Digestive Problems – This Might Be the Solution

Recently I’ve been having some digestive problems, so I decided to do a little research on the web. Turns out that we need lots of friendly bacteria in our digestive track to help get the most nutrition out of our food. It also turns out that stress can actually kill those little guys and as a result digestive problems can occur. Another benefit is helping to improve the immune system. For me this is a really good benefit considering all the concern there is with a possible flu outbreak.

Probiotics

Probiotics are often referred to as friendly bacteria and are naturally present in the digestive tract. Doctors and other health care practitioners often recommend taking probiotics during or after taking antibiotics. They are thought to promote health by suppressing harmful bacteria, improving immune function, improving the protective barrier of the digestive tract and also helps to produce Vitamin K.

Lifestyle factors can disturb or destroy the balance in the digestive tract. This imbalance is called dysbiosis and can be a result of inadequate dietary fiber, antibiotics and environmental toxins.

Probiotics can be bought in capsule, liquid, powder or tablet form. They can also be found in some dairy products such as yogurt or kefir as well as sauerkraut, which is a fermented food. Probiotics, once they are ingested, can sustain themselves unless they are destroyed by antibiotics or other factors.

Acidophilus

Acidophilus (lactobacillus acidophilus) is a bacteria thought to benefit digestion and overall health. Acidophilus is often called “good bacteria” and works in the gastrointestinal tract to protect us from harmful disease-causing bacteria, parasites and other unhealthy organisms. Disease-causing bacteria can come from aging, alcohol, antibiotics, diet deficiencies, drugs and other medications, narcotics, nicotine and stressful living. As acidophilus breaks down in the digestive track, it releases things such as hydrogen peroxide that creates a toxic environment for harmful bacteria, parasites, and other organisms that may be found in the body.

Other forms of “good bacteria” include L. bulgaricus, L. casei and L. bifidus. They also help to populate “good bacteria” and help us get the full value from our food.

Another benefit of acidophilus might be to correct constipation, diarrhea, mucous colitis and diverticulitis as well as reducing blood cholesterol and enhancing the absorption of nutrients. Acidophilus has also be found to help alleviate candida albicans and other bacterial infections. In addition to basic digestive assistance, acidophilus is thought to help bolster the immune system as a whole.

Acidophilus can be found in some brands of yogurt (but check the label first) as well as other milk products such as kefir, sauerkraut, kombucha and kinchi. Acidophilus can also be found naturally in carrots, soybeans, rice starch and garbanzo beans. Another alternative to milk, acidophilus milk, may be more digestible than fresh milk. You will find acidophilus in the refrigerator section of your health food store.

When taking acidophilus, take on an empty stomach before a meal or an hour after meals to get the full benefit.

Erectile Dysfunction Can Be Prevented By Regular Workouts

Erectile Dysfunction is a serious problem, which leaves a person with trauma about his future sex life. The dysfunction is accompanied by several other disorders that have adverse effect on the health of a person. A person may suffer from depression and anxiety that prohibit him from normal sexual activities. Erectile Dysfunction is a man’s inability to maintain or have an Erection. There are various factors that lead to Erectile Dysfunction in men. These factors are mostly physical in nature such as heart disease, diabetes, and Peyronie’s disease. However, there are certain psychological factors as well; these are: stress, anxiety, guilt, depression, low self-esteem, and fear of sexual failure.

Curing a disease is imperative but if we can prevent the disease by taking some precautionary measures then we could get away with many problems and pains associated with the disease and rehabilitation. Erectile Dysfunction can be prevented to some extent if proper exercise is done regularly. Exercise is a healthy practice that will always keep you fit and healthy along with protecting you from major diseases and disorders. With the change in life style and increase in the age of a person, the problem tends to find its place in the weird body. Regular workouts must be accompanied by proper eating and drinking habits because consuming alcohol and smoking may cause Erectile Dysfunction.

What can exercise do to your body?

The best thing about exercise is that it doesn’t have any side effects and it is the safest and the best way to keep you fit. Studies have shown that people doing regular workouts do not suffer from Erectile Dysfunction. Workouts increase the flow of blood, which is essential for attaining and maintaining an Erection. People suffering from Erectile Dysfunction should burn at least 200 calories to stay fit and healthy. There are tests that can check the optimum flow of blood into the penis. Doppler ultra sound scanning is one of them.

Choose your favorite exercise and start today

· Walking is the best exercise any doctor would recommend. One hour of walking can bring you favorable results.

· Jogging, cycling and gardening move your body to increase blood flow.

· Pelvic exercises help control ejaculation.

Apart from keeping you fit and protecting you from Erectile Dysfunction, exercise also gives a lot more to your body.

· Regular exercise reduces weight loss and keeps you fit against problems related to obesity.

· Exercise reduces the risk of cancer.

· The feel good factor is always there with regular workouts.

Precautionary measures

There are some that you should remember while doing exercise. Exercising for a long time increases the blood sugar level, which can cause diabetes. Overdoing the exercise at the start may also cause problems. So, a patient should remain cautious and consult a doctor before starting the exercise program.

Besides proper exercise, your food intake will definitely assist you in staying fit and healthy. Healthy diet in the form of fruits, green vegetables, grains and legumes would keep you sexually healthy. So, stay fit and keep away the diseases that harm and haunt you.

Can Polyps Be Cancerous?

