The Prevention of Ischemic Heart Disease

Ischemic heart disease occurs when there is a partial blockage of blood flow to the heart. When the heart does not get enough blood it has to work harder and it becomes starved for oxygen. If the blood flow is completely blocked then a myocardial infarction (heart attack) occurs.

As we age we naturally have plaques build up in our treaties. This is called arteriosclerosis which is a hardening of the arteries. This can lead to blood clots that can cause a heart attack or stroke. Hardening of the arteries and blockage of major arteries is one of the leading causes of death by disease in the United States. In fact heart disease itself kills more people every year then the next 6 diseases combined.

The degree to which ischemic heart disease affects each individual depends on a variety of factors including age, genetics, diet and exercise habits, and smoking. For many people who are at high risk it is important to make certain lifestyle changes that will reduce this risk.

Since medical science and doctors know the causes of ischemic heart disease they also know the steps to take to prevent or reverse its effects. And the steps one can take to avoid its effects are actually quite simple. Eat a healthy diet and avoid foods high in saturated fat, get more regular exercise to strengthen the cardiovascular system, drink alcohol in moderation, and stop smoking. By making these types of simple lifestyle changes you can avoid and prevent the onset of this disease.

Saturated fats are one of the leading causes of plaque build up in the treaties. By avoiding fatty foods that contain these types of fats you can significantly reduce your risk of heart disease. In fact if you eat more fish that are high in omega 3 fatty acids you can significantly reduce the build up of plaques. Omega 3 help build up the good cholesterol call HDL which helps remove the bad cholesterol (LDL).

Exercise will significantly reduce the risk of ischemic heart disease by helping the body effectively remove excessive body fat and reduce the risk posed by obesity. Any form of exercise, whether its daily walks, working around the yard, or a full on exercise program will work wonders when it comes to preventing this condition.

Just a few changes can make all the difference in the world when it comes to fighting and preventing ischemic heart disease.

Watch Out for the Heart Attack Signs

More often than not, you tend to take the occasional chest clutches seriously because as per the societal notice, you think it may further lead to a cardiac arrest. And this is where you get yourself wrong. Not all the heart problems happen in your chest, there can be other alarming symptoms in other parts of your body too, that are directly related to your heart, especially if you are overweight, a diabetic, have high cholesterol, or high blood pressure. This article enlists four problems you should watch out for to keep heart-related issues at bay. Read on!

Upset Stomach, Nausea and Indigestion

If you have been feeling sick in your stomach for a longer period of time, and having heartburns periodically, the symptoms call for a doctor's attention immediately! Belching, vomiting, and persistent discomfort in your belly can extremely lead to a heart attack as well. These are the less typical heart attack symptoms, and women are more likely to report such cases. A stabbing pain in the upper or middle of the abdomen for more than a few minutes can lead to a heart attack without even giving you chance to guess what it's like to be stuck by a chronic ailment.


Feeling dizzy and lightheaded is another disturbing symptom related to heart problems. What about feeling faint? Usually, such instances occur when the blood supply to your brain has dropped to the lowest possible level. But little do you care to know that it has happened because your heart rate is abnormal, that your heart can not pump the blood adequately maybe due to the narrowing of a valve, or a rapid yet temporary drop in the blood pressure. A feeling of uneasiness, or dizziness while standing up too fast, all indicating that your heart is on the verge of a failure and you need to consult a cardiologist soon.

Unexplained Weakness

Do you get tired easily in doing simple chores of the day? Does your body give up even while engaging in activities that you loved to attend to before? All of this calls for the attention of a cardiologist immediately! Having difficulty in performing everyday chores such as climbing stairs, walking, carrying groceries indicates a heart failure. An increasing fatigue is a result of weak muscles and tissues that are unable to function well because the blood pumping ability of the heart has reduced.

Cough Producing White or Pink Mucus

A long-thinking cough producing pink or white colored mucus is downright related to the heart problems. Coughing up foamy mucus indicates you are falling short of life as your heart is worsening quickly. However, this happens in the case of sudden heart failures causing the fluid to build up in lungs initially leading to shortness of breath, fast heartbeat, and coughing every now and then. Most of the patients die because of congestive heart attacks due to ignorance. It is therefore, very important to contact a cardiologist immediately after coughing up pink mucus.

Wrapping Up

If you have noticed some unusual changes in your body, feel choked, or find yourself in an uncomfortable state, it's time to contact a specialist. If diagnosed with a heart failure which is not very easy to fix, you can only make some simple lifestyle changes to reduce the risks in future.

How Omega-3 Fats Promote Heart Health

Since the 1970s, literally thousands of studies have shown that omega-3 fats may be the heart's best friend. They reduce the risk of heart attack, sudden cardiac death, hardening of the arteries (Atherosclerosis), and stroke. They improve cholesterol and triglyceride levels, reduce high blood pressure, make arteries more elastic, reduce plaque formation, and make the heart muscle stronger.

