All We Need to Know About Lung Cancer

The great majority of lung cancers originate within the walls of the bronchi, the three-like structures of tubes which carry air to the lungs. That is why lung cancers are more correctly know as bronchogenic cancers. The direct cause of this form of cancer, like all other cancers, is unknown. However, there is much evidence to show that cigarette smoking is responsible factor, as well as inhalation of certain irritating dusts (including cobalt and chromates) and fumes. Lung cancer cases have increased, and now account for about 15% of all cancers. The disease occurs in middle life or later, with greater frequency in men.

Symptoms. Symptoms vary with the size and location of the tumor. The patient develops a cough early in the illness. It is usually dry but there may be blood in the mucus. There is chest pain similar to that of   pleurisy . The patient is often short of breath and wheezes as he breathes. His finger joints swell painfully. There can be swelling of the face and upper extremities, and swallowing difficulties, depending upon where the tumor located.

Complications. Complications include collapse of the lung, recurrent pneumonias, bronchiectasis, and lung abscess. However, the real danger is the fatal spread of this tumor to other parts of the body.

Prevention. The main hope is to identify the tumor before the symptoms appear. For that reason, all men over 40, and particularly those who smoke, should have routine chest X rays. A patient who has a persistent cough, or spits blood, should notify his doctor promptly. People who have repeated bouts of pneumonia, or a case of pneumonia that does not respond to treatment, should be checked to rule out the possibility of underlying malignant disease. It may also be suspected in any case of unresponding lung disease for which no cause of apparent. Early recognition and surgery to eradicate the disease are vital. Delay that permits, the cancer to spread beyond the confines of the lung is fatal.

6 Types of Muscle Tightness

Everyone has tight muscles sometimes, and some people have tight muscles all the time. While tightness is certainly uncomfortable and a request for attention, it is not a useful adjective for diagnosis, because this sensation has several causes. Treatment for one type of tight muscle can actually make another worse. Learn six types of tightness so you can respond to your muscles’ complaints more effectively.

#1 Short and overused

After a long hike or intense workout, the muscles in your legs may feel tight and sore, because they have been overused. The muscles are contracted and could benefit from gentle stretching, especially while they are warm from activity.

#2 Long and overused, but weak

Unbalanced posture creates imbalanced muscles. Some muscles will be short and contracted. Others will be long for counterbalance, which creates stiffness that feels like tightness. Computer posture is a great example. The muscles in the front of the chest are short and overused. The upper back and shoulders are overstretched and working in a compromised, weakened position . Isometric exercises, such as squeezing the shoulder blades together and down to shorten and strengthen the upper back muscles, are effective.

#3 Underused and weak

If a muscle is not used, it will atrophy and the surrounding connective tissue and fascia become dense. In computer posture, several arm muscles fall into this category. Gradually increase strength through exercise to rebuild the health of the muscle and feeling of suppleness to the fascia. Exercises that use many muscles at once, like pushups with the knees down or bench press with light weight, work better than machines that target individual muscles.

#4 Strained

Muscles that are overused to the point of strain tighten up for protection. That can come from overdoing any workout, yard work, or helping a friend move. The first step in healing is rest. Ice, heat, or a combination can help, too. Then gradually introduce exercise and stretching. It is important to back off your usual routine and build up slowly to avoid additional strain.

#5 Trigger points

Strain can create trigger points and so can structural imbalance, poor posture, and being cold. These knots are often described as tightness. The best treatment is warming the muscle, pressing or massaging the tender points, and then stretching.

#6 Scar tissue

Muscles and connective tissue that have been damaged, either from a sudden injury or continual microtrauma of poor alignment, repair themselves with stiff, inflexible scar tissue. Manual therapy like deep tissue and cross fiber friction massage is an effective treatment. Gentle stretching sometimes helps, but overstretching creates microtears in the connective tissue and even more scar tissue.

Manual therapists and exercise professionals need to diagnose the source of tightness, so it can be addressed appropriately. For example, lengthening or stretching a long and overused muscle makes it even stiffer. For the client, becoming aware of what underlies the feeling is an important tool for self care, injury prevention, and personal growth.

