5 Tips to Avoid Swollen Feet on an Airplane

It is fairly common to have your feet and ankles swell during long airline flights. It’s an uncomfortable and sometimes painful side effect of sitting for long periods in a cramped airplane seat. The swelling or   edema  is caused mainly because of inactivity. When a person walks, the contraction of the muscles in the legs compresses the veins and helps in counteracting gravity in order to move blood back to the heart. Also the way your legs and feet are positioned when seated increases the pressure in your veins and contributes to fluids moving from the blood into the surrounding tissues of the legs and feet.

In addition to swelling, sitting motionless for long periods of time increases your risk of Deep Vein Thrombosis or DVT. DVT is a serious and often fatal condition where a blood clot forms in a vein deep within the muscles, usually in the calf or thigh. The following tips will help keep your feet and ankles from swelling and will have you comfortably slipping those shoes back on at the end of your flight!

1. Get up and move around – For every hour of your flight you should try to get up and move around for 3 to 4 minutes before sitting back down.

2. Get blood circulating by doing exercises while in your seat – If you’re not able to get up and out of your seat every hour, there are simple exercises you can do to get the blood circulating in your lower extremities. Pointing and flexing your feet as well as rotating your ankles in circles are a good start. Check the back of your in-flight magazine. The airlines usually dedicate at least a page or two to exercises you can do while sitting in your seat.

3. Stay Hydrated– Dehydration causes blood vessels to narrow and blood to thicken. Drink plenty of fluids and avoid alcoholic or caffeinated beverages as they contribute to dehydration.

4. Avoid regular socks – Regular socks that have a constricting elastic band around the calf or ankle will not only become uncomfortable after a while, but will decrease circulation to and thereby increase the swelling.

5. Wear compression socks – Graduated compression socks are special stockings that help promote circulation in your legs. The stockings apply a certain amount of pressure near your ankle and then apply gradually less and less pressure as they move up the leg. The graduated pressure helps push the blood back up the leg and therefore prevents swelling. These aren’t your grandma’s support stockings. They come in many styles, colors, function (such as athletic) and pressure. Finally, if your feet DO swell, soak them in a tub of Epsom salts. Remember that swelling is caused by too much fluid being retained in the body. When you soak your feet in the Epsom salts, the salt draws water out of the body and is a natural way to reduce swelling.

Knowing Cholesterol and Its 5 Main Functions

What is cholesterol, where it comes from, what is bad and what is good about cholesterol. The word “cholesterol” can refer either to the cholesterol found in the body itself (blood cholesterol) or the cholesterol found in food (dietary cholesterol).

Cholesterol is a fat-like substance that is important for a healthy body because it is needed to give strength to the cells (or building blocks) in your body. It is a versatile compound that is vital to the function of the human body. It also plays an important role in the formation of hormones such as estrogen and testosterone.

You get cholesterol in two ways, from your body itself and from what you have taken as your meals. Your liver makes about 80% cholesterol for your body and the rest about 20% comes from animal products that you eat, such as meats, eggs, and dairy products. Some foods contain saturated or trans-fat, which also cause your body to make cholesterol. The foods that raise your blood cholesterol the most are saturated fat and trans-fat in such foods as fatty meat and whole-fat dairy products, snack foods and ready-prepared foods. Foods that have high levels of dietary cholesterol include egg yolks, organ meats, shrimp, squid and fatty meats. Thats’ the reason why you have to know your food.

Dietary cholesterol only has an effect in some people. From a nutrition perspective, the best way for controlling blood cholesterol is to eat a healthy diet that is lower in fat, especially saturated and trans-fat.

