The Fluid Shock Wave Principle

In this article I would like to introduce you to a fighting concept called the Fluid Shock Wave Principle. The Fluid Shock Wave Principle is emphasized in all of the counter strikes I use. It is not an unknown concept in the martial arts; this striking principle has been called the focus punch, the energy sink, the heavy hand strike, and many other terms relating to a “vibration” type of strike. Unfortunately, learning how to deliver such a strike often took a lifetime of constant practice, since few individuals understood the strikes physics or a dynamics. I will explain them to you in this article.

I began researching striking principles after studying pressure point control tactics as a special agent for several federal agencies. It was learned that motor points are more sensitive to strikes, which allowed all of the strikes forward momentum to dissipate into the target before starting the recovery. The analogy that is often used to describe such a strike is the action of hammering a nail.

The foundation of the fluid shock wave principle is based upon nerve motor points as targets and a method of striking which maximizes kinetic energy transfer. We know that nerves are one of the most sensitive types of tissues in the human body. This is especially true when stimulated by various types of pressure or strikes. We also know that when a nerve or nerve motor point receives an unusually high degree of energy, the nerve may become over stimulated and experience a motor dysfunction. Since motor points are composed of large muscle mass which is saturated with microscopic effector/motor nerve tissue, the potential for injury from a strike is normally limited to a bruise. Therefore, striking a motor point becomes an ideal target for liability concerns, and very practical tactically, since over stimulating a motor nerve stops resistive muscular action.

An important aspect of the fluid shock wave principle is the mechanical aspect of the strike itself. What a strike or impact is made of a target, energy is transferred from the energy source into the target. The degree of energy, (known as kinetic energy) which is dissipated into the target, will be dependent upon the velocity, the mass of the energy source, and the duration of the energy transference. The efficiency of the strike will determine the length of the motor dysfunction.

To generate an optimal fluid shock waves strike with the hand, leg, or impact weapon, I have made the following observations:

1. Velocity: to increase the velocity of a strike substantially enough to effect a motor dysfunction, is very difficult. Velocity must be double at a minimum to have a substantial effect on power generation.

2. Mass: in contrast to velocity, the mass behind a target can be substantially increased by attempting to strike with the total body weight. This is one of the secrets of the fluid shock wave principle. This can be accomplished by several methods. The first is to ensure that all of your joints are locked on impact. This is a principle called “energy leaks,” which describes how kinetic energy may be lost on the impact exchange. For example, if you allowed your wrist to buckle on a hand strike, energy will dissipate in the wrist instead of the opponent’s motor point. The reduction of kinetic energy will be substantial, and will dramatically affect the length of the motor dysfunction if it occurs at all. Therefore, all joints must be locked (not hyper extended) on impact.

The next important element in maximizing the mass behind a strike is the use of your total body mass. This is accomplished by placing the emphasis on rotating your hips, or axis behind the strike itself. In conjunction with locking all of the joints on impact, you can generate power based upon your body weight, instead of striking with just the weight of your limb another important element of the fluid shock wave principle, is the concept of energy duration or “time one contact.” During my study I have identified and learned measurements of the duration of the fluid shock wave itself. The length of energy transfer must exceed approximately 30 milliseconds to achieve a motor is dysfunction. Ironically, this is almost exactly the length of energy exchange that occurs naturally when you allow all forward momentum to stop before retracting a strike.

Technique considerations

You can incorporate the fluid shock wave principle into your defensive and offensive striking by combining motor points and the torso for targets, with the principle of striking. When striking I do not advocate striking to the head. Not the face, the head. The head as a target is comprised mostly of skin and bone, not muscle mass or sensory nerves. Therefore, strikes of any type to the head with a closed fist should be avoided if possible. This is a tactical consideration. For example, the head is generally a hard structure. You will receive severe hand injuries from striking an attacker on the head. Trust me, I have done it. This will disable you only infuriate the attacker.

A good philosophy on utilizing defensive counterstrikes is that strikes should be delivered to the torso or nerve motor points whenever possible. If you strike to the head it should be in the face with a Palm Heel strike or Hammerfist or with jabs to the eyes.

The targets of the special agent combat of system strikes are as follows;

Palm Heel strike: the Palm Hills strike was designed primarily to stop its edit and attackers forward momentum. This strike is delivered in a stiff arm motion, and can be targeted at the attacker’s face or checks. Generally, this strike is followed by straight punch to the torso.

Straight punch: the straight punch is normally considered the power hand strike. Although this strike can be delivered to the head, it is strongly recommended that this strike be delivered to the torso, specifically the solo plexus region.

Forearm strikes: forearm strikes are used when the subject attacker had deeply penetrated the reactionary gap, and the straight punch or palm heel strike cannot be used. Forearm strikes are generally very strong techniques and should be delivered to the torso. I also use them when striking the brachial plexus or side of the neck for what’s called a brachial stun.

Brachial stuns: the brachial stuns are, without any doubt, the most effective and reliable stunning technique within a special agent combative system. Brachial stuns were designed to replace the necessity of hand strikes to the head. This technique can be delivered with the back of the hand, the inside of the hand, the inside of the forearm, or the outside of the forearm.

Front thrust kick: like the palm heel, the front thrust kick is designed to stop an attacker’s forward momentum at the edge of the reactionary gap. The recommended target for this kick is the upper thigh lower shin. Attempting to kick any higher would normally result in the attacker grabbing your foot or your leg. Front thrusts are also very effective when targeted towards the attackers groin or knee.

Knee strikes: the knee strike is delivered to the attacker’s thigh, groin, abdomen, and face. Striking to the thigh creates a high level motor dysfunction to the attacker’s leg, and also creates a high-level stun. I have used this technique many times when trying to control an attacker. When I strike their thigh several times with a knee strike they lose function of that leg and go down usually holding their thigh and writhing in pain.

Angle kick: also known as the peroneal kick, is one of the most effective combative counter strikes. The angle kick is delivered mainly to an attacker’s thigh and knee. This technique will create a motor dysfunction that will often last 10 minutes or longer. The angle kick is also known to create a high-level stun that is only second to the brachial stun. The pain is often so intense, that attackers often believe that their legs are broken. The pain normally diminishes in approximately 20 minutes. Giving you plenty of time to escape.

Embracing this principle will give you much more powerful techniques that you can use to create your own reality-based self-defense system.

Painful Ovarian Cyst – Treatments For Women Battling Cysts on Ovaries

When you have an ovarian cyst, you are probably contemplating surgery more than anything right now. You really just want the cyst to be gone from your life forever and you are willing to do whatever it takes in order to make that a reality. You just want to get rid of this cyst for good.

