The Most Dangerous Antibiotic

Levaquin is a powerful, broad spectrum antibiotic commonly used prescribed to treat a variety of ailments. It has a black box warning from the FDA due to a 3%-30% incidence of negative side effect including pain, connective tissue damage, and anxiety.

While it is a very powerful and effective antibiotic, it can also come with a cost of permanent, painful, and disabling damage. It would be wise to know as much as you can about Levaquin if you are considering taking a prescription.

Levaquin (Levofloxacin) is a member of the Quinolone class of antibiotics that includes Cipro (Ciprofloxacin) and Avelox (Moxifloxacin). Levaquin gets most of the focus because statistically more people are damaged from it that Cipro or any of the others. There are at least 9 drugs like Levaquin in the Quinolone class that have been approved by the FDA only to be pulled from the market due to unacceptable levels of damaging side effects to patients.

Most people taking Levaquin have no obvious problem with it. But depending on who you talk to, and depending on the symptoms you look for, anywhere from 3%-30% of patients taking Levaquin experience mild to severe side effects.

In my experience, people injured by Levaquin fall into two distinct categories: they either get better in 12 months or less, or they suffer from what appears to be permanent damage, that can be disabling and even continue to get worse.

The most common side effect of Levaquin is Achilles tendon rupture. This means that someone can take even a single dose of Levaquin, potentially experience cramping, anxiety, stiffness and/or pain that night, and when they stand up the next morning, their Achilles tendon literally falls apart. Symptoms can also show up as more mild forms of anxiety, stiffness, and pain.

Levaquin pulls a huge amount of Magnesium from the body (thus causing cramping and spasm, anxiety and claustrophobia), damages mitochondria that manufacture cell energy (thus tendon cells starve and die off in huge numbers allowing tendon to degrade overnight or over time), and can even damage the DNA of connective tissue (such that when new cells grow in they are already damaged, literally you ‘heal’ bad).

Again, Levaquin helps many many people, but you may want to weigh the pros and cons before taking a prescription, especially if it’s for something minor like acne. Yes, people are prescribed this powerful broad spectrum antibiotic for acne! Imagine being 18 years old and being prescribed Levaquin for acne only to get permanent pain and connective tissue damage from it.

Cardiovacular Shock

The phrase “shock” is used to denote numerous problems, such as the response towards the passage of electric current with the entire body; the state that follows instantly right after interruption from the spinal cord; and the stunned reaction to poor news. In the current context, it refers to an abnormality of the circulatory system by which there’s inadequate tissue perfusion because of a fairly or absolutely inadequate cardiac output.

The causes are divided into four groups: inadequate volume of blood to fill the vascular program (hypovolemic shock); elevated size of the vascular program produced by vasodilation in the presence of a regular blood volume (distributive, vasogenic, or low-resistance shock); inadequate output of the center as a outcome of myocardial abnormalities (cardiogenic shock); and inadequate cardiac output as a result of obstruction of blood vessels flow within the lungs or heart (obstructive shock).

Hypovolemic Shock

Hypovolemic shock is characterized by hypotension; a rapid, thready pulse; cold, pale, clammy skin; intense thirst; rapid respiration; and restlessness or, alternatively, torpor. Urine quantity is markedly decreased. Nevertheless, none of these findings are invariably present. Hypovolemic shock is commonly subdivided into categories about the basis of cause.

The use of terms such as hemorrhagic shock, traumatic shock, surgical shock, and melt away shock is of some advantage because even though you will find similarities in between these numerous types of shock, there are important functions which are distinctive to every. In hypovolemic along with other forms of shock, inadequate perfusion from the tissue leads to elevated anaerobic glycolysis, with production of big quantities of lactic acid.

In severe instances, the blood lactate degree rises from the regular value of about 1 mmol/L to 9 mmol/L or a lot more. The resulting lactic acidosis depresses the myocardium, decreases peripheral vascular responsiveness to catecholamines, and might be severe enough to cause coma. Multiple compensatory reactions arrive into play to defend extracellular fluid quantity.

The big quantity of reactions which have evolved indicates the importance of sustaining blood volume for survival. A reduce in pulse pressure or mean arterial stress decreases the number of impulses ascending to the brain from the arterial baroreceptors, resulting in increased vasomotor discharge. The producing vasoconstriction is generalized, sparing only the vessels of the brain and the heart.

The coronary vessels are dilated because from the elevated myocardial fat burning capacity secondary to an improve in heart rate. Vasoconstriction in the skin accounts for that coolness and pallor, and vasoconstriction in the kidneys accounts for the shutdown in renal function. The immediate cardiac reaction to hypovolemia is tachycardia. With a lot more intensive reduction of quantity, tachycardia can be replaced by bradycardia, whereas with really extreme hypovolemia, tachycardia reappears.

Bradycardia may be because of unmasking of a vagally mediated depressor reflex, possibly associated to limiting blood vessels loss. Vasoconstriction within the kidney reduces glomerular filtration. This decreases drinking water loss, but it reaches a stage at which nitrogenous items of fat burning capacity accumulate within the blood (prerenal azotemia). If hypotension is prolonged, there might be extreme renal tubular damage, leading to acute renal failure.

The fall in blood pressure and the decreased O2-carrying power of the blood vessels caused by the reduction of red cells leads to stimulation from the carotid and aortic chemoreceptors. This not just stimulates respiration but raises vasoconstrictor discharge. In extreme hypovolemia, the pressure is so low that there’s no longer any discharge in the carotid and aortic baroreceptors.

This occurs when the necessarily mean blood vessels pressure is about 70 mm Hg. Under these circumstances, if the afferent discharge from the chemoreceptors via the carotid sinus and vagus nerves is stopped, there is a paradoxic additional fall in blood stress instead than a rise. Hypovolemia causes a marked improve within the circulating amounts from the pressor hormones angiotensin II, epinephrine, norepinephrine, and vasopressin.

ACTH secretion is also elevated, and angiotensin II and ACTH both trigger an acute improve in aldosterone secretion. The resulting retention of Na+ and water assists reexpand blood volume.

