Halloween Costume Make Up Ideas

When it comes to Halloween costumes the options are endless, you can do everything from your favorite Disney character, to the traditional raised from the dead goblins, ghosts, and other gory ghouls. The following are some Halloween costume make up ideas for the costumes that require some gore!

Fake glass: Whether you are a zombie, mummy, or something else entirely, fake glass sticking out of your body can really turn up the scary gore factor.

To make fake glass you will want to butter a baking sheet and put it into the refrigerator to chill. You want the metal to be cold to the touch. While it is chilling, you will want to pour a cup of sugar into a small pan over a burner set to low. Stir constantly until the sugar melts. It may take a while, but don’t stop stirring or you will have a mess on your hands. Once it has melted, you will pour it onto the baking sheet, let it spread out, and cool. The baking sheet has to be cold for this to work. Then break the sugar and remove the pieces to use as fake glass that you combine with putty to attach to your limbs.

Fake intestine: Having your innards falling out of your body is a good way to scare people. To make fake intestines to add to your Halloween costume makeup, yo will need a pair of pantyhose. You are going to cut off both legs, then use a glue gun or sewing machine to make an uneven seam up the middle of each leg, so that it has two sides. Then, cut one side off, so that it is roughly the width of a hot dog. Turn the leg inside out, and stuff with cotton. Twist it at intervals to make it look more realistic. When it is full, stitch the end closed. Then soak in fake blood, and use it to hang from a torn shirt, etc.

Fake bruises: Part of really good gore makeup for Halloween costumes like zombies is realistic bruising. To make a fake bruise, use a dot of deep blue powder eye shadow. Apply it with a makeup brush that has the end wetted before hand. Then, use your finger to add charcoal gray to the blue blot. Once you have done that, you are going to take a shimmery olive green, and using a dry makeup brush, apply to the edges of your “bruise”. Then last but not least, use a sponge, or your finger to smudge the bruise.

Fake blood makeup: Fake blood is a must for gore Halloween costume makeup. To make fake blood use corn syrup and water, and red and blue food coloring. You are going to need one part water to three parts syrup. Then add food coloring to get the color you want. Then add chocolate syrup or peanut butter to thicken it up. This works great for any blood needed. You can let it drip down your head to look like a skull fracture, or out of your mouth if you are a vampire, etc.

What’s the Meaning of Blood in My Poop?

What does it mean if I see blood in my poop?

First, don’t get scared. At least for younger people, the reason is not always serious. It could be hemorrhoids, it could be medicine you’re taking, it could be colitis, and (usually in older people) it could be cancer.

If you actually see blood, then most likely it’s red, but sometimes it can be black. Blood that mixes with stomach acid turns black and means the bleeding is coming from high in the gastrointestinal tract (the stomach or duodenum). If you see unusually dark or black-colored stools (called melena), or ones that look like tar, it may be blood that’s passed all the way down from your stomach through your intestines. A stomach ulcer or irritation is commonly the culprit. Since this can be serious, see your doctor right away.

Now if the blood is red, first a question: is it a streak on the outside of the bowel movement, or blood in the toilet water, or blood mixed in with the stool (poop)?

If there’s a streak on the outside of the bowel movement, it’s often caused by external hemorrhoids. There may be pain associated with this type of bleeding, which is commonly seen with constipation or large stools.

If there’s blood on the stool and perhaps some dripping into the toilet water, this may be internal hemorrhoids, which are often painless. These, too, are associated with constipation and hard stools, but also with diarrhea and straining.

You should confirm these conditions with your doctor, but hemorrhoids are probably the “best case” scenario and are easily treated (most of the time). Occasionally a tumor (such as cancer) will present this way as well. Anyone over age 50 should be checked for colon cancer.

If the blood is mixed in with the stool but you have no other symptoms, cancer is again a possibility, along with colitis, diverticulitis, and medication effects. If you are taking aspirin, ibuprofen, naproxen, or other anti-inflammatory drug or blood thinner, stopping these medicines and consulting your doctor is advisable. If you have infection or inflammation (such as diverticulitis, colitis, or inflammatory bowel disease) you’d probably have some sort of symptom other than just bleeding: abdominal discomfort, cramping, gas, bloating, diarrhea. However, some patients just have bleeding. Either way, having blood mixed in with the stool is usually serious and you should have this evaluated promptly.

Sometimes people have diarrhea (with or without blood) after taking an antibiotic. This may be due to antibiotic-related colitis (clostridium difficile colitis, ” c. diff”) and requires prompt attention. Report these symptoms to your doctor right away, as you’ll probably require a second antibiotic to treat this condition. However, certain antibiotics may cause diarrhea on their own without causing c. diff colitis.

Lastly, sometimes red dye or red food can look like blood, but isn’t. Beets, red jello, and other red foods have been known to be confused with blood, but don’t attritube red discoloration to food unless you’re sure.

Copyright 2010 Cynthia J Koelker MD

Review of "The Impact of Menstrual Side Effects on Contraceptive Discontinuation"

Elizabeth Tolley, Sarah Loza, Laila Kafafi and Stirling Cummings published their findings from the study of 259 first time users of the IUD, the hormonal implant or the tri-monthly injectable (DMPA). The aim was to gauge women's bleeding patterns and perception of changes in their cycles subsequent to adopting their chosen method. Relatively few studies have interrogated women's perception and tolerance of menstrual changes as a result of adopting a new method of contraception, some of which appear to contradict one another. The findings of this study provide important insights for the improvement of counseling to address women's perception of bleeding changes.

The study collated both quantitative and qualitative data from surveys over a period of 18 months and from 48 women who participated in six focus group discussions (FGD). The study sought to shed light on the high discontinuation rate (70%) of DMPA users after one year, compared to 34% and 10% of IUD and implant users respectively. At the baseline study, participants reported an average of five bleeding days per cycle. After starting usage of IUD and DMPA [http://www.rho.org/html/cont-injectables.htm], users reported eleven to twelve bleeding days per cycle. The researchers also noted that those women who chose to use the implant differed from IUD and injectable users: They were more experienced mothers who wished for no more children and had prior experience with another method of contraception. On average, implant users were also slightly less educated than those who chose other methods and averaged two to seven years elder to women who used injectables and IUDs. Though not fully explored in this present study, the authors noted that these differences in personal characteristics at the baseline could have influenced women's choice of IUD, implant or injectables.

