removing your gallstones by going under the knife or any other unnatural means also has a lot of risks that you might not want to encounter, so always make sure you have the wise decision when it comes to your health.

Although finding a natural remedy for gallstones does not mean you are free from risks, but it is a lot safer though than undergoing those unnatural solutions.

Chest Pain

Chest pain is one of the most frightening symptoms a person can have. This pain includes any type of pain or discomfort that occurs between your upper belly area and your lower neck. This pain is often a classic symptom of a heart attack, or its milder relative, angina – but it is also associated with several other maladies, from heartburn to pneumonia. To most people, experiencing a pain in the chest area means you are having a heart attack! In children this pain is a common complaint, often attributed to musculoskeletal conditions. Chest pain combined with a shortness of breath and/or a burning sensation are some of the common symptoms of heartburn. Lying down may relieve you from discomfort from a heart attack, but it doesn’t stop it. Heartburn, however, has nothing to do with your heart because it is a digestive problem. So we have to divide the types of chest pain into two areas – cardiac and non-cardiac. Cardiac pain is caused by a lack of oxygen to the heart muscle and can be a serious, life-threatening symptom and is the classic symptom of a heart attack. Pain from a heart attack feels like the chest is being squeezed or crushed, as if by an enormous weight or pressure is on it. Pain in the chest due to a cardiac condition is rare in children and adolescents, with a prevalence of less than 6%.

Non-cardiac pain may be caused by viruses or bacteria or be aggravated by irritants (cleaning detergents, environmental toxicity, pollution or cold air), allergens (dust mites, dander or pollen) or excessive smoking. Non-cardiac pain is also a very common and frightening symptom of panic disorder.

Heart attacks often occur after physical exertion that spikes your blood pressure. Heart pain is often radiated to teeth and jaw. A heart attack is the death of heart muscle due to the loss of blood supply. Heart attacks without chest pain are more common than originally thought, especially among women. Heart attacks kill more people in the US than any other single disease, and the main symptom that people have from a heart attack is chest pain


Causes of chest pain can vary from minor problems, such as indigestion or stress, to serious medical emergencies, such as a heart attack or pulmonary embolism. Causes of chest pain or its precipitating factors include activities like walking, jogging, running and carrying heavy workloads. Other potential causes include serious circulatory problems such as atherosclerosis, angina, pericarditis, coronary spasm or myocarditis. Exercising in cold weather can cause chest pain in some people who have no problems when they exercise in warm weather. Lung problems that can cause chest pain include blood clot in the lung ( pulmonary embolism ), a collapse of the lung ( pneumothorax ). Inflammation of the lining around the lung ( pleurisy ) can cause chest pain that usually feels sharp, and often gets worse when you take a deep breath or cough. Angina is short termed chest pain primarily caused by the lack of oxygen supply in the body and also due to the lack of waste removal from the body. The cause may be a build-up of fatty deposits, or plaque (pronounced “plak”), inside your arteries – the blood vessels that carry oxygen and nutrients from the heart to your body. Lack of Vitamin D can cause an array of problems and adversely affect already existing conditions, back pain included.


Symptoms that commonly occur with chest pain include chest tenderness and pain that increases with deep breathing or movement and can also radiate to the jaw, shoulder, neck, upper back or arm. Symptoms of heart disease include angina (characteristic on exertion) and decreased exercise tolerance. You may not think that the symptoms really hurt but they can lead to several complications. The signs and symptoms of a heart attack may start slowly, or they may happen suddenly. The symptoms of heartburn may include a burning sensation in the chest, just behind the breastbone. If you have a cold, you can have any or all of these symptoms: increased nasal discharge (a runny nose), difficulty breathing through the nose, sneezing, a scratchy throat, and cough.

Chest pain is an indicator of a pending or occurring heart attack. When you have any doubt as to the cause, you should seek medical treatment immediately. Time is the most important factor in saving your life.