If you have a painful ovarian cyst, surgery doesn’t have to be your only form of treatment. There are actually many other ways that you can get the relief that you have been looking for and you don’t have to spend a lot of money in order to make that happen either.

If you are looking for a treatment for your painful cysts on ovaries, and you don’t want to spend a lot of money, then you have come to the right place. Today, you are going to learn what you can do at home to help remedy this condition.

A great treatment that you can try right now is heat. Heat is one of the best and fastest treatments that will work for you immediately. All you have to do is apply a warm compress to the area of pain. Then, just lay back and let it do all of the work for you. You don’t have to spend any money at all in order to get this form of treatment. Just a towel and some hot water will do the trick.

For a more concise treatment, you can change your diet and really make a big impact on your health. During this time of pain, you need to stay away from coffee. The caffeine can really irritate your ovarian cyst, making the pain even worse. You want your condition to improve and you don’t want to make it worse. Drinking tea is a great substitute during this time, especially herbal tea. Studies have shown that drinking herbal tea can actually break down the cyst in your body and get rid of it for good.

You should also try to eat a diet that is leaner and contains less red meat. Red meat can also irritate your cyst and this is something that you want to stay away from. Eat plenty of fish and poultry during this time and it will also help to heal your cyst.

Living with this painful ovarian cyst doesn’t have to be a part of your life anymore. You can get rid of it as long as you follow some of these treatments. Guaranteed they will work in your favor and you will be able to find some relief today.

Why is My Itchy Vagina Also Sore? – Reasons For Painful Vaginal Itching Infections

There is nothing more embarrassing than having an itch on the vagina when out socializing. It’s funny if you think about it, if an itch is on the end of your nose, your head or ear you scratch it regardless of who stands before you, but when it’s round the crotch/anus then the way we get relief is not so openly done. Could this have something to do with why the genitals are called the privates, hence the secrecy between fingers meeting up with the itchy vagina? Okay it doesn’t look nice to scrawb at your bits when in the company of people, but an itch is an itch and made for scratching. And another thing is, what must people think for why you scratch i.e. pubic lice (crabs) or maybe VD might even cross their mind. Now you can always retreat around the corner out of sight to scratch, or find the root cause for your itchy vagina and cure it. There are many reasons accountable for a vaginal itch or anus one. If you itch because you have a vaginal rash then this is easily treated and rid using home treatments, however and more often than not an itchy vagina comes about from vaginal infections.

One infection strongly connected for causing an itch is vaginal thrush. As with specific infections they can also affect the vaginal opening and surrounding skin along with pain. Bear in mind that not all women get the symptoms associated with infection but if they do, the way they cope and respond to vaginal treatments can differ greatly. There are 3 common infections we address on a regular basis and the reason why is, because it is normally one of them that is responsible for a vaginal itch.

If you experience vulval discomfort then we look towards the thrush infection, bacterial vaginosis, trichomonas vaginalis and herpes simplex.

Thrush

Thrush as we are aware is caused by a fungal organism called Candida albicans which lives in our bodies. Candida albicans grow and mass around the genitals which bring on thrush symptoms. Clarified symptoms are a white, thick, yeasty smelling vaginal discharge, and a very itchy sore and red vulval region. Sometimes the rectum (anal) opening can also become painfully itchy. Most Vaginal infections excluding some STDs are treated with antifungal drugs, vaginal creams, and vaginal pessaries. Creams and pessaries which need inserting inside the vagina can however cause burning and skin irritation similar to the thrush infection. Because of this confusion comes to the fore over whether it ‘s the side effects of the treatment or the symptoms of the infection. Although vaginal treatments are deemed safe – particular feminine products have to be ideal for you and the infection you suffer from. If vulval skin is itchy and sore then cream can help with easing discomfort. Some medications come in oral form. Personal preference will prevail for whatever treatment you use, however if it is not a 100% for clearing your infection then it is waste of time and money leaving you still infected. Temporary cures are not want you want you want rid and gone forever. If you’re pregnant or breastfeeding consult with GP before using vaginal treatments.

Treatment for thrush can be obtained from the pharmacy but talk to the pharmacist before purchase because; it is possible to mis-use treatments for vaginal itching/soreness that are not thrush. Wrong treatments may lead to long-standing vulval problems and can worsen the condition you set out to heal.

Don’t let anyone tell you any different that after being diagnosed with thrush that you have been sexually active. Thrush is not a sexually transmitted infection. Thrush does not always cause symptoms in men and may present as balanitis or a non-specific urethritis (NSU.)

Bacterial Vaginosis

Bacterial Vaginosis also like thrush bringing soreness, burning and itching of the vulva but hardly ever sees redness or swelling. We associate the unpleasant fishy smell with bacterial Vaginosis and a smelly grey or white vaginal discharge. Bacterial Vaginosis (BV) happens when the good bacteria in the vagina are removed to make way for bad bacteria. So it is bad bacteria we look to treat and destroy to ease soreness, relieve itching and rid the fishy smell. Because of similar symptoms it is easy to think you have thrush when you have BV. Bacterial Vaginosis is the more severe out of the two infections because it can lead to internal infection called pelvic inflammatory disease.

Trichomonas Vaginalis

Have you been diagnosed with having Trichomonas Vaginalis but at the time of diagnosis did not hear clearly or understand what the GP had to say. This happens regular where a woman might have been frightened by the medical term used for her condition and goes home none the wiser. Well Trichomoniasis or Trich as it is called at times is a vaginal infection which causes vulva soreness, reddening and inflammation. A common symptom of Trich is a foamy, yellow greenish vaginal discharge. Some women feel pain when weeing. The organism responsible for the symptoms is a parasite in the vaginal mucus. It spreads through penetrative vaginal sex and the exchange of vaginal fluid, meaning, sharing sex toys or sex gadgets.

Herpes Simplex is a viral infection

This virus exists in two types. Herpes simplex type 1 appears as cold sores around the mouth, and herpes simplex type 2 involves the genitals. When the infection first takes hold, painful sores show on the vulva and vagina. It may hurt to urinate as urine is acidic and stings if it comes in contact with herpes sores. Other symptoms include a tingly and itchy vagina, swollen glands in the groin and general flu-like symptoms. Swollen glands or flu-like symptoms only happen during the first attack.

As with particular viral infections, there is no permanent way of ridding herpes and its recurrence.

Now we have covered vaginal infections let us focus on the vaginal rash and how to treat it. This should not take long as it is just simply water that will do the trick. There are solutions for soothing but just keeping the vagina fresh airy and dry will speed up the recovery process making this the best solution.

Medical Waste Disposal

Medical waste, also known as clinical waste, refers to biological products, which are essentially useless. Medical Waste Disposal is an environmental concern, as many medical wastes are classified as infectious or bio-hazardous and can spread infectious disease.

