How to Clean a Cats Infected Wound?

I think my cat has been in a fight. I could see little scab marks but everything looked fine. Then suddenly a few weeks later I noticed that he had a lump, a swinging on the side of his hip. He had started limping and not being so agile.

I inspected this lump, there was a real foul smell but I could not see an open wound, directed up wound or scab, so I knew that he would need to visit the vets but I would keep a close eye on him till the vets opened as it was out of hours. I kept inspecting the lump and on this occasion saw what looked like a little dried blood but could not see where it had come from. I got some cotton wool and warm water and bathed the area but could still not find any opening where this blood was coming from.

Again the next morning, I went to find the cat straight away and there he was sitting on his favorite chair. I could not see the lump sticking out, but could see a wet slick patch of fur. On closer inspection there were a couple of small holes and blood around them. He had been attaching to this himself, and must have made an opening. There was still a little pus slowing seeping out, and still quite a foul smell.

So what do I do now. The vets are still not open. The first thing was I knew I had to clean this area. He had been cleaning it but his mouth etc would not be very clean and could possibly introduce more infection. So how was I going to clean it. Yes, I could get cotton wool and use some warm salted water to clean the area but was this the best and right course of action to take.

I then realized that I needed to like wash and flush the wound out to remove any residual pus, dirt and debris. So I put the cat in the bath and needed some assistance and someone to keep him in the bath. Then luckily, I had an old syringe to insert liquid into his mouth from a previous illness but a small water bottle would probably do the trick. By using one of these methods pushing the warm water solution out with some force on, above and around the area, should force and wash the area removing any pus, infection, dirt and debris away and less likely to move around any infection to a different area. The cat did not particularly like this, which is why I needed someone to hold him still, but it was probably quicker and caused less pain to the sensitive damaged tissue area which was now on show than actually touching or dabbing the area. The next important thing is to keep this clean.

Now the abscess and pus seemed to have disbursed, it was now not causing my cat so much discomfort and did not seem to be bothering him. He did not seem to be trying to keep cleaning the area himself. However, for added protection, I continued to wash the area in this way regularly to ensure that the area was kept clean until the next morning when I can ring the vets and get an appointment. This lump had been an abscess, from a very small puncture wound when he had been fighting but had left no mark.

At the time I did not know it needed attention and he was infected inside but at least I found a way to look after when it did become clear.

Psoriasis History

Form the beginning of humankind hundreds of thousands of human beings – from common people to stars, from kings to important modern politicians – suffering and do still suffer from psoriasis today.

Psoriasis is even cited in the writings of ancient healing. Back in the late classic times there was a known disease, which was realized by the peeling and itchiness of skin.

The problem of Ancient Greek medical expressions led to the fact that in the functions of Hippocrates, leprosy and psoriasis were collectively under one name, which was -leprosy. Psoriasis was known in the times of Hippocrates under the names of lepra and psora, as well as alphos and leichen. In the times of Hippocrates a dermatological expressions was introduced, utilized sometimes even at present, some of the terms of which had a group meaning. So, under the term "psoriasis" they united the diseases, which are accompanied by tuberosity, by the formation of scale, spots and by keratosis, such as eczema, lichens (micose, red flat lichen, tuberculular lupus, leprosy, etc).

Each of these terms had their really unique elements; For example, the term "leprosy" was used with the determination of the assortment of the diseases, which are characterized by a thick skin, by its peeling and itchiness, which in some way tells us about psoriasis in today's idea of ​​psoriasis.

At the start of our era a distinguished Greek physician named Claudius Galen was first to use the term "psoriasis" to label the scaly changes in the skin with an extreme itchiness; however, clinically this condition little resembled the present manifestations of psoriasis.

In the writings of the past centuries of years psoriasis itself was sometimes mistaken to be leprosy, mange, Vitiligo, which usually needed a strict segregation and other consequent consequences: people with psoriasis did not get any health care; they had to wear a really unusual outfit and bell.

With the term "psora" (ancient name of psoriasis) it was called the variety of diseases of the skin, for which was known for it's peeling, dry skin and itchiness.

The first visible description of the clinical manifestations of psoriasis belong to a 2nd century Greek philosopher named Celsus.

Only the start of the 19th Century an English physicist named Willan and his students clearly offered the idea of ​​psoriasis as an illness, its manifestations and problems. They differentiated it from leprosy and fungus diseases.They secluded the usual and uncommon surge of psoriasis (changes in the palms, feet, etc.). Willan described two diseases: discoid psoriasis, which he called Lepra Graecorum and Psora Leprosa. Willan in 1801 cave a description of the ailment taking into account variations in the clinical make-up of psoriasis.

A key role in the course of the probe into psoriasis was done by a Russian dermatologists of the 19th century, which considered this dermatitis as a system ailment, "psoriatic disease", capturing into account the connection of psoriasis with the pathology of the interior organs , metabolism, and the condition of the nervous system. The doctors of various countries (Gebr, H.Koebner and others) have also later pointed out the connection of psoriatic disease with the circumstance of the nervous system, and the diseases of the interior organs.

Later dermatology was enriched by new facts about the zest of the disease. All the cumulated evidence lets us at present call psoriasis a "system disease".