Several of these studies yield the similar results to infer that men who consumed an average of 30 gm (about one oz.) Of fish daily had a 50 percent lower risk of dying from heart disease. Additionally, men who had at least one fish meal per week had a 52 percent lower risk of sudden death. Even eating one fish meal every two to three weeks was protective. Omega-3 fats protect the heart in several ways. The reason for heart attacks and strokes is the hardening of the arteries or Atherosclerosis, which is caused by plaque forming on the walls of the arteries. With time, more and more plaque material accumulates, which causes the artery to become very narrow and unable to provide enough blood flow to the heart or the brain.

Omega-3 fats also reduce the incidence of another arrhythmia called Atrial Fibrillation, especially in older people or after a bypass surgery. Patients with this condition have very rapid and irregular heart beats, as high as 250 per minute. Omega-3 fats make the heart muscle stronger and more efficient. As a result, the heart does not need to beat as fast, reducing the need for oxygen.

A number of studies show that omega-3 fats reduce blood pressure. This also reduces the work of the heart and reduces the need for oxygen. Omega-3 fats inhibit the production of prostaglandins that constrict blood vessels and make platelets stickier. They also reduce the production of fibrinogen, which is used to make blood clots, and increase a substance called plasminogen activator, which is needed to remove blood clots from arteries. As a result, omega-3 fats reduce blood clotting and make the arteries more open and more relaxed. Omega-3 fats promote the formation of nitric oxide and makes arteries more open by causing relaxation of arterial muscles. They reduce the "bad" LDL cholesterol and triglycerides and increase the level of "good" HDL cholesterol, especially when combined with anti-oxidant vitamin E. This reduces the risk of plaques forming inside the arteries. Omega-3 fatty acids are so good at supporting the heart and cardiovascular health that even people who already have heart disease can benefit. This even includes patients who hearts were harmed by a heart attack.

In a study, over 11,000 post-heart attack patients were followed for 3.5 years. Those who took as little as one gram of fish oil daily (one capsule) reduced the risk of dying from a heart attack by 30 percent and the risk of sudden death by 45 percent. The benefit of fish oil supplementation was evident after just four months of treatment.

Patients who have had bypass surgery or angioplasty, can also benefit from fish oil supplements. Diabetics, who have a higher risk of heart disease, can reduce their risk by taking two grams of fish oil or more daily. In short, the evidence is overwhelming that omega-3 fatty acids are essential for the health of your heart and cardiovascular system. Unfortunately, American doctors are greatly unaware of the fish oil benefits, so it is up to you to make sure that you are getting enough omega-3 fatty acids by either eating fish or taking fish oil supplements.

Tuberculosis And Pregnancy – Two Conditions Examined For The US Immigration Medical Exam Procedure

In the United States there are USCIS – appointed immigration doctors for the green card. It has to be noted that the Immigration Medical Examination is a mandatory part of the entire journey of immigration – either for the green card or for any adjustment of status.

In this article we shall take a look at two conditions and how they are handled during the examination: a) Tuberculosis and b) Pregnancy.

a) Tuberculosis: There are some diseases that are considered as “top suspect” and these include infectious diseases such as tuberculosis. All those applicants who are 2 years or more have to go in for what is known as a T B skin examination – the immigration doctor for the green card will test applicants who are under 2 years of age if the existence of tuberculosis is suspected or there is a history of TB in the family, that is, there is a past history of the disease in the family, or if there is any other reason to suspect that there is a presence of the disease.

Once the skin test is done the applicant will have to return to the doctor within a period of 2 to 3 days to get the medical reports. If there is found to be a reaction of 4 mm or less then no further tests will be required for the disease, with the exceptions being the presence of TB symptoms or if the applicant suffers from a case of immunosupression. When the reaction to the skin test is 5 mm or more a chest x-ray is required for such applicants. This will be required even for pregnant women, if they are found to have a reaction of more than 5 mm.

If the immigration doctor feels that the applicant is infected with TB then he or she could be sent to the local health department, where more tests may have to be conducted.

Those who are found to have class A of the disease should have to fulfill a completed course of treatment before medical clearance is received from USCIS. Only then can the applicant get adjustment of status.

b) Pregnancy: There are many aspirants on the immigration path who try for green card status or for adjustment status even if they are trying for pregnancy or if the spouse is expecting.

The immigration doctor for green card would recommend a chest x-ray for the pregnant applicant if she tests positive during the tuberculin skin test. However, if the immigration doctor feels that it is unsafe for the applicant to go through an x-ray then she will have to wait till the specified time.

Moreover, vaccines like MMR cannot be administered during this time. Only the stipulated vaccines will be given to the applicant and she will be asked to visit the doctor after the delivery.

Impact of New Technologies by 2030

According to the 2012 report, Global Trends 2030: Alternative Worlds, published the US National Intelligence Council, four technology arenas will shape global economic, social and military developments by 2030. They are information technologies, automation and manufacturing technologies, resource technologies, and health technologies.

Information technologies

Three technological developments with an IT focus have the power to change the way we will live, do business and protect ourselves before 2030.

1. Solutions for storage and processing large quantities of data, including "big data", will provide increased opportunities for Governments and commercial organizations to "know" their customers better. The technology is here but customers may object to collection of so much data. In any event, these solutions will likely herald a coming economic boom in North America.

