Curing Nail Fungus the Natural Way

Nail Fungus, also known as Onychomycosis, is a fungal infection of the nail. This condition can affect fingernails, but is most commonly associated with toenails. This is due to the warm, dark and moist environment favorable to fungal growth. Nail fungus is common to 6 – 8% of the adult population. It causes the nail plate to thicken, become rough and crumbly, separate from the nail bed and develop severe discoloration.

Causes and Prevention of Nail Fungus

The actual infection is caused by a type of fungi known as dermatophyte. The nail plate can have a thickened, yellow, or cloudy appearance. The nails can become rough and crumbly, or can separate from the nail bed. There is usually no pain or other bodily symptoms, unless the disease is severe.

Because fungi like to dwell in dark, moist environments, the insides of your shoes can breed the bacteria, making your toenails more susceptible to fungal infection.

Here are some tips on how to prevent toe fungus.

* Avoid wearing tight shoes.

* Wear dry socks (preferably cotton) and regularly change them.

* Keep your feet clean and dry.

* Treat athlete's foot whenever you see it.

* Avoid synthetic shoe materials if you have sweaty feet (wear leather or canvas).

* Trim your nails straight across.

* Avoid cutting or digging into the corners of your toenails.

Despite your best efforts, you may still get nail fungus. Getting rid of toe fungus can be difficult because the fungus is embedded deep underneath the nail. Most oral medications have potentially serious side effects for the liver and are generally not recommended for anyone with liver disease. When doctors prescribe these oral medications for nail fungus, they also advocate a liver test before starting treatment and during treatment. While pharmaceutical remedies for nail fungus have become more effective in recent years, they carry risks to your liver and offer no guarantee that they will work.

That is why more and more people are turning to natural nail fungus treatments and home remedies. Some of the more popular toenail fungus treatments include:

* Soaking your feet in white vinegar

* Soaking your toes in a bleach and water mixture

* Soaking your toes in mouth wash

These remedies have proven effective for some, but more often than not they are just not successful. If you have a serious case of nail fungus, you should consider using a natural fungus control made up of homeopathic medicines and certified organic plant materials designed to safely treat even the most stubborn fungus, heal damaged skin, and restore nails to their natural color.

Sprained Ankle Rehab

The Risk of a Sprained Ankle without Rehab

According to a new study, proper ankle rehabilitation is absolutely critical to ensuring you do not have another injury on the same ankle. In fact, your risk of another injury is 70% greater if you do not strengthen the area that was injured. In the same study, they found that NCAA basketball players that did NOT follow an ankle rehab program after a sprained ankle, were 5 times more likely to get another sprain!

Most people just use rest and ice and leave it at that for a few weeks or months until they feel better. But, rest and ice are woefully inadequate in terms of building strength and improving range of motion in the ankle joint. How can rest and ice strengthen your ankle? How can it improve range of motion? And those two things are absolutely essential to getting your ankle back to 100% full health.

Think about it… you have a sprained ankle. It is bruised, swollen, stiff and sore. If you just leave it alone, all those things will get better. Ice will help with the swelling for a little while. Rest will help the joint eventually heal. But, best case scenario, you have a healed ankle joint that is very weak and stiff. Now, if you play sports, once you get back out there, it will take a much smaller force to re-sprain that ankle. And every time you sprain it again, it only gets weaker and weaker.

Sprained Ankle Rehab – What is it?

The only answer is to strengthen the ankle and improve range of motion, so your ankle can withstand the forces that might injure it in sports and life. When we talk about ankle rehab, we mean more than just a few stretches and exercises… We are talking about techniques that also remove scar tissue and repair the neuromuscular damage from the injury. That includes the central nervous system’s ability to communicate with the ankle and make it move without any issues.

So, yes there are a wide variety of stretches and ankle exercises that are great. But, also you need to really get into that area and help healthy blood flow heal the joint. When a good rehab program is implemented, either at home or with a specialist, great results usually follow. people experience faster recovery times and a much high quality of healing. And, of course, their risk of another injury diminishes greatly.

How Soon after a Sprained Ankle should I begin Rehab?

Now, this is where I differ with most people. Most people say you should only begin rehab once you are healed. In my experience with thousands of people, I have found this to be totally inaccurate. The longer you wait to begin your rehab program, the more damage you will find in the ankle joint once you do finally begin.

In my opinion, you should begin your rehab program right away. Be gentle and make sure you don’t do anything that causes pain. But, you need to be moving your ankle and working it immediately afterward. Now, this doesn’t mean you are not also resting it. You are actually resting it the majority of the time, but you are still actively working the ankle to start up the strength building process. You will be surprised at how well and quickly the ankle will respond.

The only thing I caution is that you should always get an x-ray before beginning a rehab program to make sure you don’t have a fracture. If you don’t have a fracture, I recommend getting started on a good ankle rehab program either with a good at home program or through a physical therapist. But, either way, don’t sit around and just wait for your ankle to magically get better on its own. It won’t…

Test Your Plastic Surgery IQ – 10 More True Or False Questions

Do you think you have the right ideas on "fact versus fiction" when it comes to Plastic Surgery? In a previous article, 10 statements testing your knowledge of plastic surgery were presented. Test your knowledge even further with the ten more "True or False?" statements offered below.

It takes a week or so to be able to truly see the effects of any new skin care regimen.
FALSE – You should actually allow about a month. This is the length of time it takes for a complete turnover of facial skin cells and the appropriate time to make a reliable evaluation of the new regimen.

Breast implants need routine replacement every 10 years .
FALSE – If the implant is intact and the breasts still look and feel fine, nothing needs to be done.

Extensive bruising after liposuction is the rule.
FALSE – With the "tumescent style" liposuction most plastic surgeons use today, a dilute local anesthetic is injected into all the areas intended for sculpting. This blocks pain reception and lessens the need for anesthetic drugs during the procedure. This technique also tends to minimize any bleeding during and after liposuction because the mixture typically also contains the vasoconstricting agent, epinephrine. As a result, post-op discomfort and post-op bruising are both significantly reduced with this popular technique.