Rehabilitation Of ACL Injuries

Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) tears are one of the most debilitating and common knee injuries in sports (see ACL Injuries article). Deciding on the best course of treatment, surgery vs. non-surgery, rehab vs. no rehab, can be confusing. In general, athletes opt for surgical reconstruction and rehab since studies show athletes with ruptured ACL’s seldom regain their prior level of functioning (skills). Even non-athletes have considerable long term functional deficits and are at greater risk of further injury if they do not have surgical reconstruction. There are several surgical considerations including using a graft from the patient (autograft) vs. using a graft from a donor (allograft). The most common technique uses the middle 1/3 of the patients patellar tendon for the reconstruction. For the sake of this article, I will assume the most common surgical procedure has been performed (and by a highly skilled surgeon).

Early movement is the key to rehab. Since modern surgical techniques provide very good fixation (anchoring), bending (flexion) and straightening (extension) the knee can begin immediately after surgery. A constant passive motion (CPM) machine is recommended if the patient won’t be starting physical therapy immediately. The initial range of motion (ROM) goal is full extension and 110 degrees of flexion. Early movement helps strengthen the graft and reduces the formation of deleterious scar tissue. It also helps prevent breakdown of healthy tissue such as the joint surfaces (cartilage). ROM can also be improved by use of a stationary bike and/or swimming pool.

Controlling fluid (  edema ) build up in the knee early is very important. Our goal (before full weight bearing is allowed) is 1cm or less.  Edema  interferes with muscle activation and ROM. Compression via a bandage or sleeve, along with ice/cryotherapy machine are commonly used after surgery. Massage, ultrasound, and various forms of electrical stimulation can be utilized during physical therapy.

Keeping pain low is also key. Pain interferes with healing and motivation. Medications, cryotherapy, massage all can help reduce pain.

Achieving good quad muscle activation early is also important. Weight bearing should not be allowed until the patient can perform a straight leg raise with full extension, otherwise the patient is at increased risk of developing patellar-femoral pain. The body shuts down the muscles around the knee (primarily the quads) after a traumatic event (surgery). Getting the muscles to work properly again, is the focus of rehab once ROM goals have been met and  edema  is under control. Patients that are instructed in quad exercises prior to surgery usually can achieve good quad muscle activation within a day or so of the operation.

Exercises are designed to improve strength, endurance, flexibility, and balance. The measure of a good physical therapy rehab program is how quickly a patient is able to return to full functional status. A patient should be progressed when the tissue is ready, instead of waiting a predetermined amount of time. All people heal at different rates. Everyone should be progressed as quickly as their tissues will allow it. In general, our goal is for patients to resume sport specific training within 2-3 months after surgery…that means they have normal strength, ROM, and endurance, no pain or  edema , and can run and jump without problems. Often, our patients return to their sports in better condition than prior to their injury due to the comprehensive and intensive rehab program.

Ten Ways to Lower Your Cholesterol Naturally

Cholesterol has 2 components to it which are the LDL and then the HDL. The LDL is known as the bad type of cholesterol whereas the HDL is known as the good type. Altering the ratio between the good type and the bad type properly can help reduce one‘s risk of heart attack and stroke.

Here are ten foods that can help reduce cholesterol levels.

1. Oats – there is a substance in oats known as beta-glucan, which absorbs LDL and allows your body to excrete it. Because of this it would make good sense to change up your breakfast choices.

2. Red wine – The red grapes that are used to make red wine can actually help reduce cholesterol levels significantly. A study at a Madrid show that when people drank a supplement made of the same great in red wine, they were able to reduce their LDL levels by almost 10%. I bet you never thought that drinking convexity be good for your health?

3. Salmon – For many years now nutritionists have been recommending only 3 fats as a natural health wonder area these fatty acids have now been shown to have another health benefit, which is lowering cholesterol levels. Actually it’s not so much as lowering cholesterol levels but raising the good cholesterol by as much as 4%.

