Living With A Gluten Allergy

If suddenly you find yourself suffering from a gluten allergy you are not alone. It’s important to learn to live with a gluten allergy and the best way to do that is to understand the allergy.

With a gluten allergy your immune system will respond to the gluten which is found in a variety of foods that have the proteins found in cereal grains. The difference between a wheat allergy and a gluten allergy is Celiac a disease of the gastrointestinal tract.

Not everyone but a majority of people that suffer from a gluten allergy will develop Celiac which targets the gastrointestinal tract. In fact it wasn’t until recently when it was determined that Celiac was caused by a gluten allergy. Prior there had been no connection made.

A person suffering from a gluten allergy must ensure that they have a gluten free diet. When diagnosed with Celiac disease one must ensure that their diet is gluten free to ensure that the problems associated with Celiac are avoided.

When a gluten allergy turns into Celiac disease the biggest problem is that it does not just affect the gastrointestinal tract, it also affect the brain causing brain dysfunction, inflammation of the lungs, and arthritis.

The classic symptoms that accompanies a gluten allergy that has become Celiac is diarrhea, abdominal pain, and bloating, weight loss, iron deficiency, and malnutrition as a result of not absorbing the nutrient. And that’s just the beginning of what this dreadful disease can do.

For example a gluten allergy can actually affect the tissue causing eczema, skin rashes and itching, and it can even cause hives. It can also cause respiratory problems including asthma and it can cause

Arthritis will develop in about 45% of those suffering from a gluten allergy that do nothing about it and about 15% in those that change to a gluten free diet. Those with Celiac see an increased risk of esophagus, pharynx, and small intestinal cancer. Fibroid lung disease is also seen at a much higher rate than in those that do not have Celiac or a gluten allergy.

Recently studies have shown that a gluten allergy is often combined with a dairy allergy. If you know you have a gluten problem it’s a good idea to replace dairy products with soy products or some other alternative.

Be sure to include natural supplements in your diet when suffering from a gluten allergy. There are several things they can do for you. They can replace the nutrients you are missing because of a diet that is gluten free and they can help restore the body to health and build the immune system back up to a healthy state.

With a gluten allergy you want gluten free diet will have no wheat, barley, rye in any form. The best diets are made up of foods that are good for you and also foods that taste good. Try to make the changes so as not be depressed by a long list of what you can’t eat. You gluten free diet should be comprehensive.

A gluten allergy can be a tough diagnosis to hear but once you know what’s wrong it’s much easier to start making yourself feel better.

Free Yourself From Caffeine Intoxication Symptoms

If there’s one thing in this world that most people can rely on during the times when they need to be hyped-up for work or even just to add coziness to casual conversations…it’s caffeine. A very sought after substance that it increasingly makes one dependent on it without the person noticing it. Some people do notice it but who cares anyway? It is neither drug nor alcohol, two of the substances where “dependence” is not something good to hear.

However, like what is being said in general, anything in excess is bad. Even if caffeine is a universally proven safe food/ beverage substance, it doesn’t mean that it does not have intoxication symptoms. If taken in large amounts on a regular basis, a person may already experience the following symptoms: nervousness, restlessness, excitement, insomnia, rambling flow of thought and speech, gastrointestinal upset, tremors, tachycardia, diuresis, muscle twitching, periods of inexhaustibility, and psychomotor agitation. Some even report symptoms of fever,   irritability , tremors, sensory disturbances, tachypnea, and headaches.

On the otherhand, some people who abuse caffeine may also experience caffeine tolerance symptoms. When we talk about tolerance, it simply means that people experience decreased responsiveness to the substance, such that one may probably manage to sleep even right after drinking a cup of brewed coffee at night.

If you are one of those people who can relate to the symptoms mentioned, then you may want to think twice the next time you grab another cup of coffee. There are also some who is advised to stay away from caffeine containing foods and beverages as they either have generalized anxiety disorder, panic disorder, primary insomnia, gastroesophageal reflux disease, urinary incontinence or cardiovascular disease.

When you want to stop or you need to stop, how should you then say bye-bye to caffeine? Ofcourse it has to start with a firm personal decision that you really want to stop, not just because your doctor told you so or not just because your mom says so. It has to come from a realization that it is already too much and it is causing bad effects on your body.

Going about it is not as simple as throwing out all the coffee sachets or jars and staying away from the coffee shelves in groceries. Just like in the case of alcohols and drugs, if stopping is not done properly or if withdrawn abruptly, it causes some withdrawal symptoms like diffuse, throbbing and sometimes severe headache which develops gradually. There may also be fatigue, sluggishness, sleepiness and drowsiness. Along with this is the impairment in psychomotor, vigilance and cognitive performances. Also affected is one’s motivation to work. On the emotional aspect, these people may experience  irritability , anxiety and depression. There are also some who experience flu-like symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, muscle aches, stiffness, hot / cold spells, heavy feelings in arms or legs.)

This was observed in people who immediately abstained from a dose as low as 100 mg/day (one 6 oz. cup of brewed coffee or two to three 12 oz. servings of caffeinated soft-drink.) Even among those who stopped a regular once-a-day consumption of caffeine (e.g. daily consumption of a single cup of coffee), symptoms of withdrawal were seen. Some people though denied having experienced withdrawal though because unknowingly, they still consume small amounts of caffeine by consuming other caffeine containing foods (chocolate, chocolate containing products, softdrinks, tea, etc.)

To prevent withdrawal symptoms, experts say that caffeine intake should be tapered off slowly. If you are a coffee fan, it is just as simple as decreasing the proportion of your caffeinated drink versus the decaffeinated. You may start by using 3/4 regular coffee to 1/4 decaf, then the caffeinated portion should be slowly decreased and the decaffeinated portion is increased. The same technique can be done with tea and sodas.

So the next time you decide to quit, take it easy…do it gradually.

Depression and Homeopathy

Depression is a medical disorder which affects the thoughts, moods, feelings, behavior of a person it can also affect the physical health. There can be various factors like loss of close people, stressful life situations, difficulty in adaptation to the surroundings which can trigger depression.

In certain cases depression might occur spontaneously without any specific cause. In some cases the depression can be due to some organic brain diseases or a space occupying lesion (tumor) in the brain.

Signs and symptoms:

o Depressed mood The person feels Sad, Weeping spells, Hopeless and Helpless feeling

o Loss of interest in the daily activities that the person enjoyed

The above two symptoms are the most important symptoms in diagnosing depression.

Besides these most of the following symptoms should be present for more then 2 weeks to diagnose a case of depression:

o Sleep disturbances

o Impaired thinking or concentration

o Changes in weight

o Agitation

o Fatigue or slowing of body movements

o Low self-esteem

o Less interest in sex.

o Thoughts of death.

Types of Depression

Major depression or clinical depression:

1. Depressed mood, feeling of worthlessness, guilt.

2. Behavioral symptoms include agitation and social withdrawal

3. Difficulty in concentration and decision making

4. Sleeplessness (Insomnia) Too much sleeping (Hypersomnia)

Dysthymia

It is a chronic form of depression in this the person might be free from the symptoms for a period of time and this will alternate with a state of depression. It is a less severe form of depression but it also places the person in the increased risk to suffer from major depression.

Adjustment disorders

This can happen when one losses a close person or a close relative or loss of job one becomes overwhelmed by this. This is a normal process and with passage of time one comes to terms with the loss.

But if the person is unable to come to terms with the loss and he/she develops the signs of depression then it is termed as adjustment disorders. It can be acute if it lasts for less then 6months and chronic if it lasts for more then this period.

Bipolar depression or manic depression disorder

The person suffers from recurrent episodes of elation (mania) and depression is a characteristic symptom of bipolar depression. The person when he/she is in the manic phase will affect the judgment of the person and it might also have periods when the person has increased creativity in his work.

