Monkshood -The Flower With a Deadly Side

My neighbors gardening mishap nearly cost him his life and it taught me never to take a plant for granted. It happened on a crisp clear April day in a cool but sunny Iowa backyard. Spring growth was just beginning to emerge and like most gardeners the call of spring was just to strong to resist. My neighbor and long time friend headed into his backyard gloves on and ready to start weeding his flowerbeds hoping to spot some early new growth and confirm that winter was finally over.

His girlfriend was in the house making a pot of coffee while he was happily pulling odd growth and newly sprouted weeds away from his precious plants. She brought him out a cup of hot coffee and together they enjoyed the spring weather and discussed the new plants they wanted to add to their garden this spring. He slowly sipped on is coffee and took off his gloves to enjoy a cigarette while he watched his little terrier, Czar, racing around the backyard looking for a stray bunny to chase.

His girlfriend had errands to run and went about her day as he went back to weeding his plants. The day progressed and he felt like he was coming down with a sore throat. It kept getting steadily worse and his girlfriend had still not returned. He was starting to have difficulty breathing and began to worry that he was having a reaction to his medications. He headed over to his neighbors house and after one look at his throat she had him in her car and on his way to the local hospital.

The doctor on call thought he was having an allergic reaction to an insect bite and gave him a series of shots and put him on an IV. Three hours later he was still not better and the doctor became intensely worried as his throat looked like it was swelling shut. He asked him what he had been doing that day and the story soon came out. My neighbor had been weeding his flowerbeds around some highly toxic (poisonous) plants and had forgotten to put his gloves back on. He had touched the spent oily leaves of a plant called monkshood and had then smoked a cigarette ingesting the oils with the smoke and his mouth and throat had reacted to the poison. Monkshood is used as an ingredient in some heart medications. It has a beautiful bloom but in the wrong hands can be deadly and my neighbor was a very serious and experienced gardener but a casual mistake could have cost him his life. After watching the drama of his experience with a plant he had grown for years I fully understand the value of a pair of gardening gloves. Never take a plant for granted!

Uterus Cancer: How Dangerous is It?


Endometrial cancer is the most common type of uterus cancer. It is so termed as the cancerous cells abnormally develop in the endometrium lining. It is also known as the cancer of the uterus or uterine cancer.


To understand cancer, we must first know that this ailment begins in the human cells. The cells are the primary unit of life. Cells combine to form tissues. Tissues come together to form organs. Cancers are malignant tumors. Tumors are masses of extra tissues. Tumors are formed when unnecessary extra cells are formed in our body. Actually new cells (the basic unit of our life) are born as per the body requirement and after the old ones die. But the malignant or cancerous cells keep on forming and constitute tumors or growths. They also spread abnormally fast. Tumors can also be non-cancerous or benign.


Uterus cancer can spread (metastasize), to the surrounding nearby blood vessels or nerves. And, from one lymph node, uterus cancer can affect other lymph nodes. Even the bones, liver, and lungs can be affected. Doctors give the newly spread tumor the same name as the mother tumor has as their characteristics remain identical.


There is still no unanimity among the medical specialists as to the exact causes of uterus cancer or uterine cancer. Nonetheless, there is agreement among them that uterus cancer cannot spread from one person to another. In other words, uterus cancer is not contagious. Mentionably, though uterus cancer generally happens after menopause, yet it can take place as menopause starts.


There are different types of uterus cancer. You would be surprised to know that cancerous cells of the uterus at times spread to the lungs. This is not lung cancer but uterine cancer that has metastasized (spread). This ‘distant’ ailment is treated as uterus cancer. Another typical form of uterus cancer is uterine sarcoma. It develops in the myometrium (muscle). There is another uterine cancer that starts in the cervix region.


The most common symptom of uterus cancer is profuse bleeding from the vagina. Many have the misconception that such abnormal vaginal bleeding is symptom of menopause and do not pay adequate attention to it. This is wrong! Such vaginal bleeding can begin only as a watery flow having just a streak of blood. But slowly more and more blood flows along with it.


Immediately consult a gynecologist the moment you see any or some of the following symptoms: Pain in the pelvic portion; pain while urinating; pain during intercourse and/or abnormal vaginal discharge or bleeding. Of course, these signs can be due to factors other than those related to uterus cancer. Hence, seek expert’s advice without delay.


The confusing fact is that many women having uterus cancer risk factors do not develop this ailment. On the other hand, there are umpteen cases of women not having the risk factors contracting uterus cancer. Nevertheless, the risk factors do help in the early diagnosing of uterus cancer. Here is an overview of the risk factors that may aggravate into uterus cancer.

Age factor: First, uterus cancer has been found to take place among women in the 50 plus age group.

Race: White-skinned women get uterus cancer more than, say the African-American women.

Endometrial hyperplasia: Second, many women after crossing 40 years suffer from endometrial hyperplasia. Though it is basically benign (not cancerous), yet it can sometimes develop into cancer. Endometrial hyperplasia happens due to the increase in cells uterus linings. The common signs of endometrial hyperplasia are bleeding in the post-menopause phase, bleeding after successive periods, and menstrual periods that are heavy. Physicians generally recommend progesterone (hormone treatment) or hysterectomy (uterus removal) to check endometrial hyperplasia from degenerating into cancer.

Colon cancer. Women suffering from colon or colorectal cancer that is inherited also may develop uterus cancer. Colon cancer affects the colon in the large intestine or/and the fag end portions of the rectum prior to the anus.

HRT: Third, women undergoing HRT (hormone replacement therapy) also have risk of contracting uterus cancer. HRT controls menopausal symptoms, prevents bone thinning (osteoporosis), and also reduces chances of stroke or heart ailments.

Prolonged use of hormone: Prolonged use of the female hormones estrogen sans progesterone can lead to uterus cancer. It is always advisable to combine the use of both primarily because progesterone acts as a potential uterus shield.

Over-exposure to estrogen: Women entering puberty early or reaching menopause late or those who have not borne any children remain exposed to estrogen for a long period. They too suffer a high risk.

