Hemorrhoids – Knowing What is Thrombosis

Thrombosis is known as blood clotting. A thrombosed hemorrhoid is a clotted hemorrhoid. It is severely painful resulting from severe swelling. In some cases, thrombosed hemorrhoids can be very dangerous. Complications could arise from this condition such as infection or a conjunction with another thrombosed hemorrhoid.

There are a lot of smaller blood vessels in a hemorrhoid. Once a big vessel has blood clot, smaller vessels which depend on the blood clot start to die. Smaller capillaries which bring blood to the area start to compensate but this may not be enough. Within days, if this condition is not addressed, the clot will start to rot and turn gangrenous. Tissue death happens, which is a very perfect medium for bacterial growth.

Another complication of a blood clot from a hemorrhoid is a condition known as thromboembolism. This condition happens when a blood clot is dislodged from its area and travels through the blood vessels and consequently lodges at the lungs or heart which could cause malfunctioning of the organs resulting to death. Pulmonary embolism is a condition when a blood clot lodges at the lungs, specifically at the alveoli.

When blood clot clogs the air exchange, there will be a decreased oxygenation. The whole body will then be deprived of oxygen due to the blockage. For the heart, myocardial infarction can happen. This is known as heart attack. Due to the blockage of the clot in the large vessel that supplies blood towards the heart, there will no longer be enough oxygen to keep the heart from functioning. These conditions are an emergency although rarely happen.

A thrombotic hemorrhoid constricts blood flow and thrombosis is aggravated with decreased blood flow. This is a vicious cycle. If this condition is not addressed right there and then, chances are you’ll be facing more problems in the future.

Heart Failure Symptoms and What Happens During a Heart Attack

Somewhere around one million Americans suffer from a heart attack each year. This is a very big number and, because of the risk, we all need to have a better idea of ​​what happens during a heart attack. The heart is a muscle that depends on a constant, stable supply of blood to function effectively. The blood required is sent to the heart by the coronary arteries which must be clear of any obstructions to provide the amount of blood required.

Most of us have two coronary arteries, the left and the right, but about 4 percent of us have a third artery as well supplying blood to different areas of the heart.

When any of the coronary arteries become either partially or completely blocked by plaque the blood supply to the heart is interrupted and, very quickly, heart muscle cells begin to perish from lack of oxygen rich blood and permanent damage is done. This is what a "heart attack" is, the death of heart muscle cells that inhibits the normal operation.

Recovery from a heart attack is a lengthy process, usually lasting about three months. As happens with most wounds, during the healing process the heart will form scar tissue at the sight of the damage. Because this scar tissue can not expand and contract, the overall capacity of the heart to move blood throughout the system is permanently degraded after a heart attack. The severity of the loss really depends on both the location and the amount of scar tissue that is formed.

In case of a heart attack, the quicker treatment is administered to open the blocked artery the less damage will result. It is crucial to begin treatment within one to two hours of the first symptoms. So be familiar with the symptoms of heart attack and call 911 quickly if you do suffer from an attack.

A short list of symptoms include:

  • Pain in the chest area, arm, or under the breastbone
  • Indigestion or "fullness" feeling
  • Nausea, dizziness, sweating or vomiting
  • Shortness of breath, feeling very weak
  • Irregular heart beat

If you feel that you are at risk of a heart attack, there are steps you should take to minimize the risk including speaking with your health provider. Other steps to take include:

  • Stop Smoking (or do not start!)
  • Eat a healthy diet low in fat and cholesterol
  • Begin an exercise program that lasts at least 30 minutes several times a week
  • Take steps to lower your cholesterol

Best Heart Health Supplements

Millions are at risk from developing and dying from the most pervasive killer, heart disease. While more than 750,000 Americans die each year from one of the many types of this often silent disease, the most common form, known as coronary artery disease frequently results in narrowed arteries which become blocked by clots moving about in the blood.

The Cause of Heart Disease is Based on Faulty Science

The American public and many health professionals have been swayed by the millions of advertising dollars spent by the pharmaceutical giants to believe that heart disease is caused by high cholesterol and too much saturated fat in the diet. Extensive studies have demonstrated that the 'cholesterol theory' of heart disease is based on false science which has resulted in the untimely demise of countless individuals over the past half century.

Special Antioxidant Cocktail Lowers Risk of Heart Disease

Medical researchers now know that the root cause of heart disease is a processed diet including trans fats and excessive sugary drinks and junk food. These cause blood sugar and triglyceride levels to swing wildly, leading to insulin resistance, high blood pressure and hardened arteries. The results of a study published in the journal Nutrition and Metabolism indicate that a nutrient cocktail consisting of 4 powerful and natural antioxidants was effective in improving blood sugar and lipid response, and have the 'potential to alleviate atherosclerotic damage'.

Heart Disease Caused by Lifestyle and Dietary Excess

Heart disease is a disease caused by poor lifestyle and diet. Any valid attempt to prevent or treat this disease must include the elimination of wheat, refined carbohydrates, sugar and artificially produced trans fats. Regular exercise should be used to compliment a program designed to thwart this insidious killer. Fortunately there are a number of supplements which can be combined to pack a powerful punch against heart disease and the risk of sudden death.

