Fibroids Pressing on the Bladder – What Can I Do?

If you have fibroids pressing on your bladder, this is no doubt causing you great discomfort. It is not always the size of fibroids which is relevant, but often their location and this is a case in point!

Sometimes even large fibroids can cause very few issues when they are located centrally in the uterus. However, those which happen to be pressing on nerves, the bowel, other internal organs or, in this case, the bladder can cause significant problems.

The uterus lies just below the bladder and there is a partial attachment at one point. When fibroids grow forward, it can press on the bladder so that it can not fill properly with urine meaning that you may want to pass urine more often. Some women also find that when they cough or sneeze, the fibroid can press on the bladder causing urine leakage (stress incontinence). This can naturally cause extreme embarrassment for many women.

So, what can you do about fibroids pressing on the bladder?

The problem with fibroids is that conventional medicine and surgery are really only temporary solutions. The reality is that unless you treat the causes of your fibroids (which either surgery or drug treatment can do) they will regrow. This is the very reason why many doctors advocate a "watchful waiting" approach.

If you are the type of person who is willing to take charge of your own treatment, you could make a significant difference to the size of your fibroids by following a number of protocols including: –

* Dietary changes
* Significant lifestyle changes
* Stress reduction
* Toxin elimination
* Cleansing protocols
* Exercise session

Can Ovarian Cysts Rupture?

Although ovarian cysts will develop without any symptoms and recede without any medical intervention in many women, there are potential and serious complications associated with this condition. These include ovarian cysts rupture, torsion or pressure on nearby organs. Ruptured ovarian cysts, apart from being painful may lead to other serious complications like twisting the ovary, because of its size and location. This may lead to potential infertility also. Leakage of cystic fluid into abdominal cavity may lead to sepsis or haemorrhagic complications. In the long run, a women who has experienced an ovarian cyst rupture may suffer from chronic pain syndrome.

Ovarian cysts more than 4 cms in size, are likely to twist the ovary. Twisting, also referred to as torsion is more likely to occur if the cyst is accommodated by a tumor. The ovarian torsion restricts blood supply to the ovary causing death of the ovarian tissues, known as ovarian necrosis. Death of ovarian tissues will have effect of on your future fertility chances. Also, the inflammation caused, may lead to infection, septic shock and even death. There have been many cases of ovarian torsion leading to injury of the urinary tract as well as clotting in the ovarian blood vessels. Pulmonary emboli or blood clots in the lungs are considered secondary to blood clots in the ovarian tissues. The remedy for a twisted ovary is only an open-abdominal surgery rather than the laparoscopic method.

Ovarian cysts rupture is often complicated by haemorrhage. Abdominal haemorrhage is different from haemorrhage from ruptured endometriomas. When endometriomas ruptures, the blood that leaks into the abdominal cavity is from the cyst itself. It has been clinically observed that the right ovary is often involved in ovarian cysts rupture and haemorrhagic complications than the left one. This is primarily because the left ovary is in part cushioned by the large bowel, preventing damage from trauma and twisting. The part of the bowel behind the right side ovary provides less cushioning support exposing the right ovary to twisting. An ovarian cyst rupture complicated by haemorrhage will require surgery to either stop bleeding or removal of the bleeding organ completely.

A woman with a ruptured ovarian cyst may experience pain just prior to or just after the menstrual period. Other more generalized symptoms will be fever and nausea with vomiting. Women who cyst has ruptured may experience weakness, dizziness or false. These symptoms are serious indications of internal bleeding. Although the symptoms of a ovarian cyst rupture are similar to those present when an ovarian cyst has not ruptured, one should not ignore these symptoms and wait for them to go away.

Penis Thrush – Top 2 Penis Thrush Medications, Do They Really Work?

Penis thrush is an issue that many men suffer from, but very few talk about. Why? Because it is a scary thing to encounter when you first notice it. Most guys first think they have contracted an STD, but for the ones who are familiar with this issue, it becomes more of an embarrassing topic.

Because of the fear and embarrassment, guys try a do it yourself approach to relieving themselves of this problem. More often than not, the first step men make is to go to the pharmacy and pick up some anti-fungal cream. When that doesn’t work like they think, they then go to the doctor and are put on prescriptions. These prescriptions ultimately turn into more prescriptions, and higher dosed ones which make the situation even worse.

So what are the top 3 penis thrush medications? And do they even work?

First Medication – Anti-fungal creams:

Anti-fungal creams work great for reducing inflammation, soreness, redness and blistered skin. But they are horrible for long term success. The top three penis thrush topical treatments are Lotrimin, Monistat (yes – men can use it too), and Canesten. Basically anything with the ingredient “clotrimazole” in it will work for the skin issues associated with thrush.

The problem with the topical creams is that they are just that; topical. They do nothing in addressing the root causes of thrush and candida. Did you know that candida is associated with a poor immune system, diabetes, fatigue, depression and mood swings, hip and knee pain, joint pain, and digestive pain, just to name a few issues? How is a topical cream going to cure an issue that has all these internal problems attached to it?

Liquid or powdered Vitamin C in 2,000 mg doses for a week, along with a strict hygiene routine keeping the groin area clean and dry with a fragrance free soap like Cetaphil, will yield better results than slathering on cream for weeks on end.

Second Medication – Antibiotics:

Do antibiotics work? Yes! Do they work well? No! antibiotics are like the carpet bombing option of the medical world. Sure a few poor villagers get wiped out, but the target was struck in the process too.