Refractory Shock: Some individuals with hypovolemia or septic shock die soon right after the onset of the situation, and others recover as compensatory mechanisms gradually restore the circulation to regular. In an intermediate group of patients, shock persists for several hours and gradually progresses.

It eventually reaches a state by which there’s no lengthier any response to vasopressor drugs and in which, even if the blood vessels quantity is returned to normal, cardiac output remains depressed. This situation is known as refractory shock. It utilized to be called irreversible shock, and patients still die despite vigorous remedy.

However, more and more individuals are saved as understanding from the pathophysiologic mechanisms raises and treatment is enhanced. Therefore, “refractory shock” seems to become a more appropriate phrase. Numerous elements appear to create shock refractory. Precapillary sphincters are constricted for several several hours but then relax whilst postcapillary venules remain constricted.

Therefore, blood flows to the capillaries and remains there. Numerous good feedback mechanisms contribute towards the refractory point out. For example, cerebral ischemia depresses vasomotor and cardiac discharge, leading to blood pressure to fall and producing the shock even worse. This, in turn, causes a additional reduction in cerebral blood flow.

Additionally, myocardial blood flow is reduced in severe shock. Myocardial failure makes the pumping action of the center much less efficient and consequently makes the shock worse and further lowers myocardial blood vessels circulation. A complication of shock that includes a very higher mortality rate is pulmonary damage with manufacturing of acute respiratory distress syndrome.

The trigger seems to be capillary endothelial cell harm and damage to alveolar epithelial cells with the release of cytokines.

Hypovolemic Shock: Hemorrhagic shock is most likely probably the most carefully studied form of shock because it is very easily created in experimental animals. With moderate hemorrhage (5-15 mL/kg entire body weight), pulse pressure is reduced but necessarily mean arterial stress might remain normal. With a lot more severe hemorrhage, blood vessels pressure usually falls.

After hemorrhage, the plasma protein dropped in shed blood vessels is gradually replaced by hepatic synthesis, and the concentration of plasma proteins returns to regular in 3-4 days. The increase in circulating erythropoietin increases red blood cell formation, however it takes 4-8 weeks to restore red cell counts to normal. Traumatic shock develops when there is extreme harm to muscle and bone.

This is the kind of shock seen in battle casualties and automobile accident victims. Bleeding into the injured areas is the principal cause of this kind of shock. The quantity of bloodstream that could be lost into a website of injury that appears relatively minor is remarkable; the thigh muscles can accommodate 1 L of extravasated blood, for instance, with an enhance within the diameter of the thigh of only 1 cm.

Distributive Shock: In distributive shock, most from the symptoms and signs described previously are current. Nevertheless, vasodilation brings concerning the skin to become warm rather than cold and clammy. Anaphylactic shock is truly a excellent instance of distributive shock.

In this condition, an accelerated allergic reaction delivers about discharge of big quantities of histamine, producing marked vasodilation. Bloodstream stress falls simply because the size from the vascular program exceeds the quantity of bloodstream vessels in it even though blood volume is normal.

A second type of distributive shock is neurogenic shock, by which a sudden reduction of sympathetic autonomic activity (as seen in head and spinal cord injuries) leads to vasodilation and pooling of blood within the veins. The generating reduce in venous return reduces cardiac output and frequently creates fainting, or syncope, a sudden transient reduction of consciousness.

A great deal a lot more benign and much more common kind is postural syncope, which happens on rising in the sitting or lying placement. This is common in people taking drugs that block sympathetic discharge or its effects about the bloodstream vessels.

Falling in the direction of the horizontal placement restores blood flow in the direction of the brain, and consciousness is regained. Pressure on the carotid sinus created, for instance, by a tight collar can trigger sufficient bradycardia and hypotension to cause fainting (carotid sinus syncope). Fainting triggered by a range of actions has been given appropriate names this type of as micturition syncope, cough syncope, deglutition syncope, and work syncope. Syncope generating from neurogenic shock is generally benign.

Nevertheless, it ought to be distinguished from syncope resulting from other delivers about and, consequently, merits investigation. About 25% of syncopal episodes are of cardiac origin and are because of either to transient obstruction of bloodstream circulation with the center or to sudden decreases in cardiac output brought on by numerous cardiac arrhythmias.

Additionally, fainting may be the presenting symptom in 7% of individuals with myocardial infarctions. An additional form of distributive shock is septic shock. It’s now the most common cause of death in ICUs within the United States.

It is truly a complex situation that contains elements of hypovolemic shock producing from loss of plasma into the tissues (“third spacing”) and cardiogenic shock producing from toxins that depress the myocardium. It’s associated with excess manufacturing of NO, and therapy with drugs that scavenge NO might be beneficial.

Streptococcal poisonous shock syndrome is a especially severe form of septic shock by which group A streptococci infect deep tissue; the M protein on the area of individuals bacteria has an antiphagocytic impact. It also is released to the circulation, where it aggregates with fibrinogen.

Cardiogenic Shock: When the pumping function from the heart is impaired to the stage that blood circulation to tissue is no lengthier sufficient to meet resting metabolic demands, cardiogenic shock outcomes. This is most generally because of extensive infarction from the left ventricle but may also be brought on by other diseases that severely compromise ventricular purpose.

The symptoms are those of hypovolemic shock plus congestion from the lungs and viscera producing from failure from the center to put out all the venous blood returned to it. Consequently, the situation is occasionally known as “congested shock.” The occurrence of shock in sufferers with myocardial infarction is about 10%, and the mortality charge is 60-90%.

Obstructive Shock: The picture of congested shock can also be seen in obstructive shock. Causes include massive pulmonary emboli, tension pneumothorax with kinking of the great veins, and bleeding to the pericardium with exterior stress on the center (cardiac tamponade). In the latter two conditions, prompt surgery is required to prevent death. Pulsus paradoxus arises in heart tamponade.

Usually, blood stress falls about 5 mm Hg throughout inspiration. In pulsus paradoxus, this response is exaggerated, and blood vessels pressure falls 10 mm Hg or more as a outcome of increased pressure from the fluid within the pericardial sac on the external surface of the center. Nevertheless, pulsus paradoxus also occurs with labored respiration in extreme asthma, emphysema, and upper airway obstruction.

