Ford, GM, and Chrysler; Still the Big Three?

Back in the early nineties the light duty work truck market experienced something it had not seen before: Asian competition; sort of.
While Japanese manufacturers had done a number on the big three in the small truck market as they had done in various automotive segments, the full size truck market was still red, white, blue, and green $$. Then came the Toyota T-100. While the initial entry into the full size market from Japan did not have much of an impact on the North American work truck market, it should have been a wake-up call.

Although the T-100 missed the work truck mark in many ways: low gvw, sheet metal like tin foil, puny power trains, low tow rating, and styling best described as a Camry with an 8 'bed, it did accomplish one thing. It save Toyota a platform to experiment, gather feedback and learn. It was not exactly heavy duty. But by the T-100's third year of production it claimed the title of Best Full Size Pickup in JD Powers initial quality survey and had begon to erode notions that only American manufacturers could build full size trucks.

Since then the T-100 has become the Tundra, and has racked up just about every quality award and press accolade known to man. It's also grown up. Regular Cabs have grown to double cabs larger than the domestics, and horsepower and displacement have grown from the initial 3.0 v6 to today's vvt-i V8 pushing nearly 300 hp. But a more important event occurred when the T-100 became the Tundra. It went from a Japanese truck built in Japan by Japanese workers to an American Truck built for the American market by American's. Why is that important? In the world of full size trucks, it's everything. When it comes to high revving sports cars, compact economy cars, or even lawnmowers, we're happy to defer to any European or Asian company with a better idea. But, when it comes to trucks, Americans are finicky.

We know what we want and do not want. I'm an American truck owner and I can not describe it but I get it. We all get it. So regardless of whether or not it makes financial sense for Japanese car companies to build trucks here in the US (it does), it makes perfect sense from a design and marketing standpoint. The best and fastest way to deliver what a market wants and needs is to be immersed in the culture. That shift from the T-100 being built in Tokyo by Toyotas Hino division, to the Tundra being built in Indiana by American's forever blurred the distinction between foreign and domestic trucks. Foreign vs. Domestic simply does not have the same meaning in the 21st century as it did in the decades following WW2.

The impact of this event has not fully developed yet but it will be in the coming years. Full size trucks were the last unmolested market the big three had. Now, not only is there foreign competition, it's not even really foreign. When Toyota opens their new truck plant in San Antonio in late 2006, they will employ over 2000 workers and have on-site suppliers employing another 2100 people. All of them Texans. It's hard to
Imagine an American truck more American than one built by Texans.

Now, with the introduction of the Canton Mississippi built Nissan Titan, the writing is on the wall. Through October of this year, Nissan has sold nearly 74,000 Titans. Add that to the more than 100,000 Tundras pumped into the market, and we're talking serious numbers. That's earlier more than a quarter million sales that would have gone to Ford, GM or Chrysler a mere 13 years ago. But the figures are more ominous to the big 3 than that. The Titan and Tundra only compete in the 1/2 ton market. Toyota and Nissan do not produce a model to compete with the Chevy HD's, Ford Super Duty's, or Heavy Dodge Rams and Power Wagons; YET.

Can not imagine Nissan and Toyota building serious work trucks? Remember, Toyota already owns Hino and Nissan and UD are one in the same. Hino and UD own a significant piece of the class 3 to 6 medium duty truck market in the states. Those are the segments just above the Super Duties, Power Wagons, and HD's.

They may not be called Nissan and Toyota, but that's not important. What is important, is that they have the dealer network, distribution chain, corporate infrastructure, and 20 plus years of selling quality trucks to commercial buyers in the US All that's left is to close the loop in the noose around the big threes collective neck.

To work truck buyers, three factors are critical. Initial cost, cost of operation, and reliability. Nissan and Toyota are masters at entering market segments and in a short time having products of higher quality, better efficiency, and in many cases lower prices than their competitors. Forcing the big three to play catch up at their own game. Cadillac and Lincoln still have not come back up to Lexus. If GM, Ford and Chrysler do not get it together in a hurry, Nissan and Toyota will start building 3/4 and one ton trucks, and the game will be over before they knew it started.
So how ready are the big three for serious foreign competition?

