Pilonidal Cyst Treatment For Faster Relief

Pilonidal cyst treatment is essential when there is an infection in the pilonidal cyst that appears in the end on the backbone, near the tailbone called the coccyx. It is seen to occur in human males mostly in the age between eighteen and twenty four. Initially it may appear less painful but in advanced stages it may get intolerable.

How does an infection occur?

As soon as the pilonidal cyst gets an infection it becomes an abscess. Regarding the cause of the abscess there are many opinions but most doctors are of the opinion that hair undergrowth inside the follicle is responsible for this infection. The hair along with debris of skin and tissues cause the abscess to be filled with pus. Often there is a channel between the follicle and the skin from where the pus may ooze in form of a secretion. Pilonidal cyst is a form of boil and antibiotics will not help it to get cured. The only pilonidal cyst treatment is creating an insertion on the boil and getting rid of the pus and unwanted material. The infection is very painful. All those infected feel terrible pain in the lower part of their backbone with gross discomfort in doing any kind of work. Apart from this there may be swelling and in more severe infection the patient may feel feverish.

Pilonidal cyst treatment- home remedies and clinical remedies

Regarding pilonidal cyst home remedies, I would like to inform that these are effective only in the initial stages but in case the infection gets very severe, it needs medical attention. Hot or cold compress may be one of the very useful pilonidal cyst home remedies. Sitting in a tub filled with hot water may provide temporary relief. Tea tree oil is a very potent antiseptic agent. It is used in many clinical infections. If a person cleans that part of the area with a mild solution of tea tree oil and water, he may get relief. The idea behind using this therapy is to remove the infection by the application of antiseptic. But home remedies are effective initially, if the infection as grown it cannot be done without proper consultation of a doctor. The doctor may ask for a physical examination. He will check the affected area and will decide when to get the insertion done. You must know that the cyst if infected cannot be cured with antibiotics. The pus and the hair that in growing under the skin has to be removed. The first kind of insertion is done on the boil and after removal of the pus the gap is filled with gauge. The gauge needs to be removed and the cavity has to be dressed till it gets healed. The next kind of insertion is called Marsupial and in this process the tissues in the cavity is made to form a pouch. The third kind is made such that after removing the pus and rotten tissues, the cavity is sewn together to seal the wound.

A pilonidal cyst treatment is not at all very complicated but often the healing time may get prolonged.

3 Top Tips to Cure Vaginal Thrush Naturally

Vaginal thrush is mostly caused by a naturally occurring fungus called Candida albicans. These reside in the human body, especially those areas which most meet the fungus’ needs, i.e. dark, warm and moist areas, such as the vagina, anus, under the foreskin, mouth, etc.

They don’t normally cause any problems because our bodies’ good bacteria helps to keep their numbers down. So they reside in us usually without causing any drama’s.

But (and there’s always a ‘but’ isn’t there?) under certain conditions, the Candida fungus is left unchecked and can ‘overgrow’ into a vaginal thrush (also known as Candida, Candidiasis and vaginal yeast infection).

The five main underlying conditions that can trigger this situation are; a lowered immune system, depleted good bacteria in your body, high blood sugar levels, hormonal imbalance, and certain drugs.

This is why, for many women (and men), normal drug-based medications can sometimes not work. These drugs really only target the local symptoms of vaginal thrush, not the root cause(s). And the Candida fungus can eventually build-up a resistance to the drugs, rendering them less than useless.

So this is why so many women nowadays turn to natural ways to help them eliminate vaginal yeast infection. There are just too many to list here, but here are 3 of the most popular and effective in use today…

1. Raw Garlic

This is recognized as a powerful agent in the fight against vaginal thrush because of it’s natural antifungal properties. By consuming raw garlic or high-quality garlic capsules everyday, you are helping to defeat the fungi in your gut, which is important.

You can also press a raw peeled garlic clove into a paste and apply over the affected area to kill-off the Candida fungi in and around the vagina. Also, make a tampon of a peeled whole clove by wrapping it in muslin or similar and leave in overnight to take care of the fungi there.

2. Raw Apple Cider Vinegar

This is a very old home remedy that works by rebalancing the pH in the body (e.g. gut and vagina). This helps to prevent fungal growth from developing.

Drink 3 teaspoons in a large glass of water 3 times per day. Douche the area using 2 tablespoons of vinegar to 2 quarts of warm water. Or, simply add 2 cups to a warm low bath and bathe for about 20 minutes or so. But it has to be un-distilled raw apple cider with no additives.

3. Natural Yogurt

The power of this remedy is that natural yogurt contains active cultures which are beneficial bacteria that can kill-off the Candida fungus. But it needs to be unsweetened natural yogurt with no coloring or fruit.

Eat a tub every day to help build-up your good bacteria in the gut. Spread the yogurt over the affected area to help attack the fungus around the vagina. Coat a tampon in the yogurt and leave in overnight to do battle in your vagina.

Now, whilst these 3 natural remedies are effective, to cure vaginal thrush naturally and permanently you’ll need to consider other things such as diet (e.g. fungus feeds on sugar) and lifestyle (e.g. stress, obesity, sex, etc. are all vaginal thrush triggers), etc. Only in this way can you present yourself with the very best chance of a cure for vaginal thrush that actually lasts.

Jaundice Treatment With Ayurvedic and Home Remedies

Jaundice is a disease caused due to vitiation of the pitta dosha. It is called as kamala. When there is an excessive circulation of the bile pigments in the blood, then this disease is caused. Pitta dosha controls the bile pigments.

Hence, jaundice is a disease of the liver. It can occur when there is an obstruction in the bile duct, or if there is destruction of the red blood corpuscles. When a person has jaundice, their skin becomes yellow in color. This characteristic yellowness is seen even in the eyes and the fingernails. Stools and urine also get colored. The yellow color is an indication that the circulation of bile is in excess.

Along with the yellowness of the skin, there are other symptoms associated with jaundice. Indigestion occurs and the person becomes very weak. Jaundice may also cause the body to itch.

(1) Useful Herbs in the Treatment of Jaundice

1. Berberis (Berberis vulgaris)

Berberis is a very effective herb for all kinds of liver ailments, especially jaundice. So effective is the herb that it is nicknamed ‘jaundice berry’. It is a bitter tonic which must be given to a jaundice patient several times a day in does of quarter teaspoons. The fluid extract of the fruit also has similar properties.

2. Chicory (Chichorium intybus)

All parts of the chicory plant are useful in the treatment of liver ailments. The flowers, seeds and roots are the most often used. The juice of the chicory can help in the treatment of sluggishness of the liver, obstruction of the flow of bile and the enlargement of the spleen; all of which are associated with jaundice. Chicory can also promote the healthy secretion of the bile.