Heart Attack Symptoms

Why is it crucial to recognize early heart attack warning signs? Time in acquiring treatment is the most important component in surviving a heart attack. These signs are often ignored by many victims and this places them in quick danger of their condition progressing to a more grave attack and even sudden cardiac arrest or death. If early signs are recognized and medical checkup assistance is sought immediately, the chances of a cardiac arrest are considerably reduced. When someone is displaying heart attack signs, 911 should be called immediately. The difference between knowing the early signs and calling for help early could mean life or death.

Early heart attack symptoms are:

  • Uncomfortable pressure, fullness, squeezing, or painful sensation in the chest lasting more than a few minutes. Please note that the painfulness may go away temporary but will go back evenly as dreadful if not more painful.
  • The pain often spreads to the shoulders, neck, jaw or arms.
  • People suffering from a heart attack will feel both chest discomfort and light headedness which often lead to fainting.
  • Sweating, nausea and vomiting are common.
  • Shortness of breath.
  • Apprehension, anxiousness and despondence.

Many victims-to-be act like they are in denial about their condition. They brush aside the signs that are telling them a full-blown attack is happening. Would you believe that one in fifty heart attacks goes completely undiagnosed – even by health care professionals? It is the obligation of every individual to know what to look for and to be an advocate for his or her own health.

Even though many times an attack is prompted by physical exertion, there are many times when a person will get a attack with no warning. While chest pains that may travel into the left arm is the most common symptom of an attack, many victims, especially women, may suffer an attack with none of the known symptoms. One of the first early symptoms is a shortness of breath. If you find yourself having a hard time breathing, be aware that you could be experiencing an early symptom. If you feel like someone is sitting on your chest or you feel like someone is squeezing inside your chest, you need to get yourself checked out right away as this is one of the most common of the early symptoms.

Other symptoms include a hurting or pain that spreads to the shoulder, neck, jaws and / or arms. Anxiety, cold perspiring skin, irregular heart rate, and paleness are also early signs.

No Early Symptoms

Silent heart attacks can happen especially to those with prior heart attacks and who have diabetes and are over the age of 65 and those prone to strokes. The symptoms of a silent attack can be vague and mild but one must remember that they can be just as serious and life threatening as heart attacks with a severe chest pain. Women are more likely than men to have silent attacks called myocardial infarctions (MI). This condition is known as "silent ischemia", which some experts attribute to the brain abnormally processing of heart pain. Also one must be aware that an attack silent or not – the heart muscle is still damaged. This damage can be diagnosed during a Doctor's examination. To sum up, silent heart attacks are defined as attacks that have no signs or symptoms, and often go undetected. This means that a silent event gives you no early warning signs of an imminent heart attack. If you have shortness of breath or fatigue, it is possible that you have already had an attack, and the damage to your heart may be continuing to cause you further problems, such as restricting your circulation. The only way to tell for sure whether you have had a heart attack is to see a cardiologist and have a series of tests. Better yet – call 911.


Heart disease information and identifying early symptoms has not been excessively successful at preventing heart problems. Most important, you will know where to go and what to do if you, or someone you care about, ever experiences early heart attack symptoms. Not enough people know about the early heart problem signs. Many people experiencing early symptoms do not want to go to the hospital. According to a study of women's early signs, women have more unrecognized attacks than men and are more probable to be mistakenly diagnosed and discharged from emergency rooms without the proper treatment. Above all else, please remember that the most crucial risk factor is the presence of any early heart attack symptoms and your quick and proper response to that symptom.

The Risk Factors for Developing Heart Disease

There are several risk factors for developing heart disease; high LDL cholesterol is only one. Family history plays a significant role. If your father had a heart attack or stroke prior to age 55 or your mother had a heart attack or stroke prior to 65, you have a higher risk. The same increased risk factor applies if your siblings had heart attacks or strokes in those age brackets. High blood pressure, smoking cigarettes, diabetes, chronic kidney disease, being 30% or more over your ideal body weight (as determined by your BMI), metabolic syndrome, leading a sedentary lifestyle, HDL of less than 40 mg / dL and women with premature menopause all increase your heart attack and stroke risk factors. A previous personal history of any kind of cardiac event also puts you at a higher risk of having a heart attack or stroke.

Exercise and other physical activity a preventive for heart disease

Steady exercise or physical activity is a very real and effective way to reduce the risk of heart attacks and strokes. Cardiovascular exercise is the best way to strengthen your heart muscle, raise HDL levels and reduce blood pressure. To get the most heart health benefit out of any exercise routine, you need to get your heart rate elevated. If you have not exercised for an extended period of time and otherwise lead a sedentary lifestyle, you should consult your physician before starting any exercise program. Once you have been given the go ahead you still need to start slow and increase your exertion at a rate you are comfortable with for two reasons. First is your muscles including your heart need time to build up. Trying to do it all at once will make you sore and may not be the smartest for your heart. The second reason is that if you injure yourself by using muscles and tendons that are not accustomed to that kind of intense use, you may end up with injuries or be so sore that you do not feel like staying consistent with your exercise routine. Consistency is the most important aspect. You will increase your conditioning quickly if you are regular with your newfound exercise routine.

Knowing the offsetting factors

There are various positive factors that help offset risk factors. High levels of HDL or "good" cholesterol are very beneficial in preventing heart disease or at least offsetting risk factors. The Framingham study and others have suggested that for each single point increase in HDL, there is a corresponding drop in your risk of having a heart attack by 2% -3%. Some of us are just plain lucky and are born with high HDL. Others are not so fortunate and struggle to raise their HDL and even with excessive physical activity are helpless to raise it. HDL below 40 is considered a risk factor. HDL of over 60 is considered a positive factor for heart disease. Total cholesterol readings are not the best barometer of heart disease risk. Even though high HDL levels and low LDL levels are no guarantee, your risk factors are most assuredly reduced with high HDL and further reduced with low LDL levels. Overall or total high cholesterol levels are less accurate as a predictor but most often a high total cholesterol reading is attributable to high LDL.

