Liver Damage Symptoms and Liver Function Tests

The Liver

The liver is a very tolerant organ and there is little evidence to suggest that it has an aging problem such that, without disease, it can function properly into old age. However because most liver disease does not show symptoms and, when it does, the symptoms are often vague, many people with varying degrees of liver damage remain unaware of their liver problems.

There are over one hundred types of liver disease and collectively they affect some two million people in the UK. (Of course, this figure may be much higher as many cases of disease remain undiagnosed.) The liver, being so resourceful, is often able to work well enough even when it may be damaged. This means that you may not needarily display obvious symptoms, or signs of liver disease or illness.

What the liver does

The liver is located on the right hand side of your body just below the rib cage. It is the largest gland, and the largest solid organ in the body, weighing some 1.8 kg in men and 1.3 kg in women. It holds approximately approximately 13% (about one pint or 0.57 liters) of your total blood supply.

The liver is dark reddish-brown in color and is divided into two main lobes. About 60% of the liver is made up of liver cells called hepatocytes which absorb nutrients and detoxify and remove harmful substances from the blood. The liver is a hard working organ and carries out 1000s of functions per day, including:

  • Cleansing the blood
  • Help regulate blood sugar
  • Metabolising fats
  • Synthesizing Vitamin A
  • Breaking down toxic substances.
  • Storing iron for the body

The Liver and Alcohol

Most people think that alcohol is fairly harmless and something to be enjoyed. Other than a few ill effects the next day, and possibly putting on a bit of weight, alcohol may not seem to have any long lasting effects, but it can.
Alcohol is the major cause of death in the UK and recent research suggests that drinking even slightly more than the recommended amount can cause significant liver damage.

Types of Liver Disease

Drinking too much alcohol can lead to three types of liver conditions – fatty liver, hepatitis, and cirrhosis. Any, or all, of these conditions can occur at the same time in the same person.

A build-up of fat occurs within liver cells in most people who regularly drink heavily. In itself, fatty liver is not usually serious and does not cause symptoms. Fatty liver will usually reverse if you stop drinking heavily.

Hepatitis inflammation inflammation of the liver. The inflammation can range from mild to severe.

Mild hepatitis may not cause any symptoms. The only indication of inflammation may be an abnormal level of liver enzymes in the blood which can be detected by a blood test.

A more severe hepatitis tends to cause symptoms such as feeling sick, jaundice (yellowing of the skin caused by a high level of bilirubin – a chemical normally metabolized in the liver), generally feeling unwell, and sometimes pain over the liver.

A very severe bout of alcoholic hepatitis can quickly lead to liver failure.

Cirrhosis is a condition where normal liver tissue is replaced by scar tissue (fibrosis). The scarring tend to be a gradual process. The scar tissue affects the normal structure and re-growth of liver cells. Liver cells became damaged and die as scar tissue gradually develops. So, the liver gradually loses its ability to function well. The scar tissue can also affect the blood flow through the liver which can cause 'back pressure' in the blood vessels which brings blood to the liver.

Liver Function Tests

A liver function test tests for damage to liver cells by testing for two enzymes, ALT and AST. Normally these enzymes are largely present inside liver cells. However, damage to the liver can cause more ALT and AST to leak into the blood. Therefore, raised levels of these enzymes can be an important indicator of liver damage.

A liver function test is also suitable for anyone that is concerned about their alcohol consumption, overweight, or on long term medication.

The test is an easy to use, finger prick blood test which is confidential too as it can be taken in the comfort of your home.

By using a mail order postal service there is no need to visit a specialist or laboratory.

Reputable suppliers of liver function tests offer clinically validated liver enzyme tests with laboratory test results.

Kidney Stone Herbal Advice – Herbs That Help Pass Kidney Stones

If you are looking for kidney stone herbal advice; you have come to the right place. Herbs can help pass kidney stones naturally by helping your body flush them. In this article, you will learn 5 herbs that have been gaining popularity due to recent shift to herbal remedies and natural health.

Although plenty of water and getting exercise daily will also help, herbal therapy could have the missing piece to your cure. And because kidney stones is quite possibly the simplest disease to cure naturally, what are you waiting for?

Why Herbs Help Stones Pass

You probably know that the stones in your kidneys are caused by dehydration. Dehydration is your body not getting enough water to flush all the 'junk' in your body. Specifically, calcium deposits are left in your kidneys which form into calcium stones which can cause a lot of pain.

Fortunately, these stones are very easily passed. In fact, about 9 out of 10 stones are passed with just 'drinking plenty of water'. But what about the other stones?

Truth be told, stones that are bigger than 6 mm will need a little more help than drinking a lot of water. That is why many researchers are telling sufferers to try herbal remedies. Here is some of the most common kidney stone herbal advice.

Herbs that help Pass Kidney Stones

Juniper is always a great herb to try first because it can heal and restore the kidneys. Some people say that just chewing on the juniper berries will stop the pain associated with this disease in minutes. You can find juniper in any good natural health food store.

Supplementing parsley can also be extremely beneficial because it is rich in chlorophyll. One study has shown that chlorophyll-rich vegetables are one of the best things you can supplement if you suffer from this disease. This could be due to the abundance of fiber content in this plant. You can find fresh parsley at your local grocery store.

Hydrangea is a flowering bush and is also a popular natural remedy. This is a common herb that is known to prevent and flush gravel deposits. It helps treat the pain when the calcium deposits pass through the ureters from the kidneys to the bladder.

