Osteoporosis – Why Is It Important

Osteoporosis is a chronic condition of the bone where the bone mineral density is lower and the micro-structure of the bone is disordered making the bone weaker. Osteopenia is a thinning of the bone, but not severe enough to meet the criteria for osteoporosis. Bones which have lost their mineral density are at higher risk for fracture.

Bone density scanning, also called dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA or DEXA) or bone densitometry, is a special form of x-ray technology that is used to measure bone loss. DEXA is considered the standard for measuring bone mineral density.

The T-score is the most significant scoring system in postmenopausal women and reflects a patient's bone density compared with healthy, white women between the ages of 20 and 29 years of age. T-scores less than or equal to -2.5 at the hip, femoral neck, or lumbar spine are diagnostic of osteoporosis.

In the past our concern has been primarily on the loss of bone density in women. Osteoporosis was primarily a concern in postmenopausal women over age 50. It is now known that some men experience a decline in their bone mineral density as they age, if they require chronic use of corticosteroids, or suffer hypogonadal conditions.

Prevention is the most important way to reduce the risk of osteoporosis related fractures. Bone mass density peaks between 25 and 35 years years of age. Physical activity during your teenage years has the greatest impact in reducing your risk of osteoporosis later in life. In adults physical activity can help maintain and actually increase bone mass density. The higher the peak value of your bone density at age 25 the lower your bone loss will be as you age.

A loss of bone density occurs due to an imbalance between bone resorption (which normally occurs) and bone formation. In someone with a decline in their bone density, bone is reabsorbed more quickly or it is formed at a slower rate than necessary to prevent a decline in bone density. Many cases of osteoporosis do not result from inadequate calcium intake, but from other factors such as cigarette smoking, sedentary lifestyle, family history, age over 30, and complications related the use of some medications.

The risk factors that can not be changed include a family history, a history of a bone fractures as an adult, advanced age or European or Asian ancestry. The risk factors that you can change include prolonged use of corticosteroids, smoking, low body weight, low calcium and Vitamin D intake, alcoholism, sedentary lifestyle and poor health.

Restoring the micro-structure of the bone can be difficult once you start experiencing a decline in bone density. Trabecular and cortical are the two types of bone. Trabecular bone appears sponge-like and is at the core of long bones while the cortical bone is the hard exterior shell. When a decline in bone density begins it is the trabecular bone that demonstrates the most bone loss. The hip bone, spine and wrists are the areas of the body which have the most trabecular bone and are at the greatest risk for a loss of bone density and osteoporosis related bone fractures.

If you have suffered a bone fracture, related to osteoporosis, you are at higher risk for subsequent fractures. It is estimated that about 20 percent of those suffering a hip fracture die within a year. The risk of death is usually related to other complications associated with osteoporosis and fractures. A hip fracture will often result in decreased mobility and an additional risk of pulmonary embolism. A Pulmonary embolism is a blood clots that travels to the lung and obstructs blood flow. The blood clot usually originates in the lower extremity of someone suffering a fracture or injury to the lower extremity. The consequences of the embolism can be chest pain, respiratory distress and even death.

Osteoporosis also affects the spine, resulting in an increase in curvature. This increased curvature may affect your ability to breath appropriately and increase your risk of falling. Compression fractures of the spine can result in severe pain, and prolonged hospitalization.

Osteoporosis is a disease that crosses gender, age, social and economic barriers. Everyone is potentially at risk for developing osteopenia or osteoporosis. It is imperative that you take the steps necessary to improve your health, exercise, maintain an adequate intake of calcium and vitamin D. The DEXA scan will help you determine your baseline bone density. Medications are available to help slow down bone loss and increase bone mineral density.

Osteoporosis is not a disorder that you should delay in taking the steps to treat. Optimizing your bone density can take time and the earlier you begin, the lower your risk of developing osteoporosis as you age. This will also lower your risk of fractures, complications related to fractures and possibly death.

Cerebral Palsy in Personal Injury Cases

Cerebral palsy is an umbrella term that covers a variety of brain and nervous system disorders that cause limitations to movement. These limitations can affect the person’s ability to speak clearly and sometimes results in the inability to walk. Some of the different types of cerebral palsy include spastic, hypotonic, dyskinetic, and ataxic. Spastic is the most common.

Some people with cerebral palsy also have learning impairments, while others are able to go to college and obtain advanced degrees despite their difficulties with movement.

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, cerebral palsy is the most common motor disorder among children. It is a permanent condition, but it does not get worse over time. It is usually caused by birth defects or by brain damage during pregnancy or at birth. Cerebral palsy as a result of brain damage is frequently believed to be caused by medical negligence.

During childbirth, if the baby experiences head trauma or a lack of oxygen to the brain for a substantial period of time (hypoxia), cerebral palsy can result. Other potential causes during the labor and delivery process are infection and premature birth.

Medical negligence related to a cerebral palsy diagnosis is usually the result of one of the following:

Improper use of medical instruments such as forceps or vacuum extraction during birth.

Not treating a prolapsed umbilical cord. This can result in the cord wrapping around the baby’s neck, cutting off the brain’s oxygen supply.

Not treating infections during pregnancy. Meningitis is one such infection.

Not checking the infant’s heart rate during labor and delivery.

Not monitoring the mother’s blood pressure or other conditions, such as toxemia.

Not treating the infant for conditions such as jaundice.

Allowing a baby that is too large to be delivered vaginally rather than through a cesarean section.

Cerebral Palsy Medical Malpractice Lawsuits

If parents believe that their child’s cerebral palsy was the result of medical negligence, they can choose to file a medical malpractice lawsuit against the doctor and hospital involved. Since these types of cases can be particularly complex, there are lawyers who specialize in them.

In a medical malpractice lawsuit for cerebral palsy, a lot is at stake. Caring for such a person can be very expensive. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, it can cost ten times as much to raise a child with cerebral palsy as it costs to raise a child with no significant health issues. It is estimated that the lifetime cost usually exceeds $1 million. Wheelchairs may be necessary, for example, as well as special medical services like physical therapy and speech therapy.

A lawyer will try to obtain a settlement from the physician’s malpractice insurance that will provide for the child’s care through his or her life. These are often called “lifetime benefits.” For this reason, cerebral palsy malpractice cases are among the most costly for insurance companies.

Some of the monies that might be demanded in the settlement include:

Medical costs, including long-term physical therapy and speech therapy

Medical equipment costs, such as wheelchairs

Special education

Transportation

Home care

Lost wages on the part of the parents

Pain and suffering – i.e., the stress caused by the injury

Attorneys that specialize in these cases know how to examine the medical records, and they have experts available who can offer opinions as to whether the child’s cerebral palsy was indeed caused by medical negligence. Experts in a variety of fields might be necessary to prove “causation” – that negligence was the cause. These fields usually include obstetrics and neurology, among others. Economic, physical therapy, and care-planning experts might also be brought on board in order to calculate the cost of caring for the child long-term.

It is up to the injured party to prove that the child’s cerebral palsy would not have occurred if it weren’t for the negligence of one or more medical personnel. This implies that the doctors or nurses had some control over the outcome and could have prevented it. This is not always easy to prove.

