Type 2 Diabetes – Diabetics And Infections

Type 2 diabetes is a metabolic disorder characterized by high blood sugar which affects many systems in the body, one of which is the immune system. This means people with diabetes are more prone to infections because high blood sugar levels weaken the immune system. Some diabetes-related health issues like diabetic neuropathy (nerve damage) and decreased blood flow to the extremities also contribute to the development of these infections.

Some of the more common diabetic infections include foot complications, urinary tract infections and yeast infections.

Diabetic neuropathy causes a lack of sensation in the lower extremities, which means foot injuries can easily go unnoticed. If these injuries are left untreated, they get infected. Some types of neuropathy can also cause skin dryness leading to cracks and fissures of the foot. These splits in the skin allow for the entry of infections into the body from such areas of origin as foot ulcers and calluses. Decreased blood flow to the extremities also hampers the normal immune defenses and promotes infection.

People with diabetes spend more days in the hospital with foot infections than with any other complication. At some point in their lives, approximately 15 percent of people diagnosed with diabetes will develop a foot ulcer.

High blood sugar levels cause an increase in sugar in the urine as the body attempts to remove the excess sugar via the kidneys. This serves as food to the bacterial cultures in the urinary tract. Most often, bacteria E coli causes infection. When an increased bacterial growth develops in the bladder it causes a urinary bladder infection called cystitis. If cystitis is left untreated, bacteria can migrate from the bladder to the kidneys. Once there, it can cause kidney infections known as Pyelonephritis.

Yeast cells (candida albicans) that occur naturally on the skin and mucus membrane, can enter the body through the insulin injection site. Once the yeast cells enter the blood stream, they interfere with the normal defense mechanism of the white blood cells. When the white blood cells get impaired, the yeast cells replicate unchecked, causing yeast infections.

High blood sugar levels also serve as food for the candida albicans and work to promote the infections. The common yeast infections in diabetics include:

  • vaginal yeast infection,
  • oral thrush,
  • skin, and
  • nail-bed infections.

The untreated yeast infection can even enter the bloodstream causing a life-threatening systemic yeast infection.

Diabetics are usually advised to maintain close diligence of their skin at all times. Any cuts or sores should be closely monitored so that they do not develop into infections. If they do, your doctor should be notified immediately. Some infections of the feet can increase into such severity that amputation is necessary.

You feet should be checked at every visit by your doctor. If you have a problem with your feet, such as ingrown toenails or a fungal infection, your doctor should immediately refer you to a foot specialist, preferably one experienced in treating people with diabetes.

Home Remedy for Nail Fungus

The traditional home remedy for  nail   fungus  went something like this: trim the affected  nail  as much as possible and immerse the hand or foot in a solution of one part bleach in 100 parts of water (or pure household vinegar) for 30 minutes each day until the infection is gone. This method may be effective, but for most of us, it’s extremely difficult to find the time, especially when you consider that fungal nail infections typically take many months to go away unless they are in the very early stages when treatment is begun.

Hand  nail   fungus  is particularly difficult: it’s easier to sit with your feet in a basin while you are doing something else than to have your hands immersed for a long period of time. However, for the determined individual who decides to try this type of home remedy for  nail   fungus , there are some things that you can do to increase your chances of success. First, file the nail – not just to keep it as short as possible, but also to keep it as thin as possible. This means filing and trimming away any loose crumbly bits and also filing down the thickness of the nail from the top. Many nails with fungal infection are distorted, thick, and fairly soft. This is because the  fungus  is actually growing through the layers of  nail . Filing some of this thickness away will not only remove some of the fungal growth but also ensure that the soaking solution comes in contact with the  fungus . File as much as you can without damaging the nail bed under the nail.

When using the bleach or vinegar cure toe  nail   fungus  will only be affected by the treatment while you are soaking. (The same is true for hand  nail   fungus ). To add an extra boost to your treatment, try painting the affected nail with some other preparation between soaks. Here you have a choice of many things, either commonly found in most households or readily available over the counter or from an internet source. You might use hydrogen peroxide, Vicks VapoRub ointment, Listerine mouthwash, Tea Tree oil or any of a number of essential herbal oils or oil blends available from natural healing providers. All of these things have been said to be an effective home remedy for  nail   fungus .

Whatever you choose, be aware that foot and hand  nail   fungus  typically takes a long time to go away because  nails  grow very slowly and because treatments take time to penetrate a tough thick nail. Even prescription drugs take a long time to cure the problem, and like a natural healing or home remedy for  nail   fungus , they don’t always work. Many people claim that bleach and vinegar cure toe  nail   fungus  if you are patient and persistent – natural remedies like Tea Tree oil also have a lot of anecdotal support (and some scientific support) and are somewhat easier to use.

Ankle Sprain

I think just about everyone has experienced the pain of a sprained ankle at sometime in their lives, most of us more than once. Most people that are active or athletic will experience the pain of a sprained ankle at some point. When I was a medic with a rifle company in the Army National Guard it was a common injury. When I played football or basketball or even baseball in high school I suffered a few sprain ankles also.

So what exactly is a sprained ankle? According to the Micromedex files at the hospital where I work a sprained ankle is “when the ligaments in the ankle are stretched or torn.” I had thought that torn ligaments was a separate and more severe injury than a sprain. As a medic with the Army National Guard and as a corpsman in the Navy, as well as a Personal trainer I would still feel that a torn ligament was different and more severe than a sprain. That is however what the Micromedex says.

I do agree though that the cause of the sprained ankle or torn ligaments can and often is the exact same. That is they are both usually caused when there is a sudden injury to your ankle. On the baseball diamond it could come sliding into base or having your foot “turn” as you step on base. Just walking down the street you could slip in a hole and twist the ankle. A football player could have his legs “taken out from under him” by a tackler and twist the ankle or the knee. Any type of trauma that twists or causes the ankle to bend in an unusual way can cause a sprain.

If you do have an ankle injury you may need X-Rays do make sure you do not have broken bones. If there are no broken bones the ankle should heal in about 4-6 weeks. Depending on the severity of the sprain you may have weakness for 6 to 18 months, though I have had sprains many times and with proper treatment and therapy even 6 months sounds like a long period unless the ligaments are indeed torn.

You will likely experience considerable pain with an ankle sprain, but most caregivers will suggest using Tylenol or another NSAID to relieve the pain. The Acronym RICE is usually how a sprain is treated.

Rice stands for Rest, Ice, Compression, and Elevation.

Rest the affected ankle for at least 24 hours if possible

Ice down the area to help reduce Swelling it is common practice to ice down the area for 15 to 20 minutes each hour for the first 48 hours. Use a bag of ice and place a towel between the ice and the skin.

After 48 hours you may want to use heat such as warm wet towels in place of the ice.