If you suffer from uric acid stones you may want to try gravel root. Gravel root is a tall, wild flower commonly called 'Queen of the Meadow'. It is mostly used for renal or urinary calculi (stones) caused by too much uric acid.

Lastly, ginger may also be a herb you wish to try because it is so effective as a cleansing agent to the bowels and kidneys. You can even get this herb in ginger form.

What Does an Automotive Service Manager Do?

The automated service manager is the person that is responsible for the supervision of the service department for an auto dealer. They act as go-between for the customer, mechanic, and an auto dealer. The major part of their duties includes customer satisfaction and customer relations. They are absolutely the individual who is responsible for productivity and profitability of the service department. Part of this responsibility includes sales, and keeping all customer service records.

This individual is also in charge of supervising all elements of safety as they refer to maintenance of customers' autos. As part of their duty they supervise the complete mechanical process, assuring only the highest level quality service is provided. They are responsible for the inspection of every vehicle that has been repaired or worked on within the service department and are also responsible for selecting an individual who oversees this in their absence.

The automated service manager must be an individual who is able to focus on several different things at the same time. This includes the supervision of all personnel, the service department, and hiring and supervising. They also must keep track of all service data files that documents any pertinent information retained to employees, including reviews and offerings.

The service manager ensures the dealer at the service department obtains the goals of the dealership as they refer to the budget. In many cases, they may be expected to create and monitor a marketing plan that involves the creation of current and recurring business. For many automotive dealers service, customers typically consist of individuals who have purchased cars in the dealer. You may also be required to generate this information from outside the current clientele.

New vehicles repairs are typically covered by warranties. It is the responsibility of the service department manager to understand the intricacies of all warranties and to inform the staff of this information. Service managers must also beware of any information obtained relative to recalls.

Typical service managers have a background in automated repair and will most likely have worked for the dealer he is now employed by. Some dealership hire from outside of their service staff if it does not create a conflict between employees. No matter where they have gotten their training, it is necessary that this individual has years of experience as a mechanic. Usually it is desired that this experience is on the brand of cars the dealer carries.

This position is typically a well-paid position and, in many cases, includes a respectable benefits package. In many instances this individual will receive a demo car and full medical and dental benefits. Being promoted for this position can be lucrative and rewarding for an experienced mechanic.

Understanding the Peptic Ulcer Disease

PUD, or Peptic Ulcer Disease, afflicts millions of Americans each year. There are many places that PUD can be located. These regions are: the duodenum, Meckle's Diverticulum, the esophagus and the stomach. The pain and misery from an ulcer can greatly affect a person's quality of life.

But there is a lot of misinformation floating around about what the different types of ulcers are called and what the most common cause of an ulcer actually is. You have to know the difference in order to understand the treatment and how to live with your condition. You need the facts rather than be steered towards old wives tales or fictional information.

PUD of the stomach is called a gastric ulcer. One in the throat is an esophageal ulcer. If the PUD is located in the duodenum, then it is a duodenal one. A PUD in the Meckle's Diverticulum, which is a small enlarged bulge in the small intestine and is present at birth, is basically an intestinal ulcer.

You can find ulcers all over the body. Some people with diabetes will develop a leg one sometime during their life. Very few ulcers are a stomach one, but those that are malignant tumors in 4% of cases, must be diagnosed with a biopsy.

There are different methods in which Peptic Ulcer Disease is treated. If the mucous on the surface of the inner lining of the gastrointestinal tract has not formed a full sore, then you may be able to help it heal by the use of antacids. If it has and there is H pylori infection present, then you will need an antibiotic to clear the infection.

The doctor will also prescribe medicines to help heal the ulcer and reduce the stomach acid. There will be food items that you will need to avoid for awhile. Spicy food in particular can cause stomach acids to rise.

You may never get rid of your Peptic ulcer, but at least you can have a semi-normal life and get out and live some. If you take your medications and go in for regular checks, then hopefully your ulcer will heal.

One final note: stress can exacerbate an ulcer too. You may want to consider finding some stress relief methods such as meditation or aromatherapy to help you learn to relax. A therapist may be able to talk with you about your stress and find reasonable ways to help lower your stress level or at least make it manageable.

Natural Health for Dogs – The Effect of Herbs for Dogs

Mainstream approach uses medicine-synthesized compounds. There is a grassroots movement pushing for botanical therapy. Herbs for dogs are gaining popularity, however like all things use with caution. Herbs have a rejuvenation exit. Western medication suppresses the symptoms.

1. Herbs for dogs with anti-inflammatory characteristics act like a natural pain remedy.


Treats dogs with joint pain and arthritis.
inhibit a pro-inflammatory enzyme called 5-lipoxygenase
Stop cartilage degradation.
promote joint health
protect colon lining

abdominal discomfort
Some studies shows no significant drug herb interactions, some differs


suppress arthritis
gastrointestinal discomfort
strengthened the kidney and bladder

High doses can cause stomach pain
dogs with gall stone do not use
Before surgery do not use as inhibit platelet function

2. Herbs for dogs that deals with liver disease.

Milk Thistle

For chronic liver problem milk thistle repairs and detoxify liver
protect kidney damage from the effects of radiation and chemotherapy

Sometimes gastrointestinal discomfort

Korean Red Ginseng and Dashen

protect improve liver function regeneration
may help liver disorder although not proven