This year If Toyota was inclined, they could have offered a no bed Tundra with a dual wheel rear axle under it, dropped in one of Hinos diesel engines and sold more cab and chassis than Dodge. How? Dodge has not offered a true cab and chassis since the Ram's redesign in 2003, literally giving the market to Ford and GM for over three years. That kind of slow adaptation will spell disaster against companies like Toyota and Nissan. Not to mention Honda and Mitsubishi who may also become players.
Based on show vehicles recently unveiled, like the Toyota FTX (which has a built in collapsible job box and ramps that slide out of the bed), Nissan and Toyota are going to go bigger and heavier. While Ford is wasting time slapping Super Duty pickup beds on International chassis, Toyota and Nissan are refining their product and winning the hearts and minds of American truck buyers.

Will history repeat itself? It already is. Oh, and by the way, the Chinese are coming.

Shingles Treatments – Why You Should Opt For Natural Cures

Shingles is a very painful condition that is caused by the Herpes Zoster virus that is similar to the one that causes chicken pox. It results in blisters that appear on the body, following the nerves under the skin. It is very difficult to live with this condition because the rash will pain you very much. You might even suffer from pain long after the rashes have subsided if you suffer from posthepetic neuralgia. The shingles treatments that doctors offer usually consist of courses of antiviral medicines such as acyclovir or famciclovir. Doctors also prescribe you pain medication and anti-depressants in order to reduce the pain and help you manage it better. Some doctors may even treat you with corticosteroids if your attack is especially severe.

The biggest problem you will face is that these shingle treatments are not permanent. In fact, there is no way that they can cure this condition. Doctors will not offer medicines if the condition is diagnosed 72 hours after the rash appear. All they can do in this circumstance is treat the symptoms. They can certainly reduce the duration of each episode and also its intensity so that you feel a lot less discomfort. However, there are many drawbacks to taking a lot of medications. Most people are very hesitant about taking a lot of antiviral medications, especially if they have to keep on taking the treatment. The same applies to corticosteroids which can result in a lot of negative side effects. Not only are these medicines bad for your health in the long term but they are also very expensive. Additionally, almost half the people suffering from posthepetic neuralgia do not even respond to the treatment.

If you suffer from shingles very often then you should look for a variety of natural cures and home remedies instead so that you can avoid taking so much medication. You can take good care of yourself by following these natural shingles treatments and save quite a bit of money in the process. In fact, you can even reduce the intensity of your symptoms to a large extent by following these natural cures. Apple Cider Vinegar is one of the best home remedies for this condition. It will work well if consumed diluted with water and also if applied topically on the rashes. Even if you do not want to discontinue your medications, you can reduce your dependence on them thanks to this home remedy.

The Holistic Approach to Pain – Pain Management

The holistic approach to treatment of pain arising from an injury focuses on 1) relieving pain and inflammation without harming the body and 2) promoting the body's healing response so that the area of ​​injury is healed as quickly and perfectly as possible. Let's look at these two strategies in detail so that you understand what might be your best approach to healing a chronic pain problem.

1) Relieving pain and inflammation without harming the body.

There are a number of effective ways to treat pain and inflammation. Some of the treatments used in the clinic that relieve pain are chiropractic adjustments, acupuncture, cold laser therapy, massage, ice and hot packs and electrical muscle stimulation. Natural anti-inflammatory herbs can work as well as pain relieving drugs and do not have the dangerous side effects that many drugs do. Different combinations of herbs can be used to target different types of pain or sources of pain. Pain sources could be from an injury, due to degenerative arthritis in a joint, from an auto-immune condition such as rheumatoid arthritis, from a non-inflammatory condition such as fibromyalgia, or due to nerve pain. Each of these will respond better to certain herbs and nutrients.

2) Promoting the body's healing response.

The same remedies which alleviate pain and inflammation also support the body's healing response. But in this day and age of stress and fast food, many people benefit from additional strategies to promote the body's overall healing response. In my 24 years in clinical practice (1986 to present) I have seen a deterioration in people's healing response – how well their bodies are capable to heal injuries. When someone has suffered an injury, as in an automobile accident, the body's healing response is called into action. When there is a poor healing response the injuries heal slowly and pain is prolonged. When there is an optimal healing response the injuries heal more quickly and the pain disappears more quickly.

