Repair of Hernia – Part One

When a hernia occurs a part of the bowel or abdominal fat, normally within the abdomen, protrudes out through a weakened part. An inguinal hernia is the commonest type and occurs in the groin. There is a small gap deep in the wall of muscle in the abdomen, just above the ligament in the groin, through which the veins and arteries course to reach the testicle. If the gap or the tissues around it stretch or weaken then part of the peritoneum (lining of the abdomen) can protrude through. This protrusion can occur, with fat or bowel bulging out, on vigorous activity, coughing or standing.

Aching and discomfort can be caused by the bulge of the hernia but the protrusion generally returns back into the abdominal area when the person lies down, with the necessity to manually press it back into place at times. Aching can occur without any visible bulging and then a doctor’s examination is needed to find the hernia. A very longstanding hernia may develop into a very large protrusion, even going so far as to fill up a man’s scrotum. A very large hernia like this will likely remain protruded most of the time and be very difficult to relocate.

Inguinal hernias occur less frequently in females than males but femoral hernias, a different type, occur more frequently in females and can mostly be found on examination by a specialist. Femoral hernias are more likely to need to be repaired.

Most hernias are just a nuisance due to causing a bulge and the tendency to ache, symptoms which are annoying but not medically important. Strangulation is the most serious complication where the bowel fills the hernia sac and becomes trapped there, potentially cutting of its blood supply. It needs to be operated on immediately, with a likely removal of a damaged area of bowel. It is not common for bowel to become strangulated and hernias can exist for years without this happening. Bowel obstruction can develop as the bowel becomes trapped and this needs operating on even if the blood supply is still working.

An operation is the only permanent cure for a hernia and can prevent the long term presence or increase in size of the hernia. Hernias can cause discomfort and strangulation can occur but is not common. An operation is not mandatory if the hernia is not causing any trouble and patients should discuss this with their surgeons. A symptomatic hernia can be held in place by a truss which needs to be put on before the patient gets up and makes the hernia bulge. A symptomatic hernia is mostly much better treated by an operation. Having medical problems or being older should not stop hernia repair due to the safe use of local and general anaesthetics.

A groin incision about 12 centimetres in length is used for the repair of a hernia, with an opening of a layer of muscle and then the careful separation of the bulging hernia sac from the veins, arteries and tube to the testicle. The protruding fat or bowel from the abdomen is compressed back in and the sac is then stitched back into the abdominal cavity or tied off at its narrow neck area.

The weakened area is then repaired and strengthened and the hole for the veins and arteries to the testicle is recreated back to its usual size. The hernia will be likely to return if it is not repaired, with surgeons typically using a plastic mesh which they stitch over the herniated area. Stitches can also be used without employing the mesh and this is more likely in femoral hernias. Good long term results have been shown with both techniques and the typical chance of hernia recurrence is 2%.

A hernia can be performed as an open operation or by using a laparoscope, using a general anaesthetic. The surgeon inserts the scope into the abdomen just under the tummy button and then pumps gas into the abdomen to separate the muscle layers in the lower groin and abdomen. The surgeon makes two very small (5mm) incisions in the low abdomen so that instruments can be inserted, by which the mesh of plastic is introduced and the hernia repaired.

Osteoporosis – A Health Risk For Women

Osteoporosis affects over 10 million Americans, and 80 percent of those are women. According to the National Osteoporosis Foundation, an additional 34 million Americans have low bone density, a serious risk factor for developing osteoporosis and suffering a fracture. Osteoporosis is a serious health risk for women, and the more you know about this disease, the more you can do to prevent it.

Surely you know of an elderly relative or neighbor who has suffered a fracture from a fall and how difficult recovery from that kind of injury can be. These fractures are usually the result of weakened, fragile bones. In fact, osteoporosis causes fractures in one out of every two post-menopausal women over 50.

Hip fractures are extremely difficult to recover from, and often result in a permanent disability. Many women lose their independence after a fracture, and the medical costs can be huge. In fact, thirty percent of hip fracture patients end up in nursing homes within a year of their fracture, and twenty percent die in the year following a fracture.

Fractures in the spine can occur because the vertebrae become so weak that they compress. This compression can be extremely painful and lead to loss of height or stooped posture. Fractures of the spine require long recovery times, and lead to a very high risk of another spinal fracture within one year.

If you think you do not need to worry about osteoporosis until you are older, think again. Women typically have the most bone loss in the first 5 years after menopause. So, if you are a woman in your fifties, you are probably losing bone mass already. If you are Caucasian or Asian, have a small frame or have a family history of osteoporosis, your risk of developing osteoporosis is greatly increased.