In this type of depression there is a swing of moods to the extremes (poles) that’s why it is termed as bipolar depression or manic depressive disorder.

Seasonal affective disorder

It is a pattern of depression related to the changes in season and a lack of exposure to the sunlight.

Causes:

o Heredity

o Stress

o Medications

o Illnesses

o Personality

o Postpartum depression

o Hormones

o Alcohol, nicotine and drug abuse

Diagnosis

It is diagnosed on the basis of the signs and symptoms that are present. Also your physician will do the physical examination to rule out any other abnormality that mimics depression.

If the person is having strong suicidal tendencies then he/she might have to be admitted to the hospital for observation.

Complications:

o Suicide

o Dependency

Role of homeopathy in the treatment of Depression

The first question that comes to the mind is how these Homeopathic medicines are going to help in fighting the disease. As we all know in a diseased state the internal bodily mechanisms do not work in a harmonious way. So to bring back the lost harmony to its original balanced state the correct Homeopathic medicine has to be given.

The homeopathic medicine acts at 3 levels the Psyche, Neuro, Endocrines at the level of the psyche it helps to bring balance which in turn will affect the neurological balance and the correct secretion of the hormones which play an important role in maintaining the harmonious flow. The homeopathic medicines do not treat the disease but it helps in bringing back the lost imbalance back to its normal state.

To find the correct Homeopathic remedy one needs a complete case study so all the aspects of the emotional nature, Fears, Social relations, family relations, ups and downs in life have to be taken into consideration. Also the past history, problems in adjusting, Family history of any major illnesses have to be mentioned.

What has caused the present state is very important and how the person has reacted to it will be very useful. We will consider few remedies in brief and how they will be represented in the depressed state.

In Digitalis

There is depression; sadness melancholy after love disappointment. The patient develops pain in the heart and is sleepless due to this. He is low spirited.

In Natrum.muriaticum the classic medicine we all know which is very useful in ailments coming on after love disappointment.The patient will brood over the events again and again and cannot forget it even after years have passed. The Natrum.mur patient will cry when alone and consolation aggravates all the complaints.

I will narrate a case in brief which will tell how deep a role the emotions play the patient had been referred to me by a colleague as the patient was not responding to the medicines

The patient has developed multiple uterine fibroids and she has severe pain due to them.

It took me over an hour to get the correct information the lady was very hesitant to divulge this information she is a married lady for over 30 years but she is unable to forget her first love affair which was broken.

She said she is very sad and cries when she is alone, she loves music and she just cannot forget the affair and it makes her miserable and also she feels guilty about it. This is a brief information we confirmed the other points and prescribed her Natrum.muriaticum 200c 1 dose. The result the patient never came back to me. After a months time I go a call from the doctor who had referred the case to me.

She told after that dose the pain had disappeared and the sonography showed regression in the fibroids. I asked why the patient didn’t report back. I was told she felt embarrassed as what I will think about her. But I was very happy to solve the case.

So what I want to stress on is finding the “Cause” what has led to the problem in most of the cases if we are able to develop the rapport with the patient they will express as it is told by Doctor Pierce Schmidt we have to find where the shoe pinches. This will help us in finding the right remedy and also we can offer solution.

The other important remedy is Ignatia.amara the complaints come on after a loss of close person or love disappointment.The “Sighing” in this remedy is so marked that it is impossible to miss this remedy. The patient is silent complaints coming on after emotional shock. The patient is non communicative will sit silently will brood and weep.

The depression of Aurum is extreme there is loathing of life, no desire to live, Suicidal disposition, and constant thoughts of suicide. There is also marked fear of death.

Depression can be treated with Homeopathy but a correct case history and perceiving the patient is very vital. Along with treatment the patient also will need counseling which should be provided as per the requirement. While handling patients with strong suicidal tendencies it is the responsibility of the treating physician to talk about the state to the parents or the care giver.

Anxiety and Social Phobia – How to Overcome Your Fears and Build Courage

If you are a person who has constant anxiety and suffers from social phobia, which means that you don’t feel comfortable in social places or when you are in contact with other people, the reasons why you have such behavior could be many.

Your personality is defined by your psychological type and your introverted or extroverted attitude in life. It is also shaped by your family and all the influences you have from each member, by your social environment, your friends and your activities in the place where you are, and by all your personal experiences, successful and traumatic.

You may have a hard time trying to discover what exactly has provoked you this behavior, and what you have to do in order to overcome it.

Fortunately, today you have the privilege of being able to immediately understand what is causing you so much anxiety, and how to overcome all your fears, while building your courage at the same time, without having to look for hidden reasons.

Thanks to the scientific method of dream interpretation discovered by Carl Jung, which is the only correct one, and simplified by me, who continued his research, you can have answers to all your questions from the unconscious mind that produces your dreams, working like a natural doctor.

All dreams contain wise messages with precious guidance, giving you lessons and information, showing you future predictions, and helping you prevent what could be bad with many warnings. You only have to learn the dream language in order to understand the meaning of all the images that appear in your dreams.

My dynamic method of instant dream translation based on Jung’s discoveries and on my own, while curing many people through dream therapy, shows you immediately the meaning of all dream symbols. This way you can immediately understand the wise messages of the unconscious mind, which always have a protective character.

You start having a communication with your wise doctor, and you develop your intelligence, becoming more sensitive, mature and creative.

After understanding everything that provokes all your fears, after correcting all your mistakes and misconceptions about the world where you are and the people who are around you, and after seeing that you have many capacities that you were not using but that can help you achieve new goals, you’ll feel safe and confident, instead of living tortured by social phobia.

You will automatically build your courage with all the changes in your personality, since you’ll become always more intelligent and stronger, as you learn how to control your behavior, and as you analyze the world where you live through different angles. You’ll see that you have knowledge, vision, and power.

Even if you had serious traumas during your childhood or adolescence, you’ll learn how to be a hero who overcomes everything, concentrating your attention on all the good things that you can do with your talents, on your extraordinary intelligence, and on all the new friends that you’ll conquer everyday with your superior sensitivity, and your natural sense of humor.

Shyness or Social Anxiety Disorder

Also called social phobia, social anxiety disorder is a chronic form of anxiety which plagues many people, and is currently the third most experienced anxiety disorder in the US. Explained as an irrational fear of being in social situations, social anxiety can prevent sufferers from developing normal relationships, keep them from participating in activities and basically enjoying a normal life. Because of a constant fear of not fitting in, or embarrassing themselves, people with this disorder tend to be very anti-social, spending most of their time alone, or with only a specific few, trusted individuals.

Shyness or Social Anxiety Disorder?

It is very natural for people to be shy at times. Shyness is a normal emotion experienced by normal, healthy people of all ages, from very small children, all the way through adulthood. It can be a good emotion to experience, too; in a way, shyness acts as a bit of a safeguard to keep us humble, and keep us on our toes in situations such as receiving compliments or being around someone we are attracted to, allowing us to create deeper bonds with people as a result.

However, shyness that goes to extremes, making it impossible for a person to do things such as make eye contact with someone else or freely speak to them, is no longer just shyness. When this exaggerated “shyness” progresses to behaviors such as avoiding social situations altogether, then it becomes social phobia. In worse cases, sufferers can experience the typical symptoms of anxiety if they are forced into social situations. There is frequently racing of the heart, sweating, stuttering, nervousness, fast breathing, nausea and diarrhea, and other symptoms.