Antioxidant Cocktail That Reverses Heart Disease

Study researchers concluded that the combination of Vitamin C, Vitamin E, Coenzyme Q10 and selenium were able to produce significant positive effects of sugar and fat metabolism, blood pressure and arterial flexibility. This is important, as these biomarkers are all known causes of coronary artery disease. Vitamin C supplemented well above the recommended daily allowances is known to provide elasticity to the delicate arteries, and is needed to produce collagen which supports vessel wall structure.

Fish Oil Fats and Arginine Boost Heart Health

The Omega-3 fats, EPA and DHA have been consumed by man throughout our evolution, and have been shown to reduce the risk of sudden death from a heart attack by one third. These fats reduce the risks posed by blood clots as they keep platelets from clumping, and are also used in the construction of arterial cell walls. Arginine is an essential amino acid which supports the production of nitric oxide in the blood, and helps to relax stiffened arteries and reduce blood pressure.

Natural Powerhouse Trio Eliminates Arterial Plaque

Originally developed by Nobel prize winning scientist, Linus Pauling, the combination of the amino acids lysine and proline along with Vitamin C reduces coronary plaque formation, leading to lowered risk of a heart attack. The amino acids along with Vitamin C have been shown to bind with arterial plaque safely ushering the deadly substance out of the body. Recent studies indicate that the active component in green tea, EGCG can be added to the mixture to increase plaque removal.

Many believe the causes of heart disease are either unknown, or are believed to be precipitated by excess cholesterol in the blood. Modern research paints a much different picture, and provides the natural tools we can use to avert and even treat coronary artery disease. Every adult should be aware of the antioxidant and nutritional cocktails demonstrated to be effective against heart disease.

Importance of Bhastrika and Kapalbhati Pranayama

Bhastrika and kapalbhati pranayama are both Yoga breathing exercises that can help the practitioner improve lung capacity and manage breathing conditions such as asthma. These breathing exercises are best used in the morning and both provide benefits that impact the entire body, resulting in more energy and better overall health.

Kapalbhati pranayama helps the internal organs to work better by exercising and massaging the chest and abdomen. Kapalbhati increases lung capacity because it allows the practitioner to inhale more fresh oxygen and to exhale more carbon dioxide, helping to cleanse the body of harmful toxins. This type of breathing exercise benefits the respiratory system and is especially helpful when a practitioner is suffering from diseases and conditions that affect breathing, such as a cold, bronchitis, rhinitis, sinusitis, deviated septum and even more serious conditions such as tuberculosis and emphysema.

Additionally, kapalbhati is beneficial to the digestive system, helping the practitioner to improve digestion and to ease the effects of indigestion, constipation and gastritis. Since kapalbhati increases circulation, heart rate and the amount of red blood cells in the blood, it allows the practitioner to become more energetic. This is particular beneficial to overweight practitioners who find more energy and find themselves less exhausted as they move about their day. It also stabilizes the glands of the endocrine system, which affects the entire body and even assists with the nervous system through the constant cleansing of brain cells as a result of the increased level of oxygen in the blood. Mental health is also positively affected and the practitioner experiences a type of bliss and relaxation after this practice.

Bhastrika pranayama is very similar in the benefits it provides the practitioner. Bhastrika is particularly beneficial to practitioners dealing with respiratory illnesses and conditions, as its forceful breathing methods help to cure conditions such as the common cold, sinus infections and the flu. It can even help to improve asthma. It can also help with the healing of conditions that affect the thyroid gland and throat problems such as those that affect the tonsils.

Regular practice of bhastrika pranayama results in younger-looking, glowing, healthy skin. Overall health is improved by most practitioners since they are able to detoxify their body by expelling the toxins as they breathe out. Increased lung capacity leads to more oxygen in the blood, which leads to more vitality.

© Copyright 2011 – Aura Wellness Center – Publications Division

New Product Development Outline For New Energy Bar – Product Life Cycle and Pricing Planning

The new PowerBar GelBar combines two growing market segment products into one – the growing segment of energy drinks and the growing, yet moving quickly towards mature, market of energy bars. In this stage of product development, it is necessary to focus on the product life cycle stage of the bar, the upcoming stages and our contingency plan for each as we reach it, marketing mix actions that can be taken to promote the product, and touch briefly on the initial pricing strategy.

Product life cycle stage currently

Despite the fact that GelBar combines a growing product with a growing/mature product, I believe GelBar is in its introduction phase. However, because of the nature of the ingredients, it is a non-disruptive product that will likely mirror a low learning curve product. This means the introduction stage will be short and fast. Because of this, I expect competition for the GelBar quickly once the product is launched.

There is some logic behind claiming that the product is in fact an extension of the growth stage for PowerBar and a way for the firm to stave off the decline in the maturity stage. From a macro perspective, this is true, but the product itself must start in the introduction stage. Because the firm will view the product as new growth product, GelBar will enjoy market exposure and a large advertising budget potential that will allow it to penetrate the market quickly and with large customer awareness.

