Panic Attack Disorder Facts – Its Causes, the Symptoms, and the Possible Treatments

Panic attacks can be experienced by many individuals at least once in their lifetime. Anyone of us is not immune to it. However, there are some among us that do not suffer from your garden variety panic attack. A panic attack disorder is a chronic condition that can be paralyzing in a sense that it prevents the sufferer from living a normal life. Individuals who suffer from panic disorders can have an attack at any moment. These attacks can be trigger by a variety of situations or things, depending on the individual’s experience. People who are suffering from this condition may experience constant and uncontrollable fear and terror for no apparent reason. In some cases, the sufferer can experience several consecutive attacks.

An individual who is experiencing this kind of attack will feel extreme fear and terror without any warning whatsoever and with no clear reason as well. The sufferer will also experience several symptoms that can contribute to the anxiety attack as well. That dreaded feeling that you are about to die is frightening to any normal person, but to an individual with a panic disorder, terror associated with the thought of dying is multiplied exponentially. This is why the individuals who just had an attack, which usually lasts twenty to thirty minutes, are left feeling fatigued and drained of energy. These attacks are usually exhausting, both physically and emotionally.

The possible causes of panic disorders can vary from the experiences of every individual. However, there are causes that are quite common in most panic disorder sufferers which include heredity, certain phobias, side effects of certain medications, as well as substance abuse. These are just some of the possible causes that may trigger an anxiety attack. Although a traumatic experience may also play a significant role in an individual who suffers from panic attacks. A panic disorder that is caused by heredity means that the condition can be traced through the family history. If your parents or grandparents have a history of panic disorders, then there is a good chance that you or your siblings may get the condition as well.

When it comes to the symptoms that are associated with panic attacks, it may vary from person to person as well, although there are certain symptoms that are common among panic disorder sufferers. One of these common panic attack symptoms that most sufferers experience is the rapid heartbeat that can sometimes be mistaken as a heart attack. Once the panic attack ensues, the individual experiencing it will feel a rapid heart rate that can worsen the feeling of fear or terror because it makes the individual feel like he or she is dying. The rapid heart rate is then typically followed by chest pains, nausea, and hot flashes. The majority of individuals who have panic disorders may experience these symptoms.

Treating a panic attack disorder is not as easy as one might think, although it is possible to treat the symptoms. If you are a chronic panic attack sufferer, then you should get some help if you wish to live your life normally, since panic disorders cannot be handled alone. You will most likely need treatment for anxiety and depression, especially since depression is also one of the typical symptoms experience by people with panic disorders.

7 Ways You Can Take Care of Your Heart Health

There was a time when no one thought about their own heart health unless they had a close call. After having chest pains or even a heart attack, a doctor might suggest steps to take and then people would begin to change their lives. Now, it has become increasingly obvious that the time to think about these issues is before problems develop. Here are 7 ways you can begin.

1. Exercise regularly. A regular workout is good for your heart as well as your waistline. You do not have to bench press heavy weights or run marathons. Anything that will elevate your heart rate to a good target level should be sufficient. The right level for good heart health should be somewhere between your resting heart rate and your maximum heart rate. A good rule of thumb is that if you can converse as you exercise, you are not overdoing it.

2. Eat colorful, low-fat meals. Adding color to your meals will give you a lot of nutrition to help you maintain good heart health. If you eat an assortment of colors of vegetables and fruits, you will be getting a variety of vitamins and minerals too. As you concentrate on produce as a key element in your diet, remember that these foods should not be drowned in heavy fats. Accompany them with fish or lean chicken for a low-fat meal.

3. Get good sleep. Getting enough rest is vital to good heart health. A strong correlation seems to exist between a lack of sleep and developing certain heart conditions. It appears that 7 to 8 hours is about right, while 5 or less can be harmful. Even sleeping too much may be a heart risk. Do yourself a favor and get just the right amount of sleep. If you think you have a sleep disorder, this is a great reason to get help with it.

4. Reduce your stress. Stress not only creates problems within your body, such as dangerously elevated levels of certain hormones; it also may contribute to how you manage your other risks. When you are under stress, you are not so focused on what you will eat, how you will exercise, and other habits you might have. You can improve your health by learning to meditate, pray, or just plain relax.

5. Take fish oil supplements. Omega-3 fish oil supplements have been shown to help with certain aspects of heart health. If your triglycerides are high, it can be a precursor to heart problems if not treated. Omega-3 fish oil supplements can lower those triglycerides significantly or keep them at a healthy level. Omega-3 has also been shown to help by reducing arrhythmias and decreasing plaque in the circulatory system.

6. Try garlic supplements. You may or may not decide to use them as a part of your daily regimen. The evidence on whether garlic helps your heart is mixed. It seems to lower blood cholesterol somewhat, and may lower blood pressure. It can be helpful, and many people have seen good results from using it. It is not a dangerous substance by any means so it would not hurt to try.

7. You can get a supplement containing plant sterols. Plant sterols are well known for their ability to maintain low cholesterol levels. They work by imitating cholesterol and preventing its absorption into the body. They can be found added to certain foods or in capsule form as supplements.

It is never too early to think about taking care of your heart. It is important to see your doctor and discuss all the ways you can live a healthy life. Not all methods are suitable for everyone, and only you and your doctor can decide. However, these 7 paths to heart health and wellness are a good place to begin the conversation.