This irrational phobia causes sufferers to constantly worry about embarrassing themselves by doing or saying the wrong thing, or simply not fitting into a certain group of people. Actions such as eating or drinking in public, speaking to groups, going on dates, being the center of attention for whatever the reason, having to use public restrooms, and asking questions become almost impossible, eliciting many anxiety symptoms. Even talking on the telephone is a known trigger for those suffering from severe social anxiety, with texting and email a much more preferred method of communication. All of this affects a person’s ability to lead a normal life, and can be accompanied by other psychological conditions such as depression, low self esteem and others.

Treating Social Anxiety Disorder

Anyone whose fears of interacting with others, or of social situations has prevented them from doing things is experiencing social phobia and should look into treatment for it. Humans, by our very nature, are at least semi-social creatures, so being able to right this can be extremely helpful to aid sufferers in regaining a normal, productive lifestyle.

Social anxiety is detectable in individuals – with a higher prevalence in females – from very early on, sometimes as young as only a few years of age; the typical onset is in early teenhood, however. Most people endure the condition for ten years or more before they are diagnosed and begin any kind of therapy, too, which can be devastating when happening throughout the teen and young adult years. There is also a high percentage of sufferers who do not get diagnosed at all, and continue to suffer. Therefore, it is important for either sufferers themselves, or the people around them, to take the symptoms of social anxiety seriously.

The two main ways in which social anxiety disorders are treated are with psychotherapy, and with medications. Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) is the most widely used therapy in training people to overcome their social anxiety in teaching them to change their thoughts when they begin to feel their anxiety kicking in. It is frequently combined with exposure therapy, where repeated exposure to triggers is used to help condition the sufferer’s reaction. These types of therapy can be ongoing as needed, depending on the individual and any other anxiety disorders they may also be dealing with.

In treating social anxiety with medications, anti-anxiety and anti-depression drugs are typically tried, along with some CBT. Both beta-blockers and MAO-inhibitors are generally used to aid in reducing social phobia, but each person’s reaction will differ, so it is impossible to say that one drug specifically will be the right one.

Practicing other anxiety reduction techniques, as well as self-help methods which can be researched can all help as well, whether used in combination with medications or on their own. The most important thing to remember is that social anxiety disorder is treatable, and it is possible for sufferers to lead normal, social lives with treatment.

Benefits of Melatonin For Dogs With Insomnia – Sleep Aids

Melatonin is a chemical that plays an important role in the body. Many dogs have sleep problems that can easily be fixed by adjusting the amount of melatonin that is present within their bodies. This vital chemical helps the internal clock of dogs with insomnia to function the way that it should.

The Body Clock Chemical- Regulating When Your Dog Sleeps and Wakes

The internal clock is oftentimes understood as a helpful regulator of when we wake and sleep. Whether you have a puppy or senior dog, this clock helps them to function normally. If their wake and sleep patterns are out of balance, they can end up feeling irritable, fatigued and even depressed.

Anti Anxiety for Dogs

Once anxiety sets in, it disrupts your dog’s natural rhythm even further. Dogs that are depressed sometimes find it difficult to fall asleep. In this case, getting more sleep can sometimes help them to feel more relaxed.

In some cases, the opposite is true, depression leads to excessive sleep and feelings of tiredness all throughout the day, even after extended rest. Irritability can also make it hard for dogs to relax enough to get a good night’s sleep.

Where Does Melatonin Come From?

Melatonin is such a vital chemical that the body is designed to make it once it has enough of the other chemicals that are required for its synthesis. The pineal gland is responsible for making melatonin. If this gland is removed, melatonin production, along with other important functions in a dog’s body, will be affected.

Natural Sleep Aids Prevent Cell Damage and Slow Down Aging

People may also take melatonin in order to experience the benefits of this particular substance. Melatonin is an antioxidant and it helps to prevent cell damage. The benefits of melatonin are such that it actually helps you to look and feel younger as well. In fact, there are many people who take melatonin supplements exclusively for the anti-aging benefits that it delivers to men and women of all ages.

Sleep Better

Melatonin helps you to sleep better. It acts like a sleeping pill. The only difference is, it is completely natural. If you have been having problems with sleeping at night, you should speak to your doctor about the possible role melatonin can play in helping you to get a good night’s sleep.

Security Dogs and Sleep Disorders

Melatonin production and daylight are connected in a way that makes it difficult for dogs to sleep well when they are deprived of light. It may seem that being in the dark for long periods would produce a more comforting state but the body does not work that way. The pineal gland requires certain conditions to exist for it to do its job properly. One of those conditions is the presence of light.

A security dog that works at night and sleeps during the day is likely to have its sleep pattern disrupted. This is because they may not be exposed to enough light each day, for their pineal gland to make the right amount of melatonin for their needs. There are special lights you can install in their work space which will help to stimulate melatonin production.

Lymphedema Leg – Causes and Treatment

Primary lymphedema, a hereditary condition, is one among the many causes of leg lymphedema. The genetics of the individual are usually responsible for this condition. In such instances, the lymphatic system is deformed at birth, leading to the accumulation of lymph fluid in the lower part of the body, resulting in a swelling. Family history of swelling in the legs is also apparent.

Any injury to the lymph glands like a radiation treatment for cancer in the pelvis, abdomen or groin area may be a causative factor for leg lymphedema. Breast cancer is a common cause for lymphoedema in the upper limbs while it is generally present in the legs in case of cancer treatment for the lung, liver or the prostrate. Excess fluid generation in the stomach area may be another factor to cause a swelling in the legs.

Immediate treatment is advisable once the first symptoms are visible. The most obvious sign is a lump-like, painful swelling. Some other symptoms include a swelling or an accumulation of fluid behind the inner knee area or heaviness in the ankles. You must ensure that you consult with your doctor at the earliest opportunity if you see any suspicious-looking swellings in the leg region.

Initial treatment of lymphadema prevents the disease from progressing and getting out of hand. The swelling can be reduced with some simple treatment in the early stages. Keeping the feet elevated and the use of elastic stockings is essential to reduce the swelling. In order to encourage the lymphatic flow at night, you can cover the legs with elastic wraps and keep the foot elevated with the help of pillows.

Exercising the leg even with simple exercises helps to keep leg lymphoedema under control. An exercise routine or a daily walk can assist in circulation of the fluids and help to keep lymphedema in check. Just like in any other lymphedema condition, skin hygiene is a must in this case as well. Special care must be taken to wash the legs and feet thoroughly and dry out the creases between the toes to prevent infection. You must take immediate precautions to treat any infection for an   ingrown  toe  nail , so as to avoid complications.

It is essential for leg lymphedema patients to wear comfortable footwear with soft padding to avoid foot injuries. While cutting toenails, utmost care must be taken to avoid injury. Wearing tight clothes, socks, or undergarments with tight elastic are a strict no-no.

This may squeeze the limb, increase the blood pressure and cause a swelling due to water retention, complications which a lymphedema patient cannot afford to have. While travelling by air it is essential to have on compression stockings. There may be no cure for lymphedema leg condition, but with proper care, the symptoms can be reduced and the onset of the disease, delayed.

How to Cure Nail Fungus?

Nail fungus is also known as onchyomycosis. Infected Toenails affects 2 percent to  18 percent of all people worldwide and 3 percent to 5 percent of people in the united states. It is relatively rare in children the incidence increases with age affecting about half of Americans by the age of 70.

The fungus grows in the fingernail bed and feeds on keratin, the protein them makes up the hard surface of the nail, then spreads to the warm and moist environment inside the patient’s shoes and socks.

It chronic conditions gradually progresses involving more of the nail every day, it is rarely heals on its own and very difficult to treat and eradicate because toenails grow more slowly. A fungal infection is one of the most difficult pediatric conditions to cure.

Extra precaution must be taken. It doesn’t instantaneously affect other persons upon contact, but may do so if the other persons have weak immune systems or have other conditions that make them prone to infections.