Sometimes, the disorder is not detected until months or years after birth. Every state has its own “statute of limitations,” however. This means that a lawsuit must be filed within a certain period of time after the injury has occurred. If a child does not show symptoms of cerebral palsy for a year or two after birth, the window of opportunity might have passed, leaving parents with no recourse.

Some symptoms that might be an indication a child has cerebral palsy include seizures, poor coordination, poor muscle tone, and developmental delays related to movement.

Do Cerebral Palsy Medical Malpractice Cases Lead to Trial?

Since cerebral palsy medical malpractice cases often involve a demand for lifetime benefits, these cases sometimes go to trial. This is because the parties cannot agree to a settlement amount. Therefore, they need a judge or jury to make that decision for them after hearing both sides present their arguments.

It can take a great deal of time for a case to make it to trial, however. Settlement negotiations will be attempted several times. This is because court costs a lot more than out-of-court negotiations. Therefore, lawyers try to avoid going into a courtroom. They will do so, however, if they believe they can save a substantial amount of money by winning the case.

Prior to going to trial, a number of papers must be passed between the lawyers for the plaintiff (the party who filed the lawsuit) and the defendants (the medical personnel who have been accused of medical negligence.) These papers are called “pre-trial discovery.” During this process, the lawyers ask questions of the other party to find out what each side claims took place at the time of the injury. Depositions are also held in which the parties are interviewed by the opposing side’s attorneys.

This is also when experts are hired to evaluate the records and provide their opinions on the matter. If the case does end up in a courtroom, those experts would be hired to testify at the trial. The cost of expert witnesses can be very high, but when a lifetime of care is involved, they may be necessary to prove that medical negligence occurred and that the plaintiff is worthy of a high settlement amount.

Paralysis of Analysis

Friday I had a meeting with a physician that I have met with numerous times over the last few years. He knows he has a problem, but can not get past the fact that he has spent a very large amount of money on an existing software that has EMR / EHR and practice management combined. The work load of the system and the lack of reporting capabilities means he is losing money and does not know how to stop it.

This is not the first instance I have encountered and certainly will not be the last. I understand the difficulty of having spent a lot of money on something only to find out it is inefficient and costing you money but at some point it must be realized that it can not continue. I think that decision was finally made.

It does not matter what you spent on the software, if it is not performing as it should, GET RID OF IT !!! and contact someone who knows how to help. That being said, you have a difficult task on your hands because there are a lot of charlatans out there and you may simply wind up throwing the baby out with the bath water. Allow me to digress for a moment-do you know where that expression originated. It seems that in jolly old England, folks only took a bath once a year. The eldest, mother and dad usually unless there were additional older generations in the household and this was common, got to bathe first. Then next oldest and so forth on down the line. The last bathed was the baby. By this time the water was so dirty it was difficult to see the baby in the water hence the expression, "Do not throw the baby out with the bath water".

What I am getting at, is to find a good reliable company that specializes in getting you paid. One that has been around at least ten (10) years and can sit down with you (preferably in their office so you will not be distracted) and show you the results you would like to see. These companies are few and far between. They usually do not advertise and have a very stable client base. They ensure that all checks come to you not to them and that the two of you have a very open line of communication. The best will have only one data entry position assigned to you entering all charges and payments so that all questions from you, your patients, and the insurance companies can be answered by that one person. They are also cross trained so that in the event someone is sick or out for other reasons another person knows how the data is entered and how to answer your questions. It is best if the office has protocols that allows for all data regardless of practice to be handled in the same way. That means that anyone in that office can easily cover for another employee.

What Are the Symptoms of a Hiatal Hernia?

A hiatal hernia is an extremely unpleasant and uncomfortable health complaint, and as any sufferer will be quick to inform you, it can and will have a significantly detrimental effect on their quality of life. A hiatal hernia occurs whenever a small portion of the stomach ends up pressing against the diaphragm of the person and this is actually much more commonplace than you may have initially thought. Usually, whenever the stomach presses against the diaphragm in this manner there are no ill effects suffered nor are there any symptoms that manifest themselves which in of itself leads to an under reporting as to the number of people who actually suffer from this.

If you do happen to suffer from a hiatus hernia then please do not get too complacent because the sad truth of the matter is that the hernia will slowly but surely erode and weaken the sphincter muscle and whilst this maybe initially fairly mild the severity as well as frequency of the symptoms endured will steadily increase with the passage of time.

Hiatal hernia symptoms will include the likes of an increase in the number of times that the sufferer suffers from heartburn. The reason for this is very simple: heartburn is caused whenever stomach acid travels up from the stomach into the throat passage and in the worst case scenario even into the mouth itself. The sphincter muscle is used as the regulatory door to facilitate the free passage of food and to prevent acid from entering into the mouth. However, a hiatal hernia will weaken the sphincter and so if you have noticed a sudden increase in the number of times you suffer from heartburn then there is a good chance you have a hernia.

However, just because you have heartburn does not automatically mean you have a hernia, and so you are strongly advised to ensure that you keep a close eye out for other hiatus hernia symptoms so that you can more readily identify whether or not you are indeed suffering from this. If you notice a lot of pain located in your abdomen which does not seem to subside then you may want to consult with your physician if only to eliminate the possibility of a hernia from the list. Being aware of hiatal hernia symptoms is an extremely important ability and skill to cultivate because a hernia if left untreated, can cause significant health risks in the long run.

Why Should I Choose Back Surgery?

The success rate for has risen in recent years, making it a much more preferable treatment than it was 20 or 30 years ago. With the advancement in both the tools used and the technical skill of the physicians, patients can choose with much more confidence than before. Both the diagnostic measures and the surgical procedures and instruments help the physician diagnose the condition more accurately and then use minimally invasive techniques to conduct the spinal surgery. Even healing has improved in recent years with better methods. is not what it used to be, it's a whole lot better.

Updated Diagnostic Tools for

Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI), introduced and made available to the public in the early 1980's, revolutionized imaging for all sorts of surgical needs, including for. An MRI machine uses a powerful magnetic field to align the magnetic nature of the protons of atoms in the body so that they can be visualized. Since MRI can image every different part of the body, the back and spine, with all of its muscle and connective tissue, it is ideal for use before. The images are taken as "slices" of the tissue and can be taken either vertically or horizontally to show the contrast of the back tissues.

Higher powered CT scanners also are available now, and they provide clear images through a similar technology as MRI with cross-sectional slices that can be viewed individually or as a 3D scan. Both the MRI and CT Scanners can help diagnose bone, ligament and muscle disorders and provide a surgeon with valuable information to use when is performed. The images help guide the surgeon, especially when he or she is performing minimally invasive.

Innovative Surgical Procedures for

Spinal fractures, deformities, spinal fractures and collapses are just a few of the conditions that may require spinal surgery. Several methods exist for accessing the back, with minimally invasive surgery offering the quickest recovery. Because muscle, ligaments and bone must be carefully maneuvered around in surgeons and researchers have found ways to get to the spinal cord, slipped discs and pinched nerves without compromising the surrounding tissues. The technology is called minimally invasive surgery, with numerous techniques available for different back conditions. In this type of surgery, tiny portholes are made in the skin through which specially tooled instruments can be inserted and directed to the disc or area that is causing problems.