Planning for future product life cycle stages

Introduction – Launch product with intensive marketing efforts and skimming pricing. Package the product in flashy packaging to attract customers to purchase the product. Launch in limited markets to test customer reactions and correct problems in the product prior to mass market.

Growth – During this phase, I expect multiple competitors to enter the market. More flavors of the GelBar can be introduced and the promotion would focus on the differences between GelBar and the competition. We will expand the locations that offer GelBar as we roll out the product launch across multiple markets.

Maturity – Continue to introduce new product variations until GelBar reaches a full product line. Stock the product in all stores with an impulse buy section, including gas stations, athletic stores, grocery stores, and others.

Decline – Slowly cut the production of the bar and offer alternative bars to encourage customers to switch while reducing the cost of switching (i.e. reduce the risk of losing according to the prospector theory). Begin to replace the GelBar with the next innovation at select outlets to test the new products.

Promoting GelBar using the marketing mix – three strategies for pushing the product forward

Product – With multiple bars and energy drinks on the market, product packaging and ease of use are paramount. GelBar should be promoted with a product size similar to a Snickers to facilitate the idea of a snack on the go. The physical packaging of the bar should emphasize the combination of the ingredients inside. Possible combinations include two-tone packaging that focuses on the orange color of 5 Hour Energy and the gold of PowerBar or black and white to visually emphasize the two distinct ingredients.

Bundling of the product is also important. The bar should be available in both singles and pack form. This pack form would allow the serious athlete to purchase 6 to 10 bars at a time for a reduced price per bar. By increasing the amount of bars available to purchase at a single time, GelBar appeals to higher-end athletes as well as discount membership stores such as Sam’s Club or Costco.

Promotion – Because the initital market for GelBar is high-end sports enthusiasts, advertising will be limited to clearly relevant sporting events. Possible events and end user groups include community sporting events, high school sporting events, corporate-sponsored sports, and professional sports athletes.

As the product matures in the product life cycle, general advertising will be used. By getting sports athletes on board at an early stage, natural promotion will happen as fans see athletes using GelBar at sporting events. Additionally, GelBar can hire celebrity endorsements from these initial professional sports adopters. This will increase GelBar’s visibility to the average consumer and will help to increase sales as the placement of GelBar is also expanded into the growth and maturity stages of the product life cycle.

Placement – GelBar is meant for serious athletes, thus placement initially will be in high-end sports shops and venues such as professional or amateur league sporting events. These limited test markets will allow us to correct customer complaints with the new product before rolling it out to grocery stores and health food stores regionally. Because we feel GelBar may be both a planned and impulse purchase, the product should be stocked in two locations within every venue – both near the cash register for impulse buys and near other energy bars for planned purchases.

Once the product matures, GelBar should be in every gas station, discount membership retailer, grocery store, workout facility and athletic equipment store. This large market penetration will provide the most value for customers as GelBar will be readily accessible while working out or at short notice.

Setting the price of GelBar to accomplish these goals

GelBar is a high end product initially that becomes a mass consumer product as it matures. Because of this, a skimming pricing strategy would work the best at first. While GelBar should be given away at sporting events to minimize prospector theory impacts to the end user at first, eventually the product should be priced above the market rate for an energy bar when it is launched across a few select markets. This high price will ensure only the high-end athlete buys the bar and creates GelBar as a status energy bar.

However, once competition begins to enter the market, the price needs to be reworked. By switching from a skimming to penetration pricing plan, GelBar will be able to command the market and effectively compete with the new bars that are launched by our rivals. Because we were a status symbol bar, GelBar should be widely accepted by the mass consumer as long as we have the association with high performance and elite athletes. This lowering of price will make the product available to all types of athletes, not just elite. The end goal of the pricing strategy is to become similar in mentality to Gatorade or Powerade, both brands that are synonymous with a workout food.

Careful analysis of the product life cycle and understanding what each stage looks like will be key to successfully launching and promoting the GelBar. By utilizing different marketing mix strategies at each product life cycle stage, GelBar can stay one step ahead of the competition and maintain its market share. Using each stage of the life cycle, including decline, as a way to promote GelBar will lock in the core customer – the elite athlete, while at the same time making sure the product is readily accepted by the mass consumer when we launch into the mass market segment.

Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer – (Stages 0-4)

After non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) has been diagnosed in a patient it is given what is called a “stage.” This describes both the size of the tumor, and to what extent the tumor has spread within the body. Once diagnosed, a more accurate prognosis (life expectancy) of a patient can be given. There are five main stages of NSCLC (0, 1, 2, 3, 4). Each of these stages is further divided into more specific sub-stages.

(Stages 0-4)

– 0 The cancer has not spread past the inner lining of the lungs; also known as carcinoma in situ (CIS).

– 1 The cancer is localized within the lungs but has not yet spread to the lymph nodes.