Depending on the severity of the sprain the caregiver may give you an elastic bandage or a splint or both to place on the ankle. Follow the direction given as this may aid in a quicker recovery.

You should also elevate the affected ankle above your heart whenever possible. This will help reduce the swelling

By doing these things and following the RICE protocol you will aid in the healing of your sprain and therefore heal more quickly.

Some people believe strongly in the use of supplements and herbs so below is a short list of a few supplements that have been used in the treatment of ankle sprains.

Herbs such as Boswellia (Boswellia serrata) have been used for many years, but it has not had any double blind studies done on it for effectiveness in ankle sprains.

Capsaicin Cream (Capsicum frutescens) can be applied to the ankle injury to help deaden the pain. This is actually made from Cayenne Pepper and is said to be irritating for the first few applications then the irritation stops. If you use this be sure to wash your hands thoroughly to keep any of the substance out of your eyes.

Turmeric (Curcuma longa) is another herb that has been used for many years but has never had any scientific studies done for effectiveness.

Willow (Salix alba) an herb that has been used for many years for ankle sprains but has not been studied in a controlled environment for effectiveness.

Supplements such as DMSO, D-Phenylalanine, Glucosamine sulfate, Niacinamide, Vitamin A and Vitamin C have also been used in the treatment of ankle sprains.

Acupuncture and acupressure as well as massage and physical therapy have all been used in the treatment of ankle sprains.

Disclaimer: Nothing in this article should be construed in any way as medical advice. If you have an injury or illness you should see a healthcare provider.

History and Care Of Poinsettia Plants – Euphorbia Pulcherrima

Euphorbia pulcherrima, the botanical name, or poinsettia as we call it is native to Mexico and Guatemala in Central America. Poinsettias are part of the Euphorbiaceae family. Many plants in this family ooze a milky sap. The botanical name, Euphorbia pulcherrima, was given to the poinsettia by German botanist, Karl Ludwig Wilenow. The plant grew through a crack in his greenhouse. Dazzled by its color, he gave it the botanical name Euphorbia pulcherrima, meaning “very beautiful”.

The History of the Poinsettia in its Native Habitat

The Aztecs in the fourteenth through sixteenth centuries called this plant “Cuetlaxochitl” in their native Nahuatl language. Cuitllatl means “residue” and xochiti means flower, thus it is “the flower that grows in the residues or soil”. Montezuma, the last of the Aztec kings, had poinsettia plants brought up to what is present day Mexico City by caravans. The Aztecs saw the plant as a symbol of purity and used it as a dye and against fevers.

Seventeenth century Spanish botanist Don Juan Balme mentions poinsettia plants in his writings. He found the plant flourishing on the slopes and in the valleys near Cuernavaca. He described the plant as having large green leaves and a small flower surrounded by brilliant red bracts, almost as if for protection.

At the same time the Spanish Franciscan Friars, who settled in the Taxco region of southern Mexico, included the timely winter grown red blooms of the plants in their Fiesta de Pesebre, the Nativity procession. The star-shaped leaf pattern is said to symbolize the Star of Bethlehem and was named “Noche Buena” meaning Christmas Eve. The name “poinsettia” is derived from Joel Roberts Poinsett who was the first United States Minister to Mexico from 1825 to 1829. Mr. Poinsett first brought poinsettia plants to America.

Poinsettias are fascinating winter blooming small shrubs or trees which can grow anywhere from about two to sixteen feet tall. Dark green leaves which are about three to six inches in length add to the festive appearance of this plant.

The colored bracts of poinsettia plants are actually leaves. Colors of the bracts can be red, pink, orange, white, or marbled. These colored bracts are caused by photoperiodism. Many flowering plants use a photoreceptor protein, such as phytochrome or cryptochrome, to sense changes between daylight and the darkness of night or photoperiod, which they take as signals to flower.

People not familiar with poinsettia plants believe that the colored bracts are the actual flowers. But the flowers, called cyathia, are located at the center of each leaf bunch.

Poinsettia plants are considered toxic by many. But this is not the case. They may cause mild skin irritations to some individuals who are sensitive to it. If any part of the plant is ingested, it may cause an upset stomach, diarrhea and vomiting. In addition, the sap that exudes from a broken branch may cause temporary blindness if it comes in contact with the eyes.

History of the Poinsettia Arrival in the Unites States and its Name

The poinsettia was introduced to the United States by Mr. Poinsett in 1828. He had sent and brought cuttings from Mexico to his greenhouses in Greenville, South Carolina. He shared these cuttings with friends and other horticulturalists he knew at the time.

Euphorbia pulcherrima, the name originally given by German botanist Karl Ludwig Wilenow was changed to “Poinsettia” in honor of Mr. Poinsett in 1836 by William Prescott, the historian and horticulturalist, who was asked to rename the plant. In his newly published historical work at the time on Mexico, ‘Conquest of Mexico’, Mr. Prescott details Mr. Poinsett’s discovery of this beautiful plant in the area of Taxco del Alarcon in southern Mexico.

During the 1920s Albert Ecke and his son Paul became interested in poinsettia plants which grew wild in southern California at this time. As these plants bloomed during the Holiday season both Albert and Paul thought that this would be a perfect plant to introduce to the public. Paul continued to foster the idea of making the poinsettia the “official holiday flower” for Christmas. They grew fields of poinsettia plants and began to sell them commercially. The plants were initially sold at roadside stands in the Hollywood and Beverly Hills area.

In 1923 the family moved their business to Encinitas, about 2 hours south of the very fast developing area around Los Angeles. Encinitas proved to be the perfect location for growing poinsettias as it mirrored the growing conditions of its native Mexico where these plants grow wild.

From 1923 to the mid-1960s they grew fields of poinsettia mother plants, and shipped them to plant nurseries around the country that purchased them for cultivation and future commercial sales. Paul personally traveled the country promoting the plant to nurseries nationwide and encouraged nursery owners to market the plant as a holiday flower.

But this changed in 1963 when the first commercial-quality poinsettia cultivar was developed. It grew best as a potted plant and was introduced to the public. This dramatically changed the nature of commercially growing and selling poinsettia plants. Even for the Ecke Family Business, they moved indoors from the fields to growing these smaller plants in greenhouses. They began shipping by air freight rather than by rail.

Paul Jr. with his marketing ideas to always keep the poinsettia plant in the public eye used the very popular growing medium of television to promote these bright red and later red and white potted flowering plants. They became a part of the scenery in most every popular TV show and all the Christmas Specials during the holiday season. No holiday scene would be complete without at least one blooming poinsettia plant.

Today Dr. Ruth Kobayashi continues to produce new poinsettia hybrids for the Ecke family. Dr. Kobayashi’s work resulted in the knowledge of the most important poinsettia genetics known today. In 2002 ‘Prestige Red’ was introduced known for its outstanding branching capabilities and very sturdy stems. ‘Prestige Red’ quickly became the number one selling red poinsettia. Presently experiments continue to breed other species with the Euphorbia genus. Currently there are more than 100 varieties of poinsettias available.

