Curing Fibroids and Fibroid Tumors Without Getting a Hysterectomy

Fibroid Tumors in the Uterus: Alternative Treatments

The presence of fibroid tumors in the uterus, a condition known as myoma, is the one of the most common reasons doctors recommend that women in their 30s and 40s have a hysterectomy. A hysterectomy is a procedure in which some or all of the woman’s uterus and ovaries are removed. But a hysterectomy isn’t the only answer to Fibroids in the uterus. There are other options available.

What are fibroid tumors?

Fibroid tumors are non-cancerous lumps that form on the muscular wall of the uterus. They are comprised of smooth muscle and connective tissue and they typically grow in groups, or clusters. Typically, fibroid tumors start out small but they can grow to be very large, sometimes up to the size of grapefruit. They can be very painful.

What causes fibroid tumors?

Usually, fibroid growth in women is triggered by an excess of the hormone estrogen in the body. Many women in their 30s experience non-ovulation menstrual cycles, a phenomenon that is common in the years leading up to pre-menopause. During this time, the body produces a lesser amount of progesterone and, in most cases, more estrogen. The result can be increased water retention in the body, enlargement of the breasts and weight gain. In some women, an increase in estrogen can cause depression and loss of sexual desire. In some women, the result can be uterine fibroid tumors.

Traditional treatment for this is a hysterectomy. However, this is not the only option. It may be possible to shrink the fibroids naturally by balancing the hormone levels in the body. By evening out the hormone levels, the growth of fibroids can be arrested.

Natural remedies are much less invasive and traumatic to the body than surgery. Even making changes in the diet can help to reduce elevated estrogen levels. This is important because excess estrogen cannot be broken down and eliminated by the body, which can lead to the formation of fibroids. The liver is the primary organ responsible for breaking down hormones in the body so that they can be eliminated in the urine. When the liver is taxed beyond its ability to keep up, it cannot function properly. Avoid over-working your liver by moderating how much saturated fat, alcohol and sugar you take in. That will leave your liver free to concentrate on vital functions, such as eliminating excess estrogen, thus reducing your risk for uterine fibroids.

Also, include in your diet foods that are rich in phytoestrogens. These are a natural source of estrogen in the diet, which can help prevent the body from feeling the need to produce high levels of estrogen. Phytoestrogens can be found in whole grains, foods that are rich in essentially fatty acids such as fish, and others. These foods can help to prevent the growth of fibroids and they can also work to reduce the size of existing fibroids naturally.

Surgery isn’t the only way to reduce fibroid tumors. Good diet, a balance in hormone levels and an active lifestyle can both ward off the development of fibroid tumors and shrink the size of existing ones.

Common Knowledge on Hemorrhagic Cyst

Ladies, here’s a good insight for you all. For sure you have heard a lot about cysts. But what about Hemorrhagic Ovarian Cyst, sounds scary, right? But look, you need to face this, as it is already part of your body. Do you happen to know when the cyst is actively present? It is during the time of the month where you have to release blood. Yes, during your menstrual period. If you want to know more about Hemorrhagic cyst, please keep reading. There are a lot of things that needs to be aware of, especially the danger of ovarian cyst. This healthy information keeps us away from the risk of being na├»ve on the things that goes around us. We should not take this for granted.

According to studies, this type of cysts are the most common to all women. Blood Cyst is another name for Hemorrhagic Ovarian Cyst. As mentioned earlier, this is due to the occurrence during the menstrual period. Although it is benign and harmless and should not worry about, a better understanding is needed in dealing with cyst.

Blood cysts are there, it is said that will not disintegrate. However, it leaks through the pelvic region which is the reason of the flaming and discomfort effect. When the blood cyst swells, it will cover up the ovary which adds inconvenience. Normally, a person may feel the pain on their right side. Blood clots also restrict normal blood flow and this may greatly affect the ovary.

The problem is that often times, these cysts take place, retreat, remain undetected and disappear within one or two menstrual cycles before females are aware of them. We do not have to worry because treatment is not necessary. But of course it best to seek professional help in times you are feeling something is not right in your body. It is recommended to have general check-ups once in a while especially regarding the ovary.

There is one type of hemorrhagic cyst which can bring hazard to our ovary. It is called the ruptured ovarian cyst. From the term itself, we can deem it to be serious. This is caused due to the body’s lack of Luteinizing Hormones which is essential for reproduction. The egg is in tact with the follicle which later on develops into cyst. It can be a great pain when it happens.