Asthma Home Remedy – Honey and Ginger to Relieve Asthma

There are many different triggers and causes of asthma. And just as there are many triggers and causes, there are also many different remedies. Some of these asthma home remedies involve consuming different combinations of food ingredients. Two of the most beneficial ingredients are honey and ginger.

Let’s take a look at some concoctions with honey and with ginger.

Honey as a Remedy

Honey is very good for asthma. Honey helps to thin the mucus in the body and helps get the mucus out of the respiratory system. As you probably already know, mucus accumulates in the breathing passages and blocks air flow in and out of the body. This can trigger or make an asthma attack worse.

You can either take the honey by mouth or you can just breathe in the honey if an attack is beginning.

Here are some mixtures (along with how often to take them) that combine honey with other ingredients:

* One teaspoon of honey with water every day.

* One teaspoon of warm water with one quarter teaspoon of turmeric powder twice a day.

* One teaspoon of honey with half a teaspoon of cinnamon powder once a day (either morning or night).

* One tablespoon of honey, one tablespoon of drumstick leaves juice, one teaspoon small onion juice, and half a teaspoon of asafetida. Mix all these things together and consume twice a day.

Ginger as a Remedy

Ginger is also very good for asthma. Ginger powder negates the effects of Platelet-Activating Factors. This means the ginger powder stops inflammation.

When mixed with certain other ingredients, it also acts as an expectorant. This means that it helps you cough-up and get rid of mucus in your respiratory system.

Here are a few mixtures with ginger in them:

* One teaspoon of ginger with one cup of fenugreek concoction once a day.

* Fresh ginger juice mixed with honey taken once a day.

* Half a tea spoon of fresh ginger, one teaspoon cumin seeds, a pinch of nutmeg, and a glass of water. Combine everything and bring to a boil. Then drink hot.

The Effectiveness of Honey and Ginger

The effectiveness of honey and ginger as an asthma home remedy has been proven over and over. However, just as everyone’s asthma is triggered by something different, everyone’s asthma is effectively treated a little differently. Therefore, you will need to test to see which one or ones work best for you.

Overall, honey and ginger are two of the most effective ingredients that you can add to any concoction. Honey helps rid the respiratory system of mucus while ginger helps stop inflammation and also helps get rid of mucus when mixed with certain other ingredients.

Causes of Work Related Dislocated Shoulders

Dislocated shoulders at work are most common among males aged 25-40, engaged in physically demanding roles. A worker may suffer a dislocated shoulder following a fall from height, or simply due to a slip or trip, where the force of impact on landing is sustained by the forearm and shoulder. In public places such as supermarkets and car parks, older people are at the greatest risk of falling and dislocating their shoulders, especially if they are suffering from osteoporosis, a disease that progressively weakens the bones over time. When the shoulder is dislocated the humerus bone (upper arm) effectively pops out of its ball and socket arrangement with the scapula (shoulder blade). The shoulder is a complex joint, and one that is capable of a wide range of movement and flexibility. This makes it particularly vulnerable to injuries and dislocations from sudden and/or excessive force which pulls it outside its normal range of movement.

Most people will make a full recovery from a dislocated shoulder within 3 months, though for others residual effects may linger for many months or years afterward. An injured person may experience prolonged symptoms, including pain, aching, and loss of strength of grip. Compensation awards may exceed £12,000 for pain and suffering alone when these ongoing symptoms are pronounced. Dislocated shoulder injuries usually involve damage to muscles, tendons and ligaments that surround the shoulder joint. Often the important rotator cuff (a group of muscles that stabilise the shoulder) will be torn and become inflamed. A doctor will seek to treat a dislocated shoulder by realigning the bones and immobilising the arm in a sling, allowing the bones to reset and heal naturally. Possible long-term complications exist however, including conditions such as frozen shoulder, and the premature onset of arthritis in the joint.