You probably already know that lung cancer is the number one cancer killer. But do you know what type of cancer is number two? It’s colorectal cancer. Colorectal cancer causes more than 650,000 deaths worldwide every year. You might find this hard to believe, but colon cancer actually starts from very tiny and humble beginnings. Small masses of cells called polyps begin to grow in your colon. By themselves, they represent no real danger. But over a period of five to 10 years, it’s possible for these polyps to become cancerous. So you can begin to see why colon health is so important.

Cancer is the result when the normal growth and division of cells in your body gets out of control. When you think about it, the cells are really quite miraculous. Your entire body is made up of cells, and they tend to grow, divide and generally take care of themselves without any conscious input from you. But sometimes things go awry. Instead of growing new cells as and when needed, cancerous growth continues when there is no need for new cells.

In your colon, this extra growth may initially take the form of small polyps. The mere existence of polyps in your colon does not mean that you have colon cancer. But there is a very good chance that over a period of years, one or more of these polyps could become cancerous. Because there are no symptoms at the beginning, the only way to detect polyps is with a test called a colonoscopy.

Colonoscopy uses a tiny camera on a flexible fiber-optic cable. After some sedation and some lubrication, the camera is inserted into your rectum and threaded up through your lower intestine. The colonoscopy operator and the doctor were able to view the inside of your intestine in real time and search for any abnormalities. The process sounds both embarrassing and painful, but colonoscopy is absolutely essential to maintain good colon health, especially if you are at risk for colorectal cancer. Age is the greatest risk factor. About 90% of all cases of colorectal cancer occur in people over the age of 50.

During the colonoscopy, if your doctor discovers any polyps in your colon, he may take a small sample to determine if they are cancerous. In some cases, your doctor may remove the entire polyp during the colonoscopy. There’s no cause for immediate alarm even if your doctor does discover polyps in your colon. There are actually several different kinds of polyps and not all of them are at risk for becoming cancerous. Adenomas are the polyps with the greatest risk for becoming cancerous and are often removed as soon as they are found. Once again, if you have a colonoscopy and your doctor discovers the presence of polyps, stay calm. Polyps in the colon, even adenomas, are actually quite common and are routinely found and removed in colonoscopies.

Can a regular colon detox prevent the formation of precancerous polyps? Although no definitive link is been established by clinical research, regular colon cleansing could help you avoid development of polyps. One of the risk factors for colorectal cancer is incomplete emptying of your colon. By paying more attention to colon health and performing a regular colon detox, it’s possible for you to be lower your risk of developing dangerous precancerous polyps.

Another risk factor for colorectal cancer is inactivity. When your lifestyle is characterized by lack of activity, waste actually stays in your colon longer. The slow movement and build up of waste in your colon could lead to negative colon health outcomes.

Low fiber, high fat diets have also been implicated in the development of polyps and subsequent growth of colon cancer. Changing your diet and lifestyle could lead to a dramatic improvement in your colon health. By filling your diet with fiber-rich foods and cutting back on fatty foods, you will be greatly lowering your risk for the development of colon cancer. As you start out on this new diet and lifestyle, you may wish to try a colon cleanse and complete colon detox. This will facilitate the emptying of your colon and accelerate your progress toward overall wellness.

Natural Remedies for Treatment of Fibroid Tumors in Uterus

Fibroid tumors in uterus, also known as   myoma , are the one of the most common reasons for women in 30s or 40s to be advised to have a hysterectomy. This is a surgical procedure for removal of the womb. Fibroids are basically non cancerous lumps of the muscular wall of the uterus. It is made up of smooth muscle and connective tissue. Normally fibroid growth occurs in groups. Initially these tumors are small in size but it can grow upto the size of a grapefruit.

What triggers growth of fibroids?

One of the most common causes of fibroid growth is excess estrogen in the body. Many women in their mid thirties experience non-ovulating menstrual cycles as they approach the decade before the menopause. This essentially means that their body is producing less progesterone than normal and possibly more estrogen. As a result there is water retention in the body, breast enlargement and weight gain. Some women suffer from depression and lose of sex drive. All these happen because of one single factor- dominance of estrogen.

If you go in for conventional treatment your doctor would advise you to undergo hysterectomy to get rid of this problem. However if you are not prepared for a surgery or removal of your womb, you can consider remedies to shrink fibroids naturally. Research has indicated that by balancing the hormones naturally, fibroids growth can be arrested. It is also possible to shrink the size of existing fibroid tumor in uterus with the help of natural cures.

For restoring the hormonal balance herbal remedies are very useful. Another important factor is your diet. A poor diet elevates estrogen levels in the body and prevents the body from breaking down and eliminating excess estrogen.

The liver is the main organ responsible for breaking down hormones. In case the liver is overworked it will not be in a position to function effectively. To ensure that you do not overload the liver avoid saturated fats found in meats and dairy products, alcohol and excess sugar.

It is also necessary to include food containing phytoestrogens, a natural source of weak estrogen in your diet. This will help protect the body from the effects of excess estrogen. Whole grains, including brown rice, buckwheat, oats and millet, foods rich in essential fatty acids, such as fish help to shrink fibroids naturally.

Other effective ways of slowing down the growth of fibroid tumors in uterus is by exercising regularly, reducing stress levels and reducing your body weight. These simple cures will help to shrink fibroids naturally and safely.

Ovarian Cyst Treatment – 4 Options

Ovarian  cyst  treatment can vary based on your individual circumstances.  Some ovarian  cysts  are harmless and others can be a grave danger to your health. Most cases are referred to as functional  cysts  that develop at the end of a woman’s menstrual cycle. These types of  cysts  usually go away on their own after the eggs contained in the  cysts  have been released.

