Stage 3 Ovarian Cancer Overview

Stage III ovarian cancer is a more serious level of cancer, which has spread to include the pelvic area and organs, and the abdominal organs (liver, bowels, lymph nodes, etc.), and it is easier to diagnose. It is used as part of the prognosis made by a doctor.

Stage III ovarian cancer is then further defined by the TNM determination rating system. TNM is defined to mean to tumor size, node inclusion, metastasis or spread status and grade of the tumor. It will ultimately let doctors known how long a patient has to live and whether they will survive. These factors include:

Each part is defined as follows:

TNM determination rating system

Tumor size – Due to the spread of Stage III, the tumors can only be defined as one of the following:

T3: the tumor is inside one (or both) ovary; the tumor spread includes tissues in the pelvic region, outside the pelvic region and lymph node (s); cancerous cells are found in the abdominal fluids (ascites) or the abdominal cavity washes (peritoneal lavage)

T3a: the tumor is inside one (or both) ovary; the tumor spread includes tissues in the pelvic region, outside the pelvic region and beyond the pelvic region

T3b: the tumor is inside one (or both) ovary; the tumor spread includes tissues in the pelvic region, outside the pelvic region and beyond the pelvic region that are now a maximum size of up to 2cm, and can be seen without a microscope

T3c: the tumor is inside one (or both) ovary; the tumor spread includes tissues in the pelvic region, outside the pelvic region and beyond the pelvic region that is now a 2cm or more in size, and can be seen easily

Node inclusion – As the cancer is at Stage III its classification is:

N1: the tumor has spread to include the lymph nodes

Metastasis or spread determination – As Stage III cancer has been found, only the following classification can be used:

M1: metastases have been found somewhere

Grade of the tumor

The grading of a tumor shows the maturity of the cancerous cells inside the ovary (s). As the cancer is now at Stage III, it can only be classified as the following:

Grade 2: a combination of both normal and cancerous cells; cancerous cells account for about every other cell

Grade 3: very few normal cells if any are left; most or all cells are cancerous

The lower the grade, the slower a tumor will grow, and the better the patient’s chance of survival. The higher the grade, the quicker the tumor may grow or spread, and the chances of survival are greatly diminished. In this case, Stage III ovarian cancer has greatly reduced the patient’s chances of recovery and/or survival.

Stage groupings

The stage groupings are used to show the order of the varied factors included in the TNM determination rating system. Stage III groupings are as follows:

Stage III

Stage IIIa: T3a, N0, M0

Stage IIIb: T3b, N0, M0

Stage IIIc: T3c, N0, M0, or T(varied), N1, M0

10 Simple and Natural Home Remedies For Pneumonia

Pneumonia is a common illness that refers to an infection of the lungs. It occurs in all age groups, and is a leading cause of death among children and elderly people in chronic conditions. The major symptoms of pneumonia are productive cough resulting in mucus, chest pains, fever, chills and breathing shortness.

Here, in this article you will find home remedies for pneumonia. These home remedies are simple, easy to prepare and easy to follow. You will get benefited from these home remedies if followed as instructed below. These remedies can be taken along with your medication to improve your health and give relief from pneumonia symptoms.

1. Turmeric has several medicinal properties and is widely used in treating a number of ailments. It also helps in treating pneumonia. Other herbs such as black pepper, fenugreek and ginger are also beneficial for your lungs. You can take these herbs in raw or cooked form.

2. Sesame seeds are also helpful in treating pneumonia. Add 15 grams of sesame seeds in 250 ml water. Add a pinch of common salt, a teaspoon of linseed, and a tablespoon of honey in this mixture. Consume daily to expel phlegm from the bronchial tubes.

3. Ginger is a popular home remedy for treating most of the respiratory disorders. Take 10 ml juice of the fresh ginger, or one or two grams dried ginger powder along with honey two times daily.

4. Add a teaspoon of honey to a glass of lukewarm water. Drink it two or three times a day. This drink has very soothing effect and relieves symptoms.

5. Mix some camphor with warm turpentine oil and apply it on the chest. Gently massage to get relief from pneumonia.

6. The patient should be kept in a clean, hot and healthy room. Make sure that sunshine enters in the patient room.

7. Try to keep the chest and the feet of the patient warmer than the other parts of the body.

8. Do not take foods that may lead to constipation. It may aggravate the condition.

9. To get relief from chest pain and discomfort, take a teaspoonful of garlic juice.

10. Holy basil is also very useful in pneumonia. Take the juice of few fresh leaves of holy basil. Add a pinch of ground black pepper to this juice and consume at six hourly intervals.

Disclaimer: The reader of this article should exercise all precautionary measures while following instructions on the pneumonia home remedies from this article. Avoid using any of these products or ingredients if you are allergic to it. The responsibility lies with the reader and not with the website or the writer.

Copyright © Ryan Mutt, All Rights Reserved. If you want to use this article on your website or in your ezine, make all the urls (links) active.

Rib Pain: Symptom Of A Rib Injury, Or Something Else?

Rib pain symptoms can be caused by a number of possible diseases and disorders – not just rib injuries like cracked ribs or broken ribs.