Here are some of the cultivar names exhibiting some of the most spectacular poinsettia colors available today: Cortez Red, Cranberry Punch, Flirt, Galaxy Red, Marblestar, Nutcracker Pink, Monet, Plum Pudding, Silverstar White, Sonora Fire, Victory Red, White Christmas, Spotlight Apricot, and Pearl.

In addition many commercial growers have cultivated new plants which have longer lasting bract colors and lasting foliage that can survive poor watering schedules. Poinsettia growers have characteristically made today’s plants bruise resistant and more flexible with less fragile bracts that can survive shipping without dropping their leaves that allows them to arrive beautifully intact to the stores and nurseries for retail sales.

Initial Care of your newly purchased Plant….

When purchasing poinsettia plants make sure the plant is wrapped properly to protect it from cold temperatures during the trip home.

Place it near a sunny window. Maintain a temperature above 65 degrees F. Mist the plant daily with lukewarm water. To avoid spots on the leaves from misting use distilled water. Water the plant when the surface is dry to the touch. Water thoroughly until the water completely drains into the saucer. Make sure to empty the saucer of drained water. Keep the plant away from all drafty areas, hot or cold air.

Poinsettia Care after the Holidays….

January to March– Keep watering when the surface is dry and misting the plant throughout the day (3-4 times). Poinsettias love the humidity the misting creates.

April– Gradually decrease watering allowing the poinsettia plant to get dry between watering. But be careful that the plant does not shrivel. Discontinue misting during this period. After your poinsettia is used to this dryness, move it to a cool basement or any place where the temperature is about 60 degrees F for a period of about four weeks.

May– Cut the plant back to about 4-5 inches above the soil level, repot into the next size container and sprinkle one tablespoon of bone meal over the roots. At this time you may also add some slow release fertilizer, like 14-14-14, or 19-6-12 for faster growth. Water the newly transplanted plant with Superthrive or any transplant solution which contains Vitamin B1. Now it’s time to place your poinsettia plant in a sunny window where the temperature is above 65 degrees F. Mist the plant daily and water when the surface is dry. If you haven’t added a slow release fertilizer while transplanting, start fertilizing with an all purpose fertilizer every two weeks as soon as new growth appears.

June– Move your poinsettia plant outside into a partial sunny location and continue to water and fertilize it.

July– At the beginning of the month cut back each stem about an inch. This will encourage your poinsettia to branch resulting in a bushy plant. If you don’t pinch it back, your poinsettia grows tall without side branches.

August– By now your plant should have branched well and it’s time to cut it back one more time so each shoot has about four leaves left. At this time continue with your fertilizing, misting, and watering schedule.

September– Continue to fertilize, misting, and water and make sure the temperature stays above 65 degrees F.

October– As your poinsettia needs short days in order to set buds, you have to provide it with twelve hours of total darkness starting the first day of October. Give the plant darkness from 5 pm to 8 am every day during this period. Without these additional hours of darkness poinsettias won’t set buds and the leaves remain green. Place a box or black plastic bag over the poinsettia plant making sure no light reaches the plant. During daytime move the plant to a sunny window and continue to fertilize, misting, and water.

November– At the end of the month discontinue the darkness treatment and leave the plant in its sunny window. At this time you should be able to see flower buds.

December– Discontinue fertilizing about the middle of the month. Continue watering and misting and treat your poinsettia plant just like you did after you bought it. At this time your poinsettia should be blooming again.

Like many tropical plants poinsettias can be grown successfully indoors when properly tested and proven guidelines are followed. One can enjoy poinsettia plants for months until it is time to bring out the Easter Lily.

Yeast Infection in the Ear – What Causes a Yeast Infection in the Ear and How Do I Cure It?

Everyone knows that you can get yeast infections in the genital area and this does seem to be the most common place to get them, but people don’t often realize that you can also get a yeast infection in the ear.

What causes a yeast infection in your ear?

Ear infections by the candida fungus (yeast) is usually the result of bacteria at the back of the mouth and at the beginning of the tubes that lead to the ears.

It is these yeast spores that like warm and most places to thrive in, and these tubes are perfect for it to grow in and thrive.

Once it gets out of control, it then causes an infection in your ear and this can be rather unpleasant!

What are the Symptoms of a yeast infection in the ear?

As with yeast infections in the genital areas, you can get some of the usual symptoms here such as itching, soreness and unpleasant white discharge forming in and around the ear lobe.

However, the most uncomfortable symptom is that of ear ache. We all know what this feels like and all those sharp pains in your ear can be quite unbearable at times.

This is probably the worst symptom of them all and you really do need to cure the yeast infection in the ear quickly not only to stop these symptoms, but to prevent more serious damage such as it entering the bloodstream and affecting your internal organs where it then becomes known as systemic candida disease.

Also, if you leave the yeast infection in the ear for too long, it will be much more difficult to fight off as the infection becomes more resistant to treatment over time, so a quick cure is imperative – don’t waste time.

How do I cure it?

There are lots of over the counter prescriptions and drugs these days, but I would recommend you avoid these because all they are designed to do is just relieve the symptoms of the yeast infection and don’t actually treat the root cause of it.

There is one fantastic Natural Yeast Infection Cure that uses all-natural, 100% safe treatment to actually cure the underlying cause of the infection and stop it from coming back.

The best thing about it, is that it works super fast. In fact, from the moment you start using it you will get immediate relief from the symptoms, plus it will cure the infection in just 12 hours flat – so if you really want to cure your yeast infection in the ear quickly and safely, then this is the treatment to beat them all!

How The Digestive System Works

In this article you will learn the mechanics of how and why the digestive system works as it does. Digestion plays an exceedingly crucial role in the function of the human body. The digestive system comprises of a digestive tract which is a drawn-out and hollowed series of organs which begins at the mouth and goes all the way to its final stage which is in the anus.

The digestive system consists of numerous organs such as the mouth, stomach, esophagus, large intestine also known as the colon, small intestine, rectum and the anus. These organs are seamed internally by a membrane called mucosa. The mucosa secretes a fluid that aids in the digestion of food. Food particles are broken down and forced along the tract by way of muscles.

Two additional organs within the human body which play a prominent part in digestion are the liver and the pancreas. The digestive fluids which these organs release enter the intestine by means of small ducts. The digestive fluid developed by the liver is held in the gall bladder before arriving at the intestine. Some organs belonging to the circulatory system, in addition to the nervous system, are associated with the digestive functioning of the body.

Why Is Digestion So Important?