Some symptoms that female can take note for the rapture ovarian cysts are:

  1. Frequent irregular menstrual periods
  2. Are you now experiencing some aches on your pelvic area?
  3. Pain in the pelvis shortly before the menstrual cycles begins and ends
  4. During intercourse, pelvis seems to be in pain
  5. Nausea, breast tenderness and vomiting
  6. Heaviness or fullness in the abdomen
  7. Pressure on the rectum or bladder

Cysts may be disturbing and most of us will think that this will lead to cancer. To clear the misconception, studies show that ovarian hemorrhagic cyst is not cancerous. However, having said that, it is still possible to be cured. Ruptured ovarian cysts may be the worst of the entire hemorrhagic cyst but it is not cancerous. So do not panic, but instead seek for medical assistance. It will only aggravate your pain if you do not bother. If you want to know more about the hemorrhagic cyst, please visit

Thrush in Babies – How to Cure Infant Thrush Naturally and Permanently

Life as a little baby can be hard: so many sights, sounds and sensations to adjust to.  Thrush  can make life for a little baby – and mom – even harder. If  thrush  is the most serious health issue you have to contend with, then in some ways you’re very lucky. However, that doesn’t make  thrush  easy to deal with.

Without the right approach, treating babies with  thrush  can be difficult and frustrating. Feedings, diaper changes, night-wakings, and the innumerable other responsibilities of caring for a newborn can make oral  thrush  seem downright overwhelming. Let’s look at some of the most common symptoms of oral  thrush :

-Creamy, white patches on the tongue, gums or inside the cheeks
-Difficulty nursing and/or reluctance to nurse
-Unusually fussy
-Baby’s mouth seems sore, painful.

The yeast cell candida albicans (which causes  thrush ) loves the warm, wet, sugar-rich environment of babies’ mouths. Breast milk is rich in the natural sugar lactose, while formulas contain added sweeteners; whether a baby is breastfed or bottle-fed, yeast cells will have ample food to grow and multiply.

The prevalent use of antibiotics, both for c-sections and strep B bacteria, has made infant  thrush  more common than ever. Antibiotics wipe out both mom and baby’s natural yeast defenses, making yeast overgrowth more likely. If mom has vaginal yeast, this may cause baby to catch the yeast coming through the birth canal. Prematurity or use of steroids may also make  thrush  more likely.

There are two common approaches to treating babies with  thrush :
1.) use prescription pharmaceuticals such as Nystatin or Diflucan to kill the yeast or
2.) to kill the yeast with “natural” or home remedies. I say “natural” because some common home remedies, such as gentian violet, are not really natural. Gentian violet is a petrol derivative and carries increased long-term risk for oral cancer.

In any case, both the pharmaceutical and “natural” approach are imperfect solutions because they don’t stop the yeast from growing back. Pharmaceuticals such as Diflucan and other antifungals carry the additional risk of serious side effects, which is especially troubling for a newborn. (Nystatin is the safest of the pharmaceutical drugs but is not very effective and may sometimes cause the yeast to mutate into a more difficult to treat form.)

Some  thrush  home remedies carry significant risks as well, which is worrisome since well-meaning mothers may simply not be aware of potential side effects. I’ve seen products containing colloidal silver, tea tree oil and oregano oil all advertised for infant  thrush  problems: each of these has significant concerns as far as treating babies.

My own personal experiences with the difficulty of treating  thrush  naturally and permanently led me to develop a comprehensive approach to treat infant  thrush  quickly and safely, with only positive side effects: zero harmful ones. The key lies both in killing the existing yeast (safely) and curing the underlying imbalance that allowed the yeast cells to grow out of control in the first place.

Hepatitis C?

You may be worried that you have  hepatitis  C. Chances are if you received a blood transfusion prior to 1992, if you ever used intravenous (IV) drugs, or if you have a tattoo or body piercing, you may be at risk for  hepatitis  C.

 Hepatitis  is a disease caused by a virus that attacks the liver. Your liver is the largest organ in your body. It acts as a filter to remove harmful substances, called toxins, and waste form your blood.  Hepatitis  C may cause serious health issues, even in people who have no symptoms at all.  Hepatitis  C currently affects about 4 million people at this time. Symptoms may not present for a matter of 20 years.

How  Hepatitis  C is contracted? You can get the disease by coming in contact with the blood of an infected person. Many people at risk for  hepatitis  C have done something in their past that they didn’t know was putting them at risk. You should receive testing if you have ever shared a needle, snorted drugs(due to infected blood on shared straw), had a blood transfusion before 1992, underwent kidney transplant, just to name a few. There are currently two types of tests that can show whether you have  hepatitis  C. They are blood test, which looks for a virus in you blood. The second is a liver biopsy, which is more invasive. This is a surgical procedure, but is the best way to check for  hepatitis  C.