– 1A (the tumor is 3 cm or less in diameter).

– 1B (the tumor is greater than 3 cm in diameter).

– 2 The cancer has either spread outside the lungs to the nearby lymph nodes, or has NOT yet spread to the lymph nodes, but is localized in a certain area of the main bronchus (tubes that allow air to pass between the trachea and the lungs). The tumor may also be located in an area where it has invaded the lining of the lungs, or the wall of the chest.

– 2A (the tumor is 3 cm or less and has spread to the lymph nodes).

– 2B (the tumor is greater that 3 cm and has spread to the lymph nodes. It may also be present in the main bronchus region, has invaded the lining of the lungs, or wall of the chest.

– 3 The cancer has spread to the nearby tissue of the lungs.

– 3A (the tumor is lager in size and has spread to the lymph nodes. At this stage multi-tumors of any size may have spread away from the main tumor area).

– 3B (tumors of any size that have spread to distant lymph nodes and have invaded other organs such as the esophagus, the heart, or tumors with malignant pleural effusion [an abnormal amount of fluid in the space between the tissue that lines the inside of the lungs]).

– 4 The cancer has reached its most dangerous stage by having spread to other organs of the body, including another lobe of the lung.

Doctors may often describe NSCLC with a system called TNM. This system is used to further classify lung cancer within its sub-stages. Each letter stands for a different degree (stage) of the disease.

T – (the size of the tumor).

N – (indicates which lymph nodes have been invaded).

M – (defines whether the cancer has metastasized).

New Information on Pneumonia Treatment and Prevention

If pneumonia gets complicated with empyema, abscess, then one might need surgical procedures such as: thoracotomy, thoracentesis. Chest tubes are needed to drain the infected fluid, they remain in place for 1-3 days and may perforate the diaphragm and accidentally injure the lung.

Pneumonia prevention

Avoid and treat colds and influenza as soon as possible and as efficiently as possible. Maintain a good hygiene of your hands, have a rich diet in dark-colored fruits and vegetables and fresh food, have an active socially life, take different zinc preparations because studies have shown that zinc has substantial benefits against colds, flus, allergies, pneumonia . Zinc has good effects on the inflammatory response and immune system, its action is unknown but its effects are clear.

Side effects included are: dry mouth, constipation, bad taste, in case of superdosage vomiting, dehydration, and restlessness address as quickly as possible a physician. Zinc may also produce allergies and interact with other medication, it reduces the absorption of certain antibiotics. Zinc absorption is reduced by high amounts of calcium or phosphorus. And if taken for a long time zinc causes copper deficiencies.

Vitamin C

Studies have shown that flu, cold are reduced by large doses of vitamin C. Vitamin C appears to have preventive effects and helps the infection to be cured more rapidly. But taking high doses of vitamin C determines headaches and intestinal and urinary problems and even kidney stones. Increases iron absorption so people with blood disorders should not take large doses of vitamin C.

Echinacea is a herbal remedy that prevents the onset and symptoms of a flu. But it has not been determined exactly which type of Echinacea is useful and if the whole plant or only the roots and herb are effective. What you should watch out when taking

Echinacea is that there may appear allergic reactions such as: erythema nodosum with muscle and joint aches, and sore throat and fever. You should not take natural remedy without the doctor's approval.

Vaccines for Haemophilus Influenzae

All children should be vaccinated against Haemophilus influenzae, especially those under five years.

Pneumococcal Vaccines

People of all ages should be given pneumococcal vaccines to prevent flus and pneumonia. It has been demonstrated that this vaccine protects children in day care from serious respiratory infections. Those with high risk at the administration of the vaccine are: children with sickle-cell disease, adults or children who have immune deficiencies, patients with kidney disease or kidney transplants, patients with spleen problems, alcoholics. Sometimes the vaccine protection lasts for over six years.

Antiviral Agents are used to treat and prevent influenza A, B. Amantadine (Symmetrel) and rimantadine (Flumadine) are M2 inhibitors. They have the following benefits: offer protection against influenza A and prevent severe illness, lessen the severity of the flu but they may cause nausea, vomiting, and indigestion.

Neuraminidase Inhibitors such as: Zanamivir (Relenza) and oseltamivir (Tamiflu) are designed to block a key viral enzyme, neuraminidase, which is involved with viral replication. So, they are effective for treating and preventing A and B strains of influenza, they may even help reduce transmission of the virus, they may reduce complications of influenza.

Excessive Sweating and Fatigue

There are certain things in life and we need to maintain in order to have a healthy body and properly functioning mind. The sometimes, it is a natural attitude of people to neglect what is healthy because usually the things that are good for help are often times difficult to attain or it does not taste that good. Regarding form, junk foods are always delicious. They are so tasty that he could not resist eating it. However, some people go over their limits and because of this day become unhealthy.