Antibiotics destroy the good bacteria that is around and on the penis that actually control the spread of bacteria related to candida. By destroying the good bacteria, it actually allows only the bad bacteria to take over and colonize the area.

Some of the leading penis thrush antibiotics are: Diflucan, Levequin and Augmentin. In many instances antibiotics have been the sole cause of recurrent and chronic thrush. More specifically they have been recently found to be significantly connected to creating oral thrush in patients as a side effect.

So, do antibiotics work? Yes. Do they work well? No.

So what can be done instead?

Natural methods are advised more so than antibiotics. Why? Because natural methods, while not all are effective, are at least safe and will not cause thrush to multiply or spread rampant.

Penis thrush in particular benefits better from natural methods because you do not want to fool around with that area and make matters worse. More often than not, penile thrush sufferers are uncircumcised men.

The reason this is important because many of the bad bacteria associated with candida will live under the foreskin. This ultimately, comes down to a hygiene issue. If you do not currently have penile thrush and are uncircumcised then consider yourself lucky, and due your best to keep that area clean at all times, especially after intercourse or urination.

For men who are already suffering from penile thrush, there are a few things that can be done naturally and safely to alleviate a lot of the pain and will put you in the right direction for getting rid of penile thrush for good.

First, get Ph strips from the pharmacy and check your levels. If you have a Ph of lower than 7 then it is important to start a high alkaline/low acid diet. This can be done through diet, or through the use of alkaline drops put in distilled water.

Second, you can also try 2 tablespoons of organic unpasteurized (with the “mother” in it) apple cider vinegar, mixed with ¼ teaspoon of baking soda. Drinking this concoction one to two times a day will begin to regulate your Ph levels and start to eradicate candida from the root.

Holistic Alternatives for Hepatitis C

Hepatitis C is a growing problem in the United States and Canada. Because it is a viral condition, there are not a lot of good conventional treatment options for this condition. Hepatitis C can lead to liver cirrhosis and liver cancer so it is important to get proper treatment for this condition as soon as it is diagnosed.

The main conventional treatment option for hepatitis C is interferon. Interferon has many difficult side effects, and the treatment is somewhat toxic. Even after treatment, the success rate is low. The success rate has gone up somewhat with the inclusion of ribavarin, but the treatment program is harsh and it is often not well tolerated. Also, people with certain genotypes of the hepatitis C virus do not respond well to the interferon and ribavarin protocol.

Fortunately, there are alternative methods of addressing this condition. To address hepatitis C properly, it is important to do two different things. The first issue is reducing the viral load, and periodically eradicating it, as interpreted by medical testing. The second issue is supporting the liver and normalizing its functioning.

Chinese herbs can be very useful in addressing these two angles, along with a few other alternative therapies I want to discuss.

One of the best Chinese herbs for those with hepatitis C is andrographis root. Andrographis is a natural immune system booster, encouraging the body to produce its own interferon to fight off viral pathogens. It is also known to have beneficial and protective effects on the liver, so this herb can address both the viral aspect of hepatitis C and may help normalize liver functioning.

Another useful Chinese herb is isatis root. Isatis root (also called woad root) has been shown to have antiviral properties, and may be helpful for reducing a person's viral load. Capillaris root is also commonly used Chinese herbs for liver issues. It may help to clear infectious pathogens from the liver, while also balancing out enzyme functioning.

Clove is a common household spice that may have antiviral properties as well. I commonly include this herb in formulas for viral conditions.

Essential oils are extremely concentrated plant extracts that need to be diluted with a carrier oil before external application. They are used externally, but since they are composed of very small molecules, they slip through the skin directly into the blood stream. Many of these oils are antiviral and immune enhancing. They need to be used with care in those with hepatitis in lower dilutions than normal, but may help with decreasing viral load. Certain of the oils, like lemon essential oil, also may have a positive effect on liver functioning.

One of the best remedies I have used with clients who have this condition is colloidal silver. Silver is ionized into a suspension in distilled water. This colloidal silver suspension has purported antibiotic and antiviral properties. I have witnessed some impressive recoveries when Chinese herbs, essential oils, and colloidal silver therapy have been combined. These people have seen rapid improvements in their medical tests, as interpreted by measurements of viral load and liver enzyme functioning. The best thing about this protocol is that there are little or no side effects. Some people may feel a little under the weather briefly. This is generally a healing crisis response of the body dealing with a die off of the pathogen.

There are many natural approaches to hepatitis C that are worth considering if you are dealing with this condition.

Liver Failure – Ayurvedic Herbal Treatment

Liver failure occurs when a major part of the liver has been damaged and it is no longer able to function. This condition may be either acute or chronic. Acute liver failure is usually caused by Hepatitis A, B and C, drug toxicity and food poisoning. Chronic liver failure is caused by Hepatitis B and C, alcoholism, cirrhosis, malnutrition and metabolic disorders. Early symptoms include nausea, loss of appetite, fatigue, and diarrhea. Late symptoms include jaundice, easy bleeding, abdominal swelling, mental disorientation, sleepiness and coma. Treatment is usually supportive. Prevention and removal of the known cause are very important.