Just like everything else; cholesterol levels differ greatly among individuals. In humans, cholesterol serves 5 main functions:

  1. Cholesterol is used by the body to manufacture steroids, or cortisone-like hormones, including the sex hormones. These hormones include testosterone, estrogen and cortisone. Combined, these hormones control a myriad of bodily functions.
  2. Cholesterol helps the liver produce bile acids. These acids are essential for digestion of fats and ridding the body of waste.
  3. Cholesterol acts as a cell to interconnect “lipid molecules”. A lipid molecule is needed to stabilize our cell membranes. Without cholesterol, our bodies ruins.
  4. Cholesterol is an important part of the myelin sheath which is a neuron consists of fat-containing cells that insulate the axon from electrical activity. It is to ensure our brain functions properly by aiding route of electrical impulses. Without it, our brain would be difficult to focus and might lose of memory.
  5. Finally, Cholesterol has lots of beneficial on the human body immune system.

Shakeology – Benefits and Costs

As well as helping the body, Shakeology likewise enhances the mind.

Customers of Shakeology stated that they feel more youthful, both mentally and physically. It improves mental clarity, focus, endurance, and energy. Users also noted a feeling of being rested and full of energy.

Another advantage which this shake offers is enhanced digestive function and regularity, as well as decreased urges helping lower cholesterol levels. Males and females on the plan decreased their LDL cholesterol, unhealthy cholesterol, by typically 38 percent.

Research by physicians has additionally proven that these shakes are able to reduce oxidative stress, a difference between the production of reactive oxygen and cleansing. Oxidative stress may result in degenerative illnesses such as coronary artery disease, Parkinson’s disease, Alzheimer’s disease, chronic fatigue syndrome, heart failure, fragile X syndrome, and myocardial infarction. Shakeology decreases oxidative stress by 90 percent and cardiovascular dangers by typically twenty-four percent.

These final results come through two sources. The foremost is through a completely independent research carried out by physicians that analyzed individuals for 3 months. The second study was conducted by Team Beachbody, that recommends the shake.

The Actual Plan

The plan requires three easy steps: maintaining a healthy diet, working out, as well as enjoying the shake.

For the best benefits, people need to substitute one meal each day with a Shakeology shake, ideally lunch. It’s also wise to exercise three times per week, and follow a nutritious and well balanced diet throughout your day.

People that used this particular plan lost typically 10 pounds after 90 days as well as two inches from their waists.

Additional information concerning this are incorporated with the plan, as well as a recommended meal plan and possible work out programs are explained. Quality recipes are also provided.

So how exactly does it Work?

The shake functions in two simple ways. It removes toxins, and also permits much better absorption of vital nutrients. Enzymes and prebiotics let your body restore itself from many years of toxins which might have been gathering within your body, holding you back from your full potential.

Extra Advantages of Shakeology

In contrast to various other “healthy” shakes, Shakeology truly tastes great. It has two types, chocolate and greenberry. Popular among users, the chocolate flavor tastes just like a chocolate shake or a Fudgesicle.

The Cost

Finally, how much will it cost you?

Whenever used as a meal alternative, this will in reality help you save money. Having a well balanced meal with Shakeology is only about $4 for each shake, while the typical lunch charges between $6 and $8. Moreover, consuming these shakes will substitute your other vitamin and nutrient supplements, leading to even more savings.

Knowing the 9 Signs of a Heart Attack

If you are concerned about suffering from a heart attack, or if heart disease runs within your family, it is best to know beforehand which signs and symptoms all pinpoint to an impending heart attack.

1. First off, the most common sign is chest pain. Many people who have suffered from heart attack almost always feel chest pain or a tightening of the chest during the onset of an attack. In the event that you feel chest pain, it is important for you to get in contact with a doctor immediately. While pain is often intense there are cases when the pain is mild and tolerable. However no matter how subtle the pain may be, it could be a symptom of a heart attack.

2. Patients also feel a sort of pain from the jaw to the shoulders and the arms. Although oftentimes the pain can come from the chest, you can feel a certain numbness on your shoulders, arms, and jaw which can be intensely painful.

3. Other telltale signs of a heart attack include the following: nausea, fainting, weakness, anxiety, or dizziness. If you suddenly feel apprehensive that you are having all these symptoms, it is best for you to seek help immediately. These symptoms are more common in women.

4. Again, chest pressure is also common, ranging from mild to severe.

5. Palpitations and irregular beating of the heart can also lead to a full-blown heart attack. You can tell this by actually feeling the rapid beating or fluttering of your heart. Oftentimes, people will simply brush this off as an anxiety attack.