To picture this minimally invasive, a couple different processes are available. One is laparoscopy, in which a minute camera is inserted into another hole through a tube called an endoscope and through video transmission; the surgeon can see what he is doing inside the back with the instruments on a television screen. Another newer technology for implants is to have a patient lie on an interoperative CT scanner while asleep. This procedure reduces the incision size and recovery time with great accuracy.

Improved Back Surgeon Skills

The newer technologies of today have necessitated more training of physicians who specialize in. A successful physician will be trained in the musculoskeletal system, orthopedics and the pinnacle of a qualified surgeon will have had spinal surgery training. As new tools for are developed, doctors can attend specialized medical conferences and receive ongoing surgical technique training to learn how to use them for their patients.

With the advancements in medicine, patients can feel a lot more secure when they choose or a doctor recommends.

Herpes Zoster – Ayurvedic Herbal Treatment

Herpes zoster, also known as ‘shingles’, is a syndrome characterized by a painful, unilateral vesicular rash, usually restricted to the skin area supplied by a particular nerve. Herpes zoster is usually caused by a reactivation of the chicken-pox virus, which lies dormant in the spinal dorsal root ganglia. Common symptoms include pain in a particular area, followed by a rash which gradually becomes pustular and then crusts over a period of 7 to 10 days. The pain is usually described by patients as burning, throbbing or stabbing, and usually lasts up to 1 month. A few patients may have generalized symptoms such as headache, fever, malaise or fatigue.

The Ayurvedic treatment of herpes zoster is aimed at controlling the pain, treating localized symptoms and preventing complications like neuralgia. In the initial stages, when the disease presents in the form of blisters, an ointment containing medicines like Chandan (Santalum album), Saariva (Hemidesmus indicus), Usheer (Vetiveria zizanioidis) and Haridra (Curcuma longa) is applied on the affected area. Once the blisters collapse with ulcer formation, an ointment containing Haridra, Daruharidra (Berberis aristata), Yashtimadhuk (Glycerrhiza glabra) and Mandukparni (Centella asiatica) is applied on the affected skin. This application is continued till a complete resolution of the lesions.

In order to control pain, medicines like Triphala-Guggulu, Yograj-Guggulu, Kaishor-Guggulu, Sinhanaad-Guggulu, Trayodashang-Guggulu, Vat-Gajankush-Ras, Maha-Vat-Vidhwans-Ras and Vish-Tinduk-Vati are used. Herbal medicines which have a definite antiviral action are used to control the herpes zoster virus. These medicines include Bhumiamalaki (Phyllanthus niruri), Yashtimadhuk, Manjishtha (Rubia cordifolia), Punarnava (Boerhaavia diffusa), Tulsi (Ocimum sanctum), Bhrungraj (Eclipta alba), Amalaki (Emblica officinalis) and Kutki (Picrorrhiza kurroa). Herpes zoster pain which lasts for more than 1 month is termed as post-herpetic neuralgia. To prevent this complication, medicines like Kaishor-Guggulu, Tapyadi-Loh, Ekang-Veer-Ras and Bruhat-Vat-Chintamani are used. Herpes zoster lesions which do not heal easily or which have a tendency to occur are indicative of a severely immuno-compromised status like HIV. In such situations, medicines like Ashwagandha (Withania somnifera), Shatavari (Asparagus racemosus), Bala (Sida cordifolia), Suvarna-Malini-Vasant and Suvarna-Raj-Vangeshwar-Ras are used to improve the immune status of the body.

In most patients with herpes zoster, the rash usually resolves within 2 to 3 weeks. It is important to prevent post-herpetic neuralgia, especially in elderly patients who are more prone to complications. Patients with involvement of the eyes should be referred to an Ophthalmologist for appropriate treatment.

Penis Pain: Is It Pudendal Nerve Entrapment?

Men can be tough about a lot of things, but no guy really enjoys experiencing penis pain, no matter how manly he may be. One source of penis pain is called pudendal nerve entrapment (or PNE for short), and it can be both painful and inconveniencing. Men who are interested in maintaining their penis health need to be aware of this condition and what they can do about it.

Cyclists beware

Pudendal nerve entrapment is also called Alcock’s syndrome and, perhaps more commonly, cyclists’ syndrome.

PNE is clinically described as a “severe, sharp pain along the course of the pudendal nerve,” and it is more common in women than in men. Most sources classify it as a rare condition; while it is true that PNE is not something that every man comes down with every day, it is a condition which has some notoriety among people who are serious cycling enthusiasts, especially of a long-distance nature. One study indicated that 7-8% of long-distance cyclists in a multi-day racing situation will experience PNE.

Symptoms

As indicated, penis pain may be associated with PNE, although the timing of the pain and the severity can vary significantly. In some men, the pain can be slight and intermittent; in others, it can be intense and have a lengthy duration. The pain may be situational; for example, a man may experience significant pain while sitting but not standing, or may have more pain when the penis is in an erect state rather than flaccid. Pain during intercourse or masturbation is not uncommon.

However, numbness in the penis and balls is also a very common occurrence among men with PNE. In addition, there are instances in which erectile dysfunction has been linked to PNE.

In some men, PNE is temporary and of relatively short duration. In others, however, it may last or recur for years; this is especially likely if the condition is misdiagnosed as prostatitis or as an STI.

Compression

As the name pudendal nerve entrapment implies, PNE occurs when the pudendal nerve is compressed in such a way that it cannot operate freely; think of it as akin to a pinched nerve in the back, but located in the penile area instead.

The condition occurs in cyclists usually because of the fact that they may spend long hours riding their bike, seated in essentially one position for this period and frequently on a hard bicycle seat, the shape of which causes the weight of the torso to rest disproportionately on the pudendal nerve. However, it can occur in any man under conditions in which a disproportionate amount of weight rests on the nerve for an extended period of time.

Cyclists can prevent or help treat PNE by making sure that their seats are appropriately shaped and placed and by limiting the lengths of their rides when possible.

Treatment for less severe cases typically involves simple physical therapy exercises that can stretch and/or strengthen the muscles in the area and relieve stress placed on the nerve. In some cases, medications can be helpful. More severe cases may require injections or surgery.

Treating nerve issues helps alleviate penis pain, but often more soothing may be required. General penis pain is often aided by the regular use of a top-drawer penis health creme (health professionals recommend Man1 Man Oil). Key to soothing typical penis pain is a crème with both a high-end emollient (think Shea butter) and a natural hydrator (such as vitamin E). These help keep the penis skin moist and supple. Properly moisturized, the penis skin stretches more painlessly when becoming erect. In addition, a crème with vitamin D can help boost the overall health of the organ. Vitamin D is acclaimed for its ability to enable cell functionality, helping to better maintain overall member health.

Remedies for Sore Throat

Sore throat mainly occurs due to ill effects of weather change or consumption of some wrong kind of food. People allergic to a particular type of food also get sore throat if they consume it by chance. Sore throat is mainly an outcome of common seasonal cold or flu. The organ called pharynx situated in the back of the throat gets inflamed due to some viral or bacterial infection, which causes excessive pain in there.

It feels like as if there is a lump in the throat. The most effected of all from sore throat issues are the kids, as they intend to eat anything of their liking irrespective of what is good for them and what not. They are vulnerable to all types of infections including throat infections. The common symptoms of this problem are given below:

• Severe discomfort in speaking and pain the throat and frequent coughing.

