Liver Disease in Dogs

Liver disease in dogs is one of the major causes of death for dogs in the United States. The liver removes waste from the dog’s body, detoxifies the blood, and produces bile . Left unchecked, liver damage which impairs the functioning of liver cells can lead to liver failure in dogs. However, the liver has powerful regenerative qualities and liver disease does not have to be a death sentence for your dog.

Causes of Liver Damage in Dogs

Some of the common causes of liver disease in dogs are bacterial infections,, genetic history, poison the dog has consumed or other health conditions These poisons can be found in a variety of toxins that dogs eat that are found in commercial dog food, preservatives, additives, pesticides and even prescribed medications.

It is critically important to feed your dog a healthy and nutritious natural diet to help her stay healthy. This means avoiding the vast majority of commercial dog foods which are little more than garbage and poisons that slowly kill your dog with every feeding Only a dog whose body is free of toxic poisoning will be capable of sustaining a healthy immunology and supporting the rest of the bodies organs and functions.

Common symptoms of liver disease in dogs are:

o An increase in water consumption and urinating

o Loss of weight

o Loss of appetite

o Diarrhea

o Lethargy

o Jaundice

o Distended abdomen

o Jaundice

o Vomiting

o Heart Disease

o Viral Infection

o Bacterial Infection

Veterinarians tell use that these symptoms may appear gradually or all of a sudden and may also be symptomatic of other conditions as opposed to liver disease.

As in many disorders, an early diagnosis of liver disease is desirable. In that the liver has capabilities which permit regeneration, certain diagnosed cases can be managed with a proper diet, antibiotics if a bacterial infection is present, and proper care.

Only your veterinarian can determine whether your dog in fact does have liver disease by conducting blood tests and examination protocols. So by all means if any of the above symptoms are present, contact your veterinarian immediately. If not properly diagnosed by a veterinarian, and your dog has liver disease it can lead to liver failure

Treating Dog Liver Disease By A Change in Diet

Dietary modification is one of the most prevalent therapies used in the treatment of dog liver disease. A revised diet for the treatment of liver disease in dogs will include proscribed portions of carbohydrates, proteins, vitamins, minerals and some fats.

The purpose of a revised diet is to alleviate liver disease symptoms and to encourage a regeneration of the damaged liver cells. A holistic veterinarian can help you design a diet that is natural and healthy. You will want to cook it or prepare it your self. Generally this will be a diet low in grains, devoid of fillers, preservatives and by products. After all, you’ll be preparing it yourself so you can be sure that it is healthy.

Taking your dog off the daily dose of toxins and junk found in commercial dog food is an important step in the recovery of your dogs system to a healthy state.

If you opt for buying dog food be sure that it is a very high quality . We use a holistic dog food called “Great Life” that has a layer of raw food freeze dried on it. It’s about the best you can find in our view

By adhering to an appropriate dietary therapy your dog has an excellent chance of improving and possibly recovering from liver disease

Disclaimer :Please note. I am not a veterinarian. This information is based upon research that I, a lay person found and you could too. If you have any question about your dogs health or the possibility of liver disease and how to treat liver disease in dogs contact your veterinarian without delay.

The Top Five Reasons Why So Many Students Need a Precalculus Tutor

Precalculus is a course that usually starts off seeming fairly easy to students but then gains momentum, becoming increasingly more difficult as it progresses. By that point, students may feel lost in the material and unconfident in their ability to solve the problems assigned to them. While many students believe that they may need Calculus help from the beginning of the course, the majority of students do not realize that they need Precalculus tutoring until they are about a quarter of the way into the course. A Precalculus tutor can help fill in the gaps in a student’s understanding of the material by working with him or her to comprehend the meaning behind the multiple concepts studied in class and by also showing them alternate methods for obtaining math problem solutions. There are several reasons why so many students need a Precalculus Tutor:

1. Precalculus is a course that requires a student to have an above average understanding of various functions and their corresponding graphs:

The Precalculus student should be comfortable manipulating different types of algebraic functions and graphing these functions in order to analyze these graphs. Some of these functions include linear, quadratic, polynomial, square root, trigonometric, and logarithmic functions.

2. Students often graduate from one grade to the next without having mastered fundamental math skills needed to excel in the upcoming year:

After completing Algebra, students should be able to solve for x-intercepts, y-intercepts, and the vertex of the function if required. Other important concepts that they should have mastered are: factoring and graphing equations and inequalities to find various math problem solutions. Unfortunately, many students do not have a strong foundation in Algebra II, thus making the transition to Precalculus even more difficult.

3. Many students do not have a full grasp of how to use their graphing calculator to obtain and check answers:

The graphing calculator should be used as a tool to supplement solving Precalculus problems. It is a great tool to check answers and to verify solutions to complex functions that are otherwise too difficult to graph manually. Unfortunately, students do not know how to use their calculator to its fullest potential, mainly because they have not utilized it a great deal in Algebra II.

4. The challenging trigonometric functions that students encounter in Precalculus can seem daunting:

Precalculus is the first math class in which students will be introduced to the graphs of sine, cosine, tangent, secant, cosecant, and cotangent functions. These graphs are particularly challenging since they can be either graphed in degrees or radians and can be translated, stretched, or flipped. A Precalculus tutor can facilitate the learning of these functions by outlining their similarities and identifying their differences. Practice makes perfect and will help the student gain confidence in determining even the most difficult Precalculus math problem solutions.

5. Precalculus draws upon concepts in Algebra and Trigonometry and begins preparing students for the advanced topics in Calculus.

In order to excel in Calculus, the student will have to be comfortable plotting and interpreting a wide variety of complex functions, including trigonometric ones. Therefore, Precalculus becomes an important prerequisite for any student hoping to pursue higher level math classes, including science and business courses that they may take the last year of high school or in college. Precalculus is the bridge to Calculus, and students who will take this course and more advanced math classes cannot afford to miss even a few of the foundational skills learned in Precalculus.