Ashwagandha – Herb for Stress, Antidepressant, Hypertension

Ashwagandha or Indian winter cherry is considered one of the most important herbs in ayurvedic system of medicines. As because of its vast area of application, ayurvedic physicians have used it extensively in curing people from their ailments. Due to its properties it has gained lots of respect in the eyes of herbal healers.

Ashwagandha is biologically known as Withania somnifera. It is a shrub, normally found everywhere in India especially in northwestern part of the sub continent, but is now a days cultivated in fields because of its great commercial demand. Plant size varies from 1-5 ft. Plant part used is root. It derives its named “ashwagandha” because of two reasons. First reason is that its root smells like horse and the other reason is that it vitalizes body to provide strength just like a horse possess.

Ashwagandha is ushan virya in potency, has laghu (light) and tickt (penetrating) properties. Contains tickt, katu and madhur rasa. Due these combinations of superior properties, ashwagandha acts in numerous diseases with great results. As it is ushan virya in potency, it acts as vata suppressant. There fore relieves from all the illness caused by vata dominance. Also because of its hot potency, it opposes the rise of kapha therefore it also acts in suppressing increased and unbalanced kapha dosha. Root is found to contain biochemical like cuseohygrine, anahygrine, tropine, and anaferine etc. it also contains glycosides, withenolide with starches and amino acid.

Ashwagandha is an herb with many uses. Following are its indications: –

· It is considered as most important adaptogens in ayurvedic system of medicine.

· It works in suppressing pains of any sort. It possess this property due to its ushan virya potency, which helps in eradicating vata that is the reason of initiation of pain in body.

· Good results have been seen in diseases like Amavata (rheumatoid arthritis), sandhi gata vata (Osteoarthritis), vatarakt (gout), gridhasi (sciatica) and other vata dominant diseases.

· Works as anti-inflammatory substance therefore helps in reducing swellings and restoring blood supply.

· Its local application also has tremendous results in lymphadenopathy, goiter and on any body part which is supposed to have inflammation and pain.

· Possess great healing properties therefore has great effects in healing wounds and injuries.

· It relieves stress due to presence of vata suppressant properties which helps in nurturing nervous system.

· Helps in promoting calmness and mental satisfaction in mind due to its good penetrating powers, which helps to counter negative adaptogens.

· It helps in relieving from the feel of numbness and burning sensation in extremities.

· Helps in providing nourishment to the brain for its better function and greater ability to work.

· It is often given in a person who regularly suffers from vertigo, uncautiousness, and depression as it helps in curbing mental and physical weakness.

· Improves mental ability, helps in gaining retaining power and improves mental concentration

· Increases muscular endurance and helps in building up of stamina.

· Revitalizes body and decreases untimely fatigue caused due weak body strength accumulation of negative energies in the body.

· Works as a rasayan i.e. a substance that helps in preventing early aging and rejuvenates whole body to provide youth.

· It works as powerful immune booster that helps in fighting any foreign invasion in the body.

· Its antioxidant properties helps in avoiding symptoms of early aging.

· A powerful aphrodisiac thereby helps in enhancing the sexual powers and long lasting endurance.

· It also helps in increasing sperm count and also the quality of sperms.

· It gives good results in leucorrhoea, as it possesses the properties that suppress kapha.

· It is considered as one of the most commonly used herb in relieving hypertension with excellent results.

· It has also been found excellent supplement that helps in proving strength to heart muscles and keeps heart working normal.

· It also possess the properties which helps it to behave as an diuretic therefore is very helpful in treating urinary tract infections (UTI).

· Wonderful remedy in increasing physical endurance is used extensively in physically weak people or people who are recovering from long illness as in case tuberculosis or surgeries.

· Good results have also been seen in upper respiratory tract infection (URTI) and in asthmatic condition with wonderful results.

Know more about Ashwagandha Withania Somnifera Supplements for Stress, Antidepressant, Hypertension by visiting

The Secret Of Using Garlic for Hair Growth Is Out! It Works More Miracles on Your Hair Than In Food

Many individuals are unaware that garlic is a natural and powerful antibiotic in and of itself. It is particularly effective in combating harmful forms of bacteria, viruses, and fungi. Garlic supplements for hair growth are particularly effective in preventing hair loss, because garlic prevents hair from shedding.

The beneficial compounds that are found in garlic stimulate the flow of blood to one’s scalp, which removes harmful toxins that may accumulate in a person’s hair follicles. It is possible for an individual to purchase an odorless garlic shampoo, or may opt to create their own by adding garlic extract to the shampoo or conditioner that they normally use.

Although garlic prevents hair from shedding, it can also add body and a glossy sheen to a person’s existing hair, which can decrease the amount of hair breakage that a person has. Additionally, persons who suffer from dry hair or itchy scalps can obtain relief with an odorless garlic shampoo. The particular protein that provides hair with strength is keratin. Keratin is often found in abundance with sulfur. Garlic contains approximately four times more sulfur than other sulfur rich vegetables, like onions or broccoli. A study conducted in 2007 by scientists at the University of Medical Sciences in Iran discovered that when garlic was applied topically to the scalp with betamethasone cream, patients who suffered from alopecia encountered the successful growth of new hair.