In another population based survey of 252 women in New Zealand, bleeding irregularity or heavy bleeding were frequently cited as the primary reason for discontinuation of DMPA within 21 months of first adopting the method. Yet, the same study revealed amenorrhea as the primary reason for discontinuation between two and five years after adopting the method. Another randomized trial of two tri-monthly injectable contraceptives showed amenorrhea to be the cause given for discontinuation within twelve months of adopting DMPA. Study in Bolivia Reviews Another Showed a correlation Between Discontinuation and a fewer (less than or equal to four) children or the belief That menstruation is important 's for the maintenance of good health.

A 1996 study in Egypt looked at counseling on injectables that women received from physicians, nurses and midwives. More than 50% of those providers and counselors believed that long-term amenorrhea could lead to sterility among other health complications. Many of those providers reported their belief that only couples seeking to effectively limit their family size should adopt DMPA. Such misconceptions may introduce biases when counseling and educating women and couples about the variety of available methods of contraception, including DMPA.

Fallout of provider One bias in a counseling comes in the conveyance of advantages and disadvantages of the various methods ++ of contraception . IUD and implant users were given counseling that weighed heavily upon the advantages of those methods. In some cases, inaccurate or false information was given. By contrast, the same FGD revealed that many providers were more likely to explain disadvantages of DMPA rather than advantages. One provider explained in detail to those women who chose the implant or DMPA that they should expect their menstrual cycles to stop. When actual experiences deviated from the counseling, women were admittedly surprised, at best; many were alarmed.

Study Findings

Though implants caused many women to bleed heavily or led to amenorrhea altogether, injectables users reported nearly thrice the spotting as IUD users and over 60% more than the implant insofar as number of bleeding days. The unpredictability of bleeding days and patterns of bleeding (heavy, light, etc.) means that what was once a 'cycle' is rendered a variegated appearance of "traces" or "signs." By the second month just over one third had felt changes in their cycles and expressed concern over these changes.

In this study, women who chose DMPA reported "dramatic increases in the length of bleeding episodes" during the first months. Subsequent reports revealed "sharp declines" in bleeding among women who continued the method. These same women reported further declines in average number of bleeding days between the twelve and eighteen month period. One woman explained her understanding of the injectable after having used this method for two years:

"Two or three drops, then it stopped for four months. And it came again for a while, and then stopped. I mean that when the injectable is due, it gives me a sign. It comes down as a drop or two .. ..The first two cycles I had spotting. Then it stopped altogether. "

Among the women who discontinued use of DMPA, nearly one third cited amenorrhea as their primary cause for concern while only 7% did so due to other non-contraceptive effects. Notably, none mentioned a desire to return to normal fertility as a reason for discontinuation.

The menstrual diaries recorded by study participants revealed no significant statistical difference among women who continued versus discontinued use of DMPA insofar as "the proportion of total days recorded for each level of bleeding." This reinforces the idea that the unpredictability of the menstrual cycle is the most disconcerting aspect of DMPA use- not cessation of the menstrual cycle. The study found that while correcting for "personal characteristics, spousal attitudes or knowledge," bleeding inconsistency / length predicted likelihood of discontinuation of DMPA users at a rate of 4% per additional day above the average of five bleeding days per cycle reported at the baseline study.

The authors conclude that: "Our findings raise the possibility that counseling about bleeding and other side effects should be tailored to the personal and contraceptive experiences of women, and that partners may play an important role in how well some women tolerate contraceptive-related bleeding. " To mitigate these concerns, DMPA providers should discuss the immediate, short-term and long-term changes in adopting this unique method of contraception. Pre DMPA Counseling * should address the specific experience of women with their menstrual cycles in order to better prepare them for the potential changes to her cycle. Spotting and various other forms of irregular bleeding are the greatest indicators of continued use. Addressing these concerns will normalize the experience and reassure women so that they know exactly what to expect from adopting DMPA.

* Pre DMPA Counseling:

– Adheres to pelvic screening guidelines

– Plans injections relative to menstrual cycle and childbirth

– Evaluates medical history including diabetes risk

– Assesses intensity and typical number of bleeding days per cycle

– Addresses perception and misconceptions of menstrual changes

– Incorporates Behavior Change Communication strategies to gain familial support of adoption of family planning


Review of "The Impact of Menstrual Side Effects on Contraceptive Discontinuation: Findings from a Longitudinal Study In Cairo, Egypt." Published in: International Family Planning Perspectives, Vol. 31, No. 1, March 2005

Hubacher D et al., Factors affecting continuation rates of DMPA, Contraception, 1999, 60 (6): 345-351.

Rivera R, Chen-Mok M and McMullen S, Analysis of client characteristics that may affect early discontinuation of the TCu-380A IUD, Contraception, 1999, 60 (3): 155-160.

Tolley E and Nare C, Access to Norplant removal: an issue of informed consent, African Journal of Reproductive Health, 2001, 5 (1): 90-99.

Colonoscopies Are Overpromoted, Overprescribed and Overpriced – Consumers Should Resist and Rebel

Introduction: A Few Questions to Set the Stage

Should you trust your doctor? Is the medical system organized and controlled by modern equivalent of highway robbers? What can we learn from the way colonoscopies are promoted and priced in America? What is the single most important takeaway lesson from a brief exploration of these questions?

Here are short answers to the first three of these rhetorical queries. I’m saving a response to the last question (i.e., recommended course of action) until the end.

  1. No, don’t trust your doctor, if you are fortunate enough to have ready access to one or more medical practitioners. Instead, be wary and verify, do independent checks on the pertinent issues and obtain other qualified opinions. Doctors and other provider are not your enemies but they’re definitely not your friends, either. They are highly trained professionals who function in a complex dysfunctional system oriented to profit. Most want to do the right thing but pressures brought to bear can lead even ethical practitioners to justify action courses not be in your best interest. In this essay, I’ll make the case that your interests and the public interest take a back seat to a higher power of sorts – the profit motive.
  2. Yes, the medical system is highway robbery, circa 21st century.
  3. Plenty can be learned from a close look at the colonoscopy industrial complex. The procedures being performed can serve as canaries in the American medical system coal mine. Pay attention, be alarmed and do what you can to save yourself before it’s too late.