In the workplace, dislocated shoulder injuries are common in busy environments such as construction sites and warehouses, where loads are constantly being lifted and moved. When a load is being lifted and carried the shoulder will bear much of the force, and if the load slips or is dropped the pressure may be enough to dislocate the shoulder. Hectic working conditions mean that often obstacles will be discarded in the path of workers, and it will be all the more difficult to maintain a safe system of work. Those whose jobs involve working at height are also at permanent risk of falling, from a ladder or scaffold for example, with the shoulder sustaining the force of impact on landing. Employers have a legal responsibility to provide workers with both a safe working premises and a safe system of work. All physically demanding tasks must be thoroughly risk assessed, and a mechanical alternative should be used whenever possible. An employer should also provide the appropriate safety equipment to workers where necessary.

Similar to employers, the proprietors of commercial premises such as shops and supermarkets owe a duty of care to their visitors, and must take all reasonable measures to reduce the risk of injuries as far as possible. Spilled produce, discarded cleaning fluids and pot holes in car parks all regularly cause falls and injuries, with older people particularly susceptible to accidents of this kind. Both employees and members of the public may require weeks or months off work following a dislocated shoulder injury. In some cases a worker may be unable to resume manual handling tasks at work, or may find their range of mobility substantially decreased. Compensation claims will take into account loss of earnings in these circumstances, as well as medical bills and other expenses. Damages for a dislocated shoulder will be highest where the injury has created residual, ongoing problems in shoulder joint, possibly amounting to a permanent partial disability.

Laser Eye Surgery Risks: Flap Dislocation After LASIK

Though it is the most prevalent of laser eye surgeries, LASIK has its share of complications. The post-operative complication rate is estimated from 3% to 6%. LASIK eye surgery involves cutting a flap of the corneal tissue with a hinge being left at one end of the flap. The flap is then folded back to reveal the stroma, the middle section of the cornea. After reshaping the corneal tissue with the aid of a high precision laser, typically the excimer laser, the flap is repositioned so as to remain in place by natural adhesion until it heals completely.

The LASIK procedure entails certain flap complications. Among the post-operative flap complications, a slipped flap is one of the most common. The corneal flap created during the operation may inadvertently detach from the rest of the cornea. It is imperative that the patient goes home and sleeps after surgery so as to let the flap heal, since the chances of flap  dislocation  are the greatest immediately after the surgery.

Other types of flap complications include folds in flaps and undesired epithelial in-growth. Post-operative folds in flap typically necessitate repositioning of the flap. Flap related problems are relatively common when it comes to LASIK complications. But they rarely lead to a permanent visual acuity loss. Moreover, the occurrence of flap complications decreases with increased surgeon experience. An expert LASIK surgeon, wielding superlative equipment, is far less likely to commit an error during the surgery.

Since LASIK entails the removal of a part of the corneal tissue, the cornea becomes thinner as a result of the procedure. Myopic shifts at extreme altitudes have been attributable to this thinning of the corneal surface. LASIK technology has advanced in leaps and bounds, with much advanced and risk free procedures available today. Owing to this, the chances of flap complications are rather minuscule. Moreover, there isn’t a large body of conclusive evidence so as to assert the chances of any long-term flap complications due to LASIK.

In summary, LASIK is a viable and safe procedure when it comes to correcting a variety of refractive errors. Furthermore, whatever small flap complications may arise can be rectified with ease.

Finding a LASIK surgery that you are confident about will be able to give you more information about the risks of laser eye surgery.

The Reasons That Teams Fracture

There are symptoms that teams are beginning to not function well even if they have in the past. These manifest in different ways. The most obvious are that more absences begin to happen along with people being late. But more will occur that has to do with attitude. Employees will seem to lose energy with everything taking longer or worse a feeling that employees don’t care as much. I personally don’t think that employees don’t care but instead are upset with a situation.

This sometimes comes from changes in the company that were not communicated well that make the employees nervous. It can come from cut backs or budget cuts. It can however come from a feeling of not being listened to and ideas from the employees never being used. It can occur when employees to not feel like management is involved in the daily operation. If employees are never praised and only hear from management when something goes wrong it will take little time to have moral go down.

What about the goals of the team and company? Do the employees know what these are? What are the goals the team is working towards? Just like any human being if people are doing the same things over and over without being challenged boredom has a way of creeping in. This can also cause a slower attitude or a feeling that nothing ever changes.

Teams can fracture quickly if there is not respect for each and every member of the team. This is extremely important and should be emphasized. Each person should be expected to help one another, cheer each other on, and be a part of the solutions that make the team even better.