2. Social networking technologies help individual users to form online social networks with other users. They are becoming part of the fabric of online existence, as leading services integrate social functions into everything else an individual might do online. Social networks enable useful as well as dangerous communications across diverse user groups and geopolitical boundaries.

3. Smart cities are urban environments that leverage information technology-based solutions to maximize citizens' economic productivity and quality of life while minimizing resources consumption and environmental degradation.

Automation and manufacturing technologies

As manufacturing has gone global in the last two decades, a global ecosystem of manufacturers, suppliers, and logistics companies has formed. New manufacturing and automation technologies have the potential to change work patterns in both the developed and developing worlds.

1. Robotics is today in use in a range of civil and military applications. Over 1.2 million industrial robots are already in daily operations round the world and there are increasing applications for non-industrial robots. The US military has thousands of robots in battlefields, home robots vacuum homes and cut lawns, and hospital robots patrol corridors and distribute supplies. Their use will increase in the coming years, and with enhanced cognitive abilities, robotics could be hugely disruptive to the current global supply chain system and the traditional job allocations along supply chains.

2. 3D printing (additive manufacturing) technologies allow a machine to build an object by adding one layer of material at a time. 3D printing is already in use to make models from plastics in sectors such as consumers products and the automobile and aerospace industries. By 2030, 3D printing could replace some conventional mass production, particularly for short production runs or where mass customization has high value.

3. Autonomous vehicles are mostly in use today in the military and for specific tasks eg in the mining industry. By 2030, autonomous vehicles could transform military operations, conflict resolution, transportation and geo-prospecting, while simultaneously presenting novel security risks that could be difficult to address. At the consumer level, Google has been testing for the past few years a driverless car.

Resource technologies

Technological advances will be required to accommodate increasing demand for resources owed to global population growth and economic advances in today's underdeveloped countries. Such advances can affect the food, water and energy nexus by improving agricultural productivity through a broad range of technologies including precision farming and genetically modified crops for food and fuel. New resource technologies can also enhance water management through desalination and irrigation efficiency; and increase the availability of energy through enhanced oil and gas extraction and alternative energy sources such as solar and wind power, and bio-fuels. Widespread communication technologies will make the potential effect of these technologies on the environment, climate and health well known to the increasingly educated populations.

Health technologies

Two sets of health technologies are highlighted below.

1. Disease management will become more effective, more personalized and less costly through such new enabling technologies as diagnostic and pathogen-detection devices. For example, molecular diagnostic devices will provide rapid means of testing for both genetic and pathogenic diseases during surgeries. Readily available genetic testing will hasten disease diagnosis and help doctors decide on the optimal treatment for each patient. Advances in regenerative medicine almost certainly will parallel these developments in diagnostic and treatment protocols. Replacement organs such as kidneys and livers could have been developed by 2030. These new disease management technologies will increase the longevity and quality of life of the world's aging populations.

2. Human augmentation technologies, ranging from implants and prosthetic and powered exoskeleton to brain enhancers, could allow civil and military people to work more effectively, and in environments that were previously inaccessible. Elderly people may benefit from powered exoskeletons that assist wearers with simple walking and lifting activities, improving the health and quality of life for aging populations. Progress in human augmentation technologies will likely face moral and ethical challenges.


The US National Intelligence Council report asserts that "a shift in the technological center of gravity from West to East, which has already begun, almost certainly will continue as the flows of companies, ideas, entrepreneurs, and capital from the developed world to the developing markets increase ". I am not convinced that this shift will "almost certainly" happen. While the East, in particular Asia, will likely see the majority of technological applications, the current innovations are taking place mainly in the West. And I do not think it is a sure bet that the center of gravity for technological innovation will shift to the East.

Testicular Cancer

Cancer can attack any part of the body; lungs, stomach, reproductive organs and many other parts. A common form of cancer in men is testicular cancer. This is a cancer that occurs in the male sex glands in the scrotum. Testicles produce and store sperm while producing male hormones.

Testicular cancer is also known as germ cell tumor and is of two kinds – seminoma or nonseminoma. About 40% of testicular cancer are seminoma type and the other are divided into four sub-types; choriocarcinoma, teratoma, embryonic carcinoma and yolk sac tumors. The cancer can sometimes also be a combination of both cancers, and are called mixed germ-cell tumors.

Testicular cancer is prevalent in men aged between 15 and 35 and is more common in white men than Asians and blacks. The exact causes are still unknown, but there are various risk factors that can inductive testicular cancer. Underdevelopment of testicles, Klinefelter's syndrome where the man experiences sterility, small testes, breast enlargement and lesser male hormones and those who have had testicular cancer are all developing developing cancer on the other testicle in the 25 years after the attack.

There is nothing that can be done to prevent testicular cancer; the most that could be done is its early detection. Testicular self-exam is a great means of diagnosing testicular cancer; it is always better to test testicles immediately after bathing as this is when the scrotal sac is relaxed. The testicles have to be roled between the forefinger and thumb for any signs of lumps.