The conventional food that we eat cannot be digested in its original form by the body. The food needs to be broken down into smaller and more complex molecules of necessary nutrients by the various organs within the body. It is then absorbed by the blood and carried to the various cells within the body to provide energy. This entire process whereby the food that we eat is converted into energy which can then be utilized by the body is called digestion.

The Whole Process Of Digestion

Digestion is the means by which the food that is consumed gets mixed with digestive fluids released by various organs. It is then broken down into smaller molecules in the course of traveling through the digestive tract. Ideally, it could be said that digestion of the food starts in the mouth where you chew the food and ends in the small intestine.


The digestive tract comprises of hollow organs whose walls are layered with muscles which gives them their ability to move. These walls, with the aid of the muscles, move the food and fluids that are consumed through to the various organs that constitute the digestive system, so that they become effectively mixed with the digestive fluids and then broken down into finer molecules. This particular muscular action of the walls is known as peristalsis. One may rightly compare this action on a smaller scale to the ocean waves. Such wave like action of the muscular walls enables the food specks and fluid to get distributed throughout the digestive system.

The process of digestion starts in the mouth as we swallow food or drink liquids. That in turn is the only voluntary action in the entire process of digestion. After you swallow, the remaining process is completely involuntary as the nerves then take control of the necessary actions.

The Esophagus

The esophagus is then the next point where the swallowed food goes. This is the organ which connects the throat and the stomach. The esophageal sphincter is a circular like muscle which is positioned at the junction where the esophagus and the stomach meet. Remaining in a closed condition otherwise, it is responsible for allowing food to enter the stomach.

The Stomach

The stomach then takes control as the food enters it by way of the esophagus. The stomach’s first duty is to store the food and liquid that is swallowed. This is accomplished by the relaxing action of the upper part of the stomach resulting in the storage of a large quantity of food and liquids. Following this stage the food and liquid is combined in with the digestive fluids that are secreted in the stomach by muscular action. This occurs in the lower part of the stomach. The third and final task of the stomach is to gradually release the mixture into the small intestine.

There are certain conditions and or variables which must be taken into consideration when discussing the process of food passing from the stomach into the small intestine, namely the type of food that goes in, the entire process of the peristalsis action of the stomach and small intestine as was discussed earlier. The fact is that fats are retained in the stomach for the longest period of time while on the other hand carbohydrates are digested much sooner. Proteins also take an extended amount of time to digest. The digestive fluids secreted by the pancreas, liver and intestine aid the food to dissolve further and they are gradually mixed thoroughly and absorbed further to continue the digestion process.

In the final stage of the process, the walls of the intestine absorb the nutrients which are then transported to other parts of the body. This is also the point where waste material which consists of undigested food matter, fiber and cells are shed from mucosa which is then transported into the colon. These materials get expelled out of the body by way of bowel movements.

The Part That Digestive Juices Play

The initial process of digestion takes place in the mouth where digestive juices are secreted by the salivary glands. Saliva that is secreted contains an enzyme which has the ability to break up the starch contained in food into smaller molecules.

The stomach is the next place which secretes digestive juices. These juices which are acidic in nature secrete an enzyme responsible for the digestion of protein. This acidic enzyme does not affect the walls and tissues of the stomach because it is protected by the mucosa which is a layer of tissue that lines the walls of the stomach.

It is when the food mixture is passed through to the small intestine from the stomach that digestive juices from the pancreas and liver take over. The Pancreas secretes an enzymes which is powerful enough to break down the proteins, fats and carbohydrates that are found in food. Along with it, the glands that are present in the intestinal walls also secrete necessary enzymes.

The liver is another important organ in this connection that produces bile, another digestive enzyme. Between meal times, the bile is accumulated in the gall bladder. During meal times, the bile reaches the intestine through the bile ducts which then gets combined with the fat in the food and ultimately dissolves it. Only then does it get digested by the pancreatic and intestinal enzymes.

Absorption And Transportation Of Nutrients

The small intestine is responsible for the absorption of the molecules of food, water and minerals which is then passed on to other parts of the body. This process is quite interesting as well. As mentioned previously, the walls of the small intestine are covered with mucosa which contains lots of folds. These folds are covered with small projections called villi, which have minuscule projections called microvilli. These are responsible for the absorption of nutrients. The material gets absorbed by special cells into the blood stream where they are transported to other parts of the body for further action. Another unique thing is that the process differs according to specific nutrients.


One of the main sources of energy that the body requires comes from fats. Fat directly goes into the intestine and gets dissolved into the watery content found there. Fats are infiltrated by the bile secretions which break it down into minuscule droplets which consist of fatty acids and cholesterol among other things. The fatty acids and cholesterol molecules get combined with the bile acids which shifts them to the mucosa cells. It is in these cells that the molecules join together to become large and then are passed on to the lymphatic vessels adjoining the intestine. The lymphatic vessels are responsible for transporting this fat to the veins of the chest. Fat accumulates in different parts of the body through the blood stream as well.


Fiber is something which is indigestible and therefore it passes through the digestive tract without being broken down by enzymes. Fiber essentially comes in two forms, soluble and insoluble, both of which can be found in different types of food. As the name implies, soluble fiber gets dissolved in water to take on a soft, gel like consistency in the intestines while insoluble fiber never changes its form and is treated as waste matter.


Carbohydrates are a very important source of energy for the body. In fact, it is recommended by the Dietary Guidelines for Americans that out of the total suggested caloric intake for the body, that approximately 45% to 65% should be attained by carbohydrates which can be found abundantly in potatoes, bread, dried peas and beans, rice, pasta, fruits and vegetables.

Starch and sugar which are found in carbohydrates are broken down by the salivary enzymes, pancreatic juices and the intestinal enzymes. Starch is first broken down into maltose by the function of the salivary enzymes and pancreatic juices. This maltose is further broken down into glucose molecules by the intestinal enzymes and is directly absorbed into the blood stream. Glucose is carried through the blood stream to the liver for storage until it is released as energy when needed for the various activities the body performs.

The sugars that are found in carbohydrates are converted in just one simple step. Sucrose is converted into glucose and fructose which are then absorbed directly into the blood stream through the intestine. Lactose, another type of sugar that is found in milk, is converted by the enzymes found in the intestinal lining into an absorbable form.


Protein is one item that needs to be broken down by enzymes before it can be put to use in building and repairing tissues within the body. Once swallowed, Protein begins its break down process by enzymes within the secretions of the stomach. Later the pancreatic juices and the enzymes of the intestinal walls take over the process of further breaking down protein into smaller molecules which are more commonly known as amino acids. These amino acids are absorbed into the blood through the intestines and are transported to other parts of the body to aid in the construction and repair of cells. The main sources of proteins are meat, eggs and beans, just to name a few.