New evidence about the essence and the mechanism of the course of the illness was obtained in the last 40 years; the new modern methods for the therapy were envisioned and used: PUVA- treatment, corticosteroids, retinoids, cytostatics in the therapy of different forms, Selective Ultraviolet Phototherapy, acupuncture, hemosorption etc.

During the latter part of the 20th century it was evident by a truly imminence approach to the dilemma of psoriasis. Only in the last 10 years or so, around the globe there have been published more than ten-thousand pieces, devoted to psoriatic dermatitis, which makes it one of the most examined. However, none of the possibilities or the theories show a complete essence of the illness, and the same problems of treatment and preventive maintenance stands in front of the latest dermatologists as vivid as it did a century ago.

Currently, many researchers and educational institutions deal with the exploration of the root, manifestations, and with the refinement of new ways to treat and use preventive maintenance measures for psoriasis. In the United States the key scientific focal point for psoriasis is Stanford University, which has 35 different countries from around the world in the form of an international association on the studies of psoriasis. The association publishes the only one on the entire planet the American Journal of Psoriasis. It deals with the inquiries about psoriasis from dermatologist all around the globe.

Every five years there is transported out a World Congress specialized to the difficulties of psoriasis.

October 29th is dedicated as World Psoriasis Day. Every year it is devoted to persons with psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis.

Life and Death Symptoms of Cortisol Hormone Imbalance

When cortisol, a hormone produced in the adrenal glands is not produced properly, there could be different effects on the individual. Hypercortisolism or hypocortisolism can progress and become life-threatening so immediate detection and treatment is important. Find out more about the symptoms of cortisol hormone imbalance to know the right methods of approach.

Hypocortisolism

Hypocortisolism is a disorder wherein the adrenal glands which are located above the kidneys cannot produce enough cortisol and aldosterone. The adrenal glands may fail slowly due to poor circulation or immediately such as in the case of trauma or hemorrhage. The rate of symptom manifestation will depend on the pace of adrenal gland failure.

The condition is also known as Addison’s disease, chronic adrenocortical insufficiency, primary adrenal insufficiency or adrenocortical hypofunction. The cortex of the adrenal glands produces 3 kinds of hormones. Cortisol is included in the glucocorticoid hormone type which helps maintain proper glucose levels, suppress the immune response and help the body respond to stress.

Three main symptoms of cortisol hormone imbalance include loss of appetite, fatigue and muscle weakness that slowly get worse over time and profound weight loss. Other symptoms are darkening of the skin or hyperpigmentation of skin folds, lips, nose, lining in the mouth, creases of the palms, nipples and areola and joints like elbows, knees and knuckles, development of scars, lightheadedness, orthostatic hypotension or fainting when suddenly getting up from a lying or sitting position, craving for salty foods, trembling or shakiness due to low blood sugar, nausea, diarrhea, vomiting, stomach pain, difficulty concentrating, depression and irritability.

Hypercortisolism

Hypercortisolism a disease that occurs when the body produces excessive cortisol. Most commonly, the problems results from taking anti-inflammatory steroid medications for disorders like rheumatoid arthritis and asthma. Cushing’s disease is the second most common cause wherein the pituitary gland produces excessive ACTH hormone which is responsible for the adrenal glands to produce cortisol. Other causes of symptoms of cortisol hormone imbalance include adrenal gland or pituitary gland tumor or the presence of other tumors in the body.

The problem is also known as Cushing’s syndrome causing symptoms such as central obesity, acne and skin infection, backache, headache, buffalo hump or fat accumulation between the shoulders, abnormal facial hair growth, impotence in males, ceasing of the menstrual cycle in women, mental changes, weakness, unintentional weight gain, moon face described as being red, round and full, purple marks on the abdomen, breasts and thighs and thin skin that is easily bruised. More symptoms of the disease include fatigue, high blood pressure, red spots on the skin, skin flushing, muscle atrophy and bone pain or tenderness.

When It Becomes Life-Threatening

Symptoms that develop slowly may not be noticed immediately until Addisonian crisis or adrenal crisis occurs. This condition occurs from a stressful event like trauma, surgery, dehydration or severe infection wherein the body cannot produce enough cortisol to combat stress. Addisonian crisis is considered to be a life-threatening situation requiring fast treatment.

A person can die from shock due to extremely low blood pressure. Symptoms of the complication include severe vomiting and diarrhea leading to dehydration, confusion, restlessness, fearfulness, severe weakness, light-headedness, feeling of fainting, sudden pain in the stomach, legs and lower back, high fever, total loss of consciousness and pale face and lips. Hormone levels need to return to normal via surgery, hormone replace therapy and other dire measures.

Dog Bite Treatment – An Overview

Dog bite treatment should be required knowledge for anyone that lives around dogs. Many people believe that most dog bites occur away from home, by a dog not familiar to the person bitten. This is just not the case. Most experts agree that about half of all dog bites are from a dog that the person bitten is familiar with – sometimes the family dog ​​or a dog that belongs to the next-door neighbor.

An interesting report called "Fatal Dog Attacks, 1989-1994" states that only about 22% of "dog bite fatalities" involved an unrestrained dog off the owner's property. This flies in the face of popular beliefs.

The first step in proper dog bite treatment is to assess the situation. You must ask yourself, is this a minor incident or not? A serious dog biting attack should be deal with differently than a minor bite.