3. Gokulakanta (Hygrophila spinosa)

The root of the gokulakanta plant is potent in the treatment of liver diseases such as jaundice and hepatitis. An infusion of the root of the herb in water is prepared and is given to the patient twice or thrice each day.

4. Indian Aloe (Aloe barbadensis)

Indian aloe is an excellent remedy for liver problems such as jaundice. For effective treatment, the pulp of one of its leaves is to be taken with black salt and ginger every morning for a period of ten days.

5. Indian Sorrel (Oxalis corniculata)

The herb is useful in treatment of jaundice. It is taken with buttermilk that is prepared from cow’s milk.

6. Picrorrhiza (Picrorrhiza kurroa)

Picrorrhiza is one of the two best Ayurvedic remedies for jaundice. It is known as kutki in Ayurveda. Powder of this herb is mixed with hot water and taken twice a day.

7. Snake Gourd (Trichosanthes anguina)

Snake gourd is taken as an infusion of its leaves for the treatment of jaundice. It is generally to be taken with coriander.

8. Turpeth (Operculina turpethum)

Turpeth is the other best Ayurvedic remedy for jaundice. It is known as nisoth in Ayurveda. The powder of this herb is prescribed mixed in hot water twice a day.

(2) Dietary Treatments for Jaundice

1. Sweet foods are suitable for a jaundice patient. For easy digestion, sweet foods in liquid form must be consumed, such as sugarcane juice, orange juice and juices of other fresh fruits. Dry grapes are also beneficial. Pomegranate is good for jaundice, though it has a slight sour taste.

2. Fresh vegetables must be included in the diet. They must be cooked in minimum oil and kept as green as possible. That is, the use of spices should be curtailed. Bitter vegetables like bitter gourd and the bitter variety of drumsticks are suitable to a jaundice patient.

3. The fat intake should be limited. Even curds must not be given to the jaundice patient. Buttermilk can be given if the butter has been carefully removed from it.

4. Alcohol is very dangerous to a jaundice patient. It can seriously complicate the disease, with fatal consequences. Hence, alcohol in any form must be avoided.

(3) Ayurvedic Treatments for Jaundice

Ayurvedic treatments for jaundice begin with a purgation therapy. This helps o remove the toxins accumulated in the liver and the rest of the body. Strong purgatives are avoided.

The drugs of choice for the treatment of jaundice are nisoth and kutki. Their roots are administered to the patient in powder form. The two herbs can be taken either together or individually, depending on the seriousness of the jaundice and the internal strength of the patient.

Avipattikara choorna and Arogya Vardhini vati are the usually prescribed medicines in jaundice. These are to be taken in teaspoonful quantities twice a day with water or with honey.

Another general medicine which can be used in all kinds of jaundice is the Bhumyamalaki. This is a short herb which is very rarely available. Its juice is given mixed with honey in a teaspoonful quantity thrice a day. Vasaka, Kakamachi and Triphala are the other drugs used.

(4) Home Remedies for Jaundice

1. Juices of bitter vegetables like the bitter gourd are very effective in treating jaundice. Mash the vegetable and extract their juices by pressing with a cloth. This juice must be ideally had in the early morning. One glassful of juice per day is recommended.

2. Prepare a cupful of juice of beetroot and lemon in equal proportions. Having this juice for a few days will definitely cure jaundice.

3. Extract juice of amalaki (Indian gooseberry, Emblica officinalis). Have this juice thrice in a day in a teaspoonful quantity. This is a potent remedy for all kinds of liver ailments.

Remove Almoranas Also Known As Hemorrhoids or Piles Fast and Naturally

Almoranas is another word for hemorrhoids or piles that comes from the Tagalog dialect spoken by many people in the Philippines as their first or second language. Unfortunately, a friend was traveling through the Calabarzon region of the country visiting different provinces when he began to develop a stinging itch in the rectum area. He was thinking it was caused from too much time spent sitting in cars or hiking when humidity was high causing a mild rash. He used medicated powder hoping this would solve the problem. There was no such luck.

His Philippines vacation was interrupted one morning when he had a painful bowel movement that had traces of blood in it. That night his itch began to burn with intensity paired with a throbbing pain. He told his local guide about his condition. This was the first time he had heard the Philippines word almoranas. The guide explained that was Tagalog for hemorrhoids or piles. He was taken to visit a local Philippines medical clinic where it was confirmed he had developed an external hemorrhoid outside of his anus.

External hemorrhoids can develop when there is increased pressure in and around the rectum region that force hemorrhoidal veins to expand. When these veins are forced to expand they become inflamed and painful, an individual often develops conditions such as fiery anal itch, throbbing pain, and embarrassing rectal bleeding. There are several contributors that can increase the chances of developing piles.

For example, pregnancy, constipation, stress, and cirrhosis are some body factors that can create extra pressure on hemorrhoidal veins. Almoranas treatment options can include Chinese herbal principles of high strength Fargelin plum flower pills; sitz baths, modified bowel habits, ointments, creams, cold treatments and hemorrhoid banding surgery. Thankfully, my friend caught his external hemorrhoid early and received immediate treatment. He did not ignore the discomfort allowing the condition to get worse. The Philippines medical clinic recommended a powerful and gentle ointment to treat and cure the hemorrhoid. It worked!

What to look for to decide if you have almoranas? Follow these simple warnings:

• Seeing signs of blood with passed stool or on toilet paper after wiping.

• Experiencing pain while passing bowel movements.

• Chronic anal itching, painful irritation and difficulty sitting.

• Feeling a large painful growth internally or externally out the anus.

Most of the time natural hemorrhoid remedies are the best treatment options to cure and remove piles. They are proven to be effective, safe, and very affordable. In serious cases it is always strongly recommended to visit a proctologist to discuss surgery options like the hemorrhoid banding procedure. But, in most cases natural products are gentle and powerful enough to eliminate almoranas at home quickly.

Sitz baths do an incredible job of soothing delicate tissue and keeping the area clean to avoid infection.

After having hemorrhoids treated and removed there will be a recovery time to allow the sensitive tissue around the anus to heal. To help rejuvenate the skin, stimulate faster healing, and sit without pain it is important to buy a hemorrhoid cushion or seat designed to individuals with an anal condition. These helpful products can be used with current chairs in the home and on the toilet seat.

Many nutritional experts suggest diets high in fiber stop constipation and make passing bowel movements easier, which promotes good colon health and reduces the risk of hemorrhoids. Whole grains, vegetables and plenty of water keep the digestive system running smooth. One more health supplement is called Psyllium, which is affordable and readily available. Another healthy choice recommended by pharmacists is flaxseed oil pills to boost fiber. It is nature’s wonder extract. If your doctor has prescribed any medications be sure to tell them about any supplement you plan on taking to make sure there is no problem with your medication.