Vitamins are also an important supplement that is provided to the body through the foods that we consume. There are two types of Vitamins – Water Soluble Vitamins (i.e., Vitamin C and all the variety of Vitamin B) and Fat Soluble Vitamins (i.e., Vitamin A, D, E, and K). Storage of water soluble vitamins is very limited and as a result the surplus amount gets eliminated through the urine. But fat soluble vitamins get amassed in the liver as well as fatty tissues of the human body.

Water And Salt

The food and drink that we consume combined with the juices that are secreted by the various glands results in a significant amount of water being created during the digestion process. The accumulated water contains a large amount of dissolved salts which is all absorbed by the intestine.

Extrinsic And Intrinsic Nerves

The digestive system is controlled mainly by the action of two types of nerve regulators, Extrinsic and Intrinsic nerves.

Extrinsic, or nerves situated outside the digestive tract, enters the organs of digestion from the spinal cord or brain and releases the chemicals acetylcholine and adrenaline. Acetylcholine has the responsibility of regulating the muscles of the digestive system to move the food more effectively through the digestive tract. This nerve also stimulates the production of digestive juices in the stomach as well as the pancreas. Adrenaline, on the other hand decreases the blood flow to the digestive organs by relaxing the stomach and intestinal muscles which results in the process of digestion coming to a stop.

The intrinsic nerves, which are situated inside the walls of the esophagus, stomach, small intestine and colon, are responsible for regulating the movement of food through these organs according to the need of the digestive system by the production of various related substances.

Thus, the complex task of digestion in the human body is actually a joint effort by the nerves, hormones, blood stream and various organs of the digestive system which work together to absorb and digest nutrients from the food that we eat daily.

Hormone Regulators And The Digestive Process

The cells in the mucosal lining of the stomach as well as the small intestine produce many hormones which are responsible for the proper functioning of the digestive system. When these hormones get absorbed into the blood stream, they are transported to the heart through the arteries and return back to the digestive system. The main function of these hormones is to stimulate the digestive juices for proper functioning of the related organs.

Below are some of the important hormones which are responsible for controlling the process of digestion:

A. Secretin: This hormone is responsible for the stimulation of the stomach to produce the enzyme pepsin that digests proteins as well as the stimulation of the liver in producing bile. It also urges the pancreas to secrete a digestive juice containing bicarbonate that has the main function of neutralizing the acidic contents of the stomach before entering the small intestine.

B. Cholecystokinin(CCK): This is a hormone which stimulates the pancreatic juices responsible for the emptying of the gall bladder. CCK is also in charge of the normal growth of the pancreatic cells

C. Gastrin: This hormone is extremely essential for the normal growth of cells which are situated in the stomach lining, small intestine, and the colon. Gastrin is responsible for the production of an acid which aids in dissolving and digesting certain types of food.

There are few other hormones given below that are responsible for the regulation of the appetite. They are:

A. Peptide YY: When the digestive tract is full after a meal, this hormone is produced in order to stop further appetite cravings.

B. Ghrelin: This is a hormone that is created in the stomach and upper intestine and is responsible for the stimulation of your appetite.

Both Ghrelin and Peptide send signals to the brain to control the amount of food intake to the body. Other hormones such as glucagon’s peptide-1 (GPL-1), oxyntomodulin(+), pancreatic polypeptide, etc. are also considered to serve as appetite regulators.

Extrinsic and Intrinsic Nerves

The digestive system is controlled chiefly due to the action of two types of nerve regulators, Extrinsic and Intrinsic nerves.

Extrinsic or nerves situated outside the digestive tract enters the organs of digestion from the spinal cord or brain and release the chemicals acetylcholine and adrenaline. Acetylcholine has the responsibility of regulating the muscles of the digestive system to push the food more effectively through the digestive tract. This nerve also stimulates the production of digestive juices in the stomach and pancreas. Adrenaline, on the other hand decreases the blood flow to the digestive organs by relaxing the stomach and intestinal muscles which results in the process of digestion coming to a stop.

The intrinsic nerves are situated inside the walls of the esophagus, stomach, small intestine and colon and are responsible for regulating the movement of food through these organs according to the need of the digestive system by the production of various related substances.

Thus, it can be seen that the complex task of digestion in the human body is actually a joint effort by the nerves, hormones, blood stream and various organs of the digestive system which work together to absorb and digest nutrients from the food that we eat daily.

Brief Definitions:

Digestive System: Organs in the body that work in unison for the digestion of food.

Pharynx: A part of the digestive tract system that is located between the mouth and the esophagus.

Esophagus: A part of the digestive tract system that is located between the larynx and the cardia portion of the stomach.

Stomach: A pouch like part of the digestive tract system, where food is stored and mixed together.

Pancreas (tail): A gland connected to the digestive tract system that produces the digestive enzymes.

  Duodenum : The start of the small intestine.

Small Intestine: A part of the digestive tract system that is located between the stomach and the large intestine.

Descending Colon: A part of the large intestine by which food continually moves through during the digestion process.

Sigmoid: The final part of the descending colon.

Anus: This is located at the end of the large intestine which is where the body expels the solid waste.

Rectum: It is the last part of the large intestine, located between the sigmoid colon and the anus.

Appendix: The hollow diverticulum that is tied or linked to the caecum.

Cecum: The blind gut shaped or fashioned by the part of the large intestine that is located between the small intestine and the ascending colon.

Ascending Colon: Part of the large intestine where food moves in an upward direction during the digestion process.

Transverse Colon: Part of the large intestine where the food travels in a horizontal direction during the digestion process.

Gallbladder: A small sac or pouch that contains bile.

Liver: A major digestive gland that produces the bile.

Teeth: The organ or instrument located inside your mouth or jaw that is used to cut and break down your food before it enters the digestive tract.

Tongue: The organ that allows you to taste.

For more informative articles please visit the independent media and alternative health blog WholeNews.Org

How to Kill Candida in the Body – Permanent Flora Implantation Discussion

I got a mail requesting for a suggestion on permanent flora implantation. This is also an answer for someone who ask something about how to kill candida in the body. According to him, Primal Defense does not kill Candida, but only olive leaf extract, good organic garlic (purple toned), and other herbal antifungals do. He did the Primal protocol and it removed a lot, but that was it. Primal did not implant nor any other probiotic for that matter. He thinks that the best remedies are kefir, cultured sauerkraut, and Jerusalem artichoke flour with other bifidus probiotic such as customprobiotics.com or Flora 14 from needs.com. Again, he thinks that Primal reverses   dysbiosis  though, and he still takes it occasionally.

For me, if the bacteria is viable and the count is there, then all we can do is take it and hope for the best. It is not important to know which one is best or if the product is what they claim. Some say refrigerated probiotics only and other say this is not necessary. I would suggest taking a starter nutrient with the bacteria like blue green algae and see how that works. It is great if the olive leaf works for you, but I spent a lot of money on that stuff without any results.