Some common symptoms of  Hepatitis  C are flu-like symptoms, loss of appetite, blood sugar disorders, indigestion, diarrhea, and depression. Some people have no symptoms at all. There are medications available for  hepatitis  C that may help reduce the amount of  hepatitis  C virus in the blood and prevent further damage to the liver caused by the virus. Depending on the type of  hepatitis  C a person has, treatment usually lasts from 24 to 48 weeks.

What Can Cause Cirrhosis Of The Liver?

 Cirrhosis  of the liver can be caused by multiple medical reasons. While this article does not discuss them all, some of the possibilities are brought up. There is also the potential for  cirrhosis  of the liver to be idiopathic in nature, that is, for a case of it to occur due to a medical cause that is not known. Before wandering into the remainder of the subject matter on this page, please consider the following: what you read here should not take the place of professional medical advice, nor is it on the level of such. If the kind of information you need is that which comes from a doctor, then please contact one.

One possible cause of  cirrhosis  of the liver is primary sclerosing cholangitis. This disease is known as PSC for short, and although its cause has not been determined, it is thought to be an autoimmune disorder. It involves progressive inflammation that affects the patient’s liver bile ducts. There is a selection of other conditions that is also considered to be associated with PSC. While other treatments can be given, the only that seems to be of long-term use in treating the disorder is liver transplantation.

Hepatolenticular degeneration can also lead to  cirrhosis  of the liver. A name that this condition is commonly known by is Wilson’s disease. It is a genetic disorder, and in it the patient has copper build up in his tissues. Medication can be used to treat this condition, however, in some cases it also requires a liver transplant.

Mastering Calculus – Implicit Differentiation

Of the two branches of calculus, integral and differential, the latter admits to procedure while the former admits to creativity. This notwithstanding, the realm of implicit differentiation provides substantial room for confusion, and this topic often hinders a student’s progress in the calculus. Here we look at this procedure and clarify its most stubborn features.

Normally when differentiating, we are given a function y defined explicitly in terms of x. Thus the functions y = 3x + 3 or y = 3x^2 + 4x + 4 are two in which the dependent variable y is defined explicitly in terms of the independent variable x. To obtain the derivatives y’, we would simply apply our standard rules of differentiation to obtain 3 for the first function and 6x + 4 for the second.

Unfortunately, sometimes life is not that easy. Such is the case with functions. There are certain situations in which the function f(x) = y is not explicitly expressed in terms of the independent variable alone, but is rather expressed in terms of the dependent one as well. In some of these cases, the function can be solved so as to express y solely in terms of x, but often times this is impossible. The latter might occur, for example, when the dependent variable is expressed in terms of powers such as 3y^5 + x^3 = 3y – 4. Here, try as you might, you will not be able to express the variable y explicitly in terms of x.

Fortunately, we can still differentiate in such cases, although in order to do so, we need to admit the assumption that y is a differentiable function of x. With this assumption in place, we go ahead and differentiate as normal, using the chain rule whenever we encounter a y variable. That is to say, we differentiate any y variable terms as though they were x variables, applying the standard differentiating procedures, and then affix a y’ to the derived expression. Let us make this procedure clear by applying it to the above example, that is 3y^5 + x^3 = 3y – 4.

Here we would get (15y^4)y’ + 3x^2 = 3y’. Collecting terms involving y’ to one side of the equation yields 3x^2 = 3y’ – (15y^4)y‘. Factoring out y’ on the right hand side gives 3x^2 = y'(3 – 15y^4). Finally, dividing to solve for y’, we have y’ = (3x^2)/(3 – 15y^4).

The key to this procedure is to remember that every time we differentiate an expression involving y, we must affix y’ to the result. Let us look at the hyperbola xy = 1. In this case, we can solve for y explicitly to obtain y = 1/x. Differentiating this last expression using the quotient rule would yield y’ = -1/(x^2). Let us do this example using implicit differentiation and show how we end up with the same result. Remember we must use the product rule to xy and do not forget to affix y’, when differentiating the y term. Thus we have (differentiating x first) y + xy’ = 0. Solving for y’, we have y’ = -y/x. Recalling that y = 1/x and substituting, we obtain the same result as by explicit differentiation, namely that y’ = -1/(x^2).

