The Diagnosis, Causes And Treatment Of "Gynecomastia" In Men

Gynecomastia is the development of female-like breast tissue and enlargement of the chest/breasts of a male. Both men and women are born with breast tissue, but this tissue stays very rudimentary and minimal in the male chest. The nipple/areola complex probably represents the most significant”reminder” of these tissues in the male that we normally recognize. More than 50% of newborn males have a feminine, plump look to their breasts which is a temporary form of gynecomastia (due to the effects of maternal estrogens) but this condition essentially disappears within 2 – 3 weeks of birth. However, several years later, the breast tissue in many young men will seem to suddenly develop and enlarge.This soon creates a mass-like effect in the breast which is then further accentuated by an increase in fat deposition. The fat which accumulates is actually a unique type of fat – it is distinctively thick, fibrous and dense.It is not like the normal, softer fat which is elsewhere on the body. The combination of this increased fibrous fat and increased breast tissue starts to make each breast look larger, fuller and more prominent. The breast can become so large that it even begins to droop a bit, just like a woman’s would. The nipple/areola can also grow and become wide, large, “puffy” and projecting. A hard lump of breast tissue, sometimes as large as a golf ball, can often be felt behind the nipple/areola. The breast or nipple area can become very painful and tender, not unlike what many women experience during their menstrual cycle.

On rare occasions, a milky like secretion might even be expressible from the nipple. Gynecomastia is a physically and psychologically extremely disturbing condition which is diagnosed in thousands of young men each year. Young men who are increasingly embarrassed to ever be seen without a shirt on; some of whom can’t even wear an ordinary t-shirt without feeling incredibly self-conscious or humiliated. They skip pool parties, avoid the gym, and pass on the beach trip. They can become overly quiet, isolated, withdrawn; even anti-social. In fact, there is recent research evidence revealing that many of these young men will develop features of mental illness requiring psychiatric evaluation and treatment. It makes sense – their lives are literally thwarted; hijacked by a physical condition that only gets worse with time, that they cannot fix by “working out” more or by dieting, and which undermines their confidence, identity issues and sense of masculinity.And this is all ongoing at the very same time – during adolescence – that these issues are already in turmoil! Gynecomastia typically first appears during adolescence but it often also affects older men. Yet,despite all the negatives, the treatment is often simple, results in a “cure”, and these men, young or more mature, can then go on to lead normal, healthy happy lives just like all the other guys!

What causes gynecomastia in so many young men is not quite clear but we do know that it regularly occurs in some 50 – 60% of all adolescent males! Most experts feel it is related in some way to the tremendous surges in circulating hormones, possibly an “imbalance”, or perhaps hormones are somehow “mis-processed” for a time. Fortunately, in most (about 75%) of these affected teenage boys, the gynecomastia will actually resolve without any treatment, on its own, within 1 – 2 years. However, for many the psychological and emotional toll is too high and simply demands intervention sooner. Parents are often unaware that any of this is occurring and might not understand where the sudden terrible change in behavior and attitude has come from in their teenage son. After treatment, the change for the positive is typically just as dramatic. For about one in four boys affected by gynecomastia, the condition does not spontaneously resolve and persists. Then it gradually gets just a little worse, year after year. This is because a repeating vicious cycle of recurrent inflammation, tissue stimulation and increased fibrous fat and breast gland growth occurs, becoming almost self-perpetuating, even in the absence of adolescent hormonal level swings.

Many commonly prescribed medications have been linked to gynecomastia: Anti-ulcer/reflux medications (e.g. Pepcid, Prilosec, Zantac, Tagamet), ACE inhibitors for hypertension (e.g. Capoten, Vasotec), Calcium Channel Blockers (e.g. Procardia), and Diuretics (e.g. Lasix, Aldactone). Valium, Proscar, Effexor, Motrin, Pepcid, and Digoxin are other common medication examples as well. Some chemotherapy agents may also cause gynecomastia, and the “HAART” therapy used for AIDS patients has also been determined to be a cause. Many medical conditions (e.g. hyperthyroidism, liver failure/cirrhosis, pituitary insufficiency, or kidney failure requiring hemodialysis) and even some tumors (e.g. testicular, adrenal and pituitary) all of which may affect circulating male hormone levels and which can also cause gynecomastia should be considered. Interestingly, malnutrition and starvation can also cause gynecomastia – circulating testosterone levels drop off rapidly, leaving unopposed estrogen effects on the body under such conditions. Self administered and abused anabolic steroids and testosterone supplementation are, unfortunately, probably the most common cause of gynecomastia today- special enzymes in the male system convert a good amount of the “extra” hormones floating around into estrogens which then directly stimulate the growth of the breast tissue and the development of gynecomastia. Unfortunately, once this process starts, even when the steroids are discontinued, the gynecomastia remains or can worsen as the vicious cycle described above begins and allows the gynecomastia to persist and progress. Alcohol, amphetamines, marijuana, heroin and methadone use are also recognized as causes of gynecomastia. Plant oils, such as Lavender oil and tea tree oil as often found in soap, skin lotions, and shampoo, have weak estrogen-like activity and have been implicated in cases of gynecomastia. Similarly, soy beans, soy containing foods and soy based protein supplements as well as sweet potatoes in the diet have all been identified as potential links in the development of gynecomastia thought secondary to the effects of the estrogen-like compounds associated with these foods.

Although rare, breast cancer can occur in the male breast and should be especially considered in the case of an enlargement and solid mass effect on just one side or for the older male with one or both breasts enlarged and where no other reasonable medical explanation exists.

“Pseudogynecomastia” is not a true gynecomastia since it is not characterized by actual excessive breast tissue development but simply significant fat deposition in the chest and breasts, usually in association with similar deposits elsewhere, such as the sides of the chest ( along/near the “lats”) or the abdomen and hips ( or “love handles”). This is really a localized fat deposition problem affecting the chest and, as is the case with troublesome fat found on the body anywhere, may be “cured” by diet, exercise, or liposuction.

A majority of the time, liposuction will be the foundation of any treatment plan for eliminating gynecomastia. In fact, in most cases, the only treatment which may be needed will be liposuction! Tiny armpit area nicks are used to liposculpt the chest – removing the fibro-fatty deposits while reshaping the entire breast to be more masculine. The goals are to get the breast and the nipple/areola to lay as flat as possible against the chest while simultaneously, the pectoral muscles are somewhat accentuated in the upper chest. Most men will only need a day or two off to recover. A couple of weeks for everything to “stick down” and taking it easy with chest muscle use is about it. The nick sites will usually heal to be very inconspicuous, nearly invisible. Liposuction of the outer chest and sides (out toward the “lats”) is often incorporated to further accentuate the overall flattening effect on the chest.

