Facts About Diabetes

Before people develop type 2 diabetes, they almost always have “pre-diabetes” — blood glucose levels that are higher than normal but not yet high enough to be diagnosed as diabetes. There are 54 million people in the United States who have pre-diabetes. Recent research has shown that some long-term damage to the body, especially the heart and circulatory system, may already be occurring during pre-diabetes.

The cause of diabetes continues to be a mystery, although both genetics and environmental factors such as obesity and lack of exercise appear to play roles.

There are two major types of diabetes. Type 1 diabetes results from the body’s failure to produce insulin, the hormone that “unlocks” the cells of the body, allowing glucose to enter and fuel them. It is estimated that 5-10% of Americans who are diagnosed with diabetes have type 1 diabetes. Type 2 diabetes results from insulin resistance (a condition in which the body fails to properly use insulin), combined with relative insulin deficiency. Most Americans who are diagnosed with diabetes have type 2 diabetes.

There is also pre-diabetes which is a condition that occurs when a person’s blood glucose levels are higher than normal but not high enough for a diagnosis of type 2 diabetes. There are 54 million Americans who have pre-diabetes, in addition to the 20.8 million with diabetes.

Diabetes symptoms may vary from person to person but most of the time anyone with diabetes will experience some or all of these symptoms. Some symptoms are: going to the restroom more often, staying thirsty, fatigue, blurred vision, stomach pain and occasionally people suffer from weight loss.

Type 1 diabetes is normally only found in children and type 2 diabetes is found mostly in adults but not always. There are some cases where children are being diagnosed with type 2 diabetes. Some people may be diagnosed with being borderline diabetic, which normally ends up turning into full blown diabetes but not always.

Some of the most important things people with diabetes should know is a healthy, nutritional diet and a regular exercise program can help in treating the disease. Speak with your doctor about what kind of diet you should consider following, along with a moderate exercise program. The doctor or a nutritionist should be able to tell you exactly what kinds of foods you should be avoiding and give you some tips on how much exercise you need every week. Doing this has many health benefits and will also make you feel so much better about yourself.

You should know the truth about some of the most common myths about diabetes. Myth #1 You can catch diabetes from someone else. No. Although we don’t know exactly why some people develop diabetes, we know diabetes is not contagious. It can’t be caught like a cold or flu. There seems to be some genetic link in diabetes, particularly type 2 diabetes. Lifestyle factors also play a part.

Myth #2 People with diabetes can’t eat sweets or chocolate. If eaten as part of a healthy meal plan, or combined with exercise, sweets and desserts can be eaten by people with diabetes. They are no more “off limits” to people with diabetes, than they are to people without diabetes.

Myth #3 Eating too much sugar causes diabetes. No. Diabetes is caused by a combination of genetic and lifestyle factors. However, being overweight does increase your risk for developing type 2 diabetes. If you have a history of diabetes in your family, eating a healthy meal plan and regular exercise are recommended to manage your weight.

Myth #4 People with diabetes should eat special diabetic foods. A healthy meal plan for people with diabetes is the same as that for everyone – low in fat (especially saturated and trans fat), moderate in salt and sugar, with meals based on whole grain foods, vegetables and fruit. Diabetic and “dietetic” versions of sugar-containing foods offer no special benefit. They still raise blood glucose levels, are usually more expensive and can also have a laxative effect if they contain sugar alcohols.

Myth #5 If you have diabetes, you should only eat small amounts of starchy foods, such as bread, potatoes and pasta. Starchy foods are part of a healthy meal plan. What is important is the portion size. Whole grain breads, cereals, pasta, rice and starchy vegetables like potatoes, yams, peas and corn can be included in your meals and snacks. The key is portions. For most people with diabetes, having 3-4 servings of carbohydrate-containing foods is about right. Whole grain starchy foods are also a good source of fiber, which helps keep your gut healthy.

Myth #6 People with diabetes are more likely to get colds and other illnesses. No. You are no more likely to get a cold or another illness if you have diabetes. However, people with diabetes are advised to get flu shots. This is because any infection interferes with your blood glucose management, putting you at risk of high blood glucose levels and, for those with type 1 diabetes, an increased risk of ketoacidosis.

Myth #7 Insulin causes atherosclerosis (hardening of the arteries) and high blood pressure. No, insulin does not cause atherosclerosis. In the laboratory, there is evidence that insulin can initiate some of the early processes associated with atherosclerosis. Therefore, some physicians were fearful that insulin might aggravate the development of high blood pressure and hardening of the arteries. But it doesn’t.

Myth #8 Insulin causes weight gain, and because obesity is bad for you, insulin should not be taken. Both the UKPDS (United Kingdom Prospective Diabetes Study) and the DCCT (Diabetes Control & Complications Trial) have shown that the benefit of glucose management with insulin far outweighs (no pun intended) the risk of weight gain.