The Ayurvedic treatment of liver failure consists of treating the known cause of the disease and correcting liver damage. Hepatitis can be treated using medicines like Arogya-Vardhini, Sutshekhar-Ras, Suvarna-Sutshekhar-Ras, Bhunimbadi-Qadha, Punarnavadi-Qadha, Guduchyadi-Qadha, Kutki (Picrorrhiza kurroa), Kalmegh (Andrographis paniculata), Sharpunkha (Tephrosea purpura), Punarnava (Boerhaavia diffusa), Haritaki (Terminalia chebula), Deodar (Cedrus deodara), Haridra (Curcuma longa), Daru-Haridra (Berberis aristata), Chirayta (Swertia chirata), Guduchi (Tinospora cordifolia) and Patol (Tricosanthe dioica). Hepatitis viruses A, B and C can be deactivated using medicines like Bhumiamalaki (Phyllanthus niruri), Amalaki (Emblica officinalis), Yashtimadhuk (Glycyrrhiza glabra), Haridra, Tulsi (Ocimum sanctum), Kutki and Chitrak (Plumbago zeylanica).

Alcoholism can be treated using medicines like Arogya-Vardhini, Punarnavadi-Qadha, Saraswatarishta, Nardiya-Laxmi-Vilas-Ras, Shrung-Bhasma, Kutki, Brahmi (Bacopa monnieri), Mandukparni (Centella asiatica), Shankhpushpi (Convolvulus pluricaulis), Jatamansi (Nardostachys jatamansi) and Vacha (Acorus calamus). Drug toxicity and food poisoning can be treated using medicines like Punarnavadi-Guggulu, Gokshuradi-Guggulu, Punarnavadi-Qadha, Saarivasav, Arogya-Vardhini, Shankh-Vati, Chitrakadi-Vati, Lashunadi-Vati, Laghu-Sutshekhar-Ras, Kutaj-Ghan-Vati, Praval-Panchamrut-Ras, Kutaj-Parpati and Panchamrut-Parpati. Metabolic disorders which are responsible for liver failure can be treated using medicines like Amalaki, Yashtimadhuk, Haridra and Daru-Haridra.

In addition, medicines are also given to reduce or undo the damage to the liver cells so that the liver can function properly. Medicines used for this purpose include Suvarna-Sutshekhar-Ras, Suvarna-Parpati, Punarnava-Mandur, Rasayan-Churna, Suvarna-Bhasma, Abhrak-Bhasma, Tamra-Bhasma, Amalaki, Kutki and Guduchi. Abdominal swelling can be treated using medicines like Punarnava-Mandur, Punarnavadi-Qadha, Jaypal-Ras, high doses of Arogya-Vardhini, and Ichha-Bhedi-Ras. In this condition, a predominantly milk diet is advised while water intake is restricted or prohibited.

Thus, both acute and chronic liver failure can be successfully treated by using a judicious combination of Ayurvedic medicines. Timely use of these medicines can help to prevent irreversible liver damage and complete liver failure. These medicines can therefore control liver failure and improve the chances for survival and recovery in patients affected with this condition.

Do You Make These Mistakes When Using Prostate Massage To Bring Forth Health Benefits

With various treatments today, most prostate problems can be treated. Some treatments are invasive such as incorporating the removal of testes. This will affect your sexual life and can result in impotency. There is an alternative to revitalize your prostate health. Prostate massage or prostate milking has been practiced since ancient times for medical and sexual purposes. It works by stimulating the prostate gland by means of finger or devices. Based on anecdotal studies, those who suffer from prostate diseases do find relief from regular prostate massage. Lately, medical experts begin to recognize its health benefit and propose it as a treatment for chronic prostatitis, infertility, and benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH).

Usually after a few massages, you will experience improved urination and less tension at the surrounding tissue. It releases retained prostatic fluid, improves the blood circulation to the prostate, and enhances your sexual drive. It also relieves the symptoms of chronic prostatitis. For enlarged prostate, it will revert to the original size. The tumor size may also reduce if you have prostate cancer. Prostate massage can keep your prostate healthy.

There are some precautions to take when you perform prostate massage. Some advocate violent prostate massage. According to medical professionals, this can be harmful and fatal. In some circumstances, depending on the severity of your prostate problem, it can lead to blood poisoning (septicaemia), spreading of cancer cells to other parts of the body, prostatic calculi (Fournier's gangrene), tearing of rectal membrane, and hemorrhoid outbreak. You may find it painful during the massage if you are suffering from prostatitis or inflammation of prostate. If you can not find any relief after three legendary massages, then most likely this kind of massage is not doing you any good.

Therefore, opt for a gentle prostate massage instead. Apply minimal pressure to prevent any damage to the sensitive soft tissues and nerves surrounding the prostate. Using finger instead of medical implements works better as you have better control with your finger. Of course, it is softer than those aids.

Prostate problems do not happen overnight. Regular prostate massage can prevent and reverse problems. It also helps to maintain the prostate health, heal the affected prostate, and improve your sexual pleasure. However, you should check with your doctor to clear any complication that may arise with the use of massage.

The Genuine Truth About the Life Expectancy of a Hybrid Car Battery

Hybrid cars are slowly becoming a major player within the automobile market. What started off as a novelty has now become a form of dream transport for people around the world. They are wonderful when it comes to maintenance, gas, and the environment. The fine details on the battery of a hybrid car is confusing to some. How long do they last? Are they maintenance free? Are they expensive to replace? These are just a few examples that many people have regarding hybrid car batteries.