There are usually no symptoms of osteoporosis in the early stages of the disease. Osteoporosis can silently rob your bones of their strength, and you might be unaware of it until a fracture occurs. Since your bones are at their peak strength at age 25, bones can begin weakening at an early age. Even if you are a healthy woman in your early thirties, you should be aware of the risks of osteoporosis and the ways to prevent it.

Do not wait to educate yourself about osteoporosis. Talk to your doctor about the risk factors for the disease, ways to prevent bone loss and the newest treatments available. There are many resources for learning the facts about osteoporosis.

Treat Postherpetic Neuralgia With Natural Remedies And Avoid Pharmaceutical Side Effects

Why on earth would you take a drug with the following side effects?

Dizziness, sleepiness, eyesight problems, blurry vision, weight gain, swelling of hands and feet, unexplained muscle pain, soreness or weakness along with fever or tired feeling; skin sores, trouble concentrating and dry mouth.

It is hard to imagine a pain so bad that you would trade it for a series of side effects that are not just possible but are likely. The answer is nerve pain. In a magazine advertisement seven of these side effects were described as common for a pharmaceutical drug used as a treatment for Postherpetic Neuralgia (PHN) which is a nerve pain that lingers after a bout of shingles.

Postherpetic Neuralgia is described by the Merck Manual as a “constant deep aching or burning, a sharp or intermittent pain or as hypersensitivity to touch or cold. The pain may be debilitating.” This lingering nerve pain is more likely to occur in the elderly and it often diminishes in time.

Here are some natural alternatives to try before submitting yourself to the toxic side effects of a manufactured pharmaceutical.

Red chilli peppers contain two compounds called salicylates and capsaicin. Both of these chemicals are capable of providing pain relief. Salicylates are aspirin-like compounds that have been used for over 100 years to treat inflammation and pain. Capsaicin is a compound that encourages the production endorphins, the body’s own pain killers. So try consuming more chilli pepper in your diet.

Capsaicin is also used in creams such as Zostrix or Capzasin-P. When applied to the skin capsaicin creams inhibit the transmission of pain by depleting your nerves of a chemical called “substance-P”. These creams are available over the counter and can counteract Postherpetic Neuralgia.

Willow bark, another aspirin-like herb also contains salicin or related salicylates. Use Willow Bark to make a tea. You will need to experiment with the strenth of this tea until you get effective pain relief.

The herbs peppermint and rosemary along with the spice ginger contain compounds that reduce pain. Ginger and the related root turmeric also act to reduce inflammation that causes pain. You can combine peppermint, rosemary, ginger and willow bark to make a pain-relieving tea or drink these teas individually. You can also use such teas as a poultice to apply directly to painful areas.

To be effective as a treatment for inflammation, turmeric must be consumed in larger quantities. As much as 10 grams of ground turmeric may be required. In parts of Asia, turmeric juice mixed with honey is consumed as a daily health tonic and current research indicates that its anti-inflammatory properties may be responsible for the low incident of Alzheimer’s disease in India. This author regularly blends a thumb size piece of fresh turmeric root with enough spring water and the juice of a lemon to make one to two 8-ounce glasses of an effective migraine remedy. This is a strong tasting tonic and it may require a touch honey or agave nectar to make it palatable.

The sedative herb passionflower consumed as a tea can also help with Postherpetic Neuralgia.

Lavendar, eucalyptus and peppermint essential oils are also effective pain killers when applied externally. Essential oils must be mixed with a light vegetable oil before application.

In addition to treating the pain of Postherpetic Neuralgia, one should take care to boost the immune system since it is a weakened immunity that enables the dormant zoster virus to replicate and cause shingles in the first place. After the shingles episode is over and the blisters have healed, Postherpetic Neuralgia may persist because your immune system continues to be depressed. Boost your immune system with vitamin B12, B-Complex, high levels of vitamin C along with bioflavonoids (eat brightly colored fruits and vegetables), and calcium. Herbal supplements to boost immune system include astragalus, echinacea, and fresh ginger tea. Turmeric is also known for boosting the immune system.

As with all medicinal remedies use essential oils, spices and herbs with caution. Start with small amounts to test for allergic reactions. Some herbs, spices and oils are not suitable for use by children or pregnant women. And please consult a trained health practitioner.