6. One obvious symptom is breathing difficulty or shortness of breath. It will be difficult for you to breathe if your heart is not pumping in the right manner. Look for signs of shortness of breath. If you feel breathing difficulties upon waking up or after traveling, consult your physician right away.

7. Heartburn is also a sign. Often the pain is situated in the area where you usually feel pain after eating something incompatible. You should not dismiss the pain of heartburn as simply nothing.

8. Excessive sweating is a sign that you are exerting extra effort without you being fully conscious about it. Thus if you suddenly break in a sweat and you feel somewhat clammy, this could be a real sign.

9. The fist to chest position or the so-called Levin’s Sign is one tell-tale symptom of a heart disease. This is often an automatic response for people suffering from this disease.

Preventing Heart Disease Or Recovering From A Heart Attack Is Simple But Not Easy

When you are recovering from a heart attack or trying to prevent heart disease there are only two things that you need to change in your lifestyle:

  1. What you put in you mouth
  2. How much you move

Now you would think that if you have only got two things to remember, then heart disease would be on the decline. But these are two of the hardest lifestyle changes to stick to.

If you are honest with yourself it comes down to habit. After a couple of months, the initial motivation that the heart attack gave you to do something about you lifestyle starts to have less impact on your life. Then one day you have that extra portion, or you decide to sit and watch television instead of doing your exercise. The next day you will probably get back on track, but, if you go more than two or three days without exercising you will find it easier and easier to slip back into your old ways.

Your old way of life was just a habit. The types of food you ate, the quantity of food you ate, the lack of exercise were all just habits. So, if you can turn your new lifestyle into a habit then you will not even have to think about it.

The good news is that psychologists have shown that for something to become a habit, it only takes 30 days. If you do something every day for 30 days, you will have established it as a new habit. What seems like a massive effort and chore in the early days becomes something that you don’t even have to think about if you can just get through those 30 days.

So how are you going to get yourself to stick to your new lifestyles for those crucial 30 days?

Well the only person that can motivate you, is you!

You are motivated by two things – either things that you want (health) or things that you don’t want (to die from a heart attack).

So instead of thinking of these lifestyle changes as a chore that some doctor has told you that you must do, change your focus and think about all the great things that will come from being healthy and use the fear that you experienced when you had a heart attack or were diagnosed with heart disease, to make sure you do whatever it takes change your lifestyle.

How Many People Die From Smoking? – What the Statistic Says

How many people die from smoking? Some people might say, “Not much. No statistic says that smoking causes death. I mean, there is nobody who smoked a cigarette and died right away. Is there?”

Is this true? I looked up a fact sheet from the World Health Organization which states the top 10 causes of death in the world. And the top 10 are: (1) coronary heart disease, (2) stroke and other cerebrovascular diseases, (3) lower respiratory infections, (4) chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, (5) diarrheal diseases, (6) HIV/AIDS, (7)   tuberculosis , (8) trachea, bronchus, lung cancers, (9) road traffic accidents, and (1) prematurity and low birth weight.

Smoking is not in the list! But let me ask you, is smoking a disease? The answer is no. And in case you didn’t know, smoking causes 7 of the top 10 causes of death in the list above! This puts smoking as the second major cause of death worldwide!

Studies have established that smoking, whether active of passive, increases the risk of acquiring the following diseases: coronary heart disease, stroke, lower respiratory infections, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, HIV susceptibility,  tuberculosis , lung cancer, prematurity, and low birth weight. These diseases are all in the top 10 causes of death! All these diseases are related to smoking because cigarettes and tobacco products contains carcinogenic and mutagenic substances.

Today, a current or former smoker dies every 6.5 seconds. Every puff of a cigarette is equal to losing 15 minutes of your life. A smoker’s life expectancy is reduced by 2.5 to 10 years.

In the United States, over 443,000 Americans die from smoking. And in 2015, smoking is predicted to kill 6.5 million people.