Myth #9 Fruit is a healthy food. Therefore, it is OK to eat as much of it as you wish. Fruit is a healthy food. It contains fiber and lots of vitamins and minerals. Because fruit contains carbohydrate, it needs to be included in your meal plan. Talk to your dietitian about the amount, frequency and types of fruits you should eat.

Myth #10 You don’t need to change your diabetes regimen unless your A1C is greater than 8 percent. The better your glucose control, the less likely you are to develop complications of diabetes. An A1C in the sevens (7s), however, does not represent good control. The ADA goal is less than 7 percent. The closer your A1C is to the normal range (less than 6 percent), the lower your chances of complications. However, you increase your risk of hypoglycemia, especially if you have type 1 diabetes. Talk with your health care provider about the best goal for you.

There is no cure right now for diabetes but there are several different forms of treatment available for you. Do not give up hope on feeling better and living a long, healthy, happy life. Even if you are one of the many that has been diagnosed with this disease, it does not mean that your life as you know it is over. It simply means you may need medication and you will have to consider certain lifestyle changes that will have an amazing outcome once you have done so. There are many other treatment options that could eventually be available to you but are currently undergoing more detailed research.

Is Obesity A Disease?

Did you know obesity is now an actual disease in America?

The American Medical Association voted to classify it as a disease last year. Overnight millions of Americans became officially “diseased”.

Is this a crazy or clever move? I don’t really know.

Basically they are saying being fat is the same as being sick. I’m not going to get into the pros and cons too much but you can safely say it has split people’s opinions. People have come out and said it’s gonna be a licence for people NOT to diet and to take pills.

I personally don’t agree with it being classified as a disease but think something BIG needs to be done. Something which includes the food producers and the supermarkets, but I’m a realist and that will never happen. My cynical side sees a situation that was CAUSED by big companies and will now be SOLVED by these big companies too. They profit on both sides of the problem, and the masses suffer.

That’s the main point here in my eyes living in the UK, is that America have agreed to classify obesity as a disease so they can now TREAT IT WITH DRUGS. On a positive note many obese people have trouble accessing proper healthcare and their ailments are not taken seriously as they are deemed to be all weight related. This will change. Insurance companies in the states can now cover obesity because of this.

Will this ever happen in the UK? I think It will, as we follow the US quite closely in lots of things.

I have worked with lots of obese clients and also some “super size” people during my career, one guy who was nearly 50 stone. The common theme in my experience was – psychological.

I think food addictions are as bad as alcohol or drug addictions, and that’s what it is – an ADDICTION. If you HAVE TO EAT sweets, processed carbs, coke, pork scratching, chocolate EVERYDAY

YOU ARE ADDICTED. If you can’t stop, you are addicted.

Your genes, mental health, family and social environment all play a role in addiction:

Risk factors that increase your vulnerability to addiction:

Family history of addiction

Abuse, neglect, or other traumatic experiences in childhood

Mental disorders such as depression and anxiety

Early abuse of bad foods in childhood

Exercise will not solve the problem but can help a bit.

I wonder what you think?

Take care,

Rich

What’s the Best Treatment for the Poison Ivy Rash?

A poison ivy  rash  usually develops a day or two after exposure to poison ivy plants. The human body is incredibly allergic to an oil contained within called urushiol, which will ooze from the plant if a leaf or stem becomes torn or crushed. This oil travels very easily from plant to person and soaks into the skin quickly.

The  rash  that then develops is identified by a red and extremely itchy patch on the skin. In time, it will develop blisters filled with clear fluid that leaks out. This fluid will not spread the infection to other parts of the body. The  rash  can be mild to severe, depending on the intensity of the sufferer’s allergic reaction to the plant’s toxins. Some extreme cases require hospitalization, but most  rashes  can be treated at home and will clear up within one or two weeks.

Poison ivy treatment should begin immediately after exposure. If the area of the skin that came into contact with the plant is scrubbed vigorously under water within thirty minutes of exposure, the allergic reaction could be minimized, and even a washing with soap within six hours can help decrease the intensity of the reaction. Alcohol wipes can also remove the offending oils. Clothes and shoes should be immediately removed and washed, as the plant oils cling easily to the material. Hands must be washed thoroughly, under and around the nail, since the poison ivy  rash  could be spread to other parts of the body from the initial point of contact.

There is no way to immediately banish the poison ivy  rash , but there are some poison ivy cures that can relieve itching and speed the recovery process. Since heat aggravates allergic skin reactions, attempts should be made to keep the body cool and unstressed. Cold compresses are an extremely effective way to treat poison ivy  rashes . In addition, calamine lotion is a good way to soothe skin and the itchiness that accompanies a reaction to poison ivy. Hydrocortisone cream may prevent itching and blistering from becoming too intense and is often used in poison ivy treatment. Taking an oatmeal bath in lukewarm water (not hot water, since heat exacerbates  rashes  and will only cause itching to intensify) has often been shown useful to soothe a poison ivy  rash .