In this article, we’ll list some of the most common injuries, conditions, and disorders that cause pain in the ribs symptoms. Even if you see information here that gives you reason to suspect you have one of the conditions described, you should still consult your health care provider to make sure you get an accurate diagnosis.

First, we’ll look at possibilities that may be caused by bone, joint and soft tissue problems.

Rib pain due to some kind of injury is probably more common than any other type. Often, they result from a blow or some kind of impact – during sports competition or a vehicular accident. There’s little mystery regarding the cause. Such injuries are usually easy to see with imaging technology like MRIs or X-rays.

Pain in the ribs is, of course, the most obvious symptom of a broken rib. But someone with this type of rib injury may also have considerable difficulty breathing.

Some ribcage pain may result from injuries to soft tissue surrounding the ribs, like cartilage, tendons and muscles. These may be harder to diagnose. Sometimes, these soft tissue injuries are sore or tender to the touch, and discomfort drawing a deep breath may occur.

A number of diseases and disorders connected to the bones and joints sometimes cause ribcage pain as a symptom. These include osteoarthritis, osteoporosis, and rheumatoid arthritis.

Several lesser known medical conditions are also characterized by pain in the rib and chest area.

A condition known as osteochondritis dissecans causes pain in areas where your ribs are attached to your backbone and breastbone. It’s occurs when there’s an insufficient blood flow to these areas. This condition is more likely to occur in older children and teenagers, particularly if they play sports.

Costochondritis is a disorder that results in pain that is somewhat similar to osteochondritis dissecans. Costochondritis causes pain in the cartilage that connects the breastbone to the ribs. It is the result of inflammation. Typically, rib pain from costochondritis occurs after a blow or some kind of trauma. It can also be the result of repetitive use, or from trying to lift, push or pull something that’s too heavy.

Nerve problems originating in the spine can also trigger rib pain symptoms. Doctors call this referred pain because the pain is actually originating in another location. It travels along nerve pathways and presents in a completely different place. Very often, a bulging disc or some kind of damage or misalignment in the spinal column causes this type of pain.

Rib pain symptoms can arise as a result of a variety of lung and respiratory disorders.

Pneumonia – An infection of the lungs due to bacteria, viruses, parasites or fungi..

Pleurisy – The thin covering that protects and cushions the lungs is known as the pleura. It can become inflamed, and when it does, you can experience severe pain in the ribs.

Tuberculosis – Tuberculosis (commonly known as TB) is an infectious disease that strikes the lungs. Rib pain is a common symptom.

Angina (chest pain from heart disease) – Generalized pain in the ribcage area can result from heart problems, although angina is often most acute in the central chest.

Workers who have been exposed to asbestos for years sometimes contract asbestosis or mesothelioma. Both these are lung diseases which are characterized by rib pain symptoms.

Certain types of cancer can cause rib pain symptoms, especially myeloma and lymphoma.

Whooping cough – Rib pain occurs when this violent cough strains muscles and other soft tissue around the rib cage.

Rib pain is an early symptom of an illness called shingles, which is an extremely painful condition characterized by a skin rash. It is caused by the herpes zoster virus.

Individuals who have occasional panic attacks are sometimes affected by rib pain. Rapid, deep breathing caused by anxiety can pull and strain muscles around the ribcage, which results in discomfort. Such episodes can also lead to serious heart problems and even heart attacks.

Best Cold Remedies – 7 Popular Home Cold and Flu Remedies

During cold and flu season, it's normal to see commercials touting the latest cold and flu remedies on TV that claim to stop your suffering in their tracks. Most of these over the counter remedies treat the symptoms, but do not lessen the duration of a cold. Also, many of these medications can make you drowsy or feel drugged.

Home cold and flu remedies are more popular than ever and are an alternative to those who do not want to subject themselves to medicines with lots of mysterious ingredients. While there is no cure for the common cold or flu, there are several popular home remedies that can help lessen their duration and effects on your body.

Chicken Soup

Eating a bowl of savory chicken soup has long been one of the most popular home cold and flu remedies around. This old fashioned remedy has really stood the test of time. Chicken soup was prescribed for colds as far back as ancient Egyptian times. This remedy has probably survived so long because it does contains protein, which the body needs to get better, plus, it goes down easy and is warm and comforting. Recent research has shown that chicken soup does have anti-inflammatory nutrients. So, go ahead and make yourself a nice, warm bowl of chicken soup.

Vitamin C

Vitamin C is prized for its immune boosting benefits to the body. When you get a cold or the flu, the virus tends to attack your healthy blood cells, which then have fight back – this makes you tired and drains you of energy. When you drink orange juice or any other citrus juice packed with vitamin C, you are literally giving your healthy blood cells a boost of power to repel those nasty cold germs. Many people choose to take the tablet form of vitamin C. Either way, vitamin C is one of the most powerful home remedies you can take to fight off a cold.

Echinacea

Echinacea is a popular herbal remedy that is used to lessen the duration of a cold. You can find Echinacea in capsule form, in lozenges or as an alcohol based tincture. While Echinacea does have curative benefits, its effect in cold fighting often has mixed results. Alcohol based Echinacea tinctures can last for several years, while the dry leaves found in many pills and capsules can lose their effectiveness over time. Also, the quality of the Echinacea varies greatly due to the nature of the plant. The upper part of the plant contains most of the benefits, while the lower part has little therapeutic benefit.