The key components of promoting the body's healing response (circa 2010) are:

1. Optimal nutrition (healthy diet with ideal levels of vitamins, minerals, phytonutrients, omega-3 fats)

2. Detoxification (tissue cleansing to treat the toxic burden in our food and environment)

3. Stress management (many people are unaware of their stress and its impact on their health).

4. Healthy sleep (often associated with high levels of stress, less than optimal sleep dramatically cripples the body's ability to heal itself).

To Manipulate Or Not to Manipulate?

What is manipulation?

Manipulation is a word used in the physiotherapy community to mean a certain hands-on or manual technique applied to a joint, usually the spine. This manual technique involves a strong thrust which often leads to a "click" or "pop" sound and pain relief usually ensues.

The chiropractors tend to use the word "adjustments" which essentially mean the same thing. However, among the public and even the medical community, there is some confusion regarding the term manipulation. Some people regard manipulation as an umbrella of manual techniques, which include other techniques, soft / deep tissue massage, mobilization, traction, rolfing, and trigger point release.

The concise definition of manipulation is a technique that winds up the structure to it's end range position and following that with a high velocity thrust so that the particular joint is taken beyond it's normal range. The "click" or "pop" occurs as the gases that are trapped in the fluid within the joint, surface as the pressure in the joint capsule drops. This drop in pressure is from the sudden stretch of the capsule with the thrust. It has been found that after a manipulation, muscles spasm around the structure relax and pain decreases.

Effectiveness of a manipulation

Clinical experience with manipulation of the lower back is intensive and controlled observations show that it is possible to produce immediate relief of pain in some cases. The effectiveness of manipulation is greatest in patients with acute pain and with no leg pain, numbness or loss of power. However, the long term effects of manipulation have not been demonstrated.

Contraindications and Precautions

As the technique is relatively aggressive when compared to other manual techniques, it is important to determine the quality of the joint. Some contraindications would include:

  1. Fractures in the spine, eg spondylolythesis, or immediately after a whiplash as the fracture may not show up on x-rays
  2. Conditions that may make the ligaments weak, eg rhuematoid arthritis or cancer
  3. Unstable upper cervical spine eg when you feel that your head feels unstable when you look up, and after a neck massage you feel dizzy and vomit.
  4. Vertebral artery insufficiency. There is an artery called the vertebral artery that runs along the neck which because of anatomy, it travels in a more convoluted manner at C2 level, which is in the upper cervical. When the upper cervical spine is wound up ready for the manipulation, the blood flow in the artery can be compromised if sclerosis is present in the artery, or the stress can cause a tear in the vessel. Although the risk is small, it is important to ensure that when a manipulation is done, it is done by a professional. The risk is only significant when the manipulation is done in the upper cervical spine. Those who may be predisposed to this problem often do not like the neck in extreme position, eg hair washing at the saloon with neck tilted backwards.

Precautions to take note of for manipulation would include prolapsed intervertebral disc, and nerve impingement. Manipulation is generally safe and effective if done properly and when the above considerations are taken. It is a very useful tool for a locked joint such as a wry neck, ie when you wake up with a neck stuck in a position. A manipulation will allow the neck to regain almost full movement.

The Importance of Not Pulling the Hairs Out of Your Penis Or Shaving Your Testicles Too Close

Men typically have hairs growing on the shaft of their penis. They are more common near the base of the penile shaft and become more sparse along the length of the penile shaft. Many men pluck out these hairs to have a more cleaner-looking and more cosmetically-appealing penis. They also do it so that these hairs don’t get caught during masturbation or the sexual act (and cause pain). Why should these hairs be trimmed and not removed?

There are numerous nerve endings and receptors that respond to temperature, pleasure, touch, compression, and vibration in the penis. When stimulated collectively (during the sexual act) they create a sensory landscape that increases the ability to enjoy sex and achieve orgasm.