If the wound is slightly bleeding, clean the wound first then try to stop the bleeding. But if the wound is bleeding profusely, you must stop the bleeding first. Of course, in the case of a serious wound, always call 911 immediately.

If the wound is boring, you should stop that bleeding by putting pressure on the wound and then after the bleeding is stopped or greatly slowed, extensive cleaning is necessary. If bleeding resumes, reapply pressure on the wound. If you are unable to stop the bleeding get the patient to the doctor as soon as possible.

The doctor will assess the risk of infection, tetanus and rabies. Most likely 3 to 5 days of antibiotic, like Augmentin, will be prescribed to keep an infection from developing. In some cases a tetanus shot is given.

The tetanus shot will most likely be required if a child dog bite victim has not previously had 3 or more tetanus shots. However, if they have a serious bite that is not considered clean, and the patient has not had a tetanus shot in the last five years, the doctor will probably give one just to be on the safe side. Also, even if the wound is judged to be clean, and the patient has not had a boost shot in the last 10 years, the doctor will most likely give one.

These days, contracting rabies from a dog bite is rare because of the legal requirements for regular rabies vaccinations for all dogs. Rabies is more often seen in wild animals: raccoons, skunks, bats, etc … However there is still a "rabies risk" with a dog bite, and not one that you should take lightly. Better safe than sorry.

Do not be surprised if the doctor does not stitch up the wound. If there is the fear of infection, due to the length of time until the wound was cleaned, etc., she will not suture the wound. Wounds that are known to be clean or that are on the face may be sutured.

Although not necessary, it is always wise to document the bite injury with photos and diagrams. It is helpful in assessing the progress of the wound in recovery, and it is especially useful in litigation situations.

Some pre-existing medical conditions increase the risk of infection and beg special attention to insure patient safety. A few of these are: chronic disease, chronic edema of the extremity, diabetes, immuno-suppression, liver dysfunction, previous mastectomy, prosthetic valve or joint, splenectomy, systemic lupus, and many more. Be ready to tell your doctor of any such pre-existing condition

I think it would be safe to say that everyone will get at least one dog bite in their lifetime. Knowing how to execute proper dog bite treatment is knowledge that all families should possess. Just a little bit of knowledge on this topic can save a lot of pain and grief.

How Long Is The Chicken Pox Contagious Period For?

If you have the varicella virus (or maybe your youngster does), there's a chance you're wondering when the disease contagious and just how long does this chicken pox contagious period last for? Great question!

This disease is easily the most contagious as soon as the 1st symptoms of a fever and aches occur. This is much sooner then your actual rash and bumps break out.

When first infected, you'll immediately set out to feel sick. This means a fever, aches, loss of appetite, fatigue, and some more symptoms that are not noticeable. This is where the chicken pox contagious period begins. It is recommended to step back from people, since you can easily spread this disease through germs.

In just days or sometimes weeks, a rash and blisters will quickly occur. The chicken pox contagious period is highest two days before the rash breaks out. As soon as the rash happens, you slowly become much less contagious to others. However, will still be recommended to avoid people as there is still to be able to pass it on.

It usually takes about 10-21 days for all the blisters to scab over and heal. When all the blisters and scabs are completely gone, the chicken pox contagious period is finished and you are back to normal health.

Some parents have a "Pox Party" for children, and that is purposely bringing your child near another infected child during the contagious period to spread the disease. This really is OK to do, as varicela virus is less severe in childhood. But, understand that many adults are already known to find the disease a few times and they have to take precaution.

So overall, the chicken pox contagious period lasts from 2-3 weeks on average, and much longer in situations where there may be a complication. The best thing to do is to keep the child from school for that period of time and be sure your youngster is getting good care.

If your little one has the vaccine, this does not cause you to be 100% resistant to the illness. Be aware that the vaccine is just about 80-90% effective, which means your child can still contain the disease and neverheless be contagious.

Magnesium Chloride Vs Magnesium Sulfate – The Facts

Serious health consequences await people who are magnesium deficient. Many people feel that the benefits of magnesium is nothing short of miraculous. Some of the symptoms of magnesium deficiency include vomiting, nausea, low blood pressure, insomnia, seizures, muscle spasm, and restless leg syndrome. The question that people also ask themselves which which is better, Magnesium Chloride Vs Magnesium Sulfate.

More than ninety percent of people show improvement in their health when the levels of magnesium are restored to the body. Sea water is known to have great mineral properties and many people actually pour it into their bath water when taking a bath. Miracles are known to happen when the cellular levels of magnesium are increased.

The bones, teeth function better and the immune system is strengthened in no small way with this incredible mineral. It is reported that a french doctor was able to cure a few patients who had diptheria within a matter days by administering magnesium chloride. Furthermore, the same doctor reported that he cured fifteen cases of poliomyelitis and in cases where paralysis had already set in, the symptoms had been significantly reduced. Magnesium chloride was found to be helpful to people who have a variety of conditions such as mumps, rubella, gastro-enteritis, boils, measles, influenza, whooping cough, chronic fatigue syndrome and many more diseases. In the argument about Magnesium Chloride Vs Magnesium Sulfate it was found that magnesium chloride was much more beneficial. The ancient Chinese believed that magnesium was a beautiful metal that thought about beauty in people's lives. From a more practical view, magnesium chloride does for the body what very little else is available to do for the body.