Any time a team fractures even a little the customer is the one that pays. Attitudes affect the way that employees deal with customers. The team takes care of the customers and needs to be sharp and up in thinking because the customer just wants the product or service. A team will fracture as soon as the people on it think they are not being considered or cared about.

Stress Fractures In Your Feet

We all know what  fractures  are. Many of you have probably  fractured  a  bone  or two in your lives. You jump off a high structure or you get in wrestling match with your brother and next thing you know, you have to go to the hospital because you broke a bone. The use of the term “stress” when pertaining to a  fracture  may be puzzling for some. The common statement heard by podiatrists is: “I do not recall any serious pain to my foot”. While they may not recall any specific traumatic event causing the  fracture , the patient indeed suffered trauma significant enough to cause a  fracture , it just wasn’t the type of “trauma” everyone thinks of when discussing  fractures .

A stress  fracture  is a very small  fracture  in a  bone , and is sometimes referred to as a “hairline  fracture “. With over two-hundred  bones  in your body, a  fracture  can occur nearly anywhere but stress  fractures  are most prevalent in the foot. This is because the feet bear the weight of the entire body. Often times, stress  fractures  are related to “overuse”, usually resulting from sports, overtraining, or sudden increases in activity without proper conditioning. Athletes playing football, soccer, baseball or any intense sport can develop a stress  fracture . The principle of repeatedly hitting or stomping your foot on the same general spot will increase your chances of developing a stress  fracture .

A typical activity is working out on the treadmill (a.k.a. the dreadmill). As you are doing your workout on the treadmill, you’re constantly hard stepping your feet again and again–which is more intense when there is an incline and you go for a long duration. You can easily get a foot stress  fracture  this way. A way to reduce the chances of a stress  fracture  is to simulate running outside by trying the incline and the speed of the treadmill. This way you’ll constantly be adjusting how your foot strikes the ground, which dampens the stress placed on any one spot in the foot.

Due to osteoporosis, women are more prone to stress  fractures  than men. This is compounded by two other common conditions in women: eating disorders and irregular menstrual cycles. The two symptoms can add to the building up of osteoporosis, which is not only a condition for elderly women but can occur in early on. Now, this is not to say men aren’t also susceptible to stress  fractures , because they can get them, it’s just important for women to be aware of the increased risk of stress  fractures .

The long  bones  in the foot that go from the middle of the foot to the toes (a.k.a. the metatarsals) is the most frequent spot for a stress  fracture  in the foot. The heel or the location known as the navicular (which is on top of the midfoot) can also experience a stress  fracture . Due to an insufficient amount of blood flow, the  fractures  in this  bone  are not easy or fast to cure.

Some common symptoms you may experience should you suffer a stress  fracture  are pain that starts gradually, gets worse with weight-bearing activities and slowly gets better with rest, possible swelling, tenderness to touch and possible bruising.

Cerebral Palsy Child – A Look at the Causes and Treatment

There are many different forms of  cerebral   palsy , and a child can endure one or more at a time. The different types are spastic, athetoid, ataxic, or mixed. However, spasticity is most common among children, which is usually distinguished through rigid and convulsive muscles. On the other hand, other forms of this disability cause low muscle tone, leading to loose and flaccid muscles, underdeveloped balance and coordination, or a combination of these.

 Cerebral   palsy  can also lead to many other conditions, such as mental retardation, epilepsy, visual and hearing impairments, and behavioral difficulties. Although its conditions can be managed through medications, there is no permanent cure for it.

What Causes  Cerebral   Palsy  in a Child?

The main cause in children is prenatal injury to the brain. Sometimes, the cause of the brain injury is unknown, and other times there are many known factors that contribute to the development of  cerebral   palsy .

However, there are some known conditions which can either cause  cerebral   palsy , or increase the risk of it. These conditions include birth injuries, inadequate oxygen supply, premature birth, prenatal infections, like rubella or toxoplasmosis, and severe jaundice.

Thedisability can also develop after birth due to brain injuries early in life, such as trauma, dehydration, or stroke.