Spicy Food

Spicy foods that contain garlic, onions and cayenne pepper can help you recover quicker from a cold. These three foods contain powerful antioxidants and immune system compounds that will aid your body in expelling the virus. Eating a bowl of chili for lunch or dinner is a great way to eat your way to feeling better in no time.

Vaporizers and Personal Steamers

Hot steam rising up through your nasal passages and into your sinuses and lungs is a great way to clear congestion out of your system. One of the things that makes having a cold so miserable is that your nose is clogged and your chest if filled with gunk. Vaporizers and personal steamers work by adding water to a base and then heating it up until it becomes steam. You breath in the steam and it clears your system, allowing you to rest easier.

Steam Bath

Soaking in a nice, hot bath is relaxing anytime, but when you have a cold the steam rising up from the tub can have a soothing effect on your tired body. Steam is great for breaking up the congestion that clogs your sinuses and chest. To create an aromatherapy experience, add a few drops of peppermint oil or camphor oil to the hot water. Please do not use this remedy for babies and toddlers, as it may cause them injury.

Hot Toddy

Hot toddies are one of the long time favorite cold and flu remedies. Many people believe that curling up on the couch (or in a favorite chair) and drinking a hot toddy is a good way to fight off a cold or flu, but in fact, there is little evidence that this drink has any curative benefits.

A hot toddy is made with hot water, or tea, lemon juice, sugar or honey and either rum, brandy, or whiskey. While delicious, the American Lung Association cautions that drinking alcohol while sick with a cold will lead to dehydration, which can make a cold last longer. However, if you can not sleep and do not want to take an over the counter cold medication, drinking a hot toddy with alcohol will send you into a nice slumber.

What is Chronic Bronchitis?

Chronic bronchitis is defined as a long term inflammation or swelling of the bronchi.  This can result in heightened production of mucus and may be accompanied by other side effects.  To be classified as chronic bronchitis, a harsh cough and expectoration (coughing up of mucus) must occur on most days, for no less than three months of the year, for two or more years in a row.  This does not include other conditions such as pneumonia, tuberculosis, or other lung conditions that may result in the same symptoms.

Identifying the Symptoms of Chronic Bronchitis

Although chronic bronchitis may affect each person differently, there are tell-tale signs of chronic bronchitis that may help you identify the problem.  These include:

– Cough.  This cough may be subtle or harsh, but with all cases of bronchitis there is some coughing present.

– Expectoration.  Expectoration is the coughing up, or spitting out of mucus due to over production, caused by bronchitis.

If chronic bronchitis is not treated properly it may cause a number of different conditions, which is why it is so important to seek treatment for chronic bronchitis if you believe you may be suffering from it.  These include difficulty breathing, frequent and caustic respiratory infections, narrowing of the bronchi, and even disability.  There may be other warning signs and symptoms that you are suffering from chronic bronchitis as well.  These include swelling of the feet, heart palpitation and failure, and your lips and skin may appear a bluish tint.  Many of these symptoms are common in other lung ailments, and it is important that you consult your physician for a proper diagnosis.

What Causes Chronic Bronchitis?

Unlike acute bronchitis, where virus or bacteria is most likely the cause, there is no organism that is recognized as the cause of chronic bronchitis.  The most common cause of chronic bronchitis is smoking.  Most long term smokers experience the symptoms of chronic bronchitis at one time or another throughout their lives.  Other causes of chronic bronchitis may be bacterial or viral infections, pollution of the environment, or the breathing of certain chemicals.  Chronic bronchitis has also been associated with various pulmonary diseases including emphysema, asthma, fibrosis, and tuberculosis.

How is Chronic Bronchitis Diagnosed?

Your physician may ask you to provide your medical history, and conduct a physical examination.  If more tests need to be run, some of these may include:

-Pulmonary Function Tests – These tests measure the lungs’ ability to trade oxygen and carbon dioxide.  These tests will probably be run using special equipment, and consist of you breathing into a tube that computes the measurements.

-Pulse Oximetry – Measures the amount of oxygen present in the blood.

-Arterial Blood Gas (ABG) – An ABG is a blood test that measures the acidity (pH) of the blood and also measures the lungs’ ability to provide your blood with oxygen and remove carbon dioxide from it.

-Other tests – May include X-Ray’s, CT scans or other internal imaging tests.

If you have the symptoms described in this article, you are advised to consult your personal physician as soon as possible to have your condition properly diagnosed and treated.

Common Joint Disorders in Dogs

A happy dog ​​is one that can jump, run and play all day long. However, some dogs / puppies have joint problems that need to be tended to and if caught early enough can be repaired with few problems.

Puppies, during their growth period seem to have the most orthopedic problems. The word orthopedic means "marked by or affected with a deformity, disorder, or injury of the skeleton and associated structures." In order for a puppy to grow into a strong and active dog, the bones, cartilage, muscles, joints, tendons and ligaments must function properly. The earlier that any deformity is noticed, the easier and quicker it can be repaired.

What are common joint problems in puppies? Puppies from two months to 6 months of age may show signs of orthopedic problems such as hip dysplasia, elbow dysplasia, and luxating (dislocating) patellae (the dog's knee cap dislocates and is found in both the front and back legs.)