Other doctors are also confirming these results. They have gone as far as to add other diseases to the list such as asthma, herpes, allergies and conjunctivitis. Again it was magnesium chloride that came through as the miracle mineral of choice. Books have been written on the topic to confirm these findings. Many women and small children have soft skin and bones and they have high magnesium and low calcium levels. Age causes bodies to become less flexible. Arteries will harden and this causes arteriosclerosis. Many other negative occurrences take place in the body due to the lack of adequate supplementation. Magnesium works in conjunction with hydrogen to keep our body structure pliable. It is believed that ovaries are one of the first body parts to calcify and this causes premenstrual tension.

The gynecologist who made this discovery found that the premenstrual tension disappeared once the patients were placed on high doses of magnesium. Patients also found that they began to look and feel much better. They found that their drive for sex increased, they lost weight and their energy levels increased significantly. Men have been found to have better prostate health in particular to enlarged prostates. Magnesium is important in that it activates the enzymes that are needed to metabolize carbohydrates. Nerve and muscle function is also dependent on this mineral. It also has a role to play with the regulation of calcium in the body.

The heart depends on magnesium as well. It is found that many people who have died from heart attacks have been found to have low levels of magnesium. Heart patients who have been treated with magnesium have been found to live better quality lives. One reason for this is that the arteries are dilated and fat levels and cholesterol are reduced due to magnesium. The results are irrefutable that magnesium is needed for good health in all people.

Beating Swine Flu Naturally – Organic Remedies and Protection From the H1N1 Virus

Swine flu has become a buzz-word over the last couple of months as it jumped the borders of the originating country, Mexico, and spread globally like wildfire. Also known as swine influenza virus (SIV), influenza A or by its subtype identifier of H1N1, swine flu refers to any strain of influenza endemic to pigs. Although widespread among pig populations worldwide, the H1N1 strain is not commonly contracted by humans. It can, however, cross species divides and when conditions are favorable lead to the previously experienced pandemic situation.

This is not the first time the H1N1 virus has spread unchecked either. In 1918-1919 an estimated 21 million people died from a swine flu pandemic. Although the influenza virus is virulent, there is much that can be done to protect ones naturally naturally against the virus. Just as in the case of human influenza, contracting swine flu can be checked to a large degree by maintaining high levels of personal hygiene and dietary integrity. All viral infections will find fertile ground in those with compromised immune systems first and in following good basic hygiene practices and ensuring that our diets are geared towards strong, active immune system function can prevent viruses the foot hold they need to thrive and survive.

Good virus busting personal hygiene habits that should make up part of a natural swine flu prevention regimen include regularly washing your hands with a good quality hand sanitizer, using a tissue to cover your nose and mouth when sneezing or coughing and avoiding excessive hand contact with your mouth or nose. These points are of particular importance if you have been in physical contact with fixtures in public facilities, having been working with money or any other items that are exposed to wide public contact. Areas where an outbreak of swine flu has been positively confirmed should naturally be avoided as far as possible. Be particularly cautious of crowed and poorly ventilated locations.

Avoiding exposure to viral infections is not the most effective method of avoiding contracting infections such as swine flu. Our first line of defense should always be the maintenance of a strong, natural immunity. There are many diet and lifestyle standards that can assist our bodies to maintain a vibrant immune system and these should be followed at all times and not just as an attempt to prevent the spread of swine flu. Our modern diets are notoriously deficient in essential nutrients and we need to consciously bias our daily nutritional intake to include foods rich in vitamins, minerals and essential micronutrients. This is made far easier with the widespread availability of nutritional supplements that can be a quick and convenient method of bolstering our immune systems.

If any influenza infection is suspected, a doctor should be consulted immediately. If the infection is positively identified as being due to exposure to the H1N1 virus, specific medical measures will be instituted by your doctor. The symptoms of swine flu are very similar to those of human influenza however, and there are several natural remedies that can relate them. Some old, proven standards are:

Willow bark extracts: A predecessor to aspirin, willow bark contains salicin which is a powerful pain killer and fever buster.

Peppermint: Peppermint sooths coughs and as a mild muscle relaxant helps reduce the cough reflex.

Slippery elm: Contains mucilage which is an effective remedy for sore throats and coughs. Okra also contains mucilage.

Mullein flowers: These can be used in an infusion to make an expectorant and decongestant tea.

Ginger: Ginger is an effective remedy for upset stomachs and nausea.

Echinacea: This is one of the most effective natural remedies for all flu related symptoms. It is also known to shorten the duration of infections.

Watercress: Either dry or fresh, watercress is a good remedy for runny noses and coughs.

Swine flu is certainly not in the same league as the common cold. It is highly contagious and as proven fatal in an alarming number of cases involving individuals with compromised immune system function due to age or pre-exsisting illness. However, it can be invented in many cases by simply following sound common sense practices and a solid immunity boosting diet. As mentioned previously, do not hesitate to seek professional medical advice if you suspect exposure or exhibit any flu like symptoms.