A rhinoplasty ( "nose job") is typically quite painful because of the common need to "break the nasal bones".
FALSE – Most rhinoplasty patients remark post-op that they are surprised at how little discomfort they feel. Everyone is a little bit "skeeved" by the idea that the nasal bones will have to be broken, but the pain afterward is overall classically minimal – it's not equivalent to getting punched in the nose! Fine instruments to separate the bones are used so that the width of the nose can be narrowed for cosmetic purposes.

The salt water placed inside a saline breast implant is injected directly from a standard IV bag.
TRUE – Once the implant has been placed (empty) inside the pocket fashioned for it under the breast and chest muscles, it is usually filled directly with saline from a hanging IV bag to the desired volume. Special sterile tubing is used. Almost like "building a ship in a bottle". Instead of going into a vein in the arm, the IV saline goes into the implant, unexposed to the air or other potential contaminants.

Ideally, one should lose all the extra weight that they can on their own prior to any liposuction.
FALSE – This kind of plan can backfire because sometimes too much fat is lost and all that is left is loose skin – liposuction will not work well on that. Even a small amount of fat removed through liposuction can sometimes actually help to tighten the remaining skin in the healing process that follows, but there has to be some fat in the area in order to make this work. Better strategy – see your plastic surgeon in consultation first about your "problem areas" and make a plan together.

Gynecomastia (female-like fullness of the male chest) is a relatively uncommon condition.
FALSE – Many boys and men are affected by this troublesome condition and are always surprised to learn that they are not as alone as they initially thought. Although most of the cases of gynecomastia which appear during adolescence will spontaneously disappear, for about 1 in 4 it will not. For these young men, their gynecomastia will, in fact, progress in both size and symptoms, as the years go by. The good news though – liposuction alone is often curative.

Silicone filled implants are heavier than saline filled breast implants.
FALSE – Saline filled breast implants weigh approximately one gram per cc. Silicone filled breast implants weigh approximately 0.97 grams per cc. Therefore, technically speaking, silicone filled breast implants are lighter than their saline counterparts for any given size. However, from a practical and patient point of view, silicone and saline filled implants will essentially have the same weight impact on the chest for any given size.

A "tummy tuck" is probably the "biggest" and the most major cosmetic surgical procedure performed by most plastic surgeons today.
TRUE – A "tummy tuck" is a very popular and rewarding procedure for both doctor and patient alike. But although it might sound like a "simple, little procedure", it is most definitely not. Plastic surgeons refer to this operation as an "abdominoplasty" – typically a 3 to 4 hour operation where the muscles of the abdomen are surgically tightened, large amounts of excess skin and c-section scars are removed and a new belly button is created. The recovery can be quite daunting and the chances for complications (eg blood clots in the legs) are higher than they are for most other operations, too.

An "outy" belly button after pregnancy is often a sign of a hernia.
TRUE – Very often, the muscles of the abdomen develop some weakness and a slight separation (called a "diastasis") as a result of the significant stretching taking place during pregnancy. In some cases, this weakness can extend through the umbilical stalk attached to the belly button you see on the outside and actually create a true hernia. The belly button might look puffy or full and hurt every once in a while. Or, it might look like it has gone from an "inny" to more of an "outy". Although almost never a "medical emergency", this condition should still be checked out by a physician (and surgically repaired) as soon as possible.

The Backlash After Whiplash: What Can You Do?

Have you ever been in a motor vehicle accident? During the average lifetime, there is a strong likelihood that you or someone you know will experience an unfortunate event of this kind. Statistics show that during their life span one of every four people will be in a car crash. After a fender bender, whether you are the driver or a passenger, you may take a painkiller or two and perhaps do some physical therapy. Then, when you feel better, you may never think of it again. But what if symptoms linger? Or, worse yet, if you have no symptoms, can an accident come back to haunt you?

What Is “Whiplash”?

The non-medical term whiplash was first used in 1928. Although more accurate terms, such as acceleration flexion-extension neck injury or soft tissue cervical hyperextension injury have sometimes replaced it, “whiplash” continues to be used commonly for this kind of soft tissue neck injury. Whiplash injury specialist Dr. Arthur Croft estimates that as many as 3 million whiplash injuries occur every year in the United States, and that one of every three people will suffer from the condition.

Whiplash injury is a sudden strain or trauma affecting the bones, disks, muscles, ligaments, nerves, and tendons of the neck, a body area that involves seven vertebrae and is known as the cervical region. The damaging forward and backward or even sideways jolt of the head and neck are caused not only by automobile accidents, but also by contact sports, various amusement park rides, falls, and assaults. Statistically, motor vehicle collisions, contact sports, and amusement park rides are the top three causes.

Various symptoms are associated with whiplash injury, including, but not limited to, neck and back pain, nausea, numbness, weakness, fatigue, dizziness, vertigo (loss of balance), inflammation, hearing impairment, headaches, visual disturbances, fracture, and paralysis. Occasionally, no symptoms are present initially, only showing up days, weeks, or even years after the injury. The consequences of whiplash range from mild pain for a few days (the most common outcome) to severe disability caused by restricted movement of the head or of the cervical spine, sometimes with persistent pain. It is likely that 40% to 50% of people with whiplash injuries suffer permanent pain.

Treating the Injury

Following an accident, it is important to be checked immediately either at an emergency room or by your chiropractor. Provided no fracture has occurred, a chiropractor can do an examination that begins with obtaining a detailed history, followed by orthopedic and neurologic tests, a range of motion test, posture and palpation check, and X-rays to see the extent of damage or change in the spine. The neck should be perfectly straight on an X-ray, and your chiropractor will be able to identify any misalignment (subluxation). On a side view, the neck should show the arc of a circle. Loss of the cervical curve, which is common on physical impact, can cause any of the whiplash symptoms listed previously.