Estrogen production, is it another factor?

Women who have not gone through menopause have a much lower rate of heart attacks and strokes than men. It is said that Estrogen production reduces heart disease risk. However after menopause, women are 2-3 times more likely to have heart attacks than women who have yet to go through menopause and are the same age. Although premenopausal women are less likely to have heart attacks than men that is not the case after they stop producing estrogen with menopause. A 2002 study showed that women on hormone replacement therapy had more heart attacks, strokes, breast cancer and blood clots than women not taking hormones. Therefore, Hormone replacement therapy is not the answer.

What risks provide the most benefit?

There are differences in each risk factor as it relates to lessening the chance of heart attacks or strokes when changes are made. A survey of risk-reduction strategies by Harvard researchers showed these risks and benefits:

  • A person who maintains a healthy body weight as he or she gets older, or keeps body weight near "ideal," has a 45% lower risk.
  • Decreases the risk for heart attack by 50% one year after a person quits smoking
  • 10% of reducing total cholesterol cuts heart attack risk by 20 to 30%
  • Being inactive almost doubles the risk of coronary artery disease.

Other risk factors for heart disease are currently under further investigation.

  • Lipoprotein (a) or Lp (a) is a molecule of LDL with an extra protein attached. There is a hypothesis that the existence of Lp (a) and high levels of LDL are of concern. Not so much for people with normal LDL levels.
  • Elevated fibrinogen levels although present in people with heart disease, it has not been proven that lowering fibrinogen lessens the risk of heart attacks. Ways to reduce fibrinogen include
  • exercise, weight loss, smoking cessation, low dose aspirin, low dose alcohol and eating a lot of fish.
  • Homocysteine ​​level reductions have not been proven to lessen the risk of heart attacks.
  • C-Reactive Protein or CRP is the most recognized of the risk factors and measures the amount of inflammation in the arteries.

Penis Ulcers: Can Oral Sex Be a Cause?

There are few things that a man enjoys better than settling back and being on the receiving end of oral sex ministrations. There can always be drawbacks to any pleasurable activity, of course, and a guy needs to be aware that penis ulcers can occasionally occur due to oral gratification. It’s a rare occurrence, but proper penis care requires a man to be aware of this possibility so that he knows the appropriate steps to take if penis ulcers do pop up.

What are they?

When most people think of ulcers, what comes to mind is a bloated stomach, heartburn and intense pain in the gut. And that’s certainly what occurs with common peptic ulcers. But those symptoms are not the ulcer; they’re the result of the ulcer.

So what is an ulcer, then? Strictly defined, it’s a break in a bodily membrane that keeps an organ from doing its job. In the case of penis ulcers, they fall under the heading of dermatological ulcers – meaning that the break in the membrane is on the surface (or directly beneath the surface) of the penis skin.

Penis ulcers present as open sores on the member (or in the nearby genital area, such as the scrotum). A man may have only one or he may have several all at the same time. They tend to be round-ish in shape and may be dark red, pink or white in coloration.

Typical causes

In popular culture, penis ulcers are strongly associated with STIs, and with good reason: they are a very common symptom of syphilis, herpes, mononucleosis and chancroid. This is why getting penis ulcers examined by a doctor is such a good idea. If an STI is responsible, proper care and treatment needs to begin right away.

However, there are other causes of penis ulcers, including some antibiotics, tuberculosis and, as mentioned above, oral sex.

The oral cause

Fortunately, few men contract penis ulcers strictly from oral sex (unless, of course, the partner has an STI). When a man does come down with an ulcerous situation after oral stimulation, it most often is because the partner has engaged in some playful “biting” of the organ. Such biting, done gently, can provide extra stimulation. Sometimes, however, the partner may bite harder than intended, breaking the penile skin and allowing bacteria from the mouth to contaminate the opening. (In some very rare cases, the bacteria may enter the urethra and cause an ulcer to develop there.)

Most penis ulcers from biting do not develop right away and may not become evident until a week or more after the sexual activity which created them. In addition to causing pain and soreness, they also tend to be especially aromatic, transmitting a noticeably foul odor.


Some penis ulcers caused by oral sex heal themselves in a relatively short period of time; however, others are persistent and require the attention of a doctor. Penicillin or tetracycline is typically prescribed to treat the ulcer.

Proper treatment of penis ulcers from oral sex is necessary, but that alone may not treat the accompanying symptoms. For that, men need to consider using a superior penis health creme (health professionals recommend Man1 Man Oil) once the sore is no longer open and exposed. For example, a crème with vitamin A should be applied. Vitamin A has anti-bacterial properties which are an extra aid in fighting unwanted penis odors, such as those made worse by ulcers. In addition, the Shea butter and vitamin E found in the best crèmes will help to hydrate the skin, easing some of the soreness. Finally, using a crème with a potent antioxidant like alpha lipoic acid ensures that harmful oxidative processes will be kept at bay, enabling the member to regain and maintain the health of its cells.

New Approaches for Hair Loss Treatment

Humans have tried every imaginable thing to stop hair loss and regrow lost hair. They rubbed the juices of all vegetables and fruits, and extracts of every available herb. Yet, they were unable to find any effective hair growth treatment. Undoubtedly there are numerous natural and herbal treatments for hair growth, but almost all lack systematic studies. If we ever hope to grow hair by natural means, we need to study natural remedies thoroughly. And even those with proven effects need a lot of time and patience to be effective. Another thing that makes natural remedies the least preferred choice in this age of technology is their temporary results. Hairs grown through natural sources do not long last, and start shedding off as soon as the use is discontinued.

For now, we have three types of hair growth treatments that help regrow hair in a natural manner restore a thicker and fuller head of hair. These include medical treatment, laser therapy, and surgical hair restoration.

Medical Hair Growth Treatment

There are a few options available to treat this through medications. Actually, these treatments produce better results if you take them in combination with one another. Let us have a look at these FDA-approved effective hair loss medicines.