Essential Oils – Healing Broken Bones is Not That Hard With the Right Healing Oils

Recently I slipped on ice and broke my arm. Luckily the bones were not displaced-a simple fracture of the head of the radius bone as shown on x-ray. What is significant is that the pain was greatly lessened by applying certain essential oils that are anti-inflammatory and pain relieving. Can essential oils help the healing process? In my case, absolutely! When bones are fractured, there may be swelling, internal bleeding into the area, nerve and even tendon damage. Applying ice and in my case splinting my arm to immobilize it greatly decreased the pain. Here are the essential oils that I used to get back full use of my arm in half the time someone of my age would take.

Helichrysum italicum also called Everlasting, was the first oil I used for pain and swelling. This is an outstanding oil that has several great medical properties. It is known as an anticoagulant, anesthetic, antispasmodic, antiviral, a liver protectant, detoxifier and stimulant, chelates chemicals and toxins, and helps to regenerate nerves.

Next I applied lemongrass (Cymbopogon flexuosus) for its anti-inflammatory action and its ability to regenerate connective tissues and ligaments. Lemongrass also dilates blood vessels, improves circulation, and promotes lymph flow. Lemongrass can be a little warm to the skin because of its high aldehyde content, so the third oil I chose was high in monoterpenes which served to quench the warmth.

Idaho balsam fir (Abies balsamae) is 98% monoterpenes making it an outstanding anti-inflammatory oil. It also has anticoagulant properties and is known as a great oil for arthritis/rheumatism, lumbago and sciatica. Plus the smell of balsam fir is that of Christmas trees-very refreshing and an improvement over the heavy lemongrass fragrance and “weed” smell of helichrysum.

The fourth oil I used was a blend called Trauma Life. It is a blend of valerian, lavender, frankincense, sandalwood, rose, helichrysum, spruce, geranium, davana and citrus hystrix. This particular blend helps to release buried emotional trauma from, in my case, the accident, but it also helps release emotional trauma from the death of loved ones, assault or abuse. It combats stress and uproots traumas that cause insomnia, anger, restlessness, and a weakened immune response. The valerian component of this oil certainly helped me to rest better since getting my arm in a comfortable position was a bit of a feat.

Many other essential oils have been found to be helpful in bone healing including wintergreen, peppermint, spruce, pine, ginger and vetiver. The key is finding out which oils are going to be most helpful for you. I found a formula that worked for me.

Display Homes

The days are gone when you used to listen to plans and designs, or tried to understand them through some lines put down on a large sheet of paper. Times have changed and the technologies once limited to corporates only are now available for individual use. If you have a dream house in mind or are trying to find out your dream home; you can now have a look at display homes in Australia!

What are display homes?

A display home is a fully constructed home, used by builders and construction companies for the preview of their prospective customers. In other words, if you are trying to find a house that best fits your taste and requirement, you may ask your service providers to show you their display homes in Brisbane or the Sunshine coast. This will be a thoughtful help in your quest for a new home. The preview of these homes will help you make up your mind easily about your idea of ​​an ideal home.

What to expect when inspecting a model home?

When previewing a display home, your focus must be beyond the aesthetic value of the home. Of course, the look of the house matters. It matter how many bedrooms, living rooms and kitchens it has. What is the arrangement of rooms inside the house and how spacious are the corridors and Porches. Neverheless, there are other issues of vital importance like does the building meets the codes of construction specified. Is it safe for you in terms of proper ventilation and no moisture intrusion?

Treating Rose Fungus

There is more than once ailment that can beset a rose and each one is considered a fungal infection. Mildew, Rose Rust and Black Spot are common fungal infections that can easily be treated with fungicides.

Rose fungus, or fungal infections are rampant at the start of hot or humid weather and prevention is perhaps the most important part of care for roses. There are some precautions one can take to prevent rose fungus yet at times prevention is not possible and these instances rose fungus must be treated.

Precautions
Providing plenty of water is the first step in promoting healthy plants along with good air circulation and fertilizers. Keep roses pruned and avoid wetting their leaves as this can encourage disease. Pick off all old stems and leaves.

If other plants in your garden show signs of disease this may be spread to roses through insects. Insects on their own are carriers of disease. Once you have spotted fungus in your garden start treatment without haste.

Planting roses in sunny areas and providing lots of water will go a long way to preventing rose fungus taking hold.

Treating Rose fungus
A good quality fungicide is normally an effective rose fungus
treatment if done early. If the fungus is left to fester it can be hard to control and hard to eliminate. Rose fungus will weakened plants as the effort taken to fight against disease makes it harder for them to grow and produce flowers. Fungicides that contain sulphur are good for the control of fungus.

If you find fungus on your plants start with removing all dead leaves as this will provide a smaller area that the rose has to fight against disease. It can then concentrate on new growth.

Rose Powdery Mildew
Powdery mildew grows on the surface of any green areas such as leaves and stems. It can only survive on healthy plants as it demands nutrients and feeds off the host plant. At the first sign of mildew treat your roses with a fungicide according to the directions.

Young leaves will start to curl up and die and may not grow to their full size.

Rose Black Spot
Black spot is a common disease among causes caused by a fungus called diplocarpon rosae. It is distinguished by black spots on the under side of the leaf. Around these black spots the leaf will turn yellow and ever fall off and if left untreated every single leaf will drop off. The rose will become very weak and will most likely die.

It is important to remove each diseased leaf off the ground and burn it. Do not put them into the mulch pile. Treating black spot should be done in Spring with the aid of a fungicide that is specifically formulated. The treatment should continue through the growing season until the first frost.