There are many natural alternative creams, ointments, Fargelin plum flower pills, sitz baths, and others that have beat almoranas for millions of former sufferers. This is a condition that can ruin people’s lives if they do not take action to have them treated and eliminated. Curing almoranas also known as hemorrhoids or piles can be done at home with inexpensive non-prescription treatments.

Offline MLM Technique: Pique Your Prospect’s Interest Properly to Duplicate Your Efforts

As much as we would like to believe we can build our businesses just by pushing your website online and creating a couple marketing campaigns, the fact is that at some point you will have to employ offline methods as well. That means actually Using the telephone and talking with our potential business partners. This is where your traditional MLM and/or sales training can make or break your results. It can make you wealthy IF you are skillful at communicating and connecting with your prospect. It WILL break your business if you are not. I author a series of training materials to get you proficient (notice I said proficient, not expert…expertise comes with practice, practice, and more practice) at various skills so that you can be confident in your ability to build rapport with your potential partners, and properly train new distributors.

The subject for today is called “The Pique & Pass”. This means that we trigger an interest (pique) and immediately pass the interested person to one of many sources of information. Now, the number 1 reason most FAIL to do this properly is due to the desire to want to keep talking. Maybe you’ve heard the term “verbal vomit”? That’s when we assault our prospect with fact after fact after fact about the various benefits of our company, compensation plan, products etc. Remember, one of the top reasons people say no to our opportunity is the old “I don’t have enough time” excuse. So the whole goal is to keep the pique to 45 seconds or less. By doing so we remove the “time” objection. So the longer you talk, the more likely it is that your prospects are going to think they can’t do what you’re doing.

Ready for a horrendous statistic? For every question YOU personally answer (to your warm market) you decrease the chances of them joining your downline by 25 percent. That should hit you like a ton of bricks. So if you answer one question, there’s a 75 percent chance of them joining. Answer two, there’s a 50 percent chance of joining, etc. Let’s just stop there because if you answer more than two questions you can pretty much guarantee your prospect wont join. So don’t do it! Resist the desire to verbal vomit by any and at all cost! Remember, it’s called “pique and pass”, not pique and handle objections, not pique and present, not pique and enroll, etc. Just get them interested and pass them to someone (or something) else.

Now, how do you know they have been piqued properly? They begin asking sincere and qualified questions! (REMEMBER NOT TO ANSWER MORE THAN ONE, NONE PREFERABLY). Immediately pass the interested person to the next exposure.

The next exposure can be many things: an expert/mentor, a 3 way call, a weekly briefing, a sizzle call, a recorded call, a CD, a training session, a website, an at home presentation, etc. Basically your mission is to get them to the next event/exposure.

You may be saying “that all sounds excellent but I don’t know how to pique. Don’t worry because I got your back. Here are some sample piques I have used and gotten results with:

– Have you ever thought about how it would be to be in the wealthiest 1 percent?

– Are you open to doubling or replacing your current income?

– If I can show you a path to financial freedom would you give me 20 minutes of your time?

– Have you ever known anyone who earns passive income?

– Would you like to get more tax benefits by owning a home based business?

– Can you do me a huge favor? Who do you know that wants to make some supplemental income?

– Who do you know that likes to travel and go on vacation?

NOTE: Silence is power! Do NOT say a word until after they answer you first!!!

After they answer or start asking questions you want to pass them to the next exposure immediately. Make sure you edify the next exposure and get them to it as soon as possible.

Now before I wrap this training up, you’ve heard me mention “exposures” a couple times so let me explain the sequence of exposures a prospect ALWAYS goes through before he/she signs up. It goes like this: Orientation, Information, and Confirmation. Orientation is the first-second exposure. They are just getting introduced and familiarized with your company and opportunity. The Information phase comes next and can last a while, depending on the prospect. Some personality types like to analyze the heck out of something before they get in while others do not care so much about the data. So do not pressure someone to join before they have gotten enough info. But don’t ever stop offering more data to them because you want them actively engaged in the learning of your company. Once enough info has been attained, the prospect enters the Confirmation phase of exposures. This is where they say yes or no to your opportunity. A common cause of failure is trying to enroll someone before they have properly gone through these three exposure steps.

Benefits of Coconut Water for Flu Treatment: Cure Dehydration, Upset Stomach and Nausea

Flu season is here, so it’s time to discuss the benefits coconut water can have for treating dehydration, nausea, and upset stomachs. Flu, is short for influenza and is a virus that causes dehydration, stomach pain, nausea and aching all over the body. Having the flu is an awful experience, especially for young children. This article showcases how coconut water alleviates the symptoms mentioned above and also has flu treatment recipes to get you on your way to a speedy recovery.

For your body’s immune system to work at it’s most efficient, your body has to stay properly hydrated. Coconut water has all five electrolytes your body needs to do this. Potassium is the main electrolyte needed, because one, 8.5 oz serving has 15 times more potassium than other sports drinks, like Gatorade or VitaWater.

Because you’ll be more hydrated, you’ll be feeling better and, it’ll also get you cured, faster, because your immune system will be operating more efficiently.

It also has lauric acid, a mineral that benefits you while you have the flu because it helps alleviate the stomach irritation that accompanies the virus. Nausea is another symptom of the flu, because the stomach irritation limits your stomach’s ability to hold down food.

An old school flu remedy my mom used to help me re-hydrate when I had the flu, was to give me ice chips.

With what we know about the benefits of coconut water, today, why not take this flu remedy one step further and make ice chips using the water from coconuts? It’ll rehydrate you faster than water and calm your stomach. There’s also several flavors, with natural fruit extracts, that you could make popsicles with.

Even though I didn’t have the flu, I did get food poisoning about 3 weeks ago, that was accompanied with violent stomach pains and frequent trips to the restroom (sorry for being too descriptive). There was one box of coco water left in the house with about 6 ounces in it and I prayed it would help ease my pain.

For the 2 years I’ve been drinking water from coconuts, it was the first time I’d used it to alleviate some type of medical symptom, besides a hangover. It always helped my hangovers, but I’m pleasantly surprised at how much better it made my stomach feel when I had the food poisoning.

Within 15 minutes, the pain was tolerable and continued fading until I fell asleep.

Syphilis: What You Don’t Know Can Hurt You

The sexually transmitted disease known as syphilis has three major stages of infection and one inactive or latent stage. The first stage of a syphilis infection manifests itself typically as the formation of a small ulcer or chancre on the site of the infection. This chancre typically develops twenty-one days after infection, though it could appear as as soon as ten to twenty days, or later, some twenty-two to ninety days after being infected. Once the chancre is evident at any set time from ten to ninety days, the disease becomes highly infectious, and any contact with it will almost invariably result in an infection.