Hybrid car battery life expectancy has improved within recent years. Manufacturers now provide a eight year battery warranty. It will last for a long time, but will need to be replaced ever. It will be subjected to similar circumstances that regular car batteries end. Owners can expect their battery to last at least one hundred and fifty thousand miles if it is properly taken care of.

Here are two tips that can extend the life of your hybrid car battery:

Coasting

Your car also creates kinetic energy while coasting. This energy is necessary to full charge the battery. You should learn how to coast to your stops quite often. Putting your automobile in neutral and covering to a full stop without using your brakes too soon will assist in keeping the engine's battery at an optimum level. This will help expand the life of the battery. and help maintain levels that will increase the life of the battery.

Touch The Gas Pedal Lightly

A hybrid car will normally turn off the gasoline engine and use electricity when stopped. Pressing your foot down gently on the gas pedal will enable you to drive with electric power. This technique will cycle the battery and also provide excellent fuel economy .. This technique may take some time to master, but it will pay off in the long run.

The hybrid car battery is known to last up to one hundred fifty thousand miles. This is excellent when you consider that it is subjected to the same harsh circumstances that a conventional battery is exposed to. Following the two tips listed above can help any hybrid owner get the maximum life expectancy out of their battery.

Disposable Thermometer – Using a Disposable Thermometer to Cook Your Thanksgiving Turkey Perfectly

Thursday November 26th 2009 is going to see thousands of people all across America enjoying a delicious Thanksgiving dinner. Turkeys will be cooked, potatoes will be roasted and thanks will be given in remembrance of the Pilgrims.

Although this is a special day for many, it can be stressful for the person who has been left in charge of cooking the Thanksgiving fest. No doubt this means that any little handy hints will be much appreciated in order to make the day run as smoothly as possible.

Believe it or not, something as simple as a disposable thermometer can be the difference between a perfectly cooked turkey and a turkey gone wrong. Whether this is your first attempt at cooking a large family meal or you've been doing it for many years, here are a few handy points to help ensure that you'll have everyone coming back for seconds.

The first step is to ensure that you have everything you may need when cooking your Thanksgiving turkey. This is going to include anything you and your family want to eat, all the cooking utensils you will need, a disposable thermometer, anything needed to set the table with and some Thanksgiving decorations can help to make the meal feel even more special.

One of the most important aspects of preparing your turkey is to ensure that you have defrosted it properly. People normally leave their turkey to defrost on the kitchen counter. However, by doing this you are putting yourself and your family at risk of getting food poisoning. It is a much safer option to leave it to defrost in the fridge where the temperature is cold enough to stop bacteria from growing.

When it comes to cooking your turkey, it is recommended that you use a thermometer so that you can easily tell when it's cooked to perfection. People tend to put it in the thick part of the thigh as that normally gives the most reliable method. It does not matter if you do not have anything fancy as a disposable thermometer is more than capable of doing the trick.

The cooking time of your turkey is going to depend on what size it is and what temperature you are using. Generally, as a rule of thumb, your meat is ready when the disposable thermometer reaches 165 degrees. Other signs to look out for include when the juices run clear and you can move the thigh around easily.

If by any chance there is any of your delicious Thanksgiving dinner left over, remember that how you store it is just as important as how you cook it. This means keeping food in the refrigerator to prevent bacteria growing and re-heating it properly when you want to eat it again. If you're not sure if you've re-heated something properly, you can always use your disposable thermometer to check it's at the correct temperature.

With these handy hints on cooking the perfect Thanksgiving turkey, you can sit back, relax and enjoy the day that so may people look forward to every year.

Mouth Ulcers – Their Symptoms and Remedies

Mouth ulcers are very common and recent research has indicated around one in five of us contracts the condition at any one time. Ordinarily, they will disappear of their own accord within a week or so and akin to common common health conditions there are a number of old wives tales connected with them. The most common is of course the direct correlation between telling lies and contracting a mouth ulcer, there may be some truth in this tale given that stress is a common contributor to mouth ulcers.

Historic remedies predominantly consist of placing salt onto the ulcer which of course initially hurts, although a warm salty mouth wash is still used today to help alleviate the pain of ulcers.

In the majority of cases mouth ulcers are a minor condition which can be treated at home. However, in a small amount of cases should you have an ulcer which persists for more than three weeks you may wish to consult your doctor or dental practitioner to assess the condition given in some cases it can be connected to mouth cancers. If you find yourself consistently suffering from repeated attacks of mouth ulcers you should also consult your doctor given anaemia and other medical conditions can be associated with them, inflammatory bowel disease is a good example.

Although you cannot cure mouth ulcers outright there are a few tips you can adopt to ensure you do not suffer repeated episodes and also, speed up the healing process. If you smoke, you may wish to consider cutting down or even stopping altogether given smokers appear to suffer with mouth ulcers far more frequently than others who do not. Pay particular attention to your dental hygiene routines and use good quality mouthwashes to help fight the bacteria in your mouth. To help ease the pain of mouth ulcers proprietary gels can be applied to the ulcer itself to help ease and alleviate the pain. These can be obtained over the counter from your local pharmacy.

Some sufferers have suggested the use of steroid lozenges at the point of the ulcer within the mouth also helping to relieve pain. A natural good pain relief food which promotes healing properties in the mouth, is liquorice.