This article is especially important for circumcised men, as they are at a disadvantage with penis sensitivity due to their circumcisions. Unfortunately, for circumcised men, a lot of penile sensation and feeling originates in the foreskin. If you are circumcised, you have lost a lot of penis “feeling” so you want to keep whatever sensatory mechanisms you have left. This includes the hair on your penis.

The hair follicles in the penis are a form of mechanoreceptor that responds to light touch. You can prove this by gently stroking one of the hairs on your penis. As you do so, you will feel the sensation of that hair being moved. This type of reception is a method of stimulating the penis. As the hairs rise up the shaft they will be more sensitive than the hairs that are closer to the base of the penis. Some men have more abundant hair than others.

If you pluck out these hairs you run the risk of the follicle being destroyed and losing this mode of penile sensation. There is also a slight risk that the follicle will develop a slight infection. The best thing to do is to shave these hairs (be very careful). If your partner is fond of oral sex, then you want to ensure you shave as close to the emerging shaft as you can.

This also applies to the hair around the immediate groinal region, anus, and testicles. By trimming this hair shorter, but not to the emerging shaft, any physical movement around this area will set off these mechanoreceptors and aid in sexual stimulation and pleasure. It will increase your sexual response.

To learn about creating an Iron Man Sexual system, read IRON MAN PENIS – THE RUSSIAN SYSTEM and find out how to Enlarge Your Penis and Orgasm to heights you never thought were attainable.

Sincerely,

Georg von Neumann

Can Tonsil Stones Cause Cancer Or Tonsillitis?

Tonsil stones are calcifications that form in the throat. Because they appear as soft tissue masses, they make people wonder if they may be symptoms of cancer. Others think that they may cause or will cause tonsillitis.

In reality, tonsil stones have nothing to do with cancer. It is true that malignant tumors can form in the throat. The tonsils are a hub of blood vessels, lymphatics, nerves and muscles – all potential sites of abnormal cell growth. However tonsil debris is a completely different matter (literally). Stones in the tonsils are calcifications – calcium salts originating from a combination of bacteria, excess saliva and dead blood cells. Some say they may also contain leftover food particles. If these calcifications are indicative of anything, it may be a sign of possible bad breath or a predisposition to tonsillitis. Tonsillitis is inflammation of the tonsils – quite a different problem but having one make it likelier to have the other. It is there important to keep one's mouth and throat clean through regular brushing and gargling.

You should not panic if you have tonsil stones. Most of the time they are quite harmless, apart from the discomfort and embarrassment they cause. Your doctor will examine the stones first and prescribe medication. If there is any doubt as to whether it is a tumor or not, he or she may request for a biopsy. A biopsy takes a sample of the suspect mass to determine if it is cancerous or not. Even then, tonsil cancer is quite rare.

An Overview of Adolescent Obesity

For generations, people from around the world were struggling with food scarcity due to poverty and diseases associated with this problem. However, with the onset of the industrial revolution in the 18th and 19th century it became clear that in order to gain economic development and increase productivity, there had to be a shift in the population’s body mass index (BMI), going from being underweight to normal weight.

Therefore, a new approach of adding sugar and fat to one’s usual diet began, which resulted in a progressive increase in both height and weight, predominantly during the 19th century. From this point forward, the obesity epidemic has seen a general increase in both overweight and obesity among adolescents in the last three decades. This has happened alongside the advances in technology and the changes in foods and its availability.

Not only has a large proportion of the world’s population now become car dependent, which means that adolescents therefore are no longer walking or cycling to and from school, but is being taken by car; but food high in sugar and fat has also become cheaper and the portions have become bigger. This has enabled adolescents to become more sedentary and eat more energy dense foods which therefore contribute to the high prevalence of overweight and obesity.

Thus, the prevalence of adolescent obesity is rapidly increasing and is not limited to a single continent, but has become a global epidemic. It has reached the level where worldwide policy makers, schools, parents, and the adolescents themselves have become worried. This worry is not only related to being overweight or obese, but also about the plethora of associated co-morbidities and nevertheless the health costs connected to this epidemic.