One can become infected by coming into contact with ulcer or spirochetes-rich chancre. Even the use of condoms may not be able to prevent infection if the chancre is outside of the female’s vagina, or is located in the male’s scrotum. If the ulcer is located in the mouth, even a simple kiss is enough for one to become infected. This chancre will eventually disappear after three to six weeks, but may reappear at a later time as secondary syphilis if treatment was not received or given.

Though an initial infection may heal on its own in most cases, especially in women, but 25% of these cases will progress to the secondary stage of syphilis. This generally develops after a couple of weeks or after a month, and can last as long six weeks. Because of the systemic nature of the secondary stage of syphilis, it affects more organs. Typical symptoms of this secondary stage include skin rashes on the palms of the hands and the soles of the feet. They are not typically itch, and sometimes they are even obscure.

Other manifested symptoms of this secondary stage include hair loss, white patches on the skin, such as on the mouth, nose, or vagina, sore throat, as well as headache and fever. Lesions that look like genital warts may also appear on the genital area. These warts, as well as the rashes are highly contagious. Since the rashes usually appear on the palm of the hand, even something as slight as a handshake can transmit the infection to another person.

After the second stage, syphilis will enter the latent, or symptom free stage. This stage lasts for twenty or more years, but even if an infected person has not gone through the latent stage, one may still progress to the third and final stage. This is the stage of the disease in which syphilis will cease to become infectious, but since it is systemic, a plethora of complications will arise.

The methods for treating syphilis vary according to the stage or progress of the disease, and the clinical manifestations shown. A very effective way of curing syphilis involves the intramuscular injection of penicillin. This drug is able to cure not just the primary, but even the tertiary stage of the disease. In order for it to be effective however, constant and rigorous treatment is necessary. In cases of penicillin allergies, other alternative drugs, just like oral doxycycline or tetracycline may be used. Vibramycin, Oracea, Adoxa, Atridox, Achromycin, among others are some of the drugs used for syphilis treatment.

Pregnant ladies who are infected with syphilis can pass on the disease to the fetus. Penicillin is one of the best known cures because it is the only antibiotic which can pass through the placental barrier, and thus rid the fetus of the infection. If left untreated, the child can be born blind, or it can die within the womb.

Syphilis is not something to be easily ignored. If you think you are infected with syphilis, or if you are showing some signs and symptoms, it is important that you seek out medical help as soon as possible.

Syphilis—a disease that needs rigorous attention, especially in cases of infection in women. Learn more about the symptoms and treatment of this dangerous disease.

Can Heartburn Last For Days?

When you have heartburn, sometimes the one thing that makes you feel better is the knowledge that it won’t last forever – right? Can heartburn last for days? If it does, what should you do to help get rid of it? If you are suffering from heartburn and are wondering how long it will last, you should know a few things first.

First of all, knowing what causes heartburn can make all the difference in the way you deal with it, so understand that there are a few different causes of this condition, including eating too much in one sitting, which can force your esophageal sphincter to stay open. Other causes of heartburn include drinking coffee and carbonated beverages, alcohol, using tobacco products and eating certain “trigger” foods. You can also find that you suffer from heartburn due to stomach bugs, such as the flu, which can cause your stomach to make more acid than normal.

Okay, so you’re probably thinking, “Yes, but that doesn’t tell me the answer to my question: Can heartburn last for days?” The answer is yes, depending on many factors. One factor could be that you are suffering from some type of stomach bug, which means you can wind up struggling with heartburn for several days, or as long as it takes you to rid your body of the particular bug that is affecting your system.

A Few Reasons Why Heartburn Seems To Last For Days

Also, you might find it interesting to know that many people who smoke or use tobacco products frequently suffer from heartburn that can last for days. For some people, something in tobacco can cause the esophageal sphincter to become irritated, which will prevent it from sealing properly. In this case, it isn’t due to eating too much or consuming things that cause the stomach to create extra acid, it has to do with the fact that the esophagus doesn’t have the seal it needs to prevent acid from coming out of the stomach. When this occurs, heartburn can last for days, or as long as it takes for that muscle to heal itself and begin functioning properly again.

Certain foods or drinks that we eat or drink frequently or habitually can cause the stomach to make more acid than it needs to. Drinks such as coffee tend to be very acidic, which in turn will cause an excess of acid in the stomach. When this happens, you can begin to feel that you have heartburn. In this case, it can feel as if your heartburn is lasting for days, but actually, it keeps recurring due to the fact that you’re constantly consuming these things. The best way to stop this type of heartburn is to identify the cause and eliminate it from your diet for a while.

What Are Your Reasons?

So, in short, heartburn can last for days, but you can manage it and manage it well if you know what is causing your heartburn in the first place. Consider your habits and what it is that you eat and see what you can do to help yourself. Is it the same bout you are experiencing or actually a culmination of events causing it to appear as one?

How long can your heartburn last? Keep doing the same thing and you can expect the same results, or it could last a long time if you don’t do something about it!

Effective Flatulence Cure and Herbal Treatment

Flatulence is a disorder related to the improper digestion of food. Stomach and small intestine are responsible for digestion. Whenever food we ate does not break down completely, it enters into large intestine in an undigested state and large intestine starts to digest this food with the help of certain bacteria.

Stomach uses enzymes for digestion and large intestine uses bacteria. When food is digested in large intestine, the bacteria produce byproduct in the form of gases. These excessive gases arises this disorder known as flatulence. In simple words, flatulence is caused due to production of excessive gas in the digestive system.

Flatulence is a very common problem and nearly everyone faces this disorder every now and then. There are few causes that are responsible for over production of gas. Constipation is the most common cause for occurrence of this disorder. Any disorder in digestive system can lead to flatulence. There are some more reasons that may cause flatulence. Intake of contaminated water, high fat diet, lactose deficiency, food containing high starch level such as potato or corn, alcohol, smoking cigarettes, certain medication; any of these things can cause flatulence.

There are some symptoms that can tell us that if we are suffering from flatulence or not. The most common symptom is excessive expulsion of wind. Belching and farting are the only ways through which our body expulse excessive gas. Foul odor in fart can be diagnosed as excessive amount of certain bacteria in digestive system. When our body is not able to expulse excessive gas; this gas can cause some discomforts. Bloating of the stomach or pain in abdomen is a symptom about gas is stuck in digestive system. There are remedies for treating flatulence effectively.

1. Garlic soup is the most important remedy for this disorder. Grind garlic, cumin, black pepper and coriander seeds together. Add water in this mixture and cook for 15 to 25 minutes. It will not only improve digestion but also it will reduce intestinal gas.

2. Asafetida is a good carminative and very effective anti-flatulent. Take half cup of water and add small pieces of asafetida in it. Stir this solution until asafetida dissolves completely. Drink it whenever needed.