3. Herbs that treats anxiety.


Treat anxiety
Relaxes muscle tensions

Do not use with anaesthetics

4. Herbs for dogs that has anti-aging properties.

Panax ginseng

Mental alertness, resistance to stress
Physical performance
The above especially for senior dogs (geriatric)
Improve skin and muscle tone

5. Herbs with Immune stimulants.


Immune stimulant for upper-respiratory tract infection
reduction nasal secretion, colds, coughing, difficulties in breathing

Not sure whether causes harmful drug herb interactions
When using immunosuppressant to treat cancer, avoid using Echinacea as the former suppresses the immunity system and the latter enhance immunity function.
Take note about drug herb interactions. There are theories against using Echinacea with chemotherapy and for. Still a gray area

6. Herbs to treat cancer.

Chinese Homeostatic Herb-Yunan Payao

Hemangiosarcoma in dogs (cancer of blood vessels cells) used in treatment as YP reduce infection and boost immunity
to shorten bleeding and clotting time when used orally or topically
Used before operation can decrease the need and cost of blood products and minimize the physiological stresses to the patient
Inexpensive herb bought from health retailers

Not all natural herbs for dogs are safe. Right herbs for dogs, will benefit dog. Wrong herbs are deadly drugs. Make sure your vet is experienced with the prescribed herb and knows the output on using this prescribed herb.

Surgery for Acid Reflux – Permanent Relief for Heart Burn

Do you suffer from heartburn more often than you should? You might be having serious problems with your digestion. Heart burn is common among 85% of the population. It is said to normally result when you bend over or lift a heavy object. It can also occur after eating a heavy meal, when burping, or even when under stress and medication. However, it is considered serious when you experience heartburn twice or thrice a week. When this happens, you must consult a doctor ASAP.

Acid reflux can be managed in a lot of ways. Unfortunately, people experiencing heartburn ignore this symptom. Normally, when a person is stressed, he or she experiences hyperacidity, which can result in heartburn. It is the digestive system's way of telling you that the acid build-up in your stomach is too much for it to handle. There is actually a muscle between the esophagus and the stomach called the pyloric sphincter. This small piece of muscle is the one responsible for controlling the contents of the stomach. It follows the stomach contents to go back to the esophagus because the acid in the stomach is damaging. Consequently, when the pyloric sphincter fails in its function thebyy releasing acidic content from the stomach, it loses its strength. This frequent heartburn episode can result in GERD or Gastrointestinal Esophageal Reflux Disease. This is the condition when the pyloric sphincter fully loses control of the stomach contents. So, every now and then, you will experience acid reflux which gets worse over time. This is also the time when simple management of the condition is no longer applicable. The best solution, therefore, to control it is through surgery for acid reflux. This is the type of surgery you may need to help alleviate the pain caused by the return of acidic stomach content into your esophagus. There are actually different types of acid reflux surgery. The most common is Laparoscopic Anti Reflux surgery and Fundoplication. Either surgery is necessary when medications can no longer manage the reflux or when medication becomes the source of high acid production within the stomach.

Little may be known about the ways to prevent acid reflux, but it does not mean that people have to ignorant about the dangers of the condition. Through learning more about this disease you can help yourself and your loved ones to prevent its occurrence. It's never too late to share information with your loved ones, most especially when it concerns their health. surgery for acid reflux is just one solution. In fact, it is a radical solution which can also be delivered through less invasive ways.

Acid-Peptic Disease

Individuals with acid-peptic illness usually present with chronic, mild, gnawing or burning abdominal or chest pain producing from superior or deep erosion of the GI mucosa. Sudden complications include GI tract bleeding, producing in hematemesis or melena, and perforation and infection, producing in severe abdominal pain and signs of acute abdomen (absence of bowel sounds, guarding, rebound tenderness).

The latter presentation reflects the truth that in some instances acid-peptic disease can be painless in the early stages and could be detected only when it leads to an intra-abdominal catastrophe. Classicly, duodenal ulcer presents as gnawing or burning epigastric discomfort occurring 1-3 several hours right after meals, frequently waking the patient at night, with antacids or food producing relief. Neverheless, numerous patients later documented to have duodenal ulcer do not fit this symptom profile. Elderly individuals in specific frequently existing with a complication of duodenal ulcer but no history of pain. Numerous congratulations about of absolute or relative increased acid manufacturing or reduced mucosal defenses predispose to acid-peptic illness.

A particular infectious agent, the bacterium Helicobacter pylori, may be implicated in predisposition to numerous types of acid-peptic illness, such as duodenal ulcer, gastric ulcer, and gastritis. Corrosive agents (acid and pepsin) secreted through the abdomen perform a key role in gastric ulcer, duodenal ulcer, and acute erosive gastritis. Every of those diseases includes a distinct but overlapping pathogenesis with the typical themes of possibly excess secret secretion or diminished mucosal defense. Exactly why one but not an additional form of acid-peptic illness should produce in a given individual remains unclear.

H pylori virus can trigger acid-peptic disease by numerous mechanisms, such as direct alteration of signal transduction in mucosal and immune cells, which in turn can improve acid secretion and diminish mucosal defenses. H pylori is definitely an extremely common pathogen, found in more than half of the world's population; rates of virus are even greater in the poorest countries, where sanitation facilities and standards of individual hygiene are low.