Implicit differentiation, therefore, need not be a bugbear in the calculus student’s portfolio. Just remember to admit the assumption that y is a differentiable function of x and begin to apply the normal procedures of differentiation to both the x and y terms. As you encounter a y term, simply affix y’. Isolate terms involving y’ and then solve. Voila, implicit differentiation.

Why Are My Dogs Vomiting?

You know what it’s like if you are a dog owner, it’s a bit like having a baby and many of you will have experienced a baby  vomiting  all over you just when you have got yourself all dressed up and ready to go out. That’s half the fun isn’t it? If you own a dog you will have probably experienced something similar, except the dog will  vomit  all over your beautiful new rug. They never seem to quite manage to get it on the tiled floor, do they? That would have been far too convenient wouldn’t it? Assuming your dog isn’t throwing up because he has just swallowed the cakes you put aside to eat yourself later, or hasn’t been running around like a mad thing straight after eating his own meal, then obviously you need to know what is causing it. Any dogs  vomiting  for these reasons is to be expected but it’s important to discover that it isn’t anything serious.

So, what are the things to look out for?

The dog may have diarrhea or showing signs of lethargy, he may have lost weight, or showing signs of dehydration and constant wretching. If your dog  vomits  repeatedly and especially if the  vomit  is projectile or you see signs of blood in. He may also show signs of fever so it’s important not to attempt to give the dogs treatment at home and instead you need to get your dog to a vet as soon as possible. Your pet may also be in pain because we all know what it feels like when we need to  vomit , it’s really unpleasant and the vet can treat him, at the same time for any pain or discomfort. When my dogs  vomit  it is usually when they have refused to eat their food for some time, probably because they are fed up and bored with it and they then sometimes throw up what looks like, a whitish yellow frothy foam that is probably caused by excess gastric acid. It seems to occur most when I resist giving into them with food they really love, which is usually mine! So, it ends up as a battle of wills!

The best way to avoid this happening is to try and persuade your dogs to eat twice a day, morning and evening. I know that a lot of dogs gulp their food down very quickly but some, mine included, have been very spoilt and make it quite clear that the food I am offering is unacceptable. I am aware that I have made a rod for my own back but I confess to treating my dogs like kids. So, when they are not feeling too good I try to feed them on cooked chicken with some rice and potatoes because it’s easier to digest. I try to feed them this type of menue frequently because and if I change what they eat too often I then get problems spouting from the other end, namely diarrhea. Plus, I find that this method of cooking for the dogs cheaper than buying canned food and although dried dog food can be cheaper, my dogs were not brought up on it and will not touch it. Have you ever smelled that dried stuff? It smells like manure, so I don’t blame them.

Try these step by step tactics first when your dog starts  vomiting :

· Restrict water and food for about 24 hours but much less time than this if its a small dog.

· If you notice any signs of blood in the  vomit  then get the dog to a vet as soon as possible.

· If after this time there is no more  vomiting , then you can gradually introduce some water, a little at a time.

If there is still no  vomiting  then offer a small meal of chicken, rice and potatoes and follow with their normal food when the  vomiting  has subsided.

However, your dogs  vomiting  may be a sign of something much more serious that needs to be investigated and you need to monitor the frequency, as it could be a sign of a disorder stemming from a disease such as cancer or diabetes etc. Or a viral infection disease, so it’s important to quickly seek the professional expertise of your vet who will be able to diagnose your dogs problems once all the other tactics have failed.

Hopefully a diagnosis will come back as nothing too serious.

Food Poisoning – Protect Your Family

Food poisoning is a serious health risk. Even though US food supplies continue to be one of the world’s best regulated and safest, every year 76 million Americans suffer illnesses from the food they eat. The federal Centers for Disease Control, which monitors episodes of food borne illness, also reports that 300,000 people a year require hospitalization for food borne illness, and each year, 5,000 Americans die from food borne illness. Preventing death and illness is a significant challenge for federal and state public health departments.

Food safety is also an area where your individual actions can significantly reduce the risk to your family. Safe food handling and storage procedures can lower your chances of viral and bacterial contamination. The following safety tips carry the endorsement of the US Department of Agriculture, the Food and Drug Administration, and public health groups.

It starts at the store. Buy your food only from stores and vendors that you are sure practice good sanitation. If you have questions about a vendor’s or store’s sanitation practices, don’t hesitate to ask. Food handlers and sellers who are responsible care as much as you do about food safety, and will be glad to discuss their practices.