I ordered it by the case from East Park which is supposed to have the left handed molecule or is it the right handed molecule and took it for over a year, and the only benefit I saw was better looking toe nails. There is one product that I have not mentioned that I got a good response from, which is named Kolorex from Forest Herbs. I think one should use all these different antifungals by alternating and not taking the same thing too long.

Monthly Menstrual Cycle

For a girl getting her period is probably the biggest event in puberty. Menstruation is a normal healthy part of being a young girl or woman. For the most part menstruation starts between the ages of 12 and 13. Below I will try and help you understand the woman’s cycle a little better.

The menstrual period is just one part of the menstrual cycle. It’s a 28 day long process that happens to all women who have not yet reached menopause. The cycle involves all parts of the women’s reproductive system. This includes the uterus, cervix, ovaries, fallopian tubes and vagina. The menstrual cycle is the body’s way of preparing women for pregnancy. This cycle usually lasts around 28 days but in some cases can be as long as 35 days.

Each and every month the reproductive system prepares for the fertilization of a woman’s eggs and the development of a fetus. The process is conducted by hormones, mainly by estrogen, progesterone, follicle-stimulating hormone and luteinizing hormone.

To make this as easy as possible the menstrual cycle has four phases. The first phase is menstruation. Each month the uterus has to prepare itself for an embryo by thickening its lining with tissue and blood. When an egg is released with out being fertilized, then the uterus will shed this lining through the small opening of the cervix and passes out of the body through the vagina. The menstrual flow is made up of blood, mucus, and body cells. The flow is usually red or almost so dark that it’s black. It can include clumps or clots. Periods usually last between 3 to 5 days.

The second phase is pre ovulation. This occurs when the period ends. It is now that the ovaries start preparing to make another egg, or ovum, to be released into the fallopian tubes.

Ovulation is the third phase. This is when the egg is released from the ovary into the fallopian tubes. If the egg does become fertilized it will attach itself to the uterine wall and a fetus will begin to develop. This phase usually occurs about 14 days before the next period starts.

The final phase is the premenstrual phase. If the egg does not get fertilized, then the thickened lining of the uterus is shed and a new cycle begins.

Periods will vary from month to month for the first few years. Every woman is different therefore her body reacts differently. The flow can be light, medium or heavy. Although the norm is 3 to 5 days but 2 to 7 is still considered normal. As a woman gets older her period should become regular enough that she can write it down on the calendar.

At around age 50 women stop having their periods when they reach menopause. At this stage in life woman are no longer ovulating or making eggs. Because of this she can no longer become pregnant. Just like menstruation, menopause varies from woman to woman. Many women don’t experience menopause until their sixties.

Chronic Sinusitis – What Is It?

Sinusitis refers to an inflammation of the sinus cavities located in the cranium. The proper medical term to describe this condition is rhinosinusitis, since it affects the mucous membranes, which line the nose (rhino refers to nose) and the sinus cavities in question. The onset of sinusitis means –

* Constant dull, throbbing headaches

* A stuffy nose

* Thick yellowish-green colored nasal discharge

* Facial pain when moving the head or sitting / standing up

* Difficulty in breathing

* Impaired smell and taste

* Stiffness in the neck

* Swelling around the eyes and nose

* Constant fatigue due to impaired breathing

Based on its duration, sinusitis can be classified as acute or chronic. Acute sinusitis may crop up several times within a single year, mostly during the season changes, but it usually disappears within a few weeks at the most.

Chronic sinusitis refers to the condition where the mucous membranes lining the sinus cavity are inflamed and swell up for a much longer time period, a month being the least duration. The onset of sinusitis and the resulting inflammation causes the sinuses and the nose to block up, making it impossible for any mucus to drain out. This often results in bacterial accumulation and consequent infection of the cavity, leading to further sinus related problems.

Sinusitis is considered chronic if the symptoms do not abate for more than 12 weeks. Bilateral chronic sinusitis, which affects both sides of the nose, can be classified into two major types –

* Without polyps – This type of chronic sinusitis involves the swelling of mucous membranes, but no polyp formation. Polyps are non-cancerous or benign growths, which may obstruct the nose and sinuses, along with the inflammation in the lining.

* With polyps – The mucous membranes lining the sinus cavities are not only swollen but polyps also form, increasing the requirements for immediate medical attention considerably.

The cause of chronic sinusitis has not been accurately determined till date, but there has been a great narrowing down of the possible causes. This is because of the variable responses people have to possible allergens, which may contribute to the onset of chronic sinusitis. However, there are some factors which can aggravate chronic sinusitis or accelerate its onset, like –

* Acute sinusitis which has not healed completely

* Allergies and immune system disorders

* Deviated nasal septa or other irregularities in the nose caused by trauma

* Lifestyle choices, like alcohol or smoking, and even urban pollution play a significant role

* Enlarged nasal polyps obstructing the sinus and nasal cavities, disallowing adequate ventilation and providing a fertile breeding ground for germs to grow in

Chronic sinusitis can be caused by a variety of reasons and is diagnosed usually once a certain set of its myriad symptoms is confirmed or through physical inspection. There are many methods of medical recourse available, ranging from natural treatments to surgery. Deciding which one to opt for is best done after careful consideration and diagnosis by a qualified doctor or ENT physician.

Complex Ovarian Cyst – 3 Types and Natural Treatment For Ovarian Cysts

A complex ovarian cyst is a mass or lump that develops within the ovary. It is filled with fluids and solid components that are surrounded by a thin wall. It comes about naturally when there is an abnormal development of egg cells. Sometimes it can bring about serious health issues if it is not treated, it can also be cancerous.

Complex ovarian cysts can be classified in three major groups. These include the

1. Dermoid

2. Cystadenomas

3. Endometrioma.

Dermoid cysts develop from egg cell in the ovary. They contain different body tissue such as skin cells, teeth and hair tissues. This is because an ovarian egg can grow and develop any part of the body.

Dermoid complex ovarian cyst becomes complicated when it becomes twisted. It can be very painful too. However, it is associated with low chances of becoming cancerous.

A cystadenomas complex ovarian cyst becomes complicated when it twists. It can also be found within the ovaries. This type of cyst contain liquid matter and can develop to be 3 inches in diameter. It is associated with great pain as it is known to twist the ovaries.

Other types of cystadenomas cysts are referred to as mucinous cystadenomas. These cysts can develop to be 12 inches wide in diameter. They are also sticky and gelatinous.

Endometrioma ovarian cyst characteristically grows and develops in the uterine cells on the uterus. It is also found on the outer part of the uterus. It usually sticks on the ovary and develops with the menstrual cycle of a woman.