Since there is no immediate cure, the best poison ivy treatment is prevention. Learning to recognize and avoid the plant is the only way to be certain of avoiding an allergic reaction to its oil. Wearing long pants and long sleeves while in an area that may have poison ivy is another good way to keep from coming into contact with it. Poison ivy  rash  can also be transferred from a pet to a person, so keeping pets out of overgrown wooded areas and washing them regularly can also minimize risk of contact with the plant.

If the poison ivy  rash  is severe, near the face or groin, or affects a small child, a doctor should be consulted before beginning treatment. Severe cases may require oral steroid treatments, and some large blisters may need to be drained. If the  rash  does not clear up within three weeks of trying poison ivy cures, a doctor should be notified.

Pressure Sores Causes and Treatments

Pressure sores, also called bed sores, or decubitus ulcers, are the result of tissue damage that is caused by pressure against the skin, the friction of bedding or other materials against the skin, and/or shear forces created when the skin is moved one direction and underlying tissues are moved in the opposite direction as a patient moves or is moved. Pressure sores occur most frequently in areas where the bones are close to the skin such as the hips, tailbone, shoulders, heels, even the back of the head, when a person is confined to a bed for an extended period, but they can also occur on the buttocks and hips if a person sits for lengthy periods as well. Once the tissue has been damaged, sores or wounds of this type are difficult to heal and are very painful for the patient.

Even an otherwise healthy person is at risk for developing a pressure sore if left in bed or a wheelchair for example without changing positions and other care, but the following factors significantly increase the risk of an individual developing a pressure ulcer:

  • Individuals that cannot reposition themselves in bed or a chair to alleviate the pressure that builds under the skin. Even if a person has some ability to move themselves, decreased mobility means they may generate friction or shear forces as they attempt to move themselves in bed or a chair.
  • Individuals with decreased sensation or neurological impairment may not feel the discomfort of pressure, friction, or shear and will not move themselves as frequently as they should to alleviate discomfort and prevent tissue damage.
  • Individuals that are incontinent have a greater risk of developing a sore or wound because moist skin macerates or breaks down more rapidly and body fluids irritate the skin. Finally, if the skin is broken, even slightly, the risk of infection is magnified due to contact with urine and/or feces.
  • Similarly, sweat or humidity also increases an individual’s risk for pressure sores.
  • Individuals with poor circulation are also at increased risk for developing a pressure sore.

Nutrition and hydration are important for the health of the skin, so individuals that do not eat well or that have difficulty staying hydrated are at an increased risk.

Pressure sores are classified by the stage of development and unless other factors make a thorough examination of the sore or wound extremely difficult or impossible they usually fall into one of the following stages:

  • Stage I – In a stage I sore, the skin will not be broken, but the presence of tissue damage will be indicated by skin redness that does not subside once pressure has been removed. The skin may differ in temperature from the surrounding skin and the area may be painful for the patient. The damage beneath the skin may be more severe than can be determined because the skin is still intact.
  • Stage II – In a stage II sore, the skin shows evidence of damage, but only the skin is damaged. The sore may appear as an abrasion or a blister at the surface and the damage beneath the skin may be more extensive.
  • Stage III – A stage III sore means the tissue damage extends through the full thickness of the skin and into the subcutaneous tissue. Because subcutaneous tissue is not as vascular as other tissue, a stage III sore can be very difficult to heal and again the sore may be much larger than can been seen from the surface.
  • Stage IV – A stage IV sore involves damage to muscle, tendons, ligaments, and even bone.

The most effective and least expensive way to deal with pressure sores is to take steps to prevent them from occurring in the first place. A wound or sore prevention program should apply to every patient and health care practitioner in a facility and should include some or all of the following considerations.

  • Bedding and seating surfaces should spread pressure out across the entire surface in contact with them rather than allow pressure to build under the bony prominences.
  • The surfaces should also allow the skin to ‘breathe’. For example, allowing a patient to sit directly on the vinyl seat of a wheelchair can keep the skin moist around the buttocks and hips and a relatively inexpensive wheelchair cushion constructed of pressure relieving padding with a moisture wicking cover can prevent sores.
  • Mattresses, mattress overlays, and seat cushions may feature differing densities or even cut out sections so that pressure is not applied to the areas where the bones are closest to the skin.
  • Heel or elbow splints or braces that alleviate pressure on those areas can be placed on individuals at increased risk.
  • Wheelchair padding, support, or a lap tray could be used to prevent patients from sliding down when seated which increases friction and shear.
  • Patient lifts or friction reducing devices, such as slide sheets, should be used to reposition patients rather than simply sliding them up in bed or a wheelchair.
  • Patients need to be repositioned regularly to allow the blood to flow to areas that have been under pressure so that proper oxygen levels can be restored and pressure can be relieved.
  • Washable or disposable bed pads or undergarments that capture moisture and hold it away from the skin should be used for patients that are incontinent.