Treating  Cerebral   Palsy  in Children

Treatment varies depending on the child, but typically includes a combination of the following.

* Physical therapy to stretch and work muscles

* Occupational therapy, to assist with regular tasks

* Speech therapy to improve language and help with pronunciation difficulties

* Using hearing aids or glasses to correct vision and hearing impairments

* Drug therapy to reduce muscle spasms and help relaxation. Some recommended products are baclofen, phenol or Botox

* Technology which helps mobilize people and give them ways to communicate

* Improve joint movement through surgery

* Hyperbaric oxygen therapy or other alternative therapies.

 Cerebral   palsy  requires a lifetime of treatment, despite the fact that is does not gradually worsen over time. However, treatment can be very expensive, so families turn to certain associations to provide them with financial help.

When Medical Malpractice is to Blame

Unfortunately, sometimes this condition is preventable, but medical errors occur during delivery. When this happens, legal actions should take place. Negligent parties are held financially responsible for damages to  cerebral   palsy  children and their families.

If you experienced a traumatic delivery, and medical malpractice is under suspicion as the cause to your child’s condition, then contact a medical lawyer as soon as possible. Doing this will ensure you your legal rights.

Symptoms of Gout and its Causes

Gout is also known as crystal-induced arthritis. It is a medical condition that sets in when uric acid crystals collect on the joints. At the first stage, gout usually affects the large joints in the big toe. Gradually it can spread to other parts of the body, like the ankles, the instep, the heels and the knees, the wrists and fingers of the hand and the elbows. In severe cases, even the shoulders, hips or spine can be affected. Gout does not spread from one joint to the next.

Uric acid is a metabolic end product that is formed at the time the body breaks down purines present in certain food items. In normal conditions, the uric acid gets dissolved in the blood and gets eliminated from the body through the kidneys into the urine. However, people having a propensity for gout have such high levels of uric acid in their blood that the acid precipitates out in the form of crystals. The crystals get accumulated on the joints and other tissues, leading to inflammation and excruciating pain. A chronic condition can lead to the formation of tophi – lumps formed under the skin due to large deposits on severely affected joints of the elbow, fingers and toes, and even on the external pinna.

Another medical condition, referred to as the pseudo-gout, results from the deposits of calcium-based crystals in the joints.

In almost 90 percent of incidences of gout, men over the age of 40 and menopausal women are affected. An “episode” often takes place during the night. Within 12 to 24 hours of the onset, the afflicted joint becomes severely inflamed and starts to ache rigorously. The gout attack usually lasts about five to 10 days.

The Signs and Symptoms of Gout include:

o Hyperuricemia

o Presence of uric acid crystals in joint fluid

o More than one attack of acute arthritis

o Arthritis that develops in 1 day

o Attack of arthritis in only one joint, usually the toe, ankle, or knee

o A painful joint that is swollen, red, and warm

The probable causes of gout include:

o Genetic defects in metabolism resulting in hyper-production and retention of uric acid in the blood

o Kidney failure leading to hampered elimination of uric acid from the body

o Diuretic medications employed in the treatment of heart failure and diabetes.

o Erratic lifestyle, alcohol abuse, purine-rich diet and excess weight

o Surgery or sudden injury, severe illness

Proper understanding of the cause and symptoms of gout can help in achieving a successful cure for gout attacks.

Sore Throat and Fever

Most people assume that those trusted antibiotics that the population is so reliant on is the answer for everything however, they’re really not. Antibiotics are only effective against bacteria, not viruses and since fevers and sore throats are caused by both, they may not even treat your symptoms. Not to mention, they can cause allergic reactions so there is always a risk involved when you take them.


Viruses are the primary cause of the sore throat and fever combination. These include both the cold and flu and since antibiotics cannot treat these, you need to look for alternative ways to reduce your symptoms so you can be more comfortable. One of the few bacterial infections that is treatable with antibiotics is strep throat and this is about the only way to rid yourself of this infection. Lastly, sometimes these symptoms are simply brought on by seasonal allergies which are easily treated both naturally or with antihistamines.

Natural Remedies

Apple Cider Vinegar – There are not many ailments that cannot be remedied with the help of apple cider vinegar. This is not a sipping cocktail, plug your nose and down the hatch! It tastes bad but it works almost instantly. If you cannot drink a spoonful straight, mix it with a bit of water and honey.