Older puppies (7 to 12 months) can be affected by several problems such as:

Luxating patella, which is condition usually found in small breeds that causes the dog to be running and playing one minute and the next minute it might yelp in pain and limp around for a few minutes and then be fine the next. In some cases it can be severe. Treatment in normal cases can be some anti-inflammatory medication taken as needed and in severe cases surgery may be needed. X-rays maybe needed to determine the seriousness of the condition.

Panosteitis is a bone disease of dogs that is characterized by bone proliferation and remodeling. It is lameness that often comes and goes and can move from leg to leg, It is common in large breeds and the cause is unknown. It is very painful and can last for as long as 18 months, though it commonly lasts only 2 t 5 months. Treatment is rest and anti-inflammatory drugs.

Male dogs are more apt to get panosteitis than females and German Shepherds, Great Danes and Dobermans seem to have a higher degree of this condition.

Osteochondritis dissecans, commonly known as OCD is a disease of the cartilage that affects the joints in a dog's body.

What is OCD? Whenever 2 bones meet there is a smooth area of ​​cartilage covering the surface and acts as a cushion between the two bones. Any damage to the cartilage that disrupts this movement creates pain for the dog. In OCD this cartilage can become damaged or may even have grown abnormally, which can cause it to crack or separate instead of being a smooth covering. It has even been known to break off and float free in the joint. The interesting thing is these pieces do not die they continue to grow and are called joint mice.

Approximately 15 percent of all dogs will develop OCD. It is generally found in large or giant breed dogs, but it has also been reported in small dogs and cats, though it is not very common. It is also another condition that affects more male dogs than female dogs and often occurs between the ages of 4 and 8 months of age.

Treatment in most cases is surgery, however in some cases forced rest and anti-inflammatory drugs will help.

Hypertrophic Osteodystrophy (HOD) is another disease that affects large rapidly growing large breed dogs. This disease produces severe lameness and pain and usually affects several limbs at one time. The cause at this time is unknown.

It usually strikes puppies between the ages of 3 to 6 months and like OCD it usually strikes more male dogs than females. It is not an inherited or a genetic disease and it does not seem to affect one breed over another.

Symptoms are usually mild to moderate painful swelling of the growth plates in the leg bones, the long bones from the elbow to the wrist and the long bone from the knee to the hock. Dogs may show reluctance to move, show lameness, act lethargic, and refuse to eat or run a temperature up to 106 degrees. The disease usually affect both legs and may possibly resolve itself on its own, however a very high fever for a long period of time and if the bony involvement is severe, the dog may suffer permanent structural damage or even die.

Legg-Calve-Perthes Disease (LCP) is a disorder of hip joint conformation that affects both humans and dogs. It is found most often in the miniature and toy breeds between the ages of 4 months to a year. LCP is believed to be an inherited disease and dogs who have it should not be used for breeding purposes.

LCP shows up as a gradual disuse of a rear leg with pain and stiffness of a hip joint. An x-ray is usually needed to determine the seriousness of the degeneration within the femoral head (part of the hip joint). Treatment usually requires surgery and physical therapy.

If your puppy shows any sign of a skeletal deformity, the sooner you take care of it, the better it is for your puppy. Some types of deformities can be cured with surgery, while degenerative problems like joint disease of elbow dysplasia can not be corrected by surgery, but can be treated most often medically.

There are disorders of the bone and joint tissues that can be caused by bacterial infections such as Lyme disease or Staphylococcus bacteria. Genetic defects can also cause a number of problems. Treatment is wholly dependent on getting a correct diagnosis of the condition your puppy is suffering from.

Injuries can count for many orthopedic problems in many puppies. Injuries that have not been properly taken care of can cause a dog a series of life long problems. It is important never to push a puppy into a physical exercise that is beyond its capability. You can cause a great deal of harm to the bone structure of the puppy.

It is a challenge for you, as the owner and for your vet to discover and identify any abnormalities as early as possible in order to have appropriate care given to the puppy.

This information is just the tip of the iceberg, but I hope it has helped in some small way to keep you informed of things you should be on the look out for.

Pair Trading Can Reduce Risk in Both Stocks and Currency Trading

What is pair trading? If you have not done pair trading before, pair trading is done with two almost similar stocks. Pair trading is highly popular with professional stock traders when they take simultaneously a long position in one stock and a short position in another almost similar stock in equal dollar amounts. Both these stocks are almost similar but are experiencing a dislocation. This dislocation in these two stocks is used for hedging purposes.

What you do is try to find two stocks in the same industry and the same sector with a strong historical correlation between them. Yet for the time being, these two stocks are experiencing dislocation with one stock higher in price as compared to the other stock. Overtime, both the stocks are going to converge to the same price level.

You benefit from this convergence by going short on the higher priced stock and going long on the lower priced stocks. So when both the stocks converge, you make profit. If both do not converge, you do not lose much. So in pair trading, you try to profit from the convergence of the two stock prices to the historical levels.

Now this same strategy can be used in currency trading. The good thing in currency trading is that you do not have to buy two separate currencies. Pair trading is sort of in build in it as you can only trade currency pairs meaning you can go short on one and long on another or the other way around.

Now when you pair trade stocks, you are striping out the market influence from your position by going short on one and long on the other. These two positions cancel each other as the market moves since both similar stocks are supposed to move in the same direction.