Beside a lump, swelling in the testicles or some changes in the feeling of the testicle are symptoms for testicular cancer. Accumulation of fluid in the scrotum or pain in the scrotum is also considered as symptoms of testicular cancer. Although these symptoms may signify other conditions, it is always better to have a physician evaluate the condition. Testicular cancer can also be diagnosed through ultrasound of the scrotum or a biopsy. Once testicular cancer is detected, treatment is rendered according to the extent of the condition.

Depending on whether testicular cancer is seminoma or nonseminoma, and its stage, is its treatment determined. All treatments involve the removal of the affected testicle. However, as this can affect fertility and sexuality, this has to be discussed with the family. With the removal of a testicle, the other testicle is capable of producing sperms and an erection so that it is possible to father a child.

However, any other surgery, radiation and chemotherapy also affect sperm production and ejaculation. So the treatment should be discussed before adapting it. In nonseminomas, the lymph nodes are also removed to find out the amount of tumor spread. However, this is not necessary in seminomas as CT scans provide sufficient information.

Radiation is preferred for seminomas, and not for nonseminomas as they are not sensitive to radiation. When giving radiation, the remaining testicle is usually shielded to prevent radiation reaching it as this may hamper its ability in producing sperms. Although sperm count may reduce after radiation, it returns to normal in a few years of treatment.

Chemotherapy is administrated after surgery through injections orally to kill any tumor cells there may be in the body. Whatever the treatment adapted, it is necessary to have follow up testing because there is always the chance of a recurrence of a second tumor. There are different follow up testing routines to be adapted; it all depends on the case.

Pneumonia – The Risks and How to Protect Yourself

Pneumonia is a significant inflammation of the lungs. It is typically a result of an infection, although in some cases it can be the result of inhaling vomit, chemicals or smoke. It affects around 1% of us each year and can be contracted regardless of your age although it is most common in the elderly. The symptoms of pneumonia typically manifest themselves quickly and include a fever, difficult or painful breathing, fatigue and a cough.

Sometimes confused with a chest infection which is an infection which can occur anywhere within the chest, pneumonia is an infection within the actual lung tissue itself.

Who is at risk of contracting pneumonia?

1. Heavy drinkers, smokers and intravenous drug users

2. Infants (aged under two) or individuals aged over 65 years

3. Individuals with respiratory problems such as asthma.

4. Individuals who have had their spleen removed.

5. Anyone who suffers an infection such as influenza.

In the majority of cases pneumonia is diagnosed by an examination of your chest by your doctor or medical practitioner. To confirm the diagnosis, your doctor may request you to attend the local hospital to obtain an x-ray to ascertain the amount of any inflammation. It is wise if you are in an risk category to obtain the annual flu jab. This will need to be discussed with your doctor or medical practitioner who may also consider the pneumococcal vaccine. Pneumococcus is the commonest cause of bacterial pneumonia and once vaccinated against it, this will last you a lifetime as a top up or boost jab is not required.

Never Kiss A Parrot

Beware pets that can become health pests!

Because if you give him an unwanted peck, he might give you Psittacosis. Whazzat? That’s another way of spelling ‘fatal attraction’… And while you’re about it, you might as well also watch out for (Ouch!) pussy’s claws, (Scratch, scratch!) leaping fleas, and (Eeeagh!) hairy-scary caterpillars…

If you are suddenly besieged by high fever, chills and a splitting headache, you’ll probably think you have malaria. Or even pneumonia. So might your doctor. Then he might embark upon a whole lot of anti-malarial drugs – even those for resistant malaria. You won’t get better, so he’ll switch over to strong antibiotics. Again, no go. Then you’ll both beat your foreheads in frustration. But, finally, if your physician is perceptive enough, he’ll ask you if you’ve got a bird. You’ll answer in the affirmative. Suddenly, his face will light up with a ‘Eureka’ expression. He’ll have just realised you’re suffering from Psittacosis.

Come again, you say, Psittacosis. It’s a disease that is passed on to man by birds. When parrots and parakeets are the culprits, sorry, carries, Ornithosis, is the word used. Other birds that carry this disease are pigeons and poultry (although it’s quite rare to get the disease from hens). Apart from the symptoms already mentioned, you could get a harsh, dry, intermittent cough and occasionally bring up a little sputum and even blood. There is generalised bodyache and the back and neck muscles could become stiff and painful, so the condition could even be mistaken by doctors for meningitis. Some patients feel tired, listless and depressed and complain of insomnia as well. With such a wide range of possible symptoms it’s easy to see how doctors can be misled. Especially when you consider that there could be even further complications of this illness – including pleurisy with effusion or water in the lungs, inflammation of the heart muscles or myocarditis membrane or pericarditis. The malady could even prove fatal. Actually kissing parrots, not washing your hands after handling birds (and their feeding dishes) before you sit down to lunch, and staying in extremely close proximity to them could make you a victim of psittacosis a week or two after contact, that’s how long the incubation period is. Occasionally, however, you could just get a mild ‘flu-like indisposition which might pass off by itself.

But why take chances? The disease can be diagnosed by getting an x-ray done; this shows a pneumonia-like picture. There is also protein in the urine. But the confirmatory test is a blood culture which reveals the causative bacteria. Otherwise, the overall picture of the disease can be confusing, since Psittacosis could be mistaken for Tuberculosis and Infectious mononucleosis as well as the other conditions listed above. Tetracycline is the best drug for this disease.


