Common Construction Site Injuries

Construction sites can be dangerous places, even when safely maintained. The presence of heavy machinery can lead to serious personal injuries or even fatal accidents. There are also industrial tools and raw materials which can lead to bodily harm.

Below is a list of common construction site injuries which occur on worksites. If you've been a victim of a construction site accident, you may be entitled to file a claim against a liable third-party in addition to your Workers' Compensation benefits. Speaking to a Massachusetts personal injury lawyer in your area is the best way to determine your legal options.

Head Injuries

As a construction worker, you are required to wear a hard hat while on-site. But hard hats will not always prevent head injuries. A heavy impact can cause brain trauma, a concussion, or coma, any of which can have long-term effects or even result in death.

Joint dislocations

Construction involves physical activity, which can be hard on your body's joints. An irregular movement or sudden impact can cause joint dislocation. These types of construction site injuries may prevent you from physical activity and force you to miss work for an extended period of time.

Severe gashes

Because of the use of industrial tools, gashes happen regularly on construction sites. These can lead to serious infections, which can be hazardous if left untreated.

Burn injuries

With so much heat and chemicals being used, there are often burn injuries on construction sites. These are slow to heal, can be very painful, and depending on the severity, may require surgeries such as skin grafts.

Severed nerves

If you have severed a nerve, you may also suffer from a variety of resulting medical conditions. This may lead to the loss of sensation in an affected limb, or even complete paralysis. The damage that you suffer from a severed nerve may impact you for the rest of your life.

Loss of a limb

The loss of a limb is one of the most traumatic accidents that can occur on a construction site. Unfortunately, this happens more often than it should, and it has ended the careers of many who depended on their full physical capabilities.

What to do if you have been injured on a Massachusetts construction site

If you have sustained a serious construction site injury while on a Massachusetts construction site, you may be able to seek damages through a personal injury lawsuit, even if you are collecting Workers' Compensation. The first step is contacting a Massachusetts personal injury attorney.

A Massachusetts personal injury attorney with experience in third-party construction accident claims will investigate your case, and estimate the values ​​of your potential personal injury claim. You may be entitled to compensation for:

• Your medical bills
• Pain and suffering
• Any wages that you may have lost
• Any wages or future income that you will lose as a result of our injury.

Why Flamingos Don’t Get Hip Fractures

Osteoporosis is one of the biggest issues plaguing the mature and elderly population today. One of the biggest risks that occurs alongside osteoporosis is a fall that may result in a dangerous, possibly life-threatening fracture. Fractures of the femur are among the most dangerous.

The femur, or thigh bone, is one of the strongest and largest bones in the body. It usually takes a tremendous force to fracture a femur through the center. But there is a weak point, and it is located toward the top, at the neck of the femur, at its narrowest point. This is just below where the femur inserts into the pelvis and creates a ball-and-socket joint. It is this area that is prone to fractures, particularly in the elderly and/or those with osteoporosis.

A Japanese researcher by the name of Sakamoto has studied a treatment – originally called “unipedal standing” – to help counteract both falls and the risk of femoral neck fractures. The name has been switched to “dynamic flamingo therapy,” perhaps because it sticks in the mind more easily. But talk about your simple, noninvasive, inexpensive and potentially very helpful treatments for osteoporosis as well as fall and hip fracture prevention!

It goes like this: Stand on one foot for one minute. Then stand on the other foot for one minute. Hold on to something steady if your balance isn’t all that great. Keep your eyes open the entire time. Repeat this three times a day. You’re done. Seriously. That’s it.

How does something as simple as this work? First off, recall that weight-bearing exercise is often recommended as a means to ward off osteoporosis. Mild to moderate weight and stress on a bone will induce that bone to become stronger and denser. Doubling the weight that one femur is supporting certainly qualifies. (In one study, the force exerted by one minute of standing on one foot was determined to be the equivalent of walking for 53 minutes!) Second, standing on one foot forces the brain to concentrate on maintaining balance…even if you’re holding on to something to keep from falling. If you regularly force the brain to concentrate on balance, you will, in time, become more adept at maintaining balance. This may help prevent the falls that cause hip fractures.

Sakamoto began studying dynamic flamingo therapy in the early 1990s. Starting in 1993, he recruited 86 women (with an average age of 68) to do this very exercise three times a day. He evaluated their bone density regularly over the span of the next 10 years. During this time, anywhere from 32% to 63% of the women had increased bone density in the femoral neck, and at the end of the study, fully one-third of the women had higher femoral neck bone density than when they started. Not necessarily the results you’d expect in elderly Japanese women…you’d expect bone density to decrease across the board. More significantly, none of the women had hip fractures. A study on Swiss women around the same time showed that the average risk for hip fractures in women was 455 per 100,000 person-years. If we transfer this statistic to the Japanese women (knowing that yes, Swiss women and Japanese women are different), we would expect to see roughly four hip fractures.

Especially for those people who are not able to exercise regularly, this is potentially an incredibly helpful therapy. You can file dynamic flamingo therapy under “certainly won’t hurt, and quite possibly may help.” But consistency is the key here…act like a flamingo only every once in a while, and the therapy won’t work. Only six minutes a day in one exceedingly simple exercise can end up preventing a possibly life-threatening hip fracture.

Osteoporosis – Are You at Risk?

What is osteoporosis?

Osteoporosis refers to thinning of bones or porous bones. This disease causes a reduction in the quality and density of bone. The loss of bone is a silent and progressive occurrence, and often no symptoms are noticed until the first fracture happens. Since osteoporosis makes the bones more fragile and porous, the risk of fracture is greatly increased in people suffering from it. Bones of people with osteoporosis usually become so brittle that a fall or even mild stresses like coughing or bending over can trigger a fracture. Fractures caused by osteoporosis most commonly occur in the hip, spine or wrist, but other bones such as the pelvis or arm too can be affected.

People at risk

Though osteoporosis can affect women and men of all races, studies have shown that Asian and white women, particularly those who are past menopause, are most prone to it. Statistics reveal that around the world, 1 in 5 men and 1 in 3 women are at risk of an osteoporotic fracture. Some studies even estimate that in every 3 seconds, an osteoporotic fracture is occurring somewhere in the world.

There are certain risk factors that increase your chances of being affected by osteoporosis. While some of these risk factors can not be changed (such as gender or age), some others linked to your personal lifestyle choices are modifiable.