For more information about our Private Tutoring Services visit our website:

Dog Vomiting? Help Your Dog Now

In most cases you should not be too concerned about your dog  vomiting . If you know that the dog got into something or you changed its diet, you can probably wait 24 hours to see if the  vomiting  clears up, but only if your dog does not appear lethargic.

You must withhold food for 24 hours and then gradually start a bland diet. If at any time the dog becomes worse please see your veterinarian.

If your dog has been  vomiting  continually for more than 1 hour or if he has been  vomiting  on and off for 24 hours, it is severe and you should bring him in to see the doctor.

 Vomiting  can have lots of causes. Sometimes the cause can be straightforward. An easy indication maybe what was the pet’s last meal.

Sometimes the consistency of the  vomit  may indicate what’s wrong.

o Undigested poisoning 2. Anxiety, 3.simply overeating

o Strong odor-intestinal obstruction.

If no  vomiting  occurs in 24 hours, then you can try and give some ice cubes followed by water. If no  vomiting  occurs, then give a small amount of a bland diet. If the dog continues to  vomit , call your veterinarian.

What to do for dog  vomiting 

1. withholding food for 24 hours.

2. Feed a bland diet, consisting of 2/3 rice, sweet potato or oatmeal and 1/3 of the meal should be well cooked non-fatty meats like chicken.

3. Feed only 1/2 of the normal amount of food at a time. Or you can feed several small meals until the  vomiting  has subsided.

The Benefits of Online Food Safety Training

Food poisoning acts quickly and is caused by eating poisonous food. Food, which includes drinks, could have been poisoned by us, other people or by environmental factors.

The major cause of food poisoning is by bacteria, which are microscopic organisms. They are living creatures which inhabit this planet in great abundance. The majority of bacteria are harmless. In fact, without bacteria, it is very doubtful that this planet’s inhabitants (animals and plants) would survive. It has been suggested that we all originated from LUCA (Last Universal Common Ancestor) several billion years ago. Luca evolved into different branches: Eukarya, Archaea and Bacteria. We humans come under the Eurkarya domain. It is because of this link that scientists think bacteria have very similar cellular components and functions to us.

At home, food poisoning can be controlled by good personal hygiene such as regular hand washing and showering/bathing. The wearing of protective clothing, such as an apron, whilst preparing food, can also aid in food poisoning prevention. Many people prepare and cook food at home but never consider taking an online food safety training qualification to learn about the dangers of food poisoning. Perhaps they think that the courses are only for people that work in the hospitality industry.

Keep pets out of the kitchen when preparing food as they are a major source of infection. This includes dogs, cats, domestic birds and other cute, cuddly, creatures; they all harbour pathogens.

Keep raw food away from ready to eat food. All raw meat, salad vegetables and soil-contaminated vegetables hold pathogens and these can easily be transferred to ready to eat food by cross contamination. This is especially important when using barbecues. If you handle raw foods, wash your hands. Do not use alcoholic gels or bactericides for health and safety and environmental reasons. Soap and water is totally adequate.

Internal and external bins must be kept clean, inside and out, or they attract pests. Pest such as birds, insects and rodents carry other diseases apart from pathogens. Ensure outside bins have tight fitting lids. Do not leave any bags outside the bin, as these attract pests.

Have a good cleaning regime in the kitchen. Clean as you go, is a process that is used quite extensively in the trade. It is a method of preventing cross contamination by cleaning up as soon as any soiling occurs.

There are a lot of things to consider when cooking at home in order to remain free from food poisoning; that is why it is ideal for home cooks to learn food hygiene. One method is by online food safety training.

In order to work in the catering industry in the UK, personnel have to pass a food safety qualification. The level of which is based upon the type of job that is undertaken.

There are four levels of qualification:

Level 2 is designed for anyone working in a catering, manufacturing or retail setting where food is prepared, cooked and handled.

Level 3 is for managers, supervisors and chefs in medium and large manufacturing or catering businesses.

Level 4 is for managers, supervisors, senior hygiene personnel, business owners and food hygiene trainers.

Staff working in the catering industry, such as food handlers, chefs, supervisors, managers, business owners and food hygiene trainers have usually had to attend a training course to obtain a recognised food safety qualification. This results in time off work, finding staff to cover absence and loss of quality output if key staff are on the course. Many companies offer food safety courses online, but not leading to an accredited qualification which is recognised by industry, environmental health departments and educational bodies.

For food safety qualification to be accredited in the UK they must be recognised by Ofqual, DCELLS, CCEA and SQA and part of the Qualifications and Credit Framework (QCF).

QCF is the framework for creating and accrediting qualifications in England, Wales and Northern Ireland. It gives a wider range of learners the opportunity to get the qualifications they need, in a way that suits them. QCF qualifications are designed with the help of employers so learners can be assured that they’re gaining skills that employers are looking for.

The QCF:

• recognises smaller steps of learning and enables learners to build up qualifications bit by bit

• helps learners achieve skills and qualifications that meet industry needs

• enables work-based training to be nationally recognised.

Qualifications recognised under the QCF attract funding.

Qualifications within the QCF will be confirmed for funding for one or more of the Agency’s delivery programmes (Adult Learner Responsive provision, Offender Learning and Skills Service, Train to Gain, and Programmes for the Unemployed)

There is only one company in the UK that offers the three levels of food hygiene qualifications that are accredited by all the major educational bodies.