Garlic supplements for hair growth can also be obtained in the form of garlic oil. The oil may be massaged into the scalp and left overnight in order to stimulate hair growth. Although garlic has numerous beneficial properties, if an individual is taking any sort of regular medication, then he or she should consult with their primary care physician before they start taking garlic supplements. In some instances, garlic can prohibit the body from effectively absorbing certain types of medicines. Most individuals must use an odorless garlic shampoo or other form of garlic supplement for four to six weeks before they begin to notice visible results. Because garlic prevents hair from shedding, a person should begin to enjoy a fuller head of hair within a short amount of time.

Prolactinoma – Ayurvedic Herbal Treatment

A prolactinoma is a tumor originating n the pituitary gland and is responsible for secreting excess amounts of a hormone called prolactin. This tumor can cause headache, visual disturbances, impaired production of pituitary hormones, and hyperprolactinemia, which may lead to infertility or impotence.

This condition can be treated with medicines or by resorting to surgery. Ayurvedic herbal treatment can be used as supportive therapy to bring about faster or a more complete relief, and reduce the need for surgery. Medicines like Arogya-Vardhini, Triphala-Guggulu, Panch-Tikta-Ghrut-Guggulu, Kaishor-Guggulu and Kanchnaar-Guggulu can be used to reduce the size of the tumor. Herbal medicines like Shallaki (Boswellia serrata), Guggulu (Commiphora mukul), Haridra (Curcuma longa), Gokshur (Tribulus terrestris), Punarnava (Boerhaavia diffusa), Amalaki (Emblica officinalis), Guduchi (Tinospora cordifolia), Manjishtha (Rubia cordifolia), Ashwagandha (Withania somnifera) and Mandukparni (Centella asiatica) can also be used for this purpose.

Medicines like Maha-Triphala-Ghrut, Shatavari-Ghrut, Punarnavadi-Qadha, Punarnavadi-Guggulu, Pathyadi-Qadha, Abhrak-Bhasma, Godanti-Bhasma, Laghu-Sutshekhar-Ras, Ekang-Veer-Ras, Vat-Gajankush-Ras, Maha-Vat-Vidhvans-Ras, and Bruhat-Vat-Chintamani-Ras can be used to reduce visual disturbances, headache and other symptoms caused by pressure of the tumor on the surrounding brain tissue.

Medicines like Yashtimadhuk (Glycyrrhiza glabra), Kapikacchu (Mucuna pruriens), Triphala (Three Fruits), Dashmool (Ten Roots), Ashwagandha, Mandukparni, Brahmi (Bacopa monnieri) and Shankhpushpi (Convolvulus pluricaulis) can be used to bring the pituitary function to normal. Immunomodulatory medicines like Suvarna-Malini-Vasant, Suvarna-Parpati, Suvarna-Bhasma, Trivanga-Bhasma, Bhrungraj (Eclipta alba), Tulsi, Trikatu (Three Pungent Herbs), and Kutki (Picrorrhiza kurroa) can be used to facilitate faster therapeutic improvement and also to prevent a recurrence of the tumor.

The overall management of prolactinoma depends upon the size of the tumor and the severity of the symptoms. It should be noted that all such patients should be under the regular supervision and care of a specialized team of doctors including a Neurologist and an Endocrinologist.

Risks and Benefits of Plastic Surgery

Despite the slow economy in the United States, more Americans than ever are having plastic surgery. According to the American Society for Aesthetic Plastic Surgery (ASAPS) over 13 million procedures were performed last year. That’s up by 5%.

The most common surgeries are breast augmentation at 318,123, liposuction at 289,016, and blepharoplasty, or eyelid surgery at 152,123.

So why is plastic and cosmetic surgery so much in demand and what risks are people taking to get it?

The most obvious reason is that people want to look good and looking younger always helps in looking good. Plastic surgery boosts self-confidence. Not only do a person’s looks improve but he or she improves their attitude about themselves. Employers are more likely to hire them and others to find them attractive. If a person is overweight as well, weight loss surgery can help regain their youthful slimness faster and more permanently than dieting alone.

In today’s culture aging has no credibility at all. When so many multi-millionaires in Silicon Valley are under 30, getting older doesn’t even mean getting wiser, or more prosperous. In a recent study published by ASAPS people who had cosmetic surgery had no problems being identified by college students as 10 years younger than their actual age.

However, even with today’s technological advances, plastic surgery is still no cake walk. It is surgery and that carries automatic risks, such as:

  • blood clots
  • excessive or unexpected bleeding
  • infection
  • tissue death
  • paralysis
  • loss or change of sensation
  • incomplete healing
  • anesthesia malfunction
  • pneumonia
  • secondary surgeries
  • no satisfaction with results
  • nerve damage
  • obsession with more surgeries
  • high debt or bankruptcy due to cost

The last one should not be discounted. Though cosmetic surgery may be popular, a typical face lift costs between $4,000-$10,000 and a breast lift, between $3,000-$6,000 in the U.S. Unless it is associated with an accident or illness most employer insurance does not cover plastic surgery. Even countries that have government health insurance do not cover plastic surgery that is for cosmetic reasons only.

Saving on plastic surgery costs in Mexico

One way to cut costs considerably is to travel to Mexico. Places like Tijuana, Mexicali, Ciudad Juarez and Puerto Vallarta are very easy to reach from the U.S. and welcome foreign patients.