Now, I ask you this: Can smoking cause death? It definitely can! Smoking kills! Therefore, the only option you have is to quit. Quit smoking now. Choose to live!

Growth Hormone Effects

 Growth  hormone effects vary widely. According to history, centuries ago, explorer Ponce de Leon sought in vain for a Fountain of Youth. Even today, consumers browse the shops, browse through a wave of television commercials, internet radio, and surf the Internet for an elixir to help maintain a lean, strong and wrinkle-free skin. Some sellers of modern pills and sprays claim to have found the fountain of youth in a substance known as HGH (Human  Growth  Hormone). With so much bombardment of all types of products and brands on the market, there are several myths, misconceptions and false assumptions related to  growth  hormone effects. True  growth  hormone effects will be discussed below:

Remember that your pituitary gland does produce HGH in the body. While taking HGH does not affect the gland. This may increase the function of the pituitary. There is no evidence that HGH can be effectively absorbed through the mouth. The best way, therefore, would be taking something that could really affect and stimulate the pituitary gland to naturally release HGH.

Some people say another one of  growth  hormone effects is increase in height. This hypothesis or myth is not at all true. Although HGH affects height and body size (particularly in developing countries under the age of 21), no study has shown that the use of HGH in any way can really help you grow tall after you’ve already reached the maximum height. Remember that our height stops increasing at around age 21 due to joining of the ends of bones in our body’s different joints. Some people, however, do grow until age 25. These are only rare exceptions.

HGH is not always safe and safety is actually due to a variety of factors such as age, disease state and other physiological factors. With HGH injection or capsules, for example, one can have serious consequences like hypertension, high cholesterol and several other physiological side effects as well.

Steroids (as hormones) belong to an entirely different class of hormones that work differently and are structured in different ways. Steroids are mainly taken to improve physical strength and fitness. Meanwhile  growth  hormone effects increase in  growth . Another big difference between anabolic steroids and HGH is the fact that HGH is much easier to absorb, without the need to inject. In addition, unlike HGH, steroids have no “anti-aging” power and long-term use is associated with adverse effects that are more frequent and severe when compared with HGH.

Do visit  Growth  Hormone Effects for more information

What Are Symptoms Of Fibroid Tumors?

The symptoms of fibroid tumors can vary greatly depending on their type and location in your body. The size of them will also effect the symptoms that you experience. Fortunately most of these types of tumors are benign (non-cancerous), but they can start interfering with your life. Since these can grow the whole time you have estrogen in your system, chances are that sooner or later you will experience symptoms even if it is much later. Of course, they may start to fade after you enter into menopause as well.

For those women not fortunate enough to have microscopic tumors that essentially do nothing to draw attention to themselves, heavy menstrual bleeding, and pain during menstruation, and pressure are usually the common things they will suffer. Most times these will not interfere with daily life, though this can change as the size of the tumor increases.

When that happens the symptoms of fibroid tumors can include pelvic pain and pressure. This can put pressure on other organs and include trouble urinating on inability to control the bladder. It may also cause lower back pain while pushing on the bowels causing constipation. Heavy or abnormal bleeding differing from a typical menstruation cycle in that can affect daily activities.

Do not underestimate the ability of these benign tumors to interfere with your life and health. Some of them can get very large, and some can be extremely painful as well. You do not need to suffer through them though. There are ways of treating them beyond surgery.

Symptoms Of Autoimmune Thyroid Disorders

An autoimmune disease refers to a condition where in the body’s defense mechanism cannot distinguish between the cells and tissues of the body and foreign cells. As a result the defense mechanism attacks the body’s tissues and cells. When it comes to autoimmune thyroid disorders, the antibodies in the body attack the thyroid gland. This can result in Grave’s disease, Hashimoto’s thyroiditis or Hashitoxicosis.

Autoimmune thyroid disease has a genetic factor linked to it and researchers believe that the mutated genes are inherited. Also, environmental factors play a big role in triggering the disease in people who are predisposed to it.