Use of medicines having estrogen: One such commonly used medication is Tamoxifen. It is prescribed as a preventive measure against breast cancer. But long-time use of estrogen can lead to over-exposure to estrogen.

Obesity: The primary reason why obese women develop uterus cancer more than their thinner sisters is simple. Our body manufactures certain percentages of estrogen within the fatty tissues.

Diabetes BP: Since obesity is also linked with diabetes, the diabetic women may also have uterus cancer. Similar is the case with women having high blood pressure (BP).


The ideal diagnosis for uterus cancer can constitute one or a combination of the following tests. They are the biopsy, Transvaginal ultrasound, Pap test, and Pelvic exam.

Biopsy: In biopsy, a tissue sample is removed from the lining of the uterus. This is a simple process and is done in the doctor’s clinic itself. However, in complex situations, the patient may have to undertake the D&C process. This D&C (dilation and curettage) operation is a day-long affair. The tissue is examined by a pathologist for the probable presence of various cancerous conditions like hyperplasia and cells. In the post-biopsy stage, the patient may experience cramps and also have bleeding from the vagina for some time.

For the patient’s knowledge: The patient needs to clarify certain positions with the doctor prior to going in for biopsy. These are about (i) the biopsy type she may have to undertake and the reason(s) why she should go for the test; (ii) The approximate time biopsy would take; (iii) Would she have to be anaesthetized; (iv) Whether biopsy be painful? (v) The risks and after effects of biopsy; (vi) And, if in the event of cancer being detected what the steps she would have to take and from whom she would get the consultations.

Transvaginal ultrasound: In this test, sound waves of high frequency is aimed at the uterus via an instrument that is inserted within the vagina. The sound echo patterns make a picture. And, the doctor can have a clear idea of the actual state by examining this picture. But, transvaginal ultrasound becomes impossible if the endometrium is too thick. Then, the patient may have to go for a biopsy.

Pap test: In Pap test, cells are collected from the upper vagina and cervix portions. Pathological examination of the cells is done to find out if there are any cancerous or abnormal cells. The problem with Pap test is that it fails to identify abnormal cells within the uterus. Hence the doctors usually collect the cells via biopsy. Nonetheless, Pap test can readily detect the cervical cancerous cells.

Pelvic exam: The Pelvic exam checks the rectum, bladder, uterus, and vagina. The presence of any lumps or alterations in their sizes and shapes are clear indications of the likely presence of abnormal tumors or cancerous cells. The doctor checks the cervix and vagina via an instrument. This implement known as speculum is first inserted into the vagina.

If You Don’t Believe in Hand Washing, Go Lick a Door Knob!

Believe it or not, there are people out there who avoid hand washing because they think that dirty hands will result in a healthier you! These people feel that in our obsession to avoid germs, our bodies will not build up antibodies to combat various diseases. With that kind of attitude, maybe people opposed to hand washing should consider licking door knobs!

First of all, we will never avoid all the germs and microbes that are out there. You would have to dunk a human being in a vat of Clorox to remove 99 percent of all those microscopic hitch-hikers. ( I would be willing to bet there would still be more than a few survivors.) Our bodies are covered with microbes both good and bad. A healthy person is likely not to become ill from these germs.

Our bodies build immunity to certain microbes in the course of our daily lives. That does not mean that we should welcome every germ out there with unwashed hands. If you contact a flu bug from your unwashed hands you may build immunity to that particular flu bug. Unfortunately, there are countless numbers of flu bugs. A flu bug can mutate before it gets to the end of the block where you live and now you have a completely different flu bug!

People who believe that dirty hands will make them healthier in the long run should consider that mutating flu germ. A person could be ill every day of the year with a different strain of the flu germ and the antibodies created along the way wouldn’t prevent them from getting sick. So far, we have only mentioned one kind of germ found on dirty hands, now let’s take a look at a door knob.

If you actually licked a door knob, something I don’t recommend, you would come in contact with all manner of germs. There are estimates that millions of germs reside on door knobs! For the non-believers of hand washing, a door knob is a germ bonanza. Simply lick that doorknob and start building antibodies. (Don’t worry about getting deadly ill in the process.)

So what are some of the microbes found on a door knob? Here are just a few to make non-believers consider washing their hands:

Streptococcus- there are many strains of Streptococcus and some strains can cause meningitis, pneumonia, and flesh eating strains as well. (Still want to lick that door knob?)

Staphylococcus- this germ is not as deadly and is commonly found on our own skin. However, there are some strains that cause serious skin infections as well as food poisoning. (Are your hands starting to itch?)

E-coli- The E-coli germ has a split personality. Many forms of this germ are harmless and reside in the human digestive system and aid in the digestive process. Other forms are can be deadly causing diarrhea, meningitis, urinary tract infections, mastitis and pneumonia.

Salmonella- This particular bacterium is interesting in that it can be transferred between humans and animals. Salmonella is the leading cause of food poisoning and severe cases of diarrhea.

I just identified four of the millions of germs that can be found on a typical door knob. You can bet that there are many more that are sitting there waiting to infect you. If you are a person who believes that dirty hands can lead to good health, I wish you well. I simply don’t wish to shake your hand or share a bag of popcorn with you. And really, don’t even think about licking a door knob!

Sinus Infection Congestion – The 3 Absolute Best Home Remedies For Sinus Infection Congestion

Sinus infection congestion is the worst! The unbearable sinus pain. The oh-so-attractive mouth breathing. We’ve all been there…an estimated 37 million people get at least one infection a year. That’s a lot of tissues! There are ways to ease the discomfort without running to the doctor for antibiotics or developing an addiction to decongestant nasal sprays. After suffering with sinus congestion for years, I’ve compiled my top 3 go to remedies whenever my sinuses start to ache.