3. Eating few coriander seeds will relieve excessive gas and it is also effective on abdominal pain caused due to gas.

4. Take one cup of water and boil it with grinded ginger root. Use it as tea.

5. Tea made with cumin is also very effective. Add one teaspoon of roasted cumin seeds in two cups of water. Boil it till water reduces to one cup. Take this preparation once, daily.

6. Add two tablespoons of peach leaves in one glass of water. Boil it for 15 minutes. Have this solution 3 times a day.

Preventions are very important for the treatment of any disorder. When someone is suffering from disorders related to digestive system, tobacco must be avoided. Tobacco is well known for giving birth to mortal diseases related to lungs and mouth. Nevertheless, tobacco is also very harmful for digestive system. So avoid usage of tobacco in any form. If you need to release gas, do not hesitate in doing so. Release it even if you have to leave the room. Foods sweetened with fructose or sorbitol must be avoided. Chewing food thoroughly is recommended to prevent indigestion. As mentioned indigestion is most common cause for flatulence. Exercise improves the digestion and it also helps move gas through system faster. When these remedies and preventions are paired along, flatulence is cured completely.

Stem Cell Anti-Aging Treatments in Germany

Introduction:

The legendary cell therapy based anti-aging treatments have been offered in Germany since the last 60 years with great success. The integrative approach employed during cell therapy procedures helps reduce biological age by 7-10 years. Life begins at the organizational stage of the single cell and ends in the domain of the multi-cellular organism. The ultimate objective of any medical treatment should be the restoration of all capabilities of the functional unit of life – the cell. Only healthy functional cells can enable the tissues and organs to fulfill their task ensuring development and survival of the organism. As we age more number of cell die or become malfunctioned compared to the number of new cell being formed inside our bodies. This downhill process typically starts after 35 years of age in most people. Unfortunately,pharmaceutical medicine today orientates itself towards “relieve of symptoms” that can be registered or are deducible by means of scientific and technical aids (microscope, electron microscope, biochemical data, electronic recordings). It is thereby neglecting all dimensional areas below and above the so-called objective detection methods, and in doing so, it defines its limits.

Basic Principles of Cell Therapy:

In organ extract- and cellular therapy, cells or extracts of various foetal animal tissues are administered via intramuscular injection into the human body for therapeutic purposes. These xenograft implants are broken down into their basic elements (enzymes, polypeptides, deoxyribonucleic acids, ribonucleic acids and other basic organic substances) and reused by the cells, tissues and organs of the person treated. The fundamental theory behind organ extract – and cell therapy is the principle ‘Similia Similibus’ or ‘Like Cures Like’, as stated by Paracelsus, a physician and philosopher of the 16th century. Paracelsus and many other early physicians believed that the best way to rebuild or revitalize ill organs or ageing tissue was to use healthy living cells of the same tissue type. Modern organ extract- and cell therapy refers to treatment by injection with cellular elements and whole cells from healthy unborn or foetal sheep or calves specially bred for medical purposes under a strictly controlled and pollution-free environment in high alpine mountains. Organ extract- and cell therapy actually “wakes up” dormant cells within the human body, thereby stimulating the growth and function of existing tissue and repairing or regenerating old and malfunctioning cells. Organ extract- and cell therapy offers something that vitamins, minerals and other conventional or natural treatments cannot. It can provide the exact components necessary for injured or diseased tissue to heal and regenerate. While most pharmaceutical drugs work by suppressing certain symptoms over a short period of time and only as long as they are taken, organ extract- and cell therapy are stimulating the body’s own healing and revitalizing powers and exert a long term effect.

The History and the Science of Cell Therapy:

Cell therapy dates back thousands of years. Written in 1600 B.C., the Eber Papyrus of medicine recommended injection of animal organs to improve human vitality. In the middle Ages, Parcelsus observed, for the first time, that the organizational unit of all life; the cell, was the element in ‘like heals like’. In the late 19th century, French Nobel laureate Dr. Alexis Carrel discovered the potentially immortal nature of cells by keeping alive fragments of a chicken heart 25 years after the fowl had died. This accomplishment was performed by combining cellular material from different hearts into one cell culture. At the end of the 19th century, Paris physiologist C.E. Brown-Sequard recognized the potency of cellular therapy by injecting himself with an extract made from the testicles of a young bull. His virility was subjectively increased due to the testosterone in the extract. In the 1920’s, Russian ophthalmologist Vladimir Filatov initiated the application of foetal cellular and aloe plant extract therapies for non-specific rejuvenation of chronically ill patients. His earliest claimed successes were in reversing retinitis pigmentosa and involutional retinal macular degeneration. In the 1930’s, surgeon Niehans became increasingly interested in endocrinology while serving as head of staff at one of the renowned hospitals in Germany/Switzerland. One of Niehans’ first discoveries was that cells derived from the organs of foetal sheep could be injected into the human body without triggering the natural defence mechanism that acts to reject foreign protein.

In 1931, Paul Niehans was summoned to an emergency operation where he was requested to perform a transplant for an elderly woman whose parathyroid glands were removed during a thyroid surgery by accident. The patient was in critical condition and in a race against time, Niehans sought instead to inject the woman with a steer’s parathyroid cells suspended in a saline solution, crudely prepared at the scene. The woman who would have otherwise died immediately, in fact, got quickly stabilized and continued to improve as she went on to live another 30 years! In the forty years following his first successful experiments, Niehans applied his discoveries in organ extract- and cellular therapy over 50,000 times. Among Niehans’ patients were celebrities like Charles Chaplin, Robert Cummings, Joan Crawford, Charles de Gaulle, Dwight and Marnie Eisenhower, Winston Churchill, Charles Boyer, Bernard Baruch, the Duke and Duchess of Windsor, Joseph Kennedy, and many others. In 1953, Niehans was called to the bedside of ailing Pope Pius XII. In gratitude for successful results of his own cell therapy, Pope Pius XII invited Niehans to become a member of the Papal Academy of Sciences. Niehans also conducted research into the cancer resisting properties of foetal mesenchyme cells within a well-regulated connective tissue matrix. He used cells from the frontal brain to treat mongolism. He used skin and eye cellular extracts to treat albinism, injected liver cells to treat cirrhosis, and utilized testicle cells to treat impotence. Over one thousand scientific studies have demonstrated the effectiveness of cell therapy. By radioactively marking tissue extract, researchers have been able to ascertain what exactly happens with the organ extract and cellular material after it is injected.

Cell Therapy Preparations:

Cell therapy preparations are derived from foetal sheep or calf according to a proprietary manufacturing and cryopreservation process in North Germany. These preparations must always be injected in freshly prepared form for getting maximum therapeutic effect. More than 30 preparations from different tissue types are available. All preparations are manufactured by a GMP certified laboratory and subject to a multitude of stringent microbiology and biological viability tests to ensure the highest degree of efficacy and safety. Each preparation contains > 10 million tissue-specific cells derived from live tissue.