In Grave’s disease, the thyroid gland produces more quantity of thyroid hormones after the gland gets stimulated by an antibody known as thyrotropin receptor antibody (TRAb). This is a kind hyperthyroidism that causes excessive perspiration, anxiety, sensitivity to heat, sleeping problems, rapid heart beat, fatigue, tremors of the hands and finger, enlarged thyroid gland, frequently going to the toilet, and losing weight even though a person is eating normally. In women, Grave’s disease can lead to menstrual problems. A person is also at a risk of developing eye problems known as Grave’s ophthalmopathy which causes the eyeballs to bulge out.

Hashimoto’s thyroiditis causes a swelling of the thyroid gland due to the attack by the antibodies. This results in the gland producing less quantities of thyroid hormone. Usually, if there is a family history of this autoimmune disorder, a person has a higher chance of developing it. At times, the disorder can also be brought by a bacterial or viral infection. Hashimoto’s thyroiditis is a kind of hypothyroidism and the some of the symptoms are enlarged thyroid gland (goiter), being sensitive to cold, ache in the muscles, depression, fatigue, gaining weight without intention, puffiness of the face, dryness of the skin and hoarse voice.

Hashitoxicosis is transient thyroid disorder that is prevalent among people suffering from Hashimoto’s thyroiditis. In this can the person suffers from episodes of hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism at the same time. The episodes occur due to the antibodies, namely thyroglobulin and thyroid peroxidase, attacking the follicles of the thyroid gland. When the follicles are attacked, the hormones stored in the gland get released into the bloodstream causing hyperthyroidism symptoms, while the other antibodies attack the thyroid gland causing a suppression of the thyroid gland. Hence, when this occurs, the person will have symptoms of both kinds of thyroid diseases at the same time.

Anxiety Attack – Chest Pain Symptoms

Because anxiety attack and chest pain symptoms can be so similar they are often confused. There are important differences between anxiety attacks (i.e. panic attacks) and heart attacks. Chest pains can be shared between the two and is often the reason they are confused. This article will focus on anxiety attack and chest pain symptoms and how to differentiate between them.

Anxiety Attack Chest Pain Symptoms

There are a number of different types of chest pain that you can get. These include but are not limited to the following: pancreas issues, gall bladder and angina, pinched nerves, injured ribs and indigestion pleurisy sore muscles. Because some of these chest pains can be so similar to those caused by a heart attack it can sometimes take a doctor’s intervention to determine what is really going on.

One of the primary things you can use to determine the real origin of chest pain symptoms is the location. Anxiety caused chest pain is usually located over the heart area, can be described as sharp, increases with breathing and has a average duration of just a few minutes. This is in comparison to a chest pain caused by a heart attack which is located in the center of the chest, endures for longer then a few minutes and is accompanied by normal breathing. In fact chest pains from heart attacks usually feel like the chest is being crushed or squeezed with an enormous pressure or weight.

Anxiety Relief Methods

if you are experiencing chest pains related to anxiety then you should be able to relieve them fairly quickly by utilizing techniques for panic attacks. These include but are not limited to relaxation exercise and deep breathing. You can also manage this state by managing your thoughts. This is accomplished by focusing on pleasant events, humorous things or something as simple as counting in your mind. All of these work by changing your focus from panic to something more rational which allows you to manage the panic attack.

Summary

This article has briefly covered the major differences between chest pains caused by anxiety attacks and chest pains caused by heart attacks. Of course you should seek out competent medical advice when appropriate. Keep in mind that just the fear of having a heart attack because of chest pains can accentuate anxiety. But if you understand beforehand that chest pains alone don’t necessarily mean you are suffering from a heart attack can go a long way toward assisting you. In fact understanding anxiety attack and chest pain symptoms more thoroughly may just save you a trip to the hospital.

Home Made Peter Pan Costume

Peter pan is a playful Disney channel character that does not want to become adult and teaches 3 darling children namely Michael, John and Wendy how to fly. This costume is small green tunic with hem, green tights, and brown belt keeping a hold on dagger, soft brown shoes and hat with red feather. Not only kids, but adults also wear Peter Pan costumes.