However, not all health risks are caused by eating unhealthy foods and other activities that brings no good to our health. Some of them are caused by a mental problems and I'm not talking about mental abnormalities. I am talking about depression and other bees quarter that are caused by external factors or due to the activities that you do to yourself. Sometimes you wonder why you experienced excessive sweating and fatigue. You just can not determine the source of this disorder, if you want to call it that way. There are a lot of factors that might cause this kind of disorder. You can add zest point it to a single activity or source because the symptoms are also evident in some other disorders.

The most probable answer is that maybe you are suffering from depression. When you are depressed, you tend to sweat a lot and you are not excited about anything which makes you not interested with anything. But fatigue or extreme tiredness is not often the result of depression. You do not yawn because you are depressed; you are more restless when you are depressed. So it may be depression or it may be not. The best thing to do is to consult your doctor.

About the extreme fatigue, you might be suffering from a disorder called sleep apnea, it is bordered it causes you to be always sleepy or what we called excessive sleepiness. It might be the reason between banks training feeding off tiredness but the sweating is out of place. Whenever you are experiencing something that you are worried about because you help that there is something definitely wrong with you, the best thing to do is always consult a doctor because they know a lot about health more than anyone else. But first, you should check yourself. Check if you are eating the right kind of foods. Also ask yourself if you're doing enough activities that you could consider as exercise or workout. Sometimes, you always feel tired because you're not doing anything.

To maintain a healthy body it was be active, you must be working out and doing exercises that would promote blood circulation that is always healthy for you. Also, being overweight is another cause of excessive sweating and fatigue. That is why if you want to stay healthy and feel active every day, you should learn how to be active and doing exercises, doing workouts and eating the proper diet every day. This way you can maintain a healthy lifestyle and a healthy mind and body.

Issues in Diagnosing Acute Bronchitis

Acute bronchitis is a common respiratory disease that causes inflammation of the bronchial mucosal membranes. Unlike chronic forms of the disease, acute bronchitis has a rapid onset and generates more intense symptoms. However, acute bronchitis doesn’t have a recurrent character and thus its generated symptoms don’t persist in time. Due to the fact that the clinical manifestations of acute bronchitis are unspecific, pointing to various types of respiratory diseases, sometimes it can be difficult for doctors to quickly find the correct diagnosis. Thus, doctors usually perform additional tests in order to confirm the presumptive diagnosis. However, even laboratory tests can sometimes fail to reveal conclusive evidence of acute bronchitis. Considering this fact, the majority of patients with suspected acute bronchitis are commonly diagnosed after they receive elaborate physical examinations.

Most symptoms of acute bronchitis are outwardly visible. The disease generates symptoms such as mucus-producing cough, chest pain and discomfort (intensifying with deep breaths), wheezing, difficult, shallow and accelerated breathing. Sometimes, these manifestations of acute bronchitis can be accompanied by mild or moderate fever. The presence of high fever is an indicator of complications, suggesting severe infection with bacteria or mycoplasmas. Prolonged, intense fever may point to spreading of the respiratory infection at the level of the lungs (pneumonia).

Mucus-producing cough is usually the most revealing symptom of acute bronchitis. Although the presence of cough is not sufficient for diagnosing acute bronchitis, the intensity and the frequency of this symptom are major indicators of respiratory diseases such as bronchitis. Cough is usually the first symptom to occur among people with acute bronchitis, intensifying within the first days after the period of incubation. Some patients with acute bronchitis may have this symptom for less than two weeks, while others may be confronted with cough for more than six weeks. If this symptom persists for more than 8 weeks, it may point to chronic bronchitis.

The texture and the color of the expectorated mucus are major indicators for the seriousness of the disease. For instance, the expectoration of clear, colorless mucus may disclose infectious forms of acute bronchitis. By contrast, abundant expectoration of yellowish or dark-colored mucus may point to bacterial infection of the bronchial membranes. Blood-producing cough usually points to severe forms of acute bronchitis, suggesting that the lungs are also affected by the disease. The majority of patients with acute bronchitis may experience an exacerbation of cough during the night or in the first hours of the morning.

Although doctors often perform laboratory analyses of mucus samples, tests such as Gram staining aren’t very accurate in revealing traces of bacterial infection. Even in the cases of serious infection, most laboratory tests may only reveal the presence of benign bacterial flora at the level of the respiratory tract. In spite of medical progress and the wide range of medical techniques available nowadays, the presence of acute bronchitis in patients is rarely revealed by routine laboratory tests. Thus, acute bronchitis is usually diagnosed according to the results of more elaborate physical examinations.

Radiography, spirometry and pulse oximetry are rarely used in the process of diagnosing acute bronchitis. These tests are recommended to patients with complicated forms of acute bronchitis that involve spreading of the disease at pulmonary level.

Symptoms of TMJ Disorders – Exposed

The Temporomandibular Joint is in itself a very complex bone formation, and as it is placed very close to some very vital organs like the eye, ear, tongue, neck, shoulder, etc. it leads to varied range of symptom when it stops functioning properly. Doctors who are not aware of the complications of the TMJ dysfunction end up attributing these symptoms to other ailments which leads to a misdiagnosis of the case. To make the picture more complicated some of these organs are interconnected with the TMJ. For example, Pinto’s ligament which connects the mid-ear with the TMJ can convey any sort of soreness of the mid-ear to the TMJ and vice versa.