Treatment for whiplash includes passive and active exercises, gentle massage, chiropractic, therapeutic massage, spinal and extremity adjustments, as well as such therapies as traction to correct the spinal posture, electrical stimulation to relax the muscle spasms, stretching, and ice. Application of ice immediately after most whiplash injuries helps reduce inflammation and swelling. Each application should be maintained for 10 to 20 minutes every hour. After 24 hours, alternating between ice and heat is recommended, up to 20 minutes per treatment. The ice or ice pack should be wrapped in a towel before use. To sleep, the patient can roll a towel and place it underneath the neck while lying on his or her back so that the back of the skull is resting on the bed, a position that promotes healing of the injury.

Chiropractic Is Preferred

Many studies have shown chiropractic and acupuncture are more effective than medications for treatment of injuries sustained in car accidents. According to the Insurance Research Council, “nearly one third of all claimants injured in motor vehicle accidents (MVAs) seek treatment from doctors of chiropractic.” This is an impressive number when you consider that the National Safety Council (NSC) has determined there are more than 12 million MVAs annually involving more than 20 million vehicles.

In a related study published in the New England Journal of Medicine, researchers showed that “treatment of the facet joints [which link the bones in the spine] not only relieved severe neck pain, but also resolved the psychologic disturbances associated with car accidents.” According to another study published in Dr. Stephen Foreman and Dr. Arthur Croft’s book Whiplash Injuries: The Cervical Acceleration/Deceleration Syndrome, 3rd Edition (Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2001), a recent comparison of medicine, acupuncture, and chiropractic care in a randomized trial reported that “comparing medication (Celebrex, Vioxx, or paracetamol [acetaminophen]) to acupuncture and spinal manipulation over the course of 9 weeks in persons with chronic spinal pain (neck to low back pain included), the authors demonstrated a rather profound superiority in chiropractic spinal manipulation.”

Many people choose chiropractic care for treatment because of its advantage in improving soft tissue injuries (ie, ligaments, muscle, tissue), especially of the spine. As injuries associated with car accidents are most frequently sprains and strains of the spinal muscles and their associated ligaments, it is natural that chiropractic is the preferred treatment.

Preventing Further Injuries

Various proactive factors can help prevent whiplash injuries from occurring or worsening while driving. Besides the obvious steps to avoid distractions in the first place, such as not using a mobile phone either to call or text, wearing a full lap restraint is a must. Drivers and passengers should position their headrests in the middle of the back of the skull and try to keep the head on the headrest while the car is in motion. Looking straight ahead and frequently checking the rearview mirrors are also crucial for the driver.

Because some whiplash injuries result in effects that last for years, if an accident with cervical impact occurs, receiving immediate attention is essential. Seeking good medical and chiropractic care without delay can help prevent additional injuries from developing as well as preclude the need for surgery.

Dr. Chad Laurence is one of fewer than 400 doctors worldwide to be recognized as a distinguished fellow of Clinical Biomechanics of Posture. His practice focuses on structural correction of the spine, nutrition, massage therapy, acupuncture, family care, and pediatrics as well as support after personal injury and auto accidents. Dr. Laurence can help relieve symptoms for individuals suffering from a variety of physical problems, including neck and low back pain, carpal tunnel syndrome, headaches, extremity issues, and arthritis.

Celiac Disease and Gluten Sensitivity Detected Under the Microscope

INCREASED SPECIAL WHITE BLOOD CELLS IN INTESTINE IS THE EARLIES SIGN OF GLUTEN INTOLERANCE AND CELIAC DISEASE

Specialized white blood cells known as lymphocytes are present in the tips of the villi of small intestine. They are believed to be important in surveying the digestive tract for potential invaders or attacks from viruses, bacteria and parasites. In the context of leaky gut that can occur from eating gluten containing grains and flour, these lymphocytes can increase in numbers at the tips of the intestinal villi. This change is critical in the development of celiac disease (CD).

INCREASES IN INTESTINAL LYMPHOCYTES CAN BE SEEN UNDER THE MICROSCOPE BEFORE DAMAGE OF THE INTESTINE LINING IS SEEN

Though not specific for CD, increased lymphocytes in the tips of the villi, also known as increased intraepithelial lymphocytosis, is accepted as the earliest sign of gluten intolerance in the gut. This increase when significant is obvious to most pathologists reviewing biopsy slides from tissue obtained from the intestine during a scope examination. However, this may not be obvious without an objective count of the number lymphocytes in the tips of the intestinal villi.

HOW DO THE PATHOLOGISTS COUNT THE NUMBER OF LYMPHOCYTES IN THE INTESTINAL LINING AND WHAT IS NORMAL?

Most pathologists either report the number of IEL’s per 20 intestinal lining cells (enterocytes) or per 100 enterocytes. Generally there are only 1-4 lymphocytes in the tips of each villous where there are typically 20 intestinal cells. When the pathologist or a computerized counting microscope reports or counts the lymphocytes per 100 intestinal cells there are usually no more than 12-15 per 100 intestinal lining cells. In the past, 40 lymphocytes per 100 intestinal cells (or about 8 per villous tip) was considered the cut off for abnormal. More recently that number has been lowered to 30 lymphocytes per 100 intestinal or epithelial cells (about 6 per villous tip). There are some researchers who believe the number should be lowered to 25 per 100 (or about 5 per villous tip).

WHAT ARE CAUSES OF INCREASED WHITE BLOOD CELLS OR LYMPHOCYTES IN THE INTESTINE?

Celiac disease is the most common but infection from the ulcer causing bacterium Helicobacter pylori or the parasite giardia can be a cause as well as recent viral infection. Cow’s milk protein sensitivity and allergy is also a cause. Though not well established, it is believed that the number of lymphocytes in conditions other than Celiac disease or gluten intolerance may not be as high.

Inflammatory conditions in the esophagus, stomach, distal small bowel or colon may be associated with increased IEL’s in those areas but the number has not been well studied. There is a concern that some pathologists may falsely attribute increased duodenal lymphocytes to associated inflammation going on in either the esophagus or stomach. Increased lympnocytes have been noted in the gut above the duodenum (esophagus and stomach) and below the jejunum (ileum and colon) in both celiac and microscopic or collagenous colitis caused by gluten sensitivity.