Home made peter pan costumes

Costumes can also be made at home by using different things like tin foil, cardboard, leather sandals, leather belt, red feather, brown material and green material. A step by step guide of how to make a peter pan costume is given below:

  • Peter Pan character is always shown in hose and tunic, though material can differ. In order to make this costume, you can use green material to create tunic. The idea about appealing patterns can be taken from local or online stores. This tunic will have jagged bottom and sleeves, along with leather string and collar in the front.
  • Once you have created the tunic, next you need is brown fabric to create trouser or hose. It is entirely upon one how taut fitting he requires. If one does not feel like creating trousers from scratch, then there are so many places to get cheap leggings or sweat pants to complete peter pan look.
  • Now, one needs a leather belt to complete peter pan Halloween costume and fasten the tunic just down at waist. Peter pan can also carry a sword to create a real impression. One can get sword at any local toy shop or one can also make it on his own. A cardboard cut in sword’s shape and then enfolded in the tin foil is going to give the look of a real play sword. Length of a sword may depend upon the cardboard one has.
  • The making of hat is an essential part of the costume. Make a simple design and then use green fabric to make cylindrical hat and place red feather in left side to cover it and complete the look. One can also glue the feather to ensure it stays.
  • Lastly, brown shoes or leather made sandals will keep you warm and complete your peter ban costume.

If one lives in cold place, he might consider making tunic with long sleeves. The fabric one selects can also be fleece or flannel for cold weather conditions.

For girls, these costumes can include sheer trimmed wings with sparkling scroll patterns and 2 flowers fastened at waist.

Summary

No matter, one is in marketplace for children or adults outfit these kinds of Disney costumes are going to leave him contented. A suede textured polyester made tunic of olive green color with black lacing on chest and jagged scratched hem will give an adult a complete rustic look. This costume can be completed with vinyl belt, green cap with red feather and using some fantastic accessories like swords.

Bronchitis

Millions of people suffer from bronchitis. It is nothing new, and you are not particularly special because you are one of them. Many people suffer from bronchitis every time (or nearly every time) they have any type of cold. In fact, almost everyone suffers from bronchitis at least once in their lifetimes.

Most times bronchitis will linger for a few days and then heal on its own leaving you with a cough that will not go away for a few days. If this happens to you a lot, then you may be suffering from something that is much more serious than bronchitis such as emphysema or asthma. It would be a good idea to contact your doctor at this point.

You can tell that you have bronchitis if you bring up yellow or discoloured mucus. Everyone produces about an ounce of secretions every day, but it is generally a clear mucus and you swallow it when you swallow. You may do this with the discoloured secretions as well. When your bronchial tubes become infected, they produce much more mucus than they normally would.

Other signs of bronchitis are a sore throat, wheezing, breathlessness, congestion and a slight fever and chills. If you suffer from any of these symptoms or a combination of them, there is a good chance you have bronchitis.

Sometimes sinusitis (an infection around the bones of your nose) can also cause the discoloured snot mentioned above, fooling you into thinking you have bronchitis. The biggest difference I have found with sinusitis as compared to bronchitis is that sinusitis often triggers a headache because of the build-up of pressure in the sinus cavities.

Okay, enough talk about snot. I am starting to feel queasy here.

Irritants such as smoking or dust from a particular occupation cause most bronchitis. If you were to take away these irritants, you would find that you would get bronchitis much less frequently.

If your bronchial tubes thicken, you are now blessed with acute bronchitis. Smokers often get this disease. I am sure you have heard a smoker constantly clearing their throats or hacking away for no apparent reason. It is a good possibility that they have acute bronchitis.

Then there is chronic bronchitis. Chronic bronchitis means that you are almost always coughing. This condition is much more serious than either acute or regular bronchitis. People who suffer from chronic bronchitis often get asthma or some other nasty breathing related disease before all is said and done.

Most times a lifestyle change (such as quitting smoking or taking up a different profession) will cure you of bronchitis if it happens on a regular basis. If you only suffer from bronchitis when you get sick, and it heals on its own, there probably isn’t much you can do about it.