Cell Therapy for Anti-aging (Revitalization):

Every patient first undergoes the blood, urine and other functional diagnostic tests which specifically measure “pro-aging” parameters + “anti-oxidant status” + “hormone levels”. This gives the treating physician good information on the current functional status of different body organs and helps design an individualized (personalized) anti-aging program. The Revitalization Program involves rejuvenation of 3 main systems of the body that govern aging. They are the endocrine system, the immune system and the detoxification system. Just injecting the cell therapy preparations may not give excellent results. That is why, before cell therapy procedure, each patient undergoes extensive IV/IM detox procedures, Intravenous ozone sessions, Laser revitalization of blood, IV high dose vitamin/minerals/trace elements therapies for several days so as to make body organs maximally receptive to the incoming new cells. Rejuvenation of above-mentioned 3 body systems has shown a so called reversal or a dramatic slowdown of premature aging, regaining of vigour & vitality, libido, increased interest in daily activities, higher mental concentration and focus as well healthy skin and decreased wrinkles. The following organ cells are used:- Thymus, brain, spleen, liver, kidney, heart, adrenal gland, pituitary gland, skin, ovary or testis.

Other Clinical Indications:

Treatment of chronic fatigue syndrome, immune deficiency, infertility,diabetes, frozen shoulder, shoulder stiffness, migraine, joint pain, depression, melasma, aging skin, acne, hay fever, pre-menstrual syndrome, uterine fibrosis, endometriosis, insomnia, liver dysfunction, fungal infection, digestive problems, nerve related discomfort, extreme coldness, anaemia, low libido, constipation, gastritis, intestinal intoxication and hormonal imbalances.

Safety and Effectiveness:

Since the cell therapy preparations have very low antigenicity; they are not readily recognized as foreign by the recipient’s immune system, and therefore, they usually do not cause significant clinical side effects. Donor animals and all preparations are thoroughly tested to rule out transmission of zoonoses and infections; there are no known cases with the use of these preparations. Acute allergic reactions with fresh frozen or freeze-dried organ extracts and cell preparations are exceedingly rare. If such reactions should occur, they are easily manageable with antihistamines, steroids, and intravenous volume fluid expansion. The organ extract and cell preparations of foetal xenogeneic cells imprint their vigour upon old, tired, and degenerating cells, stimulating them to function with renewed efficiency, thereby improving organ function and vigour and vitality of the entire organism– Total body revitalization.

Long-lasting Benefits:

Every procedure and therapeutic intervention carried out during anti-aging program is for regeneration of body’s individual cells and organs (i.e. regeneration from INSIDE), because the aging process first starts at the cellular/organ level, and then, over the years slowly shows up externally as wrinkles on face, or development of some chronic disease, or general loss of vitality or weight gain or forgetfulness, or loss of hairs, or loss of libido or decrease in eyesight, or poor sleep quality, etc. Undergoing cell therapy based anti-aging program once a year after 40 years of age not only helps “Look and Feel” significantly younger but also offers an excellent prevention against the diseases of old age viz. Diabetes, Heart disease, High blood pressure, Impotence, Cancer, etc.

Tachypnea: Rapid, Shallow Breathing

Tachypnea is a fast, shallow breathing symptom with which a patient has more than twenty breaths per minute. This symptom has many possible causes. Tachypnea is, in most cases, a medical emergency. Indeed, the patient receives less oxygen, and in many cases, death is possible. Treatment depends on the underlying cause of tachypnea but the faster a patient receives treatment, the better is the prognosis.

Content of the article:

· Synonyms of Tachypnea

· Tachypnea and hyperventilation

· Etiology of Tachypnea: Rapid, shallow breathing – Common problem in the lungs

· Symptoms of a patient with tachypnea

· Diagnostic studies in patients with tachypnea

· Treatment of patients with tachypnea

· Complications in patients with tachypnea

Synonyms of Tachypnea

Tachypnea is also known as:

· Respiratory rate – rapid and shallow

· Breathing – rapid and shallow

· Chest breathing

· Rapid shallow breathing

· Thoracic breathing

Tachypnea and hyperventilation

When a patient gets hyperventilation, he or she breathes quickly but deeply unlike one with Tachypnea whose breathing is shallow. Carbon dioxide in the lungs causes hyperventilation and Tachypnea is caused by carbon dioxide in the blood.

Etiology of Tachypnea: Rapid, shallow breathing – Common problem in the lungs

A shallow, rapid breathing has many potential medical causes, such as: anxiety, asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and other chronic lung diseases, a blood clot in an artery in the lungs, an infection of the smallest airways of the lungs in children (bronchiolitis ), hyperventilation, pulmonary edema, pneumonia, heart failure, suffocation and transient tachypnea of the newborn patient… In newborn patients, the Tachypnea (40-60 breaths per minute) is often transient (usually less than 24 to 48 hours). This is especially common in babies who are born prematurely, babies who have come up with a caesarean and baby whose mother has diabetes.

Symptoms of a patient with tachypnea

The patient has a blue or gray skin, nails, lips, gums, or the area around the eyes (cyanosis). Also, the chest moves in with each breath. The patient also has chest pain, fever, and breathing is difficult. Dizziness may also occur, as well as insomnia at night and sleepiness and fatigue at daytime. Sometimes the symptoms may aggravate. These symptoms emphasize a medical emergency. A patient must, in other words as soon as possible, seek for professional medical help.

Diagnostic studies in patients with Tachypnea

Physical examination

The doctor will perform a thorough physical examination of the patient. He examines the heart, the lungs, the abdomen and the head of the patient.

Diagnostic tests

Possible tests may include a CT scan of the chest, an electrocardiogram (ECG), a chest X-ray, and a ventilation / perfusion scan of the lungs.

Treatment of patients with tachypnea

The treatment will depend on the underlying cause of the rapid breathing. Oxygen therapy is needed when the amount of oxygen is low and also inhalation therapy. Sprays are needed in an attack of asthma or COPD to open the airways. Also, corticosteroid can help here. Antibiotics help with pneumonia bacteria. If a patient has tachypnea anxiety, there is medication available for this purpose. For some (anxiety) patients, yoga exercises are good to ease the shallow breathing.

Complications in patients with Tachypnea

When the patient has a severe shallow breathing, disorientation, delirium, confusion, and even seizures are possible.