Colonoscopies, Medical Providers and Free Enterprise Run Amuck

Colonoscopies are the most expensive routine screening test in this country. A report by the Commonwealth Fund revealed that this procedure is billed at rates ranging from $6,385 to $19,438. (See Explaining High Health Care Spending in the United States: An International Comparison of Supply, Utilization, Prices, and Quality, May 3, 2012, Volume 10.) These figures are retail rates for the uninsured; insurers usually negotiate prices down to about $3,500. Americans fortunate enough to have employer-based insurance often assume that medical care is basically free, despite rising co-payments and deductibles, but it’s not. Seniors on Medicare make the same mistake, often because they are exhaustipated (i.e., too tired to give a crap).

Like the high costs of our wars in Iraq and Afghanistan, everyone pays in the end, no pun intended.

In other Western countries, the price tag for a colonoscopy averages out at a few hundred dollars. Contrast this with the U.S. experience:

Americans pay more for almost every interaction with the medical system… A list of prices compiled by the International Federation of Health Plans found that medical services are more costly in every categories – by a huge margin.

We lead the world in medical spending, though numerous studies have shown we do not receive better care and we are less healthy than people in nearly every other Western nation.

Forms of Highway Robbery in America’s 4th Century

In case you have been on the moon or otherwise out of touch for several years, here’s a summary of why so many experts believe the U.S. medical care system is out of control:

  • Doctors prescribe expensive procedures. However, the high price tag of ordinary ones accounts for our $2.7 trillion annual medical care tab – 18% of GNP. ((Source: Elisabeth Rosenthal, Paying Till It Hurts: A Case Study in High Costs, New York Times, June 1, 2013.)
  • Doctors promote too many tests. According to the CDC, more than ten million Americans each year undergo colonoscopies (at a cost of $10 billion annually). One motive for so much testing is defensive medicine. America is as litigious as it is religious. Doctors are required (or pressured) by insurance regulations or their employers/partnerships/professional associations to prevent lawsuits, rather than to patient impoverishment or even bad health outcomes.
  • Pharmaceutical companies saturate the media with direct-to-consumer merchandizing. The saturation ad campaigns for drugs for whatever does or could ail you distorts patient judgements. Consumer appetites for quick fixes are encouraged. Patients are motivated to pressure providers for overpriced, overrated products.
  • Greed rules. So-called non-profit hospitals, insurance companies, device makers and other players in the medical industry are focused on generating the highest possible profits they can legally justify. The quest for maximum returns is by far the number one objective in the American medical system.
  • High tech, drug-focused treatments dominate. A disproportionate amount of medical care and expense is lavished on chronic conditions in later life, leaving fewer resources for prevention, education and acute care.
  • Cost/benefits take a back seat. Substantial medical care is lavished on ministrations that simply extend the dying process.
  • There are too few incentives to act sensibly. Overlooked in studies to explain the high costs and poor return on medical investments relative to other industrialized countries is a disturbing reality: Americans are overly fond of guns, gods, demigods and drugs. They are too little committed to reason and critical thinking, exercise, whole food plant-based dining and the art of shaping supportive environments for themselves and others.

Colonoscopies As Coal Mine Canaries

The colonoscopy gets my vote as the biggest scam in modern medicine. We should stop using the term colonoscopy – colonoscamy is much more descriptive and appropriate. The biggest scam distinction is no small honor or rather dubious distinction, given the abuses that could and have been documented about the U.S. health care system. Colonoscopies are marketed by fear tactics, not unlike religions. The high possibilities of horrific torment and premature death from colon cancer are sometimes described with almost wicked delight by colonoscopy counselors.

A year ago, I reluctantly agreed to sit for a pep talk by a renowned proctologist. The topic was why I should have a colonoscopy, despite no risk factors save old age. I consented to the interview only after years of get a colonoscopy badgering by friends, family members and varied medical practitioners, including even my dentist! The graphic descriptions of dire consequences of failing to detect a polyp would have done Hieronymus Bosch proud. I was reminded of the visions drawn by nuns 65 years or so ago at St. Barnabas Parochial School. The eternal hell-fires were described in such fine and vivid detail anyone would have been convinced the nuns had been there. I think all this fright was designed to insure that I never missed a mass on Sundays. (For a while, I didn’t, though I did arrive as late as possible so that my being there still counted.) So I listened to the colorful colonoscopy pitch – and still decided not to do it. (I even wrote an essay about the interview experience.)

Colonoscopies are billed as quasi operations. What a short time ago was a simple office procedure has morphed into a more complex booming business. Now there are surgery centers where lucrative colonoscopies are prescribed and performed in excess of medical guidelines. The goal is to maximize revenue; lobbying, marketing and turf battles among specialists, plus huge profit margins, account for the high costs. Other tests for colon cancer are less invasive, cheaper and equally effective.

Australia does not even pay for colonoscopies as a standard screening procedure and it is not common in other western nations, either.

The American Free Enterprise Anomaly

In this country, the government, unlike in any other industrialized nation, does not regulate or otherwise intervene in medical pricing, other than setting payment rates for Medicare and Medicaid. Other nations view health care as a right for all and regulate hospitals and the rest of the delivery system as public utilities. What conservatives like to call a free market is not so free for consumers.

Imagine if you went to a restaurant and ordered your meal with no clue what the dinner would cost. Imagine the anxiety waiting for the waiter to arrive with the check. Or, apply the medical care model to other normal purchases, large and small. What if the supermarket groceries you loaded up, took home and consumed were added up and recorded in your account, but you did not see the bill for days or weeks, well after you processed most of what you carried off! Such transactions are ridiculous, of course and yet that’s how it is in the medical system. I sometimes receive bills for medical procedures rendered a year earlier, after the hospital or medical practitioner has given up on negotiations for full or good enough payment from the Medicare insurer). It’s bizarre, irrational, unfair and intolerable.

Summary and the Promised Takeaway Lesson

Ask yourself, Do you have to be passive and tolerate this state of things? Consider that you do not.

First, with regard to colonoscopies, know that for most people, regular testing for blood in the stool is sufficient. Unfortunately for unwary, easily intimidated patients, settling for this low cost option is difficult. Such resistance to colonoscopies will be mightily resisted by medical counselors involved with the procedure. Stool testing is not a high revenue producer for this industry.