Understanding the factors that increase the likelihood of pressure sores occurring, being able to identify the earliest indicators of developing sores, and having an appropriate sore prevention program, including the necessary supplies available to execute the program, are all essential to providing appropriate care to individuals who may not be able to care for themselves.

Types of Treatments for Psoriasis

There are treatments for psoriasis based on the severity of the condition. Among the types of treatments for psoriasis are topical treatments reserved for minor conditions as well as phototherapy-also known as light therapy-reserved for more severe cases. In addition there are systemic medications and drugs used to treat psoriasis.

The topical treatments are applied directly to the affected area and are meant as the first line of defense against any breakout of psoriasis. Topical treatments can slow down the regular rate of cell reproduction which reduces inflammation often linked to psoriasis.

There are a wide variety of such treatments. Some can be found over the counter while more serious topical applications require a prescription. The most frequent of prescription topical applications are corticosteroids. They are also known as anti-inflammatory agents due to their ability to reduce redness and swelling associated with lesions. Contained in many of these treatment options are vitamin A and vitamin D3. Over the counter topical treatments have coal tar and salicylic acid in them alongside soothing elements such as aloe vera which will relieves itching and moisturizes the skin.

Another of the types of treatment for psoriasis is light therapy. During phototherapy the skin is exposed to regular ultraviolet light. This takes place under medical supervision. This makes for effective treatment because UVB-which occurs in natural sunlight-penetrates the skin. There it has an effect on skin cell growth. By exposing the skin to a UVB light source on a regular basis you can clear up the effects of psoriasis faster and enjoy longer periods of remission. When undergoing this treatment the psoriasis may temporarily worsen before it improves. The skin might become red and itch but the reactions resolve with continued exposure. While there are a variety of methods for doing this in a medical facility and at home sunlight is also a good home-based treatment method in the same vein as UVB treatments. With short exposures to sunlight on a regular basis the affected areas can slowly improve.

Another of the types of treatments for psoriasis is laser treatments. Laser treatments target the areas of the skin which are mildly or moderately affected by psoriasis. Laser treatments must be administered by a doctor. The results of laser treatment can take between four and ten sessions before results can be seen depending on the severity of your particular case. For this method of treatment it is recommended that you receive two treatments each week waiting at least forty eight hours in between each. Another option is pulsed dye laser treatment for localized plaques. This method destroys the small blood vessels which help psoriasis lesions to form. This method of treatment lasts an average of 15-30 minutes for each session. Each session is done once every three weeks. It takes an average of five sessions before the target lesion is cleared.

There are alternative treatments for psoriasis the focus of which is pain management and preventative care. Some of the most common include physical therapies or exercise as well as a specific diet and herbal supplements.

Never give up. Make the necessary changes in your lifestyle and continue on the journey to find the treatment for psoriasis that will work for you.

Toe Nail Fungus Treatment Options That Work

Toe nail fungus is a very common problem. Fungal infections in general are very common in both finger nails and toe nails. Fungus is really an organism that thrives in dark and damp places and thus finger nail and toe nails are a good place for it to grow. Toe nail fungus is the most common of the two since your toes spend a relatively longer time in the dark than you finger nails.

Severe infection of toe nail fungus can cause your toe nail to become yellowish or brownish. They may even become thick or brittle. Extreme cases can cause the toe nail to crumble and fall off. Either way you look at it toe nail fungus is a very embarrassing, disfiguring and often painful condition.

You can avoid getting toe nail fungus by avoiding warm and moist environments such as locker rooms, public showers or spas etc where the chances of catching toe nail fungus is high. The idea is to try to keep your toe from making contact with the floor at these places. So wearing shoes, sandals or flip flops can help a lot.

Prevention is always better than cure so try to wear wool, cotton or silk socks because they absorb moisture. They also provide good ventilation which helps keep toe nail fungus at bay. Avoid synthetic socks at all cost.

There are both natural and medicinal cures for toe nail fungus and you should closely consider their advantages. Medicine such as Sporonox, Diflucan and Fulvicin are the most common but have said to have some side effects.

The best treatment options are the alternate and natural products.

It is important to realize that any toenail fungal cure is dependent on daily use until the infected tissue is eradicated, and then still more time until complete new toenails are grown. When it appears that the fungus has been beaten, you must continue using your chosen type of cure until new nails are in place.

These healthy and wise living tips/methods mentioned above will help eradicate the most persistent fungi on your toenails or fingernails.

Allergy Medicine

 Allergy  medicine: Not all Medications work for every  Allergy 

It is not fun to have an allergic reaction. You may suffer with sneezing, coughing, weeping, or even swelling, in some cases. Some people experience migraines because of their  allergies  while others may go into shock, in extreme cases.

 Allergies  are unique and should be treated differently. Not all medications are composed the same. You have to find the one that is right for your specific type of  allergy .

Your doctor or allergist can find the best  allergy  medicine for you and for your special needs. To find something just right for you, however; he may need to conduct a few tests to determine what your particular  allergies  are.