If you have acquired nail fungus, it may be best to avoid sharing towels, clippers, shoes, slippers and other things which are considered for personal hygiene purposes. There are reported cases of members in one household getting infected because of sharing of clippers.

Topical ointments are not very effective when it comes to treating infected feet. They cannot penetrate the thickened nails and cannot eliminate the fungi underneath the nails.

If your nail lost its shine and luster and will often begin to loosen, you will want to seek the advice of your family doctor. The doctor will probably simply tell you if you have a nail fungus and begin treatment for sure .

There are different options out there for the treatment of fungi fit infections, from medicines to home remedies. The use of them should not be taken lightly, and must follow a recommendation from a qualified doctor. Auto-medication can be very dangerous, even more so when we know exactly the kind of fungus we have.

How to cure nail fungus? If we are going to use pharmaceuticals, doctors recommend oral treatments such as itraconazole, fluconazole or terminafine. These medicines help us growing a new nail, of course this new growing will be 100% healthy.

Then we have to wait a couple of weeks it will fully grow. This treatment takes several months to complete, and it is not the only one.

Actually all those infection treatments can take up more than a year with the risk of the fungus to reappear. Topical medications can be used to complement oral medications. These creams will be applied directly to the skin.

Nail infected by fungus is a persistent and troublesome problem. But there is a natural cure, which takes care of persistent nail fungus. Zetaclear, is a 100% natural product to prevent and cure that problem.

4 Most Common Gymnastics Injuries

Gymnastics is a full body and physically demanding sport meant for all genders. Due to its stressful and challenging nature, risk of injuries are extremely high. Although most injuries are minor ones, some can be serious and life threatening! This risk is amplified when risky stunts are attempted. I will discuss some common Gymnastics injuries in this article.

Wrist sprains

The wrist is the most heavily used part of the body in Gymnastics. With the extreme twisting speed and jumps, the force acting on the wrist can be double of that of our body’s weight. Thus, the wrist is the most prone to injuries. Wrist sprains are common and the immediate response would be to terminate all activities and get plenty of rest. The intensity of training in future would need to be toned down as the wrist will be more prone to future sprains. To protect and offer better support, a wrist brace should be worn prior to any strenuous activities.

Anterior Cruciate Ligament Tear

ACL injuries are common and can happen if the gymnast lands in an awkward position. The ACL supports the knee and provides stability. However, it can rupture if it is twisted suddenly under high forces and that exact force is provided by an improper landing position following a stunt. A “pop” sound will be heard and this is followed by knee swelling. To prevent ACL injuries, a supportive knee brace should be worn. In addition, gymnasts should strengthen their leg muscles to better hold and support the ligaments together.

Foot injuries

Foot injuries are another type of common gymnastics injury. The more frequently occurring one is ankle sprain. Minor foot injuries only suffer from slight swelling while more serious cases will lead to severe swelling and a limit in mobility. Wearing a protective brace is often required after foot injuries but this can hinder the flexibility of the gymnast.

Back injuries

Injuries to the back can be either a muscle strain, ligament sprain or even spinal disc disorder. Back pain will intensify based on the activity engaged and extension motions will cause the pain to increase. Back injuries are often referred to physiotherapists but they can be more serious underlying. Serious back injuries that are not easy to detect is the spinal disc disorder. The spinal discs will cushion our spine from shocks and if it is injured, the protective capabilities will be compromised.

Gymnastics is a physically demanding and challenging sport activity that is filled with lots of injury risks. There are strict requirements for the gymnast and training often starts young. Unlike most sports, injuries in gymnastics are hard to prevent due to the lack of protective equipment that are flexible and concealable.

Eyelid Surgery – Common Beauty Dilemmas Post Surgery

Blepharoplasty is the surgical tightening of the eyelids. As we age, the skin around our eyes gets stretched out and saggy due to the natural evolution of aging skin. During the eye surgery, a plastic surgeon will remove excess fat and skin in either/or both the upper and lower lids. Not only is this a cosmetic issue, but a functional one as well.

Excessive droopiness in the skin surrounding the eyes will often hamper a person’s vision. Before Blepharoplasty is performed, a vision screening examination will need to be done in order to evaluate the extent of restricted vision. Here are some common beauty and functional dilemmas that often arise post-surgery:

– Eyes don’t close all the way due to the tightened eyelids. This is common in the early weeks post-surgery. Within three weeks, this issue should resolve itself due to the receding of swelling and bruising in the area. During the daytime, it is a good idea to use an artificial tears solution which is available at your local drug store. At night, a lubricating ointment, also over-the-counter, may help in easing drying eyes.

– Bruising around the eye may be hidden with a cosmetic concealer three days post surgery. Other makeup may be applied to the eye area ten days post-surgery.

– Contact lens wearers will be able to wear their contact lens after one week. It will be necessary to revert back to traditional eye glasses for the first week of healing.

– The patient needs to be prepared for looking their worst two to three days after the procedure. This is perfectly normal. Over the course of two weeks, the bruising and swelling will almost be gone, but it will take months for it to be fully eradicated.

– Scars will be noticeable in the early weeks. They will appear elevated and red. Each week that goes by will find them smoother and fading.

– Full healing will be achieved within six to nine months.

– In the early days following Blepharoplasty, vision may be slightly impaired making reading difficult. This is due to the swelling and readjustment that the eye area is going through. It will clear up soon.

The best thing you can do for your healing eyes and body is to rest. Nap often, take warm baths, drink plenty of water and eat light, healthy meals. Give yourself all the TLC you can muster. Soon you’ll be feeling and looking great with your rested appearing eyes.

Bed Wetting – Finding The Solution

Statistics show that only 34 percent of Australian families with a child who wets the bed seek professional help. Instead, they wait for what’s called spontaneous remission, where the child grows out of it naturally. Quite often, this is something that does eventually occur naturally in many children, but not all of them. It is a worrying statistic when you consider the impact that bed wetting can have on a child. It can affect everything from self-esteem to the child’s relationships with friends and parents,even when bed wetting occurs as little as once a month). Many people do understand that the majority of techniques that families try themselves to solve the problem don’t work. In comparison, proper treatment for bed wetting can be effective in more than 90 percent of cases.

The initial treatment for a child with a bed wetting problem is an alarm, waking a child at the exact moment when wetting begins. The idea is that after a period of time, alarm therapy improves arousal from sleep, helping to alert and sensitise a child to respond to a full bladder when they’re asleep.

In Australia, there are two types of enuresis alarms available to parents and children – the pad-and-bell alarm consists of a soft rubber mat which is connected to an alarm unit. The mat is placed on the bed and covered with sheets. The alarm rings as the child begins to wet. The personal or body-worn alarm consists of an alarm unit and sensor. The alarm unit is clipped onto the child’s pyjamas and the sensor is placed inside the pants. Once the sensor becomes wet, the alarm sounds. Studies show that around two-thirds of children treated with alarm therapy become ‘dry’ during the period of time that they use the alarm, and about half of those remain dry, without the need for further treatment.

It’s generally recommended that alarm treatment be continued for at least two to three months, with the recommendation being that a child uses the alarm until they achieve 14 consecutive nights of remaining dry.

Medications are also available to treat bed wetting. One of them has an active ingredient called desmopressin. It works like vasopressin, which is a naturally occurring substance produced by the brain. For children who wet the bed as a result of low levels of vasopressin during the night, desmopressin supplements the body’s natural vasopressin, thus reducing the amount of urine produced during the night.

Oxybutynin is an anticholinergic medication and may be used if a child has an overactive bladder during sleep. Tricyclic antidepressants such as imipramine, are also approved for the treatment of bedwetting, however they are less commonly recommended because of their potential side-effects.