Yet, because adolescence is not only characterised by physical changes, but also by the development of individuals’ self-regulatory skills due to becoming more autonomous this can have a strong impact on their health behaviours. Hence, it is a critical time to address the issue of overweight and obesity as research suggests that the health behaviours developed in adolescence are likely to persist into adulthood.

In addition, obesity in general is suggested to cause serious health issues which can impact virtually every organ in the body. These health issues often have severe consequences; thus, result in increased morbidities and mortality rates. Consequently, an increased likelihood of adult mortality from a broad range of systemic diseases is prevalent when adolescents between the ages 14-19 are either overweight or obese.

Also, diseases such as diabetes type 2, hypertension and dyslipedidemia are well known among children and adolescents who are either overweight and/ or obese. Additionally, other complications for instance obstructive sleep apnea, nutritional deficiencies such as low vitamin D levels and insufficient iron intake, musculoskeletal problems and furthermore psychological distress such as depression are also extremely common in overweight and obese individuals. It is also suggested that nearly half of the adolescents who are considered obese, BMI ≥97th percentile have one or more conditions that constitutes metabolic syndrome.

According to the Health Survey for England, 2010 a whole 33.8% of all children aged 11-15 years are classified as either overweight or obese which is shocking. In addition, the Foresight report from 2007 has made projections about the obesity prevalence in the UK in 2050, which predicts that 26% of both females and males under the age of 20 years will be obese which means that 52% of all children and adolescents up to the age of 20 years will be obese.

However, the terms overweight and obesity can be ambiguous, in particular when classifying a child/adolescent to be either or, as different countries, organisations and journal articles have different definitions of both of the terms. Having different terminology can impact the reliability of the statistics of childhood obesity and in other words can make it more difficult to compare and contrast data. Also, the most widely used method for determining both individual and population fatness is BMI and although it has been around for a long time, it has only recently been developed to use on children and adolescents. Yet, it is questionable whether it is the most appropriate indicator of childhood and adolescence overweight and obesity as it does not give a direct measure of lean mass vs. fat mass nor does it give an indication of the distribution of the fat.

Also, because children and adolescents have growth spurts at different times, the BMI developmental curve does not fit every child and adolescent. For these reasons, BMI may show that a child is overweight according to their age and gender, but due to individuality in how children and adolescents grow and how much lean body mass they have, it can be difficult and unreliable to determine from a BMI score. Consequently, results should be interpreted with caution and if possible measurements such as waist circumference and skinfolds could help identify and understand variations in BMI. However, due to often having limited time and/ or resources BMI is typically used and seen as a “reliable” measure.

Pancreatitis in Diabetes Type 1

Pancreatitis is the inflammation of the pancreas. It is a disease that can be found in patients with diabetes mellitus type 1. It is formerly known as insulin-dependent diabetes or juvenile diabetes. It is the juvenile form because this disease normally has its sunset in childhood, although there have been cases of such in older patients.

Pancreatitis can directly cause the onset of type 1 diabetes especially if the disorder has been chronically present in the patient. Studies in the past have shown that there is a high percentage in patients with type 1 diabetes to have reduced pancreatic functions especially in the secretion of products like insulin and glucagon.

Since type 1 diabetes is common in children, how can pancreatitis be its cause when we know that pancreatitis is caused by alcoholism? There is a basis for this, high levels of bad cholesterol in the body, high levels of calcium, the use of pancreotoxic drugs and trauma to the pancreas itself can all be causes. The most common reason why children's pancreas is damaged is because of obesity and high-sugar diet. The accumulation of fatty acids because of poor diet can also take its toll on the child's pancreas causing it to be inflamed and later on, would lead to diabetes type 1.

It is not easy to have diabetes type 1 caused by pancreatitis because of the many complications. That is why it is important for us, parents, to watch what our children eat. Damaging the pancreas can cause this irreversible disease that is preventable in the first place. So know more about this topic, especially if your child is obese and has a sweet tooth. Pancreatitis in diabetes type 1 [http://beat-pancreatitis.blogspot.com/2007/09/how-to-beat-pancreatitis.html] can be detected easily.