What can you do to avoid spending more for lower quality medical care while becoming less and less well? You have three options: Die, move or adopt a REAL wellness lifestyle. Stick with the latter until you do move or die. Personally, I’m going with the REAL wellness lifestyle. With regard to the colonoscopy issue, I favor a whole food plant based diet, plenty of exercise and lesser methods of cancer detection over the unpleasant, costly and dubious invasive procedure. Life is full of risks – and the flesh is heir to more slings and arrows than there will ever be costly medical tests to detect and treat early on.

Getting back to the three options (die, move or adopt a RW lifestyle), I go with the latter as well because the few countries I’d want to call home (Australia, New Zealand, Canada and El Dorado) might not have me. But of course I really and truly favor this choice because REAL wellness is a richer way to be alive. It’s the only way to fly, or live, in my opinion, even if it did not save money and grief on all kinds of chronic medical problems I’d surely have to endure if I were obese, sedentary, bored or ornery – and I’m definitely not fat, sedentary or bored.

Real wellness is my suggested takeaway from this precautionary tale of the colonoscamy in America.

Cyst on Ovaries – Cyst Ovaries Signs

Cyst on Ovaries are a problem that women all over the world face. It is perhaps the most common problem of the female reproductive system. They usually develop during the time a woman is pregnant or during the time she gets her monthly period. A cyst on ovaries may be defined as a collection of fluids enclosed by a thin wall; the structure is similar to small balloons. These cysts are not a very big problem if they are detected at the right time. In fact new simpler methods have been discovered and these can be cured without the usage of any medicine or surgery.

Ovarian cysts are large and small in size. They are often formed after the monthly period. These are the most common kind of cysts. They are known as Graffian Follicle cysts and Corpus Luteum Cysts these usually disintegrate themselves after three to four months of their formation. They are formed due to some problem that occurred during the menstrual cycle, that caused fluid to fill up an ovarian follicle. More sever kinds of cysts include Hemorhaggic Cysts, Dermoid, Endometrial and Pathological cysts, these cause blood clotting and may even be cancerous. The only possible solution for them is mostly surgery.

There are various symptoms that indicate the presence of these cyst on ovaries. For example the sufferer may have agonizing back aches and cramps in their stomach. Also these pains are very similar to those of the period pain this most women dismiss them as period pain. Irregular menstrual cycle and odd blood flow during periods is another symptom of ovarian cysts. Like mentioned before, there are many methods that have been devised and created in order to counter this problem.

New techniques that involve simple amendments in ones diet and elimination of some eating items are very effective and have benefitted many women all over the world. The usage of birth pills and hormonal contraceptives has also been used and is said to be a good way to combat these cysts. Surgery is another way which is used mostly in drastic cases and the last way is to get the ovaries removed from cyst on ovaries, this however is done only when there is no other alternative left.

Oral Thrush Outbreak – Top 3 Ways to Stop Oral Thrush

Oral thrush outbreak or oral candidiasis is caused by overgrowth of Candida fungus. The fungus normally lives in the moist areas of the body like the mouth in controlled quantity and kept in check by other microorganisms normally present in the mouth. If not kept in check, the fungus grows rapidly resulting to oral candidiasis or thrush.

Their appearance can be really annoying and painful. They appear as whitish or yellowish lesions in the surface of the mouth including the tongue and sometimes the throat. They are painful and may bleed and accompanied by a lot of discomforts like difficulty eating or swallowing food. It is important to get rid of oral thrush outbreak to get rid of the pain and discomforts.

How to stop oral thrush outbreak?

Antifungal medicines. If you are suffering from painful thrush outbreak it is best to consult your doctor. Your doctor may recommend antifungal medicines or antifungal mouthwash to help ease the infection. If you are experiencing recurring outbreaks, your doctor may recommend taking antifungal medicines on a regular basis.

Improve your immune system. If you have weakened immune system, you have an increased risk of developing the infection because fungus grows faster when your immune system is not strong enough to control the overgrowth of the fungus. To improve your immune system and make you strong against infection, have a healthy lifestyle. Eat nutritious food, have enough sleep, exercise regularly and avoid bad habits like smoking and drinking alcohol.

Cut down on sweets or sugar. Candida fungus feeds on sugar and it encourages the growth of the fungus leading to infection. It is best to cut down on sugar or sweets like chocolates, ice cream and other sweetened foods to avoid oral thrush outbreak.

Living With Hepatitis

Living with hepatitis whether chronic or acute can cause stress not only for you but also your immediate family. The symptoms of hepatitis can increase the emotions of coping with everyday life, so finding ways to cope with the added stresses brought on minimise the distress and frustration are important.

It’s important when living with hepatitis to have people around you can count on for support and encouragement. Talk to your family and friends about difficulties you are having and what support you need from them. This support makes life a lot easier.

Be sure to tell your doctor about all the symptoms you’re experiencing. They will be able to tell you if it has anything to do with the way your liver is functioning through the tests they will carry out. Your doctor will give you advice on any treatments that can help you cope. Try where ever possible to keep a diary of any unusual symptoms you have experienced, it is easy to relate these to your condition, but try not to forget you will pickup other short term viruses which could easily be the cause of the symptoms. Writing it down makes it easier to tell your doctor accuratley, and don’t be afraid to ask questions.

Fatigue and tiredness are a problem so balancing rest and activities is important. Some experts say trying to take short naps during the day, some people find this impossible as they are at work or looking after children, so try to have night time routine so you get the required sleep and rest you need.

If you suffer from sickness, eating can be a trial. Talk to your doctor and ask for help maybe in the form of medication, a good well balanced diet is essential to maintaining your health. Try eating frequent, smaller meals instead of fewer, larger meals. Patients living with hepatitis must remember that alcohol is a toxin and can cause major problems for your liver. With chronic liver disease your Doctor may suggest vaccinations against hepatitis A, and possibly hepatitis B, also it is a good idea to have any winter flu jabs as a precaution.

Dogs With Severe Liver Disease – Coping With Neurological Symptoms

In general, no meat products, no yeast, no liver or any type of organ meats, no shellfish, are recommended as these will cause ammonia build up in your dog’s system and ammonia is a toxin that’s a central nervous system depressant.

Basically, there’s a certain level of protein that needs to be ingested to avoid muscle wasting (from negative nitrogen balance) but too much protein will cause toxin buildup. For dogs with very severe issues, or those that have not been stabilized there is a daily tightrope walk between ingesting enough protein to avoid symptoms and ingesting too much protein to avoid symptoms. There are general guidelines for protein grams based on a dog’s weight; however, the actual amount of protein varies with the dog’s age, activity level, severity of liver disease, medications, supplements, number of meals per day, and the presence of other secondary diseases (kidney or pancreas, IBD).