There are typical symptoms associated with a complex ovarian cyst. These might include uncomfortable feeling in the lower abdomen. This can also be felt at the pelvis and lower back. Sometimes a dull ache can suddenly develop into a severe, sharp pain in these parts. Abnormal bleeding, infertility, nausea, vomiting and breast tenderness can be signs of the condition as well. One should seek medical attention as soon as possible.

Recurring Thrush – All You Need to Know About Treating Thrush

Recurring  thrush  is not something to take lightly. While  thrush , which is actually a yeast infection of the mouth, is common in babies, in adults it is often a sign that something is terribly wrong with your immune system. Most of the time, adults who suffer from recurring mouth yeast infections have had their immune system severely compromised because of things like chemotherapy, medications like antibiotics and HIV/AIDS.

The first thing that you need to do is know the signs of  thrush  so you can spot the infection. It commonly causes a thick white film on the tongue, roof or sides of the mouth or throat and sometimes white patches on the lips. It can be uncomfortable and even painful. Mouth yeast infection is sometimes accompanied by a fever or overall feeling of malaise. Recurring  thrush  refers to getting the infection more than once or never really being able to get rid of it completely.

To treat recurring this recurring disease, your first step MUST be to see your doctor if you’re not sure why you’re getting it because only a health professional can tell you what’s going on with your immune system. Treating this type of infection will involve doing everything you can to strengthen your immune system, things like getting enough vitamins and nutrients through proper diet and supplements, exercising regularly and getting enough sleep. You of course need to stop any bad habits that are basically killing you, like smoking and alcohol or drug abuse.

Adding a yeast fighting supplement to your diet is also important in your quest to stop recurring  thrush , so look into an acidophilus supplement and add fresh garlic to your diet to as it also helps to kill yeast. These few changes can make all the difference in the world to your life and the quality of it overall.

Hepatitis – C and Alcohol Abuse

Considering that more than five million Americans have hepatitis B or C, both illnesses that can destroy the liver and which kill thousands of people each year, it’s clear that the little discussed organ’s time in the public spotlight has arrived.

Hepatitis C

Hepatitis C is a blood-borne disease, which means that it can be contracted through contact with the blHepatitis-C and alcohol use are the major contributors to this disease. The relationship betweood of an infected person. en drinking alcohol and developing alcoholic hepatitis is not necessarily linear. In some cases, hepatitis becomes chronic and may lead to cirrhosis, (a condition of progressive scarring), which is usually associated with excessive intake of alcohol.


Each day we are exposed to many different toxins (alcohol consumption, sunlight, gas fumes, exercise, performance enhancing drugs, medications, over-the-counter drugs, etc. Chemicals and preservatives in our food, crop spraying, large amounts of caffeine and tannic acids in our drinks,prescription drugs and alcoholic beverages have increased the demand on theliver to detoxify the body.

What are the signs and symptoms of the liver disease alcohol. Signs and symptoms that are common to a number of different alcoholic liver disease types include:

  1. Jaundice (yellowing of the skin)

  2. Generalized itching

  3. Abdominal pain in the upper right part of the stomach

  4. Hypoglycemia (low blood sugar)

  5. Muscle aches and pains

  6. Darkened urine.

When the liver is chronically irritated by alcohol, the body often tries to heal or protect itself by telling specialized cells, called fibroblasts, to produce a tough fiber known as collagen. Make sure your are eating a diet of pure and natural foods while staying away from tobacco, alcohol, coffee, black tea, soda, and fast food. Supplements of B vitamins can support recovery from alcoholism by supporting liver detoxification, which also reduces cravings.

Because the safe level of alcohol consumption is not known, it seems prudent to advise abstinence in the face of chronic liver diseases with the information we now have available. When moderate to heavy alcohol use is present in the face of chronic liver disease, abstinence is likely to be the most important intervention made in prolonging the course and delaying the progression towards cirrhosis. Examples of effective support include Alcoholics Anonymous, in- and out-patient rehabilitation programs and individual counselors.

Liver Detoxification

The liver can become overburdened because it plays important roles in detoxification, hormonal balance, fat regulation, nutrient and enzyme activation, digestion and circulation. Supplements of B vitamins can also help with recovery from alcoholism by supporting liver detoxification and reducing cravings. Deep for Liver, an effective natural liver cleanser, is a part of the a liver detoxification diet that features a balance approach of world-renowned natural liver cleansing herbs such as Milk Thistle extract and Artichoke extract. And drinking plenty of water is essential to detoxification.


Silymarin, the crucial ingredient in the milk thistle plant, strengthens the liver and stimulates new cell growth. Silymarin has been shown to have clinical applications to support various applications of liver health. It acts as a powerful antioxidant to counteract detrimental toxins and free radicals that can potentially harm the liver. Silymarin helps protect liver cells by stabilizing cell membranes while maintaining antioxidant glutathione levels, thereby preventing damaging factors such as leukotrienes and free-radicals from penetrating and adversely affecting liver function. Another benefit of herbal silymarin includes reducing toxin damage from long term exposure to industrial contaminants also appears to be decreased as determined from improved liver functioning of affected patients. For this reason, milk thistle is usually found in a standardized extract form with minimum 80% Silymarin.

Gallstone Flush – A Gallstones Alternative Treatment to Try Before Gallbladder Surgery

A simple gallstone flush is all your need to do to avoid having your gallbladder removed. However, only a fraction of the people who have a gallbladder surgery try a gallstones alternative treatment!

If you are scheduled for a cholecystectomy and you recently have been diagnosed with cholesterol-based gallstones, you can try to pass them with a simple, yet effective flush!

Avoiding Gallbladder Surgery

Unfortunately, surgeons are a lot like dentists! A lot of people dread them! However, gallbladder surgeries have been one of the most popular surgical treatments in the past 20 years. Because of gallstones blocking the bile ducts, millions of people have listened to their doctor’s recommendation and have removed their organ, the gallbladder.

As a natural health expert, I am a little biased about surgeries. I will admit that in some cases a cholecystectomy is the right decision for a few people. But in the majority of patients (especially for those who have only had a few gallstones), a natural remedy is a far better choice.

One reason is because you get to keep your God-given organ, the gallbladder. Another reason is because those people who have gotten their organ removed have regular diarrhea because of the excess bile. And thirdly, removing the gallbladder increases your risk of bowel and colon cancer because of the dripping bile that your missing organ once caught.

Before you go under the knife, you should try a simple gallstone flush!

Secrets for an Effective Cure

These secrets passing your stones are intended for patients with a confirmed history of cholesterol-based gallstones. About 80-90% of them are cholesterol-based!

1. Oral Dissolution Therapy- This treatment uses medicines ingested orally to dissolve them. The medicine is actually made from the acid naturally found in bile. The acids work to break them down in the same way your body would if it was functioning properly.