Bad news has been reported about charlatans in Mexico promising miracle cures, or offering unbelievably low prices. However, Mexico also has very professional, highly competent hospitals and doctors that can match the quality and standards of any in the U.S. Many are affiliated with American hospitals.

Plastic surgery costs performed by highly proficient surgeons, in clean and modern hospitals, with the state-of-the-art equipment can still come to as much as 90% lower than the cost of cosmetic surgery in the U.S. In many cases the hospitals will arrange pickup and delivery of patients from and to the border as well as airports or other transportation sites. Comfortable resort areas for recovery — away from violent or dangerous areas — can also be part of the package deal.

For those who believe they deserve to look as good as they feel — and have checked out the risks with their own doctors — travel to Mexico can make plastic surgery financially worth the effort.

Cold Relief for Infants and Adults Through Home Remedies

As common as it may be, it is a big nuisance when you get it. Yes, I am talking about the common cold. Cold is usually caused by virus and hence antibiotics do not quite work and give relief. However, some of the infections may turn bacterial and that is when antibiotics come in handy. Unfortunately, the medicines do not just fight and destroy the bad bacteria but also kill good ones. Hence it is important to have probiotics after a course of antibiotics so good bacteria can be replenished. As it takes roughly about a week struggle before you can get near medication, it is quite important to get some relief. This is all the more important for infants and toddlers as they cannot blow their nose and get the phlegm out. I have listed below some of the home remedies that is commonly used in the place where I come from and in my household as well.

1. Kumkum is made with turmeric and is commonly used by Hindus as it has religious significance. It has wonderful decongesting properties. Get a good quality kumkum and add few drops of water to a teaspoon of kumkum. Add two pinches of saffron strands and heat it. Allow it to cool and once warm enough to touch, apply on baby/child’s forehead and nose.

2. Dry ginger powder has a similar application as well. Make a paste of a teaspoon of ginger powder and few drops water. Heat it and cool until it is warm enough to touch. Apply on forehead, nose and behind ears. This is more suitable for much older children and adults.

3. If you have no access to kumkum, try the same with turmeric powder.

4. Turmeric milk works great for adults and children. Warm some milk and add turmeric powder. Drink this milk, especially before bed.

5. Ingest garlic milk. As gross as it may sound, it is quite effective and can be given to infants and toddlers as well as adults. If giving to infants, make sure your child is not allergic to milk or garlic. Crush two cloves of garlic and add to few tablespoons of milk. Allow this to boil well. Once it is cool enough to consume, drink the milk.

6. One of the home remedies I have found quite effective is a mixture of betel leaves, ajwain seeds (called omam in tamil) and garlic. Take a couple of betel leaves, crush couple of cloves of garlic and add few pinches of crushed ajwain seeds. Add few tablespoons of water and boil well. Give just the liquid to the child. Betel is called ‘vetrilai’ in tamil and a partciular type called ‘kamara vetrilai’ is even better for this treatment.

7. Vaporub application. I was told and also read that doctors do not believe vaporubs are helpful at all. However, as a parent you would do anything to help your child sleep for atleast a few hours and clearing their nose is important for this. I found that my child is not happy to apply the vaporub. I apply vaporub on the chest and back when giving my kid a bath and dab some warm water on these areas. This releases the vapurs and clears the nose.

8. Keep the room humid. While commercial humidifiers are available we have noticed that when suffering from cold, a particularly high amount of humidity helps provide some relief and sleep. We keep the kitchen steamer and keep re-filling it. The humidity relieves congestion. Keeping the room at slightly elevated temperature helps retain humidity. One must however always ensure the child is not overheated.

9. Although I have never tried, I have heard that heating little coconut oil and adding camphor to it and applying to the chest helps relieve congestion

10. Applying eucalyptus oil, especially in the big toes is said to stimulate the sinuses and relieve congestion. The challenge is to make the infant or child offer their leg for this toe massage!

11. For adults, have several doses of ginger tea. You could either add half a teaspoon of dry ginger powder to a glass of hot water or crush some pieces of ginger, add it to water and boil well until the water begins to change colour.

12. Inhaling fumes from turmeric also helps relieve congestion especially in adults. I take a piece of dried turmeric and burn one end. The smoke provides great relief.

13. Have what we call ‘rasam’ or soup. It is basically essence of few things. Add a teaspoon each – crushed cumin seeds, crushed coriander seeds and some black pepper powder to water and boil well. Add some tamarind puree or paste and some salt and drink like a soup. If you do not have or like tamarind, have the liquid like a decoction.

Have in mind that while adults manage to blow their nose or spit the phlegm, babies and infants cannot do so. Typically they either vomit the phlegm or pass it in their motion and hence have some loose stools. Having said that, it is always worth checking with your doctor if you are concerned.

How to Recognize Acid Reflux in Children

Acid reflux in children is a real cause for concern. It drives us frantic when our children are sick and scrunched up in pain. We suffer as much as they do… but how on Earth can we help?

First of all, we have to find out what’s wrong… and recognizing acid reflux in children can sometimes be tricky, especially if it’s a toddler.

If a child complains of a tummy ache or sore chest, you should narrow it down by asking a few questions such as:

  • Where does it hurt?
  • Does it burn?
  • Is your throat sore?
  • Is there a bitter taste in the back of your throat?