Common Methods in Dealing With Cellulitis Pain

Cellulitis is an infection that is clearly painful and energy-draining. Chills, fever, nausea, sometimes vomiting and diabetes are cellulitis symptoms that you should face. These are just normal while your body regaining homeostasis from the destruction perpetrated by Staphylococcus bacteria. Pain may differ from one patient to the next. Each patient should also receive a different treatment for cellulitis option than the others. For example, Class I patients with cellulitis on external areas can just convalesce at home with the prescribed antibiotics. Class II, III and Class IV patients on the other hand would definitely need more supervision from their doctor as their infection is associated with more serious illnesses. Pain attacks while at home or in the hospital is a situation that should be handled in all types of patients. Here are common guidelines in dealing cellulitis pain.

• Maintain good hygiene and a clean environment. A dirty environment promotes the growth of Streptococcus and Staphylococcus bacteria. Have clean sheets, bandages and mattresses all the time. Somehow, a clean environment can discourage bacteria from spreading. It is also advised that patients with cellulitis keep their own utensils as the bacteria may transfer from the host to the next person who has the ideal bodily conditions for bacterial production. A family member with an open wound or a failing immune system can be susceptible with the infection.

• Always have easy access with your prescribed antibiotics and pain relievers. Antibiotics like penicillin, cephalosporins, erythromycin, cephalexin and cloxacillin are the usual medicines for cellulitis. Make sure that you report all allergic reactions particularly towards penicillin before taking any of these drugs. Take them as prescribed. Skipping oral treatment will definitely destroy the entire treatment plan. It is also good to prepare analgesics like Acetaminophen and Ibuprofen when pain attacks. T his should be regulated by your doctor as they may cause other complications like hyperacidity reaction and kidney trouble. Other studies also said that Aspirin is not advisable for cellulitis.

• Maintain the right body positions that can alleviate pain. Patients who have cellulitis in the leg found it effective to raise the affected area higher than the hip. This will promote good blood circulation and distribution of antibodies all through the body. In hospitals, this can easily be done with the adjustable electronic beds and straps that raise legs. In homes, you can prop layers of pillows benefit your leg.

• Use mechanical ways to alleviate pain. Applying pressure on the affected areas can alleviate pain. You can use bandages or wet straps with alcohol or petroleum jelly on your skin. Massaging the skin area slowly will also help. Just make sure that the person applying a massage is fully-protected with gloves. Soaking the skin area in warm water has also been proved to help.

• Eat the right fruits and vegetables. Recovery is faster when you eat the right foods. Fruits rich in flavonoids and Vitamin C can uplift the condition of your immune system so that the body can fight the Staph bacteria. Citrus fruit groups and green leafy vegetables are found to promote cell resistance from infection.

Simple Heartburn Remedies That You Can Do That Will Bring About a Healthier You

If you are bothered because you are experiencing heartburn all the time, you can check out the following heartburn remedies to help you cope with it: chew basil leaves, drink a glass of chilled milk, eat almonds, and take ginger root with honey. These are just a few but effective ways to treat heartburn.

Heartburn stems from hyperacidity problems. So you might want to consider changing your diet. The following fruits are good for you to rid yourself of this problem: apple, watermelon and banana. Avoid eating fried food, pickle and hot and spicy food. Never skip meals and always eat them on time. Drink water and lots of them. Avoid garlic, onion, pepper, radish and cage in your diet. If you can possibly avoid eating unripe fruits, do so. Always chew your food properly. Never rush off when you are eating. Aside from fruits already mentioned above, include green and leafy vegetables in your diet.

Do you know that having the proper posture when dining can prevent acid reflux which is what happens when you have heartburns? Plus never lie down immediately after you have ateen. What we usually advise to our kids should also be followed by adults. Remember we are built the same way. So when kids lie down as soon as they have just finished eating, the food tend to go back up to the mouth. So this happens to adults too.

So, you see these are just simple ways to avoid heartburn. A few minor steps that will benefit us in the long run and it is not just in curing heartburn but it makes us healthy, our postures will be better and we will have good manners and proper conduct especially when eating.

Peptic Ulcer Disease (PUD)

PUD is an ulcerative disorder of the upper gastrointestinal tract (GIT) mostly due to excessive acid and pepsin (digestive enzyme) in the stomach. However, many people may confuse about PUD, gastritis and erosions related to the gastrointestinal tract. PUD is differentiated from gastritis and erosions by its ulcerative extend deeper into the muscularis mucosa of the stomach.

Etiology
There are 3 common causes of PUD:

Helicobacter pylori (HP) -associated ulcers
It has been proved by evidence that HP infection is causally linked to majority of PUD cases. It is known that the presence of this organism (HP) can expose the patients to the risk of getting ulcers although itself do not colonize or cause infection to the duodenal tissue. However, its formation of ammonia using urase enzyme is and can increase the pH of the stomach leading to increased gastrin secretion that can stimulate the secretion of gastric acid while inhibiting the "feedback" mechanism in the body to neutralize the pH. As a result, the continuous acid secret leads to metaplasia of gastric tissue and allow the bacteria to colonize and causing ulcer.

Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID)-induced ulcers
This type of ulcer cause gastric mucosal damage through 2 mechanisms:
Direct irritation of gastric epithelium
Systemic inhibitory of cycloxgenase-1 (COX-1) enzyme.
Both have maintained in decreased synthesis of prostaglandin which is an ulcerative cytoprotective agent in the body.