Finasteride: Finasteride is the generic name of the probably most effective hair loss drug. This drug treats hair loss by inhibiting production of hair killing hormone DHT. DHT (dihydrotestosterone) is the most important hormone that signals the hair follicles to die – the most common cause of Androgenic Alopecia or male pattern baldness. To date, inhibiting this hormone is the most effective way to stop hair loss. Besides controlling hair loss, this medication thickens fine hair, and this produces considerable effect.

Minoxidil: It is the second most effective treatment. It is supplied in the form of a topical solution. Minoxidil is also a generic name; famous brand names of this medication include Rogaine and Hair Max. You need to apply this solution on the scalp twice a day, or as prescribed by the doctor and massage for a few minutes.

Ketoconazole: This medication is supplied as a shampoo-like solution. This encourages hair growth by keeping the scalp clean from fungus and dandruff. You need to use this as a shampoo twice a week, and leave the leather for 3-5 minutes on your head.

No doubt researchers have studied these medications and found them effective, they are not perfect yet. First, their effectiveness varies from person to person. One may find it very effective while another may find it minimally effective. Second, the effects of all medications are temporary. You will maintain your hair as long as you continue the use of these medications. Whenever you decide to discontinue the treatment, you will lose your hair maintained by these medications. Third, like all other medication, hair loss medication is not without side effects. You must discuss its side effects before starting the treatment.

Low-Level Laser Therapy

Low-level laser is showing some measurable results to stimulate hair growth. Currently, it is regarded as convenient alternative of medication with fewer side effects. However, its effectiveness is an issue of debate. Until now, it is unable to show dramatic improvement in hair density.

Surgical Hair Growth Treatment-Hair Transplant

Hair transplant is to date the most effective treatment to date. It can restore hair on balding places in an effective and predictable manner. Hair transplant extracts healthy, balding resistant hair follicles form one area of the head and plants them to the balding areas. Not all hairs on our head are prone to balding. While the hair at the front and crown of the head are prone to hair loss, hair at the sides and back of the head are resistant to it. This procedure makes excellent use of these hair reserves on our head.

Follicular Unit Transplant: Also known as the strip removal method, FUT excises a strip of scalp, usually from the back of the head, and dissects is to obtain required hair follicles. The wound is stitched together and the grafts obtained from the strip and implanted on the thinning or bald areas.

Follicular Unit Extraction: FUE is a relatively newer and more advanced technique replacing the traditional strip removal method. This technique involves extracting the hair follicles directly from the scalp, without cutting and stitching the scalp. The follicles are extracted using a specially designed punch tool with diameter less than 0.1 mm. What makes FUE a more preferred choice of surgeons and patients is its ability to extract hair follicles form body areas like chest, armpits, and legs as well.

Stem Cell FUE: Stem Cell FUE is the latest advancement in FUE hair transplant. It is the quickest, safest and the most effective hair transplant technique to date. It uses an automated punch tool for extraction of hair follicles at the fastest possible speed. It also allows hair regrowth at the donor area, thus ensuring the most natural looking results.

A hair transplant has only one limitation: the availability of donor hair. At present, there is no way to create new hair follicles; therefore, the patient must have healthy, balding resistant hair follicles somewhere on the scalp or the body. Fortunately, most of us have enough donor hair on the scalp or on the body to create a dramatic improvement in hair density.

How Cancer Spreads

Cancer is a dangerous disease regardless of where it is located in the body. It is even more dangerous than normal when it is located in an area that has a high number of blood vessels or other conveyors of bodily fluids. Tumors in these areas are more dangerous because there is a higher chance that the cells from the original tumor will break off and re-establish themselves elsewhere.

Contrary to what many think, the majority of deaths from cancer are not actually caused by the original tumor. Death from cancer is most frequently caused by secondary tumors that are formed when the original tumor goes from being benign (not harmful) to malignant (harmful).

Secondary tumors are formed when cells from the original, primary tumor split away, are carried to other parts of the body (metastasis), and then re-establish themselves in the tissues and start to grow. Metastasis is a very complex process that requires a variety of events to be successful. The first thing that must happen is that the cells must detach themselves from the primary tumor. Next, the cell must be picked up by the bloodstream or the lymphatic system. Finally, the cells must attach themselves into a new tissue to form a secondary tumor.

The official term for the spread of cancer is metastasis. When the cells spread to a different part of the body, the new tumor is a metastatic tumor. The cells are from the original tumor so the new tumor is made up of the same type of cells as the original tumor. For example, if cells from a breast cancer tumor spread to the lungs, the new tumor is made up of cancerous breast cells, not lung cells. The cells will look the same as cells from the original tumor under a microscope.

It is possible for cells from one cancer site to spread to almost any part of the body. If the cells go from the original site to a lymph node near the primary or original tumor, the cancer is called "lymph node involvement" or "regional disease." If the cells spread far away to the opposite end of the body, this is "metastatic disease" or "distant disease."

When cancer spreads from a solid tumor, it most commonly goes to the lungs, bones, liver, and brain. While these are the most common locations for spreading, no area of ​​the body is really safe.

More information on For cancer and its causes, please visit Http:// .

Signs Your Cat Has Pneumonia

Pneumonia is a lung infection that can be caused by a number of different infections including a virus, bacteria, a fungus, a parasite or even something that has been inhaled. It can be serious and even life threatening, particularly if caught when other infections are present in the body.

Causes and symptoms

Pneumonia is sometimes a secondary infection from other illness, sneaking in when the respiratory system is weakened by another infection. Kittens, older cats and those with illnesses that suppress their immune system are most at risk of contracting the illness, as are those with longstanding respiratory problems such as chronic bronchitis.

Other potential causes of the condition include aspiration of foreign material when vomiting, occasionally happening when a cat is under anesthesia as well as during the administration of medications without the correct skills. Tuberculosis and systemic fungus infections are also infrequently causes of pneumonia.