In some cases ovarian  cysts  can contain cancerous cells, cut off blood supply to the ovaries and continue growing.  Some form of ovarian  cyst  treatment is necessary in these cases.  Below we have outlined the four best treatment options available for the different types of  cysts .

1. Cystectomy- A cystectomy is a surgical procedure in which a  cyst  is removed from the ovary.  This procedure is very useful for treating non-cancerous  cysts .  A cystectomy is also a popular ovarian  cyst  treatment because it leaves the ovaries in tact. By leaving the ovaries in tact a woman will not lose her ability to have children.  Unfortunately this procedure is not an option with cancerous  cysts .  Also, it is an invasive surgical procedure and risks are associated.

2. Oophorectomy- An oophorectomy is another surgical procedure used in cases of last resort, such as cancer.  This is a serious ovarian  cyst  treatment and will change a woman permanently.  In this procedure the ovary or ovaries are removed.  By removing the ovaries a woman can no longer produce or regulate the amount of estrogen in her body. She is also no longer able to create her own eggs for reproduction.  Doctors often prescribe hormone replacement therapy for the estrogen issues.  However this becoming less used because of possible links to breast cancer.

3. Oral Contraception- Also known as birth control pills, this method is non-invasive  usually the first step in treatment if you have a family history of  cysts .  If a woman is not menstruating, she can not form functional  cysts  because she is not releasing eggs.  Birth control pills allow a woman to prevent her period from coming, thus keeping functional  cysts  from forming.  This is mostly a preventative ovarian  cyst  treatment and can cause other problems later with pregnancy.

4. Natural Treatment-  Some woman choose to use a natural treatment.  Sometimes these methods are said to not work.  Other times they are said to work miracles.  There is no overwhelming scientific proof either way.  The fact is natural treatment is non-invasive and has almost no risks associated with it.  This type of ovarian  cyst  treatment may be the perfect cure for a woman that does not want surgery or to take a pill for the rest of her life.

All of these ovarian  cyst  treatment options have their place in the world and all are necessary in certain cases.  Regardless of which one you choose, you should get your doctors opinion.

Vaginal Thrush – The Facts and Dispelling the Myths

A very uncomfortable condition if not downright painful at times for many women, vaginal thrush (Candidaisis) can be treated with many products that are readily available but there are also exists a number of myths or false remedies too, it is estimated that three out of four women will suffer from vaginal thrush at some point in their lives so let’s begin with the facts.

What is Thrush?

Thrush is simply a yeast germ (Candida) that has been allowed to multiply unchecked and develop into the condition known as thrush. The candida is always present on and in our bodies and generally it is kept in check by other bacteria. The usual places are inside our guts, on and inside the genital areas, under the armpits, anywhere where it is warm and moist. Generally it is kept in check by other friendly bacteria but if the balance is upset and the candida can multiply without restriction then thrush develops and starts to irritate the area infected.

The Symptoms of Vaginal Thrush.

Usually the most common symptom is the intense itching accompanied with the raw soreness and burning sensation. For many a discharge is usually quite common but it isn’t always present the discharge is normally a creamy white texture usually quite thick but can also be thin and watery. Also urination can be quite a painful experience as can sexual intercourse.

The Causes.

Surprisingly there is no known actual causes for thrush to develop but the triggers that can set it off are well understood.

  • A weak immune system,
  • Taking antibiotics,
  • Being pregnant,
  • Periods (menstruation),
  • Diabetes that is poorly controlled,
  • Sexual Intercourse,
  • Taking steroid treatment, particularly long term,
  • Taking birth control pills.

All these triggers have an effect on the friendly bacteria which keep the Candida in check, mainly in that it lessens their numbers and therefore no longer able to keep the candida under control.

Prevention of Vaginal Thrush.

There are a number of ways to try and prevent thrush from occurring in the first place.

  • Wear loose fitting underwear as well as loose trousers, jeans etc,
  • Do not use bubble baths, perfumed soap, or vaginal deodorants,
  • Do not over wash the vagina area, being too hygienic can eliminate helpful bacteria,
  • Wipe sensibly after going to the toilet,

Unfortunately for some women it doesn’t matter what measures they take, thrush will still occur and can do repeatedly.

Treatments.

Largely in the form of tablets which mainly include the anti-fungal fluconazole or itraconazole ingredients. Other forms of treatments are pessaries and creams. Generally these treatments are successful and the symptoms clear up in three to seven days. All of these treatments are available over the counter without the need for a prescription but for pregnant women tablets and other forms of medication may not be prescribed. For approximately 1 in 5 women these treatments do not work and medical consultation will be needed and for a number of women thrush will make a reappearance, for sufferers that have thrush four times a year or more this is known as complicated thrush and is difficult to treat.

The Myths Surrounding Thrush

There are a large number of rumours and myths surrounding the topic of thrush, some of them are very well known and still believed to be fact but they lack scientific evidence to back up the claim. Below are the more common myths.

There is always a discharge if you have vaginal thrush.

Not true, most sufferers do not have a discharge; if they do it is often very light.

Douching the vagina can prevent thrush.

Absolutely not; this is the practice of squirting soapy water into the vagina in the belief it will keep the area clean. The vagina is self-cleaning and does not need to be douched and will actually make the occurrence of thrush more likely as the good bacteria will be removed and the acidity level will be affected which in turn can damage the vaginal wall lining.