Herbal Tea – Green tea is excellent to treat these symptoms and it also provides your body with antioxidants. It is a good idea to get in the habit of drinking a cup of tea every day, especially during the flu season. Adding lemon and honey boosts the healing properties as well. Other varieties that are also quite beneficial are slippery elm, licorice root or wild cherry.

Gargle – You can gargle with a few different things that you’ll probably already find in your kitchen to alleviate your sore throat. Salt water is a popular pick but you may also want to try mixing apple cider vinegar, sage or aloe vera with water as well.

Garlic – This healing herb can be used two different ways. First, you can simply cut a clove to suck on, pressing it against your teeth like a cough drop so its special chemicals are released. Alternatively, another way to treat a sore throat and fever with garlic is to boil it in a bit of water, allow the liquid to cool and then you simply gargle with it.

Harmful Bacteria

Even though bacteria are generally beneficial to man and ecosystem in general, it’s an undeniable fact that there are some that do the opposite. These are harmful bacteria and cause many ailments as well as diseases. They are also referred to as pathogens. They attack human beings, plants and animals causing diseases such as anthrax, toothaches, pneumonia,   tonsillitis  e.t.c.

There is no specific word that can describe the dangers of this organisms. In fact, some of them are life threatening and actually lead to death. Take an example of Vibrio cholerae that causes cholera or Legionella pnuemoniae that causes Legionnaire’s disease. If not treated early and well , it can lead to death.

It would be fair to say that in most cases, harmful bacteria leads to food poisoning. No wonder, we ought to be clean and ensure what we eat is clean and well cooked. Some of this organisms that cause food poisoning include the following; Salmonella and Campylobacter mostly found in warm blooded animals or unpasteurized dairy products, Listeriosis that is caused by consuming contaminated food, Clostridium perfringes found in poultry, raw milk, eggs or vegetables and finally Campylobacteriosis which causes digestive tract infection and found in food or water contaminated by pests.

Harmful bacteria can cause devastating effects and hence we ought to be careful with what we eat or drink. They can actually lead to a number of food borne illnesses and normally diarrhea, flu, vomiting, abdominal pains, headaches e.t.c are the effects. When you buy un pasteurized products, make sure you boil first so as to kill this organisms.

Scabies – What Is That?

Scabies is a disease which is quite common and can happen to anybody. This disease, scabies can spread among all people, no matter their status or race. Scabies is caused by a mite, which lives in the human skin. The female scabies usually lays the eggs in channels just underneath the skin and in a couple of days mites develop. There are different treatments for scabies, which kill the eggs as well as the adults. However, scabies can reappear if the person is exposed again to the scabies mite.

Scabies had many symptoms, some of them more obvious than others. when you have scabies you will feel a itching sensation, especially at night, red points or even blisters will appear on your skin. These are just some of the most common scabies symptoms. In adults, scabies is mostly seen around the armpits, wrists, nipples, elbows, stomach, the side of your fingers and the genital area. Children, on the other hand, are much more affected by scabies. Their whole body can be with scabies. In almost all the cases of

scabies, the patients also develop an infection, because of the scratching. If you have scabies for the first time, the itching usually begins in two weeks time. But if it is not the first time you have scabies, then the symptoms of scabies may appear as soon as five days.

Another important thing to know about scabies is how this disease is spread. The scabies mites can be passed from a person to another just by a simple touch of hand. Sexual contact can also be another form of transmitting scabies mites. The scabies mites can only live a couple of days in a household, their survival depending on temperature and humidity.

To diagnose scabies can be a very difficult job for the doctor. Almost all the scabies symptoms are similar to other medical conditions. In order to diagnose scabies, the doctor must first take some skin samples from the patient. Then the skin is analyzed at a microscope to see if there is any sign of scabies mites. Another way to diagnose scabies is to apply ink to the patient’ s skin.

The treatment for scabies is not very difficult and expensive. Scabies are treated by lotions or creams that are applied to the skin. Those ointments for scabies contain lindane or crotamiton. To buy such treatment for scabies you need a prescription from the doctor.