It is typically best to have this type of liposuction performed using either ultrasonic (e.g. Vaser) or laser-assisted (e.g. SmartLipo) techniques. These methods allow for a “melting” of the fat that makes it easier to extract. In addition, the ultrasonic or laser energy can be used to “break up” the dense breast tissue, allowing it to compress, collapse and flatten as is aesthetically desired. Lastly, a better tightening and “snap-back” effect on the skin is also created by these technologies as they heat and “shrink wrap” the collagen on the inside surface, inducing it to retract properly. This is a significant benefit because over time gynecomastia typically causes the overlying skin of the breasts to stretch out, eventually leaving the skin lax and inelastic. Without the use of special technology, this pre-existing limited skin tone would then render the skin only even more loose once the fat is removed. The dense nature of the fibrous fat found in gynecomastia makes it much more difficult to remove by simple mechanical style liposuction than would be the case for “normal”, soft fat. More difficult means more traumatic (i.e. hurts more, bruises more and swells more post-op), more likely to risk contour deformities (i.e. too much out here, not enough out there), more likely to result in asymmetry between the sides, more numbness (because the nerves get more beat up, too!) and more expense (i.e. takes longer). Moreover, traditional mechanical liposuction is virtually useless for making any headway in the contouring of the breast tissue itself and it will have very limited effect (if any) on fighting the tendency of the skin to be loose or hanging. This creates a greater chance that the surgeon will have to resort to more invasive and aggressive methods such as actual mass excision or even skin removal and a male-type breast reduction. Very often, these aggressive procedures can be obviated by the proper use of ultrasonic or laser-assisted liposuction.

Nevertheless, many cases of gynecomastia are associated with a hard lump of gristle-like breast tissue that will not flatten or come out unless it is “cut out”. Sometimes this is predictable by examination pre-op, but sometimes the breast is overall so hard and dense that the lump cannot be detected until significant liposuction has been performed and the lump has been “revealed”. Excision of the lump behind the nipple requires an incision. Some cosmetic surgeons prefer an incision placed in the perimeter of the areola, others will try to hide the incision as a slightly larger version of the liposuction armpit “nick” access. Needing a mass excision adds a bit to the recovery and adds more risk for potential complications (such as fluid accumulation, numbness and long-term contour deformities) post-op. A drain may need to be used and removed in a day or two. The recovery restrictions and time-off are correspondingly more strict.

In more severe cases of breast enlargement and skin tissue laxity, a male-style breast reduction may have to be considered. If the surgeon believes that there is just too much loose skin and that the risk for having wrinkled, hanging, drooping chest skin post-op is too high, this will be recommended. This requires much more extensive incisions, more risk, more scars, more expense, a longer procedure and more of a recovery. Breast tissue removal and lax skin removal are designed so as to create a proper, flat shape. Drains are commonly used and will have to be removed at some point as will be the non-dissolvable sutures needed for this more involved and complex surgery. The discomfort and recovery for a male-style breast reduction is more significant than is the case for the other methods, but if it is needed, it is very worthwhile.

Once healing and recovery are complete, all normal activities can be resumed. Weight lifting, exercise, and sports are all a go. Hopefully, so will be the locker room, the pool, the beach and the confidence level! It may take several months for any small areas of unevenness, numbness or stiffness to finally sort out but usually it is without any interventions needed. However, even the immediate “early” results of treatment are typically quite gratifying. Gynecomastia, once definitively treated as described here, should be “cured” and should never return. However, if circumstances, medical conditions, medications, etc. which may have caused the condition in the first place persist or recur, the process may be re-initiated as well.

Quit Smoking – A Jar Of Nausea

I’m sitting at my desk searching for inspiration for my 260 something such article. My eye falls to a jar by my computer. It contains cigarettes butts floating in water. Not the sort of thing you typically expect to find in an office.

You may wonder how a jar with butts helps people quit smoking.

I use a strategy for clients who need a top up for any reason. I take them into hypnosis and have them think about smoking, then I remove the lid and pass it under their nose. Everybody pulls their head back a little.

Nobody likes the smell, it stinks, and some feel a little nauseous so I remind them that no matter how bad they feel they won’t vomit.

The room quickly fills with this stench so I replace the lid quickly. I then have them imagine the nicotine from a packet of cigarettes, squeezed out, about five drops onto a spoon. Again the jar under their nose.

You pour the nicotine onto your skin, you feel the burn, you smell the burning skin and hair. Again the jar.

You feel the pain as it burns into your lungs and arteries, and seeps into every cell in your body. The jar is passed under your nose again.

You are again asked to think about smoking, here comes the jar, you are reminded of the burning lung tissue, the smell the pain.

This method is very effective for some people. Unpleasant for all, including myself, the imagery is graphic, but not unrealistic. The smell is pungent but not unlike what people around you smell and only a slightly stronger version of what your hair and clothes smell like!

Imagine if you could flip your lungs out after an evening of smoking and drinking, the stink and the colour it would sicken you. Just consider how hard your body is working every to manage this assault.

In hypnosis this de-sensitisation process can work very quickly. It is not done usually in the first session because there are more important things to address. Especially the triggers and unconscious connections.

These are some of the sneaky back door aspects of smoking and have absolutely nothing to do with smoking. If you want to quit smoking it is very good to start to think clearly about all the stinking nasty aspects, then take your 100% committed self into your hypnosis session and you will be completely successful.

Difference Between Raw Honey and Commercial Honey

The major difference between raw honey and commercial honey is the method of preparation where the former if filtered while, the latter is pasteurized.

Honey is a naturally made viscous sweetener from bees. It is a very versatile substance since it is widely known as an effective ingredient in several products like: moisturizer, bath soap, hair and scalp recipes, dental and mouth treatment. According to, honey in general is an effective treatment of various diseases like anemia, ulcers, dyspepsia, and more. The level of effectiveness varies according to the method of preparation namely the:

Filtration Method

Filtration is a process of removing impurities and other particles from a substance using a tool or equipment especially made for filtration instead of heating.

Pasteurization Method

To kill bacteria present in honey, a process called pasteurization is done. This involves heating of honey at a very high temperature to effectively kill botulinum toxin, which causes food poisoning. Another reason for heating honey is to prevent granulation that usually happens when honey is allowed to sit over a period of time.