And so on. It’s probably acid indigestion if s/he reports a burning sensation in the chest or solar plexus area, especially if it’s accompanied by a nasty taste.

Dose the child with half a teaspoon of ‘Arm and Hammer’ bicarbonate dissolved in warm water. If the pain goes away you can be sure that it is heartburn and you can relax a little… Ordinary heartburn is uncomfortable, but it’s not dangerous. However, you should be on the alert for further symptoms indicating a more serious condition, namely GERD.

Symptoms of Acid Reflux in Children

Common symptom of acid reflux in children:

  1. Chest pain (burning sensation).
  2. Regurgitation after eating, followed by a nasty taste in the back of the throat.
  3. Pickiness about food or reluctance to eat.
  4. After dinner nausea.
  5. Sore throat.
  6. Occasional gagging or choking.
  7. Wheezing, bronchitis or asthma.
  8. Hacking cough accompanied by hoarseness.
  9. Poor sleep patterns.
  10. Excessive drooling — a condition known as ‘water brash’.
  11. Toothache.
  12. Bad breath.
  13. Poor growth patterns.

If one or more of the above are presented, it’s time to introduce a few dietary and lifestyle changes… not only for the child, but also for the entire family.

Recommended Lifestyle Changes

  • Replace fizzy drinks with non-carbonated fruit juices.
  • No strenuous playing or exercise for an hour after eating.
  • Serve smaller meals and include a decent mid-morning and mid-afternoon snack in their daily diet.
  • Serve the evening meal at least three hours before bedtime.
  • Make sure they drink plenty of bottled water.
  • No water during meals.
  • No chocolate or peppermint.
  • Elevate the head of the child’s bed by placing by 6-inch high blocks or bricks under the feet.

What if the Heartburn Persists?

If the heartburn persists or worsens after making these changes, your child may have GERD and you should see your doctor ASAP.

Also, a follow-up visit to the dentist is a must. Acid reflux can sometime cause the loss of dental enamel.

Specialized treatment is absolutely essential for the small percentage of babies and young children who develop GERD. These babies and youngsters are prone to other serious diseases if the condition is left untreated, such as:

  • Damage to the lungs. If gastric juices enter the windpipe, problems such as bronchitis, pneumonia and asthma are sure to follow. In the worse case scenario, Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) could result.
  • Esophagitis. Gastric acid continuously splashing the walls of the food pipe causes inflammation that could lead to esophagitis.

    If left untreated esophagitis becomes extremely painful making it almost impossible for the child to swallow.

    Ulcers soon appear in the food pipe… followed by scarring. These scars pucker and shrink the walls of the esophagus causing it to narrow. These strictures can block the esophagus and prevent food from reaching the stomach.

    If an ulcer ruptures, it could lead to life-threatening internal bleeding… Beware of black or bloody stools.

  • Barrett’s Esophagus is a fairly rare condition that occurs in a small percentage of sufferers. However, this condition is dangerous! If left untreated it could lead to a deadly form of cancer.

Your doctor may prescribe a proton pump inhibitor or an H2 blocker in order to control acid production. This may be necessary in order to allow the injured esophagus time to heal.

Make sure that your child does not take these medications for more than 8 weeks without further evaluation.

Significant Benefits of the Mini C-Arm

Ever since digital technology came into being, it has given rise to numerous amazing innovations in the medical sector. One of those innovations is the mini C-arm, which functions on the basis of digital electronics while offering such benefits that did not exist years back. The advanced C-arm possesses special features such as digital imaging technology, easy portability and image accessibility at varied spots at once. Also, this technology allows transmission of images from one place to another without hampering the image quality.

The C-arm system is based on fluoroscopy imaging. DNA may be transformed by the x-rays, which lead to atom ionization that results in free electron movement i.e. produces current. Around 3-6mA current value is used to conduct the fluoroscopy, which uses around 80-125kVp voltage. How the x-ray is produced depends on the current passing via x-ray tube, but an increase in voltage may increase the sensitivity.

Components of Fluoroscopy

The voltages and currents can be adjusted through the x-ray generator’s x-ray tube, which works to turn electrical energy into a beam of x-ray. The collimator uses blades to determine this beam, while the patient table along with pad supports the patient’s body, minimizing the x-ray attenuation alongside. X-rays are converted by the image intensifier and the image quality is improved.

Electromagnetic radiations are dubbed x-rays, which when hit a tissue end up infiltrating completely or get absorbed wholly or partially with disperse. The former indicates production of an image, while the latter hints to no image production. With partial absorption, it means an image that comes out with scattered radiation that may harm the theatre staff. C-arm technology was brought out with the same purpose.

Significant advantages it provides

Fluoroscopic imaging systems use X-rays for image production. However, mini C-arm offers more advantages as compared to the standard C-arm technology. Being smaller in size, this technology paves a way for better access to workplace.

Various benefits it offers include:

  • Easy to operate
  • Does not require radiographer
  • Cuts cost
  • Cuts delays
  • Reduces screening time
  • Cuts risk of radiation with scatter
  • Immediate printout facility
  • Enhanced maneuverability
  • Better accuracy

Mini C-arms have shown the potential to cut scattered radiation dose to surgeon, patient or any theatre personnel.