Herbal Medicines For Diabetes Treatment

 Diabetes  is caused by a deficiency of insulin, a hormone produced by the pancreas and necessary for converting glucose to energy. There are two types of  diabetes  – Type I and Type II.

 Diabetes  is largely considered a disease of affluence, a product of the Western diet. Genetic factors are also important. Type II  diabetes , for instance, is usually associated with obesity and can often be cured simply by medically supervized dieting and weight loss.

Type I  diabetes  is the more serious form. It is an autoimmune disease triggered when insulin­producing cells in the pancreas are attacked and destroyed. The only treatment is daily injections of insulin, but people with  diabetes  must also pay attention to their diet, following a pattern of healthy eating and regular exercise. Uncontrolled and untreated Type I  diabetes  can result in a life-threatening coma. It is essential to seek specialist advice.

With Type II  diabetes  a certain amount of insulin is produced, but the body is unable to use it properly, making it less effective.

 Diabetes  tends to run in families, although not all members who carry the gene will go on to acquire the disease. It is more common to develop Type II than Type I. In addition to hereditary factors, damage to the pancreas may cause  diabetes , particularly by viruses (such as mumps or rubella).

Other factors that may cause the disease in susceptible people are

pregnancy – this is called gestational  diabetes  and is more common if previous babies have weighed upward of 9lb/4kg at birth; urine tests during prenatal checks will show high levels of glucose, and you will be given a glucose tolerance test; positive cases will require dietary changes under medical supervision, or in the more severe instances, insulin treatment.

Other illnesses, including diseases of the pancreas, thyrotoxicosis and hyperthyroidism treatment of existing conditions with corticosteroids.

Symptoms of  diabetes  include:

frequent urination and thirst

lethargy and apathy

weight loss

lowered resistance to infection (particularly urinary tract infections)


blurred vision

menstrual problems.

Longer-term complications include:

scarring of the retina

damage to the peripheral nerves

chronic kidney failure


associated disorders of the thyroid.

Special Note on Coma

It is important in  diabetes  to distinguish between diabetic coma and hypoglycemic coma.

Hypoglycemic (low blood sugar) coma occers as a result of taking too much insulin, or of not following insulin with enough sugar or carbohydrate. As the food and insulin levels become quickly out of balance, sweating, erratic and often violent behavior very quickly results, followed by coma – usually within 15 to 30 minutes. This reaction is known as “a hypo” and can be corrected just as quickly by taking in sugar, preferably as glucose, in food or drinks.

Diabetic coma is much more serious, and requires immediate medical help. The causes of this kind of coma are a buildup of acids (ketones), and metabolic poisoning as a result of having too little insulin in the body for too long. The condition causes rapid breathing and dehydration, followed by life-threatening coma if not checked.


The key to successful treatment of both types of  diabetes  is in maintaining the correct balance between food and insulin. There is no cure, either conventional or alternative, but research in the United States has shown that careful control of blood sugar levels can reduce the risk of diabetic complications by as much as 60 percent.

Research shows that the blood sugar levels of diabetics can best be controlled by a high-fiber, high-carbohydrate, low-fat diet. In the past, carbohydrate content comprised about 40 percent of the energy intake, but this has now been altered so that at least 50 percent of total energy intake is drawn from carbohydrates. Evidence has also shown that blood sugar levels do not rise as rapidly when a high-fiber diet is eaten. Because high-fiber foods take longer to digest, the increase in blood sugar is slower and more monotonous and the diabetic does not have to contend with a sudden increase such as that supplied by refined sugars in fizzy drinks, for instance, or candies.

Type I  Diabetes 

The only treatment is daily injections of insulin, but people with  diabetes  must also pay attention to their diet, following a pattern of healthy eating and regular exercise. Several alternative therapies can help, but you always should consult a qualified practitioner.

Childhood Obesity is on the Rise

According to childhood  obesity  statistics, childhood  obesity  has more than tripled over the course of the past thirty years. Over 30% of children ages 6-19 years old are either already overweight, or at a high risk of becoming overweight. These childhood  obesity  statistics have shocked not only scientists, but parents as well. In a world full of technology and video games, kids are simply not getting enough physical stimulation. As technology progresses, will childhood  obesity  statistics continue to rise? What can we do to prevent these childhood  obesity  statistics from becoming any greater?