Medical Waste Disposal is the most fundamental and crucial step towards infection prevention in healthcare facilities. It is also the most neglected aspect of infection prevention. This article shall highlight the risks involved in improper handling of Medical Waste and explain the importance of proper Medical Waste Disposal techniques.

At any healthcare facility all staff have an equal responsibility to dispose off Medical Waste in a manner that poses minimal hazard to other healthcare workers, clients, visitors and the community at large. Good housekeeping is the foundation of good infection prevention. Good housekeeping reduces microorganisms, reduces the risk of accidents, and provides an appealing work and service-delivery space.

ADVANTAGES:

The advantages of proper Medical Waste Disposal are:

o Minimizes the spread of infections and reduces the risk of accidental injury to staff, clients, visitors, and the local community

o Helps provide an aesthetically pleasing atmosphere

o Reduces odors and other unpleasant sights.

o Attracts fewer insects and does not attract animals

o Reduces the likelihood of contamination of the soil or ground water with chemicals or microorganisms

WHO IS AT RISK?

Anyone who handles contaminated waste–from the time it is thrown out by a service provider to even after it reaches the site of final disposal–is at risk of infection or injury. In many settings, housekeeping staff may not understand their risks. It is particularly important for supervisors to ensure that these staff know their risks and follow the appropriate procedures. The following people face a very high risk of suffering from infections if Medical Waste Disposal is not handled properly.

Staff: A large percentage of staff report having experienced Medical Waste related injuries and or infections. Sharps (injection needles for example) pose the greatest risk and can cause injury and transmission of serious infections such as HIV and Hepatitis – B

Records show that US health-care workers suffer almost 400,000 needle-stick injuries every year that could expose them to blood borne viruses risking infection from transmittable diseases. If possible, all the staff at risk of sharp related injuries should be vaccinated against Hepatitis – B.

Clients: Staff members who have not effectively carried out Medical Waste Disposal can easily transmit the infection to clients.

Community: Improper Medical Waste Disposal is one of the greatest threats to members of the community. For example, contaminated Medical Waste can be found by children who are playing and cause them injury and infection. In many low-resource settings, scavenging of medical waste is a significant problem. Not only are scavengers at risk of injury and infection themselves, but this practice can also put clients and the local community at risk when scavenged waste, such as syringes and needles, is reused.

By educating staff, administrators, and the local community about the dangers of contaminated Medical Waste and by instituting low-cost, safe Medical Waste Disposal practices, all health facilities can minimize the risks associated with waste disposal.

Uses, Benefits And Side Effects Of Medicinal Yeast

Medicinal Yeast is known by many names including Dried Yeast Fermentate, Faex medicinalis, Levure de Biere and Levure Medicinale and the common name Brewer’s Yeast. The yeast is recommended for many health benefits because it offers an easy way of adding important nutrients to a healthy diet.

Although eating a healthy diet is recommended, it is highly unlikely to get all the good vitamins and minerals from a regular diet. Therefore, supplementing your diet with it can prove beneficial. You will soon discover you like the taste once you get used to the flavor

  • About medicinal yeast

Brewer’s or medicinal yeast is a byproduct of brewing beer. The ingredients used to brew are grain, malt, and hops. Yeast often absorbs vitamins and nutrients from other ingredients used to brew. In addition to absorbing nutrients, the yeast also absorbs bitter flavors.

Nevertheless, some brewers choose to get rid of the bitterness, which often involves removing some nutritional content like chromium. Therefore, if you opt for this type of yeast, it is advisable to add some chromium supplement.

  • Nutritional content

It is often difficult to know the nutritional content in a yeast package because it often varies between different batches and ages of the yeast. Nevertheless, brewer’s or medicinal yeast has high levels of nucleic count, which is an important component that contributes effectively to cell development. Additional vitamins and minerals present in the yeast are B12, Folic acid, Thiamin, Potassium, Chromium and Niacin. The low levels of calories, fat, carbohydrates, and sodium makes it effective for people who have dietary restrictions because of health reasons.

  • Health benefits

Taking brewer’s or medicinal yeast everyday as a supplement in a healthy diet can help improve the following conditions: high cholesterol, diabetes, hypoglycemia, stress, nervousness, eczema, constipation, fatigue, anemia, and carpal tunnel. Furthermore, the yeast can be used to repel fleas, particularly when given to pets.

When choosing it to control diabetes, it is advisable to choose a product that has not gone through the process of debittering, which is a process that removes chromium that can help lower bad (LDL) cholesterol and raise good (HDL) cholesterol.

  • Side effects

It is advisable to consult with a healthcare provider before taking supplements, including medicinal yeast. This is particularly the case if you have hypoglycemia or diabetes, because the yeast can alter the way the system responds to sugar levels in the blood.

Brewer’s or medicinal yeast may not have serious side effects, although it can cause gas, bloating, and/or stomach upset in some people. If you have Candida, gout, high levels of uric acid or allergy to penicillin or mold, avoid taking brewer’s yeast.

Cilantro Allergies — How To Combat This Difficult To Avoid Food Allergy

Cilantro is a herb commonly used in cooking. In Europe and much of the rest of the world, it is known as coriander. A hairless and relatively short plant, it is used throughout the world — Asia, Latin America and the Indian subcontinent make heavy use of this ingredient in local cuisines. It is even used for medicinal means and can assist with cases of insomnia and anxiety. Unfortunately, a growing number of people will experience adverse reaction to cilantro in the form of full blown cilantro allergies.

Diagnosis of a Link Between Symptoms and Cilantro Allergies

Naturally, as with many others, cilantro allergies are notoriously hard to diagnose. First of all, the person may develop this allergy so, despite no change in lifestyle, they will gain painful or uncomfortable symptoms that they cannot identify. Also, cilantro allergies will often produce a whole variety of different systems depending on the individual. For instance, some people may break out in a skin rash, others may bring up their food in the form of vomit and others still may just get an irritating itching sensation in the mouth and throat. A rare few may have more serious consequences due to cilantro allergies — they may go into anaphylactic shock and require urgent medical intervention. Fortunately, this is quite rare.

The best place to start with identifying an allergy that is suspected to be a food one, is to keep a food diary. This is a record of everything that is eaten plus any abnormal reaction to it. Over time, and with the help of a specialist if necessary, foods sharing common ingredients can be identified. The problem with cilantro allergies is that cilantro or coriander are included in so many different types of foods and cuisines. Nevertheless, a process of trial and error will usually identify the culprit ingredient. Sometimes, a skin prick test by a doctor will be necessary to identify the offending allergen.