Probably the most likely route of spread from individual to person is fecal-oral. As numerous as 90% of infected individuals display signs of infection (gastritis or duodenitis) on endoscopy, although numerous of these people are clinically asymptomatic. Despite this higher rate of association of irritation with H pylori virus, the important role of other elements is indicated by the fact that only about 15% of infected people ever develop a clinically substantive ulcer. These other elements (both genetic and environmental, for example cigarette smoking) should account for that individual variations and are pathophysiologically important.

Neverheless, the role of H pylori is of particular clinical importance because, of individuals who do produce acid-peptic illness, particularly among those with duodenal ulcers, the vast majority have H pylori infection. Furthermore, treatment that does not eradicate H pylori is associated with rapid recurrence of acid-peptic disease in most patients. You will find several strains of H pylori that differ in their production of toxins such as CagA and VacA that directly alter cellular signaling pathways. Variations in bacterial strains as well as organic variation in the balance of inflammatory mediators (eg, TH1 vs. TH2 vs. TH17 cytokines) triggered by infection may explain why H pylori virus is asymptomatic in most individuals, causing peptic ulcers in some, and increases chance for development of lymphoma and adenocarcinoma inside a few.

Gastric Ulcer:

Gastric ulcer is distinguished from erosive gastritis by the depth from the lesion, with gastric ulcers penetrating through the mucosa. The actual ulcer crater is frequently surrounded by an area of ​​intact but inflated mucosa, suggesting that gastritis is a predisposing lesion to development of gastric ulcer. Most gastric ulcers occur about the less curvature from the stomach. It's likely that gastric ulcer represents the outcome of numerous different abnormalities summarized following. Some gastric ulcers are believed to become associated to impaired mucosal defenses, because the acid and pepsin secretory capacity of some affected individuals is normal or even beneth regular.

Motility defects have been proposed to lead to development of gastric ulcer in a minimum of three methods. Very first, they contribute because of a tendency of duodenal contents to reflux back through an incompetent pyloric sphincter. Bile acids within the duodenal reflux substance act as an irritant and may be an essential contributor to a diminished mucosal barrier against acid and pepsin. Second, they may contribute as a result of delayed emptying of gastric contents, including reflux substance, into the duodenum. Third, they may contribute being a result of delayed gastric emptying and hence food retention, causing increased gastrin secretion and gastric acid production.

It is not recognized regardless of whether these motility defects are a trigger or a consequence of gastric ulcer formation. Mucosal ischemia may perform a role in the improvement of a gastric ulcer. Prostaglandins are known to improve mucosal blood flow as nicely as bicarbonate and mucus secretion and to stimulate mucosal cell repair and renewal. Thus, their deficiency, resulting from nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) ingestion or other insults, may predispose to gastritis and gastric ulcer, as may diminished bicarbonate or mucus secret resulting from otherrings about.

Subsets of gastric ulcer patients with each of those defects happened to be identified. Thus, the chance elements (NSAID ingestion, smoking, psychological stress, H pylori virus) that have been connected with gastric ulcer probably act by diminishing one or more mucosal defense mechanisms. Gastritis (inflammation from the gastric mucosa) being a result of aspirin along with other NSAIDs, bile salts, alcohol, or other insults may predispose to ulcer formation by (1) attenuating the barrier created by the epithelial cells or the mucus and bicarbonate that secret or (2) reducing the quantity of prostaglandins the epithelial cells produce that may other diminish acid secretion.

Acute Erosive Gastritis:

Acute erosive gastritis contains irritation resulting from superior mucosal injury, mucosal erosis, or shallow ulcers caused by a wide range of insults, most notably alcohol, drugs, and stress. Ethanol ingestion predisposes to gastritis but not to gastric ulcer. As opposed to gastric or duodenal ulcers, in erosive gastritis the submucosa and muscularis mucosa are not penetrated. Acid hypersecretion, gastric anoxia, altered organic defenses (especially diminished diminished mucus secretion), epithelial renewal, tissue mediators (eg, prostaglandins), reduced intramucosal pH, and intramucosal energy deficiencies occurred to be suggested as elements in the development of superficial gastric mucosal injury.

Long-term Atrophic Gastritis:

This heterogeneous group of syndromes is characterized by inflammatory cell infiltration with gastric mucosal atrophy and loss of glands. In long-term illness, unlike acute erosive gastritis, endoscopic abnormalities may not be grossly noticeable. The capacity to secret gastric acid is progressively reduced, and the serum levels of gastrin are elevated. Autoantibodies to parietal cells, intrinsic factor, and gastrin are typical findings. Long-term atrophic gastritis is associated with H pylori infection, improvement of pernicious anemia, gastric adenocarcinoma, and GI endocrine hyperplasia with carcinoid (neuroendocrine tumors from the GI tract).

Duodenal Ulcer:

Even a lot more generally than gastric ulcers, duodenal ulcers are sequelae of H pylori infection, caused by altered mucosal inflammatory responses and excessive secretion. Numerous other chance elements, such as diet, smoking, and excess alcohol consumption, may influence the development of duodenal ulcers, although specific associations (eg, in between coffee or spicy foods and the development of ulcers) have not been demonstrated.

Genetic factors also play a part; studies support the existence of the heritable component in duodenal ulcers distinct from that included in gastric ulcer. Likewise, psychological stress has been implicated in duodenal ulcer disease, possibly by an automatic-mediated influence on acid secretion. Interestingly, duodenal ulcers are associated with decreased risk for improvement of gastric adenocarcinoma, suggesting that duodenal ulceration indicates a distinct type of long-term H pylori infection.