The Different Types Of Heart Doctors

There is more than one type of doctor in the world, and when people are sick, they generally have to begin by going to their family care doctor. From their general practitioner, people are then referred to various kinds of other doctors depending on what is wrong with them. For people who have problems with their heart, or may be predisposed through their family history to develop heart issues, then cardiologists are the doctors that they have to go see. However, there is more than one type of heart doctor depending on what the exact problem with the heart is.

For a part of the body that is as important as the heart, there are many different kinds of heart doctors that can deal with problems concerning the muscle itself, the rhythm of the heart, and the circulatory system that it is involved with. However, for people who are unfamiliar with the different kinds of heart doctors, here is information on who they are and what they do:

• General cardiologist: The first stop for someone who may have a heart issue is a general cardiologist. This is a basic heart doctor that will do things like monitor the overall health of the heart, and treat some problems, but for particular problems, this heart doctor will refer their patient to the next level of cardiologist, which is an interventional cardiologist.

• Interventional cardiologist: While a cardiologist can do some basic surgical procedures involving the heart, an interventional cardiologist treats more specific heart problems, and those problems are coronary artery disease, diseases of the heart valves, and peripheral vascular disease. The most common procedure that these cardiologists do is the angioplasty, which is when a balloon is inserted into an artery in order to help the blood flow to the heart.

• Electro physiologist: This type of heart doctor has a very specific area of the heart, and that is the way that the heart beats. In order to circulate blood through the body properly, the heart has to beat in a special way. There are tests that the electro physiologist has to run to determine what is going on, and if a procedure needs to be done, this doctor can do it.

• Pediatric cardiologist: Pediatric doctors help children who may have been born with some kind of heart abnormality. To make sure the heart is functioning properly in a child, a pediatric doctor will do some in-office testing, and make sure everything is working fine as that child grows into an adult.

A regular cardiologist can do the general health check of the heart, but if someone needs a heart procedure, there are other cardiologists that specialize in operating on the heart to do things like clear out the arteries and repair the valves. There are also many different kinds of heart doctors that can do things like monitoring the heart to make sure it’s healthy, and also treating various conditions.

The Heart – Steps to a Healthy Heart

About a million people in the United States alone in the year 2000 lost their lives to cardiovascular diseases. It basically means of all the deaths in that specific year, about 40% were attributed to the heart. For both genders, it is definitely the number one leading cause of death. Heart diseases arise as a result of the development of plaque within the arteries, also known as atherosclerosis. The buildup comes about in a gradual process over a period of time, as a result of streaks of fat forming within the heart, specifically within arteries walls. As streaks continue to buildup they form a hardened plaque that constricts the flow of blood to the arteries. As a result, it leads to a stroke, heart attack or the formation of blood clots.

Understand Risk Factors to the Heart
Always understand the clear risk factors that you might possess. These are factors such as the history of your parents or any other close family member who had cardiovascular diseases that should tell you whether you are at risk. Diseases of the heart tend to arise and worsen with age, while the diabetic have very intense and elevated chances and risks of attaining cardio diseases as a result of chronic high blood sugar that is associated with the arteries narrowing. In addition, individuals having diabetes mostly have very negligible levels of good cholesterol or HDL, while the levels of blood fats or triglycerides, increases.

The Heart and Healthy Food Choices
Always remember what you eat determine the health of your heart, and whether you have any chance of suffering the consequences of cardiovascular diseases. Make sure you have limited the intake of fried, red meat, fatty foods and greasy delicacies. Fill your daily diet with vegetables, fresh fruit, lean meat sourced from seafood or poultry, foods rich in fibers for instance whole grain cakes and breads and Quaker oatmeal.

The Heart, Healthy Weight and Dangers of Overweight
Overweight and cardiovascular problems like each other, as your risks rise with each pound you gain. Just losing about 10-20 pounds could lower the likelihood of getting heart related problems. Always work with a dietitian or your doctor to develop a healthier eating habit and plan to minimize weight.

Regular Check of Blood Pressure and Cholesterol Numbers
Always make sure your doctor has checked the cholesterol numbers as well as blood pressure of your family and yourself. If the number sets are rising or already high, the menace to the heart is very vast. Let the doctor aid you in developing a better or modifying your diet as you add lots of exercises to control these numbers. In dire cases, you can have your doctor prescribe the right medication that can aid in getting the blood pressure or cholesterol level to normal limits.

Regular Exercise Programs could Save the Heart
Always engage in physical forms of exercises and physical activity that can take thirty or so minutes everyday in a whole week. Firstly, visit your family doctor to find out the forms of physical activity that are good for your age and immediate physical condition. Simple things like gardening or cleaning your house or garage fast might be a good way to exercise as you live healthy.

Avoid not Possible Tell-tale Symptoms
A burning sensation within your chest might simply be a case of heart burn, although it might be the heart suffering from a cardiovascular disease. Additionally, symptoms such as a clear case of breastbone tightness or into your neck, arm or jaw and a breath shortness should be telling you to save your heart and life when you still got the time. Never dismiss these symptoms but visit your physician to have a look at your health.

Cambodian Law on Marriage and Family

This article is to bring a little hint about Cambodian Law on Marriage and Family into the world’s attention. Throughout the text, from general information up to the analytical approached over the law herein will be covered.

This Law was adopted during the mandate of the State of Cambodia.

I. Marriage Procedure

Unless arisen from mutual agreement to enter into conjugal life, marriage cannot be proceeding. With reference to Chapter III, Article 3; “A marriage is a solemn contract between a man and a woman in a spirit of love in accordance with the provisions of law and with the understanding that they cannot dissolve it as they please.” This article has indirect imply that marriage is a voluntary decision and not decision made on the basis on any form of external pressure (Article 4 “One party may not force another party to marriage against his/her will. No one can be forced to marry or prevented from having marriage …)

In compliance to general principle of social-order mechanism, the Cambodian Law on Marriage and Family also requires other elements legal just to make any marriage a legal one. In Article 5 of Chapter II states, “A marriage may be allowed for a man whose age is 20 years or more and a woman whose age is 18 years or more.” Except, in the special case that the woman is pregnant with mutual consents from both party, a man and a woman younger than the legal ages may legally enter into a marriage.

However, marriage is prohibited under these conditions:

– a person whose sex is the same sex as the other;

– a person whose penis is impotent;

– a person who has leprous, tuberculosis, cancer or venereal diseases which are not completely cured;

– a person who is insane, and a person who has mental defect;

– a person who was bound by prior marriage which is not yet dissolved.

Moreover, marriage is prohibited when the following conditions come to existence:

A marriage “between persons who are relatives by blood or who are relatives by marriage in direct line of all levels, whether or not legitimate or adoptive” (Article 7); and

“Between the collateral, whether legitimate, illegitimate or adoptive, or whether from the same mother, the same father or the same parents, or whether relatives by blood or relatives by marriage up to the third level inclusively…” (Article 8).