4. Nuts – Nuts tend to be high in calories however they have also been shown to be excellent for your cholesterol. There was a study in the American Journal of clinical nutrition which showed people the late a significant amount of whole walnuts were able to lower their total cholesterol by over 5% and their LDL by over 9%

5. Beans – Arizona State University researchers performed a study where they added a half a cup of beans soup and showed that lower total cholesterol around 8%. The key to the beans was the healthy amount of fiber which slowed the amount of absorption of cholesterol in certain foods.

6. Tea – It is been known for a long time that there are significant cancer fighting antioxidants substances in Tea. Research from the US Department of Agriculture has shown that black tea can reduce lipids in a person’s blood by upwards of 10%.

7. Chocolate – Chocolate can help dull the HDL cholesterol levels. A study at the American Journal of clinical attrition showed a 24% increase in HDL levels over 3 months. The study utilized cocoa powder as compared to milk chocolate. Cocoa powder has 3 times the antioxidants of milk chocolate.

8. Margarine – Butter contains unhealthy fat, whereas margarine can help lower one’s cholesterol. If one chooses a margarine that has plant sterols in it, it can lower total cholesterol by 3.5%

9. Spinach – Spinach contains a substance known as Lu teen, which can help protect against a form of blindness noticed I could generate. With regards to cholesterol is now being shown that spinach can help the artery walls avoid clogging due to cholesterol invaders.

10. Avocados – Avocados are high in calories so that should always be utilized in moderation. Each one can have 300 cal. They do have mono unsaturated fats which can help raise HDL cholesterol and lower the LDL type. It also has some plant-based fats that can reduce the amount of cholesterol absorbed from certain foods.

Hypertension Clinical Features – Symptoms and Forms


Hypertension is often asymptomatic or cause only proceeds uncharacteristic complaints. It is typically occurring in the morning as a headache, which can be reduced by increasing the bed head end. Other possible symptoms include dizziness, nausea, nosebleeds (epistaxis), fatigue and insomnia. At high blood pressure, shortness of breath can occur (dyspnea) with exertion, angina pectoris, and visual disturbances. Arterial hypertension may also long asymptomatic (without symptoms). They often make themselves felt only by the damage, which is why it is sometimes referred to as “silent killers or silent killer”.


In an unstable and the load-hypertensive blood pressure values are increased only temporarily or under stress, whereas long-term stable hypertension in the case. Malignant or accelerated hypertension is defined as a severe form with a diastolic pressure above 130 mmHg, which usually goes hand in hand with clear symptoms. In the literature there are indications, however, different to the definition of malignant hypertension. In addition to nausea and vomiting symptoms such as headache, impaired vision and impaired consciousness, seizures and other neurological deficits in the foreground. Partially occurred changes of higher degree, transcended the day-night rhythm in long-term blood pressure and the development of renal impairment are included in the definition.

The hypertensive crisis is a sudden dysregulation of blood pressure in the systemic circulation with a critical increase in blood pressure, usually over 230/130 mm Hg. There is a risk of acute organ damage, such as a brain injury (high-pressure encephalopathy), of acute heart failure, a pulmonary edema, a rarity of a heart attack or Aorteneinrisses (aortic dissection). The occurrence of such damage is known as a hypertensive emergency that requires prompt reduction in blood pressure medication is necessary.

Complications Consequences


Hypertension is recognized as a risk factor for the development of atherosclerosis. Come to the risk factor hypertension or obesity (severe overweight) and another risk factor – such as diabetes mellitus (diabetes) or dyslipidemia (elevated cholesterol — or LDL values) — added, there is a significantly increased risk later in life to a heart — to suffer cardiovascular disease.

According to the German Hypertension League, 45% of male deaths, 50% of female deaths from cardiovascular diseases are caused, which are associated with arterial hypertension, such as coronary heart disease (CHD), myocardial infarction, heart failure, kidney failure, stroke, and arterial occlusive disease.