Here are some fixed risk factors:

• Female gender

• Age

• Family history of osteoporosis

• Ethnicity

• Previous fractures

• Having osteopenia (where BMD or bone mineral density is lower than what's normal)

• Long term glucocorticoid therapy

• Hysterectomy / Menopause

• Primary / secondary hypogonadism (in men)

• Rheumatoid arthritis

• Intake of certain medicines

Some modifiable risk factors include:

• Smoking

• Intake of Alcohol

• Insufficient exercise

• Low body mass index

• Vitamin D deficiency

• Poor nutrition

• Eating disorders

• Recurrent falls

• Low dietary calcium intake

How to identify if you have osteoporosis

Since osteoporosis is a silent disease that develops slowly over several years and often does not have any warning signs or symptoms until a bone is fractured by a minor fall or sudden impact, you might not know you suffer from it until you break a bone. It's advisable that anyone above 60 years should consult the doctor to get himself / herself tested for osteoporosis.

In older people, one visible sign of osteoporosis is the distinctive stooping (bent forward) position. It occurs when the bones in the spine are fractured, which makes it difficult to support the body's weight.

A bone mineral density (BMD) test is the best way to check whether you have osteoporosis. Apart from helping you know about your bone health, this test can also give information that would help your doctor determine which prevention or treatment steps, if any, are required.

Some other diagnostic tests to determine if you have osteoporosis include:

• DEXA Scan: This dual X- ray absorptiometry measures a person's hip, spine, or total body bone density to estimate fracture risk.

• Blood Test Markers: Whether you are being treated or screened for osteoporosis, your doctor may order a urine or blood test to see the metabolism of bone. The test results would provide indications about the risk factors or progression of your disease.

• Other BMD Tests: Ultrasound and QCT (quantitative computed tomography) are used to check bone density and assess your risk of being affected by osteoporosis.

It's important to remember here that even when you are diagnosed with low bone mineral density, it may not necessarily indicate that you have a high risk of fracture. However, consulting your doctor is the ideal way to know about all your risk factors for broken bones and osteoporosis, and learn about the preventive / positive steps that can help improve your bone health.


Doctors suggest certain nutritional and lifestyle advice for building strong bones and maintaining good bone health, which in turn would help people steer clear of osteoporosis. Some of these advices include:

• Ensuring adequate calcium and vitamin D intake

• Taking a nutritious diet

• Avoiding under-nutrition, especially the effects of eating disorders and severe weight-loss diets

• Exercising regularly

• Participating in regular weight-bearing activities

• Avoiding smoking and passive smoking

• Avoiding heavy drinking

What Are the Ways to Treat Cerebral Palsy?

Cerebral Palsy occurs due to the damage to the brain cells that control muscles and nerves. Most people think that cerebral palsy occurs because of damage to muscles or nerves in the body parts. This disorder is manly caused because of damage to the brain or improper development of the brain. The development of brain begins as soon as a baby develops inside a mother's womb. If for some reason, the brain of the fetus does not develop fully then it can result in cerebral palsy in the newborn. The brain is the part, which controls our muscles movements, and any damage to any part of the brain can cause this disorder.

If the part of the brain, which allows the child to talk, walk, stand and sit, are not developed properly or are damaged then your child will have difficulty doing these things. Depending upon the extent to which the cells in the brain are damaged, the disorder can be classified as being simple or severe. Normally when damage to the brain occurs it is a condition which remains for ever and there fore there is no cure as for cerebral palsy but treatment is available which can help elevate the pain but no permanent cure.

Cerebral palsy is not a progressive disorder as many think it to be. Once the damage to the brain has occurred, then it does not become any worse but the effects of cerebral palsy do. As one ages muscle coordination and body movement can worsen but in cases where effective treatment works, many people have found marked improvements.

Treatment palsy Cerebral in the form of therapies and medication go The a long way to help elevate children from problems associated with this medical condition. There are a number of therapies, which can be used to help children, like speech therapy, music therapy, dance therapy, yoga therapy, and physiotherapy.

Children respond well to music, dance, and even yoga therapy. Children with cerebral palsy will find that they are unable to move their limbs because the muscles in their arms and legs become stiff and rigid and many of their reflex movements can not be controlled. So when they walk you will find they are unable to move their limbs with ease like other normal children would do. Movements become greatly restricted. Muscle spasms are often seen in children with cerebral palsy and treatment needs to be given to control these muscle spasms or you will find them writhing in pain.

Speech therapy helps them to express themselves better and develops their motor skills physiotherapy helps them to exercise the affected muscles with proper exercises. With music and dance, they will learn to be more expressive while yoga therapy is known to do wonders to children with cerebral palsy. Yoga therapy helps stretch the affected muscles and helps relieve the stiffness in them allowing them greater movement.

A child with cerebral palsy should be given treatment at the earliest as soon as diagnosis is made. This gives them greater freedom and helps them to grow up with confidence about themselves.

The Costs of Paralysis

Paralysis is a type of catastrophic injury that results in the complete loss of muscle function in one or more muscle groups. Common causes of paralysis include herniated disks, fractured vertebrae, and nerve impingement. These types of injuries result from incidents such as automobile accidents, sports-related accidents, industrial or construction accidents, disease in the spinal column, and tumor growth on the spinal cord. Spinal cord injuries are classified as either complete or incomplete. Complete spinal cord damage means the person experiences a complete loss of feeling and movement below the site of injury. Incomplete spinal cord injuries occur when a person retains some motor control and feeling below the point of damage.

Different types of paralysis exist. Paraplegia, quadriplegia, and tetraplegia describe the extent of injuries. In paraplegia, functioning of the lower extremities, such as the legs and feet, is damaged. The ability to walk or run is usually lost. Quadriplegia, also known as tetraplegia, describes impairment affecting all four limbs, although this effect does not imply a complete loss of utility or sensation. Like paraplegics, quadriplegics are unable to walk or run, and often have additional complications including sexual functioning, bowel control, digestion, and torso movement problems.

Paralysis is a serious medical condition that has negative effects extending outside of restricted mobility. Muscle atrophy from discontinued use, low blood pressure, difficulty breathing, sensation loss, and a shortened life expectancy are all complications related to paralysis. As one could imagine, the associated medical costs of caring for a person who has major spinal damage are enormous. Round-the-clock medical care and assistance from doctors and nurses is often necessary. In extreme cases where the patient has trouble breathing as a result of their injury, ventilator use might be required for the remainder of their life.

If paralysis resulted from someone else's negligent actions, a legal right exists for the injured to pursue damages through a lawsuit. Damages which are available for recovery include medical costs, lost wages, and other compensation, such as pain, suffering, and mental anguish. Over a decade ago, the annual medical costs for a quadriplegic totaled $ 1 million about. This high cost of medical attention should not be paid by the person who suffered the injury, which just adds a fiscal burden to already negatively affected health and prognosis for the patient.

Sports Hernia: All You Need to Know About Sports Hernia, Its Symptoms, and Its Treatment

Those who practice physically demanding sports such as soccer, rugby or even tennis, are at a very high risk of developing sports hernia. Sports hernia, or Gilmore’s groin as some call it, is a very common type of hernia that affects the lower abdominal wall and can be encountered at those who practice sports.