Looks count. If food looks discolored or old, or if its packaging is cracked, or a can is bulging cans don’t buy it. Any of these signs can indicate bacterial contamination.

Keep it cold. Refrigerate dairy products, fish, meat and poultry and fruits and vegetables as soon as you can. Refrigeration greatly slows the growth of dangerous viruses and bacteria which cause illness.

Keep them separate. Be sure to store raw and cooked food separately. Store both in covered containers.

Keep it short. Cooked food or meat shouldn’t stay in the refrigerator for more than three days.

Not too full. Don’t let your refrigerator get too full. Chilled air needs to be able to circulate around everything in the refrigerator, so that it can cool it efficiently.

Clean hands. It’s the most basic rule of food handling: Always wash your hands before you handle food. Be sure that everyone else working in your kitchen washes, too. Most food borne illnesses in homes are transmitted by unwashed hands.

Wash when you switch. When you are handling several different kinds of uncooked food in your own kitchen, such as shellfish, poultry, uncooked meat, or vegetables, wash your hands in hot soapy water before you move from one food to another.

Keep your tools safe. Wash trays, cooking utensils, cutting surfaces, pots, pans, and anything else that touches food as carefully as your wash your hands.

When in doubt, throw it out. Any food that smells bad, or “off” is suspect. Don’t eat it.

If you’re uneasy about a food you’ve bought, don’t eat it. Throw it out. Go back to where you bought it, and tell them about the problem, so that they can check into it. You can also report your concern to your local city department responsible for food safety. Your report may enable others in the community to be protected from the same problem. Following these simple procedures will give you greater peace of mind, and keep you and those you love much safer.

What Causes a Stomach Ulcer?

A stomach ulcer is a very painful and potentially fatal affection. Stomach ulcers are in fact holes in the stomach lining, causing severe pain and internal bleeding. If untreated, the hole can pass through the stomach lining and allow its corrosive contents to escape into the surrounding tissue. For a long time it was thought that spicy food, stress and alcohol are the main factors leading to a stomach ulcers. However, along with the great progress in medicine and technology, today we know that contrary to popular belief, ulcer is not caused by spicy foods.

The treatment for an ulcer in the past century was not exactly rocket science: bed rest, a bland diet and antacids. However, these treatments merely reduced the discomfort, but the results were generally not permanent. Once the treatment stopped, the pain returned. Recent research proved that spicy foods, stress and alcohol can worsen the symptoms of a stomach ulcer, but do not cause it.

Most stomach ulcers are actually caused by a bacterial infection in the stomach lining. And while bed rest, a bland diet and antacids might ease the symptoms, antibiotics cure ulcer by killing the bacteria within month or two of treatment.

The bacterium that causes ulcer is called Helio-bacter pylori, and the Australian researchers who discovered it in 1982 won the Nobel Prize in Medicine for this. Before this discovery, it was thought impossible for a bacteria to survive the acid conditions of the human stomach. Still, not everyone with the bacteria develops ulcers, but only 10 to 15%. Scientists discovered that about half of the people in developed countries, and almost everyone in some parts of the world have the bacteria in their stomachs, however it is still unknown why some people develop these symptoms of infection and others don’t. Apparently, this infection with Helio bacter pylori starts in childhood and continues for life.

Heartburn Relief In Pregnancy

Pregnancy can be a wonderful time in a woman’s life, filled with expectation and promise as the body blooms before one’s very eyes. Expectant mothers are often pictured with a hand on the enlarged tummy, a head full of glossy hair, and bright, sparkling eyes. But the reality often can be much, much different. Hope and joy aside, pregnancy can be downright hellish, filled with bad hair days and swollen limbs. And that doesn’t even begin to touch the increased risk and intensity of reflux that commonly joins a resurgence of acne and the appearance of stretch made as the overlooked realities of this otherwise blessed time.

Studies regarding the incidence rates during pregnancy find varying rates, ranging from one-quarter of all pregnant women having daily symptoms from the gas go to 72 percent experiencing some level of heartburn severity in the third trimester. What some of the findings seem to have in common is that there is an increase in the number of women who have daily heartburn the further into gestation the pregnancy progresses.

No one is exactly sure why this phenomenon occurs but there are plenty of theories, all of which are plausible. For one, the shifting levels of hormones during pregnancy, particularly progesterone and estrogen, can cause changes in the way the GI tract operates. As an example, progesterone in higher levels in the pregnant body causes the GI tract to relax, not a good thing for the LES. Also, progesterone, paired with the constipating effect of the iron-rich prenatal vitamins prescribed during pregnancy, can lead to decreased bowel motility and an increase in time that food takes to leave the stomach, known factors for a rip-roaring case of acid reflux.