The best food to give for dogs with severe liver disease is prescription food formulated to take the workload off of the liver, such as Royal Canin Hepatic LS 14 or Hills canned LD. These foods are low protein fro a vegetarian source, as soy and dairy cause less ammonia buildup than any type of meat. Initially, PediaSure Vanilla with fiber can be given as it’s low in soy/dairy protein and high in carbs.

To avoid symptoms of HE, as well as to increase a dog’s tolerance of protein, the following will be helpful:

1) Medications from your vet (including low dose antibiotics and lactulose). Other medications that may be needed are Pepcid, Carafate or Actigall.

2) Food- low protein/high carb vegetarian prescription food: RC Hepatic LS 14 or PediaSure Vanilla or canned Hills LD.

Number of meals- 6 per day- for eg., 6 am, 9, 1, 4, 7,11pm

Protein grams- amount of food and protein grams vary by the severity of a dog’s symptoms and the amount of liver support provided from supplements and medications

No added protein from other foods is recommended until the dog is stabilized. All carbs also have some protein. Amounts of sodium, manganese, copper, iron may be too high if various vegetables are added and it’s difficult to control HE with a home-cooked diet.

Dehydration is a risk factor for HE- adding distilled water to food and/or syringing water is necessary for dogs who are not eating/drinking on their own.

3) Supplements- Dogs with liver shunts or other diseases that impair blood flow to the liver need ongoing liver support to prevent fibrosis/cirrhosis. Recommended supplements include specific blends containing milk thistle, Vetri DMG liquid (in place of Denosyl), and probiotics. Zinc is a potent anti-fibrotic, decreases HE, and helps to normalize the urea cycle. Vitamin E is recommended as a basic supplement, with some dogs also requiring Omega 3s from a fish source. Fiber in the form of psyllium husk or apple pectin is important.A new supplement to try for severe HE and decrease ammonia is L-ornithine, L-Aspartate (LOLA).

Avoid further liver damage with medications or other products that are toxic to the liver whenever possible eg. heartworm preventatives, flea/tick products, vaccines, certain antibiotics. For those with the most severe liver issues, those that have had ascites or with cirrhosis, risks and benefits of these products have to be evaluated carefully.

I’m a dog lover and have been fostering dogs with severe liver issues for about five years. I’m not a veterinarian or nutritionist, but have had great success in controlling severe symptoms of liver disease with many dogs.

Facts About Goat Diseases

Healthy goats are asset to any owner, with its income potential. Like other animals, goats are also susceptible to various diseases. Therefore, it is important to give proper care to goats to keep them away from diseases that affect its health.

Bloat, border disease, cache valley virus, caprine arthritic encephalitis, caseous lymphadenitis, Chlamydia, cuccidiosis, copper toxicity, dystocia, coli scours, enterotoxemia type c, enterotoxemia type d, entropion, epididymitis, floppy kid syndrome, fly strike, foot rot, foot scald, john's disease, joint ill, keds, lactic acidosis, lice listeriosis, liver flukes, lung worms, mastitis, meningeal worm, milk fever, nasal bots, ovine progressive pneumonia, pink eye, pizzle rot, pneumonia, polio, pregnancy toxaemia , rectal prolapse, ringwomb, ringworm, salmonella, scapie, sore mouth, spider syndrome, stomach worms, tapeworms, tetanus, toxoplasmosis, urinary calculi, uterine prolapse, vaginal prolapse vibriosis, white muscle disease etc are some of the infections and diseases that affects goats.

You can find out whether the goats are well or not by keeping vigilance over their routines. By observing faeces one can find some illness, signs might be like scouring, clumping together of manure, hard droppings etc. You can find out swellings by observing the legs as well as feet of the goat. If the goat is limping, walking abnormal, staggering, then it might be having tetanus.

Visual checking will be enough find the goats' inexplicable weight loss. Keep an eye on goats for abnormal discharges like that of mucus, blood, pus etc from eyes, vulva, mouth, ears or from other parts of the body. Look for those goats having certain problems regarding keeping up speed relative to the herd or keeping themselves away from the herds.

Look for goats that are not having food at regular feeding time or having body postures as abnormal. Check for swelling signs underneath goats chin, as it might be the indication of internal parasites or goitre in the throat. The rough as well as dull coats of the goats indicate presence of some deficiencies or diseases. Keep in mind the fact that goats do not separate themselves from the herd unless it is having illness or playing.

Without worming for long goats might come across low productiveness, reduction in milk production, poor growth, anaemia, greater susceptibility towards diseases etc. Goat wormers are there for de-worming process. Both chemical as well as herbal goat wormers are available there in the market. While giving wormers, it is important that you provide adequate water to the goat.

In goats, the digestive fermentation process in rumen produces a by-product of gas, continuously expelled as belches. When those gases trap inside the rumen, bloat occurs. It is an extremely dangerous condition, indeed life-threatening one. Symptoms seen in bloated goat are mainly the pain shown by the goat, depression, grinding the teeth, striking out using legs etc. The advanced state makes bloated goat to get down with respiratory failure and other complication.

In the case of bloat, there will be bulging of left flank of the goat. Remove the feed given to the goat, as sometimes feed might be the cause. Its better not to give water to the bloated goat that ingested grain in large quantities. Give water after twelve hours. Take the assistance of veterinarians to cure the condition of the goat.

Cure Emetophobia

Emetophobia is an irrational fear of vomit or seeing someone else vomit. The Greek word for emetophobia is emesis which means an instance or act of vomiting. Emetophobia is not limited to age and can effect men women and children. People who suffer from emetophobia find it difficulty leading a normal life. People may avoid carrier moves such as child care, teaching, doctor, or chef and more, in fact any carrier which they may see some one being sick. Women avoid getting pregnant due to the fear of morning sickness. It is considered to be one of the most common phobias in the world.

An Emetophobic person may also have a fear of hearing some one else vomit or seeing vomit, often avoiding social situation such as going for meals or drinking alcohol, or visiting hospital or doctors in the fear of seeing some one else being sick. They may also find them selves being over cautious when preparing food checking that food smells OK washing food over again to make sure they can’t catch anything that makes them sick.