II. Grounds of Divorce:

In reflection to Article 3, “A marriage is a solemn contract between a man and a woman in a spirit of love in accordance with the provisions of law and with the understanding that they cannot dissolve it as they please.” The term: they cannot dissolve it as they please shows an indirect implication that divorce can only be made under concrete and legal conditions stipulated within the law.

Like the legal procedure for marriage, divorce may also be made on the ground of mutual divorcing consent.

Pursuant to Article 38: “divorce is the legal termination of a marriage between a husband and wife who have been legitimately married and they are both still alive.” Divorce cannot be entered when any party is deceased, that’s why we have the term divorced and widowed.

Article 39 clearly tabulates the grounds for divorce as of the following:

1. desertion without a good reason and without maintenance of and taking care of the child;

2. cruelty and beatings, persecutions and looking down on the other spouse or his or her ancestry;

3. immoral behavior, bad conduct;

4. impotence of penis; and

5. Physical separation for more than one year.

III. Procedures for Divorce:

Procedures for divorce may be, to some extent, overwhelmingly sophisticated, since it has been of the opinion that divorce does not only bring negative aspects to the parties, but also to the society. The following paragraphs will deal with necessary reason for divorce, jurisdictional court, application procedures and other conditions applied in the divorcing procedures.

Complaint for divorce can be made by one party (husband or wife) or by both parties who mutually agreed to end their bonds of conjugal life (Article 40).

Any party or both party who whish to break legal bonds of conjugal life shall make the divorce complaint a formal one. Complaint to the court, as addressed above, is sophisticated and formal, so writing rather than oral is strongly suggested; moreover, the plaintiff is also suggested to lodge the complaint by her or himself. With reference to Article 42; “The complaint for divorce shall be in writing and shall indicate the reasons for divorce.” It is also suggested that reasons for divorce shall be contented in the divorce complaint; this is to make a smooth hearing schedule and procedures.

However, to whom should the divorce complaint be forwarded to? Article 41 stipulates that “the adjudicating jurisdiction for divorce lies with the People’s Provincial or Municipal Court where a defendant resides.”

Procedures before the hearing

As addressed above, divorce does not only affect the divorcing parties, but the child(ren) as well as the State. So, indeed, the Law enacts different strategies for the court to reconcile the divorcing parties.

According to the Cambodian Law on Marriage and Family, the court is authorized to take “reconciliation” for three times, before the final judgment specifying the divorce judgment between the parties is issued. Moreover, during each reconciliation session, report must be radically written down in what we call “reconciliation record.” And apparently, reconciliation strategies deployed to all the three reconciliation sessions are not the same. Article 51 states that “the period between each reconciliation shall be at least one month and at most two months.” And Article 53; “if the reconciliation did not reach an agreement, the People’s Provincial or Municipal court must issue summons inviting a husband and wife to come to the court for trial.”

Due to the fact that marriage cannot be dissolved as the party please, concrete and sufficient evidence must be presented during the hearing to convince the judge to issue the divorce judgment and if necessary, the court may investigate the case.

However, divorce is easy if it is arisen from voluntary and mutual consent of both parties [absence of mistakes or external duress].

Divorce judgment is not one-stop (absolute), the party who does not agree to get divorced his/her spouse is authorized an file an objection or appeal within the legal time frame [usually two moths from the date the judgment is publicly announced].

IV. Effectiveness of Divorce

The Law on Marriage and Family does not provide any definition for the term “divorce”, but through my understanding, divorce is a legal rescission of a legal marriage, after the divorce judgment is issued.

Article 69 states that, “a divorce ends a marriage from the day when the final judgment is announced. So as written above, only after the issuance of court’s judgment, does the divorce is considered legal and so enforceable.

However, the case does not only end when the judgment is issued; other cases are also accompanied, such as child or children and properties (movable or real estate). Divorcing parties may share the child or children as well as the property in accordance with their mutual contract or in case of there is no contract, they can just take the property that they own before they share conjugal life. Article 70 states that “if there is no agreement, each spouse take only his or her property which he or she has received by inheritance, gift or devise during the existence of the marriage. The property owned before union existence is called “separate property” and property earned after the marriage is called “joint property”, or “community property.” And this community property may be shared by mutual consent of the parties or court’s judgment.

Custody of the child or children, would facilitate one party to have more property than another party who does not attain the legal custody of the child or children. The party to whom the child or children custodies are not fallen upon, is obliged to provide alimony, as per his or her ability or mutual consent until the said child or children reach majority age (Article 76).

Pruning Roses – Crucial Tips on Rose Pruning For Mediterranean Climate Gardeners

The mild winters common to Mediterranean climates means that pruning woody plants in general, and roses in particular, ought to be carried out differently than in cold, temperate climates. This includes both when and how to prune roses bushes.

The reasons for pruning are the same however, irrespective of the climate. These are principally, to induce better flowering in terms of both quantity and quality, and to remove old growth for the purpose of encouraging juvenile growth. The possibility of enjoying the beauty of a rose bush for years to come depends largely on this last point.

When to Prune Roses

In mild winter climates, it is important not to prune too early in the winter, because the combination of warm spells, together with the act of pruning, induces buds to sprout and grow, only for late frosts to wipe out the juvenile tissue. This is not only a source of fungal and bacterial infection, but also is liable to weaken the rose plant in general. As rule of thumb, prune about 6 weeks before the date when frosts are unlikely to occur.

How to Prune Roses

Unlike in cold climates, there is no need to prune the roses hard to the ground. This only wastes valuable energy. Instead, it is often sufficient to remove between a third and a half of the shrub’s height. Preferably, one should cut into young branches, at growing points (buds) that are facing outwards.

New growth does not always develop from old wood, so if all the bush’s main branches are old, it may be necessary to prune higher up the plant, on secondary branches. That is why new growth should be encouraged by clearing old branches at the bud union. (The woody swelling between the roots and the branches)

3 Points to Remember

*While most cultivated rose varieties flower on the current year’s spring growth, some species roses, especially those that originate from continental climates such as in Central Asia, flower on growth that started in the previous spring. The consequence of pruning in the winter, whether at the beginning or at the end, is therefore, to remove all the flower buds. This is invariably the reason behind the common complaint – “my roses never seem to flower!” With such roses, pruning should be delayed until the plants have finished flowering.

*Climbing roses are liable to regress to their non-climbing origins, if branches are shortened too much. Pruning should be restricted to deadheading spent flowers, or entirely removing one or two old limbs.

*Rambling and other species roses are more valuable for their shape, texture, and form, than for their brief period of flowering. Shortening branches, which is suitable for cultivated varieties (hybrid teas, floribundas e.t.c.) spoils the bushes natural shape. In such cases, it is better to thin old wood, by cutting out branches completely.