Raw honey is pure and coarse while, commercial honey has been heated and processed. To have a clearer view about the difference between raw and commercial honey, the two classifications of honey are defined as follows:

Raw Honey

A concentrated nectar, which is pure and unprocessed. It is the most nutritious classification of honey and is effective in treating indigestion, nausea, anemia, malnutrition, ulcers, burns, cancer and gallbladder diseases. It has high levels of antioxidant and is also found to have expectorant, anti-allergic, anti-bacterial, anti-fungal and anti-inflammatory properties. Raw honey appears to be thicker in texture and contains particles like bee wings, pollens, honeycomb bits and enzymes.

Commercial Honey

This is a commercial type of honey found in the supermarket that has been filtered and heated. Since the process of heating destroys not just the bacteria, but some vitamins and minerals as well; the nutrients it contain is much less compared to the raw honey. Although the nutritional value differs, it serves the same purpose as the raw honey. The texture is much consistent, transparent and liquid. Most of the commercially prepared honey comes in customized containers for a more appealing look.

3 Ways Aspirin Can Kill You – Just Because It’s Over-the-Counter Doesn’t Make it Safe

Did you know aspirin can kill you?

Despite frequent reminders, many patients are still of the opinion that Tylenol, aspirin, and ibuprofen are all about the same. It makes me cringe every time I hear it. Were you aware that if aspirin were presented to the FDA today it would not be approved for over-the-counter sale? It’s much too dangerous! It might not even be condoned as an anti-inflammatory medication, although its properties as a blood thinner would probably warrant approval as such (i.e., to prevent heart attacks.)

So how can aspirin kill you? Here are the top 3 ways, which are seen regularly in every emergency room.

1. Stomach bleeding. Aspirin is acetylsalicylic acid. Even though the stomach makes hydrochloric acid on its own, it is not necessarily able to tolerate the introduction of additional acid. Imagine pouring acid on your hand all day. Sooner or later you’d burn a hole through your skin. The same can happen in the stomach, creating an ulcer. Sometimes rather than create an ulcer, the entire lining of the stomach becomes irritated (gastritis). The tiny blood vessels just beneath the surface can be eroded and then bleed. The use of aspirin is one of the most common causes of stomach and other gastrointestinal bleeding. You may not think you could bleed to death from this, but it happens every day. Fortunately, emergency care and blood transfusions have prevented most deaths due to stomach erosion by aspirin.

2. Aspirin allergy. Although nearly everyone understands that a person can be allergic to penicillin, because aspirin is available without prescription, it is perceived as safe. However, many people are allergic to aspirin. A mild case may cause itching and perhaps hives. A moderate case may also cause angioedema, or swelling of the face, hands, and other areas of the body. A severe case can cause swelling in the bronchial tubes and subsequent airway obstruction. This can be a medical emergency that, untreated, leads to suffocation and death.

3. Acidosis. When an overdose of acetylsalicylic acid is ingested, it may poison cellular metabolism, leading to high blood acid levels (metabolic acidosis). Eventually this may result in multiple organ failure and collapse. If the drug is not removed via dialysis, a person can easily die of an accidental or intentional aspirin overdose.

Clearly, taking excess aspirin is like playing with fire. Because a little may not hurt you does not mean taking more is safe. Consult your doctor if you require aspirin on a regular basis. There are many safer alternatives.

Copyright 2010 Cynthia J. Koelker, MD

How To Stop Suffering From Heartburn, Nausea and Weakness

If your stomach feels queasy and you’re feeling fatigued, you could be suffering from heartburn nausea weakness. Although it may seem strange to suffer from nausea or weakness if you have acid reflux or gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), you need to remember that there are a number of symptoms related to acid reflux, not just heartburn.

The following is an individual breakdown of heartburn, nausea and weakness, why these symptoms occur, and how they can be treated.

Heartburn – Heartburn is the number one sign of acid reflux, and frequent heartburn indicates GERD. Heartburn occurs when acid has been refluxed up into the lower esophagus and has had prolonged contact with the unprotected lining of the esophagus. Heartburn is characterized by a painful burning sensation in the chest, which may rise up to the upper esophagus towards the neck. Heartburn typically occurs after eating, or shortly after lying down.

Nausea – While nausea is an uncommon condition among GERD sufferers, it can be quite frequent and severe for the unfortunate people who do experience it. When related to acid reflux, nausea typically occurs when acid backs up past the upper esophageal sphincter (UES) and into the throat. When acid is refluxed into the throat and larynx (voice box), it can cause a sour or bitter taste to occur in the throat. Due to the unpleasant feeling, a person may experience regurgitation with their nausea, or may actually vomit if nausea is severe.

Nausea is a more common condition among ‘uncomplicated’ GERD sufferers and those who have laryngopharyngeal reflux (LPR). Furthermore, acid reflux sufferers who experience nausea rarely suffer from heartburn, and vice versa.

Weakness – A GERD sufferer may experience two types of weakness associated with heartburn. The first is the weakness that occurs in the lower esophageal sphincter (LES), which is the primary cause of acid reflux. The LES is designed to open to let food into the stomach, but should close to keep digestive acids from flowing back up into the esophagus. However, the LES muscle can become weak and malfunction. A weakened LES is attributed to many causes including:

– Food (foods high in fat, caffeine, citrus fruits and juices, etc.)

– Alcohol

– Smoking

– Excess weight

The second type of weakness may be an actual feeling of fatigue which could be related to:

– Eating heavy meals – It takes plenty of energy to digest food, and certain foods such as meat are exceptionally hard on the digestive system. As the body diverts resources to the digestion process you can often feel drained, fatigued or sleepy.

– Night time heartburn – heartburn tends to frequently occur when a person is sleeping because the muscles of the body naturally relax during sleep, this includes the LES muscle. Heartburn can keep you awake and disrupt your sleeping pattern leading to daytime fatigue.

– Lack of exercise and excess weight – If you lead a very sedentary lifestyle and are overweight, your body will often feel sluggish. Furthermore, excessive weight places stress on your muscles and other internal functions making your body work harder to carry out its normal processes.

Treatment options – Related heartburn, nausea and weakness can be treated using virtually the same methods. In regard to heartburn and nausea, you can relieve the symptoms by neutralizing acids with a herbal remedy such as ingesting Active Manuka Honey, ginger tea, or papaya, or by taking anti-acid medications such as antacids (I.E. Tums, Gaviscon, etc.), H2 receptor blockers (I.E. Zantac) or Proton Pump Inhibitors. On the other hand, to help alleviate feelings of weakness and fatigue, adopting some low impact exercises and reducing stress can help you feel better and increase your energy.