• Inconvenience while swallowing food.

• Blocked nasal capillaries

• Mild fever at times and shivering

• Swelling in the lymph glands

The most obvious causes for such a discomforting condition could be like:

• Common cold led by bacterial infections

• Diseases like Tonsillitis and diphtheria etc.

• Excessive smoking

• And leukemia in some cases

One can consult the medical practitioner to treat sore throat issues, but using a natural and safe mode to treat the disease could prove to be more beneficial than going the artificial way. It is a very common ailment, thus a lot of remedies to cure it can be sought from various natural medication therapies. People tend to mix the artificial medications with the natural ones, as they think that it would benefit them more and will help them get rid of the problem sooner. But it’s not the case.

The problem may get heightened up if such experimentation is done with the medications. Using the right medication in the right manner is the only thing which can get you rid of sore throat. Just incorporate the things which you are required to. Some of the very successful home remedies for treating sore throat are given below. Just go through them at least once to know what to do when suffering from sore throat.

• Perform normal gargling with lukewarm water first. Then add a tea spoon of salt into the glass filled with lukewarm water at once, and start gargling till the glass is empty again.

• Take a pinch of cinnamon power and black pepper powder, mix them well with a teaspoon of pure honey and then swallow the whole of it at once. Drink a few sips of Luke warm water to push the mixture down into the food pipe.

• Perform gargling with a mix of some mango tree bark powder into a glass of lukewarm water. It is highly recommended for those, who cannot endure the pungent taste of cinnamon and black paper with honey which is another highly effective remedy to cure sore throat.

All the above said home remedies are free from any side effects thus can be used for kids also.

Who Else Wants Tonsillolith Treatment?

If you see a white or yellowish lump in the rear back of your mouth, you will most likely see a doctor right away. Some doctors will mistakenly think that you have a tonsil inflammation or tonsillitis. This lump is actually not an infection but debris composed of various matters such as mucous, sulfur producing bacteria, and food particles that get lodged in your tonsillar crypts. This is a medical condition called tonsil stone or tonsillolith. There are various Tonsillolith treatments that you can use to get rid of it, but before that it is important to understand first what it is and what causes the problem.

Tonsil stone is a little white ball that can be seen in the tonsils. It may look like tonsillitis but it is not an infection at all. Instead it is caused by anaerobic bacteria, saliva and food thriving in your tonsil crevices. Symptoms include bad breath, itchy or sore throat, frequent coughing to clear the throat, chronic tonsillitis and the sensation that there is a foreign body that is stuck in the back of your throat. Tonsillolith treatment can be done in the comfort of your home. Many people just cough it up by squeezing their throat. This will cause the stone to fall out. You may also use a toothpick, a toothbrush, a moistened cotton swab, or a bobby pin to force it to pop out of place. You can also use a clean syringe and fill it up with warm water and salt to make a solution, then gargle it to break off the stone.

Tonsil stone is not a serious condition; however, it is necessary to remove it immediately using any of the Tonsillolith treatments that you think will work best for you, to prevent it from getting worse.

Pathological Eating Disorders and Poly-Behavioral Addiction

When considering that pathological eating disorders and their related diseases now afflict more people globally than malnutrition, some experts in the medical field are presently purporting that the world’s number one health problem is no longer heart disease or cancer, but obesity. According to the World Health Organization (June, 2005), “obesity has reached epidemic proportions globally, with more than 1 billion adults overweight – at least 300 million of them clinically obese – and is a major contributor to the global burden of chronic disease and disability. Often coexisting in developing countries with under-nutrition, obesity is a complex condition, with serious social and psychological dimensions, affecting virtually all ages and socioeconomic groups.” The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (June, 2005), reports that “during the past 20 years, obesity among adults has risen significantly in the United States. The latest data from the National Center for Health Statistics show that 30 percent of U.S. adults 20 years of age and older – over 60 million people – are obese. This increase is not limited to adults. The percentage of young people who are overweight has more than tripled since 1980. Among children and teens aged 6-19 years, 16 percent (over 9 million young people) are considered overweight.”

Morbid obesity is a condition that is described as being 100lbs. or more above ideal weight, or having a Body Mass Index (BMI) equal to or greater than 30. Being obese alone puts one at a much greater risk of suffering from a combination of several other metabolic factors such as having high blood pressure, being insulin resistant, and/ or having abnormal cholesterol levels that are all related to a poor diet and a lack of exercise. The sum is greater than the parts. Each metabolic problem is a risk for other diseases separately, but together they multiply the chances of life-threatening illness such as heart disease, cancer, diabetes, and stroke, etc. Up to 30.5% of our Nations’ adults suffer from morbid obesity, and two thirds or 66% of adults are overweight measured by having a Body Mass Index (BMI) greater than 25. Considering that the U.S. population is now over 290,000,000, some estimate that up to 73,000,000 Americans could benefit from some type of education awareness and/ or treatment for a pathological eating disorder or food addiction. Typically, eating patterns are considered pathological problems when issues concerning weight and/ or eating habits, (e.g., overeating, under eating, binging, purging, and/ or obsessing over diets and calories, etc.) become the focus of a persons’ life, causing them to feel shame, guilt, and embarrassment with related symptoms of depression and anxiety that cause significant maladaptive social and/ or occupational impairment in functioning.

We must consider that some people develop dependencies on certain life-functioning activities such as eating that can be just as life threatening as drug addiction and just as socially and psychologically damaging as alcoholism. Some do suffer from hormonal or metabolic disorders, but most obese individuals simply consume more calories than they burn due to an out of control overeating Food Addiction. Hyper-obesity resulting from gross, habitual overeating is considered to be more like the problems found in those ingrained personality disorders that involve loss of control over appetite of some kind (Orford, 1985). Binge-eating Disorder episodes are characterized in part by a feeling that one cannot stop or control how much or what one is eating (DSM-IV-TR, 2000). Lienard and Vamecq (2004) have proposed an “auto-addictive” hypothesis for pathological eating disorders. They report that, “eating disorders are associated with abnormal levels of endorphins and share clinical similarities with psychoactive drug abuse. The key role of endorphins has recently been demonstrated in animals with regard to certain aspects of normal, pathological and experimental eating habits (food restriction combined with stress, loco-motor hyperactivity).” They report that the “pathological management of eating disorders may lead to two extreme situations: the absence of ingestion (anorexia) and excessive ingestion (bulimia).”

Co-morbidity & Mortality

Addictions and other mental disorders as a rule do not develop in isolation. The National Co-morbidity Survey (NCS) that sampled the entire U.S. population in 1994, found that among non-institutionalized American male and female adolescents and adults (ages 15-54), roughly 50% had a diagnosable Axis I mental disorder at some time in their lives. This survey’s results indicated that 35% of males will at some time in their lives have abused substances to the point of qualifying for a mental disorder diagnosis, and nearly 25% of women will have qualified for a serious mood disorder (mostly major depression). A significant finding of note from the NCS study was the widespread occurrence of co-morbidity among diagnosed disorders. It specifically found that 56% of the respondents with a history of at least one disorder also had two or more additional disorders. These persons with a history of three or more co-morbid disorders were estimated to be one-sixth of the U.S. population, or some 43 million people (Kessler, 1994).