The general symptoms of the condition include:

· High fever

· Breathing rapidly

· Increased pulse rate

· Rattling or bubbling in the chest

· If serious enough, a blue cast to the membranes of the mouth caused by a lack of oxygen


Pneumonia isn’t a condition to be taken lightly and if you think you cat is suffering with it, you should seek out your vet immediately. Until they can be seen, keep them somewhere warm and dry and use a humidifier if possible. Make sure they take in plenty of water and don’t give them any type of cough medication as this prevents coughing – with pneumonia, coughing is vital to clear the airways so is actually a good thing.

The treatment for the condition will depend largely on what is causing it. Therefore it may be that antibiotics are prescribed, or the use of a nebuliser. At the worst case, they may need to be hospitalised to receive fluids and oxygen therapy.

Cats who have this type of condition often don’t want to eat because they can’t smell the food to know it is safe to consume. Therefore, feeding them strong smelling foods such as tinned tuna can be a good way to persuade them to eat while gently warming some foods also brings out the aromas.

Other conditions

One of the most common causes of breathing problems for cats is called pleural effusion – this is fluid accumulation in the pleural space around the lungs. The fluid compresses the lungs and stops them filling with air correctly and the condition is more commonly seen in cats than other animals. Cats suffer from two conditions that can cause this – feline infectious peritonitis and feline leukemia. Other causes can include cancer, liver disease and congestive heart failure.

The condition can also be brought on by a puncture wound to the chest when fighting with other animals. This can lead to a formation of pus is in the lungs, known as empyema or pyothorax.

If you suspect a condition of this nature then urgently seek out your vet, as their attention will be needed to avoid death. Fluids will be drained from the chest and the cat may need to be hospitalised for a period with a chest drain and antibiotics until the fluid has cleared away.

All Natural Baby Chest Rub

Colds are not good for anyone, from babies to adults. Sometimes it can begin as a cold, then If not taken care right away; it can turn into the flu. What is a cold, you ask? A cold is a contagious viral disease that infects the soft lining of the mucous membrane in the nose. The most common symptom is a runny nose and sneezing a lot. If one does not recover from a cold in about a week, then the sickness is turning into influenza. The symptoms of the flu are aching muscles and joints, headaches, dry cough and fever with chills. Colds and flu are treatable.

Since babies are small and they have not really had time for their immune system to grow, one should take care of them, because any virus can be almost fatal. All babies at some point in their lives suffer from the common cold. Since babies immune systems have not developed a lot yet, they might catch a few colds in their lifetime. Make sure they get a lot of sleep and regular fluid intakes so they have fought colds. When babies get sick, they will try to continue to breathe through their nose, even thought it maybe be blocked by boogers. At this point it is important for the parents to help their baby to breathe better, by cleaning their little nose. Babies can not blow out their nose yet. It is important to figure out if the baby has a cold or the flu. Make sure you classify it correctly, because if it's the flu you will have to take him / her to the doctor. Also remember that catching colds and other type of sickness are natural for the growth of immune systems.

The immune system is the body's defense; it does a very, very good job of protecting the body against bad organisms and other terrible invaders. One has to make sure they have a healthy immune system to fight every disease.Immunology is a science that examines the structure and function of the immune system. A great product to boost baby's immune system is the All Natural Baby Chest Rub. This calms and soothes the baby, it's an all natural blend and it can be used on babies three months and older. It is so safe that it is recommended by pediatricians and its menthol free, petroleum free, and drug free.

The All Natural Baby Chest Rub contains Eucalyptus, lavender & chamomile. Eucalyptus is a genus (living and fossil organism) of flowering trees and shrubs that mostly grow in Australia. The eucalyptus can be a small low shrub or a very large tree. The leaves are evergreen that look waxy or glossy green and are covered with oil glands. The leaves grow in pairs on opposite side of the stem. The flowers are fluffy and may be white, cream, yellow, pink or red. The eucalyptus oil is used as a food supplements (in small amounts), sweets, cough drops, toothpaste and decongestants. Lavender is a living and fossil organism of 39 species of flowering plants in the mint family. These are usually found from Cape Verde to Canary Islands. The leaves shape is feather-like or multi-divided and the leaves are covered in fine hairs, which contain essential oils. The flowers are held on spies about the stem, they maybe blue, violet, lilac, blackish purple, or yellowish. The plant is grown mainly to make essential oil for sweet overtones, balms, perfumes, cosmetics; it soothes insect bites, burns, headaches, and topical applications, such as rubs. It relieves anxiety and related sleep issues. Chamomile is a daisy like plant and it also has flowers. These are found everywhere except Antarctica. The leaves opposite or alternate, they may be simple, but often deeply indented. These plants are best used to help sleep and anxiety; they are often served with honey or lemon.

All in all cold and flu are bad for everyone, but it can be worst for babies. The Trade shows All Natural Baby Chest Rub relieves and strengthens the immune system and smells really good. It soothes and calms your baby. Enjoy!

Factors of Risk in Chronic Bronchitis

Chronic bronchitis is a very common respiratory illness. Around 12 million people in the United States are diagnosed with chronic bronchitis each year. Chronic bronchitis is considered to be the most common illness among the chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases. Chronic bronchitis has a high incidence in smokers and people with respiratory conditions like asthma or sinusitis are also very exposed to developing chronic bronchitis in time. In some cases, patients with complicated acute bronchitis can develop chronic bronchitis too.

Bronchitis causes inflammation and sometimes viral or bacterial infection of the mucous membrane, bronchial tubes and other organs and tissues involved in the process of breathing. The respiratory system has many natural defenses (nostril hairs, cilia, mucus) against external irritants (airborne viruses, dust particles, chemicals, pollen). However, constant exposure to these external agents can sometimes enable airborne viruses to penetrate the natural barriers of the respiratory tract, causing inflammation and infection. When external irritants reach inside the lungs, there is a high risk of complication (pneumonia). When the bronchial tubes become inflamed and irritated, they produce a surplus of mucus which clogs the airways and prevents the normal airflow.

Chronic bronchitis is a persistent respiratory illness and it also has a recidivating character. The symptoms of chronic bronchitis are usually not intense, but they reoccur on a regular time basis. While acute bronchitis usually clears on itself within a few days, chronic bronchitis can last for months. Chronic bronchitis is an infectious disease and needs ongoing medical treatment with antibiotics. If the medical treatment is prematurely interrupted, the illness reoccurs and can lead to complications.