WHAT IS CELIAC DISEASE?

Celiac disease is an autoimmune disease of gluten intolerance or sensitivity not a food allergy though many people mistakenly refer to it as gluten allergy or wheat allergy. Previously thought to be rare it is now known to be very common, affecting 1/100 worldwide.

Celiac Sprue, as CD is also commonly known, is definitively diagnosed by the combination positive results for specific blood antibodies for CD, either endomysial (EMA) or tissue transglutaminase (tTG); a characteristic small intestine biopsy; and response to a gluten-free diet (GFD). Classically, flattening of the intestinal villi, known as villous atrophy, has been the gold standard for diagnosis. Positive EMA or tTG tests without villous atrophy on biopsy but increased IEL’s is accepted as diagnostic in the context of response to GFD, especially when an individual is positive for one of the two predisposing genes, DQ2 or DQ8.

WHAT DID THIS RECENT STUDY FIND REGARDING THE NUMBERS OF LYMPHOCYTES IN THE DIGESTIVE LINING?

A recent study of biopsies of the esophagus, stomach, and duodenum of 46 people without Celiac disease reached several conclusions. Though there may be a slight increase in lymphocytes in esophagitis and gastritis, the difference in lymphocyte numbers is not significantly different in normal biopsies of the esophagus and stomach. Though general ranges of duodenal lymphocytes found in active esophagitis (2-13, average 8.8), active gastritis with Helicobacter pylori infection (2-13, average 7.2) and chronic gastritis without H. pylori infection (4-20, average 10.2) was very similar to those with negative esophagus, stomach and duodenal biopsies (2-18, average 6.7) the average number of lymphocytes was slightly higher, though not statistically significant.

WHAT MIGHT THIS TELL US ABOUT LYMPHOCYTE NUMBERS IN THE INTESTINE?

In my opinion, I believe this study showed that the numbers of lymphocytes in people with normal biopsies, esophagitis and gastritis were significantly lower than those reported in people with Celiac disease (>30/100 ) and early gluten injury (20-25/100 enterocytes) but not meeting diagnostic criteria for Celiac disease. I believe this study is helpful because it argues against attributing more than 20-25 lymphocytes/ 100 enterocytes to other inflammatory processes in the esophagus or stomach. It also supports the findings of other studies that have found that >20-25 /100 as an early sign of gluten sensitivity.

WHAT ABOUT LYMPHOCYTE COUNTS LESS THAN 30 BUT 25 OR MORE?

In the context of elevated gliadin antibody levels I believe that intestinal lymphocyte counts in the villi of 25 or more likely indicates gluten sensitivity though it does not necessarliy mean Celiac disease. Strict criteria for diagnosing of this disease require a positive specific blood test such as endomysial antibody or tissue transglutaminase antibody and >30 IEL’s/100 enterocytes and evidence of villous atrophy on small intestinal biopsy.

WHAT SHOULD I TAKE FROM THIS?

If you have had an intestinal biopsy but were told you did not have signs of Celiac disease, I recommend you consider asking that biopsy be reviewed by another pathologist who has experience in Celiac disease and you ask them to provide you with the number of lymphocytes in the villi. If they provided the number and you find there were 30 or more then that is clearly abnormal and can be diagnostic of Celiac disease if you have a positive specific blood test such as the endomysial or tissue transglutaminase antibodies, especially if you carry either the DQ2 and/or the DQ8 genetics. If you have less than 30 lymphocytes per 100 enterocytes but 20 or more and have a gliadin antibody elevation I would recommend you get HLA DQ genetic testing and try a gluten free diet.

Natural Remedies for Irregular Menstruation, Menstrual Cycle

Irregular menstrual cycle means irregularities in time gap between two consecutive cycles and irregular flow of blood. The symptoms are mostly prevalent when a girl attains puberty and in the perimenopause stage. Some women may experience irregular menstruation cycles throughout their fertility period. Fluctuations in the levels of estrogen and progesterone are the main causative factors, but many other factors may also play a vital role in this disorder. Irregular menstrual cycles causing heavy bleeding may disrupt the normal life of a woman bringing in other complications. Whatever may be the reason, this disorder demands immediate treatment to maintain the normalcy of life.

Symptoms

Irregular menstrual cycle can be characterized by the following symptoms.

1. Too long or too short gaps between the periods.
2. Absence of periods
3. Excessive or scanty bleeding during the periods.
4. Inconsistent bleeding.

Causes

A number of factors are responsible for irregular menstrual cycles, some of which are mentioned below.

1. Hormonal imbalance
2. Stressful life
3. Emotional turmoil during pregnancy.
4. Certain medications
5. Poor diet and unhealthy lifestyle
6. Anemia
7. Thyroid problems.

Natural Remedies

A medical consultation is always recommended in case of irregularities in menstrual cycles. One can also adopt effective natural remedies to regularize the periods.

1. Drinking a glass of carrot juice daily for three months is a very effective natural remedy to treat irregular menstrual cycles.

2. Avoid high calorie and carbohydrate rich foods. Stick to fresh fruits and vegetables to maintain a good diet. Pumpkin, drumsticks, snake gourd, bitter gourd, dates, papaya and cucumber are ideal foods to get relief from this disorder. Processed and junk foods must be strictly avoided.

3. Iron rich foods like broccoli, lettuce, spinach and apple help in reducing anemia and regularizing menstrual periods.

4. Asafetida is widely used in treating menstrual disorders. Add one-fourth teaspoon of asafetida in one teaspoon of warm butter and fry it for ten minutes. Take this mixture regularly with soups or buttermilk.

5. Prepare a concoction of ginger and add one teaspoonful of honey. Taking this mixture daily, helps in regularizing menstrual cycle.

6. Intake of fenugreek and sesame seeds with salads and vegetables are highly beneficial in treating irregular menstruation periods. This practice should be carried out for 2-3 months to get the best result.

7. A mixture of mint powder and one teaspoonful of honey is useful in treating this disorder. The mixture should be taken 2-3 times a day for effective result.