Currencies can also be viewed as stocks with countries replacing companies. Just like companies are affected by the broader economic fundamentals in the same way countries get affected by sovereign debt, trade protectionism, trade balance, budge deficit and so on. These things affect the respective currencies. Now two countries in the same region with strong trade and economic relationship can have their currencies behave in almost similar fashion. This is the basis of pair trading in forex.

Japanese Yen (JPY) was a popular carry trading currency. Traders were happy selling JPY and buying another high yielding currency like AUD. But in 2009, carry traders lost their risk appetite and suddenly started unwinding their yen positions. This massive buying back of JPY made JPY appreciate. So this appreciation of JPY is short term.

Korean economy is closely tied to the Japanese economy with its Won doing well but you can profit from this short term divergence in JPY and Won by trading the pair JPYKRW. Similarly you can pair trade Euro and Pound!

Essential Oils – Healing Broken Bones is Not That Hard With the Right Healing Oils

Recently I slipped on ice and broke my arm. Luckily the bones were not displaced-a simple fracture of the head of the radius bone as shown on x-ray. What is significant is that the pain was greatly lessened by applying certain essential oils that are anti-inflammatory and pain relieving. Can essential oils help the healing process? In my case, absolutely! When bones are fractured, there may be swelling, internal bleeding into the area, nerve and even tendon damage. Applying ice and in my case splinting my arm to immobilize it greatly decreased the pain. Here are the essential oils that I used to get back full use of my arm in half the time someone of my age would take.

Helichrysum italicum also called Everlasting, was the first oil I used for pain and swelling. This is an outstanding oil that has several great medical properties. It is known as an anticoagulant, anesthetic, antispasmodic, antiviral, a liver protectant, detoxifier and stimulant, chelates chemicals and toxins, and helps to regenerate nerves.

Next I applied lemongrass (Cymbopogon flexuosus) for its anti-inflammatory action and its ability to regenerate connective tissues and ligaments. Lemongrass also dilates blood vessels, improves circulation, and promotes lymph flow. Lemongrass can be a little warm to the skin because of its high aldehyde content, so the third oil I chose was high in monoterpenes which served to quench the warmth.

Idaho balsam fir (Abies balsamae) is 98% monoterpenes making it an outstanding anti-inflammatory oil. It also has anticoagulant properties and is known as a great oil for arthritis/rheumatism, lumbago and sciatica. Plus the smell of balsam fir is that of Christmas trees-very refreshing and an improvement over the heavy lemongrass fragrance and “weed” smell of helichrysum.

The fourth oil I used was a blend called Trauma Life. It is a blend of valerian, lavender, frankincense, sandalwood, rose, helichrysum, spruce, geranium, davana and citrus hystrix. This particular blend helps to release buried emotional trauma from, in my case, the accident, but it also helps release emotional trauma from the death of loved ones, assault or abuse. It combats stress and uproots traumas that cause insomnia, anger, restlessness, and a weakened immune response. The valerian component of this oil certainly helped me to rest better since getting my arm in a comfortable position was a bit of a feat.

Many other essential oils have been found to be helpful in bone healing including wintergreen, peppermint, spruce, pine, ginger and vetiver. The key is finding out which oils are going to be most helpful for you. I found a formula that worked for me.

Causes of Heel Pain

Heel pain is a very common problem experienced by many and is caused by different reasons. Patients will often suffer pain under the heel or behind the heel. Most of the time, heel pain will disappear on its own with time but in serious cases, they can become chronic problems. There are 26 bones in the human foot and the largest bone is the heel bone. The function of the heel is to provide support and balance the weight of the body. With such immense weight acting on it and various activities such as running and jumping, the heel is at a high risk of injury.

Plantar Fasciitis

Plantar fasciitis is a painful result of the inflammation of the plantar fascia. The plantar fascia links the heel bones to the toes and is responsible for the arch of the boot. Plantar fasciitis can cause immense pain which increases with every additional step you take but once you warm up the leg, the pain will start to go away, coming back again after periods of immobility.

Stress Fracture

As mentioned above, the heel bone is the largest bone in the human foot and stress fractures can occur due to overuse of the heel. Continuous activity on a hard surface can also contribute to stress fractures due to the higher force environment. When the heel bone fractures under stress, it will cause immense pain at the heel region and recovery time is often lengthy.

Heel bursitis

Heel bursitis results from inflammation of the bursa which is located at the back of the heel. It is most commonly occurred when the patient lands on the heels incorrectly, injuring the tendons and bursa. Improper footwear may also contribute to heel bursitis. The pain will normally get worse as the day passes.

Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome

The Tarsal tunnel is located between the bones in the foot and the fibrous tissues in spaces. There is a nerve located at the tarsal tunnel called the posterior tibial nerve and it is protected by bones and tendons. Sudden high impact can cause stress fractures which will result in the posterior tibial nerve being pinched onto, causing pain at the heel and numbness at the region.

Heel pad inflammation

Located under the heel bone is the corpus adiposum which acts as a shock absorber to protect the heel bone. After repeated hard landings on the foot or overuse, inflammation of the corpus adiposum can occur, causing pain and discomfort. In more serious cases, haemorrhaging of the heel pad can happen. At times, simple activities like walking can also be a difficult task.