Life Goes On with Cilantro Allergies

Like with nuts, cilantro is present in many food types, even those that you would not expect to contain it and think unnecessary to do so. Sufferers of cilantro allergies should check the ingredients of everything that they eat. This means checking the packaging for any food bought. Also, if food is cooked by someone else e.g. at a restaurant, a phone call ahead will be needed. If you suffer extreme reactions brought on by cilantro allergies, you may wish to completely avoid establishments using cilantro as even a trace amount on a clean plate that cannot be seen may be enough to cause a life threatening situation.

What Does Green Poop Mean? The Truth About Green Bowel Movements

Have you been thinking to yourself lately, “what does green poop mean?” Well, the good news is, even though you may suffer from odd colored stools, it doesn’t necessarily mean that you should worry. As a matter of fact, it happens to be fairly normal and can be easily explained. There may be various reasons that acted as catalysts to turn your feces green in color. Here are several points you should take a look at.

The Main Causes and Reasons behind Green Stools

1. You may get green bowel movements if you eat copious amounts of green and leafy vegetables such as broccoli and lettuce.

2. You may even get green poop if you eat copious amounts of processed foods that have a green color such as drink flavoring, popsicles and sherbet.

3. Furthermore, you may suffer from green poop because of consuming too much iron. Since the human body will not absorb every iron constituent, you might excrete several amounts of the iron salt. In general, iron can be found within beans, breakfast cereals, spinach and red meat.

Other causes and reasons behind green poop might include medication side effects, food poisoning, ulcerative colitis, too much laxatives and antibiotics, celiac disease, irregular bowel syndrome, malabsorption, bacteria overgrowth, infectious diarrhea and Crohn’s disease.

The Symptoms and Signs behind Green Poop

Green poop does not always mean a person’s internal system is infected or that there are intestinal disorders in that person. As a matter of fact, the majority of color changes in poop can be attributed to medications and consumed foods. However, if you begin to suffer from fever, rectal pain, weight loss or diarrhea, you should consult your doctor at once.

To avoid such problems, it would be advisable to get your colon cleansed twice every year. This process is something that everybody has been putting to use in today’s day and age since people can eliminate irregular bowel movements, additional fats and constipation through it. The body will even eliminate any unwanted toxins that might have layered into the skin, as well as inner sludge, to lead a healthier life with ease.

Interstitial Cystitis – Ayurvedic Herbal Treatment

Interstitial cystitis is also known as IC, and is usually seen in women. This condition involves recurrent discomfort or pain in the urinary bladder and surrounding pelvic region. Affected individuals exhibit symptoms like frequent urination or an urgent desire to pass urine, and these symptoms are aggravated by menstruation and vaginal intercourse. The diagnosis of this disease is made when all the known causes for the symptoms have been ruled out, such as infection and urinary stones. Some individuals affected with interstitial cystitis also have associated symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome. Individuals affected with IC have an irritable urinary bladder, the walls of which exhibit scarring, ulcers or minute bleeding patches. Though different treatment modalities exist in the modern system of medicines, none has been known to definitely cure all the symptoms associated with interstitial cystitis. Treatment includes bladder distension, instillation of drugs in the bladder, oral medications, electrical nerve stimulation, physical bladder training, and lastly, surgery.

Ayurvedic herbal treatment can be judiciously used to successfully treat interstitial cystitis. Medicines which have a specific affinity for the urinary tract are used in high doses in the management of this condition. The mainstay of treatment is with herbal medicines which have a strengthening and soothing effect on the urinary bladder and which are useful in healing ulceration and bleeding in the bladder wall as well as reversing or preventing scarring. Associated symptoms – if present – of irritable bowel syndrome, need to be treated with medicines which have a specific action on the bowels, and which also help to reduce anxiety and stress in affected individuals.

Herbal medicines which are useful in this condition also help the affected individual to pass urine at normal and regular frequencies, without any need for urgency or without a feeling of incomplete voiding. Herbal medicines are also effective in reducing irritability as well as increased sensitivity both in the affected individual as well as in the affected urinary bladder.

Herbal medicines which can be effectively utilised in interstitial cystitis include Gokshuradi Guggulu, Chandraprabha Vati, Manjishthadi Qadha, Saarivasav, Chandanadi Vati, and individual herbs like Gokshur (Tribulus terrestris), Amalaki (Emblica officinalis), Guduchi (Tinospora cordifolia), Punarnava (Boerhaavia diffusa), Musta (Cyperus rotundus), Saariva (Hemidesmus indicus), Usheer (Vetiveria zizanoidis), and Jatamansi (Nardostachys jatamansi).

Medicines which act on the muscular wall of the urinary bladder, and medicines which act on damaged blood vessels and capillaries, as well as those known to reverse or reduce scarring are also effective in the treatment of interstitial cystitis. These include medicines like Nimba (Azadirachta indica), Patol (Tricosanthe dioica), Triphala (Three fruits), Kutaj (Holharrhina antidysentrica), Patha (Cissampelos pariera), Haridra (Curcuma longa) and Daruharidra (Berberis aristata). Medicines which reduce irritability and stress may also be useful in some individuals affected with this condition. These include medicines like Brahmi (Bacopa monnieri), Jatamansi (Nardostachys jatamansi), Sarpagandha (Rauwolfia serpentina) and Ajwayan (Hyoscyamus niger).

Ayurvedic treatment is usually required for periods ranging from two to six months, depending upon the severity of the disease in affected individuals. Ayurvedic herbal treatment can thus treat all the symptoms affected with interstitial cystitis, and bring about a complete remission in most affected individuals.

Is Gaviscon Really Safe For My Acid Reflux? What Every GERD Patient Should Know

“Is Gaviscon really safe for my Acid Reflux?”

I asked the same thing to myself when I first heard of the drug from a friend of mine. Her description of it was a liquid antacid that tastes good (I don’t know about you, to me… sort of) and is quite effective in alleviating the symptoms of acid reflux, GERD, or heartburn.

Sounds good to me, I thought to myself. But I’m not the person who easily jumps into newer medication, especially the ones that you have to take on a regular basis. If you are like me, I normally do research and get the facts straightened out and just don’t trust any doctor’s advice. I even have my own take on other meds such as the purple pill (Nexium), Maalox, and other antacids (even TUMS).

So I guess it’s a natural reaction for me to ask if Gaviscon is really safe for my acid reflux. Does it actually do what it claims to do? Or are there any better alternatives?

Here’s what I found that I believe every individual suffering from the above digestive problems should know. This is quite a bit long article but the information found here is priceless:

First of all, Gaviscon is an antacid that helps treat acid indigestion, heartburn, peptic ulcers, hiatal hernias, as well as reflux esophagitis. In generic form, it’s aluminim with magnesium hydroxide. It is said to help by neutralizing the stomach acid, while simultaneously producing a viscous material which floats on the stomach content.