Causes Of Enlarged Liver

Before listing and describing the causes of enlarged liver, will be useful to define what an enlarged liver is and explain why it is a dangerous liver condition.

Enlarged liver is not really a disease itself, but it’s an indication or symptom of some other health threat. Any number of disorders can cause the liver to become irritated and inflamed, and this inflammation causes the liver to swell to an abnormal size. Doctors use the medical term hepatomegaly when this happens.

Here are some disorders of the liver itself that contribute to enlargement.

Cirrhosis – Often called cirrhosis of the liver, although adding the words “of the liver” is unnecessary. Cirrhosis generally results from drinking too much alcohol. Alcohol is a toxin that destroys liver cells and leads to scarring, which causes inflammation.

Hepatitis – There are a number of ways you can get hepatitis, and there are many different forms of the disease. In the majority of cases, it’s caused by a virus which is designated by a letter of the alphabet. This means you can have hepatitis A, hepatitis B, hepatitis C, etc. But hepatitis can also be caused by overuse of medications, vitamins and supplements. There is furthermore a form of hepatitis known as alcohol-induced hepatitis.

Fatty liver disease – Fat builds up in the liver, interfering with liver function and causing inflammation. This is an extremely common liver condition which has recently overtaken cirrhosis as the number one liver disorder.

Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease – This disease has the same effect on the liver as hepatitis and cirrhosis, but occurs in those who drink little alcohol.

Wilson’s disease – When you have Wilson’s disease, there’s too much copper building up in your liver, brain and other organs of the body. Your body needs copper, but too much copper can cause irreversible liver damage.

Polycystic liver disease – Multiple cysts grow in the liver, which causes hardening of the liver tissue. As more cysts grow, the liver gets bigger.

Obstruction of the gall bladder or bile ducts, and blockage of veins that drain the liver.

Certain common infections like mononucleosis and malaria may also contribute to causing an enlarged liver.

Noncancerous liver tumors – These usually these don’t cause symptoms and are harmless. Treatment is rarely needed.

Liver cancer – Of course, this is an extremely serious and life-threatening disease that also causes liver enlargement

There are a lot of other diseases and conditions not related to the liver itself that are causes of liver enlargement. Metastatic cancer, which is cancer that spreads to the liver from another part of the body, contributes to liver enlargement, as do leukemia and lymphoma.

Heart and blood vessel issues are among the most frequent causes of enlarged liver. Problems that reduce circulation cause organ problems of all sorts, especially in the liver.

Certain common infections like mononucleosis and malaria may also contribute to causing an enlarged liver.

You can lower your risk of hepatomegaly by following some simple rules.

Avoid alcohol completely if you can. But if you choose to drink, do so moderately. Never take medications when you drink.

Make sure you only take the recommended dose of medications and drugs. Be especially careful when taking multiple medications simultaneously. Consult your doctor about any herbal supplements and vitamins you take. Some of these can damage the liver. Certain combination’s can be dangerous, especially vitamins A, D, E and K

Handle aerosol cleaning products, insecticides and other toxic chemicals carefully. Make sure you use them only in a well-ventilated area. These may damage liver cells.

Above all, eat a heart-healthy, low-fat diet and exercise regularly. Doing so will not only keep your heart in great shape, but will also help you avoid the causes of enlarged liver.

Uterine fibroids: Are They Cancerous or Life Threatening?

WHAT ARE UTERINE FIBROIDS?

Uterine fibroids are benign tumors. In simple words uterine fibroids are non-cancerous muscle tumors. Uterine fibroids are not at al related to cancer.

UTERINE FIBROIDS LOCATION

Uterine cancers attack the main reproductive organ – the uterus. Uterine fibroids remain attached to the uterus wall. Uterine fibroids can also develop within the uterine wall. Uterine fibroids are also known as Myoma, Fibromyoma, and Leiomyoma.

UNDERSTANDING CELLS, TISSUES, ORGANS AND TUMORS

Cells are the basic units of our lives. New cells are born when the old ones die out. These new-born normal cells divide and grow to form tissues. Tissues of the same kind combine to form our organs.

Mentionably, our bodies need a constant refurbishment of such new cells. But at times this automatic process (of cells taking birth as some die) gets a jolt. During such crucial junctures, the tumors take control of certain parts of our bodies.

Therefore, tumors are mass of extra tissue cells. They appear as abnormal growth mass of the cells.

TUMORS: BENIGN & MALIGNANT

First and foremost, benign tumors are not cancerous and are not life threatening.

Second, malignant or cancerous tumors are life-threatening.

Third, benign tumors can be easily removed by the surgeon.

Fourth, the benign tumors do not spread to other parts of the body. Malignant tumors do.

Fifth, benign tumors rarely reform once they are removed. But malignant tumors can return.

BENIGN CONDITIONS OF THE UTERUS

The benign conditions of the uterus are fibroids, Endometriosis and Endometrial hyperplasia.

Fibroids: The uterine fibroids are uncannily common. They grow in the uterine muscles. They occur mainly in women between their forties and fifties. Many fibroids may appear simultaneously. Fibroids never degenerate into cancer. The fibroids become smaller and disappear after a woman reaches menopause.

Hence no treatment is required for fibroids. Fibroids can stay within the body without symptoms. However, fibroids can lead to frequent urination, excessive vaginal discharge, and bleeding. Such complications appear if the uterine fibroids appear near any organs. Doctors advice is must for any patient suffering from such symptoms.

Mentionably, the patients suffering from uterine fibroids are asked to go for surgeries if the fibroids put pressure on the important organs. Surgeries are suggested if the uterine fibroids can be painful.

Endometriosis: Endometriosis is another benign state affecting the uterus. Mostly women in their forties and especially those who were never pregnant are affected by this benign tumor. Endometriosis develops when the endometrial tissue grows outside the uterus and spreads on to the organs nearby. Endometriosis can cause excessive bleeding from the vagina, painful menstrual periods, and infertility (ability to get pregnant). The fact is that Endometriosis cannot be cancerous. Endometriosis is generally treated with surgery or hormones.