TMJ syndrome’s primary symptoms are those that can be easily identified. While there are some symptoms that can be a bit more difficult to recognize as being connected to TMJ, these are termed as secondary symptoms. TMJ also has its fair share of unusual symptoms that go a long way in complicating a case and leading to misdiagnosis. All the symptoms are listed below.

Primary Symptoms Of TMJ Syndrome

TMJ syndrome’s primary symptoms consist of jaw-ache, soreness in the facial muscles, persistent headache, pain in the ear and also gradual loss of hearing. These symptoms also include swelling of the TMJ with tender surrounding muscles, tendons and bones. Patients suffering from temporomandibular joint syndrome also suffer from a feeling of stuffiness in the sinus, ear and also dizziness most of the time they are awake. The most common symptom however, is the pain in the jaw joint, coupled with severe and continuous headaches, popping sound while trying to open the jaw and bridled jaw movement.

Secondary Symptoms Of TMJ Syndrome

TMJ syndrome’s secondary symptoms are no less oppressive when compared to the primary symptoms of this disorder. Here’s a list of the secondary symptoms.

o Secondary symptoms of the TMJ syndrome associated with the head and the facial muscles consist of cluster headaches, sinus type headaches, pain in the temples and migraines. Also, pain can be experienced through the calp or the roots of the hair.

o Secondary symptoms of the TMJ syndrome associated with the eye consist of light-sensitivity, blurred and hazy visions, pain all around and in the eye balls, and persistent watering from the eyes.

o Secondary symptoms associated with the ear include hissing, buzzing, ringing sounds in the ear as in the case of Tinnitus, also slow and continuous hearing loss, a stuffy kind of feeling in one or both the ears, pain in the ears and also a feeling as if the ears are clogged.

o Symptoms associated with the mouth can be apparently seen in the cheek, chin and facial muscles, it consists of pain in the jaw-joint, painful and bridled mouth movement, a clicking sound while trying to open the mouth, berserk tongue movement, discomfort and pain in the mouth and other facial muscles.

o Symptoms of the neck include painful shoulder blades and aching neck muscles. Also, the person experiences back pain and stiffness and the whole area feels sore to the touch.

o Symptoms of the throat include sore throat for no apparent reason, problems in swallowing anything, tightness or gripping kind of a feeling in the throat.

Unusual Symptoms Of TMJ Syndrome

An unusual symptom of the TMJ syndrome is the inflammation of the cheek and the jaw. Although the swelling of the affected jaw is a normal thing with the TMJ sufferers, swelling of the cheek is not that common. IT becomes more apparent on the side of the affected area. It generally happens due to the clogged blood vessels, where the blood gets accumulated.

Numb fingers are another unusual symptom of the TMJ syndrome in patients above the age of 50. Although, it is a temporary state and it vanishes as suddenly as it appears.

Aching shoulders also become a problem with people suffering from TMJ dysfunction; usually the pain is felt on one side. The pain originates from the neck and lowly radiates towards the shoulders.

Another unusual symptom of TMJ is when the sufferer experiences jaw dislocations without any accompanying pain. Such a person has to sleep on a hard pillow, making sure that it is pressing against the affected area. As the affected jaw is prone to get dislocated as the person is sleeping. This happens in chronic cases of misaligned jaw where the affected area has been without any kind of treatment for long.

Clicking sounds of the jaw are very common in TMJ sufferers. Usually this sound can be heard by others as well if they are standing close to the affected person. But in some rare cases this popping sound can be heard as far as 5 feet away; that is rare! In such cases, the sound is generally accompanied with severe pain that follows the popping sound, patients suffering from this symptoms are usually scared even to laugh!

TMJ Treatment

Since so many people are suffering from this dysfunction more and more modes of treatment are getting available, ranging from conventional modes like drugs and surgery to over the counter options like splints and mouth-guards, exercises and home-made remedies. But the only problem with most of these options is that they only treat the symptoms, and as the actual cause remains in the body the symptoms return after some days. Holistic remedies on the other hand reaches deep within the body and identifies the root cause of the problem and eliminates it completely. Since the underlying cause is gone, the problem is solved right from the root. And the symptoms go away automatically never to return again. The holistic remedies provide a lasting cure for the TMJ syndrome.

Joint Pain Symptoms Causes, Remedies and Treatments That Work

Joint pain is a common disorder experienced by millions in varying degrees and due to various causes. Both children and adults suffer from this problem either from any physical injury, some internal disorder or due to aging. Age related joint pains or Arthritis comes in various forms and features that start showing its symptoms from the age of 50 reaching the peak at 75. Such pains can pose great problems leading to general debility. People suffering from osteoarthritis type joint pains go through agonizing moments due to severe attacks of pains that last for hours.

Main joints like shoulders, knees, hands, back and hips are mostly affected by this condition arising from Arthritis reducing the free movement to a great extent. Painful elbows, fingers, ankles and heels are also experienced by some due to this.