A Yeast Free Diet will prevent thrush.

Completely false; there are no scientific claims that avoiding yeast in one’s diet will stop thrush appearing. There are many yeast free diet products that are available on the Internet and some claim it has worked but it is difficult to find absolute proof. The theory that avoiding yeast in a diet will stem yeast overgrowth is fundamentally flawed as the yeast ingredient in food is totally different to the fungal yeast germ bacteria (Candida).

Thrush is quite a minor health condition and is not considered dangerous.

Thrush in itself is not a dangerous infection however it can be the cause of a multitude of other illnesses such as headaches, fatigue, pain when urinating, lack of energy, joint pains and more. However there is a very dangerous condition when Candida gets into the bloodstream, this is life threatening and has to treated urgently.

Only women can get thrush.

No, men can suffer from thrush too; the condition is called Candida Balanitis and this affects the genital areas and as in women, it can be very sore and painful. The number one cause is being unhygienic in the genital area but other causes are antibiotics, diabetes and allergies maybe to certain soaps or detergents.

Live or Natural Yoghurt is a valid thrush treatment.

No scientific evidence exists to support this theory. A very common notion is that yoghurt that contains the lactobacillus acidophilus bacteria can boost the numbers of friendly bacteria thus crowding out the naughty Candida germ. If this was the case then there would be hardly any other thrush treatments needed and the condition would not be so prevalent as it is today.

What You Should Know About Hepatitis

I have yellow fever doctor, said a patient. How do you know you have yellow fever? The doctor asked. The patient reply “Doc, I have fever and my eyes are yellow.”

Here in lies the sea of confusion between Yellow fever, Jaundice and Hepatitis. There seems to be a great deal of confusion about the trio of Yellow fever, Jaundice and Hepatitis. To many people, it would seem that fever along with yellow discoloration of the eyes and mucous membranes and skin (technically called Jaundice) must be yellow fever.

However in the science of medicine, there is a great gulf between these diseases. The yellow fever virus causes yellow fever. A wide range of viruses or toxins on the other hand may cause hepatitis. Both diseases cause inflammation of the liver. An inflamed liver is unable efficiently the breakdown of red blood cells. This results in the accumulation of bilirubin in the blood and connective tissues leading to what is called jaundice. The subject of yellow fever is beyond the scope of this article. Suffice it to say that it is a very deadly ailment with high mortality but totally preventable by an affordable yet very effective yellow fever vaccine which is taken once every ten years.

The specific viruses that cause viral hepatitis include Hepatitis A virus (HAV); Hepatitis B virus(HBV); Hepatitis D virus (HDV) delta agent; Hepatitis E virus (HEV) transmitted in epidemic form in Asia, North Africa and Mexico. There are other viruses that have been implicated in causing hepatitis such as Hepatitis G virus (HGV), SEN-V virus and TT virus (TTV).

HEPATITIS A

The HAV causes the sporadic or epidemic causes of hepatitis. The virus is transmitted or spread through contaminated food and water sources which may therefore lead to outbreaks in large population groups. Its spread is therefore favored by overcrowding, poor sanitation and personal hygiene. The incubation period is usually a few days, 30 days on the average. The illness is usually self-limiting with complete recovery within two weeks. Long lasting infection does not occur. Infections may be severe in adults but may occur in children without any symptoms or indeed ill health. Death from hepatitis A is very rare.

HEPATITIS B

Hepatitis B is usually spread through the inoculation of infected blood or blood products or by sexual intercourse. The virus (HBV) may be found in blood, saliva, semen and vagina fluids in infected persons. A mother who is infected is able to transmit the HBV to the child at the time of delivery. The risk of chronic infection in such cases is very high. HBV tends to occur very commonly in homosexual or gay men and intravenous drug users (IVDUs). Certain groups of people are at higher risk of contracting the infection; doctors, nurses, dentists, blood bank staff, patients and staff of haemodialysis centers etc. Sadly, it takes less blood to transmit HBV than HIV which causes AIDS.

From the time of infection, it takes 6 weeks to 6 months (average 12-14 weeks) for the infected person to become clinically ill. Hepatitis B may also present as very severe form of hepatitis called fulminant hepatitis in about 1% of infected persons. In this group, death may occur in as many as 60% of them. In yet another group, the illness may persist as chronic hepatitis B. In this group, the infection persist for years and then the patient go on to develop liver cirrhosis and liver cancer.

HEPATITIS D (DELTA AGENT)

Hepatitis D is a defective virus that is unable to cause hepatitis on its own except in association with HBV. HDV may therefore co-infect a person with HBV or super infected a person with chronic hepatitis. When it occurs concurrently with acute hepatitis or severe chronic hepatitis leading rapidly to cirrhosis.

HEPATITIS C

May be transmitted by blood transfusion, intravenous drug use, sexual contact and from mother to child. Having multiple sexual partners would therefore increase the risk of infection by hepatitis C virus. Incubation period is around 6-7 weeks.

HEPATITIS E

This is a waterborne hepatitis virus. Outbreaks occur in India, Burma, Afghanistan, Algeria and Mexico. The illness is self-limiting with no carrier state. But mortality is usually high in infected in infected pregnant women (up to 10-20%).

HEPATITIS G

This virus has been detected in blood donors, intravenous drug users, haemodialysis patients, haemophiliacs and patients with chronic hepatitis B or C. Hepatitis G does not appear to cause any important liver disease.