The good news is that emetophobia can be successfully treated. The best way to find a successful treatment for emetophobia is to go on the internet and search for. Emetophobia treatment, cure emetophobia, emetophobia help. For the best success ask the therapist how many people have they cured of emetophobia, do they specialise in this kind if symptom, what experience do they have and how long they have been in practice etc.

Also the best tip is to not read any books on emetophobia or go on any support groups as this will only make matters worse as you will only be re-enforcing your problem. Emetophobia is not in the true sense of the word the real problem; the real problem is the fear of losing control. Emetophobia can really be classed as a social anxiety disorder. People who suffer from social anxiety disorder have a fear of losing control in social situation being judged by others being stuck on the spot so to speak. Emetophobia is really an outward expression of an internal anxiety projecting its self into the world.

Remember you are not on your own as emetophobia is one of the biggest phobias that people consult a therapist for. Please don’t suffer in silence as there is plenty of help out there and follow the tips I have given. I’m confident if you follow these tips you will over come your emetophobia completely.

How Alternative Medicine Can Help With Sphincter of Oddi Dysfunction

The Sphincter of Oddi, named after Ruggero Oddi, an Italian anatomist who described this structure in 1887, is the muscle valve that regulates the flow of bile and pancreatic juice into the duodenum (beginning of the small intestine). Regulation of the Sphincter of Oddi is accomplished through the nervous system and the blood by special messengers- digestive hormones.

If there is no food in the intestine, the Sphincter of Oddi valve remains closed. Bile is retained in the gallbladder and pancreatic juice is retained in the pancreas. Spasms or blockage of this valve may cause bile and pancreatic juice to back up.

If a tiny amount of bile gets into the pancreatic duct, serious trouble can ensue. Bile can activate digestive enzymes inside the pancreas and these enzymes start to digest their own pancreatic cells, causing pain, congestion, inflammation and even the death of pancreatic tissue. This is referred to as pancreatitis.

The blockages of the Sphincter of Oddi by tumors, large gallbladder stones, or scars after inflammation, certainly need surgery. The number of individuals with these problems is relatively small, but millions of Americans suffer from occasional transient spasms of the Sphincter of Oddi with pain, nausea and bloating. In most situations, their tests are normal and these individuals get labeled with acid reflux disease, Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS), stomach flu, food poisoning or other diseases.

Many of those ppersons have type III Sphincter of Oddi Dysfunction (SOD). According to statistic information, the prevalence of Sphincter of Oddi Dysfunction in the general population is 1.5%. It can mean that 4.5 million people in the US suffer from SOD.

A lack of proper treatment of Sphincter of Oddi Dysfunction can later cause serious complications like pancreatitis and gallbladder inflammation.

Sphincter of Oddi Dysfunction can affect children, women after age 40, overweight individuals and people after abdominal surgeries. For example, statistics show that almost 20% of individuals with pain after gallbladder removal have the Sphincter of Oddi Dysfunction.

Why does the Sphincter of Oddi become spasmodic? The answer depends on many reasons if we put into account the very complicated regulation of this sphincter by the nervous system and special blood messengers – digestive hormones. Here are some examples of what can make the Sphincter of Oddi spasm:

• Stress, depression and anxiety

• Poor eating habits such as “eating on the go”, eating while watching television, irregular diets, dieting, fasting and wrong combinations of foods such as mixing fatty foods with starches and sugars

• Drugs, some medication, alcohol and nicotine

• Harsh, intensive and repetitive “liver cleansing”

• Hormonal imbalance such as lower thyroid function or menopause

• “Aggressive” acidic bile with sand, sludge, gallbladder stones and more

Usually we can see combinations of these factors in predisposed individuals with overweight issues, sedentary lifestyles and stress for long periods of time.

The Standard American Diet, which is full of processed and acidic foods (meat, sugars, alcohol, animal fats, white flour, etc.) causes acidity in the whole body. The Standard American Diet leads to acidic conditions in the bile and pancreatic juice as well. The bile becomes acidic and the amount of bile acids in the bile increases as well. Bile acids are very aggressive substances; they irritate the wall of the Sphincter of Oddi causing muscle contractions – spasms.

3-4 liters of mixed pancreatic juice and bile travel through the Sphincter of Oddi daily. Acidification of these fluids makes them very “aggressive,” corroding and irritating for surrounding tissues, particularly the Sphincter of Oddi. Putting into account that bile is a vehicle for removing toxic chemicals such as bile pigments, heavy metals, drugs, medications and poisons from the body, and that bile ducts and the gallbladder often harbor parasites, there is no question that the Sphincter of Oddi is an easy target for irritation. Additionally, alcohol, unhealthy foods, irregular eating and improper food combinations cause chaos in the normal functioning of the Sphincter of Oddi as well.

The most common and prominent symptom of Sphincter of Oddi Dysfunction is upper abdominal pain. This is often experienced as a sharp pain in the middle of the abdomen right below the rib cage. Pain can be severe in nature, bring people to the hospital and require pain medication. But in many cases, pain may be mild and usually does not need painkillers. Symptoms of Sphincter of Oddi Dysfunction are divided as biliary pain and pancreatic pain.

Symptoms of Sphincter of Oddi Dysfunction Biliary Abdominal Pain include:

• Biliary pain felt in the middle or right part of the upper abdomen

• Pain radiating on the back at the lower tip of the scapula or right shoulder

• Pain accompanied often by bloating, nausea and vomiting

• Pain precipitated by fatty food or alcohol intake

• Pain varying in intensity and lasting anywhere from 15 minutes to 4-5 hours

Symptoms of Sphincter of Oddi Dysfunction Pancreatic Abdominal Pain include:

• Pain located in the upper abdomen on the left or right side

• Pain radiating directly through the abdomen to the back

• Pain accompanied often by bloating, nausea, and vomiting

• Pain precipitated by incorrect food combinations of protein/fat/starch/sugar food or consumption of alcohol

Non-drug holistic approaches may be helpful. Holistic remedies for healing of the Sphincter Oddi Dysfunction Type III are widely used in many countries throughout the world.

The healing program of the Sphincter Oddi Dysfunction type III may include some actions:

• Healing Customized Diet

• Drinking healing mineral water prepared from genuine Karlovy Vary spring salt

• European Whole Body Cleansing through the Restoration of Friendly Intestinal Flora and Colon Hydrotherapy

• Anti-Candida Program

• Acupuncture

• Herbal Medicine

• Nutritional Supplementation

• Chiropractic Manipulations

• Visceral Massage

• Relaxation, Meditation, Hypnosis, Custom Hypnosis CDs

Healing courses of alternative and holistic medicine can be used separately or as complementary approaches to traditional medicine.