Chances are you’ve heard of an ailment called cat Scratch disease, but is there really such a thing? Yes, there is, rare though it may be. All you need is a cat, sharp claws, some provocation and – OUCH! She’s raked her nails into you! What happens next? A tiny, pimple-like swelling may appear at the site of the scratch, approximately three to ten days later. Two weeks after this, the lymph glands in the neck (or armpits or groin) become swollen and painful. Very often, this is all that happens. But in some patients there may also be high fever, headache, nausea and exhaustion. Only five per cent develop a body rash that resembles measles.

A skin test confirms the diagnosis. A biopsy of the swollen gland may also be done as additional confirmation.

This ailment cannot be transmitted from one person to another, so there’s no need to isolate the sufferer. Usually, no treatment is needed, apart from giving medicines for the fever. The outcome is excellent. The swollen glands disappear spontaneously in two to six months. The subsequent immunity to this disease lasts a lifetime. On the whole, this is a very rare disease, so you needn’t throw out your poor feline.


One can get a skin irritation from the fleas of dogs, cats and rats. Several people show no response to a flea bite, but in those who are sensitive, the flea’s saliva causes a tiny, raised, reddish swelling. There is intense itching, so they scratch the affected area again and again, introducing infection into the skin, which ulcerates or develops pustules. This condition is known as Flea Dermatitis. One can control the fleas by keeping the house and all pets scrupulously clean (oneself too!), regularly delousing one’s pets and their beds with powders or by using flea collars. The dermatitis is treated with soothing creams and anti-allergy pills.


Caterpillars do seem to appear in the most unexpected places – like the chair in which you’re just about to sit, or on your sweater hanging out on the clothesline! Before you can say ‘hairy horror’, one has brushed against you. And left its stinging bristles deeply embedded in your skin. You feel a terrific burning pain in the area. Redness and urticaria (hives) develop. And the more you scratch, the deeper you push the hairs in. some enterprising victims employ dough, which is rolled in a to-and-fro motion over the area. Let me tell you an even better method, a sure-fire one – using sticking plaster. Just fix a strip of it to the skin where the hairs are embedded, press, lift off one end and pull sharply – presto, all the bristles come out and the itching soon subsides.

If left alone, the inflammation usually subsides in 24 hours, but in some people a severe allergy develops which may have to be treated with I.V. Calcium Gluconate. In less serious cases, anti-allergy pills and soothing creams help after the hairs have been pulled out.

Air Conditioning Repair – Check This First

When it comes to air conditioning systems, the best way to determine if your unit needs repair or replacement is to contact an air conditioning professional. This is especially important if you are not familiar with the intricate workings of an air conditioning system. To determine the extent of your air conditioners issues and repair needs, you must seek out the advice and assistance of those individuals who are actually trained for the job.

Having said that however; there are a few signs that can quickly and easily reveal to you that something isn’t quite right with your unit. If you experience any of the signs or symptoms below, you should contact an air conditioner repair service immediately.

System Repair Signs:

If your system will not turn on, it is time to contact a repair service. (However, you may want to check your breakers to make sure that you haven’t simply blown a fuse first).

If your air conditioning unit is no longer producing cold or cool air but seems to be generating room temperature air or warm air, then you should immediately turn it off and contact a repair service.

If your air conditioning system seems to be leaking an excessive amount of water that it normally does not produce, then you should contact a repair service immediately.

If your air conditioning system has a large build up of ice inside or around the unit that is not normal, then you should immediately contact a repair service.

If your air conditioning system is producing a strong odor or you notice sparks or smoke, you should immediately unplug the unit and should contact a repair service immediately.

These are just a few of the most common symptoms and signs that are good indicators that something is wrong with your air conditioning system. You should never attempt to disassemble or repair the unit on your own but should first unplug your air conditioning unit and then you should immediately turn to a trained professional in order to ensure that you don’t damage your unit or cause injury to your yourself.

The Danger Of Do-It-Yourself Repair

Apart from the risk of injuring yourself or causing excessive damage to your unit, one of the greatest dangers involved in do it yourself repair is: cost. Most people who attempt to repair their air conditioners on their own will actually end up paying double to triple the cost of what they would pay if they simply turned to a trained professional.

Trained professionals know how to accurately and affordably make common air conditioner repairs and can actually save you hundreds of dollars. Additionally, many air conditioner repair services receive special discounts on parts that you will be unable to acquire on your own. Therefore, it is always more affordable to seek out the services of a trained professional.

Additionally, 85% of individuals who make their own repairs will have to repair their unit again within six months. With a lack of experience in air conditioning repair, you are simply putting a band-aid on a fracture that needs professional assistance.

Bronchitis Symptoms Treatment

Bronchitis treatment usually depends on the cause of the disease. The causes are usually bacteria or virus pathogens. Other causes are inhaling dangerous fumes and smoking. The disease is as a result of inflammation of the large bronchi of the lungs. When this happens, symptoms can be felt. These include expectorant cough, fever, fatigue, headache, shortness of breath and wheezing.