McGinnis and Foege, (1994) report that, “the most prominent contributors to mortality in the United States in 1990 were tobacco (an estimated 400,000 deaths), diet and activity patterns (300,000), alcohol (100,000), microbial agents (90,000), toxic agents (60,000), firearms (35,000), sexual behavior (30,000), motor vehicles (25,000), and illicit use of drugs (20,000). Acknowledging that the leading cause of preventable morbidity and mortality was risky behavior lifestyles, the U.S. Prevention Services Task Force set out to research behavioral counseling interventions in health care settings (Williams & Wilkins, 1996).

Poor Prognosis

We have come to realize today more than any other time in history that the treatment of lifestyle diseases and addictions are often a difficult and frustrating task for all concerned. Repeated failures abound with all of the addictions, even with utilizing the most effective treatment strategies. But why do 47% of patients treated in private treatment programs (for example) relapse within the first year following treatment (Gorski,T., 2001)? Have addiction specialists become conditioned to accept failure as the norm? There are many reasons for this poor prognosis. Some would proclaim that addictions are psychosomatically- induced and maintained in a semi-balanced force field of driving and restraining multidimensional forces. Others would say that failures are due simply to a lack of self-motivation or will power. Most would agree that lifestyle behavioral addictions are serious health risks that deserve our attention, but could it possibly be that patients with multiple addictions are being under diagnosed (with a single dependence) simply due to a lack of diagnostic tools and resources that are incapable of resolving the complexity of assessing and treating a patient with multiple addictions?

Diagnostic Delineation

Thus far, the DSM-IV-TR has not delineated a diagnosis for the complexity of multiple behavioral and substance addictions. It has reserved the Poly-substance Dependence diagnosis for a person who is repeatedly using at least three groups of substances during the same 12-month period, but the criteria for this diagnosis do not involve any behavioral addiction symptoms. In the Psychological Factors Affecting Medical Condition’s section (DSM-IV-TR, 2000); maladaptive health behaviors (e.g., overeating, unsafe sexual practices, excessive alcohol and drug use, etc.) may be listed on Axis I only if they are significantly affecting the course of treatment of a medical or mental condition.

Since successful treatment outcomes are dependent on thorough assessments, accurate diagnoses, and comprehensive individualized treatment planning, it is no wonder that repeated rehabilitation failures and low success rates are the norm instead of the exception in the addictions field, when the latest DSM-IV-TR does not even include a diagnosis for multiple addictive behavioral disorders. Treatment clinics need to have a treatment planning system and referral network that is equipped to thoroughly assess multiple addictive and mental health disorders and related treatment needs and comprehensively provide education/ awareness, prevention strategy groups, and/ or specific addictions treatment services for individuals diagnosed with multiple addictions. Written treatment goals and objectives should be specified for each separate addiction and dimension of an individuals’ life, and the desired performance outcome or completion criteria should be specifically stated, behaviorally based (a visible activity), and measurable.

New Proposed Diagnosis

To assist in resolving the limited DSM-IV-TRs’ diagnostic capability, a multidimensional diagnosis of “Poly-behavioral Addiction,” is proposed for more accurate diagnosis leading to more effective treatment planning. This diagnosis encompasses the broadest category of addictive disorders that would include an individual manifesting a combination of substance abuse addictions, and other obsessively-compulsive behavioral addictive behavioral patterns to pathological gambling, religion, and/ or sex / pornography, etc.). Behavioral addictions are just as damaging – psychologically and socially as alcohol and drug abuse. They are comparative to other life-style diseases such as diabetes, hypertension, and heart disease in their behavioral manifestations, their etiologies, and their resistance to treatments. They are progressive disorders that involve obsessive thinking and compulsive behaviors. They are also characterized by a preoccupation with a continuous or periodic loss of control, and continuous irrational behavior in spite of adverse consequences.

Poly-behavioral addiction would be described as a state of periodic or chronic physical, mental, emotional, cultural, sexual and/ or spiritual/ religious intoxication. These various types of intoxication are produced by repeated obsessive thoughts and compulsive practices involved in pathological relationships to any mood-altering substance, person, organization, belief system, and/ or activity. The individual has an overpowering desire, need or compulsion with the presence of a tendency to intensify their adherence to these practices, and evidence of phenomena of tolerance, abstinence and withdrawal, in which there is always physical and/ or psychic dependence on the effects of this pathological relationship. In addition, there is a 12 – month period in which an individual is pathologically involved with three or more behavioral and/ or substance use addictions simultaneously, but the criteria are not met for dependence for any one addiction in particular (Slobodzien, J., 2005). In essence, Poly-behavioral addiction is the synergistically integrated chronic dependence on multiple physiologically addictive substances and behaviors (e.g., using/ abusing substances – nicotine, alcohol, & drugs, and/or acting impulsively or obsessively compulsive in regards to gambling, food binging, sex, and/ or religion, etc.) simultaneously.

New Proposed Theory

The Addictions Recovery Measurement System’s (ARMS) theory is a nonlinear, dynamical, non-hierarchical model that focuses on interactions between multiple risk factors and situational determinants similar to catastrophe and chaos theories in predicting and explaining addictive behaviors and relapse. Multiple influences trigger and operate within high-risk situations and influence the global multidimensional functioning of an individual. The process of relapse incorporates the interaction between background factors (e.g., family history, social support, years of possible dependence, and co-morbid psychopathology), physiological states (e.g., physical withdrawal), cognitive processes (e.g., self-efficacy, cravings, motivation, the abstinence violation effect, outcome expectancies), and coping skills (Brownell et al., 1986; Marlatt & Gordon, 1985). To put it simply, small changes in an individual’s behavior can result in large qualitative changes at the global level and patterns at the global level of a system emerge solely from numerous little interactions.

The ARMS hypothesis purports that there is a multidimensional synergistically negative resistance that individual’s develop to any one form of treatment to a single dimension of their lives, because the effects of an individual’s addiction have dynamically interacted multi-dimensionally. Having the primary focus on one dimension is insufficient. Traditionally, addiction treatment programs have failed to accommodate for the multidimensional synergistically negative effects of an individual having multiple addictions, (e.g. nicotine, alcohol, and obesity, etc.). Behavioral addictions interact negatively with each other and with strategies to improve overall functioning. They tend to encourage the use of tobacco, alcohol and other drugs, help increase violence, decrease functional capacity, and promote social isolation. Most treatment theories today involve assessing other dimensions to identify dual diagnosis or co-morbidity diagnoses, or to assess contributing factors that may play a role in the individual’s primary addiction. The ARMS’ theory proclaims that a multidimensional treatment plan must be devised addressing the possible multiple addictions identified for each one of an individual’s life dimensions in addition to developing specific goals and objectives for each dimension.

The ARMS acknowledges the complexity and unpredictable nature of lifestyle addictions following the commitment of an individual to accept assistance with changing their lifestyles. The Stages of Change model (Prochaska & DiClemente, 1984) is supported as a model of motivation, incorporating five stages of readiness to change: pre-contemplation, contemplation, preparation, action, and maintenance. The ARMS theory supports the constructs of self-efficacy and social networking as outcome predictors of future behavior across a wide variety of lifestyle risk factors (Bandura, 1977). The Relapse Prevention cognitive-behavioral approach (Marlatt, 1985) with the goal of identifying and preventing high-risk situations for relapse is also supported within the ARMS theory.