The incidence of CHD-related deaths is approximately linearly from the blood, it increases from 10/10.000 person-years (normal blood pressure) up to 60/10.000 person-years (systolic pressure> 180 mmHg). As light and medium blood pressure increases are much more common than extreme pressures of more than 180 mmHg suffer a total of significantly more people with average blood pressure values cardiovascular events. This also means that the very people must also be recognized and treated with only slightly elevated blood pressure to lower the high number of cardiovascular deaths significantly.

Arterial hypertension is the second most important after cigarette smoking, while the most common risk factor for the occurrence of cardiovascular disease. Nowadays, every second (51% died) one German and Austrians suffer from cardiovascular disease. Only 16,000 Austrians die each year in a heart attack.

How Stress Triggers Heart Attacks and What You Can Do About It

Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death in the United States (with 596,577 each year), barely edging out cancer which has 576,691. One third of all deaths is, in fact, due to heart disease. Several factors are known to play a critical role in relation to heart disease, and it’s now well-known that one of the major things that leads to a heart attack is excess stress. Stress can, of course, come from several sources, but it is usually either physical of emotional. In this article we’ll look at exactly how stress triggers a heart attack.

How a Heart attack Begins

Heart disease starts with the buildup of plaque on the walls of the arteries of your heart. Plaque consists of cholesterol, other fats, calcium, cellular waste, and various products of inflammation. Since cholesterol plays a major role, let’s look at it first. As you probably know, cholesterol comes in two varieties referred to as LDL (the bad kind) and HDL (the good kind). But it’s the LDL cholesterol that we’re mainly concerned with in relation to plaque (HDL also plays an important role in relation to it, as we’ll see later). Under the microscope LDL cholesterol particles are seen to be different sized; some are large while others are small, and it’s the small ones that do the most damage. The reason for this is that they are small enough to easily slip through the cells that line the walls of the arteries, and they become oxidized when they enter this region. As a result, the immune system sees them as foreign invaders and sends what are called macrophages to deal with them (destroy them). The macrophages gobble them up and in the process they become bloated, and are referred to foam cells. These foam cells form a relatively large mass within the artery wall that usually protrudes into its interior. Indeed, in time, a fibrous “cap” develops over the mass of foam cells. This is the plaque mentioned earlier (with the area near the cap being the most dangerous section of it).

In practice it usually takes years to build up plaque in this way, and surprisingly it rarely develops to the state where it completely blocks off the artery. Indeed, plaque buildup by itself only causes a heart attack in about 15-percent of cases. Most attacks occur because inflammatory substances are eventually secreted by the foam cells, and they invade the cap and cause it to rupture. This creates a “channel” through to the surface of the cap, and material from the core (referred to as “tissue factor”) rises through it and emerges out the top – much like the lava in a volcanic eruption. When the tissue factor encounters the blood passing over the cap it causes a blood clot to form. If this clot is large enough to halt the normal flow of blood in the artery a heart attack occurs.

How Does Stress Affect this Process?

To understand how stress might affect this we have to look at how stress, and particularly, a stress response, occurs. First of all, let’s consider the difference between physical and emotional stress. The major way physical stress is produced in the body is through exercise. Exercise causes the heart to beat faster, and it also causes our arteries to pulse at a greater rate. This means that they move in and out further, and this will obviously have an effect on the cap and the nearby plaque. But exercise also keeps arteries supple and flexible, which is important. So moderate exercise will not usually cause a heart attack; in fact, it’s good for the heart and arteries.

In the case of emotional stress the heart also beats faster and the arteries flex more. What is important here is the “stress response;” it’s what occurs in your body when you experience something that causes stress. This response involves two hormones called adrenaline and cortisol along with another hormone called norepinephrine. In a stress response adrenaline is called up first; it causes the heart to pulse faster, which sends extra blood to the muscles and organs. It also triggers the release of what is called fibrinogen, which increases the rate of blood clotting. Finally, it helps increase the body’s energy by releasing glucose from its stored form called glycogen.