CLINICAL PICTURE OF HEPATITIS

The onset of illness may be abrupt or insidious. There is usually a flu-like illness with generalized malaise, fever, muscle aches, joint pains, easy fatigability, sore throat, nasal discharge and loss of appetite, nausea and vomiting. Frequently there is diarrhea, constipation and aversion to smoking for those that smoke. Then as the fever begins to ebb, jaundice sets in 5-10 days. Chill or chillness may occur. The liver is enlarged and painful to touch. The spleen and lymph node may become enlarged also. The diagnosis as to which type of hepatitis is aided through various laboratory tests.

TREATMENT

The treatment of hepatitis includes bed rest where applicable. Diet should consist of palatable meals as identified by the patient. Fluid replacement and multivitamin supplements are adjuncts to the treatment. The drug Alpha Interferon has been used in patients with acute hepatitis C and found to reduce the risk of progression to chronic hepatitis C.

PREVENTION

In general, the careful handling of needles and the screening of blood before transfusion are useful ways to prevent hepatitis. Hepatitis A may be prevented by vaccination and the use of immunoglobin in people who are in close contact with patient of HAV infection. Hepatitis B has a very potent and effective vaccine, which gives a lifelong protection and requires only intermittent booster doses. Hepatitis B immunoglobulin may also protect or attenuate the severity of illness, if given within seven days of exposure to the HBV.

Symptoms of Liver Cirrhosis – Cirrhosis of the Liver Symptoms to Look Out For

Are you aware of how important your liver is for your well-being? Your liver performs many critical functions that help your body to function properly. Cirrhosis of the liver is a very serious condition to have so I want you to know the symptoms of liver cirrhosis so you know what to look out for.

Cirrhosis of the liver currently has no known cure so it is not a condition that you ever want to be faced with. Cirrhosis is basically a hardening and scarring of the cells within the liver. It causes the liver to stop performing at the level it needs to in order to maintain good health.

Some of the functions of your liver include helping your blood to transport oxygen to your cells as well as helping it to clot, which prevents you from bleeding to death in the event you get a cut. Your liver also helps with the break down of fats and the production of cholesterol that your body needs. Your liver also acts like a filter removing toxins from your body. Your liver is your body’s principal organ of detoxification so as long as your liver function is intact, your blood stream remains pure.

As you can see from the above the functions of your liver are vital for your health and life so let’s look at some of the causes of cirrhosis of the liver as well as cirrhosis of the liver symptoms you should be on the lookout for. The most popular cause of cirrhosis is excessive alcohol consumption. Other causes may be Hepatitis C, drug abuse, malnutrition as well as a byproduct of obesity or diabetes.

Here are some symptoms of liver cirrhosis;

  1. Loss of Appetite
  2. Jaundice

  3. Easily Bruising

  4. Weight Loss

  5. Lack of Energy

  6. Fever

  7. Swelling

  8. Red palms

  9. Enlarged Liver

  10. Vomiting

  11. Fatigue

  12. Weakness

  13. Diarrhea or Constipation

  14. Upset Stomach

  15. Itchy Skin

There are steps you can take to help your liver heal, which are beyond the scope of this article, however one obvious step would be to stay away from any alcohol or drugs other than any drugs that have been prescribed for you. Your diet becomes even more critical when you have this condition so be sure to do the research into natural remedies for dealing with cirrhosis to learn how to help your body heal.

Limits and Differential Calculus

The study of limits is a very important one in  calculus . Limits are used to form the base of the derivative, which is arguably one of the most important aspects of  calculus . There are many different rules you need to follow when taking limits. It will take some time to truly understand what a limit is, but this is worth the effort. Having a good knowledge of limits will really help you with differential  calculus  studies.

Roughly speaking, we say that values of f(x) get closer and closer to the number L as X gets closer and closer to the number a. The statement is true from either side of a, but x cannot equal a. There is a more precise definition for limit but it will be seen in future studies.

So this may seem like a limit is simply the value of the function at a given point. This is really not the case. A function does not even have to be defined at a specific point for it to have a limit there. For example you can have a simple polynomial with an open point, but a limit will still exist at that open point. But obviously the value of the limit will not be the value of the open point, which may even be completely undefined.

It is much easier to see how limits behave graphically. For most normal functions finding the limit will be very straightforward. We can simply use the direct substitution property. The direct substitution property says that the value of the limit is simply the value of the function at the limit point. It is important to note that you can only use the direct substitution property for polynomials and rational functions.

Limits may seem confusing at first, but once she tried several of them they will not be that hard. Practice them now, as you will be seeing a lot more of them in this definition of the derivative section.

When Is Canine Vomiting and Diarrhea Something Serious?

Ask yourself,

1. Is the dog still interested in eating, will they eat their favorite treat, even a small one?

2. Do they have diarrhea?

3. Is there any blood in their vomit or diarrhea?

4. Do they have a temperature, always have a thermometer for your dog and know that a dog’s temperature should be 101. A dog can be very sick and NOT have a fever, but it is a warning sign.

5. Is the dog dehydrated? Grasp the skin between the shoulder blades; it should bounce back upon releasing the skin almost immediately. Skin that takes more than 2 seconds to bounce back or stands up in the position grasped is a sign of dehydration and in need of immediate veterinary attention.