Practicing the sports mentioned above weakens the muscles of the lower abdominal wall and causes the hernia to appear.

Inguinal hernia appears in the same place, when a part of the lower abdomen slips through a small tear that is created in the muscles of the abdominal wall because they are weakened, and creates a visible and palpable bulge that sticks out. Sports hernia is similar to inguinal hernia, and they both appear in the same location, but the difference between them is that at sports hernia there is no bulge or lump that sticks out.

Anyone that practices sports can get sports hernia, it doesn’t matter how strong their muscles are because sports hernia does not have anything to do with muscle strength, it appears because the muscular fiber from the abdominal wall is too thin.

The first symptoms of a sports hernia are light pain that appears in the abdominal region, followed by pain in the groin and sometimes at males pain in the testicles. The pain caused by sports hernia is worse when the patient sneezes, bends or coughs.

If you are experiencing any of the symptoms mentioned above then consult a doctor for an accurate diagnosis. There are no medical tests that can diagnose sports hernia. The doctors usually perform tests to eliminate the other conditions that may cause the same symptoms, and based on the patient’s medical history and on some physical examinations, the sports hernia diagnose is placed.

Once you get the sports hernia diagnose it is advised to begin the treatment soon before any complications can develop. Unfortunately, the only really effective way to cure a sports hernia is surgery. The first thing that doctors prescribe is a lot of rest. In some cases, if the hernia isn’t too advanced, several weeks of rest can heal it, especially if you use ibuprofen and other muscle-pain relieving medication, but in most cases rest is not enough and surgery is required.

Sports hernia surgery is a very simple operation that most doctors have done many times and are familiar with. Its goal is to reattach the abdominal muscles and fix any tearing that has occurred.

Sports hernia patients need to remember that they can’t return to their sporting activities until their hernia is cured, because if they do it the hernia can appear again. The recovery rate is different from one person to another, so you need to visit the doctor if you want to know when you are fully recovered and can start practicing sports again.

To Fuse Or Not to Fuse – The Spinal Question

Spinal fusion is one of the most feared and misunderstood surgical procedures for the spine. Everyone has heard some kind of frightening story about a distant family member who had back surgery and was never the same afterward. Many patients think a spinal fusion will cause their spine to become completely rigid, and they envision a future of robot-like stiffness with the inability to bend their backs or touch their toes, after surgery. Over the past decade, spinal fusion has also had a less than bright reputation as a treatment for pain. Given the overall perception that fusion of the spine is a delicate surgery with questionable outcomes, patients are quite concerned about proceeding with a fusion. This article will help to dispel many of the misconceptions that surround this treatment and why it is important to understand the procedure, when it should be performed and who might benefit from a spinal fusion.

What is Spinal Fusion?
Spinal fusion is a surgical procedure designed to provide stability to an area of ​​the spine that has too much movement or movement that causes pain, tingling, numbness or weakness in the arm or leg. The object of a spinal fusion is to connect the bones (vertebrae) that were previously too mobile and form a connection of bone in the spine that is more rigid.

A History Lesson
Orthopaedic surgeons have long applied casts to broken bones to provide support to fractures and allow the bones to heal. The addition of this external support keeps the bones from moving. Why is this important? When there is too much movement between broken bones or bone fragments, the repair cells are prevented from being able to connect the bone fragments together, so their process of healing will stop.

As orthopaedic surgeons have progressed in the use of technology, plates and screws, called internal fixation devices, are now applied to fractured bones. These rigid internal fixation devices are stronger and add more support to the fractured bone. Plates and screws have been able to replace bulky external casting in a large group of fracture types.

The same treatment principles are used by the orthopaedic spine surgeon. There was a time when fusions were supported with external bracing. This external support, provided by casting or rigid bracing, has now been replaced with internal rods and screws. Using these internal supports provides stronger bone connections that decrease motion even more. As a result, the number of successful fusions has increased. The internal support of the spine is stronger, allowing patients to get up and out of bed and walk the day of surgery and to return to their usual activities in 6 weeks. This is a far cry from the days of original spinal fusions that were supported with a cumbersome hard plastic brace or cast, leaving patients with limited mobility or bed rest for many months.

Spine surgeons are now better able to determine which patients will be helped with a spinal fusion. Advanced imaging studies, including MRI and bone scans, as well as the use of diagnostic injections, help today's spine specialist more accurately diagnose patients whose conditions would benefit from spinal fusion. Advances in surgical techniques and components, including the development of better screws and rods, also have greatly improved patient results. Improved diagnostic and surgical training, including advanced training in spine fellowship programs, has helped spine surgeons interpret and use these advances in technology to obtain better outcomes for patients.

Who Needs a Spinal Fusion?
As with all surgeries, there are proper uses that will result in good outcomes for patients with spinal fusion.
In patients where the spinal bones have begun to slip and cause pressure on the spinal nerves (spondylolisthesis), this excessive movement may need to be stopped to prevent worsening of the nerve pressure. During surgery, these patients will have the bone spurs and disc protrusions removed from around the nerve roots and spinal cord, which may destabilize the bones of the spine and cause the bones to slip more. Inserting screws and rods in these bones will prevent the bones from slipping any further after surgery and also may be used for correction of the original slippage.

Use of screws and rods can also provide stability and correction for patients with scoliosis. Scoliosis is the bending of the spine in an abnormal direction. The curve of the spine may increase with time or may be painful as the curvature of the spine increases. If the patient has a large curve or the curve is continuing to get worse, screws and rods are used to correct the position of the spine and prevent the curve from worsening.

In patients with obvious bone destruction from fracture, tumor or infection, stabilizing the bones with screws and rods will provide the support that is needed so the underlying disease can be addressed. The structure of the spine can be improved while the patient receives chemotherapy or radiation. By removing the tumor in the spine, the back pain related to an expanding tumor can be relieved and the patient can remain mobile, which helps to prevent pneumonia and blood clots. Being ambulatory, while receiving chemotherapy and radiation, also improves the patient's mood and outlook while coping with their disease.

Who is Not a Candidate for Spinal Fusion?
Most patients with disc herniations or pinched nerves will not need a spinal fusion. These conditions can be treated with simpler procedures that allow the removal of pieces of discs or bone spurs that do not increase the movement in the bones.

The more difficult indication for spinal fusion is in the patient with severe pain in the back. Degenerative disc disease is still the leading cause of back pain in the United States, but back pain can have many underlying causes. One of the reasons that spinal fusion developed a bad reputation is that they were performed as a remedy for back pain that did not respond to other forms of treatment. Older fusion methods and inadequate diagnostic approaches left surgeons with few options for treating these patients, so some patients were given fusions as a last attempt to improve their pain. Most patients with lower back pain and degenerative disc disease will not need a spinal fusion.