Rose Rust or Rusty Spots
Rose Rust is caused by a fungus from the Phragmidium family. Fungus rust is able to survive winter on a host plant and infect the plant in spring. Rose Rust spores are air borne and are spread by the wind.

Rose Rust first shows on the underside of the leaf and creates bright orange pustules. As it spreads and develops the top of the leaf begins producing yellowish to orange spots.

It is as important to remove all fallen and infected leaves from your garden completely. Treatment is needed for the entire rose bush with a specially formulated fungicide.

Botrytis Blight
This type of fungus mainly affects flower buds which deceay and then die. It is greyish to black in color and grows just below the head of the bloom. In order to prevent this fungus from spreading it is necessary to remove the blooms.

Brown Canker Fungus
This fungus has the ability to attach to any part of the rose bush that is above ground. It has the power to kill a rose plant if not treated. Brown Canker produces purple or red lesions on new rose stems and in older rose stems These lesions are grayish white.

Fungicides that are specially formulated for Brown Canker Fungus work well, but should be administratively strict according to directions.

It is also feasible to treat roses with homemade solutions such as a mixture of water and baking soda or dish washing liquid diluted in water. Place in a spray bottle and spray the infected areas well. Repeat this process until you see results.

Anterior Hip Replacement – What is it All About?

As a Fellowship Trained Joint Replacement Surgeon, I am often asked about the latest developments in arthritis surgery. With the advent of minimally invasive techniques in orthopedic surgery there has been a renewed interest in performing hip replacement through the front (anterior) of the hip as opposed to the more traditional posterior, or backside approach.

The logic behind anterior hip replacement is to try to minimize muscle damage by separating muscles to gain access to the front of the hip as opposed to releasing and repairing the muscles to gain access to the hip joint form behind. In short, there is no perfect way to deliver implants to the hip joint. If there were, we would all be performing that approach only for hip replacement surgery. Having given you this background, these are the most frequently asked questions encountered in my office:

Is anterior hip replacement a new technique?

No. The anterior hip approach was first described by Smith-Petersen in 1917. It was used by the French surgeon, Robert Judet, in 1947 to perform an isolated femoral head replacement. This later evolved into other French surgeons performing complete hip joint changes through anterior exposure in the 1960's.

If this technique has been in existence since 1960, why all the interest now?

Early surgeers found that the visualization of the hip socket was excellent through the front of the hip; although it was very difficult to insert a long straight metal stem down the femur through an anterior approach. If complications occurred during surgery it was very difficult to change or extend the anterior approach to overcome difficult surgeries and provide for better visualization. Therefore, most surgeons opted to perform hip replacement through posterior, or posterior and lateral exposures. The posterior approach has become the standard of care since that time. By using specialized instrumentation, new generation hip implants, a custom operating table, and real time intraoperative x-ray equipment, anterior hip replacement has made a resurgence. These additions have allowed the anterior approach to become easier and more reliable to perform than before.

What are the drawbacks to anterior hip replacement?

Performing an anterior total hip replacement requires positioning on a special operating table with the legs attached directly to the table. By manipulating the table, the leg is positioned to insert the hip stem. Since it is difficult to judge how much force is applied to the leg, fractures in the leg bones have occurred on the operating table. The implants are placed using real time x-ray equipment; if that equipment is malpositioned the implants can be misplaced leading to potential increased wear or dislocation and a painful joint.

Is it true that hips done through an anterior approach will not dislocate?

No. All hip replacements can dislocate. Historically, the incidence of dislocation from an anterior approach is less than through a posterior approach. However with a new generation of hip replacements, the use of larger femoral head replacements has reduced the incidence of hip dislocations for all approaches.

What hip approach do you recommend?

I recommend finding a surgeon who is versed in anterior, posterior, and anterolateral hip replacement. Since every hip exposure has specific pros and cons, it is the job of the surgeon to match each individual patient's need to the specific approach. Patients and surgeons want to minimize pain and speed recovery, yet the main objective of hip replacement is to provide patients with a well done operation, with good component position, and the expectation that it will last for the next 20-30 years.

Herpes Zoster Treatment

Herpes zoster, also called shingles, is something that anyone can get if they have had chickenpox in the past. If untreated it can last for up to a couple of weeks, however it is not recommended. Treatment is primarily necessary due to the discomfort and pain the condition causes and few people can end it for too long. Also, as it is so painful it can cause long-term conditions like postherpetic neuralgia as well as numerous other neurological conditions. Herpes zoster treatment is rather simple and does not require more than taking medication and if necessary applying creams. It is described as a strip of clusters on one side of the body, which can be very painful and irritating. It usually starts with simple burning or pain in the skin and muscles which is followed by flu like symptoms as well as the blister like rash along the body. It can appear any place on the body, however, is usually located near the spine and on one side of the body. There are cases that it has been found on the face, arms, and legs.

The herpes zoster treatment for the pain can include narcotics, as well as certain anticonvulsants and antidepressants. For skin pain, doctors usually prescribe numbing sprays, gels, and creams. Easing the pain in herpes zoster is most important, as only in some cases it can be dangerous. There are also some things you can do to ease the pain at home by relaxing and ensuring that you do not overstress. Herpes zoster is linked to stress and the more you relax the better you will feel. Also cool baths, oatmeal baths, and compresses will help with the pain. If the pain is not severe you can go to your nearest pharmacy and purchase over the counter anti-itch creams and oral antihistamines, as well as pain relievers such as ibuprofen.