You may also hear about other treatments that are less commonly used such as hypnosis, acupuncture, psychotherapy, reward systems and fluid restriction. It has not been established whether these treatments are effective in managing bedwetting. The primary goal however is to use the most effective treatment that will keep your child dry at night.

Do You Fart More or Less?

The digestive system, like all other body organs, is susceptible to various diseases too. Depending on what you eat and how you eat it and also when you eat, your dietary habits do determine what diseases affect your digestive system.

Did you know that farting is considered a sign of a healthy digestive system.

Digestion starts in the mouth. With the aid of saliva, the teeth break down the food into smaller portions. As the saliva moistens the food, it digests starch into maltose. After digestion in the mouth, the food is rolled into little balls and pushed down the throat through a process called peristalsis, into the stomach.

In the stomach, the food is mixed with gastric juice. Together with the hydrochloric acid, these digestive juices further breakdown the food into absorbable substance. After about three or four hours of digestion, the absorbable substances leave the stomach for the duodenum.

In the duodenum, the rest of the substances that had not been digested or fully digested in the stomach are then further converted into absorbable elements. After the duodenum, the digested substances leave for the intestines where absorption does take place.

Nearly all the digested food is absorbed in the small intestines. With substances such as mineral salts, water, cellulose and vegetable fibre which are not absorbed here, they are passed on to the large intestines where they are absorbed into the blood. What is not absorbed is then passed out of the body through the anus.

There are many diseases and health conditions that affect the digestive system. Many of these diseases are lifestyle related illnesses, and thus are common among people. They include indigestion, gastritis, ulcers, constipation, diarrhea, colitis, flatulence and Crohn’s disease. Here is a brief description of these diseases, their causes and their symptoms.

Mouth sores. These are painful ulcerations that are white and red. These are cold sores that can be caused by allergic reactions, deficiencies, a weak immune system or a viral infection.

Bad breath. Have you met a person with a foul smell from the mouth? This condition is known as halitosis and it is caused by poor digestive, constipation, oral hygiene, alcohol and other substance consumption.

Dental carries and gingivitis. This is the inflammation of the gums and the teeth. Both are caused by oral bacteria and sugar intake. Gingivitis leads to peridontitis, which is the loss of teeth.

Indigestion. This is painful digestion characterized by flatulence, discomfort and acidity. Medical studies illustrate that it can be an early symptom of a serious illness such as ulcers. Its causes are usually organic, a result of unhealthy diets that compromise the digestive process.

Gastritis. This is the inflammation of the gastric mucus. It is caused by reaction of the mucus linings to certain types of foods and fluids, consumption of alcohol and other substances such as drugs and tobacco.

Flatulence. This is where you have excess intestinal gas. This is usually as a result of its production by intestinal bacteria.

Ulcers. This is the inflammation of the stomachs linings. This condition can be fatal if not treated and effectively managed.   It is caused by excess stomach acid and is aggravated by intake of spices, alcohol, tobacco, coffee, drugs and stress.

Constipation. This is a condition where food does travel too slowly in the intestines. It does produce toxins which are then absorbed into the blood resulting into autointoxication of the body. It can be caused by substances such as drugs, alcohol and lack of adequate physical activity.

Diarrhoea. This is where the food does travel too fast in the intestines. This condition renders absorption inadequate since the mineral salts and water are not absorbed into the blood stream.

Ulcerative colitis. This is the inflammation of the colon. It is characterized by loose faeces which sometimes can be accompanied by blood.  It is caused by an allergic reaction to certain foods and medication such as antibiotics.

Crohn’s disease. This is the inflammation of both the small and large intestines. Those who are highly at risk of this disease are those who are regular consumers of junk and fast foods.

It is a natural instinct in animals to eat, at least per day. Eating is essential anyway, we need food for survival. To benefit from the food you eat, the body has to digest and then absorb the nutrients into your blood and to all your cells. Do you eat to live or do you live to eat? You must be familiar too with the phrase “you are what you eat”.

Take a look at all the causes of these diseases. It is common that, the dietary choices you make influence a lot on the development of these diseases. To avoid these digestive system illnesses, give your digestive system time to rest. Eating even if you are not hungry or just because it is the hour of serving, only overwhelms your digestive system.

Urogenital Probiotics For Women

Probiotics are useful for more than just gastrointestinal health. In fact, there are specific probiotic products that can help prevent and treat female urogenital conditions like bacterial vaginosis, vulvovaginal candidiasis, urinary tract infections and related complications of all three.

This should not come as a huge surprise. The amount of good research being conducted on gastrointestinal probiotics continues to increase every year. And although the vaginal tract is not internally connected to the alimentary canal the two are intimately related. Bacteria that pass through the digestive system can ascend via the perineum to the vagina. So it’s almost a no-brainer to expect what promotes gastrointestinal health to have relevance for urogenital health. However, they are not the same. Even though the intestinal microbiota has similarities to the vaginal microbiota, simply taking care of the intestinal microbiota may not be enough to ensure urogenital health.

Vaginal Microbiota: What Is It?

The microbiota typically found in the vaginal consists of large numbers of lactobacilli (gram-positive rods) and small numbers of gram-negative rods and gram-positive coccobacilli. A milliliter of vaginal fluid contains, on average, around 100 million microorganisms from 5-10 species, 95% of which are from the genus Lactobacillus (Anukam, 2006).

The bacteria that live in the vagina are substantially similar in all women around the globe. This is indicative of a relationship that was established long ago and which has remained robust over time. From an evolutionary perspective, such a trend suggests an adaptive advantage for both bacteria and humans. But why? A simple answer is that certain bacteria get a warm, moist place to live and in exchange, protect the vagina and help inhibit the growth of pathogens.

Health From The Few

It has been a long held belief that lactobacilli, in bulk, promote vaginal health by helping to maintain an acidic pH in the vagina. The logic seems sound: increased vaginal pH and decreased numbers of lactobacilli are symptomatic of various infections ergo lactic acid producing lactobacilli likely prevent infection by maintaining a low vaginal pH. This rationale has led to recommending the consumption of yogurt with the expectation that the lactobacilli, particularly L. acidophilus, and other “active cultures” should promote vaginal health.

Poking under the hood of this theory led to some interesting observations. Researchers discovered that the interaction of microorganisms in the vagina is more complex than simple pH modulation. The watershed: finding healthy women who appeared to lack colonization by lactobacilli. If large numbers of lactobacilli were necessary to regulate vaginal pH in most women, how could these exceptions be reconciled? It turns out that these women did not lack lactobacilli, they were merely present as an extremely small minority. But the fact that they existed in such small quantities suggested that there were mechanisms of vaginal health more potent than simple lactic acid production.

Lactic acid production was not found to be unimportant; rather something akin to a urogenital 90:10 rule had been identified. Most lactobacillus strains produce lactic acid, but only some strains produce bacteriocins and other specific regulating factors that inhibit the adhesion, colonization, growth and survival of undesirable species. Such specific factors can have prominent effects even at very low concentrations. And the strains that produce them can be present in minuscule amounts, but still have a large effect on urogenital health. Those healthy women with very few lactobacilli helped elucidate this.

Bacterial Vaginosis: Under the Radar

Bacterial vaginosis (BV) is the most common vaginal infection and is believed to be a problem for roughly 10-29% of the female population at any given time (Allsworth, 2007; Reid and Heinemenn, 1998). It is important to be aware that lactobacilli levels tend to track estrogen levels. This means that even for women that feel healthy, there can be an increased risk of infection when estrogen levels are low, like at the beginning and end of the menstrual cycle, or after undergoing menopause. BV is estimated to burden the health care system to the tune of more than 4 million office visits per year in the U.S. alone (Van Kessel, 2003). Yet despite these numbers, it is believed that many cases of BV still go untreated or mistreated.