Sometimes, chest pains can be felt. This is as a result of the constant pressure to the lungs by coughing. Shortness of breath and wheezing result from blockage of the airways by mucous. The bronchitis symptoms treatment can only be effective after a proper diagnosis. This is done by a lung doctor expert. The diagnosis is done to people who have shortness of breath and an expectorant cough as their main symptoms.

The diagnosis attempts to rule out the presence of other related diseases apart from bronchitis. Once the presence of bronchitis has been established, bronchitis symptoms treatment can consent. This greatly depends on the cause of the illness. Bacteria infections are treated using antibiotics, expectorant cough syrup and bronchodilaters treat the congestion experienced in the airways making breathing smooth.

The bronchitis symptoms treatment for virus infections is not done using antibiotics. The symptoms usually disappear in a matter of days or on their own. Virus pathogens are the most common cause of bronchitis disease. The viruses that cause the illness are rhino virus, syncytial virus, adenoviridae virus and the influenza virus. Proper bronchitis symptoms treatment is required for the full recovery from the disease. The disease can progress to pneumonia if not treated immediately.

Golden Retriever Health – The Most Common Health Problems and Ways to Avoid and Treat Them

Golden Retriever is a great dog in many ways but unfortunately this canine is not completely problem-free. And unfortunately the main concern here is Golden Retriever health. Do not think that adopting a Golden Retriever you'll inevitably face health problems, but it does mean that some prevention methods are absolutely necessary.

Let's have a look at the most common Golden Retriever health problems and ways of their prevention.

Cancer is a leading cause of untimely death in Golden Retriever. There are some things a vet can do about it but unfortunately many dogs are euthanized due to pain caused by cancer. Normally it is treated surgically or with the use of chemotherapy.

Hip and elbow dysplasia
Hip and elbow dysplasia is fairly common in Goldens. It is an abnormal development of hip and elbow joints resulting in development of Arthritis. Usually this condition is very painful and may cause lameness. The condition also affects general physical and mental health since it restricts ability of this extremely active dog to move and exercise. Although there are ways to treat hip and elbow dysplasia, there are also way to minimize the risk of their development. These diseases are passed genetically. It's a good idea always to ask for a health certificate stating that a pair pair processes no signs of these diseases before adopting a puppy.

Cataract is another common Golden Retriever Health problem that develops as a dog ages. The disease affects dog's ability to see and may result in total blindness. In many cases cataract is surgically treatable but with certain limitations. A prevention method is the same as with hip dysplasia – choosing a pup form a good bloodline will consistently reduce chances of adopting a dog predisposed to cataract.

Mostly caused by flea bites allergies are most commonly seen on Goldens skin and sometimes ears, nose and other body parts. Allergies may also be caused by food or some additives to food as well as chemicals stored at home. It is important to isolate your dog from the source of allergy to prevent its further development. Allergies may be confirmed by intradermal skin testing as well as by blood tests.

Some owners believe that Golden Retrievers have self-discipline in eating and grant them unlimited access to food. It can not be further from truth! As most of dog breeds the Goldens love eating. It's just in their nature. Scheduled feeding is the only proper way to organize the Golden's nutrition. It also helps to monitor dog's health since abnormal appetite or lack of it may be the signs of health problems.

von Willebrand disease (vWD)
This disease is similar to hemophilia in humans – a condition characterized by a low level of blood clotting. Dogs with this condition may bleed to death in surgery or from minor injuries. Although this condition can not be rented, a dog's heath may be supported by transmissions with blood of healthy dogs. In some cases doses of steroid hormone may be helpful as well. The disease is passes genetically, so the main way of fighting it in the breed is by exclusion of vWD positive dogs from breeding programs.

Hip Dislocations – Anterior and Posterior Types – The Use of a Brace To Promote Healing

Have you ever dislocated your hip?

Or, do you know someone that dislocated their hip?

1.) Introduction

Hip dislocations can be generally reclassified into one of two types, either congenital or traumatic in nature (anterior and posterior dislocation to be discussed later on).

A.) Congenital: The incidence of congenital hip dislocations is approximately 2-4 cases per every 1000 births. 80-85% of congenital cases will affect females. Hip dislocations that are congenital in nature are commonly the result of a femoral head or acetabular dysplasia.

B.) Traumatic Hip Dislocations: Traumatic, high energy dislocations that are caused by blunt force also occur in the adult community. In addition to natural hip joints, prosthetic hip joints may dislocate with far less force. When a dislocation of the hip joint occurs, it is considered to be an orthopedic emergency. Timely treatment may reduce the negative side effects of a hip dislocation of this kind.

2.) The Hip Joint

The hip is a joint is considered to be a ball-socket joint. The femoral head (top of the thigh bone) is normally situated deep within the acetabular socket. This is enhanced by the cartilaginous labrum that is present as well.

3.) Causes of Hip Dislocations

A.) MVC (Motor vehicle crashes) account for approximately two thirds of traumatic hip dislocations.
B.) Falls and sports injuries are also common reasons why people suffer from a hip dislocation.

4.) Anterior Dislocation

When an anterior disclocation occurs, the femoral head is located anterior (in front of) the acetabulum. The femoral head in these cases dislocates because of a hyperextension force (like bending your body back behind your legs) and an abducted leg (abduction is when the leg is away from midline).