Note: This article may be freely reproduced as long as the AUTHOR'S resource box at the bottom of this article is included and and all links must be Active / Linkable with no syntax changes.

Lupus Treatment – Get Rid of Skin Rash

Whenever there is a talk about lupus or lupus treatment, the part played by the skin is more than significant. Out of all the body parts, skin is the most sensitive one and it is mostly affected by lupus, also known as systemic lupus erythematosus. At one hand, the skin is the bearer of the problem while on the other hand; skin is one of the important factors or in other words, elements, which assist in better diagnosing the disease.

There are basically two types of lupus rash and they are known as malware rash and discoid rash. The malar rash appears on the face and like many other kinds of rash, it is not having an oval or circle kind of shape, rather it is shaped like a butterfly. The most affected areas on the face are around the nose and cheeks. The occurrence of discoid rash is due to discoid lupus erythematosus. With many of the people having lupus rash or its types, the main symptoms is figured out to be the extreme exposure to the sunlight.

Whenever people develop lupus, the experience is never free from any kind of skin rash and to undergo the lupus treatment, diagnosis is the only option. Most of the times, your rashes immediately point your attention towards the diagnosis, while in some other cases, a little examination of skin can help in increasing the level of surety about the diagnosis. This is also known as skin biopsy.

Some doctors make use of the eleven criteria process to diagnose the lupus. There is always an individual plan for lupus treatment is initiated for every individual suffering from it and the involvement of a professional and experienced doctor is more than necessary.

Acne Skin Treatment Online – General Info

The acne skin treatment options are many and varied. The options depend on many factors including severity, type, gender and individual preferences. The exact reason why some individuals are more predisposed to 'zits' and some are seemingly unaffected is unknown.

The mechanisms of acne formation are thought to involve excess sebaceous gland activity, hyperkeratosis (in the pilosebaceous duct), bacterial growth and nodules rupturing into the surrounding skin causing inflammation. This yields the spot or zit.

It is normal for teens to experience acne at some point, and the majority of people associate this condition with teenagers. The reality is of course that many people suffer disfiguring acne long after their teen years. It is no wonder that so many seek treatment online. Even after the symptoms have resolved there may still be skin treatment needed for the scars.

Acne destroys self-esteem and dents your self-confidence. Dating becomes an impossibility as you soon realize that people generally judge your looks first. You can no longer use public showers for fear of looks of disgust due to a back covered in acne. There is a HUGE psychological component to this condition! It is not simply a trivial skin condition that affects you briefly in your teen years.

There is another misconception that people associate with this condition and that is that acne covered skin is due to lack of washing. This is absolutely not true. Many people who have acne tend to over-wash their skin (believing this to be a valid treatment option), which in fact leads to further skin damage.

Some quick tips for those suffering acne: avoid tight clothing (causes friction and sweat), do not be in smoke filled or humid rooms (blocks pores), do NOT pick the acne (leads to spread of bacteria and scarring) and avoid make -up (again blocks pores).

For more information on acne and the available treatment options then click here: Acne skin treatment online – general

Psoriasis, A Harmful Skin Disease

People, who suffer from a chronic disease, can not make themselves happy in this earth. A healthy man finds himself himself set with the circumstances, he is bestowed. One should prefer to be preventative rather than be susceptible to any chronic diseases. Being infected with a harmful disease, one would only be having problems to get rid of it. Among all injured skin diseases, Psoriasis is one, which sometimes proves to be quite disturbing, as it equally impairs one's personality externally and internally.

Psoriasis is found, when the cells of one's skin get larger suddenly. The body resistance can not prohibit cells growing at random. The body can not cast off these superfluously developed skin cells; let them amass on the exterior skin to have lesions absolutely. More than 5.5 million people of the earth are now made victim to this skin disease.

Grounds of Psoriasis: –
Psoriasis is no doubt a dangerous disease; but is certainly not a contagious one, which even does not make any harm to the people come close to the victim. Scientists agree to a conception that says when the immune method and genes of one's body fail, T cells (A variety of white blood cells), which protect external and harmful bacteria and viruses, erroneously, spark off an effect on the skin cells. Due to this effect, new cells are seen in the body instantly, and these new cells cause Psoriasis on the skin.