Endometrial hyperplasia: Endometrial hyperplasia takes place when cells increase in numbers in the uterine linings. It is another form of benign tumor. But, at times, endometrial hyperplasia can become cancerous. The symptoms of endometrial hyperplasia are bleeding in the post-menopause phase, bleeding between two successive menstruations and heavy periods. Women beyond 40 years of age are affected by endometrial hyperplasia. As preventive measures, the patients are advised to go for either progesterone (hormonal treatment) or hysterectomy (uterus removal). Periodical follow-up tests are also necessary after any of these procedures to obviate the possibility of this benign tumor turning cancerous.

As opposed to these three forms of benign tumors, the malignant tumors are cancerous. Hence malignant tumors are dangerous and pose threats to life. Malignant tumors even penetrate into the lymphatic system or the bloodstream. These malignant tumors not only spread (metastasize) very fast to other organs but also permanently harm the vital organs.

UTERINE FIBROID SYMPTOMS

The uterine fibroids are benign (non-cancerous) tumors and quite common. Uterine fibroids can leave diverse effects on the patients. The woman having uterine fibroids can feel long durations of pelvic pressure at times accompanied by pain. Uterine fibroids may also lead to infertility or miscarriage. Moreover, uterine fibroids can cause heavy menstruation (periods).

WHEN DO UTERINE FIBROIDS DEVELOP?

One woman out of every four is susceptible to uterine fibroids. Uterine fibroids appear between the post-puberty productivity stage and the pre-menopausal phase. The vulnerable age-group period is from 30 to 50 years. Notably, women below 20 years do not suffer from uterine fibroids.

THE BEST WAY TO TACKLE UTERINE FIBROIDS

Tackle the uterine fibroids in the easiest way: Don’t take estrogen after menopause. The uterine fibroids will shrink by themselves.

THE MOST VULNERABLE SECTION

Studies have found that that the section most vulnerable to uterine fibroids are the African-American womenfolk.

DIAGNOSING UTERINE FIBROIDS

Any health care provider can diagnose uterine fibroids through a simple routine checkup. To confirm the presence of uterine fibroids, the patients may have to go for ultrasound test.

Complex Cyst – Understanding Your Complex Cyst

Most women are aware of the standard fluid filled ovarian cyst and a complex cyst is one that has both fluid and solid matter within it. This makes them slightly more dangerous, especially if they rupture. Despite this you may never even know you have any type of ovarian cyst.

Risk Factors for Developing a Complex Cyst

There are certain risk factors to consider;

  • History; A prior history of ovarian cysts is an indicator that you may have developed an overly large or complex cyst.
  • Irregular Periods; If you have irregular periods this can also be an indicator or predisposing factor in the development of ovarian cysts.
  • Puberty; The age at which you started menstruating also is a risk factor. It is thought that girls who started their period before age 11 are much more likely to have problems with cysts in the future.
  • Obesity is another risk factor. This is particularly true if you have a lot of upper body fat. However by losing weight your chances of developing ovarian cysts decrease.
  • Hormones; Because one of the causes of ovarian cysts is your hormone level, if you have thyroid or other endocrine system illnessness you are more likely to develop cysts.
  • Cancer treatment; Unfortunately if you are receiving treatment for breast cancer, one of the drugs that you are likely to be treated with – Tamoxifen – increases the likelihood that you will develop ovarian cysts.
  • Genetics; If you have close family members that are prone to cysts on the ovaries then unfortunately this increases your chances of developing them too.

How Do You Find A Complex Cyst?

If any of the above apply to you then it is important to make sure that you get regular exams. Most cysts are discovered during routine exams. Although a cyst is relatively harmless, by constantly monitoring it you can prevent any further harm.

How is a Complex Cyst Treated?

When looking at treatment options for your complex cyst your doctor will take many things into account

If after an exam, your doctor believes you may have a complex cyst, there are several steps they will take to be sure;

– An endovaginal ultrsound will determine the type of cyst that you have.

– A CT scan or MRI may be also be ordered.

– A CA 125 blood test is also a common request. This particular blood test is to detect cancer antigens and will quickly rule out ovarian cancer.

From there your treatment options vary from surgery for those cysts that are deemed to be high risk, to prescriptions for the birth control pill, to natural therapies.

Thrush – Natural Remedies Are The Best

Disappointed by doctors and frightened by dangerous drugs more and more people are searching for natural thrush remedies. If you suffer from thrush natural remedies are the safest and most effective way to find relief. Be careful, however. Many natural remedies for thrush bring only temporary relief and are not the permanent cure we are looking for.

When considering natural thrush remedies it is important to whether the remedy is designed to treat just the symptoms or the root cause. If it treats only the symptoms, as all over-the-counter and prescription medications and some natural remedies do, it may bring some temporary relief but it will not result in a permanent cure. The root cause of thrush is usually based on an imbalance within the body. Vitamin deficiencies, overuse of antibiotics, and a diet high in sugar are some factors that contribute to the imbalance.

Vitamins are an important ingredient in fighting thrush. Some vitamins that should be taken as part of natural thrush remedies include:

– Vitamins A, C, E

– Zinc

– Iron

– Glutamine

– Selenium

– Daily multivitamins

Many researchers believe that antioxidants are also important in treating thrush. Antioxidants are effective in eliminating toxins from the body which is an important step in finding a natural thrush remedy products with a high concentration of antioxidants include:

– Green tea

– Many berries

– Pomegranates

– Ginger

The high concentration of fatty acids in flax seed oil has been proven effective in treating thrush. The fatty acids are believed to help the immune system function at a high level.

Remember, however, that these measures are only part of an overall natural thrush remedy. They will help keep the body strong and improve its ability to fight off the overgrowth of yeast which leads to thrush infections but, by themselves, they will not prevent or cure thrush.

Complete natural thrush remedies includes elimination of the yeast overgrowth in the body, restoration of the body’s natural internal balance, and reintroduction of good, helper bacteria which will allow the body to fight off future yeast attacks.