Now that’s something that drove my curiosity. The purpose of this viscous material is to serve as a barrier to avoid reflux of acidic content. Think of it as a protective shield.

It likewise claims to help in the treatment of other forms of stomach ulcers and can prevent them from bleeding. I have had ulcers before but by the time I was introduced to this drug, they were already healed using safer and natural methods. My biggest concern at that time was my GERD.

I’ve learned that although Gaviscon is an over the counter (OTC) drug (meaning you can easily get in most drugstores), it is still best to get a doctor’s recommendation. He may think you’re an oddball (like me) since it’s categorized as an antacid, but there isn’t any harm asking. And besides, he gets paid a consultation fee.

If you are a pregnant or breast feeding mother DO NOT take this drug. Also it’s important that you are not allergic to any of its ingredients or such containing aluminum or magnesium. Inform your doctor as well if you or any member of the family had or has liver or kidney disease or appendicitis. And it is NOT advisable to take Gaviscon for your GERD, if you are both old and suffering from Alzheimer’s.

Gaviscon might also change the effects on some other medication that you are taking – a hard list includes Nizoral, Mandelamine, Rifamate and Tetracycline antibiotics. If you ask me, even if these other meds are non-prescribed or consist of vitamins or food supplements, you still need your wise doctor’s advice.

There shouldn’t be any side effects or complications if you follow the above precautions well, save that the only things you should remind yourself of when taking this drug are that it might cause dizziness and therefore, you should not drive or operate heavy machinery after taking it. One time after dinner and eating the wrong kind of food (spicy pasta), I had no choice but to take it. I did feel a bit dizzy but still managed to drive. I believe the effect varies from person to person.

For knowledge’s sake, the common side effects include “dizziness, drowsiness, nausea, vomiting, dry mouth and diarrhea”, of which if any of these occur while taking Gaviscon, you are advised to consult your doctor immediately.

I’m sure you’re also asking if there is such a thing as Gaviscon overdose. The answer to that is definitely, just like all drugs do. That’s why you should only use the recommended dosage and if you think you had an overdose, contact your doctor immediately. Overdose symptoms include “drowsiness, dizziness, stomach problems, weakness, fatigue, nausea, vomiting and loss of consciousness”. Never ever take a double dose at a time… even if the packaging is pleasing to the eye and it tastes good to you, just like it does to me.

If you want to know the most important thing to remember about Gaviscon for GERD is that because it is an antacid, it should not be taken any longer than 2 weeks or larger doses than the ones recommended. All antacids (chewable or liquid form) should only be used for temporary relief of acid reflux or heartburn symptoms.

In the course of my battle with acid reflux and GERD, I’ve found that Gaviscon, along with other usual prescriptive medications, should normally be taken for emergency purposes only. If you want to have long-lasting relief and even cure your condition, then conventional methods are not going to be of any help to you at all. At best you can take them for a week, but this is frankly nothing more but a “band-aid” approach – focusing on masking the symptoms, instead of centering on the root cause.

Just having to read and remember all the side effects, precautions, warnings on overdosage, and important things to remember about Gaviscon, and you’re obviously intelligent enough to know that if you’re not careful, you can easily create another disease or health problem in your body because of this drug. That’s one of the things pharmaceutical companies don’t want folks like you and me to know about… even though they are already plain in sight.

If you want an honest recommendation, take Gaviscon for your acid reflux if you have taken all the necessary precautions and if you need to. Take it consistently for a week at the most and then, for emergency purposes only. But find safer and natural ways to treat your condition. You’ll be glad you did.

Is Gaviscon Really Safe For My Acid Reflux? What Every GERD Patient Should Know

“Is Gaviscon really safe for my Acid Reflux?”

I asked the same thing to myself when I first heard of the drug from a friend of mine. Her description of it was a liquid antacid that tastes good (I don’t know about you, to me… sort of) and is quite effective in alleviating the symptoms of acid reflux, GERD, or heartburn.

Sounds good to me, I thought to myself. But I’m not the person who easily jumps into newer medication, especially the ones that you have to take on a regular basis. If you are like me, I normally do research and get the facts straightened out and just don’t trust any doctor’s advice. I even have my own take on other meds such as the purple pill (Nexium), Maalox, and other antacids (even TUMS).

So I guess it’s a natural reaction for me to ask if Gaviscon is really safe for my acid reflux. Does it actually do what it claims to do? Or are there any better alternatives?

Here’s what I found that I believe every individual suffering from the above digestive problems should know. This is quite a bit long article but the information found here is priceless:

First of all, Gaviscon is an antacid that helps treat acid indigestion, heartburn, peptic ulcers, hiatal hernias, as well as reflux esophagitis. In generic form, it’s aluminim with magnesium hydroxide. It is said to help by neutralizing the stomach acid, while simultaneously producing a viscous material which floats on the stomach content.

Now that’s something that drove my curiosity. The purpose of this viscous material is to serve as a barrier to avoid reflux of acidic content. Think of it as a protective shield.

It likewise claims to help in the treatment of other forms of stomach ulcers and can prevent them from bleeding. I have had ulcers before but by the time I was introduced to this drug, they were already healed using safer and natural methods. My biggest concern at that time was my GERD.

I’ve learned that although Gaviscon is an over the counter (OTC) drug (meaning you can easily get in most drugstores), it is still best to get a doctor’s recommendation. He may think you’re an oddball (like me) since it’s categorized as an antacid, but there isn’t any harm asking. And besides, he gets paid a consultation fee.

If you are a pregnant or breast feeding mother DO NOT take this drug. Also it’s important that you are not allergic to any of its ingredients or such containing aluminum or magnesium. Inform your doctor as well if you or any member of the family had or has liver or kidney disease or appendicitis. And it is NOT advisable to take Gaviscon for your GERD, if you are both old and suffering from Alzheimer’s.

Gaviscon might also change the effects on some other medication that you are taking – a hard list includes Nizoral, Mandelamine, Rifamate and Tetracycline antibiotics. If you ask me, even if these other meds are non-prescribed or consist of vitamins or food supplements, you still need your wise doctor’s advice.

There shouldn’t be any side effects or complications if you follow the above precautions well, save that the only things you should remind yourself of when taking this drug are that it might cause dizziness and therefore, you should not drive or operate heavy machinery after taking it. One time after dinner and eating the wrong kind of food (spicy pasta), I had no choice but to take it. I did feel a bit dizzy but still managed to drive. I believe the effect varies from person to person.