BV can be one problem that arises when the vaginal microbiota becomes unbalanced. BV is characterized by a shift in the vaginal microbiota from predominantly commensal microorganisms like lactobacilli, to others such as species in the genera Gardnerella, Atopobium and Prevotella. Some of these organisms produce amines that raise the pH in the vagina and cause a “fishy” smell. Clinically, the Amsel criteria or Nugent scoring is used to diagnose BV.

The symptoms of BV are somewhat similar to those of a yeast infection, of which more women are aware. Since these symptoms tend to be a sensitive topic and because over-the-counter anti-fungal treatments are readily available, many women attempt to treat BV with anti-yeast remedies. Unfortunately, anti-fungal treatments do not help treat BV and can even make it worse.

Ounce of Prevention

Although not internally connected, bacteria that pass through the alimentary canal can ascend to the vagina over the short external distance of the perineum. This is entirely normal and not an issue of poor hygiene. In fact, this is the typical route to the vagina for most inhabitants. Knowing this, it stands to reason that a healthy urogenital environment can begin with a healthy digestive tract.

Beneficial intestinal microbiota, are more apt to flourish when exposed to a diet high in fiber (especially prebiotic fibers) and low in simple sugars and refined carbohydrates. Pathogenic bacteria tend to proliferate at a greater rate than probiotic bacteria when exposed to these hallmarks of a diet high in processed foods. The healthier the intestinal microbiota is, the lower the concentration of disruptive organisms that pass from the digestive tract to the vagina. Eating yogurt with live active cultures may help, although the clinical evidence to support this is somewhat equivocal. Digestive health may be better served by taking a probiotic product or supplement that contains multiple strains which are clinically documented to support health.

Women can also act preventatively against BV with probiotic products that have been specifically evaluated for vaginal health and found to promote healthy vaginal microbiota. An ideal choice would be a strain that was originally isolated from a healthy woman and is well characterized to act against vaginal offenders. There are very few products on the market made with probiotic strains that actually meet this standard. Two strains that do are Lactobacillus rhamnosus GR-1 and Lactobacillus reuteri RC-14. Used together, L. rhamnosus GR-1 and L. reuteri RC-14 have been shown to promote healthy vaginal microbiota which is important in helping prevent BV (see “Research Review”).

BV Treatment & Probiotics

Standard treatment for bacterial vaginosis involves antibiotic therapy, either orally administered or locally applied. The oral route typically involves daily ingestion of metronidazole or clindamycin for one week. Locally, a metronidazole gel or 2% clindamycin cream may also be prescribed for a similar duration. Some reports find that using clindamycin leads to a greater rate of recurrence than metronidazole. In addition, local use of clindamycin is contraindicated for pregnant women because of a possible connection to birth defects. Regardless of which antibiotic option is used, statistics show that roughly 30% of BV infections recur within one month and approximately 80% within 9 months.

Increasing numbers of physicians are recommending that their patients follow a regimen of antibiotics with a course of probiotics for gastrointestinal health, to bolster beneficial bacteria that have been killed off. The same advice applies to urogenital probiotics. The vaginal microbiota is just as susceptible to broad-spectrum antibiotics as the intestinal microbiota. And although there is not any solid evidence to suggest probiotics alone are effective as treatment for an existing infection, probiotic supplementation can provide dividends before, during and after antibiotic treatment. As summarized in the “Research Review,” some probiotic strains can even improve the effectiveness of BV treatment with antibiotics.

Secondary Effects of BV: Preterm Labor & STI Acquisition Risk

Awareness about BV is particularly important because it can cause health concerns that are more serious than the immediate symptoms that women tend to notice: irritation, decreased well-being, and diminished sexual health. BV can lead to local inflammation, increased susceptibility to sexually transmitted infections and a heightened risk of preterm labor in pregnant women.

In the U.S. 7-10% of all babies are delivered preterm, while it is estimated that women threatening preterm labor cost the U.S. healthcare system $360 M annually. The total number of preterm deliveries has actually risen in the U.S. over the past ten years, as well. This is a bit troubling, although not incredible. Pregnant women are increasingly being given antibiotics to fend off group B streptococci found in their vaginas and also as a precautionary measure when the amniotic sac ruptures prematurely. Increased antibiotic use on average means more frequent assaults on the vaginal microbiota of pregnant women leading to a greater overall risk of BV.

Despite medical science not having a good grasp of what causes preterm labor, it has been known for some time that there is a correlation between the incidence of BV in an expectant mother and preterm delivery (Chaim, 1997; Hillier, 1992; Purwar, 2001). As mentioned above, antibiotics used to treat BV or other conditions can cause complications during pregnancy and disrupt the microbiota of the mother. Disruption of the microbiota is a concern because transmission of endogenous bacteria from mother to newborn occurs during birth and shortly thereafter, helping to establish the newborns own microbiota and immune system. Because of this association, the use of antibiotics to treat pregnant women has drawbacks. It has previously been hypothesized that probiotic therapy could help eliminate the conditions that cause preterm labor and hence avoid preterm labor itself (Reid, AJOG, 2003). Some preliminary research suggests that urogenital probiotics can help diminish the risk of preterm labor (see “Research Review”).

Sexually Transmitted Infections

The incidence of BV has also been associated with a greater occurrence of sexually transmitted infections like HIV (Anukam, Sex Transm Dis, 2006; Sewankambo, 1997), cytomegalovirus (Ross, 2005), chlamydia (Nilsson, 1997; Joesoef, 1996), gonorrhea (Joesoef, 1996) and pelvic inflammatory disease (Brotman, 2007). For the most part, the connection between BV and increased risk of STI remains a question of causation or correlation. Research continues into understanding the mechanisms of BV and STI acquisition and the connection between the two.

Vulvovaginal Candidiasis: Bacteria v. Yeast

More commonly known as yeast vaginitis or colloquially as a “yeast infection,” about 75% of women have an occurrence of vulvovaginal candidiasis (VVC) in their lifetime. Recurring problems of the bacterial microbiota, like BV, can make VVC more common, recurrences more likely, and outbreaks more difficult to treat. Standard prescription treatment includes oral antimycotics like fluconazole used daily for two weeks. Local antifungal creams and pessaries are common by prescription or available over-the-counter. Topical treatments have a tendency to eliminate superficial parts without reaching embedded parts of the causative organisms. VVC treatment can also inhibit the growth of endogenous lactobacilli present in the vagina.

VVC results from an over proliferation of Candida species (Candida albicans accounts for 85-90% of infections), a group of organisms that are commonly present in the vagina at low levels. A Candida bloom often causes increased inflammation of the vaginal mucosa and can lead to vaginal discharge and irritation. VVC is often characterized by a thick, whitish and non-uniform discharge that does not typically possess a “fishy” odor. Irritation during sexual intercourse and itchiness/inflammation of the vagina and surrounding area is common. Clinically, microscopic examination of a vaginal smear after treatment with 10% KOH can allow visualization of Candida hyphae.

A healthy urogenital microbiota decreases the risk of VVC. As discussed previously, there are some steps women can take to promote a healthy urogenital microbiota including taking targeted probiotic strains. Prophylactic probiotic use is one way to support a healthy microbiota and inhibit the uncontrolled growth of Candida yeasts (Reid, 2003, FEMS). No probiotic studies to date have shown efficacy in treating an existing infection alone, but there have been some preliminary results that suggest standard antifungal treatment in combination with a L. rhamnosus GR-1/L. reuteri RC-14 probiotic resulted in significantly less symptoms of yeast infection as compared to standard treatment alone (see “Research Review”).