What Can Be Expected From Spinal Fusion?
It is expected that most patients will be back to their usual state of health and activity at approximately 6-8 weeks after their fusion surgery. Most patients will be pain-free after their spinal fusion. It is important to choose a well-trained surgeon to make educated decisions about your diagnosis and treatment. With the combination of the proper diagnosis and properly applied spinal fusion most patients will have very good outcomes.

Penis Blisters, Pain and Itching – When Herpes Isn’t the Answer

Every male who has been through a high school health class is aware of the symptoms of herpes. Signs of blisters filled with fluid, itching and soreness are common indicators of this sexually transmitted virus. However, herpes simplex is not an inevitable diagnosis when these symptoms appear.

Shingles, known medically as herpes zoster, is a virus which is also characterized by blisters and itching; however, it is not considered as an STD. Understanding the symptoms can help men to make informed decisions about their treatment. Suggestions on caring for the penis and maintaining sexual health are also provided here.

What is shingles, exactly?

Shingles is an inflammatory condition of the nerves and surrounding skin. It is caused by the same virus that causes chicken pox – the herpes varicella-zoster virus (or simply zoster virus). Anyone who has had the chickenpox can develop shingles, usually later in life – generally after the age of 50. The varicella-zoster virus lies dormant in the body once an individual has recovered from chicken pox, but it can be reactivated much later, resulting in the symptoms of shingles.

What are the symptoms?

Most patients describe the initial symptoms as tingling or pain and tenderness of the skin. In 2-3 days after the appearance of these symptoms, a clustered red rash may appear. The rash may resolve into blisters that appear to be filled with water. The rash generally clears up on its own after 2-3 weeks; however, intense itching and pain – a condition known as postherpetic neuralgia – may continue for months, or even years, after the initial symptoms have disappeared.

Blisters on the penis: The blisters most often appear on the torso and buttocks, but they can also affect the genitalia, including the head and shaft of the penis. Severe penis itching may accompany the blisters. The penis symptoms of shingles closely resemble those of the herpes simplex virus, an incurable STD that is highly contagious. Any sign of a blistering rash on the penis should be evaluated by a doctor.

Other flu-like symptoms may accompany the disease, including fever, headache, upset stomach or abdominal pain, fatigue, confusion and memory loss.

Is herpes zoster contagious?

Shingles are only contagious if the blisters are broken, and will only affect individuals who have not had chicken pox. However, they will develop chicken pox, not shingles.

Risk factors

Anyone who has had chicken pox can develop shingles; however, it is more common in individuals with a suppressed immune system, such as people with HIV/AIDS or those who are receiving radiation or chemotherapy. Certain bone and lymphatic cancers also increase the risk of developing shingles.


While shingles will resolve on its own, more severe cases may be treated with an antiviral medication – particularly when it affects the eyes or causes penis blisters. As with chickenpox, using pain relievers, cool compresses and anti-itch formulas such as calamine lotion may help to ease the itching, burning sensation.

Daily care for the penis skin

While caring for the penis does not mean that problems such as shingles won’t occur, taking good care of the equipment can help to keep it in top condition and help boost the body’s resistance to disease. Cleaning the penis every day can prevent a buildup of bacteria that increases the risk for infection – not to mention unpleasant odors. Adding a penis nutrient cream (most health professionals recommend Man 1 Man Oil) to the personal care routine can help to ensure that the penis is well-nourished and resistant to minor skin damage and that the skin retains its natural moisture balance – all important factors in maintaining overall penile health.

How To Treat Paracentral Disc Herniation And Get Back To A Normal Life

To understand a paracentral disc herniation, one needs to know a little bit about the structure of a disc. There are two general structures associated with a disc, which includes the nucleus pulposus and the annulus fibrosus. The nucleus pulposus is in the center of the disc, which contains a gelatinous center that acts as a weight-bearing fluid along the vertical axis and acts as a pivot point to allow some movement around the trunk of your body. The annulus fibrosus forms a bag around the nucleus pulposus and is mostly made of multiple concentric layers of collagen (a protein). The annulus fibrosus functions to contain the gel of the nucleus pulposus under a wide range of pressures. Where the disc meets the spinal cord there is a thecal sac. This thecal sac is another form of tough connective tissue that surrounds the spinal cord. If you have a tear in the annulus fibrosus, the nucleus fluids may protrude and put pressure on the thecal sac. This is a common problem and may occur from improper lifting of heavy objects, accidental trauma and aging.

You will need to set up an appointment with your healthcare provider to determine if you have a paracentral herniated disc. Discus your family history and let your doctor know what kind of pain you are experiencing as well as severity. Your doctor will give a physical exam and possibly take X-rays to determine any structural abnormalities that may be present. One of the things doctors look for is to determine what pain you are experiencing. Are you experiencing a nerve pinch? In this case, the annulus fibrosus is torn and the fluid from the nucleus pulposus is causing the annulus to bulge, which in turn presses against nerves of the spinal cord. This is known as nerve root pain that is also known as sciatica when you have a lumbar herniated disc. On the other hand you may be experiencing disc pain also known as axial pain as there are no nerves involved.

Paracental herniated discs may generate a pinched nerve in the lower back. A pinched nerve in the lower back can compress the sciatic nerve causing sciatica. A herniated disc may also cause spinal stenosis (a narrowing of the spinal canal), which may pinch nerves at that level. Common symptoms associated with a pinched nerve include pain, numbness, tingling sensation (needles and pins) or weakness of muscles associated with that nerve bundle. The pain may radiate down your back, legs and buttocks. Quite often the doctor can identify the nerve involved based on what part of your back, leg and buttock that is affected. How does one treat a pinched nerve? Rest and cold compresses work well. Braces are sometimes used for a short time to limit movement around the pinched nerve to prevent further damage and allow for healing. There are a number of pain/anti-inflammatory medications that can be used for example ibuprofen that can reduce swelling and decrease pain. Your healthcare provider may need to prescribe something stronger for serious pain. Physical therapy (exercise) is also necessary for stretching and strengthening muscles to relieve pressure on the pinched nerve. If these therapies do not work for you, surgery may become necessary particularly if you develop loss of bowel or bladder control, as this is a sign of more serious nerve damage. It may be necessary to remove part of a disc to stop the nerve compression. If this is done then you may require a spinal fusion to stabilize the spine. These are unusual situations and in most cases, patients recover from pinched nerves with home therapies without long-term symptoms.