Treatment: –
Although, any permanent solution has not yet been met with theventions of medical science so far, the following treatment processes may be tried out to help a victim.

Topical Treatments:
Very often doctors prescribe corticosteroids or steroids for people suffering from mild to moderate Psoriasis. Different forms of these steroids are foam, lotion, cream, ointment, etc.

General Drugs:
When a case of acute Psoriasis is found, the following drugs may be used in accordance with the advice of a good skin specialist.

Biological Drugs:
These are the drugs made from living organizations; sometimes, prove effective for victims of Psoriasis.

Phototherapy:
This is an ultraviolet and laser treatment process. It sometimes helps cure this harmful skin disease.

Homeopathic and Ayurvedic treatment:
This treatment often helps victims of Psoriasis to find a permanent solution for the disease.

A victim of Psoriasis should never be frustrated and is to be fearless enough to fight against this disease, as there is a definite solution available for him or her in this flourishing age.

Black Toenail Remedies and Causes

Having a black toenail is not uncommon these days. There are a few reasons why you might have a black toenail.

Black Toenail Causes

Recent trauma to your toe may have caused the toenail to become black. This is because it is bruised. Runners may experience black toenails from running in new shoes or without socks. In this case blood has gathered under the nail. Most common among people who have developed black toenails is toenail fungus.

Nail fungus is caused by a variety of factors. Wearing shoes still laden with sweat increases risk of toenail fungus. Cutting your toenails too short increases infection risk. Also public areas such as pools, gyms, showers, and saunas are common places to spread fungus. It is advised to wear sandals as much as possible around these places to greatly reduce infection. Cutting your toenails too short may cause minor cuts giving a chance for a fungus to take hold.

Toenail Fungus Symptoms

Symptoms of toenail fungus include a discoloration of the nail. Usually discoloration is black, green, brown, or yellow. Nails might become brittle and crack. Often they’ll become thick and foggy as well. You might experience a slight plain when walking on your infected toe. Perhaps you’ll also smell a faint smell coming from under the nail.

Steps For Treatment

Ingested prescription medications are not recommended for treating nail fungus. This is because they have extremely negative side effects. The powerful toxins in these pills fight fungus however they’ll also cause damage to your liver and kidneys. This could result in liver disease and in rare cases result in death. Over the counter medications usually are ineffective at treating fungus.

I found the best remedy was to treat my toenail fungus first with regular beer. Beer has natural anti-fungal properties. For treatment, I would soak my nails in beer for thirty minutes each application. I applied this twice a day. Following my remedy with beer I used a natural toenail treatment.

With this combination of approaches along with prevention methods I was able to see noticeable results of my black toenail fungus healing in about two weeks.

Tips for Communication With a Person That Has Dementia

Communication with a person that has dementia can be a struggle for many people, no matter how much you read about it or train for it. A few reminders, or tips about communication, can come in sometimes sometimes. Whether the person just has dementia or has Alzheimer's disease, he or she is cognitively impaired and will not be able to process information that is given to them at all times. Non-verbal communication – voice tone, facial expression and body language – will also make a difference in the success of your conversations, for the person is often dealing with confusion, anxiety, loss of self-esteem and irritability.

The basic tips are that when you are addressing the individual with dementia, you will need to be looking at him, and calling him by name. You'll need to speak slowly, calmly and clearly with simple words, one topic or question at a time. When he or she addresses you, the person may ask the same question repeatedly, because they do not remember the answer you just get them. It may be best after a couple of times to reassure the person that everything is fine and then distract him with another topic or activity. The man or woman with dementia is in their own reality and everything they say or do is a reflection of that. They may want to put on shorts and sandals in the winter when it is cold outside. It's not reasonable to argue with the dementia patient or to disagree with fabricated stories.