A diverse range of medical procedures, comprising ankle, hand, or foot surgery, requires a C-arm. Stress views, bunion surgery, fracture dislocations, intra-articular injections, and fracture fixations can be easily detected with the mini version of this technology.

Five Common Illnesses in Newborns – Symptoms and Treatment

Every new parent hopes that their child’s health will be free of all health complications, but a number of illnesses have been shown to afflict many newborns on a regular basis. This article will discuss five common illnesses in newborns, giving causes, symptoms and treatment options for each.

The rotovirus is a viral infection found in babies and young children. Symptoms of the illness include diarrhea, vomiting, nausea and fever. The virus acts by attacking the lining of the small intestine. This results in dehydration from excessive loss of fluids and electrolytes. Often these symptoms will last from three to ten days. Children infected with the rotavirus can be contagious for ten to twelve days following the first signs of diarrhea. Home treatment consists of rest and administration of specially made electrolyte replacement products. Examples of these include gastrolyte, pedialyte and plamalyte.

Oral thrush is an infection caused by the yeast fungus known as Candida albicans. It is also called candidosis or moniliasis, but usually these terms describe the appearance of infection in adults (candida albicans). Oral thrush often finds its way into the human body when the immune system is in a weakened state. Newborn babies are especially at risk from infections such as oral thrush. Two specific causes of oral thrush are a reaction to antibiotics and transmission from a mother with a yeast infection. The main symptom of oral thrush is evidence of painful white lesions on the inside of the mouth. When oral thrush or a yeast infection has been diagnosed, both the mother and her baby should be treated simultaneously. The infection is usually treated with Nystatin.

Cradle cap is a common scalp and skin condition caused by excess oil production from the scalp. Symptoms include flaky, scaly or greasy crusts on the scalp, ears or eyebrows of an infant. Cradle cap can be treated by first loosening the crusts. Using baby, mineral or olive oil, gently rub the the crusts for ten minutes followed shortly by shampooing. Comb the hair in one direction with a baby comb, carefully removing crust remnants as you go. You should then shampoo your child’s hair three times a week during the first three weeks following the treatment. Afterwards, use the anti-dandruff shampoo once a week until the cradle cap is completely gone. If the condition worsens or begins to look infected you should immediately contact your pediatrician.

Cat scratch fever is a bacterial infection caused by the microorganism Bartonella henselae. It is most often caused from a scratch or bite from a cat or kitten. Symptoms of a cat scratch infection include small pimples forming around the wound as it heals. These pimples can last up to a month. Your baby’s lymph nodes may become swollen and tender. Other symptoms include headache, fever, poor appetite and fatigue. If you suspect that your child has developed cat scratch fever, you should contact your pediatrician immediately. You can take preventative measures by carefully cleaning scratches and bites from cats with soap and water.

Like oral thrush, ringworm is a fungal infection of the skin. It generally affects the scalp in a condition called tinea capitis. When the fungal infection is present on the body it is referred to as tinea coporis. Symptoms of a ringworm infection in infants include coin-sized scaly patches. These rashes may be dry or moist and generally stop growing once they are an inch in diameter. Ringworm on the scalp may look like bald spots or scaly patches with hair broken off in the center. Sometimes ringworm is inappropriately confused with cradle cap. Treatment for ringworm should begin by consulting with your pediatrician. He or she will most likely suggest an over-the-counter anti-fungus cream. Further prevention of reinfection includes carefully washing your baby’s bedding until the infection is completely cleared up.

The presence of any one of these illnesses would be cause for concern by any parent. Thankfully, with proper attention to symptoms, consultation with a pediatrician and careful treatment each of them can be addressed and cured. With patience and care you will be able to return to the joy of nourishing your healthy newborn child.

Copyright © 2006.

An Amazing Interview – How Jill Kinmont Boothe Turned Tragedy Into Triumph

Excitement filled my mind as I called Jill Kinmont Boothe. This was two years ago, and Jill had graciously agreed to an interview for the book I was writing. I eagerly looked forward to hearing the inspiring story of how she rose above the tragic skiing accident which left her paralyzed and went on to become a teacher and painter. I clearly remember watching the 1975 movie about her life, The Other Side of the Mountain, and soon I would be talking directly to her!

I placed a stack of cassette tapes near the tape recorder, envisioning a long interview. After all, learning to cope mentally and physically with being paralyzed must have taken years of hard work.

Imagine my surprise when I discovered that Jill was not interested in reliving all the gory details of her tragic accident. Our conversation went something like this…

Karen: Learning you were paralyzed for life must have been pretty devastating for you.

Jill: Well it was, except that I had so much support from family and friends. There were moments when I was teary and said “why did it happen to me?” but generally I held myself up because everybody else had to be held up. Everybody had to be strong for everybody else…I was pretty positive from early on. I don’t remember it being a horrible, horrible ordeal…

And with that, Jill went on with her story and with the rest of her life. No whining or complaining, no regrets, uninterested in sympathy – I wasn’t sure what to think at that point.

When Jill described her years as an elementary school teacher, I made a comment that I thought would lead to a candid description of the challenges involved. Once again, Jill’s response surprised me.

Karen: That must have been a challenge being a teacher and dealing with little kids without having use of your hands and legs.

Jill: It was a challenge, but just like any other teacher faces! The kids were a great resource for me because they could do all the things I couldn’t do. They could write on the board, they could organize the files, they always responded when I needed help. That was never really a problem.