The ARMS continues to promote Twelve Step Recovery Groups such as Food Addicts and Alcoholics Anonymous along with spiritual and religious recovery activities as a necessary means to maintain outcome effectiveness. The beneficial effects of AA may be attributable in part to the replacement of the participant’s social network of drinking friends with a fellowship of AA members who can provide motivation and support for maintaining abstinence (Humphreys, K.; Mankowski, E.S, 1999) and (Morgenstern, J.; Labouvie, E.; McCrady, B.S.; Kahler, C.W.; and Frey, R.M., 1997). In addition, AA’s approach often results in the development of coping skills, many of which are similar to those taught in more structured psychosocial treatment settings, thereby leading to reductions in alcohol consumption (NIAAA, June 2005).

Treatment Progress Dimensions

The American Society of Addiction Medicine’s (2003), “Patient Placement Criteria for the Treatment of Substance-Related Disorders, 3rd Edition”, has set the standard in the field of addiction treatment for recognizing the totality of the individual in his or her life situation. This includes the internal interconnection of multiple dimensions from biomedical to spiritual, as well as external relationships of the individual to the family and larger social groups. Life-style addictions may affect many domains of an individual’s functioning and frequently require multi-modal treatment. Real progress however, requires appropriate interventions and motivating strategies for every dimension of an individual’s life.

The Addictions Recovery Measurement System (ARMS) has identified the following seven treatment progress areas (dimensions) in an effort to: (1) assist clinicians with identifying additional motivational techniques that can increase an individual’s awareness to make progress: (2) measure within treatment progress, and (3) measure after treatment outcome effectiveness:

PD- 1. Abstinence/ Relapse: Progress Dimension

PD- 2. Bio-medical/ Physical: Progress Dimension

PD- 3. Mental/ Emotional: Progress Dimension

PD- 4. Social/ Cultural: Progress Dimension

PD- 5. Educational/ Occupational: Progress Dimension

PD- 6. Attitude/ Behavioral: Progress Dimension

PD- 7. Spirituality/ Religious: Progress Dimension

Considering that addictions involve unbalanced life-styles operating within semi-stable equilibrium force fields, the ARMS philosophy promotes that positive treatment effectiveness and successful outcomes are the result of a synergistic relationship with “The Higher Power,” that spiritually elevates and connects an individuals’ multiple life functioning dimensions by reducing chaos and increasing resilience to bring an individual harmony, wellness, and productivity.

Addictions Recovery Measurement – Subsystems

Since chronic lifestyle diseases and disorders such as diabetes, hypertension, alcoholism, drug and behavioral addictions cannot be cured, but only managed – how should we effectively manage poly-behavioral addiction?

The Addiction Recovery Measurement System (ARMS) is proposed utilizing a multidimensional integrative assessment, treatment planning, treatment progress, and treatment outcome measurement tracking system that facilitates rapid and accurate recognition and evaluation of an individual’s comprehensive life-functioning progress dimensions. The “ARMS”- systematically, methodically, interactively, & spiritually combines the following five versatile subsystems that may be utilized individually or incorporated together:

1) The Prognostication System – composed of twelve screening instruments developed to evaluate an individual’s total life-functioning dimensions for a comprehensive bio-psychosocial assessment for an objective 5-Axis diagnosis with a point-based Global Assessment of Functioning score;

2) The Target Intervention System – that includes the Target Intervention Measure (TIM) and Target Progress Reports (A) & (B), for individualized goal-specific treatment planning;

3) The Progress Point System – a standardized performance-based motivational recovery point system utilized to produce in-treatment progress reports on six life-functioning individual dimensions;

4) The Multidimensional Tracking System – with its Tracking Team Surveys (A) & (B), along with the ARMS Discharge criteria guidelines utilizes a multidisciplinary tracking team to assist with discharge planning; and

5) The Treatment Outcome Measurement System – that utilizes the following two measurement instruments: (a) The Treatment Outcome Measure (TOM); and (b) the Global Assessment of Progress (GAP), to assist with aftercare treatment planning.

National Movement

With the end of the Cold War, the threat of a world nuclear war has diminished considerably. It may be hard to imagine that in the end, comedians may be exploiting the humor in the fact that it wasn’t nuclear warheads, but “French fries” that annihilated the human race. On a more serious note, lifestyle diseases and addictions are the leading cause of preventable morbidity and mortality, yet brief preventive behavioral assessments and counseling interventions are under-utilized in health care settings (Whitlock, 2002).

The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force concluded that effective behavioral counseling interventions that address personal health practices hold greater promise for improving overall health than many secondary preventive measures, such as routine screening for early disease (USPSTF, 1996). Common health-promoting behaviors include healthy diet, regular physical exercise, smoking cessation, appropriate alcohol/ medication use, and responsible sexual practices to include use of condoms and contraceptives.

350 national organizations and 250 State public health, mental health, substance abuse, and environmental agencies support the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, “Healthy People 2010” program. This national initiative recommends that primary care clinicians utilize clinical preventive assessments and brief behavioral counseling for early detection, prevention, and treatment of lifestyle disease and addiction indicators for all patients’ upon every healthcare visit.

Partnerships and coordination among service providers, government departments, and community organizations in providing treatment programs are a necessity in addressing the multi-task solution to poly-behavioral addiction. I encourage you to support the mental health and addiction programs in America, and hope that the (ARMS) resources can assist you to personally fight the War on pathological eating disorders within poly-behavioral addiction.

For more info see:

Poly-Behavioral Addiction and the Addictions Recovery Measurement System,

By James Slobodzien, Psy.D., CSAC at:

[http://www.geocities.com/drslbdzn/Behavioral-Addictions.html]

Food Addicts Anonymous: http://www.foodaddictsanonymous.org/

Alcoholics Anonymous: http://www.alcoholics-anonymous.org/

References

American Psychiatric Association: Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition,

Text Revision. Washington, DC, American Psychiatric Association, 2000, p. 787 & p. 731.

American Society of Addiction Medicine’s (2003), “Patient Placement Criteria for the

Treatment of Substance-Related Disorders, 3rd Edition,. Retrieved, June 18, 2005, from:

http://www.asam.org/

Bandura, A. (1977), Self-efficacy: Toward a unifying theory of behavioral change. Psychological Review,

84, 191-215.

Brownell, K. D., Marlatt, G. A., Lichtenstein, E., & Wilson, G. T. (1986). Understanding and preventing relapse. American Psychologist, 41, 765-782.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Retrieved June 18, 2005, from: http://www.cdc.gov/nccdphp/dnpa/obesity/

Gorski, T. (2001), Relapse Prevention In The Managed Care Environment. GORSKI-CENAPS Web

Healthy People 2010. Retrieved June 20, 2005, from: http://www.healthypeople.gov/

Publications. Retrieved June 20, 2005, from: http://www.tgorski.com

Lienard, J. & Vamecq, J. (2004), Presse Med, Oct 23;33(18 Suppl):33-40.

Marlatt, G. A. (1985). Relapse prevention: Theoretical rationale and overview of the model. In G. A.