If you suffer from chronic bronchitis, it is wise to see your doctor. They may be able to prescribe something to help you, and a lifestyle change is probably in order.

Temporomandibular Joint Disorder

Temporomandibular Disorder (TMD) is a group of disorders that shares a common theme: misalignment of the joint that connectsthe upper and lower jaw. This joint allows your upper and lower jaws to move up and down, from side to side, and back and forth. Muscles attached to the jaw position the jaw in various positions and work in conjunction with the TMJ to allow you to talk, chew, and conduct other activities that require you to move your jaw.

There are 3 main types of TMJ/TMD syndromes:

  • Myofascial pain (pain in the jaw, neck, and shoulder muscles)
  • Internal derangement of the TMJ (such as from a displaced or dislocated joint)
  • Degenerative joint disease (such as from arthritis)

It’s possible to experience more than one condition at a time.

The most common syndrome is myofascial pain and it tends to be occasional and temporary. However, for some, the pain associated with TMJ /TMD conditions is chronic. Not only can TMJ/TMD conditions reduce quality of life, it can have a long-lasting impact on your health.

Understanding TMD/TMJ symptoms

Understanding TMJ/TMD can lead to earlier diagnosis and treatment which can mean nipping pain in the bud.

Some of the most common symptoms of TMD include:

  • Headaches and migraines
  • Neckaches
  • Clicking or popping of the jaw
  • Jaw locking
  • Soreness and discomfort in the jaw area
  • Tooth grinding (bruxism), frequently during sleep
  • Excess tooth wear
  • Loose or shifting teeth
  • A misaligned bite, in which the upper and lower teeth do not fit together properly

Additional symptoms may include:

· Jaw movement restriction, particularly if the TMJ is displaced

· Ear symptoms/dizziness

· Light sensitivity

· Back and shoulder pain

· Depression from chronic pain

· Inability to sleep

Detecting TMD/TMJ syndrome

A health care provider such as a neuromuscular dentist can detect TMD/TMJ syndrome by:

· Examining the area of the jaw joints and chewing muscles for pain or soreness

· Listening for jaw clicking sounds

· Examining the range of motion of the jaw

· Determining the ideal resting position of your bite using a transcutaneous electro-neural stimulation (TENS) device to relax the jaw muscles and comparing this position to your current bite position

How can a neuromuscular dentist help?

A common cause of TMJ/TMD syndrome is poor dental work. A bite can become misaligned because a crown or filling sits incorrectly in the mouth or because porcelain veneers are improperly fitted. A neuromuscular dentist can assess the relationship between your teeth and jaw muscles and find solutions that will allow you to achieve an ideal bite. Even if you don’t currently have TMJ/TMD syndrome, a neuromuscular dentist can help prevent this condition by helping you maintain the proper structure and alignment of your jaw.

Shoulder Injuries When Performing Muscle Building Workouts

Shoulder injuries are as common as biceps injuries; if you are in the bodybuilding world. Why are shoulder injuries common? In case you haven’t figured out, your shoulder is under a great amount of stress when you lift heavy weights. When you do reps, the stress on your shoulders accumulates with every lift.

Basically, there are two types of shoulder injuries. The first type is called instability problems. This happens when the shoulder joints are forced out of its normal or original position. The second type of shoulder injury is the result of impingement of the shoulder muscle against the shoulder bone.

Instability problems

Injury may include:

1.   Dislocation 

When the shoulder is pulled very hard or twisted too hard, the ball at the top of the bone in your upper arms will pop out of its socket. This is called  dislocation  of the shoulders. Usually, to treat shoulder  dislocation , doctors will push the ball of the upper arm back into its socket. As a result, you might need to wear an arm sling to keep your shoulder in place. You might also need a lot of rest as  dislocation  of the shoulder can be quite painful. Be careful not to dislocate your shoulders again. If it involves tissues or nerves, you might need a surgery, not a mere push the ball of the upper arm back in its place.