Stress-related mucosal damage (Stress ulcers)
Clinically, PUD patients are adversely affected by stressful life events. However, there is no evidence on its cause-and-effect relationship by any of the controlled studies yet. Neverheless, it is believed that the development of stress ulcer is because of 3 factors:
Presence of excess gastric acid and pepsin
Reduction of mucosal blood flow leading to accumulation of acidic environment causing ulcer
Reduction of cytoprotective agents causing increased mucosal permeability towards acid.

Most PUD occurs in the presence of acid and pepsin when HP, NSAIDs or other factors disrupt the normal mucosal defense and healing mechanisms. Among those factors, acid is the independent contributor of PUD.

Typically, increased acid secretion has been observed in patient with duodenal ulcer (DU) which results in HP infection. Conversely, gastric ulcer (GU) patient will have a normal or reduced rate of acid secretion.

Sign and symptoms:
Abdominal pain, fullness or cramping
Nocturnal pain which may wake you up from sleep particularly between 12am and 3am
Pain lasting for 1-3 hours after meals and is usually relieved by food (DU) whereas for GU patients, food can precipitate pain for them.
Nausea, vomiting and anorexia (common in GU)
Black or tarry stool (GIT bleeding due to compliance of PUD)

Do remember that pain does not always correlates with ulcer. In addition, the severity of symptoms can vary from patient to patient. It can also be seasonal, occurring more frequently in the spring or fall.

Here, it is advisable to consult with your doctor to confirm your diagnosis. This can prevent the development of complication of PUD such as GIT bleeding and perforation due to delay of treatment.

Chest Pain – Is it Angina, Heart Attack or Non-Serious?

Almost everyone suffers from some sort of physiological chest pain at one time or another, and the important thing to note is that there are many causes of this condition.

Chest pain can be defined as a pain or discomfort which occurs anywhere along the front edge of the torso between the upper abdomen and the lower part of the neck. This is a disturbing condition because of the immediate suspicion in the mind of the sufferer that they are, or are about to suffer a myocardial infarction (heart attack).

It is advisable to consult a medical professional if any of the following symptoms are experienced:

  • Sudden crushing, squeezing, tightening, or pressure in the chest
  • Pain radiating to the jaw, left arm, or between the shoulder blades
  • Nausea, dizziness, sweating, a racing heart, or shortness of breath
  • Existing Angina condition, which is suddenly intensified, brought on by lighter activity, last longer than usual, or occurs whilst resting
  • Sudden sharp chest pain with shortness of breath, especially after a long trip, a stretch of bed rest (for example, following an operation), or other lack of movement that can lead to a blood clot in the leg. As previously mentioned, the physiological sources of chest pain can be many and diverse, and include the following;
  • Heart
  • Lungs
  • Esophagus
  • Muscles
  • Ribs
  • Tendons
  • Nerves
  • However, most chest pain sufferers tend to focus on the big question in their minds – that there are just two different classifications – those that relate to the heart (cardiac) and those that do not (non-cardiac).

    Cardiac causes of Chest Pain

    Heart attack

    This is caused by a blood clot that prevails usual flow of blood flow to the heart muscle. This can cause a feeling of pressure, fullness or a crushing pain in the chest lasting more than a few minutes. The pain may radiate to other areas such as the back, neck, jaw, shoulders and arms, especially the left arm. Other symptoms may include shortness of breath, sweating, dizziness and nausea. All, some or none of these may accompany your chest pain.

    Angina

    Fatty deposits can build up in the treaties that carry blood to the heart. This can reduce their width, and this in turn can cause a restriction of the blood flow to the heart, which is usually more noticeable after physical activity or exertion. This type of restricted blood flow to the heart can cause regular, recurrent episodes of chest pain, which is termed Angina Pectoris, or Angina, is often described as a pressure or tightness in the chest. It's usually brought on by physical or emotional stress. The pain usually goes away within minutes after you stop the stressful activity.

    Other Cardiac Causes

    There are some other complex medical problems, which can cause chest pain.

    Pericarditis – inflammation of the sac surrounding your heart a short-lived condition often related to a viral infection. Pericarditis causes sharp, piercing and centralized chest pain. You may also have a fever and feel sick.

    Aortic dissection – a rare, life-threatening cause of chest pain where inner layers of the main artery leading from the heart (aorta) separate. This causes blood to flow between them, causing a sudden tear chest and back pain. It is usually caused by a physical trauma to the chest cavity, but can also result from uncontrolled high blood pressure.

    Coronary spasm, also known as Prinzmetal's angina, can cause varying degrees of chest discomfort. In coronary spasm, coronary arteries – arteries that supply blood to the heart – go into spasm, temporarily closing down blood flow to the heart.

    Non Cardiac Causes

    There are many conditions that are unrelated to the heart, which can be the cause of chest pain. These include:

  • Asthma
  • Pneumonia
  • Anxiety
  • Rapid breathing
  • Heartburn
  • Pleurisy
  • Rib or muscular injuries
  • Collapsed lung
  • Swallowing disorders
  • How to Reduce your Heart related Problems With Ziac

    Ziac is a type of medication known as a beta-blocker. Typically beta blocking drugs are used to treat chest pain (angina) and high blood pressure. They can also help patients who have suffered from an acute heart attack, and have been shown to improve survival rates if taken for this condition. A program of high blood pressure reduction may reduce the chances of patients developing strokes, further heart attacks and kidney problems.