During your herpes zoster treatment, if you find that the rash has reached your face and you feel like you are experiencing hearing loss, eyesight problems, or even blindness contact your doctor immediately. Also do the same in the case that your temperature reaches or goes over 103. This may mean that your doctor might need to change treatment.

Overall, herpes zoster does not leave long lasting effects, as long as it is not advanced and is not left untreated. Speak with your doctor about what will be necessary in order to ease the pain and hasten the herpes zoster treatment.

Lymphadenitis – Ayurvedic Herbal Treatment

Lymphadenitis means inflammation in the lymph nodes. This can be generalized or localized. This condition usually points to some infection or inflammation. A common example of this is tonsillitis, where the tonsil glands are swollen and inflamed, usually due to repeated infections involving the throat. Generalized swelling of the lymph glands may point to more serious infections like HIV and tuberculosis, or may be indicators of serious diseases like cancer. Filariasis causes significant inflammation of the lymph glands and lymphatic channels, usually in the lower limbs, resulting in gross edema of the feet.

Clinical examination and relevant medical tests usually help pinpoint the exact cause of lymphadenitis, and conservative treatment is usually sufficient to help treat and cure the condition. Of late, however, more and more individuals have started presenting with gross lymphadenitis in various parts of the body, without evidence of any specific cause like tuberculosis, widespread infection, or cancer. Symptoms vary according to the location of affected lymph glands. Inflamed and enlarged glands in the chest may cause breathlessness, cough, or fluid collection in the layering of the lungs (known as pleural effusion). Similarly affected glands in the abdominal cavity may cause symptoms like abdominal pain, adhesions in the intestinal loops, and fluid collection in the ovaries or peritoneal cavity (known as ascites).

The commonest chronic cause of such swelling and inflammation of lymph glands is tuberculosis infection, so much so that even when all diagnostic tests come out negative, most health professionals still consider it worthwhile to give a therapeutic trial of anti-tuberculosis medications. Indeed, a large percentage of such affected individuals do benefit with this therapy; however, when even this treatment does not work, it becomes necessary to explore other causes for this condition.

Chronic inflammation due to stress, food allergies, exposure to toxins, hidden and obscure infections, and autoimmune processes within the body, is fast becoming a reality of modern times. Such inflammation, in addition to lymph glands and lymph ducts, may also affect blood vessels, skin, and various organs in the body. If multiple tissues and glands are involved, the presentation of clinical signs and symptoms will vary accordingly.

Coming back to non-specific inflammation of lymph glands, treatment needs to be given at various levels. Herbal medicines are given to reduce inflammation, and remove excess accumulated fluid. Herbs with known antiviral and antibacterial actions are given to treat infections. Immune-modulating herbs are used to treat a dysfunctional immune system. Specific diet instructions are given to address food allergies, and prevent inflammation. Adequate lifestyle recommendations are given to reduce stress and get sufficient, good quality sleep on a regular basis.

It is also necessary to normalize the digestive capacity and intestinal flora of affected individuals. Detoxification may also be necessary, especially for people who do not respond well to the treatment mentioned above. People with a strong autoimmune component may need more aggressive therapy for a longer period of time.

Most people having non-specific lymphadenitis respond very well to this line of treatment and report complete resolution of all symptoms. It is necessary for them to continue following a healthy diet and lifestyle so as to prevent a recurrence.

But I Can See Just Fine – Things No One Told Me About Diabetic Eye Disease

Living with diabetes, I’ve been told many times that I need a retinal eye exam every year. I’m told this by my health insurance, by my doctors, by every diabetes awareness council out there. Now, I’m spreading the message, but with a difference.

None of these sources ever told me WHY I needed a retinal eye exam. I found them to be quite an ordeal and never kept up with them. Now I am paying the price.

Things I’ve learned about 2 1/2 years ago:

  • I was legally blind.*
  • There is such a thing as an eyeball injection.
  • No matter what Ophthalmologist tells you, eyeball injections feel exactly the way you imagine they feel.
  • By the time you notice symptoms of diabetic eye problems, you’re already at the point where you probably need said injection and maybe even surgery (and not the laser kind… the scalpel kind).

*”Was” is the operative word there. Fortunately, in my case, much of the damage was still reversible.

About ten years or so ago, I was having some vision problems and figured it was time to go in and get a new pair of glasses. I had been prescribed lenses in the past for my astigmatism, but they were not very strong and I almost never wore them. I figured that the years had worsened the problem and maybe it was time to give in and get a new pair. I had excellent vision benefits at my job, so there was no reason to put it off any longer.

Through the refractive examination (that’s where they put different lenses in front of you and you tell them which is better) we reached a point where there was improvement, but they couldn’t get me to 20/20. That’s when they gave me my first retinal exam, and problems were found.

I was diagnosed with Diabetic Retinopathy. This occurs when blood vessels in the retina are damaged as a result of diabetes. These damaged blood vessels are no long able to adequately nourish the retina, so your body responds by growing new blood vessels. However, it doesn’t do a very good job of it, and these new blood vessels are prone to leakage.