There are many different causes of heel pain and most of it is caused by overuse and lack of sufficient rest periods. The heel bone is an important part of our body and heel bone pain can restrict us from carrying out daily activities smoothly.

Cerebral Palsy Issues – Seizures

Cerebral palsy is a group of neurological disorders that is caused by injuries to the brain before, during or after birth. The manner in which this condition is caused makes many children suffer from seizures as well. However, people can mistake it with epilepsy, but this is not the case. Cerebral palsy is a non progressive group of disorders in which the symptoms do not increase or decrease over time. Hence it is not a seizure disorder like how it is commonly mistaken.

For any seizure to take place, whether in cerebral palsy or any other seizure disorder, there will be some over-activity or misdirected activity in the brain. Hence, people with cerebral palsy can develop some forms of epilepsy at a later stage. If these children with cerebral palsy develop a seizure disorder, then there are possibilities that the children will have a variable rate of exhibiting symptoms. Generally, there are two types of seizures that are common in people with cerebral palsy. They are the tonic-clonic seizure and the partial seizure! Both these types of seizures can be disconcerting for the child as well as the family members, and the seizure symptoms that develop can trouble the children to a great extent.

The tonic-clonic seizure is a very severe type and when it affects a person, the child will cry out suddenly or shout. This is usually followed by loss of consciousness and fainting. After this, the child may begin to shake violently, twitch and convulse for some time. Once the seizure is over, the person will regain consciousness but will be confused and have no memory about the seizure.

Partial seizures can happen in varied ways but the most general of them will be the simple and complex categories. These types of seizures will vary in severity and is seen in people with seizure disorders and cerebral palsy. When a person has a partial seizure, it results in a body part which will twitch and shake and eventually becomes numb too. The victim may also become forgetful, confused and suddenly walk differently or even hallucinate.

For a person with seizures or if some seizure disorders are suspected, then an EEG exam should be given. This is especially necessary if the child is suffering from cerebral palsy. It should also be diagnosed by an experienced doctor who will have to observe the symptoms that will include excessive lip smacking or a pedaling motion of the legs. But if this happens in newborns or young children, it becomes very difficult to diagnose. If there is a constant, repeating motion of the limbs, then it is a signal of clonic type seizure. A tonic seizure will involve limb spasticity.

If you notice any of these symptoms in your child or you suspect any seizure disorder or children with cerebral palsy, then you should give proper treatment. A long of an observation of After and testing period, the by doctor will decide on what medication shouldnt be given with respect to the diagnosis and what degree of cerebral palsy training shouldnt take place. If this occurs in young children, then immediate action is necessary.

Medical Causes of Paralysis

Paralysis is a life changing condition that will forever alter the way you are able to move your body. It is a condition that requires medical care, therapy, and major lifestyle changes. When it happens as the result of an accident, it is a terrible and sad situation. However, when it happens as the result of a medical case itself, it can be even more troubling. The medical personnel and hospitals are supposed to protect the people who are served by them. If negligence by a doctor or a medical mistake caused your injury, call an attorney today to learn about your legal rights against the individual, hospital, or pharmaceutical company.

Most of the time, medical paralysis is found to happen with infants or children. Babies are sometimes moved incorrectly while they are being born or are deprived of oxygen after birth. Both of these can cause life long paralysis.

Human error during spinal surgery or during back or brain surgery can lead to paralysis. Most of theses medical paralysis cases could have been prevented, simply by having the right technique, the right technology, or the right doctor / nurse education. Therefore, when paralysis happens due to medical error, you will most likely have a legal case.

Medical paralysis can also occur if you are given the wrong medications or the wrong dosage. Drugs are extremely dangerous, especially when mixed with other drugs. In addition, they can cause side effects like drowsiness, dizziness, and blurred vision, which can, in turn, cause paralysis-causing accidents.

Understanding when you will have a legal case and when you do not can be the toughest part about this process. It is always good to get a second medical opinion about the paralysis and how it might have been caused. If both you and the second opinion doctor feel that something happened which could have been prevented, you should contact a lawyer. Monheit's laywers can help you determine exactly what type of case you will have and how much you can expect for the settlement. It is important that you seek help for your legal case as soon as you can.

Medical bills for persons who are dealing with paralysis can be more than $ 120,000 – just for the actual incident. This does not count the long-term care needs or the therapy needs of the person. Therefore, legal help is necessary to make sure that those responsible for the accident are those that are paying the settlement.

Working Out After Surgery

Chances are that you may have either a major or a minor surgical procedure; I have experienced such a situation. I had to have hernia surgery earlier this year and I can tell you that it throws a big wrench into your workout schedule and routine.

For me it was the multiple repairs of two hernias. That's not one hernia, but two hernias and not once but twice. If you can imagine the frustration that sets in dealing with the injury, the surgical procedures, the pain, the healing, the doctor visits and not being able to work out you can understand the situation.

The first time that I had surgery it was for an Inguinal Hernia. Yes, I received this injury trying to do too much working and just not paying attention to the over-exertion. Can you say lesson learned?

It was a painful lesson learned. I followed the instructions that I was given when I got home from surgery. I rested, I did not lift and I took it easy but boy was I frustrated? I wanted to workout or at least be able to run.