    Edema Sufferers Turn to Massage Chairs

    Some people may have issues with their feet or legs swelling up in a particular area. This can sometimes be known as edema. At edema is medically known as the occurrence of fluid being retained in between the spaces of the body cells. This can cause swelling and the feet and legs. Some people are finding refuge from the swelling utilizing a compression massage from a massage chair.

    Edema can result by a serious condition of the kidneys, the heart, the liver or even blood vessels. Some of the following have been late to contribute it to edema: pregnancy, PMS, neuromuscular disorders, and abusing drugs. These have been known to cause fluid to be retained between the body cells.

    Edema can typically affect the feet, ankles and the lower legs. These areas will tend to accumulate more fluid due to their relative positions when sitting and standing. Edema has also been known to impact other areas of the body. When this occurs a can have systemic symptoms.

    How do you know if you are being affected by edema? The initial symptoms that may occur are the feet and legs swelling. This usually occurs as the day progresses. The swelling may start to begin in the morning and become more progressive during the day. This can start to weigh on you as the day goes by.

    As the day progresses, you may feel your feet or lower legs swelling. This can start to bog you down as the swelling causes increased stiffness in the muscles and joints. With increased stiffness, it starts to affect your mobility.

    Persons suffering from long-term edema may have what is called pitting. Pitting can be checked when you press a small area for a few seconds. Once you release your finger you may notice an indentation continues in that area. This needs to be checked as continued swelling can cause skin ulcerations.

    Edema can be progressive and start to show many other symptoms. Other symptoms that may be experienced are high blood pressure, headaches, increased urination and puffy eyes. Often sufferers of edema may also notice weight gain. This is hard as the mobility is affected by the swelling of the lower legs.

    Preventing edema is always the best measure, but seeking relief is also a good alternative. Since you are dealing with swelling, elevating the legs is always important. When you elevate the legs above the level of the heart, this puts minimal pressure on the back of the knees and thighs.

    You may also try leg wedges to elevate the feet while sleeping. Make sure that your feet fit well in your shoes and there are even supports socks. When you are trying to choose some shoes, just make sure you try them in the late afternoon. If you try them in the morning and your feet swell then they will not fit well in the afternoon.

    Compression massages have been used to help reduce the swelling associated with edema. A compression massage uses inflatable airbags to provide a firm pressure. This helps to relieve tension to reduce the stiffness.

    Many massage chairs have lower body air compression massages. A leg rest contains a number of airbags to provide a gentle hold and squeeze massage. These airbags are designed for the feet and calves. This can be great relief for someone with stiff joints and muscles.

    Like any medical condition, you should always check with your medical provider to see what is right in your case. There are many options that may be available to help relieve the stiffness and pain from edema. Massage chairs have been used in some cases to help patients relieve stiffness and help improve their mobility.

    What Kinds of Panic Attack Treatments Are There?

    I know a nurse who shared with me that she never will forget the first time that she saw a panic attack. She was a young nurse – training in the emergency room, when a lady came in the middle of a panic attack episode. Her whole wheelchair was shaking violently. She could not speak. She was really traumatized. Not all episodes are this bad, of course; and fortunately there are panic attack treatments to assist people before they get to that point.

    Obviously, if a person is in real danger, the fight or flight mechanism which started in the adrenalin, with the release of adrenalin, will have many of the same symptoms as a panic attack. This is normal, expected and necessary to help a person out of danger. Panic attacks are seen as a problem when there is no known source for the symptoms, when they are unexpected and / or uncontrolled, and repeated for no apparent reason.

    What causes a panic attack?

    Although the exact causes of these attacks are unclear, the tendency to have anxiety runs in families. Some researchers state that a balance of chemicals in the brain stimulates its development. There also appears to be a connection with major life transitions such as graduation from college and entering the workplace, getting married, and having a baby. Severe stress, such as the death of a loved one, divorce, or job loss can also trigger a panic attack. A panic attack can be caused by a known source of stress and fear or be unexpected.

    Panic attacks can also be caused by medical conditions and other physical causes. The list below is not comprehensive. If you're suffering from symptoms of panic, it's important to see a doctor to rule out the following (or other) possibilities:

    • Mitral valve prolapse, a minor cardiac problem that occurs when one of the heart's valves does not close correctly.

    • Hyperthyroidism

    Hypoglycemia

    • Pheochromocytoma (neuroendocrine tumor of the medulla of the adrenal glands)

    Labyrinthitis (inner ear disturbance)

    • Wilson's Disease (an inherited disorder that causes too much copper to accumulate in your liver, brain and other vital organs)

    • Vitamin B Deficiency

    • Stimulant use (amphetamines, cocaine, caffeine)

    • Medication withdrawal

    In addition, there are triggers to having panic attacks. Some of these triggers are as follows:

    • Consuming a large quantity of alcohol

    • Addiction to alcohol – and abrupt cessation of the use of alcohol (after a habit of high consumption

    • Imbibing a large amount of caffeine beverages

    • Addiction to cigarettes – because nicotine sometimes can cause panic attacks

    • Usage of sleeping pills, and anti-anxiety medications.

    • Medications to treat heart disease and asthma

    • Illegal drugs such as cocaine and marijuana

    • Chronic stress

    • Major life stressors – getting married

    • Major physical / life stressors – having a baby

    • Recent surgery or anesthesia

    What are the symptoms of a panic attack ?