Chronic bronchitis is very common in smokers and people with weak immune system. Inappropriate diet, lack of sleep, stress and exposure to chemicals and pollutants all contribute to the development of chronic bronchitis. Smoking facilitates the development of chronic bronchitis by sustaining the proliferation of bacteria and by slowing the normal process of healing. Smoking can cause serious, permanent damage to the respiratory system.

People with chronic bronchitis need long-term medical treatment in order to completely overcome the illness. Antibiotics are the most common form of medicines prescribed in the treatment for chronic bronchitis and despite their efficiency in fighting malign bacteria responsible for causing chronic bronchitis, they also destroy internal benign bacteria that are part of the immune system. Such medical treatments with antibiotics can weaken the organism in time, making it more vulnerable to other infections. Chronic bronchitis medical treatments also include medicines for decongesting the airways clogged with mucus. Bronchodilators such as albuterol and ipratropium are inhaled medicines that eliminate excess mucus that causes obstruction of the respiratory tract and difficulty breathing. Chronic bronchitis treatments can also include steroids in order to strengthen the body defenses against bacteria and viruses.

Marcus Lattimore Could Prove To Be A Bargain In The 2013 NFL Draft

It looks like Marcus Lattimore will decide to enter the 2013 NFL draft. Lattimore’s 2011 and 2012 season were ended by serious knee injuries. His right knee injury this October was particularly severe. The South Carolina star tore three knee ligaments and dislocated the joint. His 2011 knee injury was a tear in his left acl.

The Gamecock’s captain is a hard working young man with terrific character. He will attack his rehabilitation aggressively. A number of quality NFL running backs sustained serious knee injuries in college and went on have productive pro careers. Frank Gore tore his acl in his right and then his left knee in consecutive seasons at the University of Miami. He slipped to the 3rd round of the 2005 NFL draft and proved to be a steal. Gore has been one of the NFL’s best backs in his career. He has also been consistent and durable.

Willis McGahee’s left knee was shredded by a hit in the 2003 Fiesta Bowl National Championship Game against Ohio State. McGahee’s knee injury was just as severe as Lattimore’s recent injury. McGahee was still taken in the 1st round of the 2003 NFL draft despite facing a daunting rehab. The former Hurricane running back recovered enough from the devastating injury to make a couple of Pro Bowls and has had a good NFL career that is still going.

Jamal Lewis tore a knee ligament in college at Tennessee. He still was a high 1st round pick in the 2000 NFL draft. Lewis ran for almost 11,000 yards in his NFL career and was not injury-plagued. Marcus Lattimore may have to sit out the 2013 season to rehab his latest knee injury. His draft status will be determined largely by how well he is progressing. He is unlikely to be a 1st round pick because of the consecutive knee injuries and the running back position has been devalued in recent years.

Lattimore is a big downhill back that can run between the tackles. He does not have great speed, but is surprisingly shifty in the open field. Lattimore also is fairly versatile. He can catch the ball and will stymie a blitzing linebacker in pass protection. Lattimore has a nose for the end zone and rarely puts the ball on the ground. A team may find themselves with a pretty good power back to help their running game. His rehabilitation will have to go extremely well to convince a team to spend a 2nd round pick on him. He likely will slip to the 3rd round or later depending on the medical evaluation. Marcus Lattimore could be a fine value selection for the patient NFL team.

Goldman Sachs Hedge Fund

Like many large banks on wall street Goldman Sachs offers several hedge funds. A few of these took big losses this summer and in one case with the Goldman Global Opportunities Fund the firm had to inject $ 3B into the fund to keep it running ($ 2B of their own money). "Given the market dislocation, the performance of GEO has suffered significantly," Goldman said. "Our response has been to reduce risk and leverage." In other words their losses mostly came from using too much leverage in the first place.

"Many funds employing quantitative strategies are currently under pressure as recent conditions have resulted in significant market dislocation," Goldman said. "Across most sectors, there has been an increase in overlapping trades, a surge in volatility and an increase in correlations. These factors have combined to challenge many of the trading algorithms used in quantitative strategies. We believe the current values ​​that the market is assigning to the assets underlying various funds represent a discount that is not supported by the fundamentals. "

Other Goldman Sachs Hedge Funds

The two other funds that have recently come under fire include the multi-strategy fund Global Alpha and the North American Equity Opportunities Fund (NAEO). Goldman has said "The market dislocation impacting equity quantitative strategies has adversely affected NAEO's performance and has been a key contributor to Global Alpha's disappointing performance. We have reduced risk and leverage in these funds as well. At their current levels of equity capital, we believe the funds are positioned to actively pursue market opportunities. "

Will Goldman Sachs Leave the Hedge Fund Business ?

Never. Does not listen to journalists who predict Goldman's flagship fund going down in flames as an end to their play in this industry. The most recent trend with Goldman Sach's strategy towards hedge funds has been to invest and take partial ownership in dozens of medium to large sized hedge funds. This allows them to help grow these hedge funds while also participating in the upside of a diverse ray of hedge fund managers and strategies.

How To Increase My Height – The Science Behind Micro Fractures and Growing Taller

Many of you want to know how to grow taller quickly and one of the many things that you may see pop up is the term micro fractures. These are actually important when it comes down to increasing your height and if you didn’t understand them before then you will finally understand how micro fractures can help you answer the question of “how to increase my height” because knowing is half the battle right?

What Are Micro Fractures?

Micro fractures are small fractures which are made in the bone (when it comes to growing taller it is normally the shin bone). These fractures are caused by a lot of stress which the bone undergoes from exercises, carrying a heavy load constantly or just long walks around that you aren’t used to.

These can also happen to muscle (slight tears) when they too are over worked or stretched out as well.

Are They Dangerous?

They aren’t dangerous at all, micro fractures are a warning sign to you that you are over working your body, for example in running this term is known as shins splints, stress caused by running faster or for a longer distance than your body is used to. Normally you will be able to feel these if you don’t give your body a rest.