The benefits of online food safety training are:

· Lower costs of qualification compared to training room courses

· Avoiding adverse weather conditions travelling to training courses

· No sitting in a training room for endless hours

· Choosing when to study

· No travelling to course or examination

· Flexibility on completion of course

· Choosing when to sit the examination

· No need to take time off from work to study

· Full access to tutor before, during and after course

So there are several ways that food poisoning can be avoided at home using a common sense approach to preparing food. Regular handwasing, wearing protective clothing, good cleaning regimes, pet and pest control, waste control and enrolling on an online food safety training course can all help.

It’s time to reduce the cases of food poisoning, both at home and in the catering industry.

Stomach Ulcer Diet

In case you doctor has suggested that you start keeping a stomach ulcer diet, you will fist freak out as the food you will be allowed to eat is quite boring. This is not something you got used to. There is a myth that people with stomach ulcer cannot enjoy food since they are allowed to eat tasteless cereals and porridge only. It is time to dispel such myths. Stomach ulcer diet can be enjoyable, and patients with this medical condition can eat really nice food without feeling any pains.

The point is that a special diet will make it possible to heal stomach ulcers. Moreover, you will certainly feel better than before. In case you are one of millions of people with this disease, then you should certainly learn what food you can consume to treat this illness and still enjoy normal life.

Lower Fat and Cholesterol Levels

Most stomach ulcer diets imply that you reject greasy and fried food or any fast food offers. Such foods are among the most flavored ones, and you should certainly avoid them. This is the most difficult part of a diet, but here you can make the most progress in treatment of stomach ulcer.

Nicotine and Caffeine Consumption

Consumption of alcohol and caffeine seems like a big problem for patients with stomach ulcer. These are rather social habits. Who does not drink sometimes after work? Who does not sip coffee on the way to office? The problem is that both alcohol and caffeine increase stomach acidity. Obviously, this will only aggravate the situation and stomach ulcer will further develop.

What Is Allowed?

Generally speaking, any healthy food is OK for patients with stomach ulcer. What is meant by healthy food? First and foremost, these are vegetables and fruits. Of course, everything should be in moderation. Even a pill can turn into poison when inappropriately consumed. But ulcer patient are always interested in something they are allowed to it. Moreover, they want this something to be tasty.

It has been found that omega-3 fatty acids decrease the risk of ulcer. These acids are contained in oily fish such as herring, sardines, salmon and mackerel. Omega-3 fatty acids improve production of prostaglandins that helps in protection of the alimentary canal lining (the whole digestive passage).

Vitamins and Minerals in Stomach Ulcer Diets

Effects of protective antioxidant can be very strong, especially if a patient strictly follows doctor’s recommendations. Antioxidants lower the risk of ulcer and easy symptoms for those who happen to have such medical conditions. For example, specialists in diets and nutritionists recommend consuming such fruit and vegetables as carrot, cabbage juice, apricots, kale, kiwi fruit as they contain vitamin C and beta-carotene which in its turn protects stomach lining. Besides, consumption of such food may have another positive effect – weight loss. To other “ulcer-friendly” products and foods specialists refer soybean oil, hazelnuts, seafood (which is rich in zinc), whole grains etc. Of course, any food should be consumed in moderate portions and in an appropriate time.

Indigestion Symptoms And Acid Reflux Symptoms

Indigestion Symptoms

Are you not feeling well because of the food you eat sometimes? You may be suffering from indigestion symptoms. There are many forms of indigestion symptoms, however the most prevalent one is acid reflux. Acid reflux is also commonly know and GERD.

So what kind of symptoms are associated with acid reflux? Here are a few things you may experience when suffering from indigestion symptoms. You could feel burning in the stomach area, feel fuller earlier, and also feel bloated or vomiing.

Indigestion symptoms affect everyone, including children. There are some factors that also increase the chances of you suffering from this disease. If you are a smoker, like to drink, are prone to stress or have stomach issues such as irritable bowel syndrome or stomach diseases, then you are at a higher risk of suffering from indigestion symptoms.

A Little Bit About Acid Reflux

Acid reflux is probably more common than you think it is. It affects something like 60 million Americans. Even if you do not suffer from acid reflux, you can likely experience it at least once in your life.

What are some common symptoms of acidity reflux? There are three main types, including regurgitation, dyspepsia and heartburn. We are most familiar with heartburn, as it is seen on tv in commercials all the time. If you have never experienced heartburn before, maybe you don’t really know what it exactly is. Heartburn is pain that is in your stomach area that moves up in your body as high as your chest area. It is very discomforting.

Regurgitation is like it sounds, it’s basically the feeling of wanting to throw up. The food in your stomach does not want to stay there and it feels like it wants to come up.

Dyspepsia is a term for those who have a sour stomach after meals. Those who burp or have abdominal pan may be suffering from dyspepsia.

What Can You Do About This?

Well, if you are showing any symptoms of the above issues then you likely will want to see a doctor. People who suffer from acidity reflux symptoms can find themselves suffering from other issues that they develop in conjunction with acid reflux. An example would be the increase in acidity in their stomach which can result in inflaming the esophagus which is pretty painful.

Acid reflux tends to occur the most shortly after eating,and when you make your body horizontal from lying down or bending over. It is best not to sleep on your back or stomach if you suffer from acid reflux. Try and sleep as vertical as you can.

For the most part though, people who suffer from indigestion symptoms often only feel mid discomfort. Something tolerable and manageable. Those who really suffer from it feel massive discomfort and it can really ruin their life. If you are one of those people who are really suffering from it, you must see your doctor if you have not already. They have good remedies and treatment options for you. The best thing you can do is look into acid reflux foods. These foods are known to be better for your stomach because your stomach is better abled to digest these foods without complications. Doing this in conjunction with your doctors advice is the best first steps you can do.

What is an All Natural Dog Food?

What’s on your mind when you consider an all natural dog food? Could it be a commercial pet food which has the word ‘natural’ on the packet? Could it be you think of cooking your own dog food from scratch? Do you consider table scraps to be the ideal diet?