The information on this article is presented for educational, informational purposes only. It is not intended as a substitute for the diagnosis, treatment and advice of a qualified licensed medical professional.

Natural Cures For Mouth Ulcers

Mouth ulcers are open sores that appear on the inside of the lips, cheeks, or other parts of the mouth. They may result from trauma caused by excessively vigorous tooth brushing, chewing on foods with hard edges (nuts, pretzels, etc.), eating hot foods, wearing ill fitting dentures, or lip biting. They can also be triggered by allergies to certain foods and food preservatives. According to recent research, some mouth ulcers may be caused by a component present in commercial tooth paste, which is called sodium lauryl sulfite (SLS). It is believed that SLS, which is used as tooth paste cleaner ingredient, may dry out the lining of the mouth and gums, thus makes it easier for highly acidic foods to attack them and promote tissue erosion. Mouth ulcers generally last for anywhere between 10 and 14 days.

To reduce the feeling of pain and discomfort when the ulcers are already there, try to stay away from hot, spicy, or acidic foods. Avoid anything that can irritate the inside lining of your mouth even further.

To get rid of mouth ulcers caused by SLS, switch to natural toothpaste that does not contain this substance. You could also make your own very simple tooth paste by mixing equal parts of baking soda and hydrogen peroxide. Add tea tree oil to the mixture for its flavor and antiseptic qualities.

To treat fungal infections in your mouth rub your tongue with a slice of ginger root, or just chew on a piece of ginger. Myrrh can be used to fight infections too. Add tincture of myrrh to a cup of water and use it as a rinse daily.

To cut back on the stinging sensation apply vitamin E oil directly to the ulcers.

To fight infection caused by mouth ulcers it is beneficial to use a mouth rinse of 20 drops of grapefruit seed extract in a cup of water. Another good method is to apply colloidal silver. You can also try to rub a little aloe vera juice directly into the affected area. Tea tree oil has excellent antibacterial qualities too.

It is reported that coconut oil can be effectively used to treat mouth ulcers. Apply a little bit of coconut oil directly on the ulcer located inside the mouth and let the oil coat the affected area. Keep it there for several minutes. Several applications of coconut oil will help alleviate the pain and speed up the healing process.

Another coconut product, coconut milk, is said to help when used with honey to massage the inside of the mouth.

Rinsing your mouth with either some turmeric mixed in water, or licorice root tea will also accelerate the healing process.

Health Benefits of Amalaki – Liquid Multi Vitamins and Minerals

With a lot of debate going on about the nutritional and health benefits of different fruits, common man is confused as to what to use and what not to. The golden rule however says that fruits in general all are helpful. Their plenty of vitamin and mineral content help us rejuvenate our bodies and maintain stress free attitude. However, certain fruits have gained the value of medicines in our medical community. More than medicines these fruits are termed as power-fruits that help us conquer life’s odds pretty easily. Some of such fruits are amalaki, acai, rhodiola, goji, pomegranate etc.

Out of these fruits, here we are going to see benefits of amalaki. The meaning of amalaki in Sanskrit language is “sustainer”. The name itself therefore suggests its utility value. It is one of the richest sources of vitamin C that is 20 times more than what is found in orange. Also it is rich source of bioflavonoids, flavones, carotenoids, and polyphenols. No wonder many pharmaceutical companies use this fruit as one of the strongest ingredients of health supplements.

Let’s see some of the important health benefits amalaki offers:

1) Amalaki is one of the richest sources of powerful anti-oxidants. These anti-oxidants play a crucial role in the body to drive away free radicals and restore health.

2) Cardiovascular health: These anti-oxidants are powerful tools to detoxify the body and with the destruction of free radicals, they help in reducing arterial plaque formation. This in turn enhances good circulation and cadiac pumping is improved. Thus heart attacks, strokes, and related illnesses like hypertensions are prevented.

3) Gastro-intestinal tract: Due to its innate abilities, amalaki is thought to prevent constipation and hyperacidity. Obviously one can cope up with increased acid production and esophagitis and acid reflux. The fruit is also thought to impact relief to people with mild to moderate hemorrhoids and colitis. Its clearing effect on gastrointestinal tract is very helpful for people on weight-reduction regimens.

4) In Indian subcontinent, the fruit is used since thousands of years as an augmenter of vitality and youth. Its effects on mind as an energizer and mood elevator have been lauded in Indian literature.

5) In traditional medicine, amalaki is lauded for its utility in pyrexia, cough, asthma, heart problems, etc.

6) Due to its detoxifying effects relevant to high anti-oxidants content, it is thought of as one of the best blood purifiers in traditional medicine.

7) Its anti-viral and anti-bacterial properties have been utilized in infectious diseases. It has shown some promising results for prevention of many infectious and non-infectious ailments.

8) Its cholesterol lowering properties are well known and people who take regular amalaki supplements are protected from cardiac maladies for the same reason.

9) Due to its high vitamin C content, it augments the clotting mechanism of blood when required.

10) Even due to its rich anti-oxidants, amalaki is thought to prevent cancers of all origins.

Well, no doubt the fruit Amalaki is a “rejuvenator” and whole body is benefited positively with its usage. Why not select a health supplement that contains natural form of amalaki and other power-fruit extracts so that we get benefits from all in one formula?

Can Bee Propolis Help in H Pylori Treatment?

A number of natural products have been shown to have activity against H pylori bacteria. One such product is bee propolis. Researchers have demonstrated that bee propolis has some antibacterial effects and a small handful of scientific papers have examined whether bee propolis can be used to treat H pylori either alongside or in place of conventional triple therapy.

In one study, Platsko and colleagues demonstrated that when 30-40mg of bee propolis was taken three times daily alongside standard triple therapy, H pylori eradication rates and ulcer healing improved compared to patients who used standard triple therapy alone. This particular study can be found in the 2002 edition of the medical journal Helicobacter).

In another scientific paper, Boyanova et al investigated the effect of 30% ethanolic extract of bee propolis against ninety-four different strains of Helicobacter pylori. The scientists found that propolis showed strong antibacterial activity against H pylori in a dose-dependent fashion. In other words, the more propolis used, the stronger the effect). This study can be found in the 2003 edition of the medical journal Helicobacter.