Axial pain is generally not related to a disease state and is the most common type of low back pain. A number of structures can cause axial or mechanical pain and is difficult to identify which structures are responsible. Axial pain gets worse with certain activities such as sitting for long periods of time, exercise (sports) and gets better with rest. This type of disc pain may become worse with the presence of a degenerated disc, joint problems, muscle damage, ligament or tendon damage. Axial pain problems are generally localized and don’t radiate down your legs, feet or buttocks. It is generally not necessary to identify the particular structures involved, as this will resolve itself in a short amount of time. Treatment for axial back pain can be done at home. You will want to rest for a few days and make use of cold/hot compresses in alternating fashion. Physical therapy involving strengthening and stretching of the muscles is next when it is comfortable for you to do so. It is a good idea to take an over-the-counter pain reliever/anti-inflammatory as well. If you axial pain continues for more than 6 to 8 weeks, it is a good idea to see your healthcare provider again for additional testing to determine other therapies that will work for you. Generally, axial disc pain goes away within a few weeks with simple home treatment. The ideal situation is to avoid axial pain all together. A healthy lifestyle is paramount. Maintain a healthy weight, exercise (strengthen your back muscles and keep them in balance), eat properly and get plenty of rest.

On June 30, 2010, a research study was published in the Journal of Arthritis and Rheumatism revealing a possible role of the immune system and back pain associated with herniated discs. When the annulus tears/ruptures, the fluid in the center comes in contact with the blood system. This gelatinous fluid of the disc has never been exposed to the immune system (the internal part of the disc contains no blood vessels). Since the white blood cells have not seen this fluid before, they see it as foreign and attack it to get rid of it generating inflammation. This causes a local nerve root and other tissues to become inflamed, damaged and compressed. The molecule that activates the inflammatory reaction has been identified as interleukin-17 (IL-17), which is a chemical messenger molecule produced by a particular white blood cell. This particular subpopulation of white blood cells are known to be involved in autoimmune responses such as asthma and arthritis. If scientists can find a way to block the production of IL-17 by this particular subpopulation of cells, autoimmunity along the spinal column and hence inflammation can be brought to a halt. This should allow the herniated disc to go about normal healing without having to contend with chronic inflammation and pain. This will work for both acute and chronic inflammation and pain.

Depending on the symptoms of a paracentral herniated disc, there are a number of ways to deal with the situation. Most patients respond well to conservative treatments without the requirement of surgery. Make use of chiropractors, physical therapists, rest, hot/cold compresses and home exercise. Make sure to maintain a healthy lifestyle by eating properly to maintain a proper weight. Perhaps in the near future researchers will have a drug that will prevent excessive inflammation and pain that will allow for faster healing without discomfort with an IL-17 blocker.

Now that we know more about cellular pathways and the workings of the genome, medical advances are growing at an increasing rate. It’s a good idea to keep yourself well informed by reading as many of the medical websites as you can. Make sure you bring this information to your next doctor’s visit.

Sore Throat Symptoms

Sore throat symptoms are not hard to pin point. They come with other problems as well. You will notice that you have a running nose. This means that you have a cold. Coughing can aggravate the sore throat if the cough is dry. One of the most outstanding symptoms is the itchy or painful feeling that you get on your throat. You feel like your throat has wounds. It becomes painful to swallow and you can see that you are swollen around the neck. You can feel the swelling if you touch around this area. Your body temperature is likely to go up more than usual. This can make you feel feverish. There are some over the counter drugs such as paracetamol that will relieve you from this. If possible, use a thermometer to ascertain that your temperature has actually gone up. This is a pointer that you require treatment for your sore throat.

If the problem persists on for the next two weeks, you have to know that the sore throat needs some professional treatment. There could be an underlying problem. You should know that the kind of symptoms that you experience is determined by the cause of the sore throat. In a case where you have an allergic reaction, your nose might be blocked as well. You have to know what is causing you the reaction. The causes are many and they include the type of foods that you are eating as well the choice of mouth care products’ that you buy.

The problem you feel in swallowing food is due to the inflaming of the throat. It becomes swollen and constricted. You feel like you are struggling to get the food down your throat. You should go for easy foods that are not hard. When you feed the young ones and they refuse to eat for no apparent reason, you should have a doctor examine their throats. A baby who has a sore throat will neither breast feed nor eat. If you have a dry feeling in your throat that is not ordinary thirst, you should consider seeing a doctor. As a precaution, do no not yield to the temptation to drink a very cold drink. You should make sure that you take something warm. It would help to reduce the intensity of the symptoms.

Your voice will begin to diminish. This kind of a sore throat can be caused by shouting and straining your voice beyond limit. When you to go sports ground, no matter how supportive you are to your team, you have to make sure that you do not cheer too loudly. This can result to a painful sore throat accompanied by loss of voice. The voice feels raspy and you can hardly communicate. You should avoid conversations in noisy areas as well. If you will feel a metallic taste in your mouth, this means that you have a throat infection. Doctors say that there is a lot of mucus in you throat that accumulates and as a result you get this awkward taste in your mouth.

5 Easy Ways to Remove Tonsil Stones

Are you looking for some easy ways to remove tonsil stones? If you are sick and tired of those nasty lumps at the back of your throat and the accompanying bad breath then this article will be of interest to you.

Tonsil stones or tonsiliths tend to occur most often in people who have been suffering from chronic inflammation of their tonsils or repeated bouts of tonsillitis. The tonsils are gland like structures in the back of the throat and play a role in the immune system by acting as a sort of net that traps and filters incoming bacteria and virus particles. This can cause the tonsils to swell and develop crypts or holes where particles of bacteria, dead cells and mucous can become trapped. This debris can then harden and calcify thus forming the stones. Some people may have tonsillitis without realising it because they are so small and will often dissolve by themselves. Other stones can become large and cause discomfort and difficulty swallowing. One of worse problems that accompanies this condition is bad breath.

Listed below are 5 easy ways to remove tonsil stones.

  1. Take a Q-tip or cotton wool bud that has been moistened with water and gently apply pressure to the tonsil area and push upwards. This pushes the stone out of the tonsil crypt. You can also use a toothbrush but make sure it is clean to prevent infection. This method is good for people who do not have a problem with gag reflex.
  2. Another method some people find useful is to flex the throat and cough which can make the stone pop out. This again is only works if you do not have a gag reflex.
  3. You can use a Water Pike or Water Jet to flush out the tonsil stones. But be sure to set the pressure at a low level and aim directly at the stone. If you use too high a setting you could end up irritating your tonsils.
  4. Mix half a teaspoon of salt and half a teaspoon of baking power in a cup of warm water and gargle, do not swallow but leave in the mouth for a minute or two and spit out. If this solution tastes too nasty for you, try gargling with just salt water instead. The salt will help kill off any bacteria and germs in your mouth.
  5. Try bouncing on a trampoline for 5 minutes. This method is unconventional but some people swear by it reporting the stones becoming dislodged and able to be spat out.

These are some easy ways to remove tonsil stones but unfortunately the results are not always permanent.

Improve or Remove Diabetes Symptoms Using Brainwave Entrainment

Diabetes is the most common disorder of the endocrine system and is emerging as a pandemic and a major public health problem.