1. Hot Toddy! Yes, hot toddy is number one. Why? Because warm booze is the best thing ever when you feel like crap and have sinus infection congestion! And also, because they do work. A hot toddy is basically liquor, honey, lemon, and either warm water or tea mixed together. I usually reach for the Jack Daniels, but you can use any kind of brandy, whiskey or rum you like. I also don’t feel like reaching for the measuring cup when I’m super congested, but if you must measure, here is a go-by:

The World’s Best Hot Toddy

1 ounce brandy, whiskey or rum (or 2 ounces if you really want to knock this sinus infection congestion out!) 1 tablespoon honey 1/4 of a lemon 1 cup of hot tea or hot water

Hold your nose and throw it down the hatch! A cinnamon stick, six to ten cloves, or a couple of teaspoons of brown sugar can be added to the mix if you’re not as experienced with the hot toddie, or drinking for that matter. You should feel relief immediately, and if you don’t, rinse and repeat!

2. The Newly Popular Neti Pot – I have to be honest. I don’t understand what all the hype is about the neti pot. Although it does feel great, the relief is very short lived. In my experience, I’m congested again in about 5 minutes, no exaggeration. However, I am including it on my list because it has helped keep my allergies, cold, etc from turning into a full blown infection when used as soon as the tell tell symptoms appear – dripping nose, sinus congestion, etc. The neti pot has never done much of anything for me if I already have an infection. So, as soon as your nose starts to drip, use your neti pot twice a day or more.

3. Mucinex! Mucinex! Mucinex! People don’t realize how important mucinex is when you have an infection. When I go to the doctor for a sinus infection, and I used to alot, he would prescribe me mucinex and send me home. That’s right, no antibiotics, mucinex. Why? First, antibiotics are not the sinus cure like we once thought. More studies are showing that antibiotics may shave one day off the infection time, if that. In my experience, doctors try to avoid giving you antibiotics. So, back to the mucinex. If you have sinus problems yearly like I do, take mucinex as directed on the box as soon as your nose starts to drip. Most of the time the mucinex will prevent your cold or allergy from becoming a full on infection. Why? Because the bacteria that causes the infection lives in your mucus. Mucinex thins your mucus, making it easier for your body to get rid of, therefore, getting rid of the infection. Also, removing the mucus eases the sinus infection congestion.

What You Should Consider Before Taking Ambien

Ambien, a prescription drug, is the brand name for zolpidem that is used to help treat insomnia. Ambien is a sleeping pill in a specific classification of drugs known as hypnotics or sedatives.

Studies show that insomnia is caused by an imbalance of chemicals in your brain. Ambien works to induce relaxation and sleep in the patient. It is usually prescribed to those who have sleep problems such as inability to sleep, waking too early or waking several times during the night.

Generally, Ambien is only prescribed for use seven to ten days. Long-term use is not recommended. The use of Ambien should be closely monitored by a physician.

There are some things to take into consideration when taking Ambien. First, it is important that the drug be taken exactly as your doctor has directed. It should also be taken with a full glass of water and only take right before bedtime.

Since the drug works relatively fast, it is important that you do not take it until just before you get into bed for the night. It quickly makes you drowsy and you could hurt yourself by falling.

Ambien should also be taken only if you are able to devote at least eight hours to sleep. Otherwise, you will still be drowsy upon waking and will be defeating the purpose of taking the medication.

If you are taking Ambien for prolonged periods, such as over two weeks, you should not abruptly stop taking it. If you do, you may begin to experience withdrawal symptoms.

If you have a history of kidney or liver disease or have any type of respiratory disease such as bronchitis, asthma or emphysema, you should let your doctor know prior to taking Ambien.

Some of the side effects that could occur when taking Ambien follow in the next paragraph. For those who are 60 years old or older, you carry a higher risk of experiencing these side effects.

Some potential side effects of Ambien include drowsiness, headache, clumsiness or dizziness. You could experience nausea, diarrhea, vomiting or constipation as well. Depression, pain or aches in the muscle, abnormal or vivid dreams or memory loss could also occur as a result taking Ambien.

More serious side affects could include an allergic reaction resulting in breathing difficulties, swelling of the face, tongue or lips or closing of the throat. Abnormal behavior, confusion or hallucinations are also serious side effects of Ambien.

When taking Ambien, it should not be mixed with any other drugs, prescription or over the counter drugs that could cause drowsiness.

Disclaimer: Ambien is extremely habit forming and should be used with extreme caution. Talk to your physician before stopping this medication.

How to Care For Pet Rat Injuries

Pet rats can suffer a wide array of injuries and can cause stress, worry, and panic in their owners. While their wounds can get easily infected and turn into abscesses, a rat without an infection actually heals tremendously fast. Nevertheless, here are some common injuries of pet rats, as well as the best things to do in the even t of an injured rat.

Common injuries:

Fight scratches and bites

Sometimes there comes a time when big fights happen between two of your beloved rats. Males are usually guilty of this. When they suffer wounds from the fights, it is best to keep them separated following the incident in order to promote healing and to prevent more fighting. If their wounds seem raw and red without any improvement, it would be best to see your veterinarian as their wounds might be infected.

Broken claw or tail

This is not uncommon and is also not very serious however these can be extremely painful for your domesticated rats. A broken claw or tail is usually a result of their getting stuck somewhere or being stepped on or nipped. You must first very gently disinfect the broken part by rinsing it in a non-abrasive antiseptic, like lemongrass distillate or tea tree oil. If you notice swelling in any area, it means it is infected and your pet rat may need an antibiotic. As for bucks, sometimes they can get an entire leg broken as result of playing or getting stuck somewhere in the cage. You may want to visit your veterinarian who will assess the severity of the injury while you keep your injured pet rat in a safe leveled area in the cage for the meantime.

More serious injuries:

Blisters on ear

Also known as aural haematoma, this is when your pet rat’s ear can blow up and swell like a big blister of blood. Usually, it will take a couple of days for the blood to subside and go back into the skin, however leaving a thicker ear. If the swelling is severe and tends to flop or block the ear hole, antibiotic cream must be applied.

Dislocation of vertebra

This is even more excruciatingly painful to your injured pet rat than a broken leg. The dislocated vertebra often happens along the lower back or the tail. If this happens, it is best to go to your veterinarian, who will administer anesthesia before trying to snap the vertebra back to its original alignment.