Causes

Many factors are responsible for this condition like –

1. The reduction of the synovial fluids due to aging that reduces the lubrication of the joints allowing more friction between the joints and thus results in the pain.
2. Natural wear and tear of the joints and weakening of the cartilage due to aging leading to osteoarthritis.
3. Autoimmune disease like Rheumatoid arthritis.
4. Drop in the estrogen levels in women after menopause.
5. Unhealthy food habits and life style that leads to gout.
6. Sprain and dislocation due to physical injury
7. Bursitis
8. Leukemia and bone cancer.

Symptoms

The symptoms of the joint pains vary a lot depending upon the locations and the causes behind them. General symptoms observed are as follows –

1. Swelling and inflammation of the joints that can arise due to arthritis or any physical injury.
2. Stiffness and tenderness in the joints.
3. Experiencing moderate or acute pain due to dislocation, fracture or arthritis.
4. Extreme difficulty in moving the joints.
5. Free movement gets impaired due to age related arthritis.
6. Experiencing difficulty in turning over in bed due to arthritis or spondylitis.
7. Patients suffering from osteoarthritis may experience creaking noise in the joints.
8. Fever, weight loss, fatigue, muscle aches along with the pain and inflammation of the joints is observed in case of Rheumatoid arthritis.
9. Joint pains in younger age may also result from bone tuberculosis, sickle cell anemia etc.
10. Localized severe joint pain and inflammation may be caused due to dislocation or sprain in the joints.

Remedies and Treatment

This involves –

1. Dietary and life style changes.
2. Taking anti- inflammatory drugs.
3. Massaging the affected areas with eucalyptus oil, menthol and camphor.
4. Supplements of herb Devil's Claw is highly effective in treating this condition.
5. Hot and cold compress.
6. Physical workouts
7. Surgical procedures in some cases.

Crime Scene Forensics – Analyzing Broken Glass Found at a Crime Scene

Suppose a victim called police and notified that somebody committed a drive-by shooting on his house. Crime scene investigators (CSI’s) then show up to investigate the crime. One of the things they look at is the broken glass through which the bullet or bullets pass. Such evidence can tell a story to the technician with a keen eye for the details found in broken glass.

The manner in which glass breaks many times presents clues with regard to how it was broken. For instance, glass that was broken by a speeding baseball will have a different pattern of fracture than glass that was broken by a speeding bullet.

Particular break characteristics allow a forensic scientist to ascertain the direction from which the impact came. They include a special kind of stress-fracture lines called conchoidal lines. Conchoidal lines are lines that emanate from the site of impact. When viewing glass through its thickness, these lines curve out and away from the point of impact in a curve resembling a seashell curve.

If the investigator takes a closer look at the conchoidal lines, he can see tiny lines that radiate almost 90 degrees from the conchoidal lines. These fracture lines are known as hackle marks.

Cracks in windows and other flat plates of glass such as windshields tend to radiate and concentrate. When viewing the glass perpendicularly from the surface, one can see radial cracks that radiate outward from the impact point. Picture this like the spokes that radiate from the center of a wheel.

Again, when viewing the glass perpendicularly from the surface, one would also find cracks that concentrate around the impact point and are called concentric cracks. Concentric cracks are cracks that form progressively larger circles around the impact point. Picture this as a circle within a circle within a circle….all surrounding the impact point.

If a speeding bullet strikes a window and penetrates it but does not completely break it, the destruction may leave behind a hole accompanied or not accompanied by the aforementioned fracture lines.

On one side of the impact (the entrance side), the hole will be small and clean. On the other side of impact (the exit side), a small conical piece of glass would have been removed. CSI’s would normally view the glass from both sides to determine a bullet’s trajectory; i.e. whether the bullet was fired from the outside of the house in as in the case of a drive-by shooting or vice versa.

The next time you watch your favorite CSI or Forensic Files TV show, you will have a better understanding of how broken glass is studied in a crime lab in order to bring a perpetrator to justice.

The Nature of Cerebral Palsy

Though most people refer to cerebral palsy as a single condition, it is actually a condition that incorporates a number of different central nervous system disorders. Each case of this condition is unique and affects a person’s development in different ways. Because of the unique nature of this disorder, the care and therapy for this condition should be uniquely tailored to each individual patient.

In order to properly care for cerebral palsy, it is important to determine the areas affected and the cause of these disorders. This condition can begin in a child while they are developing in the womb, but it can also be caused during the delivery process. Improper delivery techniques can lead to harmful brain damage that can affect a person for the rest of his or her life. Proper care during the delivery process is crucial to avoid brain and spinal damage.

Cerebral palsy can have a great effect on the muscle development and function in a person. Spastic cerebral palsy is the most common form of this disorder and greatly affects musculoskeletal function. Spastic cases affect the muscles and joints, leaving them very tight and inhibiting their motion. This can result in challenges with motions like walking and extending the hands and arms.