Sciatic Nerve Pinch Pain May Lead to Suicide Attempts

Sciatic nerve pinch pain, also called Sciatica, can lead the person suffering to a suicide attempt. Sciatica pain usually occurs from behind the lower back towards the thigh. It is usually caused by a herniated disc pushing down on the sciatic nerve. The symptoms of sciatic nerve pain usually include numbness, tingling sensation and pain when the person is walking. In severe cases the person can have trouble walking entirely.

The latter group is the one that is at risk for suicide. This group has to deal with severe pain on a daily basis, in addition to hopelessness from their frustration of not being able to walk.

If you think suicide is not a threat, think again. More than 1,100,000 Americans attempt suicide every year in United States. In fact one out of fourteen Americans knows someone who succeeded in killing themselves last year. As you can see the threat is quite real, and the pain/hopelessness found in patients with sciatic nerve pain are at risk.

The main reason sciatic nerve pinch pain is a risk for suicide, is because there really isn’t any long term solution. The only pinched sciatic nerve treatment includes taking pain killers on a daily basis, and essentially living a lifestyle that doesn’t put any pressure on the nerve. Basically you’ll have to avoid bending, sitting in soft chairs, never lifting anything and eating a lot of fiber, so that they can avoid constipation(straining in the bathroom is one of the worst problems for those with sciatic nerve pinch pain). You’ll also have to lie down and sleep on firm mattresses or on the floor and would need to get help getting up from the bath tub or bed.

So if you know someone who is suffering from a sciatica, you need to learn all the different hidden suicide warning signs, so that you can interfere when the person’s worsening condition drives them to attempt suicide. If you yourself are suffering from a sciatic nerve pain, you need to provide a suicide warning signs guide to a person with whom you interact on the daily basis…remember if you are ever driven to suicide, you won’t really be thinking…you might say now that there is no way you’d kill yourself because of your sciatic nerve pain…but when you condition worsens…you might think otherwise…at which point you’ll be glad that someone around you is able to interfere and save your life. Remember, the pain is temporary, suicide is permanent.

Can Plagiocephaly Be Treated in Adults?

These days it’s common to see babies with flat heads, and you might have even seen one or two sporting funny looking helmets to correct the deformity. But what if you have reached adulthood with a flat spot on your head, having been born at a time when knowledge of this condition was limited? Can plagiocephaly be treated in adults and older children?

The rise of plagiocephaly

Plagiocephaly has gained much media attention in recent years. While the Back to Sleep campaign of the 1990s may have successfully reduced the incidence of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS), long periods spent lying in the supine position also left many children with misshapen heads.

Fast forward 20 or so years, and awareness about plagiocephaly is beginning to pick up, with doctors and health visitors providing advice for parents and private clinics offering helmet therapy to correct severe cases of plagiocephaly in infants.

But how about those teenagers and adults who were born before the information and treatment options we now have came to light? Is there a limit to the age at which plagiocephaly can be treated?

Plagiocephaly treatment for adults

Unfortunately, the only known treatment for plagiocephaly in adults involves surgery, and few surgeons are willing to undertake the procedure. Given that the condition is thought to be largely cosmetic, the risks and costs associated with surgery outweigh the benefits.

Today, parents are usually advised to ‘reposition’ their babies from an early age. This involves varying the position in which the child plays, sits and sleeps to relieve pressure on the back of the skull. Repositioning is often successful in treating mild cases of plagiocephaly, but where it fails, a helmet can be used to correct the deformity.

As babies become toddlers and they begin to move about more independently, there’s a limit to what can be achieved though repositioning. And while a helmet can be used to treat moderate and severe plagiocephaly in babies, by the age of around 14 months, the bones in the skull begin to harden and this method becomes ineffective, too.

Outlook for adults with plagiocephaly

If you’re an adult who has recently become aware of plagiocephaly, this is probably not the answer you wanted to hear. However, you can take some comfort in the fact that the condition is relatively benign and is not known to be associated with any health risks later in life.

While awareness of plagiocephaly is on the rise, the advice provided to parents by healthcare professionals remains inconsistent and there are still babies being left with easily preventable head shape deformities to this day.

So while it’s regrettable that you are unable to correct your own flat spot, you can still make a big difference by making other parents aware of the urgency with which they must act if they are to treat their children.

If the child of a friend or family member has a misshapen head, gently suggesting that they get it checked out can save a lot of heartache further down the line. It may be useful to show them this short presentation on plagiocephaly, which explains how to spot the signs and briefly covers the treatment options that are available.