Nevertheless, the best way to cope with related heartburn nausea and weakness symptoms is to prevent acid reflux from occurring by:

– Avoiding foods that weaken the LES

– Eating slower and more frequent meals

– Avoiding eating 2 – 3 hours before sleeping or lying down

– Sleeping with your head elevated a few inches

– Avoiding exercising or engaging in high-impact activities directly after eating

– Losing excess body weight through a healthy lifestyle change

Lastly, before you begin any form of treatment, make sure you have any heartburn, nausea or weakness symptoms checked out by your doctor in case you are suffering from another condition or a more serious health problem.

Peptic Ulcer – 10 Ways To Manage It

Different types of drugs are employed in the management of peptic ulcer. The different groups of drugs each play a specific role in the healing of the ulcer or in helping to reduce the secretion of gastric juices. Diet control and surgery can also be involved depending on the type and stage of the ulcer. Some of the drugs for the management of peptic ulcer include:

1. Anbiotics: With recent knowledge that peptic ulcer is caused by a bacterium, antibiotics treatment is now being employed to get rid of the offending organism. In most cases there is the use of a combination of two different antibiotics which ensure the organism is completely destroyed.

2. Antacids: Antacids are used for the symptomatic relief of peptic ulcer pains. They help to neutralize the gastric acid and also inactivate pepsin. When given for a fairly long period they aid healing. One basic problem they have is that they may interfere with the absorption of other drugs employed in the treatment of the ulcer. It is therefore advisable to take antacids about 1hr before taking other medications or 2hrs after. Examples of antacids include: Magnesium hydroxide (Philip’s milk of magnesia); Magnesium hydroxide and Aluminium hydroxide (Gestid, Maalox and Mylanta); Aluminium hydroxide (Amphogel and Alternagel); Sodium bicarbonate and Calcium carbonate (Rolaids, Titralac, etc)

3. Histamine H2-receptor antagonists: They block histamine receptor thereby minimizing gastric secretions. Examples of these drugs are Cimetidine (Tagament), Ranitidine (Zantac), Nizatidine (Axid), Famotidine (Pepcid) etc

4. Proton-pump inhibitors: helps to decrease gastric acid production and as such limit the damage done by the gastric acid on the gastric mucosal lining. Examples of this drug include Omeprazole (Prilosec), Rabeprazole (Aciphex), Esomeprazole (Nexium), Pantoprazole (Protonix) and Lansoprazole (Prevacid).

5. Sedatives: May help to reduce stress and tension which are known to increase gastric secretion. These drugs include Diazepam and Phenobarbitone. They may be given in large doses at bed time.

6. Anticholinergics: They inhibit the action of acetylcholine thereby helping to reduce gastric acid secretion and also reduce pain. They may produce nasty side effects such as decreased visual acuity, difficulty in urinating and dryness of the mouth. Example of such drug is Pro-Banthine.

7. Sucralfate (Carafate): This drug helps to make a protective coating over the crater created by the ulcer thereby preventing further damage to the affected area.

8. Surgery: Surgery may be advocated if the use of drugs fail to control the acid secretion. Surgery could also be carried out when there is severe bleeding or perforation. Some of the surgical treatments include Vagotomy and Gastric resection (subtotal gastrectomy). Gastrectomy involves removal of the ulcer bearing part of the stomach, while vagotomy is to select the branches of the vagus nerve supplying the stomach and resect it to reduce gastric secretion and decrease gastric motility.

9. Patient education: Patient should be properly educated as to the cause of the disease, complications and their prevention; the need to adhere to the diet and drug therapy and the need to report signs of complication to the doctor. Patient should also be told to avoid NSAIDS, corticosteroids, alcohol, cigarette, caffeine, etc

10. Other methods of management may include the use of herbs, homeopathy and chiropractic.

Oats Are an Incredible Source of Silica

The best way to keep our health and to prolong our life is through a proper nutrition. We can eat what we like, but you should not mix up “by our heads” protein and carbohydrates. If these foods arrive simultaneously in the stomach, some undesirable phenomena will occur: a family of acidic foods needs to be digested while the other doesn’t.

The toxins resulted from a bad nutrition poison the body and diseases more or less serious appear: gastritis, colitis, but also obesity, diabetes, etc. It is recommended to always eat at the same time every day. Therefore, we must choose a fitting daily schedule for eating, and stick to it. Thus, the body will create a reflex on our eating time. It will get used to the schedule and will be prepared to receive the food. It would be great if the duration of a meal is about 30 minutes. It is recommended to eat in silence, chewing carefully and not swallow the food by pieces. Better to remain unfinished food than to eat it on speed, without chewing.

The place where you are eating should be quiet and comfortable.

Oats can be called the no. 1 diet. All oats’ benefits are known today, but it doesn’t seem enough, so we need to repeat it over and again so everyone understands. It is known the human body’s immunity against a disease such as tuberculosis relates to a lack of silica in the body. The below amount or, sometimes the absence of silica makes us powerless against the attacks of the Koch bacillus, the tuberculosis’ germ.

In fact, silica is one of the basic elements from which the lung tissue is formed of. Silica forms the basis for elastin – the substance that gives elasticity of blood vessels. In the absence of silica, calcium takes in its place, making the lung tissue and the blood vessels to become brittle and to lose their elasticity.

A series of major diseases like cancer, diabetes and hypertension appear because of an insufficient quantity of silica in the body. And silica also has the property to clean the body, involving the harmful substances in stable compositions, which then remove themselves from the body in a faster and easier way. Oatmeal is the plant which contains several times more silica than the others.

Here is why the products obtained from oats are so strongly recommended. Oats (meal) boiled in water (as a porridge) with added natural honey is highly recommended as a tonic in cases of tuberculosis. Groats (semolina) of oats are recommended in treating cardiovascular diseases, and the same oat groats, soaked in water for 10 hours, are very useful in the treatment of gastric diseases.

For an overall body toning, especially for those who are suffering from (or are recovering) the TB, drink a decoction of oatmeal and wheat bran instead of water. Drink daily a quantity of 400 ml. You can drink it after mixing it with honey for a better taste- one tablespoon of honey to 200 ml juice.

The Best Way To Detox: Improve Lymphatic System Functions With A Soft Bounce Rebounder Workout

Forget nasty concoctions and expensive clinics. Detoxification doesn’t have to be a chore. The best way to detox is with a soft bounce rebounder work-out. Here’s why:

Your lymphatic system is awesome, and it can do an excellent job of removing toxins from your body, but if you don’t move, it can’t work. The lymph system doesn’t have a pump. It depends on your movement to do its job.