This can only be achieved by taking a holistic approach to the problem. While thrush may appear to be in only one location such as the mouth, throat, or tongue, it is actually living and growing inside the body. To achieve a full and permanent remedy for thrush we must treat the entire body, not just the area where the symptoms are present.

Hepatitis A Common In Soldiers

The military has always been a victim of hepatitis A. Napoleon's army felt its wrath in the Egyptian campaign of 1799 and British, French, and German troops were severely affected in World War I.

More serious outbreaks affected 200,000 US troops from 1942 to 1945. Over five million cases occurred among German armies and civilians alone, forcing American soldiers to abandon key positions in Germany.

Hepatitis A continued to ravage the post-World War II era. Some 4,000 cases were reported among American and Korean soldiers in 1950. Similar reports were received from Vietnam and from French soldiers in Lebanon in 1978. What makes the military prone to the hepatitis A virus (HAV)?

"The armed forces frequently travel to, and are stationed in, areas of intermediate and high HAV endemicity. In the same way as any other traveler, this puts non-immune military personnel at risk of hepatitis A infection. Not only do they face the risk of HAV-contaminated water supplies and local cuisine, but also the prospect of contaminated canteen food should a member of the catering staff, become infected, "researchers said.

"In addition, the living conditions imposed by accommodation in barrack blocks would also be expected to promote the spread of HAV through close person-to-person contact – sharing cigarettes, drinks and food for example," they added.

Other occupations at risk for the HAV are medical charwomen, sewerage workers, day-care center personnel, pediatric nurses, and travelers to high endemicity areas like Africa, Central and South America, and Asia.

"According to unpublished data of the World Tourism Organization, 30 – 35 million persons living in industrialized countries visit a developing country each year, where hepatitis A is highly endemic. Almost one-half of them live in Europe and travel predominantly to Africa and Asia ; 40 percent live in the USA and Canada and travel mostly to Mexico or to the Caribbean; the remaining 10 percent originate from Australia, New Zealand, and Japan, "according to Robert Steffen of the Institute of Social and Preventive Medicine in Zurich, Switzerland in the journal Vaccine.

"An average of 80 percent of these travelers are tourists. The remainder (average 20 percent) comprises business persons, experts, foreign aid volunteers or other professionals, and their families. These large numbers of travelers account for a considerable proportion of the hepatitis A infections diagnosed in industrialized countries, "Steffen revealed.

"The incidence rate of symptomatic hepatitis A among these unprotected travelers, the majority of whom stay at high quality hotels, is currently estimated to be as high as one in 300 for a one month journey. For the more adventurous, traveling and staying in remote and primitive areas, the risk of contracting hepatitis A is increased at least six-fold, "researchers said.

There's no specific therapy for hepatitis A. Once a person has the disease, rest and relaxation are generally advised and the doctor will try to make the patient as comfortable as possible.

If you decide to take any medicine or over-the-counter drug, clear this with your physician first. Since all drugs pass to the liver, toxic effects could occur if that organ is affected by hepatitis A. (Next: Complications of hepatitis A.)

To strengthen your body, take Immunitril – your first line of defense in maintaining a healthy immune system. Details For, visit Http://www.bodestore.com/immunitril.html .

Remove Gallstones – Passing Gallstones Naturally by Flushing Toxins

Is it possible to remove gallstones naturally and avoid gallbladder surgery all together? Yes, and there are thousands of patients who have successfully passed their gallstones painlessly with no surgery!

The key to passing gallstone naturally is to flush toxins! However, western medicine still contends that surgery is the best option for this disease. Ironically, it is also a very expensive treatment that creates a lot of jobs and a lot of revenue. Hmmm…

If you are thinking about saving $15,000 to $20,000, you may want to read about how flushing toxins can help remove gallstones.

Why Toxins?

There is a lot of talk these days about toxins! Toxin build-up can happen from lack of water, stress, constipation or just an unhealthy lifestyle. It is no wonder that gallstone sufferers usually have a high concentration of toxin build up.

Fortunately, researchers have found that there is a remarkable correlation between flushing gallstones and flushing toxins. Therefore, if you flush toxins; you may be able to painlessly pass your gallstones.

But how do you flush toxins?

Passing Gallstones Naturally

If you want to pass gallstones naturally, you must learn how to keep cholesterol and toxins flushed. Here are 4 supplements that could be the key to flushing toxins and passing gallstones.

1. Many patients have been taking 1000 mg of vitamin C three times a day. Vitamin C, also known as ascorbic acid, has been shown to convert cholesterol to bile which can greatly diminish the chance of future stones.

2. You may also wish to supplement 1200 mg of lecithin twice a day. There have been many benefits associated to lecithin but many experts believe it is a legitimate gallstone treatment. Lecithin can be found in soybeans, grains and even fish. You can also find a supplement at any health food store.

3. Flaxseed oil has also been shown to be beneficial for stones in the gallbladder. You should supplement 2 teaspoons of it daily.

4. Finally, you might also wish to take 1 gram of Taurine twice per day. Taurine is an amino acid which has been shown to help the body detoxify itself. You can find this supplement at most health stores.

Trigonometric Functions and Properties

Trigonometric functions are a special set of relationships that are derived from geometric triangles. They are first introduced in high school algebra and geometry, but are used more often in the study of calculus. This article examines the three basic trigonometric functions and highlights their important characteristics.

Sine

The sine function describes the ratio between the opposite and hypotenuse sides of a triangle. The equation for this relationship is written as sin (x) = opposite / hypotenuse. The sine function is a periodic function with a period of 2 * pi (or 360 degrees). The sine function oscillates over its domain and has a range of -1 to 1.

Cosine

The cosine function describes the relationship between the adjacent and hypotenuse sides of a triangle. The formula is written as cos (x) = adjacent / hypotenuse. The cosine function is also a periodic function with a period of 2 * pi (or 360 degrees). The cosine function oscillates just like the sine function, except that it is shifted to the left by 90 degrees. Otherwise the two graphs look identical in shape.