These forms of acid-peptic illness characterized by exclusively superficial mucosal lesions (eg, acute erosive gastritis) can result in possibly acute or long-term GI tract bleeding, accompanied by a substantial drop in hematocrit and related complications (eg, precipitating angina in a affected individual with coronary artery illness). Patients with acute massive bleeding present with hematemesis (vomiting of blood), rectal bleeding, or melena (tarry stools from the impact of acid on blood) based on the web site of origin, the rate of transit of blood with the GI tract, and also the amount of hemorrhage.

Acute provisional hemorrhage (> 10% of blood volume over minutes to hours) is characterized by hypotension, tachycardia, and orthostatic blood pressure and heart rate changes on standing, often with dizziness. Addition to hemorrhage, issues of duodenal ulcer and gastric ulcer consist of life-threatening perforation and obstruction.

Flu (Influenza) Definition & Natural Remedies

Definition and description of Flu: Flu is referred to as Influenza in medical terminology. Flu is a highly contagious and acute respiratory tract infection that normally occurs in winter season. Generally, flu appears in form of epidemic. Although flu can affect people of all ages, children are affected more. Immuno-suppressed people, young children and people with chronic diseases experience the high severity of flu. Pneumonia (viral pneumonia or bacterial infection) is most common complication produced by flu. Other complications include chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, myositis, myocarditis, reye's syndrome, encephalitis and pericarditis.

Causes of Flu: Flu is resulated from various strains of influenza virus. These viruses can mutate into various forms. You can get infected with flu by inhaling respiratory droplet from a person infected with flu or through indirect contact like using contaminated glass.

Sings and Symptoms of Flu: The main symptoms of flu include weakness, muscle aches, fatigue, fever, headaches and sneezing. Runny nose may be observed in some cases. Usually, symptoms of flu are mild in nature and do not lead to any serious health complications. However if you experience one of the following condition you must consult your health care provider.

If you have fever (above 102 F) for more than three days

If heavy mucus is released after coughing

If you face breathing difficulty

If you have flu like symptoms for significantly longer duration

Prevention of Flu: You may get protected from flu though immunization. There are certain vaccinations available for prevention of flu. There are certain side effects like appearance of mild flu like symptoms, inflammation at the injection site etc attached to the influenza vaccine. People with weak resistance must avoid crowded places like shopping centers, markets, theaters etc, especially during sunset of flu epidemic.

Treatment of Flu: There are no specific treatments for flu. Generally known indications for their 'anti-flu' characteristic are prescribed. Bed rest and increase in fluid intake can help you in achieving relief from flu. Medications like ibuprofen or acetaminophen are used for relieving muscle pains and headaches. Apart from the medications certain alternative therapies like homeopathy and herbal medicines may provide significant results. Use of natural supplements like colloidal silver, colloidal gold etc may help in prevention of flu as these colloidal are known for their property of killing bacteria, viruses and other micro organisms responsible for infections.

Treatment For Edema

Edema is kind of disease when it occurs the body, particularly the legs, ankles and feet swell. The major reason for swelling is that too much water retention in the body's tissues. Pregnancy is another major reason for edema. Edema can be caused by sunburn, some medications, eating too many salt or other serious conditions such as heart failure, kidney or liver disease. The cause of your condition should be discussed with your doctor. Edema can be a symptom of a serious health condition, so always consult your doctor or naturopath before taking herbal remedies or trying to treat yourself at home. You can use some herbal remedies at home to reduce edema. These herbal remedies could alleviate the discomfort and pain caused by the edema.

The salt and fat are the main factors affecting the edema disease. You should reduce salt and fat in your diet by including more raw foods. The most important ingredient in herbal remedies is lots of water and fresh fruits and vegetables. Eating fresh raw fruits and vegetables can help your body to eliminate salt and toxins that are causing edema. Salt is often the culprit in edema, as it causes water retention in the body, so you should try to eliminate salts. One of the best ways to reduce your symptoms is to eat some fresh foods. It's very important for you to reduce the salt and fat.

You should take two cups of dandelion tea daily. It's a natural diuretic which can help to reduce the swapping of edema. Dandelion leaves are high in vitamins A, C, D and B as well as zinc, iron, magnesium, manganese, potassium, choline, calcium, boron, copper and silicon. It's highly nutritious. You should boil 1 cup of water and remove from heat before adding 1 tsp. of fresh dandelion. Allow the tea to steep for 5 minutes, and then strain the herbs and drink. You should drink the dandelion tea continuously, do not drink just in few days in a week.

It's very important for you to eat one fresh whole cucumber daily. Many herbal remedies include fresh cucumber, as it has many healing properties. Cucumber will help to eliminate toxins from the body, and reduce water retention caused by edema. You should make an herbal poultice from comfrey and coltsfoot that you can apply directly to the affected area. Boil four cups of water and remove from heat. Add two teaspoons of comfrey and two teaspoons of coltsfoot and allow it to steep for five minutes. Strain the herbs, soak a towel in the water and apply to the affected area for 20 minutes three times a day. Only in this way you can treat your edema. It's a good way to save money. You could heal your edema without huge amount of money.

Depression & Anxiety – The Fibromyalgia Connection

As Fibromyalgia (FM) sufferers we are often made to feel like our pain is "all in your head", but research has consistently proved that Fibromyalgia is not a form of depression or hypochondria. IT IS REAL! However, there is a connection between FM and other chronic pain conditions to depression and anxiety. Treatment is important because both can make FM fear and interfere with symptom management.