Clinical Examination in Respiratory Disorders

Cough with or without expectoration, chest pain, dyspnea and hemoptysis are the most frequent respiratory symptoms. Cough with expectoration is a prominent symptom in inflammatory lesions such as bronchitis and pneumonia or in irritative and allergic lesions of the respiratory tract. Pharyngitis, laryngitis, tracheitis and early stages of bronchitis give rise to cough without expectoration. In some infections like Bordetella pertussis and Klebsiella, paroxysms of cough are followed by a long inspiratory whoop caused by laryngeal spasm. Cough elicited by change of posture (Postural Cough) is characteristic of bronchiectasis, lung abscess, and bronchopleural fistula, “Bovine Cough” or “gander Cough” is the term used to denote cough devoid of its explosive (tussive) phase. This occurs in bilateral adductor paralysis of the vocal cords. In asthma cough and dyspnea tend to recur regularly at night. In left sided heart failure with pulmonary edema, cough occurs in the recumbent posture. Development of a sudden and uncontrollable paroxysm of cough in an otherwise healthy person should suggest the possibility of an aspirated foreign body.

Cough is generally a protective reflex designed to keep the airway patent and clear the exudates. Sometimes irritant cough becomes troublesome, interfering with sleep and causing severe annoyance to the patient. Other unto-wards effects of cough include syncope (cough syncope), penumothorax, mediastinal and surgical emphysema and rib fractures (cough fracture). In children paroxysmal cough may lead to sub-conjuctival hemorrhage.

The material expectorated from the respiratory tract is called sputum. In healthy individuals the secretion of the respiratory passages is less than 100ml in 24 hours. And this is just adequate to provide a protective lining, and there is no expectoration. Expectoration in excess of 10-25 ml of sputum in 24 hours, should raise the possibility of disease. Copious amounts in excess of 300 ml are seen in bronchiectasis and lung abscess. Character of the sputum often suggests the underlying pathology. Sputum is serosanguinous in pulmonary edema, mucoid and sticky in asthma and chronic bronchitis, thick and purulent in bronchiectasis and lung abscess, creamy yellow in pulmonary tuberculosis, blood stained in carcinoma, tuberculosis, bronchiectasis, mitrial stenosis and pulmonary infarction, rusty in pneumonia and black in coal worker’s pneumoconiosis. Foul smelling sputum is suggestive of bronchiectasis, lung abscess or gangrene of the lung.

Presence of blood in the sputum is termed “hemoptysis”. In true hemoptysis blood is derived from the airways or the lungs. The quantity of blood may be small as in mitral stenosis or massive as in cavitary pulmonary tuberculosis or neoplasm. Sometimes blood is derived from the upper respiratory passages or mouth and this is termed “spurious hemoptysis”. Hemoptysis is a manifestation of serious underlysing disease warranting full investigation. Though rare, massive hemoptysis results in considerable loss of blood demanding emergency management in non-respiratory hypertension occurring in mitral stenosis, acute pulmonary edema, pulmonary infarction, trauma and hemorrhagic diseases. Rarely massive and fatal hemoptysis may develop when an aortic aneurysm erodes into the trachea or a bronchus. Spurious hemoptysis is commonly resorted to by hysterical individuals to attract medical attention.

management of hemoptysis:
The patient should be hospitalized as an emergency and a rapid clinical examination is done to determine the cause. It is important to avoid percussion, which may worsen the hemoptysis. The patient is put to bed and sedated with diazepam 10mg administered intramuscularly. Respiratory depressants such as morphine should be avoided since they impair expectoration. Blood loss and its effects are assessed by monitoring the volume of blood expectorated and the pulse, respiration and blood pressure. If the blood loss exceeds 200-300ml in 24 hours and it is persistent, blood transfusion is indicated.

In the majority of cases the underlying cause can be made out by clinical examination and chest radiography. Specific treatment is instituted early (e.g antituberculosis drugs in abscess, etc) in conditions where such treatment is available, majority of cases subside with rest, sedation, and blood transfusion. In conditions like pulmonary neoplasms, bleeding tends to persist, In such cases emergency bronchoscopy is done to locate the lesion and bleeding is located and the opposite lung is normal, induction of collapse by artificial pneumothorax serves to arrest bleeding promptly.

Digital clubbing (Hippocratic fingers)
This is caused by increase in the volume of soft tissue in and around the distal phalanges of the fingers and toes, especially the nail beds. This leads to increased curvature of the nails. Severity of clubbing varies and this has been graded for clinical purposes.
Grade 1: Fluctuation of the nail can be elicited on the nail bed.
Grade 2: The normal angle between the nail and nail bed is lost.
Grade 3: The terminal portion of the phalanx and nail appears as a drumstick or a parrot beak.
Grade 4: In addition to digital clubbing, other regions show pulmonary osteo-arthropathy.

• Respiratory diseases- suppurative lesions like bronchiectasis, lung abscess, emphysema, and infected cysts; advanced tuberculosis with bronchiectatic changes, bronchoganic carcinoma, pneumoconiosis, fobrosing alveolitis, and pleural fibroma.
• Cardiovascular disorders- Cyanotic congenital heart diseases and infective endocarditis.
• Alimentary disorders- Malabsorption states, ulcerative colitis, cirrhosis of the liver, hepatomas and amoebic live abscess.
• Miscellaneous groups- Clubbing may develop in thyroxicosis. At times it may occur nonpathologically in several members of a family (familial clubbing). Repeated trauma to the finger tips as occurring in carpenters and blacksmiths leads to occupational clubbing.

Angelman Syndrome – Causes, Symptoms And Treatment

Angelman Syndrome is a genetic disorder caused by a fault in chromosome 15. There are many ways to treat the disorder but unfortunately, there are no proven methods to cure it. However, researchers are continuing to search for ways to permanently cure the disease. Angelman Syndrome, sometimes called AS for short was once known as ‘happy puppet’ because of the patient’s sunny outlook and jerky movements. It was later renamed after Harry Angelman, the physician who pioneered investigation into symptoms of the disease in 1965. AS causes developmental delay and neurological problems, and can affect any person regardless of their race, gender, or age.