Tangent

The tangent equation describes the ratio between the opposite and adjacent sides of a triangle. The equation for this relationship is written as tan (x) = opposite / adjacent. Tangent is a periodic function with a period of pi (or 180 degrees). The tangent function is in fact the division of the two other trigonometric functions and can be written as tan (x) = sin (x) / cos (x). Tangent does not look like the other graphs since it does not oscillate in a continuous way. Tan (x) is discontinuous at -pi / 2 and pi / 2. At these point the value of tangent is infinite since the value of cos (x) in the quotient is 0. The tangent function has range from negative infinite to positive infinite.

So there are the three basic trigonometric functions. Find some pre calculus practise problems so you can memorize these properties and be ready for differential calculus studies.

If The Idea Of Networking Makes You Want To Vomit

Networking for fashion designers can be tough to stomach. But when you’re starting a clothing business, making contacts you can rely on, and who can rely on you is critical for your success. Here are Jane’s sure-fire tips for networking, especially for people who hate networking.

When you think about networking, what comes to mind?

Drinking warm beer from a plastic cup smiling at people? No, that was college.

Drinking warm white wine from a plastic cup smiling at people and handing out business cards? Aha, that’s more like it.

And if the idea of networking really does make you want to vomit, read on…

I mean, what do people do with all the cards you hand out? What do you do with all the cards you collect? Going out on a limb here, I’m gonna say… um, nothing.

They don’t get thrown out right away. That would be rude. They just get put in a big pile on your desk. Or get crushed at the bottom of your purse -for a few weeks -or maybe a few months only to remind you of how you should feel guilty about doing nothing with them.

Sound familiar?

There must be a better way…

Jane’s Brain Tips on Networking… and they’re guaranteed Not To Make You Vomit…

What I call networking is about real relationships, not winning a business card popularity contest. It’s about having someone to call when you have an industry-related question. You want to build a “network” of people you rely on and who can rely on you.

I can just hear you asking… How do I do this, Jane? I don’t know anybody!

1) Pick one (or two) industry related groups and commit to attending regularly. Get on a committee and really get to know some people. This way you’ll have a small group of people who know you and (hopefully) like you – a real asset.

But beware…joining a group only for the contacts is a bad idea. Be sure you’re interested in what you’re doing or it will be painfully obvious to the group – and pretty lame.

2) The point of “networking” events is NOT to meet as many people as possible. The point IS to meet some people with whom you will follow up. I suggest you get the other person’s card and write something about them on it for you to remember later. The day after the event, “maximize the relationship” by getting in touch with the people you met. Don’t just write an email, “Great to meet you last night. Would love to get together sometime.”

3) Send them something useful for their business or their life – an article, a YouTube link, a restaurant recommendation; anything that pertains to them that they’ll appreciate. (Check the back of their card to see what you wrote about them!) Then make a note in your calendar and schedule a date to reach out to them in the future. Which leads to my next point…

4) Dig a well before you’re thirsty. This phrase (from Harvey Mackay) is telling you to be a resource for other people before you call them asking for help. If you make it a habit to help people out without asking for anything in return, it will come back to you.

And the last no puke tip…

5) Once every few months, ask someone you admire or respect for breakfast or coffee. Arrive prepared with questions and try to discover the “secrets” to their success. They don’t have to work in the fashion design industry, you can learn from anyone. It will take about an hour of your time and you might be surprised about how much you’ll gain from these coffee dates. Send a hand-written thank-you note after your meeting.

© 2010 Jane Hamill, Fashion Brain Academy

Food Borne Diseases

Food borne diseases or also known as foods poisoning, can be caused by a variety of microbes such as bacteria, fungi, viruses, and parasites. Food borne disease is caused by consume contaminated food and beverages. A harmful toxins or chemicals present in food also may cause food borne disease.

We must often ask why and how food can be contaminated by bacteria which at the end can cause diseases called food borne diseases. Let see the characteristic of foods and bacteria related with food borne diseases.

Bacteria need 6 conditions to be able to survive and proliferate. The needed conditions are source of food, level of acidity, temperature, time, oxygen and moisture, are abbreviated to F A T T O M.

FOOD

Bacteria need food to grow. Like the others life organisms they need food to support their growing up. High protein or carbohydrate contents as contained in the meat, fish, seafood products, cooked rise, peas and potatoes are loved by bacteria. These foods are considered potentially hazardous foods. This condition will facilitate their proliferation.

ACID

It has been known that dangerous bacteria in foods can proliferate in food with acidity between (pH) 4.6 – 7. pH is the symbol for the degree of acidity or alkalinity (base) of substances, measure on scale 0 to 14.0. Foods with a pH below 7.0 are acidic, pH above 7.0 is alkaline. Most of bacteria will not grow at pH level below 4.6.

TEMPERATURE

The bacteria can proliferate faster in temperatures between >41oF – 160oF (5oC – 60oC). But the bacteria prefer the temperature that is equivalent with the human temperature i.e. 98.6oF (37oC). The longer that bacteria are allowed to sit in a warm, moist environment, the quicker the bacteria will grow up and multiply. You must restrict the time that these foods stay in the danger zone to two hours or less.

TIME

Time and temperature are two most important factors that greatly influence bacteria growth in food. Microorganisms like a warm environment preferably around room temperature. In an ideal condition bacteria will proliferate every 15-30 minutes. Certain bacteria can even grow every 10 minutes. Research has identified this as a dangerous temperature zone. It is very necessary to create a condition that makes impossible for bacteria to grow or hinders bacteria growth. Bacteria only need 4 hours to proliferate to reach a number that can diseases in people who consume it.

OXYGEN

Certain types of bacteria need oxygen to survive, they are aerobic; but there are also some types of bacteria that can survive without oxygen, they are anaerobic. These two conditions can occur in food. Bacteria that can survive without oxygen can live in packed foods or vacuum packed such as canned foods, or in foods stocked in large quantity.

MOISTURE

Research has shown that disease-causing bacteria can grow in foods if the water activity in the foods is greater than point 85 (.85). Microorganisms love a nice moist environment. Meat, produce and soft cheeses have more water content allowing any bacteria, viruses or molds present to multiply quickly.