    The symptoms include a sudden intensified feeling of anxiety, accompanied with alarming physical symptoms. In addition, there may be other mental symptoms such as a feeling of loss of control or dying, or detachment from yourself or reality. The symptoms often escalate within 10 minutes and most of them will be gone within 30 minutes. Some symptoms disappear completely only after an hour. It is best to consult with your physicist to rule out a heart attack. A panic attack can be caused by a known source of stress and fear or be unexpected. The cause of panic disorder is not exactly known, but it is assumed that of balance of chemicals in the brain does stimulate its development.

    For instance, there are common signs associated with a full-blown panic and anxiety attack. It could be one or a combination of the different predominant symptoms such as hyperventilation of shortness of breath. You may consequentially numbness or some sort of tingling sensations, racing heart, heart pounding or heart palpitations, chest pains and discomfort. Other related physiological manifestations are excessive and uncontrollable sweating, nausea, upset stomach, trembling or shaking, lightheadedness, fainting or dizziness, hot and cold flashes and feeling like you are choking, having a blank mind among others.

    There are many symptoms that accompany a full-blown panic attack. These include having an accelerated (racing or irregulara) heart beat, hyperventilation or shortness of breath – or fast smothered breathing, chest pains and discomfort, light headedness, heavy sweating, choking sensation, nausea, upset stomach, trembling or shaking, fainting or dizziness , hot and cold flashes, numbness, and tingling sensations.

    What types of panic attack treatments are available?

    As mentioned before these attacks can be treated so that they do not recur. There are many available approaches to treatment for this condition. However, they do not all work for everyone. The best suggestion is to try various modalities of panic attack treatments and find out which ones work for you. It certainly is dependent also on the reason for the attacks – and your response to them.

    Therapists : Therapists can help their patients to unaware the circumstances by which the attacks may have begon or from where they are stemming. With the help of an experience therapist, many patients have been able to reclaim their freedom and ability to function in society.

    1. Cognitive behavioral therapy: Focuses on the thinking patterns and behaviors that are triggering and sustaining panic attacks. This approach helps you to re-focus, look your fears squarely in the eye – and deal with them realistically. (Example: Interoceptive therapy: An approach that proved successful for 87% of patients in a controlled trial which simulates the symptoms of panic to allow patients to experience them in a controlled environment).

    2. Exposure therapy: is a type of behavior therapy in which the patient confronts a feared situation, object, thought, or memory. Sometimes, exposure therapy involves reliving a traumatic experience in a controlled, therapeutic environment. The goal of exposure therapy is to reduce the distress, physical or emotional, felt in certain situations. Exposure therapy may be used in dealing with anxiety, phobias, and post-traumatic stress. During exposure therapy treatment, a therapist helps the patient remember a disturbing thought, traumatic situation, or feared object. The therapist also helps the patient deal with the unseen emotions or physical symptoms that may arise from this exposure. Through confronting the situations and thoughts that cause stress, patients are often able to learn coping skills, eventually reducing or even eliminating symptoms.

    Prescription Medication : These can be helpful – but should be used cautiously – and not long-term. They all have side effects – which should be reviewed. To find out a complete list of the medications available to treat this condition, see your physician.

    1. Antidepressants are sometimes used in the treatment of panic attacks and panic disorder. However, it takes several weeks before they begin to work, so you have to take them continuously, not just during a panic attack.

    2. Benzodiazepines are anti-anxiety drugs that act very quickly (usually within 30 minutes to an hour). Taking them during a panic attack provides rapid relief of symptoms. However, benzodiazepines are highly addictive and have serious withdrawal symptoms, so they should be used with caution.

    Natural cures (natural panic attack treatments):

    1. Change your diet – by eating a healthy diet, avoiding stimulants such as coffee and nicotine, avoid alcohol, and drink plenty of water.

    2. Exercise often: This is a great reliever of stress and can help to prevent panic attacks.

    3. Relaxation techniques: One of the easiest ways to prevent a panic attack – or stop one in its tracks is to try deep breathing or guided imagery. Calm down as soon as you realize you are going to have an anxiety attack. Try taking slow, deep and cleansing breaths. This will just set you back.

    4. Acupuncture: This is purported to help heal the body's organs and assist them to restore their natural balance.

    5. Acupressure: This method releases blocked energy – and relieves anxiety.

    6. Herbal remedies: There are many herbs that treat anxiety which can lead to panic attacks. Some of these include catnip, green and fennel teas, Kava, St. John's Wort, Hops, Motherwort, Passionflower, and Skullcap.

    7. Meditation and yoga: These forms of de-stressing the body are also extremely helpful in slowing down breathing and relaxing.

    8. Controlling negative thinking about your stressors. Stop yourself from falling into negative thinking patterns about the past, present or the future.

    9. Emotional Freedom Technique (EFT): An Eastern medicine method (using the same principals as acupressure) may help. This is a method of working with the meridians in the body (energy channels) to first clear away the build-up of mental and physical debris that prohibiting healing in the body, then tapping on the ends of these meridians to regulate the impulses flowing along them and connecting the systems and organs of the body together. Using the tips of the fingers, a tapping action is used to stimulate and unblock disruptions in the body. Mental and physcial conditions are said to be improved by this method.

    The bottom line is that there are many panic attack treatments available. There is no need to feel hopeless – or helpless. Depending on the reason for the panic attacks, panic attack treatments can often be successful by applying therapies that are completely natural. There is help – and hope. Think positively – go for it!