Angelman Syndrome is usually not recognized at birth or in infancy since the developmental problems are nonspecific during this time. Parents may begin to suspect the diagnosis after reading about AS or meeting a child with the condition. The most common age of diagnosis is between three and seven years of age, when the characteristic behaviors and features become most evident. A child who has Angelman Syndrome will show many symptoms, some which are omnipresent and others which can remain dormant for long periods of time.

Some symptoms that are always present include severe speech impairment, hyperactive behavior, movement or balance disorders, and developmental delay in sitting, crawling, walking, or mental retardation. Jerky marionette-type movements, stiff-legged walking, hand flapping, and unique behavior with an inappropriate happy demeanor that includes frequent laughing, smiling, and excitability are also some of the usual symptoms in a diagnosed child. Symptoms that are not always evident include having a small head, characteristic EEG abnormalities, tremulousness of the limbs, and seizures onset before three years of age. Many children with this disease will also have a protruding tongue, disturbed sleep, frequent drooling, and feeding difficulty during infancy. Microcephaly and Epilepsy are both common in children with this irreversible disorder.

There is no standard course of treatment for Angelman Syndrome because there is no known way to prevent or cure it. Treatment is mainly focused on providing physical therapy and adaptive devices to assist with gait and balance problems. Early language evaluation and intervention is also recommended. Patients with epilepsy are often prescribed anticonvulsant medications. Parents of children with AS usually find strength, valuable information, and comfort from support groups.

Occupational therapies, communication therapy, and behavioral therapies are important in allowing individuals with Angelman syndrome to reach their maximum developmental potential. Most individuals with AS will have severe developmental delays, speech limitations, and motor difficulties. However, people with this irrevokable disease can have normal life spans and generally do not show developmental regression as they age. Early diagnosis and the tailored interventions and therapies listed above can help improve the quality of life for those who were unfortunately diagnosed with this dire genetic disorder.

Angelman Syndrome is caused by an abnormal expression of a group of genes on chromosome 15. Researchers have found a very small deleted area in this chromosome in patients with AS. This deleted area contains genes that can be either activated or inactivated, depending on which parent the chromosome was inherited from. The gene for this disease is called UBE3A. When this gene is turned on, Angelman Syndrome does not occur. However when it is turned off or missing, Angelman Syndrome occurs. In patients with Angelman Syndrome, a missing UBE3A gene only occurs in the chromosome given by the mother.

For this reason, it seems that the UBE3A gene is turned on only on the chromosome inherited from mother. Researchers have also found that Angelman Syndrome is caused when a child inherits both chromosomes 15 from the father. This condition is called paternal uniparental disomy (UPD). In this case, both chromosomes have their UBE3A genes turned off. There is a control region, called the Imprinting Center (IC), which can control or turn on or off the action of the UBE3A gene. Mutations in the area of the Imprinting Center can also cause Angelman Syndrome, as well as many other genetic disorders.

Some disorders have similar or even the same symptoms as Angelman Syndrome. Therefore, when a doctor is diagnosing a patient, he/she must somehow rule out the other disorders to ensure that they will come up with a precise diagnosis. Some of the other disorders include Prader-Willi Syndrome, Cerebral Palsy, Rett Syndrome, Idiopathic Epilepsy, and Static Encephalopathy. AS is a fairly rare disorder. While an exact count of cases in the United States is not available, the Angelman Syndrome Foundation (ASF) has found around 1000 cases in the U.S. and Canada. However, the most important aspect of this disease has yet to be recognized: a cure.

In the recent years, there has been some beneficial research into the location and identification of the genes causing Angelman Syndrome. Now efforts are being directed towards examination of the precise functions of these genes. There is still much progress to be made in understanding the symptoms of this condition, particularly the communication problems and the seizure disorder. Therefore, the research is divided into two categories. One is Scientific research, which involves using laboratory techniques to find out about the basic chemical, physiological and anatomical abnormalities in the condition and aids diagnosis.

The other is Clinical research, which involves the observation and study of patients themselves. Both types of research will be vital in the quest to cure AS. It is thought to be unlikely that gene therapy will ever be able to cure Angelman Syndrome, due to the fact that some of the effects on early brain development are irreversible. Understanding of the genes involved, however, could be a valuable guide as to which drugs might be used to treat the condition. Quality clinical research can help to teach more about which therapies are particularly useful in the management of AS. There are now many centers all over the world which are involved in researching a cure. With all these ideas from major centers, as well as help from Angelman Syndrome families, researchers should be able to understand more about how the genes on chromosome 15 cause the symptoms of Angelman Syndrome.

Looking For Sleep Paralysis Treatment? Well Read This First

Sleep paralysis is not harmful physically, but it can leave you feeling tired and restless when you wake in the morning. The resulting lack of sleep will then trigger more incidents and if they do become frequent then you have to consider sleep paralysis treatment. The question to ask though is, is there a treatment for this condition.

There are some drugs and medicines that you will find that have been prescribed for sleep paralysis but they do not cure the condition they just help you sleep better that's all. The way that this condition manifests itself makes it possible to be treated by simple and easy to understand preventive techniques. That is by staying away from all the things that are known to cause it you can avoid incidents.

It generally occurs when in the middle of your sleep you are suddenly interrupted and you were having a dream. What you need to know is that the reaction times of the body and the brain in this situation are become different. You become locked in a state of partial awareness and sleepiness at the same time. Trying to figure what is part of the dream and the reality that you have woken up to can be confusing for the body.

So to avoid you having to physically respond to things that are part of a dream you become paralyzed. Sleep paralysis treatment therefore involves avoiding anything that will likely interfere with you r sleep and cause you to wake up.

There are a number of things that are known to disrupt a normal sleep pattern, such as light and sound. Not keeping to a regular sleep schedule is another. Sleep paralysis treatment looks at all the factors involved and is aimed at you avoiding them. Give yourself time to acquaint yourself fully with this condition.