How Do They Test for  Allergies ?

The allergist will inject you down your spine with several different allergens.

This way, he can use a variety of substances to decide exactly what your  allergy  is and the best way probable to resolve it.

You may be tested with anything from dairy products to dust, dander, and even an assortment of grasses or trees. Your allergist is looking for a certain reaction. After being injected, you will be asked to wait awhile before leaving.

If allergic to the substance you have been injected with, your skin will become red and raised. This is a sure sign you are having a reaction. That is how your allergist determines what  allergy  you have and how to treat your particular malady.

Over the Counter vs. Prescription

If your  allergy  is mild, then an over the counter medicine may be just the thing for you. For the more severe  allergies , over the counter medicines may not work for you. If you have a severe  allergy , say for instance, bee stings; then you may require a prescription medicine prescribed from your doctor and carried with you at all times.

If you would like to alleviate your symptoms and feel better, get yourself tested and ask your allergist if there is a medicine available to help you. You need to enjoy life, feel better, and have fewer problems.

Painful Menstrual Periods

I have mentioned before how I imagine a long line of women up in heaven wanting a chance to “discuss” a few things with Eve, particularly those around menstruation and childbirth. There have even been times when I thought it might be worth the ten thousand or so year wait. Thankfully, there are things that can be done to reduce the pain and the temptation to join that line.

There are several things that can cause pain, depression and   irritability  when the hormone shifts prior to menstruation. PMS is one, but problems with the ovaries and strong contractions of the uterus are also factors that can be attributed to this process. Many of them can be helped:

Cramps: There is a good reason you may feel cramping at this point in your cycle. After ovulation, the uterus is ready to receive a fertilized egg and begin pregnancy. No fertilized egg and the lining of the uterus needs to be expelled. To do so, contractions have to occur and they can be painful.

For this pain, we herbalists suggest the use of cramp bark, raspberry leaf and willow bark. The latter is similar to aspirin, so if you are allergic or are on an aspirin regimen, you may want to skip that.

Depression: If you are a women with depression, according to WebMD you have a good chance that your symptoms will worsen in the two weeks leading up to your period. If this is true, talk to your doctor as you may need to change the medications you use. This sort of problem is best dealt with medically, as herbs that could help in depression may interact with needed medications.

 Irritability : Part of it is the nuisance factor, but most of it is hormonal in nature. This problem goes hand in hand with the painful cramping that can occur, though the  irritability  may start at any point in the two weeks leading up to your period. If you are not on any medications, you may find chamomile or lavender useful at this time. You could also consider using the essential oils of these two herbs as aromatherapy.

PMS: All of the other components of this problem can be under the umbrella heading of PMS (premenstrual syndrome). They can also occur on their own, which could cause some confusion. Chaste berry (aka vitex) and evening primrose oil are two good home remedies that could relieve you of all the symptoms.

As with any medical problem, it’s a good idea to check with your doctor. Self diagnosis and self medicating can be dangerous. Be sure to mention any other medical conditions you have and any medications/supplements you use. That will help you avoid any drug/herb interactions.

Humor Therapy Against Depression

It’s not easy to have sense of humor if we have to face so many problems everyday… However, one has to cultivate it exactly because we live in a crazy world full of mistakes that stress us continuously.

Humor can mean the indifference one has to the horrors of this world or one’s satisfaction with immoral fantasies, which are harmful because indifference is a psychic disease since the person is disconnected with the painful reality they observe and immorality has tragic consequences that provoke craziness, terror and despair.

Many people laugh when someone falls in the street or is in a horrible situation, but in this case, their reaction means that they are indifferent to other people’s pain. This cold and cruel reaction indicates psychic insensitivity.

However, humor has a positive meaning when it means indifference to bad situations and when it comes from funny images that have a cute aspect. When we see a baby trying to do something like an adult we can only laugh at the child’s attempts that are graceful even though it fails in doing what it wants.

Those that have to use their humor in order to face the bad side of everyone in our crazy world or to show patience in front of human problems need irony, the best tool for these cases. Instead of complaining about the rude way they are treated for example, they make fun of their aggressor’s “style,” thus showing their indifference to the aggression and putting an end to this story, instead of arguing about it and creating many more problems by causing a fight and much sadness.

Humor means having a good spirit when faced with problems provoked by others, since it means forgiveness and an attempt to give a positive spin to the sad situation.

However, depressed people are not able to develop their humor because their psychic problems prevent them from relaxing and having the desire to laugh. For them, it is impossible to see anything funny anywhere, because they are suffering and their constant pain is always hurting them.

They can find relief and psychotherapy in their dreams’ messages, that can cure their  depression  and help them develop their humor, so that they’ll be able to use this tool when facing several problems or simply as a way to relax and feel happy for a moment. Without psychotherapy their humor cannot function; nothing is funny for them.