The minute that the doctor told me that is was OK to walk for long slow distances I was on the pavement. The day that the doctor told that I could jog I was pounding the pavement. The day the doctor told me that I could lift 25lbs I went home and I was doing curls within the hour. The problem was as my girlfriend pointed out; I was using 2-25lb dumbbells. Get it 50lbs, not 25lbs. Yes I wanted to workout so bad that I jumped the gun and pushed too hard, too fast.

Now I did not see any real issues for almost 6 months, but shortly after the 6th month it happened, I felt the pain again and I knew what it was. So I took another trip to the doctor and once again I had a hernia. This one just inches above the first.

This time I had a Spegelian Hernia. While the doctor told me that it was not as bad as the first hernia I was still frustrated. Did my pushing myself to get to form cause this one to happen? What if I had taken just a couple of extra weeks and waited?

When I went in to have this hernia repaired during the procedure it was noticed that I had re-injured the first hernia, plus I had two more very weak areas. When I got home from the out-patient surgery my body looked like it was with a shotgun. I had holes all over my chest and stomach.

This time I had learned my lesson, I followed every order that I was told and more.

When I was told that I could walk for long slow distance I waited and extra week. When I was told that I could run I waited an extra week before starting to run. When I was told that I could lift this time I waited two extra weeks and started with less weight than the doctor recommended.

Over all I took two extra months to get totally back into my routine but honestly this time I glad that I am glad that I did.

So remember this, the most important thing when working out after surgery is to get with your doctor, make a list of questions, ask them, take notes and follow them.

Keep track of your recovery with a log that you can take back to your doctor and review.

Do not rush things. Take it easy and you hopefully will not end up with another injury.

What is Osteoporosis?

With advancing age, the skeleton bone starts maturing with slow rate of bone loss beginning as early as 30 years of age in both men & women. However, genetic factor plays important role in the regulation of bone mass & in the pathogenesis of osteoporosis.

Osteoporosis is the result of a disequilibrium between bone formation & bone reabsorption. Low bone mass & microarchitectural deterioration of bone tissue consequently increases bone fragility & susceptibility to fracture.

Osteoporosis is only a major risk factor for fracture, but it is not the only factor. Other factors attributing to fractures may be due to alcoholism, intake of sedative drugs, cognitive impairment, lower extremity disability, parkinsonism, dementia, blindness, vertigo.

In the early course of disease, there are no symptoms. Later stages may be manifested with loss of height, back pain,& factures. There is noticeable decrease of height with inclination of top half of the body forward & downward, referred as stoop. Reduced space between the ribs & pelvic brim causes the abdomen to protrude.

Back pain is a very common feature of osteoporosis associated with fracture,particularly vertebral fracture.Acute vertebral fracture usually presents with sudden onset severe pain felt diffusely in the back.It can be very painful followed with shock, pallor, & vomiting. This condition limits the activities,& the pain is aggravated with slightest movements, such as, coughing, sneezing, & straining. It requires short- term use of opiate analgesics, & bed rest for few days to ameliorate the pain,& induce early mobilization of the patient.

Chronic vertebral fracture are diagnosed for patients with multiple vertebral deformities with complaint of chronic back pain. Related symptoms accompany such as,loss of spinal mobility, breathlessness with reduced lung capacity,reflux esophagitis with compression of abdomen, fullness with eating, constipation, & stress incontinence. It has to be managed with long -term use of analgesics, physiotherapy, heat, ultrasound, & massage.

Most hip fractures ( > 90 % ) occur as a result of fall, & also about 50% of spine fractures are related to fall. Fall frequency increases with age.

Factors that accelerates the process of osteoporosis are; acquired inefficiences of calcium balance,including decreased intake of calcium & vitamin D, decreased solar exposure, impaired renal activation of vitamin D, & intestinal resistance to active vitamin D metabolities.

Older individuals frequently have subclinical vitaminD deficiency, & or secondary hyperparathyroidism, which may drive osteoclastic bone resorption & bone loss.

In females,during menopause oestrogen deficiency increases the rate of bone turnover, & the imbalance between resorption & formation widens. Bone loss accelerates to about 2% per year ( measured by absorptimetric techniques).

Radiological techniques, such as, bone densitometry, quantitative ultrasound, & radiographic assessment of vertebral fracture status represent essential diagnostic techniques for the assessment of osteoporosis. The introduction of DXA ( Dual energy x-ray based absorptiometry ) in daily clinical practice is a major advance in the case-finding of patients at high risk for osteoporosis,that predicts the value of bone density. Bio-chemical investigation may help to identity causes of osteoporosis, such as, testosterone levels in men, & thyroid function tests.

Essential Oils Can Help Alleviate the Pain of Sciatica

Our nerves course throughout our bodies carrying information to the Central core (central nervous system) as well as carry information away by way of motor neurons. When there is impingement or disease anywhere along their paths-there can be pain (neuralgia) and inflammation (neuritis) and this can lead to nerve destruction (neuropathy). Sciatica is a particularly painful inflammation of the sciatic nerve that runs down the leg from the sacral area.