Once this first stage is well underway, a second stage comes into play. It triggers the production of cortisol. One of its first jobs is to replace energy that the adrenaline rush has depleted. Cortisol is also used by the immune system; it alerts it to respond to any infection or injury in the body. In response the immune system sends out white blood cells. Cortisol also acts as a check on the overall response, shutting it down when it is no longer needed. Norepinephrine works alongside adrenaline to help produce energy. It is also involved in controlling blood pressure and maintaining sugar levels.

How Does All This Affect a Heart Attack?

Our problem now is: how does the action of adrenaline, cortisol and norepinephrine create a heart attack? It might seem strange that it could do this, as it’s obviously an important process in the body. We’ve also seen that inflammation, that is controlled by the immune system, plays a large role in heart disease. Inflammation creates the foam cells within the plaque. It’s important to note, however, that a single stress response does little damage; it’s when the responses get out of control and come one after the other that the problems begin. When this occurs your immune system can become desensitized to cortisol and since cortisol controls the overall stress response, this can allow inflammation to get out of control.

Adrenaline also triggers the release of fibrinogen, a blood-clotting agent, and if too much adrenaline is created, too much fibrinogen will also be created, which is a serious risk factor for a heart attack.

It’s also important to note that in most cases several small attacks that are barely noticed frequently preceded the main one. A small crack occurs in the cap and a corresponding small blood clot occurs that does not block off the artery and may be barely noticed. Clots of these types dissolve quickly and the cap heals over, but several of them set the stage for a larger crack and much larger blood clot as the cap weakens. And these smaller attacks are usually triggered by stress.

High blood pressure is also a risk factor. It puts the artery walls under an increased load as the artery pulses. With chronic stress and its associated increase in cortisol along with norepineephrine, problems can also arise. Excess norepinephrine, for example, can cause small deposits of plaque to break loose and cause problems.

So it’s not a single factor associated with stress that causes heart attacks, it’s actually several things.

What You Can Do to Avoid Problems

One of the best measures of your heart attack risk is your cholesterol numbers, in particular, the ratios of the numbers. The ratio of your HDL to your triglyceride is one of the most important ones. Triglyceride levels of greater than 120 mg/dL and HDL levels less than 40 mg/dL for men and 50 mg/dL for women indicate small, dense LDL particles. So, in general, your triglyceride/HDL ratio should be less than 2. Also your ratio of HDL/total cholesterol should be less than 24%.

So what can you do to improve these ratios and decrease your risk of a heart attack? Basically, there are four things you have to try to prevent, and they are:

  • The buildup of plaque
  • Excess inflammation (which causes foam cells)
  • Cracking of the cap
  • Blood blot formation above the cap

The major thing you must do is lower your stress level, and there are several ways you can do this.

  • Meditation. One of the most important things in meditation is to clear your mind and to pay attention to your breathing. Keep your mind blank and relax as much as possible as you breathe in and out.
  • Avoid negative thoughts. They can cause considerable stress and you must get rid of them as quickly as possible after they form. And the best way to do this is substitute a positive thought for them.
  • Music. Music can be very helpful in relaxing and relieving stress. Listening to music makes you feel comfortable; just relax and let it flow over you.
  • Sufficient sleep is also critical. Lack of sleep will create considerable stress so make sure you get a sufficient amount.
  • Exercise. Many people don’t like exercise, but it is one of the best stress relievers. And I can’t emphasize it too much. Something as simple as a walk can help. Don’t overdo it at first, however.

Diet is also critical, and there are several things that help in relation to it.

  • Avoid excess sugar, particularly fructose.
  • Eat as many vegetables and fruit as possible.
  • Avoid excess saturated and trans fats.
  • Get sufficient vitamin D.
  • Get sufficient Omega-3 fat

Finally, it’s important to have a good social life, and refrain from smoking.