There is some debate by medical and mental professionals about what causes what. The "What came first? The chicken or the egg" debate translates into "What came first? The chronic pain or the depression?" TRUE Fibromyalgia experts, researchers and others know that the chronic pain of FM & overlapping conditions leads to depression and anxiety.

Fibromyalgia is a common condition in which a person sufferers from chronic musculoskeletal pain. There are points called tender points, sometimes all over the body, and these tender and painful points are used as part of the diagnosis of FM. Individuals with FM may also be more susceptible to pain in general. Whenever the tender points are simply touched, they can send sharp pain impulses. Many Fibromyalgia sufferers experience pain all over and some experience pain only in specific regions. It can involve the muscles and the joints. Sometimes, there is so much pain that it is hard to pinpoint exactly where the pain originates. Fibromyalgia is often accompanied by other overlapping conditions such as chronic myofascial pain (CMP), chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS), irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), restless legs syndrome (RLS), migraine & tension headaches, interstitial cystitis (IC), mitral valve prolapse (MVP), cognitive dysfunction, depression, anxiety and more. The symptoms of Fibromyalgia, alone, are wide-ranging and debilitating. Do they really think that depression and anxiety is the reason for ALL of the above?

Depression is a mental illness characterized by feelings of profound sadness and lack of interest in enjoyable activities. It is a constant low mood that interferes with the ability to function and appreciate things in life. It may cause a wide range of symptoms, both physical and emotional. It can last for weeks, months, or years. People with depression rarely recover without treatment and if you have Fibromyalgia, you may have to fight it for the rest of your life.

Anxiety is a normal state of apprehension, tension, and uneasiness in response to a real or perceived threat. Although anxiety is considered a normal response to temporary periods of stress or uncertain situations, prolonged, intense, periods of anxiety may indicate an anxiety disorder. Other indicators of an anxiety disorder are anxiety that occurs without an external threat and anxiety that impairs daily functioning.

What can cause depression & anxiety? Stressful life events, chronic stress, low self-esteem, imbalances in brain chemicals and hormones, lack of control over circumstances (helplessness and helplessness), negative thought patterns and beliefs, chronic pain, chronic physical or mental illness, including thyroid disease & headaches can ALL cause both. Little or no social and familial support can be a major factor in depression for FM patients. Family history of depression & anxiety can also be a factor.

Lack of quality sleep is also believed to have an influence on depression. Since FM & Chronic Fatigue Syndrome patients tend to have insomnia and / or other sleep disorders, it stands to reason that poor sleep can lead to depression.

There is a wide variety of medications, vitamins, minerals, herbs and therapies that can help ease the impact of pain, anxiety and depression. With so many out there, you and your doctor may have to go through the process of trial and error to find what works best for you!

Exercise is not only good for FM, it is also highly beneficial for depression and anxiety. Recent studies suggest exercise can change your brain chemistry. Exercising can boost your level of serotonin, a brain chemical that is effects mood and pain perception. It can also stimulate the production of endorphins, natural painkillers that can give you an overall feeling of well-being.

Exercise is a great for stress, too. It relieves muscle tension and it gets the heart rate up. The combination makes us more relaxed and alert, which helps us deal with our problems in a calmer and more controlled way.

There are several other methods you can use to combat stress, including: meditation, deep breathing exercises, progressive muscle relaxation, mental imagery relaxation, relaxation to music, biofeedback, counseling – to help you recognize and release stress.

You can learn about this topic, medications, supplements, alternative therapies and more at my website AND I will be writing more articles – so check back here!

Prognosis and Treatment of Shock

If shock goes untreated, it is generally fatal. The mortality rate from cardiogenic shock after a myocardial infarction and from septic shock is 60% to 65%. Of course, the actual prognosis depends on the cause of shock, any comorbidities, and the time between sunset and definitive treatment all contribute to whether or not a patient will survive (Weil, 2007).

Reinstituting adequate perfusion to the organs is the primary goal in treating shock. It is essential to maintain adequate oxygenation, blood pressure, and maintaining adequate cardiac function. Specific treatment depends on the cause. There is a delicious balance between maintaining the patient's blood pressure to be able to transport the patient to the hospital safely and trying to get the patient to the hospital within the "golden hour".

When a patient is in shock, the first priority is to maintain airway, breathing, and circulation as adequately as possible until the patient can be transferred to the hospital for more definitive treatment. First-order management that can be asserted by EMT personnel including holding pressure to open wounds that are bleeding, providing IV fluids, and giving the patient oxygen supplementation.

Keeping the patient warm is important and at this point, nothing is given by mouth (Weil, 2007). Patients with signs or symptoms of an acute MI or pulmonary edema are given smaller amounts of fluid to avoid venous congestion and pulmonary complications with fluid overload (Weil, 2007). More definitive care will be given once the patient is able to be monitored in the hospital (Wedro, 2007).

When the patient gets to the hospital, they will probably be monitored in the intensive care unit with ECG, blood pressure monitoring (usually through an arterial line), vital sign monitoring, pulse oximetry, urinary flow (via catheter), and mental status monitoring . Measurement of CVP and cardiac output may also be instituted.