Here are few additional communication tips:

  • Approach the person from the front so as not to startle him or her.
  • Do not rush the person in responding and have realistic expectations.
  • Expect the person with dementia to be disoriented when they wake up and allow time for him to adjust.
  • Use gestures – such as drinking from a cup or eating to explain what you're speaking about.
  • Break down directions for an activity into simple, one-at-a-time steps, and give them slowly.
  • Express your words with feeling, but not in an over-dramatic way.
  • If you become angry, use "I" statements such as "I'm upset and need to rest" instead of "I'm angry with you."
  • Use humor when appropriate to keep the tone light.
  • Showing affection such as giving praise, holding hands or hugging the individual is positive reinforcement.
  • A daily routine and allowing the person as much independence as possible will give confidence.
  • Let the person continue with a monotonous, yet calming activity, such as wiping the counter for over 15 minutes if it is not disruptive. If so, gently guide him to another activity.
  • Be consistent and do what you tell the individual that you will do.
  • Keep talking to the person with dementia, about yourself and family members even when he or she is unable to communicate back with you.

School and Depression

School can be difficult time in the lives of many students. The hours of study can become very stressful and can extremely lead to irrational decisions. One of the worst things that can happen is being touched by a suicide. This is a theme that often arises in law school. It is sad that this is what occurred in The Paper Chase , a story about a few students navigating their way through law school. The suicide attempt happened on the night of Kevin's big birthday party. Hart and Ford decided finally make their way over to the party at half past ten when they assumed it would be well underway. Instead they showed up as the only guests who had arrived all night.

Kevin's girlfriend Ashley answered the door and revealed that she had to stop him from committing suicide yet he still lay bloody on the floor in the bathroom. "He tried to kill himself." I stopped it. I had to. I'm having a baby and he tried to hill himself, "she said. "I did not hurt him. He'll be all right." "

Death is arguably the most significant human issue there is, especially in the form of suicide. This was a very close call but at the same time it is a welcomed light that is shone into some of the dark sides of law school. This issue of students committing suicide is so important that precautionary plans need to be in place to prevent such tragedies in the future.

After a near fatal tragedy the group began with good intentions and those who belong in law school benefited greatly from it. Kevin actually dropped out of Law School before he committed suicide. There were also some great human issues that the group promoted and that was working hard towards success. The students ended up putting together outlines to study for their final exams which more resembled full length novels. This study group was no doubt more academically savvy then most groups. In many ways this should have helped Kevin but perhaps because his peers were academically superior to his deteriorating emotional autonomy. It is a shame none of Kevin's group members could have been with him the time he was alone and decided to end his life.

Hippopotomonstrosesquipedaliophobia – The Fear of Long Words

Do they do this just for a laugh?

Why else would they name a phobia in a way that would cause the person suffering the phobia to face their fear? Personally, if I had the job of naming 'the fear of long words' I would create a word that was as small as possible.

I mean who knows what people consider to be a 'long word', for someone it might mean a word over 20 characters long, while for another it might be someone as short as a 10 letter word. But then again perhaps naming the fear of long words, Hippopotomonstrosesquipedaliophobia, is a good thing – because when people realize that they have it, they are forced to face their fears straight away.

For those of you who may be thinking that I am making this all up, or being being up in an ellaborate internet hoax, I noticed that Dictionary.com has it listed here.

However, it seems that the word most commonly used for the fear of long words is a tiny bit smaller – Sesquipedalophobia.

What Causes A Fear Of Long Words?

There are a few different reasons that a person develops Hippopotomonstrosesquipedaliophobia, such as:

* Problems with their speech – such as stammering

* A bad experience where a word was pronounced wrong and caused embarrassment

* Even watching someone else have a bad experience with long words

The causes of fears such as the fear of long words are usually bought upon someone by something simple like the scenario's above – but that does not mean they are easy to get rid of.
What Symptoms Does The Fear Of Long Words Cause?

The fear of long words cause:

* breath to become short and breathe frequently

* irregularity in your heartbeat

* panic attacks

* the sufferer feel nervous

This can also cause them to become unable to utter the simplist of sentences

How To Cure The Fear Of Long Words

Phobias like this one can not be cured with drugs or drugs as it is a mental condition. Sufferers need to find out the reason that long words cause them to have panic attacks. They need to look at the underlying causes.

This can be done by talking to a speech therapist or looking into NLP.