Jill’s matter-of-fact attitude about her paralysis stunned me. Our conversation lasted only about 20 minutes. When it was over, I sat there scratching my head and wondering if I had enough material to write a story.

I thought of Jill and her casual attitude about her life-altering injury many times over the next few days. I admit it – at first I was disappointed because she didn’t go into detail about her feelings and all the difficulties involved with being paralyzed. I thought those details were necessary to make a compelling story that would engage the reader.

But before long the real meaning of her story hit me like a ton of bricks. Jill’s brevity and laid-back attitude were the real story. Here was a woman who had been paralyzed for over 50 years – her Olympic dreams cut short, unable to do many basic life functions for herself – and yet she had no interest whatsoever in dwelling on those things.

If Jill had done what I expected and gone into great detail about how horrible it was to be paralyzed, I’m quite sure I would have missed the incredible message her life brings us. Jill’s legacy to us is simple, but powerful:

  • Don’t dwell on unfair and painful things that happen to you in life
  • Always focus on what you can do rather than on “what might have been.”

Keep these principles in mind and you’ll find there is no limit to what you can accomplish in life, despite any challenges you may encounter in the school of hard knocks.

© Karen Wheeler Hall – All Rights Reserved

Post Surgery Numbness – How Acupuncture Can Be Used to Treat Numbness After Surgery

Many people have post surgery numbness that can compromise the quality of their life.

Numbness can be really problematic because that part of the body just feels like it’s missing and kind of dead. Regular daily activities like bathing and knowing if something is too hot or too cold, or even wet or if someone is touching you are hard to do when you have numbness and can’t feel a part of yourself.

  • A 47 year old woman had to have most of her tongue removed because of cancer. The surgeon built her a new tongue using muscle from her forearm but she was left with significant numbness in that area. A large part of her inner arm is scarred over and is totally numb. After five acupuncture treatments the numbness is diminishing and she has begun to recover sensation in that area. She is so grateful and says that she is lucky to have found acupuncture.
  • A 48 year old man had an inguinal hernia repaired surgically and was left with numbness in the area of his groin which diminished his sexual function. After three acupuncture treatments the numbness had gone and his sexual abilities were restored.
  • Surgeons took tissue from a 46 year old woman’s lower abdomen to reconstruct both of her breasts following her bi-lateral mastectomy for cancer. This left her with a large ropey scar across her belly and numbness over the whole area. After eight acupuncture treatments the numbness was mostly gone.
  • A 77 year old woman had extensive face lift surgery that left her with numbness in several areas of her scalp. Three acupuncture treatments stopped the numbness.

Acupuncture is a part of Chinese Medicine which has existed for 1,000s of years and over its history millions of people have been treated with Acupuncture, all over the world. Acupuncture is based on the idea that the body has energy that flows along specific pathways like the blood flows through the circulatory system. These energy pathways are called meridians and the energy within them is believed to nourish and maintain the activity and health of the tissue through which they travel. Doctors of Chinese Medicine believe that when a person has surgery or lacerations due to an accident that the meridians are cut and the flow of energy is interrupted which results in numbness. Acupuncture enables the normal flow of energy and this heals the cut meridian which restores normal sensation and eliminates numbness.

Even though medical science has yet to figure out exactly how acupuncture works, doctors today commonly recommend acupuncture to their patients for many different conditions, not only post surgery numbness. They do this because they have seen so many of their patients with all kinds of conditions benefit from having acupuncture treatment.

The people I’ve described are only a few of the many cases of post surgery numbness that I have treated in my decades’ long career in acupuncture, as a Doctor of Oriental Medicine, and in the Pain Management Center at San Pedro Peninsula Hospital.

Get Relief From a Tight Jaw (TMJ) That Causes Headaches, Migraines and Back Pain

Jaw disorders can create health problems that don’t appear to be in any way connected in the body. The jaw, or TMJ has a great influence over the body’s skeletal, muscular, nervous, and energy meridian systems. Since we are energetic beings, an imbalance in energy flow can affect our physical health. If the flow of energy through the jaw is blocked, it can result in dehydration, pain and disease. By treating the TMJ and surrounding muscles, the cranial muscles can loosen and realign so they can reset to their correct position. Even a small amount of tension in the jaw can cause other problems in the body. The longer the tension exists in the jaw, the more complex the problems can become. For this reason I suggest you conduct this jaw alignment system regularly.

Toxins can also accumulate in the energy meridians that run from the head area. This also causes pain along the meridians, which include neck, jaw, head, legs and arms. Heavy metals such as mercury are commonly found in jaw muscles or joints. This is more likely if there are amalgam fillings in the mouth. A tight jaw also affects the assimilation of magnesium which is essential for keeping the body relaxed, along with a host of other critical health benefits.

TMJ disorders can affect the hormones since one of the master glands called the pituitary gland sits in the sphenoid bone which is integrated into every other cranial bone except for two of the facial bones.

The sphenoid bone is the ‘hanger’ from which the skeletal system aligns. The state of the sphenoid can be affected by the fan shaped muscle called the temporalis muscle that tightens up in our body’s fight or flight defence system. The temporalis muscles can store deep seated, subconscious emotions which are often released while sending energy to this area.