Another possible reason for the increase in heartburn among pregnant women can be found in the logistics of carrying a growing fetus inside the body. As the fetus develops from a tiny, nearly weightless speck to that of a multi-pound, full-sized being, the body must adjust to accommodate sharing the living space, so to speak. In many ways, it is like moving a second person into a one-person studio apartment. Just as you would have to move some furniture around to adjust to the extra resident, the female body has to slightly displace some organs in the normal anatomy to accommodate the fetus. As the fetus grows, it presses the intestines upward, placing greater pressure on the stomach. That force alone can cause the LES to open and stomach contents to reflux into the esophagus. Aside from the constant pressure of the growing fetus, additional, transient jabs can occur when the fetus licks or moves up sharply.

For diagnostic purposes, many doctors prefer to treat the symptoms without subjecting the pregnant patient to the testing they would normally undergo if they were not pregnant. This is in part due to the fact that so many women experience such digestive problems during pregnancy but also because some of the tests, especially those involving the radiation of Xrays or the sedation of the patient, could have negative effects on the fetus. If endoscopy is necessary due to such factors as bleeding or weight loss, some doctors prefer to delay it until after the first trimester, using conscious sedation that is safe for pregnant women.

Effective Solutions For Persistent Ringing in the Ear

A person having a persistent problem of sounds constantly ringing in the ears could have a variety of medical conditions the most notable of which is tinnitus. Tinnitus occurs when a person experiences a constant ringing or sound in the ears or elsewhere in the head.

The two types of tinnitus include objective and subjective tinnitus. In objective tinnitus, the ringing or noise audible to the sufferer as well the physician examining the patient. In Subjective tinnitus, on the other hand, only the sufferer hears the noise.

As Tinnitus is a symptom of other underlying medical conditions, the best way to cure the ringing in the ear so common of tinnitus is to try and find a solution to the various causes. A few of the causes of tinnitus includes wax in the ear,infections of the ear, allergic conditions of the nose, injury to the ear drum, persistently loud noises and other causes.

Scientifically speaking, there is no orthodox cure for tinnitus. If you suffer from tinnitus, do not let this dampen your spirits. With adequate knowledge and a few techniques, you should be able to control your tinnitus or even get rid yourself of this of the disturbing ringing in the ear which is so common of tinnitus.

Treating some of the causes of this condition as well as using a few tinnitus remedies which have proven to be effective solutions in treating tinnitus, it is certainly possible to manage and thus adequately control tinnitus.

Other modes of therapy for tinnitus includes retraining which involves a combination of alternating sessions of listening to low levels of specially produced and modified sounds with counselling.

Counselling employs a “dissociation technique” which helps you to dissociate the sounds in the tinnitus from the discomfort and stress experienced. Thus, retraining helps to control the depression and discomfort of tinnitus. About one or more years is required to take a complete course of tinnitus retraining.

You will find that tinnitus retraining as well as a combination of other therapies which include meditation, relaxation, good nutrition, positive attitude and a whole lot of other techniques have been proven to reduce the symptoms of tinnitus or considerably limit the sound to levels that allow you to live a very good quality of life.

Who Should Have An Echocardiography

An Echocardiography is actually the Ultrasound of the Heart, this ultrasound produces sound waves and one can have moving picture of the heart. This procedure does not involve any radiations and it gives more detail than a X-ray. It is a good diagnostic tool for Valvular heart diseases, evaluating pumping function of the heart, i.e ejection fraction in heart attack patients. It is also a good screening test for certain heart diseases. However, to diagnose some cardiac diseases, one should have an echocardiography test.

The following diseased patients must have an echocardiography. These are the situations in which an echo may influence the clinical management of a patient.

Assessment of valve function, e.g systolic or diastolic murmurs

Assessment of left ventricular function, systolic diastolic and regional wall motions, e.g heart failure in a patient with breathlessness, or preoperative assessment.



Cardiac Temponade

Pericardial Disease (e.g   Pericarditis ) or pericardial effusion, especially if clinical evidence of temponade

Complications of myocardial Infarction, eg MR VSD or pericardial effusion.

Suspicion of intracardiac masses- tumour or thrombus

Cardiac chamber size e.g Left atrial size in atrial fibrillation (AF), Cardiomegaly in chest X-ray.

Assessment of artificial valve function.