So spread the word, and try not to worry too much about the shape of your own head. Remember, you’re your own worst critic and other people are far too busy going about their daily lives to notice minor irregularities in the appearances of others.

Sore Throat Treated With Remedies

Every fall I go through the same scenario. It is just like clockwork. I wake up one day out of the blue and I feel like a forklift is sitting on my head. My whole body is sore and I can’t get out of bed for the life of me. I feel cold, then hot and all around miserable.

Eventually I make it to the bathroom out of pure necessity, stumbling all the way there. Eyes swollen, nose running I try to wash my face thinking that it will wake me up and out of this stupor. I go to brush my teeth and the moment I open my mouth I know – sore throat time.

Having a sore throat is the worst and if you are really feeling sick there is little to no chance that you will venture out to get medicine. Whenever I have a sore throat, I am confined to the remedies I can put together in my kitchen.

Most doctors will tell you that a sore throat can be treated with home remedies. I am a big believer in hot tea and lozenges. I usually have a supply of hard candy or mints in my kitchen drawer that I jump into when my throat is sore. I try to keep hydrated by drinking lots of sugar-free liquids and I have found that turning on the humidifier can do a lot of good.

Many times a sore throat [] is caused by post nasal drip. I make sure to get rid of this irritant as well as I can and it usually helps a lot. Although there are many sprays and lozenges at your local

drugstore, many are too expensive for the amount of relief they provide. I have not yet found a throat spray that relieves the pain for more that a few minutes and before you know it, you have sprayed your throat so many times that you have a belly full of medicine.

The next time you have a sore throat, try using the home remedies that your mom used to use. Get yourself some hot tea with

lemon or a cup of hot soup. Fill up on liquids that will keep your throat moist while also flushing the infection or virus from your system. You will have to give it time because most sore throats will run on their own time frame and be gone when they are good and ready.

Bad Breath Because of Tonsils

Bad breath because of tonsils is a different condition from bad breath caused by bacteria living on the tongue and breaking down cells and proteins naturally present in the mouth. When bacteria colonize and infect the tonsils, the condition is tonsillitis, and it is an infection that requires medical attention.

The bacteria that cause tonsillitis are almost always Streptococcus pyogenes bacteria – most people know the condition as strept throat. The infected tonsils become extremely inflamed, developing pockets of pus in the tonsillar crypts and causing an extremely sore throat, often accompanied by fever and vomiting. When the tonsil produces pus bad breath results. Bad breath because of tonsils has a rotten meat odor that is subtly different from the rotten egg sulfur smell produced in ordinary bad breath. In addition, the unfortunate person with tonsillitis generally feels extremely unwell and there is no doubt that something serious is going on.

Bad breath because of tonsils is not the worst consequence of strept throat. A greater danger is the risk of the infection being followed by scarlet fever, or rheumatic fever, which can damage the heart. Most cases of strept throat will get better on their own, but treatment with antibiotics prevents the other diseases from developing later. When a tonsil produces pus bad breath and fever, see your doctor and get a diagnosis. If you have strept throat, you will need an antibiotic.

Not all sore throats are caused by Streptococcus pyogenes, however – many sore throats are caused by viruses, or by bacteria that have no serious consequences. They simply cause misery for a few days, then they're gone. Your body's immune system should be able to take care of these transient infections and no antibiotic treatment is required. An infected tonsil produces pus bad breath generally only in strept throat; however, if you do get bad breath because of tonsils with a sore throat that is not caused by Streptococcus pyogenes, the problem should resolve when the sore throat does.

If you think you have bad breath because of tonsils, but you do not have a very sore throat, the chances are that the problem is not located on the tonsils, but on the tongue or in other areas of the mouth where sulfur compound- producing bacteria thrive. This is a different story altogether. If the problem is ongoing, see your dentist or doctor for a professional opinion, then tackle it with one of the many available remedies.

Ayurvedic Therapy For Glycogen Storage Disease

Glycogen Storage Disorder: An Ayurvedic anticipation

A developmental disorder of the children is the most commonly met clinical condition in the OPD and IPD of Vaidyaratnam P S Varier Ayurveda College, Kottakkal. One fine morning, an anxious couple dropped up into the Paediatric OPD, with their five year old child, named Farhan as he hitherto did not attain the ability to walk independently. The child also complained of abdominal distension, recurrent respiratory infections and recurrent diarrhoea. There was also observed a marked atonicity of the body muscles.