Marlatt & J. R. Gordon (Eds.), Relapse prevention (pp. 250-280). New York: Guilford Press.

McGinnis JM, Foege WH (1994). Actual causes of death in the United States. US Department of Health and Human Services, Washington, DC 20201

Humphreys, K.; Mankowski, E.S.; Moos, R.H.; and Finney, J.W (1999). Do enhanced friendship networks and active coping mediate the effect of self-help groups on substance abuse? Ann Behav Med 21(1):54-60.

Kessler, R.C., McGonagle, K.A., Zhao, S., Nelson, C.B., Hughes, M., Eshleman, S., Wittchen, H. H,-U, & Kendler, K.S. (1994). Lifetime and 12-month prevalence of DSM-III-R psychiatric disorders in the United

States: Results from the national co morbidity survey. Arch. Gen. Psychiat., 51, 8-19.

Morgenstern, J.; Labouvie, E.; McCrady, B.S.; Kahler, C.W.; and Frey, R.M (1997). Affiliation with Alcoholics Anonymous after treatment: A study of its therapeutic effects and mechanisms of action. J Consult Clin Psychol 65(5):768-777.

Orford, J. (1985). Excessive appetites: A psychological view of addiction. New York: Wiley.

Prochaska, J. O., & DiClemente, C. C. (1984). The transtheoretical approach: Crossing the boundaries of therapy. Malabar, FL: Krieger.

Slobodzien, J. (2005). Poly-behavioral Addiction and the Addictions Recovery Measurement System (ARMS), Booklocker.com, Inc., p. 5.

Whitlock, E.P. (1996). Evaluating Primary Care Behavioral Counseling Interventions: An Evidence-based Approach. Am J Prev Med 2002;22(4): 267-84.Williams & Wilkins. U.S. Preventive Services Task Force. Guide to Clinical Preventive Services. 2nd ed. Alexandria, VA.

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Healthy People 2010 (Conference Edition). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2000.

World Health Organization, (WHO). Retrieved June 18, 2005, from: http://www.who.int/topics/obesity/en/

What Are the Main Causes of Diabetes?

Research into diabetes is increasing all the time. Despite this no one actually knows what specifically causes diabetes. This has led to a number of rumours circulating some which are partially true and others which hold no truth at all. In this article I will be discussing what is known about the causes of diabetes.

1) GENERAL CAUSES:- We know that diabetes develops as a result of your body’s cells not getting enough insulin (a hormone which helps convert blood sugar/glucose into energy). This is usually because your pancreas fails to generate enough insulin or because your body’s cells start to resist insulin. Although we know what leads to the development of diabetes we do not currently know why this happens in certain individuals and not others.

2) GESTATIONAL DIABETES (GDM):- Again we do not know the exact causes of GDM although it is strongly linked with hormonal changes that occur during the second and third trimesters of pregnancy. During this time the placenta releases hormones which block the normal action of insulin to ensure that the growing baby gets enough glucose. This causes pregnant women’s insulin needs to increase by two or three times the normal rate. Failure to meet this need leads to the onset of GDM. Approximately 5% of pregnant women develop GDM and although we have a good idea of what causes it, we do not know why it affects certain women and not others. There are a number of associated risk factors but currently no definitive reason.

3) TYPE 1 DIABETES:- Type 1 diabetes is caused by damage to the pancreas as the result of an auto-immune attack where the body’s immune system starts to attack the insulin producing beta cells of the pancreas. Once more, whilst we know what causes type 1 diabetes we are still unsure what triggers this response. A number of suggestions have been put forward (including viral infections and faulty nerves) but currently none of these suggestions can be applied universally.

4) TYPE 2 DIABETES AND PRE-DIABETES:- Pre-diabetes is an early form of type 2 diabetes and the causes of each are very similar. Type 2 diabetes develops when the body stops responding to insulin. The pancreas reacts by producing additional insulin and the liver responds by releasing extra glucose. Over time this limits the effectiveness of the pancreas and further increases insulin resistance in the body. As with the other types of diabetes we do not know what causes the above reaction. However, there is very strong evidence that type 2 diabetes is linked to age, ethnicity, family history, inactivity and obesity.

5) RUMOURS:- Since the exact cause of diabetes is unknown, there are a number of false suggestions floating around. These include diabetes being contagious (there is a hereditary element but it cannot be passed directly from person to person), diabetes being caused by sugar (excessive sugar consumption does not cause diabetes but is linked with obesity, a diabetes risk factor) and stress causing diabetes (stress can aggravate the condition in diabetics but there is currently no evidence that it causes diabetes).

Currently, we have a general understanding of what happens inside our bodies to cause diabetes. However, the trigger behind these causes is still a mystery. Perhaps the strongest link is that between inactivity, obesity and type 2 diabetes but even this does not fully explain why some obese individuals never develop the disease. As research into the causes of diabetes continues, the best advice is to try and keep your blood sugar levels within a normal range. Keeping your weight under control, exercising regularly and eating a healthy diet can all play their part in this process.

Every intention has been made to make this article accurate and informative but it is intended for general information only. Diabetes is a medical condition and this article is not intended as a substitute for the advice of your doctor or a qualified medical practitioner. If you have any concerns regarding any form of diabetes you should seek the advice of your doctor immediately.

3 Causes of Obesity in Young Children

Obesity in young children is a major health problem in our society today. It not only affects young children but teens and adults too. Statistics show that one out of every five children is obese. Within the last thirty years this has doubled and seems to be getting worse. This article will look at three causes of obesity in young children and explore some treatments and preventions.

– Lack of Parental Education – Nutrition

How well would you pass on a test about healthy and nutritional eating? Information is the most powerful weapon you can have against obesity and that can be passed onto your child each day. The truth is many adults simply don’t know the facts. If you don’t know the factors about nutrition first for your own health how can you teach your child about it? This leads onto another serious cause, lack of physical activity.

– Lack of Physical Activity

Children do not play outdoor games like football, rugby, cricket, basketball etc. as much as they used to in the past. Computer games, video games and television to name a few “robbers” have replaced healthy physical activity time. Associated to this serious issue is the consumption of unhealthy foods.

– Fast Food Consumption

One in three children (from age 4 to 19) eats fast food daily. This is causing children to put on extra weight while increasing the risk of obesity. This is alarming news for doctors, parents, teachers and researchers because of the serious health risks related to obesity. Fast foods include higher fats, carbohydrates, sugars and calories than any other food products.

OK now that we know what some of the causes are we need to think about possible treatments.

Treatments and Preventions

– Adequate Parental education

As a parent, you need to know all about nutrition first and foremost for your own health so you are able to look after your child and so you can teach your child about healthy eating. Talk to heath specialists, search online, attend nutrition courses, visit the library and talk to your friends about what is healthy eating.

– Regular Exercise

Encourage your kids to be involved with outdoor activities including the playing of games, riding of bikes, shooting a ball etc. Discourage them from playing computer games and watching television etc. The watching of TV programs and playing of computer games should be timetabled. If you able to, encourage your child to play a weekend sport.

Treat Rash With Home Remedies

Skin inflammation is the sign for skin or body rashes. During rashes there is a change in the color and the texture of the affected area that is easily visible. This occurs due to some kind of irritation, disease or even due to an allergic reaction occurring as a result of certain chemical reactions, foods, leaves of plant, furs of an animal or insect bite and several other environmental factors. Rashes might target some specific areas of the body and also the whole body. Although it is not contagious still some cases are found when it has been transferred via close body contact.