Wrong! None of the above will address your dog’s health, Why not?

Well, the commercial dog food starts off with very low grade meat, mostly meat by-products (the better quality going for the higher priced human food), high fat and sometimes euthanased animals, which contain the chemical sodium pentobarbital. Then, to bulk out the already cheap ‘meat’, a non-nutritional filler is added. That can be sugar, as there’s a world glut of it at the moment, or melamine if you live in China.

Then, to keep the product indefinitely at room temperature a preservative is added.

When you see a packet of dried dog food in the shop, with the slogan ‘preservative free’ ask yourself this question – how can dried ‘meat’ be kept indefinitely at room temperature without preservatives? Do you think you wouldn’t have heard of a new way to do this, if there was?

So either there is no ‘meat’ or there is preservative present. Trouble is, the preservatives used are very strong, cause huge health problems and aren’t allowed in human food.

So commercial pet food can be crossed off as an all natural dog food!

I see quite a lot of ‘dog experts’ on the internet advocating you cook your own. Whilst that is hugely better than commercial pet food, it’s still missing the nutrients that are lost in cooking. Typically these are vitamins and enzymes, both essential for a healthy dog. But other nutrients are altered by cooking. Fat changes during the cooking process from a beneficial food to a harmful one.

So you can cross though this one too, as an all natural dog food.

What about table scraps? That depends so much on the table scraps. If the human food is a good, natural one of lots of raw fruit and veg, with lightly cooked meat, then these table scraps have the potential of being the best option out of all three options, as long as there is enough left over to satisfy your dog’s nutritional needs.

If, however, your diet is typically fast food with a lot of processed food, then these table scraps will be little better than the commercial pet food.

Yet another cross through.

There is only one all natural dog food and that’s the one dogs evolved on. Nothing that mankind has done has improved one iota on that. And considerable decline has occurred. Dogs have evolved over millions of years on an all natural dog food and it keeps them happy and healthy.

Once you get to grips with the idea of how dogs evolved, duplicating that diet within the constraints of what is available and the limits on your time, is not that difficult. However, there are a few important things you need to know such as:

  • what food should not be given more than once a week
  • should bones be given
  • what carbohydrates are the best ones and how much
  • are there any fruit or vegetables that shouldn’t be given
  • what amino acid is essential to a dog’s healthy skin
  • should you supplement the diet
  • how do you convert the diet of an elderly or sick dog safely

When you change the diet of your dog from a commercial pet food to an all natural dog food, there may initially be a de-toxing period. This is normal and natural, but can seem a bit scary to you if you don’t understand why it’s happening and the symptoms. It should be of short duration, depending on your dog’s age and level of health.

Dogs digestion is robust. They have evolved on eating raw meat and carrion. They can’t cope with preservatives, fillers, high fat or low grade protein, none of which occurs (at least in high proportions) in nature. Once you have your dog on an all natural dog food, you’ll find fewer and fewer health problems. I’m sure you’d be as happy as anyone, to cut your dog’s professional health fees.

Cold Sore Remedies – Easy Ways to Get Rid of Cold Sores

Let’s be completely honest.  Cold sores are gross.  They hurt, they are embarrassing, and they are gross.  I don’t mind saying that as a former cold sore sufferer.  Big, sometimes open blisters on your mouth are gross.  How such a little thing can cause so much pain and anxiety is beyond me, but they certainly do, don’t they?  Today I’d like to talk about some easy ways to get rid of cold sores that will have you pain free in no time.

In fact, as you read every word of this short article, you’ll begin to realize that you don’t need to suffer anymore at all.  There are many cold sore remedies that are both inexpensive and easy to use.  All you have to do is use them.

First, let me say that I am intentionally leaving out prescription drugs and medicated creams from my list.  I find that pharmaceuticals don’t do much of a job attacking the cause of the problem.  They will usually mask your symptoms for awhile, but the cold sore always comes back, meaner than ever.  They also have a tendency to carry some mild to serious side effects that we can all do without.

So, I will be focusing on more natural cold sore remedies that you can use right at home.  When it comes to easy ways to get rid of cold sores, natural is always best.  Some of the more popular remedies are lemon balm, aloe vera, tea tree oil, garlic, witch hazel, and tea bag application.  Anything that has strong anti-viral properties will really get in there and kick this virus in the ass. 

Remember, you don’t need to suffer.  The days of painful outbreaks, embarrassment and anxiety can be a thing of the past.  You just have to take action!

Sudden Cardiac Death is More Common in Men

Sudden cardiac death happens when the heart suddenly stops working, either as a result of a sudden heart attack or, more commonly, a disruption of normal heart rhythm. This sudden end of activity is also called cardiac arrest. Quite often it happens in people who did not have any previous history of heart disease and were seemingly healthy, but can also happen in people known to have heart disease. According to the American Heart Association (AHA), over 300,000 cardiac arrests happen yearly in the United States or about half of all cardiac deaths.

A study presented at a recent annual meeting of the American Heart Association was conducted to estimate the lifetime risk of having this problem, in other words what are the chances for a person to have cardiac arrest based on his or her age and sex.

The authors looked at 3 major heart studies that involved about 5,000 adults and examined the data on sudden cardiac death.

They found that at any given age African-American men had about double the risk of white men. This was not true about black women – they had the same risk as white women.

The overall lifetime risk for men aged 40 and older was one in eight, or 12.3 percent. The lifetime risk for women was one in 24, or a little over 4 percent. This means that men had three times higher risk than women and black men have 6 times higher risk.

Having traditional risk factors for heart disease, such as high blood pressure and smoking cigarettes, also increased the risk.

One of the risk factors for sudden death is vigorous exercise. Everybody has heard of someone who died while jogging, playing football or shoveling snow. When it comes to strenuous physical activity, men continue to have higher risk than women by a factor of about 7-10.