When your lymphatic system is congested, you can have one or more of these symptoms:


–Eczema and other skin problems

–Chronic sinusitis

–Heart disease

–Low energy

–Fibrocystic disease

–Multiple Sclerosis




–High blood pressure

–Viral infections

–Bacterial infections

–Low back pain




–Excessive sweating


Getting your lymph system functioning properly is essential to good health.

When you rebound, the bouncing motion stimulates circulation of the lymph fluid while also, as an added benefit, harmonizing your thyroid at the same time. Rebounding is the optimal movement for your lymph system because it uses your whole body.

When you rebound, you bounce up and down in a way that’s easy on the joints. Depending on the quality of your rebounder, this motion can be all you need to detox your whole body. This total body up and down action activates the fluid so it can cleanse and nourish all 100 trillion of your cells. It also tones your muscles and internal organs. This strengthening of your internal organs allows them to function better, so they also get to work removing toxins.

Here’s some experiential proof of how rebounding affects the lymphatic system function:

A woman who uses a rebounder said, “I was recently getting a massage. The masseuse was massaging my upper arms near my armpits and made the comment that there weren’t any small lumps that she normally feels on most people. I told her that I rebound regularly. She immediately said that she had observed that same phenomenon (lack of lymph clumps) on other people she massaged who did regular rebounding. Even though I intellectually knew about increased lymphatic circulation from rebounding, it was great to experience the physical proof.”

Another woman used a rebounder to help her through a health crisis. She combined a natural diet, removing unnatural substances from her environment and an hour a day of rebounding to heal herself of breast cancer. Of course, this isn’t scientific proof and in no way a guarantee that rebounding will help other people with cancer, but it certainly suggests the incredible healing benefits of rebounding.

The best way to detox can be pretty darn fun. You can improve your lymphatic system function, and therefore your health, with soft bounce rebounder exercise.

Healing and the Heart Chakra

When most people start studying the mind-body-spirit connection, they realize that the heart helps healing. Unconditional compassion, pure love: intuitively, we know that these vibrations can transform dis-ease into wholeness and bliss. We also sense that a “broken heart” can contribute to illness, and that extreme anger can cause a heart attack. But there’s much more to the heart chakra! As humans, we could study the heart chakra forever because it continues to expand and evolve, but here are some of the most common manifestations:

Major Systems of the Heart Chakra:

Circulatory System

This one’s pretty self-evident to most people. When speaking of the heart chakra, we expect to see the heart as part of it. High cholesterol, heart murmurs, heart attacks: all of these make sense. But the circulatory system also includes the blood itself, which means things like anemia and leukemia. Additionally, the movement of that blood comes into play with varicose veins, cold hands and feet, Reynaud’s Syndrome, and high or low blood pressure.

Some of these conditions straddle other chakras, and they all carry their own unique vibration and set of symbols, related to the individual soul and body in question. To give you an idea of how deeply and beautifully your body can talk, let’s look at something obviously related to the heart chakra: a heart murmur. If you wanted to hear the body’s talk, you could take a few moments to listen – really listen – to what that heart was murmuring! Intuitively, you could commune with the heart and ask what secret hopes, loves or desires it wants to express. Why does it feel compelled to murmur instead of thumping joyfully to the universe? A heart murmur usually sounds like an extra beat or “turbulence” in the blood flow. How do this heart’s natural desires not fit into the normal beat of life? In the case of a weak valve, where might the person be backtracking in life – expressing dreams and then pulling those back, not honoring the heart’s deepest desires?

Science recognizes connections among emotions and stress, and among stress and heart attacks. But these connections exist on all levels and in all disorders. With compassionate attention, the body’s secrets can be unlocked, revealing insights and opportunities for healing on all levels.

Respiratory System

Housed in the chest, the lungs make up a huge part of the heart chakra. I cannot tell you how many times someone calls me with pneumonia, bronchitis, the flu or lung cancer after experiencing a major period of grief. Grief resides in the lungs, and when we don’t fully release our grief, our lungs start shedding tears for us. Excess phlegm and mucus are the tears of the lungs.

Emphysema and asthma often occur when people cannot articulate their grief or when the cause for grief seems too little to justify its full expression. Coupled with this fear of being understood, grief literally suffocates until someone or something intervenes.

Lung cancer tends to come from extreme grief combined with anger/frustration and a sense of utter depletion from imbalanced giving. When Dana Reeve died of lung cancer, many people felt surprised because she hadn’t ever smoked. But lung cancer sometimes appears in long-term caregivers, even (especially) if they felt very close to the one who needed care. Rather than directing the anger at the spouse or child, the anger starts to bubble up at the universe at large: how can a loving God allow such suffering? Why, after all this caregiving, all this love, is their loved one still dying? In the presence of grief, anger and what I call soul-weariness, that love begins to mutate, sometimes into cancer cells.

Immune System

This one surprises many people, but the thymus gland, located under the top of the breast bone, is part of the heart chakra. In children, the thymus gland plays an important role in developing the immune system. In adults, tapping on the thymus gland can “remind” the body to stand strong in the face of infection. All lymph nodes begin with seeding from the thymus gland, which means the emtire lymphatic system begins in the heart chakra. Unlike the circulatory system, the lymph system does not have a pump. It needs regular exercise and/or massage in order to move things around and clean house. By extension, issues with the lymphatic system require self-care, self-love and attention.

Common immune system/heart chakra issues? Allergies, auto-immune disorders, rheumatoid arthritis, cancer (especially breast and lung cancer), influenza, AIDS/HIV, Lyme Disease, Lupus, Chronic Fatigue Syndrome, Epstein-Barr … Swine Flu … As humans, we are being asked to evolve in a major way through the heart chakra. It should come as no surprise that so many of our biggest killers or most commonly “communicated” illnesses reside in the heart chakra.

Lyme Disease and Chronic Fatigue are sometimes called “seventh chakra issues.” Indeed, they do affect both the heart and crown, one reason that survivors of these types of illnesses tend to become healers themselves. People with extremely wide open hearts often develop compromised immune systems, like their system is too “friendly” to bacteria. A solution is allowing the self to feel completely at one with, and balancing the ebb and flow of love. Too much love out without receiving the equivalent love from self or others can weaken the immune system. The solution is not to send out less but to allow the self to receive more love.