Routine bloodwork such as a comprehensive metabolic panel, complete blood count, clotting factors, arterial blood gases, and lactate will also be likely initiated. Intramuscular medications are avoided due to the reduced perfusion to the musculature during shock. Most medications are administered IV if possible. After the initial corrective measures are taken to stabilize the patient, further diagnostics will be performed to evaluated the need for more advanced interventions like surgery. The type of diagnostics needed will depend on the circumstances surrounding the event.

Heart Attack – Manifestations and Treatment Options

Heart diseases are not uncommon, and so are heart attacks which a lot of people seem to be experiencing. Heart attacks are medically known as Myocardial Infarction, which is the stoppage of heart that suddenly takes place either by damage or death of a part of the heart muscles.

It is caused due to lack of blood flow that is rich in oxygen to the heart muscle and blockage because of blood clots in coronary arteries. There are a number of causes of heart attack that lead to its sunset.

Firstly, a diet that consist of high cholesterol is one of the leading causes of heart attacks among people. Such a diet which has high saturated fat and cholesterol may lead to other health risks too, like obesity and increased blood pressure.

Basically, high levels of cholesterol in food, blocks the arteries of the heart. It gets deposited in the treaties, blocking the flow of blood to the heart muscles. The narrowing down of arms leads to heart attack.

Secondly, smoking is one such hazardous behavior that may cause heart diseases and attacks. Contact with smoke wherever it is due to the direct smoking behavior of the individual or through passive smoking, results in atherosclerosis. The nicotine that is present in cigarettes is known as being responsible for increasing the blood pressure level, while carbon monoxide that is also present reduces oxygen content in the bloodstream.

People who are obese are also at a higher risk of having a heart attack, as being over weight means that the individual has high cholesterol levels and fats in the body. This may also increase the risk of having diabetes.

Moreover, people who have active lifestyles, lacking any form of exercise have a higher tender of heart attacks. Being inactive while consuming a diet that is unhealthy and high in cholesterol and fats is what leads to most people having heart diseases.

How Was The Treatment Of Tuberculosis Discovered?

Tuberculosis is known to exist even before the year 2000BC, and writings from Egypt and Babylon mention it. Even the in Greek literature there can be found information about phthisis and local doctors considered this disease to be very dangerous for citizens.

In the seventh century doctors began to study more about tuberculosis and exact facts about this disease began to appear in books. In 1679 Sylvius wrote about the tubercles that appear in the patient's lungs and about how they transform into abscesses and cavities. In 1702 Manget brought information about the military tuberculosis, describing its pathological features. In 1699 in Italy the authorities decided that the objects that wounded have remained after a person's death of tuberculosis were to be disinfected in order to keep the other citizens safe.

Benjamin Marten was the first to say in 1720 that the consumption was caused by "wonderfully minute living creatures" which attack the lungs. He also stated that these creatures would have submitted to any other healthy person who would have stayed to close to an infected person like sleeping with it or eating and drinking from the same plate and cup.

Scientists seem to have discovered many things about the transmission of the disease but that was only for prevention but not for the cure of the disease as there was no treatment available.

Only later sanatorium centers were invented for consumption people at the idea of ​​Hermann Brehmer who was ill of consumption too but cured himself by traveling in the Himalayan Mountains for a while. These sanatoriums cured people by exposing them to long sun and fresh air baths and a proper diet.

In 1865 a French doctor proved that the disease was caused by a specific microorganism which transmits from human to human and from human to animals.

In 1882 the mystery of the microorganism was solved by Robert Koch who invented a staining method for these bacteria. So the sanatoriums improved their social and sanitary conditions and kept the patients isolated from the healthy persons until they would have gotten better. An Italian doctor suggested the artificial pneumothorax to reduce the volume of the lungs and that was the beginning of the therapy era for tuberculosis.

In 1895 Wilhelm Konrad von Rontgen discovered the radiation and so the science men gained another battle against tuberculosis as they could possibly close the progress or regression of the disease.

The most important discovery was made by the French Calmette and Guerin who instituted the basis for the vaccine against tuberculosis by using a low virulence Tb bacteria vaccine. The last step needed in the therapy of tuberculosis was made in the middle of the Second World War when chemotherapy was invented.

3 Free Warlock Spells You Can Perform Now

Here are 3 free warlock spells you can perform right now, or with very little preparation. First we need to talk about a few things before we get to the free warlock spells. A warlock, though it has been given a negative meaning, is nothing more than a male witch. Secondly, before we get to the free warlock spells, we need to talk about what makes a spell powerful.

A spell, in and of itself, is not powerful. It is nothing more than things you do and say. The real power in anything is the person doing that thing. Just as the words I love you are more powerful when you actually mean it than it is when you just say it. You must take the time to practice. To learn and grow and develop as a warlock by living the life of a warlock and developing respect with the natural elements and the universal energies.

First Free Warlock Spells – Flying Spell:

This spell is a good step for learning how to levitate yourself and then move onto the ability to fly. Start on the ledge of something. Make sure the ledge is only about 2 or 3 feet tall as you don’t want to get hurt as you practice this spell.

As you stand on the ledge, clear your mind of everything. This spell requires extreme concentration. If you are thinking about getting hurt or fearful you will fail or thinking about anything other than what you are about to do, you will fail. Focus, focus, focus on the task at hand. Once you are clear and ready, just jump off the ledge.

As you jump off the ledge, attempt to put your entire being and mind into it and miss the ground and move up. Imagine yourself floating. Will yourself to float and fly. You must concentrate, concentrate, concentrate. I can’t tell you enough how a small seed of a thought other than floating will ruin the whole deal. This spell of all the wicca free spells included here takes extreme concentration.