The case was not a previously diagnosed one as it was his first approach for a medical reassurance. At the first glance, it seemed to be a yet another case of developmental disorder; as accounting for nearly 1/3rd of the in-patients in this institution. As the patient belonged to an unprivileged family, diagnostic investigations could not be advised for initially.

So, a through preliminary clinical examination was conducted which revealed enlargement of the liver. At this moment, the suspicion was roused that whether an underlying metabolic cause predisposed this liver enlargement. So, it became inevitable to advise further investigations. Thus, Serum Lactatate and Serum Pyruvate were measured, however were found to be within normal physiological limits. The liver functions were analyzed which showed an elevated SGPT and Bilirubin concentrations, though it was not clinically perceivable.

The Fasting Blood Sugar was noted to be very lower than normal. These observations guided the diagnosis of the case to Glycogen Storage Disorder. Hunting for the causes of this clinical condition, it was learnt to be caused by either a genetic predisposition or may be a resultant of a toxic accumulation in the body. Analysing the condition with an Ayurvedic viewpoint, it was understood to be an outcome of accumulation of morbid metabolic toxins in the body. This was in turn precipitated by a diminished execution of the digestive and metabolic activities in the body- both at the level of GIT as well as at the tissue level. As the Ayurvedic principles in such clinical conditions lay down, the treatment was aimed to be ensuring a proper mobilization of the accumulated morbid metabolic toxins at the tissue levels and to enhance the digestive and metabolic ability of the involved organs of the GIT.

Simultaneously, with the clearing off of the accumulated toxins the rejuvenation of the individual cells of the body was held as a concern of equal importance. Following these principles, the patient was subjected to gentle massage with the bolus prepared of medicated powders dipped in warm sour and fermented gruel. Internally, Vilwadi Tablet, Sudarsana Tablet, Indukantham Decoction and Dadimasthaka Powder were prescribed. Along with, Piper longum powder, known for its rejuvenating capability (in metabolic disorders of liver and spleen) was also advised internally.

Gradually, to our utmost contentment, the diarrhoea and abdominal distension was found to be markedly relieved and the child appeared to be much cheerful. Meanwhile, Liver Biopsy was performed which confirmed the diagnosis previously made. The Renal functions were monitored, however, were within normal ranges. Subsequently, the FBS was also improved significantly. Surprisingly, by the 45th day of the treatment, the patient who was carried down to the OPD some days back by his parents started walking by him.

Diabetic Diet: How Tangerines and Oranges Can Help Cure Diabetes

Don’t let anyone fool you. It is possible to cure type 2 diabetes and you can include many foods in your diabetic diet that contain substances that help cure diabetes.

Recent research proves that tangerines and oranges contain a substance called nobiletin that helps to cure diabetes. Specifically, nobiletin prevents the build up of fat in the liver and the subsequent over productive of insulin due to increasing glucose in the blood. Nobiletin also prevents the build-up of arterial plaque which causes heart disease and stroke.

Nobiletin is a very powerful antioxidant in a family of antioxidants called flavonoids. Antioxidants eradicate free radicals in the body that can lead to cancer, a compromised immune system, and a weakened body that can make it ripe for the development of diabetes. The underlying causes of all of these disorders are the same.

Tangerines contain more nobiletin than do oranges but both have a good quantity. Nobiletin is not found in lemons or grapefruit however. However, as an example of how variety is always good, lemons help diabetics in many other ways including very significantly lowering the glycemic index of any food it is added to and making your cells less insulin resistant.

The nobiletin is found in the tissues of the fruit and in the peel so just drinking juice is not as good as eating the whole fruit for this benefit. Grated peel is also a very tasty addition to salads and stirfries. You can also seep tangerine or orange peel in hot water for an excellent and very healthy tea. In fact, tangerine peel is has a mildly sweet flavor as a tea.

You really can can cure diabetes through diet and other natural means. I know because I cured my diabetes this way. I went from a HgAC1 of 10.6 to less than 6 (my last reading was 5.2) in less than 6 months and I’ve been able to keep it that way for quite a long time now. When I was first diagnosed, they were giving me insulin and then they wanted me to take a variety of prescription drugs for life.

They kept talking about how my disease would progress like it was a definite foregone conclusion this would happen. I finally said, “NO!” to the drugs, shopped around to find another doctor who would support my efforts to cure my diabetes naturally, and educated myself extensively on what to eat and what not to eat – and much of it is not as intuitive as you might think!