Nevertheless, when they solve their basic psychic problems, instead of complaining for everything and hating their enemies, humor starts helping them add a color and shine to their simple daily moments of life, as well as having a philosophy of life that is always forgiving and always looking for peace and joy.

Is it True? Does NLP Cure Phobias?

Fear is not described as something that is inhumane. In fact, everyone battles a sense of fear of something at one point or time in their lives. However, it is how you deal with this fear that can cause a big problem in your life. If you let your fear take over your life then you become beholden to it, which is not a good way to run your life. One question that a lot of people tend to ask pertaining to  phobias  is concerning the cure for the problem. Does NLP cure  phobias  is a common question that many are inquisitive to gain answers to.

However, before you can understand what NLP can do for you in order to eliminate our  phobia  it is imperative that you posses an understanding of what NLP is. NLP is a shortened word for the phrase neuro lingustic programming. This type of programming is an approach to help one get in touch with human behaviors in order to help aid them in growing through personal means. It often works by modelling the success of others, which is how it can get rid of  phobias  quickly – it uses the techniques that other people have used to successfully dispose of their fears.

NLP was first officially practiced in the 1970s. Since the success of its practice there are so many people that draw many of their techniques off of this practice. NLP focuses in on different areas of a persons mind, three areas to be exact. The areas are the language patterns of a person, the way that they perceive the world around them as well as their basic thoughts.

NLP is often times looked at in the same regards as hypnosis. One can say that NLP is hypnosis and be relatively correct with their conclusion. All human emotions are focused on when an NLP technique is being performed. However, it is difficult to properly be able to define this term since there are so many people that use different practices.

NLP provides tools that hypnotherapists need in order to assist their clients with what they need in order to be able to live a happier, fuller and content life. After the procedure has been administered many people go on with their lives cured of their present  phobias  and ready to face anything.

So, ask yourself the question if you believe that NLP can cure a  phobia  and you will without a doubt find out that this procedure does have the authority to do so.

Medication And Social Anxiety

There are many different types of medications that can be used to treat social  anxiety . The problem is that medication does not cure social  anxiety . It simply makes social  anxiety  more manageable. In many cases, the use of medication masks issues that would be better addressed and eliminated. However, if medication is being used while the issues surrounding social  anxiety  are being addressed and dealt with, then medication does serve a purpose in treating social  anxiety .

In the past, social  anxiety  was treated mainly with beta blockers, monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOI’s), Benzodiazapines, tricyclic antidepressants (TCA), and azaspirones. In more recent years, physicians have started prescribing mild antidepressants, such as Paxil and Zoloft, which are not addictive, and have proven to be quite effective.

Beta blockers are commonly prescribed for heart conditions, but they have also been found useful in the treatment of performance  anxiety . Beta blockers control rapid heartbeat, shaking, trembling, and blushing. The two most common beta blockers are Propanadol and Atenolol.

Monoamine Oxidase Inhibitors, commonly called MAOI’s, are actually antidepressants that are prescribed for the treatment of depression. It is used in the treatment of social  anxiety , by treating the symptoms that are associated with both depression and social  anxiety . However, MAOI’s are not necessarily safe drugs to take, and a strict diet must be followed.

Benzodiazapines are used to slow down the central nervous system. They are also used as muscle relaxers to treat muscle spasms. They are also used as injections to relieve  anxiety  and reduce memory before a medical procedure. Since it affects memory in strong doses, it probably is not one of the best medications to take when you are trying to treat social  anxiety , since the purpose would be to use the medication to alleviate symptoms while working on controlling  anxiety  in other ways.

Tricyclic Antidepressants (TCA) are used in the treatment of severe depression, or depression with  anxiety . They are also used to treat obsessional disorders and panic attacks. It is not recommended for long term treatment, and research has actually seen very little success with this type of medication in the treatment of social  anxiety .

Azaspirones increase the activity of serotonin in the brain. They are prescribed for the treatment of general  anxiety  disorder (GAD), as well as social  anxiety  disorder. They work very slowly, and are not recommended for long term use.

Antidepressants such as Paxil and Zoloft are probably the best medications to use in the treatment of social  anxiety . These medications also control the serotonin that is produced by the brain, and the medication is available in controlled release tablets, which keeps the medication working throughout the day, without leaving the patient feeling drugged. These medications make it quite easy to control the symptoms of social  anxiety , while working towards dealing with the issues without the medication. These medications are safe, and non-addictive, which means that they are safe to take for long periods of time, but long term use is not recommended in the treatment of social  anxiety , because the patient may start depending on the medication instead of learning how to confront the issues.

Gary Miller is the author of “Prisoners of Our Thoughts: How to break free from the grips of Social  Anxiety  and Fear.” To learn more about the book click here to go to the website at http://www.social-anxiety-cure.com.

Sleep Foods: Studies Show Top Foods for Insomnia

The National Institutes of Health reports that about thirty percent of the population experiences disrupted sleep and insomnia. Because sleeping drugs are addictive and come with side effects, many people are reaching out for natural sleep remedies.