2. Separation

Shoulder separation happens when the ligaments between your collarbone and your shoulder blades are torn. This injury is most likely caused by a blow to the shoulder (like when you are doing deadlifts without the proper technique) or when you fall on outstretched hands (this is more likely for American football athletes. For mild cases, you only require ice treatment to take away the pain and swelling, plenty of rest and a sling to keep the injured shoulder in place. However, surgery is needed for more extreme cases.

3. Rotator cuff tears

Rotator cuff tears can be caused by overuse or ageing. Lifting weights overhead on a repeated basis can also be the cause of this particular injury. Let us make this clear: rotator cuff tears can be excruciatingly painful. You’ll be very lucky if you tear your rotator cuff and not feel any pain. If you are young, you might just need plenty of rest or pressing ice on the sore area to reduce the swelling. Some believe that E-Stim (electrical stimulation) may be helpful to treat this injury. If these treatments do not work, and you are over 45 years old, you might require a surgery.

Impingement-type symptoms, on the other hand, include:

1. Bursitis &Tendinitis (Rotator cuff disease)

As you might have figured out, tendinitis means inflammation of the tendons on your shoulder. It may become red, sore and swollen. Bursitis, on the other hand, occurs when the bursa is inflamed. The bursa is a small sac which is filled by fluid. Its function is to protect the shoulder joint. Both injuries may happen simultaneously. They are caused by frequent overhead reaching (we bet you are searching for the list of workouts that need you to reach overhead now). If you placed ice on the sore area and it did not get better, you need corticosteroid injection. If it still doesn’t get better with the drug injection, you’ll need a surgery.

Stress Fractures In Your Feet

We all know what  fractures  are. Many of you have probably  fractured  a bone or two in your lives. You jump off a high structure or you get in wrestling match with your brother and next thing you know, you have to go to the hospital because you broke a bone. The use of the term “stress” when pertaining to a  fracture  may be puzzling for some. The common statement heard by podiatrists is: “I do not recall any serious pain to my foot”. While they may not recall any specific traumatic event causing the  fracture , the patient indeed suffered trauma significant enough to cause a  fracture , it just wasn’t the type of “trauma” everyone thinks of when discussing  fractures .

A stress  fracture  is a very small  fracture  in a bone, and is sometimes referred to as a “hairline  fracture “. With over two-hundred bones in your body, a  fracture  can occur nearly anywhere but stress  fractures  are most prevalent in the foot. This is because the feet bear the weight of the entire body. Often times, stress  fractures  are related to “overuse”, usually resulting from sports, overtraining, or sudden increases in activity without proper conditioning. Athletes playing football, soccer, baseball or any intense sport can develop a stress  fracture . The principle of repeatedly hitting or stomping your foot on the same general spot will increase your chances of developing a stress  fracture .

A typical activity is working out on the treadmill (a.k.a. the dreadmill). As you are doing your workout on the treadmill, you’re constantly hard stepping your feet again and again–which is more intense when there is an incline and you go for a long duration. You can easily get a foot stress  fracture  this way. A way to reduce the chances of a stress  fracture  is to simulate running outside by trying the incline and the speed of the treadmill. This way you’ll constantly be adjusting how your foot strikes the ground, which dampens the stress placed on any one spot in the foot.

Due to osteoporosis, women are more prone to stress  fractures  than men. This is compounded by two other common conditions in women: eating disorders and irregular menstrual cycles. The two symptoms can add to the building up of osteoporosis, which is not only a condition for elderly women but can occur in early on. Now, this is not to say men aren’t also susceptible to stress  fractures , because they can get them, it’s just important for women to be aware of the increased risk of stress  fractures .

The long bones in the foot that go from the middle of the foot to the toes (a.k.a. the metatarsals) is the most frequent spot for a stress  fracture  in the foot. The heel or the location known as the navicular (which is on top of the midfoot) can also experience a stress  fracture . Due to an insufficient amount of blood flow, the  fractures  in this bone are not easy or fast to cure.

Some common symptoms you may experience should you suffer a stress  fracture  are pain that starts gradually, gets worse with weight-bearing activities and slowly gets better with rest, possible swelling, tenderness to touch and possible bruising.