When rashes occur it is generally accompanied by visible red itchy or sometimes non-itchy bumps all over the skin. It can also result in a stinging or a burning sensation at the site.

Rashes can be really irritating and would not allow you to perform your works properly therefore it is really necessary to cure it at the earliest. Let us discuss some of the homemade and very efficient remedies for rashes. One of the best remedies to be relieved from the rashes is to apply olive oil gently in a slow and circular manner. You can also use Aloe Vera gel, cod liver and Vitamin E oil, as these are very effective in combating body rash. Yet another helpful way of getting rid of it is to use baking powder on the affected area.

Pour a cup of raw oatmeal in a water filled tub and be in the tub for several minutes to get relief from body and back rashes

You can also rub the affected area gently by a cloth soaked in comfrey tea or calcium water. Or you can use chamomile tea to wash the affected area to provide you instant relief. Yet another useful remedy is to mix a spoonful of calcium gluconate powder in a glass full of water and then drink the mixture instantly. All the methods stated above will relieve you from rashes.

Other home remedies for rash you can try to make at home from common ingredients are:
o Avocado paste is very effective as ointment for rash.
o Smear olive oil on the skin.
o Baking soda is a good remedy to stop the itch, mix some baking soda with water and apply the paste.
o Mix honey and cinnamon and put on the itching part.
o Aloe vera is well known as a remedy from rash and other skin problems.
o Almonds oil is very good cure for rash.
o Fill up a tub with warm water and add barley. Lay down for 20-30 minutes to reduce the itch and rash.

It is very important to keep a watch on your diet during rashes if you wish to get rid of it early. You need to eat foods that are rich in Vitamin C since it contains antioxidants that help in fighting body rashes. You should also avoid foods that causes allergy in order to prevent the rashes from expanding its area of ​​attack.

The Facts About Herpes Simplex 1

Herpes Simplex 1 is a type that is commonly referred to as cold sores. They appear on the face, especially around the lips. Do not let the location of it fool you though as Herpes Simplex 1 on the face is just the same as what you find on the genitals with Herpes Simplex 2.

In fact, many medical professionals are reporting signs of Herpes Simplex 1 on the genitals. This is believed to be due to the amount of oral sex that takes place. Many people do not realize that a cold sore is really herpes or that it can be spread to the rest of the body. If you have Herpes Simplex 1 on your lips you should not kiss anyone else until the sores are completely gone.

It is important to realize that Herpes Simplex 1 is very contagious and that it can be spread to other people. It is not just restricted to the face or the genital though. It can be spread to various parts of the body including the mucus membranes, the nose, ears, eyes, and anus. A person can easily spread Herpes Simplex 1 to other areas of their own body as well if they touch them without washing their hands.

Not everyone knows they have Herpes Simplex 1 though because the symptoms are very different for everyone. This is due to the fact that it is a virus, and a virus affects people based on their genes and their immune system. As a result many people continue to spread Herpes Simplex 1 to others because they do not realize they have it.

There is no cure for Herpes in any form yet but there are some positive results to various types of medications. Some herbal remedies are said to completely destroy Herpes Simplex 1 and 2 but there is no medical data to substantiate such claims. Most people have to be happy with eliminating the pain and dealing with the various symptoms.

Of course the best course of action is to avoid spreading it to other regions of your body or to someone else. Person needs to Each be responsible and understand how Easily it can be transmitted . If you are going to have sex with someone you owe it to them to tell them that you have herpes. Keep in mind that they may not know it so protect yourself as if they do.

Natural Cure For Psoriasis – Become Psoriasis Free, The Natural Way!

The possibility of the existence of a natural cure for psoriasis is something that I have recently found myself having a vested interest in. Not having been a sufferer of psoriasis for most of my life, suddenly discovering outbreaks of the disease on my arms and legs led me to ask all manner of questions.

Of course, I did not even know what psoriasis really was until I started to suffer from it myself. I knew it was some kind of disease or ailment, but as it had never bothered me it had never occurred to me to learn more about it.

Even when I did first start to suffer from the disease, I did not know what it was. Seeing the strange rashes that appeared on my arms and legs, my initial assumption was an allergic reaction to something, or maybe eczema.

But, because my own diagnosis of the problem was way off the mark, so was the treatment I prescribed for myself. Some skin lotion and some antihistamines for allergy relief were never going to have any real effect, and when it was obvious they were not working, I eventually saw a doctor. That was when I found out I had psoriasis, and ultimately led me to seek out a natural cure for psoriasis.

I have never been the type of person to admit defeat easily, and accept that something simply can not be done without even trying. So, when the doctor told me that psoriasis can not be cured, my natural reaction was to decide I would prove otherwise.

I was actually only a few months away from going on vacation when I got diagnosed with psoriasis. That was one of the reasons I finally went to the doctor, in the hope I could get whatever it was cleared up in time for me to hit the beach!

Unfortunately, I was a long way from finding a natural cure for psoriasis by the time my vacation came around, and so I wound up on the beach with my arms and legs covered in psoriasis patches with people staring at me. What I found out while on vacation was though, that the psoriasis did ease up while I was there. It seems that in countries with a hot climate, cases of psoriasis are much lower.

Relocating to a more tropical place to live was not an option, unfortunately, but I did find that taking vitamin D supplements helped. Exposure to sunlight causes the skin to produce vitamin D, and so these supplements seemed to have the same effect as spending time in a warm climate. Whilst still not a guaranteed full on natural cure for psoriasis, I was still quite exited at the breakthrough. I had actually found something that made a difference, and so I was convinced I could beat the disease fully.

Doing some research online led me to all kinds of so called cures, some of which did have a slight effect on the condition of my skin, but non could ultimately cure it. I remember going through a phase of thinking turmeric was the answer, after reading it was an ancient ayurvedic natural cure for psoriasis.

I tried both internal and external applications of using turmeric. I would take turmeric herbal supplements, as well as adding turmeric powder to my food (sometimes much to the detriment of the taste). I also bought a cream made with turmeric powder, that I found in an Indian grocery store and had to travel to the other side of town to get. In the end, although I think I did see a minor improvement, turmeric and all the other remedies I read about turned out to be disappointing.

So fast forward a year or so, and I am now completely clear of psoriasis. How did I do it? Well, when the doctors' say there is no medical or natural cure for psoriasis, they are correct. When we talk about a 'cure', we tend to imagine a pill or some medicine we can take that will make the problem go away. That does not exist for psoriasis, but just because there is no single 'cure', does not mean the disease can not be cured.

So without a magic pill, what I found to be an effective natural cure for psoriasis was by taking a look at the bigger picture. Whatever you put inside your body can and does have an effect on its appearance on the outside, and so a persons diet can greatly effect how prone they are to psoriasis. Certain supplements can help too, because they help the body maintain a natural balance, which is so easy to lose in our modern way of life.

So, if you too have been told there is no natural cure for psoriasis, then I can tell you that is simply false. Finding the right balance of solutions that can work for you may take some time and experimentation, but when you finally find yourself free of psoriasis it will be worth it.