Second Free Warlock Spells – Command Others

To have control over others, go to a solitary place where you will not be disturbed. Burn an incense blend of herbs that represent the energies of control and power. As you do so, recite the following incantation:

“By the power of heaven and earth

let others hearken to my words

by my will, other will listen and

hearken to my command through my will,

it shall it be done right now.”

Third Free Warlock Spells – Speed Up Time

This will allow you to speed up time and make time go faster. You will need a pen that has been blessed in order to perform this spell. You will also want to burn an incense blend of rose petals. Once you have a blessed pen, draw a pentacle on the palm of your left hand and say the following:

“Sands of time, show me thy way.

Turn nights into days.

Rose petals so light and grace,

Speed up time now in this place.”

Remember that it’s not the free warlock spells that make the magic work, it’s the person casting the spell. Take the time to study and learn and develop respect from the elements if you really wish to be a powerful warlock. It doesn’t just happen, and you can’t just wish it to be so.

Hemangiosarcoma – A (Usually) Silent and Deadly Canine Cancer

November is Pet Cancer Awareness Month. Among the most deadly of canine cancers is hemangiosarcoma, or cancer of the blood vessels. Hemangiosarcoma can either present as skin cancer, which can be successfully treated if caught early enough, or as cancer of the internal organs, particularly the spleen or the heart. The prognosis for splenic or cardiac hemangiosarcoma is extremely poor, even with aggressive treatment, as frequently the first sign of any problem is when the tumor ruptures and causes massive internal bleeding. An additional complication arises from the fact that since it is a blood vessel cancer, the cancer cells have usually spread to other areas of the body by the time of diagnosis. As a result, the median survival time for internal tumors post-diagnosis is measured in weeks or months, even with surgery and chemotherapy. Hemangiosarcoma can occur in any breed, but there is an identified pre-disposition in German Shepherd dogs, labrador retrievers and golden retrievers. Within my own circle of pet parent friends, in the past year we have lost a Siberian husky, an Australian shepherd, a golden retriever and my own miniature poodle, Tiny, to hemangiosarcoma.

What are the signs and symptoms to watch for? For skin-based tumors, any unusual growth on the skin should be evaluated by your veterinarian and biopsied if there is any suspicion of cancer. It is a good idea to check your pet’s skin frequently, particularly as he ages, for any abnormal lumps or bumps. Many are benign, but only your veterinarian and a pathologist can identify cancerous skin growths.

For internal organ cancer, the signs can be much more subtle, and sometimes non-existent. In the cardiac form of hemangiosarcoma, you might notice weakness, weight loss, loss of appetite, difficulty breathing or difficulty recovering from any kind of exertion. These can all be signs of simple aging, other heart or lung problems, or tumor growth. Again, a visit to your veterinarian is in order for possible x-rays, ultrasound, CT or other diagnostic scans to determine the cause of the problem. If not diagnosed, the heart tumor will eventually rupture and cause massive internal hemorrhage.

In the splenic form of hemangiosarcoma, unless the tumor is extremely large and can be felt on abdominal exam, the first warning sign might be total collapse when the tumor ruptures. In Tiny’s case, he exhibited greater than usual “old man weakness” one evening at home, and could not stand up. He was seventeen years old at the time, and had a bulging abdomen to begin with due to loss of muscle tone associated with aging. I quickly rushed him to the veterinary emergency clinic (he was never one to have his emergency situations during regular veterinary clinic hours), where the doctor quickly tapped his abdomen and withdrew bloody fluid. She talked with me about her suspicions that a splenic tumor had ruptured, and recommended an ultrasound to confirm her diagnosis. Ultrasound did show a very large spleen as well as some suspicious spots on the liver. We discussed the two options: surgery to remove the spleen and the suspect portions of his liver or euthanasia. Given his age and all of the potential complications, we made the difficult decision to say goodbye.

But, when they brought Tiny into the room for that final procedure, he had miraculously recovered from his collapse, was very excited to see us, and started asking us to play with him. The veterinarian suspected that the internal bleeding had stopped and that he had re-transfused himself. After more discussion of the other alternatives and based on the fact that he seemed to be telling us that he wasn’t ready to go just yet, we brought him home and scheduled a specialist visit early the next morning.

Tiny had a splenectomy and partial liver lobectomy, and came through the surgery with flying colors, especially given his age. We opted for a shortened and low-dose course of chemotherapy, and for the remainder of his life he took several mild medications such as doxycycline and Deramaxx to help keep the cancer at bay. He also received acupuncture and Chinese herbal formulations in addition to Western medicine. In spite of the six months or less that most hemangiosarcoma patients survive, Tiny lived another two and a half years until the cancer spread to his brain and his mouth. When he began to have difficulty eating and started having seizures, it was time to help him cross the “Rainbow Bridge.” His outcome and length of survival with good quality of life was unusually positive, but he was a fighter with a strong will to live.

Survival in hemangiosarcoma is largely a function of how early it is caught and whether it is a surface/skin lesion instead of an internal tumor. Treatment options may be limited, especially if a tumor ruptures, and diagnostics, surgery and chemotherapy can be expensive. You know your dog better than anyone else, and are in the best position to make informed decisions (with the help of your veterinarian) as to the best course of action if this deadly cancer strikes your dog.