On the flip side – also a generalization – people who struggle with an overactive immune system benefit from backing down judgments of self or others. Allergies occur when the body recognizes an otherwise harmless substance as an invader. This mistaken attack by the immune system causes the symptoms we associate with allergies. Some people with intense, “incurable” allergies have unresolved past life issues driving the reaction. Bringing those events to light can allow the immune system to stop attacking itself and innocent bystanders like food or pollen.

The Breasts

Breasts are also an important part of the heart chakra, especially for women. Breasts represent mothering, nurturing and the feminine principle. Breast cancer happens when sluggish lymph and toxins stagnate in the breasts. Fibroids and tumors come from things things that “weigh on the chest,” as in “I wish I could get this off my chest.” To support breast health, allow yourself to speak from the heart. And allow yourself to listen. Suppressing the deep longings of the heart or trying to convince the heart that it feels something else can morph into something even less desirable.

Emotional Disorders and Imbalances

Depression, Phobias, Grief, Fear, Sorrow, Anxiety: all have at least one foot in the heart chakra. As the bridge between our three lower chakras and our three upper chakras, the heart picks up on a lot of imbalances from both the gut and the brain. For this reason, cleaning up the diet can affect both physical health and mood; practicing meditation to reduce stress offers the side benefit of opening the heart and radiating joy.

What You Can Do

Spend some time each day connecting with your heart. Focus on your breathing and allow yourself to feel the center of your chest like a tender flower or warm ball of light. Feel that flower or light flicker with your breath. Listening to sacred chants or the harp can move your heart strings, too. Imagine the music flowing out from the center of your chest. Reiki also offers a way to nurture and balance your heart chakra. You can find a certified practitioner or learn how to give Reiki to yourself.

In general, if you have any health issue, you would be wise to ask your heart what it wants to share with you and with the world. As a culture, we have nearly lost touch with the language of the heart, but our hearts continue to cry out in layered songs and symbols.



And do not be afraid.

As Helen Keller once said, “The best and most beautiful things in the world cannot be seen or even touched, they must be felt with the heart.”

Weight Loss Tips

We live in a nation of growing obesity. Statistics indicate that obesity has doubled since 1980. A 2008 report showed that 1.5 billion adults were clinically obese and over 45 million children were obese. There are complications connected to being obese. Approximately 3 million people die yearly from disease brought on or made worse from obesity. These diseases include diabetes, heart disease and cancer.

Practice Prevention: There are many things you can do to control your weight and prevent obesity. It is fundamentally a shift in how you think. You must realize that you have a great deal of power over your own health. Consider the fact that you in part, can control how you age and how you can maintain good health throughout your lifetime. Of course disease can occur to any of us. However you can greatly reduce your risks with a healthy lifestyle.

Physical Activity: Exercise is a very important part of any healthy lifestyle. Exercise will strengthen your body and you will begin to build muscle. Your metabolism will increase because muscle has a higher metabolic rate than fat. So add some strength training routines to your exercise program. You can incorporate 2-3 strength training routines weekly. Only 15-20 sessions can have a huge impact on your physical strength and health. You will begin burning fat and therefore lose weight.

Good Fats versus Bad Fats: There are healthy fats to add to your diet. These include omega fatty acids such as those found in fresh fish. Salmon is has one of the highest levels of good omega fatty acids. 2-3 servings weekly could be very healthy and helpful to your weight loss. Research has shown that monounsatured fats are very effective for weight loss. A good food to add to your diet is avocados. Although not the lowest in calories, avocadoes are extremely nutritious and high in monosaturated fats. Try adding some avocado to a salad or make a guacamole dip to eat with veggie sticks such as celery and carrots. Other healthy food choices for good fats include grass fed beef and extra virgin olive oil. Olive oil has numerous health benefits. It has been shown to increase the fat burning response in the body as well as lower inflammation levels.

Sugar: Sugar is something you definitely want to eliminate from your diet, particularly if you are trying to lose weight. When you consume too much sugar, this signals your body to use insulin to begin burning it off. As a result, your insulin will spike. Whatever isn’t used will be converted by your body into fat. Try to limit your sugar intake to no more than 10 percent of your daily calorie intake. So for example if you consume 1500 calories daily, sugar should comprise only 150 of those calories. Always be on the lookout for hidden sources of sugar such as those found in soda and juices.

A Healthy Breakfast: When you are sleeping your metabolism goes into more of a resting state. This is referred to as “catabolism”. In order to turn it on as efficiently as possible, you need to eat a good breakfast. Having a protein with breakfast is helpful along with whole grains. A good breakfast choice might be a veggie omelet with whole wheat bread. Or some oatmeal topped with fresh fruit and a protein bar. And remember to start the day with drinking some fresh pure water to hydrate your body.

Eating Styles: Eating smaller “mini meals” is a very effective way to help you lose weight. Eating your meals at consistent times is helpful. Eating every three hours during the day is a good way to keep your body consistently fueled with energy. This will also keep you from overeating. Many people overeat because they starve themselves all day and then they binge on a huge dinner. The whole key to keeping weight off is to keep your metabolic rate as high as you can. Skipping meals actually lowers your metabolism.

Reward System: Everyone once in a while you really need to just reward yourself. If you are too regimented in your eating habits and never allow yourself a little indulgence now and then, one of two things will happen. Either you will end up binging or you will quit and begin to go back to your old habits. It is well known that when you are too restrictive in your diet you will usually binge within a month and potentially gain even more weight.

Supportive Relationships: Being with like minded people who take care of themselves will really help you. If you are with peers who are overweight and have no motivation to get in shape you will probably do the same. We tend to mirror those we associate with. So if this is your situation, why not look to broaden your horizons and meet new and interesting people. You could join a gym, or a local meet up group that does walking, hiking, swimming, dance, etc. This will change your outlook on yourself. Before you know it, you will incorporate new and healthy habits into your own life and be on your way to successful weight loss.

Eliminate Junk Foods: Go through your kitchen and eliminate all of the unhealthy junk foods and processed foods you have around. You will benefit yourself and your family by doing so. If you have easy access to junk foods, the odds are you will eat it. Anytime you feel rushed or upset about something you will reach out to these types of foods. Focus instead on filling your pantry with healthy, wholesome foods. Keep snacks such as fresh fruit and no sugar yogurts in your home.

Water: Water is very important to your good health. You need to stay hydrated. If it is hard for you to drink water, add fresh lemon or lime. Try drinking 4 to 6 glasses per day of water. Drinking water is helpful to weight loss because it keeps you feeling full. An easy way to get your water intake is to bring a few bottles with you to work to have readily available to you. This will lessen the temptation to consume soda or fruit juices that are high in calories and filled with sugar. Remember, whenever beginning any dietary or lifestyle changes, always consult with a medical professional, particularly if you are taking prescription drugs or suffer from any disease or ailment.