For knowledge’s sake, the common side effects include “dizziness, drowsiness, nausea, vomiting, dry mouth and diarrhea”, of which if any of these occur while taking Gaviscon, you are advised to consult your doctor immediately.

I’m sure you’re also asking if there is such a thing as Gaviscon overdose. The answer to that is definitely, just like all drugs do. That’s why you should only use the recommended dosage and if you think you had an overdose, contact your doctor immediately. Overdose symptoms include “drowsiness, dizziness, stomach problems, weakness, fatigue, nausea, vomiting and loss of consciousness”. Never ever take a double dose at a time… even if the packaging is pleasing to the eye and it tastes good to you, just like it does to me.

If you want to know the most important thing to remember about Gaviscon for GERD is that because it is an antacid, it should not be taken any longer than 2 weeks or larger doses than the ones recommended. All antacids (chewable or liquid form) should only be used for temporary relief of acid reflux or heartburn symptoms.

In the course of my battle with acid reflux and GERD, I’ve found that Gaviscon, along with other usual prescriptive medications, should normally be taken for emergency purposes only. If you want to have long-lasting relief and even cure your condition, then conventional methods are not going to be of any help to you at all. At best you can take them for a week, but this is frankly nothing more but a “band-aid” approach – focusing on masking the symptoms, instead of centering on the root cause.

Just having to read and remember all the side effects, precautions, warnings on overdosage, and important things to remember about Gaviscon, and you’re obviously intelligent enough to know that if you’re not careful, you can easily create another disease or health problem in your body because of this drug. That’s one of the things pharmaceutical companies don’t want folks like you and me to know about… even though they are already plain in sight.

If you want an honest recommendation, take Gaviscon for your acid reflux if you have taken all the necessary precautions and if you need to. Take it consistently for a week at the most and then, for emergency purposes only. But find safer and natural ways to treat your condition. You’ll be glad you did.

Grapefruit Diet – Pros and Cons

The Grapefruit Diet, also known as the Hollywood Diet or Mayo Diet, has a long history in the United States. It has existed since 1930 and has been known as a fast weight loss method up until now with many variations and the only essential thing that can not be changed is a half serving of grapefruit before every meal. Grapefruit is claimed to have fat burning properties, and with the diet encouraging meat intake, these combination’s of high cholesterol foods with grapefruit seems to burn fat faster.

The basic of the diet itself has been identified as low carbohydrate and protein diet with the averages of 800 to 1000 calories per day. With less than 1000 calories per day diet, most people will still loose weight even without grapefruit consumption, but how the half serving of grapefruit before each meal boost the weight loss process is still unknown. Notes that up until now, no scientific studies have manage to prove grapefruit’s power to burn fat.

These are a sample of meal plans based on grapefruit diet:

Breakfast

  1. Half serving of grapefruit or 4 oz unsweetened grapefruit juice
  2. Two eggs, any style of cooking.
  3. Two slice of bacon, cooked medium.
  4. You can also add black coffee.

Lunch

  1. Half serving of grapefruit or 4 oz unsweetened grapefruit juice.
  2. Salad, any type of dressing, any size.
  3. Meat, any type, unlimited amount.

Dinner

  1. Half serving of grapefruit or 4 oz unsweetened grapefruit juice.
  2. Meat, any type, unlimited amount.
  3. Any red or green vegetable cooked with seasoning or a salad.A cup of coffee or tea.

Bedtime snack

8 ounces of skim milk with sweetener, the alternative is a glass of tomato juice.

No snack between meals allowed.

Pros

  1. It consists of 12 diet days with 2 off diet days, so you have 2 days to eat whatever you want.
  2. The program offer pretty quick weight loss: 18 pounds in first 18 days.
  3. For those who doesn’t like the idea of going to gym, this program have no instruction whatsoever regarding exercise or workout.
  4. Affordable and simple.

Cons

  1. It is not healthy to eat too much acidic citrus fruit all throughout the day for long periods. It will increase the acidity level in your stomach and increasing the probability to get a sore stomach, gastritis or even ulcerous diseases. If you suffer any of this or other digestive tract ailments, you should stop consuming any acid foods like grapefruit, lemons, or oranges.
  2. The program cuts out things that needed in a balanced diet, such as carbohydrates.
  3. The limited foods varieties restrict you to improve your eating habits, and it can cause boredom, monotony, and taste fatigue.
  4. You will regain weight as soon as you quit the diet.
  5. Unlike other citric fruits, grapefruits are known for their interactions with some drugs like felodipine, a drug used to control hypertension. Recent studies show that felodipine in combination with grapefruit juice can cause toxic effects.
  6. If you starting this diet, monitor how are you feeling every day, there are report that some persons experienced runs in the beginning of the program, and this can leads to dehydration if not treated quickly.
  7. There are opinions that grapefruit inhibits the insulin production of the pancreas. If you suffer from diabetes, you may even get to coma because the insulin level decreases suddenly.
  8. This is a list of drugs that can lead to unpredictable and hazardous if combined with grapefruit juice:
  • Statins (Cholesterol Drugs): lovastatin (Mevacor), atorvastatin Lipitor, Simvastatin Zocor, simvastatin/ezetimibe Vytorin
  • Antihistamines: Ebastine, Seldane
  • Calcium Channel Blockers (Blood Pressure Drugs): nimodipine (Nimotop), Felodipine (Nitrendipine, Plendil), Pranidipine, nisoldipine (Sular), nicardipine (Cardene), verapamil (Verelan)
  • Psychiatric Medications: buspirone (Buspar), triazolam (Halcion), carbamazepine (Tegretol), diazepam (Valium), midazolam (Versed), sertraline (Zoloft)
  • Intestinal Medications: cisapride, taken off the U.S. market (Propulsid)
  • Immune Suppressants: cyclosporine (Neoral), (tacrolimus) Prograf
  • Pain Medications: Methadone
  • Impotence Drug (erectile dysfunction): sildenafil (Viagra)
  • Ant-HIV medication: saquinavir (Invirase)Antiarrhythmics: amiodarone (Cordarone)

Note that you don’t have to understand all of these drugs, simply consult with your doctor before if you plan to start this diet.

Conclusion

With so many downfalls and side effects, it’s not advised to do this in long term. There are people that claim to do this for years with good result, but you should not try your luck just for a few pounds weight loss. Remember that there are many weight loss programs out there that offer healthy long term solution as well as quick result.

Diodia Scandens – Emerging Antifungal Agent

Introduction

Since the time immemorial, our ancestors in Africa have been engaged in the use of plants and their different parts for treatment of various ailments, as well as for as for harmful purposes- such as poisons. Generally, plants have been in use throughout the world in folk medicine and as local cures for common ailments. Medicinal plants in particular has been in use for centuries as remedies for human diseases because they contain components of therapeutic value (Okoli et al., 2009) Folk medicine gave rise to traditional systems of medicine in various diseases. Diodia scandens Sw has enormous usefulness and importance (Essiett et al., 2011).