Arrhythmias, e.g Atrial fibrillation, ventricular tachycardia (VT)

Assessment of right ventricle and right heart

Estimation of intracardiac and vascular pressures, e.g pulmonary artery systolic pressures in lung disease and pulmonary hypertension

To find out cardiac source of embolism in stroke and transient ischaemic attack patients.

Exclusion of left ventricular hypertrophy in hypertension

Assessment of congenital heart diseases.

These abnormalities are just few and most common that an echo can reveal. For details you may contact your doctor.

Ephedra – Uses and Administration Dose

Brigham tea, cao ma huang (Chinese ephedra), desert herb, desert tea, E. shennungiana, E. sinica, ephedrine, epitonin, joint fir, mahuang, mahuuanggen (root), Mexican tea, Mormon tea, muzei mu huang (Mongolian ephedra), popotillo, sea grape, squaw tea, teamster’s tea, yellow astringent, yellow horse, zhong ma huang

Ephedra, or ephedrine, is derived from the crude extracts of the root and aerial parts of E. sinica and E. shennungiana; other forms include E. nevadensis, E. trifurca, E. equisetina, and E. distachya. Ephedrine has been used medicinally as a stimulant and for the management of bronchial disorders. It is believed that the various members of this genus were used more than 5,000 years ago by the Chinese to treat asthma. Ephedra has been used in Asian medicine to treat colds and flu, fevers, chills, headaches,   edema , lack of perspiration, nasal congestion, aching joints and bones, coughing and wheezing. Today, ephedra continues to find a place in herbal preparations designed to relieve cold symptoms and to improve respiratory function.

The primary active ingredient of ephedra extract is ephedrine, although extracts generally contain between 0.5% and 2.5% of alkaloids of the 2-aminophenylpropane type, including ephedrine, methylephedrine, pseudoephedrine, norephedrine, and norpseudoephedrine. Similar to the structurally related drug amphetamine, ephedrine acts by directly stimulating the sympathomimetic system and the central nervous system (CNS, alpha and beta agonists), possibly increasing heart rate, myocardial contraction, peripheral vasoconstriction with associated elevations in blood pressure, bronchodilation, and mydriasis. Ephedrine is active when given orally, parenterally, or ophthalmic ally.

Other components in ephedra extracts include volatile oils, catechins, gallic acid, tannins, flavonoids, inulin, dextrin, starch, and pectin. Ephedra is available as capsules, tablets, teas, and tinctures, in combination products such as Chromemate, Escalation, Excel, Herbal Ecstasy, Herbal Fen-Phen, Herbalife, Metabolife, and Power Trim.

Reported uses

Ephedra is used to treat respiratory tract diseases with mild bronchospasm. Although it’s been in use by conventional practitioners since the 1930s to treat asthma, it has become less popular as more specific beta agonists have become available. Ephedra is also used as a cardiovascular stimulant. Pseudoephedrine remains a common ingredient in many OTC cough and cold preparations. It’s also used to treat other conditions, including chills, coughs, colds, flu, fever, headaches,  edema , and nasal congestion, and as an appetite suppressant. The alkaloid-free North American species is used to treat venereal disease.

Ma huang was traditionally used by Chinese herbalists during the early stages of respiratory infections and also for the short-term treatment of certain kinds of asthma, eczema, hay fever, narcolepsy, and  edema . However, ma huang was not supposed to be taken for an extended period of time, and people with less than robust constitutions were warned to use only low doses or to avoid ma huang altogether.


Oral use: Adults, 15 to 30 mg total alkaloid, calculated as ephedrine, every 6 to 8 hours for a total maximum daily dose of 300 mg/ day; children older than age 6, 0.5 mg total alkaloid/kg; recommended daily dose, 2 mg

Extract: 1 to 3 ml by mouth three times a day

Tea: 1 to 4 g by mouth three times a day

Tincture (1:1): Medium single dose 5 g by mouth

Tincture (1:4): 6 to 8 ml by mouth three times a day.

Safety Risk The FDA prohibits the sale of ephedra in quantities of 8 mg or more per dose, and advises individuals to take less than 8 mg every 6 hours, and no more than 24 mg daily. They further advise that ephedra products not be used for more than 7 consecutive days.

Heart Surgery Recovery

Undergoing heart surgery can be likened to running a marathon without training. It has a huge impact not only on the body but also the mind and emotions. Heart surgery recovery time is different for everyone, but knowing what to expect during that period of recovery can help ease the worry and help give the necessary confidence to resume a healthy and energetic life.