5.) Posterior Dislocation

Posterior dislocations of the hip account for approximately 80-90% of hip dislocations that are associated with motor vehicle crashes. During a MVC, a force can strike a flexed knee that hits the dashboard. This will then send a force up the femur to the hip. If however, the leg is straight and the knee is locked, the force can travel up the leg to the hip joint, as the force coming through the floorboard of the vehicle.

6.) Hip Abduction Braces

Orthoses (braces) for the hip can help to secure an injured or unstable hip. These braces are best provided by a local, licensed orthotist and help to control excessive movements in the wrong direction during the healing process. The braces can help provide security to the hip when it is unstable after an injury has occurred.

* Note: This is health information. Medical advice on bracing should be provided to you by your local, licensed orthotist.

Vocal Cord Paralysis – Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

Vocal cord paralysis has many causes and can affect speaking, breathing and swallowing. Typically, the right vocal cord is affected twice as often as the left, and females are affected more often than males. Diagnosis for this voice / vocal problem (speech or singing) can be identified by ear via an alternative voice specialist or by special examination via an ENT specialist.

About vocal fold paralysis

Vocal folds are located within the larynx, or voice box. While we talk, air moves from the lungs through the vocal folds to the mouth. And by the vibration of the vocal folds, the sound is produced. Anything that makes it harder for the vocal folds to move can cause voice-related problems. Vocal paralysis is also known as vocal paresis. This phenomenon occurs when one or both of the vocal cords are not able to move or vibrate. The above can also cause swallowing and / or breathing problems.

Symptoms of vocal fold paralysis

Most cases of vocal fold paralysis involve just one cord being paralyzed. However, sometimes both are affected. The potential signs and symptoms of this condition may include:

  • Changes in the voice
  • Howseness of voice
  • Noisy breathing Changes of vocal pitch
  • Coughs that do not clear the throat properly
  • Decreased volume of the voice


A risk factor is something which increases the likelihood of the developing a condition or disease. Like, obesity significantly raises the risk of developing diabetes type 2. The following factors may raise the chances of developing vocal fold paresis.


Females usually have a higher risk than males developing the above described condition.


Especially throat or chest surgery: Breathing tubes used in surgery may damage your vocal cord nerves. Throat cancer survivors may also experience vocal paralysis . Other causes of vocal fold paralysis include viral infections and physical and / or emotional trauma. Sometimes the cause can not be determined.

Injury to the chest or neck: Physical trauma may damage the nerve that is in charge of control over the vocal cord (s) or the larynx.


The part of the brain that sends messages to the larynx may be damaged by a stroke.

Treatment of vocal cord paralysis

The treatment available for vocal cord paralysis depends on several factors, including what caused it, how severe the symptoms are, and how long they have been present. Usually, in any case, the patient is recommended to undergo voice therapy or surgery or both.

Voice therapy

Voice therapy is more similar to physical therapy for large muscle paralysis. The alternative voice specialist may offer some specific exercises and habitual changes to strengthen the vocal cords and improve breath control while speaking.

The alternative and holistic voice specialist will also use natural herbal and some homeopathic remedies to aid the voice condition.


If the patient does not recover completely with voice therapy, the doctor may recommend surgical intervention. However, it would be wise to embark upon post-surgery care in order to prevent such an occurrence from happening ever again.

C5 C6 Disc Herniated

A C5 C6 disc that is herniated can cause incredible pain and disability for the person suffering with it. This article will discuss the most common symptoms associated with a C5 C6 herniated disc, causes, and three things you can do from home for relief.

Before we get into all of that, though, we need to discuss what a herniated disc is, because without this background, the rest of the information will not make sense.

The discs of the spine serve 2 purposes. First of all, they are a special type of ligament, which holds the bones of the spine together. There are actually 23 discs of the spine, each one separating 2 bones.

The second purpose of the disc is to act as a cushion, or shock-absorber whenever you move. Because the disc is separating the bones of the spine, it prevents the bones from touching whenever you move (which would be very painful).

Now, the intervertebral discs are very special in the way they are made. They each have a firm outer covering (called the annulus), and a jelly center (called the nucleus). When a disc herniates, the outer covering will tear (and we’ll talk about why in just a moment), and the jelly starts to shift from the center of the disc into the area where the disc is weak from the tear.

This creates a bulge in the disc, which sounds like it would be painful, but surprisingly, the discs of the spine are designed to not feel pain. Why? Well, think about it – if one of the main purposes of the disc is to absorb shock, wouldn’t it make sense that it be designed to not feel pain? After all, if the discs of the spine did feel pain, you would hurt every time you move!

So, the question becomes – if a disc does not feel pain, why can this condition be so painful? Well, unfortunately, the disc will tend to bulge where the nerves of the spine are located, which usually applies pressure to the nerves.

The nerves of the body are very sensitive, and any amount of pressure that is applied to them can not only cause severe pain, but also disability. You have to realize that the nerves control everything in the body.

So, for example, a C5 C6 disc that is herniated will affect the nerves that control the muscles in the shoulders, arms, hands, neck, as well as other areas of the body such as the head, eyes, ears, and thyroid gland.