Description

According to Essiett et al., (2010). Diodia scandens Sw (Rubiaceae) is an evergreen perennial herb, which has an alternate leaf arrangement, petiole is present. It has compound leaves, ovate to lanceolate in shape, reticulate venation, entire in margin, its apex is acute, its base is cuneate, it has glabrous surface and its texture is charteceous. Diodia scandens Sw has a dark green coloration, tasteless, odorless and has solitary inflorescence. It is a straggling herb, which has been in use in the Western African system of medicine. It has enormous usefulness and importance; whole parts of the plants are useful in curing various ailments.

Uses

Generally, the plants medicinal value includes its use as antidotes (venomous stings, bites, etc.), painkiller, treatment of veneral diseases and cutaneous and subcutaneous fungal infections. However, the different parts of the plants- sap, leaf, stem and root, are used for various medicinal purposes. The leaf is used for treating arthritis, rheumatism, cutaneous and subcutaneous parasitic infection, diarrhea, dysentery and anti-abortifacients; the leaf plus roots are used for dropsy, swellings, edema, and gout and as lactation stimulants; while the sap is used for treating ear infections, paralysis, epilepsy, convulsions, spasm and pulmonary troubles.

Photochemical properties

In the recent years, secondary plant metabolites- known as photochemicals have been extensively investigated for their potency as medicinal agents. Studies carried out on some plants showed that some plants contain many substances such as peptides, tannins, alkaloids, essential oils, phenols and flavonoids among others, which could serve as sources for antimicrobial production (Okoli et al., 2009). D. scandens does not contain alkaloids, flavonoids, phobotannins and anthraquinones. However, it has saponins, which have anti-inflammatory, anti-yeasts, anti-fungal, anti-parasitic, anti-tumor, anti-viral and anti-abortifacient activities were present. Tannins, which have astringent and detergent properties were also present, and can be used against diarrhoea. According to Essiet et al. (2011), the photochemistry of the leaf extract revealed the presence of saponins, tannins, cardiac glycosides and absence of flavenoides, phlobatannins, alkaloids and anthraquinones.

Antimicrobial properties

D. scandens also has antimicrobial properties of which much is not known or documented yet. It is used in some localities in Nigeria to treat cutaneous and subcutaneous fungal infections. The procedure involves squeezing out the sap from the whole plant, freshly collected and appling the fluid on the infected skin by scrubbing. If done frequently for about3- 5days, the antifungal effect is seen. This agrees with the report of Essiett et al. (2011), who stated that in Nigeria, the leaves are used for curing eczema-, which is a fungal infection.

Conclusion

Generally, plants have been in use throughout the world in folk medicine and as local cures for common ailments and medicinal plants in particular has been in use for centuries as remedies for human diseases because they contain components of therapeutic value. Diodia scandens Sw has enormous usefulness and importance (Essiett et al., 2011). The different parts of the plant Diodia scandens- sap, leaf, stem and root, are used for various medicinal purposes. The plant does not contain alkaloids, flavonoids, phobotannins and anthraquinones but has saponins, tannins and cardiac glycosides. The plant has antifungal properties evident in its use for treating cutanbeous and sub-cutaneous fungal infections such as eczema. It is recommended that further research be done on the plant to properly evaluate its antibacterial properties.

References

Akah, P.A., Okogun, J.I. and Ekpendu, T.O. (1993). Antioedema and Analgesic actions of Diodia scandens extract in rats and mice. Phytotherapy Research. Vo. 7, Issue 4: 317- 319.

Essiett, U.A., Bala, D.N. and Agbakahi, J.A. (2010). Pharmacognostic studies of the leaves and stem of Diodia scandens Sw in Nigeria. Scholars Research Lirary, Archives of Applied Science Research. 2(5): 184- 198.

Okoli, R.I., Turay, A.A., Mensah, J.K. and Aigbe, A.O. (2009). Phytochemical and Antimicrobial properties of four Herbs from Edo State, Nigeria. Report and Opinion. 1(5): 67- 73.

Heart Health and Clean Arteries

Clogged arteries are responsible for a number of ailments including heart pain, high blood pressure, and peripheral arterial disease. Many of my male patients are shocked when I tell them that plaque build-up may even be causing their erectile dysfunction. How can that be? All of these conditions stem from the same cause, insufficient blood flow through arteries.

In the first part of this series, you learned how coronary artery disease and blocked arteries could lead to serious health consequences. I recommended some non-drug, non-surgical treatments you can do on your own to both prevent and improve arterial disease and its symptoms.

Now I’d like to expand on an alternative method of dissolving plaque and increasing blood flow in arteries using specific vitamins and safe chemical compounds. This therapy is called oral chelation.

What Is Chelation Therapy?

Chelation therapy has been used since about 1955 for treating heart/arterial disease. The idea of using chelation for heart disease sprang from using chelation for toxic lead, arsenic, and mercury levels. A compound called calcium disodium EDTA, an amino acid, binds to those metals. The EDTA-bound metal is then removed from your body through urination.

Using this toxic metal removal model, it was thought that a variation of the same compound, disodium EDTA, would bind to plaque and remove it from arteries. Based on this same principle, oral chelation formulas were created.

Oral Chelation Supplements

People have taken oral chelation supplements for years as an alternative treatment for coronary artery disease. In fact, because of their widespread use, the National Institute of Health recently began a clinical study to document the specific benefits of chelation therapy.

As I tell my patients who ask me about oral chelation formulas, I feel the better ones contain a lot of heart/artery-health promoting vitamins, minerals, and food-derived chemicals that can be of benefit in promoting heart and artery health. Let’s look, then, at what I think a good oral chelation supplement might contain:

B-Vitamins – like B6, B12, and folic acid, known to be crucial to heart health in reducing homocysteine, a chemical that promotes plaque. They also maintain energy.

Magnesium, potassium, selenium – these are heart-healthy minerals that keep heart muscle functioning correctly, regulate heartbeat, and prevent cholesterol from oxidizing and turning into plaque.

Bromelain, malic acid, garlic – these food-based compounds from pineapples, green apples, and garlic dissolve saturated fats and prevent them from hardening into plaques.

TMG (trimethylglycine) – also known as betaine, derived from beets, this chemical IS actually FDA-approved for treating high homocysteine levels.

EDTA – as noted above, this chemical binds to arterial plaque and removes it. EDTA is also FDA, and USDA, approved as a food additive.