Regardless of whether you are a man or a woman, you can reduce your risk by keeping your heart healthy. I describe the whole protocol in the book mentioned below, but in a nutshell it means eating wholesome natural food, avoiding junk processed food, not smoking, moderate (not intense) physical activity, moderate alcohol consumption, and taking certain nutritional supplements that support heart health.

Birth Control Side Effects – What You Are Not Told

Birth Control Side Effects alters from one contraceptive to another pending on which method you are utilizing. We will mention these side effects separately.

Natural Methods Side Effects

This type refers to the act of “penile withdrawal” before ejaculation. There are essentially no adverse effects although this type leads to an amazingly high failure rate and subsequent unwanted pregnancy is not unusual. It is therefore a good idea to employ some other type of birth control for this type to be more effective

Barrier Methods Side Effects

Included are male or female condoms, diaphragms and spermicides. Untoward effects from barrier methods are more often than not contact related commonly in the form of a local allergy including burning feeling or formation of a local skin rash. These adverse effects could be prevented by using “hypo-allergenic” products or discontinue using them altogether for an alternative. Barrier methods are inclined to minimize the pleasure of sex hence why some people avoid using them. It is however, the best there is in preventing sexually transmitted infections and its use should be encouraged for everyone not in a longterm stable single partner relationship.

Contraceptive Pills Side Effects

These are dependent on the kind of pill being administered. Essentially, there are two types of contraceptive pills. The more commonly prescribed combined oral contraceptive pill (COCP) contains estrogen AND progesterone hormones and the Minipill which is a progesterone only pill.

Whilst most girls and women who consume the COCP will not experience any adverse effects, some will develop nausea, mood swings, breast enlargement and tenderness, bleeding in between menses, tummy cramps and in some women, headaches. Seldom though potentially serious is the development of deep vein thrombosis (clots in the deep veins) cerebro-vascular accident(stroke) or myocardial infarction (heart attack). This is particularly so in women older than thirty five who also smoke cigarettes. This risk also increases in people with hypertension or if you have a rare blood condition which predisposes your blood to clot easily e.g. Factor 5 Leyden gene which runs in family genes.

Contraceptive Pill can stop your periods for a few months after discontinuing the COCP however it is essential to exclude pregnancy by performing a pregnancy test. If your period has not appeared within 6 months, you should have this assessed by your medical practitioner as there may be another cause.

The progesterone only pill frequently prescribed for breast feeding mothers may cause irregular bleeding and mood variations.

Birth Control Patch Side Effects

The contraceptive patch like the pill also contains both estrogen and progesterone hormones so its adverse effects are comparable to the pill. In addition, the patch can create local skin allergy. It is important to appreciate that the contraceptive patch does not guard against AIDS or other STD’s so use a condom or diaphragm if you are uncertain about your sexual partner (male or female).

Injectables, Implants & IUD’s Birth Control Side Effects

These types contain the progesterone hormone so the possible adverse effects would include symptoms such as nausea, mood changes, depression, fluid retention and weight gain. In some women, persistent bleeding or irregular bleeding put them off these options. A significant number of women however discontinue menstrual bleeding completely so these contraceptives are frequently utilized to treat women with menstrual problems.

Heart Attacks and Heart Disease – Explanation and Symptoms

In most surveys coronary heart disease or CHD is named as Britain’s biggest killer. It develops when blood flow becomes restricted to the heart through the build up of fatty deposits on the walls of the coronary arteries. These are the main arteries that carry blood to the heart.

The heart is a fist sized muscle that pumps blood around the body; but as it is a muscle it needs its own blood supply too. Heart disease occurs when these specialist arteries that feed the heart become clogged and in the worse case scenario, blocked.

The first stage of CHD happens when the inner linings of these coronary arteries gradually become furred with a thick, sludgy porridge of substances known as plaque, Plaque is made from cholesterol. This process of clogging up is known as arteriosclerosis.

These plaques begin to narrow the space through which blood can pass. They also have the knock-on effect of blocking the supply of nutrients to the arteries which makes them lose their elasticity. They also cause high blood pressure; this extra strain on the heart as it tries to pump the same volume of blood through a restricted passage can also lead to heart disease.

To make matters worse, arteriosclerosis happens in all of our arteries, further increasing blood pressure and increasing the strain on the heart.

The first sign of a struggling heart is angina. These severe chest pains are a sign of a heart trying to keep beating on a restricted supply of oxygen.

Although some factors contributing to CHD are genetic, most are lifestyle related. Poor nutrition, lack of exercise, diabetes, high blood pressure and most of all smoking are the main culprits.

So what actually is a heart attack?

When one of the arteries that supply blood to the heart (coronary arteries) become completely blocked then you are in trouble. This full blockage is often caused by a section of plaque cracking or splitting open. The already narrowed artery now forms a blood clot (just like any wound) which then totally blocks it.

As it is no longer receiving any oxygen, the part of the heart that was supplied by that particular artery begins to die. Emergency medical treatment is now needed to unblock the artery and restore the blood flow top that bit of the heart. This can be done either through blood thinning drugs that will help to dissolve the arterial blockage (known as a clot or thrombus) or via a small operation that will physically remove the clot. This is done by threading small instruments up the arteries (usually through the inner thigh).

The seriousness of a heart attack depends greatly on the amount of muscle that dies before the condition is treated. If only a small area is affected then there is a higher chance of recovery and less risk of death.

Although a heart attack will always cause some permanent damage, most of the heart will be able to recover provided that the blood supply is not interrupted for too long.

What are the signs of a heart attack?

The symptoms to look out for are: a shortness of breath, a tightness in the chest. This is said to feel like a heavy weight or a squeezing.

There can also be pain travelling outwards from the chest, to the arms, neck and jaw.

You may feel sick or be physically sick.