His Most Famous Photograph (Fading Away) – Henry Peach Robinson

English photographer Henry Peach Robinson or H.P. Robinson (1830-1901) was a pioneer of ‘Pictorialist Photography,’ especially ‘Combination Printing.’ Pictorialists believed that ‘Art Photography’ needed to emulate the paintings of everyday life in such a way to etch it in time and remove from it the mundane of the photograph. Among the methods used for the same were soft focus, special filters, lens coatings, heavy manipulation in the darkroom, and exotic printing processes. These processes together gave an eerie and an unreal feeling of being etched in space and time to the fluid and everyday ‘Modern Photography.’ Henry Robinson was called “the King of photographic picture making,” proving the pinnacle of his competence as a photographer. His “Fading Away” is an all time stunner.

Robinson began his career in 1850, working as a bookseller, while continuing to study art. In 1852, at the age of 21, he exhibited his oil painting “On the Teme near Ludlow” at the Royal Academy. Around this time, he also started taking photographs. After five years, he decided to make this new technique called ‘High Art’ or ‘Combination Photographs,’ his career. Robinson learnt the intricacies of photography from Hugh Welch Diamond, one of the earliest photographers in the world. In 1857, Robinson opened a studio at Leamington Spa. Along with making portraits, he started creating photographs, imitating the ‘genre paintings.’ These artworks showed ‘scenes from everyday life, of ordinary people in work or recreation, depicted in a generally realistic manner.’ Some of Robinson’s well-known photographs are ‘Juliet with the Poison Bottle’ (1857), ‘The Lady of Shallot’ (1861), ‘Autumn’ (1863), and ‘Seascape at Night’ (1870). His masterpiece however, is “Fading Away,” a ‘Combination Print’ that took him five negatives to create.

Generated in 1858, Henry’s “Fading Away” depicts the peaceful death of a young girl due to tuberculosis. Her grieving family, her sister, mother, and fiancé precisely, are shown surrounding her. Measuring 24.4 cm x 39.3 cm, the photograph is an ‘Albumen Print.’ In 1860, Henry explained the creation process of the negative to the Photographic Society of Scotland, which led to huge disapproval of such ‘realist manipulations.’ Although, the photograph was the product of Robinson’s imagination and the subjects are merely posing to create a touching albeit a realistic portrayal of a grieving family, many viewers felt that using a traditionally ‘truthful’ medium as photography to depict such a scene in falsity was too painful and shocking. One critic said that Robinson had cashed in on “the most painful sentiments which it is the lot of human beings to experience.”

It seemed that since a photograph is usually a recorded proof of an incident that in reality took place in life, to see an ‘untruthful’ or artistic photograph was shocking to the viewers of the time. The public felt that though it was all right for painters to paint pictures on the themes of death and grief, it was not natural for the photographers to falsify such a setting in the name of art. This controversy however, made him the most famous photographer in England and the leader of the ‘Pictorialist’ movement. The exhibitions of “Fading Away” were a huge success. H.P. Robinson’s work impressed Prince Albert too. He became a regular patron of the photographer’s works.

New 2016 California Mold Law

The 2016 California mold law, SB 655 applies to hotels, motels, apartment houses & dwellings (including houses and homes) regardless of date of construction. Non-dwellings are excluded from SB 655.

The California Department of Public Health (CDPH) had determined that the presence of water dampness, visible mold, or mold odor in schools, workplaces, residences, & other environments is unhealthy. It recommends addressing water damage, dampness, visible mold, and mold odor by (a) identifying and correcting the source of water that may allow microbial growth or contribute to other problems, (b) the rapid drying or removal of damp materials, and (c) the cleaning or removal of mold and moldy materials as rapidly and safely as possible. These guidelines are similar to to EPA and CDC guidelines regarding mold conditions and corrections. Using bleach to clean up mold or simply painting over the problem are not solutions to visible mold conditions in an indoor environment.

SB 655 provides guidance to local code enforcement and other public health officers that mold growth is a health and safety concern when it endangers the life, limb, health, property, safety, or welfare of the public or the building’s occupants. A Health officer or code enforcement officer must make this determination. Such ‘qualified’ mold is unlawful under State Housing Law. Local agencies are mandated to enforce State Housing Law and have authority to issue notices to property owners to abate qualified mold growth as routine housing code enforcement.

The presence of mold that is minor and found on surfaces that can accumulate moisture as part of their properly functioning and intended use is exempt from enforcement under SB 655. Such mold is a ‘housekeeping’ task that is the occupant’s responsibility.

Landlords are required to keep their units safe and habitable, and free from violations of State Housing Law. This obligation may not be waived or bypassed any agreement to the contrary. SB 655 amends landlord-tenant law so that landlords are not required to remediate mold unless they have notice of the mold or if the tenant is in violation of specific affirmative obligations.

Regardless of this Civil Code provision, under SB 655 substandard buildings remain subject to code enforcement by local agencies under State Housing Law, which requires enforcement agencies to give notice to owners. Dwellings with unlawful mold may be deemed uninhabitable and may be required to be vacated and/or subject to other remedies including fines and penalties.

Cholangiocarcinoma – Ayurvedic Herbal Treatment

Cholangiocarcinoma (CC), also known as gall bladder cancer, is a malignancy of the biliary duct system and may originate either in the liver or the extrahepatic bile ducts. More than 95% of these tumors are ductal adenocarcinomas and many patients present with inoperable or metastatic disease. Long-standing inflammation and chronic parasitic infection are believed to be responsible for this condition. Common symptoms include jaundice, clay colored stools, dark urine, itching, weight loss and abdominal pain.

The Ayurvedic treatment of CC is aimed at treating the tumor, controlling the symptoms, preventing a blockage of bile flow, infection and other complications and prolonging life. Ayurvedic medicines like Arogya-Vardhini, Triphala-Guggulu, Kanchnaar-Guggulu, Punarnavadi-Guggulu, Chandraprabha-Vati and Bhunimbadi-Qadha are used to treat the actual tumor. Herbal medicines like Kutki (Picrorrhiza kurroa), Sharpunkha (Tephrosia purpurea), Kalmegh (Andrographis paniculata), Punarnava (Boerhaavia diffusa), Karela (Momordica charantia), Trikatu (Three pungent herbs), Pippali (Piper longum), Marich (Piper nigrum), Mandukparni (Centella asiatica), Haridra (Curcuma longa) and Daruharidra (Berberis aristata) can also be used for this purpose. Most of these herbal medicines also reduce inflammation and prevent infection.