NAC (N-acetyl cysteine) – a chemical found in high protein foods, it is an amino acid that, like EDTA, also acts as a toxin binding/removal agent.

How Does Oral Chelation Work?

Oral chelation formulas come in pill form and are taken like you would any other supplement. They go to work by binding to mineral deposits (namely calcium which plaque is), breaking it down and liquefying it so it can be removed from your arteries. Drinking plenty of filtered water daily will help flush the chelated minerals and toxins out of your blood.

It’s a good idea not to take any mineral supplements until a few hours after you take a chelation formula as the minerals can be chelated out of your system. Prescription medicine should also be taken a few hours apart from chelation supplements.

Vitamin C and Vitamin E supplements should be taken as they are antioxidants which help prevent oxidation of cholesterol into plaques.

Benefits of Oral Chelation Formulas

There are several arterial health conditions which can benefit from the artery-flushing effects of oral chelation. They are:

Coronary artery disease, or CAD – blockages in the heart can cause heart attack.

Peripheral arterial disease, or PAD – lack of blood flow to legs and feet causing pain.

Erectile dysfunction – resulting from blocked arteries, lack of penile blood flow.

Carotid artery disease – decreased blood flow to the brain, can cause stroke.

Although oral chelation therapy may still be a controversial subject, it has its following of loyal supporters. According to Everyday Health, a recent survey of people who used chelation therapy, 62% said it gave them a sense of control over their heart disease. For optimum effectiveness, chelation supplements should be combined with a heart/artery healthy diet, no smoking, and beneficial exercise.

As with any supplement, read labels and be sure you have a quality oral chelation formula with ingredients such as those mentioned above. Consult a doctor familiar with the use of oral chelation formulas. They can monitor you, ensure their correct usage, and avoid any possible adverse effects that may arise.

How to Protect Your Heart and the Cardiovascular System

You should really take better care of your health, and the good news is that you can do it in more ways than one. Protecting your heart and the cardiovascular system is particularly important. You can get effective results by using a few essential rules. In fact, you do not have to do anything special in order to get the desired results. Quite the opposite, you can protect yourself from getting a heart attack or a stroke as well as from type 2 diabetes.

The right nutrition is the key to cardiovascular health. You can include a number of beneficial foods in your diet that can protect you from high cholesterol. There are foods that can effectively reduce the amount of cholesterol that has already built up. You can change your nutrition to have foods that can provide for the lowering of blood pressure. There are foods that can protect you from getting diabetes as well. Black beans contain nutrients that can help you in all three of these diseases. Almonds can effectively reduce the cholesterol levels and prevent diabetes. Oranges are great for the reduction of high blood pressure as well for the improvement of the blood vessels. Fish such as tuna and salmon that contain omega-3 fatty acids are also extremely beneficial for the heart and can prevent arrhythmia.

Exercising is another important factor for the protection of the cardiovascular system. By being physically active you improve the functioning of the heart and provide for the optimal blood flow in your body. Also, it has been proven that exercising can effectively allow for the reduction of cholesterol levels. You can choose to do any sport from jogging to swimming, but even walking for 30 minutes every day will do a great job too.

It has been scientifically proven that the way we feel affects our cardiovascular health. People who experience constant stress and the ones suffering from anxiety attacks and chronic depression are more likely to get heart disease. On the other hand, recent studies reveal that individuals who are happy have a lower chance of suffering from these. Thus, you should try to get as much rest as possible, avoid worrying and do enjoyable things more often.

Low Testosterone Levels – What Is the Difference Between Hypogonadism and Tertiary Hypogonadism?

A low testosterone level is referred to as hypogonadism in medical terms. Depending on where the deficiency in testosterone production occurs, it can be further categorized as primary, secondary or tertiary hypogonadism. Primary hyponadism is diagnosed when the problem occurs in the organs that manufacture testosterone, the testicles. When it is damage to the hypothalamus that causes the deficiency in testosterone, the condition is referred to as tertiary hypogonadism.

Regardless of where the problem originates, low levels of testosterone can have a profound impact on the way a man’s body works, and you will be likely to experience the effects in a number of different areas. The classification of primary, secondary or tertiary hypogonadism is important because it will influence the course of treatment your doctor prescribes.

What Is Primary Hypogonadism?

Primary hypogonadism will be diagnosed when there is a problem with the Leydig’s cells in the testes that manufacture testosterone. This is a primary failure at organ level, meaning that biologically not enough testosterone can be manufactured by the body. There are a number of factors that can effect damage to the testicles.

Some of the factors that can cause primary hypogonadism include:

Undescended testes

If the testicles do not descend during fetal development or within the first year or two of life, permanent damage can occur. This could affect the testicles’ ability to produce enough testosterone to keep the body healthy.

Scrotal injuries

Physical damage and injuries to the scrotum can affect testosterone production. Often though, if there is just damage to one testicle, the other can produce enough to compensate, as part of the body’s commitment to homeostasis. Most often the problem comes up when both testicles are damaged.

Cancer treatment

Treatments for cancer such as radiation therapy or chemotherapy can damage the cells that produce testosterone.

Ageing

Once you reach your middle years in life, your testosterone production declines naturally. This part is part of the normal life cycles and processes that slow down once you start to get older. Testosterone production lowers by 1-2% every year once you pass the age of 30.

Mumps

Mumps can cause swelling and inflammation of the testicles, affecting their sex hormone production.

Genetic abnormalities

Klinefelter’s syndrome is an example of a genetic abnormality that can affect the levels of testosterone produced by the body. With this syndrome, an extra x chromosome finds its way into the genetic composition and the body cannot manufacture sufficient testosterone.

Tertiary Hypogonadism

Secondary and tertiary hypogonadism results when the glands that produce the hormones that manufacture testosterone do not work at their best or are damaged. This could include damage to the pituitary gland or hypothalamus, or other glands that produce hormones like LH, TSH and GRH.

Some of the problems that can cause tertiary hypogonadism can include:

  • Tumors in the pituitary glands or side effects from brain tumors can affect testosterone production.
  • Malformation of the hypothalamus, which usually occurs during fetal development, can cause low testosterone.
  • Bad circulation or insufficient blood flow to the pituitary gland and hypothalamus can result in them not manufacturing sufficient hormone levels.
  • Sarcoidosis or tuberculosis can both cause inflammation of the pituitary gland, affecting its functionality.
  • Steroid use or abuse can also affect the way the hypothalamus functions.

Obesity is another factor that can affect a man’s ability to produce enough testosterone to keep the body healthy. If a man is overweight or obese, the excess fat cells in the body convert testosterone into estrogen, significantly lowering the amount of testosterone that circulates in the body. This is a cyclical problem where both obesity and low testosterone levels require treatment in order to rectify it.