Bacteria Out of Place

It is estimated that 25-30% of women between the ages of 20 and 40 have had at least one urinary tract infection (UTI). In 85% of cases, the bacteria responsible for a UTI originate in one’s own intestine or vagina. Recurrent infections are common. Nearly 20% of women who have one UTI will have another.

UTI can be another casualty of an unhealthy urogenital microbiota. A UTI is a bacterial infection of the urinary system including the kidneys, ureter, bladder, and urethra. Urinary tract infections are one of the most common causes of doctor visits for women. UTI usually presents with a frequent need to urinate along with a burning sensation upon urination. Urine can appear cloudy or off-smelling. Pain, tenderness and pressure near the bladder are also common. Typical clinical evaluation involves urinanalysis to detect nitrites, leukocytes and leukocyte esterase.

Standard treatment for UTI involves a regimen of oral antibiotics for 7 days, typically trimethoprim or co-trimoxazole. Recurrences may be an indication of cystitis, where bacteria invade the umbrella cells making innate immune factors and antibiotics less effective. A healthy urogenital microbiota decreases the risk of urinary tract infections. A urogenital probiotic can be used while undergoing treatment with antibiotics to hasten recovery, to decrease side effects, and to begin establishing beneficial vaginal microbiota that will help guard against recurrence.

Overall, the message that needs to be reiterated to patients is that urogenital health is not about the absence of bacteria, but rather the proper balance. Probiotic strains that have been clinically tested for their efficacy in supporting urogenital health are an excellent option for promoting a balanced urogenital microbiota and preventing infection. Prevention deserves serious consideration as the treatment options for vaginal infections can sometimes be of limited efficacy, especially for recurring infections. Urogenital probiotic strains can also be a helpful adjuvant to standard treatment in many cases, helping mitigate side effects and in some cases bolstering treatment efficacy. Urogenital problems plague many women and cause much concern; women are often very relieved to learn that there is more they could be doing. Tell them.

Urogenital Probiotics: A Research Review

Effects on Urogenital Microbiota

Forty-two clinically healthy women were randomized into three treatment groups and one control group. The treatment groups received various oral dosage regimens of a L. rhamnosus GR-1/L. reuteri RC-14 (GR-1/RC-14) probiotic supplement and the control group received L. rhamnosus GG every day for twenty-eight days. All three treatment groups saw a significant increase in healthy vaginal microbiota, while the control group remained the same. The twice-daily treatment group accrued the most beneficial effects with 90% of patients retaining a normal vaginal microbiota two weeks after treatment. The study suggests that a daily dosage of about 1 billion (109) live GR-1/RC-14 organisms is adequate as a preventative regimen (Reid, 2001, FEMS).

Lactobacilli, Yeasts & Coliforms

Sixty-four clinically healthy women were randomized into two groups. The treatment group received a once-daily oral GR-1/RC-14 supplement while the control group received a capsule containing calcium carbonate for sixty days. Microscopy analysis on day 28 found that the treatment group had an almost 10-fold increase in lactobacilli over baseline and a significantly smaller increase of yeast and coliforms compared to placebo. In contrast, the placebo group showed decreased counts of lactobacilli and larger increases in yeast and coliforms (Reid, 2003, FEMS).

Bacterial Vaginosis Prevention

In the previous study, Nugent scoring by a blinded technician was used to assess the prevention of BV. The GR-1/RC-14 group fared much better than did the control group. Of those possessing a healthy vaginal microbiota at the outset, 24% (6/25) of the women in the placebo group developed BV by day thirty-five of the study compared to 0% (0/23) in the treatment group (Reid, 2003, FEMS).

BV Treatment in Combination with Antibiotics

Following BV infection, combination treatment using GR-1/RC-14 (1 capsule, 10 billion CFUs, b.i.d.) with metronidazole (500 mg, oral, b.i.d.) more than doubled (88%) the effectiveness of metronidazole alone (40%) in returning the vaginal microbiota to a healthy state. Of the remaining 12% of patients in the treatment group whose microbiota were not judged to be healthy at follow-up, all were found to have an intermediate status with zero cases of BV (Anukam, 2006).

Preterm Labor

Thirty pregnant women, who were diagnosed with BV and identified clinically as being at high risk of preterm delivery, were randomized into two groups. The treatment group was given a once-daily oral GR-1/RC-14 capsule for 15 days. The control group was not given any type of lactobacilli, but was monitored according to the clinical standard. Upon follow-up one month later, the treatment group showed much better vaginal health with decreased indicators of BV. But more importantly, 100% of the mothers in the treatment group, as opposed to 67% of the control group, delivered at term. No adverse events were reported (Dobrokhotova, 2007).

Vulvovaginal Candidiasis

Sixty-eight women who were positive for VVC were randomized into two groups and blinded. The treatment group received fluconazole (150 mg) plus 2 gelatin capsules of GR-1/RC-14 (10 billion organisms) once-daily for 28 days. The control group received fluconazole (150 mg) plus a placebo at the same schedule. After 28 days, the treatment group showed more than a three-fold decrease in both yeast levels and vaginal discharge compared to the control group (Martinez, 2009).

Urinary Tract Infections

One study sought to compare the recurrence rate of UTI in women treated with either standard 3-day antibiotic therapy alone or along with a GR-1 combination probiotic. First, either norfloxacin or co-trimoxazole was prescribed to the 41 women in this study. The norfloxacin group had a recurrence rate of 29% while the co-trimoxazole group recurred at a rate of 41%. Afterward all women were then randomized into two groups and administered a GR-1 combination product or sterilized skim milk as a pessary. These vaginal suppositories were given twice a week for two weeks, with two additional instillations at 4 weeks and 8 weeks. The GR-1 group had a recurrence rate of 21% over the ensuing 6 months, while the skim milk group showed a 47% incidence of recurrence (Reid, 1992).

In another randomized, double-blind study, recurrence rates of UTI were again the primary endpoint. A weekly GR-1 combination probiotic (10 billion CFUs) was given as a pessary for one year. This resulted in a decreased UTI occurrence rate from 6 per year, for these patients in the year prior to the study, to only 1.6 per year during the study (Reid, 1995).

References

Allsworth JE, Peipert JF. (2007) Prevalence of bacterial vaginosis: 2001-2004 national health and nutrition examination survey data. Obstetrics and Gynecology 109: 114-120.

Anukam KC et al. (2006) Augmentation of antimicrobial metronidazole therapy of bacterial vaginosis with oral probiotic Lactobacillus rhamnosus GR-1 and Lactobacillus reuteri RC-14: randomized, double-blind, placebo controlled trial. Microbes and Infection, 8: 1450-1454.

Anukam KC et al. (2006) Lactobacillus vaginal microbiota of women attending a reproductive health care service in Benin city, Nigeria. Sex Transm Dis. Jan;33(1):59-62.

Brotman RM et al. (2007) Findings associated with recurrence of bacterial vaginosis among adolescents attending sexually transmitted diseases clinics. J Pediatr Adolesc Gynecol. Aug;20(4):225-31.

Chaim et al. (1997) The relationship between bacterial vaginosis and preterm birth. A review. Arch Gynecol Obstet. 259:51-58.

Dobrokhotova YE and Sci M. (2007) Modern approaches to the treatment of vaginal dysbiosis in pregnant of high risk groups. All-Russian Scientific Forum: Mother and Baby. October 2, 2007.

Hillier SL et al. (1992) The relationship of hydrogen peroxide-producing lactobacilli to bacterial vaginosis and genital microflora in pregnant women. Obstet Gynecol. Mar;79(3):369-73.

Joesoef MR et al. (1996) Coinfection with chlamydia and gonorrhoea among pregnant women and bacterial vaginosis. Int J STD AIDS. Jan-Feb;7(1):61-4.