Other types of cerebral palsy can affect a person’s mental development, as well as their sensory and digestive functions. These disorders can affect a person’s sight, hearing, and nervous system in harmful ways. Also, the nature of this condition can affect how a person’s brain function develops.

If someone you love suffers from this condition and you feel that medical negligence contributed to their condition, it is important to seek justice and proper compensation for these errors. Please visit the website of the Detroit birth injury lawyers at Ravid & Associates, P.C., to learn more.

Narcolepsy and Sleep Paralysis – A Fishy Tale

There can not be many people who have not seen the film "Moby Dick", either in its original 1956 version with Gregory Peck, or the more recent 1998 television adaptation with Patrick Stewart. I'm sure too that many people will have read the book itself, written by Herman Melville way back in 1851. What you probably will not remember however is one particular passage from the book in which the narrator, Ishmael, says:

"For what seemed ages piled on ages, I lay there, frozen with the most awful fears, not daring to drag away my hand; yet ever thinking that if I could but stir in one single inch, the horrid spell would be broken. I knew not how this consciousness at last glided away from me; but waking in the morning, I shudderingly remembered it all, and for days and weeks and months afterwards I lost myself in confounding attempts to explain the mystery. "

Although sleep paralysis would not be described by the American neurologist Weir Mitchell for another 25 years, this gives us a vivid account of a condition that has been around since the dawn of time.

Sleep paralysis is one of a number of unwanted events that occur during sleep (including sleep walking, nightmares, night terrors and restless legs syndrome) and about half of us will experience at least one episode of sleep paralysis during our lifetime. For many narcolepsy sufferers, however, sleep paralysis can be a common occurrence and, if accompanied by hallucinations (another frequent symptom of narcolepsy), it can be a particularly frightening, or even terrifying, experience.

Sleep paralysis very rarely presents any real danger to the sufferer. Nevertheless, it is an experience that most of us could live without and one for which we would dearly love to have a cure. Unfortunately, however, there is no cure at present, but, there is light at the end of the tunnel.

For some time now it has been known that human leukocyte antigen, or HLA, (a protein found on the surface of white blood cells and forming part of the body's natural defense or immune system) has played a part in causing narcolepsy. What has not been understood though is just what role this protein has played. In two separate studies carried out in Texas and California in 2000 however the true role of HLA emerged and this is now being confirmed in a series of further studies, the most recent of which (June 2005) comes from the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA).

It appears that narcolepsy is caused by the lack of a particular chemical called hypocretin or orexin that is normally produced by the brain and plays a key role in maintaining a normal sleep pattern. In the case of narcolepsy sufferers this chemical is missing because of the presence of an autoimmune disease. In other words, the body's immune system, instead of attacking foreign invaders, attacks healthy cells (in this case hypocretin or orexin molecules) and destroys them.

So what does all this mean for narcolepsy sufferers?

Well, it certainly does not mean that a cure will appear tomorrow, but it does mean that scientists now know how to cure the condition. On the one hand they can look at methods of preventing the body's immune system from attacking hypocretin or orexin molecules and, on the other hand, they can develop a method of replacing the lost molecules.

This will of course require further research and clinical trials and will take some years. In the meantime, sufferers will need to stick with their current recognized drug treatments and continue to pursue a policy of sound sleep hygiene and behavioral management. But the knowledge that scientists have now pinpointed the cause of narcolepsy and that a cure is at last in the pipeline should act as very good encouragement for anybody living with narcolepsy today.

Symptoms of Kidney Cancer

The kidneys are extremely important organs that help to eliminate waste from the body. Any problem with the kidneys can be fatal for a person. It has been seen that kidney cancer is one of the most lethal diseases a person can suffer from. Therefore, it makes sense to educate yourself on the symptoms of kidney cancer. If the cancer is caught early, it can be treated effectively and the chances of survival increase.

There are many different kinds of kidney cancer. Some of them are renal cell carcinoma, Wilms' tumor, renal pelvis carcinoma, clear cell renal cell carcinoma and transitional cell carcinoma. Out of all these, the most common type is the renal cell carcinoma.

Even today medical science has not been able to figure out why the cancer develops. However, some factors such as smoking, obesity and chronic kidney are known to trigger kidney cancer in some people.

Usually, in the early stages, the cancer does not have noticeable symptoms. This is one of the reasons why it is difficult to detect it early. However, you will still have some symptoms that should make you suspicious enough to warrant a visit to a doctor. Here are some of the symptoms:

• Presence of blood in the urine
• Suffering from lower back pain
• Experiencing in the back, directly under the ribs
• Having elevated blood pressure
• Losing weight for no reason
• Fever
• Noticing lumps in the area where the kidneys are located
• Fatigue
• Swelling of the feet and ankles
• Appetite loss
• Confusion
• Night sweats
• Headaches

The first and foremost signs of kidney cancer are passing blood in the urine and having swelling of the legs. However, these signs may not necessarily mean that you have a malignant growth in your kidneys. Nonetheless, if you notice them, you should immediately consult a doctor.