A panic attack or sharp feeling of anxiety.

Light headedness

Coughing or wheezing.

If any of these symptoms are present, then call emergency!

Homocysteine, C-Reactive Protein and Heart Disease

Most health professionals agree that heart disease is primarily a problem of blocked arteries. However, there are many things which contribute to the development of heart disease and problems such as a heart attacks, angina, cardiac arrhythmias and cardiac arrest. Some factors that have been implicated include:

  • coronary inflammation (homocysteine and C-reactive protein),
  • cholesterol and other blood fats (although this appears to have been over emphasized),
  • blood clotting,
  • weight,
  • blood pressure,
  • diabetes,
  • syndrome X (believed to be a product of insulin resistance),
  • aerobic capacity,
  • smoking and
  • personality.

As well as these there are genetic factors. This is a variable over which we have no control. If you do have a family history of heart disease this does not necessarily mean that you will develop heart disease yourself. There are many factors, besides genetics, that go into the development of heart disease. It is these factors that can be changed and thereby reduce your risk of developing heart disease. One factor that is starting to gain attention is coronary inflammation.

Coronary inflammation

Coronary inflammation is the response of the body to minute fissures that occur in the arteries as a part of their moving in response to the heart beat – the heart beats more than 100,000 times per day and the wear and tear injuries can cause inflammation. There are a number of things that can add to arterial injuries such as, smoking, stress and genetic factors.


The homocysteine level in the blood is one way to check on the inflammation levels. Homocysteine (referred to as the H factor) is a chemical (a sulfur-containing amino acid) found in our blood. It is a product of the metabolism of protein in our bodies. Evidence suggests that homocysteine may promote atherosclerosis (fatty deposits in blood vessels) by:

  • damaging the inner lining of arteries,
  • interference with clotting factors, and
  • the breakdown of low-density lipoproteins (LDL).

Blood for measuring homocysteine levels is drawn after a 12-hour fast. Levels between 5 and 15 micromoles per liter (µmol/L) are considered normal. Abnormal concentrations are classified as moderate (16-30), intermediate (31-100), and severe (greater than 100 µmol/L).

Homocysteine levels in the blood are strongly influenced by diet, as well as by genetic factors. The dietary components with the greatest effects are folic acid and vitamins B6 and B12.

Folic acid and other B vitamins help break down homocysteine in the body. Several studies have found that higher blood levels of the B group vitamins are related, at least partly, to lower concentrations of homocysteine.

C-Reactive protein

C-Reactive protein is produced by the liver and present in the blood when there is acute artery inflammation. It has been suggested that the risk of a heart attack begins to rise when the C-Reactive protein levels in the blood rise.

According to a study in the New England Journal of Medicine the following is a risk guideline for C-Reactive protein (milligrams of C-Reactive protein in one deciliter (dl) of blood).

less than 0.70 – lowest risk

0.70 to 1.1 – low risk

1.2 to 1. 9 – average risk

2.0 to 3.8 – higher risk

3.9 to 15.0 – highest risk

Testing for C-Reactive protein levels may be appropriate if you have multiple cardiac risk factors present, you have the signs of early heart disease or you have a strong family history of heart disease.

If your homocysteine and C-Reactive protein levels are not what they should be then you need to take action – so that you don’t become another heart disease statistic.

If you smoke you need to stop.This quit smoking program can assist you to stop smoking for good.

You need to work on improving your diet and this can include taking quality, non-contaminated heart and circulatory system vitamins and minerals.

You need to cleanse your body, including your arteries, of toxic material so that everything, including your circulatory system, is able to work effectively.

You also need to manage your stress levels and get plenty of exercise. If you have heart disease you need to check with your health professionals that exercise is safe for you.

If you are at risk of developing heart disease don’t leave it until it is too late – take action now and enjoy an improvement in your overall health as well as the health of your heart and circulatory system.


Davies, S. and A. Stewart., 1997, Nutritional Medicine. Pan.

Holden, S., Hudson, K., Tilman, J. & D. Wolf, 2003, The Ultimate Guide to Health from Nature. Asrolog Publication.

Lagrand, W. et al. 1999, C-Reactive Protein as a Cardiovascular Risk Factor. Circulation. July 1999.

Pistcatella, J.C. and Frankin, B.A. 2003, Take a Load off Your Heart. Workman.

Saxelby, C. 2001, Nutrition for the Healthy Heart. Hardie Grant.

Schnyder, G. and others. 2002, Homocysteine-lowering Therapy with Folic Acid, Vitamin B12, and Vitamin B6 on Clinical Outcome after Percutaneous Coronary Intervention. The Swiss Heart Study: A randomized controlled trial. JAMA 288:973-979.

Tanne, D. and others. 2003. Prospective Study of Serum Homocysteine and Risk of Ischemic Stroke Among Patients with Pre-existing Coronary Heart Disease. Stroke 34:632-636.

Verhoef, P. and others. 1997. Plasma total Homocysteine, B Vitamins, and Risk of Coronary Atherosclerosis. Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology17:989-995.

Major Groin Pain Causes

Groin pain causes can surface due to the pulling or strain of adductor muscle. Gracilis, pecticeus, adductor brevis, adductor longus and adductor magnus are the groin muscles. These are fan like muscles and are located in upper thigh. These muscles pull legs together when they contract. They are also responsible for the stabilization of hip joint. These muscles attach from pelvis to thigh bone. Groin discomfort appears in men and women of all ages. However, women encounter this problem most commonly during pregnancy.