In an age of computers it is crucial that kids find ways to be active. Unfortunately, most children do not even play outside anymore because of their unhealthy addiction to video games. This is a sad thing, which would have been unheard of thirty years ago. The sounds of children laughing and playing are one of the most precious sounds on this earth. As influential adults, it is imperative to provide an environment where children feel comfortable to play and have fun. Video game and computers have their place, but there is not a substitute for healthy, childhood fun. Adults have gyms where they go to exercise in an attempt to be healthy, but for children, they have a outside jungle gym! Additionally, their gym membership is free!

 Obesity  statistics for children state that nearly one-third of children eat fast food every day. Healthy eating is incredibly crucial for a child. When you were a kid, your mom made you finish your vegetables or there was no snack after dinner. However, this generation is not even offered the vegetable. Instead, the junk food is his or her dinner! Healthy eating habits are established through example. It is not fair if you are eating pizza and potato chips for dinner, but your child is forced to eat peas and broccoli. As the adult, you must provide the child an example of healthy living if you expect the child to learn. Be a role model, and make being healthy as fun as possible. Maybe you do not like vegetables, and that is okay! Chances are, the kid will not like them either. If you both may detest how a certain food tastes, take that opportunity to explain to the child how sometimes being healthy is more important than convenience.

If society continues in its negligence to establish healthy living habits within the young generations, childhood  obesity  statistics will continue to rise at a rapid rate. In order to reduce childhood  obesity  statistics, adults must take initiative. Childhood  obesity  statistics will continue to climb if parents do not start making changes in their children’s lives now. While childhood  obesity  statistics are incredibly high right now, just think of the number if we do not instill in this generation the necessities of living a healthy lifestyle. It is crucial, not just for the sake of your children, but your children’s children, that healthy living habits be establish today. Next year’s childhood  obesity  statistics are based upon the choices you make for your child today. Do your part to insure a healthier, happier tomorrow.

Preventing and Treating Diaper Rash Naturally

Establishing a skincare routine that keeps babies’ skin healthy remains a challenge for parents, since up to 50% of babies suffer from at least one episode of diaper  rash  at some time. Diaper  rash  is an irritant contact dermatitis caused by the interaction of several factors, particularly the prolonged contact of the skin with urine and feces, which makes the skin more prone to disruption through friction with the diaper. Prevention of diaper  rash  is the ultimate goal, but if the condition does develop, treatment should aim to reverse the skin damage and prevent recurrence. Routine baby skincare should comprise of gentle cleansing whenever the diaper is soiled (using warm water or alcohol-free baby wipes), the use of good-quality super-absorbent diapers, and the application of an ointment or cream preparation at every diaper change. The ointment or cream should be clinically proven to be effective in babies and mimic the skin’s natural function by forming a long-lasting barrier to maintain maximum moisture levels. It should not contain any unnecessary ingredients, including antiseptic, preservative or perfume, or any ingredients that are toxic or have undocumented safety.

Treatment of diaper  rash  should comprise essentially the same actions as its prevention. Application of a barrier ointment at every diaper change can help to both prevent and treat this condition. Items containing Zinc oxide are appropriate. Zinc oxide is a skin protectant and soothing. The amount of zinc oxide is usually less in a cream than in an ointment. As with any patient with any condition, the individual child’s needs may vary. An ointment is a thicker barrier with petrolatum and offers more protection. These may be purchased over the counter and will have other ingredients included. Doctors may use topical steroids for the care of diaper  rash . However, topical steroid therapy should be reserved for use where the  rash  has failed to respond to over the counter approaches, and antifungal treatment should only be employed where Candida infection is established or suspected. Parents should implement a simple skincare routine that could help keep babies’ skin healthy.

The key to prevention and treatment of all diaper  rashes  is frequent diaper changing, cleansing with a mild soap and water after each stool, and application of the appropriate topical agent.


Bokowski, S, Diaper  Rash  Management. Pediatr Nurs. 2004 Nov-Dec;30(6):467-70.