Inguinal Hernia Repair In India – Merits, Demerits And Costs

Inguinal hernia repair in India is performed at a very low cost. It is now offering world class medical facilities comparable with any of the western countries. It possess hospitals with state of art equipments including best medical experts. Medical facilities provided by India at the most competitive prices will help you to get the treatment done at a very low cost. It is also giving consultancy to foreign patients about cost effective treatment options available. Medical tourism has tied up with various hospitals, talented surgeons. Above all these facilities like healthcare facilities, they also provide travel accommodation, visa documentation and tourist assistance to the international patients who are willing to take here surgeries. Treatments in India is available at a fraction of the cost in Europe, America.

Many medical tourists in ever increasing numbers are in a search of low cost surgery that could reduce their expenses. The surgery packages available in India will cost you very less as compared to other foreign destinations. At other places you would have to pay for the medical charges alone, but here, less medical expense, no waiting queue. Our country possesses one of the best qualified surgeons in every field, this fact has been realized all over the world. Medical tour for inguinal hernia repair in India is becoming center of attraction for medical patients.

This repair, also known as herniorrhaphy. It is a surgical correction of inguinal hernia. It is an opening in the lining tissue (peritoneum) of the abdominal wall in the groin area between the abdomen and the thigh. It is performed to close the weakened abdominal wall of an inguinal hernia. It is called inguinal because the intestines push through a weak spot in the inguinal canal. Majority of hernia occurs in males. It is a safe operation and is performed worldwide. If you are willing to take this surgery then you should be aware about its possible risks, benefits and other conditions. Herniorrhaphy is performed under general anesthesia. In this procedure, surgeon will make an incision in your groin area, push the protruding intestines back into the abdomen and repair the weakened or torn muscle in the abdominal wall.


Allergic reaction to anesthesia


Pain and discomfort

Perforation of bowel

Difficulty urinating


It provides the benefit of short hospital stay, quicker recovery and fewer recurrences. It prevents strangulation of the intestine, which is a surgical emergency and sometimes requires immediate care and attention by hospital staff.

Cost of Inguinal hernia repair in India

The cost of Inguinal hernia repair in India is very affordable. Our country has the most competent doctors at a reasonable price at the best hospitals of India including Avon facilities. Many of the doctors have been trained from the countries that too have best medical infrastructure. If a patient comes to India he will undergo medical diagnosis, and along with that he will be made to visit Indian tourist destinations. India gives you the most competitive charges for treatment. It also possess traditional medical science of Ayurveda and Naturopathy found in its purest form. So if anyone is thinking to undergo hernia repair in India, it is the best decision

What is a Soft Splint?

A soft splint can be wrapped around the joint limb of a patient. The interlinked soft and elongated fabric sleeves are joined flexibly at the edges of the sides that create a unitary structure. These sleeves make up for the individual pockets that are full of lightweight and flow able expanded from beads partially or in any other material that do not absorb moisture and where the air and moisture can pass freely in the structure.

This lightweight structure makes for the soft splint that has to be wrapped around the affected area of the patient and should be secured in place by means of quick fastening.

You can remove and install this splint easily. The sleeve members when compressed resist bending in order to maintain your limb in an unflexed extended position. This lightweight construction allows the passage of air and moisture through it rapidly and it dries fast after washing. About 3-4 sleeve members, are linked together to make a splint that has suitable size.

o These soft adjustable splints with polystyrene bead filled splint positions of the wrist, knee and elbow are used in order to immobilize passively protect your joints and prevent pressure applied on the bony prominences. Adjust the splint simply by adding or removing the beads from the concealed zipper opening. There are Velcro closures that enable easy removal. These splints are very comfortable to use with a white cotton lining and grey vinyl mesh covering. The fill is radiolucent and it is machine washable.

o A soft splint cast is a kind of a splint that is made from soft cast material made by 3M for casting. It can be used similarly like Fiberglass cast. But, in soft splint cast, the casting material is not set as firmly as fiberglass cast, thus enabling one to make some movements. The more number of materials used, the more rigid the cast becomes.

o A soft cast splint is very comfortable to wear. It is unsuitable for immobilizing the limb, in case of a fracture. But is a great help in cases where one needs support allowing some movement. Such soft cast splints are used to treat transition from rigid splinting to nothing at all and tendinitis. The splint limits your movements and thus, protects the injured tissue.

Many different materials are used to make a splint. It depends largely on the type of injury, the person who requires a splint and tier goals of immobilizing. Many people prefer these soft splints because of the comfort it offers and it’s softness.

Ayurvedic Herbal Treatment for Urinary Bladder and Urethra Injury

Injuries to the urinary bladder and urethra can occur due to blunt trauma or penetrating wounds, surgery, and motor vehicle accidents. Such injuries can cause leakage of urine into the abdomen, infection, abdominal pain, difficulty in passing urine, and possible bleeding. Long-term complications include difficulty in passing urine, slow passage of urine, dysfunction of involuntary control of urination, and dysfunction related to sexual performance, notably erection and ejaculation.

Most acute injuries to the urinary bladder and urethra need to be handled in surgical departments or intensive care of hospitals and may need intensive therapy like surgery, intensive care or conservative hospital management. This article deals with the long-term management of complications resulting from injury to the urinary bladder or urethra. Most such long-term complications deal with chronic infection, inflammation, reduction in the patency of the bladder or urethra, incontinence, and dysfunctional erection and ejaculation.

Chronic inflammation and infection can lead to blockage and obstruction to the normal flow of urine. Ayurvedic medicines can be given on a long term basis in order to remove the infection and inflammation and simultaneously to reduce the blockage in the urethra. When medicines are commenced during the inflammatory phase, the inflammation and resulting blockage can be removed completely. If severe blockage in the urethra has already occurred, progressive mechanical dilatation may also be required.