Some of the major groin pain causes in men are:

* Kidney stone,

* Inflammation in small or large intestine,

* Hernia,

* Epididymitis,

* Enlarged lymph glands,

* Urinary tract infection,

* Testicular torsion,

* Superficial skin infection,

* Orchitis,

* Muscle strain,

* Testicular tumor, etc

Enlarged Lymph Glands

Lymph nodes, which appear all over the body, are highly important in your immune system. They recognize and fight infections, germs and other foreign substances. Common areas where lymph nodes appear are groin, armpit, neck, under the chin or jaw, behind ears, backside of head, etc. They become swollen due to inflammatory condition, infection, cancer, or abscess. Injections, such as gingivitis, colds, flu, ear infection, skin infections, tuberculosis, tonsillitis, sexually transmitted diseases, mouth sores, mononucleosis, etc, are the common causes of swollen lymph nodes and it finally leads to groin pain, cancer or tumor.


Epididymitis or inflammation in epididymis, a tube that connects testicle with vas deferens, occurs due to bacterial infection from urethra or bladder. The most common causes for Epididymitis are chlamydia and gonorrhea. It also occurs due to mycobacterium tuberculosis, E. coli, etc. Epididymitis is one of the major pain causes.


This is another major cause of groin pain.Chronic cough and constipation, enlarged prostate, undescended testicles, overexertion, smoking, poor nutrition, etc are the major causes of hernia.

Kidney Stone

Kidney stone is the solid mass of tiny crystals. Groin pain, testicle pain, abnormal urine color, vomiting, nausea, fever, chills, blood in urine, etc are the symptoms of kidney stone.

Groin Lump

Lump in the groin is a localized swelling and it occurs due to allergic reaction, drug reaction, cancer, harmless cyst, injury in groin area, infections in legs, lipomas, sexually transmitted diseases, swollen lymph glands in groin area, etc.


Orchitis is the inflammation of one or both testicles. Bacteria and virus infections are the causes of this health problem and it triggers groin pain in men.

Groin Injury

This is another major cause of groin pain and it occurs due to a direct blow on groin region. Athletes are more prone to groin injury. Hyper extension of groin muscles may cause sprain in groin and it ultimately leads to severe pain. Straining or tearing of near hip joints also cause groin pain.


Lots of hormonal changes occur during pregnancy. It increases slackness of pelvic joints. So groin pain during pregnancy is very common. Women may also experience pain in lower back, hip joints, upper thighs and genital area.

Referred Pain

Injury or pain in the other parts of the body may radiate towards groin and they can cause pain in women. This is called radiating pain or referred pain.

Some common groin pain causes among women are ischemia, infection or inflammation in large intestine, spasms, specific pelvic problems such as pelvic inflammatory diseases, ectopic pregnancy, spine injuries, severe back pain, etc.

Groin pain can be diagnosed by conducting physical tests, radiological examinations, blood tests, erythrocyte sedimentation rate test, renal function and electrolyte tests, etc. Microscopic urine test, urinalysis, urine culture test, etc will also be beneficial for diagnosing this problem. Treatments for this health problem depend on the causes, symptoms and severity of pain.

Herbs For Hair Growth

Our hair is made up of pertinacious substance called keratin. The herbs for hair  growth  used will synthesis this protein matter keratin. The herbs that are used for hair  growth  can be taken in any form either in solid form or liquid form. The liquid form can be juice or oil extracted from the herbs for hair  growth . Aroma therapy is a method that uses the herbs in their treatment. The herbs used in their product include cedar wood, grape fruit, jojoba, lavender, lime and aloe vera.

The herbs stated above are used to make oils. These oils are then applied in the hair which helps in the hair  growth . The oils are applied in such a way that it is completely dispersed in the scalp of the person using the oil. Another combination of honey, aloe and mulberry is also used in the treatment of hair  growth .

Some products are introduced in the market that is made up of herbs. One such example is the revivogen. It is a bio cleansing agent that when applied on the scalp in the form of a shampoo can cure the scalp fungal infection and then stimulates the hair follicular units. This product is more successful under the category of shampoo.

Saw palmetto is the herbs that are used in the products like folligen and revivogen. The extract of this herb is mixed in the composition of the medicine. Some pills are also available from the ayurvedic treatment that helps in the hair  growth  and regrowth. Other herbs for hair  growth  are listed and explained below.

Aloe, Arnica, Birch, Burdock, Catmint, Chamomile, Horsetail, Licorice, Marigold, Nettles, Parsley, Rosemary, Sage, Southernwood and Stinging nettle are the major herbs that are used for hair  growth . These herbs increase the circulation and the supply of blood in the scalp. Herbs like Aloe, Nettles and Stinging nettles help to clean the blood and the skin for hair  growth .

Licorice is the herb that prevents hair loss and helps in the thickening of hair. Horse tail is a herb that makes the hair strong and shiny. It is a good source of silica which helps in making the hair stronger from the root. Rosemary is used to fight dandruff and destroy it which is also a major cause of hair loss. Burdock and marshmallow powder tea is to be taken daily which is a medicine for dry hair.

Ayurveda herbs help to remove the stress from the body and mind which can also cause stress. Jatamamsi and Brahmi herbs are made in to a powder and use it in a cup of hot water. Drink this tea 2 to three times daily and it will relieve the stress from the head and stimulates hair  growth .

There are some Chinese herbs for hair  growth . They are the Psoralea seeds, Mulberries and the Oyster. Psoralea seeds when exposed in UV rays will stimulate hair cells. There fore the intake of this seed of three to six grams a day will also cause hair re  growth .

Breast Cancer Treatment Choices

Breast cancer can be treated with a mastectomy or breast preservation surgery, lumpectomy, followed by radiation and sometimes chemotherapy. These are the best ways to prevent recurrence of cancer. The most common place for cancer to come back is in the same area where it was found the first time.