If you keep pushing and don’t rest then you will end up injuring yourself more than needed which is why rest and also diet is vital so that your body can recover and heal.

The Healing Process

The way micro fractures can benefit us is that when you don’t over train them and rest them properly whilst eating properly your body will repair them and will make them not only stronger but also longer and you can tell how this is beneficial when looking at how to increase your height.

How To Apply With Growing Taller

When it comes down to growing taller what you will want to do is go through specific exercises which are going to creating micro fractures in your shins and stretch out the thighs as well.

The main exercises which are used are sprinting and cycling but there are many others that you can use suck as kicking a punch bag and jump rope. As you can see, these all cause stress on the shin and will create all the micro fractures needed.

IMPORTANT – Rest and Diet

As mentioned before one of the things you need to remember is that your body is going to need both rest and the correct diet so that it can properly recover itself so that it becomes a lot stronger when needed to.

You should have rest days where the most strenuous activity you do is stretching out these areas of your body and you will want to make sure that you fuel your body with proteins and calcium as they are great nutrients when it comes down to strengthening bones and reducing recovery time and will help you grow taller quickly as well.

What is Spastic Cerebral Palsy?

It is a devastating experience for many parents when they hear from their physicians that their child has been diagnosed with cerebral palsy. This one disorder confuses not only parents but also doctors and that s why most doctors take a long time to diagnose this medical condition. After a thorough testing, the physician should be able to tell the parents what type of the disorder is affecting the child.

Cerebral palsy occurs due to damage of the part of the brain that can cause poor muscle coordination and body movement. Brain development in a baby starts right from the time of pregnancy till the time they reach three, and depending upon the damage that has occurred in their brains, babies can be classified as having different types of palsy. There are many types of cerebral palsy and spastic cerebral palsy is the most common type found in many children.

Parents should remember that cerebral palsy is not a progressive disorder that is it does not worsen as one ages. It is certainly not contagious or due to hereditary factors and most definitely not life threatening. When a child has been diagnosed as having spastic cerebral palsy, it means that your child has stiff muscles, which tend to become tight too. They show remarkable resistance when they are stretched. At times when they are overactive, they cause the child to put forth or exhibit clumsy movements. In normal people, muscles tend to work in pairs. When one group of muscles begins to contract, the other group begins to relax and this gives us free movement in our limbs. But in spastic palsy, the spastic muscles become active at the same time and this prevents movement and this muscular war between the two groups is called co-contraction.

Are On three types there of spastic cerebral palsy and they 're are On Diplegia spastic, spastic hemiplegia and spastic quadriplegia. When a child is diagnosed as having spastic diplegia then the child finds that their hip and leg muscles are tight and their legs are crossed at the knees thus making it very difficult for the child to walk. This kind of condition is known as "scissoring" or "scissors gait".

In spastic hemiplegia, the child experiences stiffness on only one side of his body and at times it is the arms and hands that are more affected then the legs. The arms and legs, which are on the affected side, have no normal growth and need the help of leg braces to enable him or her to walk.

In spastic quadriplegia, which is the most severe of the three a child who is affected by this disorder will be mentally, retarded in addition to having their limbs also affected. Not only will the child experience seizures it will also be difficult for the child to speak, eat and move with ease.

Spastic cerebral palsy can be treated with the help of therapy, medications and even surgery. Children with this disorder would do well to learn music and dance therapy, yoga, physical therapy so that they become better.

Sleep Paralysis Symptoms – Effective Ways to Cope

Sleep paralysis symptoms can be an extremely frightening experience. It renders your body paralyzed while your mind is awake. It also brings about all sorts of hallucinations, from seeing eerie images, to hearing noises or feelings of choking. Although it lasts only for a few seconds to minutes, those brief moments are enough to instill fear, panic and anxiety to a person.

The key to avoiding sleep paralysis is to do preventive measures. Here are the effective ways to cope with the symptoms.

Identify and avoid the trigger.

The attacks are caused by a variety of reasons. In order to identify which one causes yours, try to identify a pattern during or after a paralysis episode. Did they occur at a certain time or place? Did it happen while you were sleeping at a certain position? What was your mental or emotional condition when the attack occurred? Were you under a lot of stress? One you've determined the causative factors, you can then avoid them to prevent future occurrence.

Maintain a healthy sleeping habit.

Before going to sleep, try to do some relaxation techniques. You can do breathing exercises or read some good-humored books. It aids in relieving the mind from anxiety, which can provoke the sleep paralysis symptoms.

You should also sleep in a dark, quiet and comfortable room. Make sure your bed, mattress and your bed linens are in good condition as these can also affect the quality of your sleep. Sleep in a relaxed position. Avoid sleeping at your back since it can trigger a paralysis attack. Also, try not to wear out your body from working too much. When your body is exhausted and you go immediately straight to bed, the chances of a paralysis attack is high. Ensure also that you get 6-8 hours of sleep everyday.

Eat and drink right.

When you eat right, your body stays healthy and replenished. You should also avoid drinking caffeine or alcohol before going to bed. It can change your sleeping pattern and prevents you from getting quality sleep.

Stay relaxed during an episode.

Always remind yourself that what you may see, hear or feel during an episode are just hallucinations. They do not signify a presence of real demons or ghosts. If you think otherwise, it can only worsen your attack and magnify its effect on you. It will be easier to cope if you believe that there are no lasting effects and that the paralysis will eventually go away. So stay calm. You can also try to inhale deeply and exhale forcefully. It supplies more oxygen to the brain and will help wake you up. Or, try to envision walking out of the room. It can increase your wakefulness and snap you out of the attack.

Focus on body movement.

During a paralysis episode, try to do a body movement. You can concentrate on moving a small area of ​​your body first, like your eyelids, fingers or toes. You can also try to shift your neck. These movements can stimulate you out of the attack.

Most of the time, people who suffer sleep paralysis eventually learn to deal with the symptoms their own way. However, there are others who experience repeatedly frightening episodes and are affected by it more deeply. In this case, it may require medical intervention. This will be the time to talk to a doctor, who can prescribe medication for you.