The problem with the second study from 2003 is that the research was conducted in vitro, which basically means “outside the body”. So what’s the problem?

Well, a test tube or petri dish containing a growth medium for H pylori in the lab is completely different from the environment in your stomach and intestine where H pylori lives. As such it is impossible to conclude that propolis can kill H pylori in the body in the same way as it does in the lab.

Nevertheless, propolis clearly does offer some promise in the treatment of H pylori.

The many practitioners around the world to whom we have spoken tend to choose other products to combat H pylori infection. These include concentrated garlic capsules, potent forms of mastic gum, berberine, oil of oregano, DGL and zinc-l-carnosine, lactoferrin and probiotics.

In addition to the use of these nutritional and herbal products, we recommend several key diet changes that can really help reduce stomach and intestinal symptoms even before H pylori is eradicated. Time and time again, our clients’ symptoms improve dramatically with these diet changes alone.

The reason these improvements occur is rather counter-intuitive. Some people have H pylori, but the H pylori itself is not causing any of their symptoms. Instead, common foods that cause immune responses in the gut are responsible for their symptoms. These include cow’s milk, soy, gluten and sugar.

Of course, the problem is that once H pylori has been diagnosed, it is assumed that the bacteria must be causing the symptoms, when in fact all that is needed for resolution of symptoms is plain old dietary changes. These diet changes also improve the eradication success of treatment regimens, whether those regimens are pharmaceutical antibiotics or herbs.

H Pylori – H Pylori Infection May Be An Unrecognised Cause Of Raynaud’s Phenomenon

H pylori infection has been implicated in many “inflammatory” diseases, including those of the skin. In other articles on this website I have highlighted associations between H pylori and psoriasis, chronic ITP, dermatitis and several other skin disorders.

Recent research – albeit limited in quantity – has suggested a possible role for H pylori in many of these disorders, including Raynaud’s phenomenon.

In Raynaud’s phenomenon, the hands and feet can become discoloured due to problems with blood circulation. The blood vessels become constricted, which shuts down blood flow to the extremities, thereby causing the discolouration.

Periods of stress and cold weather are often triggers for ‘attacks’ of Raynaud’s phenomenon and it is believed that these attacks are the result of increase stimulation of the sympathetic branch of the autonomic nervous system (ANS).

The sympathetic branch of the ANS is the branch that is activated to help the body deal with stress. I could present a weekend seminar on ‘stress’, so I’ll keep discussion here short.

Whilst most people think of “stress” as the kids, the mortgage, the traffic jam, being late for the meeting’ and all the other day to day stressors that we’re inevitably confronted with from time-to-time, it really is much more than that.

For the purpose of this article, it is very important that “stress” can be caused by inflammation. In fact, the body’s primary stress response, where the sympathetic nervous system becomes hyperactive, may be caused by inflammation alone.

In other words, you could be a zen Buddhist monk and have no stress in your life, but if you have a chronic infection such as H pylori, your body’s stress response will be switched on to deal with the inflammation caused by the Helicobacter pylori bacteria.

H pylori is known to cause gastritis and duodenitis. The “itis” at the end of these words simply means “inflamed”. Gastritis is inflammation of the stomach and duodenitis is inflammation of the duodenum (first part of the small intestine).

Researchers have also proposed that the increased levels of inflammatory cytokines and acute phase reactants such as C-Reactive Protein (CRP) and fibrinogen that can result from H pylori infection may also play a role in the development Raynaud’s.

Here is how H pylori could cause Raynaud’s Phenomenon:

H pylori sites in the stomach and intestine causing inflammation; the inflammation causes activation of the body’s stress response; the sympathetic nervous system is also activated an its “on” switch gets stuck, meaning that it is switched on too much. The activation of the sympathetic nervous system leads to Raynaud’s.

Is there any research to support this?

Well, in a study of patients with primary Raynaud’s phenomenon, H pylori eradication was associated with complete remission of Raynaud’s phenomenon in 17% of treated patients and reduced symptoms in a further 72% of patients. In other words, 99% of the Raynaud’s patients experienced improvements when H pylori was eradicated.

Interestingly, in those subjects where H pylori eradication failed, symptoms did not improve at all, a finding that added further strength to the notion that H pylori plays a role in the condition.

Several studies have been conducted to see whether H pylori infection is more common in people who have Raynaud’s phenomenon than in people without the condition but the results have been inconclusive.

Interestingly, it has been shown that patients suffering with conditions similar to Raynaud’s, such as Progressive Systemic Sclerosis (PSS), are often infected with a specific strain of H pylori that is known to be particularly virulent.

This strain, which is known as ‘CagA’, is associated with several diseases outside the digestive system, including insulin resistance and heart disease.

It is quite possible that Raynaud’s is the result of infection with a particular strain of H pylori and not all H pylori sub-types.

Other Possible Causes of Raynaud’s Phenomenon:

If you have read any of the other articles on skin disease on this website, you may be bored of reading this next short section, but it’s essential information!

If Raynaud’s, like many of the other inflammatory and autoimmune conditions that affect people, are the result of a chronic stress or inflammatory response, then anything that causes inflammation may trigger progression of the condition.

H pylori is the tip of the iceberg when it comes to digestive infections. In our practice we see more than twenty different digestive invaders in our clients every month.

These include bacteria such as Clostridium difficile, Campylobacter, E coli, Salmonella, Klebsiella, Yersinia and others. Many of these bacteria have already been linked to conditions outside the gut, including arthritis and thyroid disease.

We also see lots of parasites, including protozoans and worms. It is quite possible that stress, immune responses and inflammation from the likes of Giardia, Blastocystis, hookworm and Strongyloides may lead to inflammatory overspill elsewhere in the body.

Then we have foods that cause inflammation such as gluten, cow’s milk, processed foods containing lots of man-made additives and genetically modified crops. All of these have the potential to cause inflammation.

Finally, there are around 80,000 man-made chemicals in our environment these days, 200 of which can be found in the average umbilical cord when a baby is born. The toxic status of human beings is now completely out of control and it underpins many inflammatory illnesses.

As you can see, determining a single cause of any inflammatory condition, whether it’s Raynaud’s phenomenon, rosacea, urticarial, arthritis, lupus or colitis requires diligence and an acceptance that there may be multiple causes.