Martinez RC et al. (2009). Improved treatment of vulvovaginal candidiasis with fluconazole plus probiotic Lactobacillus rhamnosus GR-1 and Lactobacillus reuteri RC-14. Lett Appl Microbiol Mar;48(3):269-74.

Nilsson U et al. (1997) Sexual behavior risk factors associated with bacterial vaginosis and Chlamydia trachomatis infection. Sex Transm Dis. May;24(5):241-6.

Purwar M, et al. (2001) Bacterial vaginosis in early pregnancy and adverse pregnancy outcome. J Obstet Gynaecol Res. Aug;27(4):175-81.

Reid G, et al. (2003) Oral use of Lactobacillus rhamnosus GR-1 and L. fermentum RC-14 significantly alters vaginal flora: randomized, placebo-controlled trial in 64 healthy women. FEMS Immunology and Medical Microbiology 35: 131-134.

Reid G and Bocking A. (2003) The potential for probiotics to prevent bacterial vaginosis and preterm labor. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 189:1202-8.

Reid G, et al. (2001) Probiotic Lactobacillus dose required to restore and maintain a normal vaginal flora. FEMS Immunology and Medical Microbiology 32: 37-41.

Reid G, Heinemann C: The role of the microflora in bacterial vaginosis. In: Medical Importance of the Normal Microflora (Tannock GW, ed.), Kluwer, London, 1998, pp. 477-486.

Reid G, Bruce AW, Taylor M. (1995) Instillation of Lactobacillus and stimulation of indigenous organisms to prevent recurrence of urinary tract infections. Microecology Therapy;23:32-45.

Reid G et al. (1992) Influence of three-day antimicrobial therapy and Lactobacillus vaginal suppositories on recurrence of urinary tract infections. Clin Ther; 14 (1): 11-16.

Ross SA, et al. (2005) Association between genital tract cytomegalovirus infection and bacterial vaginosis. J Infect Dis. Nov 15;192(10):1727-30.

Sewankambo N et al. (1997) HIV-1 infection associated with abnormal vaginal flora morphology and bacterial vaginosis. Lancet 350:546-550.

Van Kessel K, Assefi N, Marrazzo J, Eckert L (2003) Common complementary and alternative therapies for yeast vaginitis and bacterial vaginosis: a systematic review. Obstet Gynecol Surv 58:351-358.

Natural Treatment For PMDD

Natural treatment for PMDD and severe PMS can be administered by a holistic or medical doctor. The exact cause of PMDD and severe PMS is not known, however, several theories have been proposed. One theory states that women with PMDD react to the normal fluctuations of hormone levels of estrogen and progesterone with a decreased level of serotonin levels in the brain. Evaluating the levels of serotonin, dopamine, norepinephrine and GABA levels to gain data of what levels are. Doctors taking a medical history try to identify if the following symptoms are present, indicating PMDD or severe PMS:

during a year’s time, during most   menstrual   cycles , five or more of the following symptoms must be present:

– depressed mood

– anger or irritability

– moodiness

– difficulty in concentrating

– increased appetite

– insomnia or hypersomnia

– feeling overwhelmed or out of control

– symptoms that inhibit occupational, social or physical functioning

Natural Treatment for PMDD and severe PMS – Natural Treatments

To successfully achieve relief with natural treatment for PMDD and severe PMS it is necessary to understand some things about the  menstrual   cycle . The luteal phase of the  menstrual   cycle  begins on Day 14, after ovulation occurs and continues until Day 1 of your next period. A small study done at UCLA (Rasgon et al, 1999) tested L-tryptophan in women who suffered from PMS and found that even at high levels of tryptophan in the blood stream a the uptake of L-tryptophan decreased during the luteal phase. L-tryptophan is the precursor (needed to produce the calming hormone, serotonin). Women who suffer from PMDD and severe PMS seem to have a more difficult time processing certain amino acids (animal proteins) at that time.

This is the reasoning behind limiting animal protein during the highest levels of estrogen and progesterone. Researchers point to the possibility of enzymatic differences between women with PMDD and PMS and those who don’t suffer.

The saturated fat and cholesterol in meat and fatty dairy products tend to raise blood levels of all sex hormones, in particular estrogen, adversely affecting symptoms of PMS. These bad fats contribute to the production of the pain hormone prostaglandin. Prostaglandins are known to increase  menstrual  cramps and pain. Another important reason to avoid saturated and trans-fats. Read all labels of packaged foods, avoid any food that contains hydrogenated oils or partially hydrogenated oils. There are “good” fats that should be consummed

The good fats:

– Canola Oil

– Olive Oil

– Flaxseed oil and Flaxseed meal

– Fatty Fish and Fish oil

Natural Treatment for PMDD and severe PMS – Medicinal Treatments

PMDD and severe PMS is sometimes treated with bioidentical natural progesterone in suppository or tablet form. You can choose between brand name formulas, such as Prometrium, or custom-compounded USP (bioidentical) progesterone from specialty pharmacies. Women taking progesterone should have their hormone levels checked every three to six months to ensure that the progesterone is not being converted into estrogen. Other women find that they respond well to different birth control pills.

Certain antidepression medication can also alleviate the symptoms of PMDD and severe PMS or at least lessen them. The latest trend in PMDD treatment is prescribed selective serotonin re-uptake inhibitors (SSRI’s). Research does show relief from many symptoms but if the causes of PMS symptoms are nutritionally related, the nutrient deficiency could be masked. If drug therapy loses effectiveness, nutritional factors could be the reason.

The eBook offered below gives all the facts and information you should know to relieve your PMDD. See the link below to access the book; Womens Health – PMDD & PMS Treatment/Advice Ebook.

How to Remove Nasal Polyps

Nasal polyps are some nasty little things that form inside the sinuses. They are teardrop shaped and look like grapes. They are brown, red and yellow in color and cause all sorts of problems for people that suffer from these growths. The symptoms include, loss of smell, loss of taste, chronic sinusitis, excessive drainage, facial pain, snoring and sleep apnea.

Studies show that people who have bad allergies, chronic sinusitis and a history of sinus infections are more prone to developing the polyps. So below are ways to prevent as well as ways on how to remove nasal polyps.

Saline Rinse

This is a great way to keep your nose healthy. Rinsing your nose with saline rinse on a regular basis keeps the nose free of debris and allergens. And as mentioned earlier, sinusitis and sinus infections make a person more susceptible to developing polyps in the nose. So this is a great step in preventing polyps as well as easing and alleviating the symptoms of the growths.

Chili Peppers

Who would have thought that chili peppers can help treat and cure nasal polyps? Well, it’s true. Studies show that capsaicin, a chemical found in chili peppers, increase blood flow and actually help shrink polyps naturally. Just one more way on how to remove nasal polyps.

Tea Tree Oil

Tea tree oil has many uses, and one of those uses is for treating polyps. Tea tree oil is also very potent, so you will want to dilute the oil with a little purified water before using it to treat your polyps. After you dilute the oil, take a cotton swab, dip it into the diluted oil and swab the growths in your nose. If you can’t reach them, simply swab the openings of your nose. Because of tea tree oil’s anti-inflammatory properties, the polyps will shrink giving you relief from the symptoms of the polyp growths.

Antioxidants

Studies have shown that foods rich in antioxidants help prevent free radical tissue damage and boosts your immune system. So this of course means eating more broccoli, citrus fruits and taking vitamin c supplements can greatly reduce your chances of developing polyps and help to naturally cure nasal polyps that you have in your nose.

When using natural treatment options, often time’s medications such as steroids, nasal drops, nasal sprays and even surgeries can be avoided. However, always check with your doctor before using any natural supplement. Especially if you are on any medications and/or have any medical condition.