Diabetes mellitus is a group of metabolic diseases in which a person has high blood sugar, either because the body does not produce enough insulin, or because cells do not respond to the insulin produced.

High blood sugar produces the classical symptoms of frequent urination, increased thirst, and increased hunger.

Prevention of diabetes may be possible in the future but there is considerable potential now to utilize treatments like brainwave entrainment to reduce diabetes symptoms and complications.

Brainwave entrainment is a neuro-technological tool that introduces specific sound waves to the brain with the intention of alter its state of consciousness and frequency. The brain naturally mimics anything that is rhythmic and repeated so quickly synchronizes its brainwave frequency to that of the entrainment.

Listening to and allowing your brain to entrain to a recording that reduces stress and stimulates the pancreas, can be an effective complementary therapy for diabetes.

How Diabetes Manifests

In the initial stages of diabetes, you develop insulin resistance-your insulin is not working as efficiently as it needs to so your blood sugars rise.

During the second stage, when the pancreas has been overworked for decades, starts secreting less and less insulin.

Now, when you need more insulin because of your lifestyle choices, the pancreas can’t make enough and in some cases, actually starts to die off.

Diabetes has now manifested at this point, and you will either have to take an oral insulin replacement or needle injections of insulin.

How Lifestyle Can Strengthen Diabetes

Living in our modern world is very stressful, and if you don’t have a way to alleviate and process that stress, you will compromise your body.

Your brain reacts to excessive stress by releasing stress hormones such as cortisol, adrenaline, and noradrenalin which aggravates insulin and glucose levels.

Reducing the release of these neuro-hormones through brainwave entrainment will help balance glucose and insulin in the blood.

Entrainment helps to normalize metabolic syndrome and diabetes.

When you are stressed out, your brain signals you to overeat and crave carbohydrates and fats.

Cortisol especially kicks in at night, making it overwhelmingly difficult not to raid the fridge before you go to bed, or even in the middle of the night.

Eating at night is lethal for diabetics triggering insulin resistance and raising blood sugars. On top of that, there is a natural five minute spike in HGH, a growth hormone at 3:00 a.m. which leads to a temporary increase in insulin resistance and blood sugar. You now have really high blood sugar levels.

Stress makes diabetes worse. If you are under constant stress and not processing it properly, your body never has a balanced state or homeostasis, increasing further damage on the pancreas and other organs like the kidneys.

Emotional or psychological stress can also mess with your sleep patterns, which in turn, has your brain release more stress hormones, affecting your diabetes even further.

Brainwave entrainment can significantly decrease insulin resistance which means that your blood sugar levels will be more level, you won’t be so viciously hungry, and you’ll pee less.

Entrainment, using a specific deliberate brainwave pattern, will stabilize sugar levels, decreasing fluctuations.

High fluctuations in blood sugar levels equals fatigue and reduction in mental clarity.

Brainwave entrainment can create balance at the deepest level of physiology, in your consciousness.

At that level, profound changes can occur that can alleviate or eliminate diabetes symptoms.

Diabetes is a serious disorder that affects your life.

Brainwave entrainment can stop the destructive effects of diabetes.

Type 2 Diabetes – Reasons To Avoid Tanning Beds If You Are a Diabetic

Some people tan very easily in the sun after only a short period of time. Others tend to burn. Many people use tanning salons and beds to develop an artificial tan due to lack of time, or for personal preference.

Here are a few reasons to consider before tanning if you suffer from Type 1 or Type 2 diabetes:

1. Firstly, you need to understand what tanning actually does. In simple terms, it makes the color of your skin go darker than it already is. However, people have different skin types. Naturally, different races have skin types that may be affected differently. Caucasian people may have fair complexions or slightly darker ones. Skin may be oily or dry.

All of these factors have to be considered before deciding to get a tan, whether natural or artificial. Tanning beds can be very dangerous for diabetics because your whole body is subjected to intense UV rays. Even though it’s a controlled environment, if you have sores of any kind, they can become worse.

2. Many people with diabetes have some degree of nerve damage and won’t be able to feel if they are getting burned by the rays… until it’s too late. You can easily become dehydrated and that means your body won’t be able to process insulin and food as well as it normally could.

Tanning beds are less likely to cause sunburn than the real sun but it still can happen. It means your body has to focus on healing and, therefore, has a reduced capacity to fight off other problems such as infections and diseases.

It’s vital you speak to the tanning consultant to work out the best settings for the bed if you insist on tanning. Set a specific turn off time and ask the consultant to check on you as well, in case you’re not aware of problems.

3. Tanning can cause skin cancer, eye damage and premature aging if you don’t take adequate precautions. It’s also important not to tan too often as it can become addictive and then you may just ignore the health risks and have more problems as a result.

4. It’s also possible you may develop a rash if you are allergic to the ultraviolet light. There are plenty of ways to treat it, but it’s a strong indicator you should not use a tanning bed.

These are only a few of the reasons to avoid tanning if you suffer from diabetes. If you have any concerns at all, speak to your doctor first. You should also mention to the tanning consultant you have Type 1 or Type 2 diabetes… then proper safety measures can be taken.

Fighting Obesity Through the Centuries – A Weight Loss Doctor Reveals Some Old Secrets

Without A Plan Permanent Weight Loss is Impossible.

The top resolution for 2010, just like it has been for every year is shedding weight and becoming physically fit. It also can become the hardest to do: changing the way we eat and exercise in a few days or even in a few months can overwhelm just about anyone. The first step is always to prepare a plan, weight loss without a definite plan is impossible. Whether you try low carb, count calories, points or eat specially prepared meals, you still need a plan. Before you jump on the first plan you hear about, take a long look and see that the task of losing weight is nothing new. It goes back to 5000 years to early Egypt. Take a look through the centuries and find a plan that is best for you.

Obesity and Dieting is Nothing New

The earliest indications of obesity can be traced back to the first modern humans in Europe about 35,000 years ago. In those days, efficient storage of energy (i.e., fat) in times of plenty was paramount to surviving the next famine. Times have changed and famine does not exist in our part of the world any longer. Therefore, our once lifesaving ability to store energy (i.e., fat) efficiently has since turned against us. It now shows up in our society as the constant concern of too much weight and ultimately, as obesity. For thousands of years, being overweight and obesity were exceptionally rare phenomena and were almost never studied.

The perception of obesity varied among cultures.

In ancient Egypt, obesity was considered a disease. Egyptians depicted their enemies as obese individuals. Obesity was certainly not the Egyptian beauty ideal, which instead featured long, slender legs, narrow hips with high breasts, and golden skin. Concerned that diet maintained their health, the ancients recognized that the quantity and quality of food were equally important. Their method of portion control was rather primitive. They

Vomited and purged themselves three times a month.