I was treated with a laser to seal off those blood vessels and was warned that I needed to keep my blood sugar and blood pressure under control to avoid further complications. My vision at this point did suffer some permanent damage. There were small areas in my field of vision that just didn’t work anymore. I didn’t notice until I began looking for it that my brain was filling in these gaps subconsciously. I found that if I looked at printed text with one eye closed, it became more apparent. I could see places where the text would warp to fill in one of the holes.

The exam itself was unpleasant, but the treatment was a nightmare. The exam involved shining a bright light in my eye to illuminate my retina while the doctor looked into my dilated pupils while the doctor used a magnifying lens to look examine the retinal surface. The treatment involved a device to hold my eye open, while a lens was pressed against my eye to flatten the cornea while lasers were shot at the blood vessels. Those appeared as even more super bright lights, and I could feel a burning sensation inside my eye. I was glad when that was finally over.

The following year, the memory of my last visit still very fresh in my mind, I was hesitant to go back for another checkup. I ended up not going. After all, my vision hadn’t changed any, so I didn’t think there was any need to go back.

The following year, I found a similar excuse. The year after that, well, I just didn’t bother. Nor did I bother the following year, nor the one after that… This was a mistake.

Fast forward a bit. At least, that’s what it feels like. The years go by so quickly now. I found myself noticing what I thought was shoddy workmanship on the bathroom tile. The grout was all crooked and it made the tiles look like the edges were indented. After a few weeks, I realized it wasn’t the tile at all. It was my eyes. I didn’t have any medical insurance by then, so rather than make an appointment, I put it on my list of things to get checked out once I had insurance again. Another mistake.

Months pass. I got new insurance through my new job. I began noticing my vision is noticeably worse than it had been in the past. However, it was November, I had just moved, the holiday season was beginning, there was surely no time to be making doctor appointments. I’m just making all kinds of mistakes here.

About a month into the new year, 2013, I found an ophthalmologist that accepted my insurance and scheduled an appointment. I had my appointment on a Friday afternoon. After a few standard tests, the ophthalmologist took pictures of my retina. After looking them over he told me I needed to see a retina specialist right away. And he meant RIGHT AWAY. He didn’t want me to wait until Monday. He made some calls and found someone who could see me that day.

I was immediately sent to a retinal specialist. The news was bad. I had more issues with Diabetic Retinopathy, and also Diabetic Macular Edema. The macula is a small indentation in the back of the eye, in the middle of the retina, near the optic nerve. This area was severely swollen, due to fluid leakage from all of those haphazardly formed blood vessels, leading to further warping of my vision, and also it gives things kind of a washed out look, like if you have your TV set too bright and the contrast too high. It makes it hard to see detail. It had gotten to a point where I could barely read my computer monitor anymore, and driving had become dangerous.

These issues would have been detected with regular eye exams, and they could have been solved before causing damage to my vision. At the time of the diagnosis, my vision was 20/400 in my left eye, and 20/200 in my right (legally blind).

I’ve been undergoing treatment for about two and a half years. Those treatments have included several more lasers, monthly injections of medicine into each eye (which those have come to an end about 3 months ago), and one surgery on my left eye. I may still need surgery on my right eye in the near future.

All in all, the treatments have been an ordeal, but, combined with keeping my blood sugar under better control than ever, they are working. My uncorrected vision right now is 20/50 and 20/40.

I wish I knew ten years ago what I do now. I certainly would have opted to take the inconvenience of an annual exam. Many diabetic eye conditions don’t affect your vision until they are fairly advanced. A retinal eye exam can reveal issues before you become symptomatic.

For more information about Diabetic Eye diseases, their causes, diagnoses and treatment, please contact your eye care specialist. Don’t put it off.

Epilepsy Research

Epilepsy is a neurological condition that affects the nervous system. It is also known as a seizure disorder, because a person suffering from epilepsy has seizures. It is diagnosed when a person has two or more seizures that were not caused by some known medical condition such as alcohol withdrawal or extremely low blood sugar. There has been extensive research done on the causes and symptoms of epilepsy in order to formulate treatment methods.

In epilepsy patients, the normal working pattern of the neuron is disturbed. This makes the patients become in a strange way. Sometimes, patients suffer from convulsions, muscle spasms and loss of consciousness, and the frequency of epileptic attacks may vary from one patient to another.

It is estimated that over two million people in the US have been diagnosed with epilepsy. In the majority of patients, epilepsy can be controlled with modern medicines and surgical techniques. However, about twenty percent of the patients experience seizures even after treatment. These cases are called "Intractable epilepsy."

Seizures are sometimes known to cause brain damage. Research reports that in these cases, a patient has suffered severe seizures. However, most seizures do not cause harm to the brain, and any changes that arise are usually mild.

Conclusive medical research indicates that epilepsy is not contagious. It is not caused by mental illness or retardation. Most people suffering from epilepsy have a normal or above average intelligence. A majority of patients are able to lead normal lives. Epilepsy can not be completely cured. However, there have been cases where it ever goes away through protracted treatment.

The likelihood of becoming free from seizure is not very high for adults or for children with severe epilepsy syndromes. However, it is possible that seizures may decrease or even stop over time. This is more likely if the epilepsy has been controlled by medication, or if the patient has had epilepsy surgery. Researchers in the US and the rest of the developed world continue to study epilepsy in an attempt to develop a permanent cure.