Medicines like Yashtimadhuk (Glycyrrhiza glabra) and Amalaki (Emblica officinalis) can prevent or treat complications like fistula formation. These medicines need to be given in very high doses round the clock, in order to heal fistulas resulting from the tumor. In order to prevent a recurrence of fistula, these medicines should be continued for at least two months after complete healing has occurred. Some patients are not in a position to swallow medicines, for example, those with severe vomiting. For such patients, the medicines can be powdered, mixed with milk and honey, and then administered by a syringe, through a nasogastric tube.

Medicines like Kutki, Trikatu, Shankh-Vati, Chitrakadi-Vati, Hingashtak-Churna and Samudradi-Lavan-Churna can be used to treat jaundice and abdominal pain. Itching is usually caused because of a deposition of bile pigment under the skin. This symptom can be treated using medicines like Haridra, Amalaki, Trikatu and Triphala (Three fruits). Weight loss is usually treated by the basic treatment of the tumor itself. However, extensive weight loss can be treated using medicines like Suvarna-Malini-Vasant, Suvarna-Sutshekhar-Ras, Suvarna-Parpati, Panchamrut-Parpati, Ashwagandha (Withania somnifera), Shatavari (Asparagus racemosus), Bala (Sida cordifolia) and Naagbala (Grewia hirsuta).

Medicines like Mahamanjishthadi-Qadha, Saarivasav, Kanchnaar-Guggulu and Punarnavadi-Qadha can be used to prevent the spread of the tumor to other parts of the body. These medicines, in combination with immunomodulatory medicines, have a combined effect in prolonging life for the affected patients. Immune-boosting medicines include Tulsi (Ocimum sanctum), Bhrungraj (Eclipta alba), Triphala, Abhrak-Bhasma, Suvarna-Bhasma and Heerak-Bhasma.

CC is generally considered to have a poor prognosis with an overall survival of approximately six months, despite aggressive modern anti-cancer therapy and interventional supportive care. Ayurvedic treatment, therefore, has a definite role to play in treating this tumor and prolonging life.

Stultz and Bauer: The Tale of Two Piano Makers

This is a short story of two entrepreneur piano makers Henry Stultz and Frederick Bauer. Stultz seemed to have one hardship after another, while Bauer seemed to be stable throughout his career and successfully grew his business.

Established in 1882 Henry Stultz Sr. and Frederick Bauer started the well known piano making firm of Stultz and Bauer. Frederick Bauer was related to Jacob Doll, another well known piano maker. The company quickly grew and in order to meet growing demands, the firm raised money by selling stock and incorporating in 1892.

Maybe 16 years is long enough for a partnership, and by 1896, Henry Stultz Sr. leaves the firm and becomes partner in the Dolgeville Piano Case Company.

Bauer remains sole owner of Stultz & Bauer.

But two years later in 1898, the Dolge Piano Case Company goes into bankruptcy, and it sold at auction for $4,006 to the Jacob Brothers Piano Company.

Just a year later in 1899, Henry Stultz Sr. dies of Pneumonia at the young age of 52.

In 1900 Henry Stultz Jr. meets with the well known Piano action maker George Bothner. Henry and George, along with Charles Kretschmann start making pianos under Stultz and Co. Unfortunately, the company was short lived and in 1902 Stultz and Company go bankrupt. The Assets were bought by the large Bjur Brothers piano manufacturing company at auction.

Henry Stultz Jr. goes to work in the case making department of the Kohler and Campbell factory, but a year later in 1905 he again partners with George Bothner, and together they start the firm The Stultz Piano Case Company with $10,000.

The POMIW Union Journal reports the Stultz Piano Case Co. goes backrupt in 1907. Just a three year run.

In 1910, Charles and his brother George Stultz start the Stultz Bros. Piano Company. But the company is short lived because of slow economic conditions and with WW1 in 1914. George Stultz would later buy the Universal Piano Company, but this company too was short lived.

Times sure were changing quickly in the early 1920’s, and in 1922 the Stultz and Bauer company introduce a whole new line of pianos that also included player pianos, but by 1927 went out of business.

Kohler & Campbell purchases the Stultz and Bauer company in 1928. Kohler and Campbell was one of the few companies to survive the Great Depression. Frederick would shortly after pass away in 1930.

Why Sleep On A Bedframe Rather Than A Mattress On The Floor?

Beds and futons have evolved tremendously over the centuries, from mats directly on the floor to provide a sleeping space, to the production of sprung mattresses and now memory foam products. Even today the question of why we use a bed frame or a futon frame still crops up.

There are several reasons why having a mattress on the floor may be worse for your health, here’s the top 5 reasons why is it recommended to raise a mattress off the surface of the floor.

1) Dust – Common dust gathers on the floor and it tends to get carried around by draughts. The consequence is that you are more than likely breathe in more dust by sleeping on or very close to the floor.

2) Bed bugs – Another issue is the bed bug parasite which live in our sleeping arena, including covers and the mattress itself. Bed bugs prefer to feed on human blood as you sleep at night and are becoming increasingly common. It is easier for bed bugs to get in your mattress if your mattress is on the floor.

3) Mould and mildew – There is a cause for concern that mould and mildew could become an issue when the mattress is directly on the floor as the mattress is not ventilated adequately. This kind of growth has been linked to wheezy, chesty coughs and the spread of infection from the lungs, chest infections have been strongly linked to sleeping in mouldy areas. Actually sleeping on a mouldy mattress is very bad and detrimental to your body’s good health.

4) Temperature – If you live in a cold environment, it will be colder closer, to the floor, so that may be a concern. There is also some concern that there are more drafts near the floor. Hot air rises, therefore cold air falls and it will form a draught close to the floor. Clearly, the reverse could be a concern if you live in a hot environment where breathing issues may harm sufferers of asthma, for example.

5) Health and comfort – if you suffer with joint problems it is painful to lower yourself all the way down on to the floor, and also getting up after your sleep when your body is relaxed proves a challenge too.

In summary, bed and futons frames are essential to prevent health disorders. Bed frames that are constructed with posture sprung slats are proven to relieve symptoms of back pain, or ease the suffering of someone who has an affliction resulting in spinal or joint pain. Let’s face it, a healthy good night’s sleep is imperative to everyone.

When looking to purchase a bed or futon, it is highly recommended to consider these points and budget accordingly for the product that suits you best.