Because of this, if there is any pressure applied to these nerves (whether it be from a herniated disc, or some other condition), it is very common that you will not only experience neck pain, but also symptoms related to these other areas.

For example, you may also experience arm pain, burning, numbness, weakness, headaches, thyroid problems, problems with your vision, ringing in the ears, etc.

So, now that we’ve established what a herniated disc is, and the types of symptoms you may experience from a C5 C6 disc that is herniated, let’s discuss the causes of the problem.

The most common cause of a herniated disc is trauma – some type of injury. Whether it be from a car accident, lifting something heavy, a sports-related injury, or some other type of trauma.

There is also a genetic component to this condition. If you have any other family members who suffer with spinal problems, it is possible for you to be born with weaker discs, which predisposes you to a disc herniation. This doesn’t mean that your stuck with the problem – it just means that you need to take extra steps to keep your spine strong if you have a family history of this.

So, what can you do about a C5 C6 disc that is herniated? Most doctors would recommend medications, physical therapy, pain injections (such as cortisone or epidurals), or even surgery. There are many things you can do at home as well. We’ll discuss just 3 things you can do from home for relief in this article.

First, if you’re actually experiencing pain, the best thing you can do from home is use ice over the painful area. It’s important to note that you have to use the ice over the disc in the neck, even if you feel pain elsewhere. You must treat the source of the pain in order for it to be alleviated.

So, how do you use the ice for the most effectiveness? Well, you want to use real ice, rather than a substitute (such as a gel ice pack, or frozen vegetables). Place the ice directly on the skin, and leave it on for 15 minutes maximum or until the area becomes numb (whichever comes first). Repeat this treatment every hour for best results.

Consistency is truly the key with ice – it will typically take 3 – 6 treatments before you will experience any relief. In most cases, if you are consistent with this treatment, you can expect to experience quite a bit of relief within 3 days.

The second thing that you want to keep in mind with a C5 C6 disc that is herniated is your sleeping position. It is very important that you are using the correct pillow so that you don’t make this condition worse over time.

I would recommend that you use only 1 pillow, and you especially want to be sure that you don’t stack pillows under your neck, which forces the neck into a flexed position. This position is very hard on a herniated disc, and will actually make your condition worse.

The 3rd tip I’ll give you today is that you bounce on a therapy ball at home. A therapy ball is one of those large balls you see at health clubs or in physical therapy clinics. You basically want to sit on the ball and gently bounce up and down.

Now, you’re probably wondering how that will help a disc problem in your neck. Well, remember how we discussed that the discs of the spine are made up of that hard outer covering, and jelly center? The jelly of the disc is very important, because this is where the nutritional and oxygen is stored in the discs, which is very important for the discs to heal properly.

The only way you can get new nutrition and oxygen into the discs of the spine is by physically pumping them, which is what this exercise will do for you. It doesn’t matter if your injured disc is in the neck or somewhere else in the spine – this exercise will effectively pump new oxygen and nutrition into the disc for faster healing.

If you would like more information about a C5 C6 disc that is herniated, you can visit my website,

How Inversion Tables Relieve the Back Pain

First, it is important to note that inversion therapy is not for every person as people may have certain issues like hypertension, glaucoma, or anything, which can interfere with the process. It is always a good idea to consult the doctor if the person suffering from the back pain has any of these conditions. The purpose of the inversion table is to implicate the inversion therapy on the users. However, the effects can be short term as there is no documented proof of getting rid of the back pain forever.

The inversion tables relate the back pain in the following ways:

– When a person is hanging down in an upside down position on the inversion table, there is a certain impact of gravity on the spine.

– The vertebra gets some spacing and somehow the spine stretches also known as spine traction. This can result in relieving the pain for a while.

– The person hanging upside down can feel a little better because of this process especially if the back pain has been troubling them for a while, the inversion table might seem like a good choice at this particular point.

– When a person is in a standing position the gravitational pull on the spine is also facing in the downward direction, hence the spine decompresses.

Inversion tables change the dynamics of the human body and by keeping the feet above the head, it seems like a good option for a person having back pain all the time because even temporary pain from pain can make it or her a little productive. The inversion therapy is also beneficial for the human brain as there is better blood flow to the brain and thus the overall circulation increases, which can also create a positive impact on the memory of the person lying upside down. Thus, not only the back pain but also memory gets the benefits as well. However, overdoing the process and incorrect use of the equipment can result in stretching of the muscles, which would not be a good option.

In order to reap the maximum benefits from the inversion table and to have a positive impact on the inversion therapy, it is important to take it slow. A slight change in angle even at 15 degrees is likely to create an impact on the body. Overdoing and overusing the technique and the equipment can cause injuries to the person. It is very important to listen to the body as the human body can depict when it is the right time to stop the process. It is all about getting used to the main idea and in order to introduce the use of inversion table in everyday use, it is important that the routine is set wisely. A person suffering from the back pain might be desperate to use the inversion table however, it is better to consult the doctor before using any such equipment for the very first time in life. It can also have an effect on the inner ear and some people might even feel nausea.