The Global Results Of Child Obesity Surveys

Obesity in children, if not addressed immediately, can have serious effects on the population. Child obesity has a high likelihood of progressing even during the adult years, which heightens the risk of getting asthma, diabetes, high blood pressure, and cardiovascular disease later in life. In the United States, for example, about 15% of children are obese, and the stats do not seem to decrease per age group. It was also recently reported that an estimated 70% of obese children will tend to remain obese as they grow up.

As it is already understood, obesity in children is not only a concern for the United States, but in other nations as well. As a matter of fact, child obesity surveys are constantly underway to help monitor the incidence of the disease, and to determine if policies are effective in the attempt to remedy the problem. Below are some summaries of statistical findings from child obesity surveys by research groups, medical offices, and agencies in the US, United Kingdom, and Canada.

In 2003, the Kaiser Family Foundation conducted a survey among residents of San Francisco, particularly parents of school-aged children, to determine factors that lead to child obesity. Results from this study showed that about 69% of adults believe obesity in children is a major problem. However, when asked to rank the serious issues that afflict kids and teens today, drugs, alcohol, and violence are more cause for worry than obesity. From this study, a huge percentage of the parents (more than 80%) claim that the lack of regular exercise is the reason why a lot of kids and teens become obese. Following that choice, fast food restaurants and junk food intake are big causes for child obesity in their area.

Statistique Canada also conducted child obesity surveys, and a notable paper determining changes in prevalence rates in obesity over the past quarter of a century was written in 2004. From this study, it was estimated that more than half a million kids aged two to seventeen are obese. This represents about 8 to 9% of the age group in the population. Furthermore, the use of computers, video games, and excessive TV watching caused a rise in obesity rates from the aged six to seventeen group. It was found that about 40% of kids admit to eating fruits and vegetables everyday, which provides hope in encouraging a lot more to choose healthier meals.

In the United Kingdom, similar efforts were done to monitor the changes in child obesity rates over the years. A 2005 paper which was published by the National Centre for Social Research explains that over the past eight to ten years, obesity rates in various ages groups went up in the UK. Obesity among children of age two to ten, increased from about 10% in the year 1995 to more than 13% in 2003. It was also found by the child obesity survey that about 20% of children who live with obese or overweight parents have a tendency to become obese as well.

What Is a Lupus Rash?

In regard to lupus, the skin places a significant role. The skin is one of the body parts most commonly affected by systemic lupus erythematosus. In addition the skin is sometimes a key element in the diagnosis of the disease.

Specifically there are two varieties of lupus rash (or rashes that occur as symptoms of lupus). The first is called malar rash. This is a rash that occurs on the face. It is butterfly-shaped and is usually located across the cheeks and nose. The second is called discoid rash. This is a skin rash that is characterized by raised red patches. Malar rash may occur with SLE (systemic lupus erythematosus) or more commonly with cutaneous lupus erythematosus. The second occurs with discoid lupus erythematosus. These are not the only three forms of lupus either. Each has symptoms that are relatively particular to that form as well. In addition to rashes photosensitivity is not an uncommon symptom of the lupus. In some cases exposure to sunlight be cause new rashes or worsen existing cases of lupus rash. In addition lesions may occur with exposure to the sun in some cases of lupus.

Most of the people that develop lupus will experience some form of skin rash. In some cases these rashes may point to a diagnosis. In other cases a less obvious examination of the skin can help to confirm diagnosis. A skin biopsy is sometimes to used to determine whether an individual is suffering from lupus. The presence of the two forms of lupus rash listed above is also used to diagnose the disease.

Doctor's use what is referred to as the eleven criteria to conclusively diagnose lupus! Among the eleven criteria are those two rashes. Some of the other criteria include a specific form of arthritis considered to be a symptom of lupus, the presence of antinuclear antibodies, photosensitivity, and other symptoms.

Each case of lupus generally merits an individual treatment plan. In many cases planning to prevent flare ups of the symptoms are initiated. Also prevalent in treatment is the specific treatment of symptoms. A doctor should be involved in the planning of treatment for symptoms of lupus.

Facial Herpes – Cold Hard Facts

Generally called cold sores, oral or facial herpes is typically caused by type 1 of the herpes virus (type 2 generally causes genital herpes).

Oral herpes is a very common condition and about 90% of Americans are thought to be infected. Unlike its genital counterpart, oral herpes is not necessarily contracted through sexual contact. Oftentimes, the virus is contracted at an early age, perhaps by being kissed by an adult who has a cold sore. Sharing eating utensils, razors and towels with a person who has an active oral herpes outbreak can also contract the virus.