Ancient China was aware of obesity and the dangers that come with it. The texts tolled Gobi berries for strengthening the liver, preventing obesity, and fortifying the-Qi-(chi) or life force. The Aztecs believed that obesity was supernatural, an affliction of the Gods. They had a sophisticated vocabulary for obesity and locations of specific fat deposits, including a double chin and a -beer belly.

The ancient Greeks first recognized the dangers of obesity. Hippocrates, considered the Father of Medicine,believed that obesity led to infertility and even death.

  • Hippocrates was aware of sudden deaths being more common among obese men than lean ones. He correctly identified the energy balance equation:
  • Energy cannot be created or destroyed.
  • Energy is either used or stored.
  • When -calories in- are greater than -calories out- then body weight increases.
  • When -calories in- are less than -calories out-then body weight decreases.

After Hippocrates laid the foundation for understanding energy and weight management within the human body, another two thousand years went by before the general public in Europe, in the early 1600s, began to recognize diet and exercise as means to preserving one’s health.

Around the 17th century, links between diet, disease, and health were clearly acknowledged.

Study after study emphasized the benefits of leanness and the dangers of corpulence. beginning in the 17 the century. The term obesity was first used in 1650 by the English physician and medical writer, Dr. Tobias Venner. With the industrial revolution of the 19th century, England saw a growing abundance of food coupled with an increasingly sedentary lifestyle. The result was a vast increase in obesity among the middle and upper classes.

Unfortunately, as the medical society and the public in general began to look at obesity and its complications as serious health problems, knowledge on how to reverse it, especially permanently, remained unclear! Surprisingly, most 19th century doctors had no idea about its cause. Many thought obesity was due to sin or diseases.

Physicians of the time did not believe that what you ate had a direct impact on your body and on your general health. People typically ate bread, potatoes, pastry, puddings and cakes, and served their meat with thick gravies. Alcohol was part of daily life. Basically, people of that time ate as much as they could afford! After all, a big belly was a sign of prosperity.

Lights Begins to Shine in the early 1800’s with Graham Crackers in America

During the early 1830s, Reverend Sylvester Graham was the first American to relate food choices to health. He condemned the sin of gluttony,advocating a bland, vegetarian diet as the cure. Dr. Graham developed a recipe and encouraged people to eat flat bread made of coarse whole wheat flour. However, people who ate his Graham Cracker were described as -pale and sickly. Reverend Graham became known as Dr. Sawdust-not a very good start to reversing obesity, but these were the first efforts made to remediate the condition

Revelations Appear in early 19th Century London:

Across the Atlantic Ocean, in the early 19th century Dr William Wadd, a physician of the English Court, finally touched the heart of the matter. He connected overindulgence at the table with the dangerous conditions that resulted from an excess of fat deposits in the body.

Dr. Wadd’s first principle of treatment was taking food that has little nutrition in it.Was he describing eating food with less fat or carbs? He pointed out that many physicians refused to treat obese patients because they did not recognize the growing obesity epidemic of the early 1800s as a real and dangerous disease. That was in 1800. Sounds familiar?

In 1850, the medical profession in Europe had accepted the theory of German chemist Baron Justus von Liebig that carbohydrate and fat supplied the carbon which, combined with oxygen in the lungs, produced body heat. In terms of this theory, carbohydrate and fat were respiratory foods and the cause of obesity was believed to be an overindulgence of them.

Dr. Liebig’s patients were cut off from food for as long as possible and almost starved themselves to death. He exhorted establishing an hourly watch over the instinctive desires of his patients. Although this was only the first organized attempt to reverse obesity, a more humane treatment was needed. Nevertheless, the importance of limiting food intake to treat obesity became fairly well accepted by the mid 1800s. The challenge was then, as it still is today, the unbearable hunger that always accompanies the reduction of food consumption.

4 London Doctors Uncover the Secrets of Weight Loss: (Much of which we then forgot)

During the 19th century, three English doctors-Horace Dobell (1826-1916), Isaac Burney Yeo (1835-1914) and John Ayrton Paris (1785-1856)-turned their attention to the growing problem of obesity, researching methods and assisting obese individuals in overcoming their weight-related issues. They concluded that the excess food and increasingly sedentary lifestyle of 19th century England conflicted with the body’s biological need to efficiently store energy (i.e., fat) in times of plenty to survive the next famine. They recognized that quick fixes and miracle solutions offered no answer to this problem.

Jean Anthelme Brillat-Savarin, alerted his readers in 1825 to the dangers of fad diets. He warned against the common use of so called venagar to lose weight and was one of the first advocates of limiting carbs. His book, The Physiology of Taste is one of the first important books on food.

Dr Burney in 1842 Unravels the Secret to Successful Weight Loss:

Humans-like animals-are motivated by four basic drives: hunger, thirst, sex, and the need for security. Hunger and sex are the strongest, being necessary for the survival of our species. Dr. Burney-famous for his Yeo’s Treatment(treatment of obesity by giving large amounts of hot drinks and withholding carbohydrates)-noted that the sensation of hunger, although involving mainly the stomach, originates in the brain. Additionally, as this sensation is one of the most basic of the human emotions, its regulation must occur slowly and with the greatest care.

Hunger that is not satisfied creates morbid cravings,as Dr. Burney wrote. Probably the main reason why so many diets fail is that they ignore what Dr. Burney calls-our most basic of all drives-hunger.

Before we even started to count calories, points, fat, carbs or protein, and other metrics we use to help us regulate our food intake, Drs. Dobell and Burney had already concluded that all of these methods were too complicated. Both doctors noted that dietary changes should be based on the individual’s unique requirements concerning age, gender, and activity level. However, 1865 was the age of vapors, elixirs, potions, and liniments. Telling an upper class, overweight lawyer that his excessive eating caused the fat around his belly and that he had to physically exercise-like a farm hand-was problematic and almost drove Dr. Burney out of practice.

Diet is related to age, sex, occupation… and should correspond to what a person likes. Avoid any unnecessary changes in the number or variety of food and always give a patient what he likes, unless there is an unquestionably good reason for not doing so, writes Dr Burney in 1842.

You might think recognizing that overeating will make us fat is pretty obvious and was not at all a significant discovery. In reality, most weight loss plans today fail to take into consideration that not everyone can eat the same food, the same amounts of food, or react the same way to foods. This is why none of these generic diet concepts work. We are all different and every person requires personalized plans of action to achieve long-term success in managing sustainable and healthy weight levels.

How many diet plans even consider what the individual actually likes to eat? Drs. Dobell and Burney stressed that a successful weight loss plan depends on making as few changes as possible and then tailoring the food to the individual’s age, sex and occupation and, especially, to personal likings. This advice is even more relevant today than it was 175 years ago. Finding the real causes for your weight problems and then selecting foods based on these personal factors-including what you like to eat-was fundamental back then and is just as important today.