6. Does the dog have good blood circulation and oxygenation? Check the color of your pet’s gums. Lift your pet’s upper or lower lip and observe the color of the inner lip and gums. A healthy animal should have a pink color to the gums. Brick red or brown, pale light pink, white, yellow or blue colors of the mucous membranes are colors indicative of an emergency (shock, loss of blood, or anemia). Some breeds have dark pigmentation in their inner lips and gums making observations difficult and misleading, know the color of your dogs gums when healthy. For these dogs check for color by gently pulling down on the skin just below the eye with your thumb and observe the color in the inner eyelid.

7. Will the dog play? Grab their favorite toy and see if they will play.

8. Will the dog stand? Move them to their feet and see what their reactions are.

9. Call your veterinarian and tell them the answers to these questions. If you vet is closed and any of these questions are of concern, go immediately to an emergency room.

Toxic items

First all dog owners should know where their emergency vet is located. The last thing you want is to be looking for the place when your dog is ill, late at night, so be prepared and do a dry run during the day. It may save a life.

Second you need to be aware how to make a dog throw up if he or she does ingest something they should not. This can be anything from a sock to the following foods. Please call your vet or emergency vet clinic for advice on if inducing vomiting is a good idea based on the item and time.

Vomiting will not help in some situations and could harm him or her even more, please:

– Do not induce if the dog has already started vomiting.

– Do not induce if the dog has lost consciousness, has trouble breathing, or she has become too weak to stand.

– Do not induce if the dog has swallowed bleach, drain cleaner or a petroleum distillate product. These products will burn the esophagus and mouth parts again on the way up.

– Do not induce if the dog swallowed the material more than two hours ago because the item or substance has likely passed into the small intestine, at which point your dog can’t vomit it back up.

You can induce if…

– your vet has advised you to do it during your phone call;

– your dog has ingested antifreeze (ethylene glycol) no more than two hours ago

That said, follow these steps to induce vomiting.

1. Into a small bowl, glass or mug, pour some three percent hydrogen peroxide, the same you have for a childs cut.

2. Pour about 3 cc’s for every 20 pounds of your dog’s weight into a small cup.

3. Open her mouth slightly tilting her head back, pour a steady stream of the hydrogen peroxide toward the back of her mouth, which will force her to swallow it.

4. Wait ten minutes. If she hasn’t yet started to vomit, repeat steps 2 and 3.

5. Call your vet immediately if she doesn’t vomit after the second dose.

So what is toxic to your dog besides the obvious, antifreeze? Well here is a list of those that will cause harm.

– Grapes, Raisins

– Candy, gum containing xylitol

– Mushrooms

– Castor Bean

– Cocoa powder, cooking chocolate, semi sweet chocolate, dark chocolate, milk chocolate in order of most toxic

– Onions and garlic

– Macadamia nuts

– Pear pits, the kernels of plums, peaches and apricots, apple core pits (contain cyanogenic glycosides in cyanide poisoning)

– Potato peelings and green looking potatoes

– Rhubarb leaves

– Moldy/ spoiled foods

– Alcohol

– Yeast dough

– Coffee grounds, beans and tea (caffeine)

– Hops (used in home brewing)

– Tomato leaves and stems (green parts)

– Broccoli

– Raw salmon

– Apple (stem and leaves)

– Yew (American, English, Western)

– Wild Cherry

– Japanese Plum

– Ficus(Cuban Laurel)

– Cherry

– Balsam Pear

– Ficus Lyrata (Fiddle-Leaf)

– Oak

– Philodendron (Devil’s Ivy)

– English Ivy

– Jasmine

– Vine

– Matrimony Vine

– Virginia Creeper

– Asparagus Fern

– Caladium

– Colocasia (Elephant’s Ear)

– Deiffenbachia (Dumb Cane)

– Philodendron (Saddle Leaf, Split Leaf)

– Poinsetta

– Mum (Pot and Spider)

– Umbrella Plant

– Aloe Vera

– Mistletoe

For more information on us and our dogs please visit, http://www.labradoodle-breeder.com, Rainmaker Ranch Labradoodles

Staph Food Poisoning

Staph food poisoning is a type of food-borne illness caused by infection with the Staphylococcus aureau (s. aureus) bacteria. Unfortunately, this type of condition is difficult to spot since, in some instances, toxins may be presented in foods that have no sign of contamination or spoilage. In addition, this type of ailment may multiply and thrive in any condition, including refrigerated food.

If you contract staph food poisoning while eating at a restaurant or other public establishment, you may be able to bring the establishment to court through a personal injury lawsuit. If the food was not handled in the proper manner or was not stored at correct temperatures, negligence may have occurred. To learn more about staph food poisoning and your rights as a victim, contact an attorney in your area right away.

Some foods that are commonly associated with this particular type of infection include:

  • Meats, such as poultry
  • Eggs
  • Salads made with mayonnaise, such as tuna, egg, chicken, potato and macaroni
  • Bakery products with cream-fillings, such as eclairs and cream pies
  • Sandwich fillings
  • Various other milk and dairy products

Symptoms of a staph food poisoning infection include the following:

  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Cramping of the stomach
  • Diarrhea
  • Dehydration
  • Headache
  • Changes in blood pressure or heart rate

Because the consequences of this type of food poisoning are so serious, it is imperative that restaurants, cafeterias and other food establishments operate with a reasonable standard of care and provide products that are safe to consume. This includes making sure the food is stored, handled and prepared in the correct manner. When this is not done, you may be entitled to financial compensation for any damages incurred as a result of negligent behavior.