Oral herpes is common and incurable, but it is not fatal. Most of the time individuals who have oral herpes have no symptoms at all or the symptoms may be so mild that they are undetected. Even still, a person may confuse oral herpes with a number of other conditions. If symptoms do occur, they may include the following:

* Tiny, fluid-filled blisters or sores located around the mouth, surrounded by red (or inflamed) skin

* Soreness or tingling around the mouth days before blisters appear on skin

* Discomfort and appearance of blisters generally last between 7 and 10 days

While the mouth area is the most common location for cold sores, there have been cases where the outbreaks occur on nostrils, chin or even fingers.

One misconception about cold sores is that they are related to canker sores. The two are very different, however, in nature and in function. Cold sores are caused by the herpes virus and are contagious, while canker sores are not caused by a virus, but rather are noncontagious ulcers that occur inside soft tissue of the mouth, where cold sores rarely occur.

Cold sores can be passed from person to person through skin-to-skin contact. Greatest risk of contracting the virus is during the time the blisters appear until they have completely disappeared. However, it is still possible to spread herpes even after the skin has healed and the infection is no longer visible.

* Do not kiss or have skin contact with infected persons during an outbreak. Herpes is passed most easily when there are moist secretions from cold sores.

* Do not share items like eating utensils, towels, lip balm because these can carry the herpes virus during an outbreak.

* Wash your hands carefully and regularly prior to touching others during an outbreak.

* Use caution when touching other body parts.

* Avoid activities known to trigger outbreaks. Try to avoid stressful situations, like cold or flu, lack of sleep or prolonged sun exposure without sunblock.

* Use sunblock on lips and face prior to prolonged sun exposure.

In most cases, cold sores clear up without the need for treatment. However, if a person experiences complications associated with the virus, then it is a good idea to seek treatment.

Here are complications that may indicate the need to consider treatment for oral herpes:

· The blisters don’t go away within one to two weeks

· You have a pre-existing health condition that has put your immune system at risk

· Symptoms are severe

· You have frequent outbreaks

· Eye irritation occurs

There are many natural treatments available for the management of oral herpes. Natural treatments have been shown to reduce the number of oral herpes outbreaks experienced as well and the duration and the severity of the outbreaks.

Are You Suffering From Plaque Psoriasis?

Plaque psoriasis is one of the most common types of psoriasis, amounting to 80% of all skin disorder cases. People who are suffering from this condition develop inflamed and red skin lesions that are usually covered in scaly and silvery skin. It can develop in different parts of the body but in general, it occurs on the elbows, the knees, scalp and lower back. It is considered as an immune system disorder, which can be hereditary.

Psoriasis has different types – nail psoriasis, plaque psoriasis, guttate psoriasis, scalp psoriasis, pustular psoriasis, inverse psoriasis, psoriatic arthritis and erythrodermic psoriasis. Signs and symptoms of psoriasis vary from one person to another and may include the following:

  • The red patches on the skin are usually inflamed with silvery scales, which can be painful and itchy. There are cases wherein the red patches bleed and crack.
  • The condition can also affect toenails and fingernails. Nail discoloration and pitting can also occur that can cause complete nail damage.
  • Scalp psoriasis is red and itchy with silvery scales. You may notice flakes in your shoulders and hair after scratching the scalp.
  • People who are less than thirty years old are usually prone to having guttate psoriasis. Common signs of this condition are small water sores on arms, scalp, legs and trunks.
  • Inverse psoriasis usually affects the skin in the groin, armpits, around the genitals and under the breasts. Individuals who are overweight have higher risk of having inverse psoriasis that can be aggravated by sweating and friction.

Psoriasis can be distressing because it is not only painful and itchy but can also lessen one's self-confidence. Some people who have this condition are depressed and find it difficult in coping with their situation.

There are different treatments for plaque psoriasis and it is important to determine the severity of psoriasis you have in order to treat the condition effectively. The most common treatment are topical ointments and creams that include calcineurin inhibitors, corticosteroids, vitamin D and topical retinoids. Most people use moisturizing products that can be purchased over the counter. Though these creams and lotions can not get rid of the condition completely, they can help lessen the dryness and itching.

Oral medications are also recommended that should be combined with the use of ointments and creams. However, take note of the fact that some oral medications can cause serious side effects so they must be taken for a short period of time.