Keeping Weight Loss Plans Simple is Nothing New:

-Interference with a diet, like all good things, is particularly open to abuse for nothing is so easier than to lay down a complicated code of restriction and rules as to what to eat and what to drink and the patient is very apt to think that the skill of the doctor increases with the number and variety of the orders. But those who understand the principle of a diet know that the reverse is true…instead of meddling with unimportant details, seize the few essential points for which a diet generally will be found to turn. Those that are best off are those that abstain from all attempts to meddle-writes Dr Horace Dobell in 1865.

William Bunting, a London Undertaker Writes About His Experiences Fighting Obesity, Some Practical

Ideas from the First Celebrity Dieter:

In 1860, in what is considered one of the first diet books, a famous London undertaker and coffin maker William Banting, revealed how to lose and-most importantly-maintain, weight loss for years. At 5 feet 5 inches in height and weighing more than 202 lbs., Banting experienced rapid weight gain beginning at age 30. He was so overweight that he had to walk down the stairs backwards to avoid jarring his knees. He was unable to ties his shoes or pull up his pants. Despite vigorous exercise, spa treatments, self -induced vomiting, drinking gallons of water, low-calorie and starvation diets, he only kept gaining weight.

For many years, he went from one doctor to another in vain-They took my money but they failed to make me thinner. He was hospitalized twenty times for weight reduction, only to fail again. One of his physicians noted that putting on weight was perfectly -natural-; the physician himself had being gaining a pound a year for years. Fed up with physicians and failures, he created his own plan, bearing many similarities with the findings of Drs. Dobell, Burney and Paris and described it in his famous Letter of Corpulence, first published in 1864.

Amount of Food: People of larger frame and build require a proportionally larger quantity of… food… and foods that are beneficial in youth are prejudicial in aged.

  • Kind of Food: Starch, sugar and fatty meats tend to create fat and should be avoided all together. Experimentation is needed, to establish which foods cause weight gain for that individual and which do not. No attempt to restrict all carbohydrates — but sugar, potatoes, and some breads… Vegetables and fruits of all kinds are permitted freely.
  • Food Changes have to be gradual and kept to a minimum so as not to cause feelings of loss and… return to former habits.
  • Number of Meals -Four meals a day are preferred. (The fourth is a late evening snack.)-
  • Exercise- The rules of diet you found so beneficial have been long forced upon men who are under training for running or prize fights… most overweight people are unhealthy or lacking time and are unable to exercise and sweat-

Mr. Banting successfully lost more than 50 lbs. and kept it off until he died at age 80. Inadvertently, he incorporated the basic findings of the English doctors, including tailoring the amount of food for his age and activity level. He made only a few important and gradual dietary changes and ate three meals a day, along with a bedtime snack. His emphasis on eliminating starch, sugars, and fatty meats in his diet preceded Dr. Atkins by more than 100 years. Banting concluded that exercise was not as important as changing the food that he ate. As successful as it was, Banting’s plan seemed too obvious and simple. As much as his name became synonymous with slimming, he was ridiculed and denounced as a charlatan. The British Medical Society vilified his diet system as -humbug- and the basic principles on which it was based were ignored for another century.

Basic structure of daily foods revealed by Dr Paris in 1826!

Despite all controversy, some headway against obesity was made when Dr. John Ayrton Paris revealed the basic framework for moderate food distribution throughout the day in his book, Treatise on Diet (1826). His daily food framework includes the importance of breakfast, light lunches, and small evening meals. Dr. Paris also emphasized the importance of snacks and was the first to introduce the idea that eating a larger dinner after a day’s work may be more advantageous than eating large lunches.

–Everyone’s diet depends… upon the degrees of exercise, age and rapidity of growth. Usually, one large meal a day, the other light and small in bulk… again depends upon occupation. A light lunch is preferable to two large meals a day. Often a patient arises in the morning without inclination for breakfast but because of his occupation, he is compelled to force down food in order to protect himself against exhaustion latter in the day from lack of food. At least have a biscuit, eggs or toast for breakfast. Snacks become necessary in civilized life. Dinner, the large meal of the day, in this manner may be postponed to 7 PM- writes Dr Paris in 1826.

Obese Individuals Turn to Quackery beginning in the 1890’s

In the last half of the 19th century, both obese people and their physicians turned away from the newly discovered -secret– a big belly was the consequence of excessive eating. Instead, they desperately turned to the use of all kinds of medical quackery, including water, vibration and massage therapy, laxatives, purgatives, electrical and non-electrical corsets and belts, Epsom salts, various tonics, creams, liniments, and pills.

What We Can Lean From the Past:

During the 20th century, science revealed more and greater details about the human body, but some of the most fundamental and simplest truths about weight management seemed to have been lost or have faded into oblivion. Instead, modern-day weight loss methods such as calorie counting, weighing and measuring portions, points, phases, only protein, no carbs, as much fat as desired, no fat at all, whole wheat, natural, light, organic, pre-portioned, frozen meals– along with complicated recipes, diet schemes and specialty foods– took the place of common sense. Diets became restrictive, fundamentalist, ideological, and sometimes even contradictory. Clichés and myths do not help to clear up the issues related to obesity and what to do about it.

Maybe the ideas of the early 19th century London physicians can help you design a successful weight loss plan for 2010. Give their ideas a try. They Work!

Preventing the Pitfalls of Poison Ivy Rash

You come home from a great walk at the park when you suddenly feel a bit strange. Within a few hours, you notice that your arms have started to itch quite severely and you have the urge to keep scratching. Guess what? You are probably a victim of poison ivy rash.

Also called contact dermatitis, this form of rash is not really serious, but is quite common among humans – in fact, four out of five people are most likely to get it if come into contact with poison ivy. People will have varying degrees of pain thresholds, and as such, some will be more sensitive to pain than others. The ailment is caused by an oily substance in the plant called urushiol.

This is a manual on the proper way to treat this type of rash. Normally, home remedies will be sufficient in helping treat it, but some may require medical intervention.

What symptoms should I be looking out for ?

There are only four things to watch out for: blisters, itching, swelling, or redness. Allergic reactions to poison ivy normally occur within 1 to 12 hours of coming into contact with it. It will normally stay for a maximum of three weeks; however, the more serious cases of poison ivy rash can actually cause other areas of your skin to break out into rashes, even though those parts did not really have any physical contact with the plant.

Should you decide that your symptoms are far more serious that others, it is in this instance that you may need to consult your doctor. If your rashes have spread in extended, even sensitive areas of your body, pus has formed inside your blisters, you catch a fever which surpasses 100F, book an appointment with your local GP right away.

Are there any home remedies I can try ?

If you are one of the unfortunate few who have managed to contract the rash, then do not worry. Chances are, you can solve the problem from the comforts of your own home. A handy trick is to wash the infected area with soap that does not contain any oil, or a detergent (something that you should first consult your local pharmacist about).