The basic focus of Ayurvedic treatment or the main symptoms for which most patients approach Ayurvedic practitioners is for dysfunction related to neuromuscular coordination and control. Damage to the spinal cord and nerves controlling the function of the urinary bladder, urethra as well as the penis are difficult to treat within the modern system of medicine. Ayurvedic herbal medicines can be judiciously used to treat such problems and improve the overall functioning of the genitourinary tract as well as sexual performance.

Ayurvedic herbo-mineral compounds are especially useful in healing nerve damage and improving neuromuscular coordination related to emptying of the bladder, timely retention of urine, and proper sexual functioning related to erection of the penis and proper and timely ejaculation of the seminal fluid. Treatment needs to be given for prolonged periods ranging from 6 to 12 months in order to bring about significant improvement in affected individuals, both for a proper bladder functioning and for neuromuscular sexual coordination.

Regular use of these medicines tones up the bladder, improves its storage capacity, and helps in proper and timely emptying. Distension of the bladder also generates appropriate impulses and the urge to void urine. These medicines also aid in causing timely rigidity of the penis at the onset of sexual intercourse, maintain it till appropriate ejaculation, and then help in the proper drainage of blood from the penis so as to bring it back to its original state. Medicines which act on the pelvic nerves also help in timely and appropriate outward ejaculation to complete the sexual act.

Dysfunction of the bladder and penis may also be related to stress and can produce a vicious cycle of improper functioning causing stress and anxiety, which can further aggravate the symptoms. It is therefore equally important to treat anxiety and stress while simultaneously treating the organic problems in affected individuals. However, regular treatment is effective in bringing about reduction of symptoms and normalising a proper functioning of the pelvis organs in most affected individuals. Ayurvedic medicines may also be used in combination with modern treatment or surgical procedures, in order to provide the maximum possible therapeutic benefit to affected individuals.

To some up, Ayurvedic herbal treatment has a significant role to play in the management and treatment of injuries and related long-term complications of the urethra and urinary bladder.

Shoulder Impingement Syndrome – What You Need to Know About Shoulder Impingement Syndrome

What is shoulder impingement syndrome?

Shoulder impingement syndrome is a common name given for a condition that causes shoulder joint pain and most often upper arm pain. This problem is typically associated with rotator cuff pathology and/or bursitis of the shoulder. This syndrome is often a sign that there is an underlying problem with one of those structures but could be related to other things as well. This article will discuss what you need to know about this painful condition.

The shoulder joint is a complex structure consisting of several muscles, bones, ligaments and a bursal sac. All of these structures act together to allow the joint the great flexibility and motion that it has. Because of its intricate design it is prone to injury. The more common injuries will occur to the soft tissue structures (the muscles and bursa). When these structures are injured they will become inflamed and this starts a painful process.

How does it occur?

Shoulder impingement syndrome occurs when one or more of the soft tissue structures becomes inflamed when injured. This inflammation causes a swelling in the area and reduces the space that these structures have to move around. The rotator cuff muscles and the bursal sac are very close to a piece of bone that is part of the shoulder blade. They actually sit right beneath it. As they swell the space between them and this bone becomes less and less. As you try to raise your arm overhead these swollen structures will get pinched (or impinged) under this bone and shoulder joint pain. This is how the impingement syndrome starts.

As the swelling worsens other motions will become painful as well such as reaching behind your back, pulling up your pants, or putting on a shirt. Weakness may develop over time as well. These are all common symptoms caused by this condition. If the pain and inflammation persists for a long period of time it can cause minor tears in the muscles which may eventually lead to a major tear. Once this happens your ability to raise your arm or use it normally will be markedly impaired.

How is this syndrome diagnosed?

A qualified physician or physical therapist can make the diagnosis of shoulder impingement syndrome. This starts with a thorough exam and medical history. Often times the MD will order x-rays to rule out a more serious problem. There are a series of tests including range of motion, muscle testing and special testing that are performed to identify this problem. The physician may also attempt and injection into the joint to see if it relieves the pain. If so then the diagnosis is confirmed.

What treatments are available for this problem?

Most treatment will focus on relieving your pain but you must understand that there is an underlying cause as to why this happened. This might include muscle weakness in the shoulder or shoulder blade, tightness in certain structures or an unstable shoulder. A qualified physician or physical therapist can determine this for you.

Shoulder joint pain is treated with anti-inflammatory medication. This must be taken for several weeks (up to 8) to notice a positive effect. You have to let your MD know if the meds aren’t helping within 2 weeks or so. If they aren’t he may prescribe a different form of anti-inflammatory. Persistent pain that is not relieved with meds or structured exercises may lead to a cortisone injection. This may or may not relieve the pain but it does not treat the underlying cause of the problem.

A core component to treating shoulder impingement syndrome is to perform a structured exercise program consisting of specific exercises designed to restore strength, improve flexibility and to restore the normal mechanics of the shoulder. It is not wise to perform random exercises given to you by a friend or coworker. The exercise program you perform must be specifically tailored for this condition.

Vitamin B12 Deficiency Symptoms In Women

Cobalamin, also referred to as vitamin B12, plays an important role in ordinary body activities. A water-soluble vitamin, B12 assists the brain and nervous system to perform properly.

B12 vitamin is also involved in the development of blood, synthesis of DNA, and energy production in the body. One can get vitamin B12 naturally from food items like meat, fish and dairy products. It is routinely prepared synthetically in the science laboratory to treat patients being affected by B12 vitamin deficiency.

Vitamin B12 is used to treat Pernicious anemia, memory loss, and Alzheimer’s disease. It is used to improve your mood and energy, to increase your concentration, and improve your immune system. It delays getting older, and it lowers the high homocysteine levels in the body. People who have very high levels of homocysteine are at an increased risk for coronary artery disease. High homocysteine levels in the blood can damage the lining of the arteries, and may make blood clot more easily than it should. This results in the increase of blood vessel blockages, increasing the risk for pulmonary embolism, heart attack, and stroke.

Vitamin B12 both individually or along with other vitamins is used to treat heart diseases, diabetes, sleeping disorders, melancholy, mental problems, weak bones, AIDS, inflammatory bowel disease and swollen tendons. It is also used in the therapy of asthma, allergies, cervical cancer and skin infections.