Research studies are confirming that certain foods are great as foods for sleep. There are those that are high in the natural sleep hormone known as melatonin, and other foods are proving themselves good sources of potassium, calcium and magnesium.

In a study from the University of California San Diego, researchers examined the effects of potassium supplementation on sleep quality. A placebo-controlled study compared one week of potassium chloride supplements to one week of identical placebo capsules. Their results were published in the journal “Sleep”, and showed that potassium significantly increased sleep efficiency due to less awakenings after falling asleep.

The tart “Montmorency” cherry contains a significant level of melatonin per a study done at the University Of Texas Health Science Center. Cherries are available in a concentrated supplement form that can be taken in the evening to improve the quality of sleep. Other ways cherries can be eaten include fresh cherries, frozen cherries and cherry juice. Cherry juice should be diluted with water or sparkling water as it is high in natural sugars.

Researchers have measured the effect that different types of rice have as sleep remedies. Mahatma rice (low carbohydrate rice) was compared to Jasmine rice (high in carbohydrates) for their effects on sleep quality. The rice was eaten either four hours before bedtime or one hour before bedtime. The study from the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition found that a high carbohydrate-based meal resulted in a significant shortening of the time needed to fall asleep when eating it four hours before bed.

Almonds are a very good source magnesium and can help with better sleep. James F. Balch, M.D., author of Prescription for Nutritional Healing, writes: “A lack of the nutrients calcium and magnesium will cause you to wake up after a few hours and not be able to return to sleep.” Eating a handful or two of almonds before bed can be helpful.

A recently released study on magnesium sleep supplements came from the University of Medical Sciences in Iran. It included 46 older adults, aged 60 to 75, who were experiencing insomnia. However, it’s interesting to note that the researchers recommend their results be extended as a helpful aid to all ages of the general population.

The people were divided into two groups. One group received placebos, while the other received magnesium oxide tablets twice a day (250 milligrams each) for eight weeks. In the group that was given magnesium, the subjects experienced significant increases in sleep time, with less night time interruptions and fewer early morning awakenings.

For help with sleeplessness or insomnia, use these foods and minerals well to get a better night’s sleep.

Itchy Feet – How to Recognize and Treat

As sufferers well know Itchy feet can be very painful and irritating. The feeling at times is like your feet are on fire! So, what causes Itchy Feet and how can it be best treated to provide relief?

Causes

Itchy feet can have a myriad of causes, including ringworm, athlete’s foot, an allergy to socks or hosiery, detergent soap, or lotion, poison oak or poison ivy, eczema, psoriasis, simple dry skin, a nutritional deficiency or unsaturated fatty acids. Candida albicans (yeast like fungi) can cause the whole body to itch.

Walking barefoot, and picking up an infection from another person can also cause itchy feet. (Likely places for this include communal swimming pools and changing rooms at your local sports centre) have a look also at your training shoes as keeping your feet for any lengthy period of time in warm, dark, moist conditions helps perpetuate fungus.

Symptoms

It can be extremely annoying when you have itchy feet. At times they may be hot and tingly, whilst other times they just need a thorough scratching. However, unlike your arm or your nose, you just can’t scratch your feet every time you feel the urge to do so. This can make you feel miserable.

You may also notice a red scaly type rash on your feet and experience peeling skin with possible cracking noticeable between your toes

Prevention

Try these useful tips to prevent itchy feet.

Switch instead to natural fibre socks or hosiery and open toed shoes where possible.

This assists your feet in being able to breath. Synthetic fibres and sung-fitting shoes trap moisture and heat that can in turn lead to itchy feet. A key to prevention is maintaining good hygiene habits – change your socks or hosiery on a regular basis. Review and change your shoes as required.

o Moisturize your feet daily.

Dry air can lead to feet losing their elasticity and natural oils. This will in turn result in dry skin and cracking. Remember dry skin really itches!

o Apply foot powder to your feet and shoes Try to get into the habit of a daily foot review and care.. Foot powder will help to keep fungus at bay.

o Wear protective footwear in communal areas & don’t share towels! Wear suitable protective sandals or other footwear when at the gym or swimming pool. This will help enormously in preventing the spread of infection. For similar reasons, do keep to your own towel. Be proactive in prevention and you will be less likely to experience the misery of itchy feet.

Salons and Nail Fungus

You often hear that hair, skin, and  nail  infections spread through salons and  nail   fungus  is probably the infection that is most often mentioned. Lots of people believe that they have caught onychomycosis ( nail   fungus  infection) at a spa or salon and, although it can be very difficult to prove that this is the case, it’s certainly possible.  Fungi  that grow in hair, skin,and  nails  spread themselves around when bits of hyphal growth break off or when the growing  fungus  produces airborne spores. Spores get caught in nail grooming equipment, especially things with rough surfaces such as nail files and emery boards. They cling to brushes, combs and clippers, and they can live a very long time, especially where there is a little moisture present. This is why fungal infection can indeed be passed from person to person in salons and spas, and its one reason why people running these establishments must be licensed.