2. Liver Cleanse – A very effective alternative treatment is the liver cleanse. This natural remedy works by rewarding your liver for its filtering role of the body. This cleanse will help alleviate the stress being placed on the gallbladder with the excess cholesterol and bile salts that can accumulate with a poor-working liver.

3. Colon Cleanse – A colon cleanse works to flush toxins from the colon. The most effective way to perform a colon cleanse would be to use an enema kit using distilled water and lemon juice. You can purchase a kit at your local drug store.

4. A Water Flush – An extremely effective way to get rid of gallstones is through a water flush. You should drink about 10 – 12 tall glasses of water every day for a period of 2 weeks. The flush will be cleansing your liver and also diluting the bile secretions that can build up and cause the problem.

What Do You Know About Kidney Stones?

Kidney stones have been found throughout history. Scientists found evidence of kidney stones in a 7,000-year-old Egyptian mummy. Kidney stones can also be called renal stones, renal calculi, or by the medical names nephrolithiasis and urolithiasis.

Kidney stones (calculi) are solid or semi-solid mineral-like substances occurring in the urinary tract. The urinary tract consists of the kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra. These stones can form anywhere within the urinary tract, within the kidney, within the ureter (the tube draining urine from the kidney), or in the bladder. Kidney stones are crystalline masses that form from minerals and proteins in the urine. Kidney stones form when a change occurs in the normal balance of water, salts, minerals, and other things found in urine. These stones may contain various combination of chemicals. The most common type of stone contains calcium in combination with either oxalate or phosphate.Depending on their composition, they may be smooth, round, jagged, spiky or asymmetrical. In fact, these kidney stones may be as small as a grain of sand or larger than a golf ball.

Kidney stones are more likely to form in hot climates or in the summer time. They are already more common in the warmer Southern states than in the North. Be informed that the formation of these stones are more common in men, up to three or four times more common than women. When people become dehydrated, the minerals in their urine become more concentrated. Therefore, the most common cause of kidney stones is not drinking enough water. Besides, kidney stones can also result from infection in the urinary tract; these are known as struvite or infection stones. It has been diagnosed that they are very common in individuals that have a diet that is high in oxalates. Another known cause for formation of kidney stones is high alkalinity or high acidity of urine. However, genetics also can play a role in causing kidney stones. A person who has had kidney stones often gets them again in the future. Actually, you have a 50% chance of recurrence within 8 years of the first episode.

Crystals that remain small enough will travel through the urinary tract and pass out of the body in the urine without even being noticed. However, kidney stones can become an obstruction and get stuck as they are trying to pass, which can cause sharp, intense pain. Pain from the kidney stone is first realized in most people when it drops from the kidney and travels to the bladder. The larger the stone is the more severe pain that is felt as the stone moves through the ureter. Pain usually begins abruptly on one side of your body, then becomes constant and intense. If the pain shifts downward, toward the groin, the stone is traveling downward through the ureter closer to the bladder.

Kidney stones are a painful condition that you want to get rid of any way you can. Their existence can also bring about nausea and vomiting, blood in the urine, fever, pain with urination.

Eating less meat, fish, and chicken may help patients with calcium oxalate stones. Patient should at least eat 3-4 apples every day. Similarly, raw watermelon or watermelon extract is also very good for health. Foods with a high magnesium-to-calcium ratio include oats, barley, bran, bananas, brown rice, avocado, corn, coconut, rye, and potato. Limit high-calcium, low-magnesium, vitamin D-enriched milk products. Patients with HIV who take the medication indinavir (Crixivan) can form indinavir stones. Other commonly prescribed medications associated with stone formation include dilantin and antibiotics like ceftriaxone (Rocephin) and ciprofloxacin (Cipro).

Doctors usually try to control hypercalciuria, and thus prevent calcium stones, by prescribing certain diuretics, such as hydrochlorothiazide. These medicines decrease the amount of calcium released by the kidneys into the urine by favoring calcium retention in bone. Doctors may prescribe painkillers to help alleviate discomfort associated with passing a stone. They may also prescribe medicine to relax the ureter and facilitate the passage of the stone. Doctors often prescribe potassium citrate to disrupt kidney-stone formation. Lemonade also contains citrate, and some research shows that lemonade therapy reduces the rate of kidney-stone formation (Journal of Urology, April 2007).Medication, such as alpha blockers, can help patients pass these stones, and Stroup’s research suggests that it is twice as effective as regular therapy. But when medication fails, stones must be surgically removed

Fear of Vomiting

Emetophobia is the persistent and extreme fear of throwing up in public. No matter how much reassurance an emetophobic person receives, fear of vomiting persists. Emetophobics may rarely vomit anywhere, however the fear remains.

Emetophobia includes the following signs and symptoms:

• Refusal to eat in public.

• Not drinking alcohol for fear of vomiting.

• Not walking past restaurants that serve alcohol.

• Avoiding public eating.

• Avoiding events where food is served.

• Avoiding movies or insisting on sitting by the aisle.

• Obsession with expiration dates on food.

• Staying far from public transit.

• Fear of airplanes and motion sickness.

• Avoiding boat travel.

• Fear of pregnancy and morning sickness.

• Obsession with illness and avoidance of germs.

• Food poisoning and flu obsessions.

• Obsession with mints or water in case vomiting happens.

Emetophobia often starts with a traumatic childhood incident during which the client vomited. Over time, any incident that recalls the early experience triggers the excessive fear. People who fear vomiting begin to avoid any situation that may trigger throwing up. Avoidance of situations that include food and drink can take over a person’s life. Fear of vomiting can become debilitating. Emetophobics soon find their worlds getting smaller and smaller.

Irrational fears like fear of vomiting are referred to as phobias. A phobia often starts as a rational fear reaction to a traumatic incident. Over time the original fear begins to cause problems. An untreated phobia will grow into a panic disorder. Panic disorders include recurrent attacks of debilitating fear.

Panic attacks are often mistaken for heart attacks while they’re not physically dangerous. Doctors typically cannot tell the difference without running expensive tests.

Early diagnosis leads to rapid relief of fear of vomiting. Fear of vomiting must be treated, however improvement is rapid once treatment starts.

Recovery from fear of vomiting is usually rapid once treatment begins, even if the condition has been a problem for a very long time.

Emetophobia can be treated with hypnotherapy. Hypnotherapy helps the emetophobic remember the original trauma while in a state of deep relaxation. Calm is restored when the hypnotists releases the original trauma.

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy is another effective treatment for fear of vomiting. CBT teaches the emetophobic to see their experiences differently so that fear is lessened.

CBT is affordable and short-term and focuses on results. Insurance often will cover CBT because it gets results in a short amount of time. CBT is affordable even when insurance isn’t an option.

Nobody needs to struggle with fear of vomiting today. Getting treated early results in a quick recovery. Severe cases improve rapidly once treatment begins.