When B12 vitamin is reduced in the body, the body exhibits precise deficiency symptoms.

Frequently, vitamin B12 deficiency comes about as a result of lack of a well-balanced diet. Deficiency can also be the result of some medications that lower gastric acid production.

A common reason is not enough stomach acid that separates B12 vitamin from protein that has been consumed. Other reasons of vitamin B12 deficiency may be malabsorption, persistent diseases like liver and kidney problems, and pernicious anemia. Consumption of booze may also trigger vitamin B12 deficiency. Pregnant women typically suffer from a lack of proper amounts of vitamin B12.

Common symptoms of B12 vitamin deficiency, like fatigue, bleeding gums, bowel problems, irritability, and lack of concentration, are felt in the earliest stages. Other symptoms such as cold and hot feeling, stabbing pain in the body, sore throat, or sense of deadness, could very well also be perceived. One warning sign that you could possibly be considerably low on vitamin B12 is the presence of lines or ridges on your fingernails, and the disappearance of the moons at the bottoms of your fingernails.

Decrease in appetite, accompanied by body weight gain, is very frequent in B12 vitamin deficiency. B12 vitamin deficiency may also lead to long term issues like Alzheimer’s disease, stroke, menstrual problems and heart diseases.

B12 vitamin deficiency may also bring about acute pain in the limbs, weakness of the arms and legs, and unpleasant jerking of limbs.

Symptoms of depression, nervousness, unpleasant body odor, and neuritis are additional symptoms of B12 vitamin deficiency, as are complications in walking and speaking. Vitamin B12 is often evaluated together with a folic acid test, because a lack of either one can bring on a form of anemia called megaloblastic anemia, a blood disorder in which there is anemia with larger-than-normal red blood cells, typically precipitated by a deficiency of folic acid or vitamin B12. B12 vitamin deficiency can sometimes lead to pernicious anemia.

The deficiency of B12 can be corrected by consuming nourishing food that provides plenty of B12. Intake of meat, fish, seafood, poultry, cheese, eggs, and milk may lower B12 deficiency.

For those of you who don’t eat animal products, or if you have a health issue that reduces your absorption of essential nutrients, health specialists suggest eating a B12-containing multivitamin plus eating breakfast cereal fortified with vitamin B12.

Eating lots of green leafy vegetables, citrus fruits, and fortified cereals can increase folic acid levels in the body and in turn assists to improve vitamin B12 in the body. If the issue is extreme, then it is vital to talk to a medical doctor. Your health practitioner may highly recommend B12 supplements in the form of tablets or shots. Sinus sprays are also available to remedy B12 vitamin deficiency.

If you experience symptoms of B12 deficiency, seek the counsel of your medical doctor regarding a blood test to assess B12 levels.

Amazing Enzyme


Enzymes are essential proteins that are involved in speeding up the reactions necessary for proper maintenance of the body’s function. They can be divided into digestive and metabolic enzymes.

Digestive enzymes include amylases, proteases, and lipases. They are integral to breaking down, controlling, and utilizing carbohydrates, proteins, and lipids (fats). Enzymes help transform food products into usable energy and building blocks for muscles, nerves, bones, and glands.

Metabolic enzymes catalyze the various chemical reactions both in and out of the cells such as those for energy production, detoxification, and anti-inflammatory responses. Enzymes can act as filters to clean the blood of harmful proteins and break down inflammation. These enezymes are critical to the body from the individual cell to tissues and organs.


MzyM is Phytovi’s formula containing plant and animal enzymes that support the body’s natural enzymatic function. The enzymes that make up MzyM can help break down, control, and utilize carbohydrates, proteins, and fats as well as certain harmful proteins that can irritate joints and slow down recovery from injury.

Enzymes are mainly manufactured by the body to maintain daily well being. A shortage of even one type of enzyme can dramatically affect health. Over time, the body’s ability to supply enough enzymes to keep up with its own demands of defense and protection decreases.

Unnatural components of our environment’s, such as pollution, food additives, and stress all negatively affect the makeup of our cells. When the body works harder, there is a corresponding increase in our need for health promoting enzymes.


Mzym was formulated to support digestion when taken with meals. More rapid and thorough food breakdown and absorption can reduce bloating, indigestion, diarrhea, constipation, and heartburn. Celiac disease can also be alleviated with the help of the enzymes in MzyM. Lactase is included for digestion of dairy products while gastric and pancreatic enzymes like pepsin and pancreatin included in MzyM increase the active enzyme levels to create optimal digestive activity.

Phytovi’s MzyM, like the enzymes in the body, can also be useful in metabolic situations, as in inflammatory conditions, physical traumas, post-operative care, osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, breaking down scar tissue, fractures and tooth infections. It can also help tonsillitis, allergies, asthma, and respiratory infections.

Bromelain and papain are two strong proteases. Used in combination, they are powerful anti-inflammatory enzymes. They have similar proteolytic, or protein digestive, properties as NSAIDs without stimulating antibody responses. Mzym works naturally and gradually to help reduce pain and support the body’s own healing processes to make the body’s recovery faster and better.

Numerous clinical studies have found that MzyM has no significant side effects even in large doses. If you are taking blood-thinning medications or have other concerns, you should consult with your health care professional before taking MzyM.


Bromelain has anti-inflammatory and wound healing effects due to protein digesting enzyme found in the pineapple’s stems. Bromelain cuts healing time in half after injury, breaks down cellular wastes, which contribute to inflammation and swelling, improve local circulation. Decreases the duration of swelling and paint after surgery. Helps resolve late stages of inflammation, speeding wound healing and reducing the potential for scar tissue. Heals bruises rapidly, relaxes muscles. It blocks inflammatory chemicals and inhibits swelling, pain and tissue damage in affected joints, tendons and muscle. It is natural blood thinner; prevent platelet stickiness and clot formation, while having anti-inflammatory and immune-modulating effects. It is a powerful digestive enzyme.