Another effective treatment option for plaque psoriasis is the use of ultraviolet light. You can easily treat your condition by exposing the affected area to sunlight regularly for short periods of time. Due to the harmful effects of overexposure to the sun, it is recommended to consult your doctor and ask about other ways to use sunlight therapy safely. There are other kinds of light therapy including photochemotherapy, UVB phototherapy and narrow-band UVB therapy.

Remember that there is no perfect cure for plaque psoriasis that can prevent it from recurring. Therefore, it is important to know the different precautions in order to lessen the severity of your condition and ease the irritation, pain and inflammation. There are different factors that cause the condition such as stress, smoking and excessive consumption of alcohol. Be Informed about To various ways to treat psoriasis, it is best to do some research and visit to help you the find the right solution.

Toenail Fungus Remedies That Work – Best Treatment For Toenail Fungus

Hello Foot Fungus Sufferers!

If you have ever gotten a toenail fungus infection, you know by now that they are not the easiest things to get rid of. Not only that, but they are quite unsightly and even nasty in some of the most extreme cases. Luckily for both you and I, there are remedies for nail fungus.

Try this treatment you can do in your own home:

  1. First cut your nails – First thing you need to do is cut your nails down as low as you can get them without injuring your finger. This processes helps get rid of the fungus on the surface of your nail, as well as open up the skin under your nail for the next treatment.
  2. 30 minute vinegar foot baths – Before I talk about this remedy, I want to say that this treatment does not work for everybody – some strands of fungus are immune to it and vinegar really is not powerful enough to cure heavier fungus infections. Anyway, what you need to do is fill up a container big enough for both your feet with vinegar (about 2-3 inches deep, or enough to cover your nails entirely). Then for 2-3 weeks, each day soak your feet in the bath for 30 minutes. You will want to change the vinegar every 4-5 days.
  3. Some people say Listerine works too – I have read a lot of comments that people say to soak your feet in Listerine instead of vinegar for best results. That said, I still say Listerine foot baths are only good for minor infections. Like the vinegar, it lacks in penetrative power to get to the root of your infection.

Luckily for those with a worse infection, there is one solution that works very well – perhaps the best you can use for any nail fungus infection. Read the info below.

Choosing the Right Dog Allergy Treatment

If you have a dog with an allergy, choosing the right kind of treatment can be the difference between roaring success, and dismal failure. Of course, the first step is matching the type of dog allergy treatment to the type of allergy. Here is a breakdown of the types of allergy, and the recommended treatments.

If Your Dog Is Allergic to Inhalants

It may sound strange, but, like humans, dogs can be allergic to inhalants, like dust, pollen, and certain types of mold. Treatment for this kind of allergy could include avoidance, particularly in the case of dust or mold, where you keep your pet away from areas where they are likely to come into contact with the allergen.

If the allergy has resulted in itching, as it is likely to do, using a topical treatment like a shampoo regularly will help. It's also been proven that adding essential fatty acids to your dog's diet is an efficient dog allergy treatment for inhalant allergic dogs too. More dramatic allergies may require anti histamines, steroids, or even immunotherapy may be required.

Food Allergies

Often very difficult to pinpoint, at least the dog allergy treatment for food allergies is simple – avoid the food stuff (s) the dog is allergic to. Place your dog on a hypoallergenic diet, or a home cooked diet with simple ingredients, and that should be the end of that. You could also use many of the treatments listed for the inhalant allergic dog above, however, those would be a temporary solution only, and as soon as the treatment stopped, the allergy would return.

Contact Allergies

These are probably the least common dog allergies – this is when your dog becomes allergic to an item, like a particular type of blanket, or a plant, grass, or another item in his environment. Dog allergy treatment for contact allergies is much the same as for food allergies – temporary relief will be gained by using a standard treatment, but for long term relief, simply remove the allergen.

Flea Allergy

Many dogs are allergic to fleas, and when bitten, they develop allergy symptoms. In this case, common dog allergy treatments may help, but the key is to keep the dog, and his environment, free from fleas.

Remember, for every one flea you see on your dog, there are a hundred more in the environment, and even one flea can drive an allergic dog crazy with biting and scratching! Bathing, dipping and collars are the first line of defense, but remember to regularly treat his kennel or environment too, as there may be many fleas lurking there too.

Whichever kind of allergy your dog has, finding an effective dog allergy treatment is crucial to his well being. If you've ever had hay fever or hives as an allergic reaction, you'll know just how unpleasant suffering with an allergy can be. You would not want to grin and bear it, would you? You'd seek help. So do the same for your best friend – find him a dog allergy treatment that works.