Trigeminal Nerve is one of the largest cranial nerves called the Trigeminal nerve is also impacted by TMJ disorders. You will know if you feel sudden, severe, electric shock-like, stabbing pain typically on one side of the jaw or cheek. This is often referred to as neuralgia.

The Jaw And Energy

• Meridians are channels through which energy flows throughout our body. The body contains fourteen main energy meridians that contain a free-flowing, colourless, non-cellular liquid. These meridian channels have been mapped and measured using modern technology.

• I have found that TMJ disorders directly affect six main energy meridians in the body as they travel in the vicinity of the jaw. The meridians directly affected are stomach, small intestine, triple warmer or adrenals, gall bladder, large intestine and bladder.

• Most of these meridians relate to digestion functions. You may have experienced this when you have been stressed. Your food does not digest properly or you just don’t feel like eating. This is because when you are stressed, your jaw tightens and if affects the flow of energy – particularly the stomach meridian as it begins on the cheek area of the face, runs over the stomach and ends at the feet.

Healing correction. You can do this healing correction on yourself or another person. You get better results when there are two people doing it.

1. Position yourself at the head of the client

2. Place your flat hands over the client’s temporalis muscle (temple area) for 1 minute.

3. Then place your flat hands over the masseter muscle (cheek area) for 1 minute.

4. Then place your fingers together and place them over the TMJ area (next to ear area) for 1 minute (times are approximation only).

What Is Your Piriformis Muscle and How Does It Cause Pain?

Have you ever had a sharp and stabbing pain in your buttocks that can be so intense that it becomes virtually impossible to walk or do even the simplest things? Well, in most cases what you probably have is Piriformis syndrome. Piriformis syndrome is a problem with your Piriformis muscle.

What is your Piriformis muscle and how does it cause pain in your buttocks?

Deep inside your pelvis, is a small but important muscle called the Piriformis. This muscle is an external rotator muscle for your legs and it helps you rotate your legs to one side or the other.

There is also a nerve that runs from your spine down to your feet called your Sciatic nerve. This nerve happens to run through your pelvis as well, directly below your Piriformis.

If your Piriformis becomes agitated it can constrict and irritate the Sciatic nerve causing a condition called Sciatica.

Sciatica, as you may have experienced, is a sharp stabbing or shooting pain anywhere from your lower back, buttocks, legs, or even feet. Sometimes it can manifest itself as a numb or tingling feeling as well.

So, what exactly causes Piriformis syndrome?

There are a lot of things that could cause your Piriformis to tense up and crush your Sciatic nerve, but most of them have something to do with overuse or underuse of the muscle.

If you are an athlete, there is a chance that you may push yourself too hard during your training. If you overtrain by running or doing other exercises that involve your legs, there is a good chance you may cause your Piriformis to spasm. This spasming can be the cause of the Sciatica pain you’re experiencing.

On the other end of the spectrum, if you do not get enough exercise at all you can also be putting yourself at risk. Many people with sedentary lifestyles who may work at a desk job or otherwise spend a good portion of their time sitting can develop Piriformis syndrome.

This happens because your muscles need regular exercise and if they don’t get them, they can start to shorten and contract until they become used to the sitting position as their new “normal” position. At this point they begin to store tension and can begin to clamp down on our Sciatic nerve.

What can you do to fix Piriformis syndrome?

Since Piriformis syndrome is caused by muscular tightness, the best way to fix the problem is to stretch to Piriformis muscle.

Here is one of the most effective stretches to loosen your Piriformis muscle. Sit on the floor with both feet in front of you flat on the floor so your knees are bent. If you are experiencing pain on your right side, for example, take your right leg and cross it over your left leg. The grab your right leg with your arms and hug it close to your chest. You should feel a stretching sensation in your buttocks. This is your Piriformis.

By doing regular stretches over a period of days or weeks (depending on how severe your Piriformis syndrome is), you can begin to loosen up the muscle and relax it. It is important to do these exercise regularly every day to make sure that the tension doesn’t creep back in and cause more pain.

Your Piriformis muscle is a difficult muscle to stretch. It is located deep within your hips and many people can’t think of any obvious stretches to do to help loosen up the muscle.

Lemon, Water & Honey – Does it Make You Sing Better?

Lemon, Water and Honey as a mixture has been promoted by some as some sort of a supplement to singing better. Some way it lubricates the throats and vocal cords for instance and think it should be a part of a singer’s routine. This is not really the case however but there are advantages to these ingredients for singers in certain situations.

Water – Drinking water is always good and ti goes help you lubricate your throat and will generally keep you healthier. Singers just like everyone else should stay hydrated.

Lemon – Lemon is a good ingredient when you have a cold or flu and you find yourself with a lot of mucus and phlegm in your throat that makes it hard to sing with. Lemon breaks down this mucus from your throat clearing it away and making it easier to sing. Mixing a fair amount of lemon juice with warm water is a good way to cleanse the throat before a performance. However, if you do not have mucus in your throat then the acidity of the lemons will actually irritate the throat.

Honey – Honey on the other hand is a great way to sooth a sore throat if you have a dry and painful one. Mixing honey with warm water and drinking it before a performance will sooth a sore throat and make it easier to sing.

There is no real point in mixing all three together as they have different effects on your throat and singing. Also avoid drinking milk before a performance and you will stop your body producing mucus too!