The determination of which treatment is best for an individual is based on the pathology of the disease. The initial biopsy, which is done when the cancer is first suspected, will tell what type of cancer is present and whether it is hormone receptive. The knowledge of hormone receptors, or not, found will be part of the decision making information for an individual’s treatment. Some types of tumors are stimulated by normal hormones found in a woman’s body, such as progesterone, estrogen, and HER-2. A tumor may show a positive response to one or more of these hormones. By knowing this information, a plan of treatment can be offered that will improve a woman’s chances of cancer free survival.

The pathology from the surgery, done to remove the cancer tumor, will tell if the entire tumor was removed and if cancer was found in the lymph nodes. During surgery the surgeon can see the cancer tumor, but not all of the cancer cells can be visualized. So the tumor is sent to a pathologist who puts the tumor and the surrounding tissue that was removed by the surgeon under a microscope. This way cancer cells that might be outside the main tumor can be seen. The lymph nodes that were removed in surgery can also be looked at under a microscope and it can be determined if there are cancer cells found in the lymph nodes. Often a Sentinel Node can be found, if a dye is used before surgery. This dye is injected before surgery and will show which node is the main node that drains fluid from the cancer tumor site. (The lymphatic system drains non blood fluids throughout the body.)

If lymph nodes are found to have cancer cells within them the cancer has moved from the tumor site to other areas in the body. This movement of cancer cells away from the tumor indicates metastasis, or stray cancer cells that are traveling in the body. The final pathology will offer much information about the type of cancer, the location of the cancer and how best to treat the cancer to provide a cancer free life for the woman.

A woman who has been diagnosed with cancer, from a biopsy, then will see a surgeon who specializes in breast cancer. Surgery to remove the tumor is always needed, as long as the tumor is in the breast it will grow and chances are the cancer cells will travel away from the main tumor and spread throughout the body. These cells that move away from the main tumor will settle and grow into tumors in other parts of the body, not just the breast. The surgeon will ask questions about the woman’s health and ask about the woman’s family. If a woman has family members that have, or have had breast cancer, this information will be included in treatment decisions. The surgeon then will discuss ways to treat the cancer. A mastectomy which is a removal of the breast that has the cancer in it, with one or more lymph nodes removed is one choice. A lumpectomy which is removal of the cancer tumor and a small amount of tissue surrounding the tumor is another choice. The size of the tumor, determined by the mammogram, will influence these choices. If the tumor is large a lumpectomy may not be a good choice. The smaller the tumor, the better the chances of survival for the woman. The larger the tumor the more involved the surgery will need to be, such as a mastecomy. Sometimes chemotherapy is needed before surgery; the chemotherapy will hopefully shrink the tumor and kill cancer cells that may have moved away from the main tumor (metastasized). When this is done before the surgery, the hope is that after surgery most or all of the cancer will be gone and only radiation will be needed. Chemotherapy may be needed after surgery depending on the type and stage of the cancer.

Often the surgeon will ask a woman to see a radiation oncologist before her surgery. This consultation will allow the radiation oncologist, another cancer doctor who specializes in radiation, to review the woman’s case and to offer choices of treatment. The options this doctor may offer are whole breast radiation after surgery, or partial breast radiation after surgery, or no radiation if a woman has a mastectomy and no cancer cells are found outside the breast that was removed in surgery.

One type of partial breast radiation is brachytherapy. Breast brachytherapy has been available for some time, but not all doctors are familiar with it. Brachytherapy of the breast is a good choice for some women. The size of the tumor and the location of the tumor are two of the determinations if this is a good choice. If the cancer is found out side of the breast, brachytherapy is not a choice for a woman. Brachytherapy is radiation given to the area where the cancer tumor was. This is where most cancers come back, in the same area they were to begin with. Brachytherapy can be given over five days, where as whole breast radiation if given over 6 weeks. This is an advantage for women who do not live near a cancer treatment center, women who live busy lives (most women do), or women who don’t want to prolong their treatments. When a woman chooses breast brachytherapy the applicator that will allow radiation to go right into the space where the cancer was; is placed at the time of surgery. Brachy means close. It is another advantage of brachytherapy. Only the tissue around where the cancer tumor was is radiated; the normal tissue is exposed either not at all or to such a low level of radiation it is not affected by the radiation.

The brachytherapy treatments are given two times a day, at least 6 hours between treatments, for a total of ten treatments. This type of radiation requires special equipment and knowledge, many cancer centers now have both the equipment and the radiation oncologists that are specialized in this treatment.

The other type of partial breast radiation is accelerated partial breast radiation. This type of treatment also requires that the tumor is small and no cancer has been found outside the breast. This type of radiation can be given over a shortened time, days instead of weeks. The equipment to give these treatments is IMRT, which most if not all cancer centers have. This is external beam radiation that goes from the outside of the breast to the inside of the breast and radiates all of the tissue in the area. The advantages to this treatment are it takes less time, although it is also two treatments a day at least 6 hours apart, and it only radiates the portion of the breast where the cancer tumor was.

Whole breast radiation has been around for a very long time and is what all women received until the past 15 years or so. This type of radiation involves one treatment a day Monday through Friday for 6 weeks, a total of 30 treatments. It is external beam radiation that goes from the outside of the breast to the inside of the breast and radiates all of the tissue in the breast and surrounding area, not just the area where the tumor was. This type of treatment is favored when the tumor is larger or the cancer cells were found outside of the breast, such as in one or more lymph nodes. The lymph nodes can be included in the whole breast radiation. Some women will choose whole breast radiation because it has been used for so very long. Partial breast radiation has shown the same effectiveness in studies, when the woman is a candidate for brachytherapy.

Chemotherapy and biological therapy or hormone therapies are needed in specific cases. These treatment choices should be discussed with the surgeon, the radiation oncologist and a medical oncologist.

What ever choose a woman is given they need to be well understood before she makes her decision. Asking questions of her doctors and talking to her loved ones will be helpful. If a woman’s decision is thought out it will probably be the best choice for her. Prayer always is beneficial.

God Bless you.