On returning home from the hospital, speedy recovery from heart surgery can be helped by adherence to a few simple rules:

Once out of hospital, you should aim to take your temperature every morning for the first week of your heart surgery recovery and contact your doctor if your temperature stays above 101 degrees F for more than a day.

You should avoid lifting anything greater than 10 pounds while your breastbone (sternum) is healing and refrain from pushing or pulling activities with your arms.

You will be able to take a shower but should avoid taking a hot bath for approximately 4 – 6 weeks or until your wound is healed. You may wash your incision gently with soap but do not rub and do not use any creams or lotions on the wound until it is completely healed.

You will not be able to drive a car for the first 4-6 weeks during your heart surgery recovery as your reactions will be a lot slower due to weakness, tiredness and/or medication. Additionally, you do not want to risk hitting the steering wheel and reopening your wound. You are advised to avoid long car journeys but if unavoidable, ensure that you stop every 1-2 hours in order to stretch your legs. This will help to improve the circulation in your legs and prevent any swelling.

Try not to cross your legs while sitting or lying in bed as this puts pressure on the veins under the knees slowing the blood flow. If your legs or feet start to swell, lift them onto a chair or stool while you’re sitting.

Pushing/pulling heavy objects; working with your arms overhead or straining to move your bowels should be avoided as these activities can disproportionately increase blood pressure and put an added strain on a healing heart.

It is important to listen to your body and pace your activities to minimize fatigue. If you begin to feel tired, stop and rest for a while; don’t push yourself to finish a task.

You should aim to rest twice a day when first out of the hospital and thereafter at least once a day for the next few weeks.

Make sure you use your elastic stocking during the day for at least 2 weeks after your discharge from the hospital as they will help your blood flow and reduce swelling in your legs.

You may have a swelling or lump at the top of your chest wound. This is normal and usually disappears after a few months.

Many people experience discomfort from the incision in their breast bone, and, although this will decrease with time, you may experience re-occurrences along with changes in the weather or if you over tax yourself. Make sure that you take pain relieving medication when you need it. (It is very important to differentiate discomfort from your chest incision from actual chest pain and you should contact your doctor if you’re experiencing any chest pain).

If your chest or leg wounds do not look as if they are healing (for example you are having problems with redness; drainage; swelling or tenderness) you should get in touch with your doctor.

Check your weight every day for the first 2 weeks and if you notice a sudden gain, get in touch with your doctor.

Try to avoid situations, people or topics of conversation that are likely to make you tense or angry as your heart has to work harder when you’re upset.

Your diet, medications and exercise have been prescribed specifically for you so do not worry if you have a friend or neighbor with a heart condition who has been given different prescriptions.

When traveling, make sure that you keep a record of the medication you’re taking and also your medical history.

Remember, heart surgery recovery takes time and may involve changes in lifestyle and habits, not just for you but also for your family and close friends. It is vitally important that you share your feelings and discuss ongoing issues with those closest to you as open communication can minimize misunderstandings and help to ensure a smoother transition for everyone involved.

Our site contains a wealth of information on both heart bypass and gastric bypass surgery. If you are planning on or have already had either of these serious operations, you need to stay informed to reach your long term goals.

Coronary Heart Disease

Know Thine Own Heart!

Do you know your own heart? Many men and women will say ‘Yes’. So, we say chest pain, irregular heart beat, cold sweat, pain in the arm, and so on. It’s true, those are typical symptoms. But, do you know that those are the symptoms of a man’s heart attack!

Women often have tiredness, fatigue, abdominal pain, nausea, dizziness or shortness of breath as initial symptoms of a heart attack without ever experiencing chest pain!!

According to recent studies, coronary heart disease is the number one killer in today’s world. Women are no exception to this anymore. Modern day lifestyle with barely any physical activity has caught up on both the sexes alike. There are various kinds of coronary disease, and it is important that you go for a thorough medical check up. This will give you the advantage of knowing your own heart condition and the cause.

The right diagnosis and treatment is very vital. It is important to familiarize yourself with the different types of heart disease, particularly the one you suffer from. The most common types are:


Heart attack (Myocardial   Infarction  or MI)

Heart failure




Congenital heart disease, and

Atrial fibrillation

Listen to your heart! The symptoms can range from mild to severe depending on the condition of the heart. Moreover, the symptoms of heart diseases are also similar, so it is very important that you know thy own heart!

Be thankful for the symptoms! If it were not for the symptoms, how would we ever know that something is wrong with us in the first place? Do not ignore the symptoms. Don’t be afraid of the warning signs. Get medical attention and act on it now!