To speak with an attorney about your experience with food poisoning, visit the web site of the Indianapolis personal injury attorneys of the Hankey Law Office, P.C. today.

Signs And Symptoms Of Peptic Ulcer

Nowadays, peptic ulcer affects more than 10% of the Americans. It is mostly caused by a bacterium (H. Pylori) and by inadequate use of medication. Peptic ulcer causes an injury upon the stomach or duodenum lining, known as gastric ulcers or duodenum ulcers.

Because of this erosion, abdominal pain and burning might occur during the night, when the stomach is empty, or two-three hours after eating. Also, nausea, vomiting, belching and indigestion might occur. These are the general symptoms of a peptic ulcer.

If you vomit blood, or see that your stool is bloody or black, call for a doctor immediately, because a complication of the peptic ulcer might have occurred. Also, an increased abdominal pain is urgency.

Peptic ulcer occurs when inside your stomach and duodenum increased levels of acid are produced. This acid injures the line of stomach and duodenum and so ulcer appears.

The level of acid inside the stomach increases because some factors interfere within its production. For example, following a treatment with NSAIDs for a long time could increase the level of produced acid inside your stomach. To prevent ulcer from occurring your current doctor will prescribe some antacids, inhibitors of the proton pump (Omeprazole, Lansoprazole, and Pantoprazole), and H2-Receptor antagonists (Famotidine, Cimetidine, Nizatidine, and Ranitidine).

Another factor that leads to ulcer is a bacterium (H. Pylori). This bacterium weakens the natural barrier that protects the lining of your stomach against the acid’s action. A lot of people possess this bacterium inside their stomach but not all of them develop ulcer. This is quite an interesting thing for scientists and is still studied.

People who suffer of Zollinger – Ellison Syndrome might develop ulcer because they have tumors in the pancreas that produce a hormone called gastrin, which increases the acid production in the stomach.

Alcohol, smoking, intensive stress, radiation therapy and other direct physical injuries can also lead to an ulcer. Ulcer has even a genetic predisposition.

People who have a weakened immune system and live in unsanitary conditions are exposed to H. Pylori.

In order to diagnose the ulcer, the doctor will ask you about your symptoms, will want to know for how long have you been having them, and will inquire about your lifestyle and diet.

After that the doctor will perform a physical exam to see if there are any signs of bleeding. A blood test is also required to see if you are anemic.

If the doctor suspects a peptic ulcer has occurred he will prescribe you antacid drugs.

But if you continue to feel abdominal pain and burnings even after treatment the doctor will have to perform other investigations like: endoscopy and an upper gastrointestinal test with barium.

These tests are quite accurate in detecting H. Pylori, the bacterium which could have caused your peptic ulcer. In this case antibiotic drugs are recommended, alongside with antacid medication.

GERD Diet – The Main Dietary Principles You Should Adopt

More than medicines, simple changes in one’s diet can do wonders in controlling the gastro-esophageal reflux disease or GERD. This is why in most cases, one is advised to make some simple yet beneficial lifestyle and dietary changes to get long lasting relief from GERD. It is interesting to note that a GERD diet is not very different from a general heart-healthy diet and involves many common factors, which has been mentioned below.

o Identifying the food items that can aggravate GERD symptoms and minimizing their intake is very critical.

o Making changes to the frequency of eating and imposing limits to the amount of each serving.

o Following a separate plan of diet for obese people with GERD.

After being diagnosed with GERD, one of the first steps is the elimination of problematic food items from one’s diet. Some of these items are mentioned below.

o Citrus fruits and their juices, including orange juice and pineapple juice

o Fast food such as fried and fatty snacks

o Chocolate

o Tea, coffee and other beverages containing caffeine

o Alcohol

o Raw onions and garlic

o Potato chips and French fries

o Tomatoes, tomato soup, tomato sauce and ketchup

o Most types of processed food items, including processed meat such as Salami

o Cheese and Macaroni

The right amount of serving should be dictated by the severity of the condition and will vary from individual to individual.

The effects of GERD on obese people are usually far more serious and complicated than on non-obese people. However it is necessary to keep in mind that GERD and obesity should not be confused with each other as they are two very different conditions. However, the obesity of the patient should be taken into account while formulating a diet plan for his or her acid reflux condition.

One of the best ways of implementing a GERD-friendly diet is to eat a wide variety of nutritious, low-calorie foods in restrained amounts. These should ideally include whole grains, skimmed fat-free milk, fresh vegetables and fruits (non-citrous), legumes, dry beans, lean meat, poultry and fresh water fish. Here are the constituents of a balanced GERD diet.

o 30% or less of the day’s total calories from fat

o 8% to 10% of the day’s total calories from saturated fat

o Less than 300 mg of dietary cholesterol daily

o Sodium intake of 2,400 mg per day or less

o Enough calories to sustain healthy weight and maintain a proper cholesterol level

Besides following a well-planned diet, people who are suffering from GERD should also pay attention to a few other relevant and important issues that would help them to have a healthy life that is free from heartburn. These include:

o Smaller meals taken at regular intervals throughout the day, rather than having one or two large meals are always advisable. Actually, larger meals tend to loosen the lower esophageal sphincter muscles and may cause it to malfunction, thereby allowing stomach contents to reflux back into the esophagus.

o Don’t eat just before going to bed. Eating meals well before one’s bed time gives ample time to the consumed food to get digested and find its way into the large intestines, thereby eliminating the chances of acid reflux.

o Opting for a holistic lifestyle to complement the GERD diet.