Understanding the link between spas and  nail   fungus  helps us to protect ourselves from fungal infection. If you use spas, it’s a good idea to follow a few simple rules. First, check that the establishment is licensed and has its documentation displayed where you can see it. Likewise, be sure that manicurists and other professionals are qualified – always use well respected salons and  nail   fungus  shouldn’t be a problem. Always wear footwear in areas where there is foot traffic. It’s likely that the floors will be damp in spots, and others before you may have left fungal spores behind. You don’t want your feet in contact with those surfaces. Ask about maintenance and cleaning procedures of hot tubs and foot baths – these should be thoroughly cleaned regularly including the water and any filters. In salons, it’s an excellent idea to bring your own manicure tools with you, so you are sure that all tools are free of infectious agents.

Even if you are very careful about choosing spas and  nail   fungus  hasn’t been an issue for you, there are some personal habits that you can develop to help protect you now and in the future. First, always keep your nails well trimmed and very clean. Most nail infections begin under the leading edge of the nail where dirt often lodges. If fungal spores find their way there, and there is even a tiny break in the skin, they can take advantage and start to grow. The best way to avoid having a  fungus  get established is to not give it access to your  nails ! Second, avoid shaving your legs before using a pedicure spa – you may not realize it, but shaving often causes tiny nicks and abrasions that make your skin more vulnerable to infection. Finally, look after any signs of irritation or infection promptly – remember the association between salons and  nail   fungus  and see a health care professional immediately if you suspect that onychomycosis is starting up.

Many people strongly recommend that everyone have their skin and  nails  checked by a specialist at least yearly, especially if they visit spas and salons and  nail   fungus  is a concern. While this may not be practical for everyone, it’s a good idea to at least have your GP assess your general health and the health of skin and nails when you have a medical checkup. Fungal infections of the skin, hair, and  nails  are much more easily treated when diagnosed early, before the  fungus  has spread too far. Certainly, if you see any signs of infection, bring them to your physicians attention and communicate your concerns about salons, spas and  nail   fungus .

Alpine Skiing – A Total Sport

Most of the people enjoy winter, snow and of course winter sports. Alpine skiing is one of the favorite winter sports for most of the people. It involves muscular effort at the level of thighs, legs and abdominals; speed, balance, orientation in space, skill, lung capacity therefore alpine skiing is a total sport, besides altitude, which requires the body specific conditions.

A Technical Sport

Skiing is a technical discipline. It is therefore advisable to start taking some courses in order to assimilate the basic techniques – how to stop, to turn, to make a slip, to fall… – and gain confidence. Good reflexes taken, skiing will only be enjoyable. Plenty of ski schools all over the world and instructors offer courses at any level.

When to Avoid Skiing

Apart from the usual indications against sport, there are risks of skiing related to altitude. A chronic heart disease, chronic respiratory failure, and certain blood diseases prohibit the stay at more than 2,500 meters above sea level.

In other cases, a doctor’s opinion may be necessary, in case of pregnancy (1st and 3rd quarter), stabilized heart disease, chronic bronchitis, children under 18 months, asthma triggered by cold or effort, and any disease that requires regular monitoring.

Preparations before Departure

Even less fit people are attracted by the charms of skiing. Thus, many people go on the ski slopes after several months of inactivity.

Ideally, of course, a sporting activity is needed throughout the year, otherwise a small preparation a month before departure is recommended. Emphasis will be placed on the legs, constantly worked when skiing, with 3 goals:

1. Muscle: to avoid pain in the legs in the morning, practice short exercises, bending legs, slots, squats, exercises related to the chair (seated, back to the wall, without support). In everyday life, prefer the stairs to the elevator.

2. Stretch: to prevent accidents and favor muscle recovery, stretch your legs: front and back of the thigh, calf.

3. Work the balance on the skis, as our legs bear our weight, and take over turns, bumps, speed.

The Most Frequent Accidents

Each ski season is associated with accidents like fall, collision between skiers, against an obstacle. The practice of alpine skiing has indeed its risks. The most affected skiers are beginners, children under 11 and those over 55 years.

Sprains (36%) and fractures (25%) are the most frequent accidents. Then there are contusions (18%), musculoskeletal injuries, tendonitis (7%), wounds (5%), dislocations (3%), and head injuries (3%).

The Knee Sprain, a Classic Ski Accident

Representing one third of the accidents, knee sprain injuries are the most common one. Each year about 15, 000 skiers are victims of the most serious forms of knee sprain, fracture of the anterior crossed ligament. This ligament is one of the four ligaments of the knee and it provides a considerable part of the stability of the knee. This sprain sometimes requires surgery and a lengthy period of rehabilitation. Women over 25 are 3.5 times more at risk than men are.