There can be lots of causes of sciatica including lumbar disc disease, bony encroachment, and inflammation of the nerves caused by a viral infection-shingles. Nerve irritation can also be caused by damage to the discs between the vertebrae. Damage to the disc can come from simple “wear and tear” of the outer ring of the disc or from traumatic injury, or both.

As a result, the central softer portion of the disc ruptures or herniates out through the outer ring of the disc and can cause pressure on either the spinal cord or the nerves. This rupture is what causes the commonly recognized “sciatica” pain that shoots down the leg. Sciatica can be preceded by a history of localized low-back aching or it can follow a “popping” sensation and be accompanied by numbness and tingling.

The pain commonly increases with movements at the waist and can increase with coughing or sneezing. In more severe instances, sciatica can be accompanied by incontinence of the bladder and/or bowels.

Western medicine Treatments range from medical management to surgery. With unrelenting pain, severe impairment of function, or incontinence (which can indicate spinal cord irritation), surgery may be necessary.

Essential Oils Can Help with Sciatic Pain

When there is pressure and pain, the person may not be able to stand up or walk straight and pain may be excruciating. A number of essential oils can help relieve the pain and irritation, decrease swelling and inflammation and give the back time to heal. Essential oils can detoxify, relax, and decrease swelling in muscle tissue. A muscle responds to pain with a reflex contraction.

This causes blood flow to the area to be impeded. Less oxygen and glucose and the decrease in circulation means that removal of toxins and waste products is slowed. Inflammation, muscular soreness and pain are the results.

o Helichrysum, peppermint, nutmeg, thyme, spruce, wintergreen/birch, basil, rosemary, clove, tarragon.

o Blends-Aroma Siez, PanAway, Relieve It, Aroma Life

o Compress-warm if there is no inflammation; cold if there is inflammation, 1-2 times daily as needed.

o Specifically for Muscle-basil, marjoram, lavender, Relieve It, PanAway

o Specifically for spasms-Aroma Siez with Ortho Ease or Ortho Sport massage oils

o Topically, dilute 50-50, 6-10 drops on location twice a day or as needed

o Raindrop technique 2-3 times a week in acute situations, and 2-3 times monthly in chronic conditions. (Raindrop technique uses 9 essential oils “feathered” into the spine with a light touch)

I have found helichrysum followed by peppermint to be particularly helpful in relieving the pain of sciatica. Another essential oil I would highly recommend is Palo Santo (meaning “holy wood”). This oil comes from South America and has pain relieving qualities as well as anti-inflammatory properties.

This oil has high levels of limonene -up to 65% making it an excellent anti-inflammatory and anti-spasmodic oil. It has been used to heal fractures and get people out of wheel chairs. Using a combination of Palo Santo & Frankincense for pain & for bone rejuvenation (including Idaho Balsam Fir) will shorten recuperation time.

6 Best Choices for Relief of Sciatica Pain

The sciatic nerve proceeds through the buttocks, extends along the leg all the way to the toes. Those suffering from sciatic pain say that the pain seems to radiate through the hip along the thigh and at times is felt all the way down the front of the lower leg area. It’s a tough pain to ignore, and can make sitting and sleeping very uncomfortable.

The pain is actually a symptom of an inflamed sciatic nerve which can be caused by a number of problems, including but not limited to pinched nerves, a slipped disc, or bad posture. The sciatic nerve may heal itself over a few weeks time but can take as long as several months.

Following are six of the best choices for relief of sciatica pain:*

1. Hydrotherapy

Relaxing in a hot whirlpool tub or jacuzzi can promote circulation and relax the muscle tissue; this in turn reduces inflammation. The heat can also reduce muscle spasms and the motion of the water will gently massage your back.

2. Posture and Support

Sitting for significant amounts of time on an uneven or hard surface can easily aggravate your sciatic nerve. Make sure to use proper posture as well as support when sitting in one position for lengthy periods of time.

If you spend a lot of time sitting behind a desk, use a chair that tilts and adjusts your weight. You may want to invest in an ergonomic chair that can reduce stress and ease pressure in the lower back area. In addition, sleeping on a firm, cushioned mattress can help relieve sciatic pain also.

3. Acupuncture

Acupuncture can help reduce muscles spasms and inflammation by increasing blood flow to the lower back area. It also helps relax the muscles and increases flexibility.

4. Exercise and Physical Therapy

Exercise and/or physical therapy have been proven to eliminate the pain and symptoms of sciatica in many cases. Low impact exercises like walking and water aerobics are great options for self-treatment. Physical therapy will take it a step further.

It can include a variety of techniques like massage and electro-therapies. These treatments are meant to reduce muscle spasms, pain and inflammation. Physical therapy also includes education and training to teach you proper movements and postures that can help you avoid future problems with your sciatic nerve.

5. Stretching

Stretching promotes good support for the upper and lower back. Stretching exercises for sciatica are able to relieve tightness and relax the muscles in these areas. Proper stretching techniques are also an effective preventative measure.

6. Ice and Heat

At the first signs of a sciatic nerve problem, applying an ice pack can reduce the inflammation that is causing the pain. Applying heat will help increase the blood flow to the sore area, promote flexibility and reduce inflammation. Alternating between the two will provide positive results by reducing both pain and inflammation.

*This article is not intended to treat or diagnose any illness or condition. Always consult with a physician before beginning any self-care treatment or exercise program.