While following a systematic GERD diet plan will help in lessening the acuteness and frequency of acid reflux attacks, they cannot eradicate them completely. That is because the main problem due to which this is happening remains within the body. For a fuller cure, one needs to adopt the holistic way of treatment that reaches deep within the body and identifies all the contributing factors of GERD and then treats them to cure the patient from deep within. Holistic remedies work much better than conventional medications for GERD.

Otosclerosis – Ayurvedic Herbal Treatment

Otosclerosis is a genetically mediated metabolic bone disease that affects only the bones in the middle part of the human ear. Women are affected twice as often as men. Otosclerosis usually develops in the third decade of life. The bones in the middle ear first turn spongy and later become dense and sclerotic, and become fixed to each other and to the eardrum, resulting in conductive hearing loss. Occasionally, this process can involve other parts of the inner ear and produce sensorineural hearing loss. The symptoms of otosclerosis include hearing loss, a buzzing sound in the ear and dizziness. Surgical intervention and the use of hearing aids are used in the management of otosclerosis.

The Ayurvedic treatment of otosclerosis is aimed at the preservation of hearing and attempting to halt or reverse the process of otosclerosis. Medicines like Panch-Tikta-Ghrut-Guggulu, Laxadi-Guggulu, Punarnavadi-Guggulu and Saarivadi-Vati are used to treat the basic pathology of the disease. Medicines like Kaishor-Guggulu, Tapyadi-Loh, Ekang-Veer-Ras and Bruhat-Vat-Chintamani are used to prevent damage to the inner ear and the resultant sensorineural hearing loss. Herbal medicines like Haritaki (Terminalia chebula), Amalaki (Emblica officinalis), Manjishtha (Rubia cordifolia), Saariva (Hemidesmus indicus), Punarnava (Boerhaavia diffusa), Kutki (Picrorrhiza kurroa), Asthishrunkhala (Cissus quadrangularis), Laxa (Purified wax), Guduchi (Tinospora cordifolia) and Musta (Cyperus rotundus) can also be used for this purpose. In addition, in order to reverse the process of otosclerosis, medicines like Shankh-Bhasma, Godanti-Bhasma, Praval-Bhasma, Praval-Panchamrut and Panchamrut-Parpati are used in combination with medicines like Tamra-Bhasma, Abhrak-Bhasma and Trivang-Bhasma.

Clinical progression of this disease is unpredictable. Since bilateral involvement of the ears is common, early initiation of treatment is recommended in order to derive maximum therapeutic benefit. Ayurvedic treatment can also help to prevent sensorineural hearing loss which can result in complete deafness.

Signs and Symptoms of Diabetic Nephropathy

In the early stages of diabetic nephropathy, a patient usually doesn’t experience symptoms. Typically, symptoms occur when her glomerular filtration rate (GFR) is 20% to 30% of normal. The GFR reflects the amount of plasma that passes through the glomerulus per minute. When signs and symptoms develop, they may affect virtually every body system and include:

* polyuria, nocturia, proteinuria, oliguria progressing to anuria

* hypertension, heart failure, pulmonary edema, peripheral edema, arrhythmias, pericarditis

* crackles, shortness of breath, dyspnea, Kuss­maul’s respirations, pleural effusion, depressed cough reflex, thick sputum, pneumonitis

* anorexia, constipation or diarrhea, hiccups, nausea, vomiting, stomatitis, unpleasant or metallic taste in the mouth

* altered level of consciousness, behavior changes, cognitive changes, lethargy, seizures, coma

* muscle cramps, bone fractures, footdrop

* anemia, increased risk of bleeding, infection

* decreased perspiration; dry, brittle hair; dry, flaky skin; yellow-brown skin; petechiae; pruritus; thin, brittle, ridged nails; uremic frost (urea crystals that form on the skin)

* nfertility; decreased libido; anovulation, amenorrhea, anorgasmy in women; impotence in men.

Some More Facts

Discuss potential kidney complications of diabetes with your patient and her family. Emphasize the relationship between tight blood glucose control and the onset and progression of kidney disease. Explain the importance of achieving and maintaining a healthy weight, following a safe exercise plan, stopping smoking, and controlling blood cholesterol levels. Explain dietary restrictions, including protein limitation, and refer your patient to a dietitian.

Inform your patient about the association between hypertension and renal disease. Explain that she’ll need to have her blood pressure checked regularly, and emphasize the importance of treating her hypertension. Encourage her to report any adverse effects of antihypertensive drugs to her physician. Remind her not to stop antihypertensive therapy without notifying her physician.

Review the signs and symptoms of UTI and the importance of prompt and thorough treatment. Explain the importance of providing a follow­up urine sample for culture and sensitivity testing, if prescribed. Review the procedure for collecting a 24-hour urine sample . Advise your patient to delay or reschedule screening for urine albumin excretion if she recently participated in strenuous exercise or had an acute febrile illness or a UTI. These factors can temporarily increase urine albumin excretion. Ask your patient if she’s taking drugs, such as NSAIDs and ACE inhibitors. These drugs can alter urine protein excretion and should be avoided during testing.

If the patient is receiving hemodialysis or peritoneal dialysis at home, a home care nurse can provide the support and education she needs to perform the procedure independently. In some cases, a family member may need to be taught how to perform it. Or the home care nurse may have to do it.